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Regulation & Supervision Bureau

Water and Electricity Sector Emirate of Abu Dhabi

The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No.1 Consultation

10/08/2008

CD/R01/018

Version 1

Document CD/R01/018

Approved by NC

Recipients of controlled copies AADC, ADDC, Bureau website

The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No. 1 Consultation

CD/R01/018

10 August 2008

Title: The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No. 1 Consultation Author TK Document CD/R01/018 Version 1.0 Page 1 of 3 Publication date 10 August 2008 Approved by NC

Contents

Foreword ..................................................................................................................... 3

Attachment: The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No. 1 Consultation, August 2008

Title: The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No. 1 Consultation Author TK Document CD/R01/018 Version 1.0 Page 2 of 3 Publication date 10 August 2008 Approved by NC

Foreword
The Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the water, wastewater and electricity sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (the Bureau) issued new Wiring Regulations in December 2007, covering the design, installation and maintenance of electrical installations in premises. Following implementation of these Regulation during 2008 the Bureau now proposes to issue an amendment to the Regulations, as a result feedback from interested parties. This amendment contains a number of clarifications and additional guidance. Two items of particular note concern the arrangements for RCD protection in Final Distribution Boards (clause 7.8.6) and the method for calculating Diversified Load (clause 3.2.5). The Bureau wishes to consult all interested parties on the proposed amendment, following which a revision of the Electricity Wiring Regulations will be issued. Responses should be provided by post or email by 10 September 2008, addressed to: Nick Carter Director General Regulation and Supervision Bureau PO Box 32800 Abu Dhabi Email: power@rsb.gov.ae

Title: The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) - Amendment No. 1 Consultation Author TK Document CD/R01/018 Version 1.0 Page 3 of 3 Publication date 10 August 2008 Approved by NC

Amendment No.1
[Note: new or replaced text is shown in blue. Deleted text is shown as strikethrough. The reason for the change is given in brief in the right margin]

1.2.2

Notes which are included below clauses, in italic text, are not mandatory and are for guidance, clarification or provide supporting technical information. The second part of this document consists of Appendices, which contain mandatory information, and Guidance Notes which are not mandatory except where referenced in the Regulations.

amended to include requirements of Notes

1.2.3

amended to include requirements of Guidance Notes

2.1.26 Diversified Load: the load at a Distribution Board, at the Supply Intake or at any other point in an Installation, calculated using diversity factors as illustrated in Appendix A20(f) and Guidance Note G2. 3.2.5 The Customer must provide an estimate of the Connected Load at the Premises, including at each Distribution Board. In addition, the Diversified Load for the whole Premises and at each Distribution Board, must be calculated by the Customers appointed Licensed Contractor, design engineer or other qualified person and submitted in the format given in Appendix A20(e), see Guidance Note G2.

new definition of 'Diversified Load'

addition of term 'Diversified Load'

4.1.10 The maximum three-phase Prospective Fault Current (fault level) for LV supplies shall be 46 kA (1 second) at the LV busbar of the Distribution Company's HV/LV substation 5.3.2 Residual Current Devices with a residual current rating of 30 mA and complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293 may be used as a means of supplementary protection against Direct Contact.

correction

correction

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5.4.3

RCD devices for Final Circuits must have a time-current performance characteristic complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293. Earth Leakage Protection provided at the Supply Intake must be set to discriminate with ELP devices at Final Circuits (i.e. earth faults on Final Circuits must be automatically disconnected by the closest ELP device, except in the case of back-up operation of devices at the Supply Intake). See Appendix A5(m) and Guidance Note G4(e).

correction

5.4.5

additional cross-reference

[Note: such discrimination may be provided by time-delayed RCD's at the Supply Intake, earth fault relays or other suitable devices. ELP is not required at Sub Distribution Boards but, if provided, must discriminate with ELP devices on upstream and downstream Circuits].
5.4.6 The operating current setting for ELP devices at the Supply Intake must take into account the nature of the Installation (e.g. commercial, industrial etc), the likelihood and magnitude of earth fault currents, and the requirement for protection against Indirect Contact, see Appendix A5(m) and Guidance Note G4(f).

