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Doc 8071

II

2007

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5/07




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Doc 8071



II

2007


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(ii)



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I 10.
II Doc 8071
(TRNSG)
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(NPA),
(ABAS),
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(GBAS), .
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The Secretary General
International Civil Aviation Organization
999 University Street
Montreal, Quebec
Canada H3C 5H7

___________________

(iii)

.........................................................................................................................................
1.

(vii)

........................................................................................................

1-1

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GNSS ,
(RNAV) .........................................................
GNSS ................................................

1-1
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-8
1-9
1-9
1-10
1-10
1-11
1-11
1-11

1. GNSS ..........................................................................................
1.
...................................................................................
2.
(GPS) .......................................
3.
()..................................
4.
...............................................................

1-13
1-13
1-13
1-14
1-14

2. ...........................................
1.
...................................................................................................
2.
GNSS .................................................................

1-16
1-16
1-16

3. ......................................................................................................
1.
.......................................................................................................
2.
.............................................................................................................................
3.
.............................................................................................................
4.
...................................................................................
5.
..............................................................................................................
6.
............................................................................................................................

1-20
1-20
1-20
1-20
1-22
1-24
1-25

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18

(v)

(vi)

2.
(NPA)
(ABAS) ........................................................................

2-1

2.1
2.2
2.3

.........................................................................................................................
/.....................................................................................
/ .........................................................................................

2-1
2-2
2-2

3.

(SBAS) ..........................

3-1

3.1
3.2
3.3

.........................................................................................................................
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3-1
3-2
3-3

4.

(GBAS) ................................

4-1

4.1
4.2
4.3

.........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
/ .........................................................................................

4-1
4-3
4-15

5.

.......................................................

5-1

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7

.........................................................................................................................
......................................................................
...................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
.........................................................................
.............................................................................................................................

5-1
5-1
5-3
5-8
5-9
5-9
5-9

___________________

C
ABAS
AIP
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APV
ARNS

COP
CRC
CSA
CW
DF
DME
DOP
DSP
FAS
FDE
FDMA
FTP
GAD
GBAS
GCID
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HAT
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IAP
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IGP
ILS
IMP
LTP
MAPt
MEA
MHA
MOC
MOCA
MRA
MTBO
NOTAM
NPA
NSE
PDOP
RAIM
RFI











( )

































(vii)

(viii)

RNAW
RNSS
ROC
RPDS
RSDS
SA
SARPS
SBAS
SPS
TDMA
TV
UT
VDB
VOR


-
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___________________

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DOC 8071
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GNSS
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2.3.5
5.3.21

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2.3.5

C, Sp

2.3.5
5.3.20

3,
. 3.7.4

()

C ( ,
).
Sp ,
.

___________________

3

(SBAS)
3.1

3.1.1

,
(SBAS),
(APV). " SBAS" ,
SBAS*.

3.1.2
SBAS
,
. ,
, ,
SBAS; ""
SBAS.
SBAS
.
3.1.3
SBAS
(. . ) SBAS,
,
, .
.
3.1.4

.
,
.

(IGP).

" SBAS" GNSS,


SBAS, I 10, DO-229 RTCA
TSO-145 146 ( ).

3-1

3-2

. SBAS
.

. . . 1.3.3 1.
3.1.5
SBAS. SBAS
, SBAS (,
).
, ,
SBAS. () (),
() SBAS, SBAS
. ,
.

, ,
() / SBAS.
3.1.6
, SBAS,
SBAS ABAS GBAS. ,
SBAS ,
, /
, ABAS.
SBAS ,
APV / I.
3.1.7
SARPS SBAS I 10
(GNSS) (Doc 9849 ).

3.1.8

II-3-1.
3.2 /

3.2.1
SBAS
.
SARPS.
, , "" ,
SBAS
.

II.
3. (SBAS)

3-3

II-3-1. : SBAS


FAS

I
10

3.6.7.2.4.2

()

3.7

: G , F /.

3.2.2
GNSS
.
. 1.4 1
. (FAS) SBAS
II-3-2.

3.2.3
GNSS
3 1.
,
3.2.4
SBAS
II-3-2.
3.3 /

3.3.1
/ GNSS SBAS .
:

RNAV,
5 ( );

SBAS;

3-4


II-3-2.
: SBAS



FAS

I
II
10
DOC 8071
3.6.7.2.4.2

3.2.2

WGS-84 ,

N/A

, Sp

<1

< 0,25
( ,
).
Sp ,
.
,

3.3.2

II-3-3.
/


3.3.3
FAS
(CRC),
. CRC
. FAS, CRC
. FAS
.
GNSS/SBAS
3.3.4
GNSS
SBAS , GNSS SBAS
.
GPS, NOTAM ,
SBAS.

II.
3. (SBAS)

3-5

3.3.5
SBAS ,
.
, ,
. SBAS /
GNSS / SBAS .
, .
.

.
GNSS SBAS, " " (C/No),
, DOP. ,

. 3
1.
3.3.6
SBAS .
.
GNSS
. SBAS FMS
. ,
II-3-3.
. ,
,
2 1, HPL/VPL, ,
" " (SNR) SBAS.

