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Chemistry Laboratory 101: General and Inorganic Chemistry Sample Laboratory Report Sheet

Group No. 42 2011 Chemistry Laboratory 101B 8, 2011 Members2: 1. Marmay, Bai Rhema 2. San Luis, Andre 3. Tambut, Nimeth 4. _____________________

Date Performed

: Aug 4, : Aug

Date Submitted1 Instructors Initials3 :

Laboratory Report Sheet

Conservation of Mass and Definite Composition


Objectives:4

Activity

To relate and further understand the laws of Conservation of Mass and Definite Composition to Atomic Theory 2. To predict the products of chemical reactions when given the reactants 3. To enable us to identify and distinguish certain substances from the other substances when chemical reaction occur
1.

Data Interpretation:5 Data 1. Conservation of Mass Interpretation: We accumulated 182.7g for the initial mass of the three substances such as sodium carbonate, calcium chloride and sulfuric acid. As we weigh the 1st mixing we got 182.5g obtained from sodium carbonate and calcium chloride, while for the 2nd mixing it weighted as 180.8g got it from sodium carbonate and sulfuric acid. As the conservation of mass stated that during chemical reaction mass is neither created nor destroyed- total weight of the substances before they react should be the same as the weights of the product after the reaction. Obviously, from our data gathered we had the difference of 0.20g in the 1st mixing, while for the 2nd mixing we got 2.10g less. It is clearly understood from the definition, we should have got the same weight before and after the mixing. But, one of my group mates removed the stopper of the container containing the 1st mixing allowing the gas to escape
1 2

Should only be marked by instructor upon receipt of report. List complete names of members of group in alphabetic order, family name first. 3 Should only be marked(signed) by instructor. 4 At least 2 objectives (depending on the nature of the activity), and should be S-M-A-R-T. S specific, M measurable, A attainable, R result-oriented, T time bounded. Use behavioral terms and avoid to learn, to know, and the like. These are vague and not measurable. 5 Should contain the interpretation (give meaning) to the data gathered (submitted) in the Data Workbook. 6 Please include the questions, then give the answer following each question. 7 Depending on the nature of the activity, this may be either conclusion and/or generalization. Note: NO NEED to include the procedure. It is understood to have been followed. The objective is, in the first place, to gather data and interpret the results (use reasoning powers to draw underlying principles).

Chemistry Laboratory 101: General and Inorganic Chemistry Sample Laboratory Report Sheet

so I concluded that this is the reason why we got the difference of 0.20 g. The vials should be all closed by the stopper to get an accurate weight. Meanwhile the 2nd mixing we got 2.10g less is because there is a certain amount that was spilled during the transferring, we havent re stopped the container containing all the 3 substances and the temperature affected the weighing. In getting the weight of the 2nd mixing we should have removed the stopper when swirling and the temperature of the container should be the same with the room temperature then close by the stopper and weigh. All the weight should be the same even if mixing takes place, that is what the conservation of mass states and it is clearly showed that we were not successful accumulating the right data, thus a lot of error is obtained. EQUATION:
Sodium Carbonate + Calcium Chloride = Calcium Carbonate and Sodium Chloride

Na2CO3 (aq)

CaCl2 (aq) = CaCO3 (s)

2 NaCl(aq)

Sodium Carbonate + Sulfuric Acid = Carbon Dioxide + water + salt

Na2 CO 3(aq) + H2 SO 4(aq) --> Na2 SO 4(aq) + H2 O (l) + CO2 (g)

Data 2. Definite Composition Interpretation: As the definition of Definite Composition states that any compound made up of elements is in the same proportion by mass but from the data gathered we have accumulated a zigzag in the graph which means as we measured 0.30g as precipitate at 0.5 ml of lead (II) nitrate it goes down in 1.5ml. But, as we increased in the volume of lead, the more it can most likely have precipitate but in our data at the volume of 1.0ml, it resulted to 0.25g a slight less of precipitate and the 1.5ml obtained 0.20g,thus 0.20ml at 0.35g.But in the 2.0 ml and 2.5 ml it went up. It should have been from the lowest to the highest in precipitation because most likely the more lead (II) the more it will have precipitate.
0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 0.5m l 1.0m l 1.5m l 2.0m l 2.5m l 3m l

heig ofprecipita ht te

Graph:

Chemistry Laboratory 101: General and Inorganic Chemistry Sample Laboratory Report Sheet

Answers to Questions:6 1. Suppose one of the reagents dissolves parts of the glass container forming unknown products. What effect would this have on the observations if the unknown products were solid? Liquid? Or gaseous? Answer: It will definitely make a change; by the observation in the 1st mixing it produced a
white appearance and in the 2nd mixing it produced bubbles and the stopper popped out. If the unknown product will be solid it may be insoluble with the substance of sodium chloride and calcium chloride. Otherwise, if it is liquid it may be heterogeneous which an appearance of separation or homogenous. If it is then gaseous it may add or less in weight and can have soot.

2. How does this activity illustrate the Law of Conservation of Mass? Answer: first of all the conservation of mass states during chemical reaction mass is neither
created nor destroyed- total weight of the substances before they react should be the same as the weights of the product after the reaction. When we weighed the 3 substances, it got 182.7 g, but when we combined the sodium carbonate and calcium chloride it lessened by 0.20g, then sodium carbonate and sulfuric acid lessened to 2.10g which SHOULD NOT be, that should weigh the same/ 0 g less.

3. Would you expect to obtain the same results if you change the roles of lead (II) nitrate and potassium iodide in part two of the activity? Answer: Yes, because Potassium iodide and lead nitrate produces golden yellow
precipitate. This reaction is a double displacement reaction and also it can be called a precipitation reaction as lead iodide gets precipitated. Even in their chemical equation lead (II) nitrate and Potassium iodide will just be lead iodide and potassium nitrate.

4.

If the lead (II) nitrate used was just one half as concentrated but everything else the same, would the same kind of graph be acquired? Answer: No, because the less lead (II) nitrate will have less precipitate

5. How this graph interpreted in light of the Law of Definite Composition? Answer: As the Lead (II) nitrate increases in volume, the more it precipitates. The less it is, the less it precipitates. Thus in our graph the volume of 2.0ml, it resulted to 0.30g of precipitate which the 0.5ml obtained and at 2.5ml at 0.35g which it increased. (Note: include ALL questions here NOT the Review Questions)

Chemistry Laboratory 101: General and Inorganic Chemistry Sample Laboratory Report Sheet

Conclusion/Generalization:7 Hindrances of getting the accurate data can be presented by human errors such as substance can be spilled unintentionally, not properly following the instructions and other aspect such as temperature can affect the weighing and the gas that escapes. The conservation of mass and definite composition is well presented by the experiment even though the data isnt that accurate, thus safety precautions are always applied in dealing with chemicals. In addition, it is always acid to water and not the other way around because it might explode or produce other harmful reactions. In conclusion and simple words, the Conservation of mass is defined the weight before and after of the mixing of the substance is always the same while the definite composition is when the elements are always in the same proportion by mass.