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Siemens

GSM/DCS

, :
-


GSM/DCS
GSM/DCS
GSM/DCS


GSM DCS

1
1.1
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3

1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.4
1.5

5

5

?
7
GSM?
8

(PLMN) GSM/DCS
(PSTN)
9
GSM/DCS
9

10

11

11
(SIM)
12

14

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-1

Siemens

2.6.2
2.7
2.8


GSM/DCS-PLMN


(RSS)
- (BTS)
(BSC)
-
(TRAU)
(SSS)
- (MSC)
- (HLR)
(VLR)
- ()
(EIR)
(OMS)
GSM/DCS - PLMN
(SSS)
(BSS)

Um

31

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.6
3.7
3.8

GSM/DCS
(RFC) GSM DCS





31
31
32
33
34
34
35
37
38
40

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.5
2.6
2.6.1

2-2

15
15
15
16
17
18
19
20
20
21
23
24
25
26
27
29

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

4.4
4.5
4.6

5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

GSM/DCS

49
49
49
50
52

GSM/DCS

6.1
6.2
6.3

53
53
53

6.4
6.5

ISDN- (MSISDN)

(IMSI)
54
(TMSI) 55

56

7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.4.1
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.7

GSM/DCS

4.1
4.2
4.3

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

41
41
41
43
44
45
48

57
57
57
59
60
62
62
63
63
64
66

2-3

Siemens

2-4

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

,
,
,
.

1.1

,
,
GSM DCS.
:
-


GSM
DCS

GSM/DCS
- GSM/DCS
-

1.2


.
,
.
(MS)
.
().

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-5

Siemens

()
(BS).
, , (ME).
,
GSM/DCS, .

2-6

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

1.2.1


.
.

(BS).
(BS) (MSC)
( ).


(MSC),
,
,



(, PSTN).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-7

Siemens

PLMN
, PSTN -
.
1.2.2

GSM?

GSM - . ,
.
GSM
,
(SMG).

: GSM 900 (
900 ) DCS 1800 (
1800 ).
GSM 900 -
(
900 ).
GSM

35 .
DCS 1800 GSM
1800 . DCS 1800
. DCS 1800
8 .

.
,
, .
,
GSM/DCS .
, -
.
.

2-8

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

1.2.3
(PLMN) GSM/DCS
(PSTN)

GSM/DCS
:


(PSTN)


, GSM/DCS (PLMN)


-
.

,


.




...



(personal chip card).
,

GSM.
,
,
,
...

1.3

GSM/DCS

, ,

.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-9

Siemens

,
,
.

GSM/DCS

:
-
-
-

1.3.1


.
, .
, ,
.
,
,
.

, ,
( , )
( GSM/DCS
300 / 9,6 /).

2-10

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

1.3.2

,
,
, ,
. , ,
.
: ,
, ..

1.3.3

.

.

.


:
-
-

- .

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-11

Siemens

,
, .

1.4

(SIM)

( )
(SIM)
GSM/DCS.

SIM , ,
.
SIM




()
.

2-12

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

, :
-
- SIM
,
-
-
( :
)
() SIM (..
)
(MS).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-13

Siemens

1.5

GSM 900 DCS 1800


,
.

GSM 900 DCS 1800, ,


:


,

2-14

( SIM) (
)
GSM/DCS

GSM/DCS SIM.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens


GSM/DCS

2.1


GSM/DCS.
:
- GSM/DCS
- , :




-
- GSM/DCS
2.2

, ,

(PLMN):
GSM-900 (D1 D2)
DCS 1800
(E-plus).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-15

Siemens

PLMN GSM/DCS,
GSM/DCS, :
- (RSS)
- (SSS)
-
(OMS)

2.3

(RSS)

(RSS) :
- (ME)
- (BS)
- (Um)

.
:
- (TS)
- (BSC)
- (TRAU)

.

Abis.

2-16

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens


, ,
,
GSM.

2.3.1

, ,

(BSS).

- (BTS)
(BSC)


(um), ,
, , ,
, ..
(BSC)
(BSS):
- ,
- ,
( )
.
!

BSC
(BSS).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-17

Siemens

2.3.2

-
(TRAU)

(TRAU)

(MSC) 64 / ,

(22,8 /; . 3).
:
- (TC)
- (RA)

TRAU
:
- A-interface (
SSS
MSC)
- Asub- (
BSC)
TC , 64
/, ,
16 /.
,
( ),
64 / .

(RA) ,


64 /, MSC,

16 /.

2-18

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

TRAU () ,
16 /, ,
64 /.
Asub
, .

or

TRAU MSC,
.

2.4

(SSS)

(SSS) :
- (MSC)
- (HLR)
-
-

VLR
(AC)

(EIR)

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-19

Siemens

2.4.1

- (MSC)

GSM / DCS
, .
GSM / DCS
, (MSC).
MSC :
- (BSS)
- MSC
- (., PSTN)
MSC

.
, MSC .
, MSC GSM / DCS,
.
() .
2.4.2

- (HLR)
(VLR)

GSM/DCS PSTN
() ,
MSC.
MSC,
. ,
GSM / DCS ,
(HLR),
,

(PLMN) . HLR ,
, ,
. HLR
, (
), .

2-20

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

, HLR,
.
,
,
.
(VLR) MSC.


HLR VLR. VLR,
, VLR. VLR
, .
, VLR,
: VLR
HLR,
.
2.4.3

- (AC)
(EIR)

, VLR
SIM, .. (
). VLR
, ,

(). , VLR.
-AC HLR.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-21

Siemens

- ,
.

, , ,
.
MSC ,
(ME),
. , MSC

(IMEI) ,
(EIR).
IMEI:
IMEI ,
.
IMEI :
- (TAC), 6

GSM,
- (FAC),
2 ,
- (SNR), 6

-
- (SP), .
2-22

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

EIR IMEI
:
- " " ,
- ,
- " " , ,
- " " ,
.
EIR , IMEI,
MSC. , ,
, .
2.5

(OMS)
(SSS)
(BSC) (BSC, BTS
TRAU) ,

(OMS).
OMS
(OMC). OMC SSS BSC
X.25 1).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-23

Siemens


(),
,
(LAN).

.25.
2.6

GSM/DCS - PLMN

(SSS)
,
-
PCM 30 ( 30).

, :
- ,
- ,
-
, ..
30 ,
32 64 /
. . 32

1)

X.25 ,
().
.
2-24

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

30-
- .
0
.
- (,
), 8- .
30 2 048 /.

.
,
, .
2.6.1

(SSS)
(BSS)

,
(PLMN):

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-25

Siemens

PSTN PLMN
:

30.

2-26

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

2.6.2

30.
7 (CCS7)2) :
- SSS,
-
,
-
.
CCS7


.
.

2)

CCS7 - 7.
CCS7 ,
, .

( , :
, , :
..) .
( ,
ISUP) (:
(SCCP), (TCAP)).
CCS7
GSM/DCS.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-27

Siemens

2.7



GSM/DCS.

A


MSC -

BSC

Abis

2-28


BSC
BTS



MSC -
VLR



64 / , - :

64 /
30-
-
-.
:

64 /
2 048 /

64 / , - : 16

/ (TRAU30-

-.


GSM)
2 048 /
-
: 16
/ (TRAU

GSM)
64 / ,

30-
-.

2 048 /

64 /
- : CCS7 MTP
- 4:

(SCCP) +



(BSSAP)
- 64 /



(TDMA)
- : LAPD

-
64
/
- : CCS7 MPT
- 4:
SCCP +

TCAP +

MAP

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens



MSC -
LR

64 / ,

30- .
2 048
/



MSC -


MSC

64 / , -

():
30- 64 /
. -
2 048
:
/
64 / (
)

MSC

EIR

64 / ,

30- .
2 048
/

64 / ,
VLR -

VLR
30- .
2 048
/

PLMN-PSTN
MSC

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

64 / , -

():
30- 64 /
. -
2 048
:
/
64 / (
)

-
64 /
- : CCS7 MPT
- 4:
SCCP +

TCAP +

MAP
-
64 /
- : CCS7 MTP
- 4:
1)

(ISUP) /

TUP
2) SCCP +


TCAP +
MAP
-
64 /
- : CCS7 MPT
- 4:
SCCP +

TCAP +

MAP
-
64 /
- : CCS7 MPT
- 4:
SCCP +

TCAP +

MAP
a)
64 /
- : CCSP MTP
- 4: 1)
ISUP
2)

SCCP
) CAS (
) (z.B. MFC
R2)

2-29

Siemens

2.8


GSM/DCS
* PLMN GSM/DCS :
- (RSS)

- (SSS)
- (OMS)

* :
- (VLR)

,
MSC,
VLR,
.
(MSC)
,
,
.
(HLR)
.
VLR .
() (
) .
(VLR) .
(EIR)
,
.
MSC EIR ,
.
(BTS)
,
.

2-30

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

- (BSC)
,
.
- ()
SSS,
BSC
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-31

Siemens

3
3.1

Um

Um.
:
-

3.2

GSM/DCS



.

GSM / DCS


GSM DCS .
:
- (UL)
MS BTS
- (DL)
BTS MS

2-32

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

3.3

(RFC) GSM DCS

GSM 900 DCS 1800


.
, ,
() (RFC)
200 .
(200 ) .
GSM/DCS
(FDMA).
GMS DCS :
-
-
- ( ,
)
- (RFC)

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-33

Siemens


.
.

,
.
, ,
,
,
.

, , ,
. ,

.

3.4

30- - (1 32 ), 1 8 . ,

.

(TDMA) .
2-34

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

(.., RFC)
TDMA.

, ( /
) 174 RFC 8 , , 1392
( GSM).

3.5

(
) (
), . - ,
, , .
3.5.1

(TCH) :
- ,
- (.., )
- (..,
)
/
:
,
,
13 / ( ) 6,5 / ( ).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-35

Siemens



( 1/95).
22,8 /
11,4 / - , ,
,
.

,
.

: , ,
TDMA, .
.

: 22,8 /

22,8 /
:

- 9,6 /
- 4,8 /
- 2,4 /

: 11,4 /

11,4 /
: - 4,8 /
- 2,4 /

3.5.2

:
- (BCH)
- () (DCCH)
- (ACCH)
- (CCCH)

2-36

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

BCH

DCH

ACCH

CCCH

, ,

, ,

..

(DCCH).

():

, , ,
. ,
.
(DCCH),
(ACCH) (CCCH):
. ,
?
,
,
,
(RACH).

(DCCH) , , (CCCH),
(AGCH).

, (, ,
, ).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-37

Siemens

,
(,
, ..).
3.6

,
( ) .
:


.

:
- (Tail Bits, TB).

.
- :
( ) 2 (57 + 1) .
-

2-38

:
28 , .
( Guard Period, GP). 8,25
(
).

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

, ,
, , ,
,
.

3.7

,
, , .
TDMA
:

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-39

Siemens

51 TDM.
, 51 TDMA- 1 .
: 0

e
m
p
t
y

e
m
p
t
y

51 TDMA - = 1


. , 26 TDMA 1 .

:


TDMA

2-40

/
1

/
1

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

3.8

Um
* , GSM/DCS,
:
- (
(MS) --> (BTS))
- (
(BTS) --> (MS)).
*
200 . TDMA 8
.
*
, ,
TDMA.
*

,
.
*

, ,
, .. ,
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-41

Siemens


4.1



.
:
-
-
-
- .
4.2

, :
-





(TDMA)

.

TDMA
8
TDMA RFC.
, TDMA RFC,
.
TDMA
.

2-42

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

BTS

. ,
, .
RFC
RFC,
.

, (
(BCCH))
.
.
,
RFC ,
.
, .
,
. ,
, , .
2 /
.
, : ,
TDMA.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-43

Siemens

4.3

64 / 13 6,5 /
, ,

(TRAU).
TRAU 13 6,5 /
16 /,
.
64 / ( 4 ),
30- -.
13 6,5 /
64 /.

,
, 64 / .
TRAU 64 /
. 16 /.
TRAU 64 / (, CCS7)
.

2-44

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

4.4

(BSC)
.

2 /, TRAU
.
,
, ,
.

BSC
control


. ,
BSC
.
CCS7 TRAU

. ,
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-45

Siemens

4.5

.
,
Siemens.
(
(MSC), (VLR),
(HLR), ()
(EIR)), ,
.
,
,
.

2-46

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

SSS
:
-
- 30- -
-
- CCS7.


(MSC),
, ,

.

.
:

.
,
, , .

.
.
,
.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-47

Siemens


,
, .
, ,
.

(ISDN) ,

.

.

interworking unit

2-48

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

4.6



*
*

*
*

TDMA
RFC, BTS.

,
.
(TRAU)

.
(
/ )
.

.
(MSC),
(VLR), (HLR),
() (EIR)
,
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-49

Siemens

5.1


GSM/DCS,
.
:
-

5.2

GSM/DCS




GSM/DCS


GSM/DCS


GSM/DCS
,


GSM DCS.

,


.
PLMN
GSM/DCS


.

2-50

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

,
/
MSC, VLR,
MSC.

MSC .
.

.
,
.

5.3


(LA).
,
.
, ,
(LAI).
:
- (),

- (MNC),


- (LAC),
PLMN, .

, (LAC)
VLR, (LAI) SIM.
LAI
VLR, ,
VLR.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-51

Siemens

,
,
.
(CGI) :
- LAI
- (CI).

(LAC),

2

2-52

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

5.4

GSM/DCS
* GSM/DCS
,
PLMN.
* PLMN
.
* MSC, ,
, (LAI).
* (LAI)
VLR SIM.
* LAI (CGI),

.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-53

Siemens


GSM/DCS

6.1


GSM/DCS.
:
-

6.2

ISDN- (MSISDN)


.
ISDN-
(MSISDN) (ISDN - ).

2-54

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

ISDN- (MSISDN)
:
-

(CC):


(PSTN).
.
(NDC): PLMN
.
(SN):
.

,
,
(MSISDN) 12 .

(SN)
(HLR)
.
5 .

.

6.3

(IMSI)


(PLMN) GSM/DCS
,
.

(IMSI) :
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-55

Siemens

- ():
3
- (MNC): PLMN 2 .
(MSIN)
10 .
ISDN-
(MSISDN), 2
(MSIN) (HLR),
. 8
.

(IMSI)
SIM. , .
HLR IMSI .
6.4

(TMSI)


.
,
(IMSI)
. ,

.
IMSI
,
VLR, SIM.

(TMSI) .
VLR, .
2-56

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

6.5

GSM/DCS
*

ISDN- (MSISDN)
, .
(), (NDC)
(SN).
(IMSI)

.
(MCC), (MNC)
(MSIN).
(SN)
(MSIN)
(HLR), .

(IMSI)

(TMSI). TMSI
,
(VLR),
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-57

Siemens

7 GSM/DCS
7.1


GSM/DCS.
:
-

,
MSC

7.2


(PLMN) GSM/DCS SIM.
SIM :
- (IMSI)
- (Ki)
- A3 A8

2-58

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

,
():
- (RAND)
- (SRES), ..
- (Kc), .. ,

()
, , ,
VLR HLR.
VLR (RAND)
(MS). SIM
(SRES),
VLR .
, , VLR
. VLR ,
HLR.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-59

Siemens

7.3

(LAI), SIM,
LAI,
,
,
.
, ,
.

, , HLR
, SIM-
.
SIM , ,
,
(IMSI).
VLR IMSI
() HLR
.
VLR HLR.
VLR . VLR
HLR.
VLR3)
(LMSI).4)

3)

VLR VLR.
VLR HLR
VLR, , ,

2-60

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

HLR VLR
(LMSI) VLR
.
VLR
(TMSI).
TMSI ,
SIM (LAI).

SIM (
IMSI, Ki, 3 8)
( LAI,
TMSI).
7.4

, (PSTN)
(MSISDN).
, PSTN,
,
MSC, PLMN.

.

, , ..
(MTC) VLR , ISDN-
.
4) (LMSI)
VLR
. (MTC).
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-61

Siemens

MSC

MSC ,
.
(MSRN)5) .
MSC HLR
HLR (HLR-ID)6)
MSISDN, MSRN
HLR.
7).
HLR VLR,
MSRN VLR,
(IMSI).
VLR MSRN MSC
HLR.
VLR MSRN,
.
MSC
MSRN.

5)

(MSRN) ,
, ISDN- .
(), (NDC) (
(HLR)
). , HLR,
VLR, ,
MSRN. MSRN
() MSC,
.
6) HLR-ID MSISDN
, . 1, 2 3
(: 00-49-171-55-, 00 - , 49 - , 171 55 - HLR-ID.
7) ( )
.
PLMN, MSC,
, ( )
(GMSC). (
PLMN PLMN)
GMSC, .
2-62

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

MSC VLR
MSRN TMSI,
(LAI) .
VLR TMSI LAI,
.

7.4.1

MSC
,
, ,
. ,
,

() .
.
,
,
.


(TMSI) VLR.
7.5

, - ?
,
.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-63

Siemens

VLR ,
TMSI ,
, (
)8).
MOC (Mobile
Originating Call).
,

.
HLR .
7.6

,
, ,

.
.
7.6.1

:
- :

, ,
,
. ,
.
-

:
MSC:
,

MSC
- :
MSC

8)


.
2-64

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

7.6.2

:
- 1 : (BSC)
.
- 2 :
.
- 3 : MSC
.
- 4 : .

.
1 :
,

.
,
,
.

,
.
, ,

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-65

Siemens

MSC,
MSC1.
2 :
MSC1 (HON) 9)
MSC2 MSC2 B.
MSC2 VLR
HON, BSC
.
HON
MSC1.
3 :
HON, MSC1
MSC2.
.
MSC1 MS
, .
4 :
.

9)

(HON)
. MSC1
MSC2 .
HON MSRN
( , NDC )
VLR.
2-66

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

7.7

GSM/DCS

* ,
, , , ,

, , ..,
, .
* VLR
, .
*
SRES VLR SRES,
.
* , SRES
, SIM.

*
.
*
- VLR ,

- HLR VLR,

- VLR SIM-
(LAI)

*
(MSISDN).
* MSISDN


,
.
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

2-67

Siemens

* MSC
HLR
MSRN, .. ,
,
.
* MSRN ,
.
* (MTC)
.
.

* , MOC,
HLR .

2-68

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

A
3 ( )
8 ( )
(Authentication Center - )
(Associated Control Channel - C )
(Automatic Message Accounting - )
- ( MSC
TRAU)
Abis- ( BSC
BTS)
Asub- ( BSC
TRAU)
Authentication ():

. ,
SIM.

B
BCH (Broadcast Channel - )
Base Station ( ):
,
.

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-69

Siemens

BSC (Base Station Controller - )


BSS (Base Station System - )
BSSAP (Base Station System Application Part -
)
BTS (Base Transceiver Station - )

C
C (Carrier - )
CAS (Channel-Associated Signaling - )
CBS (Computer-Based Simulation - )
CBS (Cell Broadcast Service - )
CBT (Computer-Based Training - )
CC (Country Code - )
CCCH (Common Control Channel - )
CCITT (International Telegraph and Telephone Consultive Committee )
CCS7 (Common Channel Signaling System No. 7 -
7)
(Radio) Cell ():
.
(BS).
CGI (Cell Clobal Identity - )
Ciphering ():

3-70

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens


. ,
.
Personal Chip Card ( ):
SIM (Subscriber Identity Module -
) .
,
(,
IMSI).
CI (Cell Identity - )
CSYP (Central System Panel - )

D
DCCH (Dedicated Control Channel - )
DCS (Digital Cellular System - )
DCS1800 (Digital Cellular System for the 1800 MHz band -
1800 )
DL (Downlink - / /)
DPPC (Data Postprocessing Center - )

E
EIR (Equipment Identification Register - )
Erlang ():
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute -
)
EXCH ( Exchange - )
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-71

Siemens

F
FAC (Final Assembly Code - )
FCCH (Frequency Correction Channel - )
FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access -
):

.

