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# SL1 ]

## The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

68. The equation of the line parallel to the line 2x 3y = 1 and passing through the middle point of the line segment joining the point (1, 3) and (1, 7) is (a) 2x 3y + 8 = 0 (b) 2x 3y = 8 (c) 2x 3y + 4 = 0 (d) 2x 3y = 4 69. The equation of the bisectors of the angles between the lines 3x 4y + 7 = 0 and 12x 5y 8 = 0 is (a) 99 x 77 y + 51 = 0, 21 x + 27 y 131 = 0 (b) 99 x 77 y + 131 = 0, 21 x + 27 y 51 = 0 (c) 99 x 77 y + 51 = 0, 21 x + 27 y + 131 = 0 (d) None of these 70. A line passes through the point of intersection of 2x + y = 5 and x + 3y + 8 = 0 and parallel to the line 3x + 4y = 7 is (a) 3x + 4y + 3 = 0 (b) 3x + 4y = 0 (c) 4x 3y + 3 = 0 (d) 4x 3y = 3 71. The equation of the line joining the origin to the point (4, 5), is (a) 5x + 4y = 0 (b) 3x + 4y = 2 (c) 5x 4y = 0 (d) 4x 5y = 0 72. The equation of a straight line passing through ( 3, 2) and cutting an intercept equal in magnitude but opposite in sign from the axes is given by (a) x y + 5 = 0 (b) x + y 5 = 0 (c) x y 5 = 0 (d) x + y + 5 = 0 73. The perpendicular distance of the straight line 12x + 5y = 7 from the origin is given by (a) 7/13 (b) 12/13 (c) 5/13 (d) 1/13 74. The equation of the line which cuts off an intercept 3 units on OX and an intercept 2 unit on OY, is x y x y =1 + =1 (a) (b) 3 2 3 2 x y x y + =1 =1 (c) (d) 2 3 2 3 75. The length of perpendicular from (3, 1) on line (4x + 3y + 20) = 0, is (a) 6 (b) 7 (c) 5 (d) 8 76. The distance between two parallel lines 3x + 4y 8 = 0 and 3x + 4y 8 = 0, is given by (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 3 (d) 1 77. The angle between the two lines y 2x = 9 and x + 2y = 7 is (a) 60 o (b) 30 o (c) 90 o (d) 45 o 78. The equation of a line passing through the point of intersection of the lines x + 5y + 7 = 0, 3x + 2y 5 = 0 and perpendicular to the line 7x + 2y 5 = 0, is given by (a) 2x 7y 20 = 0 (b) 2x + 7y 20 = 0 (c) 2x + 7y 20 = 0 (d) 2x + 7y + 20 = 0 The value of k for which the lines 7x 8y + 5 = 0, 3x 4y + 5 = 0 and 4x + 5y + k = 0 are concurrent is given by (a) 45 (b) 44 (c) 54 (d) 54 The lines y = 2x and x = 2y are (a) Parallel (b) Perpendicular (c) Equally inclined to axes (d) Coincident The coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular from the point (2, 3) on the line y = 3x + 4 are given by 37 1 1 37 10 2 1 , , 1 0 (d) , (a) (b) , (c) 10 10 10 10 37 3 3 If the coordinates of the middle point of the portion of a line intercepted between coordinate axes (3, 2), then the equation of the line will be (a) 2x + 3y = 12 (b) 3x + 2y = 12 (c) 4x 3y = 6 (d) 5x 2y = 10 The equation of a line through (3, 4) and perpendicular to the line 3x + 4y = 5 is (a) 4x + 3y = 24 (b) y 4 = (x + 3) (c) 3y 4x = 24 (d) y + 4 = (4/3) (x 3) Equation of the line passing through (1, 2) and parallel to the line y = 3x 1 is (a) y + 2 = x + 1 (b) y + 2 = 3 (x + 1) (c) y 2 = 3 (x 1) (d) y 2 = x 1 To which of the following types the straight lines represented by 2x + 3y 7 = 0 and 2x + 3y 5 = 0 belong (a) Parallel to each other (b) Perpendicular to each other (c) Inclined at 45 o to each other (c) Coincident pair of straight lines The point (0, 5) is closest to the curve x 2 = 2y at (a) (2 2 , 0) (b) (0, 0) (c) (2, 2) (d) None The point (4, 1) undergoes the following t w o s u c c e s s i v e t r a n s f o r m a t i o n s (i) Reflection about the line y = x (ii) Translation through a distance 2 units along the positive x axis. Then the final coordinates of the point are (a) (4, 3) (b) (3, 4) (c) (1, 4) (d) (7/2, 7/2) Equation of the linepassing through (1, 1) and perpendicular to the line 2x + 3y + 4 = 0, is

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## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

(a) (1, 4) (b) (3, 8) (c) (1, 4) (d) (3, 8) 100.For what values of a and b the intercepts cutoff on the coordinate axes by the line ax + by + 8 = 0 are equal in length but opposite in signs to those cut off by the line 2x 3y + 6 = 0 on the axes (a) a = 8/3, b = 4 (b) a = 8/3, b = 4 (c) a = 8/3, b = 4 (d) a = 8/3, b = 4 101.For specifying a straight line how many geometrical parameters should be known (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 4 (d) 3 102.The distance between 4x + 3y = 11 and 8x + 6y = 15, is (a) 7/2 (b) 4 (c) 7/10 (d) None 103.If u = a1x + b1y + c1 = 0, v = a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 a1 b1 c1 and a = b = c then the curve u + kv = 0 is 2 2 2 (a) The same straight line (b) Different straight line (c) It is not a straight line (d) None of these 104.The area of a parallelogram formed by the lines ax + by + c = 0, is (a) c 2 /ab (b) 2c2/ab (c) c2/2ab (d) None 105.If a and b are two arbitrary constants, then the straight line (a 2b) x + (a + 3b) y + 3a + 4b = 0 will pass through (a) (1, 2) (b) (1, 2) (c) (2, 3) (d) (2, 3) 106.A vertex of square is (3, 4) and diagonal x + 2y = 1, then the second diagonal which passes through given vertex will be (a) 2x y + 2 = 0 (b) x + 2y = 11 (c) 2x y = 2 (d) None of these 107.Given the four lines with equations x + 2y = 3, 3x + 4y = 7, 2x + 3y = 4 and 4x + 5y = 6, then these lines are (a) Concurrent (b) Perpendicular (c) The sides of a rectangle (d) None of these 108.The obtuse angle between the lines y = 2 and y = x + 2 is (a) 120 o (b) 135o (c) 150 o (d) 160 o 109.The equation of line whose mid point is (x 1, y1) in between the axes, is x y x y 1 (b) x + y = 2 (a) x + y = 2 1 1 1 1 x y + = 12 (c) x (d) None of these y1 1 110.The equation of line passing through (c, d) and parallel to ax + by + c = 0, is (a) a (x + c) + b (y + d) = 0 (b) a (x + c ) b (y + d) = 0 (c) a (x c) + b (y d) = 0 (d) None of these 111.The equation of line passing through point of intersection of line 3x 2y 1 = 0 and x 4y + 3 = 0 and the point (, 0), is

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(a) 2 (y 1) = 3 (x + 1) (b) 3 (y 1) = 2 (x + 1) (c) y 1 = 2 (x + 1) (d) 3 (y 1) = x + 1 1 1 x y x y + + =1 If = 0 the line + = 1 and ab' ba' a b b' a' are (a) Parallel (b) Inclined at 60o to each other (c) Perpendicular to each other (d) Inclined at 30 o to each other Equation of angle bisectors between x and y axes are 1 (a) y = + x(b) y = + 2x (c) y = + x (d) y = + 3x 2 The equation of a line through the intersection of lines x = 0 and y = 0 and through the point (2, 2) is (a) y = x 1 (b) y = x (c) y = x (d) y = x + 2 A variable line passes through a fixed point P. The algebraic sum of the perpendiculars drawn from (2, 0), (0, 2) and (1, 1) on the line is zero, then the coordinates of the P are (a) (1, 1) (b) (1, 1) (c) (2, 1) (d) (2, 2) The intercept cut off from yaxis is twice that from xaxis by the line and line passes through (1, 2) then its equation is (a) 2x + y = 4 (b) 2x + y + 4 = 0 (c) 2x y = 4 (d) 2x y + 4 = 0 The equation of line, which bisect the line joining two points (2, 19) and (6, 1) and perpendicular to the line joining two points (1, 3) and (5, 1) is (a) 3x 2y = 30 (b) 2x y 3 = 0 (c) 2x + 3y = 20 (d) None of these Equations of diagonals of square formed by lines x = 0, y = 0, x = 1 and y = 1 are (a) y = x, y + x = 1 (b) y = x, x + y = 2 (c) 2y = x, y + x = 1/3 (d) y = 2x, y + 2x = 1 Equation of a line through the origin and perpendicular to the line joining (a, 0) and (a, 0) is (a) y = 0 (b) x = 0 (c) x = a (d) y = a The equation of straight line passing through ( a, 0) and making the triangle with axes of area T is (a) 2Tx + a2y + 2aT = 0 (b) 2Tx a2y + 2aT = 0 (c) 2Tx a 2y 2aT = 0 (d) None of these The points A (1, 3) and C (5, 1) are the opposite vertices of rectangle. The equation of line passing through other two vertices and of gradient 2, is (a) 2x + y 8 = 0 (b) 2x y 4 = 0 (c) 2x y + 4 = 0 (d) 2x + y + 7 = 0 The image of a point A (3, 8) in the line x + 3y 7 = 0, is

