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ANDHRA PRADESH

ANDHRA PRADESH
Capital of Andhra Pradesh: Hyderabad
Main Attractions: Tirupati, Puttaparthi
Language Spoken: Telegu
Best Time To Visit: October to March
This is a story of an ugly duckling turning into a swan. From one of the poorest and least
developed Indian states to a computer-friendly one, it is a miracle of sorts for Andhra
Pradesh. Situated south of the Vindhyas, it shares a common history with its neighbors,
Maharashtra, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The medieval city of
Hyderabad is its capital.
Andhra Pradesh is known for the famous Sri Venkateswara temple at Tirupati,
Charminar, Salar Jung Museum, and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad and Buddhist viharas
at Nagarjunasagar. Also visit the wildlife and bird sanctuaries of Kolleru, Manjira, Kawal
and Papikonda. Andhra has a nearly 1000 km-coastline with eight of its 23 districts
having direct access to the sea. Famous beaches are Visakhapatnam Bheemunipatnam,
Kakinada, Chirala, Kalingapatnam and Mypad.
Capital of Andhra Pradesh: Once a medieval city, Hyderabad is a modern metropolis. A
revolution in etiquette is under way, recasting values. The yuppie ethos has invaded the
city and western haute couture is slowly being preferred over the sherwani and burqa.
This is the city that has even been the home of a Miss World. Fortunately, gourmets
have not let the Deccani cuisine, the Hyderabadi biryani in particular, pass into legend.
History: combining the old princely state of Hyderabad with the Telegu-speaking
portions of the former state of Madras in fact, created Andhra Pradesh. The Chalukyas
held sway till the 10th c. when the Cholas seized power. In the 14th c., Muslim power
reached this southern state and for centuries ruled over this princely state. It was finally
was taken over by a General of the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. The General's
successors, called Nizams, ruled the state till Independence.
Culture: Beautiful crafts, vibrant religious festivals, a varied cuisine and the sonorant
mother tongue, Telugu, are some of the indelible impressions of this state. Kuchipudi is
the famous classical dance form of Andhra Pradesh. Tribal dances contribute in equal
measure to the artistic heritage of Andhra Pradesh. Tholubommalaata, a shadow
puppetry theatre is a fascinating folk art.
Society: Friendly and warm, the Andhras are an ancient people, who can trace their
roots and history to the Mauryan period, an interest in arts, crafts and dance. Andhra
Pradesh is also a rich mosaic of cultures. Muslims, Buddhists and Hindus live in relative
peace and harmony. The Tirupati is, however, the trump card for the state's tourism
industry drawing people from all over the country and worldwide. Donations from Tirupati
alone, have led to the establishment of a university, several hospitals & schools.
Occupation: More than 70 per cent of its population lives by agriculture, growing rice,
other cereals and pulses. The major bulk of India's Virginia tobacco crop is grown in
Andhrapradesh. Industrial growth has transformed the landscape into precious pits of
copper, mica, coal and manganese.
Andhra's Handicrafts: Lacquer toys, Anakapalli articles, Ikat weaving, Pembarthi Sheet
Metal Ware, Nirmal pottery, Bidriwork as well as Gadhwal, Pochampalli and
Dharmavaram silk saris are some of the amazing handlooms and handicrafts Andhra
Pradesh is renowned for. Durgi, Allagadda and Tirupati are three of the major centers of
stone art. Telengana is particularly well known for its folk paintings. Banjara needlecraft,

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Kalamkari, the pen-painted fabrics of Machilipatnam and Kalahasti; Silver Filigree of
Karimnagar and Budithi handicraft of Srikakulam are other handicraft specimens.
Climate of Andhra Pradesh: varies from 41-20 degree centigrade in summer (March to
May) to 32 -13 degree centigrade in winter (January to February). June to December is
the monsoon months and the weather remains hot and sultry. October to February is the
best season.
Population of Andhra Pradesh: 74 million
Festivals in Andhra Pradesh: The Deccan Festival, with its cultural programs is
celebrated in February. Bakri-Id is celebrated with ritualistic fervor in Andhra Pradesh
and in particular, the old city of Hyderabad. The Andhra Ugaadi that heralds the New
Year also means a season of mango-pickling and more literary pursuits such as poetry
competitions. The state also observes typical Indian festivals such as Nag Panchami,
Holi, Diwali, Gandhi Jayanti, Mahavir Jayanti and others.
ADILABAD
Location: Northern Part of the State Of Andhra Pradesh
Languages: Telugu, Hindi, And English
Previously known As: Edlabad
Nearby Attractions: Nirmal, Basar, and Kuntala Falls
Adilabad lies on the northern side of the state. It is named after Ali Adil Shah, the ruler of
Bijapur. It is bounded on north by Metmale district on east by Chanda district of
Maharashtra State, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts of Andhra
Pradesh State and on the west by Nanded district of Maharashtra State. This place is
the least populated district of Andhra Pradesh. Rivers Pranhita, Godavari, Kadam,
Siddha and Pedda Vagu flow through the district.
An Abode of Prehistoric Sites: Adilabad abounds in several prehistoric sites. There
are traces of Paleolithic age. But existence of megalithic culture was revealed by the
discovery of 'Gadh' and 'Sona-Gadh', both in Nirmal Taluk. Besides these, fossils of the
prehistoric period were discovered at Asifabad and Sirpur in this district. It was for a long
time not a homogeneous unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods of
time by various dynasties.
Dynasties which ruled it are Mauryas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Chalukyas of Badami,
Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Yadavas of Devagiri, Kakatiyas, Bahmanis, Imad
Shahis or Berar, Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar, Mughals, Bhosle Rajas of Nagpur, and
Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Mahatma Gandhi Park: The lush green well-maintained lawns and beautiful plants and
trees provide an ideal spot for meditation, exercise and just right for children to spend a
wonderful evening at play.
St. Joseph’s Church: Located in the main city of Adilabad is the St. Joseph's church,
one of the finest in the area. Beautifully adorned with plants and rocks, the church
attracts a large number of faithful Christians from different corners.
Basar: Basar is a small and dusty village amidst the dry and barren patches of the north
Telangana region, 30-km from Nizamabad. This place is famous for "Sri Jnana
Saraswathi". Once upon a time this place was also known as "Vyasapuri".
Kuntala Waterfalls: Kuntala is a very small village, 11-km from Nirmal in Adilabad
district with a population of around 145 people. It is situated on banks of river Kadam, a
tributary of the Godavari River. This place is famous for waterfalls.
Somalingeswara Swami Temple: Near Kuntala village, 11-km from Nirmal there is a
temple of Lord Someshwara and Lord Nandishwara. This temple is famous for its
exquisite sculptures.

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Kawal wildlife Sanctuary: This dry teak forest is spread over an area of 893-km.
Tigers, Leopards, Sloth Bears; Gaurs etc. are some of the animals that can be spotted
over here.
Pranahitha Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located in Chinnur- Mancherial forest division,
Adilabad district, about 300-km northeast of hyderabd. This sanctuary spreads over 136-
sq-kms along the Pranahita River with an undulating terrain.
Nirmal: Nirmal is famous for its toy industry, which is well known all over the world. It
also produces plates with miniature paintings and floral designs. The town has also a
famous fort built by the French Engineers in the Nizam's service.
FAIRS: Mallanna Swami Jatra is one of the most famous fairs of Andhra held in Welal
village, situated at a distance of 22-km from the Mancheriyal railway station.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, which is 280-kms away.
Rail: It has a railway station on the Mudkhed-Adilabad meter gauge line of the South
Central Railway.
Road: Adilabad is situated on the Hyderabd-Nagpur National Highway and Andhra
Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation runs regular buses from here connecting it
with the other neighboring towns. It has a bus station where the atmosphere is bustling
with activity, since many inter state buses originate here. Buses from major towns and
small districts from Andhra Pradesh halt here. One can get buses from here to go
towards towns in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra with whom Adilabad shares its
borders.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range: summer: Max 46°C and Min 30°C. (125F - 81.56F Approx.)
Winter: Max 31°C and Min 15°C (84.26F - 40.78F Approx.)
Rainfall: Seasonal, 1045 mm
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Nirmal: 110-km
ADONI
Location: Western Part of the State Of Andhra Pradesh
Important Feature: Oldest Municipality Constituted In 1865
Previously known As: Yadavagiri and Adavani
Adoni is located on western part of Andhra Pradesh State at a distance of 103-km from
Kurnool and 225-km southwest of Hyderbad. It is the second biggest town in the Kurnool
district and the oldest municipality, constituted as early as AD 1865. It was known in the
past as "Yadavagiri" and "Adavani".
Adoni was once the stronghold of the rulers of Vijayanagar. Muslims later controlled it
until 1792, when a war between the British East India Company and Tipu Sultan resulted
in its cession to the Nizam of Hyderabad.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Adoni Fort: The fort at the place standing on the rocky granite hills was founded some
300 years ago.
Jumma Masjid: A fine piece of Muslim architecture built in 1680 AD by Madu Qadiri, the
Adil Shahi Governor.
Kaman Bavi: It is of size 50' X 50' constructed by Siddi Masud Khan, the Governor of
Adoni.
The Venkanna Bavi: An astoundingly large well built by Venkanna Pant, Diwan of Siddi
Masud Khan.
HOW TO GET THERE

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Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, situated 225-km away from Adoni.
Rail: Adoni lies, on the Chennai - Mumbai rail route. It is well connected with all the
important places in and outside the Kurnool district.
Road: It enjoys good communication facilities, as it is a famous commercial center of
Kurnool district. It is connected to major cities of the state by road.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range:
Summer: Max 42°C and Min 31°C. (114F - 84.28F Approx.)
Winter: Max 29°C Min 21°C. (78F - 57F Approx.)
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Kurnool: 103-kms
ANANTAPUR
Location: Western Most Part of the State Of Andhra Pradesh
Familiarly known As: Hande Anantapuram
Best Time Of Visit: September to February
Nearby Attractions: Puttaparthi, Veerabhadraswami Temple at Lepakshi, Raydurg Fort,
Hemavati, Penukonda Fort.
Anantapur lies in the westernmost part of the state, representing true blend of history
and modernity on one side and pilgrimage and forts on the other. Anantapur, the largest
district in the state, spreads over 19,130-sq-kms. Kurnool bound it on north, on the east
by Cuddapah and Chittoor and on the south and west by the Karnataka State.
The whole district is known for its silk trade in the modern industry. Lepakshi Temple is
the famous tourist attraction of this district.
Displaying Some Shades of History: Anantapur offers some vivid glimpses of the
prehistoric past. It is generally held that the place got its name from 'Anaatasagaram' a
big tank, which means "Endless Ocean". Chilkkavodeya, the minister of Bukka-I, and a
Vijayanagar ruler constructed the villages of Anantasagaram and Bukkarayasamudram.
Some authorities assert that Anantasagaram was named after Bukka's queen, while
some contend that it must have been known after Anantarasa Chikkavodeya himself, as
Bukka had no queen by that name.
The Anantasagaram Tank: Anantasagaram Tank, which is one of the biggest in the
district with a cut of 2,511 acres, half of which lies within Anantapur limits and rest within
that of Bukkarayasamudram. A part of the tank bund, called 'Musalammakatta' is
believed to have been so named after one Musalamma of Bukkarayasamudram who
sacrificed herself to close the breach in the bund.
Anantapur is familiarly known as "Hande Anantapuram" after the 'Hande' chiefs of the
Vijayanagar period. Anantapur and a few other places were gifted by the Vijayanagar
rulers to Hanumappa Naidu of the Hande family in return for his help.
The place subsequently came under the Qutub Shahis, Mughals, and the Nawabs of
Cuddapah, although the Hande chiefs continued to rule as their subordinates. It was
occupied by the Palergar of Bellary during the time of Ramappa but was eventually won
back by his son, Siddappa. Morari Rao Ghorpade attacked Anantapur in 1757. Though
the army resisted for some time but ultimately bought off the enemy for Rs.50, 000.
It then came into the possession of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Tipu hanged all the male
members of the Siddappa family except Siddappa who escaped from his confinement at
Srirangapatnam. After Tipu's death, it was once again taken back by Siddappa.
Siddappa submitted himself to Nizam because of the treaty of 1799, which took the total
control of the area. He was later pensioned off when British occupied the territory.