clarification

[Note: where the Supply Intake consists of a multi-panel LV switchboard, each panel or circuit breaker should be fitted with ELP devices in order to limit the extent of power interruptions.]
5.6.8 Water heaters, air conditioning units, motors and other similar items must be provided with double pole isolation (or 4 pole isolation for 3phase items) to ensure safe access for the purpose of maintenance and repair. (b) The Distribution Company system is earthed at the distribution transformer (11kV/400V) and separate earth and neutral conductors are used All Exposed-Metallic-Parts of an Installation,

clarification note

new clause

6.2.1

correction

6.6.1

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including Appliances, must be connected to Earth via Earth Conductors which in accordance with the requirements of Regulation 6.5. 6.8.4 The use of structural steel in place of, or in connection with, lightning down conductors is not permitted unless approved by the Distribution Company. Structural foundations or piles may be used as lightning earth electrodes if sufficiently separated from the Main Earth Electrodes. The use of 'Shuko' CEE7/7 2-pin type plugs is strictly prohibited. The use of 'Euro' CEE7/16 plugs is permitted only where used with an approved adaptor converting such plugs for use on BS 1363 type socket-outlets, see Appendix A17(a). An allowable exception to clause 7.1.1 is the use of shaver supply units in bathrooms, complying with BS 3535. For these types of socket-outlet, which are supplied by a SELV safety isolating transformer, 2-pin unearthed type plugs may be used but which must also comply with BS 3535. See Appendix A17(c). Socket-outlets for normal use must be positioned at a standard height of 300 mm or 450 mm above floor level or 100 mm above work surfaces, see Appendix A16. Socket-outlets in kitchens or other areas where water is used must be positioned at least 1.0 m away from sources of water (e.g. sinks, basins, filter units, supply taps). Consideration must be given to the use of splash proof socket-outlets (IP 54).

correction

new clause

7.1.3

amended to clarify prohibitions

7.1.4

amended to allow the use of CEE7/16 'Euro' plugs in shaver supply units

7.1.7

amended to allow alternative mounting height of socket-outlets

7.1.9

relaxation of requirement (was IP56)

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7.1.14 Outdoor socket-outlets must be of the weather protected type (IP55) and incorporate a 30 mA RCD, see Guidance Note G7(c).

[Note: where a number of socket outlets are installed in close proximity, the above requirement may be met by one RCD device serving the group of outlets, provided that the RCD device is readily accessible and visible to persons using the socket-outlets and is clearly labelled.]
7.3.2 The rating of lighting Circuits shall be selected in accordance with the number of connection points to be supplied, the type and rating of luminaires to be used, and the Connected Load for the Circuit. A standard method of calculating Connected Load is given in Guidance Note G2 and illustrated in Appendix A20(f). Where conduit is buried installed within a wall, floor or ceiling it must be installed at a minimum depth of 50 mm from the surface. If it is installed at a shallower depth then metal conduit must be used. See Guidance Note G7(e).

note added for groups of outdoor socket outlets protected by one RCD

amended to meet sizing according to Connected Load

7.4.6

[Note: for solid walls, the above required depth may be reduced to 25 mm for horizontal and vertical lengths of conduit which are within 4 m of a visible Accessory or connection point.]
7.5.10 The maximum voltage drop from the Customer Connection Point to the remote end of any Final Circuit must not exceed 4%

note added to relax depth requirement for buried conduits near Accessories

[Note: for cases where the Distribution Company's HV/LV transformer is sited within the Premises the maximum voltage drop shall be 6% from the LV connection of the transformer to the remote end of any Final Circuit.]
7.5.12 Other than as allowed under clause 7.5.15, all cables that are not armoured, or that do not have a metallic sheath or screen, must be

noted added to relax requirement of voltage drop limits for on-site substations

amended to allow the use of metallic sheathed or screened

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installed in plastic or metal conduit or trunking throughout their entire length. 7.6.1 The sizing of Final Circuits must be in accordance with the Connected Load on each Circuit (see Guidance Note G2), whilst taking account of ambient temperature, grouping factors and power factor, see Appendix A7(a) A7(h). Busways, bus ducts and busbar risers shall have neutral conductors of equal size to the phase conductors and shall have a dedicated Earth Conductor. The use of the metal casing as an Earth Conductor shall not be is permitted only for Earth Leakage Protected Installations, and with the prior approval of the Distribution Company.