SL3 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

(a) x y 10 = 0 (b) x 2y 16 = 0 (c) x 3y 22 = 0 (d) None of these 124.The orthocentre of the triangle formed by the lines 4x 7y + 10 = 0, x + y = 5 and 7x + 4y = 15, is (a) (1, 2) (b) (1, 2) (c) (1, 2) (d) (1, 2) 125.The diagonal passing through origin of a quadrilateral formed by x = 0, y = 0, x + y = 1 and 6x + y = 3, is (a) 3x 2y = 0 (b) 2x 3y = 0 (c) 3x + 2y = 0 (d) None of these 126.Equation of the hour hand at 4 oclock is (b) 3 x y = 0 3 y=0 (d) 3 x + y = 0 (c) x + 3 y = 0 127.The straight line passing through the point of intersection of the straight lines x 3y + 1 = 0 and 2x + 5y 9 = 0 and having infinite slope and at a distance of 2 units from the origin, has the equation (a) x = 2 (b) 3x + y 1 = 0 (c) y = 1 (d) None of these 128.The point (4, 1) undergoes the following three transformations successively. (i) Reflection about the line y = x. (ii) Translation through a distance 2 units along the positive direction of xaxis. (iii) Rotation through an angle /4 about the origin in the anticlockwise direction. The final position of the point is given the coordinates (a) G H (a) x

(a) x y = (b) x y = (y + 1) (c) x y = (1 y) (d) x + y = (1 y) 112.The acute angle between the lines y = 3 and y = 3 x + 9 is (b) 60 o (c) 45 o (d) 90 o (a) 30 o 113.The incentre of triangle formed by the lines x = 0, y = 0 and 3x + 4y = 12 is (a) (1/2, 1/2) (b) (1, 1) (c) (1, 1/2) (d) (11/2, 1) 114.For what value of a the line x = 3, y = 4 and 4x 3y + a = 0 are concurrent (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 115.The equation of the line passing through x y + = 1 is (a, b) and parallel to the line a b x y x y + =3 + (a) (b) =2 a b a b x y x y (c) + =0 (d) + +2=0 a b a b 116.If the line passing through (4, 3) and (2, ) is perpendicular to y = 2x + 3, then is equal to (a) 1 (b) 1 (c) 4 (d) 4 117.A line is perpendicular to the line ax + by + c = 0 and is passing through (a, b). The equation of the line is (a) bx ay + (a2 b2) = 0 (b) bx ay (a2 b2) = 0 (c) bx ay = 0 (d) None of these 118.The line passes through (1, 0) and (2, 3 ) axis makes an angle of .......... with x (a) 60 o (b) 120o (c) 150 o (d) 135 o 119.A line L passes through the points (1, 1) and (2, 0) and another line L passes through (1/2, 0) and perpendicular to L. Then the area of the triangle formed by the lines L, L and yaxis is (a) 15/8 (b) 25/4 (c) 25/8 (d) 25/16 120.The pedal points of a perpendicular drawn from origin on the line 3x + 4y 5 = 0, is (a) (3/5, 2) (b) (3/5, 4/5) (c) ( 3/5, 4/5) (d) (30/17, 19/17) 121.The equation of line passing through the point of intersection of the lines 4x 3y 1 = 0 and 5x 2y 3 = 0 and parallel to the line 2y 3x + 2 = 0, is (a) x 3y = 1 (b) 3x 2y = 1 (c) 2x 3y = 1 (d) 2x y = 1 122.The area of triangle formed by the lines x y + = 1 is x = 0, y = 0 and a b (a) ab (b) ab/2 (c) 2ab (d) ab/3 123.The equation of line passing through (4, 6) and making an angle 45 o with positive xaxis, is

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129.The straight line passing through the point of intersection of the straight lines x + 2y 10 = 0 and 2x + y + 5 = 0, is (a) 5x 4y = 0 (b) 5x + 4y = 0 (c) 4x 5y = 0 (d) 4x + 5y = 0 130.The orthocentre of the triangle formed by the lines x + y = 1, 2x + 3y = 6 and 4x y + 4 = 0 lies in quadrant (a) First (b) Second (c) Third (d) Fourth 131.If the straight line through the point P (3, 4) makes an angle /6 with the xaxis and meets the line 12x + 5y + 10 = 0 at Q, then the length PQ is 132 132 132 132 (a) (b) (c) (d) 12 3 + 5 12 3 5 5 3 + 12 5 3 12 132.The line 2x + 3y = 12 meets the xaxis at A and y axis at B. The line through (5, 5) perpendicular to AB meets the xaxis, y axis and the AB at C, D and E respectively. If O is the origin of coordinates, then the area of OCEB is

SL4 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

143.The equation of perpendicular bisectors of the sides AB and AC of a triangle ABC are x y + 5 = 0 and x + 2y = 0 respectively. If the point A is (1, 2), then the equation of line BC is (a) 23x + 14y 40 = 0 (b) 14 x 23y + 40 = 0 (c) 23x 14y + 40 = 0 (d) 14x + 23y 40 = 0 144.Equations of the two straight lines passing through the point (3, 2) and making an angle of 45o with the line x 2y = 3, are (a) 3x + y + 7 = 0 and x + 3y + 9 = 0 (b) 3x y 7 = 0 and x + 3y 9 = 0 (c) x + 3y 7 = 0 and x + 3y 9 = 0 (d) None 145.The line passing through the points (3, 4) and (2, 6) and a line passing through (3, 6) and (9, 18) are (a) Perpendicular (b) Parallel o with each other (c) Makes an angle 60 (d) None of these 146.Equation of the right bisector of the line segment joining the points (7, 4) and ( 1, 2) is (a) 4x 3y = 15 (b) 3x + 4y = 15 (c) 4x + 3y = 15 (d) None of these 147.The equation of the straight line passing through the point (a cos 3 , a sin 3 ) and perpendicular to the line x sec + y cosec = a, is (a) x cos y sin = a cos 2 (b) x cos + y sin = a cos 2 (c) x sin + y cos = a cos 2 (d) None of these 148.A straight line moves so that the sum of the reciprocals of its intercepts on two perpendicular lines is constant, then the line passes through. (a) A fixed point (b) A variable point (c) Origin (d) None of these 149.A line 4x + y = 1 passes through the point A (2, 7) meets the line BC whose equation is 3x 4y + 1 = 0 at the point B. The equation to the line AC so that AB = AC, is (a) 52x + 89 y + 519 = 0 (b) 52x + 89y 519 = 0 (c) 89x + 52y + 519 = 0 (d) 89 x + 52y 519 = 0 150.The opposite angular points of a square are (3, 4) and (1, 1). Then the coordinates of other two vertices are 1 9 1 5 1 9 1 5 (a) D , , B , (b) D , , B , 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 9 1 1 5 (c) D , (d) None of these ,B , 2 2 2 2 151.The lines 15x 18y + 1 = 0, 12x + 10y 3 = 0 and 6x + 66y 11 = 0 are

(a) 23 sq. units (b) 23/2 sq. units (c) 23/3 sq. units (d) None of these 133.Coordinates of the vertices of a quadrilateral are (2, 1), (0, 2), (2, 3) and (4, 0). The angle between its diagonals will be (a) 90o (b) 0 o (c) tan1 (2) (d) tan1 (1/2) 134.Coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular drawn from (0, 0) to the line joining (a cos , a sin ) and (a cos , a sin ), are a a (cos + cos ), (sin + sin ) (a) (a/2, b/2) (b) 2 2 + + , sin (c) cos (d) None of these 2 2 135.In what direction a line be drawn through the point (1, 2) so that its point of intersection with the line x + y = 4 is at a 6 from the given point distance 3 (b) 45o (c) 60 o (d) 75 o (a) 30 o 136.Equation of one of the sides of an isosceles right angled triangle whose hypotenuse is 3x + 4y = 4 and the opposite vertex of the hypotenuse is (2, 2), will be (a) x 7y + 12 = 0 (b) 7x + y 12 = 0 (c) x 7y + 16 = 0 (d) 7x + y + 16 = 0 137.Two vertices of a triangle are (5, 1) and (2, 3). If orthocentre is the origin then coordinates of the third vertex are (a) (7, 4) (b) (4, 7) (c) (4, 7) (d) (4, 7) 138.The intercept of a line between the coordinate axis is divided by the point (5, 4) in the ratio 1 : 2. The equation of the line will be (a) 5x 8y + 60 = 0 (b) 8x 5y + 60 = 0 (c) 2x 5y + 30 = 0 (d) None of these 139.E q u a t i o n o f a s t r a i g h t l i n e o f w h i c h length of perpendicular from the origin is four units and the line makes an angle of 120 o with the x axis, is (a) x 3 + y + 8 = 0 (b) x 3 y = 8 (d) x 3 y + 8 = 0 (c) x 3 y = 8 140.Angle between x = 2 and x 3y = 6 is (a) (b) tan1 (3) (c) tan1 (1/3) (d) None 141.Locus of the points which are at equal distance from 3x + 4y 11 = 0 and 12x + 5y + 2 = 0 and which is near the origin is (a) 21x 77y + 153 = 0 (b) 99x + 77y 133 = 0 (c) 7x 11y = 19 (d) None of these 142.Coordinates of the orthocentre of the triangle whose sides are x = 3, y = 4 and 3x + 4y = 6, will be (a) (0, 0) (b) (3, 0) (c) (0, 4) (d) (3, 4)

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## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

