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, , , Mytilus edulis, M.
galloprovincialis,

rassostrea

gigas,

, Unio tumidus, Dreissena polymorpha, Crenomytilus


grayanus, Brachionus angularis, Brachionus plicatilis, Daphnia
magna, D. longispina, Simocephalus vetulus, Ceriodaphnia dubia,
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, OMO, Tide-Lemon, LoskUniversal, Lotos-Extra, IXI, Deni-Automat,
Lanza, Avon Herbal Care,

E, ,

Fairy,

, X-100, , ,

, , ,
, , ,

- , Cd, Cu, Cr,


,

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,

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,

[1-3].
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E.P.A.)

45%

26%

12% ( 17%
"") [3].

(,

),

(the Eutrophication Index)

300, (

100)

(
80) [2].
.

( 3 ),
, ( 1990 2025 ): ,
750 380; 590 190; 160 60;
470 310; 260 80 [4].



.

[1, 2].
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Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, .



Saccharomyces cerevisiae, [ 5, 7, 9,
11].

S.

cerevisiae

(
. . ).

[9,

11].

20

. ( ):
A 158.4 .; B 141.0 . 22.5.
S. cerevisiae 100 /.
500 .

OMO -26. 10
.

(Fairy)

(. 1).

(, IXI, Lanza, Deni, ,


OMO ).
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(1988) - .
[14 ].

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, (9-12 1999
;

M.Scholten);

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. [ 6 ]). -,
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Newell,

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. .

. Den Helder (Netherlands) ,


. . , . . , . .
, . . , . . . .
, . . P.
Wangersky , J. Widdows . .
.

Open

Society Support Foundation, RSS 1306/1999.


1.
Fairy (2 /) OD550 S. cerevisiae
M. galloprovincialis.

(+)

-,

/,
%

0.282

0.233

0.302

121.0

23

0.048

0.024

0.290

200.0

2. ,

( )


X-100

., 1997- .
[5, 6]

[5 ]

[5 ]

OMO

Tide-Lemon

Losk-Universal

Lotos-Extra

IXI

Cd, Cu, Cr

Donkin ., 1997 - .
[14],
. [6]
, 1984 - . [14]

Widdows, Page, 1993 - . [14]

. [6 ]
[15]

[5, 9]

[5,6]

[5, 6, 10 ]

[5, 6]

[10, 11]

Deni-Automat

Lanza

Avon Herbal Care

E

Fairy

[10, 11]

[10, 11]

[5, 6, 11]

[9, 11]

[11]
. 1

3. ,

Mytilus
galloprovincialis

[5-7, 10, 11],


1

Mytilus edulis

[5, 11, 12 ]

; Donkin .,
1997 - . [14]

Crassostrea gigas

[9, 11]

Unio tumidus

[9, 11]

Dreissena
polymorpha,
Crenomytilus
grayanus

, 1984 - . [14]

Brachionus
angularis

[13]

Brachionus
plicatilis

, , 2000;
. [5]

Daphnia magna

Day, Kaushik, 1987 - . [14]

Daphnia magna,
D. longispina

Scholten ,

. [6 ]

Simocephalus
vetulus,
Ceriodaphnia
dubia

Scholten ,

. [6 ]


1. World Resources 1996-1997. N.Y. et al.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996. 368 p.
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Macmillan Publishing Company. 1990. 252 p.
4. Global Accord. Choucri N. ( Ed. ) Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993.
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, .: MA-, 2000. 116 .
6. .. // . 2000. . 375. 6. . 847-849.
7. .. // . 2001. . 378. . 2. . 283-285.
8. .. // . . . . 2001. .1. .108-116.
9. .. Unio tumidus


// . 2001. T.380. 5. . 714-717.
10. .. ,
,
// . 2001. T.379. 1. . 136138.
11. ..
.
. .: , 2000.
12. .., ., . // . 1998. . 362.
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13. .., .. //
, 1998. 5. . 30-32.
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15.Wildridge P., Werner R., Doherty F. , Neuhauser E. // J. Great Lakes Res. 1998.
V.24. P. 629-636.

SciPeople (2009). ,
, .

()
(). ,

,
. ,
,
, ,

(..

).


. , 2009 ,

()
Daphnia magna, , ..

[16].
,
[17] ,

(2007),

.. [18].

, ,
.
[ 19 ],
[ 20 ].
,
.
:
16. .., ..
:
// . 2009, . 425, No. 2, . 271272.
17. .. ,
[= Pollution, self-purification and restoration of aquatic ecosystems].
.: . 2005. 100 . ISBN 5-317-01213-9.
18. .., .., ..
. . .: . . . ,
. . : ,
2005. 100 . // - 2007 . 43, 6 - . 111113.
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Boca Raton, London, New York. 2006. 279 p.
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, 2009, 2, .40.

..
// (). 2001.
381. 5. .709-712.
574.5: 574.63: 574.64

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. . 09.07.01.

, ,
.


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. , Fairy
Mytilus galloprovincialis,
,
.

Ostroumov S.A. Synecological foundations for a solution to the problem of


eutrophication. DAN (Doklady Akademii nauk) 2001. Vol. 381. No. 5.
P.709-712.
The authors innovative vision of the solution to the problem of eutrophication is
based on a synecological approach. We propose a two-component solution in order to
protect the aquatic ecosystem from eutrophication. First, it is essential to reduce the
input of nutrients. Second, it is equally important to reduce the input of the pollutants
which weakens the potential of the ecosystem for removing the biomass of
phytoplankton by filter-feeders. Those pollutants include surfactants, detergents, and
some other compounds. Because synecology is one of key approaches in our analysis,
this concept of counteracting eutrophication was called a synecological solution to the
problem. The detergent Fairy inhibited the filtration rate of mussels Mytilus
galloprovincialis; this complements the earlier data of the author on how detergents
affect filter-feeders.

: ,

,
-

, , , ,

(),

, , , , ,
, , , ,
, , , Mytilus edulis, M.
galloprovincialis,

rassostrea

gigas,

, Unio tumidus, Dreissena polymorpha, Crenomytilus


grayanus, Brachionus angularis, Brachionus plicatilis, Daphnia
magna, D. longispina, Simocephalus vetulus, Ceriodaphnia dubia,
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, OMO, Tide-Lemon, LoskUniversal, Lotos-Extra, IXI, Deni-Automat,
Lanza, Avon Herbal Care,

E, ,

Fairy,

, X-100, , ,
, , ,
, , ,

- , Cd, Cu, Cr,


,

,
,

, , ,

, ,
,

, .

..:
World-wide, international citing: publications authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, examples;
10.3.2011. http://www.scribd.com/doc/50443283/

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