Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 48

2007.10.

01

Confidential: Internal Open

GSM RF Optimization Basic


Wang Song
GSM RNP Post-sale TS

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of Optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of Optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 2

Concept of Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Radio network optimization means network performance improvement utilizing existing network resources. Steps in general Data collection and verification Data analysis Parameter and hardware adjustment Optimization result confirm and reporting The purpose is increasing the utilization of network resources and solving the existing and potential problem on the network, identifying solutions for future network planning.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 3

Concept of Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Capacity

Quality

Coverage

Optimize
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 4

Concept of Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Due to the mobility of subscribers and complexity of radio wave propagation, most of network problems are caused by increasing subscribers and the changing environments. Optimization is a continuous process that is required as the network evolves

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 5

Concept of Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

In the following case, the network should be optimized New network or expansion on existing network The network quality decreased seriously and there are many complaints from subscribers. An event occurs suddenly which affects the network performance seriously. The number of subscribers increased and affects the network performance gradually.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 6

Concept of Optimization
Input for Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

CUSTOMER COMPLAINTS

OPTIMIZE TRAFFIC STATISTICS DRIVE TEST

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 7

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of Optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 8

KPI of Radio Network

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

KPI (KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS)


Indicates overall performance of network over a period of time Good way to monitor network trends and anticipate future problems Data obtained from drive test and traffic statistics

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 9

KPI of Radio Network


Typical Radio Network KPI KPI Parameter Call Drop Rate Congestion Rate Handover Success Rate Busy Hour Traffic TCH Utilization Call Setup success rate Coverage Quality Source

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Stat. & DT Stat. Stat. & DT Stat. Stat. & Alarms Stat. & DT DT DT
BTS4 BTS3 BTS2 BTS1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 10

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 11

Flow Chart of Network Optimization

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 12

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of Optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of Optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 13

Parameter Adjustment Principles


Parameter adjustment procedure

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

MONITOR EFFECT

IDENTIFY PROBLEM

MAKE MAKE CHANGES CHANGES


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 14

Parameter Adjustment Principles


Parameter Types

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Radio Parameters Engineering Parameters


SI Parameters Handover Parameters CC&PWC Parameters Antenna Height Antenna D-tilt Antenna Orientation

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 15

Parameter Adjustment Principles


Adjustment of cell data parameters

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Adjust the cell parameters according to the features of actual radio channel traffic and signaling load. The parameters are for cell select,cell reselect,call setup, handover etc, so as to improve the overall network performance and service quality to the end user. Another basic principle of radio parameter adjustment is to maximize the current network resource, traffic sharing in the the whole network, increase the utilization of the equipment, so as to increase the profit-investment ratio.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 16

Parameter Adjustment Principles

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

According to the feature of problem to be solved, there are two types of radio parameter adjustment. Solve static problems: Analyze the average traffic and signaling flows of the network and solve the network problems that existed long time Solve traffic overload and congestion problems during some special period caused by special events.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 17

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of Optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of Optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 18

Driving Test Tools

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

The following are the frequently used drive test tools:

Genex Probe and Assistant TEMS Ant Pilot and Ant

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 19

Driving Test Tools


Drive test Tool application:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Identify specific problems in the network Attend to customer complaints Perform network benchmarking with other operators Collect periodic network data for reporting Check coverage in new areas

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 20

Driving Test Tools


Example: Drive test data

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 21

Signaling Analyzer
Signaling Trace

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

In BSC6000 LMT, Interface signaling trace support: A: BSSAP SCCP MTP3 MTP2 Abis: RSL OML LAPD Pb: Application LAPD Um Single User Other equipment : MA10 , K15 Signaling Analyze Huawei MAINEX: Signal Analyze Tool

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 22

Spectrum Analyzer
Scaner (Spectrum analyzer)

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

The spectrum analyzer is mainly used to test the characteristics of frequency, including spectrum, power of the adjacent channel, and frequency scanning etc.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 23

YBT250

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 24

OMC

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Huawei Wireless System OMC is M2000 Provides flexible means to record different information from the network: Config /Alarms /Stats. Able to sample large amounts of data to give a better picture of the network on a longer period of time