160.Equation of the line which passes through the point (4, 3) and the portion of the line intercepted between the axes is divided internally in the ratio 5 : 3 by this point, is (a) 9x + 20y + 96 = 0 (b) 20x + 9y + 96 = 0 (c) 9x 20y + 96 = 0 (d) None of these 161.The equation of a straight line passing through the points (5, 6) and (3, 10) is (a) x 2y = 4 (b) 2x y + 4 = 0 (c) 2x + y = 4 (d) None of these 162.If the line 2x + 3ay 1 = 0 and 3x + 4y + 1 = 0 are mutually perpendicular, then the value of a will be (a) 1/2 (b) 2 (c) 1/2 (d) None 163.Two vertices of a triangle are (4, 3) and (2, 5). If the orthocentre of the triangle is at (1, 2) then the third vertes is (a) (33, 26) (b) (33, 26) (c) (26, 33) (d) None 164.The equations of the lines through the point of intersection of the lines x y + 1 = 0 and 2x 3y + 5 = 0 and whose distance from the point (3, 2) is 7/5, is (a) 3x 4y 6 = 0 and 4x + 3x + 1 = 0 (b) 3x 4y + 6 = 0 and 4x 3y 1 = 0 (c) 3x 4y + 6 = 0 and 4x 3y + 1 = 0 (d) None of these 165.The equation of a straight line passing through the point of intersection of the lines x y + 1 = 0 and 3x + y 5 = 0 and perpendicular to one of them, is (a) x + y 3 = 0 (b) x 3y + 5 = 0 (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these 166.The medians AD and BE of a triangle with vertices A (0, b), B (0, 0) and C (a, 0), are perpendicular to each other, if (a) a = 2 b (b) a = 2 b (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these 167. The point of intersection of the lines x/a + y/b = 1 and x/b + y/a = 1 lies on the line (a) x y = 0 (b) (x + y) (a + b) = 2ab (c) (lx + my) (a + b) = (l + m) ab (d) All the above 168.The vertices of a triangle are (2, 1), (5, 2) and (4, 4). The lengths of the perpendiculars from these vertices on the opposite sides are 7 7 7 7 7 7 , , , , (a) (b) 5 13 6 6 8 10 7 7 7 7 7 7 , , , , (c) (d) 5 8 15 5 13 10 169.A point moves such that its distance from the point (4, 0) is half that of its distance from the line x = 16. The locus of this point is (a) 3x2 + 4y2 = 192 (b) 4x2 + 3y2 = 192

(a) Parallel (b) Perpendicular (c) Concurrent (d) None of these 152.The equations of two lines through (0, a) which are at a distance a from the point (2a, 2a) are (a) y a = 0 and 4x 3y 3a = 0 (b) y a = 0 and 3x 4y + 3a = 0 (c) y a = 0 and 4x 3y + 3a = 0 (d) None 153.A line is such that its segment between the straight lines 5x y 4 = 0 and 3x + 4y 4 = 0 is bisected at the point (1, 5), then its equation is (a) 83 x 35 y + 92 = 0 (b) 35x 83 y + 92 = 0 (c) 35 x + 35y + 92 = 0 (d) None of these 154.One diagonal of a square is along the line 8x 15y = 0 and one of its vertex is (1,2). Then the equation of the sides of the square passing through this vertex, are (a) 23x + 7y = 9, 7x + 23y = 53 (b) 23x 7y + 9 = 0, 7x + 23y + 53 = 0 (c) 23x 7y 9 = 0, 7x + 23y 53 = 0 (d) None of these 155.The equations (b c)x + (c a)y + (a b) = 0 and (b3 c 3) x + (c3 a3) y + a3 b3 = 0 will represent the same line, if (a) b = c (b) c = a (c) a = b (d) a + b + c = 0 156.One side of a rectangle lies along the line 4x + 7y + 5 = 0. Two of its vertices are (3, 1) and (1, 1). Then the equations of other sides are (a) 7x 4y + 25 = 0, 4x + 7y = 11 and 7x 4y 3 = 0 (b) 7x + 4y + 25 = 0, 7y + 4x 11 = 0 and 7x 4y 3 = 0 (c) 4x 7y + 25 = 0, 7x + 4y 11 = 0 and 4x 7y 3 = 0 (d) None of these 157.Two consecutive sides of a parallelogram are 4x + 5y = 0 and 7x + 2y = 0. If the equation of one diagonal is 11x + 7y = 9, then the equation of the other diagonal is (a) x + 2y = 0 (b) 2x + y = 0 (c) x y = 0 (d) None of these 158.Equations of lines which passes through the points of intersection of the lines 4x 3y 1 = 0 and 2x 5y + 3 = 0 and are equally inclined to the axes are (a) y + x = 0 (b) y 1 = + 1 (x 1) (c) x 1 = + 2 (y 1) (d) None of these 159.The vertices of a triangle are [a t1 t2, a (t1 + t2)], [a t2 t3, a (t2 + t3)], [at3 t1, a (t3 + t1)] then the coordinates of its orthocentre are (a) [a, a (t 1 + t2 + t3 + t1t2t3)] (b) [ a, a (t1 + t2 + t3 + t1t2t3)] (c) [a (t1 + t2 + t 3 + t1t2t3), a] (d) None

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## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

179.The locus of a point P which divides the line joining (1, 0) and (2 cos , 2 sin ) internally in the ratio 2 : 3 for all , is a (a) Straight line (b) Circle (c) Pair of straight lines (d) Parabola 180.A line passes through (2, 2) and is perpendicular to the line 3x + y = 3. Its y intercept is (a) 1/3 (b) 2/3 (c) 1 (d) 4/3 181.The orthocentre of the triangle with 1 3 1 1 1 , , vertices 2, and 2, is 2 2 2 2

(c) x 2 + y2 = 192 (d) None of these 170.Equations of angle bisector between the lines 3x + 4y 7 = 0 and 12x + 5y + 17 = 0 are (a) (b) (c)
3x + 4 y 7 25 3x + 4 y + 7 25 3x 4 y + 7 = = 12x + 5 y + 17 169 12x + 5y + 17

= 25 169 (d) None of these 171.Line passing through (1, 2) and (2, 5) is (a) 3x y + 1 = 0 (b) 3x + y + 1 = 0 (c) y 3x + 1 = 0 (d) 3x + y 1 = 0 172.Equation of line passing through (1, 2) and perpendicular to 3x + 4y + 5 = 0 is (a) 3y = 4x 2 (b) 3y = 4x + 3 (c) 3y = 4x + 4 (d) 3y = 4x + 2 173.The foot of the coordinates drawn from (2, 4) to the line x + y = 1 is (a) (1/3, 3/2) (b) ( 1/2, 3/2) (c) (4/3, 1/2) (d) (3/4, 1/2) 174.Line L has intercepts a and b on the coordinate axes. When the axes are rotated through a given angle keeping the origin fixed, the same line L has intercepts p and q, then 1 1 1 1 (a) a2 + b2 = p2 + q2 (b) 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 a b p q a p b q2 175.If the sum of the distances of a point from two perpendicular lines in a plane is 1, then its locus is (a) Square (b) Circle (c) Straight line (d) Two intersecting lines 176.Given vertices A (1, 1), B (4, 2) and C (5, 5) of a triangle, then the equation of the perpendicular dropped from C to t he interior bisector of the angle A is (a) y 5 = 0 (b) x 5 = 0 (c) y + 5 = 0 (d) x + 5 = 0

169 12x + 5 y + 17

F GH F5 (c) G 4 , H
3 (a) 2 ,

F GH 3 3I 6 J K 3 2I 4 J K

I FG JK H

FG H F 1I (b) G 2, J H 2K F 1 1I (d) G , J H 2 2K

IJ K

IJ K

182. P is a point on either of the two lines y 3 | x | = 2 at a distance of 5 units from their point of intersection. The coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular from P on the bisector of the angle between them are (a) 0,

F GH

4+5 3 2

## the point P is taken

I JK

or 0,

F GH

45 3 2

I JK

depending on which

(b) 0,

F GH

4+5 3 2

I JK

(c) 0,

F GH

45 3 2

I JK

(d)

(c) a2 + p2 = b2 + q2

(d)

1
2

1
2

177.Find the equation of the line through (2, 3) so that the segment of the line intercepted between the axes is bisected at this point. (a) 2x + 3y = 12 (b) 2x 3y = 12 (c) 3x 2y = 12 (d) 3x + 2y = 12 178.The foot of the coordinates drawn from (2, 4) to the line x + y = 1 is (a) (1/3, 3/2) (b) ( 1/2, 3/2) (c) (4/3, 1/2) (d) (3/4, 1/2)

183.The orthocentre of the triangle formed by (0, 0), (8, 0) (4, 6) is (a) (4, 8/3) (b) (3, 4) (c) (4, 3) (d) ( 3, 4) 184.A (1, 1), B (5, 3) are opposite vertices of a square in xy plane. The equation of the other diagonal (not passing through A, B) of the square is given by (a) x 3y + 4 = 0 (b) 2x y + 3 = 0 (c) y + 3x 8 = 0 (d) x + 2y 1 = 0 185.The reflection of the point (4, 13) in the line 5x + y + 6 = 0 is (a) (1, 14) (b) (3, 4) (c) (1, 2) (d) (4, 13) 186.A point equidistant from the lines 4x + 3y + 10 = 0, 5x 12y + 26 = 0 and 7x + 24y 50 = 0 is (a) (1, 1) (b) (1, 1) (c) (0, 0) (d) (0, 1) 187.The lines 2x + y 1 = 0, ax + 3y 3 = 0 and 3x + 2y 2 = 0 are concurrent for (a) All values of a (b) a = 4 only (c) 1 < a < 3 (d) a > 0 only 188.The diagonals of the parallelogram whose sides are lx + my + n = 0, lx + my + n = 0, mx + ly + n = 0, mx + ly + n = 0 include an angle (a) /3 (b) /2