cable outside conduit

amended to meet sizing according to Connected Load

7.7.6

amended to allow the use of Busways where the metal casing is used as an Earth Conductor

[Note: Aluminium metal casings should be used in preference to steel due to the risk of corrosion and high resistance joints. In either case the sizing of such conductors must meet the values equivalent to copper conductors given in Appendix A5(j).]
7.7.7 The current rating of busways, bus ducts and busbar risers shall be based on the Connected Load Diversified Load of the relevant part of the Installation being supplied. However, additional diversity factors may be applied for high-rise buildings or other large installations rather than taking the sum of Connected Loads. Diversity factors must be justified and submitted with the design for approval by the Distribution Company, see Regulation 3.2 and Guidance Note G2. Distribution Boards must be of robust construction, capable of withstanding expected electrical, thermal, and environmental stresses in normal service and during faults.

amended based on new definition of Diversified Load

7.8.2

[Note: Distribution Boards will normally be rated for the Diversified Load of the Circuits supplied,

note added to clarify sizing according to Diversified Load

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see Guidance Note G2.]


7.8.6 All Final Distribution Boards must have at least two busbar sections, be arranged so as to provide for at least two zones of Earth Leakage Protection (e.g. 100mA and 30mA) and to avoid complete disconnection of power to the area being served, in the event of an earth fault. This may be achieved by either of the following methods: (a) two or more busbar sections, each protected by an RCD; (b) one busbar section, with individual RCBOs fitted on all Final Circuits; (c) two or more FDBs installed together to serve an area, each having one busbar section protected by an RCD of appropriate rating (e.g. one DB with an incomer 100mA RCD for lighting and another DB with incomer 30mA RCD for power circuits)

clarification and note to explain the requirement for two busbar section DBs and alternative arrangements

[Note: solid busbar or removable ('comb') busbar DB's are acceptable (horizontal or vertical type) where the manufacturer's type tests are provided. As an exception, small DBs serving a limited area (up to 9 ways single phase or 3 ways 3-phase) may be provided with one busbar section, and one incomer RCD, e.g. hotel rooms, pump room, central a/c room, etc.]
7.8.13 All outgoing circuits of Distribution Boards must be provided with only circuit-breakers (such as CBs, MCBs, MCCBs, RCDs, RCBOs, etc) and shall not contain fuses of any kind, except for capacitor banks. See Regulation 10.2.
clarification

[Note: the incoming device of a DB may be an isolator switch, where adequate fault protection is provided by an upstream Protective Device.]
7.8.8 The number of Final Distribution Boards and Sub Distribution Boards provided in a Premises shall take into account the future accessibility, maintainability and safety of the

clarification note

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system, whilst limiting the extent of possible power outages to serviced areas.

[Note: to meet the above requirement Final Distribution Boards should be limited to a maximum capacity of 14 ways 3-phase i.e. 42 Circuit positions]
7.8.15 Distribution Boards of rating 200 A and above shall be installed in a dedicated room, cupboard, or other enclosure complying with clause 7.8.14 and clause 3.5.9.

