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DRAWING oN T ARTIST WITI{IN


(An Inspirationaland Practial Guide to InreasingYour Creative Powrs)
by Bt dwrds.- N. Y.:<Firside>>,
1987'
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ISBN 0-671-6514.x (slr.)


ISBN 97E-985.15-0863-7@y.)

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29

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30

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o BTBOBa }Illoe paTepTI(' TaBja
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Prt' 2.23. 1r! ".lP|] (1577 1640)' <.mao6n11o


tut>.
ro' 6a ryar. paper14 Ily,r
T a pya P/.IoaIo
NlooJ'IyIo
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36

I1o]1pal1l{]]aT I] PepIIo

poa]{ll!r,

.',,,.,",.""."
l|a7npP
1|u
I ..J
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oa o Bo
l

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137

proPlvr

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<po6ea opvea o6ea lo' yaI


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o e1111ox'
IIxoaIl peoeelI
ae ao oox ey pe.
IIIpea>.
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py o Fe
efca O cta <o om',
u u mopleo>, 7978

Ja poIeIIIe Boe-BT e epeTa o TBope.


TB , o oa, oap1,ra, vo Io aBTop l]pIiI.7I o oToTIlo eoToDIx aeToB TBoDoo po. B vao, o il,"'' ey
opp e -pI{a, IIT T op'roo poa: 1) ep a; 2) Hare; ) Baa; 4) oape; 5) Bepa. oe aTopITatr(oaIIIB oM' To TBopTao6xoo <oooo,' [ll,1}t.
H a oo Iraa aT' To oTa ToT
poe' IroBa oa oBT BopoI. oa,
To oo a TBope oo6oT eoB TiUI.
a o ]oBlBopo:..C o a,
e )Ide alo' o I{eToP?>, <opr o6a
ox TepeoB o6p IIoToPy opa, a
I{e yIlJ oTaToo o opa?> (B oe
ya .oItII opeTa, Halpep' |oJI|o
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To oape ( B.oxoe, pope, a,

<Aal>)poo,oa 6yyxo?>,<

aT, BT apee npuol. oap? al


oo6e paIloIra oap, oa olro pooe?>

<a ory a, o opa p:tIloT'a


poTo TaI,_ .ro oe oap P
l]ooMy oolry?>, <oya e 3a' o
poo o )I{'a'a oa l{ytlo To-To

?. oP oop:<a yar,
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opeo alpy a ooa' a <<Ao,
e.'.? A ae...?A o
...? oa, a To ee...?'

oooo,

<ptado oo6ptue:
npuun u npoe1p
mopcl|ozopul||u
npo6>, 1951

oeTo 6y <v> B TllI po epTT;


o apaa; poPaooa I Ila <aJT

oaBIIIe Ivte lroy.e

IIa., o a oTeI a T BoPoI'


-o TB. o6p <olo)

ypa:e> o' pdpoar


x <<op
Da.IIlI

Ita.

oe ooil]I>

38

oBIIII

(apep,

{I

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I{a BooiI(IlI

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B uep rreepToo ll'a eTBeTo Tp


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o TeTI yp)Il

;.: IIoIITTepo eo o o6oo. IlI(oTox PeB per TBopea .


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.IIo Tope - .Ie, .Io padomn To?_ ,ozlm u npJlmbB oaoo Mep T'TliD o (sopoy, pe poe.

P.3'4.pp

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poe vep pI
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e opIa pJ4{
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Hape6epa < 1|con o
mopuozo.l'lllutttu">,
1982

<H y6eex oaa.


oo' o l(yp o
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aeMopoa aa. o

39

Xotu npu
pT I1IIe' o p ToM y e oao yBTB o ' o o H o \ 4 , . P c | t |l p v T , , l o \ l t | o o
Bpelt) tI opaB'IBJl IIoTpa}l}IIx a yll.
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a Ia B o6pj{t

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pIl TBooo

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T ypajIl. po (p. 3.5) ,uoo.l


qn,

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flapepla <c cono
f|lopco2o l|,Il,uL|Iu>,
1982
( opreaao <M!>)
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1982

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40

- :-uo||Lp|l|||
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j ;Ila IIIOPPyT yepaT
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42

'uJ|'p|l]|''.1opon no|1||a1nJ,|t'11
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udm ipy op. o
e opoa poe. pa epe, I{o.a'a oo a poTB Bo? A
o;Ltto eelo, - a Te
.e' oTopI eo )rT TP
pyro a opo 3o.
IIoaeIl ByaIII'4aI{IxB oy epaI
oo e eea,oorop? ae pe plll4T a , aIopoe 6ro oao Mo
Ie oTeaIlI 006oT, )ItHHIx
eo a oe eBoo)I{oT' 6yyeo?
eT>.
P. . IPIoP
<P w>, 7987

orrae
Bopol

oypoa

aIBaT

IIa B

a BooI' oITe BI.

pa ro aaa opo6o.a
oypoa.
a olipeTllo a B3aoB' aoBI eByT' ex{y Be' poB]ll,l TBopBoJ oTopI oo epIIIIlo eoBaa oe
po . B o e BIpaa aOI{' o ye-

<.Poae oopaeT
opqe Pay eo o.
a' Poalr Ppae
ee aloo IIeIl' aaeT yx opJle, I3Iae )ltItil oopiDi{ee;poIr _ o po
ea>.
P xlv
<Lpucotl >, 7966

poBa oeTI{eTTope oo6o


BIT yepeoT xyo}a 6. o aa
ee . soBo o oit
oooBao: oT B o ye 6p
yBpel{o Box xyo)ItIxooo.

o,ao oro6ear

oo6o o pTao To
oe ox yeooopMl|.o oIJ
moJlu e6 6oee BopeM Io.'
poBaT' a oopIe I{ B paT
pI TBoPx epIIIIr. aa Tate' o

-oo6poto'
po

44

.,\|olpLrca opm nol||vml111t

)
E

lt-

]] \1l||,loo|Io To ,le' e J-l' Ja oo6|u


)Ioa BIpaT T I oTaToo Ilo.
6Ia o yptlal oao' To B3l1l{oB N{r):llloBal'l BopToN{ a-To oTpaeT Ha
:'e. A oTo M oeo, To Irpo poBaII
].ttioo]\'1
BT o aoo IIoe TBopT.
:lpBt' p' oB.oo p op)e B o1' e JI o.a BpI{. o oo p]ioT BJ1eT ella apaTpI poBa
].]aBeT e B oTopo I ooOI o.io T BIaBa' oTBo TBop:By. Py, oBe eT' To oa T eTo,
:] o-To }Io, a)K y.-{o pya.
Bo-opt, py, eoBIt oyaT' To oeT Bo,:]l.IN{aT
a oII T o'oBpo otl lloxo,lClN'I
j:To IIoe
BooI IdaT oo)I(M a N{opy
lI To a Te.. To
.1}.,pya poo o
.Opo, aJlooo ]t{I'IJIIIBT oTeNlrl}l TpyTol{ poaH o e yo BoB) B TBoPe po, a 06 To oo6aT yeIe
:Pe I()..
B , apaTepJl llol.poT Top Iopa6JTaT B o'oTB a.(oa oTp6lloT B
]IJ!1 po, oo6e}1o ItoTpoT B Boo.
.o] Bp6a,1}Ioo B]!IIIaTTBa. olto
]B o6Ba. ayIIJ yoB, t(o. p6a
i1 olloeTe.
Hao, aNlo aBI.Io: oOIty oooT p TpeT pt to I'IaBIoB aopT _ oloTI,IB,T _ ltpllluo ooBy, T0, o)eT T,
epr
:ra6oeyo:taloDleTa.TBopeTBa
oyT ..ii, BIra <.A!'> (oape)
.o o6po I eo BIII Byai{I BoIt,l o6r.rrr a oBa <<lI>,
}lo' op, B
0060 l, oopr rtr To oIlT
;liHl{.

D:I'

*
o.lI,

.
r!i
M

r-

t]
tri:
I_

o oo6I o6 BIoaT B 6 0116 /l ) o'oBpeeo opilla aTII


p]'I l{oo' BaIe ey 060 Ir (o
.tii po, oopr r (rr BoBI' IoIl
:}iI pyo); oorloT BeT, To ItoTliiop.TBIlo pc, BaN{' pBlI tla
ipaa oI'II oTl'1; lloo6T op
lt Be a oa T o.IloBMeo Boo)It\ITopee aaJIo.
ByplIlI e 6I ItIt }Ir, a e
.
oo opa p8NIIJJla a. TN{ pIIoo)Tel,TByIoN{ aNI r),y BI4yalII Bo.
.,ttr opeo. T BpN{e'l'ITIJI rloTopylo
-:Ol.y }lyBpIjI,IoT' Ilpo,o)Jl o Ia
-t ]J Tpao' alx. pITyro y B 3II(.

45

. 3-9.Heoope oTI
a oloooit . 39.
(]e:
Te Iry <.>.
lII Iolltll yya
oyro 6yy <.v> oe
<.upervao>,
Beo y
<i>oe]ualll]aT.
TT a apaEoe
o'qoae'oer
o't
opei

LI B }t

JraT'IpooparIre
ao,

llIlpNf e:

lroPorr r.e}iy; aToo I.l


I,lIoTo],lpay Ia;
llIpllyT .ne]Jloa;
lro-l:loBaT( rt..'
poirr oo, oo6o
Iroor,a 6o.'rroe
l!to'{o oToB a
aoB''reflEoe pell' a
,Iae' yItI a
ttorrey 6o
NIIUIe a o o}1 11
ao Topell
oo(lrle.
oa paa.
arro 6oee ey
ao3 'I)yPIryo
py tsapaTo' aaa
illee ' o.

etlr ro
oar,o'tttto
Ii ilIe Tl{eli
3Ia a e}le a'
lr llepT IVl o
II]ax 1' IIolIyNI o
po6:relre oee e
olleI oel(i Perefl e
oIae, Be o
o)tio oIl Pe'
y l'Iao,ro.

c>

o6pavt^.

I< opAAII^A

<Topvo,a 6o aa-

tlo' o iloo oolt epeoe olo' o M )


ae, e, vo6 a o,
eo r eIrle e ae..' C'oaeo,oI ope' o]lII ye ,,o.
ompr ctll,ll'a'o a
o, o Tae ao oo aqero>' (1p o.)
)oP !{P
<I|Icconou
moplona>, 1965

<eooo pepa
ae-o eoa,e
ooajl oo1lllo' o a a6paae a pe'ooi{eli,I' poUloe aa fla n4el(a o' e
Ee ea Elleo oeoo 14o oo, o Ea e
tt:x e6el ooo'
a aI 11Io eoee.
o yo>.
P ollo
<Ilplae 6a >, |96
<. oo oalo o
oa, oy e eo
. orro ollI,t.o o
oI,IaI{' ory apoa
eo. Bo o ya
o 6r yao aee rrep oll oo6.
o rpa }ep)e pyI{e ( ealo
o6 oao yvpe
ea a ollne)>.
BIlTfi
I{py r p
Xapplcota <Toplono u
anu>, 1979

oa K , oToply aa 6t Ha Iy
I{,I

B Bopo

IIeII,

o6paTa

TaTa' a .eBI(aBopex ,e.fI


I{eoopoo epo.a Oeo,IrIatl o ao
pe copeaomouJlba oBa, oToPI TiUIa,
auoa B llooM BeT: oa' o oT B
y opI I oIBa oape,
a TBopoo poea' epax 3pe}l.
B oo ae a pyo ooac fiIaro <eu
\etn": < pay y,4 o!>. * p

ooPo y'epel]]ep6er>.pay
o Io Baep oa oxoBelre e,ylo

o: <.oa a6l Te IIoBe' oa B y


oT oae; o a pe BeTa, e Too

..
Io,oo oe...B oop 6:
y)y
By, aTpa
ee 6or,'.flpx
po oB ooo ovyBTBTeIloT;

r papUl a:]a a B ilt,e


Bo _ B3' oTopJI Be To p 6ra epeo o.
ola y oTpI laa I{a Ty ,' oa
Ba ooapya' a oB' BaIIIt o pe,
yeo poBoIeo aoa <udm>,
HJIII . oIIa oTo

OTpITJI' IloT)ItIl

3o6peTe,eaoo I{eo,aI{oo
po6.

a e ea oo par? aej a
o pI B Ie' aapoar
opa,

oTopI

TJI aToo

pBIlI'

To

ore e ea I{e oalla }Iaejl.


aa [0060T TBopeTByae Bo oIa
epI{ax pIl. <Bop 0o6o _ o
o po6I o-ooy>. <Tova.g
IloT _ To oo6o e oo (

pyoo,rpe)>.<<Topv
oo6o_

II BeT oTBeTI B o)I.I e>. e

/BTBO' To To)e ya <B Teylo oMaTy>


o6pee o-o aITpoB.

46

.mu. |. onpdLl'Lu

Japoa Iotlc Ie oao


' .ap(a'p}.e
eo'To a TpI<<oapee>'
H ollT BoxHoeH..poa TBop]rioo poa, 'ao , o
pe.eTa Te'
Bp' p, poeo' a <<oBeIIIIl
:I yr BeT o>. B,oxo T opIT 1[aTj{dea TeP - <<Ity> <<II' ]>' oopIe oyT oepIlllo TepIro
oa.pe>.o6a oBa oTpIooI{TeI{Ie
. oo " y " P, P||e
x poxo}|
. ]-] o aT}Joto aroa inh'rcri, o oIIaaT <MoT.
p" 06Hea .oodttoTol,1eH
]] a'I lloa 6 opeTBa poaIloo
' ir.lIl> _ . . IIopeTBe}tIIo, o-To' <<o::e o6pa> eo.o eo BIe- .IIJ] o6ooa.
Ilyvee oa <a> IIoo l\,leo pyoy
.poy 1. ro oo <.> (y. . BJUI,
1p>) o poxo)lqe Bo o-p. :}I BIIM,Ilo oIIaaeT .ee o-To eooa-

<B parrI epo pooo


oIrI )oPl
a[IToil
e oey e-

y e 6eooeo' Ba.

lllllotl oe IlI pIeIIe ox ry6ox po.


e opy' llyIyIoa oIo a... o eo
o6erro ee'
pyooilo BoIo' <pollaeoT>' <<l]pollIloIe .I|ropx Brrro
-I>J <<oiltI]e>eo.To. a <<poa- o aolo polla ye E plr prlle
..]> <<oT)Il>y3IaT Ha 3 e,y Ba e poTe oeo
]\l oivle }., oToPoe 14 Be.Ic BI
pella. o )e ea,
pe npo.r, Apa ]lITo B ope.
pr <popI{e>' <pIl> <<}IoB,e- ott. ol.ooa iL o aoo a}i'
- . BIOT BpaM To ) ao ,. B pyx
o oTaaoa ejl
po.a
yoII'
o
aoo
aII ea aeT'
:
rryroa o6.o ooo
:tl> oTI{eIi pe: <B'T B Ilepeya rr oopoEo opoBe Hae>' <(B- e oapoo yp' Ta
:-'' <<BeT llpoop>' <<B'eT
- y>' <(TBeT> . . oa oe,oo lI o6Eapy,{e eapultt-^
riy pay Io tlepae
o
. -. To.To oT o oe oeT'
y' oT o ee I IIna|>
';l: <.Teep-o
eefiIo op. pyy.
pa E aorreEa'e pe
:ItoBe oa3l ta}II pa}le
o (tI eoea irtll
: .-o ]r{oTe B.py pIilo B ooy' To BoTo- Il' oa ee oo
-]tle oa TBope .'.a oT- aEae o paeyloriy
oT Bo oto' oa oP,I' tl.
:.:IrI. <.Aa!> <a!> _ IIIIZL.Ia
, :ToB' o,a aolr y,aBoc
pyudm o'To ytrTEa a aelo
po

llpa
pae
jiIl}.
. oap ToMy oo6oy Bop, oTopo .aeTpotlT a p[Iell>.
To
yoB
To
6a
.]e. ,o .olxo,
,JI
oPMa

APIi
.lia. Po Too, To Ilp}I{Bae Io ooIlal.
<oapo oro 20->,
j :oI{e ToT o' o, BI aoll Ilepepy tt:e<6tno
oplly
eo B opI,rJI]Ioe ooiItII
: pyllo'
1980
npu>,
<B apTIry>.)
cpa} e

:-...
uau
J aTI{a Ia re aplxIla' o e
:]Io B ooBy' o p)I(aeB'eJIpe Po-:l Mo){toIo r ooBaT poe o.
.I T _ po.eoTppoaT'To T Tao,
]aT yaBa' a o3aT yoB o o-

47

Xdouru ac
pay aelra
Aa a loop o oelv!
lltloJIoall aio Bop|
<.oropollI aea
oya oI6'vo yva
i]eao| oll I.loao.
o lpoaaT pa.
IoT...pa oo To]!1,
o yrlae ouJ y _ o oe ao yo' o l(ooM MI Ioop
'
pye l]|
o o rI'leI
e a' a o)l(I6I>.
<Iluono a ompl,lnui
o6amum muu>,
1945

T). Be, aPp' ooe py)Il aHa 6 oT yel{ o


a}I' a oBa.IlPl eTI BlI(.
, I{Ty oap .eTToaIom Tel lta To yaIaeTPoo)I( T JIOB,
oT)ItlvI
p3 oooe BopTe' To oo
peBol{ oT)Ke 6oto oa Bo TBoeoo oa]!1ooI 6IToI{aIap.
Too BopT.
<.Ho yovy,
l,IoTeBopaT BI, Il o. T ppao B)>.
o, 6yoIro, aB,a;B o6Itlt o6a
ooe B oB. Ho oyI o
Hoo po'4a' TONIe' To paaT epe poBa oTaeTo oI,roo p a oeTrHo'
T aTo.
apa

IIt

1rpoTppoBaT T oT oyT ap:L B I: eoB' oTopI l{oa Il tI TaTJ I{


T' II(o T ti BlIeeT
o \,II{ToBoDT.
P o p . J o J ' l o t s ] \ | o e l B l J B T o u y "
|o\lop. HxoBo1' oo6pa3 tro' Ho eM) o.
yI B}IIIIPyeTa paMoToo oBI(a: o
ItIlI lloTya Il{ Ty. IIxtto polllI Bel(o' 03o)ItoT IIN{llllo Doa
o
' o| \4 I'to oo"ai 'Py '
a o J l l l o H o B e j o 3 l | H e p e J l l | l . o
Jl60 eoB oj 'Nl'o yM l] .
aT ao I\|He Jvlnau.

To re ye e. o, e o6y.I

IlaBlM sOPTll' N4o)T06,o aP


p' oBoIor ey' Ilapep, Il{eaTa.
III 3I4f{Il B BIa) a oee' attI OIIJO

Ie

DITI

Bx{tI

oTe. o o yeTI'a paBo' oalxaT


To yl{e llT, p6peo pe poa'

TBHO N{ pee. (J ola pIIIll It o


3B' a oo lrlo)Ido YB,T' IlaoIto I{a
yT BT el aoJII(o a'o Tao .
Ho N1o.I H ||l|fle'
< Mo{oo lly
ueperrree?
Iueo
ylue T o! ola p.
y elo>,
I

T1Il,

pe' lrIe p
Xapplcota <Topamo u
Llu>,
19'79

eo IIaBIo Boo
p oop Bo e; o ToN{,o uflo.]Lou
eT Il opallBaT oalle
yTBa' yM TaT aT Il

T aaN{pTypI poB'.

BT' I BT yo), _ lt poTo 06


BeT OIII BIIT yII]' ' payeeT'
e B'9T ( ora Io' n

48

-
-i

-a

,.1pau onpdelt'l
.-)TaoBeepooIIaIIIMyItllo' o

aoe oe r. Ha-rop' a p-

:Ie Ila' IIII Pe Beo Te, o oH y)rIIIa.ltIIIIIi.

Ta o6pao, oITHHoo6pa yo
.oooo' Ho a or oeo? BeB ao eo Topeoo poea BTaBT p.
:i IlaII

IIaI

BOIIT.

apoI(a

. I o a oT Bopo, pela B aee ep.


. o oI{tloo

I]IaIa Ie IIJI T.B' [pe-

e l{ae aIIIII: f{ae


.aro, opylo Ty T Topeoo po].'a. aIe _ To, ollpoy oop, 6op opo o' a aaT eoBae' aIIa
:-lI oa. Ha oo B oD aIx oeJ{
i1oT 66oTe: aT, p, aIe, oe.y.:- Ha a uo IloBT odpaoBa}ii pI\4y-

<aa ar
o poooe eoafle o.
oroe aaoo
e. I]pee e aa
..Caporo opa'' ,,6laxtra" oypri( epea
ay epapI o IIyeIII.
. oo aIo
*o
'a'' MeiI loo.
o opy ]Ie 1{.
o6ooo pora ae peeE o Io o6.
o ox>.
,)oP P
<Illmo u N
mopecma>, 1965

j.;o o)r lto}.}46 opI Apy? o a <.a.


:;a>? y ao llpoe.Ile 7 a7? Ha 6oe Io}l }?oB}I o6Pa:loBI{ T.eI-ITo6Ho aJI3Py.
, a IpaI{lx eax, 06I aIaT Bo Mo
. 6oee o opoo o poyp.
]oe 6opa oPI\,Ia, Ta o6pao' 6oee l

<ae
ppo
p.oepal peplle ypya p o e3eoIo ella ypalIoo py.
Bo6e, oooe o III' opI IioB o'
epr, ro oopoe.
llo o. oal aIao pya>.

::{

opx Hp, 1965

{TBtlo

a e 6opa aoMIlIJl opa:

HZo B?M.

o)I(
Bepa'o.ItJITBopeTBa'
.'oIooI{ po. HoB}. ,eHy(Iopo|4 IIpa"I opy, 06 oa TJIa ,oTyo
j 'px. o o ope ooa o <o6r opea, rrro
.x 6ITpo Bepa
.Too a.o- ya.opoe'.

:]oo DoTo aaT To' To IIDO o Il


o BIIIe B'oxIoIlJI' _ Poe ToT o-

. 6 yr aIoM I{oo Bpee; I{o. Tp6y oI T)oIo TPya, T06I IrpeoTT


..], IloIlopoe
oaaTeTBo' Ho a o

Po
<TopuJ' uo6pmeui>, 1881

eooo
oIIa':11i"l11:ry'11"Y:Ti *.o;
..]eopo
oT}'e.,'I
.]'ypI. o e, o'}Ia aIx araoo.=-''o"
o' o it,
aoa _ ayT Tye}lToB pop 'oaaT ti oo, a poael
]]{ . BIOB <,.{oa:To!> T ylax o Be yIlllopo,){t-

aBella )oa

.J.'oT Bo3III(aIoT epBo pII

j ]pTBa: ep ao, Blaa oap.. T Tp o 06 pIa}rae]


: voalo oT oeeoo oa. o aoe

49

d.oBo eael B tsr


oel' oa aaeIII yaT rra ... oo}o
oIaII lllorieapo,
oa o re:"M ypalo o ofl' I{oao
o6ea qoa''>.
iA AAAP' 1945

Xolu mpu
op, oopy 6
paaIa py Apa rTea: o6y<a
oeo a)Jy po6ey,
rue oa oxo a
apy ltao o oe'Ea,
Ioop o o oapoaer ee aeo: <
eIio)io lloya>.
u < cmomu
m>, o pe'
A. - peva, 1979

poo'T B l\,loy,oTeo oaT Ilepr a?


Bopo: o aT o3I B xoe B}IaIIIar opa' o6pao pry T, Ta Ha;Ielr? B pay aTaT il{a Aap
(. ay a . 49) oIaeT Bo ope pe{
IlIIIl.Ho vo poxoo B Moy aapa, oa
o <MIo-aToeMy>? o 6 TpoBaT
payoo ooa a ypo, oopr a o
eoooT <<I
B Topoe>. I1o ze mo m,.oe a <<ToPoIla>?
vo pooo oy ITet|.o oH ooJ] o o' o6 " Ho)o oa-? ol yo3l1I]lopT' A o;pe' Moe BoxoBIl'aBpllo' aoe Ta}ITBeoe Bex.
ppTope o o
o' To e D{eT' To Halee Bpa
ye Beo yI[IBaTB a]Ile o6I0 pTaBeIfe o comrbo.]|4|t|]d1e|4,
o Bpe,I IpI
I'BaH o3ape 6OIIJ
ooeTByT
ollIo Oo3aToo ooaTeooIlIe. Halree Bpa oayT o-aI{TMlIIeIl'a pBI T, Ba.
[JaIIe oape oe ooeyT I 06
oH oo6pJ(H |'I|1HIr. o6p
poBa' To lIaI Bep peTaB.
oo aaTpBIri elloBa Bee'
a epBI aT, BIarBae opelre 6or oo a xyo)eTBI{oBeEe By.

pa xyo op
pa e rra oor
poa to yoo
o yo:
<B oe pa6oe yeylo
eoopIe ai' eooI
epeTI' oopI ae Ile
oll,Ial? a Ia oIrs'.. Tay eM 6oIe paIdaael' e y6 oa
yo: oa ela oae
oro. TaflI lyio
yzDa' e I o' To6I o opa o y.
o 6epe - aya
yIloae>.

paIIIBaT:<.oar paoae' BI axoTe


ooIl oIlu? >, 6oco oTBea:<a>,
I{e epepI]]BJI,To eT B By. o T'
I l,lT B.y,aE ao ollo' oToy o
e.yTBo oIvo pey olo epIl

{py r .(;op? I1J\nepa <cmo


rc mopec,|l.d
;, 195

all. aeT' oIlao, To v.oiIl oo3a.


pe6lBa oTo}i *oo ioo6a 8>
o no1n|l||
aTo Il I]ITIBaa.| |eaHWI

oop uTaa'o poBap6yep&'Ieoaaeopa6oIoa .ol,lpyo ep6o-orrTyeIroo-pa r pe-o6pI


-p'. a o ; Ta,
|to xyo)}|op,
o ' To p po poo.T eo efl oToIl coa'
OITI B B xeo oTo' ao o.
a a <<o 006 B}I>.

y6oo oaT ppo,oo I]xoo


Ir. a a3 palry3 y'o)Ir )I{oP pa'
IIy <<}lytlloyB)T>.
Heopr eTI <<IIoIocoo6a Be:>,
o' oaT yI. Hpep, eoBe B ao
To Ile ooe oep)a 6ey (a

50

p amuc |t o eeull

i-Iio oopT Irp ollTpaoo poa)


:}IoBoeII,oa y e IIo.poe oro, o .
..]KoeooH opoToy}I HHo
:leTpa' eo-To oBPIi]eo PoTBooo)Itoo
Iao>. paae yBTBo BPe,
BBayoT' Beelra po'Toye oT
1?oIl 11|nI7o Teolo
;]]1 TaTe a o PeeP

poeI{JI. fta BIpa' o o06o)-

: pay <<H]peT
B .TBTeoT>.

]oeIa pyTypa

]ootJl Bo cl4 o)IdT Boe.tlo yo apj-oooo ' :alpocaJla ITeT}. Tpy]y eTIlIx epIo B Tee a op]tioo poea. xoa oa.'o' po..TBoPBa IpoxoepIe peItoB o.
jil'I' aIlJIoIe Te' To PoxoT p poBaII'
]IIa oa OI BIT pepl{o Ta:

1' Ilpeo;, o o6aT c.]IeoBaHoaJI.


:al{a poe BIIa a opxo. a a.,
:]BI IrT, TeyT IrTyTBoo aa, oToPl
U{TBylII Beo' e <<yB'T>
dorrryro
y I{opMa_ <ooy apIl> _ a ae aTaeT' aT, oToe e yaIBaIoT
-oopIx
,]yapy aoM.To oToe <oTaTB
>. BI To-To aI{aT' B ory aTo BIx.
. uo opo, aa eto-o edocrnezo
. o-o Boo oo' oopaaeo opea.
:oy -pe II IoT IIJITo o6rpoo
ne.eel{}loo.oBIl' oaa, o pr
'a _ o pyy y fl.p:rta.
2. peooxt e' To B claI1 Hal a
BIoT -pe;, o6lpa, oppy
]TB,IIIo l]ooa oparo epy
' a a. a opa a
o I]peMeT]a.JIoToo IIII1i'<I{oIv1aIroo>
Bep:]loo' ]lJITtIeoo,oo pra. B .ree
.i c.IaI4'Ipay B ao aIle opa.;i' B aeo pe'eoo oT.
3. B o o .p' IlaBepoe, oTaeT.
: o M e 3 e o B o p e x l e e , o
-.iae.oBaTao olli' oa o.
]J:IBopoI ll2lxo,oTo, o, ooBoo{a
]oTBT aPeIIJ ael Pop a,II B y. BoHTyBo HeBpeo.6o:Ba pa:]oapoBa. rre TpT TpyTyy.
DaIlIPaT' o,oollo yoa apTII ooo-{' pIal a o (oopI 3 Ilx, l o, vTo}l(- pe.,ayoo)
]laT oI{oy a,T. Hea xI' oPa-

5t

<IIo .op'' ..e'' o ava vy.


elfiolo oIlp' Ilo a
o xoo 3aaa.
e. oa ..op'' a p
paa I elo eoa' eaIloefi
op, roeroory 1<e _ e pa e
Itp, o' a o oplo'
pItlIMaIo o llt oeIo
ooe oI]oIo
olo .,eli''.
Ha pox ya ..ope''; e oro
)'
pyIlo'
aypoa. oa )e
B(, y elr fleao o6rra.
py<a aa, ala
o o ..'',oootao
tlelo IlIp ee.
tlo' oopall yaae
Mefl'.
psp

<,
udu>,
I97

-t.

o o <pa'
(y.)' <pIgi>
(plr.):
poo o oepooo .oel ( aule); o peeoo laloa hurhin (opra) oxo Iraeo oae pea
<pa!>(<l{ae!>).
3 I I,IAoA^
uu lmlu>,7975
Copeoe opeeee:
o6 uue: allpaItI,ooato oIIaT
opa oo (eo);
cnuao 3|lu..nP aB,o' efioe eoaEJ
Ilo e oaafioe e oaeoe.

Xoru 1ry|npu (1{:

| | y l o l t l o p t l .t t o . o o p t o | p | 6 | o , ' l | | y | o
Italty. flooy.a[
pope -pN{ p.
paT' o6a a.Io <<oTI{aIBaT
B Topoy,>.
porl.r, uo ToT N{o}IeTlrr po6I
<<popvarT>' Ta aaT' llpyol{y' r'IaoaN{Toy
p poTl or 3pTo-o6poy, oloN l . | I y o y - p l t < y . o t p t p t ' r 5 a | ( o J , | | ( | momt,o
T. ' Il oIl
pa6oT oplla.
' opao B )Il Hare, , BTBo -p' Hy a BIatI' Pa6oa
Boe BBpN{or, oeIroJ llTepye
T, l-pe)N'I, Bo3o)o' pyeT o6pao Iropa oopa;ao ByaJIoN{ pTpaT'
PeBa yo Ty'a'Ioa' lT <<o'IIaT>

'py pyy ayvIrr o' I oppoa


er o6pal, oT ItoTopl aT ItpT N{oyT
oTYTBoBT' ITJI yBT o1lyIo apT' ITa
<<3alo1.>
yTI Tal ITa oa'I llYa.lttIo
otlylo TPy.rypy, B I(oToPo aT <<paBIIo'>
o o l , H o ( ' p y . r l O } 4 l l J ' l | ' | \ol 't , n t t C . l l ' t
TpyTypa oppy
J pBl,Ia oeoo aa3
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. o
Bp.IeItN{ paBaN'I Byo'rIo]t.

oe: Ito B o
oype"]llfott
Bpo,6ra,
To pBOoylllpo Iro6,taypo.
e I o J B o \ p o u o o | ( l P e | l ' l l o - . l Nloty' I{ ooo yT a opeTI PaBa
ppax. Ho o o yTBep)/,l o 6l pr
,J.loot I]pooB -plta, o]]o II ooTBy toey o6Iroy oITy poali oITy py.
Poae or,t ottt Pats],I BpTtI.
e ToI' I{oTpI lrpBIoT po elt poBa. JT ilpBa Tae' T. . o He oo) ypoeI paaTeI( pa.[a I'
oTopIe ypaBT Te}I' a JloBa IIBaIOT oooTall pJro(e. p PoBa]I oToo ]]IpoI(]alo6l olyrr ltopa}te Bapo ool"r apTpTa' Ta a BY,
anr Iroa' oyl'Ia , 6ott,to lpe}lCH'|B o. Mor o..|o tt(tJ11(.
-p
eeT BIlyTpIlH N1oeJ]pooB plII' ooIlI{y Ta oe aToo tI' To e eoo)o ,TJo I,IoT]tI -per.
B a rTaII paoTl'l p.l.y. B
e llI( ro oc ttlll oIto pty.
p (pa.reIto) po oI1 |!m To' Ho
rue xoT ]ia To.o' ooJIIty Bpo IIPaJlo
poBH ty c laJlfal!|'P!|)|l( y||aL-

o 6pull onpDrcu
I-IIpe,{ B To )e Bp B.T o ooToIxI]
Be ozlHl a, o e, t }|. t[po.pHToopy o opt ( PoTp}lo
Bopy a).oro IITa, Toi{' 6), T' Po}I Too' B To Bo BNIO opo a ya,
BToTo TMoTo ;tto , ToT
paIBaToT ?)oo lIITpa Ta '.I.
B oopo I ToT oo B.e poTBoooopl B Mp,|.
.loIi -p\4y lt'ltJ'lctl.
IITI(0B a[IBaeT: <<aoBa o6 opa munuozo
.IIeTa/>_ o eo 0Taye MBoey
opy, oTopa )T aTeM ooaT oBa o
Ba 63 a(l|,HIa p(laau, <<oTBop>o6ee o-

orloye a...
PIr. 4.1. pl.eIuy
oPI4^(|8.I2 - 1944)'
. Xpnu ., ru, 1.ro.reltIl|ii
\a,{
o) T

P, 4'2. .'.oea T

53

^!oo?11|uK|npu a
Poae y pea
Ceyee (ooo ypa!{e o,Io)I{
po pit.
Iy Nt M 'y'llleo Poa|
1. H e 6yar ollpy.
e yoe <pum.]|1L
>
opa, IIaNrep,
To
eEollo aol( eo. pac oI'rpoa
n'\

moo

I(j I(I( I ll

2- 3alt a o e e 6yr opy o Topoo


pyrra(p.4.2) o o
JI| Nlo)6Il oo
o eoB' BlIIoI{
opo Ilo' a[feaiI
a yoEapoe'
opo popo IJl])
paaTe "[o)ttlo
ya pyo elo Ioe,
3. Haoeo, oy
aeB oe ao.6o
-lo' ae
eo yNtMoaM'

<.ore riaa lte rr.


oer' a ollpei p.
Iteo>.
^ I1
<.pad>,\91

Te <<apL{I>. a -pe; polIIlT


neyeN{y oTl pIxJI: <.oa o opa
T6e paTe?>, oTolt opeT o6ry opy
TB PaT. <Hy e ooo,
oBopT -p-

..paea''>.
)I(. o6eae
Pc. 4.I 4'2 eoppyI oeI pyTaTI
T ,Bypa3Ix Te IIe.Bopo plryo
NIo)eoBopT IIoBa oBa' ooTTTByl{eeBIrype o -pe)I{a' oop o; 6lT p}'1a o pa|IT a]e 06 aeop <.I{To>'
pl pyo' oHo'tl|oHHt oat
yotIto o Mopao' TppyeT oBpI1l}Ioy TpaT' 6apyloy 7lea o6o6I-rIx
opa, }Ioa To}lIx'Y:LIII'IIoAloo)tll oHpeTI op. Py Mpa BB eo
o)IttIoTo(Ito oBTopT' Ix potB opotlI
y. po oo' .o) It.iI6r e aa' "rr
6t pr.l aoBaT e o'IrypHTeMy,, Ty )e
a' eIu e pnootIlueomt) am-lm u]||.
Ilno.
l t o o I l p H p J | H
o)llo
oa3a .oo opeTIo6pmaM eT o
ao' oaa' eo .p) oo6 nomb B
II-pe. ar poIl, HaBeo,BTo'
o fl-p) IlloNl y)It oTT_ To aoIlaeT
He IIIlIo<.oyrt;a }le N{o)T6t 6oIe o.
xo) N[y)rry?> Ioa <.Monppa e\u'>.
ovey l,Io(TooT po yT r6p oo o ao? Or o6reoao derm
lo! 3arl o 6 v ,1 oito?
Hy vo, To a{.ITo yT-yT oTae T
.pyx? B paB}Io o 6oe Jt tl OaI(oBI.
Pa leTeIlI. -per TN{ oIII.
eT ( .pt oaIT Tel{r To oB.eIr aooo 6aa _ yI{o yoe a!)
' oo6o ea yo{}Iy ayJl , oa3IBa I.ToTeI o To' To BT' o Tol{'
]o pettoyIu.|B)olte. -pelt Ilo ,].,l
eo y"rllIIpMPONI'
oTp a o olory o)ItlloT'
o yooe a3" B T IIeopo.
Bo).aTpeI'I B ypoBtl o3I,IaTIloo
II.[II'
lrpllyo .y p). o6pa6o op B
- p e l t v o | B J l P H t e l l o e p H o Too(-plra) IIIIl{l1;
-p; ooaT J l or, npnouum Il ooaBaT
To ll-pe( <<IT
ToPo>'
n llpIroaa' To eo To oeT poollT
Bo Bp a, Bia[IaIlJ o BpN{aBa.

