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Uninterrupted Uninterrupted power power supply supply Ior Ior aa
predetermined predetermined period period oI oI time time..
Continuous Continuous and and Reliable Reliable source source regardless regardless
oI oI power power input input Iluctuation Iluctuation..
Voltage Voltage and and Frequency Frequency Constancy Constancy Ior Ior
sensitive sensitive and and critical critical load load..
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1. RectiIier / Charger 1. RectiIier / Charger
2. Battery 2. Battery
3. Inverter 3. Inverter
4. Static By 4. Static By- -Pass switch Pass switch
5. Manual By 5. Manual By- -Pass switch Pass switch
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The The rectifier rectifier // charger charger converts converts the the incoming incoming AC AC
supply supply into into the the accurately accurately controlled controlled DC DC voltage voltage
suitable suitable for for charging charging the the battery battery and and for for supplying supplying the the
DC DC requirements requirements of of the the Inverter Inverter..
The The Rectifier Rectifier // Charger Charger effectively effectively compensates compensates for for
wide wide variations variations in in supply supply voltage voltage and and frequency frequency..
Combined Combined with with Battery Battery provides provides aa very very effective effective buffer buffer
against against most most transients. transients. dips dips and and other other commonly commonly
occurring occurring fluctuations fluctuations in in the the AC AC supply supply..
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The The Battery Battery is is connected connected across across the the output output of of the the
Rectifier Rectifier // Charger Charger..
It It is is permanently permanently on on Float Float mode mode..
It It stores stores the the energy energy to to be be supplied supplied to to the the Inverter Inverter for for
specific specific period period (backup (backup time) time) in in case case of of input input power power
failure failure..
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The The Inverter Inverter converts converts the the DC DC power power to to aa regulated regulated AC AC..
PWM PWM technique technique is is used used to to generate generate the the sine sine wave wave..
Short Short circuit circuit and and over over load load protected protected..
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In In the the event event of of Inverter Inverter failure failure the the supply supply of of power power to to
the the load load will will be be maintained maintained without without break break by by
connecting connecting it it to to the the incoming incoming bypass bypass supply supply..
In In case case of of overload. overload. current current sensing sensing circuit circuit causes causes the the
transfer transfer of of load load to to bypass bypass supply supply automatically automatically without without
an an interruption interruption..
The The inverter inverter will will try try to to maintain maintain frequency frequency
synchronism synchronism and and phase phase relationship relationship with with the the bypass bypass
supply supply as as long long as as they they are are within within the the tolerance tolerance..
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The The UPS UPS is is bypassed bypassed..
Whatever Whatever input input comes comes at at the the bypass bypass supply supply reaches reaches at at
the the output output..
Required Required at at the the time time of of UPS UPS maintenance maintenance..
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Normal Operation Normal Operation
Normal Operation with 1 unit active Normal Operation with 1 unit active
Battery Operation Battery Operation
Bypass Operation Bypass Operation- - auto and manual auto and manual
Charger Only Charger Only
Standby / OII Standby / OII
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The The AC AC input input supply supply is is fed fed to to the the phase phase controlled controlled
rectifier rectifier..
The The rectifier rectifier compensates compensates mains mains voltage voltage fluctuations fluctuations
and and maintains maintains the the DC DC voltage voltage constant constant..
The The ripple ripple is is reduced reduced by by means means of of smoothing smoothing circuit circuit..
The The rectifier rectifier supplies supplies the the inverter inverter and and connected connected
battery battery is is kept kept in in float float charge charge (or (or boost boost charge charge
depending depending on on the the condition condition of of the the battery) battery)..
The The downstream downstream inverter inverter converts converts the the DC DC Voltage Voltage into into
AC AC Voltage Voltage and and supplies supplies the the load load via via the the static static switch switch..
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In In the the event event of of input input supply supply failures failures the the inverter inverter is is no no longer longer
supplied supplied with with power power by by the the rectifier rectifier..
The The battery battery which which is is connected connected in in the the DC DC circuit circuit comes comes into into the the
service service automatically automatically without without interruption interruption to to supply supply the the current current..
The The battery battery voltage voltage drops drops in in function function of of the the duration duration and and the the
magnitude magnitude of of the the discharging discharging current current..
The The battery battery voltage voltage drop drop is is compensated compensated by by the the inverter. inverter. whereby whereby
the the UPS UPS output output voltage voltage is is kept kept constant constant..
If If the the limit limit of of discharging discharging is is reached reached the the system system changes changes to to the the
bypass bypass operation. operation. if if the the bypass bypass source source is is available available and and within within the the
tolerance tolerance range range.. If If bypass bypass mains mains is is not not within within tolerance tolerance range range the the
system system will will shutdown shutdown automatically automatically..
On On mains mains recovery recovery the the rectifier rectifier resumes resumes its its normal normal function function of of
supplying supplying the the inverter inverter and and charging charging of of battery battery..
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The The system system enables enables the the load load to to be be changed changed over over to to direct direct mains mains
power power supply supply (Bypass (Bypass Mains) Mains) without without interruption interruption and and adhering adhering
to to the the specified specified tolerance tolerance..
The The changeover changeover can can be be initiated initiated automatically automatically by by aa control control signal. signal.
or or manually manually..
Interrupt Interrupt free free changeover. changeover. whether whether automatic automatic or or manual manual is is
possible possible only only if if Voltage. Voltage. Frequency Frequency and and Phase Phase angle angle of of the the UPS UPS
system system are are synchronized synchronized with with the the bypass bypass mains mains..
If If mains mains failure failure occurs occurs during during bypass bypass operation. operation. the the system system will will
automatically automatically switch switch to to battery battery operation operation without without loss loss of of output output
Voltage. Voltage. If If battery battery is is available available and and within within tolerance tolerance..
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The load is not supplied with energy. The load is not supplied with energy.
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A Mixed Load Situation
Load kVA PF kW kVAR
Motor 50 0.6 30 40
Resistive 150 1.0 150 0
Heater 20 0.8 16 12
Total 196 52
kVA b (kW
2
kVAR
2
)
b (196)
2
(52)
2
203
Resultants PF 196/203
0.97
The UPS must satisIy 196 kW, 203 kVA or higher.
PF rating oI UPS is normally 0.8
The required kVA 196/0.8 245kVA
Add saIety Iactor oI 30
The UPS rating required 318.5 kVA
0108 0108
UPS System UPS System
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0PERATINu STAT0S INBICATI0NS

