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Users Guide

P/N 905446-001, Rev D December 2003

800-722-6876 Technical Support 800-445-3141 www.scantron.com

Federal Communications Commission Radio and Television Interference Statement for a Class A Device User Instructions

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

If the equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Ensure that card mounting screws, connector attachment screws and all ground wires are secured and tight. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate the equipment. Note: This product was FCC certified under test conditions that included the use of shielded power cords, I/O cables and connectors between system components. To comply with FCC regulations, the user must use shielded cables and connectors and install them properly.

Disclaimer

The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as a commitment by SCANTRON Corporation, which assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. SCANTRON Corporation reserves the right to revise this document and to make changes to the products described herein for the purpose of product improvement at any time, without obligation by SCANTRON Corporation to notify any person of such revisions or changes. The information in this document is the exclusive property of SCANTRON Corporation. This work is protected under United States Copyright Law and other international copyright treaties and conventions. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, nor by any information storage or retrieval system, except as expressly permitted in writing by SCANTRON Corporation. All requests should be sent to SCANTRON Corporation, 34 Parker, Irvine, CA 92618, USA, Attn: Quality Assurance Department.

Revision History Trademarks

This guide replaces the ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide, P/N 905446-001, Rev C. ScanMark ES 2010, ScanMark ES 2260, ScanMark 2000, ScanMark 2250, ScanMark 2500, ScanMark 4000, and ScanMark 5500 are trademarks of SCANTRON Corporation. All other product names and services identified throughout this book are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Copyright SCANTRON Corporation, 2000. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

Copyright

About Scantron
Congratulations on selecting a member of the ScanMark family of products. You have joined an ever-growing legion of satisfied customers. For more than a quarter of a century, Scantron Corporation has supplied innovative data entry solutions to both the education and commercial markets. We believe that you have selected one of the finest products in the industry, and we are committed to ensuring that your experience with our product will confirm that belief. Your ScanMark ES 2260 is only one of many products that we provide. If you need an efficient data entry solution and have questions about form printing, custom form design, or data entry alternatives, please contact your local Scantron sales representative, or call us directly at (800) 7226876. Once again, congratulations on your selection and thank you.

About this Guide


The ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide provides instruction on using the ScanMark ES 2260 Optical Mark Reader (OMR). This guide includes special attention labels and symbols to help you quickly identify important information about operation or installation conditions.

Label/Symbol Warning/ Warnung

Meaning Provides information concerning operating conditions or practices that might injure you. When you see this symbol on the OMR, refer to the appropriate section of the users guide before you proceed. Wenn Sie dieses Symbol auf dem OMR sehen, shlagen Sie die entsprechenden informationen in der Betriebsanleitung nach, bevor Sie fortfahren.

Label/Symbol Caution Note

Meaning Provides information about conditions or procedures that could damage the OMR or lead to data loss. Provides additional information which might affect or enhance the performance and operation of the OMR.

The following applies to the LEDs only:

Label/Symbol Warning/ Warnung

Meaning The ScanMark ES 2260 is a Class 1 LED (Light Emitting Diode) Product. Do not lift the readhead assembly and look directly at the readhead while the ScanMark ES 2260 is in operation. Vermeiden Sie den direkten Blick zu den Readhead LEDs, whrend die ScanMark ES 2260 in betrieb ist mit den Readhead in der offenen position. You do not have access to the readhead. If you lift the readhead assembly during operation, you will be exposed to high voltage that could cause death or injury. Sie haben nicht zugriff zum readhead. Wenn Sie den readhead whrend der Operation anheben, werden Sie der Hochspannung ausgesetzt, die den Tod oder Verletzung verursachen knnte.

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Contents

1 Reviewing ScanMark ES 2260 Features


Overview ................................................................................... 1-1 Standard Features ...................................................................... 1-2 Optional Features ...................................................................... 1-2 Using Ink-Read-Safe Colors ..................................................... 1-3 Choosing Special Form Colors for Ink-Read Systems ...... 1-3

2 Installing the ScanMark ES 2260


Overview ................................................................................... 2-1 Site Requirements ..................................................................... 2-2 ScanMark ES 2260 Model Components ................................... 2-3 Installing the Input Hopper ................................................ 2-4 Installing the Output Hopper ............................................. 2-8 Using the Support Bail....................................................... 2-10 Supplying Power to the ScanMark ES 2260 ............................. 2-11 Connecting the Power Cord to ScanMark ES 2260........... 2-11 Powering on the ScanMark ES 2260 ................................. 2-12 Connecting the ScanMark ES 2260 to a Computer .................. 2-13 Connecting the Scanner Directly ....................................... 2-13 Connecting the Scanner In-Line ........................................ 2-14 ScanMark Serial Port Configuration......................................... 2-17 CPU Port PIN Assignments ............................................... 2-17 AUX Port PIN Assignments .............................................. 2-17

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

3 Operating the ScanMark ES 2260


Overview ................................................................................... 3-1 Using the Control Panel ............................................................ 3-2 Using the Power Lamp....................................................... 3-2 Using the Receive Lamp.................................................... 3-2 Using the Transmit Lamp .................................................. 3-3 Using Key 1 ....................................................................... 3-3 Using Key 2 ....................................................................... 3-3 Using the END Key ........................................................... 3-3 Using the SEL Key ............................................................ 3-4 Using the LCD ................................................................... 3-4 Feeding Forms Manually .......................................................... 3-6 Accepted Forms ................................................................. 3-8 Rejected Forms .................................................................. 3-8 Feeding Forms Automatically................................................... 3-9 Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray ................... 3-13 Using the Paperweight ....................................................... 3-14 Detecting Double Sheets.................................................... 3-15 Avoiding Common Problems.................................................... 3-16

4 Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260


Overview ................................................................................... 4-1 About Serial Communication.................................................... 4-2 Baud Rate (9600) ............................................................... 4-2 Word Length (8) ................................................................ 4-2 Stop Bits (2) ....................................................................... 4-2 Parity (None)...................................................................... 4-3 Handshaking Protocol (None)............................................ 4-3 Using Default Communication Settings.................................... 4-5 Completing a Configuration Form ............................................ 4-6 Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 ......................................... 4-9 Using the Control Panel Keys............................................ 4-9 Accepted Configuration Forms.......................................... 4-10 Rejected Configuration Forms........................................... 4-11

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Contents

Remote Configuration........................................................ 4-12 Exiting the Configuration Mode ........................................ 4-12 Navigating the Configuration Menu ......................................... 4-13 Navigating the Config Mode Menu .......................................... 4-15 Using Com Set Up ............................................................. 4-15 Using Com Report ............................................................. 4-15 Using Com Check .............................................................. 4-16 Using Double Sheet ........................................................... 4-16 Using Printer ...................................................................... 4-17 Using Cal Mode ................................................................. 4-18 Navigating the Test Mode Menu............................................... 4-21 Using Auto Read................................................................ 4-21

5 Maintaining the ScanMark ES 2260


Overview ................................................................................... 5-1 ScanMark ES 2260 Internal Components ................................. 5-2 Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly ................. 5-3 Performing Maintenance........................................................... 5-5 Cleaning the Paper Path ..................................................... 5-5 Removing Forms from the Paper Path............................... 5-6 Cleaning the Readhead Lenses .......................................... 5-6 Recording Maintenance ............................................................ 5-8

A Specifications
Overview ................................................................................... A-1 ScanMark ES 2260 Specifications ............................................ A-2 Power Requirements .......................................................... A-2 Environmental Conditions ................................................. A-3 Physical Dimensions.......................................................... A-3 Operating Specifications.................................................... A-4 Hopper Capacities.............................................................. A-4 Processor ............................................................................ A-4 Computer Interface Specifications............................................ A-4

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Auxiliary Connector........................................................... A-5

B Using the Bar Code Reader Option


Overview ................................................................................... B-1 Using the Bar Code Reader....................................................... B-2 Locating the Bar Code Reader .................................................. B-3 Placing Bar Code Symbols........................................................ B-4 Reading Range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches ............................. B-6 Reading Range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches ................................... B-7 Aligning the Bar Code Reader .................................................. B-9

C Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option


Overview ................................................................................... C-1 Locating the Ink-Jet Printer....................................................... C-2 Installing the Print Cartridge..................................................... C-3 Installing the Ink Blotter .................................................... C-5 Maintaining the Ink-Jet Printer ................................................. C-6 Priming the Print Cartridge................................................ C-6 Cleaning the Print Cartridge .............................................. C-8 Aligning the Ink-Jet Printer....................................................... C-9 Top Print Location ............................................................. C-10 Bottom Print Location........................................................ C-11 Printing Messages .............................................................. C-12 Changing the Printer Carriage Orientation ............................... C-13

D Understanding Optical Mark Reading


Overview ................................................................................... D-1 Reading Marks Optically .......................................................... D-2 Reviewing Form Geometry....................................................... D-3 Using Timing Marks .......................................................... D-5 Using Mark Response Positions ........................................ D-5 Using Timing Lines and Columns ..................................... D-5

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Contents

Using Identification Marks ................................................ D-6 Understanding Form Definitions............................................... D-7 Using Flash Memory.......................................................... D-7 Managing Form Definitions............................................... D-7 Translating the Data........................................................... D-8

E Troubleshooting
Overview ................................................................................... E-1 Resolving Serial Communication Problems ............................. E-2 Resolving Computer Related Problems ............................. E-2 Resolving Form Problems......................................................... E-4 Reading and Interpreting Forms ........................................ E-4 Printing on Forms .............................................................. E-5 Reading Bar Codes ............................................................ E-5 Resolving Operating Error Messages........................................ E-6 Obtaining Additional Support ................................................... E-7 Technical Support Department .......................................... E-7 Website/Email.................................................................... E-8 Scantron Service Group ..................................................... E-8

F ASCII Character Chart Glossary Index

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

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Reviewing ScanMark ES 2260 Features


Chapter 1

Overview
Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the features of the ScanMark ES 2260. This chapter includes the following topics: Standard Features Optional Features Using Ink-Read-Safe Colors

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Standard Features
The ScanMark ES 2260 is equipped with the following standard features: Hand-fed form transport Dual readhead (Pencil or Ink-Read capability) The form transport supports forms that are fed by hand through the scanner. With the dual readhead, the scanner is capable of reading both sides of a double-sided form at once.

Optional Features
You can equip the ScanMark ES 2260 with the following optional equipment: Automatic document feeder (or autofeed unit) With an automatic document feeder, you can load the input hopper with up to 150 forms at a time and scan up to 2200 forms per hour. For more information, refer to Chapter 3 in this guide. Bar code reader The bar code reader scans and translates bar code symbols affixed to forms. For more information, refer to Appendix B in this guide. Ink-jet printer The ink-jet printer allows you to print messages on forms as they scan. For more information, refer to Appendix C in this guide. Ink-read capability With ink-read capability, the scanner can read marks made in ballpoint pen, optical character recognition pens, and pencils. For more information, refer to Choosing Special Form Colors for Ink-Read Systems on page 1-3. Note: Depending on your ScanMark ES 2260 model type (manual feed or autofeed) and optional features, its appearance may differ slightly from some illustrations in this guide.

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Reviewing ScanMark ES 2260 Features

Using Ink-Read-Safe Colors


The Ink-Read capability enables the ScanMark ES 2260 to read marks from marking instruments other than the No. 2 pencil. A scanner equipped with the Ink-Read capability can recognize marks made from ballpoint pens, markers, OCR (Optical Character Recognition) pens, and pencils. Felt tip pens make the darkest marks. Mark darkness will vary more with pens than with pencils. (Ink-Read-equipped scanners cannot read red or orange inks.) Note: Felt tip pens should not be used to mark double-sided forms. If the ink bleeds through to the other side of the form, the scanner is unable to correctly read the form. The scanner may recognize marks from some ballpoint pens as marks of medium darkness. The darker inks, such as black and blue, usually make the darkest marks. The scanner can report the darkness of marks using the Mark Darkness command. (Refer to the ScanMark Programmers Reference for information on the Mark Darkness command.) You can use this capability to test different pens on various forms. In addition, you can use the information gathered from the darkness level testing to select a threshold value that is the most effective for your application. Note: Due to variations in ink formulations by manufacturers, Scantron does not guarantee the readability of any particular ink type. For more information regarding the suitability of a particular ink type, contact your local Scantron sales representative or the Technical Support Department at (800) 445-3141 (5:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M., Monday through Friday, Pacific Time) or FAX your questions to (949) 639-7710.

Choosing Special Form Colors for InkRead Systems

The scanner periodically updates the estimate of the paper reflectivity (whiteness) of the forms being processed by reading between the mark positions; therefore, any mark position shape, text, or graphic on Ink-Read forms near any mark positions should be printed in inks formulated to be invisible to Ink-Read capable machines. The table below lists the recommended inks, as shown in the Scantron Color Selection Chart (Form Number STC-509), for text, graphics, and mark positions printed on forms designed for the Ink-Read capability.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

These special inks have been formulated to be invisible to the reading circuitry of the scanner.

Scantron Color Number S-110 S-120 S-130 S-140 S-150 S-160 S-170 S-180 S-210 S-220 S-230

Scantron Color Pink Process Yellow Chrome Yellow Scantron Orange Russet Orange Burnt Orange Rhodamine Red Lavender Process Magenta Scantron Red Rubine Red

If you request that Scantron prints your forms using these colors, Scantron guarantees that the text or graphics on the forms will not interfere with the mark recognition process.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260


Chapter 2

Overview
Chapter 2 provides specific instructions for placing, inspecting, and assembling the ScanMark ES 2260 for proper operation. This chapter also provides information for connecting the scanner to your computer in the two most common hardware configurations. This chapter includes the following topics: Site Requirements ScanMark ES 2260 Model Components Supplying Power to the ScanMark ES 2260 Connecting the ScanMark ES 2260 to a Computer ScanMark Serial Port Configuration

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Site Requirements
Use the following guidelines to select the proper location for your scanner: Place the scanner on a sturdy and level surface Avoid placing the scanner in direct sunlight Avoid dusty environments Avoid AC power circuits controlled by a wall switch and circuits with large motors Place your scanner within three meters of your computer (Use an 8foot or shorter serial cable to connect the scanner to your computer. If the cable is longer, the scanner may not communicate with the computer.)

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

ScanMark ES 2260 Model Components


To assemble and install the ScanMark ES 2260, first you must be familiar with its components. The following sections provide instructions for installing the input and output hoppers and for using the support bail on the ScanMark ES 2260.
C B D E F G H I

A B C D E F

Output Hopper Extension Output Hopper Ink-Jet Printer Assembly (option) Readhead Assembly Bar Code Reader (option) Input Hopper Tray (Manual Feed Model: Stationary Tray) (Autofeed Model: Movable Tray)

G H I J K

Input Hopper Form Guide Input Hopper Input Hopper Extension Support Bail Control Panel

Figure 2-1. ScanMark ES 2260 Model Components

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Installing the Input Hopper

You must install the input hopper before using the ScanMark ES 2260. Installation is required for both the manual and autofeed models. The input hopper includes an extension for use with longer forms and a form guide.

C B

A D

Figure 2-2. Installing the Input Hopper

To install the input hopper 1 2 3

Position the input hopper (A, Figure 2-2) as shown. Insert the connector tabs (B) into the connector slots (C). Make sure the input hopper is level with the surface of the paper path (D).

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Using the Input Hopper Extension

If you want to scan forms that are longer than 11 inches, use the input hopper extension. The extension accommodates forms up to 14 inches in length. By using the extension, you can help ensure that forms feed into the scanner in the correct alignment.

Figure 2-3. Using the Input Hopper Extension

To use the input hopper extension 1 2 3

Position the ScanMark ES 2260 so that the input hopper (A, Figure 23) is on the right. Position the input hopper extension (B) above the input hopper and insert the prongs (C) into the insertion holes (D). Lower the extension to the right until it rests on the input hopper with the prongs secured underneath.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

When you are not using the scanner, or when you are scanning forms that are 8 1/2 inches wide or less, you can position the extension inside the input hopper. When you are scanning forms less than 6 1/2 inches wide, remove the extension so you can adjust the input hopper form guide.