54

p m onpu'lt
Oap. 06 opa oI{oBp- B 1922' e
.aoI,IHoopoTalrTBooBopT ]lo.T}Ia Ta. rI I o Ty E
Ito }'poBe o)I(o,To BIxo.a I]DI006. po6eo I'typeeaoe oomemn!mmul: Heoo, o.o- }! aoa oop,I o pBae}loo'oBeoo pe)Idlre' -p, o- llpaB epapeto. B 1980 r. poop
o)ItIlo' il] e ooa' o I]PooT, o(eT apapoo yepe
a oe <.opJlo>
yTeo eeo {repalr o"]otl a
o3ae1'oo oxoM eo T IIIIe- oIa <o 6eae'
H' IIoa Io apTep...MIT Topoe.
oe>ootle a opa:
o l a eB Top o <opyrea,.roa po6eaTo oIBaIoTToT epo a pe 6ooa a apala Ite oo y.oBeTBopel{o.
Boolo, -p, pe) N{IIII- I'ly,o eoolIo.e.rIIl,ep ooI I oae}lo poBaDae oee I poo
o6o o6e 6.o e l y' o Moe <. ooIl o.IaT poorr Ir}p aoa IlpoeI]oe IIeHe> .xoaI , oopo N{Ie I' oTopI
oI
ooa' To poor(T T' .a...aM a- t oeo. Ho oT Io.
oy oa oyx.

oeea pyrrypa' Poo]I(e...


py oepoaao
pyyeop.

eoopoea'To e,ylo,I
T.o)eoI{a
ylooopo:
4. poo:,o ooT
peB

ee pe6yro oviloo
Ia, o opIe.
e o peIeEe o
peJI pil.

op pa, o epoaIro o e poaa!a


o o)IeaollI oelllllBa poolaT .Il' tI,'eI. Boo- epe aey ea.
o, .p: pooaT p6I B oo eo- y; oIi pIII ey..l,'ITBopoT B oToIlIIl eyeoy Bopoy. yTI{o''...
ao6p3I'''opa.
peoor 'JIe'To oBaTe,Ma MaI]Je aro o6r' pooe IrTaoa',>.
Iio aBToTpa JI a' oo6o

II

I
I

Apxey, a\o <<.T


T>.o Too N{oa-pt, e e )PAoo
axo Ile oa poo)Jlo.BoMaI{v- <ua otm
potlu>, 1980
lpoaT pa oo6pareoI|pol{B

]ooTT o Bo ytlI paB Bp.


o, . oooJ]o.
Bpy al o
jeT' B oTIoBao' op BtTpartlo.popa op l ooHI{l
pyr p'ry
lyoeTop p6o po6t.B or v p o B a H oH
. oe-oope.
oo!.,
"l-'
. eep-o BIty!>' <.pa!>,<.Hare!> " B o
B_po6Ie yBIl oape B|4T np|La
.abrn'.llepBooTpIBaTe oxae BoTopo' oToy To
po ey.oeTBoproT'oopI y o B
]a -UIaa'aoe.To l. fl a.
l]I Toe roe oo6a , vo oape vaU poltoey6o y ;l' pjII TTrIeopea a paoy. r a'o aIBaT <<pBIM>
<<eaI>.
Ho eI
le o, 'to operre yByT paBlM' B.T] paBI' BI a.To o6pao m, o oo
lpo. o ypoT pepye' o.
]aT IlpTIlo o6y:.

55

Xdougmpu
5. Il-per a-To oPao pe'TaTpII]I{e
po6eI op, oBeTo -po. or,
paT yTaIoT, -pe, oo)o' paIIIBae6:
<.oya o elxe pI]Io,oBo ao pl}Iyoo
MH j\ro? as t'tl yMJl o po6ee' y IoBT oTBeT.ov pao! poo loeo, oala. ,
o IJII oa.
.oo 6lT' a-o yvao I{aTIlya OTBT,oTo3aerpeooy o a po p,Hoo 6. Iro, eDtta( ttt!tl, y,'r e
a pIl olo eo. aa aIra? ouey-o 3a, To o pe
zLIt eop oornIlopaBoe, Teep' B,BBeT' oy pHN{aT3a
o HIooa, oopa6oTy _ aaT o.ao. ory poBpTTo B'
, o6orro aaopT, dnumeo oo paoTT ' To
ove ryoy Iay;
Ta, IlaT oaaTTBo>.Ta opao, -pe
r e eo
o 6epe 6pal pae B o Ta BopofleI

oa apaa
lttl I py.
oo po'Bpl1.
per, a o tt
floy Ta BIa[IBa peyTpyee
re, o o}
Oape poo,B oIIH BoBepllt}tpo 'Ioolt' 1{
o eo)'ao,a aa,a'a o6oe oIT,
aa To )e opoIoJ
To peDlelte po6eI aTo p.
ToT IIBT1,
_
o ol
aaoI{o oMy'
Ia yae' ya Toy' To I,{IlyT<<T1I}o pooT ooJ
To oT oa'>? Coaeo, Bepaoe eBo oyla.
e ojl otl,
p oa ao 06T Be ToT po' oBop, To
oo o arl}loo plII a <<e6HI
Io ooeE fle yap> <<I-IoTy,a>.
e poyo
llltoo.
Ho py 6 ope o6Io opIe yIlI rloope.
povr, .pr pTyaeT oyT oI oool[e
ey
ll..a, Tapa,I o Bex . ol yTBo
,(ee oorleM o. .
ypoT
B yexe e.oaTelIeT }Iry' o1' yopeEeM oel]e' T oaTy' pTT TpoTIle poeTI' PoBpT
Itoope o(e o( a.
MaTeNIaTeeop\{l' peoIIyTpol{al(oaeMaIIeo
oeo
eop

oe
o6
|1|'1|4
JI coa.| \faIHy eTa a .eTIo- opoe oope
ooeo>.
Bop' BIl]oT olilaoBy Bpa TyTiIBIroo elxe.
oPo AE
floa xopolxo, _ caaa ce6, Ta
<Bmpu>' 7982
Topeoo Poa yo.ooTaBT Mle
o6a pMo II]III.epI a Ho paBoool.o o6ye
pe ylBtl
o3ltTeooTaBeI{IBopoa: <.Ao, e...?>,
<.epo, ovy...?>, <. oyua...?>. HaIr _ o peyTBy oooo po; Ba.
o6pao pooa op _ BH|
y oo6paeol{ oHBBe}I',oB 1907r' 6eprT 6rr -pt._H, Bpa oyeTofiaa o ope
eT B ooBo B Jl-pit(.
<o oo6rr pae,
.rloa, rTeIia eoopI pyx elr e.
rIl ofi pe l Il)IIepoeIsepe peleo6.
I Too 3Meeo

Me, ola o}I o!I' o .


e ipaarr aellefl tlepaopEoy (el{Io' <aT.Jleltlll MIEoe.
e oeli,{tl>'

pt a Hare BIaae

Bep

paI

tre AA
ye
fI ^|"1^ <Ioc']ucku

o>,7982

56

6pau onp dtllt

fleo <<aTa>
opya. Ta, o - ao a o6 6oro ya' oa:]o.
eaa,o Iep, ey py' o1loBaB paBIlo
ap.Ho Iae e- y IIoo:
iaoT e'oToyoTaBape.060: Bo-epIx, < o o e oo.
o6peory IpoyTy,BIIaIo
ae pay y ro. oy x a o tIpoIIo-

UapIt' TM yTIlII\,l
yoa a,TBopoo Poa' ' o-oPl' a yT.py Toy
poe. x a oo6 Bexy.o)Itayp?

eflo' o eae o
a3a ooa, vo6II,yra ' a.
' o o e oli poIo
li ypIe oa, flao
a' a To To loop
a o, opara rra .re.
e3 x>'

pe ile
N{A. AAa
<Ilpou co
omu>,1974
e e op lraxo epe.
ve oo6preropafio Iy ( Berr.
) poreo.B
ee xlx oe p.
ofi a:
<.oa po aT
|l'l |1JI|1'
e oee, o7'c, !'!I err 6or
pIUITI{eeT To' o
elle a elo IToa, a e x. ao
aeT'o' ola oe pyIlo
paor poltt 1( oep.
Ieo Ill yoeTopeJIIIIpeyTa a.
elll Ipall oa'
o' To ,o2elree 6 a-o oepre.
tlo

lllo

fieI{TyiL'I}Iy

oo. o,{e eeo.


I o' oTopIe
Ee fioe ooey '
pasy y pee a o oxo o a3
ooll' o' oa oT e
tlo pyeT, aaT
o.o' ofi ao oa3a paepIlo ' 'e
- o]/1lo op, a o ep6"roe.
y'I]o{T.o oa 6or 6e oe x>.
I{pe lrre
il{A AAPA <Ilc1&o',|oz11'
omptmu o6amu
'a|n'mu1u>,
7945

J
I
T
I
..1

''\:'

oIrAPoA
pae <lnonopp m >.
ryllo aIIIeo.
T}plIra opoe
o0,'loea

a II
Ka 'Aa

,tvlIA Bv|ru|Mo
<Boo To' I{TotlTpe opueo. o
oTBeT - paTe r. o ep 6o
e oPHBxoo xipa'
Hr o To a)e ollpoo I{aoo
xyapoo o>.
AP
o
<'rcfuu
docnttllu
eoecl.oinpupol
>, Ig16

I<AK
PoaII
apa^^e^I 3IK

by'y peoaTeM' ' oI'IIIo' oJIa o3oBaT oa, o6t y.eo. Ho a IIpo,aBaTeJa poa' Tae oJ,Iy py Io' B .
3.[I Io a{o p-, Ta.o6pao
ltIJl IIo.olIT pooeM ooy . TBoPeoy
poy B oTe oox q)op Ia.
Tya Il
Ho o.lo ltri yvo
NlaoBTt{o flropra Opya <.Hore oa>'
aao, Bpoo' -o 1940 . (v aTa, oBN{oI,ry,eB). o o e ollrl poy Iy' oHo B3ao Boeo B., oeIIyI
| l o | o H t t o B l B o p , , ] l l H o , l M, o I l p B .
e o po -Ia .peta Ta. TBopqI(oo poa 'e' oTopy BIa[IBaa ppo
B i L ' ( u ,r :' t o P y t l _ J | H | l v t e ' o , t l . l u e
11,,luI'i.oa yaBaMI opai, _ NIo)II TT
oo6o To o papIT oBi(y' ItoeM T (a peto), To pooT B o
ooB.
o oa opHalr ' o l'1 B
o c e p o | , ' l U t o \ l , ' I o p ) H t o ) l o .ro, 6to, o N1eflHo p. otlt o
<.epe:re,o paoooBo, opo:t.ll po poBa
e o o6prror.o (a 6Ia pTaa eori ae, oa o6a 6alry ,tKpoe
yI(,pyo Morrpaa <.Xpuma>).
oMy lllltlIo o3rlIoa
To,
To
T.eTa
.
o
o,

ppadoaa
o
Bo\,1
EMaplioarle>.(o .
poa
To
eT
tltllli1
a
6ya,
Be
o
poTa
ep,peo
yo Il.oPoro ye o6o o a\,loBI lt}i, .']lIIIIIIoa.o paoeol.oya, t
Tex ovrrllr o6pao, - oo6o paep ary Nre-'In, pIT IJI' o oTpI arl 11I.lllTjl Mo{T Il lloa.
la] L '

e a oepxoT Byaoe IIIiee


B <.Hor ax> Op..t.'l tt..II,oBa.[ BIp e <<eJ]aT L{I o>, iI olia]]Io e o ao
flar <.oI o> , opyro .la. io.]ao' yrar
oev".r''t,l( 1940?) Ileal.alo,t. r fl_pra, l, apa.I.-I..rHIt1
paol'Iy Iy
o ,Ia < ' . r . H o o 1 \ :l p r u i i . r t n o | | ( p |
't ]lo B
m|u u nucj ,opd!a
TBIII Ta. Bop.oto irpoa' ,' a a.
opgll>, o 2| <IIo'l mp)T, aBeIITBye -pxrtrt.
1,np u I>, 1.968

60

?llou

a np.l"L|1'|tt,l 3b|1

B o e opy paIrrrT
o opaeo

]pI{Ba ooo o ol]IBaT I


.o ByT a o <<aeo .I>a;Io (. a-

\' a ox. 57). opy oop:<.B,To lIaT


:o,e,To aIIII paTe6eo
.1 ofIa Too' To poo.T BlIyp oIa'>. B o-

]aBIxoa o poeopy avapo.


..'Iope I{oBIo, o opo o' To'

a]l ye pyIBaT I{oBIeoB oIIa,I .IIByaIlIex oI, oap xao. To.


]a o Ix ' To aTBe poo Ia oIl oB, ItoTopl Mo r ola l{eTIIl
lTo co6, .yT<<.eT
l ,o>.
<.B a e' ' IIIT opy, _ yo paT
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l ooa pa l o6o pI y.ToBaII>.

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61

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62

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63

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paye' IIo eo IIe oxo
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<II tloozu ommu


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1945

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64

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65

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70

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72

1l1|1cmIu?nbluuu eoopumb

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74

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77

<.Mer o6pa, eo6oI oo6pare


' ea ore,6
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eI>.
Po APrix
<Btlo lulu>,
1969

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po B IIPBol'1 llpI4oyo oo <(B>.
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. a.oo eoa.

78

rucoa ou1gq1uu
Tnp uum puo mb.
Tep, oa I ao o yI{' oo)Te
o po pya TyeTo' olaI IIa
Pc,7 2_7.7, c' 80_82. PaoTe oI,I'oTopI .e.la BaJIJpyl{ py ajoo y'eHTa yJIIlI,Ilo e Mee B]oJToI BI yB xoTo' B
ao oe ^{I_ o' ,pyo BeT aT
<.oBaP>
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l. .{pyo .reoe, r a BI pyo' N{o

79

Xou rpu
Plc. 7.2.Ilanucu pu:
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2' Pao;
3. Cooe;
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83

P' 7.9'<Irre>,
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.; ol{e' I{pp <e> (p. 7.8), <pao'>
.7.13), <looTBe>(p. 7.16) a . ro
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olllloo Ta aaIBe pa oo apaTep:t
(p. 7'30). o re To oalo' oT )l{laJt}
oo TpyTyp oB'a oIl ToIIa.
o aae oBa o, oToPIe Tylll
I6p a (p.7.31), aaoll oa]l BMa ]}

po' oT a lIlpo oT' a <<P>',o

rtrt <.IITTo>' <<BT.


oe rx,
<(pllITT>. l1O xoT a).oo oT
, ' l o p H c l l H o e o J l B o t t . ot .
aTI pyTpte o.TBa: I]apMep' atlJlo
Ty <<poTBoT>To oxo)I( o'a a .pyy

a aao .(ra fllo ya, oaa]


rr . 106. <.Bo6v>.<..la> <<aT>
1oT o)BrHl

H' oIe

BIoo

<]pBoT>opo]{qaeT
pItypl opI,
I{Io BMy opy, . .

104

iffi

|,f,,.

i-: .1;.

\r

:J

'i"

',.',ii
,,n,()

:f I
..' ,
1

"/,n

t,

'
J"

/!l

Vl

\l/

/1i{

/r\

rt

D,rl

P. 7.31.yelree
u, vo aaooIPyIl oKaaJI
3 Mox TyI{Too IIIll ylpajeM, o]}ty To o poeoTppoa]ILl,.Io InmJIo:]p yao Ia poBaIl, oBap' oopr
::{"-Ie
B crJ J]|1|1
opy TpyTypy _ Be To
])o <<TaT>'
oa r. Ta o6pao, o oe.
\'II' aI{JIoaIT o opy o6.lBoo yTBoBa _ o6ato p6oa opy.l.]a eaT},Il.o.
Pa6oa pyI{aI{-IMo oe6o:'1I{aIIpte}Iya. Aano pella ry 6
.]lroBpe{Iro
eaHI pB{I.
Boo,
: ] aPar Idy aooBI pyHa a y:-l Io <.6oro>' o.a o'e a,I pa . pooe
rppa.> y. o6a eTo,atso oT 3 o.o1aeoo e -pexa, o6x opoo paa
pal{' opI1ll Hyy pooB III].
.H JI-p)lt. B Jo |
TBJ']Ho oI
PaI,IIiI.

]1I{)IdeaIM

105

ao

orr

a3llllI

<yo<,a o6pao,
lpJlaeyTo' I{o lle Ta,
a Iyae ap oT
ee IIJIepebeo:
O opype oa.
ae pe.Lllo' I{oopr o6I,ro a aop'
lII xaolle, o T
eae yeo apo
oerl>.
C . p
<tt,ocou oo u>,
L942

Poae
o

arrrpoae poaa
.)eNI
)oa <.yJl,.}
y, oop'o o.
I oT}Io]]Icllo.llli,iop.
y .reyr rry,
oTopylo eyT peIvl
oi{oNt.
yt r1e.err
oe olllioeo' e.
o6paoarr,
eapeor oepr.aelrte't.
Haor,reorro epo Io
otloqeooIaeTo.
.r oGeporro,o orr
opye 6eoeINi poarro1.".ryor
oe, ll fla rlo.]lti
o _ Ipaii.

HTvL|^

lep lpee yTBy .:ooBaIoa.


PaIlooy],IooIa B IlIIll B aTIIo ' | l l o I o p o l . T o B o T p o a]y' IraaIroTa TBopo pol(a'
AlIaooI py eoTppyT' To ToT B}.:L[II y]lIByT Moy, o aoBT oylt
p ope.rltlIxyoB oTo ooBa B
o r' oo.rty Topeo 'oaaTye.
e o,T lloIe P[Ie ' TapI poe, Jll
r oa y)K yBylr( ,,II
oBo Bel,IBIr' llpIl{ aoIB To ee T paIlx a po6o _ a.a Bopoa
llplllB"le l{ory a ao ope, o6r r
TJIaB,I,Io'o6r o aa ouaHo.

B pan\ .!\aB ' <J|u> Pae


pTpeoB B aaooBo op
yt o6prae fl aae parp yIlp;I(It'p3BIII{oplIIT
oi!o o|

oJIoBa Ba By.LlIIlooI. B

y6
y.epoa oTT' Ilo' no|dam,npomum t

r Po6epaC' Pa

a(t|tlt'npll:a '|tmaum p6om.

1' Ctttppy I a aoNI.To coBe _


oT apae oTopolo }I1.eJrl
.aIIJ.
o tloeo polllooJ tlo oTopI, 6t l.Ix.

<Hol't o)od ,!o >,

1962

prrrrr
Azuroore
ro.]1
yeTo
tI ey

<iollorlBo>

To )ooo o.qro
nur

vw

106

Puou no umuuu
oo aaI{y a. BI ye poBaT oo
eoBea e a o6rr opTPT' Iro a aiulo, xuy op, oopr o6o3llomToo eoea _
oa o6oae ya, _ e a oo-6v
paT}looo6p o e . oDo ooo. t ye poT opT lloT xpaep
ToooBea' a I opaeT' IIov To;o pl yl, oToDM Doa ptye .
2' B6pa oea'pye .pa. oppel' . ' opa' oToPoi\'l
Bt yee p6o (P. 8.1)'
,opT oeT T Iy op o ey 6opy:
pooyro (ee oyT ae o), apay,
l.yy' oBJIIry epaBI{y. BIepe , vo
Ba )T paBJIII{.
pyo, a p,4IyJI
p pyrroB'
.o
rpeoy ao p.BaToxyoeo ooToBI{ oo-6o oa. a r p
]ye ae,oo6oT ooBaTv D;eIx
.l y a ye eT' oa BoII,o'yn'u- uu,no,:{ oo ypa]rfire. o, To I e oJ.I]{tl
']o
e-6oyeo6.ot.6yBI oBa.
3. oe, o B Il IIyxtlro apae 3, a 6y.
.'lT l lll pyo. oe do, I o)
]Too aT' oToy o e Too pa _ papI
aeTI I{oT eoa' oopIe BI ^{o)TeoyaT
i{aIioTopo yPoBI{eoIlJI'o oTopI' Boo)KIlo' e P. 8' 1. irroo6ae
opI[aTo
.]oTyIIpaoiUlIoN,Iy'oe.I{Boyll _
)ilT )Id'oI oaa aNI, mo BI ae.Ia o I{ ael' To IlaT.
4. ava opart o6 o voee, a]}r o)ItoTeo IloT o BoI\,lo6e o.
toa o. p.TaBeToo JroBaB DaITvtr. op lprl{H
l,1;lo . po',Iye
loy.I aaIe oa. ar
oo6pte o oB poBapBaT'oTapae
..--IIIaT
oB; a1oat4.Ie3 Il' I{o vrrrae. a
ivo p o .
5. poae poaT I,Iolfy apa}Ia ly, To6I
]ll poBoTe ' oTopI olI 6 poeer.
o rttlpl.o py.o_ o eo,
I oa eo y.6o oIdaIBaT.
o, vo
)yo o3aTeIlo IIoyT P'BI, o pae
\Ipe To pe BaIIIoBopT' poeHlloo .l lo alo6eo o' ooy pTe:ro-o6par I-px oa.o)e' a po o6.'eo Bo' eT oo o' To peTaT o.
, Iyar e. oo pry peppoBaT
]o' o Ba )IeT aBI{lI\,I oTIloI]]tI oo e-

t07

Xdolru*o.,u ,o" I
B poae paolo T efrI'rca oa <opmpe ou ocf|lu>|
aIIlI[lo Me)y 1904 ti
1914 ', epo o err err IeTp <e'' oop ypo)IoTey: <.o
Ia eoea poa
o Talr, a e pliy.
e, oopre e a e
e, Br loope Ie o
atloa4o'II{e,
PeI. Iopa ooIy
e>.

oB,]e T}l|.a,]{yepoopBM |4| |


. B e o63eooHTe6
apaot
l
p ope,eHHoo
Jo pyHo l
po)},
Bpi!1t|:
epoI. l oMoe BTp}tlBptltI|
l
)ItT.
no- !
6. el B y. To To pyo nonu*"'
r l
a B o H e o . I o y ( p o ) y "n'.
oo eoe.o . Bl tI o)TH oo p- t
Hee' t.. o JpH p}.}|'o,loN{yo o. To I l
3HaT.}txo o al y['I.oTop3Ty- l
oytt o6tvoy t. oo pya _ t
mau1uttTo' To y?e y B |Iyl!{._ y !
o-o tloo'tlo.o6oHv eT" I uudm.
l

puomb.
np
uum

3 o p y H o .p M o I . o' , p o . o , o u o p " .
t
To op]peT:t apo,l Bo H _ " lI l
_
BHyp' oBa.a oo oea.eo, t
ttta B Bopoly oo Bo- l
p Too oe pyM l eo o6- l
B } l o o a o B o T H. o r o H l
.a.I[ Ioo py 6lo po c o. o l

u!#:"#";:,i.,::ill"",*LH",.#
J.".";"
*'?y#;x,-*
o'o'.n'u.nu.!
;:#JH,'u'o-.

oHIl,'l , l
ee.. oopIB|Htl,,l.
oollly o o6oal e. y) yy !

o
lI

"6t
-'#.};i':i*;f#:|
<r oepra e
Morrl poop My o.LIlo ooa elo
p,{a. P oI
rTae lloep)aT ooe' oopoMeloa
aIpMyIoopaIo
peaolo'..o pyT].pyilltlo' ao
oa>'
P

''

<tpuoau >, 1966

:f,H}"#".;;':fl:;:;H;:::''a.
l

,"",l:.*"*",:,":#;J#*x;n

jiidlff
HI
[#j,j.
:'fu
#lfr
Ha l
poH.oo
o , oteep3,1o)tT

o, o6t N4T
o ao y o' o o- f

pyo.
o*z*

',.'::r9l:.Y
T

-6::*::y::l

puu"on-inoio.o,",
HeBo
oB

1J

e o . . l p y o o p o l ,p ) n l , n ' ! | U ^ l . " - " , " " - . l


} l o T o p | H a ( ' l e o ' . o T o p I ' o . , " !

" "i. i
.
o6 a o' o |o]e
PyHo. oBope:
" to Ho nuno',
"n"'i' !

'.""'' ."*l
;;;&;;'; ";",,6on."o'p",o
",*",o

facoau no umguu|l
)lt BI,I.O, 60 oPo6oal. IlaoBaT olo eoBea ee pa3.
<pr. pylJ l O)eoa' 3a
'
Bo |4Ha( T ) 6ya yTHo p.
a o ( ltoy.o ) po To pylro.
oppee
aao' BIoeI yella
ooe oaoT Ba IIOTopIM <<opIr>
pyll' oIlll oM TyeIlT' By
x
oeap (p. 8.2_8.7).
ay Too' To yJI(y Ba IIa Bee, eepo.
or BoTBo T,Ix pIroB - , oJ1aal' Bleo o)e.
n:r B y p,[y HooB p}.a'
-
a oo TpooBae po3oT I]a yaI,II
oopII.l'
,l. I]e e e o.4oTo o6paeo yTBe' o o6oeaeIe peIe py. poe oo, a pe.
.],}.re
aH./tooBpll. T I|oPpH Hao
BT aooIlo yaIlI, oT aTy o.ep,aT xo)Id Tpyype op, oaro i
ByJII{oo Ia, oTopI p.aeT ,rIpTIo.
^ TeIIe IIoPpeTI.

#t{

?ltc. 8.2. <Ilopmpem,{'>,to.raa


]aa. Bo rrtrIe oeap,(raa:
. ere y' aoo ot{ oolIio oTpeIe. -o oaoa o6]!o' oopo o e o p' l(oa
:Ir ep Ea o-y, e 6e oefl
.lr-le po'e 6 peypere.
fpeea o oe s' eper,p. al Poe.a oa o e ea
6e]ye _ oeli a6ae; opo o aa:eI{ 3a).
] eep oa-elo )rre,e pr, tl oy
a o e ee 6orrre. e ofl. rloev
e oe o >

Ptlc. 8'. <Ilopmprn C. > aer e.


<B ree oa E-Eaolo' dee I{ee
). o.o3a o e'
oa o py o po6oo o, o 6op|'
oa xopo ,roe, e eeo poo
pe' oa opo
o"
"lp"
y; e l e e EpaTe,
I eI y3aee ob oorra oerr or eoe.
o6pyta, o oa Ile pa GoJrIIIe'e
Ile aao ptlIIlIIe. oya oe6rro aoI{ oya eo>

109

c. 8.4. <,
I1oppe dpza>
a ppoa.
<.Teep ry' o o
eJloeaxoT paT.
pEo -a Mo{eT
o' aorlroIro
payM llola ori oIl
o6eooe lae
po6pa e6e'
oo pyrra yura
o-o ttooe:o o
eo

ollol(

o oll

ooe>

Pllc. 8.5. <Iloppn. >


Haar{roe,
<.Taeo at
BeP 1IIe
ee' TaI oa;Ll1eo
onpoi m' umo op'lu|n zo J!u\|u.Ta
a pyfir{a r.aoe e
paoo)elleoyLI
(( o oo, oeplllllo
IIelrllerioI
Te opoa o a
aT' oopo]j]l
e lI[Ia
o' flo elre oil.
alo' To, N1o)i{e
6i' oll
aNIe ee oyl e.
oao yrro orre,
1o el.o llpepaIia rio
op o }aifle
)Ioa eo }I>
Pc' 8.6. <Ilopmpm !:. ,>
J pa.
<.o oe I o orrr.o oroerro6o
o{TapIaTaa a
eIII!ooI llpIo elo
e a. Io )
oIia pI.oti oI{
aITeNI'{e, t(a
ey l(a{e,oll o)eE
I' e p ,
o o e a oN'ejre,
I-Ioo N{ lDy To, o,
Bo10lo'BIlp eo
piTo eIe'eM IIo
e A oepo' A
o' elt eT ae-o
o6' o roopI telo
e a/'

110

1touno u|nuuu
Pc. 8.7. <Ilopmpem,'!,tr,I..>
ap6ap IIo'
< ea rrapo
eoea opaEet{ttoo
(ol pae), o doopI,
e efie' eo
o, pe.a eof o, |o e
Tx eIlIlI ].ae'
Ioa laloT oIpIIe
lltlI

op.

Bo oo,e :e,
po^aa
6y par

LBeee BoeIro eloopI lrolx e


- ]}e oIlape ox ,eTo'To aln <<oIpT.

I>po papIJI ] Ba? BI <<B'T>


To-To o.
: J' eo Be paI? C <,o6arrtr>
:,]I oBe eee aI-ITIlIl Ba' e p?
'.
1,c I Toy' a o BI paB
.lyo4,a o BI oyeTeByJII{IIo'
: I yee .aTBI Bo BIlTe
Boe BopTe?
oe .aT o : I B YDDel opHoaoe:MHoo
.o pyo oJ]o)t o oe jHo ;: _ a Boo po IljH|o oxpli
.J
op, 06Ba 6pl oT)r.o Bl
: J,y pa BTprTTe M eoeo}I o- a y BlIoeTB T o e o e'
]BTeT al{oIot aJIT.Br pa o.
.i ee o o. a o6pao' o BaJI.I I pyra' I o o6pa, noel o'
]tttl;I llllI oore, opa, ropao 6oee 6oa,
.rl 6.oeooe oalr, b6pi, oopr o6e.r.
]:T oy <<I
o wBBa>. Br oa e
,I Mo.

t11

pr

cai,tz

oTIKaI{

Apalt
xooI
x. ' tloe
oay Ila ey <flxooL.l
oPa>oe' o 1l)eeyly eelr o1l
odapyr <.oee eppI Cart eIt' oopI e Ileoo e aa; )e e a' oya olra
a' rlo oa' orr<o6I,
opaa e ToI'
IpT e:
..oe trepee opo o
oo' a e o6 oe'
poo, o EIdToe
aa opoa. a o '{e oa oeta?''>.
o(aa a oye
o opey, 1980

Bopoa

opee o To aaT oo' o


oTo 6oro IITpo <o.Ia
p>' o)ItI, oIa (yrao
B 3aBMoT oT alII BoBeIlo B
pe) oHpTHo I a' oTo|x t|,oaT,

ya,IBa o6y ey B ao-To


<<BIa'aT>.
B peye ae B|..Bo
op l pe <<opTpe
OTPIBB oBe' oPTpeT oTopoo poBJI'
To oe. co | pHr Be B H' ,

oopo Te ollN{a, aila. 3. r


aM DeT

ToT (e p I' LIJIeoBaH tI

Topog aTa Bareoo6o0 xapaTpa


)II' o-To Taoo'

To

ItT }IeoTal

Ia.alo,o-To e oe olloo. o t'


y.e,eao I Bo BoTe B,I
alIJrooopye, oopr l pey a pa
r yo oIlall. Br <y> po6y,
To-To B BIIIei\,rpye,

ooxo,

[opaT Ba, I

,Bopo.o 6y plpo.