P
0S
.
BESIuNATI0N EXPLANATI0N
. RECT. NAINS 0K
(gieen)
The iectifiei mains is piesent anu within the
specifieu toleiance ianges foi voltage anu
fiequency.
. RECT. 0PERATI0N
(gieen)
The iectifiei is switcheu on. The fiiing pulses
to the thyiistois aie enableu.
. B00ST CBARuE
(yellow)
The boost chaige has been initiateu manually
oi automatically.
. BATT. 0PERATI0N
(yellow)
The battei is supplying the inveitei with
eneigy.
. INv. 0PERATI0N
(gieen)
The inveitei is switcheu on. The inveitei
contiol logic ieleases the fiiing signals to the
TSN blocks.
. SYNCBR0N00S
(yellow)
Illuminates, if the inveitei is synchionizeu to
the bypass mains.
. INv v0LTAuE 0K.
(gieen)
The inveitei voltage is within the specifieu
toleiance iange.
8. EA-NAINS
(gieen)
The bypass mains voltage is within the
specifieu toleiance iange.
9. BYPASS NAINS 0K
(gieen)
Bypass is piesent anu within the toleiance
iange.

.
NAN0AL BYPASS
(gieen)
The 0PS system is switcheu to the bypass
mains foi test

.
BATT. NCCB 0N
(gieen)
The fuse is inseiteu oi the NCCB is switche
Description of TRIP alarms:


Designation

Explanation

DC OUT OF
TOLERANCE
The inverter is shut down , since the DC voltage is out oI tolerance range oI
'DC lowshut down.
Battery Discharged The battery voltage is dropped below 'DC-low alarms
INVERTER FAULT The indication illuminates only, iI all the Iollowing events occur
simultaneously:
O Inverter not overloaded, and
O Inverter output voltage out oI tolerance range. OR inverter switched
OFF OR in case oI over tempr on the inverter power units.
INVERTER FUSE
BLOWN
One or more oI the inverter Iuses have blown or the inverter input
switch(option) is open.
OVER TEMPERATURE The Iollowing elements have a thermal monitoring:
O RectiIier bridge
O RectiIier transIormer
O DC choke
O TSM
O Inverter transIormer
O AC choke
O SSW EN

