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Introduction

MDRS 155 EC

Marconi Academy

P SR042 E V1.0

Table of contents

Table of contents
Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 Introduction System design Modules LMT Login Waveguide

This is an unpublished work the copyright in which vests in MARCONI COMMUNICATION. All rights reserved. The information contained herein is the property of MARCONI COMMUNICATION and is supplied without liability for errors or omissions. No part may be reproduced or used except as authorized by contact or without written permission. The copyright and the foregoing restrictions on reproduction and use extend to all media in which this information may be embodied.

Table of contents

Table of contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Introduction

SDH Microwave Radio Technology

Waveguide Long-haul system Short-haul system Range Frequency range 15 to 40 km 7 to 38 GHz (without diversity) Transmission capacity 40 - >80 km 155 (622) Mbit/s (with diversity) Frequency range 4 to 13 GHz Transmission capacity 155 (622) Mbit/s

Outdoor Unit

Coaxial cable

Indoor Unit
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Marconi Academy

Notes: Long-haul systems MDRS 155/7500 - 64 QAM SDH microwave radio system - 7R design MDRS 155/7500 - 128 MLQAM E / MDRS 155/6800 - 64 MLQAM E SDH microwave radio system - ETSI design / Brief designation: MDRS 155 E MDRS 155/7500 - 128 MLQAM EC / MDRS 155/6800 - 64 MLQAM EC SDH microwave radio system - ETSI design / Brief designation: MDRS 155 EC Short-haul systems MDRS 155/18700 - 16 QAM N SDH microwave radio system - "NKRS" / Brief designation: MDRS 155 N MDRS 155/23000 - 16 MLQAM C SDH microwave radio system - "Compact" / Brief designation: MDRS 155 C MDRS 155/26000 - 128 MLQAM S SDH microwave radio system / Brief designation: MDRS 155 S Explications: MDRS = Marconi Digital Radio System 155 = Transmission capacity (bit rate in Mbit/s) 7500 = Center frequency of microwave radio frequency band 64 = Modulations stage QAM = Quadrature Amplitude Modulation MLQAM = Multilevel Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-1

Introduction

SDH Long Haul Microwave Radio System

Waveguide Long-haul system 7R Design DRS155 Frequency range 4 to 13 GHz Transmission capacity 155 (622) Mbit/s

Waveguide Long-haul system ETSI Design MDRS155E MDRS155EC Frequency range 4 to 13 GHz Transmission capacity 155 (622) Mbit/s

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: Explications: MDRS = Marconi Digital Radio System 155 = Transmission capacity (bit rate in Mbit/s) 7500 = Center frequency of radio frequency band 64 = Modulation stage QAM = Quadrature Amplitude Modulation MLQAM = Multi-Level Quadrature Amplitude Modulation E = ETSI design N = NKRS (German abbreviation for "New short-haul microwave radio system") C = Compact S = Small

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-2

Introduction

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

Marconi Academy

Propagation

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-3

Introduction

Introduction to Microwave Radio Technology


Radio hop availability
ITU-R F.1493 Repair time 2...48h Rain > 10GHz Low proportion

Radio units

Total hop availability MTBF System modules Configuration MTTR Repair Travel time Rain Polarization H/V Propagation effects

The overall availability of a link is predominantly determined b y the MTBF and MTTR factors. At higher frequencies, the link availability is primarily influenced by rain and thus depends on the polarization used.
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Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-4

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - Additional Attenuation


100
Hor. Vert.. Rain 150mm/h

10
Rain 25mm/h

O2

dB/km 1
Rain 16mm/h

Attenuation due to precipitation depends on ...


intensity radio hop length frequency

H2 O

0.1

mm/h (millimeters per hour)


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0.01

5 f/GHz

10

20

50 100 Marconi Academy

Notes: The attenuation due to precipitation depends on ... intensity, radio hop length, frequency. Consequence: Climatic rain zones Micro-climates Strong influence in case of short-haul systems

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-5

Introduction

Fading
2 10 20 Flat fading Selective fading Rain, Obstacles Multipath Propagation 50 f[GHz]
A [dB] -10

Fading Distribution

-15

-20

Fading

-25

-30

-35

-40

-45 -20 -15 -10

IF-Signal RX
-5 0 F/F [MHz] +5 +10 +15 +20

Countermeasure: Auto. Power control (ATPC)

A [dB] -10

with long-haul systems


Fading

-15

Countermeasure: Diversity , adaptive equalizer

-20

-25

-30

-35

-40

-45 -20 -15 -10

IF-Signal RX
-5 0 F/F [MHz] +5 +10 +15 +20

Long-haul systems are operated in the lower RF bands (3 to 10 GHz). Longer radio hops are increasingly affected by selective fading. Short-haul systems are operated in the upper RF bands (10 to 50 GHz). These frequencies are more susceptible to flat fading effects.
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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-6

Introduction

Additional Attenuation - Multipath Propagation


Half-power beamwidth, e.g. ... e.g. 50 km approx. .... m

218 m

Case 1

Case 2

= wavelength
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Case 3

=
Marconi Academy

Notes: Multipath propagation due to Reflection points Inversion layers near the ground Tropospherical reflections Consequence Interferences Multipath fading effects

To be able to provide the required transmission performance even on radio hops of a length between 30 km and 80 km or under difficult propagation conditions, Space Diversity can be used. In this case, a second receive path is set up (additional antenna). Difficult propagation conditions Additional antennas Spacing: min. 100 x wavelength Second receive path Receive signals are evaluated and combined

Example: 7.5 GHz

m 3 108 c s = 4cm = = f 7,5 109 1 s


1-7

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

Introduction

Maximum Radio Hop Lengths


MDRS 155/3900-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/4700-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/6200-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/6800-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/7500-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/8000-64 MLQAM with Space diversity MDRS 155/13000-64 MLQAM with Space diversity
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Antennadiameters 1.2 m 2m 3m

Radio hop length / km


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Marconi Academy

Notes: Climate: Central Europe; BER=2x10E-5; Feeder: 2x30m; w/o Interference; Pout: 0.001%; rain is not considered

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-8

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - Space Diversity


MD
STM-1

TX RX RX

CBN Main CBN Div

CBN Main CBN Div

TX RX RX

MD
STM-1

DM +

+ DM
Length compensation

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network RPS - Radio Protection Switching Main- Main Antenna Div - Diversity Antenna

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-9

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - Frequency Diversity


f f1 f3

f3a

MD TX MD TX
Channel 1 RPS

f3b

f1a

CBN

f1 f1a

f3 f3a

f1 f1b

f3 f3b

DM RX DM RX
f1b
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Marconi Academy

Notes: Frequency Diversity Additional frequency Selection of the better transmission performance One data stream on two complete lines Line protection Bit-error-free switchover (hitless)

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-10

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - Fresnel Zone


Distance d b Radius b

1st Fresnel zone: ? d +1 2

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Marconi Academy

Notes: Ellipsoid Focal points: Tx and Rx antenna Difference between direct and reflected signal: 0.5 x wavelength (1st Fresnel zone) 1st Fresnel zone must be free from obstacles Unobstructed free-space propagation Ellipse cross-section (circle) must fit in between two obstacles

Radio vision range Expansion of radio vision range compared to optical vision range Inhomogeneous atmosphere (refraction index decreasing with altitude) Bending factor depends on region and weather conditions With k = 4/3, the earth radius is apparently expanded from 6370 km to 8450 km

