Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 127

681.3.

06
32.973.26-018.2
70

70

. .
Blender: - .
. .: -, 2009.
272 : . + CD-ROM ( /)
ISBN 978-5-9775-0393-8
- Blender. . ,
,
NURBS, , , , ,
, .
CD ,
- : Blender
Windows Linux, Big Buck Bunny .

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2
:



.

.






.
No 02429 24.07.00. 25.03.09.
70x100V,e. . . . . 21,93.
2000 . Na 961
"-", 190005, -, ., 29.
-
77.99.60.953..003650.04.08 14.04.2008 .
.

" ""
199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 978-5-9775-0393-8

. ., 2009
, " - ", 2009

1.

1.1.
1.2. -
1.3. ,
1.4.

5
12
15
20

2. Mesh -

23

2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
2.5. Retopo
2.6

23
25
35
46
...51
54

3. , NURBS
3.1.
3.2.
3.3. NURBS
3.4.
3.5.
3.6.
3.7.
4.
4.1.
4.2.

69
69
70
79
83
89
91
94

'.

97
97
98


4.3.
4.4.
4.5.

108
114

4.6. Halo
4.7.
4.8.
4.9.
4.10.
4.11. UV/Image Editor

5.

116
119
122
129
136
137
147

5.1.
;
5.2. Timeline
5.3. IPO
5.4.
5.5.
5.6.
5.7.
5.8. ""
5.9.
5.10.

147
150
154
162
167
172
175
186
190
196

6. Blender

199

6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4.
6.5.

199
207
211
216
220

7. , ,

225

7.1.
7.2.
7.3.

225
234
237

8. Blender
8.1.
8.2.

245
245
247

1.

251
253

253

Buttons Window

253
254
255

2.

257

2.1. Windows
2.2. Linux

257
260

3. -

261

263


,
. , , , , 3D.
, 3ds Max Maya.
.
.
Open Sources ( ) .
, , , ,
. Linux, GIMP,
OpenOfflce.org, Mozilia Fi'refox- . , , , . Open Sources Blender.
, " ",
. ,
,
. , , , . .
. Blender , , .
, Blender , , , , . ,
,

.
, 3ds Max Maya, - . Blender , ,
, , .
2.48. , .
Blender - .
,
NeoGeo, jD- . ""
NaN (Not a Number)
.
. , . . .
. Blender . 2000
STGGRAPH
4,5 , -. , . , , , .
. Blender
Foundation, .
NaN, . ,
100 000 . Open Sources.

.'

. Windows, Linux,
Mac OS;
;
.
(1015 ),
;

;
Python ()
, .
,
. Blender .

Blender . , . 1 . Linux Windows
2. .

. , 3. ,
, :
http://www.blender.org.
Blender Foundation Blender;

, Blender:

http://blenderartists.org/forurn. Blender;

GNU
GPL. , Blender , . , Blender,

, ( GPL
);

http://b3d.mezon.ru. .

,
, (. );


Blender. !
(andrej.prakhov@gmail.com)


Blender -. , , ,
. Blender,
, . , , " " .
, , , . , ""
Open Source ( ).
, !
,
. ,
,
.
. , , , .

1.1.
Blender ,
, , . ,
, . -

, . , Blender.
, ,
. , , , . . ,
. , J-ITO
, .
Blender (. 1.1):
1. . , ,
.

5. . , .
6. . .
, . .
,
, ,
.
.
,
. :
Split Area ( ). , . , ;
Join Areas ( ).
. . ,
' .
;
No Header/Add Header ( / ).
- ,
.

"^)
.
, , .
: (), Bottom () No
Header ().

I
4 J1
5 I
. 1.1.

2. . .
3. . ,
.
4. .
.

- ,
, . * . Blender . ,
, , , (. 1.2).
,
ADD NEW ( ).

<Ctrl>+<Left> <Ctrl>+<Right>. , <Ctrl> <Up>


<Down>
.

User Preferences ( ). , Blender ;


Text Editor ( ). Blender Python, .
,
;
Audio Window ( ). , ;
Timeline ( ).
. , , ;

. 1.2.

Blender . : . , , ,
.
Blender -, , ,
.
Blender,
.
:

Video Sequence Editor ( ). Blender . , ,


, ;
UV/Image Editor ( UV-).
,
;
NLA Editor ( ). ;
Action Editor ( ). , , ;

Scripts Window ( ). Blender


,
Python (). , , ;

Ipo Curve Editor ( ). .


, ;

Hie Browser ( ). , ,
;

3D View (3D-OKHO).
, , .

uage Browser ( ).
, Blender;
Editor ( ).
;
ons Window ( ).
;
tuner (). , . ;

, Blender , . , . (.
1).
Buttons Window .
.
<Ctrl>, . , .

10

File Browser:

<WM> ( ) ;

1. .

<Ctrl>+<WM> ;

2. .

<Shift>+<WM> ;

3. .

<> ( ) .

4. .

, .
Panel Aliiigment,
:

6. .

Horizontal ()
;

Vertical () ;
Free () ,
" ".

11

5. .

7. .
8. (, ,
.).
9. .
10. .


, .
.
,
.
. I la
, , . , , File ()
, .
! ,
<Ctrl>+<X>. , <F1> <F2> .
<Ctrl>+<W>. , , , .

")

.
Blender -'
. <+> <->.

, , , , , File
Browser (. 1.3).

. 1.3.

!

. !

1.2. -
Blender ,
.
, . ,
.
3D View,
. , Blender ,
Z , X Y . - ]
,
Draw type ( ), :
Textured ( ) I
, , , . - j
;
Shaded () , , ;
Solid () . |
, . - I
;
Wireframe () 1
. - ]
;
Bounding Box ( )
, .
.
Blender
. -, -]
-. -!
, .
View ().
:
<NumPad 0> ;
<NumPad 1> ;

13

<NumPad 3> ;
<NumPad 7> .

. ,
<NumPad 5>.
, 3D View
, .
.
,
.

.
.
, Blender
.
, ,
.
{_

.

.

,
Blender. , <Ctrl>+<X> ,
- ,
.
. . <G> . , , .
.
:
<> ;
<> Y;
<Z> Z.
,

.
<Ctrl> <Shift>.
, .
,
<Esc> .

. <R> <S>. .

^)
,
, .

, . . 3D View

, <N>. . .
, "" .
,
. , , ,
. .
, . ,
.
"", , .
, ,
.

1.3. ,

(. 1.4).

Global
. 1.4.

, :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
,
. . ,
<11>+<>. -3
.

15

. , " <Shift>.

"" Blender , . , , , .
, , , .
, <>
Add (). :
Mesh (, ). , . : , , , , ,
, , .
, -. Blender
(Monkey);
Curve (). , .
. : Bezier ( ) NURBS
(Non-Uniform Rational B-spline);
Surface (). , Curve,
;
Meta. ;

Text (). ,
;
Empty (). ,
;
Camera (). ;
Lamp (). ;
Armature (). ,
. ;
Lattice ().
.
,
. , . Blender
3D Cursor.
(. 1.5).

17

, .
, ,
(
).
, : , .
.
, , <F7> Buttons Window
(."1.6).

. 1.6.

Object and Links ( ):


. 1.5. ,

, , ]
, .
,
. ,
. , , Ad<J | Group
( | ).
. . ,
, ,
. . -

1. Buttons Window.
2. , .
3. . ,
.
4. :
.
5. .
6. .
7. , ( ).
8. .
9. .
.

, 3D View Object | Group ( | ):


Add to Existing Group ( 1 );
Add to New Group ( );
Remove from All Groups ( ).
, , , <Ctrl>+<G>, '
.
, , . ]
,
. , .
, . ]
, . , -]
, , .
- -'
, , .]
Blender (. 1.7).

19

. <Ctrl>+<P>.
, .
2 3 , . Outliner. Animation <Ctrl>+<Lefr>
(. I.8).

'
. 1.8. Outliner

.
,
, .
, , , , .
, .
. ,
. , ,
(. IJink.blendna ).
<AIt>+<P>. :

Clear Parent ( ). . ,
;

. 1.7.

, , , <Shift>,

Clear and Keep Transformation ( ). . ;


Clear Parent Inverse ( ).
, .

20

1.4.
, ,
. , , , .
, ,
, .
.
. , Blender

.
, . , :
. )
, . Blender .
, .
,
-, ,
, .
,
.
, 3D View (. 1.9).

21


. Blender .
. ,
cifena , .
.
, .
, . ^ . ,
, . : ~> ~> ->
.
,
User Preferences (. 1.10).

. 1.10.