DESCRIPTION OF NON TRIP ALARMS

Designation Explanation
RECTIFIER MAINS
FAULT
The indication illuminates iI one or more phases oI the mains voltage as well as
the Irequency are out oI tolerance.
RectiIier Iailure The indication illuminates only iI all the Iollowing events occur simultaneously:
O The rectiIier is not operating in current limitation,
O And the rectiIier voltage drops below the level 'DC low-alarm or in
case oI over-temperature on the rectiIier power units.
BATT. OPERATION The energy Ior the inverter is supplied Irom the battery
BATT.
DISCONNECTED
The battery is disconnected Irom the system and the battery Iuse or MCCB has
released. II a battery MCCB is inserted, this indicates whether the MCCB has
tripped or manually been disconnected.
EARTH FAULT DC The DC earth Iault current Ior the battery () or (-) has exceeded the alarm level.
OVERLOAD INV.
BYPASS
Over load at the inverter or bypass. (Over load~100 load)

Asynchronous The inverter is asynchronous to the bypass mains
BYP. MAINS
FAULT
The bypass mains voltage or the Irequency, measured at the input oI the static
switch EN, is out oI tolerance.
MANUAL BYP ON The manual bypass switch is in position 'BYPASS; in the case oI a switch with
3 switching positions in position TEST or BYPASS.
EN INHIBITED The mains-side static switch EN is inhibited iI:
O The bypass mains voltage is out oI tolerance,
O The bypass mains Ireq is out oI tolerance,
O SSW EN over temperature
FAN FAILURE One or more Ians in the system have Iailed.
POWER SUPPLY
FAULT
One oI the electronic supplies(5V/-12V/20V) is out oI tolerance, or the
Ieeding oI one oI the power supplies is not available(RectiIier/Bypass mains
or DC)
BYPASS FUSE
BLOWN
One or both bypass Iuses F092 or F093 have blown.
ELIMINATIJN JF SIMPLE MALFUNCTIJNS

DISTURBANCE REASON
RectiIier doesn`t Start O MCB oI rectiIier mains input switched OFF
O RectiIier mains voltage out oI tolerance or wrong phase sequence
O Over temperature signalization oI rectiIier power components
O Supply voltage Ior the electronics Iails or is out oI tolerance
O Plug connection oI the electronics to the rectiIier bridge
Inverter doesn`t start O DC voltage out oI tolerance
O Supply voltage Ior the electronuics Iails or is out oI tolerance
O Over temperature signalization oI inverter power components
No changeover Irom EN
to EA
O EA Inhinited
O Overtemperature oI EA Components
O Ineverter out oI tolerance
O Overload
O Synch Fault.


TROUBLE SHOOTING

TRJUBLE SHJJTING AT ALARM INDICATIJN

Alarm Indication Source of errors Test possibilities Elements
Rect. Mains Iailure O RectiIier input
voltage, I, phase
is out oI tolerance
O Measure input
voltage
O Fuses, F001,
F002, F003
Rect Iailure O Electronics and
power supply
O Power
semiconductor
O Over temperature
oI rectiIier power
units
O Measure power
supply oI
electronics

