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Part I. Directions: Rewrite the following sentences in your own words.

1) People trying to interpret a situation often look at those around them to see how to react. 2) There are three things bystanders must do if they are to intervene in an emergency. 3) In a crowd, then, each person is less likely to notice a potential emergency than when alone. 4) Even if a person defines an event as an emergency... 5) ... the presence of other bystanders may still make each person less likely to intervene.

Part II. Directions: Rewrite the following text in more academic style.
Until only a few hundred years ago doctors didn't operate on people - it was barbers. No-one had taught them and they'd never got any qualifications. They just did what they'd learned when they were learning to be barbers. Doctors had promised not to hurt anyone so they wouldn't cut people and were not even supposed to watch. But the doctors did watch if they were following the rules properly and he sat on a big chair, high up, and read out what the barber was supposed to do. He read this in Latin, which, of course, the barber didn't understand. Of course, if you died, it was always the barber's fault and if you got better, the doctor got the praise. In any case, the doctor got the most money.

Part III. Directions: The diagram below shows how a central heating system in a house works. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. You should write at least 150 words.

Part IV. Directions: Write about the following topic:


The number of overweight children in developed countries is increasing. Some people think this is due to problems such as the growing number of fast food outlets. Others believe that parents are to blame for not looking after their children's health.

To what extent do you agree with these views? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.