, . ADD NEW,
:
Empty ( ). - ;

. 1.9.

20 ,
. .
.
<> ,
, . .
. , -1
, , ,
. ,
. ,,
, <Shift>.

Link Objects ( )- .
. ;
Link ObData ( ).
, . ;
Full Copy ( ).
. .

2
LSEffiffiBHB*

/WesfT-

.
? , .
Blender .
. , , , ,
. -
, Mesh-.
, .
, . , . , ... "

2.1.
Blender. Mesh () . .
(<NumPad 0>).
,
.
<
>. , - . ,
.
( )

Mesh-

25

, , -

Cylinder (). :

(), .

Vertices ;

, Mesh:

Radius ;

plane (). ,
, , . , Blender ;

Depth , . . ;

cube (). , . J
8 , 12 6 ;
circle (). , , I
- '
(. 2.1):
Vertices ().
. , ( -1
3), . -1
-- , -1
, ,
. )
;
Radius (). ;
Fill (). . Fiffl
;

Cap Ends .
Ends ;
Cone () , , :
Monkey () , Blender no 3ds Max.

2.2.
, .
Blender
. ,
, . .
, Mesh- .
, <>.
, ,
. 3D View (. 2.2).

. Texture
. 2.1. C i r c l e

uvsphere (). , .
,
. .
,
, .
;
icoSphere (). !
, . |
: ;

'-$
. 2.2.

Mode :
Weight Paint ( ).
,
.
;

Mesh-

27

26

Buttons Window.

Texture Paint (
,

,-.. ... . .

,
Vertex Paint ( ).
~ M a t e r i a l ^

.

(. . 2.3). ,
. , - , (. 2.4).

. ;
Edit Mode ( ). '
.

,
^
^
, ^
.

>

. . , .
, , . ,
-.
. , <Shift>. , .
, ,
.


|
^ ^

, ^ ,
3D View,
; ; ; . ; . ;

(. 2.3).

12

. 2.3.

, :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4.
%

^'

. 2.4.

. 961

28

, ,
. . .
, . ,
, . Blender , . (. . 2.3).

, . , , . <> -,
.

,
.
uv Sphere. 3D View ]
(<> | Add | Mesh I UVsphere).
.

. , ,
, Z. -3
,
. , ,^
Blender
(proportional edit).
Front ()
<NumPad 1>. , - *
(<>)! !
<> , <>, - j
(. 2.5).
-j
<>. Z !
(<G> <Z>). . -1
]
(. 2.6). -'
.
<> .
, , . -

29

Mesh-

Blender.
. 2.7, . , .
SlrKra^^^J^Wa^^ij^i^'sSiSiSEi

turn

?'$

, . 2.5.

,
? , , , . . .
circle (). .
, , c i r c l e .
, .
Blender. , . <>.
. circle
, 10, Fill (). ? , ""
.
, . , (. 2.8).

Mesh-

. 2.8.

. 2.6.

---..

. 2.7.

-
. , ,
. <S> , (. 2.9).
, , <CtrI>.
.
3D View
( 0.4000).
, .
. Extrude (), Buttons Window (. 2.10), <>.
Extrude . .
:

Region ().
;
Individual Faces ( ). ;
Only Edges ( ). ;
Only Vertices ( ). .

Mesh-

33

() <NumPad l>. , <>,


<> Region. , . 2.11.

. 2.11. C i r c l e

, Blender . -
, <Ctrl>+<Z>.
<Shift>+<Ctrl>+<Z>. , <Alt>+<U>.

, ,
. !
, . ,
(. 2.12).

. 2.9. ,

_TC1

. 2.10. Mesh Tools Buttons Window

Region.
, , From

. 2.12.

<W> ( Mesh Tools). Merge ().


:
At First ( ).

Mesh-

35

Merge .
.
<Ctrl>+<J>.
, Mesh.

;
At Last ( ). ;

2.3.

At Center ( ).
, ;

, ,
. . ,
, ,
.
, .
, ?
. ,
.

At Cursor ( ). 3D Cursor.
. , At Center.
"" . .

. ,
Front , ,
(. 2.13).

, , . Cube.

' .
.
(<Ctrl>+<X>)
(<>). Front
(<NumPad l>).
. ,
. <W>.
, Subdivide ().
, . 2.14.
( <>)
<> . Erase ()
Vertices (. 2.15).

. 2.13. , C i r c l e

, Extrude.

(. . 2.2). ,
<
>, .
<Ctrl>. ,
(. 2.16). ,

Mesh-

. 2.14.

"

de

. 2.17. E x t r u d e

. 2.15.

. 2.16.

.
3 .
, . 2.17.
Front -,
. Extrude
Side ()
<NumPad 3>. Y (. 2.18).

. 2.18.

Mesh-

39

, . 2.19. . , .

. 2.20.

I*
. 2.19.

, .
. .
. . .
(<>) subdivide (<W>). . (. 2.20).
Y ,
. , . <>, <G>
(. 2.21). .

. 2.21.

. . . , ,
, . 2.22.
. Blender
. -

40

Mirror ().
, . , Buttons Window Modifiers.
.
, .
,
. . , ;
, .
,
.

Mesh-

41

.
. ,
. , <Shift>+<D> .
"" . .
, , . ,
<Alt>+<D>.
. Object | Mirror
.
Join (<Ctrl>+<J>).
, , . . Mirror.
, . -,
, . . ,
,
.
(Erase { Faces).
, Mirror
. <F9>
Buttons Window.
Modifiers, Add Modifier Mirror. , . (. 2.23).
, :
1. .

. 2.22.

Object. -]
. Blender

2. .
.
3. ( - ).
4. .

Mesh-

43

42

,
(. 2.25, ). Set Solid (), .
,

1
'

11
12

^ -

sic

"QpV

'

_9
10

rviniUi U < 1

'

. 2.23. M i r r o r

5. .
6. , j
" , . |
.
7. .
8. .
9. .
.
10. .
Mirror:
. ,
.

- .

. 2.24. M i r r o r

12. .
13. .
14. . , "-,
".
(. 2.24). , (. 2.25, ). -1
. , <F9> Link
and Materials ( ) Set Smooth ().

. 2.25. :
; 6

44

set Smooth .

set smooth,
.
.
SubSurf ( ).
" ",
. ,
, subSurf.
-1
subSurf. Levels ()
, . 2. (. 2.26).

lEljj

Mesh-

45

, .
, ,
. .
. , . .
. subSurf. ,
. Blender . ,
(. 2.27).
<Ctrl>+<T>, , (. 2.28).

-\
1

ran
. 2.26.

. 2.27.

*-"-*

^*** ^*

" 2 $ ^ " " |""'..*\^^*"'


*^

Am JW ,

www

. 2.28.

46

Mesh-

47
Mode

, , . , . ; , , .
, . . , .

2.4.

. 2.29. Sculpt Mode

- ? ,
, , . Blender. , . , - , , ,
. ,
Blender ,
, .

. . ,
.
, , Plane. ,
, ,
. ,
Plane.
, . subdivide plane . . , Set Smooth
Link and Materials.

. 2.30. S c u l p t Mode

.
Buttons Window (<F9>) Sculpt (),
Brush (), Texture ().
Sculpt
(. 2.31).


Sculpt Mode (. 2.29).
(. 2.30).
, .

. 2.31.

48

(Size)
(Strength) .- , . ,
. Draw (). Sculpt
. , . Sub
(), Shape (). - Add ()
(. . 2.31).

Mesh-

,
. Pinch (). . inflate (). .


. . 1
Air Brash ( ). .

(. 2.32).

. 2.33. P i n c h () ()
. 2.32. Draw

, . , , , -

49

. 2.33, ,
. ,
! smooth (). -

50

, .
(. 2.34).

Mesh-

51

2.5. Retopo
Retopo (Remake topology) ,

.
: .
Mesh.
:
, Empty Mesh
( ).
.
Add j Mesh | Empty mesh.
Retopo (<>)
Mesh (. 2.35).

. 2.34. Smooth


. , Grab (),
.
. ,
.
,
. , . ,
, ? . , .
Blender , .
Texture ():
Drag (). ;
Tile ().
;
3D. .
3.

\;b^^j}Q Smooth. 4

h:
New
.

. 2.35. Mesh Retopo

Paint ().
3D View (. 2.36).

Line Ellipse
. 2.36. Retopo

Retopo:
Pen (). 3D-oKHe -
. Hotspot (
), .
;
Line (). ;
Ellipse ().
,
EIlDiv.

52

. ,
, ,
.
.
.
. , .
Ellipse.
. EllDiv 3, 5.
, (. 2.37).

