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CDMA Channel Structure

CBB_T02_E2

ZTE University CDMA-BSS Team

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The forward channels in IS-95 The reverse channels in IS-95 CDMA Call Processing New Channels in CDMA20001X

IS-95A Channels

Pilot Channel
Used by the mobile station for initial system acquisition Used by the mobile station for initial system acquisition Transmitted constantly by the base station Transmitted constantly by the base station The same Short PN sequences are shared by all base stations, Each base The same Short PN sequences are shared by all base stations, Each base station is differentiated by aaphase offset station is differentiated by phase offset The function of Pilot channel is to search the serving sectors The function of Pilot channel is to search the serving sectors

Ec/Io Ec/Io Measures the strength of the pilot Measures the strength of the pilot

Ec

Energy of received pilot alone

IoTotal energy received

Sync Channel

Used to provide essential system parameters Used to provide essential system parameters Mobile Station re-synchronizes at the end of Mobile Station re-synchronizes at the end of every call every call

(Acquired Pilot) Sync Channel

Sync Channel - continued


Field Length (bits)

MSG_TYPE (00000001) MSG_TYPE (00000001) P_REV P_REV MIN_PREV MIN_PREV SID SID NID NID PILOT_PN PILOT_PN LC_STATE LC_STATE SYS_TIME SYS_TIME LP_SEC LP_SEC LTM_OFF LTM_OFF DAYLT DAYLT PRAT PRAT CDMA_FREQ CDMA_FREQ

88 88 88 15 15 16 16 99 42 42 36 36 88 66 11 22 11 11

System ID Network ID Short PN offset index Long PN code status System Time

Paging channel rate CDMA frequency assignment

Total : 170

Sync Message Parameters


Message Type (MSG_TYPE) Identifies this message and determines its structure (set to the fixed value of 00000001) Protocol Revision Level (P_REV) Shall be set to 00000001 Minimum Protocol Revision Level (MIN_P_REV) 8-bit unsigned integer identifying the minimum protocol revision level required to operate on the system. Only mobile stations that support revision numbers greater than or equal to this field can access the system. System ID (SID) 16-bit unsigned integer identifying the system Network ID (NID) 16-bit unsigned integer identifying the network within the system (defined by the owner of the SID) Pilot PN Sequence Offset Index (PILOT_PN) Set to the pilot PN offset for the base station (in units of 64 chips), assigned by the network planner Long Code State (LC_STATE) Provides the mobile station with the base station long code state at the time given by the SYS_TIME field, generated dynamically System Time (SYS_TIME) GPS system-wide time as 320 ms after the end of the last superframe containing any part of this message, minus the pilot PN offset, in units of 80 ms, generated dynamically

Sync Channel Message Parameters (cont.)


Leap Seconds (LP_SEC) Number of leap seconds that have occurred since the start of system time (January 6, 1980 at 00:00:00 hours) as given in the SYS_TIME field, generated dynamically Local Time Offset (LTM_OFF) Twos complement offset of local time from system time in units of 30 minutes, generated dynamically
Current local = SYS_TIME LP_SEC + LTM_OFF

Daylight savings time indicator (DAYLT) Determined by the network planner


1 if daylight savings in effect in this base station 0 otherwise

Paging Channel Data Rate (PRAT) The data rate of the paging channel for this system, determined by the network planner
00 if 9600 bps 01 if 4800 bps

CDMA Frequency Assignment (CDMA_FREQ)

Paging Channels
Paging Channel
Used by the base station to Used by the base station to transmit system overhead information transmit system overhead information and mobile station-specific messages. and mobile station-specific messages.

There is one paging channel per sector per CDMA carrier The Paging Channel uses Walsh function 1 Two rates are supported: 9600 and 4800 bps

Paging Channel - continued


ACC_MSG_SEQ Access Parameters Message Access Parameters Message Overhead Overhead Messages Messages CONFIG_MSG_SEQ Paging Paging Messages Messages System Parameters Message System Parameters Message Configuration Configuration Parameter Parameter Messages Messages CDMA Channel List Message CDMA Channel List Message Extended System Parameters Message Extended System Parameters Message Extended Neighbor List Message Extended Neighbor List Message Global Service Redirection Message Global Service Redirection Message