B peo lrpo oa TJl

a PaoTypa 6oryrpo. o oa
, ac oo XII ea, a (

TaTy a ox .1|2_113)' To ' .oT)I(


TIIeoOxoIp B: eIlo,apl{o
A yBlBpoTy o
.a' To BePa payo oTaT Ba lapo
apTBa' B I(oToplx IIea (Bepa) ooI{T

TIaya (payo).T o6pao,oro


To pyo' oop ua 6yeIo'
e'] ]eey : 6t p6oo. e lHo
o o, oTopaJI oT p ' aT,
oo pp5,rTHy. ooP

r ory B pTpy,a.

oae poeI aaooo ope

[Iotgm, npomum c U|t|laI|u mo,I|

:Ipeul1m:oma{auonpoa
lo]y B oTopIe PepI Ty'eIreI(pyHo _
:]' o )I('Il PoaTpBaTe pa. B:o, oil y a e lo ao lIpapoo oIlT o
o' a 6ye BlT aII] pyl{o.

oa AtlltiL(|225 1274)
arano oco pa.
oI o1lI pl
o' oopl ooolle oI apaepeE 'l elo oPa:
<o _ o eepaoa
eoeo oIeo a yo eP ee e. era e ye oya'
aep oalloaa
yo"eop-eiIMooP
o]\I,Itpo o oy.
a''. Ad pulitudinm tri
f Eliruntur int't s, co|Lsonnti, Iaits. peoy o
a: .. poI eo6o-

l. Meo pMopPa,rlfHt
l e
rIH I IIHy t6po. . opt
]peTaBeTBa po6a.lI: To-o To' To
'.ra ory ey To BI I{oBe oll.'tae.Ca o t oro op.'aaa.
] Too a' aIoJIaoo-To pyoo eoBji y ., r oTIloII] a. po.
i:Iea o>6r aa arue aooo 6eo 6eoo HIoooITpe efio'Iap.
'lil. oao o o:a 6I p6ea' papeIee o- o}I tlo''.
_
.o 6Io 6r o 6aroopo 'Ba opy)fiax
aea ooeylo
o T D{po6e ]It a, e yre' Br 6y. aaM olDi{eI ee.
:e BIo aaool pyo I6pao a oro o6ea. Ca.ra pay
JIIlIo'olpal.lIo.po6I.
1yroaer o6eI,o.
2. He lm tpoy, oa e apyee . BI ell,\ Io o i]eplloo oa
popaa pel],
.aT e ' oa oum pyo: Balxa e
6oy o, vor yNrTye' p(Bp- O6e oae a oa
e' a otlo eoe. To
lo elloIle po6er oxe to p6.
cT integritos.
]ITBa T oB' oTo BI o)eTe yyTT ay- 3ae aroae epeo
l .ra po6eI. l oope e6e o-o, o. o oo.l o eoo
.. oB. oTpeopvI oBM: oe pylo, op
.
ll1l
<.M - oool[Il,l
06 o ya IIaIo .ye...>
, aapoarlley.
.eT o o...>,<<Ba oeI{T B)y To a...>.
p eo lpa' Te I
3 . p o } | " o p p I I
x o . ' oyae p elo pyypI'
3a rreo lieeolo
:rle y, vo Ba:\'. {I1o .HaTaP, a .
e aE
- lll pyl{o. o e, e aIIIo pI4Ha_ no- op
oa: I oTIaeTe
. oe Ta(, o ToT pyo e pr po6. oe oll{l' olo!Y e B To eo . I{e oo , ol . Ipat, eI, oe]T Tya IIoo BTe' B IioBoM a}pe' <<yB'eTI,oTaeIIl a
x I, apovrrI.
j |. apTy o>.
o l e anonnti.
4. Pft ap-to p o pyo py. aoe, oe op5. B avee eo ra apyT paylo - e a e a oa T
.l t. o yo oo, o6r o a opm po- o i{Iloe'o e,e--tr_
o6poa e. opa ote a- e}II{ollooeltl oleo eeo o.
;i' yo opy paep. o oe 6 a oT Del1'opaT Ea , py6o a(ypaTo, TaTo Ip oc |claritsl, quidtns, vill
.ap o,e. Ta paa o po6y o ao, e. To loee
.: 63paIroo opy)ItII I]o3BoToTaT o- oa' ora ooe
-.'lM
ooaTeIlo IIoI1l)Ip.
a e,oe eoe _ a itlas oI Aoo, oop epe 6r
.]' epBoe Toe peoe.
petl eIlo oa.
6. H papyTe To' To py. , vo poa apo, T o'
:I ur pyllo I e o6ar e oy-6o o- eeIlo p oMo'
i ooe cTeo:aIa.Hap yTB p'oTaTepyy
Io ajeI>.
.o.i I{ 6ya. H B oe yae Ir p. oP . P
'''r1e t o lo pee:Hx oo'
<Hoan odod !o>, 1962
I tJ

^!ooJl{l1u 1npu

|1

|
| { p T H ( J | {p. , B o l I p o l ' J , l L H l l
N'IOJI _ Ior
po
t ]l |

H|(\ Jloa. Hl
ao'

H]aoB

6are' udllr.]7n 6 ByJ,ro tt.


I
rl l' lo oJHUo py ||coToHo.
I
ts\oT Btl.|| JI4eH 6e D |
6o y(-,ll(o ylltir. Bo\4pyo 6ylr I
. t t t | J | l o ' t l o o 6 . r o
|
p - | U , o . | | { .||l ) H o 'H o o p t p "" o p .
I
1e poll ,|t-|||lo'
l

7 ' nptumpuom.
l
I { o t p y : l B p Hp' ' o P e o ' : c p a t a l
P o H t l t y t o p ' B r a l , y B P B ) - l
,,lBpe|(ooptlt po' Bt o po. t
po6crl5 Hl )irjlIo\l'IlaJ.jHoI4
tc' Bt a- l
tt , to6t ee ttoo 6o guom.
l

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3 pa poTpTe po' ,aTeMIJIIIIH.
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pa o6op My
. a . 116.

B o Da6oa aTDrrI
DoariT Po6eD Mv.
.(1882_ 1942'' o
pa uo6eo e oeolioe eoea
pay yax a.
aIo olryro pooa JIoao
)Ir Xx ee' opypy
py(yy eoeoo I'
yi'l oypoa o}IollI ooI]'l eoeo.
o l opeetro ,
oole o I]a.<}lopaII> ooI{e Ii <pyl>
ooEelf. <opaoe>oTo o1l oIae eyl'
oopao:
<rpaa eoIa ao ooile paBtltl pyrM _ epe .111om fla'lj7eroTeJlea a o'
o I e: o3ea e' a
oopo MI IIeoIa yI I[o opyjl{elJ l{otroo Ilpoaa; ltIlo' IIaIo'oapo' .
poT' Ileyoollllo' 3o0o' oo*rv Taall, Io6o orre o e opa.
Ie aea' oopI I oie oI oaoapliI 3a oe
o3lIIIee>.

|Iptuam: om!l{uonpo

P.9.1.I]po6err
aliano ry a
(9oa.

Po opoorae
-pxr oae:
<.ya y? orra a
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aT opoatle
o)I.pyl a lipoo
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P. 9.2. flpo6ea
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TII

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po6e po.
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118

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1978 e. H' .

Th most usfi'rltools rcoftn tlr most simpl.

?epo ooa y. oo -pea aIaea Ca,


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1978.
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lne & Beldi> (FCB)'
Cea, orraa p. 9'7,
:']e Po MotlI
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oa (' p. 9.8 Ia e.
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P. 9.9

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ee oIlyy <B|co\.a/
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el]!l eoI po6Jtl.

t20

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T . e 6o o6e.to' oo pe oa 6lla p, a TepBI.
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Ta o6po, ope.TBopoa I o)It
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l THI{] H]'-]a pe.eapaoaIloo o. a .l 1910 r' etl p xyo BaIa a.l, I o;H <<oBopT
o Te a a>.
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oT B To' uo6I ea aeoe v6oe
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oocmu>, 7947

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121.

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IIe o poe' ToT eoB po3llo
oBa, 'iU{Poo)TeI ayI I\4)l(yIl.

oI{ ,oT,'lp'ox{ee.o oa' po' o


poTa. <(}Ia>,_ oe o. opoa eo
pT po paJ. oH o H o
pT )oTaEIto. poa y apI aa
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aaI6' pypoareoo6to6pao,
opIey)o yaBaT pooT'- 11d'I To|o'
B I{ T l.

Pa6oa co y.eTa,ya

oe yTBo' To Boa ToT oIT' I(o.a


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py _ opeTI,e.]{t,
o Irp.TI
a
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T B eox

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lt' I]o,ooooy a oy Ile y ley

122

a,luettt'mpu I1p!'!
]ery pIUo o3oaIto yMottpoe.- 'eo opIi
oe opeo oal{ D{Ieooopa' To6I BII]I1.Ea o65^reepoa M a6op o. oo a po, 6l peae e6l o I pya. yo 'i pyo. 6oro ye6e allo lllo' a.'Ito
]roy 3 y,o,(I(a' o I' o.a)ItIo.
1916r. oepo Captteo
, oxe oa eBIpaI o. oao
ae . Mep:
o oxllo Ta o aT a eo.
<op a a peeB o ooIx pyax I oaa o6pI, tl poaE: o.ep' I{
IIIIoy 3I yo)Itlia, , a B y(e o6apy}t'
eo ooafl Idpe.
r oo6r 1,tTB}lo aT ' Booo, 6o
Ta pa{I,le' I(ooBalli epBI HaoTBo aoo poa I]OIJI. po yeeo oTae
1o ToT lla paI\4 aBo oa Ha o ep6aoroa ooy poae }'aI
oB. o o)t(Hoyyt p yv6 pay.
eo aaa o6eo
I xoT O p pe u|lo J|lol1onpoIru.
peeE tloo e oa, To B To I a 6y,oeo o- Te; o-opr' Ila eo o.
pIlpoBaT o o pyoBoTo <<TI{eM>
e- oaIre op ee.ox aooBx pyo
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t < dlnu m
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]oTopI oI{oBI oo ea oxpalr oe
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123

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pallIoe y'oe. BI ePa yTBy To'

. Br op a pea}roTpyIoo eoea.
BI oM e, -)ly'To j pao
pylrl{o poao aTo yeBo.

Tpy'o oopa o o oo
o
apoBaaoJI
aI{pao
DaoapoBaa
o opo
oo _ a

e. oote aB
To c.
Ho l ve
DvIa.|eIlHo
I aoI{aT odooTeEylo ,
3aT p op, a oopaIo

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pea

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pe.eBoo

y. ooy opa oeeaea,

<)I(ea>,Be p. Ho 'B)eI{e

BaI{oTe ar opa' oTope o6opo


pylo opoy.
o pyo Pay e Ilao padory
yItoo y.oIa o'oa Peoa <,
uLoap, nlu {ogomb>'

t26

lleu cI|b|J| |,|g1mpu flap x!g

Pc.1'0.4.
ooo(1840 1916),
<, npuuaui
odgt
p' nlgu
co|!on15
(1azpIIo)>'
opa,1882
Oo Peo a ooo6
o oepa6oe:
<. l _ opIlell
ooIi eopJIeI{o
epe ooilto oo
TpooIlepp'epe
NtytIIliaell IIa oo)Ie epea (opai
opa), pe opl, oo.
Ie aepy' I{o
oo oal{pe>

a}ry a p. 10.4. B oae ya;Ioo II{aI


:o' oBo pBBI]Joo e' aa' oxte r
JtoM o)II'vor rpa eo J]'a' a a To
(aBa a Peo e a ox. "oo ppea o 6ITTo' o B To a-To Bao BIlyT.
HIl <<>'
o yIeI{oopIlT. B opa.; P.oa ,BT oyo o6lro o
:.Ta.Po oeo ya o6a e r o.
o oo Ily' Too o parr, o6opo n
Mo eppea <<po6lx
o>
:.IolIJpeIloo)I{eo BoI\'Io)oN,I
e
I,Ipy. Br ;e IrTeppTpoaT pyll
]BplIrlroo.Pyy. , I orT' tlTBe{oBp:o poee o)ItT oyeTBT IiI y.o};
'.l o o poH"ttloto
' N4o pJoB.
. a oo. o a'4e,To o IrTepTaoo. aI4 ra)IT
TaT I]oIl' o'epa Ba.:ll oI <po6el I{o>. o
' TpyIo' e BI oeT Ty e' To Be ,
. opN'tl Pyp Hy e l'
[Ipep1
IIeI{e
]Ba yo oop o To' To p pao y
: o oyaeT oBepIIIIlIlopyo oo ,y
:laIl.o t oo epa}IoBeoB B p.
o)K peo< aae: ]oI\,I
a'
|\4HpyttTyp p6ao 3|' I e

1.27

Xolt'u npa
Ml. H oT yB,,lTToy, o Jo oBct
paBIIvt oTI{o Byolo I p)r.
a. MeIrB aI(-o Ir' op TpyTypI, Ir
eTe Ir{Ipya. ae pa|Io 6eI!.
THooaTo Toy _ paopIl <poo.
Ix a}IoI> ePeBp}.To^,lB.

a r oe, 1 pIa, py-

eTBeo rro.oaTIloooae -p
To To-o e Ta' eo.To

.oTaeT' To-To I{ ),T{lBil.

e y po6eMy Tya; To

o,Ta[BeT T aT Bopeoe pIIIIle'JII

To BopB Boe
o po6eI.BI ON,{JI
6eoao>'aoa, ao yae'eee
opaua? He 6y oIIa e oBepIIIeHIIo

<.xooyaa a o,
o oto l] oa.
ae oeeeI yorla.
oee. o av, vo I
flaIae e6e p,
l{oopIeopaalo Eae
IIII1i.

epeopoey ep
oa' M1 e Iafi fially a rroTopoepereepoel.oop,uo
o6pe opo 6opo,roo oeepa 6ro aeo
eo aldoooa IepBepyr Ilee. Bo
olo ToI'I aa oI
oIPo..a oaI,lpao.
qy y aepa' oo.
pe o}liI 6I o6pa6oa?'', op po: .,a o pa6ory ?''
olo e)Ieoooa poa e oeepa>.
oP P
)

fl,\,l

<o pa6oe: rpIe pelre


po6e lto>,
<JIoc'rc i"tl' >, 1981

ylloe oae? .a, oeo. flo a o


e' B oeTe odrrapy BtlIeMeTI
I(oTopIeo p}e yy. BI, B yIIoT' ]
pBa y )I(alf}To oey o py yo
o yo e o)eToaT oeM,oa
yo y.eTBoaIi B Ilopaoe ooe.
popaae, Ka ye yIIa B ae
po, - eTBr oo6 eI{ pa fI
. Oo oBoT a ooBDIlIIo .T
Ho aoo itTBe ToT <<p>

e B e TBopeoo pIxel{ po6M? Iro, .


BooT epepy ep }roapyllo'
o)I(eepeepy opxa Mp' ToIB
a eo o IlI yo pIt. BI IIoT: <<

ey 6r po e yJIpoBaT oe
oTo apoBaT Io ( popdoaTpo6ei\4y),
o o'aoo Ieoo o6paa?>, oBy

<o TpyIio>.pao ypoa'

oTo apoBaT pepy opa _


Tpy.JI 3aa e l' oITI1oo opo]o
I{ooy'4o. y} Too a To Ire oo6a,

IlaB,la Eeox y.o)IffioB' oTopI o


IIIT Tao o. lopooaT' I(oeIIo, o)}lo,
6Io 6I, apo' a6o, o 6 a a e

6I lo ypIla yxe. poTalo


To' To .eTBoaoT ep'lra _ B
o! Bo oo 6I o Ta poTo
Bo o, a ooBy... epeeplly BBepx

Ho t oeN,lToo e. pyHHHo
o o;o ya, oo)Ido, 'poBeT BT

poey, oTopy aro.aro Bo \{ollt


x o TBopo

N{IIeJ aaI

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128

,iJIu a mpu

pJl

a pa}lIe aI14|4 IlTpey


o: <Moro o BI{T, yIllIIT' pao.

{ a yo? Moro eo peBpl{y


epx oa.

l]I' BIII)T
aally?> por rlty
yl' Ilo B Poa <. o6r
. rop lelr!> To)lte o a Ia. BoT BIo'iIT peoea e Ta o, xo, 6t ot,
:1\1 yaT ByJIpoaT y o6pa, ,
]I l4oeT' Too oatT oTaToIlo 'JIoII{
. ]Boo oo peIIII{ po6r.
va, oo,o .px oIo yr pao.lT oIlpTIlI aepo. HeoTopI BIn Top.rx ypa:e poe r ouar oy peoTIlIo'
lopoe I-pt oTaeT peaI Ula peaIroo
llpa. o pI,IePo Mo o,T I{a <<o.:o pI>, oa eoB' pera poey, r. 1ToTIaT y pIe
aoa, a}IIe
I6arIoo. fipyopep
<.opa>,
IopJeppyeMIH
opy o6aa oo
]oyxB}loo ppooo oea (tBoolo, T,
.rpo6a,pae, payr, ), oopI te 6r
':li-ToBa ).aeo po. o pp _
': a < u>,400-ee ao aoe
6 o y' ooBao a a6ope IIIeT. eIpex earpa' o.epax IIIeT OII]I
]pepIIx o eooIx Er,rx.
B oe oo. opy oI{peTIo6r,
IoyeIeB oMo IIIe' _ To' ollI{o )e'
.y. oo ITpeMyeTBpyllltoB a oaI.
.l BII]Ipa' a To )y' oToT poTo To,
: ] pyri BIxoTtlyTp IIpeTaB.
o6o are .I r. p|1|'1J|'oro
-trBoPaBT.Paapae o.paItI ya.
1 PeI{'pyll oo6I a6,a opal, oopJl IIe e,aa:}y3aTa.
,{aa pop o. Bep IllII epBI
..arIooBIpya re (. 80_83) o aa:, ,'']aIIIe
a: <IlJIoI l,looItoo oTo.
,>'<<opTpeTl{y
aa]Io> <(po6eyaao>
ii po6I, a oopo r eua pa6oaee' IlepepJ pH BBePxHot pope x oo
:j pIlJI.

Bl , o <aHaoool{1loooo. |>'oaa B II' B epBepli}"oB.eIIy B


.i oe paoe oa. <.eB>JI{eTapB: -;rEI}4
.yryIoopoy. <flp> IloBT a:, oeo poa 6yo. <ooe> a.
' B ee ool, 6ore epe
o6
.{aI> <<paoT>.
<Po> ( aI{oTeit <aoe>. Tp popTe Bo o6-

t29

Xoumpu a

I{e yrr oTTe y I{oBy opa. To, vm


B,Te,- o oopom mopo oI1oIIoo oo, poooox(o oo}ItHoe IIpo.
TBoootoT. oo oy a BI o <<TaT}
Bo aa]Io B paBo IIoo)I{'Bl o}teT <.
Ta- x peBepHyT|.
t.p l B}.
eTe p To' o)eT yyIlIT oMaI{
pyo' oa Bl BIIOB pTe x B
oo)e.

aIl

epeepyrxaao
o xe e oTeo
6Iopoo

oe <poTe}l>
yaIlolo Ia Tye
o, aaeIx Teep B epBep}"ToB.e.
oy pe,y[]pe'T'
To o Ilpo|4eec.1||o
T
oe e oaeo ToIlJI, ).TIBaJI
IlPpoy x pyIlo.

Tp opa opTIaJIoM'Il
Io o .109, epepTe y. Bl oap
o pa}loTpe oppToB o,TaM yoM p
pyeBaeT 6e opo <.A'ro, 6I...?>o,
BopIlaBIII y,o,tG{o ePTI eoBa f
y? o, 6I aea, paI\,raTpBBIIIa

' a ooBa' oa apy?


epeepyI pyo ooJUIeB3}.TI{a
a Fo To pIl' B o paye.

a o-To ee T _ J1|1|1|4|4
oT
)e aIe' I{o BI o)eTe aeTT To-To Taoe' o
B pIII: o poa]rTBo aTo IlBoI,l' ]

p, To TooB6oryroua pe
B <opmpme,[.
> (. 110) o, vo Mp r
<ooIIIIo
o6>, pepyoe ai

opa:},o6o oI.
Teep o6pa a oo opa
o6o <.oppeoaao>' 3a,aBJIBopo
'lo, r...?>o6I a aae Boe Ilooy
p' aIIIT a oopoe py a
6ya a-To o eII'opox{aIe
oo o p .
Teep epee poeI a;UIoM,

M o . 117, o epeBepery. Br

Te.o tpepH)'o
T pyt{ Io
oo oIIIt.fl r ;y TpI
o [y Cl (<ep u>, . 117), o;

aToenpodueu
nepl, ora

oIo o,e
B peeplryTo e
pao{ yy, o pao. Too Il}ts
ToT pyo epBepIIyToM B.e' ' apa.

o6pao,oa yo6opo'
II aa, xaPaTep poaIloo

130

Bo7p14.

?JI1||I I|' ump

x!g

T' Too yB eoe 'BiIeBpe B eBpyo p}'1I' oa yB.To6po epoI{aJIo 3op)II.


,{pyo epvI yo, oaI
oaaer <neue> (. 118), p poTel{
IIPpl1yoe To)o}to eopy opau:
I(peTB eT (oTBop, ooto, Bylpee
( >.o,MIH 'lo-To B o po) a aolre Bp (p opo paop), o ..IoTBIlI I{o. o re, aea
Too' oa e I]PBepa pylro.
B o (. 118) ye oya o To' To
oar pyo <ora po6>
ppt{yoBBn4. o,a eo Poaaer,opo <.Avo, e...?>aoBT oI:o'
JI oI' oTaBJI It o0eTBa' aTop pya Me Iroe'
oee :paoToe oTpoe (ooIee, uyo' B,o3' oeI{TaI . .)? B peBeplryo B,a pa paT pTBa.
6o[Iy opy e6. To' oTT
Iroa oyIle oTepteo ea pye'
BopaIeI{I{o
B poaIlo llootee.
aoe' p <p6ele ao>' oTopIe
IloBaJI aae ar.
pa , <Popa :}>'Ip Paop.
p Ho(p. l0.5) o6.lo a po6.teL:e opoy 6oo. To, .ro pea.1o pBI epeIM' Tep T oIto
P BapI MIlI{o aoB, oo)Ito'
aoo A. . papr oore.
B oote opoo pyl{a a o aop,
]x. .. It,I.'a]ar'ITaId:<oa epop.r o pyo (. p. 10.6), o.aIIeaTe'o B TyT o ll To a ,ITpIo oJUI.Mo,
]o e?> oI ooI
Tp pyo, Ioe C. .' B epeBpTo
B.op[Ie}lo peo6p:a(p. 10.7). o ao. )I(IM TayI. 1 pa opa
i)eT )3epaoIlo' )ltHo Ilop{Baeo
:lp}IooBeM 6 pyrypI' oopJl aaT
:' IIo e y.eP(BaT.paa, a oa aJ]pal:{IByp oTpaIlI1II\,t'
o TaT 6 ay 1o.To IepeTo ao pe.T'
. 6l eoBe.poBllJo. pepy
:Bo yBTBa' epeBeyT po6y ep opara?
.{ao _ o aepaJro' o e oIe6o
oeu, opa, oep)aa;I aaJIooBIp:yax'
.|o moJlloopa; o ole6o.
} B.eo.To - ee Ile HaT eT ooIee

131

Xon npu ac

P , 1 0 . 5
, p o 6 r rJUd a | o | o s p ) i t o
A. ', oael*Il <Pop c,>.
cncrll

rl

P. 10.6.lloaraell
ltpoIlo.
po
a:roro
yer
fl;.fl. '
eepyI

pBI I,{I1II.Ho py }aT a opT.


l o6pa3a, 3B!II{I olloa, a oTop| o?|{Ho
o e o H I H I \ 4 | e T B ._
MeTopo alj.llo. BoPy-oopo HyaJ op.
IT I oTyII Booop)aloT Bo3o)Ie
PerneI{.
e o,a }IaeT <<epeBpyToto oBtl> ll
<<IleppyToo plII po>. oaa, o
BD{deI BId"iIaoB Bop po BT T TpeBo. Co'a BaTe' To -Pe)M 06BT. to H [tBepl|yB H N,1o)T
6t B(Iro' , aMoyTpa, IIoBoeT ByT B y Bo.
IIpT' IlTy pBI Top oo6oT
11-p)I{a.
floe paope opalro <<Po6Iioalro> B peBepl]yTo B' BI o)T oI{eaT e
oBy al{a[o' BB B IloI BaTe po,ByB epBy <<poey ao> B IloBy T.
A o 6l, I aoTT o.aT oBpIItIlo oB},
Ilao. o opurt Io paoTa a eol4 llpo6a o,Hopel{eo. {oMTe' To Po.
6l oy 6I 6I JltIM, aIdI{IMI|
o H o c J ' l H o P B z U | H | \ 1 o , B H H |

132

]] 1P}1uj|l01 ujljmpu

pa{!

P, 10-7 Hola-'relrIr.i
poeo aanolo
pltyo yca . '
eepI

]]II. zto llo yT a' To T y a I{a y'


.] ooaBaoe a paoittlo ypoBt{'

He yye par op
.JaaTB (Bo) poT op <.poelrl,>
]|lyo' Te aT' oToPI yaloT a' oTopI
j:a)yT a rT Ite,oTaIoM oTopI

ijPo Ira y'>' oa BI T o Toy pIl'


:a B ye eppyI PyoB. H yya
]lI.yBopoo: <.po, oY...?'>,<., e'..?>,
Ho ' r...?> <.Ho o ?'>, <.o 6I o o
lra?> p Bopoo o)I{T pIBaT <<pa]IBI>BoP.
.t o a oT Bopo e po. py' o a
:aT' To eo oH Ba}Ilo umu' aT' BI' oo)It-o, Bolll eBylo TalI Bopoo pol{a
p.t a. fI.p; TTBIlIlIM 6pao pe
tte -pe Bopo' oopr to Il MoI O
i]IyT, BII.I,JIro 3a oo oea. oI
.ri o, -p- oe a o6e' IlaYT l l l u ) l l o 6 o ' a | | l l r r r o p i u '
:3yT I(yIo palt Too Bopo' Topr ' oT-Ie B oy o)l(aT oTBTa.

133

PPA

.I!x'l>,
"P6paamc rnp]||'
}parr..
.i .a Poep Ii{e,1,
aea, oplr

AT III
FIor cTp,retuI
/vlIIIIAllu|
<. I I a oa oM y
B po : ..Mory ay poa?'',
r 6e o6a oe: ...(a''.ooy o oy
o)I(e a)T 6o eo opl\{I{I
TeeToM.B o x oe>.
ArvP . AI',.1
<.t4t''|.tmJ1puou!|>,

19

11

<.Orr apl{ooTopea llPeao' o


oIllzuloe Nllr]]er1e1peye oorr
pyili JIIoe']!>.
oP llllP
<I41{,mo
| ||a
mo1lucm>,795

}aoBAIl

pal$.vI^ pI

6opa opu."*,' ,,u,,o.'" TaoBTo' (


Tope perne po'T' oa y ooToB.
y, .
Il aM. vr eo, .oBaTeJI
e I l l T
\ 1 H c e c o o . r o
y T Hr, opo a opeoo po.
ea, oToT B To, 6t ylr ( ee) o ono .ao po6t.o, otIl ..r1.
aB To aM.l oo.tl p, o at
p pee 6 po6I I ort o6par
oaToo a, or oTIaTy peIIIIo.
flpo HIe BeT' IIoaaIo'IIpylIIeo -pa. o6o <<IIpNl:
TBo> BMa Bale. poTo 6p e p;
opa, BepoTo' pe 6I oTI pI{ paaTpBaeo lpo6I. .{o pyo
ee o.1Iop: r6op poo aI oyoi
op I{eo T .Ill,oTopI oommm!.
rz fIpo ay, y poy B' .I,oople o)aT 6, paI,Iepe, oTa
p p 6 t '

B oyp B3 lraffty
oa, o <<PaoTpll> opa,

pcc. p6.uottu
ro l|xo),e

_ 6yIta'rol{ lne, o oP B Tolvl

Too oBa, Koe oJIyT xyo)Idl't.Ilpaa


BpTa Taoo o. pr Bea opoT.
eo yBToo

B ToN{'To o ooTBTByIoT

I p6oa p.]l]lTItoopoBa]'r
oo a To eoBe .oIl N{oTpT
epo a., 'e .
Il, PoTBoolto

oTPTyp e6.

r o6y B pl]Ie ,
a ao llpaT op aoo a
e Bopoa. B or a o I'ra o
Hal, Po' o6t'ro p opy

e: <.To-o To-To B'TTByT o To' To.'.>, <(l


Top oaIBaT' To...> <.B 1972 r. PooIIo

6I, oopo...>Ta opao, fIpI a

136

!-on o ltu ltp u u t


,jiaT opy TI,I 3)I el
Irop
] apaBeeM IIooB' 3aJIdaeT oo po MfuI
'].'I 'oaT. o oH o)eT eT L1|1a\e
reo6pa(aT
B o. oo' I a o6Ivo
.-opaeT a PoT) x T Ta Topo. o poea a]{ opray
pIl ' Ka Boo]i' oTopoe, o op.e}I, <<BIaeT
nd> B I]o
]Il]Il.

oorpae/Hae

J.'I a paya Ilopae o po6e p.


']ra e,y}To BPTy' oop,I I]oMo)I(Ta y6tlzm' aIBaT aI paI o6r, a
] y.IBa, e oII yaBaIoT oy oll
a:I( e axr). oI o aoo yl,I' I
:o)IdIay:
I . Bouullm p po6e, oa oo
: aIlaeT pyo? e paI po6er (pa, o-e ee o oo' To
ee oe)?
2' Bonputm z(lmuI npompm po6elI. e o poTaI{TBo( popaa) opy
l.l oa oo po6er? ooy popa
lltT ooe PaJI oOT' oryT poTpIlTa
.oo e]al opeeTor?
3' Bonpuuam oomoeu u nponopuu lpo6e-lI.o are o pe' a oToe po.
.lI ooIloT oTaIITa Tya - Ba'
] oTop e I{ ( ry 6I ee)? a
ooTlloT paIlIaT po6e y co6o c
.e"I/
4. Bomputm rmom po6eI. o e
]IMI^{- oBeo, _ a o oTae ? ae a.
.rI eBoI\{o)oyT B aI oe?
5. , aoe, onpu|1u-]n(1m
zutm]Ibmpo6l.
:iao yr a6op o _ <MoT>'quiddits
)ot Aoo _ e po6y ao, a oa ,
ao pyo?
a pao, a ep6re BopoI yI
::o oT e epa Io' Ilo oe.Bo
eoro uu.
opoI oppyT TpaT, , ToIIe'a.'lp
p. j <Hoo' .oo
opa. ooae pa _ it Be _ p6y oa peaoo I
]: T pIIoB:}raIIpP'Tepa <eIaTBoepo;PaIlTBo>. a, o ar r oo6
'fTilII Too oa _ ayT BeT epe3
'iye po, oo6o Toy a yeT p'a.lTeIlo a)/T ta, uor arlT aI\,Ia
;i6oI eoBall

\37

< apoaol"e eye oIto eloIeI'Eo'


ooy po JI,I
ToIlo a lll1 e;r Ie 6e apa- .
oa oo6e 6oy 6e
y _ ,{{o
oeo'..BIII
apaooM oo e1114'IBe.| oIIa oi( o' o IlIIee lle
oo6o o>.
PIr PIoP
<1loo1cup'z're >,
1844

Xdotu mpu a
e B - o IIaI'
roopo,ty o7II{o ay'
IIa)IT
B y T TapaJIIIooBopa: <, ayv veoBea B.eT,o ayT poBa>.Ta, oBeo
tla
y)tlo
lla
Ill
o paapeatlri. e ye po6' a . udn.
Be apaoIao ao o ee. Hop Ha
B o oIoea e
Mee pae llaolo
To\{a HIII BTB Too' To oBIo
aelill' a Ee ee e- BopT oIlo ()III6{],yTByT Too N{Ilee'
ll]iJl a [Ia>.
To y B,eTBeT eTeTBeIlIM Tpe6
6oreo o6ye, ' aI{' .a. o p'
P. . IPIoP
<P >, 798|
yTaTo Taoo pe.TaBe_ To' To 3peoBo.
P oBpeHo Hoppe] t{ oo)t(
roIpeeT, :r e TaTyo o6ye,
<yo pee6pa, Ilata oIIpT a ypoa
yTypI IIIT.
oToy To orlo ooBaEo a
ypoa opaTeom
pe

Tpy,a.

flare
op' a o oIIp
oxaT' IIooMy o yTBa yTeJIpo yr ,TaBIa
< oI paoTaeepe o.
paI{opeaIie_ e
1oaae' o opaileoe1Iy opaI_

-L BIpDIaT oo oToPo)Ko' BepoTllo


eoalae' o oo }I
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pae IIpaT o
peo, oopI ypoye oyeIIe EaIa IllLre>.
Po APA
<Bu1! 1!o',lu>,
1969

e o He HaoarT pI{I

I o.o. oJJeIo Telo. . or

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o o6),{e}r
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6oro, .ro IeII poT aIIIo


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138

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o yo'roe pea,n
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r po-opo opa. a, ay I{aeTaIIIIe' a ao.
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pyIrIxaoo>,1982
J..Io'o pTo It, e o.ep)ae'oT
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:lla oIxo) oT oIl \,.o
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ayIaa y ry a e.oBaeao.
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139

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aBIoB RI\e
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L40

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tT oB>.
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14r

6erafe, vo vae
IIae' o o e e
e.

Xdolurcnpua
t{o yI{e x.o)ll o)T .aToo6I yop ,It.
u' B pfo _ |Ia Zmue npo0npon, B .|pTe_
|Ia nom, a oaEo a . 143).
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a o. B o oo o . a.r oor ar o; r oToIlo oTo ooBH' a aI TopMo)Ilp Bo;,eaoo6.
aBI aoIlaBa oB p HlI.
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tII' l' ,eTB oIIpaB IaT

e'Illoo' o)ae ao oo. oroy

.Te O0III Ile TpOyeT oTo yIBaT

oItoHax oiI(eII' o y)e 6, ' a


e' yaT o p ax. o, To Bo
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)tl l]tltOl H3B('Mu t,lt t oo'

142

. m|]our ]|l|1|uzp

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:']paa

:, 11.3.PyrroTyaAexaa6p yopo
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Xou pu
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t44

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145

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poy peI[I{ y),e'Jl.Pe) oBo 0I
op: <.Hoyua e or ,T. ye p.

147

<.eoaeloefle poo l{ote, oa e oae 'o peea a6o .


a' eaJI' IIo11 6eo,r aIr'
efl ol*aM IlaT
pllIe. 06 o eeTytoT tloe Topee
I{o>.
oTorr xrt
<Be'a arnpu>, 1982

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yoa aoMa olo po.axTPoT' ,'To.
6I aa TBo, xy,o)ll ,o(e T .o.
TyI ToI{y, To aI,IpIa y.o}III( pelo,BaTe
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(oopaoe po oo o t oplI); 6IpIe oBpxoTl apoB; TeIepoI pe6 B o.HoeTB . . ep p'aa,l poo oo llp) B y. H ae epe Cay poeo 6pa py epo
Bt.aT.Xo caeIl', LlcIoylo
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BaeT <(B'T>
H ory aI p' oTople oolaT xyo)I(' oy) y6 B TBopo rr?
v Ia:iao y6,ol o. o o Teo T. o oaT To B.

149

<orr er 6pa
a-To aa'r (aepal{o oory) Bo.MI aToooaIy opy:
p o Tex <B>:Bus, Bath
Bed (aoy, aEEa o_
e). eo a e
e opt te
Eay">.
,)An ,({
<ono1uo|!u ue
rtpozopa >, 1976

-_::
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13

Py

o oIr f
e (1757_1827)roop Hoopo
p6o
oy.,'o no,"o,"'nu" !
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lly]l{Ilo lII oeT e
lyTIlpoa e. BI oo6lrr e o t, vo ,
cu ao'oum>. oar o
a oooy j{oy:
<Ba ;o r p o.
obp)eo oo Ilj eo ea[Io>.