Mesh-

53

---

. 2.38. "'

. 2.37. , Ellipse 22 (), 3 (), 5 (s)

,
- .
<> <Del>.
Retopo .
, , "". , Line . 2.38.

<Enter> (. 2.39).

. 2.39. , P,etopo

54

. Mesh-

55

Modifiers Buttons Window

2.6.

Lattice,
(. 2.42). .

Mesh- ,
. ,
.
Lattice (). , , , . ,
, Lattice,
. .
Lattice .
Subdivide
. .
Lattice, Add Lattice. ,
. Lattice
, (<S>) , . (<>), , Lattice , Mesh.
.
Lattice ;
Buttons Window (. 2.40),

Ob: Lattice-.
. "Lattice".

' \ L i n

....:.LJi

1 1

! Cmd
\ Card |fev''4
Dutsicie

. 2.40. L a t t i c e

U, V W
5.
(. 2.41).
. Lattice

. , . , .
, - , .

. 2.41. L a t t i c e !

. 2.42. L a t t i c e

56

Mesh-

!
Blender .
. , <Enter> .

. , Lattice .
,
?
, . ,
.
.
, , .
, Lattice ( )
, .
.
XYZ:
Lin (Linear).
. , (. 2.43, );
Card (Cardinal). (. 2.43, );
(B-Spline). () (. 2.43, ).
.
, .
Lattice , . , , .

L a t t i c e , . -.

: ,
? :

. 2.43. L a t t i c e : Linear (a), Cardinal {6}, Spline

58

Mesh-

intersect.
.
. Blender
(<Shift>+<D>).
Y. ,
.
. 2.44.

. 2.43. L a t t i c e : Spline (e)

" , ". , . ?

. I
.
" " .
, "" "", .
.-]
. :
intersect (). , . -^
;
union ().
;
Difference (). ,
. -j

. 2.44.

,
1 <Shift>). <W>
boolean Tools Difference. , , (. 2.45).
,
. -, Mesh-
^ . -,
, |3 961

61

Mesh-

, . . , ,

.

, ,
Multires Buttons Window (. 2.46).
Monkey. .
, , (Face)
500.
<F9> Multires
Add Multires.
Add Level (. 2.46).

. 2.46. Multires

:
. 2.45. D i f f e r e n c e


. ,
. , .
. ,
Multires,
.
Multires- ' : ()
resolution (). , .
. , 1
, , !
. , Multires

Apply Multires ().


;
Add Level ( ). ;
Del Lower ( ).
. ;
Del Higher ( ). , ;
Level ().
;
Edges (). .
, -
;
Rendering (). .
- . , , (. 2.47).

Mesh-

63

, ,
,
" Array ().
. Array . ,
, , .
. (. 2.48).
Array (. 2.49).

. 2.48. A r r a y

. 2.49. Array
. 2.47. () ()

64

Array
:
Fixed Count ( ).
( ). ,
Count ();
Fixed Length ( ).
, Length (). , , ;

,
. "
( Z). ^

, L

Fit to Curve Length ( ).


,
"" (. . 3.2).
, . . . Count .
Relative Offset ( ),
, (. . 2.49).

XYZ.

. 2.51. Cube Empty

Array . , , :
^

Count 5 ;
Relative Offset ;
Object Offset ( )
. 2.50. A r r a y

.
Array.
.

'

^ ^

(""

66

Mesh-

67

Empty (. 2.53).
"
, , . , , - ,
- . . , , , , . , ,
.

. 2.52. Empty

. 2.53. Empty

, NURBS
Mesh-, ,
. ,
, , .
- , "" , . , ( ) , , . Mesh-,
.
, . . ,
Mesh-, . ,
. , Blender, .
,
. Blender ,
, .
,
.

3.1.
& . 2.1 .
, Mesh
circle,

, NURBS

. , , Mesh ,
. ,
.
- NURBS (Non Uniform
Rational B-Spline -).
.
, , , ,
, ,
. NURBS, , .
, ,
NURBS. , : U, V.
, , .
Add | Curve ( | ):
Bezier Curve ( );
Bezier Circle ( );
NURBS Curve ( NURBS);
NURBS Circle ( NURBS);
Path (). .
Add | Surface ( | ]
):
NURBS Curve ( NURBS);
NURBS Circle ( NURBS);
NURBS Surface ( NURBS);

, ( ) . , , , .
,
. .
(. 3.1). Aligned (). ( ) . Aligned -
(. 3.1, ).
,
. .
.
( <G>).
.
Free (). , <>. ( Aligned.) . ,
, (. 3.1, ).
.
Vector (). "" (. 3.1, ):
, Free.
Auto (). .

(. 3.1, ).
Free.

NURBS Tube ( NURBS);


NURBS Sphere ( NURBS);

71

'

NURBS Donut (Top NURBS).

3.2.
, , NURBS, !
, Mesh. !
, .
,

Blender.
, ,
. ,
3D View (
examples\3\logo.png). , View | Background Image ( | ) 3D View. Use Background Image ( ), Load
(. 3.2).

72

, NURBS

73

. 3.2.

. -, , .
Blend (), XY. , . ,
.

i l l

. 3.1. : A l i g n e d (a), Free (), V e c t o r (e), A u t o ()


Bezier Curve (Add | Curve ] Bezier Curve). , (. 3.3).
, , .
.
<Ctrl>. , . , Free. <>. ,
(. 3.4).

, NURBS

75

. 3.3.

. 3.5.

. 3.4. Free

!
.

.

) , ,
. 3.5).
^
. :(. 3.6).
. <W> ta Specials | Subdivide. . , . 3.7.

. 3.6.


.
<>. Blender .
(. 3.8).
,
. .
, Mesh. , .

.

76

3
77

-,
.1 3 MR /V/'V/ ^?\ 7 ") Tin
?

ww

t *//uju. i.zj. <Z> Wireframe Draw type.


, 3D Cursor Add | Bezier Circle
, <> <2>

. 3.7.

. 3.9.


. Blender ,
Curve and Surface ( ) Buttons Windows
( <F9>).
(. 3.10):
DefResolU. ,
. 3.8.

78

, NURBS
""

<

-"-.-ll

- ' "

J v ' t ' j t

3.3. NURBS

f t .

a t r O . ; :

. - I -

. 3.10.

Extrude (). Z;
Bevel Depth ( ). ,
;
BevResol. .

, , ,
. Extrude
,
; " 0 " " " 6 0 3 0 . , .
NURBS
, , . 3.12.

:
DefResolU = 24;
Extrude = 0.10;

Bevel Depth = 0.080;


BevResol = 1.
He (. 3.11)!

. 3.12. NURBS Surface

. 3.11. Blender

N U R B S


>
,

" , . -


80

V ( ),
. .
, . . .
Bezier circle,
Z (. 3.13, ),
join (<Ctrl>+<J>).
Z (. 3.13, ).

, NURBS

1
.

Subdivide

. 3.14. NURBS


. 3.15.

NURBS

circle

<Shift>+<D>

. 3.13. B e z i e r C i r c l e () ()

- , 3D Curve and Surface .' Extrude


.

.
.
NURBS, .
.
NURBS circle () Add | Surface | NURBS Circle.
! . , (. 3.14).

, , .
.
. 3.15.

: Front View (a)

, NURBS

<Shift>
(<>). Join (<Ctrl>+<J>). ,
(<>) <F> ( Surface | Make Segment)

. 3.16.

3.4.
f ;r

. 3.15. /: Top View (6), User View (e)

- Blender, -, .
, , , .
,
.
Add j Text. - Text.
, <>. (. 3.17).

, NURBS

85

.
, . - ,
. , Linux :
usr/lib/Xl I/fonts;

. 3.17.


. , (<Ctrl>+<C>,
<Ctrl>+<V>), . .
Font () Buttons Window
(.3.18).

usr/iocal/share.

Windows Windows\Fonts.
,
Blender . ,
. ,
.
FOIH5

timesbf.ttf

times,ttf
,

. 3.19.

. 3.19 Times
New Roman :
times.ttf ;
timesi.ttf ;
: 3.18. Font

Blender ,
. " " .
.
, ,
Blender
. , , .
Load
() FONTS
(. 3.19). ,
. , -

timesbd.ttf ;
timesbi.ttf .
i
. timesbi.ttf
. (U) . , Text
.

Blender ,
. . Blender, .
Unicode,

3
Char.
, Times New Roman,
Cyrillic Unicode Table.

.
, - j
. Insert
Text ( ).
. , . ' .
. , <Shift>, . I
:

, NURBS

87

"Frame I" (. 3.20):


Width () 4.00;
Height ()1.50.
(. 3.21).

