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18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.

fm Page 526 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Answers
Chapter 1

Exercise 1-04

Start up
1 a 54
e 40
i 8

b 28
f 81
j 7

c 63
g 6
k 36

d 42
h 9
l 5

2 -6, -5, -3, -1, 0, 3, 7, 9


3 a 4

b 5

c 6

4 a 30

b 10

c 12

5 a 0.4

b 0.25

c 0.375

Exercise 1-01
1 a 13
e 276
i 600
m 210
q 267

b
f
j
n
r

77
276
24
64
267

c
g
k
o
s

136
80
42
28
350

d
h
l
p
t

480
8
352
19
140

2 a 7000
e 46
i 414
m 176
q 48
u 120
y 413

b
f
j
n
r
v

210
49
108
15
4500
2673

c
g
k
o
s
w

8
400
11
1616
600
63

d
h
l
p
t
x

116
140
16
15
54
126

Exercise 1-02
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1 a 1604
e 1106
i 4004

b 3462
c 510
f 21 636 g 6150
j 2213
k 1903

d 634
h 440
l 10 201

2 a 38
e 32
i 7

b 197
f 15

d 65
h 36

c 257
g 16

Exercise 1-03
1 a -13
e -9
i -11

b 10
f 1
j 4

2 a -20
e 5
i 48
m3

b
f
j
n

-18
-7
-16
28

3 a 0
f -5

b 6
g 20

b 9.38
e 13.04

c 0.51
f 2.80

2 a 3.9
d 7.3

b 4.1
e 15.1

c 0.3
f 4.0

3 a 9.704

b 13.457

c 0.083

4 C

6 1.05, 1.058, 1.085, 1.508, 1.805, 1.85

1234

1 a 4.62
d 6.09

c -7
g 0
k 0
c
g
k
o
c -1
h 120

32
-45
5
25
d 0
i 12

d -12
h -3
l 1
d -2
h -70
l 15

5 a
c
e
g
i

b
d
f
h

1, 1.07
4900, 5416.1
88, 85.83
103, 110.333

Exercise 1-05
1 C
2 a
f
k
p

18
12
-28
-2

3 a 0.5
f 0.3

b
g
l
q

1
28
1
-119

b 2
g 1

c 28
h 30
m2
r 1

d 10
i 5
n -12

e 28
j 58
o -1

c 0.8
h 3.7

d -3.7
i 3.8

e -4

Exercise 1-06
3
1 a -----10
2
e --5
1
i --------200
2 C

7
b --------100
41
f -----50
1
j 1 --5

3
c --------100
7
g -----20
33
k -----------1000

9
d -----------1000
13
h --------500
1
l 14 -----25

3 a 2.1
b 46.11 c 11.5
e 3.14
f 15.96 g 18.97
i 81.473 j 17.901 k 3.78

d 3.43
h 2.68
l 0.748

4 a 12.6
e 0.78
i 170

d 37
h 0.1
l 1.13

5 a

+
9.36

e 1

4 D

19, 18.7
30 000, 29 707.90
20, 20.8
5, 4.72
2, 1.8

b 25.22
f 0.024
j 10.44
4.1

2.07

c 6.2
g 5.2
k 0.12
b

13.46 11.43

18

22.1

20.07

8.6

2.1

0.6

5.16

1.26

5.8

49.88 12.18

20.14

0.81

0.5

40.28

1.62

26

5.4

20.6

12.2

11.93 14.07

5.67

2.04

17.6

12.11

70.07 142.94 848.55


0.65

1.33

7.87

0.07 287.71 11.57

526

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 527 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mental Skills 1A

Exercise 1-09

2 a
d
g
j

12:25pm
10:55pm
9:10am
2305 hours

b
e
h
k

1:10am
0610 hours
3:15am
12:20am

c
f
i
l

10:50pm
0010 hours
1100 hours
11:35am

4 a
d
g
j

6:05pm
2:50am
10:50pm
0400 hours

b
e
h
k

6:40am
1245 hours
12:15pm
1:35pm

c
f
i
l

12:10pm
0355 hours
1545 hours
7:20am

1
2
1 a 1 --b 3 --2
3
2
3
e 6 --f 4 -----3
11
7
13
2 a --b -----2
3
27
36
e -----f -----4
5
1
1
3
5
7
3
3 --- , --- , --- , --- , --- , --8 4 8 8 4 8
4 a 1
b 1
----2
3
3
e --f 1
--5
2
i 4
--7
5 a 3
b 8
d 4
e 6
g 40
h 90

Exercise 1-07
1 a 25
e 7
i 1000
2 a 3

b 8
f 1
j 81
b 3

c 36
g 64
k 243

c 2

d 6

d 81
h 256
l 216
e 3

f 5

3 B
4 a 12
e 32
i 2304

b 18
f 16
j 18

c 36
d 150
g 128 000 h 225
k 18
l 157

6 a 0.3
d 0.11

5 a 36
b i 4 ii 9
c Yes, 36 = 4 9

1
c 2 --4
16
g 4 -----21
21
c -----4
g 71
-----7

1
d 2 --5
13
h 4 -----15
17
d -----3
h 63
-----4

6
c ----13
g 2
--3

d 3
--4
h 3
--5

c 20
f 3
i 45

b 0.37
e 0.01

c 0.023
f 0.0056

7 a 0.015, 0.35, 0.085, 0.5


b 0.015, 0.085, 0.35, 0.5

6 a i 400 ii 16 iii 25
b Yes, 400 = 16 25

Exercise 1-10
1 a 4
--5
d 13
-----15
g 1
--4
j 11
--3

7 (3 8)2 = 32 82
8 Teacher to check.
9 a 32, 324
c 3, 32, 102, 900
e 4, 42, 72, 784

b 22, 112, 484


d 8, 22, 82, 256
f 3, 5, 32, 52, 225

b 4
--- = 1
--8 2
2
e 1 ----21
h 3
--4
k 31
--2

7
c ----10
7
f ----20
i 1 14
-----15
l 12
--3

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Exercise 1-08
1

Number

10

11

12

Number squared

16

25

36

49

64

81

100

121

144

Number cubed

27

64

125

216

343

512

729 1000 1331 1728

2 a 28
e 2

b 16
f 7

c 17
g 13

d 33
h 6

b 4.6
f 44.7

9 a 6
c Yes, 6 = 2 3

3 D
4 C

c 22.4
g 1.0

d 1.9
h 10.3

b i 2 ii 3

10 a i 15 ii 5 iii 3
b Yes, 15 = 5 3

5 5 and 6
6 D
7 a 7 and 8
d 4 and 5

8 a 6.1
e 7.9

b 10 andd 11 c 14 and 15
e 8 and 9
f 9 and 10

11 a 4, 2, 8
d 4, 9, 2, 18

b 4, 11, 2, 22 c 9, 3, 10, 30
e 81, 25, 45 f 36, 49, 42

12 Teacher to check.

ISBN: 9780170136952

ANSWERS

527

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
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234567890123
012
8901234
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34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 528 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

1
2 a --6
8
d -----15

6
b -----35

6
1
c --- = 1 --4
2
13
3
f ------ = 2 --5
5
3
i --4
11
l -----14
c 18
f 12

e 3

g 5

38
5
j ------ = 3 -----11
11
3 a 4
d 36

k
b
e

28
------ = 2 4
--10
5
1
3 --2
3
22

Mental Skills 1B
2 a
c
e
g
i

8 h 30 min
3 h 25 min
11 h 25 min
5 h 10 min
7 h 55 min

b
d
f
h
j

5 h 40 min
8 h 25 min
1 h 40 min
5 h 45 min
7 h 25 min

2 B

4 A

5 A

b 613 m

c 47 m

12 C

Power plus
1 b

i
iii
v
vii
ix

2 a
c
e
g
i

1.2 104
7 10-3
5 10-4
1 106
1.11 10-8

1234

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890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
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45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
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89012345678901234567890123
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78901234567890123456789012
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2345678901234567890123456
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56789012345678901234567890

24 000
0.0933
0.000 009 6
0.010 01
240 000 000

ii
iv
vi
viii
x
b
d
f
h
j

455 000
666.7
0.000 008 9
56 980 000
0.005 7011

3.45 108
4 103
4.1 10-4
3.35 10-4
7.2 10

4
270
153
50

2 a 320

b 314

3 a 230
e 324
i 116
m 2258

b
f
j
n

4 a 2

b -5

528

1164
748
70
3540

c 98.087 d 70.0
c 8
g 8

d 231
h -2

7 a 1.33
1
8 a ----10
9 a 9.31
e 10.4
i 6.25

b 2.09
23
b -------100
b 19.72
f 1.75
j 6.3

c 0.40
7
c ----------1000
c 30.5
g 0.325

d 2.75

b 1296
e 8
b 20
f -1

d 7.97
h 80

c 161 051
f 5184
c 3
g 100

d -5
h 3

14 a 2, 2, 4 100, 400
15 a 3 3
b 42
----4
5
9
11
16 a --b -----2
3
3
6
17 a --b --4
7
e 1
f 2

b 64, 8 7, 56
1
c 21
d 7 ------3
11
c 27
d 57
----------4
5
1
7
c --d ----2
12

18 a 0.14
b 0.7
c 0.021
5
15
1
19 a --b ------ = 1 ----- c
7
14
14
7
d 3 ----e 43
f
-----10
56
g 1
h 14
-------2
33
20 a $15.25
b 1440 m
c
d i 225
ii $660
e $108
f 15 000 L

d 0.08
5
-----24
15----28

$5620.50

Start up

Chapter 1 revision
b
f
j
n

b 13.11
b 10
f 53

Chapter 2

Teacher to check.

1 a 210
e 308
i 46
m8

5 a 0.5

13 15.6
3 4800

10 $125 000

11 a 566 m

h 3

12 C

8 0.8 m

9 $36.56

g -12

6 a 12
e 21

11 a 9
e 1.5

6 a $10.05 b $9.95
7 $57.75

f -14
j 8

10 a 343
d 625

Exercise 1-11
1 $54

e -11
i -4

c
g
k
o

15
40
40
1150

d
h
l
p

477
275
144
296

c
g
k
o

731
6468
22
4625

d
h
l
p

264
8082
93
69

c 7

1 a
c
e
g
i
k

7p
k2
2pm or 2mp
6y
g
4a

b
d
f
h
j
l

ab
n3
pkd
3tq
3q
x

2 a 10
e 16
i 4

b 24
f 7
j 4

c 6
g 25
k 20

d 10
h 20
l 42

3 a -1
e 3

b 4
f -13

c -10

d -18

d -9

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 529 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

4 1
1
4 a --- = --- b --8 2
4
12 1
e ------ = --- f 2
36 3

7
c -----10

2
d -----15

x
y

7
9

14
10

28
12

84
20

x
y

5
6

10
16

12
20

20
36

16

21

25

7 1---

11 1---

Exercise 2-01
b N+3

1 a 4N
N
c N M or ----M
N
e N 2 or ---2
g N + 15
i N1
N
k N 4 or ---4
m 10N

d N+1
g

h 12 N
j 2N

x
y

-4
-19

-1
-7

0
-3

3
9

mx

1
--2

3
--4

1 1---

yb

2 --1-

n 7N 12

q
f q r or -r
pq
h pq r or ----r
j pqr 7p

g pr + 7
i 4p + qr

3 a 5L + 2
b 3t 9
c 2w + 17
d 1.5k 4.2
1
e --x- + 3
f A
---- 12 or --- A 12
2
5
2
5y
R
g --- + 6.5
h 5y 3 or ----3
3
4 (Note: The wording may vary.)
a The sum of x, y and z.
b Three times N plus z.
c The product of x and y minus 5.
d N divided by 4.
e Four times x minus 2.
f The product of x, y and z.
g Five times N plus 12.
h Forty-seven minus 2 times N.

Exercise 2-02
2 a 11
e 14
i 13

b 12
f 26
j 32

c 16
g -1
k 5

d 13
h 14
l 6

3 a -150
e -5
i 18

b 100
f 34
j 11

c 9
g -15
k -180

d 2
h 19
l 5

4 a

e
m

0
0

5
30

9
54

23
138

c
j

4
8

8
12

11
15

32
36

n
q

1
13

3
19

11
43

32
106

ISBN: 9780170136952

b m2, 3m2
d 2v, 4v, v
f 5, 7, 9, 2

1 a 4x, 2x, x
c 2ab, 6ab
e 6pq, 2qp, 3pq
2 a
d
g
j

4m
8mn
11cd
6x2

b
e
h
k

10ab
2xy
4m
15p

c
f
i
l

3p
k
6y
3rs

5k + 4j
10s2 7st
2y2
8gh

b
e
h
k

9ab + 2
10mn
12d 4e
4p + 3q

c
f
i
l

7m2 + 2m
9k + 3l
4 2x
5a + 2c

3 C
4 a
d
g
j

5 a 3x 3y
c 9k2 + 11
e x2 7x + 7
g 11 + 11y
i 6g + 7h
k 52a + 30m
m 15x 2y

b
d
f
h
j
l
n

4ab + 3mn
6bc 9a
4p2
7r + 3s
6x2 13x + 6
5 5q
13r2 + 3s2

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Exercise 2-04

1 B

Exercise 2-03

b pq
d pr q

e 3q + p

f 7N

l 2N + 7

2 a p+q+r
c rq

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

1 D
2 a
d
g
j

12y
28q
24pm
180mn

b
e
h
k

56m
15f
30ac
54x2

c
f
i
l

2kq
21pq
8y2
8r 2

4 a
d
g
j

4m
8a
5
9

b
e
h
k

4d
15s
10
5mn

c
f
i
l

5k
12
7
4ef

5 a
d
g
j

-8bd
-4a
12m2n2
6e

b
e
h
k

-24m2
-7k
3c
6x2

c
f
i
l

-90kl
7
40r2
18mn

3 A

ANSWERS

529

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 530 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

6 a y4
e 7q3
i 3y3

b a3
f k3l2
j d2e2f

c 2c2
g m3n2
k 4q2r4

d t5
h p4k3
l m2np

Exercise 2-05
2m
4n 2n
1 a -------- = m
b ------ = -----2
10
5
x
2d
d --e -----3
5
7c
4x
x
g -----h ------ = --10
8
2
4r
4a
j ----- = r
k ------ = 2a
4
2
5f
13q
l
2 a ----b --------c --6
15
4
29k
m
3h
e --------f -----g -----24
20
10
3k
d
t
i -----j --k --4
8
2

3k
c ------ = k
3
12f 3f
f -------- = ----8
2
18m 9m
i ----------- = -------20
10
12k
l --------- = 4k
3
e
d ----18
29n
h --------24
47m
l ----------20

j 2
m 9d 2
1234

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

27
c -----xy
y
f -----2x

mn
b -------28
6a
e --------55k
p
h -r
2
k --3
4
1
n --- = 1 --3
3
b 3a
-----7
mq
e ------np

7
2 a --- = 3 1
--2
2
6
d --k
9
g --- = 4 1
--2
2
2
j m
m4

k
l --2
49
1
o ------ = 12 --4
4
x
c ----12
1
f 6
--- = 1 --5
5

l 6
o 4a

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

2x + 3y
5m + 10n
2mk
3x 4y

b
e
h
k

5p + 10
5x2 + 4y
10ab 8b
9a2 6a

2 a 8a
e 21p
i 7
m 15abc
q 3b

b
f
j
n
r

3 a 12
e 45
i 6

b -33
f -162
j 24

530

2x
2c2
5
pr
2a

c
g
k
o

c
f
i
k

27m
4
15rs
108mn

c 66
g -10
k 1

2a + 2b
5m2 + 9n
6m2 + 2m
7q 16
d
h
l
p

b 6m 18
e 9p 9q
h 15m 6

c 2j + 18
f 11m 44

2 a -3k 12
d -2d 2e
g -45 18x

b -4m + 4
e -5g + 5h
h -24f 16

c -7r 21
f -2c 6

3 a xy + 3x
b pq 7p
c d2 + 4d
2
2
d 2h h
e a + 3ac
f 6lm + 8ln
g 15k2 10k h 21j2 + 35jk
4 C
b -8p + 6q
c k2 12k
2
e 8n + 20mn f 2x 14x2
h -5 7k

7 a 7a + 26
d 6p 9
g 12p + 7

b 11k + 15
e 4 3y
h -8y + 8

c 3q 3m
f 9 6t

8 Teacher to check.
9 a
c
e
g
i
k

7a + 22
18 + 17j
n+7
14c + 23
m2 + 4m + 3
15f 2 2f + 4

b
d
f
h
j
l

6x
22t + 11
4w + 2
6
7d + e
-11e2

Exercise 2-09

Exercise 2-07
1 a
d
g
j

1 a 5a + 10
d 4x + 4y
g 14k + 35

10 They both are correct.


Jill: P = 2l + 2w
Thomas: P = 2(l + w)

i 1

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

5k
f -----12
7n
i -----12

6 Teacher to check.

i 1

h 2c
k 3
--a
b 6b

c a

Exercise 2-08

5 a 4x2 + xy
d -20 + 5m
g -2f 2 4f

Exercise 2-06
ac
1 a -----24
7q
d -----4p
4
g --9

5k k
b ------ = --10 2
4w
e ------21
13x
h --------24

4 a 3m
-------4
7y
d -----12
5l
g ----4

11k
24y2
4g
7n

d -3
h 15
l 0

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

1 a
d
f
g
h
i
j
k
l

1, 3, 9
b 1, 2, 4, 8
1, 5, 25
e 1, 2, 3, 6
1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 30
1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 21, 42
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36
1, 5, 11, 55
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24
1, 2, 4, 8, 16
1, 3, 9, 27

2 a 3
f 4

b 2
g 11

c 4
h 5

c 1, 3, 5, 15

d 5
i 3

e 6

3 C
4 Teacher to check

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 531 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

5 a 3x
f 4m

b 8j
g 16c

c 2x
h 5n

d 7k
i 3x

e 5p

Mental Skills 2
2 a 720
e 560
i 560

b 486
f 216
j 616

c 825
g 189
k 135

d 128
h 432
l 675

Exercise 2-10
1 a
c
e
g
i

2(x + 2)
3(4k 5)
3(x2 + y2)
6(2x 1)
2(2pq + 5)

b
d
f
h
j

4(p 4)
5(j 4k)
5(x 3)
2(a + 4b)
5(1 + 3x)