F 5 ,5 2 I GH 2 2 JK

SL7 ]
(c) tan1

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

(d) 2 2 + m2 189.A straight line through P (1, 2) is such that its intercept between the axes is bisected at P. Its equation is (a) x + 2y = 5 (b) x y + 1 = 0 (c) x + y 3 = 0 (d) 2x + y 4 = 0 190.A pair of straight lines drawn through the origin form with the line 2x + 3y = 6 an isosceles right angled triangle, then the lines and the area of the triangle thus formed is (a) x 5y = 0, 5x + y = 0, = 36/13 (b) 3x y = 0, x + 3y = 0, = 12/17 (c) 5x y = 0, x + 5y = 0, = 13/5 (d) None of these 191.The sides AB, BC, CD and DA of a quadrilateral are x + 2y = 3, x = 1, x 3y = 4, 5x + y + 12 = 0 respectively. The angle between diagonals AC and BD is (a) 45 o (b) 60 o (c) 90 o (d) 30 o 192.The equation of the line joining the point (3, 5) to the point of intersection of the lines 4 x + y 1 = 0 and 7x 3y 35 = 0 is equidistant from the points (0, 0) and (8, 34) (a) True (b) False (c) Nothing can be said 193.The vertices of a triangle ABC are (0, 0), (2, 1) and (9, 2) respectively, then cos B = 11 11 11 11 (b) (c) (d) (a) 290 290 290 290 194.The lines a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 are perpendicular to each other if (a) a1b 2 b1a2 = 0 (b) a1a2 + b1b2 = 0 (c) a12b2+ b12a 2 = 0 (d) a1b1+ a2b2 = 0 195.The length of the perpendicular drawn from origin upon the straight line x/3 y/4 = 1 is (a) 12/5 (b) 3 (1/5) (c) 4 (2/5) (d) 3 (2/5) 196.The distance between the lines 3x 2y = 1 and 6x + 9 = 4y is
2

Fl GH l

m2

I JK

tan 1

FG 2lm IJ Hl + m K

52 52 13 13 197.The point P (a, b) lies on the straight line 3x + 2y = 13 and the point Q (b, a) lies on the straight line 4x y = 5, then the equation of the line PQ is (a) x y = 5 (b) x + y = 5 (c) x + y = 5 (d) x y = 5 198.The equation of the line passing through (1, 1) and parallel to the line 2x + 3y 7 = 0 is (a) 2x + 3y 5 = 0 (b) 3x + 2y 5 = 0

(a)

(b)

11

(c)

(d)

(c) 3x 2y 7 = 0 (d) 2x + 3y + 5 = 0 199.The diagonals of a parallelogram PQRS are along the lines x + 3y = 4 and 6x 2y = 7. Then PQRS must be a (a) Rectangle (b) Square (c) Cyclic quadrilateral (d) Rhombus 200.The graph of the function cos x cos (x + 2) cos 2 (x + 1) is (a) A straight line passing through (0 sin2 1) with slope 2 (b) A straight line passing through (0, 0) (c) A parabola with vertex (1, sin2 1) (d) A straight line passing through the point (/2, sin2 1) and parallel to the xaxis 201.A point starts moving from (1, 2) and its projections on x and y axes are moving with velocities of 3 m/s and 2 m/s respectively. Its locus is (a) 2x 3y + 4 = 0 (b) 3x 2y + 1 = 0 (c) 3y 2x + 4 = 0 (d) 2y 3x + 1 = 0 202.Let PS be the median of the triangle with vertices P (2, 2), Q (6, 1) and R (7, 3). The equation of the line passing through (1, 1) and parallel to PS is (a) 2x 9y 7 = 0 (b) 2x 9y 11 = 0 (c) 2x + 9y 11 = 0 (d) 2x + 9y + 7 = 0 203.Equation of a line passing through the point of intersection of lines 2x 3y + 4 = 0, 3x + 4y 5 = 0 and perpendicular to 6x 7y + 3 = 0, then its equation is (a) 119 x + 102 y + 125 = 0 (b) 119 x + 102 y = 125 (c) 119 x 102 y = 125 (d) None of these 204.In an isosceles triangle ABC, the coordinates of the points B and C on the base BC are respectively (1, 2) and (2, 1). If the equation of the line AB is y = 2x, then the equation of the line AC is (a) y = (1/2) (x 1) (b) y = x/2 (c) y = x 1 (d) 2y = x + 3 205.Two points A and B have coordinates (1, 1) and (3, 2) respectively. The coordinates of a point distant 85 from B on the line through B perpendicular to AB are (a) (4, 7) (b) (7, 4) (c) (5, 7) (d) (5, 3) 206.The area of the triangle bounded by the straight line ax + by + c = 0, (a, b, c 0) and the coordinate axes is 1 a2 1 c2 1 b2 (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 2 |bc | 2 |ab | 2 |ac |

SL8 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

(a) ( 4, 3) (b) (3, 4) (c) ( 4, 3) (d) (3, 4) 215.If the lines x + q = 0, y 2 = 0 and 3x + 2y + 5 = 0 are concurrent, then the value of q will be (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 5 216.A square of side a lies above the xaxis and has one vertex at the origin. The side passing through the origin makes an angle (/4)] with the positive direction [ 0 < < ( of xaxis. The equation of its diagonal not passing through the origin is (a) y (cos sin ) x (sin cos ) = a (b) y (cos + sin ) x (sin cos ) = a (c) y (cos + sin ) + x (sin + cos ) = a (d) y (cos + sin ) + x (sin cos ) = a 217.If x 1, x 2, x 3 and y1 , y2, y 3 are both in G.P. with the same common ratio, then the points (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and (x3, y3) (a) Lie on a straight line (b) Lie on an ellipse (c) Lie on a circle (d) Are vertices of a triangle 218.Orthocentre of triangle with vertices (0, 0). (3, 4) and (4, 0) is (a) (3, 5/4) (b) (3, 12) (c) (3, 3/4) (d) (3, 9) 219.Find the equation of a straight line which makes intercepts of 2 and 3 with xaxis axis respectively. and y (a) 3x 2y 6 = 0 (b) 3x 2y + 6 = 0 (c) 3x + 2y 6 = 0 (d) 3x + 2y + 6 = 0 220.Find the equation of the straight line which passes through (3, 4) and the sum of whose intercepts on the coordinate axes is 14. (a) 2x + 2y = 7 (b) x y = 7 (c) x + y = 7 (d) x 2y = 7

207.The distance of the point (2, 3 ) from the line x y = 5 is (a) 5 2 (b) 2 5 (c) 3 5 (d) 5 3 208.The equation of the straight line joining the origin to the point of intersection of y x + 7 = 0 and y + 2x 2 = 0 is (a) 3x + 4y = 0 (b) 3x 4y = 0 (c) 4x 3y = 0 (d) 4x + 3y = 0 209.The area of the parallelogram formed by the lines y = mx, y = mx + 1, y = nx and y = nx + 1 equals |m + n| 2 1 1 (a) (c) (d) 2 (b) |m + n | |m + n| |m n| ( m n) 210.The number of integral values of m, for which the x coordinate of the point of intersection of the lines 3x + 4y = 9 and y = mx + 1 is also an integer is (a) 2 (b) 0 (c) 4 (d) 1 211.The equation of straight line passing through point of intersection of the straight lines 3x y + 2 = 0 and 5x 2y + 7 = 0 and having infinite slope is (a) x = 2 (b) x + y = 3 (c) x = 3 (d) x = 4 212.The equation of bisectors of the angles between the lines |x| = |y| are (a) y = + x and x = 0 (b) x = 1/2 and y = 1/2 (c) y = 0 and x = 0 (d) None of these 213.The straight lines 4ax + 3by + c = 0 where a + b + c = 0, will be concurrent, if point is (a) (4, 3) (b) (1/4, 1/3) (c) (1/2, 1/3) (d) None of these 214.The image of the point (4, 3) with respect to the line y = x is

SOLUTIONS

or 99x 77y + 51 = 0 and 21x + 27 y 131 = 0. 21 23 Ans. 70. (a) Point of intersection y = and x = 5 5 3( 23 ) + 4( 21) 69 84 = = 3 3x +4y = 3 3x + 4 y = 5 5 Ans. 71. (a) m = (5/4). Therefore the line is 5x + 4y = 0. x y =1 x y = a Ans. 72. (a) Let the equation be + a -a But is passes through (3, 2), hence a = 3 2 = 5. Hence the equation is x y + 5 = 0. 7 7 = Ans. 73. (a) Required distance = 2 2 13 (12) + 5

## FG 1 + 1 , 3 7 IJ = (1, H 2 2 K Therefore required line is 2x 3y = 8. 3x 4 y + 7 F 12x 5y 8 IJ = G Ans. 69. (a) H 13 K 5

Ans. 68. (b) Mid point

2)

Ans. 74. (a) Here intercept on xaxis is 3 and intercept on yaxis is 2. So using intercept form of the equation x y of line, the required line is = 1 . 3 2 4(3) + 3(1) + 20 =7 Ans. 75. (b) Required length = 5 Ans. 76. (d) Let the distance of both lines are p1 and p2 8 3 from origin, then p1 = and p2 = . Hence distance 5 5 5 between both the lines = | p 1 ~ p2| = = 1. 5 Ans. 77. (c) These are perpendicular lines because m1 m 2 = (2) (1/2) = 1 = 90o Ans. 78. (a) Point of intersection of the lines is (3, 2). Hence the equation is 2x 7 y = 2(3) 7 (2) = 20. 2x 7y = 20

