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F requency F requency Planning Planning By Muhammad Rehan Ashraf LCC South

FrequencyFrequency PlanningPlanning

By

Muhammad Rehan Ashraf

LCC South

Overview
Overview

Traditional Frequency Planning

Multiple Reuse Planning Fractional Load Planning

GSM Spectrum

GSM 900 Spectrum GSM 1800 Spectrum

TP South Frequency Plan

GSM 900 Strategy GSM 1800 Strategy

Automatic Frequency Planning

Manual Vs. Automatic Frequency Planning

Traditional Frequency Planning
Traditional Frequency Planning
Multiple Reuse Planning
Multiple Reuse Planning

MRP (Multiple Reuse Planning) technology divide the whole frequency resources into different subgroups according to specific principles.

The most common frequency re used patterns are the 7/21, 4/12 and sometimes also the 3/9.

The definition of a 7/21 re use pattern is that all available frequencies are divided into 21 frequency groups and that all of these groups are used in 21 cells (7/21) before they are repeated. These cells are then used in 7 sites ( 7 /21). This is true if “three sector sites” are used (7 sites with 3 cells each 21 cells).

Multiple Reuse Planning

Divide the spectrum into groups.

For example N=7, divide the spectrum into 21 groups.

Assign them manually to the 21 sectors of the cluster.

Rules:

Avoid cochannel neighbors.

Avoid adjacent neighbors.

Avoid 2 nd cochannel neighbors.

Avoid co ‐ channel neighbors. – Avoid adjacent neighbors. – Avoid 2 n d co ‐
Fractional Load Planning
Fractional Load Planning

The principles of fractional re use are to change the TCH frequency plan. Instead of respecting a conventional pattern, TRXs are hopping on frequency groups.

The most common FLP patterns are 1/1 and 1/3.

in 1/1 all cells in an area use the same TCH frequencies.

in 1/3 where every third cell use the same TCH

frequencies.

FLP requires Synthesizer hopping with parameters HSN, MAIO

to avoid the co channel and adjacent channel interference.

Fractional Load Planning

1/1 Reuse pattern

All the TCH frequencies are gathered in one unique group T, that is allocated to every cell as shown in figure.

The reuse distance here only refers to the distance between two cells using co channel frequencies. But, in 1/1, HSN and MAIO allocation strategies allow to avoid co channel collision in a site.

But, in 1/1, HSN and MAIO allocation strategies allow to avoid co ‐ channel collision in

Fractional Load Planning

1/3 Reuse pattern

The TCH available bandwidth is divided in three groups T1, T2 and T3 and allocated as shown in figure.

The cosector separation, between TCH TRX within one sector, is 600 KHz.

as shown in figure. • The co ‐ sector separation, between TCH TRX within one sector,

Fractional Load Planning

Fractional Load

It represents the time fraction for a given frequency being used in the network.

fractional load is simply the ratio between the number of hopping TRXs in a cell and the number of hopping frequencies. Fractional Load per cell = Number of Hopping TRXs * 100 % Number of Hopping Frequencies

Reuse Pattern

Max Fractional Load

1/1

16%

1/3

50%

GSM Spectrum
GSM Spectrum
GSM 900 Spectrum
GSM 900 Spectrum
GSM 900 Spectrum 11

GSM 900 Spectrum

Width of Duplex sub band is 25 MHz and Duplex spacing is 45 MHz. Frequency spacing between carriers is 200 KHz (0.2MHz)

Total number of carriers = [ Duplex band (Uplink or Downlink) – Frequency Spacing] / Frequency Spacing] = [ 25 – 0.2 (Guard band) / 0.2 ] = [ 24.8 / 0.2] Total number of carriers = 124

Uplink and Downlink ARFCN’s for GSM 900

Uplink and Downlink ARFCN’s can be calculated from the following formula:

Uplink Frequencies: Fu(n) = 890 + 0.2 n where (1<=n<=124)

Downlink Frequencies: Fd(n) = Fu(n) + 45

Where n is ARFCN (Absolute Radio Frequency Carrier Number)

TP GSM 900 Spectrum

No.

ARFCN

Uplink

Downlink

No.