<>+< > 1
;
,
<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<KypcopHbie > ;
<> <End> ;
<PgUp> <PgDn> ;
<Shift> <Home>, <End>, <PgUp> <PgDn>
.

. . .
Blender .
.
.
Text , . .

. 3.21.

Insert (). Delete .


. :
X 3.20;
Y

2.00.

,
. , .

(. 3.22).
, Blender
. Font (. 3.23).
, , . . .
, .
:

. 3.20.

Size. .
10 .
, ;

, NURBS

89

3.5.
, Blender , - .
Text ,
, . Curve and Surface (. . 3.2). , , , .
: Blender Foundation.
<> Add | Curve |
Path. , , ,
. , .
. 3.22.

-:
. 3.23.

Linedist (Line Distention). ;


Word spacing. ,
;

, . .
Font (. . 3.18). TextOnCurve ( ).
.
. .
, . .

(. 3.24).

Spacing. ;
Shear. . -,
;
X offset Y offset.
;
UL position. . . ;
UL height. .

.
. , , .
Blender .

. 3.24. P a t h

90

, ,
? , . Blender
Curve. .
Text . Mesh ,
.
, . path. Text
<AIt>+<C>.
. Curve.
curve Ob:
(. 3.25).

Modifier

rjve
J.1.J
1'' L

, NURRS
91

,
. . Ob: Link and Materials.
, .
, .
curve. . Extrude
Curve and Surface 1 Mesh
(<AIt>+<C>). , SimpleDeforrn
( ) Mesh.
Taper
Factor () . , ,
. Center New Mesh.

. 3.25. Curve

, .
X. , , . , Path
. . (. 3.26).

3.6.

. 3.26. Curve

, .
, . , , Mesh- Tube,

92

Array .
. .
." ,
. , .

, NURBS

93

. , , .
curve Taper ( !). , .

,
, , .
.
Bezier circle Path (. 3.28).

. 3.29.
,;>;.;,

- / '

'

'

, ; , - '


Taper (. 3.30).
. 3.28. Curve B e v e l

Path
, .
.
curve Bevel, BevOb
Curve and Surface (. . 3.10). Path circle .
,
.
circle , .
, , (. 3.29).

, -

. 3.30. Taper

. ,

94

. , , . ,

.
(. 3.31).

, NURBS

Drawtype ( ). ;
Draw Extra ( ). ,
Drawtype.

Layer?
Dm

;Sfmtecf

; Bo.-:

."j, ids

./.

. 3.32. Draw

Drawtype:
Shaded ();
Solid ();
. 3.31. Curve Taper

Curve Taper:
;
.

3.7.

, . , .
,
Wireframe. , . Blender -,
.;
,
, .
,
. Object .
<F7>. Draw. ]
;
(. 3.32):
Layers ().
;

Wire ();
Bounds (). , ,
Draw Extra .
Draw Extra:
Bounds ();
TexSpaee ( );
Transp (). ,
(. . 4.2);
Name (). ;
Axis (). ;
Wire ();
X-ray ().
, .


, , , .
,
. ,
. ,
,
, . .

4.1.
.
.
. .
, , ,
, , ,
. . , , , . , , .
, ,
, , . , , . , . -

98

, . .
- , .

Links and Pipeline .


:

,
, , , . "" , . . "
" .

Render Pipeline ( ). .

Blender .
solid,
(. . 1.2). ,
() .
, - .

Link to Object ( ). ,
, (. . 4.5);

(Solid), Material (. 4.2).

4.2.
, <F5> Buttons Window (. 4.1).

. 4.1.

, , , . .
,
.
Links and Pipeline ( ).
Add New ( ),
Link and Pipeline,
.
, (. . 4.3).

!
. , .

. 4.2. Material

!
,
:
Diffuse color ( ) Col Material.
, .
. ,
, ;
Specular Color ( ) Spe. ,
. .
, . , ;
Mirror Color ( ) Mir.
, .

.
(. . 4.3). . .
. sphere (Add | Mesh | UVsphere)

100

.
Diffuse , specular. .,
(. 4.3).

'/

101

,
Col, Spe Mir. ,
.
RGB (Red, Green, Blue), , .
, HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value), (. . 4.2). ,
Alpha ( ), . .
, :

. 4.3.

. , ,
, Diffuse, Specular, ,
, Mirror (. 4.4).

Color ;
Specular ;
Mirror .
:
Color ;
S p e c u l a r ;

Mirror .
<F12> (. 4.6).
:

. 4.4.

,
. sample (),
. Sample
(. 4.5).

" . ; "

. 4.5. Sample

. 4.6.

102

. ( ) . specular. specular , . , .
.
Blender Preview ( ). ,
,
-. . 3D View . , ,
Drawtype .
. , (. 4.7).

103

4.3.
""
. ,
. , , .
, ,
, , , ,
. .
Blender , . , GLSL (OpenGL
Language Shaders, OpenGL).
. , .
Shaders (), , , , (. 4.8).

'

. 4.7. Preview


.
.
. (. . 4.7) OSA (Oversampling).
, Blender .
, , . ,
, Solid.
, , .

. 4.8. Shaders

,
.
.
Lambert,
(
).
, Blender.

1 . Reflection
) ' .
[ (. 4.9).

105


Minnaert. .

.
Reflection Dark (). ,
. , . 4.10 Reflection
0.5, a Dark 0.2.

.<h..l9-W ....

. 4.10. Minnaert

V 6

. 4.9. Lambert () ()

(. . 4.9, )
\ (. . 4.9, 6) .
, Oren-Nayar, Lambert
\ . * Reflection Roughness (), .

, Fresnel, (. 4.11). , , , . Fresnel


.
. :
Fresnel ( ) Factor ( ).
, , (. 4.11):
Reflection 0.8;
Fresnel 2.2;
Factor1.4.

106

specular (). .

Hard (). .

. 4.11. Fresnel


- .
. Bias () Shaders, .

,
, , .
, . Toon (. 4.12).
:

4.12. Toon, S l z e =

0.7, a Smooth = 0.0

size (). ;
smooth (). .
,
. . ,
, ,
. ,
.
, CookTorr Phong, , . .

108

109

. , ,
. , ,
.
.
Mirror
Transp ( ) Buttons Window (. 4.15).

*
. Tranjr

! /re i c _
. 4.13. Wardiso

GL i - / .,

vd
l ^X LJIS1 J L
tr ^- .' ,.;iii.

. : ; 1 .!

L i.:
''

. 4.15.

,
:
Ray Mirror ( ). ;
Ray Transp ( ). .

. 4.14. Toon () {6)

, .
. .

4.4.

. ,
.
(. 4.16).

,
. .

Plane
Ray Mirror ( ).
Preview, .
.

110

111

RayMir . Mirror.
, ,
(. 4.1 8).

. 4.1S. Ray M i r r o r

RayMir.

Diffuse . RayMir
0.5 (. 4.17).

. 4.8. M i r r o r

. , ,
.
Gloss (). 0.8 Gloss RayMir (. 4.19).
. . .
, . , , , . -
, .

. 4.17. RayMir = 0.5


Diffuse Mirror.

sphere Suzanne , . Ray Transp . Fresnel. 3.0


(. 4.20).
. ,

112

1.309.
IOR ( ).

. Gloss (. 4.22).

. 4.21.

. 4.19. G l o s s

. 4.22.

. 4.20. ? !

- , , ,

?
<
0>>
Render
?
'
Ray

<

().
6

114

4.5.
. , , , .
, - . Blender
- .

. .
. , .
.
<F9> Link and Materials (
). (. 4.23).

115


. New, Assign.
(<F5>)
(. 4.25).

: Mad:
See
l ct

Desee
l ct

:,i-t -Smactil

ft ' li i

. 4.23. Link and Materials

:
Vertex Groups ( ). ;
Material (). .
New (),
Assign ().
(. 4.24).

. 4.25.

Delete (), .
,
. . Select (), .
Desel ( ).
. .
.
. Assign
. ,
Remove ().

Weight. UJO0
. 4.24.

, , , , .
, .

4.6. Halo
:
? , Light

. , . , , , , ,
, , ,
.
, Halo. , ,
.
Halo Mesh ;
. , ,
circle,
(. 4.26).

117

.
.
, , , . Empty Mesh, .
,
<Ctrl>.

.
Mesh | Snap ( | ).

Halo Links and Pipeline Halo. Material (. 4.27).

G 0.800
dsDDS
. 4.27. H a l o

,
. Shadcrs (. 4.28).