1 1 Example 7.5 GHz : b = d = 4cm50km = 22.4m 2 2 1 1 Example 23 GHz : b = d = 1.3cm10km = 5.7m 2 2

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1-11

Introduction

Fresnel Zone

No Clearence of 1. Fresnelzone

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

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1-12

Introduction

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Marconi Academy

Frequency pattern

Notes:

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1-13

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - Frequency Patterns


f1a f1b
f1a f1 f1a f1 f1b f1b

MD DM

TX
CBN CBN

TX RX
f1a Duplex spacing Channel Channel spacing width f1 f1a f2 f2a f3 f3a f4 f4a f1` f1b f2` f2b f3` f3b f4` f4b

MD DM

RX
f1b

Lower band Allocated frequency range


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Upper band

Marconi Academy

Notes: Basic design depends on frequency range Definition in compliance with ITU

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1-14

Introduction

Transmission Using One Polarization Plane


V: vertical f1a MD TX CBN

f1 V
V vertical f1 f1a f2 f2a f3 f3a f4 f4a

DM

RX (f1b)

or:
H: horizontal f4a MD TX CBN DM RX (f4b)

f4 H
H horizontal f1 f1a f2 f2a f3 f3a f4 f4a

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Notes:

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1-15

Introduction

Frequency Patterns - Transmission via 2 Polarizations


Orthomode transducer (OMT)

1. Polarization
f1a
V: vertical f1 CBN 90

MD DM

TX RX
f1b

H horizontal

2. Polarization
f1a

MD DM

TX
CBN

f1

RX
f1b

Waveguide H
H V

Waveguide V

H
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V Marconi Academy

Notes: Use of the cross-polarization interference canceller (XPIC) Orthomode transducer (OMT): The difference between an orthomode transducer and a singlepolarized feeder system lies in the high input and/or output decoupling and the excellent adaptation of the OMT which permits a very high decoupling factor for the two antennas after their alignment. Compared to the co-polar output, the cross-polar output of the OMT has a low level when the antennas are slightly misaligned. Using a simple receiver, this level can be adjusted to a minimum Rx level (high decoupling) by carefully turning the antenna (left/right).
Richtung Antenne b a E-Feld b-Seite a-Seite

Generally, the electrical field (E-field) in a waveguide cross-section is placed vertically to the a-side or parallelly to the b-side of the waveguide. Caution! Before defining the polarization of an antenna, you must search the cross-section of the OMT whose b-side is assigned to the antenna direction. 1. If this b-side or E-field is vertical in case of an OMT/antenna combination, this waveguide crosssection of the OMT corresponds to the vertical polarization of the antenna. Consequently, the second waveguide cross-section of the OMT represents the horizontal polarization of the antenna. 2. If this b-side is not vertical, but horizontal, this waveguide cross-section represents the horizontal polarization of the antenna.
2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-16

Introduction

Frequency Patterns - Transmission via 2 Polarizations


Orthomode transducer (OMT)

1st polarization
f1a

V: vertical 90

MD DM

TX
CBN

f1 H horizontal

RX
f1b

2nd polarization
f1a

H horizontal f1 V vertical

f1 f1a f2 f2a

f3 f3a f4 f4a

f5 f5a f6 f6a

MD DM

TX
CBN

RX
f1b
H horizontal f1 f1a f1 f1a f2 f2a f2 f2a f3 f3a f3 f3a f4 f4a f4 f4a

H
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V vertical

Marconi Academy

Notes: ACDP Adjacent Channel Dual Polarization SDH long-haul example : 1x155Mbit/s in one 30 or 40 MHz channel with 64 or 128 QAM CCDP Co-Channel Dual Polarization SDH long-haul example : 2 x 155Mbit/s in one 30 or 40 MHz channel 40 MHz channel spacing with 64 QAM 28/30 MHz channel spacing with 128 QAM Use of a cross-polarization interference canceller (XPIC)

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1-17

Introduction

Bandwidth/Channel Width
The higher the modulation stage
the smaller the channel/ bandwidth (advantage) the more sensitive to interference (disadvantage)
16 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM

16 QAM < 45 MHz MDRS 155/...- 16 MLQAM Channel spacing

64 QAM < 30 MHz MDRS 155/...- 64 MLQAM

128 QAM < 26 MHz MDRS 155/...- 128 MLQAM

f2 f2a

f2 f2a

f2 f2a

< 45 MHz
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< 30 MHz

< 26 MHz Marconi Academy

Notes: MHz - Megahertz QAM - Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

1024QAM 512QAM 256QAM 128QAM 64QAM 16QAM 4PSK Channel width Sensitivity

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-18

Introduction

Frequency Patterns - Channel Spacings


ITU-R F.382 6 Ch. 29 MHz 3824.5 - 4182.5 MHz ITU-R F.382 6 Ch. 29 MHz 3413.0 - 3771.0 MHz ITU-R F.497 8 Ch. 28 MHz 3422.5 - 3884.5 MHz ITU-R F.635 7 Ch. 40 MHz 3620 - 4180 MHz ITU-R F.635* 7 Ch. 40 MHz 3610 - 4170 MHz ITU-R F.635 4 Ch. 80 MHz 3630 - 4190 MHz ITU-R F.1099 7 Ch. 40 MHz 4430 - 4970 MHz ITU-R F.1099 4 Ch. 80 MHz 4450 - 4990 MHz

10

11

12

13

4 (3.6/3.8/3.9 GHz) 5 (4.7 GHz) 6L (6.2 GHz) 6U (6.8 GHz) 7 (7.5 GHz)

ITU-R F.383 8 Ch. 29.65 MHz 5945.20 - 6404.79 MHz ITU-R F.497 8 Ch. 28 MHz 5689 - 6151 MHz ITU-R F.384 8 Ch. 40 MHz 6460 - 7080 MHz
ITU-R F.385 5 Ch. 28 MHz 7442 - 7708 MHz ITU-R F.385* 5 Ch. 28 MHz 7428 - 7722 MHz ITU-R F.385 5 Ch. 28 MHz 7121 - 7429 MHz ITU-R F.385 5 Ch. 28 MHz 7457 - 7737 MHz ITU-R F.385 8 Ch. 28 MHz 7442 - 7883 MHz

ITU-R F.386 8 Ch. 29.65 MHz 7747.70 - 8266.57 MHz ITU-R F.386 3 Ch. 28 MHz 8293 - 8468 MHz
ITU-R F.387 12 Ch. 40 MHz 10715 - 11685 MHz ITU-R F.387 12 Ch. 40 MHz 10695 - 11665 MHz ITU-R F.387 12 Ch. 40 MHz 10735 - 11665 MHz

Channel spacing f3 f3a f4 f4a

8 (8 GHz) 11 (11 GHz) 13 (13 GHz) Marconi Academy

ITU-R F.387 8 Ch. 28 MHz 12765 - 13227 MHz

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Notes: Frequency bands The Digital Microwave Radio Systems operate in the frequency bands from 4 GHz to 13 GHz. Further frequency patterns can be implemented upon request.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-19

