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Cases in Persons and Family Relations

Atty. Rogelio F. Vista


Table of Contents Art. 2 Effectivity of Laws Tanada vs Tuvera Tanada vs Tuvera Yaokasin vs. Commissioner 136 SCRA 27 1 146 SCRA 27 2 180 SCRA 591 3 Jan. 31, 1997 5 69 PHIL 217 7 Nov. 12, 2002 8 Aug. 26, 2002 9 169 SCRA 789 10 169 SCRA 591 11 243 SCRA 32 12 March 13, 1996 13 January 18, 1996 14 164 SCRA 630 15 234 SCRA 255 17 55 SCRA 607 18 18 PHIL 78 19 34 PHIL 631 20 179 SCRA 1 21 29 SCRA 70 22 1 PHIL 306 23 30 PHIL 228 24 14 PHIL 239 26

Art. 3 Ignorance of the law Modesto Ualat vs. Judge Jose Ramos Kasilag vs. Rodriguez Art. 4 Retroactive effects of law Cancio vs. Isip Casupanan vs. Laroya Puzon vs. Abellera Acosta vs. Plan Atienza vs. Brillantes Aruego vs. Court of Appeals PNB vs. Office of the President

Art. 5 Mandatory and Prohibitory laws BPI vs. IAC Art. 7 Repeal of laws Mayor Magtajas vs. Fryce et al. People vs. Jabinal Art. 9-12 Applicability of custom Martinez vs. Buskirk Chua Jan vs. Bernas Art. 13 Periods Armigos vs. Court of Appeals Namarco vs. Tecson U.S. vs. Tiqui Art. 15 Nationality Principle Ibanez de Aldecoa vs. HSB Insular Government vs. Frank

Art. 16 Testamentary Succession Edward Christensen vs. Helen Christensen Art. 19 Abuse of Rights Barons Marketing Corp. vs. CA Hermosisima vs. CA Llorante vs. Sandiganbayan Albenson Enterprises vs. CA Pe vs. Pe Gashem Shockat Baksh vs. CA Wassmer vs. CA People vs. Ritter Art. 22 Obana vs. Court of Appeals Pacific Merchandising & Surety Corp o vs. Consolacion Insurance Velayo vs. Shell Co. of the Philippines Art. 26 Concepcion vs. Court of Appeals Art. 29 Padilla vs. Court of Appeals People vs. Jalandoni Art. 31 Independent Civil Action Jose Cancio vs. Emerenciana Isip Casupanan vs. Laroya Art. 36 Prejudicial Question Donato vs. Luna Quiambao vs. Osorio Yap vs. Barcelona Umali vs. IAC Imelda Marbel-Bobis vs. Isagani Bobis Ching vs. Court of Appeals Beltran vs. People of the Philippines People vs. Rafael Jose Consing

Jan. 31, 1963 27 Feb. 9, 1998 109 PHIL 634 202 SCRA 309 217 SCRA 16 115 PHIL 186 219 SCRA 649 209 SCRA 18 194 SCRA 653 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

155 SCRA 657 37 73 SCRA 564 38 100 PHIL 186 40 G.R. No. 120706 41 129 SCRA 558 42 131 SCRA 454 43 G.R. No. 133978 44 Aug. 26, 2002 45 G.R. No. L-53642 April 15, 1988 January 30, 1992 June 21, 1990 July 31, 2000 April 27, 2000 June 20, 2000 Jan. 16, 2003 46 47 49 50 51 52 53 54

Articles 40 41 Commencement/Termination Personality Geluz vs. Court of Appeals 2 SCRA 801 55

Quimiging vs. Icao De Jesus vs. Syquia

34 SCRA 13 56 58 Phil 868 57

Art. 42 Extinguishment of Personality Limjoco vs. Intestate Estate of Pio Fragante Dumlao vs. Quality Plastics Eugenio vs. Velez Retroactive Effect Marquino vs IAC Aruego et al. vs. Court of Appeals Bernabe vs. Alejo FAMILY CODE Art. 1 Concept and Nature Presumption Mariategui vs. Court of Appeals Marriage not subject to stipulation Panganiban vs. Borromeo Selanova vs. Mendoza Lichauco-de Leon vs. CA Tolentino vs. Villanueva