4 I
. 4.26. C i r c l e Mesh Halo

, Halo ,
.
. Mesh

-It
. 4.28. Halo

118

.
, . , Rings (), Lines (), star
() Flare (), . Halo (. . 4.26). ,
Shadcrs,
, :

119

Flare,
. .
(. 4.30).

HaloSize. ;
Hard. ;
Add. .
Halo , . , Material (. . 4.27).
Rings, Lines,
star (. 4.29). Halo.
, Lines |
Rings Seed.

. 4.30. F l a r e

Flare Shaders :
Boost. ;
Fl.seed. ;
Flares. .

4.7.

. 4.29. Halo

,
.
. .
, .
,

120

121

, . Ramps
.
, .

Input (). . :

.
.
. ,
.
Ramps (. 4.31).

Energy (). ;

Shader (). ,
, ;

Normal (). ;
Result (). , . .
. ,
;
Method ().
() . ;
Factor (). .

[ 000 ;' '

QJipQ
Fanto;
; Meifrad
. ;.

. 4.31.

Show Col Ramp, Colorband -;


. Ramps :
Colorband. ;
Add (). .
;
Cur (). ;
Del (). ;
, , L, S.
;
Pos (). ;
RGB. . , ;
Alpha (-). .
;


, , .
,
Add. 0, . ,
.
, Cur . . , . , , Pos.
:
0 ;
1 2 ;
3 4 ;
5 6 .
, . 4.32.
,
, .
, .
(. 4.33).

123

,
. 4.34.

. 4.32.

. , . ,
,
. ,
<F6> Buttons Window
(. 4.35).

. 4.35.

: Preview ( ) Texture.
.
: Material (<F5>) . .
. 4.33.

4.8.
"" ,
, . , -1
, . Blender - ]

. - .;
, ,
, . , -
, ]
, , , .
Texture ()

Texture Type
( ). 14 ,
. , , , .
. .

.
^ . , , , . .
. Texture Type Image (). ( - -

(. 4.34).

. 961

124

). ,
Image. .
Preview .
<F5> .
, Texture
. ,
Add New ( )
.
: (. . 4.34). Clear ().
. , (. 4.36).

UV. UV-Mapping (. . 4.11);


Oreo. ;
Stick. ;
Win. .
Oreo, ,
. , . (. . 4.37):
Flat ();
Cube ();

. 4.36.

Tube );
Sphere ().
Cube (. 4.38).

, .
.
, Map Input (-).

(. 4.37).

':2*

. 4.38.

. 4.37. Map Input

:
Glob. ;
Object. .
Ob:. , Empty;

. 4.39.


,
, . , ,
(. 4.39).


, Draw Type | Textured.

126

. ,
. <Shift>+<P> .
.


Map To (-).
.
.
Z .
, .
Diffuse Marble . . 4.40.

127


. ,
, :
Col. , ;
Nor. .
(. . 4,9);
Disp. ;
Cmir, Ref, Spec, Alpha . .
:
Stencil (). ;
Neg (). ;

Sufi ;!!,!:

No RGB ( RGB). - .
RGB
, .
,
. , Col, .

N I -1
. 4.40. M a r b l e

Map Input (Size)


2.0 .
. .
Map To (. 4.41).
Mafi
Hot

C*.(j | fflir ; Fief

BfiKi

j F(SvMitj^|jh3. , En-Ht TnmL'J

.'

Blender
. (. 4.42).
LOlor
Walue
Saturation

:;
L ighien
Darhen
Divide
Overlay
Screen
i,

~"Cr Subtract
Hard > Mir ilpha. ^^

j
i

) Nor 0 SO
{Vat 1 QUO

" 1 .

L>jg 0 200
' p* f f3i. 0 000
. 4.41. Map To

. 4.42.

, *1.
. .

Col, Nor, Var,


Disp. , . , Col Col .
, , ,
"" (. 4.43, ).
, , .
.

129

Noise (). , .
Noise .
size Map Input 2.0. , ,
(. 4.43, ).

4.9.
,
, .
, , . ,
?

if ||||1111^1"""

_! M H H l i

-

. ,
,
. , , "" . ,
.
. , , . : ()
. , . ? !
.
Blender .
(Bump Map). - ,
. , .
, , GIMP
(. 4.44).
. image . Map To
Nor No RGB.
Nor (. 4.45).

"" "'"

"

. 4.43. () ()

, Nor ,

, ,
.
.

(Normal Map), .
, . ,
. Blender (. 4.46). , (<>) Mesh Tools More ( <F9>) Draw Normals
( ) Draw VNormals ( ).
NSize.

. 4.44. Bump

. 4.46.

. 4.45. Bump

133

Normal Map RGB,


:

Tangent (). .
.

Red (). X;

,
. Bump.

Normal Map.
Blender ,
. .
.
.

Green (). Y;
Blue (). Z.
0 255
(. 4.47).

Plane Low. . (<Shift>+<D>)


, subdivide, .
Multires.
Sculpt Mode - High. , (. 4.48).

. 4.47. Suzanne Normal Map

Normal Map . , :
Camera (). .
Normal Map. !
;
World (). , ;
Object (). .
;

. 4.48. Normal

M u l t i r e s , . .

134

Normal Map :
1. .
2.
UV-.
3. .
4. .
UV- . 4.11.
.

135

<F10> Buttons Window. Normals,


Clear, Selected to Active.
Tangent. Bake .
, . High ,
<Shift>, LOW. .
, . UV/Image (. 4.50).


UV/Image Editor, . Low <> . UV/lmage , Image j Nei
( ), , w
. 4.49.

. 4.50. ""

-"- ,.', , _ , - . -^
b

'

'

'

'

'

. 4.49.


1024x1024, 32 .
UV- <U> UV Calculation ( UV).
UnWrap. , UV/Image
.
,
. , . ,
<Alt>+<G> <Alt>+<R> .
, .
Bake, -

. 4.51. Normal Map

136

137

Image |
Save As ( | ) UWImage.
Normal Map
Bump. Low, image. , . Map Image Normal Map
Tangent. Map Input.
UV- , UV.
Map To Nor.
(. 4.51).

4.10.
Normal Map .
.

. ,
, .
Displacement Map ( ) ,
. , . .
, .
Normal Map Displacement Map,
.
: . .
.
Multires .
Marble. Map To Nor
Disp. (. 4.52).

, ,
. Normal Map .
'

. 4.52.

4.11. UV/lmage Editor


. , . , .
UV/lmage Editor. , . ,
.
,
. ,
. Blender UV, X Y.
, , UV-.
.
:
;
UV Calculation, (<U>);
UV-.

138

UV-
UV Calculation Unwrap ().
,
(. 4.53). , .

. 4.54.

. 4.53. Unwrap

UV-
3D-0KHe. , ,
, . . , .
Textured 3D View (. 4.54).
Unwrap UV Calculation . ,
. , Sphere froifl
View.

. 4.55.
:
Project from View. '
, ;
^ l ( p Z ' L 5 6 ) * " ' > 1 >
Project from View (Bounds). , 3
0
.
. "

-

140

seams (). . , . ,
,
. .

. <Alt> .


UV-. , Unwrap (. 4.58).

. 4.56.

. ,
: , .
.
Mesh | Edges ( | )
Mark Seam ( <Ctri>+<E>). (. 4.57).

;
. 4,58.

,
( ).

.
(. 4.59).

. 4.57.

,
. ,,
<> ( UVs | Pin). -;
.
. , . <Alt>+<P>.

143
--

. 4.60.
. 4.59.

? -1
. -1
, GIMP.
Save UV Face Layout,
UVs | Scripts (UVs | ).
. ]
UV/Image Editor
(. 4.60).

!
,
. TexFace Material
(. . 4.2).

UV/Image Editor . ,
. ;
!

UV/Image Editor (. 4.61).

. 4.61.

, , <> (. 4.62).
, :
Draw (). ;
Soften (). ;
Smear (). ;
Clone (). .
:
Color (). ;
Opacity (). 1 ;
i
Size (). ;
Falloff (). ;

144

Spacing (). Blender

Mode
,

. 4.62. Image Paint

. 4.63.

-, , , . , . .
, ,
"", " ". , "" ,

. 3D . ,
"" . ,
.
Blender, .

5.1.
Blender, , ,
. Big Buck Bunny, Blender ( , ).
Blender,
,
(. 5.1).

1
5

148

. . . , .
.
, . 1 .
:
(),
;

, ;
.
.
.
,
. ,
Insert Key ( )
. <[>. Loc (. 5.2).