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;,",..,oonn"',. !

ruc.a Kar l.pau xtmt'|


poall
lopooe
<Poae (Ta>_ To a 6poo poBa'
oa IoIlJIIoTo pylro 3a 'py, Ilapp
]IauTPyo a -aaN,{y l .
pe. o IIpM oTTpae o paor ep o
.IoytllP. oTaeTTo, oIo. a oo. -pe. por ooeo cdze'4' oax oB' JII41o,oeoaeo-aJl(ylo poeypy poall' ]eaIlo IIo3oB:t}l
]HaoI\{Ixop, oopr oo aBaT aa, a oopT: <Cava I apye ooy (oa plIpo oa), oToM lll ( ), oTo
(Be aoe oT eu)...> Ho P <PoBaIi
xa> -pet TBaeT T' To I Ilyee ax, 6eo, oop 6: <Irr 6r o6pe arov. p, 6rpl> .pext ITaeT opa;a: < opar oa :r ypa
;6pao' a err e pa.ra! r6 ,ae o
Ta, a
o.oy! o op, IIoe'oBaTeIIo'
iy
_ oIoaeT. pepa\II...e,a...o... ,ae...>
o! To, o yto!
aor ar, oop t y.re <poall
;ea>' _ .Io onpumue p. B pltcoa pa op.
al( eoxo)HJI( e _ PopaHIJUIT
.o opaa o6o; PoTpaTBo
'6e opaa pao e; oa oIIo IIaaeTpyoe.
or'lm, npornurn e u|npuu' np u
anm.
1. oa IIaaT o e ar
,'loTe x To. Poa o}Gro apal{'aro' pyo oaepo _ I]oerr oo6o xooIII P
BIoIIII Pyo.:eo. PIIa BaI{ e 1rrra - y
a 6ye BeeI{oTIIaBaT TpaT'
2. o ooo ye ao-6y aep,
Irlep' yxorI. o polrr oo-l6y -]ta BpII'o yre e-ar,l pa6oa o,IloB.
3. floo> po o oo ya )yP"T,
o, e oT Ia r pa .
ry

operra re oe
\111f
e <p uI ac >|

<oo6o e oa'
eI e olo .loTo.
e]. )l{3tl'.
a otae a
<a o6, oor
peae oo, o pare apa
Capa, ..oy peIrl o, oTopI rea.
a' IlIoy Ee e
e oe'5>.
<p1I x0cm>, 79'77

<opa, ylo Ie' _


o paa e,qy oI{o opxtlo pyo: aoo
ee eteea.Ho
ee fiyTpefifiee Iaee'
MeIoeeo e' ' paree 6Io I a, vo
op]||.m1, ulr blponue a|np'|u-ezoaeu>'
A A}it
<! o ocrn u cmt'>,
1947

o o optrroo
yo'a peoe
opopo, <:rr
rrl roore pao ol(1746_1828)o6
)p,(' o yoIl'

lloea aIIIeo
oa peo 9ajia' oxell
p.opoe 6yropayaya_ 6y, ye llapoa o' IIo
o e oe >.
T pTI .
<Tao pyto, _ tioil
4. : pyl{o BI y.ee lo y_ tlooflo roopltlo,
e oeoao:
1l' ol]y afi' a). ao Taep Ira oy yy.
oaEe ptI,3aoEI
6). Ilope a t}?IIJIIry Tpa. 6 ap- epelrB...oI lIIepIla' a oopo oaoT aItI B., eT BaIII o I oe poa.
o6e.
1l I{' fle o e oe>'

). rpo opa (pavylo IlIoJ oo. oPo


p oTe tll P},o oT oaHoop)' TpJl. <Pucu puoauu>, t981

151

Xdottu pu
lo op opa a llo;lro 6 ooTBTBoB:L[a
pooprll'IapT' I{OTopyBt rrpaepoa.
). y o, vo BTe'o p'r KaI\ol1oB-

6y.pa o. poo a6poo o6i vpl

Ipee! e 6Ie! oa 't.a TaT, To!


5 . o y t o t r t t ' p .P i t o p t t l * H o B ) p .
Ty' IIaT or opa a oo 6y lt
plco' |o Bt
t ' . t o t t o v , . o r t
e p ) H o ( . c y ' ' ' u r i p y | | o B
3a IITI{atIaTvT.
oaa, v rrpt pyolt T BI llalx Il
IIIo a6r. -per, rta o6rlr ltpoTTy' oBOPT: <<JoIyoT aa'r Toa. ya paa p.

. ay o6 ol po ),lM-

tT' ToT aBTop ixMo)TTo.y 6o.


pyoe' Ta oTJI vyrI poo poy.
!> ae.
H o6arae BI{alt. pooae DoBa'
- p o p o f , I l o { .e o o v ' t u l o 6 o
o l l l6 I p r
, ' - p v r ' P . . y t t - r i t t, l l
epBpIrTIpy' opo TayT ar peI lI Ba. UIl oyT ll, T opollI' MoI]t.
I' BIarlr,yer. floop a
yll MTpoB(p. 13.1_13.4); otl BIo}I]Il
B oo
oB) o,IJN{)To vl al"r.

3HHl Pcrlltio

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aprrl a roy6olii 6ylra.
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3aeM opaaBatr]a
oa.LrI

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!o6r oe:
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<orr eIi 60, nt ooe a PBT To poTo, eo Ire lry.
oopolo 3ilaail oiloll'
Ho |{oHpopo
t: oH a]jy poc, pom
6I.tpIaBoroe- p,lIoTaBTy Boy
.T. Tnep uutimt
eylo yeil a 6e.
puoamb.
eotIIN{ apIolIIlIItI
rt oBaT' aoT yp o6pTe
oaa Ealna.
o oeo oy' o BoI,1pya^{.3apo re Bp pTl er
o)T' pooTpT Bo pylr o a oIlv.
o epel{ EeEoo a
I{o..' I]poo NIy)e. MIeo eTaBTe'a I,aopI,IlI
o oep oey o
apTa B )pa[. BI o6apyt, To o BoIl.
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T p3BIo eTI(o' oTov lo udu , ar
plice a o aelle ul 6y)l oTiloeIlo T yo)Ir.
BI6ep pyoB, oTopIa 6or[ fiop.
arlellrvlo o6J.lIIoo
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y, oapyr, ,roeTTeiioopoa paoa' B y.y a opolllo BIII.floe Boy )II.II!
oJlqe o oTo yI{o !l Ba o6aeo oaBT eo HuJIau
poo paori' oaeo Br aeopao6or, aee,vo
o"'tyy' IIooMo ee
tll py oTo)T, HaaBTpapaoTpTx U]
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NtpIJooou pu|lo|t u oomu' a o,a e
anor aT, oa. Ho o 'al !
o o3aTo y opa B 6 Ho:
Mo}e IT, oTo oy J,I, oTopJI

paBIIo;Tllllylo pa Ila To' To BI o M yy B o v y o . )


oor aa' oTltpIae aTe)
opoTa {IIIII
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eln poe, Myo <.ooo aao
IlpoB ooBo a Pya eToB,

e Ooe,)I,
pa0oTaeTB T apae
oo Ilpoe)KyTa Bp a opeo po6
o,oMo BIaltIB,I Byx .e' ItoTopI p

B ooy' o 6r TpaHI a6p,I


a3.B eell Too poxtya Be
o BIa3aI eX |1 oeI{BaT aTop
apreo.ATN{OpaoepaT N{aarlo
oBaa. B po aa, o6Ivo
.o' oe. . ay
a"Ia'I _ |K u BTopo T Topeoo
I' _ o)Ito ope.eT Ta:

MIlIeIl'

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u noLoalo]|t,|tozo p.]|tHuuu pzuu'

mul co6pm o,rnn


uop.uu
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o pu npo6.
mI[ mm]IbHo
o|lumu.
Mooa aarapoa 6 a oTaToo

ilJI Ila

154

IIII

Tax

paI

ru|{u a ptlue Imb|


t{ py' a ao' oI-}l,e,ep
tla)IlIe oa'I.Ha oBa' oI{ao'[oa.
' o Ta exa l oe a' or1a mdt p6omm oduov, pIll Too ,oTToIio
oBI. Bo-px, o 6olt a p6y
Iloo y)eTa' .ro6r y BIaIBTTpaIe
aype e oypeo eoo oaoe, oo6 py IIa.lIBa.Bo-px, ooa
aa o aT oT peeoo pa pa6or oa
IIoToy II oBoeT DIOTeI{o ToI{y e)'
oopr o6xo' * yI(oaey, poy' po-o6poy -py'
paa Ilylo TIty: Byay MooByx)
aTy oBoN{pyIIoB-]rToB.,\m nonpog'
1. a, BI pal{Te Bo pyIIIt,.oTaI{Te
o <.poeyaEJIo>.Paope ee e pa
poHo yTpTr MT.flle o ax-To ,x.
ITea pya. a apoe aa By..lpyTBoIo aI{JIoIN{IIpM. L'ea To oo p' oa e o}Te IIo <<rT>
yo B y. flo oo oo)I(Te<.po6yao> opao a.
2. opIrro o p6ee a' oTopaJI 6aoap a:aJIofoa]Ia B oy oa.
H' OTIBJIB yI\{-To BopoI' I{ay.Tooylo
ttopa, oo{Il B' por ar ax. ll1x aIHooopo. o opooB
ox otT Ia palIBeT aT oo oTIaT oToe e I opa' o poop 0o mo2o1aaTe poBaT.
o, I ^4,eo Bope ptl E,JI
.4e oaeT o'Ilo }IaIIa
ope/IreB
To-o pylo' - oy ' flya o <.po ao>. .(ya o a px. a pa
' ae ? aIe y ){aT'oTopI
oo6 o.epaT . Moe , oe e,]Bt|oyHa To-o.o oo 6t B nyq? o:e 6r, opI o a I _ 6ol,

aMopa
eerooo6oya.
Molpa]II poIlIl'
l{e oo yloe o'
pooe yP,Iere rIae' pe,4oEoeoepaeo e po:

< oapa oIl ot eo aoe o.


aa Ii})eM po:
yp,tre Ire. y'
o>y peaa oo6p e6 poo a.
o popaIe,oTopoeoll
Peae elII
paoI..' Paae y
ep o ero pti. ola
xyo)Il oe a
opIaeep'olr Il o.
elo pTa. o roapaeT ' oeiul a py e oo)IlI aryMe.
o ypree oore
oi ppoy }pee
aoTlio. e
oa opoaeTeo
opyo, or r,
.e {eao? o eaTI.')eo:r 'Py
? o oT eoe
p? po oe,
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aT oT o]{e a
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1,l,Mo}eI,apa ee
eploa aro ope>.
<o6ocu
j|I]umIo 20 npo:
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&uocl|ll' zu]ma-nma

Ptc. 13.7.

6lf DowN,60Plo l
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Alll) {Ar.Wff lDA6

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onefia; epeealro
paee Aoa'
erx pe.pr.
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C' ypa! oro'6y
ee e ooyre e?
elr2[yIrey, a(o
e. poo
opeIde ooI a.

X1ouampu
A. . o6op, apa I,Ielllll' o)It . . _ Tep' o. B aT 60III
e epeo6p- o aeo e?

ea peot <<oft
3' pooe B o6xoo pcoBa_
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Il!ell>. BoT eooIe
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eo e:
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pee? oa?
3ee ea, efl '
axa, op? o oo
6o 6r elr? r?
rror? er, r.
3T'J,'opo'ype' PaIp, ea oJI'Ie' pe2l aIope' aoT' peye? o opo' paaoa' oeo.
ael]o'I(ooT'p}e
fi pe'eI' ap, IrepI' oxo' e6p ooa?
o oo ro 6 o6pa
, epea, opoa, oepoa?
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o6xoo?>

<Ilpu)o oo6ptu>,
L957

<I ope T )eoalae... o6oefiylo rreIlilo op' oooer,ryo aapaI pa.


ee po6peE y6)eII'l>.
APyP TP
<m mlll>,

7964

a py oT 1 o 15 Bee PaBo yy. IIo Boo)IdIIoToyTe TaMp' oTBo }ra ;I pyI{o oIry MI{yy.
4. BI 6ye IoIt'IaooI py
a
o(o 6Ie,oI{ 3a py' Be o oo o )It
poe. o )e 6eT yHaaeI aTo' o'
MBooB.a,lat3BeJ' Mol-il oo Ha.o H TpyT aTo}IoeoTopoo o . Tpeo' aa Booa T. . o, vo r 6eoHo BIpa' To Bpe a BoI, TIio B.
}I}ilo oM lloNlB -P. ory )I(aTo 3pIl,I.
oe, o o e 6e'yl{Ieapy' Iio oIT IpT I{IB pTIroope. BI 6T olraT , aoIe Ba' _ I Il ]\{o)oT. I]oo To BaIIIl4o o6eT a o60, Ba
T }I{Ieo o oM, T06I ao-o ,po
eoe oa]I a Il.
5. lla j{t.o{
T pBI eo 6ITpo' oT py
apyTe opa _ parry po6eI. y
opaa e oao o)tII 6IT ealro pM. opaT oe eT 6y opy o aIIIeyatt oeI i\4HT
o pyHa y}ly. a paa oT.eTpo6el{y o opaelloo oyao
pa oHy a po6MIo pyro.
6. H ry Ie BoI po6e' aaTe poBa pBy aao, BI apa.aloaoo rpo, HaoKo 6rpo poeaT MI.
Hao e1pr. Ho e TPaT' Irope po.
TeTI-pMa (<.oe yo> T. .). poo lpo,oDaT poaT. oa r pyee, . 6y.yT popuonb.
T.... H6a' TnpL)
l1umP
JaoB' peN1oTpBo pyIJ aI( BI epe.
aTpB pyl{-Tl. Ha o p, oao' I eT pTeHIea I' ooI oryT oo
oP3oBT poT poBoo Ba pae,oa}le poeI. t oryT paT I paIrIeoN,II:
I{OBIIloxoI po6ee;p3l{ae Too'
o eoopI .aIee aIa B pI Po.
I; ao6opo' aJI-o aT po6eI,B.eJI
p a aop' Tp o)IeolT BoIIpTa B ooM BeTe.
pope pyll I]oeoBaTeIloJ
o op.y, xr p oN{IlJ{'e ^{Ir o6p.l _
ae r IropMa a e 6l y a a

156

ruau K|hTJuI
'lfnb|
\'r,Ie.a B ya ?ypaIrI apT' I 06dapyxTe, .|o co BcnoNIIIe' o e BI yMa' Blo.
J I{J{{I
PyIloB' To BooMI{IlaTp
BaItrN,I
oy, oToBo o3oBaY) a ?pumebnl
D6pa.
Baxr ey r: a ao py' pe: a o6opoe' aIIITeIla oa ao el' a
]a o)I{eToToT o'Iloo JII]IoBa' a o)I(e
iI 6 a. oa o opa ae 6
.o r e. a a, o I yB:UI po6e.
rl, MotTo3aT aTel.
Tep I6pe eoo pyllo r6pay
Tyy poT Te. oI py I6pa.
''Ia, oa e paoTpT e paj} e).Io
-II.

poe Hal pe6 o,oToBo3 lopae, oop a nopoae ya}IIx ooTIiolII.irl. PaapJI y' pooIe T o
jellI' ae x B Bo ya''Iy aT: : a pyo' ,aeo <.Iro>' aT
]po aa poBepT' oteT BI <yBe>o
.'lIeIotdo4B pB3 oBaM, oTopl BI
::'aIcaJI
a e. IoopTe y poypy o ex op'
..oa IIe noem py}l a TIe o6pa. o
a t I4ITo I]o: ey oBTy
.ra, l }laIaeT I4 oTIIo^,t o6 oal o6paa' oa e,y lit
B' oo y pyy a o)}lo 6oI vo.
:oB apTIl-oooo B ooToB ,e
Ia _ .Ia|| Braa.

157

14

<oyp> ope' a
1|pIiopI. ollyPtra e
' o oy olreJ.IeIo'
oaae UIu pa ,
orye toyocBa.| no1i pa) B
flaP opNII.

PutcoalI
o KoPoIo

yAI<

Ta _ I'IoTopoNIIe opI po.


e: lIo-IlP{tIyIra6Ioir3a pJIN{'I o6ao oTpTe o paoI -pexll, a ToT p u \|\..
Br 6yee oaT o N{e.l{o.
o}IypI]lI'Ipoo po alBaT <<Tl
oTy
NI> ]llto,a eo T I'ItIyIoT<<I
IlI PoBaEI,I>.,{ aoo pa a y)t(
U H. | y t .p o o t t p . t e t l l t t y a Toy (o6t o tl PaiI, oa I py).
om, npomum laHu, np\ umb.
1. ao aN'IepIl T yT oTBTeo
B Tao T,or r e o r.o tsllT'
2. C, B e.ytloJl{:Baa pyKa .
all'ao olo oBaT a pI(ooTo 6ar
o TrJo ooTIooepyo o 6ya, or r e lI B.eT (a loao a p. 14.1).
. op Bo BToy pyy, oo6 opi.
Ha }I B Tp ao' JI y oa o.
o aa' oHoB ao I(T T^l' l.ll L
)IyopI . BI 6y,1o lIt 6o.ir yuo Taoo yopa' uor opaoB l
<<oIl> PoBa ToI.o'To T. B e.
B I pyM pyy o.
4' Itpy 3 a odoi op (
/l oT 'Ba yaTa o)Id, IIpe,TaBeT o}lo

P. 14.1,oee ea
I1 <<Tolvi
oPIloNl
poa}Il'l>, Bao, oI
r e Mo lIeT oo, o

pe

158

ruo.I|7uo |opo:|ll1no
aJlu\{u
|Ieft rcpa). Hawfiafte poBa y Ir' pTJpy aHo)|6 opeoB
.raa opa o p oIl '4Illloo' \lT 3a eToI{'I]oBmI{IiaBo.
Boo6pa, o BaIIIa cIJ6aaB|4.Io Too' aoo
:loo I paoTpe apyT y oy. 8oo6.
ae' To BaIII aa apa'a BItyT o,o
o )e ooT To aPaafiIy,ItTaIa
.'-poTBoM(a pa), oopo
Pppye
laio evae e, ;'ItyIroBoT:ILI')o Mee apatl.
5. e apoB ]lqyeTalropIl' e]eoTe oe.4II EaI{ae ToIIo po.
aT oe opIe .Io JI|1H|4
ee 3 pBo ,le. 3ae pxo eye lt. .
6. H oopaae pyy. He oe r] T py' oa e 3aBoT afrep. 'llo zo:
,]podo]||Iimpuom omaoKu' no :}oum
.lu.p '
7 . roppe poTTI o TopoI{I -pra, vo
ro <<lo.Hl1o,Il]o yo, I]Jo e:tlo. Ko 6oo". po poBT.
,1-petopo ao;r oe paTopr o.
:v. B o oBe I oteT o6apIT, To uau no-dpgzo. Bl ot o6apyx, o Ba oe
ore, a oTo 6ore. opa' o)]Ie yopI polIII oryT Bpy oa3aTBaI{
.-eo6lr pr.ro ump|!-l|u'y a
|\T:To pIoellpe){oB B.e' oTo]oy BI TpeTe.
oy e6 o eoo oe yoaT]oel{' oToI{e coHa,He DoTBTeToMv.
.ipe6tB ooH -p o' ,.
,H yoBopl::
eoBIlI|T 6opo.
|lpoH
HoT.yBpHHo 6 oeoojoT I{a oaeo aav. Te fle I,IeoTopI
]' ao o epeH IIIIy'
-a]e pBolll yt. o e yro 60T, oo.
:iv To oToIle aToo epo, ItaToo py.to, o aeree IIITeTBoooo paPylIIT
pl |l\,1
N'to
eo |3 Joo HTpo1, I4axoTe.
e opa o pax? Bo oo pa:iIIeI{'
]oyyTo: -p; ore6o, To e I y.
jeTe <Tya>>
lIIoa[eo' BI o)IteTe axoTeT <<Bp.ty>.oop epI{e'e pax e 6o
.paTT opo>, o eoo e o ve. o
]oT Taep, B pay )e oIloT epl{Te B
.opMaoe> oToIle -pa. a a al
.Bope o' llToJI po6a
B To' o6

159

X1orurnpua
yepxaT
yoaII-px oTaToo.oo'or aoTpaoy.
Tnpaumpuom'
oa aoue,paopo pyo. BI y.
Teoe pa a6op po,, p.

I oe y6o oTo oTIloIlIIL


o 6 BoIIa aealle, oTopoe ,aJIa
aea .{x<y.ap oap' IIepIeyB'eBr oypr pyo. oa a: <H o J,r'
o I Io aoo pyal> o epo aeo. Jl-pe)Idl,{poTo Il o(T IIJIe oe MeT JIo
o To oo yao opa.
Boa, oHIlo, Bopo: <A o o a?> BoPo To e o. <.e oTpoe poBa> pe.
IUITpall Po'aBaT6paoo yTBa y opo e o Bpe y6a
eo oa Hoaea <
|m puoIlu>' Be To Bp o ' o
oolaT y poaT Jrye B'eT JIe' oMy ToT To oe. Bel oTBao

o. peaa e.yeoo)Ilo o6.


Bo-pIx, <<o
oIrTpI{oepoae>
T oTTpaTo pa6ol -p, oopI 6I'ro
> ea opI I' oT, op _ a
.re a6pa. -pe a.Ie oBopT
o y o. o oplIIHa.e poo

a e? e ya.o eop. A

Ilo y {II T I ITpI[o, oopt

oy'Bo o! o oxo;'I
oTo
o pa pMeIlN{ ToT IIITpIII _ e y

P. 14.2.fla ppa

<<oo otplolo
poBaII>' Iot{rll{I
ye.N[ aelrpo
ae e Cypo

l1olll ,a...o IIIOIq/Ilo> Ta 'aee'.


Bo-oprx, <..rooll}?oe poafle> o}te
)IdeT pt,r pa6oI Il-pea.
papeey
oo' p <<IlopaIro>
) aT ooBoo ooTa BoDT BT

o' a Jr-PO e eo 'eTaa


. Ho apa;I oIrTp a .eTa[ (opr, oT), BooiIlo' aa
,eT Ty e 1 lcouzapu' opa
IloprIlo

op|4Te

3u eTa-II [otlo

pe. Bo, -p ooe T Be


y6e, opa TJl ,ae, Tp IIp
oot1 orypa o x o)IIx
lo. o toHTpoeH
e o6xoo
poBa ao.aeoop' Ta To <<To
Ilo poBaH> o)Id' }Ieoopol{ D{Ie'
rooo pae l o6or peio _ o6a

oH\1a.
o poxo]o-To o. . Boo)o'

o6e o , oor ITIBT l4l{o


TI' oy Ty Tey.

160

uoa?lu o c1opoonIo gum|

opove oop,<.vTo
oypoepoBa>oaTyo' B oToprfl-pe6oIreTp6oTo
o ppa6oe
pHo
opa -peo.a
e oPaTa' paT\,IapBa'{
e e oyr

<Coo6o peflelo oea oaa eaoe-aooie e)y


orl oxo< o6a
epea a oo e
oI}?aI o BaooTIIollIIlJI. oooeaa poeolrpoaEa
IIJI,oTaBre oIly apTI{y,pe3ao o}t- aarro
ope eIIII (oMIrT <Xpu|rm.I|
> orp, . 53) Ixo- xojroo oo o.
T 3a p.oI,Io)oTe oo JI-pl. po: otl llopo Iya 6a. IIo To o6aoe BoPTe u ea, a epe o6e- oo
..aya'' ..Tya eaumo a6, peoI ae tlx oa
aT'' y apar
tIyTa TopTPla _ intgritas ot oo (.
rya4,oaaE . 113), epo Tpe Teet<p6oa pa- y. rete e a oE
Boo ya elaTlloo pel Po6eI.
ayy A' ya oo6 aaoe' To ItollIlJI <<o. _ B > .

o oTypoo poBaI{JI>'o-pIx' ep (a o)l{o 6e) op,.oTopo B ec co o6pt,


e oo lllTBJ}lo-o,leooo e)Ir{a'BopT' oTopoe ep6Ie o
paTe oeTyT' a o-BToI' IoT
pyo' B oToo aIBaT To pexae. opTBo <(oooTypIoo poBa> BI .ae
odpaoe lllIl BMI,a To 60 aa]IooBl pyH.

oPo AI]
<B ampl4

1982

Poae
Iraolr opaoo
IIIIII.
e.yyIIp:l]IIe I oo3ye Teo
<<Toool{oo pcoBaE> ' eeo vTo.
HeI4I{p paapao poeI aIIl
\to eTaop-aI{:UIooI
po6o
iI peaJIIlIoTo.

orryan pomum
:],
npa
.It-

um|2.
1. or o e6 Iloo l]poBoo BI.
pa peeToB: pacTe' oa yo
eoa o' paoIry, apaalx' BeTo' PB}Iy y , ,yooy xa' oee a6r.]a J Jl o)ltl.o.opa H c. CoaTcJ16o o6e, .re oe' yI[e. (ooe
.],Kea oTopa' oo6eHo oToP
o)lx ppo o6o, Bpo o, o lloilH H
pc, 14'3.)

2. Ilppee y 6y.

3. o aep a l\,I.6e, vo
BaM To e oIt{e[IaT.p o6ooT apTe
,]Bep]
P. 14.3.Mopeoa
4. oorte pyy apIrIo a 6yy op- Epitr prolra.
oo rtraooa,1973.
, o6 e Bo3N{o)IdI{o
B.eTpyllo.
5. Boe o <po6eyro ao>. Bo- E|lf|t <Mop\'!xru
muJoo1ac1.ozo
nop'lI >,
.]aT eI pel{e' Boe <<allzto.)Id1973
101

B oe teteii 1954 .
Ij]ljjr <'pu ocnpumu>
fiI ae no.

o oo a oa
o apldooo
peapaa eaa fla o.
pl{Te o6ttlI ee .
aIlo )Iae'llo a}IeeI P. o e
II( <.l{IpoI,oopra.o eo6
ao pateIrI6pao opzl]!alollo)ylo
ay a6ooo 6r.-.
Cla ox epI ee 6p ao ..y-

Pc. 14.4.
IlpeeEalra[o
o
poe' peae
oopoo o6rvrre pe
a

a oeJI

fia flaIII

po6I. ola peDI


e)a y Ea o .dIl{
rroo' paaIII ' pep
oo' aI{ peeIlzul
aol oeT
oooa
opeoy
ell.
II PA xAA
,)( IlAPP

<Pfudum
cozo

opltozo 2|!11
>, 798

fuc||uco .ropo1l|blouam1a
\3eqAl'

eqA)ieE l,(l

P. 14.5.eaopea

aolll Illpel{a.

6!eoyre

ele oll]ae

r,y|l
rye

00e0oe

iieoI

eea

/s

Teo ee,{ea
<.fI}eIeTe a>
,,Iorra pa6o aEo
o ea <M um u
uoeuulip>, 1983

.."f(

0 ireqgore
kl,f lG(

op$ea iro
nl@eo,fM
eeoa8

: apooaT. o6,yT Ie a, I
B3' ItoTope Bo3aT B ory' oa I pyeTe. Balna
- _ .oToT 6 ell(oo poIloBtl B ao.
f, 3 aeToB BaIe oooo, B ylo-To BIpary ,a. o63tto oo)epo,
.oa e po3BoT Tae.
B ae' To oay IIo po.e e po.
.xo,4' -p)I OIIJIT}taaT poTeToBaT,I.ljJIo otl pryMeTt,o.lo <6p.,
rry
paTa pee> 1. \,|1 .I. I. H opa Ba lla
. op poo]e poBaT. MI paTIB:\1 I{lra oIIIo T; oTopI p}eT o$It, BIIarae o3Pe' o,a e IrII 6y,y oTaB.
IBoHo' tteeuI l Jl t Bpe,'
,6oo PoB)eH H } yHoB tloBo
:aoB3 ey looooo e poeo. o
:aa pya aTa poBal{, Mo opaaTae eTiUI
]: ylo oII}?aIo' oTopall axo'T Bo B3ao.
B1
co Bcei po6eo, o6IrI oII.
Tnrp tum puoaln.
o oe. op poPe Bo
]!Iyllo. BI B}loB yB PflI I{paBle II,
orll <oy ltoll}?oy poBalr>. floToII oB' o}Ieo ,(e' Ire o, o PoBa:II _ -a oo6elroT oypI Too oyplloo
]I1oa. Te ee ToT pyllo opo}Iyo
-IIIIO _ o TaoBT ByIio ro' eaopo,
,Boo poa TNIao,o3lIaa BaI pollo-

16

<oiIa xoa
y,aerrtl py o py
peeM 'r' gr.
op.r-aorooe rr.
Il opa oIe rr,

'1'

I1^'

'J|

Top1toropele po6e.
oxox a ao EeoopI oolllx ooi' oo)llo' oli
oo)l( p[Ix ooIIIIl; o e l a.'IoI'
M peeye ,ao.
IIoo aeJ llooe oEae ao lloIe

pern apx lpo6'.


Moyo xAIl
<B a1rmpu>, 1982

Xolu mpu

lJe B p paccaTpBael\,to poe. o6 ae:


To B aI,IT' al]le aTB a:}}ruJLu o]|,t"|L||m I1o!.pcl1lto' To a y''Io oT, yBa m
I{aI,IpeMeTa'oToPI I poBa.
Happ: <.eoI T: Tep By, To...D
"p oHa,o o)loy6
B...' . . B ee TpTI B MoeTe

Iloo pI\,Ia
a ao pylr.

Tp aeo paoTpTeBo pyo

oB}lM

DaM

aoIlT

o.

BJ.
po a3:Boo3ToprH

pe IIrI oo. -E, a-To

eTa[ B.T

o' ee pa oMopTe I{pylo oBToTe


p . f l o . T o e H H a I e H
_ aaBaT ByHI a pa'
Ile o oBa, T06I o)o 6I0 aTM
BaT T Blaa.

164

15

Ka Iftvt
3a pAAI
pApay'KoB
{

_ y6 B a elaoe poIIp o6eroaopy,o


x' To aeeH oo o6eI,o opyxa- pao or:
r x popaTBae a! a.B yTBeT <o oo> epar
)Ta:UIooBopa:<.orpeIIITaTBI{ ep lllepoa xoa'
.ra'uo PeIpyo ( py, o/:lo oo:
poTpalrBa'
_
yITypy)> pI{<<pII]T>
'eo3aaeToa- - B ae.jl vo-y.
Hepya' apTI{I y]'pI eoo' e- eo6oe o6e, .lae
eoyoBT.eo To' o oro?
o opaa.Haepo,py.e
To npompcrnoumo6em., yre a. aolr oe:
o6raIetyo6o, _ oo e rrraoaT'To poTpaIrTB
eo aJI.
6pe'yapTy.
Bope poTpal{ a op
Boctpmueezmuapompm_ opo 6aor
oIloIlToeIloo ye poBa.Pap

_ Bo eo,
oop
o,
IeeEeIio
o a, vo o6a e -'>.

,2oAAn IP

<Cocloll p >, 7983


IIoeoBaII a. Har, BI poBoyII ToT op riar epBoy' oo6o opaT pll' oTopIM l o3oB"'Ip <pBplry.
o poa>' <<PoaeTa>> <o ollTypIlo poBa>. B ypax l a
o6pr opl o6ero pT}lo
ep popoBy pa. B ypaex o IaBI B
6ee ooaT pa ' opae op npompm.BI oe, vo o6paeo y
p op a eTo oe y , . .
-l oIBaT ou p.
Bop IaIiI poTpaTBa, r 6yee
ePoT BIIa o6o (<<oTlx
op> o x.oeo epoo) IIa pJI popaTB}I{y (<.eaIxp> <<ea.
tIIx popaTB> o xy.oeTo poo).
e eT 3'ao.
' o oo <.ea>
|o Zmu|lozola; oo poTo oaT Te yaT'
oopIe o6vo II oPaT yaBeI
llle aBa o6r _ }IapI,{ep'PoTpaI{TBa
\ly Tyelra po eTI. p poapopoH,t(B|yt{,.
J IlpoTpaHTBa
llIoe IIae.
lo

Xolu gmpu a
o ep o6rvo oyT o IloI{eTBeo
e
HefaTBe npompIna' Io.IoNI To a py pop;ITo6vo opa.rIpa o6o
I{Il{ Pe pya. oo <.popaBo>' oyeoe B eIlTBIloMe' opayeBalloPaeoe pMpI{ollpoTao, oopo o6I.lo peaBJ.l
T He tP oo }t oy
apyl aaTeI B pye (o, ara
pay p}I oao poTpalrTBo' y'otl{
oo apaoajlI o6po oa <opeT>eopaIllloo popa).

P. 15.1.Po ya
epe3 eaIe
popIra, Ior,rt
ryeo lroo ao

H yo, o oIII <<Ilo>


. o o, o <<IlTo>
o)T MeT aee' poTBopeT 'poMyIy are yTypI P'oH
Jr-pa <<peJII
Bea>' oTopIe oiltlto oB
apa. epo, oao' To oI]To
BJ}IOTyToo poTpaBa po}IIBaeTBoToe
yTypI. JTy Io It1oTppyeT,ye aooe
ToTopIl' BToe 3 Tepa pa <Euf, nm oZoo-bt '.'
Tpa oTaBIToo 6aoap op.
T Tye'
Bye popaTa e)Kya
o olo oeo.
Ioa l B yBIII}Ia
poo -a ee oTyTB BII}"rp;

<Heoeeo oo
pea. a opo Il3Ilo' opy,{a ope
eereo6r' oe
o6oae oo e
oo 'l, l(oToo Ea al{l rreepeo.o oo oe elllloe' a a tlo oe opeee eo
elloaaeolo aa
,l'

Iloop, apep'o
yTo popae y
o ool ollI aIaIaoe potallo e
yI' a <(oIIl
eo>'
o pp o>oaa eepIlI' Ilo oIl ollae aylo y ooa.
<e aoro pa
oop o eeo epe3
ooae e-o e.
IM (a, Eapp' <popaTo ooM
yo>), o 6or
oollI

Io

IlT-

tlo llpeoaea e
ao oo>.
P,\P TAP ,d
<,[ u uco
npttu>, 1978

flp,oa e
yro
1aroap
x yToT:
JIIaT' o' elo eT' a ooaeT
ooa To' To .

po oo, ooue IT oToBoTIo a eopeIl}loT eI]oT}I{oTyoTI


To e' To aIoT I{v)Ieo a-o IBaT
I o6po o6oaa. yoTe oTo peoTaBT IT TM,o oa eT' a a o yaIBaTB Ta.
e Iox Pvap Tp flaa, poeo Ir,(ea opo oI 6ea.
B o ae a olaT ooTopoe
ooBa oll ^,{etp
<yTI>po.
pHTB plll eotxpo. po1Booo)oT apa ee)Itp,oopIMeIoTee l{oeTPPoBT Ha oeKm ' a M oo.
p, <o e>. Hapep, J] peT xeTeIII By oo, N{epIIie
e.tp a o <.aTJIBe}Ie>,
T aMI
p o ya oe}, opy .Be
aa. a o pyr, e o6TB0'
pooe eoo po6M' oTope Mory oIrIr1 y apN{y BaeIx y)ax.