Introduction

Exploitation of Frequency Patterns


40 MHz frequency pattern (e.g. 6.8 GHz)
f1 f1 f2 f2 f3 f3 f4 f4 Channel spacing 40 MHz f3 f3 f4 f4

64 QAM

28 MHz frequency pattern (e.g. 7.5 GHz or 13 GHz)


f1 f3 f2 f4 f5 f6

Channel width 30 MHz f1 f1 f2 f2

64 QAM

128 QAM
Channel spacing 30 MHz 28 MHz f1 f1 f2 f2 f3 f3 f4 f4 f5 f5 f6 f6

128 QAM

Channel width 26 MHz


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Notes: Frequency pattern exploitation Depending on the frequency pattern, up to eight RF channels (e.g. 6.8 GHz) can be used. The use of a cross-polarization interference canceller (XPIC) permits the RF channels to be operated on two polarization planes. This doubles the transmission capacity. Depending on the frequency pattern, up to 16xSTM-1 signals can be transmitted by one radio hop and one antenna. In 40 MHz frequency patterns, the system will be operated with 64 MLQAM. Thus, a connection to the same antenna and the same polarization is possible with single channel spacing (40 MHz). The use of an XPIC permits CCDP operation (Co-Channel-Dual-Polarized). In frequency patterns with a channel spacing of 28 to 30 MHz, the system operated with 128 MLQAM can be connected to the same antenna and same polarization with a single channel spacing (28 to 30 MHz). Due to the use of 128 MLQAM with XPIC, the transmission capacity in the CCDP mode is doubled in these patterns. If in frequency patterns with a channel spacing of 28 to 30 MHz, the system is operated with 64 MLQAM modulation, a connection to the same antenna and same polarization plane is possible with double channel spacing. In the ACDP mode (Adjacent-Channel-Dual-Polarized), the crosspolarization plane is occupied with single channel spacing. The cross-polarization interference canceller is integrated in the demodulator. It is softwareactivated. 2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-20

Introduction

Block Diagram - 2+0 Configuration with XPIC


horizontal f1a MD TX
Ch. 1 (STM-1)
140 MHz

H CBN

f1b horizontal

DM

RX
f1b

V PW

f1 OP1 OP2 f1

TX CBN f
f1a

MD
140 MHz

Ch. 1 (STM-1)

RX

DM

PW
f1b
2 Waveguide pro Station

f1a

MD
Ch. 2 (STM-1)

TX CBN

TX CBN
f1a

MD
140 MHz

140 MHz

Ch. 2 (STM-1)

DM RX vertical f1b

RX

DM vertical

H
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Clock synchronization Data compensation

Marconi Academy

Notes: XPIC If both polarizations of the same microwave radio transmission channel are occupied, the signal transmitted via one polarization always disturbs that on the other. In times without fading, the discrimination between the two polarization planes is sufficient, so that the transmission performance is only slightly degraded. However, as soon as selective fading effects occur, the crosspolarization discrimination decreases and the transmission performance is degraded to impermissible values. For this reason, cross-polarization interference cancellers (XPIC) are used as countermeasure. These are adaptive equalizers which compensate the interference effects caused by the cross-polar signal to a large extent on the Rx side of the demodulator. The equalizer is composed of the same integrated circuit as used in the baseband equalizer.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-21

Introduction

Terms of Microwave Radio Technology - XPIC Principle

H
MD TX CBN PW MD TX CBN

H + xV

H
xV xH

CBN RX
-xH

ATDE
-xV

PW CBN RX

ATDE

V
H

V
H XPD

V + xH

ATDE
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XPIC
Marconi Academy

Notes: XPIC = Cross Polarization Interference Canceller XPD = Cross Polarization Discrimination ATDE = Adaptive Time Domain Equalizer ATDE = Adaptive Baseband Equalizer

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1-22

Introduction

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Marconi Academy

Protection

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-23

Introduction

Microwave Radio Technology - System Designation


3+1
N Operation Channel (OP)
STM-1 STM-1 OP1 OP2 MD DM MD DM MD DM MD DM TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX

M Protection Channel (PR)

RPS
STM-1 OP3 PR

C B N

H horizontal V vertical

OP1

PR

OP2

OP3

STM-1 STM-1 STM-1

RPS

MD DM MD OP3 DM MD OP2 DM MD OP1 DM PR

C B N C B N

H horizontal V vertical

OP1 PR

OP2 OP3

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Notes: MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network RPS - Radio Protection Switching

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-24

Introduction

System Designation - 3+1 Configuration Example


STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 OP1 OP2 OP3 MD MD MD TX TX TX RX RX RX DM OP1 STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 DM OP2 DM OP3

Occas. traffic (OT)

PR1

MD

TX

STM-1 STM-1 STM-1

OP1

C B N

C B N

RX

DM PR1

Occas. traffic (OT) STM-1 STM-1 STM-1

DM

RX RX RX

TX TX TX

MD MD MD

OP1 OP2 OP3

OP2 DM OP3 DM

Occas. traffic (OT)

PR1 DM

RX

TX

MD

PR1

Occas. traffic (OT)

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Notes: OP - Operating Channel PR - Protection Channel MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network RPS - Radio Protection Switching

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1-25

Introduction

1+0 Equipment Protection - "1+1 HSB" Configuration


f1 f1a f1` f1b

Station A
PR
f1a f1a

Station B
PR

MD MD
Ch. 1 (STM-1) RPS OP PR

TX TX
f1a f1b

RX RX
C B N C B N
10dB
f1a f1b

DM DM
OP PR
RPS

Ch. 1 (STM-1)

DM RX DM RX
OP
f1b

TX TX
10dB
f1b

MD MD
OP

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Notes: OP - Operating Channel PR - Protection Channel MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network RPS - Radio Protection Switching

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-26

Introduction

1+0 Equipment Protection - Space Diversity


f1 f1a f1` f1b

Station A
PR
f1a f1a

Station B
PR

MD MD
Ch. 1 (STM-1) RPS OP PR

TX TX
f1a f1b

CBN

RX RX
f1a

DM DM
OP PR
RPS

C B N

DM RX DM RX
OP
f1b

C B N

f1b

Ch. 1 (STM-1)

TX TX
f1b

MD MD
OP

CBN

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Notes: OP - Operating Channel PR - Protection Channel MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network RPS - Radio Protection Switching

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

1-27

Chapter 2 System

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155/...- 64/128 MLQAM EC


R R X X T M X D A I I V N

RF channel branching network (CBN)


Channel filter Circulator chain

R R X X T M X D A I I V N

TRANSCEIVER
Transmitter / Receiver Diversity receiver Oscillator Modulator / Demodulator

Baseband Unit #1 incl. Radio Protection switching, TMN interface, Service & wayside channels

Power Supply BASEBAND UNIT


STM-1 Interface Protection switching SOH Access Baseband Unit #2 incl. Radio Protection switching

Network Management

TRX Unit Operation #1 TRX Unit Operation #2 TRX Unit Operation #3 TRX Unit Operation #4 TRX Unit Protection TRX Unit Operation #5 TRX Unit Operation #6 TRX Unit Operation #7 TRX Unit Operation #8 TRX Unit Operation #9

R F B R A N C H I N

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Notes:

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2-1

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155/..-64/128 MLQAM EC - Features