ARFCN

Uplink

Downlink

1

63

902.6

947.6

13

75

905

950

2

64

902.8

947.8

14

76

905.2

950.2

3

65

903

948

15

77

905.4

950.4

4

66

903.2

948.2

16

78

905.6

950.6

5

67

903.4

948.4

17

79

905.8

950.8

6

68

903.6

948.6

18

80

906

951

7

69

903.8

948.8

19

81

906.2

951.2

8

70

904

949

20

82

906.4

951.4

9

71

904.2

949.2

21

83

906.6

951.6

10

72

904.4

949.4

22

84

906.8

951.8

11

73

904.6

949.6

23

85

907

952

12

74

904.8

949.8

24

86

907.2

952.2

GSM 1800 Spectrum
GSM 1800 Spectrum
GSM 1800 Spectrum 14

GSM 1800 Spectrum

Width of duplex sub band is 75 MHz and Duplex spacing is 95 MHz. Frequency spacing is 200 KHz and with one guard band we get:

Total number of carriers = (75 – 0.2) / 0.2 Total number of carriers = 374

Uplink and Downlink ARFCN’s for DCS 1800 Uplink and Downlink ARFCN’s can be calculated from the following formula:

Uplink Frequencies: Fu(n) = 1710.2 + 0.2 (n – 512) where (512 <=n<= 885)

Downlink Frequencies: Fd(n) = Fu(n) + 95

TP GSM 1800 Spectrum

No.

ARFCN

Uplink

Downlink

No.

ARFCN

Uplink

Downlink

No.

ARFCN

Uplink

Downlink

 

1 586

1725

1820

16

601

1728

1823

 

31 616

1731

1826

 

2 587

1725.2

1820.2

17

602

1728.2

1823.2

 

32 617

1731.2

1826.2

 

3 588

1725.4

1820.4

18

603

1728.4

1823.4

 

33 618

1731.4

1826.4

 

4 589

1725.6

1820.6

19

604

1728.6

1823.6

 

34 619

1731.6

1826.6

 

5 590

1725.8

1820.8

20

605

1728.8

1823.8

 

35 620

1731.8

1826.8

 

6 591

1726

1821

21

606

1729

1824

 

36 621

1732

1827

 

7 592

1726.2

1821.2

22

607

1729.2

1824.2

 

37 622

1732.2

1827.2

 

8 593

1726.4

1821.4

23

608

1729.4

1824.4

 

38 623

1732.4

1827.4

 

9 594

1726.6

1821.6

24

609

1729.6

1824.6

 

39 624

1732.6

1827.6

 

10 595

1726.8

1821.8

25

610

1729.8

1824.8

 

40 625

1732.8

1827.8

 

11 596

1727

1822

26

611

1730

1825

 

41 626

1733

1828

 

12 597

1727.2

1822.2

27

612

1730.2

1825.2

 

42 627

1733.2

1828.2

 

13 598

1727.4

1822.4

28

613

1730.4

1825.4

 

43 628

1733.4

1828.4

 

14 599

1727.6

1822.6

29

614

1730.6

1825.6

 

44 629

1733.6

1828.6

 

15 600

1727.8

1822.8

30

615

1730.8

1825.8

TP South Frequency Plan
TP South Frequency Plan

GSM 900 Strategy

Urban/Sub Urban

GSM 900 Strategy Urban/Sub Urban • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. • FLP 1/1
GSM 900 Strategy Urban/Sub Urban • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. • FLP 1/1

BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis.

FLP 1/1 is used for TCH

MAIO 1,3 and 5 can be used.

Ideally 3 and maximum 4 hopping TRXs allowed.

GSM 900 Strategy

Rural/Rural Road/ Extremely Remote

GSM 900 Strategy Rural/Rural Road/ Extremely Remote • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. •
GSM 900 Strategy Rural/Rural Road/ Extremely Remote • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. •

BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis.

FLP 1/1 is used for TCH

MAIO 0,2,4,6,8 and 10 can be used.

Maximum 6 hopping TRXs allowed.

GSM 1800 Strategy

GSM 1800 Strategy • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. • FLP 1/3 is used
GSM 1800 Strategy • BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis. • FLP 1/3 is used

BCCH frequencies are chosen best available basis.

FLP 1/3 is used for TCH

GSM 1800 Strategy

MA List

GSM 1800 Strategy MA List MAIO Management • Maximum 5,4,5 hopping TRXs allowed on sectors 1,2

MAIO Management

GSM 1800 Strategy MA List MAIO Management • Maximum 5,4,5 hopping TRXs allowed on sectors 1,2

Maximum 5,4,5 hopping TRXs allowed on sectors 1,2 and 3 respectively.

Automatic Frequency Planning
Automatic Frequency Planning

AFP dramatically shortens the amount of time an engineer spends on frequency planning by automatically generating plans through an algorithmic process.

AFP can generate an initial plan for a brand new network or reconfigure an RF plan for an existing network.

ILSA is an example of AFP tool by Aircom.

Manual Vs Automatic Frequency Planning
Manual Vs Automatic Frequency
Planning

Manual

Easy maintenance.

Inefficient use of spectrum.

Doesn't take advantage of terrain characteristics.

Unable to cope with capacity needs.

Automatic

Implementation and maintenance is costly.

Efficient usage of spectrum.

Use terrain characteristics.

Resolve capacity needs.

Thanks

ashraf.rehan lc@telenor.com.pk