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 25

OMC Traffic Statistics

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

BSC performance measurement functions


High drop List of alarm High block rate Drop call measure Hardware Conk out balance between UL & DL rate TCH statistics Low HO suc rate List of alarm HO measurement List of alarm Drop measure List of alarm TCH statistics Incoming cell HO Outgoing cell HO Signalling test
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential

Rx_q & Rx_l measure

Rx_q & Rx_l measure

instrument

Page 26

Measurement Units Related to Call


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Immediate Assignment Measurement per Cell Assignment Measurement per Cell Call Drop Measurement per Cell Short Message Measurement per Cell Channel Activation Measurement per Cell Flow Control Measurement per Cell KPI Measurement per Cell Channel Seizure Measurement per TRX Calls Discarded due to Overload per LAPD Call Duration Measurement per BSC

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training


11Intra-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 12Incoming Internal Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 13Outgoing Internal Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 14Incoming External Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 15Outgoing External Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 16Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 17Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell 18GSM Cell to GSM Cell Incoming Handover Measurement 19GSM Cell to GSM Cell Outgoing Handover Measurement 20Measurement of MRs upon Handover Initiation per Cell

The counters measured in such flows as immediate assignment, assignment, and handover during call can reflect the operation of the traffic of BSC.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 27

Measurement Units Related to MR


1Number of MRs per Cell

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Cell TRX

2Power Control Messages per Cell 3Neighbor Cell Level Measurement per Cell 4Interface Band Measurement per TRX 5TCHF Receive Level Measurement per TRX 6TCHH Receive Level Measurement per TRX 7Receive Quality Measurement per TRX 8Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX 9Number of MRs based on TA per TRX 10Radio Link Failure Measurement per TRX 11Radio Link Failure Measurement based on TA per TRX

12RQI Measurement based on TA per TRX

After occupying a dedicated channel, MS will report measurement reports periodically. BSC performs power decisions and handover decisions according to the reported measurement reports. The units listed in the left table are used to measure the counters related to measurement reports and help the users to analyze and optimize the network performance.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 28

Measurements Related to Channel


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Channel Configuration Measurement per Cell Channel Conversion Measurement per Cell Channel Busy Duration Measurement per Cell Measurement of Maximum Busy Channels per Cell Channel State Measurement per Cell Channel Assignment Request Measurement per Cell Channel Assignment Failure Measurement per Cell Channel Assignment Concentric Cell Measurement per Cell

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

During operation, BSC performs dynamic adjustment to such channel resources as TCH, SDCCH, and PDCH to optimize the utilization of resources. At the same time, the system is required to regularly output the statistic about the state of the channels, such as busy, idle, or blocked. The previous data is very useful for you to learn about the operation condition of the system and the distribution condition of the traffic.

9 10 11

Channel Assignment Queue Measurement per Cell Channel Assignment GPRS Measurement per Cell Channel Assignment Success Measurement per TRX

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 29

Course Contents

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Concept of Optimization KPI of radio network Work flow of Optimization Parameter adjustment principles Optimization tools introduction Common problems of Optimization
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 30

Common Problems of Optimization


The three most important performance criteria are coverage, capacity and quality. they mainly correspond to the following network problems: Coverage Congestion Interference Handover TCH call drop Dual-band or Dual-System Traffic Distribution

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 31

Common Problems --Coverage


Coverage Gap

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Coverage hole may exist when coverage areas of two BTS do not overlap or there are some big obstacles in the coverage area, this lead to no signal or very poor signal level. Over shooting In the actual network, the high BTS antenna can propagate far away along a road and serve in area which its not suppose to serve in; which result in the "isolate Island" problem.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 32

Common Problems --Coverage


Check and solve the coverage problem:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Power control measurement Function ( Statistics) Receiving Level Measurement Function ( Statistics) Cell Measurement Function ( Statistics) Inter-cell Handover Measurement Function ( Statistics)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 33

Common Problems --Coverage


Check the coverage problem:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Call Drop Measurement Function ( Statistics) Adjacent Measurement Function (Statistics) Outgoing Inter Cell Handover Measurement Function ( Statistics) Rx Level data ( Drive test)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 34

Common Problems --Coverage


Coverage Problem Solution:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Adjust Radio parameters Adjust antenna parameters Use booster, low loss combiner and tower mount amplifier Add new site (last resort)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 35

Common Problems --Capacity


Capacity

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

TCH congestion
Check TCH congestion rate: attempted TCH seizers failure for all (no radio resource available ) on OMC traffic statistics data, or compare the busy hour traffic of each cell with the calculated capacity in different GoS to judge the situation of traffic congestion .