Higher integration: 9+1 in a single rack Up to 20xSTM - 1 on one antenna Direct modulation (no Tx IF) Digital baseband combiner Fully synthesised (independent Tx - Rx synthesiser) Power consumption: < 80 W per STM - 1 System values identical with existing family Digital cable length compensation (diversity channel) SFP baseband interfaces Intelligent temperature management Intelligent software management Common LMT Compatibility to existing MDRS 155 E (easy migration)

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Notes:

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2-2

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155E --> MDRS 155 EC


RECEIVER OSCILLATOR CBN
R R X X T M X D A I I V N

TRX

CBN
R R X X

TRANSMITTER

T M X D A I I V N

OSCILLATOR

RPS-C MD DM MODEM UNIT OVERHEAD ACCESS UNIT BASEBAND UNIT

P SR042 E V1.0

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Notes: Tx, Rx and Oscillators will be integrated into one TRX Unit The Modem Unit and the Overhead Access Unit will be integrated into one modified Baseband Unit The channel branching network (channel filters) is unchanged to MDRS 155 E expansion of existing MDRS 155 E links is possible! The software structure / system internal communication is unchanged expansion of existing MDRS 155 E links is possible also regarding TMN-view and RPS!! DCN capability equal to MDRS 155 S

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-3

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155 EC - 2+0 Configuration


OP1 OP2
R X T M X A I N R R X X T M X D A I I V N

2+0 configuration OP1 T R X T R X

CBN

OP2

2+0 with space diversity OP1 T R X T R X

CBN Main 2+0 with space diversity

2+0 CBN Div

OP2
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Notes: Space diversity Space diversity configurations are used to guarantee the required transmission quality even in case of radio hops with lengths of 30 to 80 km or under difficult propagation conditions. Each TRX unit houses two identical receive sections to support space diversity operation. The received signals are supplied by two vertically separated antennas. The received signals are combined by a digitally implemented space diversity combiner which jointly performs adaptive equalization prior to merging the main signal and diversity signal into the combined signal. The use of separate antennas for the main receiver and diversity receiver leads to different propagation delays of these signals. This differential delay between the main and diversity signal must be measured and compensated. Delay compensation is a fully automated procedure implemented by the digital space diversity combiner requiring no additional hardware. The signal processing of the diversity combiner uses two adaptive filters for the main and diversity signal. This advanced signal processing structure provides better performance than classical combining methods such as: IF combining with maximum power / maximum gain criterion IF combining with maximum power + distortion criterion Baseband switching combiner

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-4

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155 EC 2+0 configuration


2+0 with XPIC OP1 T R X T R X
CBN 1.Pol. OP1 OP2
R X T M X A I N R R X X T M X D A I I V N

OP2

CBN 2.Pol.

R X T M X A I N

R R X X T M X D A I I V N

2+0 with space diversity + XPIC T R X


CBN Main 1.Pol. CBN Div 1.Pol. CBN Main 2.Pol. CBN Div 2.Pol.

OP1

OP2

T R X

2+0 with XPIC

2+0 with space diversity + XPIC

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Notes:

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2-5

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155 EC - 1+1 Configuration


OP1 PR
R X T M X A I N R X T M X A I N

1+1 configuration OP1 T R X T R X

CBN
R X T M X A I N

PR

1+1 with XPIC OP1 T R X T R X


CBN 1.Pol.

OP1 PR

PR

CBN 2.Pol.

1+1

1+1 with XPIC

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Marconi Academy

Notes: 1+1 line protection Fig. shows a radio terminal with 1+1 line protection without the possibility to reuse the protection channel for occasional traffic. A single data stream is transmitted independently over two radio channels with channel frequencies fOP1 and fPR1. The received data streams are recombined into a single data stream by the STM-1 module of the operating channel. Recombining essentially results in the selection of the data stream with the lower bit error ratio. Consequently, 1+1 line protection acts like a switching combiner where the diversity improvement compared to an unprotected system depends on the channel separation Df = fOP1 - fPR1 (see Fig. 1-14). Generally, the performance increases with the channel separation Df due to a frequency diversity effect. If it is possible to sacrifice part of the improvement obtained due to the frequency diversity effect, the protection channel may be configured to carry a STM-1 data stream which is dropped whenever the operating channel requires protection

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-6

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155 EC - 4+1 / 5+0 Configuration


4+1 / 5+0 configuration
R X T M X A I N R X T M X A I N

TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX


CBN

R X T M X A I N

4+1 / 5+0 configuration with XPIC

TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX


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CBN 1. Pol.

CBN 2.Pol.

4+1 / 5+0

4+1 / 5+0 with XPIC

Marconi Academy

Notes: Line protection A radio system with line protection uses a number N > 1 of operating channels referred to as OP1, ..., OPN and a number M 1 of protection channels called PR1, ..., PRM. Each channel refers to a specific radio channel frequency. Radio channel frequencies of operating channels are called fOP1, ..., fOPM, whereas channel frequencies of protection channel(s) are referred to as fPR1, ..., fPRM. While signal transmission is error-free, transmission takes place via operating channels. In this case, the protection channels can be used to transmit low-priority data dropped as soon as switchover to the corresponding channel takes place in consequence of a fault. This low-priority traffic is generally referred to as "occasional traffic" (OT). In case of degraded or faulty signal transmission in one or several operating channels, an arbitration procedure selects the degraded channel(s) with the highest priority and uses an appropriate protection channel as secondary transmission channel. The MDRS 155 EC microwave radio system implements RPS functionality with a single protection channel (M=1). Line protection for up to 9 operating channels is feasible. Thus, systems with up to (9+1) configuration can be implemented. If there are more than 9 operating channels to be lineprotected, a second protection channel is required. In this case, systems can be set up with up to 2*(9+1) configuration.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-7

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155 EC - 9+1 / 10+0 Configuration


9+1 / 10+0 configuration with XPIC
R X T M X A I N

TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX
9+1 / 10+0 with XPIC
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R X T M X A I N

CBN 1. Pol.

R X T M X A I N

CBN 2. Pol.

9+1 / 10+0 w/o XPIC

Marconi Academy

Notes: N+1 line protection With N+1 protection configurations, N+1 STM-1 data streams are transmitted. The number of operating channels (N = 1 to 9) depends on the frequency pattern used. Thus, N operating channels share a common protection channel. Operating channels as well as the protecting channel monitor their transmission quality and system status. Based on these indicators, each channel generates a request level (RQL) which signifies the severity of each channel's protection request. Based on these request levels, the N+1 radio system always knows as to which operating channel should be protected.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-8

MDRS155EC

1+0 Equipment Protection - 1+1 HSB (Hot StandBy)


OP1
T R R X X X

1+0 EQP 1+1 HSB

PR OP1
1+0 EQP / 1+1 HSB with space diversity

T R X T R X T R X T R X T R X T R X

CBN

CBN Main CBN Div

PR OP1
1+0 EQP / 1+1 HSB with space diversity

CBN Main CBN Div

PR
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Marconi Academy

Notes: 1+1 hot standby In a 1+1 hot standby configuration (HSB, equipment protection), only one STM-1 data stream is transmitted at a time. On the transmit side, the data stream is split up into identical data signals which are applied to separate TRX units. An RF switch selects the TX signal of the active TRX unit and switches over to the standby TRX unit in case of an equipment failure of the active TRX unit. On the receive side, the RX signal is routed via an RF coupler to the receivers of the active TRX unit and standby TRX unit. A hitless protection switching circuit in the baseband unit (BBU) selects the better of the two data streams received. Recovered data are applied to the appropriate STM-1 interface of the BBU. The RPS module of the BBU controls the coaxial RF switch and monitors the actual switching position of the switch. Recombining/merging the received data streams does not result in additional bit errors (hitless switching), whereas the activation of the coaxial switch leads to a short interruption of signal transmission. 1+1 hot standby (space diversity) On radio hops with critical propagation conditions, space diversity may be necessary. Since each TRX unit already comprises a full diversity receiver, the hardware additionally required is negligible (except for the second antenna and RF filters of the channel branching network). With this configuration, there is no need for RF couplers for the signals received from the main antenna and diversity antenna. The diversity combiner of each TRX unit is not used in this case. Instead diversity combining is carried out using synchronous hitless switching between STM-1 data streams in the BBU.
2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-9

