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Unit 1 PARTS OF SPEECH

Part of speech explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next. For example:
1. Books are made of ink, paper, and glue.

1. NOUNS
A noun is a word used to name a person, place, thing, or idea. For example:
1. Mira goes to a drugstore to buy some

In this sentence, "books" is a noun, the subject of the sentence.


2. Deborah waits patiently while Bridget

books the tickets. Here "books" is a verb, and its subject is "Bridget." Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections.

aspirin. There are several nouns in this sentence, namely Mira, that is a name of a person; a drugstore, that is a place; some aspirin, that is a thing
2. Love is a graceful feeling.

In this sentence, love is a noun, the subject of the sentence and it represents an idea.
note: nouns can be a subject and an object of a sentence

Nouns can be divided into two: plural noun and singular noun. When a noun refers to more than one of the same type of thing, it is called plural noun. When a noun refers to one person or thing, it is a singular noun. Take a look at the examples below: SINGULAR NOUNS PLURAL NOUNS
A book Two books

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An hour A fly A boy A knife A watch

Three hours Four flies Five boys A lot of knives Many watches

note: nouns use determiner a and an for a singular noun and two, three, many, some, a lot of, etc. for plural

From the table above, we can simply notice that to change a singular noun into plural one, we only need to put s or es at the end of the word. However, there are some rules of adding s or es to the words.

A fly

Four flies

A boy

Five boys

This book is compiled for Akademi Farmasi Nusaputera Akademi Farmasi Nusaputera

This book is compiled for