. 5.1. Big Buck Bunny

Blender
,
:
. , ;
. ;
. , .
, . (), .
. ;
. Bullet, ,
, , .
,
.

. ,

.
. Loc
.

, Buttons Window
, (. 5.3).
25.
( Blender 25 ).
| Loc.

.
" ,
(. . 5.3) <Alt>+<A> ( <Esc> ). .

151

Insert Key

-,
Timeline Blender
, , . , .

ats.

Timeline , (. 5.4).

RotS

:?phdDw:type::;;';';:;; ;:::';
? Scripts Window
(S? File Browser

l Rot

> Node Editor


Button;. Vfwiov/
Outlmer
,:U;.er P\emence%
YM Te;4 Editor
'j^;.Audio Window

. 5.2.

Video Sequence Editor


UV/lmage Editor
> NLA Editor
, Action Editor
' Ipo Curve Editor

. 5.3.

^ 3D View-

' '

. 5.4. Timeline

. (
(. . 5.3).

5.2. Timeline

,
, ,
.
.
- Timeline. ,!
.

Timeline , .
,
(. 5.5).
.
Timeline, - , . , ,
. , .
. Playback
(), . Play-

152

back | 3D Windows ( j 3D-OKHa)


Playback) Top-Left 3D Window (] 3D-OKHO).
.

Timeline ,, ,
. . :
.
:

Replace Keys ( );

Add/Replace Keys (/ );

. 5.5. Timeline

Timeline
(. 5.6).

11

21

41

6'

--

81

. 5.6. T i m e l i n e

, -j
:
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. . -,
(Loc, Rot, Scale . .).
8. ( ).
.
9. .


Insert Keys (<!>). ,
, ,
, . (, ) . ;
. , . ;
\ ;
.

250
( 25 10 ).
, Start End
Timeline.

Timeline
.
. .
(. 5.7).
Frame ().
, -
<> (Frame | Add Marker).
, .
( ).
, .

154

Frame | Name Marker


<Ctrl>+<M>.

. 5:7.

PAL
25 { SECAM ). Playback | Set
Frames/Sec ( | ).

5.3. IPO
IPO, :
?
,
(. 5.8).
, . IPO
Interpolation (). -, .1
;
. IPO
. IPO. .
, IPO .
,
, , .
Ipo Curve Editor ( IPO) ,
. , , . IPO .
(. . 3.2).

. 5.8. IPO

. , , . ,
. ,
, , . ,

. IPO, -
Animation, <11>+<> (. 5.9).
IPO ,
. ,
LOG (. 5.10).
,
. ,
. , , , .
. 961

156

, .

157

IPO.
. , . , , Rot
. ,
. . IPO.
, , IPO. ,
Insert Key (<I>). Rot
(Insert Key | Rot). , Rot . .

. 5.9. IPO

. 5.10. Loc

IPO ,
(), . , - ( ), . ,
, . (. . 5.9) ,
X, . .
. , Locx .
. LOCX, <> (. . 3.2).

,
- (<G>, <R>, <S>).
.
, ,
.
, .

IPO.
IPO. ,
(. 5.11).

. 5.11.

, <Ctrl>,
. IPO . , , <Ctrl>, (. 5.12).
. ,
Z
. .
.
Ipo Extend Mode ( ),
Ipo Curve Editor <>.
<>. Ipo

58

Extend Mode | Extrapolation ( | ).


1 (. 5.!3).

159

Ipo type:

. 5.14. IPO

. 5.12. 1 RotZ

Ipo Extend Mode

. 5.13. Ipo Extend Mode E x t r a p o l a t i o n

,
, . ,
, .

RGB (0, 0, 0).


Red () .
IPO Show IPO type Material
(. . 5.14). , IPO .
Red ( R)
0.0 ( ). 1.0
. ,
,
(. 5.15).

IPO . , ^;, .
\ .

IPO
.
ipo-.
. IPO <>.
. (. 5.16).

IPO
Show IPO type ( IPO).
> (. 5.14).

- Draw Keys ( ). ""

160

161

(. 5.17).
<> 3D View.

View

Seleci Marker

Key j--$ \ [

. 5.16. Show Keys

-50

50
. 5.15. Red

, IPO
. , - .
,
. ,
,
(. . 4.2).
, Ipo Curve Editor (. 5.18).

:
;
(. . 5.14);
(. . 5.18).
, , , .
. , . F,
IPO (. . 5.18). , -

162

.
. ,
.

"fitr

163

,
.
Path, , NURBS,
(. 5.19).

. . .

>
;

. 5.17. Draw Keys

. 5.19. Path

. 5.18. IPO

5.4.

, , ,
, . , . .

Path 3
. .
Constraints () ,
.
, Object (<F7>) Constraints
(. 5.20).
Follow Path ( ). , ,
( Path!). Ob: (. 5.21).

164

Copy Scaie
Copv Rotation
jn
Tr-ifi formation
Child Of

. 5.20.

. 5.21. Follow Path

:
;
*
.
(. 5.22).
CurveFoIlow
Follow Path (. 5.23).

. 5.22. :
() ()

Follow Path ,
. Fw: (X, Y, Z, -X,
~~Y, ~%} ,
. Up: (X, Y, Z)
, .. . .
Path 100 .
. Curve and Surface

166

(<F9>) PathLen ( ). IPO.

167

. ,
IPO Path.

View a elect Maiker Curve |* I ^i

Object

Ur

t IP'CurvelDO

. 5.24. Ipo Curve Editor Speed Path

5.5.

. 5.23. ( CurveFollow);
() ()

Show IPO type Path,


Speed (), (. 5.24).

, .


. ,
, ""
, .
.
, :
;
Lattice;
(. . 5.6).

168

, .
IPO,
. ,
IPO . .

Shape Key ( ). Relative.


, , , . Ipo Curve Editor, Shape
(. 5.26).

5_shapel_l .blend, .
.
, Ipo Curve
Editor ( <11>+<>).
. , ,
Insert Key, <1>.

(. 5.25).
,

100
ve

Selecl

Marker

Curve ,\.Shape

. 5.26. Ipo Curve Editor

. 5.25. Shapes (<F9>)

:
;
;
;
;

, . .
Timeline .
Blender , <>. ,
, .

(. 5.27).

.
. ,
. , , .


<Alt>.
^^ -

<F9> . Shapes () Add

(. 5.28).

170

171

Ipo Curve Editor,


Shapes (. . 5.25).

!
. .

, ,
, <>+<>. ,
. ,
Speed, .

. 5.27.

Ipo Curve Editor . Basis


. , , , <Ctrl> . , (. 5.29).
.

. 5.29. ,


. Speed Basis . Cyclic Ipo
Extend Mode (<E>) (. 5.30).

~7 Vie1; elect Market Curve \H. I1*! QShape


I..VJ
. 5.28.

. 5.30.

172


. Linear, Ipo Type <<>).


Lattice , ,
.
. , , " . . ,
Relative Shapes (. . 5.25).

Lattice (. . 2,6).
.
.

5.6.

.
, . , , , .
. ,
.
Blender,
, .
.
Add | Armature.
(), Front
(), <1> (. 5.31).

- . ,'
, (Root), (Body)
(Tip). (<>) .

. 5.31.

(Root
Tip) (<>).
,
, .
Root. , . . .
- . (. 5.32).
, ,
(<G>). ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
,,
.
, Armature Bones ( )

174

(<F9>). . , child of (. 5.33).

175

left ). , . . ,
. , . : L head, R head, Head L
Head.R.


- . Names
(. 5,34).

"

,
. Armature
Buttons Window (. 5.34).

IK

. 5.32. , ,

-sg"
J^K

fJ-THP

. e;

te }_ kri'.jskif*

-0 P 6 t i

. 5.34.
. 5.33.

Bone, . .
,
.
. : (. 5.33).
:

Display Options ( ).
(. 5.35).
,
.

5.7.

, (, , ).
;

, Blender, .
, Mode 3D View (. 5.36).
:

, R L ( right

Object Mode ( ). ;

176

. 5.35. : Octahedron (a), Stick (6)


. 5.35. : B-Bone (e), Envelope ()

178

VIfewSeelct
-

179

Mode\
4Ect. Mode |

Selected
.... ., - ^
, .

jcWidof

_ _ _ _ T ~ ^ ^ ^

Dt t 0 ^ ^ ^
Mult I HtciS j Lock ]

V^ ObjbCt fu> P
.

rikiG:'

. 5.36.

Edit Mode ( ). , , . , j
. ;

!
: it

ihtidor

i-r-i

Pose Mode ( ).
.
:

Bjfii-1

IN

. , -|
.
, .
, . 5.37,
. 5.38 (. 5_armatureI_1 .blend).