.

3-6


II-3-3.
: SBAS


( )

I
II
10
DOC 8071

()

, Sp

FAS

3.6.4.5

3.3.3

MAPt DA

()

5.3.21

3.7


FAS

FAS

, Sp

3.3.5

, Sp

()

5.3.20

, Sp

5.3.20

()

()

N/A

1. ( ,
).
Sp ,
.
2. ,
.

___________________

4

(GBAS)
4.1

4.1.1

,
(GBAS),
I . " GBAS" ,
GBAS.
,
II.
4.1.2

, ,
.
1.
ED-114 EUROCAE.

4.1.3
GBAS

. VDB ,
, .
. D-4 D I 10.
4.1.4
GBAS ,
VDB
,
, .
,
. ,
/ .
4.1.5
SARPS GBAS I 10
(GNSS) (Doc 9849).
" GBAS" GNSS,
GBAS, I 10,
.
4-1

4-2

4.1.6

II-4-1.
II-4-1. :
GBAS

I 10


3.7.2.4.1 3.7.2.4-1
( )

. B 3.6.7.1.1
(
. B 3.6.7.1.3
GBAS)

. B 3.6.7.2.2.4


. B 3.6.7.2.3.1

GCID
. B 3.6.7.2.3.2

. B 3.6.7.2.3.5

. B 3.6.7.2.3.3

FAS
. B 3.6.7.2.4.1

. B 3.6.7.2.6
GNSS
( )
. B 3.7

()
-
()
3.7.3.5.3.2
(
. B 3.6.3.4.1
GBAS)

. B 3.6.4
VDB
3.7.3.5.4.4
GBAS/H
GBAS/E (
)
( )
3.7.3.5.4.1

. B 3.6.2.1

. B 3.6.7.3
TDMA
. B 3.6.7.3.1.2

. B 3.6.7.3.1.3
-

3.7.3.5.4.6
,
3.7.3.5.4.5
1

F/G
G
G

G
G
F/G
G
G
G
G
F/G
F
G
G
F/G
F

G
G
-G
G
G
G

. , , ,
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-3

4.2

4.2.1
,
GBAS 10
.
,
.
/
.
4.2.2
,
, GBAS ,
.
4.2.3
,
GBAS , SARPS 10.

, "
" "".
,
4.2.4
GBAS
II-4-2, - II-4-2.
/

4.2.5
,
II-4-2 II-4-2, ,
.
.
, .

4.2.6

95 .
.
, VOR ILS, ,
(,
), , .
GNSS
, .

4-4

4.2.7

GNSS . GNSS
,
95 .
4.2.8
GBAS
,
.
. ,
.

( GAD)
4.2.9
GBAS
(GAD)
.
, ,
, GAD. ,

.
4.2.10
GAD

GNSS, , . .
( GNSS,
, . .) GBAS.
.
4.2.11
,
,
.
4.2.11.1
(RMSpr_gnd)
" " ()
:
)

.

.
.
b) -
,
.
4.2.11.2
- , GAD
, GNSS,
, -
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-5



4.2.12
,

GBAS .
. (
, ,
. 4.3.) GBAS
, ,
200 .
, II-4-2.
, ,
.
,
GBAS .

4.2.13


,
.
,
VDB
. GBAS
, :
, ,
, 1,
( ,
).
T II-4-2A.
: GBAS

( GAD)

I
10
. B
3.6.7.1.1

()
. B
3.6.7.1.3

II
Doc 8071
4.2.4
4.2.5

N/A4

GAD

N/A

<0,05m

N/A

4.2.6

0,5

N/A5

4.2.7

<4

<16
. . 4.2.7

. . 4.2.7

. . 4.2.7

4-6

I
10

II
Doc 8071
4.2.8

pr_gnd
B

. . 4.2.8

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

4.2.9

NR ,h0,N

[. . 4.3.10]

4.2.10

vert_iono_gradient

N/A

N/A

. B
3.6.7.2.3.3

4.2.11

< 8

N/A2

. B 3.6.4

4.2.12

N/A

N/A1

. B 3.7

4.2.13

. . 4.2.13

S, Sp

. B
3.6.7.2.4.1

4.2.14


FAS

0,4

0,25

0,05

C/Sp

GCID

( )

FAS

0,05


. B
4.2.21
[
[
[
[

3.6.7.2.6
]
]
] ]
GNSS
: 1. .