80 PHIL 778 58 70 SCRA 472 59 185 SCRA 425 60 233 SCRA 348 61 March 13, 1996 62 January 21, 2002 63

205 SCRA 337 64 58 PHIL 367 84 SCRA 69 186 SCRA 345 March 15, 1954 65 66 67 68

Art. 2 Essential requisites of a valid marriage Art. 3 Formal requisites of a valid marriage Martinez vs. Tan Cosca vs. Palaypayon Art. 7 Persons authorized to solemnize marriage Navarro vs. Domanagoy Articles 9-25 Marriage License Republic vs. Court of Appeals Art. 26 Foreign marriage Garcia vs. Recio Art. 34 Marriage without marriage license Nature of give year cohabitation to dispense

12 PHIL 731 69 247 SCRA 249 70 259 SCRA 135 71 236 SCRA 257 72 October 2, 2001 73

with the marriage license Engrace Ninal et al vs. Norma Bayadog

March 14, 2000 74

Art. 36 Psychological Incapacity Lucita Estrella Hernandez vs. CA Salita vs. Magtolis Leoel vs. Santos Republic vs. CA & Molina

December 8, 1999 233 SCRA 100 January 4, 1995 268 SCRA 198

75 76 77 79

Struggling with Art. 36 of the Family Code by Fr. Aquino Marcos vs. Marcos 343 SCRA 755 80 Domingo vs. Court of Appeals 226 SCRA 572 81 Lim vs. CA 214 SCRA 237 82 220 SCRA 20 95 PHIL 846 100 PHIL 1033 122 SCRA 525 143 SCRA 499 60 SCRA 441 211 SCRA 6 233 SCRA 155 83 84 85 86 87 88 90 91

Art. 40 Nullity of previous marriage Republic vs. Nolasco People vs. Mendoza People vs. Aragon Tolentino vs. Paras Wiegel vs. Simpio-DY Donato vs. Luna Terre vs. Terre Sermonia vs. Court of Appeals Art. 41 Declaration of Presumptive Death Antonia Armas y Calisterio vs. Marietta o Calisterio (in relation to Art. 83, NCC) Republic vs. Nolasco Art. 45 Voidable Marriages Bucat vs. Bucat Aquino vs. Delizo Anaya vs. Palaroan Force, intimidation, undue influence Sison vs. Te Lay Li People vs. Santiago Impotence Jimenez vs. Canizares Marriage one spouse is absent

April 6, 2000 92 March 17, 1993 93 72 PHIL 19 94 109 PHIL 21 95 36 SCRA 97 96 98 99

51 PHIL 68

109 PHIL 273 100

Jones vs. Hortiguela Lukban vs. Republic Que vs. Republic Art. 55 Legal Separation Pacete vs. Cariaga Agreement to separate: Alano vs. Gapusan In re: Atty. Rufillo Becena Divorce decreed abroad: Tenchavez vs. Escano Van Dorn vs. Romilla Pilapil vs. Somera Grounds for legal separation: Goitia vs. Campos-Rueda People vs. Zapanta Gandionco vs. Penaranda

64 PHIL 179 101 96 PHIL 574 102 107 PHIL 381 103 231 SCRA 100 104 71 SCRA 26 106 72 SCRA 14 107 July 26, 1966 108 October 8, 1985 109 June 30, 1989 110 35 PHIL 242 112 88 PHIL 688 113 155 SCRA 725 114

Art. 74 Property Relations between husband and wife Marriages before the effectivity of Family Code Delizo vs. Delizo 69 SCRA 218 115 232 SCRA 579 117 November 22, 2001 119 170 SCRA 333 120 64 PHIL 115 121

After the effectivity of Family Code: Uy vs. Court of Appeals Art. 87 Arcaba vda. De Tabaneyra de Batocael Art. 105 Conjugal partnership of gains Jocson vs. CA Ansaldo vs. Sheriff