JE3

, : . . ; .

'

Hide

Lo&l

:
r of
6orre2 L
: '
L'.t uor.
- ...i.i i ::

i.';..'. . . . ; I i , !...

'

Di t 0 Sj

,'HHht 5 JO J

^ L X X J . J . X ~ L J J J

. 5.38.

Blender .
- Armature |
AutoName Left-Right. .

.
, , , . .
.
. Root <R>
. ,
(. 5.39, ). Bonel.R.
<F9> Armature Bones Hinge (). , ,
, ,
(. 5.39, ).
. 5.37.

181

Z
.
, <Ctrl>+<N>. Clear Roll
( ).


. .
, , .
.
, . , . , .
. , . ,
. .
.
.
. Pose Armature (. . 5.34)
Auto IK ( ). . . , Root, .
(. 5.40).
.
.
,
IK-. Bone3.R. , <Shift>+<I>
Without Target ( ).
IK Solver.
, IK-.
.
,
(. 5.41).

. 5.39. : (),
Hinge ()

Bone3.R, ,
. , , . (. 5.42).

182

. 5.40. : 3 ()

. 5.40. / :
(), 2 ()

. 5.41.

IK S o l v e r

184

Empty (. 5.44).

. 5.42. IK S o l v e r

ChainLen ( ). . . 3 Bonel .R
(; 5.43).

. 5.44. Empty

. 5.43.

,
"" , .
, ,

. 5.45. Empty

187

( Empty) Target ()
-R. ,
.
. Solver '
Add Constraint ( ). Empty . Target (. 5,45).

<Shift>+<:|>.
New Empty Object ( Empty),
.

5.8. ""
, , .
(skinning). ,
, . '
. , , . .
, . (. 5.46).
,
Subdivide.
Armature
X-Ray. , .
, , <Shift>. <Ctrl>+<P> Armature. -1
, Name Groups ( ).
, ? -, .
Outliner ( -;
). -, Name Groups
. ^
.

. 5.46. skinning

, . , "
", .
.
, () .
, <> . Link and Material Vertex Groups,
(. 5.47).

'';. [';.

...

Smooth 1 Set Solid

. 5.47. Vertex Groups


96]

188

Name Groups ,
- . .

189

.
.


. .
Bone (<>) ,
(. 5.48).

IHIMIN'

.-

;-
. 5.49. Bone

.
.
. 5.48. Bone

Assign
(). , (<>) Select (). , .
.

.
Select,
Assign.

Pose Mode
(. 5.49).
Weight,
. . , .

.
Weight Paint ( ).

(. 5.50).
. , .
- , . , ,
.
Paint ().
,
(. 5.51).

!
, .
.

190

191

. , IPO .
. , ,
.
"". .
Action Editor, , , ,
IPO.
, .
? . , ,
, , ,
.
. 5.50. Weight P a i n t

\:r

.
5_actionl.blend.
(. 5.52).

. 5.51.

weight Paint , -'


.
. 1
.

5.9.
-'
. ]
. ]
, IPO -!

. 5.52.

192

Animation
(<1>+<>). Buttons Window ,
Action Editor, <Shift>+<F12>.

193

Vie

. , . :
Timeline ,
Add/Replace Keys (. . 5.2);
Pose Mode 3D View Ipo Curve Editor;
. ( );
Timeline
Bone3.R ;

. 5.53. Action Editor

,
. ,
.
IPO (. 5.54).

Main.
.
.
IPO. Loc
Scale : Quatw, Quatx, QuatY, Quatz.
IPO , .
, . . ,
.
Action Editor.
, . (. 5.53).
,
. -1
, .
. ,
(<>).
, <G>.

. 5.54.

. . , , , , . ,
, " " " ".
, , .
, BoneJ.R, Bone2,R, Bone3.R. ,
<Shift> . Channel | Grouping |
Add to New Group ( ) | ).

194

, <Ctrl> (. 5.55).

' .
"" ,
.-
Left_Hand
R.ight_Hand.
(. 5.58, ).

. 5.55.

,
.
Protected ().
.
Left_Hand (. 5.56).

. 5.56.

Action Editor . 1
ADD NEW ( ) ]
Action2 (. 5.57).

Start: 1

. 5.58. ; (), ()

,
(<S>).
. 5.57.

0.

197
-I'l

' ^"

.

. ,
. Blender
, . . , Non
Linear Animation Editor ( ), NLA
Editor.

. 5.60.


( 5_action2.blend). , Action Editor . NLA
Editor, (. 5.59).

Action Editor.
, , Action
Action2 (. 5.61).

. 5.61.

. 5.59.

, NLA
Editor . , ,
,
. ,
, Action Editor.
, ? . NLA Editor, . ,
<Shift>+<A>. , . Action,
Action2 (. 5.60).

. <G>, . .
.
, { <Esc>) .

. .. , Strip |
Move Up ( [ ) Strip | Move Down ( | ).
.
( )
. <N> (. 5.62).

198

Blender
. 5.62.

Mute,
Hold,
. , ,
Action2 Auto-Blending ( ).
(. 5.63).


. , , ,
, , .
Blender , . , , , , ...
?
.

. 5.63.

6.1.
. ,
? . , , , . , ,
, , , , .
Blender, ,
, .
: , , . .

- . .
Blender: , .
-

.
(<F7>).
.
, Particle buttons (
), Buttons Window (. 6.1).

_ _Blender

Rand (). , Life, .

"^

<Alt>+<A>.
Plane.
, . . .
30- (. 6.3).

. 6.1.

Add New
( ) (. 6.2).

' -i

. 6.2.

, Blender, .
Particld
System ( ):
Amount (). , ]
;
Sta (). ;
End (). ;
Life (). ;

201

, .
,
Verts Emit From.
Physics (. . 6.2).
, . , AccZ
Z (. 6.4).

!
. Blender .
.

, /..
,
. Random Initial Velocity

202

( ) Rotation (). 1.0 (. 6.5).

, Visualization (. . 6.2),
, .
, (points),
3D-OKHa, .
, ,
.
.
. cube.
. Visualization
Object. Ob: . . ,
(. 6.6).

. 6.4.

mm

. 6.6.

. 6.5. "",

,
.
. 961

204

, . Dead
(), .
Unborn (), .
.
, . .
Halo.
Shaders Rings (. . 4.6). Amount 100. Points (. 6.7).

Blender

, Normal Physic.
0.1.
.
5000 Amount (. 6.9).

. 6.8.

. 6.7. H a l o

!
Blender
. , . .

Blender
. , ,
, . .

. 6.9.

206

Blender

207

3D View. Disp () Visualization.



. Disp .

.
.

, .
. .
Bezier Curve Physics buttons,
(. 6.10).
Fields () , ,
. Curve Guide ( ).
, .
Path (. 6.11).

6.2.
, <F7>
Physics buttons (. . 6.10). , Blender. Cloth ().
, , .
,
. Plane (. 6.12). . subdivide .

buttons
. 6.10. Blender

. 6.12.

. 6.11.

,
. ,
Collision (). -

208

. , Collision
(. 6.13).

Blender

209

Leather ();
Denim ( );
Rubber ();
Cotton ();
Silk ().

... I . , !
....

, . : :

vM'ateiliai'Pmsei: ' ' ; ' 4 ^ | ^ t t o n

. 6.13. Collision

Collision:
Particle Interaction ( ).
:
Damping ();
Friction ();
Soft Body and Cloth Interaction (
):

. 6.14.

, , . ,
. ,
Collision. ,
Cloth (. 6.15).

Inner ();
Outer ();
Damping ();
Absorption ().
, . . .
Cloth () Cloth
(. 6.14).
Blender ,
. Material
Preset ( ):
Custom (). ,
;

. 6.15. Collision Cloth

(. 6.16).
, Blender. . (. 6.17). .

Blender

6.3.

211

, , .
,
Soft Body ( ). ,
, . .
: . , .
(, , 6.13), .
.
, subdivide.
Soft Body (. 6.18).

. 6.16.

. 6.18.

. 6.17. ,

, , , .
, . ,
. .
Use Goal ( ) Soft Body.
(. 6.19).
, ? ,
, , , , .
Use Edges ( ) Stiff Quads (
). Pull (-

912

), Push (), Damp (). .


.

, . :

Pull 0.700;

Push 0.950;

Damp0.00.
(. 6.20).

. 6.19.

:
use Edges ( ). Use Edges
.
,
;
stiff Quads ( ). Stiff Quads , ;
Pull (). .
;
Push (). . , , ;
Damp (). .
.