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HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Bangalore, which is 152-km from Anantapur. Which is air
linked with Hyderabad, Bhubaneshwar, Mumbai, Kolkota, Delhi, Chennai, Nagpur and
Vishakhapatnam.
Rail: The Hyderabad- Bangalore broad gauge line is the nearest railhead from
Anantapur. Kurnool and Nandyal on the same line are also convenient railheads. It is
also connected by rail with all the important cities in the state.
Road: Anantapur is well connected by APSRTC buses with Hyderabad,
Mahaboobnagar, Nalgonda, Devorkonda, Guntur, Vijayawada, Kurnool, Ongole,
Mahanandi, Mantralayam, tirupati and Chitradurg among other places.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range:
Summer: 30°C. - 40°C. (81.56F - 108.75F Approx.)
Winter: 20°C. - 27°C. (54.25F – 73.19F Approx.)
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Puttaparthi: 150-kms
Hemavati: 25-km
Lepakshi: 15-km
Penukonda: 70-kms
Bangalore: 152-kms
CHITTOOR
Location: 154-kms From Chennai
Served As A Military Post: Until 1884
Nearby Attractions: Tirupati, Horsely Hills, Chandragiri, and Nagari
Chittoor is located 154-km from Chennai on the southern part of Andhra Pradesh. It is
the headquarters of the district. This town is served well both by railways and roadways.
A district administrative center, Chittoor, was a British military post until 1884. The city is
a road and trade center; rice and oilseed milling are the main industries over here.
The bulk of Indian steatite (soapstone) comes from the nearby hills. The surrounding
area is composed mainly of the Chittoor Basin along the course of the Penner River in
the vicinity of the mountains of Cuddapah.
A Primitive Hub of Principal Dynasties: Chittoor was not a homogeneous
administrative unit in the past. Its component parts were under the control of various
principal dynasties at different periods of time. They include the Mauryas, Satavahanas,
Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Cholas, Pandyas,
Rayas of Vijayanagara, Qutub Shahis, Mughals, Asaf Jahis, Marathas, and Hyder Ali
and Tipu Sultan of Mysore, besides minor dynasties such as Renadu Cholas, Bans,
Vaidumbas, Nolanbas, Western Ganges, Yadavarayas and Matlis, Mayana Nawabs of
Western Cuddapah and Nawabs of Acrot.
Main Festivities: The most important religious functions celebrated here are Sri Rama
Navami and Adikrittika in honor of "Kodandarama" and "Subrahmanyesvara"
respectively.
Triupati: Tirupati town is 67-km Chitoor, on the southern portion of Andhra Pradesh. The
most important place of interest at the place is the historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara
(also spelt as Venkateshwara), 'the Lord of Seven Hills', who is famous all over the
country.

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Chandragiri: Chandragiri was the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. It is
located at a distance of 12-km from Tirupati, in Chitoor district. The forts and Mahals at
the place are attractions for tourists.
Guntipalle: Guntipalle Village lies at a distance of above 18-km from Chitoor, on the
Chitoor Penumuru Road. Puligunda (Tiger Hill), a pillar of rock at a height of 213.36m is
an important place of interest in this village.
Kalavagunta: This village is situated at a distance of about 8-km northeast of Chittoor. It
is the set of the ancient temples of Mukkantisvara and Lakshminarayana, said to have
been constructed by the Chola kings, about 1,000 years ago.
Nagari: A picnic spot where there is high cliff called "Nagari Nose", situated in the Nagari
hills. It is called so, as it resembles a human nose in shape.
Horsley Hills: Horsley hills are one of the famous hill resorts of Andhra Pradesh. It is
named after WD Horsley, who was the collector of Cuddapah district. Horsley chose this
spot for his summer residence. It is situated at an altitude of 1,265 m, which makes this
place delightfully cool, with a maximum summer temperature of 32°C, and minimum of
20°C. the shady slopes found in this are wooded with luxurious vegetation.
Thalakona: Tirupati has many tourist attractions apart from the temple of Lord
Venkateswara. Thalakona is a forest located 30-km from Tirupati.
Kailasakonba waterfalls: Tirupati is one of the most famous pilgrim centers of India.
There are many nearby attractions too where tourists can experience the beauty of the
nature. Kailashnath Kona is one such attraction.
Madanapalle: A famous health resort, located at an altitude of 710m above sea level,
Madanapalle enjoys a salubrious climate throughout the year.
Puttur: This village is famous for its bone setters, whose ability to set right any type of
fracture with the help of herbs and indigenous plaster, is renowned throughout southern
India.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Chennai, which 154-km away from Chittor.
Rail: Chittoor has an important railway station on the Renigunta - Katpadi line of the
southern railway. It is well connected with all the places in the state.
Road: It is the headquarter of the district Chittoor and is connected with Karnataka and
Tamil Nadu with a good network of roadways. The Chennai Mumbai Trunk Road and the
Chennai- Bangalore National Highway pass through this town.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer: Max 43°C, Min 30°C. (116.9F - 81.56F Approx.)
Winter: Max 29°C, Min 21°C. (78.84F - 57F Approx.)
Rainfall: 908.1 mm Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Tirupati: 67-km
Guntipalle: 18-km
Kalvagunta: 8-km
Thalakona: 97-km
Chandragiri: 79-km
Chennai: 154-kms
CUDDAPAH
Location: south central Part of Andhra Pradesh
Name derived From: A Telugu Word Called Kadapa ("Gate")
Nearby Attractions: Puspagiri, Vomtimitta, and Jyothi

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Cuddapah is situated in the south-central part of the Andhra Pradesh State. Located 8-
km south of the Penner River, the city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamalai
and Palkonda hills. The name Cuddapah is derived from the Telugu word 'Kadapa'
("gate"). The city is so named because it is the gateway from the north to the sacred
hill-'Pagoda' of Shri Venkateshvara (also spelt as Venkateswara) of tirupati.
It lies sprawling along the "Bugga" or "Ralla Vanka" in a hollow bordered on the south by
the main Palkondas and on the east by a strip of the same hills projecting north towards
the Lankamalas on the other side of the Penneru. The portion of the hollow occupied by
the town is only about 400ft to 450ft above the sea level, while some of the nearer points
of the hills rise even to 1,000ft.
An Ancient Town: Cuddapah city was a part of the Chola Empire from 11th -15th
century. Muslims conquered it in 1565, and then the British took control of it in the 1800.
Although the town is an ancient one, Neknam Khan, the famous Qutub Shahi
commander, who called the extension “Neknamabad”, probably extended it. It is not
probable that Nekanamabad was the name given to the whole town.
In any case it fell into disuse and the records of the 18th century refer to the Mayana
rulers not as Nawabs of Nekanamabad but the Nawabs of Cuddapah. Except for some
years in the beginning, Cuddapah was the seat of the Mayana Nawabs in the 18th
century. With the British occupation of the tract in A.D 1800, it became the headquarters
of one of the four Subordinate Collectors under Principal Collector, Major Munro.
In Cuddapah, are the relics of the rule of the Cuddapah Nawabs? Most prominent
among these are two towers and the dargahs. It also has got three churches and
numerous temples.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Gandikota or The Gorge Fort: Gandikota or 'The Gorge Fort' is situated about 6 miles
to the west of Jammalamadugu in Cuddapah district. The width within the fort is at its
broadest, about five and a half furlongs from west to east and almost a mile from
northwest to southeast.
Masjid-e-Azam: This beautiful mosque is located near the George fort and was built in
1691 AD during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Chand Phira Gumbadh: Chand Phira Gumbadh is the mausoleum of Syed Shah
Mohammed Hussian. It is located in a square building with large dome in the center,
surrounded by tall walls, in the heart of the city.
Pushpagiri: A place very close to Cuddapah, where there are few temples that attract
tourists the largest and the best known of them is the Chennakesava Temple, which has
a lofty gopuram, sculptures depicting scenes from the epics, floral motifs and elaborately
engraved pillars.
Jyothi: The sculptured mandapam with 32 pillars, the inner chamber and the sanctum
make it a most impressive temple.
FAIRS: Gangamma Jatra, an annual Jatra of the Shrine of Gangamma is an important
event in Anantapuram, Cuddapah district.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Renigunta and Chennai.
Rail: Cuddapah has a railway station on the Chennai-Guntakal line. Tourist will find no
difficulty in moving around this place.
Road: Cuddapah being the headquarters of the district is well connected with all the
places within the state and other parts of the country also. The state transport
corporation and private operators run buses to all the important tourist places in the
town.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical

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Temperature Range:
Summer: 30°C. - 44°C. (81.56F - 119.6F Approx.)
Winter: 21°C. - 30°C. (57F - 81.56F Approx.)
Rainfall: 695 mm (Seasonal)
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Pushpagiri: 16-km
Renigunta: 131-km
Tirupati: 132-km
ELURU
Location: Northeastern Part of Andhra Pradesh
Previously known As: Helapuri, Ellore and Erla Uru
Famous For: Woolen Carpets
Eluru is also called "Ellore", located in the northeastern part of Andhra pradesh, at the
junction of the Godavari and Krishna canal systems. The name of the city was changed
to its present form in 1949. This District was formed in the year 1925. Surrounded by
Khammam district in the North, Krishna district is in the South, East Godavari district in
the East and Krishna district in the West, Eluru is place to visit.
Eluru has been the headquarters of West Godavari district since 1926. This ancient
place was also known as "Helapuri" and "Erla Uru" in the past. It is well connected by rail
and road with all-important towns in the state.
Eluru is famous for its thriving woolen pile carpet industry. It is well known for its cultural,
educational, economical and industrial development. Eluru is well known for its carpets
and blankets. The Persians that migrated to this part of the world during the
Mohammedan Regime have developed the carpet industry over here.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
There are ruins of forts standing as a constant reminder of the past. Buddhist
archaeological remains can also be found at the nearby village of Pedda Vegi. It main
attractions include the important shrines of Janardhana and Jalapaharesvara.
Dwaraka Tirumal: Dwaraka Tirumal, 39-km from Eluru is a famous pilgrim center
located atop a hill, with a part of the temple carved out of the hill. It has an impressive
five-storeyed 'Gopuram' at the main entrance. An annual festival is also celebrated over
here in the month of April - May.
Kolleru Sanctuary: The sanctuary is located 60-km away from Vijayawada near Eluru,
West Godavari districts. It has the largest fresh Water Lake in the country. This
sanctuary extends over 673-sq-kms (depending on water spread) of wetland and
marshes surrounding the Kolleru Lake, between the Krishna and Godavari deltas.
Pattisam: Pattisam located along the Gautami River, is a famous picnic spot. It is an
important pilgrim center in the picturesque 'Devakutaparvatam' Hills. The Shaivite and
Vaishnavite shrines here are of great religious importance.
Natta Rameswaram: An important pilgrim center, the Rameswara Temple here has a
Linga made of shells and conches. Thousands of devotees congregate here on Maha
Shivaratri day to take a dip in the Gosthani River.
Penukonda: Located 35-km from Thadepalligudem, is the birthplace of 'Sri Vasavi
Kanyaka Parameshwari'. Nageswari Temple and Vasavi Temple are the worth seeing in
Penukonda.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Gannavaram near Vijayawada.
Rail: It has two railway stations, namely, Powerpet and Eluru, situated on the Chennai-
Kolkota line.