When does Conjugal Partnership of Gains commence and apply: PNB vs. Quintos 46 PHIL 370 123 What constitute conjugal partnership: Torela vs. Torela PNB vs. Court of Appeals Cuenca vs. Cuenca Zulueta vs. PAN AM Mendoza vs. Reyes 93 SCRA 391 158 SCRA 435 168 SCRA 335 49 SCRA 1 124 SCRA 335 124 126 128 129 130

Belcodero vs. Court of Appeals Embrado vs. Court of Appeals Improvements on CPG property: Calimlim vs. Fortun Maramba vs. Lozano Ong vs. CA What is excluded: Laperal vs Katigbak Barciles vs. GSIS Veloso vs. Martinez Plata vs. Yatco Lim vs. Garcia

227 SCRA 303 131 233 SCRA 335 132

129 SCRA 675 133 20 SCRA 474 134 204 SCRA 297 135 10 SCRA 493 128 SCRA 53 28 PHIL 258 12 SCRA 718 7 PHIL 320 136 137 138 139 140

Administration and enjoyment of exclusive property: Manotok Realty vs. CA

149 SCRA 372 141

Charges upon and obligations of Conjugal Partnership of Gains: With consent: Javier vs Osmena Vds. De Sta. Romana vs. PCIB G-Tractors vs. CA DBP vs, Adil Mariano vs. CA Without consent: Luzon Surety vs. De Garcia BA Finance vs. CA 34 PHIL 336 142 118 SCRA 330 143 135 SCRA 192 144 161 SCRA 307 145 174 SCRA 608 146 30 SCRA 111 148 161 SCRA 608 149 29 SCRA 153 150 120 SCRA 528 198 SCRA 541 218 SCRA 302 183 SCRA 72 151 152 153 154

Personal Debts: People vs. Lagrimas Administration of CPG: Felipe vs. Heirs of Aldon Roxas vs. Court of Appeals Opena vs, Court of Appeals Garcia vs, Gonzales Effects of Abandonment: De la Cruz vs. de la Cruz Partoza-Jo vs. CA

22 SCRA 333 156 216 SCRA 692 157

Property regime of union without marriage: Maxey vs. CA Domingo vs. Court of Appeals Valdez vs. RTC of QC Uy vs. CA Art. 124 Jader-Manalo vs. Camaisa Art. 151 Conciliation: Versoza vs. Versoza OLaco vs. Cocho Chit Hontiveros vs. RTC Art. 153 Family Code Modequillo vs. Breva Siari Valley vs. Lucasan Pablito Taneo vs. Court of Appeals Art. 163 Paternity and Filiation Ida C. Labagala vs. Nicolasa Santiago et al. Benitez-Badua vs. Court of Appeals Fernandez vs. Court of Appeals People vs. Tumimbad Ilano vs. Court of Appeals Alberto vs. Court of Appeals Gono-Javier vs. Court of Appeals Gaspay vs. Court of Appeals Perido vs. Perido De la Puerta vs. CA Tan vs. Trocio Mangulabnan vs. Court of Appeals People vs. Rafanan Rights of Legitimate Children Moore vs. Republic Naldoza vs. Republic Actions to Impugn legitimacy Lee et al. vs. Court of Appeals Physical impossibility of access: Andal vs. Macaraig

129 SCRA 187 226 SCRA 572 260 SCRA 221 232 SCRA 579

158 160 161 162

January 23, 2002 163 26 SCRA 78 165 220 SCRA 656 166 June 29, 1999 167 185 SCRA 766 169 109 PHIL 294 170 March 9, 1999 171 December 4, 2001 229 SCRA 468 230 SCRA 130 235 SCRA 483 230 SCRA 242 232 SCRA 745 239 SCRA 593 238 SCRA 163 63 SCRA 97 181 SCRA 861 Nov. 27, 1990 185 SCRA 760 182 SCRA 811 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184

8 SCRA 282 185 112 SCRA 658 186 October 11, 2001 187 89 PHIL 165 189

Macadandang vs. Court of Appeals Tan vs. Trocio Biological or other scientific grounds: Jao vs. Court of Appeals Amurao vs. Court of Appeals Contrary to declaration by mother: Chua Keng Giap vs. IAC Presumption Lim vs. IAC Lacagala vs. Nicolas Santiago De Jesus vs. Estate of Juan Gamboa William Liyao vs. Tanhoti-Liyao et al.