. 6.20.

.

(. 6.21).
Link and Material
(. . 5.8), , "" . Soft Body Use Goal (. 6.22).
Use Goal
. , G Stiff ,
G Damp , G G Min Weight Paint.

214
:

Use Edges;

G stiff - 0.120;
G Damp-0.80;
G 0.016;
G Max1.000.

. 6.21.

. 6.22.

, Use Edges Stiff Quads.

. 6.23.

216

Blender

217

Mass (). . ,
;
speed (). .
:

Friction 5.10;

Grav 9.8;
Mass1.00;
Speed1.00.
(. 6.23).

6.4.
-.
, , , . , , , , .
, .

. 6.24.

,
Physics buttons Fields ().
Empty.
. .
: Empty.
subdivide. .
. Cloth. Cloth Pinning of
cloth ( ).
(. 6.24).
, , Fields.
, . Wind (. 6.25).
. , -.

. 6.25. Wind

, Wind () , ,
. , Strength (). Z
.
.
MinDist ( ) MaxDist ( ).
Use, .
.

218

Blender

,
(. 6.26).

. 6.27. Wind
Wi

. 6.26. Wind

, Empty.
Noise ().
10 (. 6.27).
, wind . , spherical (). Fields Spherical. (<Shift>+<D>)
(. 6.28).

, , Vortex. .

. 6.28. S p h e r i c a l

220

Blender

221

6.5.
Blender
. -
. , - .
.
.
(domain). ,
. . cube
.
(fluid).
.
.
" . .
Blender Plane sphere
.
, . Plane. ,
, . Z.
,
. , , (. 6.29).
, Physics
buttons. Fluid
(. 6.30).

. 6.29.

. 6.30.

,
Fluid.
.
Fluid Domain (. 6.31).
- ()
. ,
,
. . Path .
(<Alt>+<A>).

. 6.31. Domain

222

Blender

:
Req. Mem ( ).
, ;
Resolution ().
. .
;
Time (). ,
;
Disp.-Qual (). , ;
Reverse (). , ,
.
.
Advance ( ),
(. 6.32).

. 6.33.

.)> -1." ~

i,-

Compressibilty:
. 6.32.

, , .
, <AIt>+<A>
(. 6.33).

, Blender , - , Fluid,
.

, , ,
,
. ,
. .
.
. .
<>. Region ()
<Enter>, . , , Z .
!
,
<>. Mesh | Normals | Recalculate
< | | ).

224

Fluid Obstacle ()
(
).

, ,

, , , . , .
. : , , .

. 6.34.

Z. F l u i d , Initial
Velocity ( ).

7.1.
, , ,
: , ,
. , .
, , .
Blender,
, , .
, . , (. 7.1).
.
:
Lamp. ,
. , ;

, ,

81

. 7.3.

. 7.1. Lamp

Area. ,
.
;
Spot. , ;
Sun. ;
Hemi. , Area,
. , . .
, , Buttons Window (. 7.2).

. 7.2.

. Preview , (. 7.3).
Lamp,
(. 7.4).
, (
Energy) . , ,
.

. 7.4.

Dist () , . !
, ,
. : No Diffuse ( ) No Specular ( ).

^~

~~~)

shaded.
, .
Lamp , spot . , (. 7.5).

, .
,
. , ,
, . spotsi, a
spotBi. , . ,
Square, (. 7.6).
spot ,
. . , . Halo
)(. 7.7).

228

, ,

229

. 7.7. Spot Halo

. . 7.8
, , spot.
. 7.5. Spot

Bi:f !-:.,../
' On./f,-;'; w

,.i!_:L;i "i . 6 ;
Ac.'^li"^ ^-'

. 7.6. Spot

. ,
.
.

. 7.8.

230

, ,

, . ,
. , . .
, Spot,
Lamp (. 7.9).

. 7.10.

. 7.9.

, Energy ,
.

(. 7.10).
, ,
. " " .
.
Lamp Energy,
(. 7.11).

. 7.11.

231

232

, ,

. .
, .
spotsi spotBi, .
,
. , , Hemi, . ray tracing ( ),
. , "": . . spot Shadow
Buffer. ,
.

(. 7.12).

may
Ctassie-H.

. 7.13.

. 7.12. Spot

. spot, ,
Shadow and Spot.
Ray Shadow Buf.Shadow. .
ciipstart
( ) ciipEnd ( ), , . 3D View , . , , , , , .
:
Soft. , ;

. 7.14.

234

, ,

Samples. .
, ;
Bias. , .
,
Halo spot. , , ,
(. 7.13). ,
.
"" Halo Step (
). 12 (. 7.14).

7.2.
Blender .
. Blender, , .

. 7.15.

, Camera, <F9> (. 7.16).


,
3D View, <NumPad 0>.
, , . User Preferences ( ).
camera ,
. , , .
. , ,
.
, .
.
, ,
:
, . (. 7.15).

. 7.16.

,
Lens (). 35 , . clipping start/End ( )
. , ,
. Shift (). X Y (. 7.17).
9 . 961

...
7

,_.,_

237

, . ,
<Ctrl>+<T>. , <Alt>+<T>.
.
Blender Path.
. Follow Path (<F7>).
CurveFoIlow (. . 5.4).
, , ,
.

!
Follow Path ,
, .
C l i p p i n g End .

, <Shift>, . <Ctrl>+<T>.
TrackTo Constrain. .

. 7.17. S h i f t


3D View:
Limits (). ,
( clipping start/End);
Name (). ;
Title safe ( ).
;
Mist (),
(. . 7.3);

Passepartout (). . Alpha ().


,
.

.
.
, . <Ctrl>+<NumPad 0>.

7.3.
,
. <F12>, .
.
,
, . Buttons Window
World buttons (. 7.18).

. 7.18.

238

, ,

239


, .
Preview World (. 7.19).

. 7.19.

. : . HoR (G, ) ZeR (G, ) .


Preview :
Blend (). , . . ;

. 7.20.

..

Paper (). , . ;
Real ().
+ + . .
Paper Real . , Real,

(. 7.20).

.
4 .
, Blend.


. ,
Mist/Stars/Physics (. 7.21).
, . ,

. 7.21.

.
Stars (). :
starDist ().
;
MinDist ( ). .

.
,
;

240

, ,

241

Size (). ;
coiMoise ( ).
.

(. 7.22).

. 7.23. ,

Height (). .
;
Misi (). .
. 7.22.

. , (. 7.23).
. ,
- . ,
, , ,
.
. .
, , , ,
.
Mist
Mist/Stars/Physics (. . 7.21). :
start (). ;
Dist (). ;

Mist
(. . 7,2). , (. 7.24).
Quadratic, Linear, Square (. 7.25).

. ,
.

.
Ambient Occlusion Amb (. 7.26).
:
Use FallOff (). .
Strength ();
Add (), Sub () Both ()
;

242

, ,

243
an- rcr

'

''
i i
. 7.26.

Plain (), Sky Color ( ), Sky Texture ( ) ,


. Plain World
AmbR (G, ).
;
Energy (). .

!
. 7.24.

, .

'

. 7.25.

. 7.27.

Blender
, , . , (, , ) ,
. , ,
.
, .

8.1.
. Blender ,
.
, , , . . ,
.
, <F10> Buttons Window (. 8.1).

. 8.1.

, <F12> -

246

. , , :
. ;
.
;
. ,
: , , Z.

<F3> File | Save Rendered Image ( |
). JPEG
800 600 .
Format (. 8.2).
. , .
Blender
(. 8.3).
.,.-,

247

.
, SizeX ( )
SizeY ( ), . Aspect Ratio (AspX AspY) .

, , PAL
(720x576, 25 ). Pal.
Preview.

Render
. Anim ()
Output (). Anim, ,
(Start End).
Output .
Anim .

8.2.

,.,,.s,,r

TIFF

, . .

MultiLayet
Fi

, .
,
. Motion Blur ( ). Render (. 8.4).

DPX
Cineon
Radiance

Blender

HDR

Iris
HarnX

.DsfsuJt
ft view

. 8.2.

&

|--1
HD/

Ke>
i'
. 8.3.

. 8.4. '

248

Blender

MBLUR Bf (Blur
factor, ).
, (. 8.5).

. 8.6. Edge Toon

. 8.5. Motion Blur


.
.
Blender (anti-aliasing), . Blender (OSA). Render. Osa
5 16 (. . 8.4).
""
, .
Toon (. . 4.3) .
Edge Output, Edge
Setting ( )
(. S.6).

24: