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AZEOTROPIC DATA FOR BINARY MIXTURES

Liquid mixtures having an extremum (maximum or minimum) vapor pressure at constant temperature, as a function of composition, are called
azeotropic mixtures, or simply azeotropes. Mixtures that do not show a maximum or minimum are called zeotropic. Azeotropes in which the pressure
is a maximum are often called positive azeotropes, while pressure-minimum azeotropes are called negative azeotropes. The coordinates of an
azeotropic point are the azeotropic temperature taz, pressure Paz , and liquid-phase composition, usually expressed as mole fractions. At the azeotropic
point, the vapor-phase composition is the same as the liquid-phase composition.
This table gives azeotropic data for a number of binary mixtures at normal atmospheric pressure (Paz =101.3 kPa). Component 1 of each mixture
is given in bold face. The temperature taz and mole fraction x1 of component 1 are listed for each choice of component 2.
The components are arranged in a modified Hill order, with substances that do not contain carbon preceding those that do contain carbon.
REFERENCES
1. Lide, D.R., and Kehiaian, H.V., CRC Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994.
2. Horsley, L.H., Azeotropic Data, III, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1973.

Molecular
formula

CHCl3
CH2O2
CH3NO2
CS2
C2H3N
C2H5NO2
C2H6O
C4H8O2
C4H10O
C4H10O
C5H5N
C5H11N
C5H12
C6H5Cl
C6H6
C6H6O
C6H10
C6H12
C6H14
C7H8
C7H16
C8H10
C8H10
C8H18
C8H18O
C9H20
C12H27N
CH2O2
CH3NO2
CH4O
C2H3N
C2H6O
C3H6O
C3H8O
C4H10O
CS2
CS2
C3H6O

taz/C

Name
Water H2O
Trichloromethane
Formic acid
Nitromethane
Carbon disulfide
Acetonitrile
Nitroethane
Ethanol
Ethyl acetate
1-Butanol
2-Butanol
Pyridine
Piperidine
Pentane
Chlorobenzene
Benzene
Phenol
Cyclohexene
Cyclohexane
Hexane
Toluene
Heptane
1,3-Dimethylbenzene
Ethylbenzene
Octane
Dibutyl ether
Nonane
Tributylamine
Tetrachloromethane CCl4
Formic acid
Nitromethane
Methanol
Acetonitrile
Ethanol
Acetone
1-Propanol
1-Butanol
Formic acid CH2O2
Carbon disulfide
Nitromethane CH3NO2
Carbon disulfide
Methanol CH4O
Acetone

-1-

x1

56.1
107.2
83.6
42.6
76.5
87.2
78.2
70.4
92.7
87
93.6
92.8
34.6
90.2
69.3
99.5
70.8
69.5
61.6
84.1
79.2
92
92
89.6
92.9
94.8
99.7

0.160
0.427
0.511
0.109
0.307
0.624
0.096
0.312
0.753
0.601
0.755
0.718
0.054
0.712
0.295
0.981
0.308
0.300
0.221
0.444
0.452
0.767
0.744
0.673
0.781
0.970
0.976

66.7
71.3
55.7
65.1
65.0
56.1
73.4
76.6

0.569
0.660
0.445
0.566
0.615
0.047
0.820
0.951

42.6

0.253

41.2

0.845

55.5

0.198

AZEOTROPIC DATA FOR BINARY MIXTURES (continued)


Molecular
formula
C3H6O2
C5H10
C5H12
C5H12O
C6H6
C6H12
C7H8
C7H16
C8H18
C9H20
C2H6O
C3H6O
C3H8O
C4H8O2
C2H6O
C7H8
C4H8O2
C5H5N
C6H6
C6H12
C6H14
C6H15N
C7H8
C7H16
C8H10
C8H18
C9H20
C6H14
C5H10
C5H12
C6H6
C6H12
C6H14
C7H8
C8H18
C7H8
C7H16
C8H18O
C10H22
C5H12
C7H8
C6H14
C3H6O2
C5H10
C6H12
C5H12
C6H12

Name
Methyl acetate
Cyclopentane
Pentane
tert-Butyl methyl ether
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Toluene
Heptane
Octane
Nonane
Carbon disulfide CS2
Ethanol
Acetone
1-Propanol
Ethyl acetate
Acetonitrile C2H3N
Ethanol
Toluene
Acetic acid C2H4O2
1,4-Dioxane
Pyridine
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Hexane
Triethylamine
Toluene
Heptane
Ethylbenzene
Octane
Nonane
Iodoethane C2H5I
Hexane
Ethanol C2H6O
Cyclopentane
Pentane
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Hexane
Toluene
Octane
Ethylene glycol C2H6O2
Toluene
Heptane
Dibutyl ether
Decane
Dimethyl sulfide C2H6S
Pentane
1,2-Ethanediamine C2H8N2
Toluene
Propanenitrile C3H5N
Hexane
Acetone C3H6O
Methyl acetate
Cyclopentane
Cyclohexane
Ethyl formate C3H6O2
Pentane
Methyl acetate C3H6O2
Cyclohexane