O Power Supply
O Fan
DC out oI tolerance O RectiIier out oI
operation
O Battery
discharged
O Battery Iuse
switch
disconnector
F041/F042
O Measure DC
voltage
O Battery Iuse
switch
disconnector
F041/F042
O InterIace
O Battery Iuse
switch
disconnector
F041/F042
O Battery
Battery Disconnected O Battery Iuse
switch
disconnector
F041/F042
O Measure Battery
Voltage
O Battery Iuse
switch
disconnector
F041/F042
Earth Iault O Earth Fault
Battery
O Isolate Battery O Battery
O DC Circuit
Inverter Fault O Output voltage
out oI tolerance
with turned on
inverter
O Overtemperature
oI Inverter power
units
O Measure output
Voltage at F021
O F021
O InterIace
O Controller
O Fan
Over Load Inv/Bypass O Load current
higher than the
nominal current
oI the system
O Measure Load
Current
O Current
transIormer P013
Inv. Fuse Blown O Power Fuse F021 O Check Fuse
F021
O Fuse F021
ASYNCHRONOUS O Bypass Irequency
out oI tolerance
O Measure voltage
between bypass
and system
output
O Controller
MANUAL BYPASS
ON
O Manual Bypass
switch not at
position 'AUTO
O Position oI
manual bypass
switch
O Manual bypass
switch
EN INHIBITED O Bypass mains
voltage or
Irequency out oI
tolerance
O Overtemperature
EN Power
Components
O Measure bypass
mains voltage
O Static Switch EN
OVERTEMPERATURE O Heat sink oI the
power
components too
hot
O Winding material
too hot
O Too high ambient
temperature
O Air inlet
obstructed
O Measure
tempurature
O Check air Ilow
through the
system
O Thermostat on
power
components and
wiring material
FAN FAILURE O Fans
O Fan monitoring
O Fan transIormer
board
O Power supply Ior
the Ians
O Check air Ilow
O Check power
supply
O Fan
disconnection
O Fan monitoring
A006
O Fuse F055
POWER SUPPLY
FAULT
O Power Supply
O AC or DC Power
supply sources
O Fuse p.c.board
A001
O Measure output
voltage oI the
power supply
O Measure supply
voltage Ior the
power supply,
AC and DC
O PSU
TransIormer
T003 and T004
O F004, F005,
F036
O Fuse p.c.board
A001
BYPASS FUSE
BLOWN
O Bypass Fuses
F092/F093
O Check bypass
Iuses F092/F093
O Bypass Fuses
F092/F093
START OPERATION
Starting the UPS:
WARNING:-
II the system is programmed Ior 'AUTOSTART and the rectiIier mains is switched on
and within the tolerance range, the system will start automatically aIter 60 secs.
1.Switch on the rectiIier mains supply. The display shows:
.
System type UPS.
XXXKVXXXV
Ior 10 secs, thereaIter the display changes to
Standby
2. Push the button S1 System ON. The display shows:
Normal Operation
Load PowerXXX
3. Connect the battery.
4. Switch ON the bypass mains supply.
5.Push twice the button C to reset the alarm LEDs in the 'Alarm indications.
Now the UPS is turned ON.
STOPPING THE UPS
Attention:
Ensure that all consumers are inIormed beIore proceeding with the Iollowing steps and
always saIe programme works beIore turning OFF the system.
Turn OFF the system Irom normal operation:
1. Switch OFF the bypass mains supply
2. Push the button S1 'system ON and simultaneously 'S2 OFF to turn OFF the
system.
The display shows
Standby
3. Disconnect the battery.
4. Turn OFF the rectiIier mains supply.
The display shows no indication.
ThereaIter the UPS is turned OFF. All LED indications are OFF.
Changeover Normal Operation TO Bypass operation
Push Hatch Key
Push Arrow Keys up and down until the display shows
By Pass Operation OFF
Push Timer and iI bypass mains is within the tolerance range the display shows:
By Pass Operation
The load is now supplied directly Irom the bypass mains but mains and O/P voltage is
still monitored.
II a mains Iailure occurs in this situation, the system will automatically switch to battery
operation with out loss oI O/P voltage, iI battery is available and within tolerance.
CHANGE OVER BYPASS OPERATION TO NORMAL OPERATION
Push Hatch Key
Push arrow up or down keys until the display shows:
By Pass Operation ON
Push '* Key ; The display shows :
Normal Operation
Load power XXX
Now the load is supplied by the inverter.
Complete shutdown of one UPS (GUTOR)
The Iollowing instructions are related to the UPS-
Isolation procedure oI one UPS
.Turn OFF the UPS-2 by pushing simultaneously the push
buttons S1 and S2 on the Iront panel. The load is supplied
completely by the other system (UPS-1) while this one
changes to Standby
.Open the Battery Iuse switch-disconnector F042 oI UPS-2.
.Open the rectiIier input circuit breaker Q001
.Remove the bypass Iuse F093 and remove the bus link
Q095.
Restarting procedure aIter complete shut down oI one UPS
.Ensure that UPS-1 operates correctly and no alarm is pending.
.Switch over UPS-1 to bypass operation using the Iront panel keypad. Check that
UPS goes to static bypass mode and display shows 'BYPASS OPERATION.
.Turn manual bypass switch Q050 to position 'BYPASS.
.Turn OFF the UPS-1 by pushing simultaneously the push buttons S1 and S2 on
the Iront panel.
.Insert bus link Q095.
.Insert bypass Iuse F093.
.Close rectiIier input circuit breaker Q001 oI UPS-2. II the UPS is programmed
Ior 'AUTOSTART and the rectiIier mains is within the tolerance range the UPS
will start automatically aIter 60 seconds.
.Turn ON the UPS-2 (iI not set Ior 'AUTOSTART) by pushing S1 (ON) on the
Iront panel.
.Switch over the system to bypass operation using the Iront panel keypad. Check
that UPS goes to static bypass mode and display shows 'BYPASS
OPERATION.
. Close the Battery Iuse switch-disconnector F042. Check the charging current.
.Turn ON UPS-1 by pushing S1 (ON) on the Iront pane.
.Switch back the system to normal operation using the Iront keypad. Check that
the green LED 'INV VOLTAGE illuminates and the display shows 'NORMAL
OPERATION.
.Check that the other system is in normal operation as well.
.Turn manual bypass switch Q050 to position 'AUTO.
.Reset alarms
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