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y ! Centro de cortante J= Constante de torsin, cm 4 Ca !

Constante de alabeo, cm 6
b

tf dw t

tw h h/2

J!

2bt f 3  d wtw3 3 2 3 tf h b 24

S t f ! tw ! t J! t3 2b  d w 3

Ca !

b1

e t
f

b2
b

e!
tf

e dw h tw tf

3 t f b h 3bt f  2 htw Ca ! 12 6bt f  htw


3 2

tf

h tf

h/

dw

h
a

t f h 2 b13b2 3 ! 12 b13  b23

3b 2t f 6bt f  htw 2bt f 3  d w tw 3

S t f ! tw ! t e! J! 3b 2 6b  h t3 2b  d w 3 tb 3 h 2 12 3b  2 h 6b  h

J!

Ca ! 2bt f 3  d w tw 3 3 b3 h 2 12 2b  h
2

J!

Ca !

2t f b 2  bh  h 2  3twbh t3 2 b  d w 3 tb 3 h 2 b  2 h Ca ! 12 2b  h J!

S t f ! tw ! t

tf

J!

tw

b1  b2 t f 3  d

J!

t3 b1  b2  d 3

b13 e!h 3 b1  b2 3

tf ! t ! t

y ! Centro de cortante J= Constante de torsin, cm 4 Ca ! Constante de alabeo, cm 6 _________________________________________________________________________ SenE  E CosE 2 aE t 3 e ! 2E J! a E  SenE CosE 3
.E . E t
2 2ta 5 3 6 SenE  E CosE Ca ! E  E  SenE CosE 3

S 2E ! T

T at 3 J! 3 5 3 2ta T 12 Ca ! ta 5  ! 0.0374 3 8 T 4a e! T

J!

T R4 2

Ca ! 0

J}

bt 3 3

b u 10 t

Ca ! 0

Ri R

J ! tb 3

b u 10 t

Ca ! 0

t b b t
J! t3 2b  t 3 Ca ! 2t 3b3 36

J!

4 e

4 i

!0

y ! Centro de cortante J= Constante de torsin, cm 4 Ca ! Constante de alabeo, cm 6


t1

J!
h

t2
t1

2t1t2b 2 h 2 bt2  ht1

b u 10 t

Ca ! 0

t2

t h t

J!

bt 3 t 1  0.63 3 b

Ca ! 0

t b
2

t b

t3 J ! b1  b2  t 3

Ca !

4 bh t 4 Ai 2t J! ! S 2 b  h
2

1 J ! bt 3 3

h2 I y 4

!0

b"t

3 t 3 b13  b2

36

b 2  4ac