100 SCRA 73 190 192 SCRA 762 191 152 SCRA 359 192 168 SCRA 734 193 158 SCRA 18 194 166 SCRA 451 December 4, 2001 October 2, 2001 March 7, 2002 195 196 198 199

Proof of filiations: Legitimate Children: a. Record of Birth Reyes vs. Court of Appeals Castro vs. Court of Appeals Mendoza vs. IAC b. Final Judgment Ramos vs. Ramos c. Admission in a signed public document Lim vs. CA d. Signed and handwritten private instrument Banas vs. Banas e. Open and continuous possession of status In Re: Christensen Mendoza vs. Court of Appeals illegitimate Children In the matter if intestate estate of the Locsin Sr. Lucy Locsin vs. Juan Locsin, Jr. Vda. De Alberto vs. Court of Appeals Baluyot vs. Baluyot Paterno vs. Paterno De la Puerta vs. Court of Appeals

135 SCRA 439 201 173 SCRA 656 202 152 SCRA 445 203 61 SCRA 160 204 65 SCRA 160 205 134 SCRA 260 206 102 PHIL 1055 207 Sept. 24, 1991 208

Dec. 10, 2001 173 SCRA 488 186 SCRA 506 186 SCRA 830 181 SCRA 861

209 210 211 212 213

Can natural children by legal fiction be legitimized? Maria Rosario de Santos vs. Hon. Angeles Bernabe vs. Alejo Compulsory Recognition: Rodriguez vs. Court of Appeals Bernabe vs. Alejo Adoption Republic vs. Toledano Lazatin vs. Campos Cervantes vs. Fajardo Republic vs. CA & Robiles Article 194 Support Article 209 Parental Authority In re: Habeas Corpus of Angelic Cervantes Hontiveros vs. IAC Unson vs. Javier Tonog vs. CA Article 216 Special Parental Authority St. Francis Academy vs. Court of Appeals Salvosa vs. IAC PSBA vs. Court of Appeals Libi vs. IAC Luna vs. IAC Pineda vs. Court of Appeals Lindain vs. Court of Appeals St. Marys Academy vs. Capistranos Custody Espiritu vs. Court of Appeals Tonog vs. Court of Appeals Demsey vs. RTC

Dec. 12, 1995 214 January 21, 2002 215 June 19, 1995 216 January 21, 1995 217 233 SCRA 9 92 SCRA 250 169 SCRA 575 January 2, 1992 219 220 221 222

169 SCRA 575 132 SCRA 745 101 SCRA 183 February 7, 2002 194 SCRA 341 166 SCRA 274 205 SCRA 729 214 SCRA 16 137 SCRA 7 226 SCRA 754 212 SCRA 725 February 6, 2002

223 224 225 226 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235

May 15, 1995 237 February 7, 2002 238 164 SCRA 384 239 188 SCRA 634 141 SCRA 462 132 SCRA 223 166 SCRA 294 240 241 242 243

Civil Registry Republic vs. Sayo Republic vs. Valencia Republic vs. Marcos Lasayo-Rowe vs. Republic

Funerals Eugenio Sr. vs. Velez Surnames Naldoza vs. Republic Johnston vs. Republic Llanteta vs. Agrava Telmo vs. Republic Tolentino vs. CA Legamia vs. IAC Republic vs. Abadilla Alfon vs. Republic Ong Pang Oan vs. Republic Republic vs. Court of Appeals Santos vs. Hon. Perlita J. Tria Yasin vs. Shrais District Court Republic vs. Marcos Anti Alias Law Cesario vs. CA Absence Reyes vs. Alejandro Bienvenido vs. CA Eastern Shipping v. Lucero Tol-Nuquera v. Villamor

185 SCRA 435 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256

7 SCRA 1040 57 SCRA 29 73 SCRA 29 162 SCRA 66 131 SCRA 479 January 28, 2000 97 SCRA 861 102 PHIL 189 209 SCRA 189 January 27, 1995 241 SCRA 606 182 SCRA 1040

April 10, 1996 257 141 SCRA 65 237 SCRA 676 124 SCRA 425 211 SCRA 616 258 259 260 261