.
2.

,
, ,
.

3.
4.

.

.
, ,
(, ).

5.

6.

. 1.15
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-7

T II-4-2B.
: - GBAS


( )


,

1-, 2-, 4-


()

I
10
3.7.3.5.4.1

II
Doc 8071
4.2.15

.B 3.6.2.1

4.2.16

3.7.3.5.4.6
3.7.3.5.4.5

4.2.17

4.2.18
3.7.3.5.3.2

4.2.19
4.2.20

.B 3.6.7.3

4.2.21

-53

N/A

12 .

0,0001%

12 .

1
1

12 .
12 .

12 .

N/A

12 .

12 .

. . 4.2.18

TDMA

. B
3.6.7.3.1.2

. B
3.6.7.3.1.3

: 1.

0,0002%

. . 4.2.19
2
>99 /
2
35 /

()
3

.

.

2.

,
, ,
.

3.
4.

.

.
, ,
(, ).

5.

6.

. 1.15
.

4.2.14
,
()
. ,


60%. ,
.
4.2.15
GBAS ,
I,
.

.

4-8

4.2.16


( 1263 ).
58 . ,
,
,
, .
(, )
,
.
4.2.17

I 10, ED-114 EUROCAE

ILS MLS (DOC 012 ICAO EUR, , 2002).


(pr_gnd)
4.2.18
pr_gnd
,
.
, pr_gnd .
4.2.19

:
) ;
b) - ;
)

(,
);

d)
(, );
)


;
f)

( Dmax) .



4.2.20
(NR),
(h0) (N). ,
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-9


.
, .

4.2.21
(vert_iono_gradient)


.
, .


4.2.22
,

GBAS. ,
, ,
. ,
.

4.2.23
,
. ,
GBAS II-4-3,
GBAS, .
,
.
( )
4.2.24
GBAS
( , ).
, GBAS,
. ,
, 3 1 .
FAS
4.2.25
GNSS
.
. 1.4 1. GBAS
FAS FAS
GBAS. , FAS
, II-4-2.

4-10

4.2.26
- GBAS
.
.

4.2.27
- GBAS
,
.
,
. ,
, GBAS.
.
T II-4-3. ,

,

1

2 ( GBAS)

GBAS
GBAS
/ GBAS

vert_iono_gradient



1, :

(Dmax )
Kmd_e_POS,GPS
Kmd_e_CAT1,GPS
Kmd_e_POS,GLONASS
Kmd_e_CAT1,GLONASS


SSID ( ID
)
MBI ( ID ):
AA FF
ID GBAS: 4 , LFBO
MBI ( ID ):
AA FF
ID GBAS: 4 , LFBO
, 2 4
[A, B C]
1 . I 7








0, PS

0,
0, PS

GPS ,

0, PS

GLONASS ,

II.
4. (GBAS)
4 ( FAS)

4-11

MBI ( ID ):
AA FF
ID GBAS: 4 , LFBO

FAS

FASVAL



(1111 1111,
)

FASLAL


(1111 1111,
)


7.2.28
,

, 60 ,
. ,
.
.

. :
)

VDB, . II-4-1,
GBAS, .
GBAS GBAS
;

b)



,
;

,
, ,
. 3.7.3.5.4.6 I 10.
,
.
;

d)

, , II-4-2. 150 ,
.

1. 9 108
VDB,
, .

4-12

2. 117,975
1,7 VDB,
, .
3.
, .
, ,

4.2.29
,
.
:
)

VDB, . II-4-2,
GBAS, .
GBAS GBAS
;

b)

.
, .
125 , VDB.
IF
10. ,
25 ;

b) ;

d)

. ,

( . 3.7.3.5.4.5 I 10).
150 ,
;

+50
;

f)

,
;

g)

-50
;

h)

f)
;

i)

,
( . 3.7.3.5.4.5 I 10).
150 ,
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-13

,

4.2.30


.
,
60
. :
)

VDB, . II-4-3,
GBAS, .
,
;

b)

GBAS
GBAS ;



. ,
.
, 8-,
16-, 32-, 64- 76- .
i-
;

d)

,
, , II-4-2.
150 ,
;

76- 108,025117,950

,
, . 3.7.3.5.4.5 I
10.