MDRS155EC

Main system features (1)


Transmission of STM-1 signals in regenerator mode Full compatibility to DPU STM-4 (migration STM-1 to STM-4) Frequency bands from 3.8 up to 13 GHz Hitless Radio Protection Switching System
1+1 Hot-Stand-By N+1 configuration up to 9+1 and 2x(N+1) configuration up to 2x(9+1) for CCDP operation
Switching time less than 500 ms

Modulation method: 64 QAM and 128 QAM


64 QAM for 40 MHz and 128 QAM for 28/30 MHz channel spacing depending on the TRX only one version of BBU (independent from RF and modulation)

3.8, 4.7, 6.2, 6.8, 7.5, 8.0, 11.2, 13 GHz

Power supply redundancy Separation of node/redundant functions in different modules

Switching time less than 20 ms

CCDP operation with XPIC in all frequency bands (28/30/40 MHz channel spacing) Adjacent channel arrangement at the same antenna and same polarisation down to 28 MHz channel spacing without 3 dB coupler! Configurations up to 20xSTM-1 at one single antenna! Indoor solution

replacement of defect redundant modules without traffic interruption

9+1/10+0 terminal or 5+0/4+1 repeater in one single 19/ETSI rack including all options and power box (ACDP/ACCP/CCDP mode) Marconi Academy

10

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Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-10

MDRS155EC

Main system features (2)


Electrical (CMI) or optical baseband interface
baseband interface access via SFP (small form-factor pluggable) modules electrical (DIN 1.0/2.3) or optical (S1.1)

Connection to TMN (via DCN) via IP, OSI or QD2


Q- and DCCr/m interface static and dynamic IP-Routing (OSPF) One complete terminal up to 9+1 configuration is illustrated by one single NE (network element) towards the TMN

Service- and Wayside Channels within the SOH of the STM-1


4x64 kbit/s and 1x2 Mbit/s channel (1+1 protected), direction radio E1/F1 byte of the SOH, direction radio & line optional EOW functionality (via E1byte) digital baseband combiner automatic delay equalisation (routine via LMT)

Optional Space-Diversity operation

Very low power consumption < 80 W / STM-1

Power supply +/- 24/48/60 V/DC, redundant power feeding Quality monitoring according to G.826 and G.828 ATPC (range 20 dB) controlled via microprocessor and additional 20 dB RTPC (static) System configuration completely via the F interface Full software download capability (2 software versions are stored central within the TMN Module)

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-11

MDRS155EC

Main system features (3)


Electronically controlled loop for: Baseband, RF, 2 Mbit/s wayside channel and for one 64 kbit/s service channel One single oscillator for TRX per RFband (synthesiser for RF-channel and duplex spacing) Local PC LMT-based
service wizard basic functionality also for MDRS 155 E

System values equal to MDRS 155 E (Tx power, system gain,...) Modular design with Plug-In cards for the BBU
easy expandability (new/optional user/traffic interfaces) easy module replacement without interruption minimum number of different spare parts minimum number of frequency/modulation dependent modules

Environmental requirements

Intelligent temperature management for TRX

Indoor: ETS 300019-1-3 class 3.2 but up to +50C Operation up to 4.500 m above sealevel separate module with 2 fans (changeable in operation) 1:1 redundancy (monitored via TMN)

Compatibility to existing MDRS 155 E

MDRS155 E n+0, n+1(2) expandable with MDRS155 EC common LMT control at least for common functionality like RPS configuration and equipment list no air interface compatibility complete replacement of MDRS 155 E Marconi Academy

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Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-12

MDRS155EC

MDRS 155/..-64/128 MLQAM EC - Hop Length Estimation


MDRS 155/13000-128 w. SD MDRS 155/13000-128 w. FD MDRS 155/13000-128 w/o.Div MDRS 155/8000-128 w. SD MDRS 155/8000-128 w. FD MDRS 155/8000-128 w/o.Div MDRS 155/7500-128 w. SD MDRS 155/7500-128 w. FD MDRS 155/7500-128 w/o.Div MDRS 155/6800-64 w. SD MDRS 155/6800-64 w. FD MDRS 155/6800-64 w/o.Div MDRS 155/6200-128 w. SD MDRS 155/6200-128 w. FD MDRS 155/6200-128 w/o.Div MDRS 155/4700-64 w. SD MDRS 155/4700-64 w. FD MDRS 155/4700-64 w/o.Div MDRS 155/3900-128 w. SD MDRS 155/3900-128 w. FD MDRS 155/3900-128 w/o.Div MDRS 155/3900-64 w. SD MDRS 155/3900-64 w. FD MDRS 155/3900-64 w/o.Div MDRS 155/3600-128 w. SD MDRS 155/3600-128 w. FD MDRS 155/3600-128 w/o. Div

Antenna 0.6m 1.2m 2.0m 3.0m 3.7m

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10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100 110 Hop Length [km]

120

Marconi Academy

Notes: Parameter: Climate model: Hilly temp. terrain; K*Q= 4.3E-7 ((2.1E-5)/S1^1.3), Roughness S=20m; Rain Zone K=42mm/h for 0.01%/a Quality: ITU-R F.1491 ; with A1=0.02; Limit min. 50km Availability: 99.99%/a for rain WG: 2x20m Alform; flex. WG 2x400mm Antenna spacing Main/Div.: 10m Frequency spacing OP/PR: 28/40/56MHz These parameters have a large influence on the hop length. A local Path survey is mandatory before installation.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-13

MDRS155EC

2006 Marconi Communications GmbH. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.

Marconi Academy

Channel Branching Network

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-14

MDRS155EC

Channel Branching Network (CBN)


Band filter (Duplex filter)

Coaxial cable E-bracket Harmonics filter Absorber

TX side

RX side

Band filter (Single filter)

Circulator Absorber Circulator

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Marconi Academy

Notes: Tx side Filter Single filter Double filter (Diplexer) Circulator Harmonics filter Undesired emission of harmonics E-bracket Diplexer circulator Separation of Tx and Rx path Flexible coaxial line with waveguide transition (PDR flange)

Rx side Flexible coaxial line with waveguide transition (PDR flange) Diplexer circulator Circulator Filter

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-15

MDRS155EC

Classical Design
MD TX
CBN f1 f2 f3 CBN

RX DM

Tx side
Channel 3 Channel 2 Channel 1

Rx side MD MD MD TX TX TX
f3 f2 f1

RX RX RX

DM DM DM

Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3

f1

f2

f3

Channel 3

DM

RX

TX

MD

Channel 1

Rx side
Band filter
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Tx side
Circulator Absorber