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Road: Andhra State Bus Service plies regular buses from Eluru, connecting it with all
the major cities of the state.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The most important festivals celebrated here are Sankara
Jayanti (April-May), Ramkoti Utsavam (January-February) and Tyagaraja Aradhana
(December-January), all of which are attended by thousands of devotees.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range
Summer: Max 45°C and Min 30°C. (122.34F - 81.75F Approx.)
Winter: Max 31°C and Min 17°C. (84.28F - 46.21F Approx.)
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Dwarka Tirumul: 39-km
Vijayawada: 80-km
GUNTUR
Location: Northeastern Part of State Andhra Pradesh
Founded By: French
Founded In: Mid-Eighth Century
Located in the northeastern part of the Andhra Pradesh State, in the Krishna River delta,
Guntur lies on the Vijayawada-Madras trunk road, about 9-km to the east of the
picturesque Kondaveedu range of hills. It is the headquarters of the district of its name,
Revenue division and Taluk. It is one of the oldest municipalities having been constituted
in AD 1866. The French founded the city in the mid-eighth century, but in 1788 it was
ceded permanently to the British.
The village of 'Ramachandrapuram Agraharam', which is now part of Guntur city, is
considered much older than Guntur as it is testified by an inscription dated AD 1296 on a
pillar of Mantapam in three temple of Lakshminarayana Swamis. It is an important
railway junction and is connected by rail with Macherla, Vijayawada, Machilipatnam,
Hubli, Tenali and Repalle. This city is an important commercial center, with tobacco
curing barns, rice mills, cotton and oil mills. There are many places of tourist importance
around this city.
Bhavanarayanaswami Temple at Bapatla: Bhavanarayanaswami temple, 49-km from
Guntur is the most ancient and famous of all the temples in Guntur district. It is said to
have been named after Bhavanarayanaswami, the presiding deity and was called
Bapatla gradually. Lying on the Madras-Calcutta line it is well connected by buses and
rail. The temple is of historical and architectural importance.
Nidubrole: There are three old temples, dedicated to 'Chodeswaraswami',
'Chennakesavaswami' and 'Vinayaka', 21-km to the north of Bapatla town and is
adjacent to Ponnur on the road from Guntur to China Ganjam.
Buddhist Relics and Lord Amareswara Temple at Amaravati: Amaravati is situated in
Sattenapalli Taluk, 35-km away from Guntur. It is famous as the seat of a temple to Lord
Shiva worshipped here as Lord Amareswara and also for the Buddhist sculptures, which
are world famous. Amareswaram is considered sacred because of three things, the
Krishna River, an important 'Kshetra' with a 'Sthalamahatyam' and the 'Sri Mahalinga
Murthy', which are three sacred principles embodied in one.
Undavalli caves: The Undavalli caves, in the village of Undavalli, are at a distance of 8-
km from Vijayawada and nearly 32-km from Guntur. The high hill overlooking the Krishna
River hosts fine specimens of cut-in architectural and sculptural models.
Lam: It is a village situated on the Guntur-Amaravati road, at a distance of over 8-km to
the north of Guntur. Lam, is well known for the Agricultural Research Station, the

9
Government livestock Farm and the Chillies Research Station. It is also known by a tank
called `Bhairavakunta', with a small stone by its side containing nine idols, an image of
Vinayaka and a brass image of Anjaneya besides and an inscription in Sanskrit in
archaic characters engraved on a boulder.
Lord Narasimha Temple At Mangalagiri: The renowned temple of Lord Narasimha,
one of the Nine 'Avatars' of Vishnu, is located on the Hillock at Mangalagiri, 12-km south
of Vijayawada and 19-km from Guntur. The Unique feature of this temple, according to
the devout is the fact that the deity accepts only half of the quantity of the 'Panakam'
(jaggery dissolved in water) offered by the devotees, irrespective of the quantity offered.
Nallapadu: It is situated at a distance of 5-km southwest of Guntur and is referred to as
Narasingapuram, after the temple of Narasimhaswami, on a hillock about 1.6-km away.
Nallapadu is a place known for some ancient temples. The Agastheswaraswami temple,
with its decorated 'Dhvajastambham' and carvings of five hooded `nagas' (Serpents),
enshrining Siva and Bramaramba and with the temple of Sankaracharya situated in the
same compound is known for its antiquity.
Vangipuram: Situated 21-km southwest of Guntur and over 7-km to the east of the
Guntur-Parchur road, this village is originally called "Achichchatrapuram". The most
important temples at the place are those of Agastheswaraswami and Vallabharajaswami.
The deity Vallabharajaswami is believed to have been installed by Anantadandapale, the
commander of Narasimhadeva of Cuttack.
Dachepaalle: This village on the Guntur-Macherla highway lies 11-km to the northeast
of Gurajala town, the headquarters of Palnad Taluk and 90-km to the west of Guntur. The
remains of the old fort can be seen in the neighboring villages, especially at Ubbepalle
near Gamalapadu where there is a small `Sambhunigudi', containing a great deal of
carved stone and four of five inscriptions ranging from AD 1300 to AD 1537. The temple
of Ranganayakaswami, which is an ancient one of the place, is noted for its architectural
beauty.
Pondugala: Pondugala is situated north of Gurazala on the bank of the Krishna River
and is 11-km from Guntur, on the Guntur-Macherla highway. Of the temples at the place,
the one dedicated to Gantala Ramalingesvara Swami is considered important and it
contains some inscriptions on its pillars in Pali. The temple of 'Bobbanagi' in
Iyyagaripalem, a hamlet of 'Pondagala', on the bank of the 'Dandivagu', which was
declared a protected monument, contains two inscriptions in Sanskrit.
Aminabad: It is an upland village situated 18-kms southeasts of Sattenapalle and about
a kilometer from the Guntoor-Narasaraopet highway. There are several temples around
Aminabad, two of which are conspicuously placed on rocky eminencies and from a
distance look like, Grecial fanes. These may be of Jain origin. Of the many inscriptions
found in this village, a large number are not yet deciphered. It was the headquarters of
Aminul-Mulk, a Governor, who changed the name of the village after his name as,
Aminabad.
Bellamkonda: The village is situated 19-km west of Sattenapalle, by the side of the
Guntoor Pondugala road, near Bellakonda railway station. There is a hill fortress here. It
consists of a single stonewall, connecting the principal elevated points of the hill and
having tower bastions at the southwest and northwest angles, which terminate the
principal front. It is believed to have been constructed by the Reddi kings of Kondavidu.
Chebrolu: Chebrolu, a very ancient village with many historical remains, is situated on
the Guntur-Bapatla road within a distance of 10-km from Guntur. The high mound, on
which the village is situated, has yielded some terracotta figurines, as well as some old
coins, which reveal the existence of ancient civilization at this place. Two gold coins
pertaining to the period of the Roman Emperor Constantine were unearthed at this

10
place. A number of lead coins containing the figures of ships, animals and mosques
were also unearthed.
Kotappa Konda: Kotappa Konda is one of the important pilgrim centers of Andhra
Pradesh. It is located 13-km southwest of Narasaraopet in and 60-km from Guntur.
Original name of this village is "Kondakavuru", but is more popularly known as
Kotappakonda or 'Trikutaparvatam' (three-peaked hill). The deity on this hill is named
'Trikoteswara'. Maha Shivaratri is the important festival celebrated here with great
devotion and fervor.
PRIDE OF DECCAN
Location: On the Deccan Plateau and Musi River, Andhra Pradesh
Famous For: Bangles, Minarets, Pearl Bazaar and Hyderabadi Cuisine
Recently Called: Second Silicon Valley in India
Capital City of Andhra Pradesh: Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh is a
bustling 400-year-old metropolis with an urban population of 4.2 million people
approximately. It is located on the Deccan Plateau and the Musi River, 650m above sea
level. The physiography of Hyderabad is dominated by hills, tanks, forests, and rock
formations.
City Of Two Aspects: The city is cosmopolitan, and is richly endowed with a variety of
cultures. While Muslim people are concentrated more towards the old city like
Charminar, Secunderabad has got a more contemporary look with a concentration of
Anglo-Indians. The city presents an attractive amalgam of old world charm together with
the ebullience of growth and enterprise. Beautiful old edifices built in the medieval,
Mughal, Colonial and Indo-Saracenic styles abound, rubbing shoulders with large glass
and chrome temples of commerce.
The History: The history of Hyderabad begins with the establishment of the Qutub
Shahi dynasty. Quli Qutub Shah seized the reins of power from the Bahamani kingdom
in 1512 and established the Fortress City of Golconda. Inadequacy of water, and
frequent epidemics of plaque and cholera persuaded Mohammed, the fifth Quli Qutub
Shahi ruler to venture outward to establish the new city with the Charminar as its center
and with four great roads fanning out in the four cardinal directions. Hyderabad's fame,
strategic location and Golconda's legendary wealth attracted Aurangazeb who captured
Golconda after a long siege in 1687. After this defeat the importance of Hyderabad
declined and the city fell into partial ruin.
As the Mughal Empire decayed and began to disintegrate, the viceroy, Asaf Jah I
proclaimed himself the Nizam and established independent rule of the Deccan.
Hyderabad once again became a major capital city, ruled by successive Nizams of the
Asaf Jah dynasty until the state was merged into the Indian Union in 1948.
Making Of the Twin City – Secunderabad: In 1798, a subsidiary alliance for military
and political cooperation was signed between the Nizam and the British East India
Company. Thereafter an area north of what is now the Hussain Sagar Lake was
established as a cantonment. The area was named Secunderabad after the then Nizam,
Sikander Jah. Both Hyderabad and Secunderabad grew together and have now merged.
An imaginary line drawn across the Tank bund is still used to distinguish the two cities.
The Pearl City Of India: The city of Hyderabad is famous for its minarets and its pearl
bazaar. Pearls from all over the world are said to come to Hyderabad because the
artisans here are skilled in piercing and stringing pearls without damaging them. The
city's gypsy tribes called 'Lambadas' and 'Banjaras' are known throughout the country for
their colourful costumes and Hyderabadi cuisine is much sought after.
IT Influence: Hyderabad is called as the second Silicon Valley in India after Bangalore.
Hyderabad has a Software Technology Park with leading industries like Intergraph,
UUNET, TCS, Wipro, Baan, Satyam, Park International, etc.

11
Hyderabadi Cuisine: Hyderabad's 400-year-old culinary history, like its culture, is
unmatched by any other state in India. In fact Hyderabad was known for the spectacular
way its aristocracy entertained. Of all the Muslim cuisine, Hyderabadi is the only cuisine
of the sub-continent that can boast of a major vegetarian element. This has much to do
with the local influences. Considering that the elite of the erstwhile Hyderabad State
came from the north of India and was almost entirely Muslim, this is a little surprising.
The nation's vegetarians, of course, stand to gain by it.
Some of the salient features of Hyderabadi food are the key flavors of coconut, tamarind,
peanuts and sesame seeds. The key spice is chilli, which is used in abundance and is
the reason for the sobriquet "Dynamite Food". Other culinary delights include 'Gosht',
which is kid or baby goat, and is more or less, synonymous with Hyderabadi food.
'Murgh', which is chicken, is the second favorite. When it comes to Gosht, Hyderabadis
prize the meat of the male goat.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Charminar: Charminar is a majestic architectural monument standing at the heart of the
old city of Hyderabad, built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in 1591 supposedly to
commemorate the eradication of plague from Hyderabad.
Mecca Masjid: Mecca Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India accommodating
upto 10,000 worshippers. This is the biggest mosque in Hyderabad and lies within
hundred yards to the southwest of Charminar. Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah started
the constructions of this mosque, the work continued during the reign of Abdullah Qutub
Shah and Abul Hassan Tana Shah and was completed in 1694 by the Mughal Emperor
Aurangzeb.
Golconda Fort: Golconda fort is a majestic monument, which lies on the western
outskirts of Hyderabad city. It speaks of a great cultural heritage of 400 years and is
regarded as a place worth visiting.
Salar Jung Museum: The Salar Jung Museum is the largest one-man collection of
antiques in the world. The museum exhibits over 35,000 objects of art like Chinese
Porcelain, Aurangazeb's Sword, and Daggers belonging to Queen Noor Jehan, Emperor
Jahangir & Shah Jahan, Sculpture, Indian paintings & Persian carpets. Some of the
highlights are the Veiled Rebecca, the translucent white marble statue by Bezoni, the
Arms section, The Jade section & the Oriental Section.
Hussain Sagar: Hussain Sagar is a large lake in the midst of the city and was
constructed in 1562 AD. Also known as Tank Bund, it connects the twin cities of
Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Built in the 16th century the lake was named to express
the gratitude of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah to Hussain Shah Wali, who helped him to
recover from illness.
Jama Masjid: The Jama Masjid is the oldest mosque in Hyderabad and is located at a
few meters away from Charminar, in Hyderabad. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah built it in
the year 1597, after the completion of Charminar.
St. Joseph's Cathedral: The Cathedral of Saint Joseph is located in the Gun foundry
area and is perhaps the most beautiful in the twin cities.
St. Mary's Church: St Mary's Church is a famous church located in S. D. road,
Secunderabad. Mother Mary is worshipped here.
Birla Mandir: Birla Mandir is a beautiful modern temple overlooking the south end of
Hussain Sagar, in Hyderabad. It provides an excellent view over the city from the
summit. This magnificent structure built entirely out of marble from Rajasthan, stands
atop the 'Kala Pahad', the twin hillock of 'Naubat Pahad'. Built by Birla foundation over a
span of ten years, the main temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara or
Venkateswara.
Birla Planetarium: Located in the heart of Hyderabad city, on the panoramic hillock of

12
Naubat Pahad, the Birla Planetarium is a tribute to the advances made in science and
technology since the dawn of civilization. Late Mr. N.T. Rama Rao opened this beautiful
dome shaped architecture, on 8th September 1985.
Falaknuma Palace (Star of Heaven): The palace is one of the most magnificent of its
kind in the country. Built by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra Bahadur, it is located atop a 650m high
hill, about 5-km from Charminar.
Hi Tech City: Hyderabad has been developed as a destination for Software Companies.
The Hi Tech City, at the city outskirts, is been developed to create a favorable climate for
these companies.
High Court: It is a beautiful Mughal-style building laid out along the Musi River near
Afzal Gunj Bridge. Built in 1916 of local pink granite with red sand stone-carved panels
and columns at an estimated cost of 2 million rupees, it is perhaps the most striking work
of the British architect Vincent Esch.
Qutub Shahi Tombs: About a kilometer from the Golconda fort are the tombs of the
Qutub Shahi rulers. The tombs are domed structures built on a square base surrounded
by pointed arches. The galleries of the smaller tombs are of a single storey while the
larger ones are usually two-storied. In the center of each tomb is a sarcophagus, which
overlies the actual burial vault in a crypt below. The domes were originally overlaid with
blue and green tiles, of which now only a few pieces remain. It is open daily from 9.30
am to 4.30 PM. Closed on Fridays.
Paigah Tombs: Situated at Santoshnagar, these tombs belong to the 'Paigah' nobles
(tied by blood and marriage to the Nizams) and are about 200 years old. These unique
lime and mortar tombs are beautifully carved and have marble inlay work on them.
Chote Hazrat Ki Dargah: Chote Hazrat ki Dargah is situated inside Devan Devadi, in
Hyderabad. Climbing 400 and more stairs takes you to a place of worship built during
the period of the Asif Jahis. The row of arches on the hill leading to the top is a wonderful
sight. The Dargah or mortuary was built in the memory of Hazrat Ali, the son-in-law of
Prophet Muhammad.
Raymond's Tomb: Michel Raymond, a French mercenary, was a military commander in
the service of the IInd Nizam and also his close friend. His tomb lies in Saroornagar off
the Vijayawada road about 3-km from the Elephant Bridge, in east Hyderabad. A
commemorative 'Urs' fair is held every year at his tomb, which is 7m high, made of black
granite bearing the initials JR.
Sanjeevaiah Park: Sanjeevaiah Park is a major recreation center located next to
Hussain Sagar, at the end of Necklace Road, in Hyderabad. It is named after the former
President of India, Mr. Neelam Sanjeev Reddy. It houses a rose garden, rock garden
and a floral clock.
Indira Park: Indira Park, a recreation park for children situated near lower Tank Bund,
Hyderabad. It is named after the former Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. It is
one of the oldest parks in the twin cities.
Naubat Pahad: A couple of small rocky hillocks in the middle of Hyderabad beside the
Hussain Sagar Lake are known as Naubat Pahad and Kala pahad. ('Pahad' means hill
and 'Naubat' means drum). It is said that the Mughals used to beat large drums to
announce official proclamations from Naubat Pahad.
Public Gardens: The Public Gardens are the largest gardens in the city. Within it's
premises are a number of important public buildings including the State Legislative
Assembly, State Archaeological Museum, Jubilee Hall, Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Telugu
Lalita Kala Thoranam - an open air theatre.
Nehru Zoological Park: Nehru Zoological Park is one of the biggest zoos in Asia with
over 250 species. The lion safari park, natural history museum, pre-historical Animals

13
Park, nocturnal birds, a children park with a train ride is other impressive sights. It's
special sections and amusement facilities are a popular draw.
FESTIVALS: Shilparamam has become internationally famous for the Annual Crafts
Festival that is being organized in the first two weeks of March every year since 1995.
The Department of Tourism, Government of Andhra Pradesh, in Nagarjunasagar and
Hyderabad for three days from the 2nd Friday of December every year, organizes
Lumbini festival. Bonalu, Batkamma, Dasara, Ugadi, Ramzan, Sankranti are the major
festivals celebrated in Hyderabad.
CLIMATE: Hyderabad is fairly warm throughout the year and does not receive much
rainfall in the monsoon. Temperatures do, however, marginally come down in winter and
December nights are quite cool over here.
Though the climate is suitable for visit anytime of the year, the best season is between
October-February. June to November are monsoon months and these months are
loaded with rains and are accompanied by lovely weather. The temperature during
summers is 42 degrees during summers and in winters it may fall to a minimum of 12
degrees.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 42*C, Min 28*C
Winter- Max 25*C, Min 12*C
Rainfall: 89 CMS.
Clothing: Light Cottons in summers and woolens in winters
Language Spoken: Telugu, Hindi, English, and Urdu
NEARBY CITIES
Secunderabad: 8-km
Madhapur: 14-km
Gandipet: 20-km
Sanghi Nagar: 25-km
Yadigiri: 64-km
Warangal: 140-kms
KAKINADA
Location: In East Godavari District
Also Called: Cocanada
Nearby Attractions: Annavaram, Draksharamam
Best Time To Visit: September to February
Nestled in the cove of East Coast of India, Kakinada is the headquarters of the East
Godavari District, in Andhra Pradesh. Also called as "Cocanada", it is situated on the
western side of Koringa Bay.
Although a seaport, it is now little used because the anchorage is 8-km to 10-km
offshore. Because it is situated in a shifting deltaic region, the port has to be constantly
dredged to keep the seabed at a uniform depth of 1.2-km to 1.8-km.
Kakinada passed under the control of Kapilesvara Gajapati of Orissa and it remained
under the Gajapatis for a long time. 'Jaggannaikpur' or 'Jagannathapuram', which lies to
the south of Kakinada harbour, was associated with the Dutch, the French and the
English.
Kakinada has risen in importance as an educational center and has Engineering,
Medical, Polytechnic and Arts and Science colleges affiliated with Andhra University.
Kakinada is also commercially and industrially important. Kakinada exports cotton,
peanuts (groundnuts), sugar, and tobacco, and there are many industries in and around
the city.

14
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Bhavanarayanaswami Temple: At a distance of about 3-km from Kakinada, there is a
Vaishnavite temple at Sarpavaram, dedicated to Bhavanarayana Swami. The
architecture of the temple depicts a perfect and harmonious blend of the both the
Chalukyan and Chola styles. The idol is a consummate piece of workmanship and many
people of the locality visit this temple with great devotion.
Annavaram: 48-km from Kakinada is Annavaram, one of the reputed centers of
pilgrimage in the state on account of a temple of Sri. Vira Venkata Satyanarayana
Swami.
Draksharammam: 26-km from Kakinada is Draksharamam, famous for the Bhimesvara
temple. The Lingam, which is andSphatika’ (white) Lingam, is one of the three Lingams
in 'Trilinga Desa'.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: Nearest airport is at Vishakhapatnam.
Rail: Kakinada is a railway station on the Samalakota - Kakinada branch line of the
south central railway. It is well connected by rail to all the important places in the state.
Road: Private and State run buses connect Kakinada with all the important places of the
State.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The most important festivals celebrated here are the
Nukalamma Tirtham (February-March), Gnanapati Navaratrulu (August-September) and
Sriramanavami (March-April), and all these are attended by thousands of devotees.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 45, Min 28
Winter- Max 29, Min 18.
Rainfall: 2.5mm
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES:
Sarpavaram: 3-km
Annavaram: 48-km
Draksharammam: 26-km
KARIMNAGAR
Location: In Karimnagar District, 160-km From Hyderabad
Founded By: Syed Karimuddin
Nearby Attractions: Dharmapuri, Kaleshwaram, and Vemulawada
Formerly Called: Sabbinadu
Karimnagar town, said to have been founded by Syed Karimuddin, a Qiladar and is
situated at a distance of 160-km from Hyderabad. It was formerly known as "Sabbinadu"
and inscriptions of the Kakatiya king Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and
Srisailam respectively testify this fact.
The city is an agricultural center and the surrounding region is mainly agricultural area
on the Deccan Plateau, and is drained by the Godavari River. The Ramagundam power
station in Karimnagar district is the biggest thermal power producing facility in the state.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Elgandal: 10-km from Karimnagar is Elgandal; the place was ruled by five important
dynasties in past days. A fort on a hill, the Brindaban tank and shaking minarets are
some of the historical remains found here.
Dharmapuri: Dharmapuri is a place of religious importance because of the
Narasimhaswami shrine here. The Kalyanotsavam celebrated in February- March
attracts thousands of pilgrims.

15
Kaleshwaram: Kaleshwaram is at a distance of 32-km from Manthani and 72-km from
Karimnagar. It is in a picturesque spot where the river Godavari receives into its stream
the Pranahita. Muktesvara is the most important temple. The Shiva Lingam of this
temple is one of the three Jyotirlingams of Lord Shiva. There is also a temple dedicated
to Brahma.
Vemulawada: At a distance of 35-km from Karimnagar is Vemulawada, the famous
temple town of Sri Raja Rajeswara an incarnation of Lord Shiva. There is a lake known
as 'Dharma Gundam', believed to have curative properties.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: Karimnagar is well connected by road with all the important towns in the state.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Population (1991): 148,583
Latitude: 18 °27'N
Longitude: 79°08'E
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 44, Min 29. (119.6F - 78.84F Approx.)
Winter- Max 30, Min 14.6. (81.56F - 39.69F Approx.)
Rainfall: 153 mm
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Elgandul: 10-km
Kaleshwaram: 72-km
Vemulawada: 35-km
KHAMMAM
Location: In Khammam District Of Andhra Pradesh
Ruled By: Kakatiyas
Nearby Attractions: Bhadrachalam, Kinnerasani Sanctuary, Somavaram,
Nelakondapalli
Main Attractions: Khammam Fort, Lakshminarasimha Temple
Khammam is an ancient town and its history can be traced from the early centuries of
the Christian era. It is an important seat of administration even as far back as 1299 AD
and was under the rule of the Kakatiyas of Warangal.
Stambhadri Fort: The most important place of interest in the town is the massive fort
constructed on the hill known as Stambhadri. The city appears to have derived its name
from this hill. The stones of the hill were tall and capable of supporting the ceilings of
temples and Mantapas.
As 'Stambhams' (supporting pillars) could be made out of these stones of the hill, the
town was also called 'Stambhadri', 'Stambhagiri' and 'Khammamett', the last of which is
a Telugu translation of Stambhadri. The name of the place Khammamett underwent a
further change in course of time and it came to be known as Khammam. The legendary
Muneru River flows past the city. It is a trade and commercial center having inward and
outward traffic in a variety of items.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS:
Khammam Fort: This fort is located on the Stambhadri hill and the stones of the hill
were tall and capable of supporting the ceilings of temples and 'Mandapas' here.
Lakshminarasimha Temple: The chief places of Hindu worship in Khammam are the
shrines of Stambhadri Lakshminarasimha and Venkateswara also known as "Balaji". Of
these, the temple of Stambhadri Lakshminarasimha, located on a big hill is an ancient
one. There are two ponds, one at the foot of the hill and other on the top of it. The latter

16
is so big that its banks appear to be two hills and it provides shelter to huge aquatic
animals. The stone image of sage 'Moudgalya' is to be seen on this hill shrine.
Bhadrachalam: Bhadrachalam set amidst thick forests is famous for the temple of Sri
Rama. The town itself is built on a bank of the River Godavari. The annual festival held
here on Sri Ramanavami day is attended by thousands of pilgrims from all over the
country.
Kinnerasani Sanctuary: Lying on the right-bank of the Godavari River, this sanctuary
has a wide variety of animals and birds; including tiger, leopard, and sloth bear can be
seen here.
Somavaram: 31-km from Khammam, the Wyra Dam, built across the River Wyra, is
located close to this village.
Nelakondapalli: Nelakondapalli is also famous of being the Birth Place of "Kancharla
Gopanna, "popularly known as "Bhakta Ramadas". There were some very ancient
temples in the village. The old Residence of Bhakta Ramadas was named as "Bhakta
Ramadas Dhyana Mandir".
FESTIVALS: The Kalyanotsavam of Stambhadri Lakshmi Narasimha celebrated for five
days during April-May is widely known festival attended by thousands of devotees even
from the neighboring districts.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, which is 257-km away.
Rail: Khammam is an important railway station in the district from which several
important express and passenger trains pass through, connecting it with all the important
places within and beyond the state. It has 3 Junctions and the Chennai to Delhi railway
line passes through Khammam.
Road: Private and government bus services are available from major cities and towns of
Andhra Pradesh. For local transportation, buses, taxis, auto and cycle rickshaws are
available.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 42, Min 23.2