4.2.31
, GBAS ,
VDB
3,7 (12 )
, . , VDB
,
. ,
, .
GBAS -
( )
.

, .

4-14

4.2.32

.


.

GBAS


60

. II-4-1.

GBAS

. II-4-2. ,


60

. II-4-3.

4.2.33
VDB,
CW, . ,
CW,
.

4.2.34

.
GNSS
4.2.35

GNSS
.
,
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-15


4.2.36

.


.
,
, -.
:
)
-
.


;
b) TDMA.
,
(,
, VDB)

.
,
10
;
)

VDB.

, (, ,
VDB, -)

.
,
.
,
10
.
4.3 /

4.3.1

, , GNSS
.
GBAS , .

, .
,
.
.

4-16

, ,
GBAS .
4.3.2

GBAS :
)
;
b)
;
)

d) GBAS, ,
GBAS,
;
) , ,
,
GNSS ;
f)


.
,
4.3.3

II-4-4.
/


4.3.4
FAS, ,
.
GNSS
4.3.5
GNSS
, GNSS
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-17

T II-4-4.
: GBAS

FAS

( )
VDB

I
10
.B
3.6.4.5

II
Doc 8071

4.3.3

FAS

()
. B 3.7

5.3

N/A

4.3.5

3.7.3.5.4.4

4.3.6

N/A

C, Sp

C, Sp

C, Sp

C, Sp

N/A

C, Sp

N/A

C, Sp

4 /16

C, Sp

FAS
N/A
<

2


GBAS/H

>-99 /
2
-35 /


GBAS/E

>-99 /
2
-35 /



(
GBAS)

()

()
. 1.

. B
3.6.3.4.1

4.3.7

. B
3.6.4

4.3.8

()

4.3.9

-103 /
2
-39 /

N/A .
( ,
).
Sp , ,
.

2.



( )
4.3.6
GBAS ,
.
,
, . GBAS /
GNSS / GBAS .
, .

.
.

4-18

GNSS GBAS, " "


(/No), , DOP.
, , ,
,
. 3
1.

4.3.7
VDB
,
.
, , VDB.
GBAS

VDB. ,
GBAS / ,
/ .
4.3.8

.

VDB.

.
(,
, ).
4.3.9

VDB, CW,
. , CW,

.
4.3.10
, GBAS,
.
.
(. 1.16.9 1 I Doc 8071).

4.3.11
GBAS
. 10
37 (20 . )
FTP/LTP, 35
28 (15 . ). .
35 20 . 10
37 (20 . ) 35 28 (15 . ).

. ,
.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-19

, ,
.

4.3.12

, .
,
.

. (, 7
, 3000 (10 000 ) AT) 24
(13 . ) ( 7) 2000 , 39 (21 . ) (
0,9) 4,6 (2,5 . )
. ,
.

4.3.13

FAS, .

. 30 (100 ). ,
3,7 (12 ) ,

. ,
.
( GBAS)
4.3.14
VDB
GBAS.
()
4.3.15

VDB, GBAS. ,
II-4-5.
VDB ,
,
.
4.3.16

GBAS, ,
. ,
(RPDS) VDB .
VDB RPDS.
GBAS,
(RSDS) RSDS
RPDS .

4-20


()

4.3.17

,
, .
, GBAS
,
.
, , ,
,
.
4.3.18

18,5 (10 . ), ,
.
, II-4-4.

4.3.19

:
) GNSS
. ,
,
(, ,
"").
, II-4-4;
b) GBAS I
.

;
)

, ,
, , ,
II-4-4.

. ,
,
2 1, HPL/VPL.

.

II.
4. (GBAS)

4-21

T II-4-5. ,

,

2 ( GBAS)
GAD ( GBAS),

A, B C

GCID

1 7

(RSDS)

(Dmax, )



()
( 0, )

4 ( FAS)

3 4 -

(R, C, L )

(1 I)

(RPDS)

(RPI)

FASVAL



(1111 1111,
)

FASLAL


(1111 1111,
)

___________________

5


5.1
. 8 I.
RNAV
.
,
.

5.1.1
,
, ,
(). :
, , ,
(IAP), ,
,
(RNAV).
5.1.2
,
, ,
.
,
.

, ,
.
5.1.3


, .
5.2

5.2.1

, ,
, .
5-1

5-2

,
.
, " ".

. ,
.
5.2.2


/
, .
(IAP)
5.2.3
, IAP,
:
) ()
,
, ,
, .
b)
,
. .
) ,
,
.
d) .
)
.
f)

, ,
/ .

g) " ",
.
h) ,
, , ,
. .
i)

,
,
.

