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HANDBOOK

FOR

FOR

FOR

ELECTRICITY

METERING

10TH EDITION

10TH EDITION

10TH EDITION
HANDBOOK FOR ELECTRICITY METERING 10TH EDITION

Edison Electric Institute (EEI) is the association of United States shareholder-owned electric companies, international affiliates and industry associates worldwide. In 2000, our U.S. members served more than 90 percent of the ultimate customers in the shareholder-owned segment of the industry, and nearly 70 percent of all electric utility ultimate customers in the nation. They generated almost 70 percent of the electricity generated by U.S. electric utilities. Organized in 1933, EEI works closely with its members, representing their interests and advocating equitable policies in legislative and regula- tory arenas. In its leadership role, the Institute provides authoritative analysis and critical industry data to its members, Congress, government agencies, the financial community and other influential audiences. EEI provides forums for member company representatives to discuss issues and strategies to advance the industry and to ensure a competitive position in a changing marketplace. EEI’s mission is to ensure members’ success in a new competitive environment by:

• Advocating Public Policy

• Expanding Market Opportunities

• Providing Strategic Business Information

For more information on EEI programs and activities, products and services, or membership, visit our web site at www.eei.org.

ii

HANDBOOK FOR ELECTRICITY METERING

COPYRIGHT 2002 BY EDISON ELECTRIC INSTITUTE 701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20004-2696

First, Second, and Third editions entitled Electrical Meterman’s Handbook copyright 1912, 1915, 1917 by the National Electric Light Association Fourth edition entitled Handbook for Electrical Metermen copyright 1924 by the National Electric Light Association Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh editions entitled Electrical Metermen’s Handbook copyright 1940, 1950, and 1965 by the Edison Electric Institute Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth editions entitled Handbook for Electricity Metering Copyright 1981, 1992, and 2002 by the Edison Electric Institute

First edition, 1912

.5,000 copies

Second edition, 1915

.2,500 copies

Third edition, 1917

.5,000 copies

Fourth edition, 1923

.21,300 copies

Fifth edition, 1940

.15,000 copies

Sixth edition, 1950

.25,000 copies

Seventh edition, 1965

.20,000 copies

Eighth edition, 1981

.17,000 copies

Ninth edition, 1992

.10,000 copies

Tenth edition, 2002

.10,000 copies

EEI Publication No. 93-02-03

Handbook for Electricity Metering.—Tenth Edition p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-931032-52-0 1. Electric meters. I. Edison Electric Institute TK301.H428 2002

621.37’45—dc20

iii

PREFACE

TO THE TENTH EDITION

The first edition of the Electrical Meterman’s Handbook, now the Handbook for Electricity Metering, was first published in 1912. Nine revisions have since been published; the ninth edition appeared in 1992. As in the previous editions, the emphasis has been on fulfilling the needs of the metering practitioner. In the tenth edition each chapter includes updated text and new graphics. The following major updates have been made to the 10th edition: new examples on complex numbers; addition of current measurement technology from basic to advance meters; expansion of information on optical voltage and current sensors; inclusion of new meter diagrams; current metering testing practices; updates on standard metering laboratory and related standards; and new elec- tronic data collection information. To make the Handbook convenient either as a reference or textbook, a great deal of duplications has been permitted. In the preparations of this Handbook, the Advisory Teams wish to make grate- ful acknowledgment for all the help received. Above all, credit must be given to the editors and committees responsible for previous editions of the Handbook. Although the tenth edition has been rewritten and rearranged, the ninth edition provided most of the material that made this rewriting possible. The contribution made by the manufacturers has been outstanding for the chapters concerning their products and they have freely provided illustrations, assisted in editing chapters and provided text. It is hoped that future editions will be prepared as new developments make them necessary. If users of this Handbook have any suggestions which they believe would make future editions more useful, such suggestions, comments, or criticisms are welcomed. They should be sent to the Edison Electric Institute, 701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20004-2696.

v

STAFF

Harley Gilleland, The HarGil Group

.Project Manager

Randall Graham

 

.Production Services Representative

Kenneth Hall

 

.Manager, Distribution Issues

Niki Nelson

 

.Manager, Communication and Product Development

 

EDITORIAL COMMITTEE

Jim Andrews

 

.American Electric Power

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Jim Darnell

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.Xcel Energy .Reliant Energy, HL&P

Jim DeMars

 

.Florida Power & Light

John Grubbs

 

.Alabama Power Company

Kevin Heimiller

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Alan Ladd

 

.Central Main Power Company

Tim Morgan

Young Nguyen

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Tony Osmanski

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Ellery Queen

 

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Dave Scott

 

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.Northeast Utilities

Stephen Shull

 

.Empire District Electric Company

Jim Thurber

 

.Baltimore Gas & Electric Company

Chris Yakymyshyn

 

.Montana State University

CONTRIBUTORS

Ted Allestad

 

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Ron Boger

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Theresa Burch

 

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Mike Coit

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Debra Lynn Crisp

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Wes Damien

 

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Doug Dayton

 

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Tim Everidge

 

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Jim Fisher

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Rick Hackett

 

.Central Vermont Public Service Corporation

David Hart

Mark Heintzelman

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.ABB .NxtPhase

vi

HANDBOOK FOR ELECTRICITY METERING

Al Jirges

.Montana-Dakota Utilities

John Junker

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Bob Kane

Jerry Kaufman

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.PEPCO

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Kelley Knoerr

.Wisconsin Electric Power Company

Jim Komisarek

.Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

Steve Magnuson

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Steve Malich

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Bob Mason

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Glenn Mayfield

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Dick McCarthy

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John McClaine

Paul Mobus

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.Puget Sound Energy

John Montefusco

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.Progress Energy

Mark L. Munday

Kraig J. Olejniczak Jerry Peplinski

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Bruce Randall Chris Reinbold Bud Russell

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Victor Sitton Chris Smigielski

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Kathy Smith

Tommy Smith

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James B. West

.Ameren Service Corporation

CONTRIBUTING ORGANIZATIONS

AEIC Meter & Service Committee EEI Distribution & Metering Committee Great Northwest Meter Group

vii

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

1

INTRODUCTION TO THE METER DEPARTMENT

The Electric Utility and the Community

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.1

The Duties of the Meter Department

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Customer Contacts

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.1

.2

Knowledge Required in Metering

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Meter Security

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Safety

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