Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

Vasil`ev M.V., Strelec V.M., Kovregin V.V.

Analysis of the tightness of the complex PPE of the first level


It is shown that single-factor model according to time complying with the
operational work of the selected vocational importance of the quality of those obtained with stabilization of other qualities, provide a quantitative assessment of
how the exercise of this quality dur-ing this phase of the effect on the outcome of
the rescuers.
Key words: insulating suit, SCBA, the front part, the coefficient of protection, the coefficient of toxic hazards

614.8
.., . ., ,
.., - . , . . .,


( - . ..)

. ,
.
: , ,

. , (),
.

, , , .
.
[1,2],
(), .
, ,

39

. 11, 2010

,
,
[3]
, . [4]
. [5]
,
, ,
,
.
. [3-5] E , ,
.

q ( x , y, z , t )
(6) [5]

q ( x , y, z ,t ) = E F ( x , y, z ,t ) .
q1 , q2 , , qn
, t1 , t2 , , tn

( x1 , y1 , z1 ) , ( x2 , y2 , z2 ) ,

( xn , yn , zn )

, , --, , -,
, q [6, 7].
:
1) , ,
t1 , t2 , , tn , , ;
40

.., ..

2) , t1 , t2 , , tn
.


n

L = ( qi E F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti ) ) min .
2

i =1

(1)

(1),

n

E =

q F ( x , y , z ,t )
i =1
n

F ( x , y , z ,t )
i =1

(2)


, .
( 2), , E ,
,
n

L = ( qi E F ( xi , yi , zi , + ti ) ) min .
i =1

E ,

(3)

E ,

n
2 qi E F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti + ) F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti + ) = 0,
i =1

n
2E q E F ( x , y , z ,t + ) F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti + ) = 0,
i
i
i i
i

i =1

(4)

41

. 11, 2010

F
1
=
32
4
az

1
t +

1
D (t + ) D ( + ) 1 r2 (t + )

X 2 + Y 2 2r XY
2
2

exp ( Z Z0 ) + exp ( Z + Z0 ) ,
exp
2

2 1 r (t + )

X=

x vx (t + )
D (t + )

,Y =

y v y (t + )
D (t + )

z vz (t + )

,Z=

2 az ( t + )

, Z0 =

z0

2 az ( t + )

F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti + )

F ( xi , yi , zi ,ti + )

(4) E .
,
..
(3). (3) [8], , ( E0 , 0 ) . ,
L
L
2
,

E
,
, Ek +1
k +1
n

Ek +1 =

q F ( x , y , z ,t

+k )

F ( x , y , z ,t

+ k )

i =1
n

i =1

, k +1 = k ,

(5)

Ek +1 = Ek , k +1 = k

L
.
2 L 2

L
E . ,
42

.., ..

, ,

F
F
<,
<,
E

> 0 ,
.
. ( E0 , 0 )
. 0 ,
,
E0 , (2) (5)
n

E0 =

q F ( x , y , z ,t

+ 0 )

F ( x , y , z ,t

+ 0 )

i =1
n

i =1

(6)

.

. , ,
.
, .

.
.

1.
2.

. / [ ..,
.., .. .]; . .. .
. : , 2005. 530 .
. + (

43

. 11, 2010

3.

4.

5.

6.
7.
8.

3.0): . 27. 5 / [. ].
. : - , 2006. 252 .
.. . / .. , .. // . 2008. 8.
.29-39.
.. . / .. , .. , .. //
. 2008. 8. . 39-45.
..
, . /
.. , .. //
. 2009. 10. . 44-51.
.. ,
. . / .., ..,
.. : , 2003. 69 .
.. / .. , .. . . : , 1977. 735 .
.. . / .., .., .. . : , 1986. 382 .

.., ..



.
, .
: , ,
Govalenkov S.S., Basmanov A.Ye.
The evaluation of intensity discharge hazardous chemicals from
source emissions
A mathematical model for determining the intensity of the expiration of
hazardous chemicals in the air at a continuous current source emissions of these
substances was built. The model allows to determine the necessary means of protection and areas that may contain the personnel of the MoES units during
eliminating such accidents.
Key words: accident, emergency, dangerous chemical substances
44

.., ..