Marconi Academy

Notes: MD - Modulator DM - Demodulator TX - Transmitter RX - Receiver CBN - Channel Branching Network

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-16

MDRS155EC

Channel Branching Network


Classical design MDRS 155 E / MDRS155 EC

Ch. 4 Ch. 3 Ch. 2 Ch. 1

MD TX MD TX MD TX MD TX

1.8 dB 1.6 dB 1.4 dB 1.2 dB

Ch. 4 Ch. 3 Ch. 2 Ch. 1

MD TX MD TX MD TX MD TX

1.4 dB 1.4 dB 1.2 dB 1.2 dB

Example: Filter attenuation: 1.0 dB Circulator attenuation per gate: 0.1 dB

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Notes: Channel Branching Network A branching circulator with separate Tx and Rx paths is provided. The only exception are the branching networks of the Tx/Rx side in 1+1 HSB configurations. The RF Connecting Unit is composed of the harmonics filter, mounting bracket and branching circulator. A harmonics filter limits undesired harmonics emission. For frequency patterns with small center gap spacings, a center gap filter (bandstop) is used in both the Tx and Rx path. The respective circulator of the Tx and Rx side is terminated by an absorber at one end. The antenna waveguide is connected via a flexible coaxial cable with waveguide transition (PDR flange) and air inlet to the RF Connecting Unit. A circulator can be used to connect a single filter or double filter (diplexer). This type of multiple filters permit a low-loss branching network design, since a lower number of circulator runs are required. Due to the favorable delay time behaviour, the filter arrangement with diplexers also permits very small RF adjacent channel spacings. The following slides show the channel branching design with single filters for operation without space diversity, with space diversity or with space diversity and XPIC, where the two polarizations used are mounted in two racks.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-17

MDRS155EC

Channel Branching Network with SD (Example)


2+0 configuration with space diversity (SD)
R R X X T M X D A I I V N

TX side

RX side

RX diversity side

2+0 with space diversity


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Marconi Academy

Notes: Configuration 2+0 or 1+1 without XPIC with space diversity

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-18

MDRS155EC

Channel Branching Network (Example)


5+1 / 6+0
TX side RX side

9+1 / 10+0

Waveguide

TX side
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RX side

Marconi Academy

Notes: Configuration 5+0, 4+1 or 3+2 without XPIC without Space Diversity With 64 MLQAM, two adjacent RF channels (e.g. channel 1 + channel 2) can be aligned in one RF diplexer. With 128 MLQAM, two RF channels separated by one channel (e.g. channel 1 + channel 3) can be aligned in one RF diplexer. If, with 128 MLQAM, two adjacent channels (e.g. channel 1 + channel 2) are used, two individual RF filters have to be provided.

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-19

MDRS155EC

Channel Branching Network with XPIC (Example)


9+1 / 10+0
TX side RX side

9+1 / 10+0

1st polarization

TX side

RX side

2nd polarization

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Marconi Academy

Notes: Configuration 5+0, 4+1 or 3+2 with XPIC without Space Diversity 1 x horizontal 1 x vertical

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-20

MDRS155EC

Attenuation Values (Example)


Filter attenuation
Frequency 3.6 3.9 4.7 6.2 6.8 7.5 8 8.2 13 64 MLQAM --1.0 dB 1.0 dB 1.0 dB 1.0 dB 1.0 dB 1.0 dB 1.0 dB --128 MLQAM 1.3 dB 1.3 dB --1.3 dB --1.3 dB 1.3 dB 1.3 dB 1.7 dB
Coaxial cable E-bracket Harmonics filter

TX side

RX side

Circulator attenuation per gate: 0.1 dB Harmonics filter, TX side E-bracket: 0.1 dB Coaxial cable 1.2 m
3.4 - 8.5 GHz : 0.15 dB 13 GHz : 0.20 dB

Band filter (Single filter)

Circulator

Example (6.8 GHz):

3.4 - 8.5 GHz: 0.65 dB 13 GHz : 0.90 dB

Tx side: 1dB + 0.1dB + 0.15dB + 0.1dB + 0.1dB + 0.65dB = 2.1dB RX side: 0.65dB + 0.1dB + 0.1dB + 1dB = 1.85dB

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

2-21

Chapter 3 Modules

MDRS155EC Part 2

Basic Configuration
Ext. EOW 64Kb, 2+0 , North & South SC E1-Byte 64Kb, 1+1, Radio & Line OR SC F1-Byte Radio & Line SC 4x64 kb 1+1 WSC 2Mb Radio 1+1 or 2+0Radio LAN Interface

Remote Handset (PSTN 2w) 19V...75V

EOW Module
BPS Module

Local PC RS232

SOH Module
E1-Byte DCCr DCCm SOH (OP1 & OP2/PR1)

TMN Module

U Bat 19V...75V U BPS Module Bat

Q Interface RS485 (Master or Slave) EDI's & local Alarms

Lon-Bus Ethernet

STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 STM-1

SFP-Mod.

STM-1 Module STM-1 Module STM-1 Module STM-1 Module STM-1 Module RPS Module 4+1

OP1 OP2 OP3 OP4 PR1

SFP-Mod.

SFP-Mod.

SFP-Mod.

SFP-Mod.

P SR042 E V1.0

STM-1 connection to next RPS Module (next BBU)

System internal connection

Marconi Academy

Notes: Modification of DPU by integration of SPI functionality and LVDS interfaces to TRX STM-1 Module same functionality as DPU/STM-1 baseband interface access via SFP (small form-factor pluggable) modules electrical (DIN 1.0/2.3) or optical (S1.1) Replacement of Controller Module ICC Module (or TMN Module, if equipped) Integration of RPSI, RPS-C and RPS-H into RPS Module for up to 5 channels (4+1 configuration), can be cascaded with an other RPS or a RPS-C module. New Power Supply BPS Module two BPS Modules per shelf (redundancy) feeds all modules within one shelf (up to five channels)

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-1

MDRS155EC Part 2

Modem Unit Configuration


STM-1 Module STM-1 Module STM-1 Module TMN Module BPS Module BPS Module EOW Module RPS Module SOH Module STM-1 Module STM-1 Module

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: Integration of the current OHAU components into new BBU shelf Modification of ECC Gateway TMN Module; now also includes the functionality of the SISA-0 module and also includes the functionality of the ICC Module. Modification of SOH Access Module SOH Module; now also includes access to the DCC channels (SOH extension module not longer needed) Modification of EOW Module EOW Module No access to RFCOH, RFCOH Modules not needed! No possibility to transmit the QD2 information via 64 kbit/s service channel; QD2 interface module not supported. 5 instead of 2 STM-1 channels per BBU Shelf achievable including TMN interface and service- and wayside channels!