A D

B C

Figure 2-4. Positioning the Extension Inside the Input Hopper

To position the input hopper extension inside the input hopper 1 2 3

Position the ScanMark ES 2260 so that the input hopper (A, Figure 24) is on the right. Position the input hopper extension (B) above the input hopper and insert the prongs (C) into the insertion holes (D). Lower the extension to the left until it rests on the input hopper with the prongs secured underneath.

Using the Input Hopper Form Guide

The input hopper includes a removable wire form guide to help stack forms correctly for scanning and to help them stay in alignment as they feed into the scanner. Inserted in the input hopper, the form guide can accommodate a variety of form widths.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Note: For forms with a width of 4 1/4 to 8 1/2 inches, insert the form guide so that the sliding section points toward the paper guide. For forms with a width of 2 1/4 inches to 4 1/4 inches, insert the form guide so the sliding section points away from the paper guide.
D D C C E A E A

Figure 2-5. Using the Input Hopper Form Guide

To use the input hopper form guide

Note: The following instructions refer to Figure 2-5. For forms greater than 4 1/4 inches wide, refer to the drawing on the left. For forms less than 4 1/4 inches wide, refer to the drawing on the right.
1 2

Position the ScanMark ES 2260 so that the input hopper (A, Figure 25) is on the right. Place a sample form (not shown) in the input hopper to determine the form guide position that accommodates the width of the forms you want to scan.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

3 4 5

Make sure the bottom edge of the form rests against the paper guide (B). Insert the sliding section (C) of the form guide (D) into the insertion slot (E). Slide the form guide so that it is near the top edge of the form. Allow sufficient space for the form to move past the form guide without folding as it enters the scanner.

Installing the Output Hopper

You must install the output hopper before using the ScanMark ES 2260. Installation is required for both the manual and autofeed models. The output hopper includes a removable form stop.

B C A

D Figure 2-6. Installing the Output Hopper

To install the output hopper 1 2

Position the output hopper (A, Figure 2-6) as shown. Insert the connector tabs (B) into the connector holes (C).

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Lower the outside edge of the output hopper until the inside edge rests against the side of the scanner (D).

Using the Output Hopper Form Stop

The output hopper includes a removable wire form stop to help forms stay in alignment after they are scanned. After exiting the scanner, the left edges of the forms rest against the wire form stop. With six form stop positions, the output hopper can accommodate a variety of form lengths. The figure shows the output hopper form stop in its most extended position.

Figure 2-7. Using the Output Hopper Form Stop

To use the output hopper form stop 1 2

Position the ScanMark ES 2260 so that the output hopper (A, Figure 2-7) is on the left. Place a sample form (not shown) in the output hopper to determine the form stop position that accommodates the forms you want to scan.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Allow sufficient space for the scanned form to exit the scanner and rest inside the output hopper.
3 4

Position the wire form stop (B) above the output hopper and insert the prongs (C) into the insertion holes (D). Lower the wire form stop to the left until it rests on the output hopper with the prongs secured underneath.

Using the Support Bail

You can use the support bail to place the scanner in a slanted or a horizontal position. The support bail is located underneath the scanner. Note: For best results, place the scanner in a slanted position when you are scanning forms so they will stack properly in the output hopper.
To place the scanner in a slanted position 1 2 3

Lift the back of the scanner and locate the support bail (J, Figure 2-1). Gently pull down the movable end of the support bail until it stops. Make sure the support bail is fully extended. Lower the scanner.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Supplying Power to the ScanMark ES 2260


The following sections provide specific instructions for connecting the power cord and for powering on the ScanMark ES 2260. Before powering on your scanner, make sure that you have securely connected the power cord to the back panel of the unit. Caution: Operating the scanner with improper line voltage could damage the scanner and sorter, if equipped. The scanner operates properly with a line voltage of 100-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz.

Connecting the Power Cord to ScanMark ES 2260

You must connect the main power cord to the ScanMark ES 2260. The power cord supplies the AC power to the scanner. Be sure to properly connect the main cord to the ScanMark ES 2260 so that the scanner will function successfully. Regardless of the power source type (100-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz), an adapter is not required.

Figure 2-8. Connecting the Power Cord to the ScanMark ES 2260

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

To connect the power cord to the ScanMark ES 2260 1 2

Plug the rectangular end of the power cord (A, Figure 2-8) into the power cord connector (B) on the back panel of the unit (C). Plug the other end of the power cord into an AC power source (not shown).

Powering on the ScanMark ES 2260

The power switch is located on the back panel of the ScanMark ES 2260.

Figure 2-9. Powering on the ScanMark ES 2260

If the power switch is not in the On position, the LCD on the control panel does not display messages. Refer to Using the LCD on page 3-4 for more information.
To power on the ScanMark ES 2260 1

Press the top edge of the power switch (A, Figure 2-9).

The green Power lamp on the control panel illuminates immediately, indicating that the scanner is receiving power. (The Power lamp is located below the symbol on the control panel of the scanner.) The LCD displays Power On Mode Scantron Inc. and then, -ScanMark 2260- Ready. Note: If neither the power lamp nor the LCD indicate power, check the power cord connection. Refer to Connecting the Power Cord to ScanMark ES 2260 on page 2-11.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Connecting the ScanMark ES 2260 to a Computer


The following sections provide specific instructions for connecting the scanner to your computer. You can connect the ScanMark ES 2260 to your computer in two ways: Connect the scanner directly to a desktop or laptop computer Connect the scanner in-line between a main frame and its display terminal

Connecting the Scanner Directly

In connecting the scanner directly to your desktop or laptop computer, you must connect the scanner (using a serial cable) to a serial communication port not used by another device. Note: To identify the correct serial communication port interface connector on your computer, refer to the user documentation for your computer.
C

Figure 2-10. Connecting the Scanner Directly

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

To connect the scanner directly to the serial communication port of your computer 1 2 3

Attach a serial interface cable (A, Figure 2-10) to the CPU connector (B) on the back panel of the unit (C). Connect the other end of the serial interface cable to the serial port connector (D) on your computer (E). Thread the cable connector locking screws (F) into the matching connector posts (G) on the scanner and computer chassis and gently tighten with a small screwdriver.

Connecting the Scanner In-Line

When required, you can install the scanner in-line between a mainframe computer and a display terminal attached to the computer.

Display Terminal

Scanner

Mainframe Computer

Figure 2-11. Connecting the Scanner Between a Mainframe and Terminal

The procedure in this section assumes that your mainframe computer is equipped with a DB9 serial interface connector configured as DCE (Data Computer Equipment), and your terminal is equipped with a similar DB9 connector configured as DTE (Data Terminal Equipment). If you are uncertain about the serial interface connector configurations available on your computer and your display terminal, consult the appropriate technical or user documentation for your system. Note: Your system may require special adapters, cables, or communication devices.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

Your computer, scanner, and display terminal must use the same communications parameters for baud rate, word length, parity, and stop bits. If any one of the devices does not conform to the necessary shared communication parameters, the devices will not communicate.

D E A H C

F J I

Figure 2-12. Connecting the Scanner In-Line

Do not disconnect the existing serial cable from the serial communication port on your computer (A, Figure 2-12).
To connect your scanner between a mainframe computer and its display terminal 1 2 3

Disconnect one end of the existing serial cable (B, Figure 2-12) from the serial communication port (C) on the display terminal (D). Connect the free end of the existing serial cable (B) to the CPU port (E) on the back panel of the scanner (F). Connect one end of a new serial cable (G) to the AUX port (H) on the back of the scanner.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Note: The new serial cable should not have any crossed signal lines (null modem configuration). The cable must function as an extension of the serial port to which it is connected.
4 5 6

Connect the other end of the new serial cable (G) to the serial communication port (C) on the display terminal (D). Thread the locking screws (I) of the cable connectors into the matching posts (J) on all of the interface connectors. With a small screwdriver, gently tighten all of the cable connector locking screws into the matching posts on the display terminal and the scanner. Make sure that the existing cable still is attached securely to the host computer.

When configured in this manner, the scanner blocks transmissions from the display terminal keyboard to the computer whenever the scanner receives a valid command.

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Installing the ScanMark ES 2260

ScanMark Serial Port Configuration


Located on the back panel of the ScanMark ES 2260 are two DB9, RS-232 connectors designated CPU and AUX. Signals and PIN numbers conform to the Electronics Industry Association (EIA) standards for RS-232. The following sections describe the CPU and AUX port PIN assignments.

CPU Port PIN Assignments

Use the communication port labeled CPU for connecting your scanner to your computer (desktop, laptop, minicomputer, etc.). The port is configured as a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) device. The table lists the pin assignment for the 9-PIN, CPU and AUX serial communication ports.

PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

PIN Assignment Data Carrier Detect (DCD): Not required Receive Data (RX): Receive serial data from host computer Transmit Data (TX): Send serial data to host computer Data Terminal Ready (DTR): Signals that the terminal device is ready Signal Ground (GND): Provides a safe ground level for signal comparison (Optically isolated) Data Set Ready (DSR): Signals that the host computer is ready to communicate with another device Request To Send (RTS): Requests data transmission Clear to Send (CTS): Signals that data can be sent Ring Indicator (RI): Not in use

AUX Port PIN Assignments

The AUX port is configured as a Data Communication Equipment (DCE) device. Use the AUX port (and the CPU port) to connect the scanner inline between a host computer (for example, minicomputer, mainframe computer, etc.) and a display terminal attached to the computer. Refer to the table in the section CPU Port PIN Assignments on page 2-17 for the pin assignment for the 9-PIN, AUX serial communication port.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260


Chapter 3

Overview
Chapter 3 describes the operation of the ScanMark ES 2260. This chapter includes the following topics: Using the Control Panel Feeding Forms Manually Feeding Forms Automatically Avoiding Common Problems

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Using the Control Panel


The ScanMark ES 2260 communicates the current operating status (or error condition) using the control panel at the lower right of the unit.

A A B C D

C E F G H

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Power Lamp Receive Lamp Transmit Lamp

Key 1 Key 2 Select Key End Key

Figure 3-1. ScanMark ES 2260 Control Panel

Using the Power Lamp

The Power lamp lights as soon as you power on the scanner and indicates that it is receiving power. If the power switch (located on the back of the main unit) is on and the Power lamp is not lit, check the following: Make sure the power cord is connected securely to the scanner Make sure the power outlet being used by the scanner is not controlled by a wall switch

Using the Receive Lamp

The Receive lamp blinks when the scanner receives commands or data from the host computer. If the scanner receives a string of instructions, the Receive lamp blinks rapidly or stays lit until the reception is complete.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Using the Transmit Lamp

The Transmit lamp blinks when the ScanMark ES 2260 is sending data to the host computer. If the scanner transmits a data string, the Transmit lamp blinks rapidly or stays lit until the transmission is complete. Key 1 is enabled only when a 2- to 4- character function is displayed on the LCD directly adjacent to Key 1. Press Key 1 to perform the function that is displayed on the LCD. In Configuration mode, for example, common functions that display on the LCD are SAVE, to save a selected option or entry, and UP, to navigate up to the previous level in the Configuration menu. For more information about Configuration mode, refer to Chapter 4, Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260.

Using Key 1
1

Using Key 2
2

Key 2 is enabled only when a 2- to 4-character function is displayed on the LCD directly adjacent to Key 2. Press Key 2 to perform the function that is displayed on the LCD. In normal operation, a common function that displays on the LCD is CONT, to continue. In Configuration mode, a common function that displays on the LCD is DOWN, to navigate down to the next level in the Configuration menu. For more information about Configuration mode, refer to Chapter 4, Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260.

Using the END Key


END

The END key is used to end a process or mode of operation and to enter the Configuration mode. In normal operation, press the END key to signal your computer to end the current process. (The scanner transmits an end-of-batch character to your computer.) For example, after you have completed scanning a batch of forms, you press the END key to end the scanning session. In Configuration mode, press the END key to end a selection. To enter Configuration mode, press the END key as you power on the ScanMark ES 2260. For more information about Configuration mode, refer to Chapter 4, Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Using the SEL Key


SEL

The SEL (select) key is used to select an option or process and to enter a mode of operation. In the Configuration mode, for example, the configuration options display on the LCD for your selection. Press the SEL key to configure the displayed option, such as LCD Contrast. The control panel includes a two-line, Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). The LCD displays messages associated with the current operating status of the scanner. While the scanner is powering on, the LCD displays Power On Mode for approximately three (3) seconds and then displays -ScanMark 2260- on the top line and Ready on the bottom line. The table lists and describes, in alphabetical order, common operating messages that display on the bottom line of the LCD.

Using the LCD

Operating Messages

Operating Message End of Batch Feed Form Feeding Form Power On Mode Scantron, Inc. Printing Ready Rejecting Transmitting

Description The END key (located on the control panel) was pressed The scanner received a valid READ command from your computer and is ready to read a form The scanner is feeding a form under the readhead The scanner is performing internal power-on tests

The scanner is printing on the current form The scanner is ready to receive either a form definition or a command from your computer The scanner detects form and/or marking error(s) on the current form and directs the form to the output hopper The scanner reads the form successfully and is transmitting the collected data to your computer

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Operating Message User Program Waiting

Description (Continued) The scanner received, accepted, and acknowledged a valid form definition The scanner is waiting for instructions to direct the form to the output hopper or the input hopper

Form Status Messages

As the ScanMark ES 2260 receives a form definition file from your computer, the scanner reports the form definition information on the LCD. The table lists and describes the form status messages.

Form Status Message F=XXX Z=XXX M=XXXKb C=XXXXX

Description Indicates the form number of the form definition file being received Indicates the zone number of the current zone being received by the scanner Indicates the amount of remaining available RAM in the scanner Indicates the number of characters the current form definition will return from the corresponding form

Note: X is replaced by a decimal number 0-9. Error Messages The ScanMark ES 2260 reports error messages on the LCD. For more information, refer to Resolving Operating Error Messages on page E-6.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Feeding Forms Manually


This section explains how to scan forms with a ScanMark ES 2260 equipped with a manual document feeder (or manual feed unit). If your ScanMark ES 2260 is equipped with an autofeed unit, refer to Feeding Forms Automatically on page 3-9. The scanner accepts forms only after receiving a valid command from your computer to read a scannable form. (Your computer must instruct the ScanMark ES 2260 to feed and read forms.) Before the scanner can collect and transmit data, you must connect the ScanMark ES 2260 to a host computer. (Refer to Chapter 2, Installing the ScanMark ES 2260.)

D B E G H C

Figure 3-2. Manually Feeding a Form into the ScanMark ES 2260

Warning: Do not lift the readhead assembly and look directly at the readhead while the ScanMark ES 2260 is in operation. Refer to LED Component on page A-2 for more information. Warnung: Vermeiden Sie den direkten Blick zu den Readhead LEDs, whrend die ScanMark ES 2260 in betrieb ist mit den Readhead in der offenen position.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Note: Do not handle the scanner components while scanning forms.


To feed a form into the ScanMark ES 2260 1 2 3

Power on the ScanMark ES 2260. Start the application software (such as ScanBook, ParSCORE, etc.) you are using with the ScanMark ES 2260. Position the scanner (A, Figure 3-2) so that the input hopper (B) is on your right. For best results, place the scanner in a slanted position so forms will stack properly in the output hopper. (Refer to Using the Support Bail on page 2-10.)

4 5

Orient the form so that the timing track is facing you. Place the form (C) into the input hopper with the edge closest to the timing track at the bottom of the input hopper. (Refer to page D-4.) Make sure that the form rests on the bottom of the input hopper. Do not insert the leading edge (D) of the form underneath the input rollers until the LCD (E) displays Feed Form. You can use the input hopper extension and the form guide (F), if desired. (Refer to Using the Input Hopper Extension on page 2-5 and Using the Input Hopper Form Guide on page 2-6.)

6 7

Verify that the LCD displays Feed Form. Feed the form until the input rollers (not shown) begin pulling the form. (Do not push the form into the scanner.) If a form lodges in the paper path, remove the form from the paper path, press Key 2 (G) to continue scanning, and scan the dislodged form again. (Refer to Removing Forms from the Paper Path on page 5-6.)

When you are finished scanning forms, press the END key (H) on the scanner.

If the scanner is correctly connected to the host computer, the following actions occur while feeding forms:

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

The Receive lamp blinks as the scanner receives a command from the computer The LCD displays Feed Form when the scanner receives a command to read a form and continues to display until you feed a form The LCD displays Transmitting and the Transmit lamp blinks when the scanner transmits data As you feed forms into the scanner, the ScanMark ES 2260 either accepts or rejects the forms. Refer to Accepted Forms on page 3-8 or Rejected Forms on page 3-8.

Accepted Forms

The ScanMark ES 2260 accepts a form if the scanner detects no marking errors (bad erasures, multiple marks, missing marks, etc.) or form errors (wrong number of timing lines, wrong side of form, etc.). Accepted forms travel through the ScanMark ES 2260 and eject into the output hopper (I, Figure 3-2). The data read from the form transmits to your computer, and the scanner then is ready to receive another form.

Rejected Forms

The ScanMark ES 2260 rejects a form if the scanner detects one (or more) of the following form and/or marking errors: Double sheets feeding into the scanner (autofeed model only) (Refer to Detecting Double Sheets on page 3-15.) Missing marks where at least one mark must exist Multiple marks where only one mark is allowed Wrong number of timing lines Wrong identification marks or wrong form Wrong side of the correct form Rejected forms travel through the ScanMark ES 2260 and eject into the output hopper, according to the option specified in your form definition: If the stop-on-error option of the READ command is enabled, the scanner will stop and require operator intervention. If the stop-on-error option is not enabled, the scanner will transmit a signal to the application that an error occurred, and the application program determines what to do with the form.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Before you feed the form again or attempt to feed another form, verify the following: You fed the correct form The form is intact (most critical for the timing track column) No stray marks exist in the timing track column No mark errors, such as multiple marks or missing marks, exist Feeding Corrected Forms
To feed corrected forms 1 2 3

Correct the form error. (Refer to Avoiding Common Problems on page 3-16 for possible causes.) If a form lodges in the paper path, press Key 2 to clear the error message. Insert the corrected form(s) into the input hopper and scan them again.

Feeding Forms Automatically


This section explains how to scan forms with a ScanMark ES 2260 equipped with an automatic document feeder (or autofeed unit). If your ScanMark ES 2260 does not have an autofeed unit, refer to Feeding Forms Manually on page 3-6. The autofeed unit can automatically feed up to 150 forms from the input hopper of a ScanMark ES 2260. With the autofeed, the scanner can process up to 2200 forms per hour. Before the scanner can collect and transmit data, you must connect the ScanMark ES 2260 to a host computer. (Refer to Chapter 2, Installing the ScanMark ES 2260.) The scanner accepts forms only after receiving a valid command from your computer to read a scannable form. If you want to use the double-sheet detection feature, you must first enable the option in Configuration mode. Refer to Using Double Sheet on page 4-16.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Figure 3-3. Automatically Feeding Forms into the ScanMark ES 2260

Warning: Do not lift the readhead assembly and look directly at the readhead while the ScanMark ES 2260 is in operation. Refer to LED Component on page A-2 for more information. Warnung: Vermeiden Sie den direkten Blick zu den Readhead LEDs, whrend die ScanMark ES 2260 in betrieb ist mit den Readhead in der offenen position. Note: Do not handle the scanner components while scanning forms.
To feed forms with the autofeed unit 1 2 3

Power on the ScanMark ES 2260. Start the application software (such as ScanBook, ParSCORE, etc.) you are using with the ScanMark ES 2260. Position the scanner (A, Figure 3-3) so that the input hopper (B) is on your right.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

For best results, place the scanner in a slanted position so forms will stack properly in the output hopper. (Refer to Using the Support Bail on page 2-10.)
4

If your forms exceed 11 inches in length, insert the input hopper extension into the input hopper. (Refer to Using the Input Hopper Extension on page 2-5.) Gently press the input hopper tray to lower it into position for loading forms. (Refer to Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray on page 3-13.) Orient the stack of scannable forms so that the timing tracks are facing you. Place the stack of forms (C) on the tray so that they are against the left edge and the timing tracks are at the bottom of the input hopper. Tap the exposed ends of the forms in the input hopper so that the edge of each form in the stack is even with the others. Refer to Figure 3-4.
Incorrect stacking Correct stacking

6 7 8

Timing track

Figure 3-4. Incorrect and Correct Forms Stacking

Adjust the input hopper form guide (D) so that it rests near the top edge of the forms. (Refer to Using the Input Hopper Form Guide on page 2-6.) Paperweight on page 3-14.)

10 Place the paperweight on top of the forms. (Refer to Using the

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

11 Press the input hopper tray again to raise it into position for scanning.

(Refer to Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray on page 313.) The forms automatically feed into the scanner. If a form lodges in the paper path, remove the form from the paper path, press Key 2 to continue scanning, and scan the dislodged form again. (Refer to Removing Forms from the Paper Path on page 5-6.)
12 When you are finished scanning forms, press the END key (E) on the

control panel. If the scanner receives a valid read command after you insert the forms and raise the input hopper tray, the following occurs: The LCD (F) displays Feed Form The top form in the stack automatically enters the scanner The LCD displays Transmitting and the Transmit lamp blinks as the scanner transmits data As forms are fed into the scanner, the ScanMark ES 2260 either accepts or rejects the form. For more information, refer to Accepted Forms on page 3-8 or Rejected Forms on page 3-8.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray

With an automatic document feeder, you need to lower the input hopper tray before loading forms so that they stack correctly. Once they are arranged and properly aligned, press the input tray to raise it back into position for scanning.

Press here (A) to lower input tray. Figure 3-5. Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray

To lower the input hopper tray 1 2 3

Place your fingertips on the lower section (A, Figure 3-5) of the movable input hopper tray. Press down the movable tray. Release your fingertips after the tray snaps into position. Note: If the tray does not snap into position, your fingertips may be positioned too high.

To raise the input hopper tray 1

Press the lower section of the input tray (A, Figure 3-5). The tray moves up into the scanning position.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Using the Paperweight

A paperweight is included with your scanner to help forms stay in alignment as they feed into the scanner. When attached to the input hopper, the paperweight rests on the stack of scannable forms. Note: Use the paperweight only if your scanner is equipped with an automatic document feeder.

Figure 3-6. Attaching the Paperweight

To attach the paperweight 1 2 3

Lower the input hopper tray and load the forms. (Refer to Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray on page 3-13.) Insert the paperweight into the input hopper on top of the forms. Slide the paperweight insertion slot (A, Figure 3-6) along the bottom of the input hopper until the retaining tab (B) is secured on the edge (C) of the input hopper. The paperweight should rest on the stack of forms inside the input hopper. Raise the input hopper tray.

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Operating the ScanMark ES 2260

Detecting Double Sheets

When you enable double-sheet detection, the ScanMark ES 2260 can detect when more than one form enters the scanner. Select double-sheet detection in the Configuration mode. Refer to Using Double Sheet on page 4-16 for information about enabling this feature. When the scanner detects multiple forms, the Double Sheet error message displays on the LCD and the scanning session pauses. You can clear the paper path and press Key 2 to continue the scanning session. Double-sheet detection stays in effect until you disable the feature in the Configuration mode. Note: This feature is only available if your scanner is equipped with an automatic document feeder.

Clearing DoubleSheet Error Conditions

To clear a double-sheet error condition 1 2 3 4

If the scanner detects multiple forms, the LCD displays the Double Sheet error message. Clear the paper path. Press Key 2 on the control panel. Scan the forms again.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Avoiding Common Problems


Minor preparation can help you to avoid the most common problems associated with collecting data from scannable forms. The table lists common problems and corrective actions.

Problem Form jams

Corrective Action Straighten pinched or dog-eared forms. Remove all staples, tape, or paper clips. Flatten creases in folded forms. Reattach loose bar code labels. Orient the forms properly while feeding. Ensure that the forms are undamaged and intact (no tears). Check critical form sections for correct information. Make sure that bar code labels are oriented properly. Make sure the bar code labels are printed to specification. Make sure you fed the form properly (for example, timing track at the bottom of the input hopper.) Flatten creases in folded forms. Straighten and/or align the form in the input hopper.

Rejected forms

Forms do not feed correctly

Refer to Appendix E, Troubleshooting for further suggestions on resolving problems.

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260


Chapter 4

Overview
Chapter 4 describes basic serial communication theory and requirements, and the default serial communication settings used by the ScanMark ES 2260. This chapter includes the following topics: About Serial Communication Using Default Communication Settings Completing a Configuration Form Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 Navigating the Configuration Menu Navigating the Config Mode Menu Navigating the Test Mode Menu

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

About Serial Communication


The scanner uses the Electronics Industry Association (EIA) serial communication standard RS-232D. The standard defines rules for establishing communication between computers and different serial devices, such as printers, computers, modems, and data terminals, such as the ScanMark ES 2260. The proper configuration of both the host computer and the scanner is the most important factor in establishing and maintaining data communication between two devices. When configuring serial communication between the scanner and your computer, you must consider the following parameters: Baud Rate Word Length Stop Bit Parity Handshaking (data interchange) Protocol Note: Default parameters are shown in parentheses.

Baud Rate (9600)

Baud rate is a measurement of the speed of data exchange between the host computer and a data device. Asynchronous serial communication (used by the scanner) requires approximately 11 bits to transmit one character; therefore, the approximate number of characters transmitted each second is determined by dividing the baud rate by 11. If the host computer and the scanner do not have the same baud rate, the devices do not communicate. The scanner can communicate at baud rates ranging from 4800 to 38400 baud. Word length (or data bits) is the number of bits that is used to transmit each data character (usually ASCII characters). If the host computer and the scanner are not using the same word length, data transmission errors can occur. The scanner can transmit characters in either seven- or eight-bit lengths. The stop bit is a bit (or a group of bits) appended to the string of data bits and is used to signal the end of a character. Stop bits generally separate one

Word Length (8)

Stop Bits (2)

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

set of data bits from the next. Mismatched stop bit settings can cause errors ranging from occasional to constant data loss. The scanner can use either one or two stop bits.

Parity (None)

A parity bit is added to the string of data and stop bits and is used for error checking. The addition of the parity bit causes the number of ones in the data bit string to remain either odd or even. Mismatched parity settings can result in corrupted data transmission or total failure to communicate. The scanner can use odd, even, or no parity. Handshaking is a general term describing the process used for data exchange between two devices. The scanner uses handshaking to insure that data is transmitted between devices with a minimum of errors. The scanner can communicate with a host computer using the following handshaking protocols: None ACK/NAK Blocking XON/XOFF

Handshaking Protocol (None)

None

No protocol for data exchange is specified. The normal operation of RS232D supplies limited control at the hardware level. Consult the EIA RS-232D specification for more detail about default hardware control. ACK/NAK protocol allows the host computer to request retransmission of data when a communication error occurs. The ACK/NAK protocol requires the host to acknowledge properly received data; therefore, ACK/NAK can be used to prevent communication errors (parity, framing, or overrun) that can occur when the host computer or scanner interprets a character from the character data bit string. (Ordinarily, these types of errors occur only when communicating over telephone lines or in a network environment.) You can change the ACK/NAK characters to any character you desire. However, standard ASCII characters are defined for both the ACK (decimal 6) character and the NAK (decimal 21) character. When using ACK/NAK protocol, the scanner transmits and waits for the host computer to acknowledge the transmission before transmitting the next record. If the host computer determines that the record was valid, the

ACK/NAK

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

host computer sends an Affirmative Acknowledgment (ACK) character to the scanner. Otherwise, the host computer sends a Negative Acknowledgment (NAK) to request that the record be retransmitted. The application software operating on the host computer determines the number of retransmissions that are requested before deciding that the communication session is unstable. Once the scanner transmits data, the scanner does not accept any commands until after it receives the ACK character from the host computer. Blocking Blocking protocol allows you to define a maximum number of characters (block size) that the scanner transmits to the host computer during a single transmission session. (You can define a block size of 1 through 255 characters.) Generally, this protocol is used when the host computer has an input buffer capacity equal to or less than the number of characters expected to be produced by the form. Note: ACK/NAK protocol is included automatically with Blocking protocol. The guidelines for ACK/NAK protocol also apply to Blocking. When you enable Blocking, the computer acknowledges each block individually, and each block can be retransmitted under computer control. The end-of-form (EOF) character is appended to each block. Therefore, the total number of characters transmitted in each block is the block size plus one extra character: EOF. The EOF character is always the last character in the block. The last block of data consists of any remaining untransmitted data plus the Last-Block character and the EOF character. (Typically, the last block of data is smaller than the block size you defined.) In cases where the form data is an even multiple of the block size, the last block consists of only the Last-Block character and the EOF character. For example, if a form produces 240 characters and a block size of 60 is marked, five blocks are produced. All form data is in the first four blocks. The fifth block will contain only two characters: Last-Block and EOF. All blocks must be acknowledged. Without the proper acknowledgment sequence, the application software may determine that a transmission error occurred and can terminate the communication session with unacknowledged blocks remaining in the storage buffer of the scanner. If an unacknowledged block is in the scanner storage buffer, the scanner ignores any further commands until the remaining untransmitted block is acknowledged or the power is turned off.

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

Note: You can determine the minimum number of Acknowledgment characters necessary to acknowledge all blocks by dividing the total number of expected characters by the block size and adding one to the total. (The scanner ignores extra Acknowledgment characters.) XON/XOFF The XON/XOFF protocol acts like a switch. XON stands for transmit on (enable data transmission), while XOFF means transmit off (disable data transmission). Upon receiving the XON character, the scanner begins transmitting data. Once the scanner receives the XOFF character, the scanner suspends data transmission until the scanner receives the next XON character. (While operating in XON/XOFF protocol, the scanner transmits no more than four characters after receiving the XOFF character.)

Using Default Communication Settings


The ScanMark ES 2260 can operate in a variety of serial communication environments. However, the scanner is configured at the factory and shipped with the following default parameters: Baud rate: Word length: Stop bits: Parity: Clear-to-Send (CTS): Handshaking: Command prefix: End-of-form: Threshold: Difference: 9600 8 Bits 2 Bits None Off None ASCII <ESC> (decimal 27) ASCII <CR> (decimal 13) Pencil - 42 (Ink - 30) Pencil - 57 (Ink - 69)

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Completing a Configuration Form


Your communication requirements may require that you select serial communications settings other than the default settings. (Specific communications environments, form designs, or programming requirements can require you to change the factory setting for serial communication.) You can configure the ScanMark ES 2260 using the ScanMark Communication Configuration Form (form number F-7545STC). When completing the ScanMark Communication Configuration Form, you must specify communication settings for the following sections on the configuration form: Baud Rate Word Length Stop Bits Parity CTS (Clear-to-Send) Handshake CMD Prefix (Command prefix character) EOF Char (End-of-form character) The scanner rejects the configuration form if you do not complete required sections. (All other serial communication settings included on the ScanMark Communication Configuration Form are optional.) Note: Use a number 2 pencil to complete the configuration form. Even if your scanner has Ink-Read capability, it can read the pencil marks.
To complete the ScanMark Communication Configuration Form 1 2 3

Select the side of the form matching the readhead configuration on your scanner (40- or 48-Channel Version). Mark one Baud Rate position corresponding to the baud rate used by your computer (4800 through 38400). Mark one Word Length position corresponding to the word length (data bits) used by your computer (7- or 8-bits word length).

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

4 5 6 7

Mark one Stop Bits position corresponding to the number of stop bits used by your computer (1 or 2 stop bits). Mark one Parity position corresponding to the parity used by your computer (None, Even, Odd). Mark one CTS position corresponding to the clear-to-send option used by your computer (Off or On.). Mark the Handshake position corresponding to the information control protocol used by your computer (None, XON/XOFF, ACK/NAK, Blocking). Choosing None in the Handshake section disables all other options in that section. Depending on the handshaking option you select, you may need to enter additional information. The table lists the additional handshaking information you may need to enter.

Handshaking Option None and XON/XOFF ACK/NAK

Additional Information You need not specify additional settings. You must specify the Acknowledge (ACK Char) and Negative Acknowledge (NAK Char) characters used by your computer. (Enter the decimal equivalent of the ASCII characters expected by your computer.)

Recommended Characters None ACK Char: decimal 6 NAK Char: decimal 21

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Handshaking Option Blocking

Additional Information You must specify the Acknowledge (ACK Char), Negative Acknowledge (NAK Char), and the LastBlock (Last Blk Char) characters used by your computer. (Enter the decimal equivalent of the ASCII characters expected by your computer.) Also, you must specify the block size (Block Size) expected by your computer. (Enter the decimal value for the block size expected by your computer.)

Recommended Characters ACK Char: decimal 6 NAK Char: decimal 21 Last Blk Char: decimal 26

Mark the CMD Prefix (command prefix) positions corresponding to the decimal equivalent of the ASCII character used by your computer to designate valid commands (0 through 255 decimal). The default CMD Prefix is an ASCII escape (ESC, decimal 27) character. Do not change the command prefix character unless the default character poses a potential conflict with your computer or application.

Mark the EOF Char positions corresponding to the decimal equivalent of the ASCII character used by your computer to designate the end of a process or action (0 through 255 decimal). The default EOF CHAR (end-of-form character) is an ASCII carriage return (CR, decimal 13). Change the EOF character only if your application program requires a different EOF character. (You must select different characters for the EOF Char and the CMD Char.)

10 Mark the Threshold positions corresponding to the decimal value you

want your scanner to use to determine valid marks (1 through 99). The ScanMark uses the Threshold and Difference values to select valid marks from background printing or stray marks. Also, the

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

scanner uses the Threshold and Difference values to identify the most likely valid mark when the scanner detects more than one mark in a specific area of the form.
11 Mark the Difference positions corresponding to the decimal value you

want your scanner to use to differentiate between multiple marks (0 through 98). The combined total for both the Threshold and Difference values must not exceed 99%, or the ScanMark ES 2260 will not accept the configuration form.
12 Configure the scanner. (Refer to Configuring the ScanMark ES

2260 on page 4-9.)

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260


The ScanMark ES 2260 has a special mode of operation called the Configuration mode used for configuring serial communication. Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 requires that you complete a ScanMark Communication Configuration Form, as detailed in Completing a Configuration Form on page 4-6, and pass the completed form through the scanner while it is in the Configuration mode.

Using the Control Panel Keys

Within the configuration menu, you can use the keys on the control panel to make selections. Each key has a specific function. Key 1 moves up to the previous level Key 2 moves down to the next level END key ends the current selection SEL key selects the current option
To configure the ScanMark ES 2260 1

Simultaneously press the END key (located on the control panel) and turn on the scanner. The LCD pauses for approximately three (3) seconds. When the LCD displays 1: Config Mode, release the END key.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

When the scanner is in the Configuration mode, the Power lamp on the control panel illuminates.
3 4

Press the SEL key (LCD displays 2: Com Set Up). Press the SEL key again (LCD displays 3: Com Set Up, Feed Form). If the scanner is equipped with an automatic document feeder, you must ensure that the input hopper tray is in the raised (loaded) position before attempting to feed the configuration form. (Refer to Lowering and Raising the Input Hopper Tray on page 3-13.)

Place a completed ScanMark Communication Configuration Form in the input hopper with the completed side face up.

Based on the contents, the scanner either accepts or rejects the configuration form. Refer to Accepted Configuration Forms on page 410 or Rejected Configuration Forms on page 4-11.

Accepted Configuration Forms

If the scanner accepts the configuration form, the form travels through the scanner and ejects into the output hopper. The scanner performs the following: The LCD displays -- Accepted-- on the bottom line The LCD displays SAVE and CONT You either can save the configuration settings permanently or use the configuration settings only while the scanner is powered on.
To save the configuration permanently 1 2 3 4

Press Key 1 once (SAVE). Press the END key. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.) Press Key 1 again. (The LCD displays 1: On-line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays ---ScanMark 2260--- Ready.)

Selecting CONT causes the scanner to store the configuration settings until you power off the scanner; the previously saved communication parameters will be restored the next time you power on the scanner.
To save the configuration temporarily 1

Press Key 2 once (CONT).

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

2 3 4

Press END once. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.) Press Key 1 again. (The LCD displays 1: On-line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays ---ScanMark 2260--- Ready.)

Rejected Configuration Forms

If the scanner rejects the form, it is ejected into the output hopper and the scanner performs the following: The LCD displays --Rejected-- on the bottom line The LCD displays ERR and CONT You either can display the first error the scanner detects on the configuration form, or you can continue with the previously selected communication settings.
To report the errors 1 2

Press Key 1 once (ERR). Press Key 1 again. Each error displays on the LCD. After you review all errors, Press END. (The LCD displays Feed Form.) Make sure that the form is complete and that no stray marks exist in a mark position or in the timing track column Make sure that you fed the form into the scanner in the correct orientation Make sure you completed the required sections (Refer to Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 on page 4-9.)

Before feeding the rejected form again, check the following:

To feed the corrected configuration form 1 2 3 4 5

Feed the configuration form. Press Key 1 once (SAVE). Press END once. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.) Press Key 1 once. (The LCD displays 1: On-line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays ---ScanMark 2260--- Ready.)

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

To continue without checking errors 1 2 3

Correct the errors on the configuration form. Press Key 2 once (CONT). (The LCD displays Feed Form.) Feed the corrected configuration form.

Note: If errors remain on the configuration form, the scanner continues to reject the configuration form.
4 5 6 7

Press Key 1 to save, or press Key 2 to continue. (The LCD displays SAVE/CONT.) Press the END key once. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.) Press Key 1 once. (The LCD displays 1: On-line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays ---ScanMark 2260--- Ready.)

Remote Configuration

You can configure the ScanMark ES 2260 remotely using the built-in serial interface. The remote configuration allows you to configure the scanner without a configuration form. Note: The ScanMark Programmers Reference contains more information about remote configuration techniques.

Exiting the Configuration Mode

When you power on the scanner with the END key depressed, the scanner automatically enters the Configuration mode. Exiting the Configuration mode places the scanner in the Ready mode.
To exit the Configuration mode 1 2

Press Key 1 once. (The LCD displays 1: On-Line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The Ready lamp goes out and the LCD displays ScanMark 2260- Ready.)

If you choose not to exit the Configuration mode, you can use the control panel keys to move through the configuration menu options.

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Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

Navigating the Configuration Menu


You can report and configure ScanMark ES 2260 features through the configuration menu, which is active only when you place the scanner in the Configuration mode. For information about activating Configuration mode, refer to Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 on page 4-9. With the scanner in Configuration mode, you can select configuration menu options, which display on the LCD on the control panel. The figure on the next page shows the structure of the multilevel configuration menu.

4-13

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Figure 4-1. Configuration Menu Structure

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

Navigating the Config Mode Menu


The Config Mode menu consists of the following options: Com Set Up Com Report Com Check Double Sheet Printer Cal Mode Note: The following sections assume that you have already placed the ScanMark ES 2260 in the Configuration mode and that the LCD displays 1: Config Mode.

Using Com Set Up

Using a configuration form, you use the Com Set Up menu option to configure the ScanMark ES 2260. (For specific information about configuring the scanner, refer to Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260 on page 4-9.) You can use the Com Report option to report the status of the following communication parameters: Baud rate Word length Stop Bits Parity CTS status Handshaking protocol Command prefix character End-of-form character Threshold value Difference value

Using Com Report

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

To enter Com Report 1 2 3 4 5

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 once. (The LCD displays 2: Com Report.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Com Report on the top line and the current baud rate on the bottom line.) Press Key 2 once. (The LCD displays the current communication settings on the bottom line.) Use Key 1 and Key 2 to scroll through all the communications parameters.

To exit Com Report 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

Using Com Check

You can use the Com Check option to verify communication between the scanner and your computer. When you select Com Check, you enable the scanner to transmit its firmware revision level to your computer.
To enter Com Check 1 2 3 4 5

Press the SEL key once. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 twice. (The LCD displays 2: Com Check.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Com Check.) To send the firmware revision level to your computer, press the SEL key. (The LCD does not change.) Type on your computer keyboard to confirm that two-way communication exists between your computer and your scanner. If communication exists, the characters you typed will display on the LCD.

To exit Com Check 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

Using Double Sheet

With the double-sheet detection circuitry enabled, the scanner can detect when more than one form enters the scanner. (Once enabled, the doublesheet option remains active during processing.)

4-16

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

To enter Double Sheet 1 2 3 4

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 three times. (The LCD displays 2: Double Sheet.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Double Sheet on the top line and the current selection on the bottom line.) Press Key 1 and Key 2 to toggle to the double sheet mode. (If you select a new Double Sheet option, you must choose to either save the selection permanently or temporarily.) Press the END key. (The LCD displays SAVE/CONT.)

To save the configuration permanently 1

Press Key 1 once (SAVE). (The LCD displays 2: Double Sheet.) Selecting SAVE saves the selection until the next time you enter Double Sheet and change the selection.

Press the END key. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

To save the configuration temporarily 1

Press Key 2 once (CONT). (The LCD displays 2: Double Sheet.) Selecting CONT causes the scanner to store the selection only until you power off the scanner; the previously saved Double Sheet option is restored the next time you power on the scanner.

Press the END key. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

To exit Double Sheet without changes 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

Using Printer

You can use the Printer option to prevent the scanner from printing messages on rejected forms. When you select Printer, the current setting of enabled or disabled displays on the LCD.
To enter Printer 1 2

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 four times. (The LCD displays 2: Printer.)

4-17

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

3 4

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Reject Print on the top line and the current selection on the bottom line.) Press Key 1 and Key 2 to toggle the reject print mode. (If you select a new Printer option, you must choose to either save the selection permanently or temporarily.) Press the END key. (The LCD displays SAVE/CONT.)

To save the reject print configuration permanently 1

Press Key 1 once (SAVE). (The LCD displays 2: Printer.) Selecting SAVE saves the selection until the next time you enter Printer and change the selection.

Press the END key. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

To save the reject print configuration temporarily 1

Press Key 2 once (CONT). (The LCD displays 2: Printer.) Selecting CONT causes the scanner to store the selection only until you power off the scanner; the previously saved Printer option is restored the next time you power on the scanner.

Press the END key. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

To exit Printer without changes 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

Using Cal Mode

The Cal Mode allows you to enter an automatic calibration mode. Using the Cal Mode, you can verify that the scanner settings are properly calibrated. Additionally, you can adjust the LCD display. This mode also includes several options that are reserved for use when your scanner requires service. These options are the following: Motor Lamp FT Track BT Track

4-18

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

To enter Cal Mode 1 2 3 4

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 five times. (The LCD displays 2: Cal Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Cal.) Use Key 1 and Key 2 to scroll through the calibration options.

To exit Cal Mode without changes 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

Auto Cal Option

You can use the Auto Cal option to automatically calibrate selective scanner settings. When you select this option, the scanner automatically calibrates the following: LCD contrast Motor speed Lamps (LEDs) Front and back timing tracks
To automatically calibrate the scanner 1 2 3 4 5

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 five times. (The LCD displays 2: Cal Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Cal.) Press the SEL key again. (The LCD displays Insert Paper.) Lift the readhead assembly and place a white paper that is 2 1/2 inches wide under the readhead. (Refer toLifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly on page 5-3.) Note: Do not use a scannable form.

Reseat the readhead assembly and Press Key 2 (CONT). Selecting CONT causes the scanner to calibrate the scanner settings. The LCD displays In Progress, and then displays the results of the calibration, Pass or Fail. If the result is Fail, the setting that failed the calibration displays on the bottom line of the LCD.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Press the END key. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Cal.)

Note: If the scanner fails the automatic calibration, you may need to place a service request through the Scantron Service Group. Refer to Scantron Service Group on page E-8.
To exit Auto Cal 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

LCD Contrast Option

You can use the LCD option to adjust the display intensity of the LCD. As the LCD cycles through its contrast display range, lighten or darken the display as desired.
To adjust the LCD display intensity 1 2 3 4 5

Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 2: Com Set Up.) Press Key 2 five times. (The LCD displays 2: Cal Mode.) Press the SEL key once. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Cal.) Press Key 2. (The LCD displays 3: LCD Contrast.) Press the SEL key. (The LCD displays 4: Set Contrast on the top line and Press END to stop on the bottom line.) The LCD cycles through its display intensity settings from lightest to darkest.

6 7 8

Press the END key when the display intensity appears as you desire. (The LCD displays 4: Set Contrast.) Adjust the display intensity by pressing and releasing Key 1 (DARK) to darken the display or Key 2 (LITE) to lighten the display. Press the END key when the display intensity appears as you desire. (The LCD displays 3: LCD Contrast.)

To exit LCD Contrast 1

Press the END key twice. (The LCD displays 1: Config Mode.)

4-20

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

Navigating the Test Mode Menu


The Test mode allows you to enter an automatic operation mode. Using the Test mode, you can verify that the ScanMark ES 2260 can detect timing marks on forms. Additionally, you can test the printer and the double-sheet detection circuitry from the Test mode. Note: The following sections assume that you have placed the ScanMark ES 2260 in the Configuration mode and that the LCD displays 1: Config Mode.
To enter the Test mode 1

Press Key 2 once. (The LCD displays 1: Test Mode.)

To exit the Test mode 1 2

Press Key 1 twice. (The LCD displays 1: On-Line Mode.) Press SEL. (The LCD displays --ScanMark 2260-- Ready.)

Using Auto Read

You can use the Auto Read option to verify that the scanner can read timing marks from both sides (front and back) of a scannable form. The Auto Read menu contains the following options: Printer Double-sheet
To use Auto Read 1 2

Press Key 2. (The LCD displays 1: Test Mode.) Press the SEL key twice. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Read.)

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

The bottom line of the LCD displays additional information about the pages scanned and the number of timing lines read on the last page. The table lists and describes the page information.

Page Information P=XXX

Description Indicates the number of forms read in the Auto Read mode. (XXX is replaced with a decimal number in the range of 0999.) Indicates the number of timing lines detected by the top readhead of the scanner. (XX is replaced with a decimal number in the range of 0-108.) If the scanner detects more than 99 timing lines the = changes to 1. Indicates the number of timing lines detected by the bottom readhead of the scanner. (XX is replaced with a decimal number in the range of 0-108.) If the scanner detects more than 99 timing lines the = changes to 1.

T=XX

B=XX

Feed forms into the input hopper. The forms should enter the scanner automatically. The page count (P=XXX) should change as each form travels through the scanner.

The scanner uses the first form fed as a reference form. If the subsequent forms have different timing lines, the scanner rejects the forms.
To exit Auto Read 1 2 3

Press END twice. (The LCD displays 1: Test Mode.) Press Key 1 twice. (The LCD displays 1: On-line Mode.) Press the SEL key. (The scanner is in the ready mode.)

Printer Option

The Auto Read Printer option tests the printing capabilities of the ScanMark ES 2260. The printer option is available only in Auto Read mode.
To test the printing capabilities 1

Press Key 2. (The LCD displays 1: Test Mode.)

4-22

Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260

2 3 4 5 6

Press the SEL key twice. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Read.) Press Key 2 once (OPTS). (The LCD displays 4: Auto Read on the top line and Printer Off on the bottom line.) Press the SEL key. (Off changes to On.) Press the END key. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Read.) Feed a blank form. The scanner feeds the form forward, ejecting it into the output hopper. The scanner prints one line of test characters on the form.

To disable the printing test 1

From the 3: Auto Read menu, press the END key. (The LCD displays 2: Auto Read.)

Double-Sheet Option

The scanner can detect when more than one form (or a form thicker than the last form scanned) enters the scanner. (Once enabled, the double-sheet detection is active only when the scanner is in Auto Read mode.)
To test the double-sheet detector 1 2 3 4 5 6

Press Key 2 once. (The LCD displays 1: Test Mode.) Press the SEL key twice. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Read.) Press Key 2 (OPTS). (The LCD displays 4: Auto Read on the top line and Printer Off on the bottom line.) Press Key 2 again. (The LCD displays 4: Auto Read on the top line and Dbl Sheet Off on the bottom line.) Press the SEL key. (Off changes to On.) Press the END key. (The LCD displays 3: Auto Read.)

To disable the double sheet option 1

From the 3: Auto Read menu, press the END key. (The LCD displays 2: Auto Read.)

4-23

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

4-24

Maintaining the ScanMark ES 2260


Chapter 5

Overview
Chapter 5 describes the routine preventive maintenance that you should perform on the ScanMark ES 2260. Preventive maintenance is an important aid to ensuring the proper performance from your scanner. This chapter includes the following topics: ScanMark ES 2260 Internal Components Performing Maintenance Recording Maintenance

5-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

ScanMark ES 2260 Internal Components


This section introduces the internal components of the ScanMark ES 2260 on which to perform routine preventive maintenance and provides instructions for lifting and reseating the top readhead assembly.

A B C G F

A B C D

Readhead Assembly E Readhead (bottom) Readhead (top) F Ink-Jet Printer (option) Bar Code Reader (option) G Printer Cover Paper Path

Figure 5-1. ScanMark ES 2260 Internal Components

5-2

Maintaining the ScanMark ES 2260

Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly

You must lift and reseat the readhead assembly on the ScanMark ES 2260 while performing the following maintenance: Cleaning the paper path Clearing form jams Cleaning the lenses of the readheads
A B

Figure 5-2. Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly

Warning: Do not lift the readhead assembly and look directly at the readhead while the ScanMark ES 2260 is in operation. Refer to LED Component on page A-2 for more information.

5-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Warnung: Vermeiden Sie den direkten Blick zu den Readhead LEDs, whrend die ScanMark ES 2260 in betrieb ist mit den Readhead in der offenen position.
To lift the readhead assembly 1 2

Grasp the tab (A, Figure 5-2 on page 5-3) on the top readhead assembly and lift the readhead assembly (B) away from you. Gently lift the readhead assembly to its resting position.

Caution: The entire readhead assembly is hinged at the top of the plate. Avoid side-to-side motion when lifting or reseating the readhead. Avertir: L'ensemble est mont sur charnires au fond de la plaque. Evitez les dplacements latraux lorsque vous relevez ou reposez la tte de lecture. Warnen: Die Aufhngung des gesamten Bausatz befindet sich am unteren Teil der Platte. Beim Anheben oder Neueinsetzen des Lesekopfs sind seitliche Bewegungen zu vermeiden. Reseating the Readhead Assembly You must reseat the readhead assembly before scanning forms.
To reseat the readhead assembly 1 2

Remove all objects from the paper path. Hold the tab (A, Figure 5-2 on page 5-3) at the top of the readhead assembly (B) and move the readhead assembly toward its original position. Firmly press the readhead assembly tab down until the alignment post (C) snaps into its original position.

Caution: Seat the readhead assembly securely on the alignment post. If the readhead is not close enough to the form, the scanner may not be able to read some marks on the forms.

5-4

Maintaining the ScanMark ES 2260

Avertir: Posez l'ensemble tte de lecture bien en place sur le plot de centrage. Si la tte de lecture est trop loigne du formulaire, le OMR ne pourra pas lire correctement certaines des marques. Warnen: Den Lesekopf-Bausatz sicher am Ausrichtungszapfen anbringen. Falls der Lesekopf zu weit von den Formularen entfernt ist, kann das OMR nicht alle Markierungen auf dem Formular ordnungsgem lesen.

Performing Maintenance
You should perform preventive maintenance on your ScanMark ES 2260 at regular intervals to protect your scanner from damage. Preventive maintenance includes the following tasks: Cleaning the paper path Removing jammed forms from the paper path Cleaning the lens of the readheads

Cleaning the Paper Path

Most forms have small particles of dust on their surfaces left over from either cutting or packaging. As the forms travel through the scanner, the paper particles sometimes collect in the paper path. Over time, the buildup of the paper dust can block the paper sensors or accumulate and block the paper path entirely. Clean the paper path at least once every two months.
To clean the paper path 1 2 3

Lift the readhead assembly (B, Figure 5-2 on page 5-3). (Refer to Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly on page 5-3.) Using a soft-bristled brush or compressed air, gently remove the dust from the length of the paper path (D). Reseat the readhead assembly.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Removing Forms from the Paper Path

Occasionally a form or a piece of a form lodges inside the scanner. The jammed form restricts any other forms from being fed through the scanner. Note: If the form is not intact, make sure you remove all pieces of the form.
To remove a jammed form from the paper path 1 2 3

Lift the readhead assembly (B, Figure 5-2 on page 5-3). (Refer to Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly on page 5-3.) Carefully remove the form from the paper path (D). Reseat the readhead assembly.

If a form lodges in the scanner paper path while you are scanning forms, clear the paper path as described above, press Key 2 on the control panel to continue scanning, and scan the dislodged form again.

Cleaning the Readhead Lenses

You should clean the readhead lenses to ensure that the ScanMark ES 2260 can read form data reliably. If too much dust or other material builds up on a readhead, the light sent to the form or reflected from the form may scatter and become diffused. As a result, the scanner may not read some or all of the marks on a form. To clean the readhead lenses, you will need the following items: Water or alcohol Cotton swabs or lint-free paper towel

5-6

Maintaining the ScanMark ES 2260

A B

Figure 5-3. Cleaning the Readhead Lens

To clean a readhead lens 1 2 3

Power off the scanner. Lift the readhead assembly (A, Figure 5-3). (Refer to Lifting and Reseating the Readhead Assembly on page 5-3.) Using a moistened towel or cotton swab, wipe the lens (B and C) of each readhead.

5-7

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Reseat the readhead assembly.

Recording Maintenance
Use the table below to record the date and type of each preventive maintenance task you perform on your scanner. Enter your ScanMark ES 2260 serial number here: _____________ Note: The serial number is located on the back panel of the scanner. You may not be able to read the serial number easily after you install the scanner.

Date

Maintenance Performed

5-8

Specifications
Appendix A

Overview
Appendix A describes the specifications for the ScanMark ES 2260. Also, this appendix provides specifications for the CPU and AUX serial communication (RS-232) ports located on the back panel of the scanner. This appendix includes the following topics: ScanMark ES 2260 Specifications Computer Interface Specifications

A-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

ScanMark ES 2260 Specifications


The following sections list the specifications for the power requirements, environmental conditions, physical dimensions, operating specifications, hopper capacities, and processor capabilities.

Power Requirements

Scantron supplies an IEC USA shielded three-wire plug with the ScanMark ES 2260, which can operate using the following line voltages: 100 - 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz

Operation Voltage

Caution: Operating the scanner with improper line voltage could damage the scanner and sorter, if equipped. Avertissement: L'utilisation du OMR avec une tension secteur incorrecte risque d'endommager le lecteur optique de marques. Warnung: Bei Betreiben des OMR mit falscher Stromspannung sind Schden am optischen Markierungsleser nicht auszuschlieen.

LED Component

As a ScanMark ES 2260 user, please be aware of the following: Warning: The ScanMark ES 2260 is a Class 1 LED (Light Emitting Diode) Product. Do not lift the readhead assembly and look directly at the readhead while the ScanMark ES 2260 is in operation. Warnung: Vermeiden Sie den direkten Blick zu den Readhead LEDs, whrend die ScanMark ES 2260 in betrieb ist mit den Readhead in der offenen position.

A-2

Specifications

Warning: You do not have access to the readhead. If you lift the readhead assembly during operation, you will be exposed to high voltage that could cause death or injury. Warnung: Sie haben nicht zugriff zum readhead. Wenn Sie den readhead whrend der Operation anheben, werden Sie der Hochspannung ausgesetzt, die den Tod oder Verletzung verursachen knnte. The ScanMark ES 2260 uses two types of light-emitting diodes (LEDs): Red: Wavelength at Peak Emissions: 630 Power Requirements not to exceed 50 mA Amber: Wavelength at Peak Emissions: 935 Power Requirements not to exceed 10 mA The number of LEDs on the readhead depends on the number of channels (40 or 48) with which your ScanMark ES 2260 is equipped. With either readhead, you see at least 20 LEDs when the readhead assembly is raised. Warning: Any LED adjustments must be made by Scantron field engineers or factory personnel. For more information on LEDs, contact Scantron Corporation.

Environmental Conditions

The ScanMark ES 2260 operates normally in the following environmental conditions: Temperature: Humidity: Altitude: 7.2- 25C (45 - 90 F) Between 20% and 80% (non-condensing) 0 - 10,000 feet

Physical Dimensions

The physical dimensions of the ScanMark ES 2260 are as follows: Size: With hoppers Weight: Length 79 cm (31) Width 36 cm (14) Height 15 cm (6) 5.5 kg (12 lbs.)

A-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Operating Specifications

The operating specifications of the ScanMark ES 2260 are as follows: Paper width: Paper length: Maximum read area: Scanning speed: Paper weight: Noise level: Minimum 5.7 cm (2.25) Maximum 21.6 cm (8.5) Minimum 15.2 cm (6) Maximum 35.6 cm (14) 19.1 cm (7.5) wide x 34.3 cm (13.5) long 15 inches per second (IPS) 60 lb. offset to 100 lb. offset < 55 dBA when scanning

Hopper Capacities

The hopper capacities of the ScanMark ES 2260 are as follows: Input hopper capacity: 150 forms (Autofeed unit) Output hopper capacity: 250 forms The ScanMark ES 2260 is equipped with the following: Processor: Motorola 68340 (25MHz)

Processor

Computer Interface Specifications


The ScanMark ES 2260 provides a serial interface to a host computer and an auxiliary device through RS-232D configured connectors (DB9-type connectors). The serial interface and communication parameters are as follows: CPU connector: AUX connector: Protocol: Baud rate: Parity: Data bits: Stop bits: Male 9-pin D connector Female 9-pin D connector Asynchronous RS-232 4800 - 38400 baud None, odd, or even 7- or 8-bit word length 1 or 2 stop bits

A-4

Specifications

Auxiliary Connector

You can connect an RS-232D-compatible auxiliary device to the ScanMark ES 2260 through the AUX port connector. If AC power is supplied to the scanner and it has not received the command to read a form, the signal lines between the CPU and AUX ports are connected directly to each other. Under these circumstances, signals pass from the AUX communication port through the scanner to the CPU communication port. Data transmitted from the AUX communication port are blocked until the pending read process is terminated. Data transmitted to the AUX communication port are never blocked.

A-5

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

A-6

Using the Bar Code Reader Option


Appendix B

Overview
Appendix B discusses general bar code symbology theory and provides detailed instructions for locating and aligning the bar code reader. This appendix includes the following topics: Using the Bar Code Reader Locating the Bar Code Reader Placing Bar Code Symbols Aligning the Bar Code Reader

B-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Using the Bar Code Reader


The bar code reader can read bar code symbols from a form fed through the ScanMark ES 2260. The bar code reader detects the bar code symbol, and the bar code reader circuitry translates the bar code symbol into a string of equivalent ASCII characters and stores the characters in memory for use by the internal forms translator. As the internal form translator in the scanner processes the form data, the scanner includes the bar code data in the transmitted form data. The bar code reader can read the following types of bar codes: UPC A and E Interleaved 2 of 5 3 of 9 Codabar Code 128 Bar code symbols (of all types) must be printed according to the general specifications of the particular bar code.

B-2

Using the Bar Code Reader Option

Locating the Bar Code Reader


The bar code reader is located in an assembly mounted on the ScanMark ES 2260. The figure shows the location of the bar code reader.

E A D C B

A B C D E

Bar Code Reader Assembly Bar Code Reader (option) Ink-Jet Printer (option) Printer Cover Readhead Assembly

Figure B-1. Locating the Bar Code Reader

Note: The bar code reader must be properly aligned before you can read bar code symbols. Refer to Aligning the Bar Code Reader on page B-9 for more information.

B-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Placing Bar Code Symbols


The bar code reader can read a bar code symbol located only in a specific area of a scannable form. The scannable area of the form where you can place a bar code is determined by the bar code reading range. Two ranges are available: Reading range of 4 1/2 inches to 8 1/4 inches from the edge of the form nearest the timing track (the alignment mark is above the locking knob, and the white marking stripe on the bar code readhead is pointing toward the control panel) Reading range of 2 1/4 inches to 6 inches from the edge of the form nearest the timing track (the alignment mark is below the locking knob, and the white marking stripe on the bar code readhead is pointing toward the top of the scanner) In Figure B-2 on page B-5, the drawing on the left illustrates the alignment mark locations and scales for each reading range. The drawing on the right illustrates a closer view of the alignment scales.

B-4

Using the Bar Code Reader Option

F C F E

A B D

A B C D E F

Alignment mark for range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches Alignment mark for range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches Locking knob Alignment scale for range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches Alignment scale for range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches White marking stripe of the readhead

Figure B-2. Alignment Marks and Scales

Scantron installs the bar code reader prior to delivery. Refer to the appropriate section that describes the correct placement of bar code symbols for the reading range option installed on your scanner.

B-5

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Reading Range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches

The gray area in the figure shows where you can place a bar code symbol safely on a scannable form when the bar code reading range is 4 1/2 inches to 8 1/4 inches from the edge nearest the timing track.

timing track

leading edge .25 0.5

proper bar code orientation proper bar code orientation

improper bar code orientation

0.5 4.5 trailing edge Figure B-3. Placing a Bar Code Symbol for the Range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/2 inches

B-6

Using the Bar Code Reader Option

Reading Range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches

The gray area in the figure shows where you can place a bar code symbol safely on a scannable form when the bar code reading range is 2 1/4 to 6 inches from the edge nearest the timing track.
timing track leading edge 2 0.5

proper bar code orientation proper bar code orientation

improper bar code orientation

0.5 2.25 trailing edge Figure B-4. Placing a Bar Code Symbol for the Range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches

B-7

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

To ensure successful bar code scanning, position the bar codes and bar code labels according to the following specifications: Place the bar code symbol at least 1/2 of an inch from the leading edge and the trailing edge of the form. For a scanner with a reading range of 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches, place the bar code symbol at least 4 1/2 inches from the critical edge (edge nearest the timing track) and at least 1/4 of an inch from the noncritical edge (edge farthest from the timing track) of the form. (The distance from the critical edge to the centerline of the bar code cannot exceed 8 1/4 inches.) For a scanner with a reading range of 2 1/4 to 6 inches, place the bar code symbol at least 2 1/4 inches from the critical edge (edge nearest the timing track) and at least 2 inches from the non-critical edge (edge farthest from the timing track) of the form. (The distance from the critical edge to the centerline of the bar code cannot exceed 6 inches.) You can print bar code symbols on forms or on adhesive labels affixed to the forms. Printed bar codes must be separated by at least 1/2 of an inch of white space (from the last bar code symbol on one bar code to the first bar code symbol on the next). Bar code symbols printed on labels should be positioned on the label so that the centerline of the symbol coincides with the centerline of the label. You must also have at least 1/2 of an inch of white paper between the leading edge of the label and the start of the bar code symbol and between the end of the bar code symbol and the trailing edge of the label.

Figure B-5. Bar Code Centerline

The proper orientation of the bar code reader is as important as adherence to unique bar code specifications while creating bar code symbols. All bar code symbols, whether printed on the form or on a label affixed to the

B-8

Using the Bar Code Reader Option

form, must be positioned so that the centerline of the bar code is parallel with the timing track column. (Bar code symbols cannot be skewed on the form by more than three degrees (3) from a line parallel with the timing track.) The ScanMark ES 2260 can read up to 10 bar code symbols on a form and can read the following bar code symbologies bidirectionally (180 out of normal position): Interleaved 2 of 5 3 of 9 Codabar Code 128 Bar code types can be mixed on the form, as long as each symbol is positioned properly and meets resolution requirements and other unique specifications.

Aligning the Bar Code Reader


You can reduce bar code reading errors by aligning the alignment mark on the bar code reader to the centerline of the bar code symbol. Use the alignment scales on the bar code reader assembly to help you properly align the bar code reader. Two scales are available: Right scale. Use this scale if the reading range of your bar code reader is 4 1/2 inches to 8 1/4 inches (the distance between the edge of the form nearest the timing track and the centerline of the bar code symbol is between 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches). The alignment mark is located above the locking knob, and the white marking stripe on the readhead is pointing toward the control panel. Left scale. Use this scale if the reading range of your bar code reader is 2 1/4 inches to 6 inches (the distance between the edge of the form nearest the timing track and the centerline of the bar code symbol is between 2 1/4 to 6 inches) The alignment mark is located below the locking knob, and the white marking stripe on the readhead is pointing toward the top of the scanner.

B-9

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Refer to Placing Bar Code Symbols on page B-4 and Figure B-2 on page B-5 for more information about the location of alignment marks and alignment scales. For more information about the centerline of the bar code symbol, refer to Figure B-5 on page B-8.

centerline right scale bar code reader assembly left scale alignment mark locking knob leading edge

scannable form

bar code

white marking stripe (shown when right scale is used)

timing track
Figure B-6. Aligning the Bar Code Reader

To align the bar code reader

Note: Refer to Figure B-6 with the following instructions.


1 2

Measure the distance between the edge of the form nearest the timing track and the centerline of the bar code symbol. Loosen the bar code reader locking knob.

B-10

trailing edge

Using the Bar Code Reader Option

Slide the bar code reader along the assembly until the alignment mark lines up on the scale with the measured distance. Note: Use the scale on the left side of the assembly if the bar code symbol is located between 2 1/4 to 6 inches from the edge nearest the timing track. Use the scale on the right side of the assembly if the bar code symbol is located between 4 1/2 to 8 1/4 inches from the edge nearest the timing track.

Tighten the locking knob to hold the bar code reader in the proper alignment.

B-11

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

B-12

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option


Appendix C

Overview
Appendix C provides specific instructions for installing and maintaining the ink-jet printer. The ink-jet printer allows you to print fixed messages, such as serial numbers or dates, or form-content-sensitive messages, such as error messages or grades, on each form during the scanning process. This appendix includes the following topics: Locating the Ink-Jet Printer Installing the Print Cartridge Maintaining the Ink-Jet Printer Aligning the Ink-Jet Printer Changing the Printer Carriage Orientation

C-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Locating the Ink-Jet Printer


The ink-jet printer is located in an assembly mounted on the ScanMark ES 2260. The figure shows the location of the ink-jet printer.

D C A B

A B C D

Printer Cover Ink-Jet Printer (option) Bar Code Reader (option) Readhead Assembly

Figure C-1. Locating the Ink-Jet Printer

C-2

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

Installing the Print Cartridge


The ScanMark ES 2260 uses a Hewlett-Packard Plain-Paper Print Cartridge (Hewlett-Packard P/N HP 51604A) and a Scantron ink blotter. You must install the print cartridge and the ink blotter before you print. Once the print cartridge runs out of ink, you will have to remove and reinstall the ink-jet cartridge and ink blotter.
C G

E D B F

Figure C-2. Installing the Print Cartridge

To install the print cartridge 1 2 3

Power off the scanner. Raise the printer cover (not shown). (Refer to Locating the Ink-Jet Printer on page C-2). If necessary, prime the print cartridge (A, Figure C-2). (Refer to Priming the Print Cartridge on page C-6.)

C-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

4 5

Remove the ink blotter (not shown) if you are replacing the print cartridge. (Refer to Installing the Ink Blotter on page C-5.) If necessary, unclip the thumb tab (B) on the retaining post (C) and release the retaining spring (D). (The figure shows the retaining spring after being released.) Align the alignment tabs (E) on the print cartridge with the alignment holes (not shown) in the printer carriage (F). The alignment holes are located in the base of the printer carriage. Insert the print cartridge into the printer carriage. Swing the printer carriage cover (G) down. Gently pull the retaining spring (D) until you can clip the thumb tab (B) on the retaining post (C). 5.)

7 8 9

10 Install the ink blotter. (Refer to Installing the Ink Blotter on page C-

C-4

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

Installing the Ink Blotter

You must replace the ink blotter when you replace the print cartridge. If the ink blotter becomes saturated with ink, the ink may smudge or discolor your forms during scanning and printing.
A C

Figure C-3. Installing the Ink Blotter

To install the ink blotter 1 2

Position the print carriage ribbon cable (A, Figure C-3) so you have access to the ink blotter tray (B). Insert the ink blotter (C) into the ink blotter tray. The ink blotter is made of felt and is flexible. You will have to move the ink blotter gently from side to side to insert the ink blotter into the ink blotter tray on the print carriage.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Maintaining the Ink-Jet Printer


To obtain maximum performance and extend the use of the print cartridge, follow these guidelines: Only prime the print cartridge when installing it for the first time or after the printer has not been used for an extended period Regularly check the ink level of the print cartridge Use the print cartridge before the expiration date listed on the package Clean the print cartridge after extended use Note: Both priming and cleaning require that you remove and reinstall the print cartridge. You can purchase replacement print cartridges from Scantron, from Hewlett-Packard, or from an authorized Hewlett-Packard retailer. When ordering, refer to the following part numbers: Scantron: Hewlett-Packard: P/N 461000-001 P/N HP 51604A

Note: You can purchase replacement ink blotters from Scantron only. When ordering replacement ink blotters, use P/N 630000-001.

Priming the Print Cartridge

Prime the print cartridge when installing it for the first time or when the ink-jet printer has stopped printing. Warning: The ink cartridge bladder contains diethylene glycol and is harmful if swallowed. Avoid contact with your eyes. Avertissement: La vessie de la cartouche d'encre contient du glycol dithylne dangereux en cas d'ingestion. Evitez tout contact avec les yeux. Warnung: Das im Kassettenbehlter enthaltene Dithylenglykol ist bei Verschlucken gefhrlich. Nicht in die Augen bringen.

C-6

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

B E D A

Figure C-4. Priming the Print Cartridge

To prime the print cartridge 1 2 3

Hold the print cartridge (A, Figure C-4) with the print face (B) up. Insert the tip of a paper clip (C) (or other blunt object) into the access hole (D) on the bottom of the print cartridge. Gently press the ink bladder (E) upward until a small pool of ink appears on the print face.

G F

Figure C-5. Wiping the Print Cartridge

4 5

Wipe excess ink from the print face (F, Figure C-5) using a tissue or lint-free cloth (G). Install the print cartridge. (Refer to Installing the Print Cartridge on page C-3.)

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Cleaning the Print Cartridge

The print cartridge may require periodic cleaning when used in high temperature or dusty environments. Cleaning will help to prevent dry ink or dust build-up and to reduce the need to prime the print cartridge.

Figure C-6. Cleaning the Print Cartridge

To clean the print cartridge 1 2 3 4

Moisten a cotton swab (A, Figure C-6) with water or isopropyl alcohol. Gently press the swab to the print face (B) for a few seconds. Carefully wipe the build-up from the print face. Repeat the steps above until all build-up is removed.

C-8

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

Aligning the Ink-Jet Printer


You can align the ink-jet printer to print messages in a specific area of a scannable form. The scannable area of the form where you can print is determined by the print location of the ink-jet printer carriage. Two print locations are available: Top print location - the print location is facing toward the slot where the ribbon cable enters the scanner beneath the printer cover Bottom print location - the print location is facing away from the slot where the ribbon cable enters the scanner beneath the printer cover Refer to the appropriate section that describes the printing area of a scannable form for the print location you are using. Whether the message is interactive or non-interactive, the ScanMark ES 2260 prints in the same area of a form. The print location is underneath the print carriage and directly behind the retaining spring. The figure below illustrates the top print location.

C A Print Carriage B Retaining Spring C Print Location (top) Figure C-7. Print Location

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Top Print Location

The figure shows the area where the scanner can print messages on a typical scannable form when the printer is installed with the top print location. You must manually align the ink-jet printer to print in the areas shown in the figure.
0.5 0.5 .75

interactive and noninteractive printing area (7.5)

1.6 timing track

Figure C-8. Printing on Forms with Top Print Location

To align the ink-jet printer 1

Measure the distance between the edge of the form closest to the timing track and the position on the form where you want the printed message to appear. Lift the printer cover and slide the ink-jet printer to the desired position.

C-10

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

Bottom Print Location

The figure shows the area where the scanner can print messages on a typical scannable form when the printer is installed with the bottom print location. You must manually align the ink-jet printer to print in the areas shown in the figure.
0.5 1.5

0.5

interactive and noninteractive printing area (7.5)

0.9 timing track

Figure C-9. Printing on Forms with Bottom Print Location

Refer to To align the ink-jet printer on page C-10 for instructions.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Printing Messages

In interactive mode, the ScanMark ES 2260 prints messages in an area that is 2 1/2 inches in length, or up to 26 characters, across the righthand side (trailing edge) of the form. Messages that exceed 26 characters are truncated. However, depending upon the software application you are running and the form dimensions, you may have the ability to print messages up to 133 characters in non-interactive mode. Refer to the ScanMark Programmers Reference for more information about interactive and non-interactive printing.

FORM NUMBER 333 PROCESSED

Interactive message

Feed This Direction

FORM NUMBER 333 PROCESSED WITH BATCH 77, ECONOMICS

Noninteractive message

Feed This Direction

Figure C-10. Printing Interactive and Non-Interactive Messages

C-12

Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option

Changing the Printer Carriage Orientation


You can change the area where the printer prints messages on a scannable form by changing the orientation of the printer carriage. The print area is determined by the printer installation option in use on your scanner. Two options are available, either top print location or bottom print location. To change the print location you are using, change the orientation of the printer carriage. Refer to Aligning the Ink-Jet Printer on page C-9 for information about top or bottom print location. Caution: Handle the ribbon cable with care to avoid damage.
C A

D E

Figure C-11. Changing the Printer Carriage Orientation, Before Rotation

To change the printer carriage orientation 1 2 3

Power off the scanner. Lift off the printer cover (not shown). (Refer to Locating the Ink-Jet Printer on page C-2.) Press upward on the tabs (A, Figure C-11) of the ribbon cable connector (B) located on the top of the printer carriage.

C-13

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

4 5 6

Gently pull the ribbon cable (C) out of the cable connector. Press the lower edge (D) of the retaining side of the printer carriage until it snaps out of the printer bracket (E). Rotate the printer carriage 180.
K

H I Figure C-12. Changing the Printer Carriage Orientation, After Rotation

7 8 9

Insert the upper edge (F, Figure C-12) of the retaining side of the printer carriage under the top bar (G) of the printer bracket. Press the lower edge (H) of the printer carriage until the retaining side snaps into place on the lower bar (I) of the printer bracket. Lift the tabs (J) of the ribbon cable connector that is closest to the ribbon cable (K).

10 Insert the ribbon cable into the cable connector (L). 11 Press down on the tabs of the ribbon cable connector until the ribbon

cable is secured inside the cable connector.


12 Replace the printer cover.

C-14

Understanding Optical Mark Reading


Appendix D

Overview
Appendix D provides general theory on optical mark reading. Also, this appendix discusses form geometry and its relation to optical mark reading. This appendix includes the following topics: Reading Marks Optically Reviewing Form Geometry Understanding Form Definitions

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Reading Marks Optically


The ScanMark ES 2260 uses reflective read technology to optically detect marks made on a form. By using reflective read technology, a scanner can measure the amount of light reflected from the surface of a form as the form passes beneath the readhead.

Receiver (phototransistor) Light Source (LED)

Readhead Readhead Plate Direction of Light Form Feed Plate Figure D-1. Reflective Reading Readhead Gap

The scanner readhead consists of a row of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and a corresponding row of phototransistor receivers. Light projected from the LEDs is reflected from the surface of the form and is measured by the phototransistor receivers. The readhead of the scanner detects light in given portions of the light spectrum. Some materials (like the graphite commonly used in pencils and the special ink used in some pens) absorb specific light frequencies. Therefore, forms are printed using specially formulated inks invisible to the scanner at specific frequencies of light. Paper with certain reflectiveness levels (at all frequencies of light) and the special inks are used to create scannable forms. (Because the scanner uses reflective read technology, forms can be printed on a variety of paper weights, from 60 lb. to 100 lb. offset.) When a mark exists on a scannable form, and the form passes beneath the readhead of a scanner, the amount of reflected light varies between areas containing marks and areas with no marks. A large amount of reflected light indicates no mark present beneath the readhead, while a small amount

D-2

Understanding Optical Mark Reading

of reflected light indicates the presence of a mark beneath the readhead. (The mark absorbs the light.) Think of the form as the surface of a mirror and the marks made on the form as disks covering parts of the mirror. Light is reflected by the uncovered parts of the mirror. However, no light reaches the covered areas of the mirror; therefore, no light is reflected from the covered areas. Reflective read technology (and internal electronics) allows the scanner to resolve intentional marks from erasures, stray marks, or background printing and to discriminate between differences in the amount of reflected light. Mistakes (such as two pencil marks where only one is acceptable or very poor erasures) cannot be resolved by the optics and the lightmeasuring electronics alone.

Reviewing Form Geometry


The ScanMark ES 2260 requires that any scannable form be designed to exact geometrical specifications. The form geometry specifications include specific requirements for the placement of mark positions in an X-Y coordinate grid. Mark positions are specific areas on a scannable form occurring at the intersections of timing lines and columns; the scanner can detect any marks made at these intersections. Marks outside of these intersections are invisible to the scanner.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

The figure shows components commonly found on scannable forms.


Timing Track First Column First Timing Line Last Column

Timing Marks

Typical Timing Line Critical Edge of Form

Last Timing Line Typical Mark Response Typical Column

Figure D-2. Scannable Form Components

D-4

Understanding Optical Mark Reading

Using Timing Marks

The rectangular black marks on the left-hand edge of the form are called timing marks. As a form moves through the scanner, the timing marks on the form cause the reading mechanism in the scanner to read all corresponding mark response positions on the same timing line as the timing mark. (All timing marks are located in a special column called the timing track.) All mark response positions in line with the timing mark are read, even if no marks are present in those mark response positions. The edge of the form nearest to the timing marks is referred to as the critical edge. Because the timing marks instruct the scanner to read all marks in a timing line, the distance between the critical edge of the form and the timing marks must be exactly within specification. (If the critical edge is trimmed, the scanner is not able to read the form.)

Using Mark Response Positions

Mark response positions occur at the intersections of timing lines and columns. Scannable forms must conform to certain requirements for the placement of mark response positions in an X-Y coordinate grid. Marks made outside of these intersections are invisible to a typical scanner. A mark response shape (also known as a bubble) indicates the locations of mark response positions and can have several shapes: oval, round, and rectangular. Timing lines consist of rows of mark response positions extending across the form perpendicular to the timing track column. Columns consist of mark response positions in a line parallel to the timing track.
First Column Column Numbering Proceeds in this Direction

Using Timing Lines and Columns

Timing Track First Timing Line Timing Line Numbering Proceeds in this Direction

Figure D-3. Timing Line and Column Numbering

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Timing line and column numbers on the grid are based on the relationship of the timing line or column to the first timing line and/or the first column. Timing Line Numbering With the form oriented so that the timing track is on the left side of the form, timing line numbering starts on the top of the form with timing line one. Numbering continues consecutively to the bottom of the form. Typically, the number of timing lines vary from one form design to the next. With the form oriented in the same manner as before, column numbering starts with the column immediately to the right of the timing track, and the count increases as the columns extend across the form. Note: The column containing the timing track is not counted. An 8.5-inch-wide, full-page form can contain up to 48 columns. As with timing lines, a column still is read by the scanner, even if a column does not contain any mark response positions. You must account for the position of the column when creating form definitions, even though the columns are not included in the form definition.

Column Numbering

Using Identification Marks

Many scannable forms contain identification marks that allow the scanner to identify the form being read. Generally, identification marks are printed on the scannable form when the form is printed. Identification marks can be oriented on the form so the entire sequence is included in either a single timing line (line oriented) or in a single column (column oriented).

Typical Identification Marks

Figure D-4. Typical Identification Marks

D-6

Understanding Optical Mark Reading

Understanding Form Definitions


The ScanMark ES 2260 uses a unique internal form translation process guided by instructions stored in a form definition file. You must create the form definition files using ASCII text editors or dedicated application software programs (such as ScanBook for Windows, or ParSCORE for Windows). The internal forms translation process reduces the amount of time needed to transmit data by transmitting only the data you requested when you created the form definition file. The scanner can store multiple form definition files in the on-board Random Access Memory (RAM) while the scanner is powered on. However, the actual number of forms definitions that can be stored in the scanner depends on the size of each form definition. For example, a form definition file containing the commands necessary to translate form data for the name and address of the respondent requires less storage space in the scanner than a similar file containing the commands to translate the name, address, social security number, and test responses belonging to the respondent.

Using Flash Memory

The scanner can store multiple form definition files in the flash memory. Form definitions downloaded to flash memory are stored until another STOR command is issued. For example, you can store a form definition file in flash memory and power off the scanner. The form definition file is retained for use the next time you power on the scanner. When you power on the scanner, all form definitions in flash memory are loaded into RAM. When you issue a reset command, all form definitions in RAM are cleared. For more information about the STOR command, refer to Using the Store Command (STOR) on page D-8.

Managing Form Definitions

You can use the following software commands for managing form definitions: Store (STOR) Restore (RSTO)

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Using the Store Command (STOR)

The Store command (STOR) saves all form definitions currently in RAM, up to a maximum of 99, to flash memory. All form definitions in flash memory before you issue the command will be lost. The format of the command is: <ESC>STOR<CR> To clear flash memory, first issue a Software Reset command (SRST), and then issue a Store command (STOR).

Using the Restore Command (RSTO)

The Restore command (RSTO) copies all form definitions currently in flash memory to RAM. All form definitions in RAM before you issue the command will be lost. You can download additional form definitions into RAM after issuing a RSTO command if the following conditions are met: RAM has sufficient memory RAM contains less than 99 form definitions The format of the command is: <ESC>RSTO<CR> For more information about form definition file commands, refer to the ScanMark Programmers Reference.

Translating the Data

Using the translation instructions within the form definition file you created, the scanner produces a fixed-length ASCII text data string for each form scanned. The length and structure of the data string is determined by the number of zones (and their associated elements and choices) in the form definition and by the order in which the zones appear. The benefit of the constant-length record is that the data for a specific zone is located consistently in the same place within the data record. (While a file may contain many records, the data from a particular zone always is located in the same place in each record.) The consistent structure of the data record makes analyzing the data records using a database program easy. For more information about how the scanner translates and transmits the collected data, refer to the ScanMark Programmers Reference.

D-8

Troubleshooting
Appendix E

Overview
Appendix E provides solutions to problems you may encounter. This appendix also provides information about product assistance. This appendix includes the following topics: Resolving Serial Communication Problems Resolving Form Problems Resolving Operating Error Messages Obtaining Additional Support

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Resolving Serial Communication Problems


If you experience difficulty in establishing or maintaining serial communication between the scanner and your computer, check the following: Make sure that you connected the scanner securely to the proper serial interface connector on your computer Make sure that you have configured the scanner with the serial communication settings used by your computer (Refer to Chapter 4, Configuring the ScanMark ES 2260.) Make sure the serial communication port on your computer functions properly Make sure that you are using the correct serial cable (Refer to Chapter 2, Installing the ScanMark ES 2260.) Make sure that the serial cable you are using is electrically sound (i.e., no shorts or open circuits) Note: If you suspect that the cable is faulty, you can purchase a replacement cable from Scantron. If you have checked the items listed and have still not resolved the communication problem, you may need to check the environment or configuration of your computer for possible conflicts.

Resolving Computer Related Problems

You must connect your scanner to a dedicated serial communication (COM) port on the host computer. Your computer may encounter problems communicating with the scanner if one or more of the following conditions apply: Your computer is using a serial pointing device Your computer is using a modem or fax board Your computer is part of a network Your computer automatically loads Terminate and Stay Resident (TSR) programs into memory when powering up Each serial port (or serial device) in your computer has a specific and unique hardware address to distinguish the port (or device) from other

E-2

Troubleshooting

communication ports (or devices). If you connect the scanner to a serial port that has an address already used by another device, the scanner does not communicate with your computer. For specific information about the address of serial communication ports and other peripheral devices, refer to the user documentation for your computer or the peripheral device. Serial Pointing Device Conflicts If your computer is using a serial pointing device (i.e., mouse, track ball, stylus, etc.) and the computer does not receive data from the scanner, check the following: Make sure you did not connect the scanner to a serial port where the computer expects to find the pointing device. Make sure the software (device driver) controlling the pointing device is directed to the proper communication port. For example, if a mouse driver expects to find the mouse on the port to which you connected the scanner, neither the mouse nor the scanner can function. Modem and FAX Board Conflicts If your computer has either a modem or a FAX board (or a combination FAX/modem board) installed internally, and the scanner is not communicating with the computer, verify that the address of the modem or FAX board does not conflict with the address of the serial communication port to which you attached the scanner. If your computer is a workstation in a Local Area Network (LAN) or a Wide Area Network (WAN), and the computer is not able to communicate with the scanner, check the following: Make sure the scanner is connected directly to the workstation via a serial port (The scanner should not be attached to the file server.) Make sure the network adapter card address does not conflict with the address of the serial port to which the scanner is attached Make sure there are no unusual peripheral serial devices being served by the workstation Note: Scantron recommends that you use blocking protocol or XON/ XOFF protocol while operating the scanner in a network environment.

Network Conflicts

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

TSR Program Conflicts

Some Terminate and Stay Resident (TSR) programs monitor data activity from standard Input/Output (I/O) devices (keyboards, serial ports, etc.). TSR programs can accidently block or redirect the I/O device activity. If your computer loads TSR programs when powering on, check the following: Make sure your computer is not loading TSR programs that interfere with normal serial communication Make sure your computer is not loading TSR programs that respond to specific characters or unique character strings received or transmitted through the serial communication port

Resolving Form Problems


Occasionally, your scanner may encounter problems reading/interpreting form data, printing on forms, or reading bar code symbols from forms.

Reading and Interpreting Forms

If your scanner has trouble reading/interpreting forms, check the following: Make sure you are using the correct form or the correct side of the form Make sure your computer sent the correct form definition to the scanner Make sure you completed the form properly Make sure you are feeding the form into the scanner in the proper orientation (Timing tracks must be at the bottom.) Make sure no stray marks exist on the forms (particularly in the timing track), and all forms are undamaged (intact) Make sure nothing is lodged beneath the readhead assembly Make sure the forms you are using were printed by Scantron Note: Scantron guarantees that all forms printed by Scantron are fully compatible with Scantron scanners. (The forms must be designed for use with a 40- or 48-channel readhead configuration.) Scantron does not guarantee the readability of forms not printed by Scantron.

E-4

Troubleshooting

Printing on Forms

If your scanner prints blurred messages or does not print at all, check the following: Make sure that the print carriage is holding the print cartridge securely. If the print cartridge is not secure, printing will fail intermittently. Make sure that the print cartridge bladder still contains ink. Make sure that no ink has dried on the print face. (Typically, you may encounter dried ink on the print face after using the printer in the past and letting the printer set for a month or more without use.) Refer to Appendix C, Using the Ink-Jet Printer Option for more information about adjusting, maintaining, or replacing the print carriage.

Reading Bar Codes

If your scanner cannot read some or all of the bar code symbols on your forms, check the following: Make sure the bar code reader is aligned properly with the centerline of the bar code symbol Make sure the bar code symbol lies within the area of the form accessible to the bar code reader Make sure the bar code symbols were created according to the specifications for that bar code type Make sure the bar code symbol is not skewed by more than three (3) out of a parallel line with the timing track (If the bar code symbol is UPC A and E, make sure the bar code symbol is not reversed [180] out of normal position.) Refer to Appendix B, Using the Bar Code Reader Option for more information about aligning your bar code reader, placing bar code symbols on forms, and creating bar code symbols.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Resolving Operating Error Messages


The ScanMark ES 2260 informs you of operating errors. Error messages usually display on the bottom line of the LCD. The table lists error messages and possible solutions.

Error Message Double Sheet

Description The scanner detected more than one form entering the feed path.

Possible Solutions Remove the form(s) and press Key 2 to continue scanning. (This error message can appear when the scanner detects a form printed on a heavier paper stock than the last form scanned.) Power the scanner off and on. If you continue to receive the message, request service. Clear the form jam and press Key 2 to resume scanning. Reconfigure your scanner with the serial communication parameters used by your computer. Clear jammed form from paper path and press END.

NVM Failed

The scanner failed its internal nonvolatile memory test.

Paper Jam

The scanner detected a form at the input sensor, other paper path sensor, or underneath the readhead. The scanner detected a mismatch in the serial communication parameters used by your computer and those used by the scanner. During power up, the scanner detected a form jam immediately before the readhead.

RS-232 Error

Sensor 1 Blocked

E-6

Troubleshooting

Error Message Sensor 2 Blocked

Description During power up, the scanner detected a form jam in the paper path, between the readhead and the printer. Scanner processing interrupted.

Possible Solutions (Continued) Clear jammed form from paper path and press END. Power off the scanner, and then power it on again. If message appears again, call the Technical Support Department.

Machine Error

Obtaining Additional Support


If you have tried the suggestions listed in this appendix and have not resolved the problem, you can try the following additional Scantron product support resources: Scantron Technical Support Department Scantron Website/Email Scantron Service Group

Technical Support Department

The Scantron Technical Support Department can provide over-the-phone product support. You can contact the Technical Support Department at (800) 445-3141 between the hours of 5:30 A.M. and 4:30 P.M., Pacific Time, Monday through Friday. You can FAX the information to (949) 639-7710. Before contacting the Technical Support Department, gather the following information: Model number of your scanner Serial number of the scanner (located on the back of the machine) Number of readheads in your scanner Name of the software you are using with the scanner Type of computer you are using with the scanner: PC, PC-compatible, Macintosh, etc.

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ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Operating system used on the computer: DOS, OS/2, Windows, UNIX, etc. Steps required to reproduce the problem

Website/Email

If you are unable to contact the Technical Support Department directly, you can leave a message on our website at www.scantron.com or send an email to support@scantron.com. If your scanner needs service, you can place a service request through the Scantron Service Group. You can contact the Service Group at (800) 8242023 between the hours of 7 A.M. and 7 P.M., Monday through Friday, Central Time. Before you call, gather the following information: The serial number of the scanner (located on the back of the machine) Name and address of your facility or organization Brief description of the problem and/or symptom of the problem

Scantron Service Group

E-8

ASCII Character Chart


Appendix F

Overview
Appendix F lists the decimal (DEC), hexadecimal (HEX), and binary values for the lowest 128 ASCII characters: characters NUL (decimal 0) through DEL (decimal 127). Scantron recommends that you do not use ASCII characters NUL (decimal 0) through US (decimal 31) as the characters are used by some computers as command characters.

ASC NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS

DEC 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

HEX 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

BINARY 0000 0000 0000 0001 0000 0010 0000 0011 0000 0100 0000 0101 0000 0110 0000 0111 0000 1000

ASC HT LF VT FF CR SO SI DLE DC1

DEC 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

HEX 09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F 10 11

BINARY 0000 1001 0000 1010 0000 1011 0000 1100 0000 1101 0000 1110 0000 1111 0001 0000 0001 0001

F-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

ASC DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US SP ! # $ % & (

DEC 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

HEX 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1A 1B 1C 1D 1E 1F 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

BINARY 0001 0010 0001 0011 0001 0100 0001 0101 0001 0110 0001 0111 0001 1000 0001 1001 0001 1010 0001 1011 0001 1100 0001 1101 0001 1110 0001 1111 0010 0000 0010 0001 0010 0010 0010 0011 0010 0100 0010 0101 0010 0110 0010 0111 0010 1000

ASC ) * + , . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?

DEC 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

HEX 29 2A 2B 2C 2D 2E 2F 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F

BINARY 0010 1001 0010 1010 0010 1011 0010 1100 0010 1101 0010 1110 0010 1111 0011 0000 0011 0001 0011 0010 0011 0011 0011 0100 0011 0101 0011 0110 0011 0111 0011 1000 0011 1001 0011 1010 0011 1011 0011 1100 0011 1101 0011 1110 0011 1111

F-2

ASCII Character Chart

ASC @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V

DEC 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86

HEX 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 4A 4B 4C 4D 4E 4F 50 51 52 53 54 55 56

BINARY 0100 0000 0100 0001 0100 0010 0100 0011 0100 0100 0100 0101 0100 0110 0100 0111 0100 1000 0100 1001 0100 1010 0100 1011 0100 1100 0100 1101 0100 1110 0100 1111 0101 0000 0101 0001 0101 0010 0101 0011 0101 0100 0101 0101 0101 0110

ASC W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m

DEC 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

HEX 57 58 59 5A 5B 5C 5D 5E 5F 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 6A 6B 6C 6D

BINARY 0101 0111 0101 1000 0101 1001 0101 1010 0101 1011 0101 1100 0101 1101 0101 1110 0101 1111 0110 0000 0110 0001 0110 0010 0110 0011 0110 0100 0110 0101 0110 0110 0110 0111 0110 1000 0110 1001 0110 1010 0110 1011 0110 1100 0110 1101

F-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

ASC n o p q r s t u v w x y z { } ~ DEL

DEC 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127

HEX 6E 6F 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 7A 7B 7C 7D 7E 7F

BINARY 0110 1110 0110 1111 0111 0000 0111 0001 0111 0010 0111 0011 0111 0100 0111 0101 0111 0110 0111 0111 0111 1000 0111 1001 0111 1010 0111 1011 0111 1100 0111 1101 0111 1110 0111 1111

F-4

Glossary

application program

The program (sometimes called application software) used by the host computer to control the operation of the scanner. The application program is responsible for capturing the data transmitted by the scanner and storing it for later use. This program controls all communication to the scanner by the host computer. Affirmative Acknowledgment Character/Negative Acknowledge Character. ACK/NAK protocol allows the application program operating on the host computer to request retransmission of data upon receipt of a communication error and requires the host computer to acknowledge properly received data.

ACK/NAK protocol

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is a standard code for
representing characters as binary numbers. In addition to printable characters, ASCII code includes control characters.

asynchronous communication

A serial communication method that allows data to be transmitted and received without the need for an external timing device. Information is exchanged at irregular intervals. Asynchronous communication requires that each character transmitted be preceded by start bits, include the main character in data bits (word), and be terminated by stop bits. The auxiliary (secondary) RS-232 serial connector (configured as DCE) on the scanner.