SL9 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

Therefore a = 2. Hence the required equation is 2x + y = 4. Ans. 94. (a) Mid point = (4, 9) Slope = 3/2. Hence the required line is 3x 2y = 30. Ans. 95. (a) Coordinates of the vertices of the square are A (0, 0), B (0, 1), C (1, 1) and D (0, 1). Now the equation of AC is y = x and of BD is y 1 = (x 0) x + y = 1. Ans. 96. (b) The required equation passing through (0, 0) and its gradient is m = 1/0, is y = (1/0)x x = 0. Ans. 97. (b) If the line cuts off the axes at A and B, then area of triangle 1 OA OB = T 1 2 . a . OB = T OB = 2T/a. Hence the equation of 2 x y + = 1 2Tx a2y + 2aT = 0. line is a 2T / a Ans. 98. (b) Mid point (3, 2). Equation is 2x y 4 = 0 Ans. 99. (a) Equation of the line passing through (3, 8) and perpendicular to x + 3y 7 = 0 is 3x y 1 = 0. The intersection point of both the lines is (1, 2). Now let the image of A (3, 8) be A (x1, y1), then point (1, 2) will be the x +3 y +8 = 1 x1 = 1 and 1 =2 mid point of AA. 1 2 2 y1 = 4 . Hence the image is (1, 4) Ans. 100. (d) The equation of lines in intercept from are x y x y + = 1 .......... (1) + = 1 ........... (2) 8 / a 8 / b 3 2 According to the condition, 8 8 8 = ( 3) a = and = ( 2) b = 4 3 a b Ans. 101. (b) ax + by = 1 Two parameters. 15 Ans. 102. (c) 4x + 3y = 11 and 4x + 3y = 2 11 (15 / 2) 7 = Therefore D = . 5 10 Ans. 103. (a) u = a 1 x + b1 y + c 1 = 0, a1 b1 c1 v = a2 x + b2 y + c2 = 0 and a = b = c = c (Let) 2 2 2 a1 b1 c1 a2 = , b2 = , c2 = . Given that u + kv = 0 c c c a1x + b1y + c1 + k (a 2 x + b 2 y + c2) = 0
a1 b c x+k 1 y+k 1 = 0 c c c k k k a1x 1 + + b1 y 1 + + c1z 1 + =0 c c c a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 = u i.e. the Same Straight Line. x y + =1 Ans. 104. (b) ax + by + c = 0 c/a c/ b which meets on axes at A (c/a, 0), C ( c/a, 0), B (0, c/b) and D (0, c/b). Therefore, the diagonals AC and BD of quadrilateral ABCD are perpendicular, hence it is a rhombus whose 1 2c 2c 2c 2 1 = AC BD = area is given by = 2 a b 2 ab Ans. 105. (a) (a 2b) x + (a + 3b) y + 3a + 4b = 0 or a (x + y + 3) + b (2x + 3y + 4) = 0 which represents a family of straight lines through point of intersection of

7 8 5 Ans. 79. (a) The lines are concurrent, if 3 4 5 = 0 4 5 k 7 (4k 25) + 8 (3k 20) + 5 (15 + 16) = 0 k = 45 1 Ans. 80. (b) Since m 1 m2 = (2) ( ) = 1 = 90 o 2 Ans. 81. (b) y + 3x + 4 = 0 and perpendicular is y 3 1 = or 3y + x 11 = 0. x2 3 1 37 ,y= . Therefore foot is x = 10 10 Ans. 82. (a) The coordinates of the points A and B are (6, 0) and (0, 4) respectively. Therefore the equation of x y line AB is + = 1 2x + 3y = 12. 6 4 Ans. 83. (d) The required equation which passes 4 4 is (y + 4) = (x 3) through (3, 4) with gradient 3 3 Ans. 84. (c) The required equation which passes through (1, 2) and its gradient is m = 3 is (y 2) = 3 (x 1) Ans. 85. (a) Let L1 = 2x + 3y 7 = 0 and L2 = 2x + 3y 5 = 0. Here slope of L1 slope of 2 L2 . Hence the lines are parallel. 3 Ans. 86. (c) Here (2 2 , 0) does not lie on the curve. Distance from (0, 0) is 5 and from (2, 2) is 13 . Hence it is closest to (2, 2). Ans. 87. (b) After first transformation, the point will be (1, 4) and therefore, final point is (1 + 2, 4) = (3, 4). 2 Ans. 88. (a) The gradient of line 2x + 3y + 4 = 0 is . 3 Now the equation of line passing through (1, 1) is y 1 1 3 = . = m (x + 1), but m = 2 / 3 2 Therefore, required equation is 2 (y - 1) = 3 (x + 1) 1 1 + =0. Ans. 89. (c) a1 a 2 + b1 b 2 = ab' a' b Therefore, the lines are perpendicular. Ans. 90. (a) Equations of angle bisectors between x and yaxes are x + y = 0 and x y = 0 ( ... = 45o or 135o) or y = + x. Ans. 91. (c) Obviously the point of intersection is (0, 0). Thus the equation of line passing through the points (0, 0) and (2, 2) is y = x. Ans. 92. (b) Let P (x1, y1) then the equation of line passing through P and whose gradient is m, is y y 1 = m (x x1). Now according to the condition 2m + ( mx1 y1 ) + 2 + ( mx1 y1 ) + 1 + ( mx1 y1 ) =0 1 + m2 1 + m2 1 + m2 3 3m + 3mx 1 3y1 = 0 y1 1 = m (x1 1) Since it is a variable line, so hold for every value of m. Therefore y1 = 1, x1 = 1 P (1, 1). Ans. 93. (a) Let the intercepter be a, 2a, then the equation x y = 1 , but it also passes through (1, 2). of line is + a 2a

a 1x + b 1y + c 1 + k

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

SL10 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

and y = + 1. sin = +
3 4 4 , . Hence 5 5 5

x + y + 3 = 0 and 2x + 3y + 4 = 0, i.e. (1, 2) Ans. 106. (c) Slope = 2 Equation is 2x y = 2. Ans. 107. (d) These lines cannot be the sides of a rectangle as none of these are parallel nor they are 1 2 3 perpendicular. Now check concurrency 3 4 7 2 3 4 = 1 (16 + 21) 2 (2) 3 (1) 0. Hence neither concurrent Ans. 108. (b)The gradient of the line y = x + 2 is 1. Therefore, it makes an angle of 45o with xaxis. The second line is parallel to xaxis. Hence the obtuse angle between the lines is 135o. Ans. 109. (a) Intersection point on xaxis is (2x1, 0) and on yaxis is (0, 2y 1). Thus equation of line passing through these points is x/x1 + y/y1 = 2. / / Ans. 110. (c) The required equation which passes through (c, d) and its gradient is (a/b) is y d = ( a/b) (x c) a (x c) + b (y d) = 0. Ans. 111. (c) The point of intersection is (1, 1). Therefore the equation of the line passing through (1, 1) and (, 0) 1 is y 1 = ( x 1) x y = (1 y). 1 Ans. 112. (b)It is clear that angle = 60o Ans. 113. (b)Here a = BC = 5, b = AC = 4, c = AB = 3. Hence incentre is

Ans. 114. (a) Here the lines are x 3 = 0, y 4 = 0 and 4x 3y + a = 0. These will be concurrent, if 1 0 3 0 1 4 = 0 a = 0 4 3 a Ans. 115. (b)The required equation is y b = (b/a) (x a) x/a + y/b = 2. / / 3 ( 2 ) = 1 2 6 = 2 = 4 Ans. 116. (d) 24 Ans. 117. (c) The required equation of line which passes through (a, b) and its gradient is b/a, is y b = (b/a) (x a) bx ay = 0. Ans. 118. (c) Gradient of the line which passes through (1, 0) and (2, 3 ) is 3 0 1 1 = 150o = = tan 1 m= 2 1 3 3 Ans. 119. (d) Here L x + y = 2 and L 2x 2y = 1. Equation of yaxis is x = 0. Hence the vertices of the 1 5 3 triangle are A (0, 2), B (0, ) and C ( , ). Therefore, 2 4 4

## FG 0 + 0 + 3 4 , 0 + 4 3 + 0 IJ = (1, 1) H 5+4+3 5+4+3 K

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

line. Ans. 121. (b)The point of intersection of the lines is (1, 1). The equation of line parallel to 2y 3x + 2 = 0 is 2y 3x + k = 0. It also passes through (1, 1), therefore k = 1. Hence the required equation is 2y 3x + 1 = 0 or 3x 2y = 1. Ans. 122. (b)Area of the right angled triangle is 1 1 (ab). = (Perpendicular) (Base) = 2 2 Ans. 123. (a) The required equation is y + 6 = tan 45o (x 4) x y 10 = 0. Ans. 124. (a) Orthocentre of right angled triangle is same as the vertex of right angle. Therefore, point of intersection of 7x + 4y 15 = 0 and 4x 7y + 10 = 0 is (1, 2). Ans. 125. (a) According to the question, diagonal BD is passing through origin, therefore its equation is given (3 / 5) 3 2 by y 5 = ( 2 / 5) x 5 3x 2y = 0 Ans. 126. (c) Since the hour, minute and second hands always pass through origin because one end of these hands is always at origin. Now at 4 Oclock, the hour hand makes 30o angle in fourth quadrant. So the equation of hour hand is y = mx y = 1/ 3 x x + 3 y = 0. Ans. 127. (a) The intersection point of x 3y + 1 = 0 1 and 2x + 5y 9 = 0 is (2, 1) and m = . 0 1 So the required line is y 1 = (x 2) x = 2. 0 y1 1 x1 + 4 y1 + 1 = Ans. 128. (c) x1 , y1 x 4 = 1 and 2 2 1 x1 + y 1 = 5 and x1 y1= 3 x1 = 1, y1 = 4 2nd operation (3, 4) 1 3 4 3 4 7 + = , , 3rd operation 2 4 2 2 2 2 1 2 10 2 1 5 Ans. 129. (a) 5 4 0 = 1 (0 + 20) 2 ( 25) 10 ( 13) 0