2 a
c
e
g
i

x(y + z)
p(q 1)
a(a + 2)
n(24m + 11)
k(3k + 4j)

b
d
f
h
j

a(b c)
c(d + b)
h(5k 8)
y(x + y)
f(e 2f)

3 a 4(x + 2)

b 3(m + 2)

c 5(a 2)

d 5(3m 2a) e 4(2x y)

f 4(3m 4w)

g h(k 1)

h x(2y m)

i p(12 + 5r)

j x(x + 5)

k m(4 m)

l y(y 11)

4 C
5 a
c
e
g
i

2a(m + n)
2a(2p + 1)
3x(y 4)
2x(7 y)
3y(3x 4z)

b
d
f
h

3x(2y 1)
5m(n p)
2p(q + r)
5j(4k + 1)

6 a
c
e
g
i
k

7a(b + 2)
3m(1 3w)
4m(2a 3p)
3x(1 + 3y)
xy(z + a)
ac(2 + 3b)

b
d
f
h
j
l

2x(1 3y)
5x(2y 5w)
3y(3x + 2m)
ab(1 + c)
6m(3 6n)
pq(r + m)

7 a
c
e
g
i
k

r(s + 7)
p(p 2)
j(3 + j)
7e(1 + 3e)
a2(a2 + 1)
3m(mn + 3)

b
d
f
h
j
l

4(s2 + 4)
2k(3k2 1)
n(7 n)
6q(1 2q)
xy(x + y)
3abc(4abc 1)

Exercise 2-11
1 a
c
e
g

-4(k + 6)
-5(r 5)
-a(p q)
-6(2y + 3)

b
d
f
h

-m(n + p)
-9(k 3)
-x(x + 7)
-f(4 f)

2 a
c
e
g

-4(x 2)
-5(x 2)
-2(3x + 4m)
-a(1 + b)

b
d
f
h

-3(m + 2)
-5(3x 2m)
-5(x + 2)
-3(xyz 2abc)

ISBN: 9780170136952

i -4(4 x)
k -m(2 5p)
3 a
c
e
g
i
k

j -a(x + y)
l -8(3x + 2y)

-8x(2y + 3k)
-4m(2w 3)
-ab(1 + c)
-6k(2 + 3w)
-4g(5f 1)
-abc(1 d)

b
d
f
h
j
l

-4x(4 3y)
-5x(1 + 3y)
-xy(a w)
-rt(4 7s)
-19a(p + 2)
-abc(1 + d)

Exercise 2-12
1 a m6
d y10
g h10
j t21
m m9

b
e
h
k
n

p7
k3
n8
d16
k12

c
f
i
l
o

k10
x9
q6
s24
p14

3 a 12x2
d 42k4
g 40e4
j k3l5
m 25c6d 4

b
e
h
k
n

10p2
8y4
a3b4
f 8g11
48u4v4

c
f
i
l
o

33m4
2u6
m7n7
6p4q2
80x15y14

4 a y2
d q3
g j2
j r
mq
p 1

b
e
h
k
n

m2
n8
e2
m4
c4

c
f
i
l
o

k
x5
1
k3
d5

5 a 2k5
d 2r
g 6v
j s6t5
m 4k4l 4
6d
p -----7e

b
e
h
k
n

4a4
4g2
6n4
m7n7
7g4h4

c
f
i
l
o

5l7
6p3
e6f
6x3y
8pq

2 D

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Exercise 2-13
1 a
d
g
j

n18
x14
k14
a14

b k6
e j 24
h v10

4k2
p10q5
8k3j 3
125x12y27

b
e
h
k

c y20
f b18
i t 20

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

2 B
3 a
d
g
j

125m6
81g16
16c4d 2
128m28p14

c
f
i
l

a3b3
m20n5
10 000r16s8
x12y18z30

Power plus
1 a p(9q + 5 2p)
c x(2 7x + 3y)
e (b 3)(a 7)

b 11(4k 3l m)
d (y + 2)(x + 3)
f (k + 1)(4 j)

ANSWERS

531

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 532 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

2 a i P = 4x + 6

ii A = x(x + 3)
= x2 + 3x
i P = 4p
ii A = p2
1
i P = x + y + 16
ii A = --- xy
2
6
1
5a + 7b
--b --------c -----------------x
10x
ab
x(x + 2) + 3(x + 2) b (2 + x)(x 7)
= 2x 14 + x2 7x
= x2 + 2x + 3x + 6
2
= x + 5x + 6
= x2 + 2x 7x 14
= x2 5x 14

b
c
3 a
4 a

5 x0 means 1 and 50 means 1. Teacher to check.


1
1
6 x -1 means --- and 10-2 means --------- .
x
10 2
Teacher to check.
1
---

1
---

7 x 2 means x and 64 3 means 3 64 .


Teacher to check.

Chapter 2 revision
1 a N+3
2 a 1

1234

0123456789

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

b 7A 3

b -12 c 18

3 a 13k
d 20m
g 7a + 9b

b 17d
e 5pq
h 16r + 11s

c 15p
f 10cd
i 8f + 7g

4 a 8x
d 32pq
g 8rs
k
5 a --2
17f
d -------20

b 21bc
e 24a2
h 5
m
b ---2
s
e -----12
2
b -----15

c 60m
f 5j
i p4
d
c --2

6 a 1

890123

0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

d 9

M
c ----- or M N
N
e -8 f 25

24
3
c ------ = 3 --7
7

7
3
d --- = 1 --4
4
7 a 4a + 28
d -32 8v

b 12k + 6

c -2n 8

8 a mn + 4m

b 2a2 + 3ab

c 14j2 21j

9 a 20 + 2n

b 9v 27

c 8y + 23

e 2

10 a 3

b 4p

c 2

11 a 3(x + 3)
b 5(N 5)
d 4N(2 3M) e xy(1 + z)
g y(y + 7)
h 4j(2k + 3j)
12 a -2(1 + 4q)
d -p(q 1)
g -s(s 7)

c 3a(2 + 3b)
f ab(1 + c)

b -4(4r + 1) c -3(4 5t)


e -8x(2 + 3y) f -k(k + 4)
h -mn(m + n)

13 a x6

b m6

c 2p7

d 8p3q4

14 a n6

b v3

c 16l 2

d 6r

d8

15 a
c 23m6 = 8m6

532

p4q4

b
d k24l18

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

Chapter 3
Start up
1

Teacher to check.

2 a acute
d obtuse
g reex

b obtuse
e right
h straight

c reex
f revolution

3 a 74

b 52

c 2

d 88

4 a 151

b 11

c 80

d 147

5 a
b
c
d

vertically opposite angles


right angle
reex angle
straight angle

Exercise 3-01
1 a
c
e
g
i

complementary
supplementary
straight
acute
angles at a point

b
d
f
h

reex
obtuse
vertically opposite
adjacent

2 a x = 70, complementary angles


b a = 112, straight angle equals 180
c a = 110, vertically opposite angles
b = 70, straight angle equals 180
d y = 285, angles at a point equal 360
e a = 19, straight angle equals 180
f x = 53, adjacent angles
g a = 52, straight angle equals 180
b = 128, vertically opposite angles
c = 52, straight angle equals 180
h x = 165, angles at a point equal 360
i x = 270, angles at a point equal 360
j a = 45, vertically opposite angles
b = 135, straight angle equals 180
c = 135, vertically opposite angles
k k = 58, complementary angles
l n = 70, straight angle equals 180
m w = 156, angles at a point equal 360
n q = 62, straight angle equals 180
o y = 40, angles at a point equal 360
p p = 45, equal complementary angles
q p = 62, straight angle equals 180
r a = 23, adjacent angles
m = 235, angles at a point equal 360
m = 270, angles at a point equal 360
a = 50, straight angle equals 180
x = 170, angles at a point equal 360
a = 80, straight angle equals 180
b = 65, vertically opposite angles
c = 115, straight angle equals 180
f a = 45, straight angle equals 180

3 a
b
c
d
e

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 533 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

g p = 90, straight angle equals 180


h m = 30, straight angle equals 180

2 Teacher to check.

4 C

3 A

Exercise 3-02
1 a alternate
c corresponding
e alternate
2 a
b
c
d
e
f

b co-interior
d co-interior
f co-interior

a = 70, alternate angles are equal


d = 45, co-interior angles add to 180
a = 61, alternate angles are equal
m = 120, corresponding angles are equal
p = 89, co-interior angles add to 180
m = 112, co-interior angles add to 180

3 a a = 61, alternate angles are equal


b = 119, straight angle equals 180
b c = 70, co-interior angles add to 180
d = 70, vertically opposite angles
c a = 65, co-interior angles add to 180
b = 115, alternate angles are equal
d g = 50, alternate angles are equal
h = 60, alternate angles are equal
m = 70, straight angle equals 180
e p = 100, straight angle equals 180
q = 80, alternate angles are equal
f y = 89, vertically opposite angles are equal
and corresponding angles are equal
g w = 108, co-interior angles add to 180
x = 108, straight angle equals 180
y = 108, corresponding angles are equal
h a = 100, alternate angles are equal
(by construction)
i n = 250, co-interior angles add to 180
(by construction)
4 D
5 a
b
c
d

Yes, alternate angles are equal


Yes, corresponding angles are equal
No, co-interior angles do not add to 180
Yes, co-interior angles add to 180

Exercise 3-03
1 a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j

k equilateral, acute-angled,
l scalene, right-angled

scalene, obtuse-angled
equilateral, acute-angled
scalene, acute-angled
isosceles, right-angled
isosceles, obtuse-angled
scalene, obtuse-angled
scalene, right-angled
isosceles, acute-angled
isosceles, right-angled
isosceles, obtuse-angled

ISBN: 9780170136952

4 No, because all angles equal 60


5 a b, d, e, h, i, j, k
b b, k
6 a
b
c
d
e
f

x = 42, isosceles
y = 7, isosceles
x = 60, equilateral
l = 4.8, isosceles
a = 17.2, b = 17.2, equilateral
r = 15, isosceles

Exercise 3-04
1 a a = 50
e e = 124
i i = 52
m m = 65
q y = 120

b
f
j
n
r

b = 30
f = 50
j = 90
n = 139
x = 96

c
g
k
o
t

c = 30
g = 67
k = 60
n = 158
x = 50

d
h
l
p

d = 60
h = 22
l = 30
m = 60

2 a x = 60
b a = 80
c a = 40, b = 50, c = 90
3 A

Exercise 3-05
1 a i d
b i t
c i w
2 a
b
c
d
e
f

ii a and b
ii q and p
ii x and z

1234

h = 104, exterior
y = 16, interior
e = 95, exterior; d = 85, interior
b = 116, interior; a = 50, interior
m = 135, exterior
y = 114, exterior; x = 66, interior

3 a e = 67
d x = 70

b h = 29
e p = 130

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

c m = 90
f w = 88

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

4 a m = 112
b a = 94, b = 86
c a = 74, b = 74, c = 38
5 B
6 Angle sum of a triangle is 180.
Angles on a straight line add to 180.

Mental Skills 3
2 a 176
e 682
i 152

b 363
f 707
j 540

c 261
g 1818
k 2142

d 405
h 3564
l 588

ANSWERS

533

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 534 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Exercise 3-06

1 a
b
c
d

parallel
equal, angles, right angles
opposite, sides, equal, bisect
sides, opposite, parallel, opposite, equal,
right, bisect
e equal, parallel, 90, equal, bisect
f equal, 90, sides, equal, right angles

2 a
b
c
d
e
f
g

Rectangle, parallelogram, square, rhombus


Square, rhombus, kite
Parallelogram, rhombus, square, rectangle
Trapezium, kite
Square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus
Square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus
Rectangle, parallelogram, trapezium

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

720

heptagon

900

octagon

1080

nonagon

1260

decagon

10

1440

c 4140

d 17 640

3 a 2340

b 3240

4 a a = 95 b b = 110 c d = 108 d c = 160


e g = 140 f x = 90 g e = 135
5

Angle size

90

3 b, c, d, f

triangle

60

4 a Square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus,


trapezium
b Square, rectangle

hexagon

120

m = 123
x = 156, y = 156
a = 49, b = 90
m = 75, n = 75
a = 5, b = 7
a = 70, b = 92

b
d
f
h
j

a = 154, b = 26
l = 45
x = 87, y = 93
a = 147, b = 33
a = 4, c = 7

1 a a = 90
b b = 60
c c = 140
d r = 90
e m = 62
f l = 15
g n = 131
h p = 50
i x = 280, y = 80
j k = 90
k s = 300
l t = 142
m b = 147
n l = 68, n = 113, m = 67
o a = 131, b = 49
p x = 130, y = 72
q m=5
r a = 50, b = 130, c = 108
2 D

Exercise 3-08
1 a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h

534

Polygon

octagon

135

decagon

10

144

pentagon

108

dodecagon

12

150

6 a 14

b 34

c 26

d 53

e 125

Exercise 3-09
1 Teacher to check.

Exercise 3-07

890123

hexagon

Number of sides

6 D

0123456789

Number Number
Sum of
of sides
of
angles inside
triangles
polygon

square

5 a
c
e
g
i
k

1234

Polygon

hexagon, irregular, convex


quadrilateral, irregular, convex
pentagon, irregular, non-convex
triangle, irregular, convex
decagon, regular, convex
heptagon, irregular, convex
octagon, regular, convex
nonagon, regular, non-convex

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

7 Teacher to check.
8 Teacher to check.

Exercise 3-10
Teacher to check.

Exercise 3-11
Teacher to check.

Power plus
1 Teacher to check reasons.
a x = 121
b x = 88
d x = 110
e x=6
g x = 67
h x = 155
j x = 108
k x = 30

c
f
i
l

x = 96
x = 34
x = 117
x = 140

Chapter 3 revision
1 a obtuse

b acute

2 a x = 50
c y=5

b a = 50, b = 130
d n = 72
e w = 130

3 a corresponding
c co-interior

c reex

b alternate

4 a m = 100, alternate angles are equal


b x = 95, co-interior angles add to 180

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 535 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

c x = 80, straight angle equals 180


y = 80, corresponding angles are equal
d m = 88, alternate angles are equal
p = 88, corresponding angles are equal
5 a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i

scalene, right-angled
scalene, obtuse-angled
isosceles, obtuse-angled
equilateral, acute-angled
isosceles, acute-angled
isosceles, acute-angled
isosceles, right-angled
scalene, obtuse-angled
isosceles, obtuse-angled

6 a a = 50
d y = 53

b a = 42
e x = 34

c y = 30
f m = 106

7 a
c
e
g

m = 63
y = 123
a = b = 115
a = 48, b = 66

8 a
b
c
d
e
f

square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus


square, rhombus
square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus
square, rhombus
square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus
square, rhombus

9 a y = 70
10 a
b
c
d

b x = 81

b x = 135
d d = 70
f a = 56, b = 68

c m = 26 d y = 61

quadrilateral, regular, 360


heptagon, irregular, 900
pentagon, irregular, 540
decagon, regular, 1440

11 a 120

b 108

c 135

12 to 17 Teacher to check.

Start up
b 73%
11
b --------100
51
e --------100
89
h --------100
b 6 kg
e $3

c 8%
1
c --------100
97
f --------100
55
i --------100
c $5
f 2 kg

4 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100.

Exercise 4-01
3
1 a --5
9
e -----10

3
b --4
19
f -----20

ISBN: 9780170136952

61
c --------100
99
g --------100

d 80%
7
g 63 ------ %
11
1
j 43 --- %
2
1
5 a 22 --- %
2
1
d 92 --- %
2
3
g 83 --- %
4

7
j 1 -----20
9
n ----25
1
r ----50

k 1
--4
o 49
-----50
s 1
--5

l 21
--2
7
p -----10
33
t -------100

13
3
b --------c --d
400
8
5
1
f --g --------h
8
200
9
7
j -----k --l
80
8
9
n -----o 1
p
--16
8
21% c 25% d 45%
70% h 96% i 30%
55% m 60% n 75%
52% r 80% s 50%
4
b 44 --- %
9
2
e 16 --- %
3
2
h 14 --- %
7

1
-----30
23
--------150
1
1 --3
1
1 ----16
e 26%
j 20%
o 40%
t 34%

2
c 66 --- %
3
1
f 62 --- %
2
1
i 6 --- %
4
2
l 41 --- %
3

k 40%
2
b 6 --- %
3
1
e 83 --- %
3
1
h 83 --- %
3

c 90%
f 55%

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Exercise 4-02

Chapter 4
1 a 13%
17
2 a --------100
3
d --------100
63
g --------100
3 a $5
d 10 kg

3
i 1 --5
1
m --2
1
q ----25
u 18
-----25
3
2 a ----40
31
e --------200
2
i --3
21
m --------500
3 a 17% b
f 48% g
k 30% l
p 85% q
u 90%
1
4 a 12 --- %
2

2
d -----25
3
h --------100

1 a 0.18
d 0.75
g 0.71
j 0.187
m 0.04
p 0.01
s 0.004

b
e
h
k
n
q
t

0.82
0.2
0.12
0.999
0.08
0.0912
0.007

c
f
i
l
o
r

0.56
0.5
0.163
0.511
0.05
0.0012

2 a
d
g
j

b
e
h
k

0.205
0.0675
0.025
0.625

c
f
i
l

0.0825
0.375
0.9175
0.182

b
e
h
k
n
q
t

55%
55.5%
3%
126%
167.2%
13.5%
70%

c
f
i
l
o
r
u

96%
5.4%
7%
135%
245%
31.5%
15.25%

0.125
0.075
0.875
0.5625

3 a 38%
d 62.5%
g 2.6%
j 145%
m 148.5%
p 287.5%
s 90%

ANSWERS

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

535

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 536 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mental Skills 4A
2 a 70%
d 88%
g 80%
j 35%
m 90%

b
e
h
k
n

66%
75%
80%
30%
45%

c
f
i
l
o

45%
75%
55%
80%
52%

4 a 25%
d 60%
g 59%
j 70%
m 91%

b
e
h
k
n

68%
10%
70.2%
42.8%
78.25%

c
f
i
l
o

17%
33.3%
84%
5.5%
31.4%

Exercise 4-03
1 a 75%
2
d --3
2 a 22%
13
d -----25

4
b -----25
e 18%

c 65%
f 55%

b 33%

c 93%

e 8%

f 26%

3 B
4 9
1
7
4 a 0.75, 78%, --- , ------ b 22%, --- , 0.29, -----5 11
4
20
3
c 57%, --- , 0.605, 0.62
5
3 16 27
7
5 a 80%, --- , ------ , -----b 0.7, ------ , 0.075, 7%
4 25 50
50
3 19
c 0.48, 43%, --- , -----7 50
1234

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

Exercise 4-04
1 a 17
d 8
g 87.5
j 12.6
m 217.5

b
e
h
k
n

24
15
17.5
67.5
85.2

c
f
i
l
o

14
38
7.2
84
57.6

3 a $55
d 19.5 L
g $100.34
j 286.72 km
m $89.68
p $1410

b
e
h
k
n
q

$45
126 cm
285 g
152.29 mL
45.539
1974

c
f
i
l
o
r

5 kg
$67.50
473.76 m
$15.62
43.18 m
113.6 ha

4 a 96 cm
d 75 mL
g 4 cm
j 27 g
m 219 days
p 6935 g

b
e
h
k
n
q

350 kg
108 kg
84 h
900 L
367.5 kg
1350 m

c
f
i
l
o
r

144 min
900 m
30 min
234 cm
2400 mL
18c

2 C

5 0.55 kg
6 a $0.71
7 231 passengers

536

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

8 a 63 swimmers
c 33 cars
e $149.50
9 a $105

b 273 road deaths


d 115 plants

b $70

c 1400 seats

Exercise 4-05
1 a 50%
d 58.3 %

b 90%
e 15%

2 a 75%

b No

c 87%
f 37.5%

3 62.5%
4 a 26.1%

b 30.4%

5 a 91%

b 9%

6 a 31%

b 13%

7 5%
8 a i 4.0%
ii 7.2%
iii 6.7%
b Oven iii is discounted the most
9 A
10 a
d
g
j

8.3%
23%
15%
37.5%

b
e
h
k

25%
12.5%
27.1%
53.3%

c
f
i
l

70%
12.5%
12.5%
11.4%

Exercise 4-06
1 a 125%
c

------ %
227 13
31

b 127%
d 295%

e 160%

f 228 4--- %

g 350%

------ %
h 108 44

2 a 104.5
c $2613
e 595 g

57

b 453
d 126 m
f $460

3 a Broncos: 125%
Bulldogs: 112%
Cowboys: 85%
Dragons: 31%
Eels: 116%
Knights: 87%
Panthers: 76%
Rabbitohs: 97%
Raiders: 87%
Roosters: 62%
Eagles: 185%
Sharks: 118%
Storm: 231%
Titans: 80%
Warriors: 152%
Wests Tigers: 78%
b Storm, Broncos, Sharks, Eels
4 a

i
ii
ii
iv
v
vi
vii
viii
b i

Petrol 129.9%
Share 185.1%
House 147.7%
Salary 115.3%
Car 110.5%
Rent 120%
Gold jewellery 142.3%
Computer game 150%
Share
ii Car

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 537 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Exercise 4-07
1 a 157.5
d $2650

Exercise 4-09

b 114
e 152kg

c 73.2km
f 13.3L

2 Teacher to check.
3 a $1.34, $2.02, $3.58, $5.04
b $1.35, $2, $3.60, $5.05
4 a $11
d $52.75

b $23.65
e $71.50

5 a $97.20

b $127.50

6 a $442.50

b $78.65

7 a $405

b $3105

c $43.45
f $99
c $51.75

9 $660 000
b 102
e 1240L

i
i
i
i
i
i

Prot = $17
Prot = $185
Loss = $5
Prot = $1.45
Loss = $1250
Loss = $21

2 a $234
d $1267

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

20%
44.6%
26.3%
52.7%
46.3%
26.6%

b $71.40
e $6.25

3 a $1000

b 40%

4 a $800

b 11.4%

c $468
f $16.20

5 23.3%
6 44. 4 %

8 $66 250
10 a 30
d $243.75

1 a
b
c
d
e
f

c 101.2kg
f $942

11 Teacher to check.
12 B
13 22 785

7 a
b
c
d
e
f

i
i
i
i
i
i

$15 prot
$110 prot
$12 loss
$40 loss
$12.50 prot
50c loss

14 798

8 a $25

15 $18 691.50

9 Prot of $448.25

16 a $540
b $378
c A loss of $92 was made.

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

23.1% prot
20% prot
44.4% loss
26.7% loss
48.1% prot
25% loss

b 55.6%

c 35.7%

Exercise 4-10

17 $168.30

1 27

2 81.25%

18 Less than. The new sale price is $376.20

3 80%

4 $41.25

5 60%

6 234 points

Mental Skills 4B
3
2 a --4
3
e -----50
14
i -----25
1
m --5
19
4 a -----25
e 22
-----25
i 17
-----25
3
m ----50

7
b -----25
17
f -----20
9
j -----10
6
n -----25
1
b -----10
f 14
-----25
1
j ----20
49
n -------100

3
c -----10
8
g -----25
18
k -----25
53
o --------100
4
c --5
g 3
--4
k 3
--5
o 41
-----50

7
d -----50
49
h --------100
13
l -----20

$700
$1900
3m
$700

b
e
h
k

$700
800 cm
150 min
80 kg

9
d ----20
31
h -------100
l 27
-----50

c
f
i
l

$4600
74.7 kg
$233.33
96 min

2 $1500

3 $3000

4 $24 000

5 79 800

6 $51 360

7 $15 250

ISBN: 9780170136952

8 348

9 37.5%

10 40%

1234

11 Prot = $60, 50%

12 $8625

13 $11200

14 11.4%

15 $172.50

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

16 C

Exercise 4-11

Exercise 4-08
1 a
d
g
j

7 $82.50

1 D
2 a
d
g
j

$120
$6
$393.68
$2428.38

b $720
e $1706.25
h $735

c $262.40
f $3777.75
i $63.53

3 a
d
g
j

$1350
$108 000
$4981.62
$468

b $2250
e $101.50
h $630

c $11 200
f $6255
i $18.43

4 a
d
g
j

$27
$1020
$988.17
$1364.18

b $11.38
e $3.96
h $186.43

c $18.75
f $225.50
i $12.25

ANSWERS

537

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 538 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Power plus
1 a $127.50
c $138.34

b $1627.50
d $1765.85

6 a 6561
e 72

b 25
f 32

c 216

d 36

7 a 15
1
8 a i --2
b i 5
--2

b 14
1
ii --3
ii 7
--4
ii 6 1
--3
b 11
-----15
f 13
--5

c 9.5
iii 3
--5
iii 22
-----5
iii 1 2
--5
7
c ----20
3
g ----10
c --k2

d 2.8
iv 4
--5
iv 13
-----7
iv 2 1
--4
1
d 4 ----10
h 2
--5

3 a $187 000

b $158 950

c $97 615.17

4 $1409.02
6 $220

Chapter 4 revision
37
1 a -----50
157
d --------100
3
f -----25

29
b --------100

13
c -----20

7 1--7.5
75
3
2
- = -------- = ----------- = ----e -------100 100 1000 40

2 a 70%
d 7.5%
g 112.5%

b 24%
e 57%
h 130%

c 22.2 %
f 34%
i 300%

3 a 0.12
d 1.23

b 0.162
e 0.88

c 0.57
f 0.054

4 a 56%
d 4.8%
5 a
c
1234

6 a
d
0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

b 61.3%
c 72%
e 0.153%
f 126.83%
1
2
3
14%, --- , 0.2, --b 0.7, 0.725, --- , 77%
6
7
4
23 1
13
------ , --- , 51%, -----50 2
25
6
b 15.75
c 89
24.82
e 90
f 11.9

7 a 33.75%

d 5
h 2
l -15

b $25.44

c $583993

7 a $318

c -20
g -2
k 6

b $67.76

b $519168

b 45.7%

c 42.5%

4 a 18

b -30
f -6
j -28

c 3
d 1
3
f 165 g 4 --h 8
i 2
4
5 a -4.23
b 22.39 c 0.7
e 18.4
f 0.0135

2 a $499200

5 a $96.80

3 a 8
e 28
i -16

b 9

c i 51
--2
9 a 11
--5
e 11
--3

10 a k + 5
b 20k
e k 12 or 12 k
11 a 8

b 9

12 a
e
i
k

b
f
j
l

13 a
e

5a
6
2a
8x + 6y
2d
-----3
5x
-----8
3
--5
4x + 8
-3p q

d 0.15

d 3k + 10

c -2

2k + 4j d
10p
g
11p + 5q
4d 2f
3p
b ----c
11
f 19n
--------24

e 19

d 3

4p
24ab

d 4x
h 2

7k
-----10

d 5m
-------6

c 6
--a
b 6m 24
e 6m + 4

d 20
-----m
c -14k 7
f 4p

16 a 2(m + 2)
d -12(x + 2)

b d(d 1)
e a(2b + 3)

c 6(p + 2q)
f -2x(x 3)

17 a 15y 6

b 5y5

c 7n5

13 $603.25

18 a m20

b 9k4

c 125m9n6

14 80%

19 a y = 65
c x = 313

b k = 135, l = 45
d q = 62

20 a d = 78

b f = 112

8 182.9%
9 $302.50
10 Refrigerator $327, Cordless phone $161.40,
Computer printer $288
11 703
12 a $260

b $38 990

15 a $67275

b 48%

16 a $28

b $650

c $39

Mixed Revision 1
1 a 140
d 480

b 135
e 180

c 120
f 15

2 a 325
d 20.25

b 41
e 27

c 301
f 37

538

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

14 a
15 a
d

21 a
b
c
d

b 1

i scalene
i scalene
i isosceles
i equilateral

ii right-angled
ii acute-angled
ii acute-angled
ii acute-angled

22 a m = 60 b x = 50
23 a x = 130

c t = 72

c k = 65

b m = 50

24 a parallelogram
c square

d m = 60

c n = 35

b rectangle
d kite

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 539 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

25 a true

b false

26 a p = 105

c true

b k = 40

d false
c x = 90

27 Teacher to check.
28 Teacher to check.
29 Teacher to check.
1
30 a i --ii 0.25
4
2
b i --ii 0.4
5
17
c i -----ii 0.85
20
1
d i --ii 0.125
8
1
31 a 34%
b 75%
c 21.5% d 62 --- %
2
3
6
32 a --- , 63%, 0.67, --5
7
11
b 0.015, 10%, 0.105, --------100
33 a $0.30 b 132
c $0.80 d 15 min
34 a 40%

b 35%

35 a $2.30

b $1.84

c 50%

1 a {red, blue}
b {red, blue, yellow, green}
c {red, red, blue, blue}

b
c
d

b
4 a

37 $680
38 a $499

b 45.4%

39 a $600.30

b $1200

c
c 28.8%

5 a
b

Chapter 5

6 a

Start up
1 a heads, tails
c boy, girl
e win, lose, draw

b 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
d red, green, amber
f pass, fail

b 0.03 c 0.26 d 0.6

3 a 60%
1
d 33 --- %
3
1
4 a --b
2
5
5 a --b
6
6 a less than
d more than

b 31%
1
e 11 --- %
9
8
1
--c --9
3
1
c 3
----4
5
b less than
e less than

e 0.875

c 75%

3
d --7

c more than
f more than

Exercise 5-01
1 a Impossible
c Even chance
e Likely
g Certain
i Likely
2 Teacher to check.
3 Teacher to check.
4 Teacher to check.

ISBN: 9780170136952

b
d
f
h

Likely
Impossible
Unlikely
Even chance

ii 1
--2
i {red, white, black, green} ii 1
--4
i {red, red, blue, blue}
ii 2
--- = 1
--4 2
i {red, white, white, white, white}
1
ii --5
i {red, red, white, white, white}
2
ii --5
i {red, red, red, white, white, white, white,
white}
3
ii --8
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
1
3 1
1
c --d --- = --e 0
6
6 2
Head, Tail
b 2
1
--d 1
2
red, purple, navy, white, gold, orange, aqua.
1
6
3
4
--c --d --e --7
7
7
7
1
--b 10 times c 24
d 0
4
7
No, the colours take up different areas of
the spinners. They are not equal.
Pink
d Green

2 a i {red, blue}

3 a

36 3281

2 a 0.4

Exercise 5-02

7 a
b
c

8 a {yellow, yellow, yellow, yellow, red, red,


red, green, green, green, green, green,
green, black, black, black}
4
1
b Green
c ------ = --16 4
9 a white, white, white, white, white, white,
blue, blue, blue, blue, blue
6
5
b i -----ii -----11
11
10 a {white, white, white, white, white, white,
white, white, white, white, white, white,
white, white, white, white, white, white,
white, white, white, white, white, white,
white, white, white, white, white, white,
white, white, white, white, white, black,
black, black, black, black, black, black,
black, black, black, black, black, black,
black, black, black, black, black, black,
black, black, black, black, black, black}
25
5
b ------ = -----c 0
60 12
ANSWERS

539

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 540 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

1
--3

1
--6

1
--4

0.3

0.16

0.25

7 a

b {5, 6, 7, 8}

33 --1-% 16 --2-%
3

12 a i 3
d

4 3
c 3; ------ , -----12 12

6 a
c
d
e

11 a 3

25%

3 1
ii --- = --6 2

Outcome
Probability

8 a

2 1
iii --- = --6 3

1
iv --6

50%

33 1---%
3

16 2---%

13

10 a

Mental Skills 5B

Green Yellow

Green
or

Blue

9 a

Green

Yellow

3
2 a --5

g 2.817

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

2 a 0.75
d 0.07
g 0.4
j 0.15
m 0.725

b
e
h
k
n

0.7
0.45
0.85
0.648
0.54

c
f
i
l
o

0.6
0.98
0.264
0.44
0.262

4 a 0.61
d 0.9
g 0.87
j 0.1825
m 0.007

b
e
h
k
n

0.04
0.085
0.124
0.2
0.0628

c
f
i
l
o

0.29
0.271
0.05
0.401
0.3005

Exercise 5-03
1
5
1 a --b 0
c --6
6
2 a Getting a head
b Rolling an odd number
c Not raining tomorrow
d Selecting a blue sock
e Selecting a brown chocolate
1
5
1
3 a --b --c --6
6
2
1
999
4 a -----------b -----------1000
1000
5 a 130
15
3
115
b i --------- = -----ii --------- = 23
-----130 26
130 26
75 = 15
iv -------v1
- -----130 26

540

f 5
--6
i 1
--5

h 0.503

c 1
--- , 2
--- , 2
--6 5 3

b 3.5, 3.51, 3.513, 3.55

Mental Skills 5A

0123456789

c 0.105

3 a 0.082, 0.81, 0.821

15 No

890123

1
b --4
4
e ----10

d 3.68

Blue

14 Teacher to check.

1234

0.7
b 0.3
Red 5, Yellow 2, Green 3
Red 100, Yellow 40, Green 60
0
3
9
3
------ = 1
--b ------ = --12 4
12 4
1
2 1
2 1
--b --- = --- c --- = --- d 0
4
4 2
4 2
28
36
-----b -----64
64
No. Teacher to check.
1
b 2
c 1
----3
3

6
d --- = 1
6

d 0.007, 0.07, 0.7, 0.707


2 3 1
e 10.04, 10.4, 10.409, 10.49 f ----- , --- , --10 8 2
4 3
g 0.045, 0.345, 0.43, 0.5
h --1- , ----- , --4 10 5
5 a 16%, 1
b 27%, 0.28, 1
--- , 1
--- , 0.25
--- , 0.4
6 5
3
1
2
c 0.05, 6%, --- , 50% d --- , 55%, 0.639, 3
--8
5
4
2
e 0.6, 0.609, --- , 69%
3
f 0.105, 17%, 2
--- , 22.5%
9

Exercise 5-04
Teacher to check.

Power plus
1
2 1
d --- = --6 3

iii 0

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

+
1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

3 4
4 5
5 6
6 7
7 8
8 9
9 10

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

6
7
8
9
10
11
12

a 11
b They occur a different number of times.
1
3 = 1
1
c ----d ----e ----- -----36
36 12
36
2 Yes, they each have the same chance of
winning.

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 541 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

3 a hot dog, cola, cake


hot dog, cola, ice cream
hot dog, lemonade, cake
hot dog, lemonade, ice cream
pizza, cola, cake
pizza, cola, ice cream
pizza, lemonade, cake
pizza, lemonade, ice cream
hamburger, cola, cake
hamburger, cola, ice cream
hamburger, lemonade, cake
hamburger, lemonade, ice cream
1
b -----12

Chapter 5 revision
1 Teacher to check.
2 a 5

b 1
1
b --6

3 a 1

c 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
3 1
c --- = --6 2

4 a 5, 6, 7, 8
1
1
1
1
b P(5) = --- , P(6) = --- , P(7) = --- , P(8) = --4
4
4
4
2 1
2 1
1
c --- = --d --- = --e --4 2
4 2
4
1
5
5 a --b --6
6
8
7
6 a 3
b ----c ----15
15
3
7
7 a ----c ----28
28
200 = 1 b 100 = 1
8 a ----------- -------------- -----1000 5
1000 10
2
400
1 = 9
c ------------ = --- d 1 ----- -----1000 5
10 10
9 a white, teddy bear

Chapter 6
Start up
1 a

f
m

1
4

2
5

3 7
6 10

x
y

-1
-2

6 10

4 -18 21

-9 10 --1- -23 --1-

e
d

1 3 5 22 f
7 17 27 112

h
p

1
2

-2 -5 8
-7 -16 23

-4

3
6

-4 7
-8 14
-47

2 a y = 3x
c y=x+4
e y = 10 - 3x

b y = -2x
d y = x -4
f y = 1--- x + 2

3 a n = 4m
c b = 2a + 5
e F = 5m

b q = -p
d z = -2h + 1
f v = -4u + 6

4 A(5, 0), B(4, 2), C(3, 6), D(0, 5), E(-2, 6),
F(-5, 3), G(-6, 0), H(-6, -5), I(-3, -2), J(0, -2)
K(2, -4), L(6, -6)
5 a B, C
d K, L

b E, F
e A, G

c H, I
f D, J

Exercise 6-01
1 a

x
y

1
4

2
8

3
12

4
16

5
20

T
20
16
1234

12
0123456789

8
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

b
teddy

teddy rabbit

or
rabbit cat

white
blue

pink

cat

teddy

teddy
rabbit

cat

9
11
10 a i ------ ii -----20
20
1
b The theoretical probability of a head is --2
10
(which is ------ ). The theoretical probability
20 10
of a tail is also ------ .
20

ISBN: 9780170136952

x
y

1 2 3 4 5 S
1
6

2
12

3
18

4
24

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

5
30

T
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

1 2 3 4 5 S

ANSWERS

541

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 542 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

1
4

x
y
M
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

2
7

3
10

4
13

5
16

Exercise 6-02
1 a i

x
y

0
2

1
3

2
4

ii

y=x+2

3
2
1
-2

-1 0
-1

-2

b i
1 2 3 4 5 B
1
6

x
y

2
11

3
16

4
21

x
y

0
-1

1
0

2
1

ii

2
1
-2

5
26

-1 0
-1

y=x1
3 4 x

-2
-3

H
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2

-4

c i

x
y

-2
-2

0
0

2
2

ii

3
2

-3

-2

d i
1 2 3 4 5 T

x
y

0 1 2
-4 -3 -2

ii

1
-3

x
y

1
4

2
6

3
8

4
10

-2

5
16

0
-1
-1
-2
-3

1234

y=x4

-4

P
12
10
8
6
4
2

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

-5

e i

x
y

0
4

1
5

2
6

ii

6
5

3
2

1 2 3 4 5 S

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

b i

y=x+4

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

-1 0
-1
-2

2 a i

y=x

x
y

1
5

2
8

3
11

4
14

5
17

P
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

-3

f i

x
y

0 1 2
-6 -5 -4

-2

ii

-1 0
-1

y
1
-3

-2

0
-1
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6

y=x6

-7

1 2 3 4 5 S

3 Yes

542

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 543 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

2 a

-1 0
-1

-2

-2

-1 0
-1

-2

-2

-1 0
-1

5
-2

y = 2x + 4

-2

-3

2 a i

c i

y = -x + 3

-1 0
-1

y = -x + 5

e i

x -1 0

-2 0

g i

1
-2

-1 0
-1

-3

1
--2

1 1 1---

-2

y = 1 3x
-2

x -3 -2 -1 0
y 5 4 3 2

ii

x -2 -1 0

y=x+1
y=x
y=x1

-2

-1 0
-1

-2

y = 2 2x

0
-1
-1

-2

-2

-3
-4

a They are all parallel to each other, so they


have the same slope.
b The coefcient of x is 1 each time.
c The y-intercept is different for each graph.
d The constant is different.

4 a They are moving up towards the top righthand side of the number plane.
b They are moving down towards the bottom
right-hand side of the number plane.
ISBN: 9780170136952

ANSWERS

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

-3

1234

y 1 1 1--- 2 2 1--2
2
1
y = --- x + 2
2

h i

y = -x

-4

-3 -1 1

ii y = -x + 2

x -1 0

-2

-1 0
-1

Exercise 6-04

-1 0
-1

-2

f i

ii y = 2x 1

y=4x

ii y = 1--- x

x -1 0 1 2
y 1 0 -1 -2

d i

ii y = -x

-2

-1 0
-1

ii y = x 2

ii y = 2x

x -2 -1 0 1
y -4 -3 -2 -1

-7

y = 2x + 10
y = 8x 6
y=x+9
y = 9x 9

b i

ii y = x 3

-6

b
d
f
h

x -1 0 1 2
y -4 -3 -2 -1

-2

Teacher to check.
Teacher to check.
Teacher to check.
Teacher to check.
Teacher to check.
Teacher to check.

1 Teacher to check.

-5

-2

3 a

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

y = 3x + 4
y = 5x 2
y = 10x 3
y = -2x + 4

y = 3x 5

-4
1

Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes

Exercise 6-03

-1 0
-1

-1 0
-1

2 a
c
e
g

-2

y = 3x 2
1 2 3 x

-2

i
i
i
i
i
i

Mental Skills 6

2
1

-1 0
-1

7 a
b
c
d
e
f

1
-2

y = 3x

y = 2x 1

-2

6 D

y = 2x + 1

1
-2

5 a Increasing b Increasing c Decreasing


d Increasing e Decreasing f Decreasing

543

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 544 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

-x

y=

+1

-x

y=

-2

-1 0
-1

-3

-2

The y-intercept is 1.
The constant term is 1.
They all have different slopes.
The coefcient of x is different.

-x
-4

a
b
c
d

y=

y = -2x

6
5

-2
-3

y = -x

-4

a
b
c
d

They are all parallel to each other.


Coefcient of x is -2 each time.
The y-intercept is different for each graph.
The constant is different.

y = 3x + 2

y
5

y = 3x
y = 3x 1

4
3
2
1
-4

-3

0
-1
-1

-2

-2
-3
-4

a
b
c
d
1234

All lines are parallel.


Coefcient of x is 3 each time.
The y-intercept is different for each graph.
The constant is different.

y = 2x
y=x

y
4
3

y = 12 x

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

-4

-3

-1 0
-1

-2

-2

0123456789

-3

-2

-1 0
-1

-2
-3

a
b
c
d

The y-intercept is 0.
The constant term is 0.
They all have different slopes.
The coefcient of x is different.

7 Equations with a positive (+) coefcient of x


have increasing graphs. Equations with a
negative () coefcient of x have decreasing
graphs.
8 a The equations of lines with the same slope
have the same coefcient of x.
b The graphs of lines with the same slope are
parallel to each other.
c The equations of lines with the same
y-intercept have the same constant term.
d The graphs of lines with the same
y-intercept cross the y-axis at the same
point.
e The equations of lines that are increasing
have a positive coefcient of x.
f The equations of lines that are decreasing
have a negative coefcient of x.

-3

Exercise 6-05

-4

56789012

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6
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90123456789012345678901234
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890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
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678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

y = - 12x

a They all pass through (0, 0).


b The constant term is 0.
c The four lines have different slopes, they
are not parallel.
d The four lines have different coefcients
of x.

1 B
y

2 a i

-2

5
4
3

y = 3x + 1
y = 2x + 1
y =x + 1
y = 12 x + 1

2
1
-3

-2

-1 0
-1

y=x

-1

y = -x + 2

-1

ii (1, 1)

y=x
=1

y = -x + 2
= -1 + 2
=1

-2

544

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 545 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

b i

x
y = --- 2
2
2
= --- 2
2
=12
= -1

ii (2, -1)

y = 2x

y=x+1

3
2
1
-3

-1 0
-1

-2

7
6

y=x+1
=1+1
=2

ii (1, 2)

y = 2x
=21
=2

2
1

-1 0
-1

-2

-3

-4

-6

-1 0
-1

-2

y=x2

-5

-4

-3

-2

y=x+4
y=x2

3
2
1
-6

-5

-4

-3

-1 0
-1

-2

-2

-3

-4
-1 0
-1

1234

a Rectangle
y=x+3
=3+3
=6

ii (3, 6)

y = -x 3

-2

y = 2x
=23
=6

1
1 1
1
b (4, 2), (1, 5), (- --- , -2 --- ), (-3 --- , --- )
2
2 2
2

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Power plus
1 a

e i

y = 2x

y = -3x + 6

-2

-3

y=x2
=32
=1

y=x+3

y = -x + 6

d i

Vertices are (1, 3), (2, 0) and (-6, -4).

-2

x+y=3+1
=4

ii (3, 1)

y= x 2
2

-3

y=x+2

x+y=4

= -2 + 1
= -1

-2

c i

y = -x + 1

y=x+1

2
1
-3

4 x

-1 0
-1

-2

-2

x=4
Parallel to y-axis.

y = -x 1

y=x+1
= -1 + 1
=0

y
3

x = -2
Parallel to y-axis.

y=3
x

f i

y = -x 1
= -(-1) 1
=11
=0

ii (-1, 0)

-2

4
3
2

y = x2 2

1
-2

-1 0
-1
-2

ISBN: 9780170136952

x
y = -x + 1
4

Parallel to x-axis.

2 a Curve
c Curve
e Straight line

b Straight line
d Curve
f Straight line

ANSWERS

545

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 546 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Chapter 6 revision
1

1
3

x
y

2
5

3
7

4 5
9 11

x 0 1
y -1 0

2
1

3
2

y=x+3
y=x
y=x2

11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

3
2
1
-4

-3

-2

-1 0
-1

-2
-3
-4

a The slope is the same.


b Coefcient of x is 1.

2 a i

8 a The y-intercept is 0.
b The constant term is 0.

1 2 3 4 5
y

ii

9 a i

y = -x 3

1
-2

y=x+1

iii Teacher to check.

y=x1

0
-1
-1

2
1

x
-4

-3

-2

-2

-1 0
-1

-2

b i

x -1 0
y -2 0

1
2

ii

2
4

-3

-4

y = 2x

iii Teacher to check.

y=x+1
= -2 + 1
= -1

ii (-2, -1)

1
-2

-1 0
-1

y = -x 3
= -(-2) 3
=23
= -1

-2

y y = 2x

b i
c i

1234

ii

x 0 1 2 3
y -2 -3 -4 -5

1
-2

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

-1 0
-1

-4

-3

-2

-1 0
-1

-5

x
y

ii

1
1
-2 -1 --2
y

2
-1

-1 0
-1

iii Teacher to check.


3 a Increasing
c Decreasing

b Increasing
d Increasing

4 a No

c Yes

6 a y=x+3

546

y=x2
= -2 2
= -4

1 a 12 cm
d 112 mm

b 19.2 m
e 21 cm

c 86 m
f 13 cm

2 a 4 m2
d 91.84 cm2

b 30 cm2
e 58 mm2

c 56 m2
f 140 m2

Start up

-3

5 a y = 2x

Chapter 7

-2

b No

y = 2x
= 2(-2)
= -4

ii (-2, -4)

3
1
- --2

y = 12 x 2

1
-2

-4

-4

d i

-3

-3

56789012
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345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

-2

y = -x 2

-2

0123456789

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

890123

y=x2

iii Teacher to check.

0123456789

d Yes

b y = -2x + 1 c y = -x 3

Exercise 7-01
1 Teacher to check.
2 a 2

b 2

b y = -2x 1

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 547 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

3 i a
c
ii a
c

diameter
sector
radius
circumference

b
d
b
d

segment
arc
chord
tangent

Exercise 7-02

4 Teacher to check.
5 Teacher to check.
6 D
7 a i 1

ii none

b i 1

ii none

1 a 3.160 493 827


b 3.160 494
2 a 3.140 845 07, 3.142 857 143
b 3.140 845, 3.142 857
3 a 3.141 056 714, 3.142 732 431
b 3.141 057, 3.142 732
4 3.141 592 92
5 3.1416
6 a i 3.141 592 653 6 ii 3.141 593
b Teacher to check.
c 3.142 857 143, two decimal places
d Tsu Chung-chih, six decimal places

Mental Skills 7
c i 1

ii none

2 a
e
i
4 a
e
i

16 000
16 000
1500
8
4
8.5

b
f
j
b
f
j

210
400
1360
50
50
4.23

c
g
k
c
g
k

9900
490
195
8
9
9.6

d
h
l
d
h
l

600
52
17 600
22
9.3
40.8

Exercise 7-03
d i 2

ii 2

e i 1

ii none

f i 1

ii none

8 a radius
d diameter
g sector
9
a
b
c
d
e
f

Radius
30 mm
12 mm
25 mm
13 mm
28 mm
20 mm

b quadrant
e chord
h circumference

c tangent
f arc
i segment

Diameter
60 mm
24 mm
50 mm
26 mm
56 mm
40 mm

Exercise 7-04

10 The diameter is double (2 times) the radius.


d
11 r = --- or d = 2r
2
12 a 20 cm
b 4 cm
c 10 mm
13 a 5 cm
ISBN: 9780170136952

b 1 cm

1 a 30 cm b 300 cm c 6 cm
d 21 cm
e 60 cm f 18 cm g 30 cm h 6 cm
2 a 12.57 cm
b 25.13 m
c 9.42 cm
d 18.85 cm
3 a 37.70 m
b 62.83 mm
c 43.98 cm
d 12.57 mm
5 4.71 m
6 a 188.4956 cm
b 477
7 236 mm
8 40 024 km
9 100.5 mm
10 C
11 16 cm
12 210.5 m
13 63.66 m
14 936.19 million kilometres
15 a 25.7 cm
b 10.7 cm
c 51.4 cm
d 142.8 mm e 22.3 cm
f 111.4 mm
g 100.1 mm h 18.0 cm
i 57.1 cm
j 69.42 m
16 Ali, 25.1 m

c 500 mm

1 a
c
e
g
2 a
c
e
g
i

28.3 cm2
0.2 m2
3421.2 mm2
38.48 cm2
254.47 cm2
0.13 m2
3.02 mm2
1256.64 cm2
17 671.46 mm2

b
d
f
h
b
d
f
h

452.4 mm2
19.6 cm2
13.85 cm2
78.54 cm2
804.25 mm2
0.34 m2
452 000 000 km2
1.77 m2

ANSWERS

547

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 548 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

4 539.13 m2

3 D
5 3690.7

cm2

6 615.75

7 6.2 m2
9 2035.8

cm2

8 0.44 m2
cm2

10 a 12 cm

b 24 cm

11 A

b 981.7 mm2
d 19.2 cm2
f 0.2 m2

cm2

160.97
28 110 cm2
21.46 cm2
292.12 mm2
88 584.07 m2

b
d
f
h

4 a i
iii
b i
iii

0123456789

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

m2

153.938
58.905 m2
314.159 m2
59.690 m2

cm2

221.54
46.27 cm2
16.08 cm2
41.73 m2

b 6.28 cm2

3 a Teacher to check.

890123

1
2
innite
1
1
1

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

3 a 1 cm

1 a 12.6 cm2
c 5.3 cm2
e 235.62 mm2

1234

i
i
i
i
i
i

ii 95.033

m2

ii 254.469 m2

5 a 4m
c 75.40 m2

b 2m
d 78.54%

6 a 9168 m2
c 1842 m2

b 7326 m2
d $44 668.50

7 a 32

b 521.07 cm2

Exercise 7-06
1 a 2.6 cm
c 2.6 mm

b 6.3 m
d 29.3 cm

2 a 8.6 cm
c 13.8 mm

b 14.5 cm
d 55.3 cm

m2

3 a 21.82
c 166.78 m2
4 a 52.4 cm2

none
2
innite
none
none
none

b 2.1 m

c 1.8 km

4 Three

Exercise 7-05

2 a
c
e
g
i

2 a
b
c
d
e
f

5 a 12.6 cm
c 44.0 cm

b 62.8 mm
d 88.0 mm

6 a 21.42 cm
c 26.85 cm

b 40.85 cm
d 56.55 cm

7 a 12.6 cm2
c 153.9 cm2

b 314.2 mm2
d 615.8 mm2

8 a 28.27 cm2
c 37.70 cm2

b 116.55 cm2
d 208.23 cm2

9 a perimeter = 63.7 m, area = 223.8 m2


b perimeter = 67.5 m, area = 218 m2
c perimeter = 59.5 cm, area = 22 cm2

Mixed Revision 2
1 a certain
c Teacher to check.
e Teacher to check.

b impossible
d even chance
f Teacher to check.

2 a {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
b {red, blue, yellow, green, red, blue, yellow,
green}
1
2
3 a --b --2
3
3
7
4 a -----b -----10
10
5 a

mm2

b 1216.42
d 8258.90 cm2

b 235.6 mm2 c 88.0 m2

5 27.7%
b

Power plus
1 a 35.4 cm

b 1228.3 mm c 57.1 m

2 a 85.8 mm2
d 39.3 m2

b 4.4 m2
c 47.1 cm2
2
e 117.81 cm

3 a 14.4 m

b 7.9 m2

4 a 2.09 cm2

b 0.36 cm2

2
4

R
H

3
8

4 5 6
12 16 20

c H = 4R 4

d H
20
18
16
14

c 2.81 cm2

12
10

Chapter 7 revision

8
6

1 a segment
d centre
g sector

548

b radius
e diameter
h tangent

c arc
f chord

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

4
2
0
1

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 549 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

6 a

0
3

x
y

1
4

2
5

x
y

0
2

2
6

15 a 78.54 cm2
c 314.16 m2

y = 2x

16 153.94 cm2

y=x+3

-2

1
4

-1 0
-1

-1 0
-1

-2

17 a 14.14 cm2
c 339.29 cm2

b 557.08 mm2

18 a 490.87 mm2

b 50.27 cm2

Chapter 8

b 452.39 mm2
d 38.48 cm2

Start up
c

-1 0
-5 -1

x
y

1
3

y
3
2
1
-2

-1 0
-1

y = 4x 1
1

-2
-3
-4
-5

7 a No
8 a

x
y

b Yes
-2
0

-1
1

0
2

b y=x+2

1
3

9 a y = 2x 3, y = 2x + 1
b y = x + 3, y = -x + 3
y

10 a

b (3, 6)

6
5
4
3

y=x+3

2
1

-3

-2

y = 2x

-1 0
-1

-2

11 a

1 a
d
g
j

16
625
4.41
11.56

b 49
e 900
h 1.44

c 144
f 10 000
i 106.09

2 a 4
d 14

b 8
e 11

c 10
f 7

3 a 25 cm

b 28 cm

c 76 mm

4 a 40 cm2

b 16 cm2

c 100 mm2

5 a 10.3
d 431.5

b 1.4
e 17.7

c 4.7
f 0.9

6 a 25.35
d 0.36

b 21.33
e 734.65

c 7.76
f 12.34

Exercise 8-01
1 a
d
g
j

25
12.25
100
900

3 a
d
g
j

b
e
h
k

c
f
i
l

3.46
18.03
30.63
8.94

28,

13 2.98 m
14 a 15.42 cm
c 80.55 cm

ISBN: 9780170136952

b 91.42 mm

21.21
12.37
27.87
13.38

b 8.6
e 7.4
h 10.3
160,

52,

77,

67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

c 12.5
f 9.8
i 31.5
18,

b z
e ST
h n

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

200

c LN
f TU
i f

Short Hypotenuse
sides (cm)
(cm)

a
b
c

a
3
6
6

b
4
2.5
8

c
5
6.5
10

a 2 b2 a 2 + b 2 c 2
9
16
25
25
36 6.25 42.25 42.25
36 64
100
100

ANSWERS

1234

0123456789

31.64
83.68
6.48
26.25

Exercise 8-02

2
b 75.40 mm
d 21.99 cm

441
36.6025
6.25
6.25

c 8
f 19

1 a p
d PR
g c
12 a 31.42 cm
c 62.83 m

c
f
i
l

b 30
e 11

5
d

121
4.41
169
64

2 a 14
d 25

4 a 10.9
d 12.0
g 4.5
c

b
e
h
k

549

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 550 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

3 c2 = a2 + b2, where c is the length of the


hypotenuse and a and b are the lengths of the
two shorter sides.

Exercise 8-03
1 D
2 a
c
e
g
i
k

BC2 = BA2 + AC2


p2 = m2 + n2
y2 = x2 + z2
c2 = a2 + b2
PR2 = PQ2 + QR2
f 2 = d 2 + e2

b
d
f
h
j

LN 2 = LM2 + MN2
XZ2 = XY 2 + YZ2
l 2 = m2 + n2
e2 = c2 + d 2
KL2 = LJ 2 + JK 2

3 a
c
e
g
i

52 = 32 + 42
12.52 = 102 + 7.52
6.52 = 2.52 + 62
x2 = 32 + 32
112 = 82 + r2

b
d
f
h

132 = 122 + 52
172 = 82 + 152
102 = 82 + 62
122 = 22 + p2

2 a
d
g
j

625
7225
9025
4225

b
e
h
k

4 a
d
g
j

441
8281
3721
16.81

b 10 201
e 26.01
h 40 401

3025
13 225
38 025
24 025

c
f
i
l

2025
56.25
2.25
60 025

c 961
f 6561
i 1.21

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

10 m
15 m
130 mm
7.2 cm
1.4 m

b
d
f
h
j

41 cm
25 cm
29.4 km
23.9 mm
4.4 cm

2 111.8 m
3

56789012

21 m

4 a 23.3 cm

b 89.6 cm

5 637 m
6 23.6 m
7 18.4 km

Exercise 8-06
1 a

74 m

60 mm

288 cm

85 cm

164 km

560 m

16.65 m

624 cm

786.25 km

b
d
f
h
j
l

right-angled
right-angled
right-angled
right-angled
right-angled
right-angled

72 m

3 10.39 cm
4 6.32
5 92.2 km
6 23 cm
7 3.61 m
8 10.50

1 a
c
e
g
i
k

right-angled
not right-angled
not right-angled
not right-angled
not right-angled
not right-angled

Exercise 8-08

b 6.7 km

c 7.2 km

2 a, b, c, e, g, h are Pythagorean triads

8 38 m

3 a
c
e
g
i

4 Teacher to check.

y = 9.2
y = 3.6
x = 11.3
m = 7.5

1 C

2250 cm

4 a 9 km

b
d
f
h

Exercise 8-07

Exercise 8-04
1 a
c
e
g
i

x = 2.8
m = 115.4
x = 306.9
y = 80

Mental Skills 8

1234

2 a
c
e
g

22.81 m

6 3.4 m
7 223.6 mm
11.25 m

7, 24, 25
11, 60, 61
15, 112, 113
57, 1624, 1625
117, 6844, 6845

b
d
f
h
j

9, 40, 41
13, 84, 85
19, 180, 181
99, 4900, 4901
4, 7.5, 8.5

10 Teacher to check.

Exercise 8-09

Exercise 8-05
1 a x = 12
c y=8
e d = 18

550

b y = 16
d a = 15
f x = 12

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

1 a 48 cm
d 140 cm

b 64.7 cm
e 170 cm

c 31.4 cm
f 11.9 m

2 a 12.9 m
d 35.3 cm

b 127.9 mm
e 35.9 cm

c 28.9 m
f 6.5 m

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 551 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

c 360 mm2
f 1.3 m2

4 a 22 m2
d 106.6 cm2

b 136 cm2
e 49.5 cm2

c 123.0 cm2
f 10.2 m2

1 a 22.6
d 5.4

b 10.6
e 10.3

c 27.7
f 2.8

2 a 16.2 m

b 16.9 m

3 a 21.2 cm

b 26.0 cm

Exercise 9-01
1

on

Power plus

Sun

1 a 20.2

b 8.1

2 a p

b XZ

3 a CE2 = CD2 + DE2


c r2 = p2 + q2

b PR2 = QP2 + QR2

b x = 25

c y = 9.12

5 a x = 22.45

b x = 17.55

c n = 70

6 a

161 cm

175 cm

e 40 mm

10 a 9.5 m

244 m

8 a, c

649 mm

13.22 m
9 b, c

b 152.2 cm

11 a 672 cm2
c 17.3 cm2

Red Black Purple Pink OrangeWhite


Colour

c 40.1 m

5 a

Score
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

b 1732.05 mm2

2 10
b 34.5

4 a Cola, Orange, Lime, Lemonade


b Orange 6, Cola 8, Lime 5, Lemonade 4
c 23

b 10
e

7 a potatoes
c 954 000 t
8 a dog

ISBN: 9780170136952

b onions
d 198 000 t
b 6

c bird

Frequency

5 a Adelaide 1 100 000, Brisbane 1 800 000,


Canberra 300 000, Darwin 100 000,
Hobart 200 000, Melbourne 3 600 000,
Sydney 4 100 000, Perth 1 400 000
b Canberra, Hobart or Hobart, Darwin
c 32.5%
d 18 times
6 a 100 beats/min
b After 3 minutes, about 108 beats/min
c After 2 minutes and 4 minutes

10 11

4 D

Start up
3 a 50

6 = 0.75 cm, 7 = 2.25 cm, 8 = 2.75 cm,


9 = 1.5 cm, 10 = 1.25 cm, 11 = 0.5 cm

Chapter 9
1 360

Jelly bean colour

12
10
8
6
4
2

3 Hours of sleep

4 a c = 9.43

7 28.28 cm

Frequency

Chapter 8 revision

ed
W
Thur

Sa

4 18.4 cm

Mon = 72, Tues = 36,


Wed = 48, Thurs = 72,
Fri = 36, Sat = 60,
Sun = 36

Day of birthday

Fri

b 95.0 m2
e 84 mm2

Tues

3 a 192 cm2
d 24 cm2

Tally
||
|
|||
|||
|||| |
|||| ||
||||
|
Total

c 3

Frequency
2
0
1
3
3
0
6
7
4
1
27

d 8

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Quiz scores

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Scores

6 a

1234

Sport
Ice skating
Speed skating
Ice hockey
Bobsled
Triathlon

||||
||||
||||
||||
||||

Tally
Frequency
|||
8
|||| ||
12
|||| |||| |||
18
|||| ||||
15
||
7
Total
60

ANSWERS

551

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 552 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Favourite winter Olympic sport


I

(Divide bar to these proportions)

c Ice hockey
7 a

No. of siblings
0
1
2
3
4
5

Tally
||||
|||| ||||
|||| |||
|||| ||||
||||
|||
Total

b 5
c 1
d Number of siblings

0 = 45, 1 = 90,
2 = 72, 3 = 81,
4 = 45, 5 = 27

1
0

Frequency
5
10
8
9
5
3
40

e Too open-ended and vague, should provide


options and state whether it is per year or
per week, before or after tax, from one job
or more. Also too personal, should assure
people their privacy will be respected.
Should explain why this information is
required.
f Should provide options, such as: Every
day, Two or more times per week, Once a
week, Once per fortnight, Once per
month, Rarely.

Exercise 9-05
1 a Munchies sell twice as much as Doggos.
b Munchies sell many times as much as
Doggos.
2 a
Millions of dollars

5
4

Exercise 9-02

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

c Q
g Q

d Q
h Q

2 a D
e C

b C
f D

c D
g Q

d D
h D

3 a C
e QD

b C
f QC

c QD
g QD

d C
h C

census
sample
census
sample

b
e
h
k

sample
sample
census
census

3
2
1
2004
2000
2002
2003
2005
2001

Year

Exercise 9-03
1 a
d
g
j

c sample
f sample
i census

Profit

4
Millions of dollars

b C
f C

2
2000
2002
2004
2001
2003
2005

Year

2 Teacher to check.

c Graph in part b because it is much steeper.

3 Teacher to check.

3 a The average weekly income in Australia is


about four times that of Malvolia.
b Answers vary.
c Teacher to check.

4 Teacher to check.

Exercise 9-04
1 Possible answers:
a Too open-ended and vague, Are you
generally satised with your current
lifestyle? Yes or No.
b Too open-minded, should include options
such as Very enjoyable, Enjoyable, Fair,
Not enjoyable, Very unenjoyable.
c Too open-ended, should include options.
d People have died for our Australian ag
includes bias in the question so it should be
removed to allow the question to be fair
and objective.

4 a The scale does not begin at 0, the scale is


not even: increasing by 50, then 25.
b
Per week ($)

1234

1 a Q
e Q

Profit

Firefighter salaries

1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
SA

WA

Vic ACT Tas NSW


State

5 Teacher to check.
6 Teacher to check.

552

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 553 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mental Skills 9
2 a

36

200

64

320 330 340 350 360 370

mL

500 504 508 512 516 520 524 528 532 536 540 544 548 552 556 560 564 568 572 576 580 584 588 592

128

30

35

160

170

310

min

200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700

kg

38

40

42

44

46

48

50

52

54

210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310

56

58

60

62

130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162
40

45

180

50

190

55

200

60
210

65
220

70

75

80

230

240

250

12:00 2:00 4:00 6:00 8:00 10:00 12:00 2:00 4:00


midnight am am am am am noon pm pm

85

90

260

cm

95 100 105 110 115

270

280 290

300

6:00 8:00 10:00 12:00 2:00 4:00 6:00 8:00 time


pm pm pm midnight am am am pm

120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225 240 255 270 285 300 315 330 345 360 375 390 405 420

sec

100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 625 650 675 700 725

mL

3 a

Exercise 9-06
1 a

Class intervals
15
610
1115
1620
2125
2630

||||
||||
||||
||||
||||
||||

Tally
||||
||||
|||| |
|||| ||
||||
|||
Total

Frequency
9
10
11
12
10
8
60

b 1620
2 a 402
Class
c
intervals
401410
411420
421430
431440
441450
451460
461470
471480
481490
491500

Class
centre
3
8
13
18
23
28
33

Tally

Frequency

|||
|||| |
|||| |
|||| ||||
|||| ||
||||
||||
Total

3
6
6
9
7
5
4
40

b 1620
b 500
Class
centre
405.5
415.5
425.5
435.5
445.5
455.5
465.5
475.5
485.5
495.5

d 411420 and 421430

ISBN: 9780170136952

Class
intervals
15
610
1115
1620
2125
2630
3135

4 a

Tally

Frequency

||||
||||
||||
|||

4
5
5
3
0
4
4
2
3
2
32

||||
||||
||
|||
||
Total

Class
intervals
950959
960969
970979
980989
990999
10001009
10101019

1234

Class
centre
954.5
964.5
974.5
984.5
994.5
1004.5
1014.5

Tally
||||
||||
||||
|||
||||
||||
||||

Frequency

||
|||

||
|||| |
Total

7
8
5
3
4
7
11
45

b At least 950 hours, but probably more.


c 10101019

Exercise 9-07
1 a

Number of calls
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Total

Frequency
3
5
7
4
5
4
2
30

ANSWERS

553

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 554 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

3 4 5 6
Number of calls

d 8 days

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

23

28

33

c 3

d 20%

Pulse
rate
5160
6170
7180
8190
91100

5 a

3140
4150
5160
6170
7180
8190

Class
centre
35.5
45.5
55.5
65.5
75.5
85.5

75.5

85.5

Tally
||||
||||
||||
||||
||

|||
|||| |||
||||
|

Frequency
8
13
9
6
2
38

Pulse rates

55.5

75.5
65.5

95.5
85.5

Class centres

e 70%
21 3
d ------ = --28 4

Exercise 9-08
1

||||
||||
||||
||||
||||
||||

Tally

Frequency

||||
|||
|

9
8
6
4
8
5
40

|||
Total

554

Class
centre
55.5
65.5
75.5
85.5
95.5

14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

38

5, 6, 9, 12, 4, 8
5 cm
4 days
155 cm
11 days
24 days
Age

65.5

Total

3 D
4 a
b
c
d
e
f

55.5

6 a and b

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

Frequency

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

18

45.5

Class centres

Class centres

890123

56789012

13

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
35.5

Use of Internet

14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

0123456789

0123456789

e 3

Frequency

Frequency
1234

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

Class
Class
Tally
Frequency
intervals centre
15
3
||||
5
610
8
|||| |||| |||
13
1115
13
||
2
1620
18
|||| |||
8
2125
23
||||
4
2630
28
||||
5
3135
33
|
1
3640
38
||
2
Total
40

Client ages

c 7 days
2 a

b 3140 The answer depends on the class


intervals chosen.
c 6170
d 42.5%

Calls made each day

Frequency

Frequency

5
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Number of goals

2 a
b
c
d

18
25
16
18, 26

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 555 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

3 a Ages
Frequency

23
1

24
0

25
1

26
2

27
0

28
0

29
3

30
1

31
6

4 a

b 31 to 38
c 23, 25, 26
Accidents on the
motorway each day
Frequency

4 a

32
3

b mode = 0
c 9
d 5

Stem
13
14
15
16
17
Key: 13

45

45

50

50
26
44 to 50
From the dot plot, 7A marks seem
generally higher.
f 26

Exercise 9-09
1 a

Stem
7
8
9
10
11
12

2 a
b
c
d
e
f

64
27
99
42%
4.7%
between 70 and 99

3 D

ISBN: 9780170136952

Stem
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Maria
9
5
9 8 7 5 2 0
6 5 1
3

Parramatta
3 5 6 7 8
0 6 8 8
4 5 6 6
6 6
1
1 1 6
6

Stacey
1
2
3
4
5

0 4 5 9 9
0 0 5 5 7 7
4

b Stacey, scores are closer together


c Maria
d Teacher to check.

1234

Power plus

0123456789

1 Teacher to check.
2 a

Leaf
6
1 6 8
5 7 8
1 5 5
2 2 4 7
4

b 76, 124
1
c 53 --- %
3
d 101

40
4

b Liverpool, overall higher scores


c 96
8 a

b
c
d
e

39
2

Leaf
7
0 1 3 5
3 4 5 7 7 7 8 9
2 2 3 6 6 8
0 1 5 5 7
7 = 137

Liverpool
5 4 4
5 3
5
8 6 6 6
8 5 1 1
6 3 3 1
6 4

50

2
35 40
7B marks

38
6

b Cobar Cougers, 5 times


Tilba Tigers, 2 times

30

37
7

6 a 25
c 92

6 a

0 25

36
4

b Dynamo, overall higher scores

5 C

35 40
7A marks

35
3

5 a 25

7 a

30

34
2

b 137 cm, 177 cm


c 5
d 4.2%, 16.7%, 33.3%, 25%, 20.8%

0 1 2 3 4 5
Number of accidents
on a day

0 25

33
4

67890123

Score

Frequency

0
1
2
3
4
5

4
5
3
6
2
3
23

Total

b 23
3 a

Class
intervals
3140
4150
5160
6170
7180
8190

b 32

c 20
Class
centre
35.5
45.5
55.5
65.5
75.5
85.5

Cumulative
frequency
4
9
12
18
20
23

d 11

Frequency Cumulative
frequency
|
1
1
0
1
0
1
||||
5
6
|||| |||| ||
12
18
|||| ||||
10
28
Total
28

c 1

Tally

3
d 96 --- %
7
ANSWERS

555

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 556 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Chapter 9 revision
1

Number of visits
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

No. of Students

15
12
9
6
3
0

B
O
AB
Blood group

Tally
|||| |
|||

Frequency
6
3
0
5
3
2
4
5
2
Total
30

||||
|||
||
||||
||||
||

A
B
AB

Frequency

a 1

Visits to school library

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1

1234

Age
22
23
24
25
26

Tally
||
||||
|||| |
||||
||||

Frequency
2
4
6
4
5

3 a QD
d QC

b C
e QD

c QC
f C

4 a census
d sample

b sample
e sample

c sample
f sample

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

7 a Prot scale does not begin at 0.


b Sales have increased greatly
c
Company profits
4
Profit ($ millions)

0123456789

0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

3 4 5 6 7
Number of visits

8 a

Class
Class
Tally
Frequency
intervals centre
6064
62
||
2
6569
67
|||| |||| ||
12
7074
72
|||| ||||
10
7
7579
77
|||| ||
8084
82
||
2
Total
33

b 10

556

3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Year

2
c 6 ------ %
33

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

10
9 10 11 1213 14 15

11 a 42

b 3

c 10

d Class intervals Class centre


3034
3539
4044
4549

32
37
42
47

5 Teacher to check.
6 Teacher to check.

890123

12 a 18

b 28
8
d -----15

c 3
13 a 31

Frequency
14
20
21
10
Total
65

b Stem
7
8
9
10

Leaf
1 5 6 8 9 9
0 0 0 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 8 8
0 0 0 0 2 2 4 5 6 8 8
4 5

c 90 kg
14 a

Girls
8
9 8
9 7 5
8
9 5 3 2 1
9 6 0
6 5 3
3
4

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

b 94, a girl
c Teacher to check.
d i 35%

Boys
0 7
8 9
0 8
0
0 5 8
2 6
2 3 3 4 5
5 8
3

ii 50%

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 557 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Chapter 10
Start up
1 a
d
g
j

300 cm
1500 mL
5 min
7.5 L

b
e
h
k

120 min
3.6 m
65 mm
8150 m

2 a 6
b 12 c 4
1
4
3 a --b --4
5
4
1
5
2
e --- = 1 --- f --- = 1 --3
3
3
3
4 a 6
b 10
e 6
f 4
5 a 2
d 405
g 2125

c
g
c
g

c
f
i
l

3
--5
5
--- = 1 1
--4
4
9
10

b 17
e 4
h 6210

2t
18 000 mg
8h
85 cm
d
h
d
h

1
--4
15
------ = 3 3
--4
4
2
5

c 95
f 190
i 470

Exercise 10-01
1 a 5:7
d 7 : 13

b 3:5
e 5:3

c 7:9

2 a 7 : 12
d 13 : 20

b 5:8
e 3:8

c 9 : 16

3 a and b Teacher to check

c About 1 : 3

4 Teacher to check.
6 a 1 : 12
c 8:4 = 2:1

b 4:1
d 4 : 12 = 1 : 3

7 a 12 : 5
c 15 : 60 = 1 : 4

b 1:4
d 5:3

8 Class B.
b 17 : 100
e 16 : 3

11 a 1 : 2

c 5 : 12
f 1 : 10

b 25 : 30 = 5 : 6
d 10 : 3
f 3:5

10 a 3 : 250
c 1:3
e 2:5
b 1:4

c 11 : 9

d 2:1

12 B

Exercise 10-02
1 a 2 : 3 = 8 : 12
c 3 : 5 = 9 : 15
e 5 : 8 = 20 : 32
g 5 : 11 = 30 : 66
i 2 : 1 = 10 : 5
k 12 : 4 =3 : 1
m 30 : 45 = 6 : 9
o 16 : 40 = 2 : 5
q 24 : 20 = 6 : 5
s 2 : 3 : 4 = 6 : 9 : 12

ISBN: 9780170136952

3 a
c
e
g

v 7
--- = 21
-----8 24
x --5- = 25
-----3 15
1:2
c 2:5
7:3
g 10 : 1
41 : 107 k 3 : 1
24 : 13 o 2 : 7

2:3:5
3:1:4
2:3:4
8 : 12 : 9

4 a 50 : 200 = 1 : 4
c 5 : 49
e 70 : 210 = 1 : 3
g 15 : 48 = 5 : 16
i 4000 : 350 = 80 : 7
k 18 : 1000 = 9 : 500
m 48 : 8 = 6 : 1

d
h
l
p

5:7
5 : 11
1 : 16
2:5

b
d
f
h

3:4:6
1:2:6:3
5:3:2
2:5:3:7

b
d
f
h
j
l
n

300 : 1200 = 1 : 4
30 : 120 = 1 : 4
24 : 6 = 4 : 1
20 : 1000 = 1 : 50
25 : 180 = 5 : 36
8 : 48 = 1 : 6
75 : 500 = 3 : 20

5 4:5
6 5 : 1000 = 1 : 200
68 : 1000 = 17 : 250
7 a 48 : 28 = 12 : 7
c 35 : 28 = 5 : 4
e 20 : 28 : 35

b 20 : 35 = 4 : 7
d 20 : 48 = 5 : 12
f 48 : 83

Exercise 10-03

5 Teacher to check.

9 a 13 : 25
d 150 : 1

u 2
--- = 6
--3 9
7 = 35
w ----- --------20 100
2 a 1 : 10
b
e 3:2
f
i 1:1
j
m 19 : 7
n

b
d
f
h
j
l
n
p
r
t

1 : 5 = 2 : 10
4 : 7 = 20 : 35
7 : 12 = 49 : 84
3 : 4 = 75 : 100
5 : 9 = 20 : 36
17 : 34 = 1 : 2
24 : 12 = 4 : 2
5 : 20 = 15 : 60
50 : 40 = 25 : 20
3 : 4 : 5 = 15 : 20 : 25

1 a 5:6
d 4:3
g 5:2
j 8:5
m6:4:3

b
e
h
k
n

3:4
4:3
4:3
25 : 12
8 : 15 : 14

2 a 5:8
d 2:1
g 9 : 14

b 40 : 1
e 5 : 14
h 32 : 15

c 4:1
f 10 : 13
i 5:3

3 a 4:7
d 1:2
g 1:4
j 3:2
m 10 : 7
p 100 : 20 : 3

b
e
h
k
n
q

c
f
i
l
o
r

13 : 8
3:4
1:2
1 : 100
9 : 10
2:1:3

c
f
i
l
o

9:8
8:5
12 : 7
9:5
5 : 18 : 20

5:3
3:2
20 : 1
2 : 15
100 : 7
45 : 10 : 9

1 C
2 32 cm

3 20 cm

4 1440 students

5 245

6 480 kg

7 17.5 km/h

8 8 kg

9 Ali $90, Fiona $63

10 18 cm, 24 cm
12 20.4 tonnes

ii larger packet by 10 cents


13 1.52 m

ANSWERS

0123456789
67890123

Exercise 10-04

11 a i 5 kg

1234

557

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 558 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

14 a 5 mL

b 20 mL
2
16 186 --- m
3

15 203 m
17 $18 288 000

18 a 45 cm, 36 cm
b 99 cm
2
2
19 11 --- mL of Y, 16 --- mL of Z
3
3

Exercise 10-05
1 a 9

b 5

c 7

d 11

e 13

f 6

2 a $400, $100 b $200, $300 c $350, $150


d $50, $450 e $250, $250 f $375, $125
3 $30 and $60
4 $1000, $1000, $2000
5 $16, $24
7 20 g, 80 g
9 18 kg, 30 kg

6 $200, $400, $600


8 18, 16
10 D

11 $40

12 125 girls

13 25

14 600 g

16 4375 kg or 4.375 tonnes

1234

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

3 6670 km

4 66 cm

i 1.36 km
ii 1 km to the middle of the park
iii 680 m
b i 1.36 km
ii 0.68 km
c 560 m
d 400 m by 160 m
e 160 m
f 20 cm

Mental Skills 10

18 4 m, 6 m and 10 m

Exercise 10-08

19 240 kg

1 Teacher to check.

Exercise 10-06

2 a 20 sheep/h
c $4.50/kg
e 20 m/s
g 40 marks/test
i 90 cars/day
k 37 m/s
m 1500 rev/min
o 50 km/h
q 4.5 runs/over
s $10.50/h

1 a
b
c
d
2 a
b
c
d
e
f
3 a

72 mm or 7.2 cm long
height 700 cm or 7 m
160 mm or 16 cm
640 mm or 64 cm
i
i
i
i
i
i

i
ii
iii
iv
v
b i

400 cm
200 cm
90 cm
275 cm
1700 cm
120 cm

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

4m
2m
0.9 m
2.75 m
17 m
1.2 m

5m4m
5m4m
2.5 m 2 m
4m3m
4m4m
20 m2
ii 20 m2

4 a 0.35 mm
c 30 mm or 3 cm

558

b
d
f
h
j
l
n
p
r
t

9.8 m/s
25 students/teacher
34 points/game
8 articles/h
600 boxes/h
920 bottles/h
$35/h
$2.75/kg
8 km/L
50 kg/ha

3 Teacher to check.

Exercise 10-09

iii 16 m2

b 8 mm
d 0.28 mm

Exercise 10-07
1 a
b
c
d
e
f

5 5.6 cm

6 a

2 a $35.85 b $39.80 c $35.75 d $34.80


e $42.85 f $69.80 g $57.80 h $53.65
i $59.90 j $133.70

15 1078 letters
17 80 kg

2 1 : 25 000 is 1 cm = 250 m
a i 50 000 cm or 500 m
ii 75 000 cm or 750 m
iii 150 000 cm or 150 m
iv 137 500 cm or 1375 m or 1.375 km
v 237 500 cm or 2375 m or 2.375 km
vi 68 750 cm or 687.5 m
b i 40 cm
ii 10 cm
iii 20 cm
iv 16 cm
v 28 cm
vi 2 cm

3 cm : 300 m = 1 : 10 000
2.5 cm : 5 km = 1 : 200 000
6 cm : 1500 m = 1 : 25 000
7.5 cm : 3 km = 1 : 40 000
8 cm : 4 km = 1 : 50 000
7.5 cm : 750 m = 1 : 10 000
NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

1 1100 words

2 $475

3 420 runs

4 300 km

5 500 m

6 2520 mL

7 975 sheep

8 48 km

9 6 ights

10 400 revs

11 a 30

b 11

c 40 s

12 a 17C

b 29C

c 12 noon

13 a 14 L

b 126 km
5
15 4 --- ha
6
b 480

14 $3980
17 a 12

18 a 5400 seconds

b 90 min

16 7 s
c 70 ha
1
c 1 --- h
2

ISBN: 9780170136952

19 a 2400 m2
c 60 m2

b 40 m2
d 24 min

20 13 km/L

Exercise 10-10
1 a 5 km/h
d 17 km/h

b 480 km/h
e 100 km/h

c 5 km/h
f 80 km/h

2 a 120 km/h
c 200 km/h
e 36 km/h

b 120 km/h
d 9 km/h
f 6 km/h

3 a 8 m/s

b 1.5 m/s

4 B
1500
1.5
5 a ------------ = 100 m/min
b ---------- = 6 km/h
15
0.25
6 40 km/h
7 D
8 a 720 km

b 30 km

9 3 km
11 56 km/h
13 Teacher to check.

c 1330 km

10 63.9 km
1
12 1 --- hours
2
14 54.05 seconds

Exercise 10-11
1
1 a 1 --- hours; 6 km
2
b 2 km/h
c 12 km
d Between 11:30am and 1:30pm; and
between 2:00pm and 2:30pm
2 a 300 km
d 100 km/h

b 4 hours
e 100 km

c 1 hour

3 a 11:00am, 12:15pm, 12:45pm, 2:00pm


b 12:45pm
c 48 km
1
d 4 --- hours
e 10.7 km/h
2
f i 16 km/h
ii 6.4 km/h
iii 9.6 km/h
iv 12 km/h
4 a 240 km b 10:00am, 160 km c Sam
d 9:00am to 9:15am, 10:15am to 11:15am
1
e Sam: 96 km/h, Brian: 53 --- km/h
3
5

120

Speed km/h

100

Triathletes training
20
16
12
8
4
0
5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00
am am am am am am
Time

7 Teacher to check.
8 a B

b A

c C

Exercise 10-12
1 a
c
e
g
i
k

18 000 m/h
$0.01/g
2400 mL/h
50 000 kg/ha
$39 000/year
360 sheep/day

b
d
f
h
j
l

108 000 m/h


1200 mL/h
18 000 m/h
25 000 kg/day
30 km/h
$420/week

2 a
c
e
g
i
k

18 km/h
$100/kg
666.7 mL/s
250 kg/ha
30.5 m/s
8 m/mL

b
d
f
h
j
l

1260 m/h
2.4 L/h
432 L/day
60 000 kg/day
50 g/cm
$42/h

3 a 97.2 km/h
c 11.88 km/h
e 82.8 km/h

b 349.2 km/h
d 108 km/h

1234

Power plus

0123456789

1 1 : 1 000 000, 1 : 200 000, 1 : 10 000,


1 : 1 000 000, 1 : 2 000 000

67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

2 262 400
3 a 704 km2

b 49 928 568 700


56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

4 Teacher to check.
5 a 375 g can
c 735 g tub
18x
6 y = --------- km/h
5

b 2 L bottle
d 235 g jar

Chapter 10 revision

80

1 a 8 : 16 or 1 : 2

60
40

20
a
0

Distance from home (km)

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 559 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

1
2

1 1 12
Hours

ISBN: 9780170136952

b 12 : 24 or 1 : 2

2 a 4:7
d 5:9

b 1:3
e 3:1:4

c 1:6
f 1 : 5 : 20

3 a 5:2
d 3:8

b 2:3
e 1:5

c 25 : 1
f 1:5

4 a 2 : 3 = 8 : 12
c 2 : 3 : 4 = 6 : 9 : 12
2 6
e --- = --3 9

b 1 : 5 = 2 : 10
d 3 : 4 : 5 = 15 : 20 : 25
7 21
f --- = -----8 24
ANSWERS

559

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 560 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

5 a 2:3
e 4:1

b 1:3
f 1:4

6 a 100 girls

c 4:3
g 65 : 4

d 3:5
h 3:2

b $45 000

8 $1000, $2000, $3000


9 a 91 cm (approximately)
b 11.2 cm (approximately)

8 a triangular prism
f triangular prism

10 a 1 : 25 000
b i 625 m
c i 3.5 cm

ii 1100 m or 1.1 km
ii 10 cm

11 a $3.50/kg
c $14.10/h

b 110 km/h
d 5.2 runs/over

12 a $19.95
c 18.5 L

b $503.50
d 7.5 ha

13 a 10 km/h

b 5 km/h

14 a 20 km/h

b 90 km/h

15 a 170 km

b 247.5 km

16 a 80 m/min

b 4.8 km/h

17 a 20 km b 3 stops c 4 km/h d 2:30pm


e Between 2:30pm and 3:30pm
18 a 2880 mL/h
1
c 8 --- m/s
3
19 a 7.5 m/s, 27 km/h

b 0.14 kg/m2
d 24 cm/min
b 12.5 m/s, 45 km/h

Chapter 11

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

b neither
e neither
h pyramid

7 a 5
f 5

7 $40 and $60

1234

6 a prism
d prism
g neither

Start up
1 a 200 mm
d 4.6 cm
g 0.6 km

b 3.5 m
e 4000 m
h 8.2 m

c 2.5 km
f 5.2 km
i 400 mm

2 a 48 mm
d 66 cm

b 30 m
e 100 mm

c 340 m

3 a 120 m2
d 42 m2
g 9.86 cm2

b 121 cm2
c 30 m2
e 50.27 cm2 f 78 km2
h 380.13 mm2

4 28.27
5 a

cm2
b

b 3
g 1

d 6
i 6

e 2

d rectangular prism
i cube

Exercise 11-01
1 a
b
c
d
e
f

i
ii
i
i
i
i
i
ii

0.1 cm or 1 mm
0.05 cm or 0.5 mm
1C
ii 0.5C
1s
ii 0.5 s
10 km/h
ii 5 km/h
20 mL
ii 10 mL
1 min
0.5 min or 30 seconds

2 a C

b i 250 m

ii 349 m

Exercise 11-02
1 a
c
e
g

8 000 000 mm2


32 000 m2
0.66 ha
900 ha

2 a 24 m2
d 37.21 m2
3 a
d
g
j

150 m2
156 m2
189 m2
201.19 km2

8.5 cm2
173 000 cm2
480 mm2
3.5 km2

b
d
f
h

b 36 cm2
e 6 km2
b
e
h
k

c 53.3 mm2
f 85.56 km2

51 m2
c 88 m2
2
27.89 cm f 36 cm2
1000 cm2 i 71 m2
88 000 cm2

4 B
5 a 38.7 cm2

b 27.2 cm2

Exercise 11-03
1 a 48 cm2
d 3 cm2

b 136 m2
e 340 mm2

c 54.4 cm2
f 84 cm2

2 A
3 a
b
c
d
e
f
g

700 mm2 or 7 cm2


450 mm2 or 4.5 cm2
70 000 cm2 or 7 m2
168 000 cm2 or 16.8 m2
490 mm2 or 4.9 cm2
1 619 200 cm2 or 161.92 m2
54.56 mm2

4 a 950 mm2
d 70 cm2

c 5
h 4

c pyramid
f prism
i prism

b 280 mm2
e 91.52 cm2

c 20 m2

Exercise 11-04
1 a 1.5 cm2
d 210 cm2

560

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

b 850 mm2

c 8.16 m2

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 561 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

2 a 240 m2
d 1344 m2

b 80 cm2
e 1.8 m2

c 315 mm2

3 a 148 mm2 b 1080 m2


d 33.02 mm2 e 472 cm2
g 862.5 mm2 h 162 cm2

c 97.6 m2
f 30 cm2
i 680 cm2

1 D
2 a 150 cm2
d 1840 m2

b 176 m2
c 224 mm2
e 10 800 mm2

3 a 746 cm2
d 542 m2

b 337.5 mm2 c 126.5 cm2


e 684 mm2 f 144 m2
b 2.52 m2
e 9 cans

cm2

5 a 145 140
= 14.514
b $174.17 $175

c 71 .74 m2
f $494.55

c 862.4 m2

Mental Skills 11
b
f
j
n
r

70
900
770
26
8

c
g
k
o
s

240
220
18
18
104

d
h
l
p
t

900
300
34
12
24

5 000 000
4 000 000
6
7600
8 200 000 000

b
d
f
h
j

1 600 000
0.002
8 200 000
4 000 000
0.9

2 a 210.8 m3
c 486.42 cm
e 25 300 mm3

b 4.096 875 m3
d 176 km3
f 1300 m3

3 a 135 cm3
c 6120 mm3
e 21 952 mm3

b 64 m3
d 1.728 m3
f 258.06 cm3

4 a 48 cm3
d 90 cm3

b 264 mm3
e 15 400 mm3
mm3

5 a 22 500
c 13 200 cm3

c 1512 m3
f 7.8125 m3
cm3

b 928
d 288 cm3

6 0.306 m2
7 A
cm3

8 a 220
c 24 000 m3
e 82 m3

ii 1000 L

iii 1 kL

4 a 70 200 000 cm3

b 70 200 L

5 a 1.32 m3

b 1320 L

6 a 121 500

cm3

b 121.5 L

7 1 800 000 L
8 Answers may vary. Teacher to check.

Exercise 11-08
1 C
2 a
c
e
g

1133.0 cm3
1.8 m3
17 583.1 cm3
499.6 m3

mm3

b 11 220
d 29 450 mm3

b 17 671.5 mm3
d 1606.0 cm3
f 301 592.9 mm3

3 2714.3 cm3

4 B

5 424 mL

6 Answers may vary.


m3

b 18 849.6 litres

8 a A = 201.1 m2
V = 4021.2 m3
c A = 153.9 mm2
V = 1005.3 mm3

b A = 4263.8 m2
V = 732 944.7 m3
d A = 49.1 m2
V = 786.1 m3

9 a 380.8 m3

b 3 685 088.2 mm3

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Power plus
1 a 15.6 cm2
c 8.4 m2

b 66.4 mm2
d 30 km2

2 a 450 m3
c 3541.8 cm3
e 40 565.3 mm3

b 5209.8 cm3
d 117.8 m3

3 a 2919.7 cm2

b 512.0 mm2

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

Chapter 11 revision
1 a i 0.5 cm
b i 250 g
c i 0.001 kg

ii 0.25 cm
ii 125 g
ii 0.0005 kg

2 a 450 mm2
c 6.3 m2

b 133 cm2
d 86 cm2

3 a 120 m2
4 a 550

cm2

5 a 384 mm2

ISBN: 9780170136952

c 8200
f 900
i 3.5

3 A

7 a 18.85

Exercise 11-06
1 a
c
e
g
i

b 1600
e 8200
h 3400

10 1728 L

b 71.2 m2

2 a 160
e 2600
i 180
m 46
q 40
u 44

5
4
6000
1 200 000

9 Answers may vary. Teacher to check.

m2

6 131.6 m2
7 a 8.9 m

1 a
d
g
j

2 a 1 000 000 cm3


b i 1 000 000 mL

Exercise 11-05

4 a 1.44 m2
d 143.48 m2

Exercise 11-07

b 828 cm2
b 288.51

c 68 mm2

mm2

b 274.5 m2

c 423.3 cm2

ANSWERS

561

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 562 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

c 3993 m3

7 a 3000 mL
b 2.5 L
d 0.0072 mL e 0.120 L

c 6500 L
f 0.035 L

b 4000 L

9 a 452.39

mm3

1 a xm=5m
c x km = 6.4 km

b y mm = 41 m

2 a m cm = 24 cm
c p cm = 33.5 cm

b p m = 17.7 m

3 a 6.9 cm

b 3.9 m

4 a right-angled

b not right-angled

5 a 36 cm

b 35.7 m

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

8 9 10
Mark
Tally
||||
||||
||||
|||
||||
||||

Frequency
4
9
8
3
10
6

||||
|||
||||
|

8 a quantitative
b categorical
c categorical
9 a continuous
b continuous
c discrete

Class
centre
62
67
72
77
82

13

Australia

Tally

Frequency

|
|||| |||| ||
|||| ||||
|||| |||
||

1
12
10
8
2

6
5
4
3
2
1
4

6 7 8
Score

14
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
Stem
0
1
2

16 a 3 : 5

b 3:2

c 5:2

17 a 1 : 3
d 40 : 3

b 8:3
e 1 : 12

c 1:3
f 2:5:7

18 a 3 : 8
d 1:3

b 8:5
e 30 : 1

c 9 : 16
f 70 : 100 : 3

19 20
20 $1.50 : $4.50 : $6.00
21 a i 15 cm
b i 20 m

ii 25 cm
ii 32.5 m

iii 1 cm
iii 16.25 m

22 a 440 km

b 50 hours
1
23 a 1:00 pm, for 1 --- hours
2
b 26 km
c 6.5 km/h
24 a 18 mL/h

b 7 m/s

25 a 0.001 kg

b 0.0005 kg

26 a 36 000 cm2

b 8.75 cm2

m2

27 a 137

11 a The cost axis does not begin at 0.

30 a 248.6 m2

28 a 62.1 m2
29 a 60

cm2

31 a 256
NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

b 22

Leaf
4 5 6 9
0 1 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 9
1 2 4 8

10 A sample is a group of items or people


selected from the population to be surveyed.
A census is a survey of the whole population.

562

USA

a Between 10 and 13

b Proportions on the bar graph should be as


shown:
1

Class
6064
6569
7074
7579
8084

15

Score
1
2
3
4
5
6

0123456789

12 a

c 30
7 a

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

Frequency
5
7
5
10
3

10
8
6
4
2
6

1234

Tally
||||
|||| ||
||||
|||| ||||
|||

Frequency

Mark
6
7
8
9
10

New
Zealand

Country

Mixed Revision 3

6 a

30
25
20
15
10
5

b 543.43 m3

Frequency

8 a 5.7 L

b
Cost ($)

6 a 128 m3
b 216 cm3
d 2200 mm3 e 672 m3

cm2

b 112.5 cm2

c 30 m2

b 55.2 m2
b 880 mm2
b 22.68 m2

c 90.2 m2

b 330 m2
ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 563 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

32 0.0018 m3
34 a 216

33 26928 cm3

cm2,

4752

cm3

b 128

m2,

640

3 a m=6
m3

35 a 7.5 kL

b 7.5 m3

36 a 26 928 mL

b 26.928 L

37 a 942.5 cm3

b 14 726.2 mm3

Chapter 12
Start up
1 a 7
e 6
i 10

b 7
f 23
j 5

c 8
g 5
k 8

d 27
h 3
l 20

2 a -3
e 3
i -10

b -5
f -11
j -8

c -12
g 36
k -9

d -2
h 3
l -72

3 a
c
e
g
i
4 a

2m + 6
4k + 28
6a 18
5q 30
-2p 8

b
d
f
h
j

i m=6

ii y = -6

3
iii m = --2
iii y = -2.7

ii -12

iii -2

ii m = -10

i y=2
2
c i 1 --3
iv 1
vii 41
b

5 a T
e F

3x 6
5d 35
4b + 32
9j + 9
-n + 3

v 16
viii 0
b T
f F

6 a subtracting
c dividing

vi 9

c F
g F

d T
h F

b adding
d multiplying

Exercise 12-01
1 a x=3
b x=9
e b = 10 f c = 26
i m = 125 j p = 65

c a=5
d m = 20
g k = 20 h d = 130
k m = 26 l q = 56

2 a x=3
e f=2
i y=9

b m = 24 c q = 6
f w = 72 g p = 11
j a = 20

d n = 30
h x = 24

3 a x=5
e x=2
i r=6

b p=7
f x=8
j d = 35

c k=5
d x=4
g m = 28 h a = 12

4 a x = 10

b x=2

c x = 120 d x = 2

Exercise 12-02
1 a w = 15
d p = 18
g m=7

b x=6
e x=8
h y = 16

c m = 16
f k=9
i d = 45

2 a p =11
d y = 60
g d = 18

b m = 13
e k = 24
h y = 48

c x = 17
f n = 21
i m = 123

ISBN: 9780170136952

1
d c = 16 --2
g d = 12
4 a m = 12
d k = 48
g k = 30
5 a
d
g
j

m = 19
n = -8
x=2
x=3

b n=4

c k = 11

e x=9

f x = -9

h h = -7

i a = 102.5
1
or 102 --2
c x = 42.5
f a = -12

b d = 10
e x = 1000
h n = -55
b
e
h
k

p=8
x = 10
y = -7
k = -10

c
f
i
l

p = 19
n = 44
h=7
n = -8

x=3
x=3
x = -1
x = -1

c
f
i
l

x=2
x = -6
x=4
x = -4

Exercise 12-03
1 D
2 a
d
g
j

x=5
x=4
x=2
x=3

3 a x=7
d x = 11
g x=3
2
j x = 4 --5
4 D
5 a
d
g
j

x=8
a = 16
m=6
a=9

6 a x = -1
d m=1
g j = -5

b
e
h
k

b x=8
e x=2
h x=2
k x=7
b
e
h
k

m=9
n = 16
k = 15
h = -15

b x = -3
e p=3
h x = -37

c x=3
f x=2
i x = -5
3
l x = 4 --4
c
f
i
l

k = 20
h = -35
x = -12
x = 14

1234

c x = -2
f q=7
i x=2

0123456789

7 Two operations must be performed to nd the


answer.

Exercise 12-04
1 a x=6
e N = 21
i x = -21
2
m m = 4 --5
4
q N = -1 --5
2 C
3 a x=5
d N = 23
g k = -5
j x=7
mx=3
p x = -1
5
s x = 2 --6

b x=9
c x = 12
f B = -4 g x = -4
j x = -24 k x = 9

d N=5
h x = -10
l x = -4

n x = -24 o x = -1 1--- p x = 15
4

r N = -5 s k = 17.5 t m = 51
b
e
h
k
n
q

x=9
N = 22
m = 31
x=8
x = -4
x = -2

c
f
i
l
o
r

N=3
x = -5
x=4
x = 10
x = -6
x = -1

t x = -11

ANSWERS

563

67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 564 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mental Skills 12
2 a 3.5
e 0.8
i 0.24

b 2.4
f 0.027
j 0.012

c 0.12
g 0.2
k 1.8

d 0.36
h 8.8
l 0.028

4 a 66.3
e 6.63
i 6630

b 6630
f 663
j 66.3

c 6.63
g 0.663
k 0.663

d 0.663
h 663
l 0.0663

Exercise 12-05
1 a a=6
d p=3
g y=0

b k=4
e n=3
h a=7

c x=3
f q=6
i r=6

2
b x = 2 --3
1
e m = 5 --4
h x = -1
2
b k = --3
1
e k = 2 --5
1
h j = - 8 --2

c a=1

2 D
3 a a=3
d p=1
2
g x = --3
4 a d = -2
d x = -3
1
g t = 1 --2

f x=5
1
i y = 4 --2
c p = -2
1
f m = 5 --2
i q = -1

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

Exercise 12-08
1 A
2 a
b
c
d
e

107
i $600
i $13.90
i $75
i 80.6F
iii 40C
f i 10 hours

b m=4
f d=5
j x=8

c d=6
g x=9
k k = 12

d p=4
h x=8
l q = 20

2 a x=9
e q=3

b p = 12
f j=6

c x=2
d x = 11
g m = -2 h y = -3

j x=2
2
m x = -2 --3
4 a x = -2
1
d k = - 5 --2

b x = -4
e x=8
h x = -4
k x=7

c x = -7
f x = 11
i x = 16
1
l x = 6 --4

1
n x = -2 --2
b p=5

c x = 11

e y=4

f q=2

Exercise 12-07
1 a P = $11
c N = 55
2 a B
3 a
b
c
d
e
f
g

564

b R = $0.20 (or 20c)


d N = 10
b A

c A

d D

5n 130 = 300, $86


m + 8 = 2m, 8 years old
8s = 3s + 500, 100 kg
3x + 1 = 5x 11, 6
7(T + 15) = 294, 27 years old
2l + 34 = 100, 33 cm
6(y 13) + 5 = 95, 28

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

122
28 words
267
24.8F
-10C
18 years old

ii l = 11
ii h= 6

iii w = 13
iii a = 15

ii A = 30

iii h = 9

ii P = 400

iii R = 4

Exercise 12-09

1 a x=1
e j=3
i x=3

3 a x = -9
d x = -7
g x=1

ii
ii
ii
ii
iv
ii

3 a i P = 34
b i A = 132
iv b = 15
c i V = 58 1
--3
d i I = 125
iv T = 7.07

1 a

Exercise 12-06

1234

11d
h 44 = --------- , 8 cm
2
x
i --- + 200 = 750, $2750
5
4 37C

-3 -2 -1 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1

d
f
h

-4 -3 -2 -1 0
-1

-1 0

2 B
3 a x1 b x4
e x  -6 f x  -4
i x  25 j x  0

c x6
g x2

d x  -1
h x  -4

Exercise 12-10
1 a y4
d t  45
g t  -16
1
j x  2 --2
m r  16
p n  -1
s t  5.2
2 a p5
d j9
2
g x  3 --5
15
j d  2 -----32
m p  66
p v  -12
s x3

b k  18
e n  -2
h r  -3

c p  73
f m  -7
i w  2.4

k x  10

l p7

n m  93
q k0
t n6

o a4
r x  17.75

b k  28
e n  -4
3
h w  -3 --4

c r  13
f k  -10
1
i d  --4

k t  40

l a  72

n r  810
q k  4.5
1
t m  5 --3

o n  -30
r a  5.1

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 565 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

3 a i a4

ii

b i m7

ii

c i u7

ii

d i x4

ii

1
e i n  1 --2

ii

f i e  11

ii

g i y2

ii

h i q  -3

ii

i i x7

ii

j i p4

ii

1
k i y  3 --2

ii

1
l i k  2 --4

ii

4 a x5

0 1 2 3 4 5 6
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
0

-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0
5

2
0

3
1

4
2

5
3

d m  85
2
f a  3 --3
3
h x  - --4
j t  -45

g n9
1
i m  - --4

1
b m  -8 --2
d q8
3
f a  -3 --4
2
h y  -6 --5
b d  -8
d k  12
f r  -62.5
1
h t  -17 --2
b x1
d x  -8
f x  -9

c p9
3
e j  -8 --5
1
g x  - --4
2 a n  -18
c m  24
e x  -7.5
g a  -21
3 a x  -5
c x  -3
e x  -6

b x=4
f x=2

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

6 a x  -8

c x=2
g x=0

d x=1
h x = -1
1
1
1
i x = 3 --- j x = -16 k x = 3 ------ l x = --2
11
7
2
m x = -38 n x = 30 o x = 20 p x = 26 --3

c x  -6

1 a k=7
e x=4
i x = 14

b x = 11
f f = 12

c a = 14 d a = 33
g m = 28 h x = 24

2 a x=9

b m=4

c k = 12

d d = 18

3 a x=4
b x = 12
e x = -77 f x = 77

c x = -8
g x = -3

d x = -36
h x = -12

4 a x=2
d n=7
g m = -4
5 a x = 10
e x = -6
e x = -3
7 a n=6
e x=2

b n = -2
e q = -3
h m = 22
b x = 10
1
f a = 5 --2
b N=3
3
f x = 2 --5
b x=4
f x = -13

c x=3
f x=9
i k = 108

c n = 25

d m = 21

g k = 26

h d = -29

c P=3

d N = -2

g x=3

h N = -3

c x=2
g x=5

d x=1
h x = -2

8 a C, 59

b B, 6 jumpers

9 a 3

b 5

10 a 2N = 300, 150 tickets


b 2N = 500, 250 tickets
11 a 1260
12 a
b
c

0 1

1234

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

b 8
3

-4 -3 -2 -1 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3

13 a y  4
c p7
e k  -5

b q  14
d x  12
f a  -3

1
g m  3 --2
14 a m  -4

h n  3.5
1
b p  2 --c k  -6
2
e x  -1
f x  -4

d d  -15
ISBN: 9780170136952

b x  -1

Chapter 12 revision

Power plus
1 a x=7
e x=3

6 a x=1

Exercise 12-11
1 a k  -4

3 a x = 5, -5
b x = 4, -4
c x = 4, -4
d x = 2, -2
e x = -1, -7
f x = -5, 3
x
x
x
x
4 --- + ------ + --- + 5 + --- + 4 = x, 84 years
6 12 7
2
5 a
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

b x8

1
c k  1 --2
e d  10

2 a 4x + 2 = 30, x = 7
b 4x2 = 100, x = 5
c 3x 15 = 180, x = 65

ANSWERS

565

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 566 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Chapter 13

Exercise 13-01
1 a 8

Start up
1
12 13 14 15

2 a

Stem
3
4
5
6

3 a 53
4 a

Hours
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

b 24

Frequency
1234

0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

Class
1620
2125
2630
3135
3640
4145

Tally
||
|||
||
|||| ||
||||
||
|||
Total

Frequency
2
3
2
7
5
2
3
24

b 2
f none
j fruit

c 3
d 45
g 2 and 5 h green

b 7.0

c Teacher to check.

6 a A: 16.4; B: 25.3
b The major difference is that set B has 91 as
its nal value, while A has 11.
c This changes the mean by about 10.
7 a A: 6.1; B: 6.1
b Group B has marks much more spread out
than A, with A ranging from 5 to 8, and
B ranging from 3 to 10.
c 10
8 2550

1 C

c 12
1
e 54 --2
3 a 7
c 7
e 43

1 2 3 4 5 6
Number of hours

Class centre
18
23
28
33
38
43

Tally
|||| |
||||
|||
|||
|||| ||
|||| ||
Total

Frequency
6
4
3
3
7
7
30

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

b 20

4 a
b
c
d
e
f
g

1
b 37 --2
1
d 21 --2
f 5
b 9
d 36
f 46

Mean = 4.3, median = 3, range = 8


Mean = 15.4, median = 16, range = 6
Mean = 29.5, median = 32, range = 38
Mean = 47.6, median = 50.5, range = 99
Mean = 55, median = 55, range = 0
Mean = 80.0, median = 72.9, range = 39.2
Mean = 5, median = 5, range = 7

h Mean = 9.2, median = 9, range = 3

b 17

18 23 28 33 38 43
Class centres

566

3 a 4
e 45.21
i spade

Exercise 13-02

c Frequency histogram and polygon

6 a 4

3
e 19 --4
b 26.875

2 a 7

a 3640, 4145

Frequency

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

c 240

3
d 43 --4
2 a 36.4

5 a 7.7

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

0123456789

b 10

1
c 16 --3
1
f 143 --3
c 99.5
d 2.6

4 C

c 3 hours

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

b 30

Frequency histogram and polygon

890123

Leaf
0
7 8 8 9
4 9 9
3 3 8 8 8

b 4

1
c 3 --6

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

5 a
b
c
d

$625 000
$696 500
$767 273
Median

6 a Al : 75.9, Mike : 75.7


b Al 2, Mike 6
c 72
d i Mike, mostly lower scores
ii Al, smaller range

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 567 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Exercise 13-03
1 a

x
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Total

Mental Skills 13A

f
22
2
8
9
6
10
3
60

fx
0
2
16
27
24
50
18
137

fx

5
6
14
3
5
1
34

0
6
28
9
20
8
71

b
c

137
i 6
ii 0
iii 3
iv 2.3

2 A
3

Number of
visits (x)
0
1
2
3
4
8
Total

4 a

5 a

6 a

x
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tally
||||
|||| |||
||||
||||
||
|
Total

Number
of visits
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

fx
4
16
15
16
10
6
67
f

fx

|||
||||
||
|||| ||
||||
|||
|||
|||
Total

3
5
2
7
4
3
3
3
30

0
5
4
21
16
15
18
21
100

12
15 pigeons
15
14.48

ISBN: 9780170136952

34
2
2.1
2
8

b
e
h
k
n

$7.50
$3.76
89.6
$152.76
$1.01

c
f
i
l
o

87.5
40
$270
$8.26
42.6

4 a 10
e 160.4
i 9c

b 124
f $2550
j $1.44

c $490
g 79.4
k 768

d $1.72
h $0.76
l 64

6 a 100
e $1.84
i $0.48

b $0.60
f $4.20
j $6.90

c 2.5
g 4c
k $0.39

d $1.35
h 6.5
l 42.9

ii 36
ii 1.8

iii 37
iii 1.8

iv 37.6
iv 1.8

ii 131
ii 17

iii 124.5
iii 17

iv 121.45
iv 22.1

Exercise 13-04
1 a i 6
b i 0.3
2 B

Tally

Number of
pigeons (x)
8
10
14
15
17
18
20
Total

i
ii
iii
iv

f
4
8
5
4
2
1
24

a
b
c
d
e

2 a 19
d $20.20
g $0.93
j 38c
m 31.54
p $2431.76

Number of
Members (f)
3
4
3
6
2
4
3
25

3 a i 40
b i 44

i 5
ii 2
1
iii 2 --2
iv 2.8

4 Maximum daily temperature in Cowra


10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Temperature (C)

5 a 11.5C
b

i
ii
iii
iv

7
3
3
3 1---

b 10C

c 12.6C

8 Quinn quiz marks

6 a

1234

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Marks

0123456789
67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

8 Carter quiz marks

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Marks
fx
24
40
42
90
34
72
60
362

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

b 10
c 0
d 8 Quinn: 9; 8 Carter: 9
e 8 Carter, more high marks
7 a

Stem
0
1
2
3

b 30

Leaf
4 5 6
0 1 1
5 5 5
0 0 1
0

8
1
5
1

c 1968

8
1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 5
5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9
1 2 3 5 6 9

d 15

e 15

Exercise 13-05
1 a Mean = 51
1
Median = 47 --2

Mode = 45, 50
Range = 40

ANSWERS

567

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 568 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mode = 39 or 41
Range = 24

b 3

c 1.8

3 a The mean; the amount she earned in


six weeks divided by 6.
b $441
4 a

Letters
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Tally
|||| ||
|||
|||
|||
||||
|||
|

b 2

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234
0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

d 6
b $770
d median

6 a $688 750
c $640 000

b $640 000
d median/mode

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
46

56

30
20
10
0

50
Temperature

c About 33 g/cm3
6 a and b
70

100

Test results

Data test

60
50
40
30
20
10

c 100

50
52
54
Arm length (cm)

40

9 a B
b No; the mean and median only apply to
numerical values.
b 37

48

c i 32 cm
ii 47 cm
d Yes. Teacher to check explanations.
5 a and b
Temperature and pressure

8 Answers will vary, for example 5, 6, 16

10 a 10

Arm and leg length

35

Fiona 42.7, Chantelle 43.8


Chantelle
Fiona 42.5, Chantelle 33.5
Fiona
Fiona, more consistent

d 296

e 2.96

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Algebra test

c Elaine 46, Michelle 59

11 1.73 m

Mental Skills 13B

Exercise 13-06
1 a 1.4 L
2 a and b

b 0.1 L

c 120C

Copper blocks

1400

1000

c 30
d $450
g $60.50 h 150
k $300
l 98
d $22.50
h 50
l $105

600

1 15 biscuits

2 9 days

400

3 3500 plants

4 54 days

200

5 2000 batteries

6 433 ball-bearings

7 172 students

8 32 students

20 40 60 80 100 120 140


Volume (cm3)

9 a 1500

b 875

c 2625

d 115 cm3

3 a 70 kg, 1140 kJ
c 105 kg

568

b 60
f $90
j $84

Exercise 13-07

800

c 710 g

2 a $308
e 96
i 210

4 a $360
b 40
c 88
e 450
f $63
g $80
i $50.40 j $87.50 k 225

1200
Mass (grams)

0123456789

890123

c 4.36

fx
14
9
12
15
30
21
8

5 a $797.50
c $810.50

7 a
b
c
d
e

1234

Frequency
7
3
3
3
5
3
1

4 a and b
Leg length (cm)

2 a 1

Mode = 100
Range = 69

Pressure

b Mean = 93.14
Median = 100
1
c Mean = 38 --- or 38.3
3
Median = 39

b 1090 kJ

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 569 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Exercise 13-08

b 4

c 28

b 49.5

c 2.5

d 5

Frequency

1 a 3.5
2 a 5
3 A

5 a

Frequency
4
6
11
3
24

fx
28
72
187
66
353

Class centre
124.2
124.7
125.2
125.7
126.2
Sum f = 130

fx
621
4988
6886
3142.5
631
16 268.5

b Mean = 14.7
c 1519

0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Number of goals scored

b 125125.4
c 125.1

4 a
b
c
d

4
4
35
37

5 a 37
6 a and b

ii
ii
ii
ii

74.2
77.2
Raised by 3 marks
Does the same to the mean.

500
400
300

b 24
c i 6

4
6
1
no mode

ii 4
ii 6
ii 5

ii 1 goal

ISBN: 9780170136952

6
8
10
Age in years

ii 675 mm

12
1234

d 7.5 years

7 24 065 250
Class centre
56.5
62.5
68.5
74.5
80.5
Total

0123456789

fx
678
625
753.5
1117.5
483
3657

67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

Sum f = 54

b 54
c 7277
d 67.7 kg

ii 7

Number of goals
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

c i 300 mm
8 a

Chapter 13 Revision

3 a

d 35

600

6 Yes. The sum of the sisters wages is $8000, so


each of the other two sisters earn much more.

2 a i 4
b i 10
1
c i 3 --2
d i 23

4.25
34.6
57.36
140.25

Age and thickness of trees

5 a 40
b and c Teacher to check.

ii
ii
ii
ii

c 36.1

iv
iv
iv
iv

100

4 No, teacher to check.

4
8.78
3.5
22.6

6
33
66
148

200

3 92%

i
i
i
i

iii
iii
iii
iii

700

1 6

1 a
b
c
d

4.5
35
60
140

b 36

800

Power plus
2 a
b
c
d

i
i
i
i

Circumference (mm)

4 a

Frequency histogram

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Tally Frequency
|||
3
|||| ||
7
6
|||| |
||||
4
||
2
|
1
|
1
Total
24

iii 2 goals

iv 2.1

Chapter 14
Start up
1 Teacher to check.
1
1
2 a x = 1 --b m = 1 --2
2
1
3
d k = 3 --e a = 1 --3
4
2
1
g b = 4 --h h = 8 --3
2

3
c a = 1 --5
1
f n = 3 --3

ANSWERS

569

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 570 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

2 B

Exercise 14-01
1 A and H, B and K, E and L, F and P
2 A
3 a D and J

b C

c H

4 a translation b reection
d reection e rotation

c rotation
f translation

5 Possible answers:
a reection or rotation, then translation
b rotation, then translation
c rotation, reection

Exercise 14-02
1 Possible answers:
a ABCD JKLI
b MNO PRQ
c NOPQ RSTU
d ACB EDF
e WXYZ KLMJ
f JKLMNO STUPQR
2 a
d
f
g
h

1234

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

F, DE
b P, RQ
c Q, OP
R, WV
e IHG, EF
QRS (or PON), ON (or RS)
EDH (or FGH), NJ
YXW, ZU

3 a i
ii
b i
ii
c i
ii
d i
ii

AB = DE, BC = EF, AC = DF
A = D, B = E, C = F
LM = RQ, MN = QP, LN = RP
L = R, M = Q, N = P
AB = DF, AC = DE, CB = EF
A = D, B = F, C = E
PQ = CD, QR = DE, PR = CE
P = C, Q = D, R = E

4 A
5 Possible answer:

0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

3 a p = 2, n = 20
c x=6
e x = 58

b x = 15, y = 3
d x = 4, y = 60
f x=6

4 a PR = SR
QR = TR
PRQ = SRT
b SAS

c x = 46, y = 28

Mental Skills 14
2 a $700
e $300
i $300

c 400
g 250

d 700
h $300

Exercise 14-05
1 a ABCD ||| IJKL
c ABCD ||| JKLI
e HGF ||| JIK

b STU ||| XVW


d UVWXY ||| MNJKL

2 a Similar
i A = E, B = F, C = G, D = H
ii AB and EF, AD and EH, BC and FG, DC
and HG
iii 3 : 2
b Not similar
c Similar
i J = T, K = P, L = Q, M = R,
N = S
ii JK and TP, KL and PQ, LM and QR, NM
and TS, JN and TS
iii 5 : 7
d Not similar
e Not similar
f Not similar
g Not similar
h Similar
i S = U, P = T, R = V, Q = W
ii SR and UV, SP and UT, RQ and VW,
PQ and TW
iii 3 : 2
3 a x = 44
d n = 100

6 Possible answer:

b $800
f $400
j 500

4 a
b

b y = 60
e p = 55

c m = 150
f q = 32

i Yes
ii No
iii Yes
i All circles are similar.
ii Measured length and width, ratio is
different.
iii All semi-circles are similar.

5 Teacher to check

Exercise 14-03

6 a True

1 Teacher to check.

570

b AAS
f SAS
j SAS

c False

d True

c 2.5

3
d --2

g 3

h 3

Exercise 14-06

Exercise 14-04
1 a SAS
e RHS
i RHS

b False

1 a 2
c AAS
g AAS

d SSS
h SSS

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

4
e --5
1
i 1 --2

1
b --3
1
f --2
2
j --3

k 2
ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 571 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

2 Teacher to check.
3 a equilateral triangle, with sides 4 cm
b kite, with sides 4 cm and 6 cm
c parallelogram, with sides 1.5 cm and 1 cm

b d = 10
f q=8

c p=9
g x = 27

d k = 15
h y = 7.65

2 C
1
3 a y = 3 --3
d a = 9.6

b x = 77

c q=6

e k = 24.75

f x = 20

4 a x=5
d a = 40.5

b w = 12
e p = 40

c y = 14.4
f b = 24

5 306.43 cm

Exercise 14-08
1 Teacher to check.
2 Teacher to check.
3 Teacher to check scale drawings.
a 23 m b 52 m c 13 m d 13 m e 49 m
4 Teacher to check.
5 Teacher to check.

Exercise 14-09
1 a
c
d
e

Three angles
b Three sides
Two sides and an angle
Two sides and an angle
Three sides
f Three angles

2 If two angles are equal, the third angle must


also be equal, since all three angles add to
180.
3 a Yes
e No

b Yes
f Yes

c Yes
g Yes

d No
h No

4 a SAS

b RHS

c AAS

5 A and G, C and F, D and E


6 a Possible answers:
i AB = GH
BC = HI
CD = IJ
EF = JK
FA = KL
b i PQ = US
QR = ST
RP = TU
c i MN = RS
NO = ST
OP = TQ
PM = QR
d i HI = EF
IJ = FG
JK = GD
KH = DE
5
7 a --b 1.5
6
8 Teacher to check.
a Length 10 units
9 a x = 7.2

ii A = G
B = H
C = I
D = J
E = K
F = L
ii P = U
Q = S
R = T
ii M = R
N = S
O = T
P = Q
ii H = E
I = F
J = G
K = D
6
c --d 2
5
b Length 82 mm

1 Teacher to check.
b a = 54

c b = 48

3 Teacher to check.

10 a Teacher to check.

b Approximately 19 m

11 a Angles
b Two sides and included angle.

c x = -5

d t = 18

2 a x=9

b x=8

c a = 15

3
d x = 1 --4

3 a q=6

b x=3

4 a x=0

b x=3

6 Teacher to check.

5 a 1 kg

b 32, 33, 34

7 The ratio of areas is a2 : b2.

6 h = 12

Chapter 14 revision
1 A and E, B and F
ABC UTS
AB = UT, BC = TS, AC = US
DEF WXV
DE = WX, FE = YX, DF = WV

ISBN: 9780170136952

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

b m=3
f x=2

5 Teacher to check.

7 a x5

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

b k6

2 3 4 5 6 7

c x5

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

d m6

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

0123456789
67890123

1 a a=1
e k = 77

4 Teacher to check.

2 a
b
a
b

1234

b n = 43.2

Mixed Revision 4

Power plus
2 a m=5

GHI OMN
GH = OM, IHH = NM, GI = ON
JKL RQP
JK = RQ, KL = QP, JL = RP

3 Teacher to check.

Exercise 14-07
1 a x = 15
e r=5

a
b
a
b

8 x  -2.25
ANSWERS

571

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 572 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

9 a i 3.1
ii 2
c i 3.425 ii 3, 3.5
10 a i 2
c i 3.45
11 a

ii 6
ii 0.9

Age x
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

7
b -----24
c i 30.7
12 a i 4
b i 15
13 a and b

b i 31
d i 92.5

ii 30
ii 90

b i 30
d i 92

ii 6
ii 8

f
6
1
6
2
3
2
4
24

fx
168
29
180
62
96
66
136
737

Paper 2

30
20
10

0123456789

56789012

2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

h 0.25

-3p
11a3 + a2
8p 7q
4x2 + 8x

b 2y2 + 6y
e 14x 20

c 20 8k
f m+4

c 20

b -3

m = 34 (angle sum of a triangle)


m = 45 (angles on a straight line)
y = 68 (angle sum of a triangle)
m = 100 (exterior angle of a triangle)
x = 132 (vertically opposite angles)
x = 67 (angle sum of a quadrilateral)
y = 130 (angles on a straight line)
x = 62 (exterior angle of a triangle
m = 62 (corresponding angles on
parallel lines)
j m = 82 (angles in a straight line)
k b = 78 (alternate angles on parallel lines)
l x = 103 (opposite angles in a parallelogram)

7 Teacher to check.
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Paper 1

c 60
14 5

8 a i isosceles
b i scalene
c i scalene

ii obtuse-angled
ii obtuse-angled
ii right-angled

9 a 2625 kg

15 A and J, C and F, D and G


16 a ABC GHI
b AB = GH or BC = HI or AC = GI
A = G or B = H or C = I
17 ASA
18 a PQ = XY or QR = XW or SR = ZW or
PS = YZ
b P = Y or Q = X or R = W or
S = Z
c PQRS ||| YXWZ
3
19 --4
20 a y = 3
b y = 45
c t = 9, m = 5.3
d x = 100
21 60 m

572

3
g --5

b 5a(1 3b)
d -2b(4a 1)

6 a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i

40

d 2

4 a 2(y + 4)
c -3x(x + 4)
5 a 4

50

c -13

b
d
f
h

3 a 3a + 15
d -15

iv 2
iv 20.56

60

11
b 1 -----20
2
f 1 --5
j 0.09

4a
3u
-a2 6b2
5x + 9

iv 6

70

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

2 a
c
e
g

iii 30

80

0123456789

i 5

iii 2
iii 21

90

890123

e 7

ii 30

Exam marks

1 a 11.43

ii 2
ii 21

100

1234

General Revision

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

b $2.52
c 162.5%
3
e -----20
11 $27.50

d 55%
10 $20
12 a 45%
1
13 a --2
x
14 a i
y

ii

b 25%
2
b --7
-1
1

11
c -----14

0
2

1
3

2
4

iii No

4
3
2
1

-3 -2 -1 0
-1

y=x+2
1

-2
-3

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 573 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

b i

-1

-3

-1

1
--2
0

ii

33 a

iii Yes

5
4
3
2
1

y = 2x 1
2 3 x

-3 -2 -1 0
-1

16 a
b
c
d

m = 17.7
y = 16.6
p = 25.5
d = 76.0

ii
ii
ii
ii

m2

153.9
39.3 cm2
272.5 cm2
85.8 mm2

34 a 62

b 42

c 42.5

35 a QR
1
36 a --2
37 a x = 7

b <L

c SRQ

b 4
b x = 48, y = 52

Appendix 1
Exercise A-01

17
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

b 6:7

c 20 : 1

d 1 : 100

19 264
20 a 5 cm

|
|||| |
||
||||

b 30 cm

c 2.5 cm

21 1200
22 4900

1 a 5068

b 14.5

c 45

d 5.724

e 3.5

f 26.9

g 23

h 1.68

i 160

j 29.48

k -8.084

l 12.42

2 a $19.15

b 85 cents

3 $1875.50

4 7542 kg

5 2.4 m

6 $11.25

7 23 trees

8 75.2 km

9 $85.74

23 Teacher to check

11 a $41.20

24 6.1 m/s

10 13 buses
1234

b $1318.40

12 53.4

25 a 12.2 cm
d 50 m

b 18 cm
e 18 cm

c 30 mm

26 a 9.1 cm2
d 160 m2

b 8 cm2
e 15 cm2

c 30 mm2

27 a 150 cm2

b 1340 mm2

cm2

b 288 cm2
e 84 m2

c 300 mm2
f 4536.5 mm2

29 a x = -6
d a=5

b a = -4
e d = -5

c x=4
f r=3

30 a x  4
d a  -16

b m  -7

c k2

31 a

-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 x

-8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 m

-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 k

-19-18-17-16-15-14-13-12 a

b 5

ISBN: 9780170136952

c 5

0123456789

Exercise A-02
1 a 7
e 15

28 a 400
d 910 m2

32 a 4.8

fx
45
94
96
294
550
357
468
106
2010

b Mean = 50.25

44.0 m
25.7 cm
66.8 cm
62.8 mm

18 a 2 : 5

f
1
2
2
6
11
7
9
2
40

Total

-3

i
i
i
i

Tally
|
||
||
||||
||||
||||
||||
||

-2

15 a
b
c
d

Score
45
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

b -9

c -12

d -8

f -15

g 75

h 5

i -5

j 7

k -96

l 45

m -25

n 24

o 96

p 14

q -16

r 15

s -36

t 10

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

56789012
9012345678
890123456789012345678
12345
1234567890123456789
0123 45678901234
012
345678901
4567890123456789012

Exercise A-03
1 a 196
d 1.728
g 4.1616
2 a 26
e 9.3

d 7

67890123

b 529
e 26.3169
h 6859
b 5
f 14

c 9
g 2.1

c 216
f 10201
d 1.5
h 148

3 a 4.9

b 10.0

c 2.2

d 6.4

4 a 16
e 6

b 156
f 2

c 56
g 10

d 1206

5 a 11.49

b 1.4

c 42

ANSWERS

573

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 574 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Exercise A-04
2
1 a --3

1
b --2

1
c --3

4
d --5

6
e --7

4
f --5

11
16
30
2 a ------ b ------ c ------ d 33
------ e 31
------ f 53
-----4
3
7
5
3
6
3 a 33
--5
2
d 7 ----11
4 a 0.5
d 0.36

b 32
--7

c 55
--8

3
e 12 ----10
b 0.8
e 0.17

7
5 a ----20
73
d -------200

1
b 2 ----25
3
e 1 ----50

1
f 19 ----12
c 0.875
f 0.5
1
c ----------1000
f 13
-----40

1
6 a ----10
1
d ----14
4
g ----15

1
b 15
------ = 1 ----14
14
e 11
--2
21
h -----32
k 35
--6
n 15 1
--9

4
c 19
------ = 1 ----15
15
f 1 11
-----24
i 11
--6
l 25
--8
1
o -----10

j 6
m 41
--8
7 17 1
--- hours
2

1234

0123456789

890123

4567890123 8
0123456789
890123 8901234

8 63
--- hours
4
9 40
10 a 12 3
--- hours
4
11 208 songs

b $159.38

12 42 5
--- hours
8

0123456789

56789012
2345678
123456789012345678
345
34567890123456789
23 45678901234
345678901
7890123456789012

3456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
4567890123
2
1234
34567890123456
567890123456789012
789012
2345678901234567890123456
6
12345678901234567890
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
3456789012345 23456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
01234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
45678901234567890123456789
890123456789012345678901234
34567890123456789012345678
89012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
2345678901234567890123456
67890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890

574

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952