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-2

MDRS155EC Part 2

Baseband Unit - Configuration

2+0 configuration w/o EOW

4+0 configuration with EOW

2+1 configuration w/o EOW

4+1 configuration with EOW


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1+1 w/o occasional Traffic Frequency diversity

HSB

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-3

MDRS155EC Part 2

Baseband Unit
BBU <-> TRX BBU <-> TRX BBU <-> TRX BBU <-> TRX BBU <-> TRX
TXRX1 TXRX2 TXRX3 TXRX4 TXRX5

X69 PHONEX66 E1-L/EOW NX81

LON1

X54

F1 - L X85

X82

LON 2 X87

X84

CAN2

X86

X88

X64 PABX X67 E1-R/EOW SX95

ETH1 X95

ETH2 X53

F1 - R

X97 X91

HSB X93

X89 X83

CAN1

X63 EOW EXT X51

EOW A X117

EDI X75

WSC X90 X92

X77

ADDRESS

X43 X71 BAT1DC24/48/60V

LAN X42

QD2 X68

DSC1...4

X71 BAT2DC24/48/60V

Power Supply Power Supply

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-4

MDRS155EC Part 2

2006 Marconi Communications GmbH. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.

Marconi Academy

Transceiver

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-5

MDRS155EC Part 2

Transceiver
AGC

XPIC

TX RX RX DIV

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-6

MDRS155EC Part 2

TRX Unit: The basic concept


Demodulator Modulator RX TX

RX-Osc.

New TRX Unit


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TX-Osc.

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-7

MDRS155EC Part 2

Technology: Modem ASIC TRXPRO (1)

MMIC

Predistorter =>TRXPRO

omitted thanks due power reduction

Controlling =>TRXPRO

MMIC

Transmitter

IF combiner =>TRXPRO

TRXPRO
Receiver

gates: 5 Mio size: 40mm*40mm ball grids: 768

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: Development of a novel Transceiver Unit TRX implementing the TRXPRO ASIC with all its breakthrough technologies (DAL - digital adaptive linearisation, direct modulation, XPIC, baseband combining ...) and replacing the following units of the current MDRS155 E system: Transmitter TX Receiver RX (Main and Diversity) TX- and RX-oscillators Modulator unit Demodulator unit Based on synthesiser technology and broadband MMIC solutions Highly integrated, flexible LTCC-based microwave module

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-8

MDRS155EC Part 2

Technology: LTCC
RF loop

(e.g. RF Modul 7/8 GHz)

Rx low noise amplifier and mixer RxD low noise amplifier and mixer Back channel

RF RxD

RF Rx RF Tx

Tx high power amplifier Tx driver amplifier Tx mixer RTPC/ATPC

IF board connections

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: 3 D integration of microwave parts and subcircuits volume reduction, area size vs. thickness heat removal reduction of dissipation losses Support of mixed handling for digital and analogue signals layout functions and components High integration capability without loosing system performance improved shielding lower losses overall increased flexibility

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-9

MDRS155EC Part 2

TRX Unit: Assembly


Mainboard (digital signal processing, modulation, demodulation controller unit)

Main Cover

Cooling plate, housing for Mainboard

Backplane (with integrated power supply)

Central cooling block (carrier for all boards and modules, supporting cooling and mounting) Fan Unit (replaceable during operation)

IF-Synthesiser board (Independent synthesiser for Rx and Tx, IF amplifier)


TRX Unit

RF Module (Tx, Rx & RxD ) Front Cover

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-10

MDRS155EC Part 2

TRX Unit: Top View

Mainboard

BBU I/F Fan Unit

Power Supply Unit (Backplane)

Supply Voltage

11

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-11

MDRS155EC Part 2

TRX Unit: Bottom View

IF2RX Test O/P

IF/Synthesizer Board

Power Supply Unit (Backplane)


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Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-12

MDRS155EC Part 2

RTPC / ATPC
Control Range RTPC: Pt nom - Pt min = 30 dB adjustable in 1 dB steps max. tolerance +/- 1 dB @ room temperature Control Range ATPC: Pt 1 - Pt 2 = 20 dB or Pt 1 - Pt min if Pt 2 < Pt min
Pt nom Pt 1

RTPC - 30 dB

Pt 2 Pt min

ATPC - 20 dB

13

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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

3-13

Chapter 4 LMT Login

LMT Basic Information

Program Startup and First Steps


Desktop: Double-click the LMT icon Menu bar in main window: Select "File" >> "New" menu item
1. Mode: Online 2. Connection type: Serial or TCP/IP 3. NE type: MDRS155EC 4. Write access - Check-mark this box. 5. Load all data - Check-mark this box. 6. Confirm with OK button.
Confirm

1. Password: lmt (lower case) 2. Confirm with OK button.

Confirm
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Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

4-1

LMT Basic Information

Program Startup and First Steps


Window: Connect - serial interface
1. COM port: 1 (normal with laptops) 2. Baud: 115200 3. Parity: Even 4. Data bits: 8 5. Stop bits: 1 6. Confirm with OK button.
After clicking the OK button, please wait until the computer has set up the connection to the network element and downloaded the parameters (approx. 5 sec. with serial connection).

Note !

Window: Connect - LAN interface (TCP/IP)


1. Connection number
(an IP address in the "Host" box can also be called up via the corresponding connection number)

2. Host - IP address of network element 3. TCP/IP port - 41300 (default setting) 4. Confirm with OK button.

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: In the "Local Maintenance Terminal" startup window that appears, enter the password (new installation = "lmt") and activate the "Write access" function by check-marking the corresponding option (=> ):

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

4-2

LMT Basic Information

Program Startup and First Steps


Window: NE password
1. New password: marconi (lower case) 2. Confirm with "OK" button.

Write access during session


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Marconi Academy

Notes: If all connection parameters have been correctly adjusted, the NE password is requested after clicking the OK button (before connection setup).

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

4-3

LMT Basic Information

Network View
1. Click "Net" button. 3. Select "Serial" or "TCP/IP" option (depending on access type from Service PC to network element).

2. Click "Connection" button.

5. Check whether correct Baud rate has been adjusted.


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4. Confirm 6. Confirm

Marconi Academy

Notes: MDRS 155 E (SISA-V) DRS155 MDRS155N (SISA-V) SISA-KR ECC-Gateway MS1/4 / MS1-C MDRS155C/S/EC 9600 Baud 9600 Baud 9600 Baud 9600 Baud 19200 Baud 115200 Baud 115200 Baud

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

4-4

LMT Basic Information

Network View
1. Select "Serial" or "TCP/IP" option (depending on access type from Service PC to network element). 3. Enter Host address (IPaddress of network element).

4. Confirm

2. Confirm Provided that the details of OSI addresses are known, the network can also be addressed via OSI.

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

4-5

Chapter 5 Waveguide

Waveguide

Waveguides
FLEXWELL
Ondulated tube with elliptical cross-section Frequency range: 3 to 23 GHz Easily bendable across the E-plane Manufactured in great lengths of up to 200 m
Reduced number of flanges

ALFORM
Smooth-walled Oval cross-section Frequency range: 3 to 30 GHz Can be bent across both cross-sectional axes (H- and E-plane) and twisted over short lengths due to its high rigidity.
Bends and twists are not necessary.