clarification to include Sub Distribution Boards

amended to allow use of enclosures

[Note: Main Distribution Boards of rating 200 A and above must be located in a Supply Intake room, see Appendix A12(b).]
9.3.2 (a) all Final Circuits must be protected by an RCD of residual current rating 30 mA and complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293. (e) Appliances, Luminares or Accessories which are within Arm's Reach from a bath, shower or similar facility must be supplied by SELV or PELV and have a minimum level of ingress protection of IPX4. Underwater lighting must be supplied by SELV at a maximum voltage of 12 V a.c. or 30 V d.c. (a) all Final Circuits must be protected by an RCD of residual current rating 30 mA and complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293. (a) all Final Circuits must be protected by an RCD of residual current rating 30 mA and complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293. (e) Appliances, Luminaires or Accessories which are within Arm's Reach from a water fountain must be supplied by SELV or PELV and have a minimum level of ingress protection of IPX4. Underwater lighting must be supplied by SELV at a maximum voltage of 12 V a.c. or 30 V d.c

correction

9.3.2

relaxation of requirement (was IPX7)

9.4.1

correction

9.5.1

correction

9.5.1

relaxation of requirement (was IPX7)

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APPENDICES A3 Reference standards continued (p112)


added reference standard for RCD socket-outlets

- add row as follows:


RCD socket outlets BS EN 7288

A5(j)

Sizing of earth conductors Note 2: Earth Conductors must always be insulated and a cross-sectional area of less than 2 1.5 mm must not be used unless they are an integral part of a sheathed cable (e.g. an Appliance flexible cord).
changed from 2.5mm
2

A5(k) Minimum number of earth electrodes


Note 2: Structural foundations of large buildings may be used as Earth Electrodes, see clause 6.4.3.
note added

A5(m) Residual operating current settings for RCDs and ELP devices

last row of table: LV main circuit breakers or switchboards

300 - 500 (time-delayed)

clarification for discrimination of protection

Note 2: all Final Circuits in a bathroom (including lighting) must be provided with 30 mA RCD protection. See clause 9.3.2(a). Note 3: where a circuit supplies more than one type of equipment the lower value must be used for RCD protection (e.g. a circuit supplying bedroom lighting and bathroom lighting must be protected by a 30 mA RCD).

additional notes added

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A6(f)

MCBs selection criteria

amend row 4 and 5 as follows:


MCB rating Cable size 2 mm 4.0 Cable rating at o 30 C 32 (6.3) Cable rating at o 40 C Typical applications
Radial Circuit to fixed appliance (e.g. a/c unit)

20

27.8 (5.4)

amended to allow 2 x 4mm conductors instead of 6mm


2 2

32

2 x 4.0

48 (9.3)

41.7 (8.1)

Ring Circuit to socketoutlets

Note 1: cable ratings are taken from Appendix A7(a), assuming one circuit in conduit, with temperature correction factors applied from Appendix A7(g). Power factor of 0.85 is assumed to calculate kW ratings at 230V. Note 2: selection of MCBs for overload protection of cables must take account of the device characteristics given in Appendix A6(b) to A6(d). These are based on minimum MCB operating currents of 1.45 times the MCB nominal rating (In) and a maximum 'non-tripping' current of 1.15 times In. Hence, cables must be selected with ratings at least 1.15 times the MCB nominal rating (see IEE Guidance Note 6 - section 2).

clarification notes added

A12(b) Diagram: Typical layout of supply intake room

- amend table as follows:


Main circuit breaker rating (A) >600 - 1000 >300 - 600 200 - 300 Intake room dimensions (m) 2.5 x 2.5 2.5 x 2.0 2.0 x 2.0
amended to specify minimum size of supply intake rooms

A12(c) Typical layout of final distribution board

Amend drawing to show 2-section busbar

correction

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A12(d) Typical layout of LV switchroom

Amend drawing (outgoing circuits should be above panels 2 and 3)


A14 Diagram: Typical layout for ring circuit and radial circuits

correction

- amend to show 2 or more 15A socket-outlets - remove joint on spur socket-outlet

correction

A15

Minimum number connection points Room

of

socket-outlets

and

Minimum number of outlets for domestic premises


amended to cater for various sizes of kitchens

Kitchen: 13A socket-outlets every 2 m of worktop, plus as required for free standing Appliances (e.g. fridge) as required for number of items installed (flex outlet or socket-outlets) 1 3 4 1 only BS 3535 shaver socket

20A spur connection points for washing machine, dryer, etc 45A cooker control unit Bedrooms Lounge or dining Hall or corridor Bathrooms