KURNOOL
Location: West-Central Part of Andhra Pradesh
Previously Known As: Kandanavolu
Also Was: Former Capital Of Andhra Pradesh State
Kurnool lies in the west-central part of Andhra Pradesh State, southern banks of the
Tungabhadra and Handri rivers. It was the capital of Andhra Pradesh from 1953 until
1956. It is the headquarters of the district.
In 12th century AD, the Odders, who carted stones for the construction of the temple
Alampur, used the site on which the town now stands as a halting place before crossing
the Tungabhadra and greased their cart wheels with oil locally supplied by some of the
oil mongers, and called the place 'Kandanavolu' which in course of time came to be
known as Kurnool.
Historical Significance: Of historical interest are the ruins of a royal fort dating back to
the medieval kingdom of Vijayanagar, which flourished from the 14th to the 16th century.
Several Persian and Arabic inscriptions, which throw light on various aspects of historical
interests, are noted at the place.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Kurnool does not have much to offer to the tourists there are only few places, which are
worth watching. The Kondareddy Buruz protected under the Ancient Monuments

17
Preservation Act. The Tomb of Abdul Wahab on the bank of Hindri, Built in AD 1618. The
remains of the palace of Gopal Raju, the last Hindu rulers of Kurnool. Few important
temples are of 'Nagareswarasawami', 'Peta Anjaneyaswami', 'Venugoplaswami',
'Iswaraswami', 'Saibab', and 'Birla Mandir' or 'Stayanarayaswami'.
Adoni: It has a fort, once a stronghold of Vijayanagar Empire stands in ruins upon five
rocky granite hills. There are two of hills are each about 800ft in height. Jamma Masjid is
a fine piece of Muslim architecture located in Adoni.
Ahobilam: Ahobilam, is a great religious center of considerable antiquity, it is located 74-
km from Nandyal and 26-km from Allagaddal. It is a reputed Hindu pilgrim center,
especially for Vishnavites. The temple is divided into two parts- the lower Ahobilam and
the upper Ahobilam. The upper Ahobilam is a plateau 2,800' above sea level.
Madhavaram: Another important place of tourist attraction is a village called
Madhavaram, which has an ancient gateway in ruins. The resemblance of the gateway
of India in Mumbai is however noticeable.
Sangameswaram: Sangameswaram also known as Sapta Nandi Sangam is located 55-
km from Kurnool. It is this the sacred confluence of the Bhavanasi and Krishna Rivers.
This scenic spot has a temple with a wooden Lingam. Thousands of pilgrims congregate
here on Maha Shivaratri day.
Srisailam: Srisailam is situated in the thick and inaccessible forests of the Nallamalai
hills, in the northeastern portion of the Nandikotkur Taluk of Kurnool District. It is one of
the most ancient and sacred places in South India, and this important religious shrine
stands on the Rishabhagiri hill, on the southern bank of the sacred river Krishna.
Srisailam is referred to as 'Sri Giri', 'Sriparvata', 'Rudra Parvata' and 'Seshachalam' in
several texts and Puranas.
Thimmapuram: A great scenic spot owing to its location to the east of Nallamala hill
ranges in a natural gorge of ravishing beauty surrounded on all sides by thick forests.
The shrine of 'Mahanandiswara' and the surrounding temples attract pilgrims and
admires of architectural beauty. The annual temple festival is in February-March.
Mahanandi: Mahanandi is located 16-km from Nandyal. It is a reputed pilgrim center in
the State and a scenic spot owing to its location to the east of the Nallamalla hill ranges
in a natural gorge of ravishing beauty surrounded on all sides by thick forests.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad at a distance of 219-km from Kurnool.
Rail: It is a railway station on the Secunderabad-Bangalore railway line.
Road: Kurnool is well connected by bus with all the important places in the district as
well as Cuddapah, Anantapur, Chittoor, and Hyderabad. Tourists can take autos,
rickshaws and taxis for local transportation.
FAIRS: The car festival of Sri Ajaneyaswami, celebrated for eight days from Margasira
Suddha Triodasi during November-December is most important and well attended.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range
Summer: Max 44°C and Min 31°C
Winter: Max 32°C and Min 19°C
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Sangameswaram: 55-km
Rolapadu Reserve Forest: 45-km
Srisailam: 178-km

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MACHILIPATNAM
Location: In Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh
Famous For: Kalamkari Printing
Nearby Attractions: Manginapudi Beach, Kuchipudi, Ghantasala, and Gudivada
Machilipatnam is a district administrative headquarters, a railroad terminus, and an
important educational center of Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh. This place with its
rich history has found a coveted place in the historical map of India. It was a flourishing
seaport on the east coast during the time of the Satavahanas and in the 17th century
AD, it was a center of French, British, and Dutch trade.
Machilipatnam was a commercial port of importance. It is one of the earliest known
British settlements in the subcontinent of India. Machlipatnam derived its name owing to
the construction of a gateway to the town decorated with eyes of a fish. This place is
famous for Kalamkari printing. It has a carpet-weaving industry; other products include
rice, oilseed, and scientific instruments.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS:
Temples: The important temples at the place include those of Kanyakaparameswari also
known as 'Shivagangamma', 'Nageswaraswami', 'Venugopalaswami',
'Venkateshwaraswami', 'Lakshminarasimha', 'Ekambareswaraswami' and 'Panduranga'
('Chilkalapudi'). The shrine of Panduranga was built attractively on a grand scale and is
on par with the one at Pandaripuram.
Manginapudi Beach; Manginapudi, situated at about 10-km from Machilipatnam is
noted for its fine beach in the district The beach possesses tremendous potential with a
natural bay and comparatively shallow and safe waters.
Kuchipudi: About 65-km from Machilipatnam is Kuchipudi, the birthplace of Siddhendra
Yogi, originator of the famous Kuchipudi style of dance. The village is in an area known
for artistic divine and literary pursuit.
Ghantasala: Situated 24-km to the northwest of Machilipatnam Ghantasala is an
enchanting Buddhist site. When Buddhism was at its zenith, this place was an important
religious center.
Gudivada: Gudivada is located at a distance of 39-km from Machilipatnam. It derived its
name from the existence of a number of temples in the past. Many Jain and Buddhist
relics are found here.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: Nearest airport is at Gannavaram.
Rail: Machilipatnam has a railway station and is connected by rail to all the important
places of the state.
Road: Private and government buses connect Machilipatnam with all the important
places of the state.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: Shivagangamma Utsavam on Chaitra Suddha Poornima and
Sri Pandurangaswamy Utsavam from Kartika Suddha Dasami to Kartika Poornima are
some of the important festivals of Machlipatnam.
GENERAL INFORMATION:
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 42, Min 27.6
Winter- Max 30, Min 20.
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES:
Manginapudi: 10-km
Ghantasala: 24-km
Gudivada: 39-km

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MAHABOOBNAGAR
Location: 96-km From Hyderabad
Formerly Known As: Rukmammapeta And Palamuru
Named After: Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, The Nizam Of Hyderabad
Attractions: Pillalamarri And Alampur
Mahaboobnagar is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad. This place was
formerly known as "Rukmammapeta" and "Palamuru". The name was changed to
Mahaboobnagar in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad
(1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD Cotton
ginning and cotton pressing, as well as oilseed and rice milling, are the main industries.
It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds came from Mahaboobnagar district.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Temples And Mosques There are a number of temples at the place for the Hindus to
worship and there are also about 14 mosques and 8 Dargahs, the important among
them being those of Bagamaru Saheb, Syed Abdul Khader Saheb, Majoot Mardan Ali
Shah Saheb, Umar Ali Shah and Baba Tajuddin.
Pillalamarri: The most important place of interest near Mahaboobnagar is the famous
banyan tree called Pillalamarri, which is about 8-km from the city. There is a shrine of a
Muslim saint under the tree. From a distance the tree presents the appearance of a
small hillock with green foliage but on reaching nearer, it looks like a large green
umbrella under which about thousand people can easily take shelter. The tree is a very
old one and it covers an area of 3 acres (1.21 hectares).
Alampur: Alampur is located on the banks of Tungabhadra River and abounds in
antiquities of the Chalukyan times. It is situated on the border between Kurnool and
Mahaboobnagar districts of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the most sacred "Shaivite"
centres in AP It is a paradise for tourists interested in archaeological studies.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, 96-km away.
Rail: Mahaboobnagar has a railway station on the Secunderabad-Dronachellam section
of the South Central Railway, and is well connected by rail to all the important places in
and outside the district.
Road: Mahaboobnagar is well connected by road to all the important places of the state.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: Shivagangamma Utsavam on Chaitra Suddha Poornima and
Sri Pandurangaswamy Utsavam from Kartika Suddha Dasami to Kartika Poornima are
some of the important festivals at the place.
GENERAL INFORMATION:
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 40, Min 26
Winter- Max 28, Min 18
Rainfall: 1154 MM.
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES:
Pillalamarri: 8-km
Hyderabad: 96-km
NALGONDA
Location: 103-km From Hyderabad
Previously Known As: Nilagiri
Ruled By: Kakatiya, Satavahana And Moguls
Nearby Attractions: Nandikonda, Nagarjuna Sagar, Bhongir, and Yadagirigutta

20
Nalagonda located between two hills, is the headquarters of the district. On the northern
hill stands Shah Latif's tomb and on the southern hill their does the Kakatiya Kings build
a strong fort. This place has much historical importance. It has many monuments, forts
and temples, which have survived the ravages of time and human vandalism,
proclaiming the glorious past of the place. Kakatiya, Satavahana, and Mughals ruled it.

It was formerly known as Nilagiri (blue hill) but subsequently came to be known as
Nalgonda after its conquest by Ala-du-Din Bahman Shah. Tourists having a quest to
know about the architecture can visit this place as the Kakatiyas constructed many
temples here, which are renowned for their architectural beauty. Of these few, the
shrines of 'Pachchala Someswaraswami', 'Chhaya Someswaraswami' and
'Chennakesavaswami' are the most important.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Panugal: At a distance of 2.41-km from Nalgonda, there is a place called Panugal,
which is historically important. It is said that a branch of the Kadamba dynasty ruled
Panugal as their capital till the Chalukyas King Kirttivarma conquered them. Panugal is
also famous for its brass vessel industry.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam: Nagarjuna Sagar dam is the tallest masonry dam in the World,
located on the border of Guntur - Nalgonda districts. The dam was completed in 1966
and it is 124m high and 1-km long. It is built across the river Krishna and has one of the
largest networks of canal systems irrigating over 2,000,000 acres of land in Guntur,
Prakasam, Nalgonda, Khammam and Krishna districts.
Nandikonda: Nandikonda is a small village on the bank of River Krishna. It is about
64.37-km from Miryalaguda. The most important structure discovered was the Ikshvaku
citadel with its great fortification wall, ditch, gates and army barracks inside and a great
rectangular stadium.
Bhongir: Bhongir fort is located in Bhongir Taluk of Nalgonda district and is 51-km away
from Hyderabad. It was constructed in the shape of an egg on a humongous single rock
formation on the hill of Bhongir, 609.6m above sea level, spreading over 40 acres of
area.
Kolanupaka: It is located 6-km from Aler and 80-km from Hyderabad, and is a place of
much historical importance. It was once a prosperous city covering an area of 93.24-kms
and the ruins of old fortifications can still be seen. It gained prominence when it was
made the alternate capital of the Kalyani Chalukyas in the 11th century AD.
Pochampalli: It is at a distance of 9.66-km from Bibinagar and 14.48-km from Bhongir.
Acharya Vinoba Bhave started Bhodan Movement here in 1950.
Pillalamarri: Beautiful paintings, exquisitely carved pillars and several ancient
inscriptions may be seen in the Kakatiyas temples here. This historic was the birthplace
of the famous Telugu poet Pillalamarri Pina Veerabhadrudu.
Rachakonda: Situated 64-km from Nalgonda it is a place of tourist importance. The
'Dasavatara' sculptures in a cave near Pattabhigutta and the five temples in the town are
excellent specimens of Kakatiya art and architecture. Situated among hill ranges,
Rachakonda is a place of considerable archaeological interest.