166

nu npednpepcgdo
o H)eP]B o) yll ay
[ooo ePaloT ll <aTIlIpoTpal{b>
tu. opoo6 orpipoeypt.
Y oo opau p al{y ).B}.1\{
oTa' oTa TyaIo opeeI{o,oa y;{ae' oTop Be To aaeT' e pIy oo
ioo .a6tx op popa'". io,o*o o.ao oaToo BIIlyT epeal\,t'Ta oBJI
Ty opo peT poBoaeT
|, . oyaoe Ml]oaB l-p).
poBoeHo po6o. o] MeeepIa fapBaT o I o pBeiI epaM }To p: ott oerrTpI] B ePy oep lra popaB opy po6el ia oTeTe aTpy,4Ir,a aBa a <B,le pel>, <.aIo e>, <PT
fe>, a To aTpI{I.
po oo, yaIBaeT a, a .lo Ipa oe <<r]x>'
B oTo.
lIx yypa
pe.Tex' To l{axo,TIope <Bv'". He..].. o,toHoolHo6a y p6r <.oTPaTe).y>: 6oly IloT' p6Iae <a o>. oIloy Ty Toy pe p:}.eT
6oru aTIo
]II'pI,
<<BoIe>'
<<I'allJI>
eIloTeT MIII, oT, oo6ya oxp.
1iIeI{TBa eoToT opaa.
flaan paeT' To aaHrToor
_oBI MTo.Ioaa Bo DBIav veIII.
poyBtto. O,Hao on np"no,u,n',
".o
.oToIBI{aBe peTaBeo6o oyr p|By.oTopa IrpT\ooy oeyueHoT oBee opIroTlt{>.
Ba:o oe,,lo
ir peoepaTo pooo Mo le. (o:o pTaBT, a -p :UI:<.pao!
o! ava ao e}IolIto osaM T I{a
I Ta Ba? x, a! HaI DoTDIlTBa.
rt...opoo, 5^t. H e oaoii,) a.
.rIoaaT' o BIlp}raJIB oo aIx aaI{Ix
]ppay'oB ooa paTa BeeI{ ^,Io)eT
:a e 6oe e IlopoIro Txlio.
poeop aa pIaeT Bo TaT Tao
eae: <. oaa, To e),'lIllil a6ol
]o6eH)\4
oe 6l p ,, o]o' x aaTpBaT' BIxo,a pI}IaIIIx
JaJ| ppyoB.lIe oe B oM' o P' 15.2..]]a
a
l, o6r eT a Boopyt o6e ou pe, o6e:
1,B o6,
,06|T,a 3 Hx 6o DN,1Jl.
iv
]o6p o6otaln,, .pye'" o o,o- 2. B popa,
eoll o6eoou
:1[II{oIoDT>.
1|p

167

Xdolctlu mpu
<.BaepIr a
yae J\IiepI BLI.|
c
Ida otlolrle }p, ooe peIeEo oa' pooylro.'.
or e fie elo a)e
epa ..pe pIeE',
3tlo Ie. '
o ve ype
opaiae eo 6oee 6ooe, elie oI{o
yypI orya EeopeeeIo'ely eo'
ola Tya Il-to e
oIre o oltpoe. Totlylll o a.
pye,o'la
IoP'' oy aoo.o aIa' e' aa, yae'
o ..tlpaepIIlfle''>.
P,A.PTAP IIA,d
<,{u uaccmo
npanu>,1918

oapoe o6e oe pel{

eo o ooT ala : BT Ira oopy}I{e


06 To pe, Irao 6I epo Topa MI 3a.
IlI4' po6peT oT B ao o T o
yol{aTpoe, oTopoe p6yeT ,Too' ToI N{e
Bo3o)oT oTpeT Ha Be o' oeI o
e.pay,oB.ar{ opaT I{eaTBIpo.
pa}IB T o o eH HpHIoi;
poTIM poBopa 06 To oo oIT aer. va, vo o oo)I(eBa pT oBa]o' To o.
o1lol!{y .y a B. To Ire l\,Ie{ee
3BoT yB.To-IroBoy o e oIloT oToT To, To aoeo aII a a Ha.
oI y B o3oT eIaTI{I po.
paflTB .JTopeoo lIIIe' po6y yee ypDIrI.
poumum' nolr,l. u. npd u
m.
1. Ilppe Toy T 6ya pooBT
apaar' B o ypale' B oTe oT <<Toooll.
T}plloo poa>, po y Ba a B,y,Ta m
BI Mo) oaTpaT a elo poBpT' a o
IIpoaT.1lppoe oo)I{eT IIp poBax
oaao . 15.3.

2. Ilooe e oo eBy pyy ( aylo,

|ea).
era).po
ao oII
o .
a.(( oaTl
ol
e r
,py' <.o}
ooypt.a
ooypI'
e
opl l
Ooe eT

pJI. DoIIiTo

y.oItllo

poBa ao apIBaTo}l a' o


epIlo TpexPoo pa a l]oy' ep}'Io
o 61a.) o6 o,rya p:}y, pa
Pyy Ira"la o'4 ao' oToM 'BM aa' a
TeM OIUIT o,II.

P. 15.3

3. Poo: aI Ta opao, vol


o. xoT OI oor,o a}.Toe poTpIlTBo' a o'I
o' eoo. o oox apaI{ToBIIoI(afl

pc.15.4.

4. Copeoo B3,I{a oIlo

poo)a
oTpT'oapopao
d

epe all opa. o6r y poTpallTo


op' Ba TpeoyeT }Ieoopo Bp. Ir
oy. Moe 6I' B Te Too ooToo
BpeI-per oop: <ae
e){t}.Ta

pu't yory? aoo 'o IIee.


eo Too pJu)Hbatu Bea _

.'

o)o 'a IIa:}Ba! t y.er


aaT...To .4ypIo'... yxotyyyyyy....>.

Teep
oo! o epexp!

oTpeT BIleIIo.

168

lmu a e npepco
5. eoo P}T pyy 6pao oote. He a a ooo, ol,a opTe pyy.
o6e a I,poy.lrto po' Be, B3 pyo a MopHa .Xpulm." . 53 yo Ry o ol\4.o e 6
IIoo)I(ea oT yr.y eo' Bopy xy]oIra oT r oepro o a6p pa. To
;e aoe pooIo 6r, 6r opa IIJI o.-IoxteeooI (, av, ), _ o oe 6 ye
oBo To Pe e ol a6op p.
y,4t II(o poBalll }? ao
oe IoT, o UIeeT; oI{ iD a.Ioa]]' To o <IIIo y6oo r>. o.
Ix ( o e oe) a o6a p3]4a'o
ToT I]pep oepa eo6xo'o .p Pyy
tIo.B)lIoBo P poall. ee oot HeTc' .to IoT pa ( popa), o BIBaeT pooe p|I pcoBaI4.
6. p, IJl a pyy, opeoTo a oo
lt Ix op aua poa pa o
prr _ oIto oIry Ty opy, apa pe,aTe a
tlo)o Toee. o1e Me'4{y Tey <<Too ollTypoo poall>' pep o 6oe opa o PaJIx IaTBI{oIoPoarrTB' pe}1oT BpeI{ I]oIe a pyo, o6r oe.
T poop apaBe . (o6r oTaT
Ty Texlly poBa o}ITypo o <<eoo>JI|I <c.
oo> o)4)Iloo poa' i*]aa ee <opoBaHH 4ollJ,plll^,fpoBa".)
^ 7. H oypoy :ra. a6y o pye!
LopeoToTe a poTpaT. Cpa Il yaT
o To, To I eaT, Ire paoapBa oo.
H aa popy aa! He oop e6:
<.ooaoa o op yy ( p6,lo-6o
rpyo)>. Iloapae aTpoT Bo y ae, To6I
o e )J'IB llaax' al{a]I,aPaTpTIt'
aopx. Ilpeoae ope 6IT e, o oa eT,
e opeTI ooIlo[Ie Il' lllpI' oo' 6 o 6. t o e poa. Ba yxo II],o6r ar pHo coommmoo To ope'
8. ee oIio aIlyo l]poTplrTBo,
IrapyT o To)e' pao ooTllo o DI
'lPoTpaol,{.
pp pe Ha p. |5.5. Hap.
B poTpIIBa,ae BT' oe o oTao.
. y aa pya oT,oII'Iro oapTe al]o.
T oo)He,o6l o oo 6ro oo
p eo6xoo.
Tenep um Duom.

Ptlc. 15.4
a.o po r1rora
apa : <or t o{e l]e moe poafio' Illfle eo pay' o i.o ltlioee,
oPe a rro?'
ore ;l:
<.Beae lleoop po}o peMe, p'r.eell
Ilpoipafi o peae ,Il a op. |1o a poe)o oelIo opa.
e>'
6e,ary 1981 r.,
olr-, atop'

. 15.5

169

Xou mpu c
oa ao,r, paopTe Bo pyl{o. BI yB o H I | o J l o p H o o l . 5 o t < o "
oTpaIITB]oTopoe Bl Ta <<yTIM>J
o TeIIp
BTe <<ol^{
eo>. BI o)eTe aepltT opl
apaaoN{,e To lroo)eTBaM yBe' .Io T ompma pa|Ll.

Bopa:*op uepe pa popa

B ae .yto rrlaa }IaD{peTo yBT,To


aBIII popaTB IIoTBe opI
o Itpa. o, rrrr o e py
) sop HaH|ol.paH
I B-op' oop|
Bt apoB.ll..tl I ole oTaoo To yIr.
'4T -1I' o]

P. 15,6.orao
e apollle
I(Pa 2l''I.

IlI

B To}'I oo)K'

I{a oIl

6tp poa, oa o6pT pyy' o


}l otTeByJlltpoaT
I(. p. 15.6).oG
paTT BNIalI tla To y'e, oToo BI lT"
oa oapyr' \|o otm <<B.T>
aI' oT
P tI. o a;, <?opoo IIaoBtlI{IN{>ott ax(T.
Cea r Ta[Ba oepeI ppo paoa' o oToPo oaa IIII:!I oBaT o
eo BI I{e eTe' e o' o Bl aT. B o
pJI IlpoTpTB To pJI J'I. JTo oItil
)tt p. l1o ooy o poTpaTB BI o ll
3}I;L]l'I Mo yB'T o B)It B,o oo}-.
H('oB",leo ' a e. o P)x l'1\ B
aT llto oo. B oolIl ) poTpaIITB BaIn
payNl 1IT oTIT. Py are poTpHB o pa py, I HeTBpaTo py l.
pyy. Br Pa;To llapoBa ;t.r, ooy vto o
ote ol |

B a o eaTBIlIxIlpopa: 6..r.

l
<oa rae clc poIo,.p
poBl,.l.HoB
eo. B pf,B.,
a IIpoPaEa'a o6rr opl'I oaa.r a pot? o 6ro ao
lr tr3a6oo e6>'
To BI poTo B. a e po'o
APP ' ^
<auum pucottu >'
193

opl.rr
lep .ltopyCo6ep ep6opy.
pe: <.o ]vIIIoToI J(oM
B ooBo>.
M lllP
<pll v>, ]\ic.|ts|I. Iv,
e J

let 6o p.TaBe o To' aI( p II.


BIeT. BI ep oTopy
I <<,oXI>
e oBltl '

Hare opl
o.o ooTo pBapTlloyplee. o
'e' na npomu arco'Hu.
1. Ilppe r oy y.

2. oocpyy pe6o a, ,r6l

6l par o B B aa, .ro6r r


, BePy . po t oH ,1aJ
,oToT , }ia ollo o. o.

p,oa oy a oeTopa.(fl.
l | . | 0 U . o t B H . p ' . o o p o o o

170

K tnua npeao
f

aI{; }lo oTe' To fl-px Ir oaTe paa -pe)fi! 6y py oro oo6p3um a


eaTo poTpaJ{To IIooBa Taooe' e"zzl
mo?o no,rm p ]|' )
BI ote eT' To opa, a oopo r oeTpPoaJIMa' oxo)Ka a opy o. o
oTo eoTopfuI a]r,IooTIrUIopa. Bara aaa _
apoBaT y opy ToIroal(o, ao l e , a
(o oa <:>6r.
Aa! Pay yry! a Mory IaT To I{oT'
e y eo <Taopa>? He y o6 o! H IraaTe eo Paxa el{y Il. po py
o' To . <<IreaTB}ry
op}fy>:opy, o o.
. ae epeeTe BJI,lI eaTBo popa]r.
TBo BIIIIo. Hapy Ty oPy. epee
Ba a I]poTpaTBoo IroIT. o ye varo
py' Io o)IdeI\,I
I{aT e eaTBIII poTpTBoI,/opo. Hapye y opy. xoe, oeT l]po'o)a poBaT oI{oaTo polo/
opy a py, a oTe oTao B 60 MoeT.
Pc. I5.7 el{oI{ppyTya:iallylo poeypy.
1npb uum puomboa ave, pal{oTp o pyo. oe' To oIoap pool{y peIIrIo yol{aporl{
BIo)I{eTeBeT60 a[, Iaer poTPae, 6o a6op I{aI{Ix poTpaIiTB.
o opoe BJ}IoPee eao opr:
ollo eeT Ba Ba a poTpaTBo. B oo
To BIoe}lI{o ypDI{II apoB JII a
p!p' TpeepIII . py B poTp]r. Payp
Be'.aT pyo, Ilooy 3'epllxo,T MT
o apa.oo:a oryT T aol{Ie opI' oope oo To ttpoll' o{oeHot a' oopIe T opoIo a? oT' Py
popa/op,l apoB",let Ie
py <<Tpy.o>
o.

Coroa popat{ op

B eye ypaIl BI BIIoT <ao>


pyo, oI pyo oe py, oy .4ao}roeliTx aIa oIIe}IooyM poBaT _ IIaI oIIpJIT paB poa. B xt yv po6e peTey aBIty _ Bop ooor poopu.
laB e Too yIIp:DI1JI' peoTaBJII{aJI
Ba Boo)Ilooaa a Bo pal( p
[epe)Ba ToIo oIo yoaoe' oopoe pe6yT BIoIle Too pya. floapae a,rea , oo 6oII]e' I{o Ta' o6r ar a6ro'

171.

P. 15.7.ooae
op a raut
popa.
opeooea:
a) poae
epxy.'.
D) Ir'..
c) 6oym ope...
poparreerl...

I
Xdotumpu
3
IIe eixil{ poB' BaI a3y BI,'IIBa
oo yoaTpo, aMaT,To BI .eaT Too,
06I BpyT B rreo. eaT I poBe}I
6eooa eyoTopoT' al{aTe oye aoT' yoBeopell' oBoTB. Ha6'aTe,e o)IT,a Bo oHeI{Tpa.oTMee
B o p B y e. B t ( I o - o a .B
a6' oo ayT py epaT
B lfoTpoe, oxo.oe poBa, yIll
o. Bt, payT, o areTe -p)' I.
y}qa;Io oTpaT o paot l1o BopTIo Too,
To eT lta ao ' aoap y fl-pt o
opa opa, oTopa,I B oTBIlo a oe py o B}r
a I I yyea' IIp,TBT
T BOPT' pIaIlo Ba;M a T.ll
Hal TBopoo poea.
p0 u |Lumpuom' npomu !1|-

u'

1. poe art, .ro6t Bl'1 Hy o,ra (


e o)Io'To or) o :vrra.Poe
apa o6 I.Iao o Bpe - BI
ee oo Bp' oo y)o. Blo
pya. Hayr yoB . BIotIeToto pyHa _ }II]ITIBaTaB p ,ateoot
Il oo3aBaT

elo

TtI.

2. B oaoT a Ta ya apaa.
C,x o6lI ap apaaI 2M (2B) .
xoTTe' poanr ap.llto _ a 4Nl
(4B). .(pe o py py a o y, e aoTT Io BoooB.
3. Hee pat opa a o6a y.
oT py o y' opaI oI 6t o.oBI, a oaao a p' 15.B. Ha o.o Te l
pyy, a poa 61.
6y..ptaBo <<Mo,ey!o>

P.15.8

,'i

,l
172

.itmu npD
np)po

FI
r' 15.9. Bata <.lIoe>

' 15.10.
yo,
Iolll <<oe"lr>

l, a pyoN{(I{. p. 15.9 15.10). po oyo6:' pIuTe I 6yar oy, T06I o Bi.lJ p6T.

4. Pa Bo <<^4o.Jr>
Pyy B ao-,f eeI{oo' peoTeoT06I aaT ee Ba paype (uo6I al l1 aIIC BITy BaIIIy ooy) { epeIe
aBj||flpoTPHB.
( o\'le'o py] i.ro]] l]a l]o)tto' Ta To e oo) o)Ito
]toTaToo o{opTa6I).
5. Paop aTBI pTptITa'opo)]Ie oo)ell{Py' Ila oPoToe Bp ope.oTo.
It ooM Ir. To oo)ltT alo Po,y B
p) BoT.
6' 3ee, To opaa a 6y, r
oT <<MolI>
pya' )aTopTpa o]ee yoB. Br le poT e6: <.orta
'loA'IToTI{o
Too BepTao pJI opaa
.ro p py?> , fJL'a Bilo pol r | | T B o( o . l l l ' H oey ' - t 1 ap ' l 5 . 9 ) ' a a e
l Bopo: . aoBa oP]\|Ilpol]H('Ba.oIpHcIloopao pa pyIt?> Bt ae, To eTl PoTpTa Bopyt :L[eBTo( TaIloBTo
\lTI{Il'taoap opaa' I(oTopIopaa] oeHypy popHBBop}
Py.
poN1oo' B|oe a p6o lIPt;optr.
' t ' ' p o 6 . p e .;
o o o l L l ' l o.l.IloToo lpr?> : <.Haoo lpo
.II]IO B oll o paBI.I o rpo
ioBa|>
7. ae )e' To 6y oy opy
;Ilo paN'{aBaT
lta IlTyIo.Happ, opa,
\ l.t

Xdoru lnpu

P ttc' 15.12. Mopoar


l{ortyppyo, Ioel
eo Paeo

. 15'11. I\{oliPoaI
ol]ypi]I

}io'

tofitltll

yeo Mapo pe

oeeI{IlJIa pc. !5.14 6o <d,>,B/.ec


PyI{' o ee e liapoBaT' e paaTpB B
TB }IeaTBItoopopaa/opI. ooy
opa 6 p a' I oIlope
I{apyeTe ooTBTTBy yo aB' tlo
o y lII Tpy.o.

.(pyo pep: opr opy oI.I (<.,> <(b>


pc. 15,14)' BopIIMaIe a aTBI
a, 6o op^{Bl'e aI4 o. oey?

oy To oT <ooT> yoo

ao B BaIII o'

a BI ye ' BTl or op,


o ao'T B pBIoM

Ioo)e}I'

oea'.] poB yHee.

opNIa oZ I1o|T T oO paJI a]l IloT'


eoTBpaTo pyT a llooT' py opy Bo

pyTe o aBor
o'
eu |Kou.o
KKo.o mol.
8oo6, u
ooo'
mol{pu|l|t
|n mpab p npoum l

K lre.anoumu opa' ImopaoI|1o

m IdmuHoenpomDmo' o r
o 3 e TpoB' oToPI,ae

eM

I]pTI{II{ 'Olt{.

8. Hapoe o H o. To J'l t'{yo (

T-a> o)IdaTBo.o' Teo

paeT Bo
a o6po, o a,r <<yo>
-Uara a-[aa

174

3aeaT B3aMoB

K mu 0 np1po
P. 15'13.
IIoAo.
.( pya eop5'
yoGr{,
1919.
Ipaoli pila.
a o

BaT T' a o T' Il P:lIBa'oetlv o


Tae' Idao eT. Bep o aa.
9. flepo o pa pa' o poTpaa I]PoTpaTy, Bea TapJI eTo Be ye oo.
oe o N{epIBa yooB. IBJI a
py ,4pyolr' BI yeTe BT' o oo a6o.
. |tto<opaBaHo".
t|oy eo T,
BI ot.JI' op o)a eIIIIo Ta' a' I]o Bay L{el' l{ Ila.ao.o ooe r
o}l{aHJ oa 3 a''rHxpo poIl.
10. aa.o JIII|Illopa <.o).aT'. He aTe'Cpe oo-Bypl opa poTPaTa, vo6l II{Tpy olIJO, OII{BaJIop' yI oop,
oTopIe I{ ooBTByT <o,>.pae paBI{o BoI]pIe opI poo poBaT.
o, o poIle ByTpIl ory, o6ylo BpTy. o aa. Coor a
Bo paoI{;UlI_ paBo' aI{ToJTeTIlo o.
pollr. o o2JIaoHbL.
11. IIo: oe To' o BT ]tI aa. oe, o oxoa opa ao.
]T pI,Ioep BaN{.
Py pa op oTpa}IB'BI BIoHTe<Mo.1poar oyp pyo(>. oy
6yy oe IlI' B' B o pae, 6y.]TeeoT a 6yary a o)o 6oe opo6o
yao opa _ B .4ee'. He o
BeeH. o-HaoMand?Ieb p).llo.
Tenp ,,lum p u om'
I{oa aoT, ye Boy pylly I I{yI.
lty BaJ l]oye a o, I 6uIIIyBaJI{e eo Iio ao I]paoT
BaIIIeoBopJIT.

Hear popaBa

BopeIo IIIIeIIe
p a oo opo6e pa6pe T 3e B
BaIIIeooIl yM' oopIe BI I]epxa B o p-

175

ca

Pc' 15.14. opl olEe


oe opa
ee' e n o

B o oe 6o 6 e-

pllo ll3e a o.
llerUji a pe <<peap-

-rpyrro> py (ie aopa peape.


rrI pyrio) paI eo
e llo' oopIl'iI
oo vo aov.
a eap pyilo,
' epoIlo, ye, o
IoIo oIro opa
I lle aan o e'

^ oot{u1{
pu .lc
oBa. Bl oTp oyllll{ II? Br o
Pxoo oJTtlIop ooHHHoMoN4cT
BIIIpoTpaa? Br oT 3 B yN{o.
Tpoe' o BI B o.To B I1o' a a
pooo P, BI ye To (e oBo
? Br p)Ba Tay Tyaro' To ollaay
o H Be1a TeM B' BoI{iUI o6p?
Bl Ila oy' To yo TaoBT o.
xo)Idl{ l1a or{ ltTllyl oJloBo\t' I 1 aooor>? Bl e.
IaTo B <<I
PBa yBTBo y'oBrBope'oa To-To <<Iloa.
-^-- -^^.-----.^..
j
lrPrDu'
JrulD
Be opoI, oaa'IIpMI Topeoy IIIIII. poBa aTBIlIx po.
TpaTB' l(oeIlo )' o, uo6I IIp)I( <<pye> p}MIBopT' T MllI{yoaToJl'
ToOIBI Iu' To To a 3^4ee a o oya. eIlo BpI o' To Hoo)}IooHoT sepyt t( p)Hoo op' B
oT pa o-Toey y,e eaTBIe poTpalrBa B pyll. lae opo yp ooI aBe' eIlI,IT BlIe lItI}I' e 6y
Bpo I oIlJ' Ilo I{aTHI.Oj.I epe)o Bo14HBH|xpop}tBo) B lII ooBaT a BpTa IxI{. ,Ba.
T y. ToM.

o6paIe.eo
po6e

l-tepe,lllo"Iee ,yeo ypDItI{IIoTa


IoIBM aaooIpyll' aIo eoopo ya po6r. I p6''lil 'l
o-o oHpeo poeo. oTp\4aTp
Ba
o py a o [AIe
aT po.p op Bo .poeo-o" pa.
I{oTpT oyltI J|11I4
Qop r{T'
oTop|eo)Ho I yl\'t.p'oole
I Ila T oTpaTBa. ToI ueve oypo.
BaT I Ha , i,ro)I(ea)e zepepucom cBo <IIpo6eyr ao>' a ToT p 3o6pa.la opl po.
TpaI{B oKp| poJIL A o PoTo By,'l3.
pa <.poyaJIo>a ea oopar.
oTBHoe HeBHot|T. 3e
l
'epa epe,aN{ yap <<o3Ty>
<<}IeBIy>
ao' ope'ooTIa He}.
HxpoPtlIpy. Papex
' EaoIiI

oa,

oople

rae eve

y IIpoT',r t opr.

poBaB I' BI OylIeTe oToBI aaT 3aaBaT

P. 15.15.a6eeorr
3aaooo

Bonpo npL: ao poop ooToT


TIII IIoBHl opl o <po

r76

Ka lmu npdnppao
o>? opaIrI Boeo yTp opaTa' aT oTaT e,ooe; e
opa <.a>.Coo eT aaeT
poa' a oo - pao? (
oa' To' BIo <.po6eIlyalrao>' BI I{ poBa oo]Iao po.
TpTBa opy <pol>.T ' opaB y opo aT
BIJI<<oTI>
BI{1'p'B Ilo.oIl.
TeooaBan eTBIlIpo)Ila.
x, a v ByiUIIloo poBI{' ofllo Tp <<TaT>
T ' a I
va ay po6y. Hapep, l
IlapoaT <<po6ey>
oe 6oro,
oTBoHMJIo op ' oe> o orypa oo 611a
a o' To a po6ea o,re 6 a,
3ao}IBIII MI IIIe <<oe
De '' f|26fi6p6'.
HeTBIe
pop;H" 6o
a oPy pot
op "pooI>'To oo oI yaIaT'To IIpooMa pea oHo,o)
6I, eoao.)
Bonpoc mopo: eT a pyll oTJI opa' oTopa i\,Ioa6I oT aTBIloo
popaa? epeuee o po6I a
po lleaTIloo poTpIl I]o3Boo a oee
pa.BoyB.Topa, oop r o
BoIIpeT alHo o eyaeoT ooflo
ToM' a e o opy o' BIeB paype.
Bonpoc mlmu:ao 6t 6r pey eII
IieBIlI poTaTB (a av, oIx op,
ooy y Ir o p)? o}ro yBT
yer? Moo epeI{yTpoaTa
o.oTopoIB pyly' py ? ay opa o IrpopaHxl po6pTete, pBop
py{o ( y) epx ?
Bonpoc uemepmt: ec a-6 e o,a oIloTo oBI apaB ,oBa
poer? Br oo-o ooo oa?
I\JI a' o' a yae pI,y py'
IIeeBe.TBo oIe e ep6ay opy, oa.
faBB I4T4
<<oeTB>
pylro.
Hao, a Iet o a;'oo
pylroB' oTaIa Ix B aT a ByapoBaIe
o6pt l poTaTB' o.reIe p6r.
e' oToBIe Bl{eT pe.yl py
BTB poe Ht py ropMa
o po. 'lt oBo poypo aJe
phT. oop HIrpTo Bt .

t77

P. 15.16.
ToIl
<m>,1979.
B o Ipaeo
py eo o6paa
pa IooIly oelo
a' opa'{elrlr}.
IlyoM' I{a IJeIafloe
opaI{Bo

16

Bc
To'

To

tr.a r^a3a

(Be _ o ort.''B
'.rrr:r,
a e ,..B
e Too o' o oaliae
a Ia>.
H' P. AEo
<pmp ompblmu'!>, 1958

II Tor<o
IIoIIaa

a opoIto o.lITBo Mooo I.Ip a


Ia ooI{oo oToa oyall
I{opllI aI. Payt BIoa' aBep
III}loT' yoaIo' oTopo a Bo oTo
B oa aa,
eHa opa' TypyU] opaI vy. al
tpc\'l oy \1}loHet , poH.
}lBlaaoo oraa <,!>, rt. .tl p o )l | l t H o B ) | { |. H l | p B H | \
. ao yoa P H P o P o o ) f , y B o e o t o p o o r , r 6 e Il' Te oTopoo aT oT BD}loT .rTa.
M o 6 l r . 'o a t J - J a o t
l,re oI o ooe BopI1T Il e Te poTIN{ooo <<IIooTp y>' o a p.TaB. Blt p4art.ol }l T} aJ. _ JIo oB HP oaTeo To' o MI <<B,>.
olr
oBeeI(oo BoP' pJoa t( p3 Ho o6pTlto:
<Py a BIoI pa>. Bo.ro IIIeT B Boe
re <puun lpumbozo onpumu'>> apoa

yp:

<t,ToT B Bepe' o.xo.p3ya TPT To ./leo opIToT.Mr oorrr


B Too ooTHoIJ]e au InouullL]|'|uB |'Iofiae
o IJ,I' ]Io o 3l{aTeopM. oe pT060
e poeo a ee' ry
oToe
e o 'Iy'o op o.TBp]e
_
o II' ora eo
a rie oytl o3tIIIlo. paHr yeTBye .e.o , vo a PoBIle
a e"t e oo6e opT py eTBroIaa:o3aIoe
ooso ooo o. apoPapoBao a ele ,o BoIloBe Ty.
po , or o errro aI.. ya oo _ To' o NIIBpeae pe.IIp
op' o o pa
oPoH|i\4o,'l To\1Pe/IBl
pc]a8eH -.
lle oecl}.
o, .ro o <.peBTo
BotIpT>ea)It
PAP . PoP anoe
pe. 6l po B BoIIP^,faT
y
/]xoao Mol
a2'oN{y
Ty oo }Ia' lloHo ]
}T
<.3peoeope
eo B tepIp, l'tI' oI{I{o' y;l.t lt'llt>. rr
aT
o.
<cou p >, 198
<.3aerleoxoNlo o oeo'o e
yPaeIirropae,o.

r78

ulum mot'omo, mo nonaaamca z3


po6a o, o p.4apToepo.\,IPoae oIa aToo Beo6eIo' aToo oToBo
"oepOaTo6IT>'aToo oo 6ea 610io' BaIlIIIx <e3ae>,To paTe eBo3\|o)}looJI rTopMMy,T06 1'o-oy>' oa BoplUIT oo poa peT.BeTJ&{eT:III,I oe3I.

or&r ooBD( popaIt{


n Ta' To To aIIJI pIl' IIoy poBae
)I{eTTpy.I{Ieo:PoBaIie Tpeyr arloo
' |l|-17o oTl{ oo popir.
o poollTppoaT To IIa eo
]lDI{Dax:
t' oHo o yoH|x Py pe.o)Jly.
.lTa B IaeTB Ilpoo pyII' o aaa al, o6pa aepa a, oopr a p ] a. o 6I ape I{a pB B yly J]aa.
opo TyoB apoa a , a o
]o T. P}.}ro,oeI y'o P. ., oata a o. 16.1.
?:c'|6.1.<azN1>
] epa1978.

AoIoo ap T. o
o6yae apaee apopapoIlIlI yoalrIloe:
<Cyeye pt (.
yoe y5ryr,oopI e ose yor, ' a6op aIx, o.
yllI pa orl
lIIIe' ypa
el o I 'a. o
pIo paao yy.
pI oe'ieT o' a Io
p... oIo
6o oepIeo ora'lrae o o, 6o ae
orr -lrrtoue oepxotlo.

rre o pro o"'royo.


e e.ao' oa o6yll;ul o y.]?Ie o o o pvoll, eoao opoo Jra e-roeo. flol, o lre oo Ee
ye y6 eo, o o o
oo6e e Eofi Ia
e' o yeeolo oop ey.'. Eeo ot
1l oaao epeo
o IItlEe..'oaa
o oeo Teeyaolo
6a, a ao pl ra o ool oe
eo4e t>.
BAP. xo
T tuu, 1983

P1ro epl: apalre apopapoaa


ea

epr pyo P. ., o oey IrIo' P,TaBeT


.'6o p apopapoalry oI{eTIry
]a a a.,oyr -pey. o .
.'yo aa o ypoo, opoo o araa o, uo P. . <o> Io oBeI{o.<? _
epoTllo' po o c6' _ ..a'' y eli T>.
l o)o Io 6 epe o a 3I I]'aloa.oloa: aI Io I\,{Bo
IloT <.ar>,p o pa pv y p6 aeapopartpo ory.) P. . ppo T o l]po.o)
p or: <.B o. Heoo ooo, 3B,:{ooe yo. Bo po. poua a Beyr
:peBa.' BoT, oaya, repa a>. (o' o Hapoa Too IeTooo' TP <<Pax>
:r p <.6rx>.
o oay aofio pooI:po.

179

Xdolrcl mpu

D Ea
E]

E0.
o l/,c.

o oo opa, uor poa oe'

6o.rypoeoaeellIToa'
o6p:aoo ).
a pya op.BIotl ye
ai}aa TyI{Ta (MIloI

oTopI

IOII

oe Bo.Iee opa: aa): <


IIpoIpTe ay e pa' uLlm.
Io' To BI aeT' To oo

Ha ao '

o aa a o.ol,l palo ooTII oT


Hoo o IlyT o pyoo pa. Ho I
MOTDT I]ooa Be,aIla oT To B
Ipep <aoapoou'

ae,o ,?>

Po APx
<nponu u uc cono >,
1971

Pyo op: e poB Bop


a6aa
a yTo
P. . yea,uo o

oo paaTp a Il o opo e
I o p; a o6po ooI'oTopI'
eTo' pMI apeIlIe'l{ory a ao
I]epeaT e)y oo o pI yo? o6
perrl y looBooy, P. . oe 6l npum
apo o3BoTpoy p aa
fl.pere ooa oe po pea,
e -pea' BHaTIIo I a a, o
ry op6. e o eIl BIp)IIo a

o .o
pTy
ea,a o <<oeo>.
o IIoopopyo (p. 16.2)'
oa,aJIopa 6e paIro_ Toy
TeI{ol[y Tyy' oToI o3.TByTa TaTy
P'|c. 1.2. <z Ni2>

ryrra
P' .,
15epa[1978

Pyo pe: Io pao opII B(


Ha pee aa]IaIy.TaI,{:
<peparo,
y ByTT e6 a opa. Tp
oTa yB.eee ore. oa' To BI
Te' o B ooI elo o'I{aoy lllpy' o
a B DoTe lIIDa oo e.
o^{a' To BI 3aTe' To Be Be3, a (pa

py a ,pya.Ho e r poTpTe
y, o r e?>
o xt, P. . oo paa a'
oBaaT oBI apoo

MIIloBeI{e

oT

Bp' oToy To Il(poa' xoT To

6aapa,oao,
pv aaooa

x)bIM }o. Ho P. . oe ud'tl


p o oP. <o
o <<poBTo>
aa oll. - ee IIIpa oo opa e>-.
Plc.16..<ltzN3>
yeP. ,,
22 pl 1978t.

o,a o poII To' a' a ofi

a p.BPTeopopaPoBaJI-Pao
pJIo ply oe ooo. <.a o oe r?r

180

Budum moomo,umo onamc z


p o. , oo ooBo' Bo oo, uo6r
poTT e, 068: <.flo;o6r, 6aro>.
<.He, a.[a .
Bt e y paBl{o.a l(pe oBepIIoTaa I ooI pIlo {eT. r lrapveT 3T 3Il}lI
pI o ' a Bl x BT' To BI apaoJltll o6pao 3o6paT oTy oepo aa.
veoe, oopr ye NlopTa BaIIIpyo' e
a' To IxpIla oo T I,ITo ]IoTopI
..pa.lto''.
3BI l.
fl pe..Io.lloI
..pao'',
I 6yy BI'T
o o 6v,]t. r,]lr..]' B y,aoeI. ot .r t.r..oTI''>.

po6opl o oa' P' . rro..to


apoa a, oaar a pc. 16.3, p1.la.
o: IIo.aBTooBI poPaI }io.
.rar p' ByB I{aTp aa P. .' o
poaT> 3 T
I per, To o TyeT <<a
. Ho o o Ta: P. . ac udm <ae> To T <<B.eT>
opar, oTopa 6Ia IIp
Be Bpe' o l(oop,l o oTBpaa 3-
p)ItBpIlI,
apa arlpopaMpoBIIIlIxMo.

P' 16'4.Tp pyaP. . a peel


epo

a
oll
Bopo pep: pyo yeT o p, o6p
I-eBo eBy py' 'p)IQy urry(p. 16.5).
J po.o),ry{ pepo Ie e.
, po ay oaT poaT aJI lI
aTBIlIpoTpTa' o6a.a ooI aBIaI,t'o y)e I B oTo BIloH vao
apoaT o By pyy BITya paype
. oa r B B pyo IlN{lIooBoTe] To}(e oe yeIlo. ooy TOy BPNfe
oa II{ pa6oTa[a poBa poopoJlI

181

Xgorumpu

oot, oo alreoy oo BeoBa o paellIo py .]la.