Traffic balance
Adjust the antenna height, downtilt, and change the TX power of BTS and MS. Adjust parameters for cell selection, cell reselection and handover Enable load handover and direct retry functions.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 36

Common Problems --Interference


How to locate the interference

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Interference band in TCH Measurement Function ( Statistics) Receiving Level Measurement Function ( Statistics) Rx_Qual ( Drive test) Uplink Frequency Scan in LMT Scaner (YBT250)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 37

Common Problems --Interference


How to locate the interference

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Ratio of handovers for uplink/downlink quality ( Statistics) Receiving Quality Measurement (Statistics) Call drop measurement function ( Statistics) Too many handover failure and reestablishment failures ( Statistics)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 38

Common Problems --Interference


Check and solve the interference problems

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Check the place with interference and conversation quality by drive test. Use spectrum analyzer to find out the interference in the frequency band. Enable frequency hopping, DTX and power control functions. Check and eliminate equipment problems (if any).

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 39

Common Problems --Interference


Means to decrease the interference :

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Increase the reuse distance between the cofrequency and adjacent frequencies. Decrease the transmitting power of BTS. Adjust the antenna height, azimuth, down-tilt. Use the anti-interference technologies, such as frequency hopping, power control, DTX, and so on.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 40

Common Problems --Handover


Common handover problems:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Handover failure and handover delay lead to bad quality or call drop. Frequent handover decreases the conversation quality and increases system signaling load. Unreasonable proportion of outgoing inter-cell handover to incoming inter-cell handover results in imbalanced traffic.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 41

Common Problems --Handover


Check and solve handover problems:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Check the handover parameters (OMC) Inter-cell Handover Measurement Function (Statistics) Undefined Adjacent Cell Measurement Function (Statistics) Outgoing Inter Cell Handover Measurement Function (Statistics) Incoming Inter Cell Handover Measurement Function (Statistics) TCH Measurement Function (Statistics)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 42

Common Problems --Handover


Causes of abnormal handover and solutions:

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

The outgoing inter cell handover threshold is too low. The adjacent cells is congested. There are undefined adjacent cells relationship. The handover hysteresis and handover priority are not reasonable. The handover statistics times N and P are not set reasonable. In HCS network coexisting with other vendors cells, the external cells parameters (such as LAC, CI and BCCH) must be corrected.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 43

Common Problems Call Drop


TCH call drop

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

During the GSM network operation, call drop is the main reason the subscribers complain. It usually refers to the call dropped after TCH channel seized or conversation connected, which can be located via traffic statistics or drive test. There are many call drop causes. Such as poor signal strength, interference and improper parameters. There are two important counters related call drop, radio link timeout (RLT downlink) and SACCH multi-frame number (uplink) sent in system information. These two counters should be set properly according to the traffic and coverage.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 44

Common Problems Dual-band Network


Optimization for dual-band network
Take the following special approaches when optimize the dual-band network, most of the approaches are same as single-band network optimization: When GSM 900M and GSM 1800M network belong to a same LAC the features of two network are basically same. Parameters such as CRO can be set flexibly according to the traffic, thus can balance the traffic and avoid cell congestion. When GSM 900M and GSM 1800M network has there own location area code, CRH and CRO should be set properly to avoid frequent location update. Adjust layer thresholds to balance traffic between GSM 900 and GSM 1800
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 45

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Common Problems Dual-band Network


Dual band network optimization elements

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Cell select

Direct retry

Idle mode

Calling mode

Hand over

Cell reselect

Dedicate mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 46

Exercise
Questions

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

Please write down KPI for normal network Please write down the work flow for radio network optimization How to do for traffic balance

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 47

EtisalatMisr TK Project RNP Team Training

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 48