Mobile-StationMobile-StationDirected Directed Messages Messages

Paging Channel Time Slot Structure


SCI 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 163.84 s

T = 2 SCI
= Slot Cycle Index T = Slot Cycle Length in 1.28 s units
SCI How often: 1.28* T 1.28 s 80 ms

CDMA Forward Traffic Channels


CDMA Cell Site
Pilot Forward Traffic Channel

Forward Traffic Channel

Sync Forward Traffic Channel Paging Forward Traffic Channel

Used for the transmission of user and signaling information to a specific mobile station during a call. Maximum number of traffic channels: 64 minus one Pilot channel, one Sync channel, and 1 Paging channel.
This leaves each CDMA frequency with at least 55 traffic channels. Unused paging channels can provide up to 6 additional channels.

CDMA Forward Channels


MSC BSC
Pilot Sync Paging Vocoder Vocoder Vocoder Vocoder FEC FEC FEC FEC FEC FEC

BTS (1 sector)
Walsh #0 Walsh #32 Walsh #1 Walsh #12 Walsh #23 Walsh #27 Walsh #44 Other users

PN120
I Q Transmitter, Sector X

Main

Content

The forward channels in IS-95 The reverse channels in IS-95 CDMA Call Processing New Channels in CDMA20001X

Reverse Access Channels


Access channel

Used by the mobile station to:


Initiate communication with the base station Respond to Paging Channel messages

Has a fixed data rate of 4800 bps Each Access Channel is associated with only one Paging Channel

CDMA Reverse Traffic Channels

Reverse Traffic Channel

Used when a call is in progress to send:


Voice traffic from the subscriber Response to commands/queries from the base station Requests to the base station

Reverse Channels Generation and Demodulation


MSC BSC
Access Channels

BTS (1 sector)
Long Code Gen Channel Element Long Code Gen

Each mobile is uniquely identified by the Each mobile is uniquely identified by the User Long Code, which it generatesinternally. User Long Code, which it generatesinternally. All mobile stations transmit simultaneously All mobile stations transmit simultaneously on the same 1.25 MHz wide frequency band. on the same 1.25 MHz wide frequency band.
User Long Code Receiver, Sector X

Vocoder

Channel Element
Long Code Gen

User Long Code

Vocoder

Channel Element Long Code Gen User Long Code

Vocoder

Channel Element Long Code Gen

User Long Code

Vocoder

Channel Element

User Long User Code Long Code

Any nearby BTS can dedicate aachannel element to Any nearby BTS can dedicate channel element to the mobile station and successfully extract its signal. the mobile station and successfully extract its signal.

Main

Content

The forward channels in IS-95 The reverse channels in IS-95 CDMA Call Processing New Channels in CDMA20001X

CDMA MS Call Processing


Power-Up Power-Up

Initialization Initialization
Mobile station has fully acquired system timing Mobile station is in idle handoff with NGHBR_CONFG equal to 011 or is unable to receive Paging Channel Message Mobile station ends use of the Traffic Channel Mobile station receives an ACK to an Access Channel transmission other than an Origination Message or a Page Response Message

Idle Idle
Mobile station receives a Paging Channel message requiring ACK or response, originates a call, or performs registration

System System Access Access


Mobile station is directed to a Traffic Channel

Traffic Traffic

Main

Content

The forward channels in IS-95 The reverse channels in IS-95 CDMA Call Processing New Channels in CDMA20001X

CDMA2000-1X New Features


High speed 307.2 kbps packet data capabilities; Increased mobile standby battery life; Total backward compatibility to reuse switch and call processing features;

CDMA2000 1x RF Capacity

CDMA2000 1xRtt Channels

1x New Channels in Commercial Network


IS-95B built on the IS-95A channels, and introduced two new channels
Fundamental channel was the same as IS-95A traffic channel Supplemental code channels assigned to support rates above 14.4Kbps

IS-2000 1xRTT continue to build on the IS-95 channels


IS-95 channels continue to be supported in IS-2000 to support IS-95 mobiles

Forward IS-95A
Pilot channel Sync channel Paging channel Forward Traffic Channel Supplemental channel (F-SCH) Quick Paging channel (F-QPCH)

Reverse
Access channel Reverse Traffic Channel Supplemental channel (R-SCH) Reverse Pilot channel (R-PICH)

1xRTT