21
Yadagiri: The famous Shrine of Sri Lakshmi Narasimhaswami stands on the
Yadagirigutta hill, in Nalgonda district, about 64-km from Hyderabad. The temple is
situated at the top of the hill, which is about 300ft in height. At the foot of the hill, there is
a gateway with Gopuram, which is called popularly as "Vaikunta Dwaram".
Mella Cheruvu: It is 9.66-km from Huzuranagar and 67.50-km from Khammam.
Muktyala is at 19.31-km from here. The Swayam Sambhulingeswara Swami Temple is
well known here and it is built by Kakatiyas. The Linga is white and 1.83m height. Its
radius is 0.34m. Local people believe that the Linga grows here. For every 0.305m
growth, one line is drawn and six lines are marked with vermilion.
Vadapalli: It is 24.14-kms from Miryalalguda. It is at the confluence of Musi and Krishna.
Boatmen trying across the Krishna lived here and so it is called "Vadapalli".
Lake Mela: This place is at a distance of 10-km from Huzurnagar, which is famous for
Shri Shambulingeshwara temple built by Kakatiya Kings.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, which is 103-km away.
Rail: It has a railway station, which connects Nalagonda with all the important places in
the state.
Road: Being the district headquarters it is enjoys good communication facilities with
almost all the important places in the state. APSRTC provides good transport facilities.
Regular buses are available to Hyderabad, Vijayawada, and Guntur etc. For local
transportation tourists can take autos, rickshaws and taxis.
FESTIVALS: The most important religious festivals celebrated at Nalgonda Rae
Shivaratri during February-March and Sri Ramanavami during March-April and the 'Urs'
of Lateef Shah Vali Alla Khadri during August-September.
GENERAL INFORMATION:
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range
Summer: Max 44°C and Min 31°C
Winter: Max 30°C and Min 20°C
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES:
Panugal: 2.41-km
Yadagiri: 39-km
Hyderabad: 103-km
NELLORE
Location: Southern Part Of Andhra Pradesh
Previously Known As: Vikramasimhapuri
Famous For: Paddy Production
Nearby Attractions: Ranganatha Temple, Nellapattu Sanctuary, and Penchalakona
Nellore City is picturesquely situated on the north bank of Pennar River. It lies in the
southern part of the Andhra Pradesh State. It is at a distance of 173-km from Chennai
and is the headquarters of the district. It is believed that it derived its name, as paddy is
extensively cultivated in and around the other neighboring areas of Nellore, where 'Nellu'
means paddy and 'Ur' means a town.
Nellore was also known as Vikramasimhapuri. Historically, the place is very important.
Culturally, Nellore town stands unique among the other towns of Andhra Pradesh as it is
supposed to be the place where the greatest of the Telugu poets, Tikkana Somayaji, who
translated the Mahabharata into Telugu, lived.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS

22
The most important religious and tourist interest in the city include the temples of
Talpagiri Ranganathaswami also known as 'Ranganayakulu', 'Mulaathanesvaraswami',
'Venugopalswami' and 'Dharmaraja'.
Ranganatha Temple: It is the most famous temple and the most frequented by tourists.
It stands just on the southern bank of the river Pennar. The first entrance to the temple
has a Galigopuram which is 29m high having seven gold Kalasams. The most important
and attractive aspect in the temple is the Addalamantapam (mirror parlour). It is walled
with high-class mirrors arranged at proper angles with an elevated and decorated seat
for the Lord in the center. When the deity is placed on the seat, hundreds of images are
reflected and re-reflected presenting a panoramic view.
Nellapattu Sanctuary: Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is in Nelapattu village. It is located on
the East Coast about 20-km north of the Pulicat Bird Sanctuary in the Nellore district. It
is just 50-km from Chennai. The Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is one of the largest pelican
habitats in Southeast Asia. The total area of the sanctuary is 404-kms.
Penchalakona: 8-km from Nellore there is the famous Penchalakona Temple, situated
at the foot of a hill in the Panchalakona Valley. Penchalakona is a beautiful scenic spot
and enjoys a pleasant summer climate.
Jonnawada: The Mallikarjuna Kamakshidevi Temple located 19-km away from Nellore,
is an important pilgrim center. The annual 10-day festival is celebrated during April- May.
Sangam: A great scenic spot derives its name from the confluence of the Boggeru,
Beeraperu and Penneru Rivers. It is a popular tourist center. Anicut supplying water to
the Kanigiri Reservoir was constructed across the Penneru River. The Chola Temple
here has a 150cm tall Nandi that is artistically carved.
Pulicat Lake: It is famous as the second largest brackish water lagoon in India along the
coast of Bay Bengal. Backwaters of the sea attract large numbers of migratory water
birds. It is also a well-known feeding and breeding ground for a variety of aquatic and
terrestrial birds.
Udayagiri: The ruins of the mighty fortress built by the Vijayanagar kings in the 14th
century are to be found on Udayagiri, a hill towering 938m, which is 98-km away from
Nellore. One can find several ancient Pallava and Chola temples are in Udayagiri village.
This peak is also called "Sanjiva Hill" because of the various medicinal herbs that grow
on it.
Venkatagiri: This town is famed for the Venkatagiri saris produced by its handloom
industry. The homes of the former zamindars are of considerable architectural interest.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Chennai.
Rail: Nellore has a railway station on the Waltair-Chennai broad gauge line.
Road: Nellore is well connected by road with all the places in the state. Tourists can take
buses from any major city to this place. For local transportation taxis, autos and
rickshaws are available.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range
Summer: Max 42°C and Min 29°C
Winter: Max 30°C and Min 18°C
Rainfall: Seasonal, 981 mm
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES:
Penchalakona: 8-km
Jonnawada: 19-km
Udaygiri: 98-km

23
Chennai: 173-km
NIZAMABAD
Location: In Nizamabad District, Andhra Pradesh
Named After: Nizam of Hyderabad, Asaf Jah VI
Original Name: Indur
Attractions: The fort, Sri Neelakanteshwara Shrine, Sarangapuram Temple, Ali Sagar
Nizamabad is the largest commercial and trading center in the district of Nizamabad in
Andhra Pradesh. Etymologically, the city was named after the Nizam of Hyderabad, Asaf
Jah VI. Prior to 1905, the original name of the town was 'Indur', which is a corrupt form of
Indrapuri named after an ancient king.
Nizamabad has attained importance industrially and agriculturally. There is an industrial
estate here and the city occupies a high place in the district as a rich harvest of paddy
and sugarcane is reaped in the surrounding areas. It is also the district administrative
center and a market for grain, sugar, and vegetable oil.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
The Fort: Located on a hill southwest of the town, the fort dates back to the 10th century
AD. Jain artifacts are to be found here.
Sri Neelakanteshwara Shrine: The shrine of Shri Neelakanteshwara is located on a
picturesque hillock. This famous temple is built in the Jain style of architecture. The
annual festival during Rathasapthami (Jan-Feb) draws large crowds of devotees.
Sarangapuram Temple: About 5-km from Nizamabad city, there is a temple at
Sarangapuram dedicated to Hanuman. Samartha Ramadas, the Guru of Chatrapati
Shivaji, founded it.
Ali Sagar: The Nizam constructed this huge reservoir in 1931. Flanked by natural
hillocks and lovely flower gardens, the lake and its surroundings are rich in scenic
beauty.
Bodhan: Situated 32-km from Nizamabad, this is a place with ruins of buildings built by
the various dynasties that ruled this area, that attest to its historic importance. The
famous Deval Masjid is located here and is a place worth visiting.
Nizamsagar Dam: Built across the Manjira River, the Nizamsagar dam near Achampet
village is in an area that abounds in scenic beauty.
Manchippa: 18-km away from Nizamabad, it is a place of scenic beauty and a good
picnic spot.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The notable festivals celebrated here are those of
Neelakantheshwara celebrated for two days during Rathasaptami (January-February)
and the Janda festival held for 15 days during August-September. The Sri Ramanavami
festival celebrated at the Sarangapuram Temple attracts a gathering of about 10,000
devotees.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Hyderabad 203-km away.
Rail: Nizamabad railway station is on the Kachiguda - Manmad meter gauge line of the
south central railway. Nizamabad is connected by rail with all the important towns in the
State.
Road: Nizamabad is connected by bus with Karimnagar, Adilabad, Warangal, Nanded
and Hyderabad.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 42, Min 25
Winter- Max 30, Min 14.
Rainfall: 780.1 MM.

24
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Sarangapuram: 5-km
Bodhan: 32-km
Manchippa: 18-km
ONGOLE
Location: In Prakasam District
Famous For: Bullocks
Attractions: Chennakesavaswami Temple, Venugopalaswami Temple, and
Anantasitaramaswami Temple
Ongole is the headquarters for Prakasam district in Andhra Pradesh. It is situated on the
Chennai-Howrah Grand Trunk Road 109-km away from Guntur. The town was originally
called 'Vangalaprolu', 'Vangavolu' and 'Vangolu' after the astrologer bearing the surname
'Vangolu' in the court of the Addanki kings. The earliest reference to this place is found in
the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers, Vijayaskandavarma and Simhavarman, whose
period of rule was assigned to the last quarter of the 3rd and the first quarter of the 4th
centuries AD.
A Business Center: Ongole is a good business center. Food and other items like Butter,
Ghee, Cigar, Cereals, Pulses, Groundnut, and Pepper etc are being exported from here
to different parts of the country. Bullocks from Ongole known as "Ongole Gitta" are
renowned in the state. It is a prestige to have Ongole Bullocks in one's flock of cattle.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Among the temples dedicated to 'Chennakesavaswami', 'Kasivisweswaraswami',
'Venugopalaswami', 'Veeranjaneyaswami', 'Prasannajaneyaswami',
'Annantasitaramaswami', 'Rajarajeswaraswami', 'Kanyaka Parameswari', the first two
are presumed to relate to the 18th century AD.
The main idol of Chennkesavaswami with his consort Lakshmi is beautifully sculptured
and quite inspiring. The shrine of Kasivisweswaraswami, which is situated by the side of
the Chennakesavaswamy temple on the same hill, is famous for its "Addala Mandapam"
constructed in 1945 by a local philanthropist.
The Muslims have a number of mosques and Dargas at the place for their religious
congregation and the festivals like Muharram, Bakrid and Ramzan are celebrated on
grand scale.
HOW TO GET THERE
Rail: Ongole has a railway station and is well connected by rail with all the important
places within the state.
Road: Private and State run buses connect Ongole to all the important places of the
state.
FESTIVALS AND FAIRS: The annual Kalyanotsavam celebrated in the temples of
Rajarajeswaraswamy and Sitaramaswami during the month of 'Jyeshtha' (May-June)
attracts a sizeable congregation.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 40, Min 28
Winter- Max 29, Min 19
Rainfall: 1753 MM.
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Guntur: 109-km