Bpx var ore IBopT tlapoBa .oBoo xopoo. o o re <<BeTI.Io>'
To oa pyaJl'

Ptc. 76.5' <Pg, lepla


qd'\>ye po
e.r

P, 16.6.o aa,

oopy a aNIoM,e
ea po, _ ,raa
<<pylM
oNt>;
ope Tyae
oLI
llofleN[
<<a o
.loMl
oopa

lia ".ioo

oBepx>

B\rIo M
a T B-opI
<<pMelM> "rl-P)Ma' l]oToy To oT TpoyeT' Tooli a Mea oTBpTe' o To )It Bpe a.
o,a B BPTao IIoo)I{e}I.
LToJloB BoMoooo IloT paBoo3lol\4 ope BoH|Qto'oHao. o .-,po poa 3 alx' po o T:UI }l' flppHo Ta x{, To Bp alxr (a oIQ3a a
p. 16.6). po, oo' aPoa ee a [pylo .
l||o. oTol\4y o |llt moun loo nopuonu.
I po apoia opy a' a a ao]!l
ee Ba ee, oa 6I apoBaa aI]Jy pyl}f
maa ol11 npPpnb r. o p.tlo
It o oo Il a oo oBcpo BT otl
I _ ollo Boxo'T I( 'T oM' o)e
r, a apI Bool{a o PoTo oo'
OIa, .oyrJl po, a o6pao, a ppopHl| BPae y op..u6o ytttlx
poa Ty,IITOB.
poo o po, o o}i poBaal aM.
a or pe.o)I(a ee pMoTpT.
p rl l B e py. Iloava'Iy poJl tl oa YBT Tey I(pBIo'
p.o{a paoTpeT aTBIlo poTpaTBo o.ll
uao' Cy oBtI oa Boya: <.a,Tep

y - oa >'

r82

Bulumc e noomo, umo nonna z


Hry 6oI]a ay3a' B TeIIe oopo <{p rre ooprm, .lo
po I}ro paa apa.oo (< oe r;lry a.o oo6eo, oala I]oM o' oJI Ila oo oBeDoT. a y aeae
p H?'). o HeoopoeBp p;Ta,Tro eoaII,I'.
paIBa,lavary. IIoo oa Tpa , o6oa- )I{A AAAP
<Ilaooau omlqmu
aBIIIyI Il3 lll' oIII iUIr,oa, .ro 6a 6yTpaBa. oao oa Bepya' To y. o6umealnl >,
.l oapa, vo o oT apoa[a T ( 1945
a pI{ylo .
po Iea paTepIro. poa, o yo' oa aa: <He a. opo6yro p>. oa
OIITpa IlI oB IlpIlJIa p:}aT a]y. fla e oJIo o )aJro rp:De' oopoe Ta .rao a6a y TyToB' T:l,JIB:lIo
paoaBopT::}opooy1B To a py' o a ale' To oT rra pyrr;
o^ao popIBiUIa poT, To pyIBaa Il] ry6y.
I\po apItIlHo a3Illla pyo' oBllo
ITJI )xop pay. ae a JIa poaT
Ii al' |4 BLIeJIa'a ee Pya' o (aBlIiUl
apal{al, aa .4po)aT Ta po) o p lpooB.
|1JIII|4|IBIcBaIIac. a apo&Ul v '(
ylo I]l,IyI .
< a o ,l ooa oa o oa BIpIvla'
aa6. eot m o' o 6o2p,.
u.e ' \no'<e oJ|aTc c
..I ea oaBa looBo.
<po, a I yaT,o To? To pooT?> Ioro, .|o nomuzafu. p oa'
l o'e
< a' .lo o' _ aJIa oa. - rry pafla' o oIlpae Eetlo, o ory aTaBTPyI IrpoBao' To yto>. plloj
-IIo o llox ily oxpaa To pyo _ p pp o. ,lx e o)Ie paB o]ao I OII'IT Ha BopT, opr r.uvr- pe>.
ppy M' Blaal{y I1,'ITO o BopPAP . P.oP ole
Pap'o pep TaT Ia ox. ToT o.
.xoIafio ,repo
caa eB ypoo po oo e p- <3pumeo
ompuu
o po6y B ylox pyax.
u u,|uu>,
798

3arry .ra B IIey

oo papado IlorrtTBo ByIeI apI{o' ooI ayaT Tel{ peBapTeoo polaoBaII oI <T>'oaBa BooiltoT e
)r]o' a B)pIroI{IlIxTeppa. Papa
yI apTIry' o Bpo 6 po It ).oa:r, o ae o6apy{BaeT,To <ep)a>3a o yo.
lae I{Boo)Illo'T a To t ye.Ta
"'ITePIlaTI{aJII]oTea aTaBe pIl oe pao
:]a yeToa]]. Mo a TaT ya-a' To
1 ooy BBoy, To pyol{y.
oy .lr 6oIxIlTBa e oTpo a T}l epe oa;}IaT o IlBoo)I(I'
(oaa' To yIeIeapTIl IIooa olHTo yoBe pT Too po,aepe o-

183

Coo<v>
ope6-

eT aell eoeo
paIloro' aaotloo' eo)aoo ll oopoIIe.

o o.raopa,oo fiaylaeao- .
Ile tlllllJ apdee a.
popn4Mpoao !r.rlpB.lloe.

Xdoullut mpu
Ila' I{oTopo o6xoN{o, aTepaTB}Ioo Bo.
pT IIp poa ( opueo IltI) Il
oTopo plBa]I, IrapMe, P. . (eee/e ool ) po pv (o7
PyI a[I).

apaoare apTIrI{.
Baa/a>>
pa: 3 <(
ap,o I{oN,t
.{aaoIapao^pa

aIM apTlta' Laaa paoTpl4 pyo


>' BPBIp'o)KIrIrI
.apo Pyo
<</'u
1915 . Ha rr oro yB,eT,BapaBopaBI op:60 po' op py py,6o ll.
eTpy Bay Tp.
, o xo opr IoT, It:x
opDee
r a yleTBI{o,I(oa y .
<.opaa
>
P. 16.7.
peolea
6epr
pPTaIL
eT t.yB aTepaTBI{I]\{
rapoPy6o 1915,
oe Ta)' To epeell o) llpoo
olt]ej eo oN{o .apoT aIIIo' o.aBI pellla ,
eoTae3aoo
6, pp, .eTeo Ba3y, e a. flotario6pae rypr oa'
Tec
flpu|!mb peu BT o'o' a }I pyoe. l
lla ye o,o .eT
Ba Bo3lla Bo' o BI y'{ IT:L]I'To
o y, 6o ap
yo
aI, I, yo, aBI;B, HaTBIIIPoTpaT pey e-o Taoo pltlIl' Toe a o.
IlamJh|roPoBIIe. l1o { .eo pya-.
' BI' BepoTilo, oaPy)T, o BalII o npT aoToTo 6e oopoo op. o
pp op, oTopI paI ooBa N{o)loo.
MT oTBIlI' a eTIpoTpall.
Ba/opI' I pye o,IloopTe, BI oI1}
BpeMIropyeTe ,pyoe.TaI,{o6pao, apl
y)aT pepao Tpae Too' poma|
opTe aTBIxpoTpaI{TB oy ToT aBr
epeI IIpMe
BeTcTo B o oTaBe poa. B .
(.16,8 16.9)'
eTBe Tpoo pTa opodyTe BIol
1' Hapye,e
rooa'r. pyo <.I/)>'
I(a o:]aoa p. 16.8 16'9.
Ie Illl,
o6o3Eae
e tI y(a.

2. Hapceorrpo

ea' e Bl paIa' .]1


,e Iea. (ao
paoo)eeo3oe BI
opoIIIo e epr poJlp poarrlIoporo',
. 3pao lopcite opoil
o, r.tI apt.
c pyl{o a l'ipe.
4. P opo o' yl>,
eeo <.ooe
ttoIeepI'lei\4IaM or a.
P, 16,8.,1er!
eIeJa'

r84

P. 16.9..par']e

Banc moomo, mo nonemcl za

Bop: o6par ly6r Irpa

B ae opoo pa ePeBoo BocIlpT:,|'


opye Tep Ila xooIIJo 3TIlo y6e H.
pa (p. 16.10), oopl 6 eo)e 1832 . I.
ap eooo y 6po Hepo. llep aT' o py po3paIx poBo aJyT.
IlIo oo{I{eB poTpaTe eo.oTpoP. 16.10'opaIry6
a6a o6pao. a p. 16.10, yeepa
' a y6 oTao II opTa B PopaTBe: IlypII alioT BeI, IyTo IIOIIII{I'
ee a;r, oIIT (e' xoTT B oo e. A
o{IlIIty6I epa (p. 16.11) oIlI{IloeppaT poBoI I{pJIa' o,zlr 3 pyr o6a pa' oa BI po.oJDaeoIlI{ptB.
a TpI{oToe.

Tpe: apao <y/poa>


ooo,I{to{yre
rypa,pyaa
oflaoy(p.16.12)oxBopIraT
p- P. 16.11.C.oere
.

E ooBaII 6o a a' a po. 3ae' o o.a'a epe(IoaT poa'


BI OIIIeT' B I{eoTopoI' eo poa'
xoT oa:}aaToo Io ooa. To x poxo oa BI BTe y. o, |IH1Ie T _ o
oBo. e-a P rtto .e o |f,tm
piul. o l aeTT'To ePe o6pa poo.T
oMo .

}leepa' Copeoovrra
epaEooe

eepa:
a By}lIe< opar
flyI pyllo' oaaIlr p. 16.13' oy o)H, oro aIa </ou>.
(o61 1poe Ty Tya, pyaa opo
pylro, oTopl o I]pBeBoT o:ljlo HaBaT

P. 16.12. oprrerle
<po/y r. ro
Po 6L'1ooa
1900 . r<ooo
fioo .(oy
ep oae ,
yreo. ora o
polr' elo oa op
po, ola o ya
eo. oopeeo e
I(poa ll yT TyIro

185

Xoucu pu

P. 16'13'<ea/6orra>

Pc. |6.14. <.


y/6oIi>

ApaPoep <]t!/ould>,
\[' p. 1.6'74).op pyo
M oBeo ofiIle
yorrapoerie,rreoooe
pll

ello.

e apaoo: <<

TtlI'

lo eT

lt'

ory aoIlo otll ofloll yTep]{ o.


epeo poooo)Ie
e 6 paI 06o
}. oo olie
o)lio o pyoe
o o6a e pao a yeToaI{e>.
<,eu1u,
opl|l, e u
p,l'u>, 1955

papaoT}rI
B 1930. apooo. O.

N{' BeT oTIly opa3TIIIl{epox


oo. a oP o)eTpeo oHo eTa yo3a oBepeIro.pyo:}',
oap yo oTppoalroy aopy , pe.
TaUIa opeflo paBopaBIx'1IooIIp:*}
I

3O6DDI{I{'I.

o6a

a [4, To poo.T B BItIl\,lra

oa IoTaTIOoa oo ,pyo
:Oo oo.oy B oep oBo
e' o'IBaevepe o, 60 Tapx
II]e e'I, yyre o {eoBo opoTIt
( p e o l p e ' T o t | ) e H '
106o8.) Papr o apa.o' B eo

3opj <N,Ia/oB> _ ooolo eoBa


apa oopo.o Tao}Io.o Iloo oae.
L .pyo Topol, BI l'Io)I(eTe laT
H l 3 a 1 H e H B B | ' | t 1 | z L p H a T B H |x

. To o)T ya

lla o' To BI

yoe.B; pay, pa
oHoHa|e
BI a pBo oPa)' o)T

opu.
e
oTop
o'p
6|
pBoHayeHa'o o

o)T l oe oe I. a To

)a po pev, py vay. BI I.IN{o)eT


,4T<<py>rypy' poo)aTe pTIto
pyll; pa}Io o3o oa <<po>.

186

Budamc moomo, umo onlm ztl


py o6aa pao peo .
o. Pay, Tpe ooTeoy peyTaTy To
)e BpNl dr oaT opo pa, ye a . B To I' a.
opa, oa e <oD{aT>
o P. . <<>
ee IIipI IIoo a a.
o o pooe. l o6py . u'o ,'"
'
"iopyee'
ItK o <<ae>
rypy yre' a aaT' no r.or.t.t'
a o ot poxo? Booo, fl-pett pe.
e-py B306p]cH.oop lIov 6t
oeyoaIBy oBepIIlop"1liI{I]\{J
o
paHpaBI IIyT' -plt Ile o( <]op.e.
T>. aT 'at o Too, -Dltrr o6 o6pa.otl |J o}{pn"' '. o:oBpe}lo_ oBoo eper Iro.
Mo pe It yoaI(II)
o.r ro pye, oopo pa6oTaa,opeelr.
JI aT T.oBoaaa poTo ooa <oTlT> oHo pyo opre, o6a o6pa llaxo' paye, y Hx pMo IIpe.aa.
' o, Tl|{olp vNl03eH ._ o o 6 o e p e e . '1Ba ] , l y JI' e pope ao poo' eoB o
Ba aT }Ipo'oooI(all po oeH' Bo3Bpa I|pBoyopy. o pIoa a opo' o 6I ooaTo I(T aorroT TpaTBIlooBp.
x, To p).pN{eIlo
yoae
B1olto aIx ppa a B po po_
Ba' Ta B aMI{ TBopoM poe. epeI
poa a Hae, rtoopo r 'al o p6oT.copo-.
6.
o o l o o p u ' H o a H c
y.oBTBopIoopo yl{a B ooaTIloBIo' eo Ta poxoT B poa}I: BI o)IlI
pooa.H oBoe6e ppeeo
.3HaH'' 6po ayr o , ,,"*,
ol o opIToT ya ea op (
- fl-pee), eoxol Har?
Bpoa:
oItI T
a arropT aB aIrl p/po.
TpaI{TB'e.y 6oI aI p|1oBa'onpu'tmu oonHo|lu(Io6pao.y poop).
rooaTo6o opoo paoo)ItIroo3
peaTI{ap)eBpeMrrI'
apa]reeapopa.
poBa]IIyoaIl. Texrta ooBa oo
BII{al{yT <<oBae>.
oa o o'Bopoe p povx 6a poppoBaa B HMe y.oo Alpeo flpep.

187

ldoxl|tul mpu
TPaBpae BII.I'o yT, <<eBo
Ter>' BoooBaTTo .a,IrlreT TaTI,pBe,eIlo ox. o To aITpyeo TpyIlo
I 3 T 6x aIo poalr
oT -a o)oT poa I{eBeoTIloo yT' o pae p' oaay. Bpoae
yo)ITTp6oBae oe ooTHoI poopIlee
, To npeamIlem o <.eooN{>,
<<IIpaBooBl>
poeo. ooy .pe 6y
py,Iry6.TBIT pI. Ho xo poopoa.
ooTI,Io'Irapl{ep' To Ipa)aT <<eBoooBIx>p _ )I(,1 : 2 (oa.r oo ,B}at
aTI4Too)' _ o opa6aTlBaloTpe\{yeTBo B
o aflall; I oM, ToI
II-pe, opl a pa apyT Ira poa I yI a lllllofla''.
TpaIlT}tIx
ooToex. Kpoe oo, poBalre
er eo?
yoB
poo p.oaaTToooooe
pael,
oo1rIr
pa ee oo paE1 B y6o apa.oa,a Ta y To]e 60aaol oolIl oI{a- ee ooyeT -pey, oTopI Bpo,e6I xoporo
1l _ ep opee. paoTaT B yo apoa.
oe o eEoo llilopoao a Too BI o T aBII{o'a, ylllllo
. pol.
oe a |poBy
oHe
ey ollly'
aTIeToot{oaBel{ooIx popaM' aB ery eo opITaBM NIo6paT 6 oBy opa
e Eeoopoo poa o)l{I
..a''.''
B,TTo' To T Ila ao e' .aBaTlTa oIt
a oo ope' e
IlpoTlllx pl{oB B3oBa.
po JI eolo IIoIo

e ya ta .
o o ooa a ea, ee payae o o' a py}Io eoooIpeII
opo op:
<lleao e pa Ir yM
peaIr aE.)lo,I'lpol{ltM, a .L aal{e o.
aT IIJIIoEa, aan:
..MI oapy)I(' o a'
I Pa lloae yea
lrEoa o pa31t1M
ollpoa' o llepepl

a opa e
paoB>. o poxo,
ooperl, <.aqI a
Jfio Iy oe
oa>.
It arlole
E{olraTlro ltepo
<tr|[l|ml umrm
u fupa|zuu cuao|Ll1|ILI
ucou>, 798

o o6o opz
c ooIo otoplro TpyOI
B oapye poI, .r6oayop;r

Ha odBI{oe opo6y .ylo.(il


.Te.oa o,oTB'oIlo ooBaT,aI.
, .a 6oIa ,e aI'_ ,Ba Ix 6oee t
eII oaoBI pea.)
1. Paae ox pye oe ,ao6I oHo ae} oT py. oo m
6, a pyo B 'oll oaTI.
2. Cp x By eoB T 'a .a
Cpo 6: <o ;y paI o papy? .r
. o oo?" H poo x p. o oT paI{ ep ooaBee.
')"
3. Cp pyy ya (p. 16.15)' .
,.. \
. / ,\\, .'
ooBy roBoTpTe epe IIee a 6: o6
a, oo, ay' _ oTpeyye .aTp
py6 o6pao, o6t o6r oo yIB"l
B .aeTp.(Tpy Ilo ya yr .re.)
4. He e paep py6, epeBe, B
P. 16.15.ooe
o6. pae paep .aeooea pa.
'a
TPy ya
T. e. apo py6' BI aBeIIJI!l
epo
6ro,
poa
o6ero,

6t,-...
---..-ar
6rrrro aeo

Ni
tt/

188

5uoumc moJIIo|no' mo nonadem'I a zI

1r' 16'16..(a6o6o o 6o.'.

P. 16.17....'ra pao } o pyt

5. Tp paopTe o6a o6ea 6 pyIr o.


-aecudrr p;rrB Paeaoo a'
|BSJII|x epe3 pyy. B aa a To
Dy.'o.
6. e. o3yp6. popo6 pap.
7. Cxeao pe a 6yap,
pa"
.1a'a To oJIJIIoTPoaI{o
a pp
yx 6.
-a p. 16.17.
Bt ap6 o oopoye
leee^{
pepoB epe xaIfoa, oop
:tlppTPye
opu,Tp oo. i"o

< .ett, vo o rpae P.]ve]\lIeloe o [JIrItrr' r.ooIe


oolro on}E .a] ;lla.
. Tep rl oo6rrl o, ro 6oo o oe oo6rro roTe opli,r'l o rioIor{ p.
xo veo p.
rro. Bope 6o
].lle eI IIIaPo.
e; ollo e oep.
-:aol{e ItoTopI aapTIlI' <<}Iop,'l.<or6, oopIe o6rvo
oTa aeIil>.
iI>'

o.a' opI]IIIoII 3.M oT pea-x pIlIx TyoB' oaa a Tay 3.


J.] o OIUIT<pelnae o-Boey>. o ao
:oo elloea xoo aIBa<oToIlo
Pa:poB>,opa3yBa,I'o BoMaeM aTIoD
-6o 6o-J] eoHoPoI]|tlo pPy' a
I o oe Il aoJI. o xa
.oee ' 6I ore, eo6xo oeo .lt, .ll a o eo6ooT eT ]l e:oI{oxtll e BMIXDaMDoB ao.
l| oT paToIl: 6oo pooT ] (Ilopla[}lI>' I{aoT ol{o Po ir I{ a pyo
j:oe oaTI.
Ho poo .pyoy poy:MI B p,
Pooa ByoHo p)Me.B o pe o
joilpa xoxt o6er oIropoIr IIo papy
.ll 3Bo oT paTo' yeTyT TIt TopiUI
]:oBoI]pI1,o oopo o o'opelo oIIp-eT' aoo aeo axo' o, xo
oo' aoo lllll o . o paB
. opJIIlI>
papo! B ry o oo ooaTe.
\' oIly Pao Hl,tItoTBo BJla py npITpI:3e e1p, poT BeTa'paBe
apal\{.pyx o6eo a e. Ho a oae.on,I)T)oBIlpeJIpyT eo oToIIBo ppa (a
a(e oToTBoBeTa eTyp).

189

P. . PoP
<P arce>,1987

B oe pao a3 oolla paepo


opJI poIl
I. . e6o . o. ap
ya3. fla Iq/ pa- '
o: ooIlTo peo
Tpoe Ipumonu pa.
]|pa o7 ltocT ello pac.Ioir,I, o )I{epe p ope'
eel{li paoIl o3e UJ\Iulurpa'|epa.
PJJ o
<?pumo ompumu >,
1965

XDollu mpu
Mo o flrra, oa e 60
Ipep{o4 loa, oxaa
a poo) 6ayy
apoop. oolar' otr
fia6Ioaa a e, 6a6yIa ea aN(oe'a oo o
aoe yee. oo' IIo 'o.
poe oo' otta poa:
< 6ayra yeIae,
ola yeae' olla oa e 6ote,oa ee?>

B o B o)ItT3aTpT ooBo, a
ea P. .' ToIyIlI peeoT, o }IeoT IPI oo a ae. Ho oa
Ho! Mr po.oTo tt]ypoBop.

To a ,[pp, 6op o peI^{

o opT aTHa poTpallTBo, a )Ide


olto 6olo oTpo o68 l,{ooll.
.(a I< opoa
o e oiT ToT apo eoIdoooy. o o, y. o I\4y'pe.
.4pyx oIIpooB oToo a'T,Ba Ix <
o?> <.o?> epI opo, oe
-pey, peye oppo
e pepo, uo6I oo2ItI{oT.
vo aa oo; oo, ao'ee
T oT B' oTaT oooM' e eo peN{T
e BaaTeTo o a. pae,
o yo:a 6I t, e 6r
Pa3I{IpaepoB pxo.o aa paIe I{aII
(<.6o--6yao}ry-ooy>' <6oo.o-y>
a a). po oo, . oIe yo.r

op' otT 6I' 6o umca ooro


a o

6l Dao

17..axoi

TItIIo

1I p3po <.pa>'Ae,o,p,e
ox, JUIppye I{eoyIrp6a o ooy
.oo 3Mee}l pa}Ipo, oopoe oIr opo'
oII o3poe eI oTo{TBapaepa
Bep B eo oy' TaIlT I{aeI . I{eIo.

Bopo opo,6oeeoxo,-}y'_
o?>oe a o opo p6yeBoIIpT
Ix aepo Ioox paI{

po
pepao6o.fl.p,o-,o'
pToBeo p6a:<yo oy, a

' o 6o0' paBe Te' a


Ii' To oIIDeTo oo axo oT Me a
To I1ITrao>. o paT _ opa
elr pepa, 'oTaIoaJI eTaT a' _
o o6pao pall <a> oT paoJloo
II. Boo}uto a. o6 oo e BeIIIaJIo o

pe.ro o e yo)It}lo.o.a Ia
opa BlxoT a oBepxo Too p
ooa _ o.aB e BBo,TT.

o llpoxo p
yrpp oaIa,

I1 Ta _ a To p y6er o,
o To a T 'oBoo'ooep oTaT
eI.
aa oo (eaoe popI{TBo!)
ya. oa l e,eTeo.o lfio, apr

Budum lrc molo tno, lno nonaurn zQ


To' }ioo ,a.[o o B iix/IT oDeTt ol,l06.( 6 lJUN1a-H6yb .) J]U
,{o}'IaIITl{o]apae 3apoa{}1poBi{oe oaTeo
BrrpT - Taoer o o]'opo Bl aT ltoTopo oT eBo}'Io(Ilo peo,o oIIM JIIII yl]l B.
tJ.Ilo oI{o C B paNlpa
ap (LIa T' oo 6o olr pttootl
p1, pyy)
oaBT <<peany>pTe]'IHv rtoprrrl, oo oa/Ia a TTI( aa ooP}.Io rlo ].I.y.| a oooamJ|b|1o poBI lIJl ope.-IIIIi pe:Lr]oo paTo o tsTpIro Il.
p v: ol IiIA pI oIl.ll1 lltloTp]l]{I aoo' o llot Tan .]\a pa.
I aBap; o BpI] aTI po6p:rt lt oH aBaP ll T Too' To y oIao
pI 6t.lt
}ItU paoa py It pyry' e}'I y ]!1epa rrr. Bo.e. apaIl {altl, Il,oa.IeIlo ea Iu".rrr,o oaxr Dr
H B p c || | \ t o 6 ' , t x . p o l o P || o J , l io i r ' l.a ooIlTo), To T lla]llr rraxo 6orrre poI ooy o Ilo , Itan
o6 o op oe oltoI{' etII BoTe.. 6'o p5tto o6tt. ttyonu.o,2o-
,,.
pr TyaJ oopaBajl BBo IIpo epe ool,1
Tpo oparto aIIIl' apr{.
oBatl Ba IIpoT Taa.r. Po\ l a l l O | ( t l l o o p o . B t v o l J ] \ | |
a: BaI
poo)I{eT oo rro"oBaT
-o3
lltI(opaIo o0 e]i PapoB oetl paToII' Il-o B To )lt ao tsp 3aTaB B <<eT>o;{t oTI ollopo'Irl o paMePy.
pa
yseI eItJI o BopTto
Pup . peop vae' To'r'OJlo ITI Vot
t t t t o o 6 t P o J e ) e | o t o l p t t l po ( py TTB). Xo.,'ro 6I, vo6t o 6lo
IIpaBo' o' yaloJ To xyo]]]It' Be Io',
]lo,Bp{eI <.oa> BoIIpT' I(oTopIe poTa.l. oo Bo py oToIIle o o3l{oo
r.looo N'Ilfa. Palla Tol4' Io V/Io)Il o
l o 6 x o . t o ' i t r o 6 r 6 p r c o 1 ' <
p a H o , H o p \ 4 l L | | 'o J H x { H os l l l l p o Ba.| or uL| To' o lloa, a TaT '.

Bee epa: yIoea a

ppaI pl{p Too' a o ?T l1\r.'Itl\'


l p t o . o ) t t H y r J e l r r p . I 6 ' 1 8 ' J e o r r . l
'rlTPpoBao pyoe Boe oToBo par9lepoB, oopo lotto t 6l otl tto nomu. o
I l ) o H t B o . y . l o i ! 1 y . v t p o p l c ,
rtpco6ra H.l ooHl Bo\l pJDo'

191

X4ottunpu c
P. 16'18.T eIperyp
eIiI.IIil o pa!{epy

1. Ha pe Ip oBe rypI JyT


}eIol B paepe' a ^4,yT o oBep]eflo ooB! 6e o, oe y 6ya.
BIoTy o o rypr, a oaao a p. 16. 19.
3 oa o Bo oTeTa Ipt epy'
o6r a yp aIBaa (p. 16.20).
oT:UITep oo To p poBpTpI\,repI
I ryp. Ilpop e p' e BpT coNl |43pH'M o )raey)T,r'ot>
p ao Ix o o Ty' oTopom
oH He

<B l o J ' l H y ' .

y pxoa.ea _
2. TeppeplrTe

a 6 Ba p - a, aBepo,e
eT' To Be Eypl o.tloopa3epa.
3. Ho, popaBa ry o6pao
ooHe. Bl T. npou oPu JIu' a a.

I
ryp yeaT' po.oe

a)oo "peao>Hop He o
oT Ilo _ B o e yolty.
pN{epoTa: .II
a' o o <<yN4aT>
oTopJI ] o,I.IaoBoIIo papy o'e

rypo, xa 6r,ro6or,a a

DItyT },IIIIM paTotl' JTo oeo


aB. Ilpo6a o, To o3' Ito-B,oy'

IaeT oe po p .e
oI ( aol{ J.ae p .eT o aTeop
Be, 'y ero>) a o.opo.Ieo paepy
IaeT<B.eT>
alr rypy ol, ve oa

.eaT
al{o .e'I,o e o-,oy'
pa.I>.
Ilepypoal
mue <paB,ee
t92

Buum t,oJLbKamo' o non1em l

P. 16,19.oepaep
o,{orypItl e

yl

flate u THoopN{epa
ryp ooaT
]rpeo.oeT
T oToTBaoT.Co,e

.-I1I'oae peTB' oylx' To BI B.


.]Te 06TI B paIx Toax IIoTpai, papy a oToI{TBopa3poB' BI eo o)T
,<oH.IPopoB
Hppos. fopao
a6poT B Tel,ty T 60 T, oopl oa,eT .eTBI oBoT Ba <.oa>opaIo' oTyay <B>.epe yTpoTo'
I(oTopoeBI Too To ooB)oe ooB To
I (oT o o)T I{oppoBaTe eoP..
TBI{Iepe!). A ar t v
oaIBaTepopaBa op:e.
Ho ov? a o6pa npeepyTo, o.
ol' e JpB|o:
oT e Ml'tIpe- PIl. 16.20.BIpeepy
p|' |1|1o.pey xo,T' a 006T ptl- o prlpy oo rypI
yy epel{e. vey e o3 pay epaT- tt\tepeo"'rIrypr,
pIilIa
Il
aaT Byaly Iopl{aToo ooy, vo o6. lPalr }le
pltr epBepo? TpyI opo. yI oBopT' To oo}t}IoplT To TPIlIle'epBopaBaJI BBp oa Be p lI To B i a
ooBe. oee Too' ooBo opT o6xot
r.loB.eo}' oo",ly oIIo oBoTpo-

19

Xgdonlu ompu
BIpar o.p5rroy: <...o
p?LiIo aTepe l{ae.
op>'
Pt{

<opd ntn">,
1982

T o)y Byay oa ,oTo Te.


Il' To0I Io oIlo oIo vDT.
Ho 6r ya, o;,4 I oxtIa.To 116p:o oTpI{rT To' o Ba IIaIJITIBaTBaIiI o'
opoBaT eo' e pyIIIBaT eo oaa _
I{aI yeTe B'eTo' eo a ao ,eeeT, JI
yeT yBT o, vo e. .(o Taoo oTpo II'4
Bo oo iDIdIto oa' , epa'
Ta Harel{ t}oo poa, .e opa' oTyaIo'Ia B -, Ta fl-pe (a oarIl IoI{,Ta o.oIleoe BopTe)
o)a B 'IlToB}l.Topv 'reoe,
a xyo)I(ll' .TBeIlo,oeT ae.

<e avae aa, o


I \,Ie'pa8 oa
eTa ylolra, ..Eep.
poItI oy'' oy'
o Ilpoo IaIx. M o6ae ae
opeel]Il ToIo' o e I
ylfaelf'.
II

llllT

,(roaao lrepo
<1u!cml um.lll{m
u cmp|nzuu nuIoJ|ozuua
ucceouli>, 1983

lqt

17

Brpo,;vle
ooTIIoIeII

UL

vI Poop vI

l1ay oy o)T pItT poBa o}I


p 6aI oI,IoeToMpoBa' Bop'IT}t
ooor oopu? a o6pao oo o
l 'Iorrr Hare opteoo poea?
a opTooTo'o poH e o pTBo. ._ oopl ooae
payy pII\,royppyyro opa, oop MoeT a)e poTopT o}leTytlI,aaye -pery apalree apopal\{poBIlllI\{
rta. Bpo oTIaeT Too P3 ooBal{e
otlT oPyap (ex eo e, oTop|P
er), oTopI oBaJIBopae op o)eT paBa oTpaTpoBaT' p
ooHoeH
'
p o B B o o ) H o T B H H
oToTex pav vae, oo:r r'
oBopT, poop llpe.
B Hae TBopeoo poeaBpoe ooore poopu ap,y BopTM PaB IIHIX popIl ooa oy 'T 3a
.reo opa py o oo. t pzue
Boo)ldlloT, oaa, ooaar alo Brara.
TBopoo poea opIo op _
oo B To Ie' To py Mo oIIpoTy
rre yBeT ee, oT oa Ba 6r pe . opJI opa OIITpea' oa eoBe oBo.
p: <.Movy! y Ta To-To oe pyoe!>
ooo To BpoBaI{ .|o |poo pze. Ho eoopr .BpoIl oII l,lo)KeToToM eH o}l|pouo' PoBaIIr,oTopoe o op 6I pa,oTI BooylxeBIoUIl{, aa 6o oxo a bIIIl]Iu pagtceu, 6olleil pe }la IeI{Iepar' ie a
Toe Bpltlppoo,,.ooe yBpT, o.4ao, , xo o6Iee BpoBaIr (. . ov e BeT ooTlloIe) ore aaT .TIII
Tpyoe}r poo' paoa , o.a BI BI).|. oyaotloHo To)e a}io

195

I
do,n,n u,,pu
Hnuua pucrc:
a.rexyolt aa
a?
o6Iapre a,
ooplyIlo poa.

|
I

"*

Ll 1-'rr.====-*4>
tr,ib:,1.-f^
11| l
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HoTeT
orooo.
ooyp6- t
aa peeppy
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po.oopt- l
BoxyoItyoJyTaapopo.
!
Haopo6ooB o'o pol
TpyHooao'o tlloolnpou,
t
Jo BpHoTol
oaT
ospay!
H xo.
o I]ay.
otpp-!
o-o6pt
p.ooplpoxoT 'ry l
poal,l
3 o yH,p epeo "oe. f
}l]HpyMoeaHeoeau l
Too
. o.6bl oaecT ao,I
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ar

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196

Bu.upou' ool1oluPuil u nponnpl i

I
i

.t{ _."_lll
,?
-\

P. 17-1,Boo6pae pop
Jlaoy.]loo,
|JplL|.

r,IL||U

|,|lll

Pla. 17'2. oo
opeaPanefl
llr

IJ'l,,,

ao oo 3o6pa?e
llepBI ll[ao B oBoIl aBIa BpoBaIl BeT
yMolrapopTee ayooo' yaeaoo
TpoIl yo)a. JTo yoaPoIl Bao a
aIBao <<ooTIoo0pD)>.
ra ao oT y,ltTl{l o oe
ooT o6p]l(e' aaa: <.Pa, o y.a
l lxJI, y. l opav.]I ooBy' .
B\4 tto BHa]Ht l'po3pa .leH.
oopI apzlrl BaI]Ie II a pyp IlapaB B.a. Boopa3T Ta)' To a o
y II apoal.Ia T opoT:L]lI BepTanrl . Boo6pe e oHy ol{po6oT: a
Ilepeee 'B H B Tp T T -

pyrou,o6oaapaytooy
To
Bpotl.o6I pao6,p'TaBT,

I oTpT pe y BlpaBaTeB o'


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Toy' oopy I l6p;t a o6. T t
..o'ry
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p''' yro pxovv.
.,
y
plla'' oTl{oo o, oopoit
Bro]ITtloToo BBT' B1oJro>.

o6pee 9op:
oIIoypoTBo,{pepa

JaT oyll]T a3",Ia' o xyo)tt _ o ..lo'


oopl xo, o )K .o ToBI.]
Ito, e epe. o o. oa y,, .lop
N4alI, oTa o y Bepe ep -

197

fii

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t t , 1 7 . , . , , l t : : : :
e p : I l l i i \ , . . ] n.a ; : i j : : ; :
peJa'

Xdottu tnpu a
ooe ypaee, oloIaU{re yea yo
oe ;loo o6palli' Io peoroApy.
po ao eo JJ6
o poa.
Boe yo ea pae.
po peIro20 x 30 . Iloepylll o oe
( IIapMoPy, a,{y),
oo pyo ep{e Illo
epao, a ylo pyTe oaepo o o
y. oII pyEo' oo)e eo lta JI 6yal
[IaTro t'tyve o
pyrro.oTo Ipeeo a)Iro po IIoo.
p e oe pyl
o6eo.
oa r aee o e.
oo orpafiIltlI eop yll' oo,l{e
o Il o !l lo1lyr
o trelo 6yal, oopI
oy) orro rrIl
a eie'ol{eepeoo o-6y pee
(aee oe oIae o1lo ae o ollTy
a eo , vo6I prro
6 eoo eIe o.
Io peeTa, Hapoa o.
IioIe oIlTypI' oae
o epaIlo It oope ep elo' IlppI oII
a3' o Ipo oa.e pylro peTo.
p eo6oo epeIae eo. pyo
IIpaI' a o6pe
o oI]o oy.
epaIrI,06 po.
oell tlo' t n]lo'
)ee pa.