Note 1: in all of the above cases double socket-outlets should be used in preference to single socketoutlets wherever possible

notes added for clarification

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Note 2: socket-outlets should be conveniently located to avoid the need for extension cables and adapters (which introduce risk of overheating and fire) Note 3: 15A BS 546 socket-outlets are not permitted in domestic premises (see clause 7.1.1) Note 4: the maximum number of socket-outlets on a Circuit is not limited and is dependent on the load supplied (see Guidance Note G2)

A19(g) Sequence of testing for new installations


Note 2: testing of RCDs must include measurement of the operating time (ms) at In and at 5 x In, as well as check of non-operation at 50% x In.
new note added

A20(a) Electrical installation certificate


addition

add "Total Diversified Load", in row 3 A20(b) Inspection report


addition

add "Total Diversified Load", in row 3 G1 Guidance note on supply voltage change the UK has adopted a supply voltage of 230 / 400 V G5(a) RCD operating characteristics and electric shock This is normally achieved with RCD devices complying with BS EN 61008 and BS 4293. G7(c) Weather protected outdoor socket-outlets diagram note: delete IP66, insert IP55
correction correction correction

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G2

Estimation of connected load and Diversified Load (see amended table over leaf)
revised values of Connected Load

Note 1: the Connected Load values above are based on typical Appliances and connection points. Diversity factors should be applied to calculated the Diversified Load, see Appendix A20(f). Note 2: the Connected Load (and cable rating) for Circuits supplying socket-outlets should be based on 3,000 W for the first socket-outlet, plus 200 W for the remainder, where a double socket outlet is counted as 2 (e.g. circuit rating for 5 x double socket-outlets = 3kW + 9 x 0.2kW = 4.8kW). A diversity factor of between 30% - 60% should be applied to this value to derive the Diversified Load. Note 3: where more than one diversity factor is shown above the designer should select a value representing the intensity of usage (e.g. higher value for high usage Circuits, such as kitchens, and lower value for bedrooms etc). Note 4: additional diversity factors should be applied at Sub Distribution Boards and Main Distribution Boards, typically 0.9. Hence, the expected demand at the Supply Intake may be 0.81 times the sum of the FDB Diversified Load values. Note 5: a 90% diversity factor may be applied for split or window type air conditioning units; diversity factors for central a/c units should be based on manufacturers data or load readings taken from other similar installations (during summer temperature conditions) Note 6: for domestic Premises the total Diversified Load would normally be expected to be in the range of 40% - 60% of the total Connected Load. These values may be checked against the expected electricity usage for similar domestic Premises (typically 30 - 80 W / sq m Diversified Load, including air conditioning) Note 7: for non-domestic Premises an assessment of diversity factors must be made by a qualified designer or engineer with knowledge of the

revised calculation of Connected Load for socket-outlet Circuits

selection of appropriate diversity factors

diversity factors for Main and Sub Distribution Boards

check of diversified load vs. floor area for domestic Premises

assessment of diversified load for non-domestic Premises

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proposed usage of the Installation. For example, machinery operating in short duration cycles (a few minutes) may have a diversity factor of 20%, whilst continuously operating plant would have a diversity factor of 100%. For commercial offices, calculations of Diversified Load may be compared against other similar Premises, based on the floor area (e.g. 80 - 120 W / sq m for high density offices).

Table G2

- amended to reflect realistic Circuit ratings (Connected Load) and typical Diversity Factors
Estimation of Connected Load and Diversified Load for domestic premises

Type of load

Connected load

Applied diversity factor 75%

Lighting

13A socketoutlets Kitchen power points

sum of wattage of all luminaries or assume 100W for each lighting point (except chandelier points) chandelier lighting points 500W 1.8 x lamp wattage for fluorescent lighting 3,000 W for first socket-outlet plus 200 W for remainder socket-outlets (including kitchen ring circuits) kitchen appliance connection points (flex outlet) assume 2,000 W each or actual rating of appliance (e.g. washing machine, dryer, dish washer etc) cooker assume 6,000 W or actual rating of oven plus the largest ring fridge assume 300 W or actual rating water heater 1,500 W or actual rating motors (e.g. lifts) actual rating split air conditioning units full rating window air conditioning units full rating central a/c units (see note 5)