25
RAJAHMUNDRY
Location: Left Bank At The Head Of The Godavari River Delta, East Godavari District
Previously Known As: Rajaraja Narendrapuram, Rajamahendravaram, And
Rajamandiram
Famous For Having: Asia's Largest Rail-Cum-Road Bridge On The River Godavari
Rajahmundry is situated on the left bank at the head of the Godavari River delta in East
Godavari district. The Asia's largest rail-cum-road bridge on the river Godavari linking
Kovvur and Rajahmundry is considered to be an engineering feat.
According to tradition it is said to have been constructed by the Eastern Chalukya ruler
Rajaraja Narendra in AD 1022. So it was called "Rajaraja Narendrapuram",
Rajamahendravaram, Rajamandiram, and finally Rajahmundry. In 1449 Kapileshvara,
the Orissa ruler captured Rajahmundry. In 1757 it was ceded to the British.
Home For Performing Arts: Rajahmundry is home to many art forms like dance,
painting and music. It's a place of phenomenal historic and religious significance.
Nannaya the poet laureate, who was called `Adi Kavi belonged to this place. The
present city of Rajahmundry has a few traces of fine palaces, fort walls, etc. Several
renowned poets, artistes, writers and social reformers were born at Rajahmundry.
Rajamundry is an important religious center; pilgrims going to Kashi pay a visit to
Rajahmundry and bathe in the holy river called "Kotilingam Ghat". There are a number of
temples here and the Kotilingala temple on the bank of the Godavari is one of the most
important temples. At a distance of 7-km south of Rajahmundry, there is the
Dowlaiswaram Anicut across the Godavari.
Pushkaram: The Godavari Pushkaram, celebrated once in twelve years, attracts a large
number of pilgrims from all over the country.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Paul Chowk: Named after Mr. Bipin Chandra Paul who came to Rajahmundry in April
1907 during the Vandemataram movement.
Seshaiah Metta: It is said that Rajahmundry was on Panchagiris (Five hills) and one of
them was 'Sesha Giri' (A hill named 'Sesha') and the place was named after it. But the
story according to the historians is quite different. According to them the name of this
place took its transformation from "Sher Sahib Metta" to "Seshaiah Metta". Sher Sahib
was one of the rulers of Rajahmundry during the Muhammadan rule.
Kambham Choultry And Kambal Tank: Kambala Lake (Kambhala Cheruvu -
Kambham Vari Cheruvu) was dug during the construction of a Choultry where death
ceremonies only take place. Mr. Kambham Narasingarao Pantulu between 1845-1850
constructed this Choultry, which is unique, as it is the only Choultry in the country where
only death ceremonies are held. Even in Varansi (Kashi) also we can't find a separate
Choultry that undertakes the death ceremonies.
The Temple Of Lord Markandeya: A rich person Mr. Gundu Sobhanadriswara Rao
constructed this temple in the year 1818. The archaeological experts confirmed it to be a
Shiva temple. The street in which he lived is named as "Gundu Vari Street". The main
entrance of this temple was in this street.
Lcot Gardens: The gardens in which their leader Mr. Alcot are named after him as Alcot
Gardens conducted the meetings of Divya Gjyan Samaj.
Ryali: Ryali lies at a distance of 24-km from Rajahmundry. It was known as 'Ratnapuri' in
the past. Ryali is famous for excellent sculptures and rare iconography in the
'Janganmohini Kesavaswami' temple.
Annavaram: Annavaram is situated at a distance of about 3-km from Annavaram railway
station on the Vijayawada-Waltair broad gauge section of the South Central Railway, 48-
km from Kakinada and about 80-km from Rajahmundry. Annavaram is one of the

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reputed centres of pilgrimage in the state on account of a temple of 'Sri Vira Venkata
Satyanarayana Swami'.
Draksharama: Draksharamam is in the village of Ramachandrapuram in East Godavari
District. It is at a distance of about 26-km from Kakinada and 48-km from Rajahmundry.
This place is also called, as "Dakshina Kasi" (Southern Banaras). It is considered highly
sacred, next only to Benaras, the holiest of Shiva temples in the country.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Vijayawada, which is connected to Hyderabad &
Vishakhapatnam.
Rail: Rajahmundry is connected by rail with most parts of the country.
Road: Good motorable roads connect Rajahmundry with major cities in India. Regular
bus services from Amaravati, Annavaram, Guntur, Kodad, Hyderabad, Kakinada,
Machilipatnam, Chennai, Nellore, Suryapet, Tirupati, Tuni, Vishakhapatnam,
Vijayanagaram and Warangal amongst other places connect Rajahmundry.
Local Transport: Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC)
operates city bus services point-to-point bus services, which connect important places.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range
Summer: Max 46°C and Min 30°C
Winter: Max 32°C and Min 19°C
Rainfall: Seasonal
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Ryali: 24-km
Annavaram: 80-km
Draksharama: 48-km
Thamayapeta: 32-km
Jaggampetta: 48-km
SRIKAKULAM
Location: 106-km From Vishakhapatnam
Formerly Known As: Chicacole
Famous For: Muslin
Attractions: Arasavalli, Srimukhalingam Temple, Srikurmam.
Srikakulam, the northernmost district in the Andhra Pradesh, was a part of
Vishakapatnam District till it was bifurcated in 1950. Srikakulam town, the headquarters
of the district, is located on the left bank of the river Nagavalli, at a distance of about
106-km from Vishakhapatnam.
Srikakulam was formerly known as Chicacole. Handloom weaving is the chief cottage
industry here. Srikakulam is also famous for its muslin, the quality of which is superb.
The most important places of interest in the town include a mosque known as Jumma
Masjid, built by Sher Muhammad Khan, and the temple of Kotisvaraswami.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Srimukhalingam Temple: The famous Srimukhalingeswara Temple is believed to have
been built in the 9th century. The temple has some remarkably beautiful sculptures in the
Indo - Aryan style.
Arasavalli: At a distance of 1.6-km from Srikakulam, Arsavalli contains a beautiful
temple of 'Suryanarayanaswami' (the sun god). Temples dedicated to sun god are very
rare in the country apart from the famous one at Konark in Orissa. This ancient sun -god
temple at Arasavalli attracts large number of devotees from all over the country.

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Srikurmam: Srikurmam is a famous temple situated at a distance of about twelve miles
to the southeast of Srikakulam town. The village Srikurmam derives its name from the
temple, which is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the Avathara of Srikurmam viz., the
Avathara of a tortoise, and hence the deity is called Srikurmanatha. The temple is of very
great sanctity, being the only important temple to Lord Vishnu in the Kurmavathara in the
whole of India.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Vishakhapatnam 106-km away.
Rail: is an important railway junction on the Howrah-Chennai broad-gauge line, and is
well connected by rail with all the important places in the State.
Road: It is well connected by road with all the important places in the State.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 33, Min25
Winter- Max28, Min 19
Rainfall: 1086 MM.
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Arasavalli: 1.6-km
Srikurmam: 14.5-km
Vishakhapatnam: 106-km
Baruva: 109-km
TIRUPATI
Location: 67-km From Chittoor, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh
Famous For Having: World's Richest Temple
Famous As: A Pilgrimage Center
Nearby Attractions: Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple, Sri Venugopalaswami
Temple, Srikalahasti.

A Divine Destination: Tirupati City is located in the southeastern


part of Andhra Pradesh State. It lies about 152-km northwest of Chennai in the Palkonda
Hills. Tirupati is known as the abode of the Hindu god Venkateshvara (also spelt as
'Venkatesvara'), "Lord of Seven Hills". About 10-km northwest of Tirupati, at an elevation
of 750m, is the sacred hill of Tirumala, which was considered so holy that before 1870
non-Hindus were not permitted to ascend it.
Back To History: The Ruling Dynasties. It was developed mainly by the contributions
made by kings during their rule. Almost all the kings from great dynasties of the southern
peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The
Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later),
the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th - 15th century
AD) were devotees of the Lord and they competed with one another in endowing the
temple with rich offerings and contributions.

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During the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty contributions made to the temple increased
enormously. Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the
portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of
Venkatapati Raya in the main temple.
The decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty did not affect the contributions to this place as
many nobles and chieftains from all parts of the country continued to pay their homage
and offer gifts to the temple. Raghoji Bhonsle, the Maratha general, visited the temple
and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He
presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald, which is still preserved
in a box named after the General. Among the later rulers who have endowed large
amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal.
After the fall of Hindu kingdoms, came the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and after their
downfall the British took over, and many of the temples came under their supervisory
and protective control.
In 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself of the direct management of non-
Christian places of worship and native religious institutions.
VIJAYAWADA
Location: Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh.
Best time To Visit: September To February, Especially During Dasara (Dussehra)
also known As: Bezawada
Attractions: Kanaka Durga Temple, Prakasam Barrage, Amaravati, Undavalli Caves,
and Gandhi Stupa.
Vijayawada The City of Victory: Vijayawada, also called as "Bezawada", is 257-km
from Hyderabad and is located on the banks of the Krishna River, and is bounded by the
Indrakiladri hills on the West and the Budameru River on the North. Situated along the
Chennai- Howrah and Chennai-Delhi rail route, this is the largest railway junction of the
South Central Railway. The city forms a part of the Krishna district, spread over an area
of 58-sq- kms (urban area).
Vijayawada or the "City of Victory" if literally translated gets its name from the legend,
which says it was here on the Indrakiladri Hill, that Arjuna, the Pandava Prince, won the
blessings of Lord Shiva for his penance. During the British rule the city experienced
significant growth.
In particular, the completions of the Krishna Barrage and the Railway Bridge on Krishna
have helped the region expand its agricultural and commercial base. The famous
Chinese traveller Hieun T`sang has visited this city. Today, with excellent
communications, perhaps the best in the South where railways are concerned,
Vijayawada become one of the big business centres of the State. Commercially,
culturally and industrially the city is a very flourishing one.
Best For A Temple Journey: Vijayawada is a must-visit if one wants to go temple
hopping in Andhra. The abode of Kanaka Durga, goddess of power, riches and
benevolence, is the presiding deity of the city. The city is also a base for visiting the
Buddhist sites located around Vijayawada like Amaravati, Gudivada, Ghantasala and so
on.
Also accessible from Vijayawada are the towns of Kuchipudi, Mangalagiri and
Kondapalli, which are famous for dance, temple and handicrafts respectively. Another
important feature of the place is the Krishna Pushkaram an all-India festival that is held
once in twelve years.
The most luscious mangoes, the king of fruits, are grown here and the region is
renowned for its tradition of pickle making. So altogether Vijayawada presents a
colourful and varied picture and can be termed as a business - cum - pilgrim - cum -
tourist center.

29
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Prakasam Barrage: Completed in 1957, the Prakasam Barrage is an impressive
1223.5m long, modern regulator and road bridge that stretches across the river Krishna.
Its panoramic lake and the three canals that run through the city give Vijayawada a
Venetian appearance.
The Gandhi Stupa: The Gandhi Stupa, 15.8ft high, stands on Gandhi Hill, which was
formally known as "Orr Hill". This Monument built in memory of Mahatma Gandhi and
was inaugurated by the late Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1968. It has
the teachings of Gandhi inscribed on stone slabs .The Gandhi memorial Library, sound
and light show and planetarium are added attractions here. Climb to the top of the hill for
a bird's eye view of the town.
Hazrathbal Mosque: Hazrat BAL Mosque, a site of religious significance in Vijayawada.
A holy relic of Prophet Mohammed is kept here and displayed once a year.
Mogalrajapuram Caves: Just 5-km from Vijayawada are the Mogalarajapuram caves
having three cave temples, dating back to the 5th century AD. Out of the 3 cave temples
constructed here only one is still in good condition with the idols of Lord Nataraja,
Vinayaka and others. The Ardhanareeshwara Murthy found here is considered the only
one of its kind in south India.
Akkana and Madanna Caves: On the way to the Kanakadurga Temple are the rock-cut
caves dedicated to Akkana and Madanna, who were ministers in the court of Abdul
Hasan Tanashah in the 17th century. A short distance away is another cave that dates
back to the 2nd century BC, which hosts the Hindu trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and
Maheshwara.
Rajiv Gandhi Park: Walk able distance from the new Vijayawada bus stand, this is an
educative park containing built-up structures of dinosaurs and pre-historic animals, with
a playing area where one can spend time relaxing and learning. Musical Fountain: 7.30
p.m. to 8.15 p.m. Monday closed.
Gundala Church; Gundala Church is situated on a hillock on the eastern side of the
town, at Gundala. It attracts a large number of devotees. A fair is held annually in the
month of February, in which thousands of devotees participate.
Victoria Jubilee Regional Museum: The Museum of the Archaeological Department
situated on Bandar Road contains beautiful sculptures and attractive paintings worth
seeing. 'Buddha' Alluru inscriptions of first and second centuries, and Mahishasura
Mardhani are some of the important exhibits.
Undavalli Caves: The Undavalli caves, in the village of Undavalli, are at a distance of 8-
km from Vijayawada and nearly 280-km from Hyderabad. The high hill overlooking the
Krishna River hosts fine specimens of cut-in architectural and sculptural models.
Bhavani Island: Located upstream the river Krishna, close to Prakasam Barrage, is
Bhavani Island. Make sure you visit this picturesque island that is a fantastic picnic spot
for holiday-lovers.
KanakaDurga Temple: Kanaka Durga, goddess of power, riches and benevolence is
considered the presiding deity of Vijayawada. The temple is set on the Indrakiladri hill.
The deity in the Kanaka Durga temple is regarded as Swayambhu or self-manifested,
hence is considered very powerful. It is said that Adi Sankara visited this temple and
installed the Sri Chakra here.
Malleswaraswami Temple: Adjacent to the Kanakadurga temple is the shrine of
Malleswara Swami on the Indrakiladri hill. Mallikarjuna or the Malleswara as he is known
in the Puranas is said to have been installed by Yudhishthira, the eldest of the Panch
Pandavas, as a token of their victory of the South.