Pc. 77.4.o6pee
o:o6I...

P. 17.5..'.oyel
yeo,oCo

Topo pe, o paoT Me' poel4oIlpoBarla Tpoyo yTpoTBo, oaaoe a p. 17.4


'tr17.5.
poo op _ eTeIlooe}l opoIIIJI
. o{ l o6aa yBal]flo eTaM aIIa.
oI o6peTe,apeppoBaIx TTo
6po IIIA aJI peI I a. B aaoBaIrIe yTpoTB poBa B BapaM
ex, vo I opltt XVI ee eI\,I
x.o).
o opToA6peo !pepo. po. ppa' B o oepe'oIloIaIla p:Bpa6oTa xyo)ItoB paeo Bopo eoe aI A6p
( |4 2 I _ I 469) ' Po\ I 404 - |472 ). o py JL
} l p o B ( l 4 5 2 - l 5 l 9 ; .
poo op, o.ao'oodrHo .o60Te' o
eTa yePe B poBao oo)e oo.
eI{o a a x.o)Ita' Be oaBJI I]:UIHo eplll{Ityp}to < ea>'o BTeBrTpeoal{eMB B3poBa.
a opao, ee 3o6pTe BT Boeo poa oaoap o eoe l r <(yTpoTo
.(ppa> pae .eMoIlTye e6' vo o6p a
pp
oe
nJIo(Komu
o6pJ|rcu. oop)o
oo odpaxe a
pIro Io ( 'o)- Byepl{o popaI{oooT' oToPJIaxo e.
l 6l) oau u me ! p aaN{o)IIa.
uo6p10uIL o pae oIl oeEo' e I epeo o6pasa, B{oo
lol{Te, yp,(rrerr'
Iia ooI{ 3o6pa?II{
peale o l1lI,
ey IoBo MoeT: To' To xyo)I
6e peoaa.
. Im
<a oguumepuo lt >,

1933

<<a>
oo opa) ( are /a' I{ ye
r{), a Pa 'oo IT I{apoao 6yae.
opa, py ' B|4|1c
Ko Ipopay' o

198

Btupoueooo|auu ponopu

Ilpeo<<a>
).Il]oIBaTyaIo. B i'.]o;ll. P!t. 17.6.
i]y oT o6pa, o)fie oo6paT o 6p .\l5?.\ fPP (1471 1528).
PepI'a.yepI ( oopa), <<..Iltltl-. htcot au. aj ]oluui
l|.o 3aHItoBpxHoT
,l.rt\.]o)i(HllNlle- puo '.ulllx
po (o e opy) o ii o6pm H \.}t. p<.|l.n1u,'t,, |525 paro.\Iepo-llrry. a opae paa ua (BpreHJI \!]'Jeii. Fl lloPri
o, yMpl o6pa), a6JI lla II.oo
ltopa, o eI Il e 6a - .|odLljlu m]|Jnr o6pae. 3a xyo\_ 06 (oommnu'lTx .y o6pae,
p o olr (apaoar opao) pa yv
BaT a[ylo oeo o6ae eI.
po oo, eT oryT 006 eoop
ltopa o ooTlloIrlx poop. I aoPT rpaBIPy.ep (p. 17.6), oe oe
TaeT It a' flpep aaTpBT oo
p eTy (opa oa r Teo aeI\{ ' o a aol\,fe peaa oo peBIry py aTyo poooo). Ha o p

H J ' l ) 6 y r . o ) p p H l I l j H I ' t .
ooBeTTBy eTe' oTop flaol{T P N{.

op a a pe'4ypr aopttto |p|4.|7.7). oopl opIoo)tI


BPyIeoa:]a(opo a, epoo, pr)' o6IIeB:UtT ar poalry oy a6.Ir(H aoo e, oo e, py.
;'ItopaeT Ty ) po' To oT Bpl o.)
,]pp pye yae TooT o' To oll BT P
Ty, oToy o' To oIr py' B ToaIoTooTBeTTBy
ToMy.o oH B.oBHo o 6tBeB Tv'
06|8yMplllM. H pxeprvodprrt.
Haep, .a o.Bo <<
a>,,Iopep o)I(TyBeT' e o. Bpx oa Bo
oe o (ova 1 a p. 17'8). ao o pH Ty Toy Ir yary, oll o)Top.eT' oi{oTIloov 1 axo ep]l Toa eBoo a o (va 2). ae ToltIeIo T N{

199

PIl. 17.7. peIt1']Pj


o.llr lrltpr.
o.loi{iIie llIlp\'IoIeo
.r:a lropa

X1oumpu

ml

ll

ll

2\l
rol?\,
I
fJ}W :t': \l
.I
P, 17.8..{ropepepeorr

re To fla
aepei]Ill )/I

-----

,S--

II

',|

T o N 4 . p a J y c e ( .
. oooPH
} l . " ' * , . o " t
opI B|t|o|o
o) pBoooe (o )'
l
topp cpo T ooy ,apo o- !
o 6 p p y o ' H p s n. o . ' " n ' } .I
o o p o T . | , - | Ht l x o t . l
B.lIoe]\|y
P Hoa\4lo o6ty t
o p . o o J ) ] o o I o .l ( o 'E t
poT:3ol 6yte - fig cypt pe- I
lpoBll'_
| B o H c o p B H I I o p ' l l o p - l
Ill,l.o,f,|oluy
H ) ' p o p. t
, o H |o\6{p o o r p , Io o H H o c o t

]ooe
JHHc,
aaa
l;j.H;;x;;:",p)]{Bt,
I

a6op opau
.i[a aoar

c oeoBTH,Ba .'po'l
B H o B B o H B p o l ' e o a ;
l

--,';l"il:xl}
r:;J;:lT;:H
ffi:lxl'"
ffii:,;l
j.lt::i.#i',",iJ;;#::
jTl
-jj'l*;:"*l
poo)H|
o p. op. .lo clo p !

r . . ) o o p r. o o p ?

Hil;
lliJ's***":r,
idi
xff#j;}
I
jilli,,:!{{,i'!Ii!.,'"H1

:fl
:liii::?

. a op ' e :HI7l

ootlo
it
.
PHIIo
a

oTp a oMo}IBop(e
i;;;::x3;## l
. u",,o ',."l ",l,"i J;" l
]ltloop. (J|-p)Nl):
H a s e p a o !B^ . B p \ p l 'p v l o a . f

:3:l;ij1l.:iJx:::
J::#i:"l"J,':l'i
l
u",''"eloUlI:"

oct

ill,,,

";";d;;
l

Buupoue oomoa|eu u nponopu


oToIlI _ HoppoBaT' _ Bo)T oJD{tI{o aT' 'aJe e olro oBoPe
IoNI' .Io BI |n.
B, BI aPyee. o'' p,4o.

I ( or6r) o6pao, opy, oopy I po poTo a a6op il a oo Te 6}ana,


roTopoH p o py yT -
llHTeplrppyT_ I{ <peJH).>opy petvpo
IIpoTpaI{e.

Bapatr ypoa,{pepa

rpI e oo6 a poTo BPI ]poBa _ pacop epe oo ]'Irrp}ry y.}rtflo


aopay: pIIIr,opory' p ePeBeB.
1. oy oaTp' oTop o)IGIo IIIT o
y. B py ope,pye H oo oro opa
,eM' peplo 45 60 .
2' ae pe oo a paToI{' yoo
poBa7l Iia Tee. Oo yl Ba <oo
tloopJe> |4 ooop.]'IooBepxT' a oopo
r y poa To, To BTe
..oo o6p"a
;{tII>.
3. po epe opaa, a )rpoBea:]'I{py ae pyo, oopI ort poao oo (aoo BePTI{oy o6y flrpp). a o.ra yTaaaeT <ypoIl a:]>'IlaIBae}lITa) " opoH"l
Ho e"' ypoeH
a. 6oeo pooel pe. pp
o olloB (ooy) opoTa.
4. B6eple B Ire, oTopy B.T 3a oo' Io,
oy o,o,4ryToy |Tpo B oy tl Tp
o:o a-(pyp). po a o
lI IopayTo' J ||111|4
' oHlolJl
Tp o,
6py poy <Toype'. oiopo r
Bea oTr pyT, e Ba yT pIrT o-]oBo p oa.
5. aop yJry ey Ta, o6 o. a
a apoBIry) <(Toype>' a opo ap. Boopa Tep' To Ta a 6Ia a.'IIla eo oT I{e o:UI epr oTao a
Eapyto oBepxoT oa.
6. py 6ray y po a T,
y'ep)a3 a oo o aDoao <.o pt|Jl>.opae 6 o e. B
]ly)I1o ya o To^'l'To BI eaT' B olr,fIe' To Il
yto IIITaT <<oI{T>,
oey opel1tIa lJ|I
Hao}Ia e}Io o Ta yo oey p:l3p
o-To )e Ta al{eHHl. ,[opm o
aa}f;oll B. pao. BaIe eo _ I]poTo PoBaT Il' oTopI ooTBeTy Izo6pt, <PaIeoy> Ha apyxo oBepoT oa. He r}a.

201

B 1435 r. e xyo{llrq
apreop aea eoe rm Ar6p aa
rot.r pr<<o rzorrrr. B oll r.-aeolr o61caan po6r.r. ppa, oIt rlil epa] opoo' Il lP rlaIio r4epe ll'IJ
oeJo mpli If, tt, oo, y
a. P o'
a po6ey eperr
yryo )reo Totq{3pe.
tl,I' elo epelI' oopI oI{llIa <ollpa.
lr>, 6 aa pooa.
<Oo oTo o,
o oa eoel{ T oo ep oI{I{o'o oeT oy paI,lEo opaeIIe' py l{oll].pI lra ee|
p yo' o op
l1I oII lao e ra looo>.
ritr a .
Aa-aIeo
<|gcono ?a?npu:
u3ue npoonp7n-|l||ou
utouuu>, 1946

Xdottltu mpu a
Tepl'l <.oe i]a a>
T Tpy,oTM;To oBM e Tpy,o.P pa
ol1pv}Je oBe 6e
oTBtIl op aTBIIIXpoTpaB' IlpB.
arl."!o
N{eaE,Iell
o op]!I poTaTBaM opaTo y aBIIo
IIooBII
plloo6il
BNIa TM 'pyl,t.
e II pol e op o
7 . t t 'o l o T o | | p o T P T es o l i
o ope. poIiopo.
( o oao' o)KTpeT apy)i<<tI
oo(lioT otl
l.']r>' oala, oao l
Iro Topol o T 6y la, ToIpyo 6I BeE
aa oalIe <<a y}l>
y|]|eil6o eo.) Bl y' o HoB.,]
Jt .1t6y ToItI o,
pT>,au oy pllal <<B
ilopaya' o i rlye
oB yo IIpTI. (or y,o)oB
e o' o ' a o' o o)lt.
3y pHIlleTl.To ooM "3I,l}
I,Io6l B ooTTLI a.
o x oBa o yTBy Ta' a poBa Too
!l}Il,I all' M)y l].
tITo BI
lJ y'l PaIr I'te
o T <<a1>.)
lllpol,l tlpo't.op oI
8. Tep I oBa BoBpl ypoy f'
Iia.
BI oTT IIepeeT o pyo 6ya..

epa'
N{o)ltTBtIyTP opaa a i apo y ll3
PaBIlooTTo H' a aT IlT eTy a r
ya ( oao Too ) aI{pa,o oTe}ro opy ooTlloflIee ,I lxpHl)' B .
TB o.Ilo[Iaa opyT pyllo o T Ilil
6yay, aoaa opr olaIlo T, 0,06oTo}i}a pep <<opoll>
To, To B,pe y Ha r
6ya, xa 'I.I.

<yetr ore oa

oe eIo ollNte' e
aoIpl{ttl]; oee eTeeIlIJ o6ao orr
}ie i! epoo. B oNt ee
T1lo ttol o tttlo
{e oal] lI opajr! ollo1.oBo po.
eoalrt yo)1{tio.
yNret.Iue o3y Nfo.
eu a;'ril tr a>,
AP ,.]
<tll puott'>, 1966

o eeHo poBae?
Bl, oro' oBopT : <<lloTo )t
poal.I; o poo oIIpoBaI{ >. , eo.
Topol{ }1I To . Ho yot I o eT 06}..

e yllHlo BT poaT. ep poa ve.

po6paoo6o e

BopTeN{ ep o eope.TBeoeB}I
poT _

<(opoBaT> To' To oll B.T. JT

oT aoal. ae p
oTo .eoliTppyT poI Bel{ |1 p|I
olopl TM loI.IIoT 0s3 oo

poo6'
3e'To o'p)MoBopo
ol4DoBa

IIoIIpT.

Cooo

BaT Booop)ayloey P. BaI{oe;


y)o ooT 6aoBI ar. Me
TT IIT' oTopo poT oe Too' a I
YT oBoT' III oToM BI po6pTaT
aT BIpTl Tx poaI'

y]'I poeT o oo Pe ooIe


pTIt tlo alIJ Ir 6ya, olro

c Bo Ix pya' o' N{oeToI' p )


BaIII aooI pya' o alrra ylra <.
>' oTopy To Il Nfo)T oBTopT. C p
aI,{oBIp lIr aBeT aBla ao,I{Jl
oo6pre t Jo6pe I e H |lt'l
0p]\l'

202

Buupoau oomoulu u nponopu


po)aT a T eTTIlo lDarrT.[Iloe VT.
o . e J O o . t t . ' . t t . t v ' 6 t r o p 1 i o tloBJ Pe BIpaT oe <(>pe yTBo
}1o) oTT BIo BlIy )3. "lroa lpa Xlra'
I r p e | | l I L |e o ] ' l ' . l ( P l I o ( l I B | . ] o B o J s q o . l \
To' o oIo BIpall.-]rioo pI1oBt.l
B T 6 ' t c t t l , . l a ] y \ l I l B l I f t '

o ro opoI oe...

Bopa
po6}1' oo]r1]l \\.-]o^lllII\I!
IroyIoT llp poa' oBo }I llpolt]ipt]l
aTaJIo BITaB pyoB Boo r1oo \\.]o;li.
. r l V l a t . [ o 6 M e o . o I t u t t a t t t n , o
IlopTpTTa op oo opo plla \-III.
flBTop al.ailoa yBp)eT' To Mlto oPpT}II yItoB yalBIoT IIa <i.'.I]o odeorI
ypoI1TBa a ollTypo ooBI lt l(yo Te.
.rI,oeI e)I{,yylloxto]\{ o (p. 17.9),
o HeT .oaTeTB Too' To oe ,.
o .e.[a To, To pIloote r'a yerreo'
Ta a aJl MeTo'a I opo6o oaa {Ioppo eyoo N{ea papopaIl Bo BpNIea
oerr. {ep pooBaJ.I o.oaT ToT yl(0)IJI'1j oTopI e lIIo yBpIlI ts Bo
( . j y o 6 c t t v t t a6 t t "oo6ox. }lo B
p B To' To o e[IJ T a eo oll e ).]l
tlopoBaT JlIIIo .oo. opeo o pI'I
cToT ooMI N{ I,1o)TPe,TaJIT BeM
TIl a,.loIilM Ilooa oop>.
Aop,a:t IxT' Ito' o tIIIIlIIe pTll
oo e oy)llaT I]ooBa a poo6.
.Ire He TPoaT <(...aB pol{aIJToB' To lloJIoBaI{ Yo)riol'l a-o ..aex,,
YTpoTB B'e.|Bo poa y]I)er{ ooIlTBa'
aI{ To B BIlx o eoooT)>.
o Io opolo
J.I Ippa...
oa' yIor.o aBI BOPT, aBI
ypo' BaI ooBa eT poBa
a Te, oTo B llorr,la Too' o on. 6xa"ltt n : m u u op Lr u . u o m u p uo6p.t p u
um z'u' Bopo o aoT ypo oTOT B o}1,
rITo oa aT JIeo' oa Bl oaT YoB.
IloB aI{ oTo BT poBaT Toj To ao.
]l ll]B2l'l B npo o ot!}lll
..I <<Ilapy)>>'
{i )lIu,i) ',lH|I't llc ]\I o ov' t o6t .'o. |)l ||aIT.,{a pop o.
llJI IIyl]]eO ya) BaN'Ioo aoJI eTa. e o.r o eaT va Ii| ( H p p . ' l o p a o o u 1 p a l l . ' -

20

P, 17.9.
IAII o.,!!i]l
1opojL {ri [L|I!) ,
elt rrr rt',llt,
otl,yI yel epo\t tl
eplir4. opo",l
o.l1l(l1'op, Af,.Irl

X)olu gmpu

PIl, 17.10,o6ae
.]aooe
]roali.e
apaTlxee
ooItt'OtrNl
6oe pa -'ree
eI(,py oe,
P oaI{a
oo arro ono
opor,r..roii

po pepo 20 x 30 , .oaooTffo' ToIoa.


BaBep].Ho.
o B| o,llo po
pe aNI' opoal BePTI(Ie
T .yTa oaTeo o,ey a' To6I oy.r a,paTIe pepo oT 2 ,o4 '
pp B llllp'ti Pyx H H
ert rpro'a oaao a p. 17.10.Mo]ro eT.
y aT 6ya, ae epeHeT I{[popy e}Iy oo oTopoBarloo IIapaTa.B
60 ye a 6o 6e oo6 apa.
C o aoo e r pye
yo oaTI ao-To pyo B opyail
o6ao, oopl BI ao HTpI Tpy..
_ N'lepop.llop yo H. o po
HlN'l
ooBa\l oBo Hl.oo J By BJMO.

( ' B J H H I P B H o H H | T :B l H y T .B o - p lx' B,T Be <<Bpoop> <<BIlI(TBe> To T B a oll T' H a)eIe oeTva]IIM ,eM'
a Bo.BoPI' T Bel B x TIIOIII.
11 l.omma. B po oTTl'I BIoT
BepTa opo}ITail' oToT}Io oTopI oTepT poBpIoT I. a o: BaM pI-rTtt
o6pa ooT o6pff Ir 6yay. a o6BaeT: a) opa, pal{y Ii; ) oIlT
(pa opoa); B) p.To p oTllo.
IHlpoop: ) ' , ory ;etIT odllo I.ITppTpoaT oTyay opaIo.

plumum, nonam, aKu'| npa,e.x


1. flepr ely apeIlo Il a BoNlIlT yTpoTBo opI p eo6oo ep
6 ryl pyl{' T06I Ta oBa.a
JtooT oP Ke, . . 6ra pI]I.I.yp
<<
pea>.poe o appe'
oa oTIleTeepeI B'
2 . B r 6 p B ' o o p l 6 e t o a .y o l
006}I3a Too. ap 6yay, o6I oa e ep.
3a'Py pHo:p)l{
opyo '
3. Haee opa pBooo pl}p.
Ho Ty )It poop IlI I]Ip]II]To Il
a To. (o)T oTo oo)T ey It
yry oBeT e o pJl, e paep oBo.)
ort I{N{I{aeTa yay y. (To
P.17.11'Br6epe

op,QIeop]aeo Bo ]l.t'e oo2T


jcH o,' oe <<PIo o'

ltl oBa'll aB' opo T


a pcorio
6yay' p lteo6o,oT oy o')
<<}IIIpJ,I>;epIe e
Boo;o, l aoo yBpeI B 6, vo6I o6oir
oIi _ o aI .

6 . oa 'o rT 060l
l{py]o r ee

204

Bllupoueoomou
u nponopuu
o' I oTaooopolilo o 'iollooT
o6pae. Ho e o al ot( p,tl,pexaa' To ye o!). Ha papaort .rit 6}'I BepTalI opoa aa pst.uu 6t1ltzu.
ao 6t oo)He
. 6vrli|l a o.i..]s
6 o o t x o P o P o p l e p . r . p t l i il t
H } ( | | P _| o p o . v. e r l t . l r . o l t . l l l H l l I t
' p,l By opao ( a rt 6r'rrlt)
oTBopBpT:l opoTal' a o B]1,]
B pao pe, oev oTal, oopI BaN{y)KI oo' To B/T<<o-aole}1\>4' cp rpoo|Ia. opo .rp5'lie
]r Py]rt eTpe e. a 6p a6ar I o e y - 6 o o y o B p y ) o '
py a o6pao <.ovype>. peiiovv a ooT Ba oBpaIaTB oy Ty )e
IloIo p lto oBoM BoBa. H a6Iae
IIp a)Itol'tPoBaIl pIBaTIl a yltp,{tB y B l r p e H y J p H o B e H
B
llJlooT o6pD.
5' p BpTa[}ly IIIOya I{I{TI
oo 3 pTar lt . (oa o 6y p,l.ao:
pTaI pa Ol{T' pe, oo
]yx oboBBa opJIIiIN{
l13;
aoI TaIloBTToo opoftL]]Ieli
pit;I IIoTo' IIoa)Toa T. .) F{apyT T.lly JII0' a.Ioyyo OHTI.
6. o eTyJ opeTer ooa oToTeJIlIoopoTu.Io eT. BI oree 6py, o B yI pe. Xo I ae' To
IIoToon|Loatuu TIyeT o TIJaoll pIy.-IoI{'oe oT Too ali pye a yo
' a Be o. CpaI e6: <.oaeI.IaToo ya oItoTIlo opoT2]"]oJt T.
?> a pye o yo a 6yae, l .
He yo e6 pa6o, e rae pao6pa,
lloey ToT yo lIMIlo ao. Bara e - vT'
o o P m b ' v | o p a J o B o p ] e p 5 c '
(c. 1'7.12y) epo}I Taoo Bpoa' tlo
IIMT y' To f azo oToa 6yyT py,
e Balrla <.ovape> p.)
7. po B[ee,' BI 61.,eo6p o
PyIre B boIlle oP}'raIIll o ooToe. o
L o6e oor epalUooTHoe; BI o)TeI]oBplty eoTopo rl.lrl
BIly ya oToTeo T' yo , pvo.
o yra. o pa a 6oIrrypeoT B aB!I'{LIOTBaIxeIo BoIrpT.
8. , oopI BIyTe' oIaTTopIe
o p r p o p H Bf ,p' y I l o l l o o 6

205

Xotu mpu a

P. 17.12. Po y.J'I oNlllI'


roet ryeoNI o lrnoa

P. 17.13,o lo .)aoen
Bo ey

apT-ooooe' oTo IrpyBo oP


BI6y.
Mr yooB; yy6 B Ty <<oJloooy>'
B 6oe YBaT poo' Br aepa IT
T y'oBoJIBoT ooa Too' To BI' B eoTopolr
I, o6peTaT Ba a poTpaTBo B To
Bp eoopo 3aelnao'BI3IBaeoeTPepo.
TIo o6paoB' -px, rer oa, o Bp
M oyTxlleT' To.BpoBe TaI{yBaTIM poeo.
Tenp uum puom1.flp 6o
o)eTe oTaoBT B 60 o, or e pa
pTa yaall. oa r aIlTe' .y{alo,BaI
'oTBTyoBoT oo3al{e oo' I{aoo.oo
BI y' poJI oT B,' (P. 17.14_17 .|6 pHe p}|oya ol].l

Pc.17.14.ra

plloaE IIaeJra
e pe Ipa
poaE oJI oI{aI
o apo Ierro
rvtrrro,a oopyro
lroaapofla,I
I1I]lyir'l

llla

oapoaeaJI

orlolI

IIIa: o I' yaa apalraltr


Cyl
oae e o6ooT ay oo
oo a,al{ v,oo oo)}I oell yoB '
poop N{otTIloaTIloo TOM}Il
TIiIpoeo' LTa TN{e Be!
pePaIMTpyTo TpepoBI{I{aBIBli.
PoBH. Tep l oToBI,o,Ilao'pT 6oe P'
o, Ipo aTo poeyP, .e
6I TpyeIIo BpoB
PaI{.a'oTolM Bl pyeT.
JT exa o,payT'To Ba flo e
y ayI BpoBa: pya',epaa'r
I]t IIt oTI{aBBa

a oBelle,

BI

eTe . a oaao a oc' 17.17. 3ae I


poBaT. Bpoa TaoT poTo
po,ypo.

206

Btupou coo|nouu nponopu

Pc.17.15

Pc. 17.16.Cyerve
po:

ylo

oIiaI

e eo6oo yTollT' To apIraIII


ylroirpyT a BoIo poa noa)tcll uu cemL ( rT)
'
o.loJ,lo oToPo ollo po y l, o peT po-op poBp poT H6.
t a oopa3o' apa.alI TaoBT yoIrI Bap.
aTo T. aoap poTo'r eaToT oo
Toa' l{ oeT oItII{Bo y,o)oB. po
o IlJ Bpoae <<H
a> _ 6e oo ax.oo BooaTeIiI IlTpeIlTo' . oopI BI
apa )e oyTe' oT 6I Iloa'

Plt. 17.17. PIro At,


1pl:a H-opp

Xgdolru mpu
P, 17.18' BaJ <.oe>,
fleo ape:r,a
yo'{tlllot ey,
p.r,l.(1B4 1917).
<m opmpe ,{uezo
^.Ip|JLnu>
pape x"voeBlr
oo e ora, pap;]

,
irtill'.
,.'...-<t\

l l....

f'. '

..l-t'

(*tt

)7 \-.
.\\

. 17.19.rpIIr
i1oTo<(oae>

P. 17.20..pyro
<il,1oI{e >

flae rtopoyI{BoBaT llooIo olloo


To,,Iop,aa.
otm,
npomum alu
npd,u unr'
1. oop ltoo-y, ltopoBaT Bl,1 ' II
oe' yllT p p:Lllo a TaT lv1o

e. B a yvoo pyI onoa


<,lodoltl nopmpa ,\uzo Mpmu,> apa fl
(p. 17'18)' BI pay a'' o., oToPoo rlaTo
l l c | l l o a c p o B . o B .H H
yolt TIty' a To oH To 'ea.
pee ult Bl pTIIT oy <.,r}'
o.>' pe.aalo BaN{ IIIOHT .yloe opo-

o yp:ooypyo fla' vo6

opaToBaT B BpoBIl. oo, o


o B | i l o , lp y H o | ( ] ' l P o o o t p H P y
BoBaM. o:r oo t ye oToBI poBa
o,.
2. oa lry pIIyIlo .{ epIt.o
ypoIr a B Tp o y pe e: Ha r
ya ae opta' opa poltop o
}'IIpya. opr o,re al{o a.aTBPTa l!
opoT' M [paI .. ;t oTT, N]IoI(et
opol]T pyo fla o opa, uo6r ys
oT I yT o Irpoopx.
. Balr pya' ro ll./l apaIraIIIoyT .',Iopatl BopNIaPaT po <{B'oa>
oetta ( 'lltlo yeJ flo pe.l.
N{oo<<Be>
). Oe oroii 'lltl o py (po .r

208

Btttpoauoomou'tu
u nponopu
rt. 17.21,!ero Mpelr
oep6.lelr'
rriPA (184_1917)'
<mlod opmpm,,uzo
Mm",t,tu >.
C apererryoerr
oo or, app

.'teIe) pI yo}'l lIT PTaBT apa.


] a B H . B l l T a | H o .o 6 P 3 . ] p . | . l l
fopoTo' oPa eTBpTI pa, aIt oaa}Io a
P. 17.I9, oppy TtI B)I(iIN'1'TaI( aaT'
<<Ilpa}II>pa. BI o)I{T lIpBaT py 6.)e
aa oTo/,lBT ' ToI apoaT tl'
ItoTopI BI oTT I.IaoaT' OIl o/lJl lI aT!IBHr pTaITBa Bo Il B a oPIiTa. (r oT' o)Te 3oToBT <<ao> lilloI(e' IpB 600 oyo' B eTp T oTIIot,i

6ya' a oa:}aoHa p. 17.20.oo o'.toa

e B l(aeBe lloa 'IIlpyltl1 pal]lll o}IpoTo poll' oBoIoIat o6o, 6


a-60 ol,Ioaltlpyeo.) B p
<m),uzo Mplnnlu'> flca lr p6 ypy pTIo' IlaposaB lloo 6oI
oToTeoopa (. 17'21).
4. BepyI po <mlo)>
[, ayT B ye r oyp ypI. Tay
paTy oa a3IBa'].
<<Ba.Typol{>;
o ]IO\,IoaT
\yllolly .p)I(B y o6e pooPII o6y)
t|xlpy oa. (Hap. t7 '22 a poe.ya'[IyTlr prl.
BIBeyTarraoopo.)
5 ' { . t p o 1 t o t p o i I o H l , . | ] P
;ttTapaa Il pao]I tT,IyTop oopao o opaj (apar peTaBT
oo pTI IryIo opoaJ-ltlylo<lJll1>T
). aope vo )It'yapH.arrlolI Jll llJ]I-

209

Prr, 17,22..alp1pa"
o6or, I l.l rlurI
CeiitloPa
(o,loo:o plloaT
o}tpttellepI>.
Hrr;e:r1' ra2 . .)

XoIltu I!pu c

o.oape,ora p|4.t7.2.?nor|umToTo I{apyp aTN{)eyo

Ptt, 1.7.2.
Bpoae y

o H o l c o P 6 y ' 3 a p c o H I J t a J . o B p Te y o (ape, 3aIa) aPyriTe To


p. IlpoorraT PoBaT' peeJl oT o,oo I(pajl
o.My' oT o.Ilolo eTBoo npoTPa].ITBa _
. Ta o6po oilto op Be yJII

BpTaIo
oo pBIl ollaTar
ooTa]I. oe, To BI o{eT epoBepT
6I 3 T Ira., eperJl a TB}IIe
poTpalrTBa.

poopuy)HaPyapo.
6. fl poI.I
ooT
B To,To aT 06ooB
.e
ypa.

Ta, I{a,eoBea (po6l!) BaI llpollopou3]nHa]]}III4ooTIloIlIIlN{] oaop| L ']L|||nt'L


umb no o]t! Iu'Bae ]\eo yB'TT ooTIJOIII yB' paI{o. 11 aI(M' a]!I' I{a
Ba aleT' oll ozu 61 6 ott6, o u o|!u mb. I oop o erro, o ToM, To
eT a aoM e, o o3o)IloTB'eTTy .TB.
THoT'
7. ,{pa apIx B BI1Iryopy ooTJl}Io,
o,lHBe|o o ll otl p ooB|o,Il,'l
eTe oo)e .pyoto ltp,I oT 6oloo .
(pc. 1.7.24).epB;l,I aea {,ap y
py (aoe ee <.e'>)' tI MIoo)ItIl
oT, oBepTr apa.alx Bp.llo pT'.
.ro
y oI (o x ov 6opoI). Br 6I,Iprrte,

IIoyTop
ooToe}I oTaBT ppo e.Iy
(1 : I1/z)(pc. 1.7.25 17.26).
ao T ooTo[Ie. Tp pye ooy,
o6o o o. t oLI ,'l5t pap
oToTIlo opaa (o v6I opa}Ia o.

Plc. 17.26' BoEe


pooP

11,uupou
oomoul1Lu
u ponopu
]lop ooBI oTIIoTo
opa). B ol.I a o.
,\Io,T TaJ aIleJI !ea. oapa Ta?I(e
[paR l I o p J c , t l . | o o B y o l H o I ! | t t o p o
p
ts JoNI B]\l loe oNlo0l .]t.
opT
8. aI po 6: <.Hoo ]l3o
Pailo..lo.
,{t pa ,Ta oToTo J-llItIl o.rolfo
o
IoJle BpoBa]. IIa
PrI\IIl (1 : 1L7)lr o\{
uITpIIloN]I
oTN{epIlOpToIIlI, plt ptIottltll
r'
troy eaTBI IlopaHB. rl e a6i

d o B a T o } l y p y . B c p t t . e : t t l . ' l . ,
tt
ooBIr N{pT To.riiI]]\' \.liI1 oOlle.-Ilio l]ItI.
tII ooBI. BI o6ylr, ltl ooolllIt o'l 1:,/. (o1a pylt oB.'I ,fB pelj tultpllI
:
oo')
'<u .#
9' poota pa6a pyot' rtltp .r6t
Pj|. l; -;' .:;.].].:
\llI '.Poop, Ba o]lpe oomou'
|I H I I ] l p l ! i : l . . : : : : . ' : : i t
]]aoIBaT o3oBT a o2ldllo allle
\'Jea \li= P..' :
aBIe po(paTBa , oBp oo B3poBaIl.
1.to[PaToBIII 3poBaHel BoTe .
I y aT co <,md ou>.
l.]yT T'I) yal{: oalt
opy oaIl{' oTaBH}tI 1l py apalralIla; py apalallo; llPTyaT oB' ro o6xo.o
r]3poatle olroTJII.IotspTa opoa'
oe
H],lJlpoopozlrlI ooTlloI Bep Bo
all.rr o6I'to opar1, oao a-

''".Y:'::-:"].l1"'ra. (. 17'27yrprpolr.)

- .yalo' To' aoll Bo pyrro, aIJa


lapyt, o Be <<oTo.' nin o'.".
i . B | r l p I l H o ) | B oy . , o u p o n o p u u"o'uu]
. ,, ,.
Ioy a)I(aalli a - poTo BoI]Da
.l}ropl{al{ <l JIa>' BIIIo 6lre jyat
j l l ( ' H } ( .8 e o l I o '
u o 6 u , 1 l B a p l l
:ioeyIlI opaI'II oa. -pex
vDaeT
' t ' o p p t . t o6 r p
o
(Ta )' It -p 6pa6Ia
ep6arlyro p). Ho Bl(oo' To yT' ooIre oo. To
-
loBp <<TpyIx>yeI
Dao l B J | o B c | a o . i y H a t t p o c y p
]IIpoBatI' I{aoIlT yBep}roT 6. Boo.
.ly ) po p ]'lotsP pBl] .' TpoI{oN{I apTollI yIaTo.

oa ayIIIe o6cme5|B Topoe


i]poaoyeTBe'
oIro,Bp6.

]]:Io o)eT o.p)Ita o. Ho ToT ]\'IeToll,o.1 yr' <.o eeo>, Boji


''-IloBTopTIlI pya ooa
v, o ) ' l H p o | ) H o . , P y l c t " p i lIttsI' PMeT, oe IIo3o aTJ o
Yjl.