ALFORM

FLEXWELL

Manufacturing lengths: 100 m (4 GHz) to 200 m (15 GHz)


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Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-1

Waveguide

Waveguide - Alform (Cross-Sections)

A40

A65

A75

A82

A110

A140

A185 A230 A290

88 x 45 3.4 ... 4.2

52 x 28 5.6 ... 7.15

48 x 26 6.4 ... 7.8

44 x 23 7.1 ... 8.5

31 x 16

28 x 14

20 x 11

18 x 9

14 x 7

10.5 ... 13.25 12.75-15.35 17.7-20.2 21.2-23.624.5-29.5

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

Frequency Frequency Band Standard Operation Standard Operation Prefered Type Alternative Type (GHz) (GHz) to (GHz) Type (GHz) to (GHz) Type (GHz) to (GHz) 3.6 3.9 4.7 5.9 6.2 6.7 7.4 7.7 8.2 11.2 13 15 18.7 23 26 28 32 38 3.40 3.58 4.4 5.6 5.925 6.425 7.125 7.4 7.725 10.7 12,75 14.4 17.7 21.2 24.5 27.5 31,8 37.0 3.90 4.20 5.0 6.2 A65 5.60 5.60 5.60 6.40 7.10 7.10 7.15 7.15 7.15 7.8 8.5 8.5 13.25 13.25 A140 12.75 15.35 20.2 23.6 29.5 29.5 15.35 A75 A82 6.40 7.10 7.8 8.5 A40 A40 3.40 3.40 4.20 4.20

Overmoded Operation Type (GHz) to (GHz)

6.425 A65 7.125 A65 7.725 A75 7.9 8.50 A82 A82

11.7 A110 10.50 13.25 A110 10.50 15.35 A140 12.75 19.7 A185 17.7 23.6 A230 21.2 26.5 A290 24.5 29.5 A290 24.5 33,4 39.5

A82/13 A82/15 A110/19 A110/23 A185/26

12.10 14.40 17.7 21.2 24.4 -

13.25 15.35 19.7 23.6 26.5

A290/38

37.0

39.5

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-2

Waveguide

Waveguides - Alform
Example: Type A 75 Frequency range: 7.1 - 7.7 GHz Line attenuation: 5.7 - 5.3 dB Flange type: PDR70 Bending radius
E-bend: min. 200 mm H-bend: min. 400 mm

Twist 90: min. 180 mm


Rubber seal

Transition

Waveguide Plug-on flanges Shim


3
P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes: The Alform waveguide is a smooth-walled waveguide supplied on cable drums. It is made from pure aluminium (AL 99.8) and has an oval inner cross-section. It is designed for extreme electrical requirements in microwave radio technology, especially for systems operating in the frequency ranges from 3.4 to 30.0 GHz. The Alform waveguide can also be operated as overmoded (low-loss) waveguide for the frequency bands of 13 GHz, 14 GHz, 15 GHz, 19 GHz and 23 GHz. Special features: - Considerably lower transmission loss compared to rectangular waveguides; - Small reflection factor nearly independent of the line length; - Negligible increase in noise caused by joints; - Bendable over both cross-section axes (H- and E-planes) - Twistable over short lengths; - Bends and twists can be undone and corrected; - Weatherproof. Special fittings are available to connect Alform waveguides to standardized rectanglar waveguides. Alform waveguides are supplied on transport drums or in boxes and can generally be laid like coaxial cables using the normal auxiliary devices such as winch, drum trestle etc.. However, in case of direction changes, the Alfom waveguide must be pulled over special deflector segments (auxiliary mounting device). Normally, bending and twisting are possible manually. For special cases, however, appropriate tools are available for this purpose.
2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-3

Waveguide

ALFORM Waveguide
Frequency Range A65; A75; A82
RF-Band Attenuation in dB/100 m 7,5 7 6,5 6 5,5 5 4,5 4 5,9 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 6,5 6,6 6,7 6,8 6,9 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 7,4 7,5 7,6 7,7 7,8 7,9 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 8,4 8,5
Marconi Academy
Frequency Frequency Band Standard Operation Standard Operation Prefered Type Alternative Type (GHz) (GHz) to (GHz) Type (GHz) to (GHz) Type (GHz) to (GHz) 3.6 3.9 4.7 5.9 6.2 6.7 7.4 7.7 8.2 11.2 13 15 18.7 23 26 28 32 38 3.40 3.58 4.4 5.6 3.90 4.20 5.0 6.2 6.425 7.125 7.725 7.9 8.50 11.7 A65 A65 A65 A75 A82 A82 5.60 5.60 5.60 6.40 7.10 7.10 7.15 7.15 7.15 7.8 8.5 8.5 A75 A82 6.40 7.10 7.8 8.5 A40 A40 3.40 3.40 4.20 4.20 Overmoded Operation Type (GHz) to (GHz) 5.925 6.425 7.125 7.4 7.725 10.7 A110 10.50 - 13.25 - 13.25 A140 12.75 - 15.35 20.2 23.6 29.5 29.5 - 15.35 A82/13 12.10 A82/15 14.40 A110/19 17.7 A110/23 21.2 A185/26 24.4 13.25 15.35 19.7 23.6 26.5 12,75 14.4 17.7 21.2 24.5 27.5 31,8 37.0 13.25 A110 10.50 15.35 A140 12.75 19.7 23.6 26.5 29.5 33,4 39.5 A290/38 37.0 39.5 A185 A230 A290 A290 17.7 21.2 24.5 24.5

A65

A75

A82

P SR042 E V1.0

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-4

Waveguide

ALFORM Waveguide
Frequency Range A110; A140; A82/13; A82/14; A82/15
RF-Band A82/13 18 16 Attenuation in dB/100 m 14 12 10 8 6 12 10,5 10,8 11,1 11,4 11,7 12,3 12,6 12,9 13,2 13,5 13,8 14,1 14,4 14,7 15 15,3 A110 A82/14 A140 A82/15

Frequency in GHz

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:
Standard Operation Type A40 A65 A75 A82 A110 A140 A185 A230 A290 Outer Weight Dimensions (GHz) to (GHz) (mm) (kg/m) 3.40 5.60 6.40 7.10 4.20 7.15 7.8 8.5 88 x 45 52 x 28 48 x 26 44 x 23 31 x 16 28 x 14 20 x 11 18 x 9 14 x 7 3.7 1.5 1.4 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.15 Min. bending radii once E-plane H-plane 500 200 200 200 200 150 100 80 80 1000 400 400 400 400 300 300 150 120 90 - Twisting length (mm) Minimum Preparation length 400 180 180 180 180 180 150 100 100 700 410 410 410 350 350 320 220 220

10.50 - 13.25 12.75 - 15.35 17.7 21.2 24.5 20.2 23.6 29.5

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-5

Waveguide

Waveguides - Flexwell
Type: E 70 Frequency range: 7.1 - 7.7 GHz Line attenuation: 5.4 - 4.6 dB Flange type: PDR70 Bending radius
E-bend: min. 300 mm H-bend: min. 600 mm

Twist 90: not possible

Air inlet Transition


6

Beading

Heat-shrinkable tube Clamp FLEXWELL waveguide


Marconi Academy

Rubber seal

P SR042 E V1.0

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-6

Waveguide

Flexwell Waveguide

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-7

Waveguide

Flexwell Waveguide
70,0 60,0 50,0 40,0 30,0 20,0 E130 E105 E100 E150 EO22 EO19 E78 E58 E70 E65 E60 ES46 E46 E38 2,0 E30 1,0
Quelle: RFS

E380

E250 E220 E185 EO38

Attenuation in dB / 100m

10,0 9,0 8,0 7,0 6,0 5,0 4,0 3,0

EO15 EO11

E20 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 Frequency in GHz 40

P SR042 E V1.0

Marconi Academy

Notes:

2005 Marconi Communications GmbH. All rights reserved.

5-8