G
GP (Guard Period - )
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications -
)
GSM900 (Global System For Mobile Communications in the 900 MHz band 900 )

H
Handover ( ):

PLMN
,

HON (Handover Number - )


HLR (Home Location Register - )
HLR-ID (HLR identification - )

3-72

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

I
IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity -
)
IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity -
)
Interrogation ():

(GMSC) ,
(HLR)
GMSC. GMSC
, GMSC
VMSC .
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network - )
ISO (International Organization for Standardization -
)
ISUP (ISDN User Partl - ISDN)

K
Ki ( )
Kc ( )

L
LA (Location Area - ) :
,
. .

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-73

Siemens

LAC (Location Area Code: identifies the location area within a PLMN -
: PLMN)
LAI (Location AreaI Identity - )
LAN (Local Area Network - )
LAPD (Link Access Protocol for D-channel - D-)
Location Registration ( ):

(HLR) (VLR),
,
VLR. HLR
VLR
. ,
. (
= + ).

.
Location Update ( ):
,
(VLR), .

MS.
LMSI (Local Mobile Subscriber Identity -
)

M
MAP (Mobile Application Part: e.g. MSC, HLR etc. - ,
: , HLR ..)
MCC (Mobile Country Code - :
)
3-74

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

MCH (Message Channel - )


ME (Mobile Equipment - ):
.
.
().
MFC (Multi Frequency Coding - )
MNC (Mobile Network Code - :

)
MOC (Mobile Originating Call - )
MS (Mobile Station - )
MS (Mobile Subscriber - ):

(PLMN).
(SIM),
(IMSI).
MSC (Mobile Services Switching Center - ):
,
, , , , .
,
,
, .
MSIN (Mobile Subscriber Identification Number -
)
MSGNO (Message Number - )
MSISDN (Mobile Station International ISDN Number - ISDN
)

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-75

Siemens

MSRN (Mobile Station Roaming Number; MS-Roaming-Number -


)
MTC (Mobile Terminating Call - )
MTP (Message Transfer Part within CCS7 -
CCS7)
MUT (Mounting Unit - )

N
NDC (National Destination Code - )

O
OAM (Operation, Administration and Maintenance - ,
)
OMC (Operation and Maintenance Center - )
OMP (Operation and Maintenance Processor -
)
OMS (Operation and Maintenance Subsystem -
)
OMT (Operation and Maintenance Terminal - )

P
PCM (Pulse Code Modulation - - )
PCM30 (30- - )

3-76

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network -


):
PLMN ,
. .
PSPDN (Packet Switched Public Data Network -
):
, .
,
.
PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network -
)

R
RA (Rate Adaptor - )
RAND (Random Number - )
Rate Adaption ( ):

.
RFC (Radio Frequency Channel - )
Roaming ( - )
PLMN
.
RSS (Radio Subsystem - )

S
P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-77

Siemens

SCH (Synchronization Channell - )


SCI (Subscriber Controlled Input - )
SCCP (Signaling Connection Control Part -
)
SIM (Subscriber Identity Module - ):
,

SMG (Special Mobile Groups - )
SN (Subscriber Number - )
SN (Switching Network - )
SNR (Serial Number - )
SP (Spare Bit - )
SP (Signaling Point - )
SSS (Switching Subsystem - ):
PLMN,
.
Subscription Check ( ):
, HLR ,
.
Switching Device ( ):
, ,
, , .

3-78

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

Siemens

TAC (Type Approval Code - )


TB (Tail Bit - )
TC (Transcoder - )
TCAP (Transaction Capabilities Application Part -
)
TCH (Traffic Channel - )
TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access -
):
.
TMSI (Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity -
)
Transaction (): (
)
TRAU (Transcoder Unit - )
Traffic (or user channel) connection (
:
,
.

TUP (Telephony User Part - )

U
UL (Uplink - / /)
Um ()

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

3-79

Siemens

V
V.24 ( V.24)
VAS (Value Added Services - )
VDU (Video Display Unit - )
VLR (Visitor Location Register - )
VLR-ID (VLR Identification - )

3-80

P30181-X1760-X200-1-7619

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