30% - 60%

30% - 60%

Other power points Air conditioning

30% 60% 90%

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Appendix A20(f) Sample Load Distribution Schedule


Project / Building Name: Address / Location: Distribution Board No. / Ref. Fed from: Incomer Busbar section / RCD CCT ref. No. R1 Y1 Section 1 100mA RCD 40A 3ph B1 R2 Y2 B2 R3 Y3 B3 R4 Y4 Section 2 30mA RCD 40A 3ph B4 R5 Y5 B5 R6 R7 R8 16 16 6 32 16 20 32 32 2.5 2.5 1.5 2 x 4.0 2.5 4.0 2 x 2.5 2 x 4.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 2 x 2.5 1.5 2.5 2 x 1.5 2 x 2.5 24.0 (4.7) 24.0 (4.7) 17.5 (3.4) 48.0 (9.3) 24.0 (4.7) 32.0 (6.3) 36.0 (7.0) 48.0 (9.3)

Mr Mubarak Al Hosni Villas Sector ME-10 Plot C-96, Abu Dhabi FDB-2 second floor apartment......... MDB-1 (intake room).......................
MCB rating (A) 6 6 6 6 10 10 32 Phase & Neutral Size mm2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.5 2.5 6.0 Earth size mm2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.5 Cable rating A (kW) [see notes] 17.5 (3.4) 17.5 (3.4) 17.5 (3.4) 17.5 (3.4) 24.0 (4.7) 24.0 (4.7) 41.0 (8.0)

Main Contractor:

Electrical Contractor:

Sedmand Construction LLC......... Al Ramal EC ................................. Incoming Cable size / type: 4C x 25mm XLPE with SWA earth....................... Main breaker type & rating: 63A isolator + 2 RCD (see below)......................
Circuit name / Point reference Lighting, bedrooms 1, 2, 3 Lighting (fluorescent) - kitchen Lighting - lounge (inc. chandelier 500W) Smoke detectors FCU-1, FCU-2, FCU-3 (bedrooms) FCU-4, FCU-5 (lounge, kitchen) Cooker (rating = oven + 1 ring) spare spare Water heater: kitchen (flex outlet) Water heater: bathrooms 1 and 2 Lighting (fl) + shaver socket - bathrooms 1, 2 Socket-outlets - kitchen ring (inc. fridge) Socket-outlets: maid's room + corridor Flex-outlets - dishwasher, dryer, w/machine Socket-outlets (ring) - lounge Socket-outlets (ring) - bedrooms 1, 2, 3 spare TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD = 43.5 TOTAL DIVERSIFIED LOAD = 17.5 (40%) 1 2 6 3d + 1s 1d + 1s 3 4d + 3s 8d + 3s 1.5 1.2 0.05 3.0 / 0.2 3.0 / 0.2 2.0 3.0 / 0.2 3.0 / 0.2 No. of points (double / single) 10 10 11 3 3 2 1 Connected Load per point (kW) 0.1 0.05 0.1/0.5 0.02 0.6 0.8 5.5

Date: Document No.

4-7-08 ARE-34-8.
B Diversity factors Circuit load after diversity (kW) 0.75 0.40 1.13 0.06 1.62 1.44 1.65

Circuit Load (kW) R Y

1.0 0.54 1.5 0.06 1.8 1.6 5.5

0.75 0.75 0.75 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.3

63A isolator 3ph

1.5 2.4 0.4 4.2 3.4 6.0 5.0 8.6

0.3 0.3 0.75 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

0.45 0.72 0.30 2.10 1.02 1.80 1.50 2.58

17.3

16.7

9.5 17.5 kW

Notes:

1. Cable ratings taken at 30oC and 0.85 power factor, installed as single circuits in conduit 2. Cable rating must be above circuit Connected Load and at least 1.15 times MCB nominal rating

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