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Vijayeswara Swami Temple: The Vijayeswara temple is set on the Indrakiladri hill in
Vijayawada. The installation of Vijayeswara is said to have been done by Arjuna, to
commemorate his victory with Lord Shiva in the form of 'Kirata' (hunter).
VISHAKHAPATNAM
Location: Built Along The Seashore Of The Bay of Bengal, Andhra Pradesh
Also Known As: Vizag
Famous As: Shipbuilding Center
Attractions: Kailasagiri, Dolphin's Nose, Ramakrishna Beach, Rishikonda Beach, and
VUDA
Park
The City Of Destiny: Vishakhapatnam is built along the seashore of the Bay of Bengal,
and is bounded and broken by the bold headland called the Dolphin's Nose (357m
above the sea level). The city boasts of a beautiful beach with a long beach road ending
at nearly Bheemunipatnam on the northern end. The surrounding area is dominated on
the west by the well-forested Eastern Ghats and numerous rivers, among them the
Godavari and Indravati, drain farther east.
The city is also known as "Vizag" and is surrounded by three hills, each of which has a
shrine dedicated to a different religion - Venkateswara temple (also spelt as
Venkateshwara) on Venkateswara Konda, Baba Ishaq Madina Dargah on Dargah Konda
and Church of the Virgin Mary on Rose hill.
The History: According to the history, the city was named after the god of 'Valor-
Vishakha'. It was a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, under Ashoka's rule in 260 BC it passed
on later to the Andhra Kings of 'Vengi'. After this Pallava, Chola and Ganga dynasties
ruled the city. In the 15th century, Vishakhapatnam became a part of the Vijayanagar
Empire.
The Europeans, the Dutch, the French and the English established themselves from the
17th century onwards and used this as a major trading center to export textiles, ivory,
tobacco, indigo etc. This port is well documented in the histories of these colonial
powers as well as in Indian historical records. This coast played a major role during the
reign of the Asaf Jahis and the Golcondas.
A Prominent Shipbuilding Center: Vishakhapatnam is an important shipbuilding
center; the first steamer to be built in India was launched in Vishakhapatnam's harbour in
1948. Vishakhapatnam's port has grown greatly in importance because it has the only
protected harbour on the Coromandel Coast. Agriculture is the mainstay of the region's
economy. There are major industries like Shipbuilding, Oil Refinery, Fertilizer, Petro
Chemicals, Steel Mills and a Naval base. The suburb of Waltair, at the north end of the
bay, is the site of Andhra University.
Vishakhapatnam is the true spot where one can find the beauty of Andhra. From lakes to
cool beaches, from beautiful hill ranges to caves and valleys enclosures,
Vishakhapatnam has them all. A visit to Vishakhapatnam will definitely be exciting,
enriching and refreshing experience with all its sun kissed beaches, caves and temples.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park: The Indira Gandhi Zoological Park is located in
Vishakhapatnam amidst the scenic Eastern Ghats of India, flanked by hills on either
sides and Bay of Bengal on the east.
Ramakrishna Beach: One of the loveliest beaches on the East Coast, the Ramakrishna
beach is a favorite resort for tourists visiting Vishakhapatnam.
Rishikonda Beach: Just 8-km from Vishakhapatnam is the Rishikonda Beach, a golden,
unspoilt beach, washed by the sun-warmed sea.
Kali Temple: Small temple beautifully constructed situated near Rama Krishna Beach.

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Vishakha Museum: Situated on the shores of the Rishikonda beach, this museum gives
historic insights of the past.
VUDA Park: Located in Vishakhapatnam, VUDA Park is a heavy crowd puller and has a
dancing musical fountain.
The Harbour: It is one of the natural harbours in the world. A temple, mosque and
church are located on hills overlooking the harbour.
Dolphin's Nose: A huge rock, 357m high, is shaped like a Dolphin's nose. The rock juts
out into the sea, forming a headland on which is the lighthouse. This lighthouse has a
beam that can be seen 65-km out at sea.

Kailasagiri:
Kailasagiri is located on a hilltop and is a must to visiting place for all people visiting
Vishakhapatnam. The charming hill on the seafront, affords a breath taking scenic view,
especially towards Bheemunipatnam.
Mudasarlova Water Works And Park: Situated 10-km from the city, it is beautiful valley
framed by hills with a lake that supplies water to the city. There is also a scenic 18-hole
Golf course belonging to East Point Golf Club.
Submarine Museum: Another Attraction to Vizag is the recently setup submarine
museum, one of its kind in the country and the first Museum in Asia to be build off a
Submarine.
Bheemunipatnam: About 25-km from Vishakhapatnam is Bheemunipatnam. The most
important aspect of interest at the place is the beach, which is perhaps matchless for its
beauty all along the east coast.
Simhachalam: About 16-km from Vishakhapatnam is Simhachalam, famous for the
temple of Sri Varaha Lakshminarasimha. Architecturally this ancient temple deserves
high praise.
Araku Valley: About 115-km from Vishakhapatnam is the beautiful Araku Valley, with its
bracing climate, orchards, and the Ananthagiri Ghats, which present an enchanting view
to the visitors, is attracting tourists not only in India but from abroad too.
Borra Caves: At a distance of about 90-95-km from Vishakhapatnam are the Borra
Caves, which attained historical and religious importance.
Ananthagiri Hills: Anantagiri is a breathtakingly beautiful resort sheltered in the lush
undulating ranges of the Eastern Ghats. It is considered to be a perfect head off to get
away from the blistering summer months. The Ananthagiri hills are on the way to Araku
Valley and are famous for coffee plantations.
VIZIANAGARAM
Location: 64-km From Vishakhapatnam
Famous For: Vizianagaram Fort
Center Have: Arts And Culture
Nearby Attractions: Chipurupalle, Ramathirtham
Vizianagaram, the headquarters of the Revenue Division and the Taluk of the same
name, is situated at a distance of about 64-km from Vishakhapatnam. It is a place of
historical importance. Vizianagaram is an important railway junction on the Southeastern

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Railway. It was the capital of the Rajas of Vizianagaram (not to be mistaken by the
famous Vijayanagara empire), who yielded power from the 17th century AD.
A Center Of Arts & Culture: The town contains a magnificent fort, which depicts the
past glory of these rajas. The town has grown around the fort, on the west of which is the
former cantonment. This is a place of historical importance and it attained great
prominence in the past as the center of arts and culture under the patronage of the
enlightened ruling family of Vizianagaram.
Many of the existing educational and cultural institutions at the place had their origin
from the time of the Rajas of Vizianagaram. Vizianagaram contains, besides other
educational institutions, a music college and a Sanskrit college. This town is one of the
centres of cultural development in the district as well as the state.
Chipurupalle: This town is situated at about 30-km from Vizianagaram and has an old
fort in ruins and copperplate inscriptions of the Eastern Chalukya rulers. It is also famous
for its handloom industry.
Ramateertham: Ramateertham is 13-km from Vizianagaram and near this village is the
Bodikonda Hill that has several Jain sculptures and the ruins of a shrine.
HOW TO GET THERE
Air: The nearest airport is at Vishakhapatnam 64-km away.
Rail: Vizianagaram is an important railway junction on the Southeastern Railway and is
well connected by rail with all the important places in the State.
Road: It is well connected by road with all the important places in the State.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Climate: Tropical
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 33, Min25
Winter- Max28, Min 19.
Rainfall: 1.161 mm
Clothing: Light Cottons
NEARBY CITIES
Chipurupalle: 30-km
Ramateertham: 13-km
Vishakhapatnam: 64-km
WARANGAL
Location: Northern Part Of Andhra Pradesh
Previously: Orugallu Or Omtikonda
Warangal is located on northern Andhra Pradesh State lies along the Chennai-Kazipet-
Delhi rail route. Warangal was the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas, an Andhra dynasty
that flourished in the 12th century AD. The city stands out for its beautiful lakes, temples
and wildlife. It is very rich in antiques and relics.
Two walls once surrounded Warangal’s fort, lying southeast of the present-day city,
traces of the outer wall remain, as do the four stone gateways ('sanchar') of the inner
wall. A thousand-pillared temple, built in 1162, is located within the city itself.
Warangal is now a commercial and industrial center.
Prola Raja of the Kakatiya dynasty founded the place in the 12th century AD, but some
identify it with Worakalli, the capital of the Adeva Rajas of Tuluva Andhra or Telengana in
the 8th century AD. Warangal or Varankal is believed to be the Korun Kula of Ptolemy,
while another name is Akshalinagar, evidently Yeksilanagar mentioned by Raghunath
Bhaskar in his Aravachan Kosh.
The ancient name of Warangal was known to be Orugallu or Omtikonda on account of
huge boulder like hillock situated near the Swayambhu Siva Temple and is also called

33
"EKASILANAGARAM". In course of time, it was called as "Orugallu", and finally known
as Warangal.
Warangal has many places, which attracts tourists in large number. It finds a reference in
the travel diaries of Marco Polo.
PRIME ATTRACTIONS
Thousand Pillar Temple: This temple is a fine specimen of Kakatiya architecture and
sculpture. Rudra Deva built it in 1163 AD in the style of Chalukyan temples, star shaped
and triple shrined. The 3 shrines are dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. The
temple is famous for its richly carved pillars, screens and detailed sculpture. The black
basalt Nandi, a monolith, has a lovely polished finish.
Bhadra Kali Temple: Situated on a hilltop between Hanamkonda and Warangal, it is
noted for its stone image of the Goddess Kali. She is depicted with eight arms and
carries a weapon in each hand.
Warangal Fort: Warangal fort is 12-km from Hanamakonda, which dates back to the
13th century. The Kakatiya king, Ganapati Deva and his daughter Rudramma built the
fort. Though the main fort has been ravaged over time, the remains of the four huge
stone gateways, similar to those of Sanchi, along with several exquisite pieces of
sculpture can still be seen in and around the fort.
Ramappa Temple: Also know as Ramalingeswara temple, this is situated in Palampet
village, which is 70-km form Warangal This is a magnificent monument dating back to
1213 AD depicts the glory and richness of the Kakatiya kingdom.
Kolanupaka: Kolanupaka, 80-km from Hyderabad, is situated between Hyderabad and
Warangal. This was the second capital town of Kalyani Chalukyas during the 11th
century AD. During this period the village was a religious center of Jains, and ranks
among other great Jain centres in the south. It was also a great center of Shaivism.
Literary evidences reveal 'Kolanupaka' as the birthplace of 'Renukacharya' the great
'Vira Saiva' saint, believed to be born from the 'Svayambaghu Linga' at this village and
absorbed into it after preaching Vira Saivism.
Jain Mandir: The 2,000-year-old Jain temple of Mahaveer is a famous place of worship
for Jains in the country. The temple is embellished with beautiful images of
Thirthankaras. The 5ft high image of Mahavira is entirely carved of Jade.
Sri Veeranarayana Temple: The temple is constructed in the Chalukyan style around
1104 AD. The appearance of the temple indicates that it was originally a Jain temple
converted into a Vaishnava shrine.

Someshwara Temple: Someswara III the Kalyani Chalukya


emperor constructed the temple of Someswara. Rare specimens of architecture and
sculpture of the western Chalukyan period can be found in this temple.
Kolanupaka Site Museum: Kolanupaka came into prominence when it was made the
alternate capital of the Kalyani Chalukyas in the 11th century AD. The State Department
of Archaeology and Museums established a sculptural gallery, which exhibits artifacts
from the various historical monuments in Kolanupaka.

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Pakhal Lake: A manmade lake completed in 1213 AD by the Kakatiya king,
Ganapathidev, by harnessing a small tributary of the Krishna River. It is located 50-km
from Warangal and spreads over an area of 30-sq-km.

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