2r1

Xola mpu o

P. 17.28.I pape
oar Ba Ba oa,
oop1o or o6pa
coeit ap le <Ko ama
Buma >, noaiIr'ae
y{a' 3pyloelo
lry' ep,{a
ro pe' CeI
r pea
.ro6p .roa aa
<Ilpnmua u pzu
puou >, 1.972
1].:|||l|I

BaT IlI Ba I{.I]poTpaIITo. Ho


HoI{B poa}IpoHe,opyoe py ooIlIlTI aBIa,
TIlo oer a. B.
e Ba o, apep, oopr 6 p.
T oyo, aPa ooa
o exo, Pa6oTa }r,apo <Kom Bucm> (p+lc' 17.28 17.29),
. oo. o. To Be T 06eIIJI yP} e.TaJIJITTex, apeve 1r. Ho
eTe B By' To ooBpel{I{o oBoee ala BpoBa}l B Tae yTe
eTa Boeo Tp epI IlBIa'oTx y poBa' _ BoI]pT Pa.
B' IaTBIx poTpaIrTB poop.
I{JIIIIooTllotrl. xo ooT p.
oBa Iloo)o oTpaT' ToT IIaI
oIl.lI e, TaIloB E
o aoaTI
a loo.pyo o)r
oel

rI"ree poop epe

Bepe a oo aoT _ a aI
poBal{ aI{I pr po6e Ilpoeo
oo I Ie? Bx e ,
p <B pollop ep[ee> oBIIJeo

o
TpB
po.
a' poop'

ImaBaI\,I Boe BODT

B Il lax

ooT

IIx' ])aBa va po6er B llope x

eo ao.Aepar 'rao o: <.o


yTo ,o. o6.x poouo

Pc. !7.29.
Bt{Irr
o ( 1853-1890).
<omaBucen>, 7888.
Xo,ao'C ppere
aoo T,a
ya
o6paloo

Buupoueootoulu
u nponopu
<.oa opro oTpaPey>. B axo ya o3.aeTel{e'To oB' oTopoo o'Bpa Tao pTe' B ao-To r"rla poey _ o)I(eTr, peo ooe.rltsa]oT
oTopo ee aT' , o 6t, veoe aH|1p(Llumu!o3|oB oo po.]rtl p.Jo ozlll(,
or .o6tT*alLll,,
a, ' ao6opoT' 1llo p6..r'o6I r.lr
rI.eT<<apTyol,l>' a, o B\I-.I1
BIB3poaoo|aTpHpollo3. lot o
o <<pT>
poopoaIr pa3l1 BopllaT poey ao, aa oa e a ao '..l.
oo, a6e oa 6oo ooo6.
pI. Ho p pllie po6el\,re e B I lI o.
ToIlI opI. Borr, .ro oote opI
To' o opl' e' o I{eo 3l
oopI Mo)o paBBT' oTopr Moxto poTBooTaTpye aTopI. oppoBa oTaT B
o Ty, yIloe aaa pBoT
orrrrta BopT TBIrI pI.
ByIe BIIt BpoBa o6ya o 6pa.
T}Io oJloBaT

ItoTaTI'

IIo oTIloIIJIl

oopI

po6o)HoyTB polloptl ep.


flaae pe o or I{aBIpoBa B
. opoO

MIIII.

Bpoae oToo oTa


opae B I I.ITpye
Ba po6e,ITaB I{BT o <<po6eIrIe
aio>. poumum
ueduumpal{uu'npera
.alm.
1. a po6elo,poT6:<<-

IdoBIoTaTI To Tya . o a dao, a I aI, oTopI Il T oopI


IleBoo)o ypBT Ila e oTopl' Te I' Ta.
tlo yIxe BI TI pIlIlI }'I I1oToIll?> oo zlx oT2l]lT BT Bp. Hal ,4ar
B a T l p l | { . H o . e .
2. Boo6pe oaTl B aTB T. HapyT eTy a e y oa (oa) epa}i|e opJotlT:LH| . l.a ,rH o)I
o6TBetIoe :iBae' a N{o)lto pa6oa y
06 oT, ooeTBy
<<Bp>
<(opoT>.
3. a lI o rT. pepe
o oo6pxelI
B tlpopay aToy eT}..
p MIIrIro PN{opT poy p3 T
oTaT. (Mo)eTe a; oo,T opx aa.lloooo
pIla aToy aTItoBy Ty' oToPy BI l{ooB p poBa) .p)a B y pJ]I ' a'o .) yoo, oeT ooBT Ty, o.

213

Xdoltu lmpu
ToI]ly I oo pa o opr r t t t t .r t I l r o ' I |l |) o ' o o o L p c
ao ltollae, o oopo Ix peal . 119 120.
4. B aT poll B ooHolll}l
o' BaM oTpIBaT To pH poopoa{lloT Pa]\4pB'
Paoo)IeJ] HIt <<ypopno.
a>'B pa? (BoltTe BaiIoc"|
o!|l11J|
opm <<a]]IooBIx
ooa[Pylron
oo oo'>.) atI or opr BJITHa
BalIIBope po6r a roo?,r p ooltllIl{ aopor? A .? re oor? Pa6oa? o po p6eo, e }l
IIoToIIlIIaopI * 'a? o
T
po6ea po6"'reo? ' To lI BIT JI oToIIIIIaopr umouo]| po,lt? Ka oo
J]e'oBTTI(y BoI'Ioxfl]o?Moo oTot aopI -o o.lt? Ml;o pea
oTtlTtlopo6l,t?o pooe' app' e
(To T BtylN]'Bpe Tp]]Ba2opu3om]I1i.,}'
tI <.oot>),a e puttturlii"(py
IIpolx(]J ooo ppv)?
5' aoxt Ty oB]iI oplo pT}iy
aT - oTolll aopI, oMeI oBaNI)
BIIIlloBo lop po6t oomoHuu |ootlr rtopa.
pa B,II Bee
Bpoa
B poop peTB
1. Co opae rt <.po6loaao>
pN'IoTpT
l poey, lepI a po'
\1o]\l|ty
|(('To\4y
.HytiJ
T,ItH|ul'
o lloy ToByIo Ty, oeey a
pyo, [oITaT yB,eTooTllolttIl ).y a potI.
2. oop potvly,I6pTeo'y aT
e, oopr y, ooaT a <<.a>'
oToTeo I(oopo poopoaJlrio MePT .o-To pyo (.). Bpy <<Ily>
paTl
Haoo (ae, aToTe'ave) r ooTeIlo <<,I'rI>.
Iloo",ttype 'eT o eoeTBI pa (lIrrrrx yHaBllIX o6ro)' o ' l J o B l . e H H |(e' o l | | o U l H H v o ' B o r c TopIe Btl BolIpoI. rtol ooIlI poop o po6tt? (CoouorIr BI o)T
| L I , l ' p e o ' ) o " p 3 N 1 .1 4 a a
po o po p <<pa^{pol{>>
.pyx
y p o ? p o 6 e r o I l 1 3 r t l t o i i
pa o rty olry ay? Ha6oa
c aTc o'TBIoIto ]lo ope o T
Btlil <<II
Pa> t? Ca o p :t214

JJIlpo(]u
oom1
lou|uu \lpotxopu
ovo t Pt H p('6.lc\lv el(n.|"vo,az
|.!|
o I lln
t l o .o o b l u I u m P ! 7 r (o)vi p " t l t t ,' l , l o
||oBol,o
l ? (lllt, vo llrlPoBaiie
o o.
J | | | , ] H | 'ul e o .n p o u l u 6 p r t r
] o | \ , B l l J \ -

, l H o p e , , l l l o ' ) . t t o l t t o l t i
n 2 6 6 1 1 jg , ' ' . 9 * _ l '
BaIJIe opTe Dol?
3. B6ep po a po6ltI B <fI!.
I'> <<p>J oa.
4' oo oBep Ilpoopo}IanI
o.
olxil' o e pae o rIarIII'
ooDle
],I}I{a
n pIla ptt. o , oo.oo,n,,."
ilI I]Ia pBa llI{eI{oo pJrI
".-. BItlrI\'
lIoI{^{a, a T Ilo]r{a oo
or'ra11 _
o0DaoB Jlo
Ore
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'l'a
IIBIi
BpT
I Too To ooBa,r aoo
o. oo.
pa' oIlLIIlo )' ^{xaII
pttoo6P V , l | o J t J e | i o \ 1 o U l 8 o p ,
llt .
B |l\!.l i l.]\l.Ho . t t i\||H
Ho {.P('IlopTD\ .
| J l . 1,e a PtloJllt tt' tn o6pretI.
l-y l,ItII ptl J'I po)I
fl o 7].
HTo]\l | BHIl 1
Pf,.l('. tsHpH 'I a Ilv o. IlI
'.
l e J H Q o P ] \ l J | . o l l o H - ' l . l 6 y . r .
int
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1. oya prII' }a ! oiloB
llIloloaH aoo .Klo \jo]\leH
l),l(J
B Tol]'
To oI e TeiIeIl I(oItT
n,,op'",
n,o'y,
o rroopaTo opi]o Ila ToT'
'apu. .,ol1T' TPBII B lIa]vIT'I]o3I TeI'
vo pDyT B,I(T I]
eTa oo llo,
lI yI
B { ap lpa.
z. t p'
-IIoa pIIII o Box afia7looBI p1. o poNle, oTo o oTBoplT'
ol]I'..B ao |J'l\
l | . o t o p t v 6 l y o 6
o [ooT a po6e. o l, e tt;-ottop.ooplootto 6to
6t,uny.'u*."
'evv,
ool oil1o,]
p B|JoB.,l ol| llo8V|o D
lJ |1bulum' Tl( -t.
J,loHorpoii ulr?
J. Jt ,1l'lvoct c\t-,lotJ!!\l)lt
I|Po|lrt,
]i Boo <<Ao, ...?> pBoplIBa
o6-r\1I BBp o. A oe 6l NI.To
olDcI]l.
i p U a p l J o o l ( l | 4 o , p ) i ( l ] | l r ! '
',i,.^
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" ) 6 o l t - . t l e t 6 "t * .
, l B B a e " p o t l , . l H o | l J o . l '
p | T | I l l . l .
paoert aaN{oy' . o-To Taoe'
o aT
l.)l]III{l{'a IIoToM oI(aIBa oBop]lletro
p? Haprt\Ip' o:o peaB <<eoN't>'
o o lID}Ii{ v
z t:t

X)olltu mpu a
Bl o.o o}I p oIBaeT <<y,]IooT>?
Ta <(oNI>'o Io apa.oaI odpaor lro
) ooB]!1 y' <<po,>?(o at
o6p>. lpr
oTpIT poB.]I <<pITI
A l p o N |I | U | y ) l o l p l l | u , 1 a : o H o
TopoIII] BI BeTo 6a rc., o ,py
)e JIo p o oaLno lapmo otn ulluot rc.) er o,o pe.o,Ii IlrT pTor( . r :c | H c t l P p | B H o l l l P ] e H a o P ) t l o .
l,Io) o a-To BIBpT a3llay Il.o0llo
y6a HIepa' oTpIBa or a poy?
4, rl,r llo a po orrry I Pao a Te]l, I(oTopo olo oopT
Too aBy. opo6 oT oI <.po
a.[o> plty; To oBoT BaM ByT llpoey o-ory.
5. t y oTlI(aT ' oT i'I{<<oTT)>Bol'l NIl oaM aTe oBo IIoI{a
3pleylo a}IT.
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a6i. Hat||por.pH.B| c ,,ll,la.
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1976

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2t7

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P.18.1,

P-18'2.

21.9

{, {r. eo
<Et ,4t.. ' Tpp>'
1879

Xottumpu
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p{' a oTopI o)o 6lo 6l yr(e. ai a o yoTBo a oyel\4 6ooa,
oTopo aBaeT B oee o oTBeT.
..,'o op". opHBJtooy p. 3 a .ylopa (p. 18.6) oaIBaeTa
Ito, o opoye yBeT e aoToTeIlo a
pylrI poryTo Bpe. yae 6opoar o, I e o)eTe um o6pa, a oo
oapyxt eo, otl ieT To oeBI' To BI
yBTe' oeM pae oI To I.

P. 18.3

eee odpaso 3 IlrIrl{ya rropa


aoe, o6paree, oep)apa
opa (p. 18.3), op e eHIx IIT,
t
t
oopl, ol 6r, IIayIIIMo6pao ppy.
I
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epliley Bo
a eT oo6oT l{oa oparta oM'
a
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<]oTBeT>
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yBe 6 oo.pN{ort a; BI I{o)IeTe
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apTIrya p. 18.4.
,{a'IepoppeBIryyto
B a,,ro parpoao6pa(eo.Boo
Ty.o'oT yTo yHaeToe oTHyToa
a pao opr
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P. 18.4

pIlI TIla a ll)e Pa Pya; B pBplryoi.


B.eo BIT oBepelllto oI,tIIIt{.
Tep epepT y pai'lopT pylo
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y6ya.
220

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P.18.7,
o^Aolr (1878 1961).
>,paell.
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222

P.18.8.
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3. Tep paI{oTpT
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o(J.
tIoIllI{ oop ]1 ilp I ToTtl.
LIIoBa oN]IopTa ..II]lvar.rt
oopalrlt lt
o\lcTL tc. ,4PoH po.,l |l' n tHol l ..|
l | pJ 6o
:a. (Moc lloo; a
.,^'.oi,'.noi
pall
L.Ty, oToo I ooB'rIIl 'la 17 ,l noooa
nn1 l o ) l { B a \ j p J P l | '
Prr. 18-10.otoe
p l l t t t p B l ! |' H o p . , p , ' ' , . , . '
(

o
p
l
'
l

B
| e . \ 4 o e e c . B o a . H J ' l J . . r I l . , t c ' l t l paoI{eo.epI
Ipaoti{ofl

22

X1oru npu a
Ha oorp lllea
upan ep
Lno
pIeJ|||p

I' 1(pITIe.
yfle oapya'
o oapllIe oee
o ao oepa e6e
I1o oToIe po],lox -p)e oeo oo6p,{err. )e.r1eyee
oPeeeto
1lo e'o IIpooT'
ora I aIaee e:
<.cpaoJrpoa * papo'
pafl eIe allEe
oIa ee' e e1oe e eaInee,
e or Ie pIlo.
o)Toe aIe o lieeo Il a oo
pIIoeoepepIJ{o' ooeTBll|tr'Il1oo
poa .lneon exy
1l e' To yI{e eo;
po6a 3EaEe o '1'
lltllt, e eot'{ ,]rlie epe)ae>'
<o pI16|np'>, 79.I2

Bp op, oopI I
t'loltme Bx]\e (BeJ]'e opMI), I opeae ooJr.
ootlo popoa
ofie a efi ( <aJI,IIl> I]).

P. 18'11

BpoBa]{ ooTIroIxH Ilpoop _ I.o6xoa


oTaBJI6o10 pya.)
5. y IrIa oe ae. .(yae o BTIx
op a oop a I.a o 61|LB o6pDe oB
FLY WIN. BroII To pyo, 6y rpa
peo opr <.y> oTTaBTIIpoIlyTl Te.
HI Mea' oTopIe y}daT aTBIlI popal{TBa
(o el opD{Iey 6l-l). r aypao oTpeTeTIeopl oopa, o pey.
ToHo oe opy o6y optloT
paToo opTlloo a. flooy oIl BN4aTI{o
opT epy opy, Iap,BTI yaTo a
6Y, a a paoa po, oa H oT lly.
y opy (p. 18.11). flepexoe oe o
a oy, Irapep,_ Ipae ry op'
op
o6 paoo PaoJloH paBI papo oToTeo po o opI (p. 18.12).
oo 'e opa a pe y6, ae a o.
6opoe Ta ee (p. 18.13).
6. floe aloo IrraaooT oT pylra, pypae t rae oo p-a, o6
B14T' uem u )o'I]Lm l|ooplu |4 fie
aaT BIBeTB, oopI a a to .eeT.
o,a o poo, ye ra o6p
IJI cIIeH' l,IIl |iJI cIpaBJIeBox BTo.
I op' Br oapye, To poxo'4 oToo
peIpe)oB:poBa' Boobp)e'poae, oo6pjee,poBa, Boo6pai. B o e
r 6y..TeoBT o-pyoy' epE(Ba
Zmbm'poBaT o-aToy.
o oy yoe epa. I pyTe oBa,BI BPa yT' a o pB' oa
Ba1IIa T Io o o p{N{e.-L eTeM,
o opoo B Ho.a t 6y'yI!4}i
IloB.4e
o'

pallIr
o-aToy
To oa
H aMaj. pepHo ,'l.o y Ho
yI o, a paa H oopoa! .[are

P' 18.12

224

P. 18.l3

Teu, opue nn

P. 18.14.ooppe
Tyell,a aporr

P. 18.15.oop
TyEpo',Ipo

ft"",-,#;;ilPHHo.iB#'"""ilffi
#"'{#"x#}##j
o! pepao e!

/. Uba o}{!o lTp t


I')I(Teaa.:llo y no'opu'" '""nu," op". He a6yepBepT
oopr,
,ip*"
o6areo
".oui
'
i i io e o, u'o 'o,
To .T.e o6atte rrrop'''",
;;;;

BI IIopTTe <py>.

'o,,o uIimrpuomb'B oao6


.].r
'..
pooI

H e o}a. t LIooo,
so6 ant
e oI,{II]aB Te Too pe.

18'\4-18.16
pB.el
p
p].o

^--.-!1ry"BIl]oIlI
y.eoB'
B ooBeT i oio

rrpoypo.

o6par po: Il lBoT a


Be

I IBT . To oo e
ooo e-

a>oaa opoaT Bl,r


.oppa (p. 18. 18).
BI caI1 e Ty' ca\I ce n, .o,; pu""a
'u-
pT' Il o., I{oopJI T
'{oo ,'"" u,i|4|J,|4
pHn.}.Bpxy 3. o l
voo ' ooLe pJ a e e
1oo

y-T:l:'Po""o r aoopao
H 66).Bala
o.aoaT

a <<aIa>
o ao apI
eopo ,B .MDo ?pom'' (p
antll .ooo a) o3|.l
p. 18.17.; Br p-

e 6ry, apal peIly ' aian'


.-:11n1 "u o.
po ooyrnol po,y:::.,P^":.,]"
o]l'l
oo .llM
pal]o opv ov

npooypatH|.oP'
Hoe, onp"",i,".i
ooplpaB
"o.
a Ul|4
I\4

:^:B]9".
aoo3I. ooBlpTy opTpery.
zzit

Xdontu

II!pu c

o.]o,\ ^tlD,'I^,j,^tNll ^PTlIl


()IlP,o /lA I.]l] <^tr''!n]R ?oTE>

IIl IvI^vP'
y[ll].t(AyoTllloo

P ,1 8 , 1 7

Pr'l. 18'18. ooraeoe ooaIlle


H }.66ep

P.18.19

6D mu (l p npoe1p, o peolltd
npapumonpoumm l|u|jLaau
u|rmpuu, npJltd ,lt (tmpuomb
1. Hye p opTa ,.lT e ya
( poao' Jl y Ba TaIQ e)' yu o
Py lUIy opa.
2. Blo T ) TB, To P poBa
ppa rla, a a 6yary paor o,
o Ha 3ToT p o r.
3. It a;o apaIao6.|!I!ZmuIl[
npompm o By Topoy oT Boo, , IIo.ooa .a apy oylo r (at.
y <ieTPaooIo>),oopJl oxo.4Tp poy ep.tlypT. a BI BTe a p. 18'19, e.
Pa o B ,oNIae Ha]LoI1(eo
p yLIa,o p). a py oy Jl, ooaay apot1 Z]La(aray
<.ypolI a>). a lt pT TpiL7I.
y o. ae' T B al{l II llepaT
pa opaTa.
4. H pum i''Ia' o' potn u o, pTI
Iloilo poBT a ToTlt.

226

Tu, 03apu |,l|n


5._PaoT eTpatl o
I,l vpoIl
--^^
peo aypo oa,lo
'.t,,".nn.o]e Ity oo

y-B]r
lI
l{oo6opoa),
IIo p oo). o oootrrlr
"x?#,"..?;:i;"}T;";]jj,;
.le axoii

tltto oBT/ : /. ol.


;; ' ;;r;;;;
o e ap o H \ j . l y H i i
1.poun",.'u.,, n,,^.
ooPoa,
.]o.-IIrrp.lIioii
::: :":Y1
o'
"i*"p"n,,o"
Tol{oT oaae
aToll]r lr;.]r.-.rttlr
VpoBtI a ao or. a
no'.'"ni"
..p,,.,".
Ila oB oo ra o
6e aplluiri,l..\
a I y I oTTe a }IoJe..I
o.1
:j^":I:.*y
Ileoo
y]1o^!9pxy B3. (.OUoeH
o.tr
| ' z U ) . H c o B o p ' o T a y o I , 1
JpIUl
,pT
, , ^ , - , l:p , . '
aaT .|||e
noou|lu,el:i6opo. oio"ir.
,oxt'oepyT o lloeee y:]alle'
o_..
roy
Plt, 18.20,. . :.;!]'. :..],:.:
To {opapopeo or,6nn.t,
ou"p-u"
peir tt rui+i;:: .: :.'::
IIoaNI B po opTpToB'
B IilItoM ooI
!jooe paoo]ee
potl a.a ol6a opl. BlIBa'oaalo' T' To lt{o
ooo aiJ ,JlTepa a Ilooy uum
6o-.i,
e o eT IJ aon{e.
yBe p a (poTo,
oy..^-.,-i!:'"p
IIoIo
yo)}loreo, ,r6u,..o*"pn,'y'u
n'1 ..oa fla p. 18.22. ao yIl
,,"'e'i ,,a
t'.o^{
ye (p. 18.2t) a , o6ar'
Ilol,l a <<Tyoaae> pto
vy' To' B, o pae p,6pou
'o -

, 18.21, P;r-'-:l.]ii'':]iJ'I
o1i \o!il't;jpalo.lrt ttrl -fo re,
arreo re.llrvelre vep
'lIl, llllIlo IJ&eIl'
Jo\,ae\toe el]'
o..IIio aIialo
v,I poa. o
Jo) rlae Iloylo
ar10 DI{t{ yIixeo
( :.lo ean 2i[o
aap), ov a.ray
ll too6t 6ltm
el.t

Aopp anlr op oe
o]'rI|'l3 6p]98 I.

227

Xdoumpu

Pc. 78.22. pae


poo ooI oe
ooIopTea.r6a a
]I xyojrrlr,oria
ap, ,
prnaIa?Te ott'
o !t]ee o
aeperro'oTo
<JIo - du mli >

*$>l

t /;,.t
P. 18.23'
<Tpucl| |Lau>,
o6pxee ueoeaa
oo1loa, oop,
r earo' 6Ia
aa, oop
aepEy y o
a. oparerre
llo-ll^rlo oI
)r'\''.leopooe
-:tlt o.:too o
I li!.....' oIo Bplroa ..
\lIrp. l978

6oreTeopoo).I{Too opte (p. 18.23).


6. pr aa,a oTopa o' B
o)I{T
3PTooTo le: o TM yoNlp oo
oTaBe 1 ..71/n.B aTT'o r pa o16o.
o'a oTToT oT ilto pa opT eoI(o oIIIeeM TepT I opaTa' oe y To}-

228

T|Itl, opLl n!m1)


IIa Bo^{ pytllt'
aT aMeT rJ]{]o ypo]l,t 'il3

} | J ) \ o . I i ) | . 6 t o l t . o o t u e r r r r "
l ; l' ' ilr.e
I I J i o l , l . o , l I ' ) | f , . ] ) T L , ' l c i i r ] l n 1 ' r '
6 1 1n i U 3 . 1 ' 1 , 11
N{;r.I].).
7 ' H . t t . t r t J' ' I c l l H | | . J l l h | | , J . l o \ l
.lrt"r r'''tti
II(.P0PIl
o P | o B t J i i p | | \ h l l d t - \ l , , ' ' j \ l ||
To ol'Io)eT ]!f yBT]) T]iiI
prri, P6.l., .;t'
]ITTJ o oTopI rlre
' i, ,.,\1]:.
o p r l . I I I 1 ] l L : r
CPo Tolla yl.Ia, tlo I L) e\{]lIt
:.:. - ' ]]:i.
Il]' liI{oJIo Tor.O o)o
o5II1 ii)i1ji--.i:]] r:,
a
Ta)e TNIIII TIlll B o.ilo\. IIl ox
. . - , .,
oPliI'Ia'i'
OPNII' H tlri ,llttt pl1i ::iii. ootl]oTll
ae
Ilooa
-lrl]lfi : II];,:
e . l } a ( . ( . P, l B J | l J J i ] { t ' . . I l l ' l l l ' ' l . J a ] \
aD\lIl\ (:.
a lJttup mttu. o-p.v1
6 c l e p o l , ( : o 1 N | | l ' D , | | | ] . H o H ' | H i l i i l ( ' | | { ) , , | L J { ]l o 6 p t
r r e , l , rr
zvB.lPL ' pl| H{rAI.l,l
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lo ||\ |l Bilc\l p||\ 'l |!
l I L | | 1 . l t r ' H l t t r ' H l ' | | o 6 l ) \ l \.
'..'rlinv1
IxpY' ooP] ]ta <<B].ltT
ao'>.
8. ael l 6v'0 lIoN'Iottl
PlI BI'Pa.I tsT] | , | c o P \ | | ' | . | ( i | {| ' l' I P J I t ] l l I P | |' I P , l | J
eo P..\ ||'

//

| | r ( | ' o 1 ( J|r | o ( t l ; | J P | | v c o l , u . , )
ll]|nIp
p o l . . . l ( '| ' l l o J, U } h c Ht r \ l | i i s | ' | | i iy ' I l
|nli' Bl'|
yts}ITJo'al{ll{I] yir-a BJLI0.'
pco.
a I4 li(rl. otr,ry rtti,i l,t ,o,,' a,.n,
nno)itT OTI,I,- err 6ta, :]Too yriaI(a
"u, "1llyT TpT l] p:i]l ;Lo)eIIl Baill To. peplly
Qoopaq), Br y]ll].e' o .l.oTyal.o NI oDl]]ltlylol I]]Ttloi].l]Io'
op^'iy (lIo 60lx B;''II
U P L o ] r l o l I e . t r o . t 6 o o t t c .p t t r ' ,l 6 ' 2 5 , ) '
i , ' ( l \ l l 1 \ l H D | ,| ll o | | | | B \ l
P \ l | ( . ( , l \ l H 1| H
o]l yJ.Io' TN-{o]]Bo tlPo.pao 3a
[OoB]
T, ]].) o)It 6tl. lr aT()jlo '].}IIIINIJ
aoo
IIoBoT a,aI' Mey 6'rlo 6ya
altItl
TtIIl BoltoiII TooNI
aIIO'T et,'Itraolt oTTeoB. oooe
T TT]lo ,lpatto
Ba)ItI'
l' Italo yl,Io}t]I o6ro
ooo opolllo oerlIo TI,Ioo,l.]lolllIIJ o'a }f yltal.
Pll, 1| ]]
3eI l|:. :
BaI{]T Ea a eT'l'Be]I]iI olpaeH . 6y
6yral,I T}loTY aNloo eN{oo iJ /.loT)NlI Ptta]xolI
oo. Hapl'l' J.Itsopo 'r]]Ila n'to.l aort1
oTaI] I] TelI' o IIllI{a.l. pNItIo Plltl
Il()'
()e]']Nl)l{y aIN{ BT.l'iII rt l{rr .cirrr.
o.]
'e,IIIlc
T tsoIli(alo, o/liro, IIa III, ol] ItOtI]l]iL)]I
IIa lI( )I:i yoii; i] }t apil/lix a.o
ilIl
r.r.l. ' .rl rrii pa ttii v',tlr
tt oBeliII olloii ttooori opaIr]]oo B, ]Io T]l
3.]
}t aor:i tsT",]l'alt ]Ia aN4IoBIllL.IIIx \'.i].j]Ito
, o l i i . ] | | | o . | ] ] l | ( , | l d o .

229

XoltLupu
10. Tep, ol( BI y,e aoBL]I opy ooI
oto oP BeT Il' Boo lt epT a
peT./Ieo.apao: pTIJI 6y Ie paBo oo Toa' I(oa aypT}lo flapoBIt B
opa oot. Baeo pNloTpTop,
3 \ 1. p | u y p Bt . r t ' p o . i y . R e T " p '|l
B pI.I. o.I a o tIiI, To6i 6UIo
oTaoo oao. oy) par.roo6prr. tsI <<TpeTe>
ollTo lalle a,
e ay, rroa a ltooTp ToIl oIITpa6oTaTapa[Io p3llo' <<Be,I>
oo. yzlT ypIlI' To C BI o apalr.Ix'yl1tuZoBoop e T a' pyo oaeT
yIIIIII.

PlI' 18.26' <(fleee>


oo6 rr oplr ea
e

B o e p epapali! p aI
<<IIaeT
opa>, .
PIIyIIa oT op B <<y>
Jt3y .l/

Hc6O.1c ollJ|l t. c

oottl'

Bolle prrytro oaa ffloa!


11. B a oo a, padoTa;IaPaao
po, p.aTpylry )cN{yloTeIl aoetloT(p. 18.26).
Tnp auurnpuoamb nopmptn. Bl 6
a B e H e e . o l H l o | | o } l | | | : '
op6 a paI1]ooIIllTIaBloB poBa
y)t pI(TIt aplHa' I 6y' B
<<oTo
poaT'>'Bt 6pe, vo a ve y6) tIyT Ilo N{o e e.IaTeI'oB
o 6 o6pt'v mp BIpa}etINlJ.Ia.BI, eoN{]lol ypaTe yBTBo Bpe' ' op paoTI BoT olIT oo' ZmJIma.To o
eo e)a}Ie' oo o3o a ;ry6;e o
y poa poBa.
o ao'l, o6y Bo pyrro. BI
.oi]j

pje

Je|e(lc

yoBeTBo oPTpT' lte Ta' a o 6 B


pa6o1, .pltI' oop <.To a> py o:l f.7I' TaI(l a To.JIeT II.pl, oy
ol aop II(oB opT
6or ooToB poBa _ BB B po BoTy 3a_
't t t o 6 p e '
Pc' 18.27 18.29 poaT BaN]rooTJlHe
. ]llo
' ' J I \ l e ' IJ | l o C p . B o l l t ' l x o p l p |o B Hrr ep (p. 18'27
ar <.plrio opp>)' a
poBa oopt BI ox(eT oTppoa. Br aNlT' aITo I aop opTpTo a yop Ira paI.IIooI;Tl poBa]t' B opp o ( oltIr B o) at]T /lJleT ]Ia pa IITBIII po_
TpaI.ITBa' H o py olla' BIoeo
Ba oo, oo ortleT yJle pT Il o-

230

Tu, oapu nm

l opl pl o

P6o
BF|'
B! o^

oP. | MilP

"n.i

""i^ i",J"'."^

AP iPo,
oltPMilP

Pc. 18.27.oopaveoe
ooaelre
l{ 66ep

AA AP, oxll
AAAl
,.","1T?iifii;1'?.lxer,

P. 18.28.oTolpeo ooaee
H

66ep

231

X4oumpu ac
P. 18'29. ooecoe
ooaee ll 66ep

Po,] t(. oT o ]u
o!T{]o

<ME1E!II!
II1B> PAo.||
,d!r.tLlolo

oBI oTIIoTIlo TyoBra. (Bl I opo6oa


o py To) opoBaT opTpe oa, p Boeo poa oTa Be oa.I xy'o)o.)
Typa y.BTeo oxo)Jl Ila ee

oo py
o.(p. 18.28),apo,p.aT

BeToT}t. ' BoI,laT poBa P


BeIe eIe opl' o6ao o6paTTe BEMIl a paBBo p ;e o ooI' oaooaHoTtlpo }l " pe-.o H.
To ooeT ooToIII pollopolle o Toi\,t,
a e yoo Bo B po.IyTBa' zpfu|almu B TepaTpy.
ao, opa, oe apaTIeo paBeIo Te, o I a6''l pae (p. 18.29). Py peo e lllleo yB
poT pI a o, 'or or Ipa.
Ttto oppeTa. BaM 6I06l oeo opooa
oPoBaT eJIy Bepn]' oaylo
oopao H 66ep (aI opao, pa e), a a op6oa a6Tpa ape e]Ioo. Ta opao BI odT[PeT, To Po.
xoT B ooB Be oo xyo)a' o' o <a6papoa>yo o..

Brporao6e e

e e ToTe apyeT III pTyap.oB aIoB Bop aeJIeTBa oBI\{ ooOe.


o 6or y6o o6po Ir. Klrt
oHoBeo' lo 6ooo oBa
BTa' poToo 6o yI o6, x

232

1 It, o1]p'ru nm
oaaT bTToo] T06I I(a[opoT
]lop}ra
Io' Ilxo. ' To T}I rro
o3..lIo
B yT p,i' oToi
arrIii lto}I r1o' 6]
z B o J p l l
".
JTo oTIaT a eT oo6P)l'
Ilo \Ie, o
Hc oop o H tpoBH . l
Utt ao.]l ltJ\tllll.lfi. r{]Booi]pa)t{eH
e .o o p o o e o p I ! p e H l l t t
po.
oe' poTeaT 3 ooTlloe
Ta Il Il ]1 o
allo pea]IoTI' a 6I Tyo
o.IJll E]l 6i.l

oBa'Boe a"ooppl'",""u.
';. ;;;;l':

B Tl]J a
o
- BTOI
oT
o'.Tun;Tfr';"#:##"i;#i;:.
l]T

o: BaIIa ooo

eI
o6u.''

paopoBaT

orle

o, u*,",:t..,o"oio.'nlo*

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To eT
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p I ' I o p J [ o o B o 1 o
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J' Moo
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tto

apl?u","^1"l',.l?x?",x,
#,

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npo6,.]
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lH: l "| .. |: : 9: }' 1" "
o y l H .H o H o , o p o , o , o u

oJl
Ho.lH
vr;?
,"jy]"l
l v t o e Yli."."qop
l . 3 H y n8

Jl y' tDoJrDo.
B J 3Blloo tlt.o?
.n'o'" ,,oe T) IlaTo.o tIIe' T II
olt" e
pope?
Mo BI yel{ yM oTIaT
e-6o oa, uo6I .ra't.By./lpoBaT
oypa? o oer;l yaIt oT Bl'l o
aTeI yvax? ooloT
IyT I{r.
I{Ilolo BTa ^otII{Ix yaToB'
o6
vOO T.l

Bop p6eI aIzulmma


nao.ooprllooa ao po6
a
ollo

rleoJ oTaBJIIlIlo l{o)ItTB


o2Ix a.
e: oB 11ol{Trr, pal opIo
yaa; paJ i{eBI poaTBl
o'.,o-,,,,,
poop. ll l],Bt lc .o6v
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t. 6t o6 P.t-,| t, H o8 l e.
,",;'';;';;.'.;'.

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il^{o e) Tpa }teTIlT
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rlyT oBa' oopIl{ll BI [oi\l:L]l
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aoJtio;{H.Dlt.
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