II.
5.

5-3

5.3

5.3.1
,
, , ,
, ,
. :
) ,
IAP.
b)
, .
)

, .
,
.
d) , ,
, .
5.3.2

,
, ,
().

5.3.3
.
.
5.3.4
.

.
,
.
5.3.5
.
,

.
.

5-4


5.3.6

(),
.

(), .
() ()
,
. ,
, ,
.
.

5.3.7

. , ,
.
.

,
.

5.3.8
,

(ROC/MOC), ,
,
.

5.3.9
,

, .

5.3.10

, .
, , ,
,
,

.
().
,
.

II.
5.

5-5

(IAP)
5.3.11
IAP
.
.
, 30 (100 )
.

.

.
()
()
5.3.12

, .
(),
(MRA), .
,
, , ,
.
/
5.3.13

(), .
" "
5.3.14
" "

. ,

,
.
(RNAV)
5.3.15
, RNAV (GNSS DME/DME),
,
.
5.3.16
, ,
,
.
, . ,
;
.
5.3.17
.
RNAV .

5-6

, 1.4
1, .
5.3.18
.
RNAV ,
, , , ,
, . ,
, RNAV,
, .
RNAV ARINC 424,
. RNAV(GNSS)
.
. RNAV
.
. ,
AIP.
,
RNAV,
, .
, ,
.
5.3.19
. ,
,
, ,
, .
, , ,
, . I
Doc 8071.
5.3.20
.
.
:
) , ,

.
.

. ,
, MAPt.
.
b)
,
.
) .
d)
.

II.
5.

5-7

) ,
, ,
.
f)

.
, .

g) . , ,
,
.
h)

,

.
i)

. RNAV

,
, ,
.
,
,
, ,
, .

5.3.21
(MAPt)
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
MAPt, .
, , .


5.3.22
, ,
:
)

. ,
,
,
.

b)

, .


.

5-8

5.3.23
.
, ,
,
.
5.3.24
, .

. ,
,
,
.
5.4

5.4.1
,
. ,

,
. ,
,
NOTAM, .

5.4.2
, ,
, ,
.
,
,
,
, .

.
5.4.3
. ,
.
5.4.4
.
, .

II.
5.

5-9

5.5
,
,
, .
,
.
5.6

,
,
.
.
5.7

,
.
. II-5-1.

5-10


IFP RNAV ()

: ______________________________

: _______________________

: _____________________________

: ______________________

. .
. .

. .
. .

,
,
. .

: ___________________
60 . . 0
.
IFP RNAV
: ______________________________

: _______________________

: ____________________________

: ______________________

, , - /
,
- - -

60 . . 0
.

II.
5.

5-11

IFP RNAV:

: ____________________________

: _____________________________

: ________________________________

: _________________________

: _________________________

...............................
IAP ..............................................
.....................................
.......................
........................
/DTU..................
..........................................


FMS/GPS..............
...................
/ ...................
..................

Wx
:
RAIM (HIL)

HDOP
..............................
...

.........................

( )

L
C
R

5-12


IFP RNAV:

: ____________________________

: _____________________________

: ________________________________

: _________________________

.............
......................
/ ......................

:
..................................................
L................................
R ...............................
C ...............................
..........................
.....................................
..................
...........................................
25 . ......................................
.........................................................

GNSS/
MAPt:
. . XTE
. . ATE
HDOP

...........................
, GS.
.........................

........................................................
IAF....................................................................
IF ......................................................................
SDF ..................................................................
FAF...................................................................
SDF ..................................................................
MAPt.................................................................
MATP ...............................................................
........................................................

II.
5.

5-13

IFP RNAV:

: ____________________________

: __________________________________

: ________________________________

: ______________________________

C : ______________________________

: __________________________________

( , , ,
, , )
( )

:
.........................
............................................................
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..............................................
............................

.................
/..............
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"/" ........

____________________
(17 , 810 )

______________________________
( )

5-14


IFP RNAV:

: ____________________________

: _____________________________

: ________________________________

: _________________________

HDOP

RAIM

II.
5.

5-15

IFP RNAV:

: ____________________________

: _____________________________

: ________________________________

: _________________________

:
.........................................
.............................................................
...............
.......................................................
..................................................................................
.........................................................
MAPt .....................................................................
..........................................................
.....................................................................................
..................................................
......................................................

NOTAM :

: ________________________________________

. II-5-1. , :
RNAV



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2007
7 /07, R/P1/100
8071P2