FG IJ H K

lies on straight

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

g FGH

IJ K

FG H

IJ FG K H

IJ K

## the area of the triangle is Ans. 120. (b)d =

5

1 2

0 0 5/4

2 1 25 1 / 2 1 = 16 3/4 1

## = 1. 32 + 4 2 4 3 Slope of perpendicular = x = + 1 . cos = + 3 5

1 2 10 2 1 5 = 1 (0 20) 2 (0 25) 10 (3) = 0. (b) 5 4 0 Similarly choice (c) and (d) will give 0. So Answer is (a). Ans. 130. (a) On solving the equations, we get the two vertices ( 3, 4) and ( 3/7, 16/7). Also perpendicular passing through these vertices are x + 4y = 13 and 7x 7y = 19. Solving these lines, we get the orthocentre (3/7, 22/7) i.e. in first quadrant. / / Ans. 131. (a) The equation of any line passing through the given point P (3, 4) and making an angle /6 with

SL11 ]
xaxis is
x 3
o

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

= y4
o

cos 30 sin 30 represents the distance of any point Q on this line from the given point P (3, 4). The coordinates (x, y) of any point Q on line (i) are r r 3 ,4+ ). (3 + r cos 30o, 4 + r sin 30o). i.e. (3 + 2 2 If the point lies on the line 12x + 5y + 10 = 0, then r r 3 132 12 (3 + ) + 5 (4 + ) + 10 = 0 r = 2 2 12 3 + 5

## equation of AB is y 2 = m (x 2) .....(i). But angle between 3x + 4y = 4 and (i) is 45o,

m + (3 / 4 ) 1 m= . 1 (3m / 4 ) 7 Hence the required equation is x 7y + 12 = 0. {By putting the value of m in (i)} Ans. 137. (d) Let the third vertex be (h, k). Obviously the equation of AB is y + 1 = (4/7) (x 5) 4x + 7y 13 = 0. Thus equation of CE is 7x 4y + = 0, but it passes through origin, so = 0. Hence 7x 4y = 0 ..... (i). Also the equation of CE is y 0 = (k/h) (x 0) kx + hy = 0 .......(ii). Here (i) and (ii) are same lines, therefore (h, k) is (4, 7). Ans. 138. (b)Let the coordinates of axes are A (a, 0) and B (0, b), but the point (5, 4) divides the line AB in the ratio of 1 : 2. Therefore, the coordinates of axes are 15 , 0) and (0, 12). Therefore the equation of line passing ( 2 through these coordinate axes is given by 8x 5y + 60 = 0. 3x + y K = Ans. 139. (a) Slope = 3 2 2 K Now = |4| K = + 8 x 3 + y = + 8. 2 1 Ans. 140. (b) = 90o tan1 3 1 1 tan = cot [tan ] = 3 = tan 1 (3). 3 Ans. 141. (b)Let Point be (x 1, y1) then according to the

so tan 45o =

Ans. 132. (c) Here 0 is the point (0, 0). The line 2x + 3y = 12 meets the yaxis at B and so B is the point (0, 4). The equation of any line perpendicular to the line 2x + 3y = 12 and passing through (5, 5) is 3x 2y = 5 ...... (i) The line (i) meets the xaxis at C and so coordinates of C 5 are ( , 0). Similarly the coordinates of E are (3, 2) by 3 5 solving the line AB and (i). O (0, 0), C ( , 0), E (3, 2) and 3 B (0, 4). Now the area of figure 23 sq. units. OCEB = Area of OCE + Area of OEB = 3 3 ( 1) 0 2 1 = , m2 = = Ans. 133. (c) m1 = 22 40 2 1 1 1 o . tan = cot [tan1 ] = 90 = tan 2 2 = (2) = 2 = tan1 (2) Ans. 134. (b) Slope of perpendicular cos cos + = = tan . Hence equation of sin sin 2 + perpendicular is y = tan x. Now on solving the 2 equation (i) with the line, we get the required point. Ans. 135. (d) Let the required line through the point (1, 2) be inclined at an angle to the axis of x. x 1 y 2 = = r .......(i). Then its equation is cos sin Where r is distance of any point (x, y) on the line from the point (1, 2). The coordinates of any point on the line (i) are (1 + r cos , 2 + r sin ). If this point is at a distance 6 6 from (1, 2), then r = . Therefore, the point is 3 3 6 6 cos , 2 + sin ). (1 + 3 3 But this point lies on the line x + y = 4. 3 6 (cos + sin ) = 1 or sin + cos = 6 3 1 1 3 sin + cos = (dividing both sides by 2 ) 2 2 2 sin ( + 45o) = sin 60o or sin 120o = 15o or 75 o Ans. 136. (a) Since A = C = 45o. We have to find equation of AB. Here let gradient of AB be m, then

LM N

OP Q

FG H

IJ K

3x1 + 4 y1 11 12x1 + 5y1 + 2 . = 5 13 Since the given lines are on opposite sides with respect to origin, hence the required locus is 99x + 77y 133 = 0. Ans. 142. (d) Obviously it is right angled at (3, 4). Hence the orthocentre is (3, 4). Ans. 143. (d) Let the equation of perpendicular bisector FN of AB is x y + 5 = 0 ....... (i) x1 + 1 y1 2 , lies on line The middle point F of AB is 2 2 (i). Therefore x1 y 1 = 13 ........ (ii) Also AB is perpendicular to FN. So the product of their y1 + 2 slopes is 1. i.e. 1=1 x1 1 or x1 + y 1 = 1 ......(iii). On solving (ii) and (iii), we get B (7, 6). Similarly C 11 2 , . Hence the equation of BC is 14x + 23y 40 = 0. 5 5 1 Ans. 144. (b)Slope of given lines is . 2 m (1 / 2) . Thus tan 45 o = 1 + m.(1 / 2) 6 + 4 10 = = 2 and Ans. 145. (b) m1 = 2 3 5 18 6 = 2. Hence the lines are parallel. m2 = 9 ( 3)

condition

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

SL12 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

If the length of perpendicular from (2a, 2a) to the line (i) m( 2a ) 2a + a 4 is a. then a = m = 0, . 3 2 m +1 Hence the required equation of lines are y a = 0, 4x 3y + 3a = 0. Ans. 153. (a) Any line through the middle point M (1, 5) of the intercept AB may be taken as x 1 y 5 = = r ....... (i) cos sin Where r is the distance of any point (x, y) on the line (i) from the point M (1, 5). Since the points A and B are equidistant from M and on the opposite sides of it, therefore if the coordinates of A are obtained by putting r = d in (i), then the coordinates of B are given by putting r = d. Now the point A (1 + d cos , 5 + d sin ) lies on the line 5x y 4 = 0 and point B (1 d cos , 5 d sin ) lies on the line 3x + 4y 4 = 0. Therefore, 5 (1 + d cos ) (5 + d sin ) 4 = 0 and 3 (1 d cos ) + 4 (5 d sin ) 4 = 0. cos sin = . Eliminating d from the two, we get 35 83 x 1 y 5 = Hence the required line is 35 83 or 83x 35y + 92 = 0. Ans. 154. (c) Slope of BD is 8/15 and angle made by BD with AD and DC is 45o. So let slope of DC be m, then tan m ( 8 / 15) (15 + 8 m) = + (15 m 8) 45 o = + 1 + ( 8 / 15)m 23 7 and . m= 7 23 Hence the equations of DC and AD are 23 y2= (x 1). 23x 7y 9 = 0 and 7 7 (x 1) 7x + 23y 53 = 0. y2= 23 Ans. 155. (d) The two lines will be identical if there exists some real number k such that b3 c3 = k (b c), c3 a 3 = k (c a) and a3 b3 = k (a b) b c = 0 or b 2 + c2 + bc = k, c a = 0 or c2 + a2 + ac = k a b = 0 or a 2 + b2 + ab = k b = c, c = a, a = b or b 2 + c2 + bc = c2 + a2 + ca b2 a2 = c (a b) b = a or a + b + c = 0. Ans. 156. (a) (i) 4x + 7y = 4 (3) + 7 = 5 (ii) 7x 4y = 7 ( 3) 4 = 25 (iii) 4x + 7y = 4 (1) + 7 (1) = 11 (iv) 7x 4y = 7 (1) 4 (1) = 3 Ans. 157. (c) Since equation of diagonal 11x + 7y = 9 does not pass through origin, so it cannot be the equation of the diagonal OB. Thus on solving the equation AC with the

Ans. 146. (c) Mid point (3, 1). 1 4 = Slope of perpendicular = . 2 4 3 1 7 Therefore the required equation is 4x + 3y = 4(3) + 3 (1) = 15. Ans. 147. (a) x cos y sin = a (cos4 sin 4 ) = a cos 2 Ans. 148. (a) Take two perpendicular lines as the coordinate axes. If a, b be the intercepts made by the moving line on the coordinate axes, then the equation of the line is x/a + y/b = 1 .......(i) According to the question 1/a + 1/b = 1/k (say) i.e. k/a + k/b = 1 ......(iii) The result (ii) shows that the straight line (i) passes through a fixed point (k, k). 3 Ans. 149. (a) Slopes of AB and BC are 4 and 4 respectively. If be the angle between AB and BC, then
tan =

