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VIVA QUESTIONS 1. Define Modulation. 2. Need for modulation. 3. Define AM. 4. Merits and demerits of AM. 5. Applications of AM 6. Define FM. 7. Merits and demerits of FM. 8. Applications of FM 9. Differentiate between AM and FM 10.Define pulse modulation 11.Define PAM. 12.Define PWM. 13.Define PPM. 14.Differentiate between phase and frequency modulation 15.Define pulse code modulation (PCM). 16. Define delta modulation. 17.Define adaptive delta modulation. 18.Distinguish between DM and ADM. 19. Define ASK, PSK and FSK. 20.Differentiate ASK and FSK. 21.What is meant by PLL? 22.Applications of PLL. 23.Define pre-emphasis & de-emphasis. 24.Why is ASK called as ON-OFF keying? 25.What are the advantages of digital transmission? 26.What is meant by frequency synthesizer? 27.Applications of frequency synthesizer. 28.What is meant by line coding? 29.Define polar encoding. 30.Define bipolar encoding. 31.Define unipolar encoding. 32.Define Manchester encoding.

33.Differentiate between RZ,NRZ,NRZI,AMI codes 34.Explain about error detection and error correction. 35.Purpose of error control coding. 36.Explain ARQ,FEC.HARQ 37.What is sampling? 38.State sampling theorem. 39.What is aliasing? 40.How to avoid aliasing effect. 41.Define Nyquist Criteria. 42.Purpose of sampling. 43.Explain TDMA. 44.Explain FDMA. 45.Explain CDMA. 46.Explain SDMA. 47.Differentiate between TDMA,FDMA,CDMA,SDMA 48.Merits and demerits of TDMA 49.Merits and demerits of FDMA 50.Merits and demerits of CDMA 51.Merits and demerits of SDMA 52.Explain about GSM technique. 53.Define dipole antenna. 54.Applications of dipole antenna. 55.Different dipole types. 56.What is meant by balun? 57.Define yagi uda antenna 58.Applications of yagi uda antenna. 59.Define loop antenna. 60.Which antenna is to be used for TV transmission?