-2-

taz/C

x1

53.5
38.8
30.9
51.3
57.5
53.9
63.5
59.1
62.8
64.1

0.352
0.263
0.145
0.315
0.610
0.601
0.883
0.769
0.881
0.953

42.6
39.3
45.7
46.1

0.860
0.608
0.931
0.974

72.5
81.4

0.469
0.900

119.5
138.1
80.1
78.8
68.3
163
100.7
91.7
114.7
105.7
112.9

0.831
0.579
0.026
0.130
0.084
0.774
0.375
0.451
0.774
0.688
0.826

64.7

0.420

44.7
34.3
67.9
64.8
58.7
76.7
77

0.110
0.076
0.440
0.430
0.332
0.810
0.898

110.1
97.9
139.5
161

0.034
0.048
0.125
0.406

31.8

0.503

104

0.406

63.5

0.134

55.8
41
53

0.544
0.404
0.751

32.5

0.294

55.5

0.801

AZEOTROPIC DATA FOR BINARY MIXTURES (continued)


Molecular
formula
C6H14
C5H5N
C7H16
C9H12
C3H8O
C7H16
C4H8O2
C6H6
C6H12
C7H16
C4H11N
C5H12
C6H12
C7H8
C6H12
C6H14
C6H12
C6H14
C6H14O
C6H12
C6H14
C6H14
C4H9Cl
C4H11N
C6H6
C6H12
C7H16
C5H5N
C6H5Cl
C8H10
C4H9Br
C6H14
C4H9Cl
C4H9Cl
C6H6
C6H12
C5H5N
C6H5Cl
C6H10
C7H8
C7H16
C8H10
C8H18O

Name
Hexane
Propanoic acid C3H6O2
Pyridine
Heptane
Propylbenzene
1-Nitropropane C3H7NO2
1-Propanol
Heptane
1-Propanol C3H8O
1,4-Dioxane
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Heptane
2-Propanol C3H8O
Butylamine
Pentane
Cyclohexane
Toluene
Ethyl methyl sulfide C3H8S
Methylcyclopentane
2,2-Dimethylpentane
1-Propanethiol C3H8S
Cyclohexane
Hexane
Diisopropyl ether
Thiophene C4H4S
Cyclohexane
Hexane
Butanal C4H8O
Hexane
2-Butanone C4H8O
1-Chlorobutane
Butylamine
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Heptane
Butanoic acid C4H8O2
Pyridine
Chlorobenzene
1,2-Dimethylbenzene
1,4-Dioxane C4H8O2
1-Bromobutane
Ethyl acetate C4H8O2
Hexane
Methyl propanoate C4H8O2
1-Chlorobutane
Propyl formate C4H8O2
1-Chlorobutane
Benzene
Cyclohexane
1-Butanol C4H10O
Pyridine
Chlorobenzene
Cyclohexene
Toluene
Heptane
1,2-Dimethylbenzene
Dibutyl ether

-3-

taz/C

x1

51.8

0.642

148.6
97.8
139.5

0.686
0.027
0.830

97.0
96.6

0.061
0.149

95.3
77.1
74.7
84.6

0.642
0.209
0.241
0.470

74.7
35.5
69.4
80.6

0.646
0.071
0.397
0.773

65.6
66.4

0.664
0.908

67.8
64.4
65.9

0.978
0.557
0.714

77.9
68.5

0.412
0.114

60

0.296

77
74
78.3
71.8
77

0.440
0.353
0.460
0.438
0.764

163.2
131.8
143

0.912
0.035
0.118

98

0.580

65.2

0.394

76.8

0.392

76.1
78.5
75

0.392
0.440
0.469

118.6
115.3
82
105.5
93.9
116.8
117.7

0.704
0.659
0.055
0.324
0.229
0.811
0.892

AZEOTROPIC DATA FOR BINARY MIXTURES (continued)


Molecular
formula
C6H6
C7H16
C5H12
C6H6
C7H16
C5H12
C7H16
C9H12
C7H16
C9H12
C7H8
C6H10
C6H12
C6H7N
C7H9N
C9H12
C10H22
C9H12
C10H22O
C12H26
C8H18
C8H10

Name
2-Butanol C4H10O
Benzene
Heptane
Diethyl ether C4H10O
Pentane
tert-Butyl alcohol C4H10O
Benzene
Heptane
Methyl propyl ether C4H10O
Pentane
2-Ethoxyethanol C4H10O2
Heptane
Propylbenzene
2-Furaldehyde C5H4O2
Heptane
Propylbenzene
Pyridine C5H5N
Toluene
Benzene C6H6
Cyclohexene
Cyclohexane
Phenol C6H6O
2-Methylpyridine
2,4-Dimethylpyridine
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
Decane
Aniline C6H7N
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
Dipentyl ether
Dodecane
2-Methylpyridine C6H7N
Octane
Cyclohexanol C6H12O
1,2-Dimethylbenzene

-4-

taz/C

x1

78.5
88.1

0.161
0.439

33.7

0.553

74.0
78

0.378
0.688

35.6

0.215

96.5
134.6

0.153
0.842

98.3
151.4

0.055
0.475

110.1

0.249

78.9
77.6

0.635
0.538

185.5
193.4
163.5
168

0.752
0.601
0.253
0.449

164.4
177.5
180.4

0.150
0.675
0.821

121.1

0.470

143

0.147