Since AB = AC ABC = ACB = . Thus the line AC also makes an angle with BC. If m be the slope of the line AC, then its equation is y + 7 = m (x 2) ......(ii) 3 m 4 19 = 4 m 3 Now tan = 3 8 4 + 3m 1 + m. 4 m = 4 or 52/89. But slope of AB is 4, so slope of AC is 52/89. Therefore the equation of line BC given by (ii) is 52 x + 89 y + 519 = 0. 5 Ans. 150. (c) Slope of AC = . Let m be the slope of a 2 line inclined at an angle of 45o to AC, then m ( 5 / 2) 7 3 tan 45o = m= , . 1 + m.(5 / 2) 3 7 Thus, let the slope of AB or DC be 3/7 and that of AD or 7 BC be . Then equation of AB is 3x 7y + 19 = 0. 3 Also the equation of BC is 7x + 3y 4 = 0. On solving 1 5 these equations, we get B ( , ) . Now let the 2 2 coordinates of the vertex D be (h, k). Since the middle points of AC and BD are same, therefore 1 1 1 9 1 5 1 (h ) = (3 + 1) h = and (k + ) = (4 1) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 9 1 k = . Hence D ( , ) 2 2 2 Ans. 151. (c) 3 (12x + 10y 3) 2 (15x 18y + 1) = 6x + 66y 11 = 0. Hence the lines are concurrent. Ans. 152. (c) Equation of any line through (0, a) is y a = m (x 0) or mx y + a = 0. .........(i)

b g = 19 1 4b3 / 4g 8
4 3 / 4

............. (i)

LM MM MN

OP PP PQ

SL13 ]
equations OA and OC, we get A (

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

Therefore the required line is x + y 3 = 0. or x 3y + 5 = 0. Ans. 166. (c) From figure

5 4 2 7 , ) and C ( , ). 3 3 3 3 1 Therefore, the middle point M is ( , 12). 2 Hence the equation of OB is x y = 0. Ans. 158. (b)Slopes of the lines are 1 and 1. Hence the required equations are y 1 = + (x 1), since the point of intersection is (1, 1). a( t1 t 2 t 2 t3 ) Ans. 159. (b) m 1 = = t 2 , m 2 = t 3. a( t1 t3 ) Therefore, perpendicular from point third t2x + y = a [t1 t2 t3 + t1 + t3] and perpendicular from point first t3x + y = a [t1 t2 t3 + t1 + t 2] x = a y = a [t1 t2 t3 + t 1 + t2 + t3] Ans. 160. (c) By the section formula, we get 32 24 a= and b = . 3 5 Hence the required equation is given by x y + = 1 9x 20y + 96 = 0. (32 / 3) ( 24 / 5) 10 + 6 Ans. 161. (b) Slope = = 2. 3+5 Hence the line is 2x y = 4. 2 3 1 Ans. 162. (c) ( a) ( ) = 1 or a = . 3 4 2 Ans. 163. (b)Let third vertex be (h, k). Now slope of AD is (k 2)/(h 1). 4 3 2 5+3 5 = = Slope of BC is , Slope of BE is 3 4 1 3 2 4 k 5 and slope of AC is . h+2 k2 4 1 Since AD BC h 1 3 3h 4k + 5 = 0 ........... (i).

## a2 = 2b2 a = + 2 b. Ans. 167. (d) Intersection point of the line is

FG b / 2 IJ FG b IJ = 1 H a / 2 K H a / 2 K

## FG ab , ab IJ . Which is satisfying all the equations given H a + b a + bK

in (a), (b) and (c). Hence (d) is correct. Ans. 168. (d) L 12 x 3x + 1 = 0. L23 2x + y 12 = 0. L 13 3x 2y 4 = 0. Therefore, the required distances are 4 3 4 +1 7 , D1 = 4 + 1 12 = 7 = D3 = 10 10 5 5
D2 = 3 5 2 2 12 9+4 = 7 13 h4

## Ans. 169. (a)

Ans. 170. (a) Ans. 171. (c) Required equation is 52 (x 1) y 3x + 1 = 0. y2= 2 1 Ans. 172. (d) Line 3y = 4x + 2 is perpendicular to given line and passing through (1, 2). Ans. 173. (b) Applying the formula, the required foot is

F bh 4g2 + k2 = 1 GG 2H

I JJ 12 + 0 K

FG IJ H K

5 k5 =1 Again, since BE AC 3 h+2 3h 5k + 31 = 0 ......(ii) . On solving (i) and (ii), we get h = 33, k = 26. Hence the third vertex is (33, 26). Ans. 164. (c) Point of intersection is (2, 3). Therefore, the equation of line passing through (2, 3) is (y 3) = m (x 2) ....(i) or mx y (2m 3) = 0. 3m 2 ( 2m 3 ) 7 = According to the condition, 3 1 + m2 3 4 m = , . Hence the equations are 4 3 3x 4x + 6 = 0 and 4x 3y + 1 = 0. Ans. 165. (c) The equation of any line through the point of intersection of given lines is 3x + y 5 + (x y + 1) = 0. Since this line is perpendicular to one of the given lines, 3+ 1 we have = 1 or = 1 or 5. 3 1

the anticlockwise direction through an angle . The equation of the line L with respect to old axes is x y + = 1. In this question replacing x by a b x cos y sin and y by x sin + y cos , the equation of the line with respect to new axes is x cos y sin x sin + y cos + =1 a b cos sin cos sin x + +y = 1 ......... (i) a b b a The intercepts made by (i) on the coordinate axes are given as p and q. 1 cos sin 1 cos sin Therefore = and = + p a b q b a 1 1 1 1 Squaring and adding, we get 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 p q a b Note : Students should remember this question as a formula. Ans. 175. (a) Required locus of the point (x, y) is the curve |x| + |y| = 1. If the point lies in the first quadrant, then x > 0, y > 0 and so |x| + |y| = 1

2 2 2 2 2 2

FG H

IJ FG K H

IJ K

SL14 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

Ans. 180. (d) The equation of a line passing through (2, 2) and perpendicular to 3x + y = 3 is 1 y2= (x 2) or x 3y + 4 = 0. Putting x = 0 in this 3 4 4 equation, we obtain y = . So yintercept = . 3 3 Ans. 181. (b)Here the given triangle is a right angled 1 triangle at the vertex (2, ). 2 1 Hence the orthocentre is at (2, ). 2 x, x 0 Ans. 182. (b)Since |x| = , therefore the x, x < 0

x + y = 1 which is straight line AB. If the point (x, y) lies in second quadrant, then x < 0, y < 0 and so |x| + |y| = 1 x + y = 1.
y B (0, 1)

(-1, 0) C

O D

## (1, 0) A x (0, -1)

Similarly for third and fourth quadrant, the equations are x y = 1 and x y = 1. Hence the required locus is the curve consisting of the sides of the square ABCD. Ans. 176. (b) The internal bisector of the angle A will divide the opposite side BC at D in the ratio of arms of the angle i.e. AB = 3 2 and AC = 4 2 . Hence by ratio formula the y 2 y1 31 , 1). Solpe of AD by x x = 0 point D is ( 7 2 1 Slope of a line perpendicular to AD is . Any line through C perpendicular to this bisector is y5 =m= x5=0 x 5 Ans. 177. (d) Let the required line segment be AB. Let O be the origin and OA = a, OB = b. Then the coordinates of A and B are (a, 0) and (0, b) respectively.
a+0 0+ b y = 2 and =3 2 2 B i.e. a = 4 and b = 6. Hence, the equation of the required line is x y + = 1 i.e. 3x + 2y = 12. O A x 4 6 Ans. 178. (b) Applying the formula, the required foot is

R S T

## equations of two lines are y =

3 x + 2, x > 0 and

y = 3 x + 2, x < 0. Clearly, y axis the only bisector of the angle between these two lines. There are two points P and Q on these lines at a distance of 5 units from A. Clearly, M is foot of the perpendicular from P and Q on yaxis (bisector).
Y
30 o

A (0, 2) O Y

5 3 AM = AP cos 30o = 2

## Hence coordinates of M are 0,

F1 GH

2 1 1 4 + 1 12 4 1 1 2 + 1 , 12 + 12 12 + 12

1 3 Short cut : Here only point 2 , 2 is satisfying the given equation of line. Ans. 179. (b) Let the coordinates of the point P which divides the line joining (1, 0) and (2 cos , 2 sin ) in the ratio 2 : 3 be (h, k). 4 cos + 3 4 sin Then h = and k = 5 5 5h 3 5k and sin = cos = 4 4 2 2 5h 3 5k + = 1 (5h 3)2 + (5k) 2 = 16 4 4 Therefore locus of (h, k) is (5x 3) 2 + (5y)2 = 16, which is a circle.

FG H

IJ K

I F 1 3I JK = GH 2 , 2JK

FG H

IJ FG IJ K H K

Ans. 183. (a) Let the vertices of the triangle be O (0, 0), A (8, 0) and B (4, 6). The equation of an altitude through 2 x and the equation of O and perpendicular to AB is y = 3 an altitude through A (8, 0) and perpendicular to OB is 8 3y = 2x + 16. The two altitudes intersect at (4, ). 3 Ans. 184. (c) The required diagonal passes through the midpoint of AB and is perpendicular to AB. So its equation is y 2 = 3 (x 2) or 3x + y 8 = 0. Ans. 185. (a) Let Q (a, b) be the reflection of P (4, 13) in the line 5x + y + 6 = 0. a + 4 b 13 Then the midpoint R lies on , 2 2 a+4 b 13 + +6=0 5x + y + 6 = 0. 5 2 2 5a + b + 19 = 0 .....(i) Also PQ is perpendicular to 5x + y + 6 = 0. b + 13 5 Therefore = 1 a 5b 69 = 0 .....(ii) a4 1 Solving (i) and (ii), we get a = 1, b = 14.

F GH

4+5 3 2

I JK

FG H FG H

IJ K

IJ K

FG IJ H K

SL15 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

Ans. 196. (b) Let the length of perpendicular drawn from 1 1 = (0, 0) to 3x 2y 1 = 0 be P 1. P 1 = . 9+4 13 9 Similarly, P2 = . Distance between two lines 2 13
2 13 13 2 13 52 Ans. 197. (b) Point P (a, b) is on 3x + 2y = 13 so, 3a + 2b = 13 ........ (1). Point Q (b, a) is on 4x y = 5 so, 4b a = 5 .......(2). By solving (1) and (2), a = 3, b = 2 P (a, b) (3, 2) and Q (b, a) (2, 3) Equation of PQ x + y = 5. Ans. 198. (a) Required equation of the line, 2x + 3y + = 0. This line is passing through point (1, 1) 2+3+=0 =5 Required equation is 2x + 3y 5 = 0 1 Ans. 199. (d) m 1 = and m 2 = 3. 3 Hence lines x + 3y = 4 and 6x 2y = 7 are perpendicular to each other. Therefore the parallellogram is rhombus. Ans. 200. (d) y = cos (x + 1 1) cos (x + 1 + 1) cos2 (x + 1) = cos2 (x + 1) sin2 1 cos 2 (x + 1) = sin2 1 Which represents a straight line parallel to xaxis with y = sin 2 1 for all x or so also for x = . 2 Ans. 201. (a) After time t secs. Abcissae, x = 1 + 3t x 1 y 2 = and ordinate, y = 2 + 2t. Eliminating t, 3 2 or 2x 2 = 3y 6 or 2x 3y + 4 = 0. 6 + 7 1 + 3 13 Ans. 202. (d) S = midpoint of QR = = , ,1 2 2 2 2 1 2 . The required m of PS = 2 (13 / 2) = 9 2 (x 1) 2x + 9y + 7 equation is y + 1 = 9 Ans. 203. (b)The point of intersection of lines 2 22 2x 3y + 4 = 0 and 3x + 4y 5 = 0 is 34 , 17 . 7 The slope of required line = . Equation of required 6 22 7 2 = y x+ 119x + 102y = 125. line is 17 6 34 Ans. 204. (b) ABC = tan A (1 / 2) 1 1 x 2 = = y= 1 + (1 / 2) 3 1 (Here m 1 = , m 2 = 1) 2 . .. AB = AC ABC = ACB C (2, 1) B (1,2) 1 m 1 1 m= and Hence = 3 1+ m 2 (Here m is the gradient of line AC) Equation of line AC 1 x (x 2) y = . is y 1 = 2 2

Ans. 186. (c) Here lengths of perpendiculars from (0, 0) on the given lines are each equal to 2. Ans. 187. (a) Given lines are concurrent, if a 3 3 = 0.
3 2 2 2 1 1

This is true for all values of a because C2 and C 3 are indentical. Ans. 188. (b)Since the distance between the parallel lines lx + my + n = 0 and lx + my + n = 0 is same as the distance between parallel lines mx + ly + n = 0 and mx + ly + n = 0. Therefore the parallelogram is a rhombus. Since the diagonals of a rhombus are at right angles, therefore the required angle is . 2 x y = 1. Ans. 189. (d) Let the equation of the line be + a b The coordinates of the midpoint of the intercept AB between a b a b the axes are = 1, = 2 a = 2, b = 4. Hence , 2 2 2 2 x y the equation of the line is + = 1 or 2x + y = 4. 2 4 Ans. 190. (a) y = mx. It makes an angle of + 45 o with 2x + 3y = 6. A (0, 0) m ( 2 / 3) o) = = 1 tan (+ 45 90o 1 + m( 2 / 3) or 3m + 2 = + (3 2m) 1 45o 45o m = , 5. 5 2x+3y = 6 B C Hence sides are x 5y = 0, 5x + y = 0 and 2x + 3y = 6.Solving in pairs, vertices are (0, 0), (6/13, 30/13), (30/13, 6/13). 1 1 936 36 = ( x1 y 2 x 2 y1 ) = = 2 2 169 13 Ans. 191. (c) The four vertices on solving are A (3, 3), B (1, 1), C (1, 1) and D (2, 2). m1 = slope of AC = 1, m2 = slope of BD = 1 m1 m2 = 1 = 90o. Hence the result. Ans. 192. (a) By P + Q = 0, the required line is 12x y 31 = 0 and its distance from both the points 31 . is 145 a 2 + c 2 b2 , where sides are Ans. 193. (c) cos B = 2ac calculated by distance formula as a = 58 , b = 85 , c = 5 a1 a2 Ans. 194. (b) m1 = b , m 2 = b 1 2 .. . Lines are perpendicular if m m = 1 1 2

d = |P1 P 2| . d =

d =

11

11

FG H

IJ K

FG H

IJ FG K H IJ K

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

FG H

a1 a 2 + b 1 b2 = 0 Ans. 195. (a) The line is 4x 3y 12 = 0. The length of perpendicular from origin (0, 0) to the line c ax + by + c = 0 is . Hence the required length = a 2 + b2 12/5.

SL16 ]

## [ The Straight Line : Maximize Your Potential

Ans. 214. (d) By fundamental concept. a1 Ans. 215. (c) Lines are concurrent if a 2 a3 1 0 q
b1 b2 b3 c1 c2 = 0 c3

## Ans. 205. (c) Short cut : From alternate (c) P (x, y)

85

0 1 2 = 0 1 [(5 + 4)] 0 + q (0 3) = 0 3 2 5

A (1, 1)
2

B (3, 2)

BP = (5 3) + (7 + 2) 2 = 4 + 81 = 85 Hence option (c) is correct. Ans. 206. (b) It is obvious. Ans. 207. (a) p =
=5 2 1 +1 2 Ans. 208. (d) The intersection point of y x + 7 = 0 and y + 2x 2 = 0 is (3, 4). Equation of straight line joining origin to (3, 4) is 4 y0= (x 0) 4x + 3y = 0 3 1 + Ans. 209. (d) Solving y = nx x y n +1
y =

2 3 5

10

and y = mx + 1, we get P=

## Area of parallelogram R = 2 (area of POQ)

= 2

FG 1 , n IJ H n m n mK

(0, 1) Q 1

y=

mx

P
nx mx y= = y

1 1 1 1 OQ = = 2 n m |n m |m n| |

## Ans. 210. (a) Solving 3x + 4y = 9, y = mx + 1, we get 5 x= . x is an integer if 3 + 4m = 1, 1, 5, 5. 3 + 4m

2 4 2 8 , , , . So m has two integral values. 4 4 4 4 Ans. 211. (c) Required lined should be, (3x y + 2) + (5x 2y + 7) = 0. This equation has infinite slope = 1/2.

m=

9 3q = 0 q = 3. Ans. 216. (b) Coordinates of A = (a cos , a sin ) y B + x Equation of OB y = tan C 4 . .. CA r to OB A /4 Slope of CA = cot 4 + Equation of CA, x O y a sin = cot 4 + (x a cos ) y (sin + cos ) x (sin cos ) = a x y Ans. 217. (a) Taking coordinates as r , r (x, y) and (xr, yr). Above coordinates satisfy the relation y = mx. Lie on the straight line. Ans. 218. (c) BD AC. 3 A (0, 0) Slope of BD = . 4 Equation of BD, 3x + 4y 12 = 0 D AE BC .... (i) 1 Slope of AE = . Equation of AE, 4 x 4y = 0 .......(ii) E C (3, 4) B (4, 0) 3 From equation (i) and (ii), x = 3, y = 4 3 Orthocentre of the triangle is (3, ). 4 Short cut : From Figure y A (3, 4) 1 k 3 tan = = k = 4 3 4

FG H

FG H FG H IJ K

IJ K IJ K

FG H

IJ K

## (3, k) O (0, 0) 3 E 1 B x (4, 0)

Required equation is x = 3. Ans. 212. (c) The equation of lines are x + y = 0 and x y = 0. The equation of bisectors of the angles between x+y xy = these lines are x + y = + (x y) 1 +1 1+1 Taking + ve sign, we get y = 0. Taking ve sign, we get x = 0. Hence the equation of bisectors x = 0, y = 0. Ans. 213. (b) The set of lines is 4ax + 3by + c = 0, where a + b + c = 0. Eliminating c, we get 4ax + 3by - (a + b) = 0 a(4x - 1) + b (3y - 1) = 0. This passes through the intersection of the lines 4x - 1 = 0 and 3y - 1 = 0. 1 1 i.e. x = 1/4, y = 1/3. i.e. , 4 3

FG H

IJ K

Ans. 219. (a) The required equation is x y + = 1 or 3x 2y 6 = 0 2 3 Ans. 220. (c) Let the intercepts made by the line on xaxis and yaxis be a and (14 a) respectively x y = 1 ......... (i) Then, its equation is + a 14 a Since it passes through (3, 4), we have 3 4 + = 1 a2 13a + 42 = 0 (a 6) (a 7) = 0. a 14 a a = 6 or a = 7. So, the required equation is : x y x y + = 1 or + = 1 i.e. 4x + 3y = 24 or x + y = 7 6 8 7 7