AUX Port

Glossary-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

back of form

Also called the rear of the form, the back of the form is usually the side on which secondary-level information is printed and marked. A set of printed alternating bars and spaces of varying widths that represent alphabetic and numeric characters. Bar codes can be used to encode a variety of data. An imaginary line running through the horizontal center of a bar code symbol. An option on the scanner, the bar code reader is an electronic device for detecting and translating bar code symbols. It can read up to 10 bar code symbols on a form. The scanner can read Code 128, 3 of 9, Interleaved 2 of 5, Codabar, and UPC A and E bar codes. A linear array (grouping) of bar code bars and spaces assembled to contain specific information such as a serial number or a job number. Baud rate is the number of information bits that can be transmitted between two or more devices in one second. For example, one baud equals one bit per second in a series of binary signals. Both the scanner and the computer must be configured to the same baud rate. Blocking protocol allows you to define the maximum number of characters (block size) that the scanner will transmit to the host computer in ACK/NAK protocol. Also known as a data channel or column. (see column.)

bar code

bar code centerline bar code reader

bar code symbol

baud rate

blocking protocol

channel

Glossary-2

Glossary

column

Columns are lines of mark positions extending along the length of a scannable form that are parallel to the timing track. Column numbering starts at the edge next to the timing track column. (The timing track is not counted as a column.) An 8.5-inch-wide form can have up to 48 columns. A command is an instruction to a computer or to a scanner to perform a specific function. A form containing the information to configure the scanner for serial communication with a host computer. Generally, the following parameters can be selected using a configuration form: baud rate, word length, stop bits, parity, CTS, handshake protocol, CMD prefix, and the EOF character. The control panel contains the following items: Key 1, Key 2, END, and SEL buttons; Power, Transmit, and Receive lamps; and Liquid Crystal Display. The primary RS-232 serial connector (configured as DTE) on the scanner. see guide edge.

command configuration form

control panel

CPU port critical edge CTS

Clear To Send. Used in RS-232 communication,


this signal indicates that the device sending the signal is ready to receive instructions or data.

DCE

Data Communication Equipment. Equipment


conforming to the EIA RS-232D Standard for DCE. (The AUX port of the scanner is configured as a DCE connector.)

DSR

Data Set Ready. Signal used in RS-232


communication, this signal indicates that the Data Communications Equipment (computer) is operating properly.

Glossary-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

DTE

Data Terminal Equipment. Equipment conforming to the EIA RS-232D Standard for DTE. (The CPU port of the scanner is configured as a DTE connector.) Data Terminal Ready. Signal used in RS-232 communication. This signal indicates that the Data Terminal Equipment (OMR) is operating properly.
Readhead that is capable of reading both sides of a double-sided scannable form at once.

DTR

dual readhead EEROM

Electrically Erasable Read Only Memory. The


EEROM stores the current serial communication configuration.

firmware forms translator

A program that controls all of the electronic and mechanical components of the scanner. Converts form data into an ASCII string. When used, the forms translator reduces the time needed to develop application software. The forms translator improves the operating speed of the application program by reducing the time required for data transmission. Usually the side on which the identifying information (e.g., name, address, or identification number of the respondent) is printed and marked. Chassis ground; earth ground. Also known as the critical edge, the guide edge is the edge nearest to the column containing the timing track. The space between the edge of the form and the timing track is important. This spacing correctly aligns the form with the readhead channels.

front of form

GND guide edge

Glossary-4

Glossary

handshake

A general term referring to the control of data exchange between the scanner and your host computer. The scanner uses the following handshaking protocols: None, Blocking, ACK/ NAK, and XON/XOFF. A type of printer that sprays ink onto a sheet of paper. Magnetized plates in the path of the ink direct the ink onto the paper in the desired shapes. This type of printer uses an ink-jet cartridge instead of a ribbon. An option on the scanner, ink-read capability enables the scanner to read both pencil and specific types of ball point pen marks. Printing of dynamic messages on a form. The printed message is dependent on the physical condition and/or information contained on the form and criteria determined by the application program. The hardware components used to link two devices by common physical interconnection, signal, and functional characteristics.

ink-jet printer

ink-read capability

interactive printing

interface

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display. A type of display that uses


electric charges to polarize molecules suspended between laminated polarized filters. The electric charges temporarily create crystalline molecular structures within the display cells blocking nonpolarized light. The LCD displays messages associated with the operating status of the scanner.

leading edge

The edge of the form that enters the scanner first in normal processing.

Glossary-5

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

LED

Light Emitting Diode. Sometimes called lamps,


the scanner uses LEDs in many different ways. For example, the control panel status lamps (Power, Transmit, and Receive) are LEDs. However, the readhead of the scanner consists of a row of LEDs as the light source for detecting marks.

mark position

The location on the form where the scanner optics and electronics can detect and identify a mark. Mark positions are located at the intersection of a timing line and a column.

OMR

Optical Mark Reader. An OMR is a device that


optically detects marks by measuring the amount of light reflected from the surface of a form as it passes under a read mechanism. (An OMR is also called a scanner.)

parity

Parity of a number is its quality of being odd or even. Parity is used to detect transmission errors and represents value in the check digit of the received or transmitted data. A hardware data channel used for receiving data from or transmitting data to one or more external devices. Tests which verify that the scanner is functioning properly. The ROM, RAM, and motor are tested when the scanner is powered on.

port

power-on tests

RAM

Random Access Memory. Also called main


memory, this is the active memory of a computer or a scanner into which programs are loaded. This memory can be read from or written to at any time, hence the name random access. Instructions or data stored in RAM are lost when power is turned off.

Glossary-6

Glossary

readhead

The readhead is a combination of photoelectric components. The readhead is responsible for detecting and reading form data. The readhead assembly consists of the readhead and readhead assembly plate.

readhead assembly ROM

Read Only Memory. Programs, instructions, and routines permanently stored in the computer or scanner are located in ROM. Instructions stored in ROM are not lost when power is turned off and cannot be written to, hence the name read only.
A serial communication standard recommended by the Electronics Industry Association (EIA). The standard includes specifications for sending and receiving data, for indicating which devices are functioning, and for communication session control.

RS-232

RTS

Request To Send. Used in RS-232 communication, RTS indicates that the DTE is ready to receive data from the DCE.
Received data line. Used in RS-232 communication. The RX line carries all data received by a device. A bit or a group of bits appended to a character word (data bit string) that indicates the end of a character. The line of mark positions that extends across the form from a timing mark to the free edge of the form. This line is perpendicular to the timing track column. (Each timing line can contain up to 48 mark positions).

RX

stop bits

timing line

Glossary-7

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

timing mark

The rectangular black marks printed along the guide edge of the form that trigger the reading optics and electronics of the scanner to read the mark positions on the form. Timing mark numbering starts on the top of the form, with timing line one at the edge of the form that enters the scanner first. Numbering continues consecutively to the end of the form. The column of timing marks printed parallel to the guide edge. The edge that exits the scanner last. Transmitted data line. Used in RS-232 communication. The TX line carries all data transmitted by a device.

timing track trailing edge TX

VAC word length

Voltage Alternating Current type.


Word length is also referred to as data bits. RS232 (asynchronous serial) communication uses either 7 or 8 data bits to transmit a single character. (The grouping of the 7 or 8 data bits is called a word.) XON and XOFF are codes that turn on and off the transmission of data from your host computer to the scanner.

XON/XOFF protocol

Glossary-8

Index

A
About Serial Communication 4-2 ACK/NAK 4-3 Adjusting LCD Display 4-20 Alignment Mark B-4 Alignment Scale B-4, B-9 ASCII Character Chart F-1 Auto Cal Option 4-19 Auto Read 4-21 Double-Sheet Option 4-23 Printer Option 4-22 Autofeed Unit Double Sheet Detection 3-15 Paperweight 3-14 Automatic Calibration 4-19 Automatic Document Feeder 3-9 Automatic Form Feed 3-9 AUX Port PIN Assignments 2-17 Auxiliary Connector A-5

Centerline B-8 Orientation B-4, B-8 Placing B-4, B-8 Reading Errors E-5 Types B-2 Bar Code Reader Aligning B-9 Alignment Mark B-4, B-9 Alignment Scale B-4, B-9 Location B-3 Reading Range B-4, B-6, B-7, B-8 Using B-2 Baud Rate 4-2 Block Size 4-4 Blocking 4-4 Bottom Print Location C-11 BT Track 4-18

C
Cal Mode 4-18 Auto Cal Option 4-19 LCD Contrast Option 4-20 Calibrating 4-19 Calibration 4-18, 4-19 Carriage

B
Bar Code

Index-1

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Printer Orientation C-13 Changing Printer Carriage Orientation C-13 Character ASCII F-1 Choosing Form Colors 1-3, 1-4 Cleaning Paper Path 5-5 Print Cartridge C-8 Readhead Assembly 5-6 Clearing Double Sheets 3-15 CMD Prefix 4-8 Colors Ink 1-3 Columns D-5, D-6 Com Check 4-16 Com Report 4-15 Com Set Up 4-15 Communication Errors E-2 Components 2-3 Internal 5-2 Computer Connecting to Scanner 2-13 Computer Interface A-4 Computer Related Problems E-2 Modem and FAX Board E-3 Network E-3 Serial Pointing Device E-3 TSR Program E-4 Config Mode Menu 4-15 Cal Mode 4-18 Auto Cal Option 4-19 LCD Contrast Option 4-20 Com Check 4-16

Com Report 4-15 Com Set Up 4-15 Double Sheet 4-16 Printer 4-17 Configuration Buttons 4-9 Double Sheet Exiting Without Changes 4-17 Saving Permanently 4-17 Saving Temporarily 4-17 Printer Exiting Without Changes 4-18 Saving Permanently 4-18 Saving Temporarily 4-18 Remote 4-12 Serial Port 2-17 AUX Port PIN Assignments 2-17 CPU Port PIN Assignments 2-17 Configuration Form Accepted Forms 4-10 ASCII Characters F-1 Baud Rate 4-2 CMD Prefix 4-8 Completing 4-6 Default Parameters 4-5 EOF Character 4-8 Errors Continue Without Correcting 4-12 Reporting 4-11 Parity 4-3 Rejected Forms 4-11 Stop Bits 4-2 Word Length 4-2 Configuration Menu Navigating 4-13 Structure 4-13

Index-2

Index

Configuration Mode Config Mode Menu 4-15, 4-16, 4-17, 4-18 Exiting 4-12 Test Mode Menu 4-21 Auto Read 4-21 Connecting Power Cord 2-11 Scanner to Computer 2-13 Scanner, Terminal, and Computer 2-14 Control Panel 3-2 Buttons 4-9 END Key 3-3 Key 1 3-3 Key 2 3-3 LCD 3-4 Power Lamp 3-2 Receive Lamp 3-2 SEL Key 3-4 Transmit Lamp 3-3 Corrective Action Feeding Forms 3-16 CPU Port PIN Assignments 2-17

E
END Key 3-3 Environmental Conditions A-3 EOF Character 4-8

F
Features Optional 1-2 Standard 1-2 Feeding Corrected Forms 3-9 Feeding Forms Common Problems 3-16 Feeding Forms Automatically 3-9 Feeding Forms Manually 3-6 Flash Memory D-7 Form Columns D-5 Geometry D-4 Identification Marks D-6 Mark Response Positions D-5 Timing Marks D-5 Understanding Timing Lines D-5 Form Definitions D-7 Managing D-7 Restore Command D-8 Store Command D-8 Translating the Data D-8 Using Flash Memory D-7 Form Errors E-4 Form Geometry D-3 Form Status Messages 3-5 Forms Accepted 3-8

D
Data Bits See Word Length 4-2 Display 3-4 Display Contrast 4-20 Display Intensity 4-20 Double Sheet 4-16 Double Sheet Detection 3-15 Double Sheet Errors 3-15

Index-3

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Automatically Fed 3-9 Colors of Ink 1-3, 1-4 Corrected 3-9 Double Sheet Detection 3-15 Double Sheet Errors 3-15 Hand Fed 3-6 Interpreting E-4 Rejected 3-8 FT Track 4-18

G
Geometry D-3 Form D-3, D-4

H
Handshaking 4-3 Hopper Input Hopper Extension 2-5 Input Tray 3-13 Output 2-8 Hopper Capacities A-4

Installing C-3 Priming C-6 Print Location C-10, C-11, C-13 Replacement Print Cartridges C-6 Ink-Read Form Colors 1-3, 1-4 Safe Colors 1-3, 1-4 Input Hopper Installing 2-4 Input Hopper Extension 2-5 Input Hopper Form Guide 2-6 Input Hopper Tray Lowering / Raising 3-13 Installing Ink Blotter C-5 Input Hopper 2-4 Output Hopper 2-8 Print Cartridge C-3 Installing the Scanner 2-1 Interactive Printing C-12 Interpreting Forms E-4

K
Key 1 3-3 Key 2 3-3

I
Identification Marks D-6 Ink Blotter C-5 Ink-Jet Printer Aligning C-9 Changing Orientation C-13 Ink Blotter C-5 Locating C-2 Maintaining C-6 Print Cartridge Cleaning C-8

L
Lamp 4-18 Lamps 3-2, 3-3 Power Lamp 3-2 Receive Lamp 3-2 Last-Block Character 4-4 LCD 3-4

Index-4

Index

LCD Contrast Option 4-20 LCD Display 4-20 LED Component A-2, A-3 LEDs A-2, A-3 Light Emitting Diodes (LED) A-2, A-3, D-2 Liquid Crystal Display 3-4

Optional Features 1-2 Output Hopper Installing 2-8 Output Hopper Form Stop 2-9

P
Paper Jam Removing Forms 5-6 Paper Path 5-5 Paperweight Using 3-14 Parity 4-3 Physical Dimensions A-3 Power ScanMark ES 2260 2-12 Supplying 2-11 Power Lamp 3-2 Power Requirements A-2 LED Component A-2, A-3 Operation Voltage A-2 Preventive Maintenance 5-1 Print Area C-13 Print Cartridge Cleaning C-8 Installing C-3 Priming C-6 Print Location C-10, C-11 Changing Direction C-13 Printer Aligning C-9 Configuring 4-17 Ink Blotter C-5 Locating C-2 Maintaining C-6

M
Main Components 2-3, 5-2 Maintaining 5-1 Maintenance Record 5-8 Managing Form Definitions D-7 Restore Command D-8 Store Command D-8 Manual Form Feed 3-6 Mark Positions D-3 Mark Response Positions D-5 Messages Form Status 3-5 Operating 3-4 Motor 4-18

N
Non-Interactive Printing C-12

O
Obtaining Additional Support E-7 Operating Messages 3-4 Operating Specifications A-4 Operating the Scanner 3-1 Operation Voltage A-2 Optical Mark Reading D-2

Index-5

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Orientation C-13 Replacement Print Cartridges C-6 Printing Messages C-12 Problems 3-16 Processor A-4 R Readhead Assembly Cleaning 5-6, 5-7 LED Component A-2, A-3 Lifting 5-3 Removing Jammed Forms 5-6 Reseating 5-4 Reading Range Bar Code Reader B-4, B-6, B-7, B-8 Receive Lamp 3-2 Recording Maintenance 5-8 Reflective Read Technology D-2 Reject Print Disabling 4-17 Enabling 4-17 Rejected Forms 3-8 Remote Configuration 4-12 Resolving Form Problems E-4 Resolving Operating Error Messages E-6 Resolving Serial Communication Problems E-2 Restore Command (RSTO) D-8

S
ScanMark ES 2260 Accepted Forms 3-8 Automatically Feeding Forms 3-9 Auxiliary Connector A-5

Block Size 4-4 Components 2-3 Computer Interface A-4 Configuration Form Accepted 4-10 Rejected 4-11 Configuring 4-9 Connecting Power Cord 2-11 Control Panel 3-2 END Key 3-3 Environmental Conditions A-3 Features 1-2 Forms Rejected 3-8 Ink Blotter C-5 Ink-Jet Printer C-2 Input Hopper Form Guide 2-6 Installing 2-1 Input Hopper 2-4 Output Hopper 2-8 Internal Components 5-2 Key 1 3-3 Key 2 3-3 Last-Block Character 4-4 LCD 3-4 LED Component A-2, A-3 Manually Feeding Forms 3-6 Operating 3-1 Operating Errors E-6 Output Hopper Form Stop 2-9 Power Lamp 3-2 Power Requirements A-2 Powering On 2-12 Preventive Maintenance 5-1 Readhead Assembly

Index-6

Index

Lifting 5-3 Reseating 5-4 Receive Lamp 3-2 SEL Key 3-4 Specifications Hopper Capacities A-4 Operating Specifications A-4 Physical Dimensions A-3 Processor A-4 Support Bail 2-10 Transmit Lamp 3-3 Scanner Connecting to Computer 2-13 Maintaining 5-1 Powering On 2-12 Scanning Forms Automatically 3-9 Scanning Forms Manually 3-6 Scantron Service Group E-8 SEL Key 3-4 Selecting Scanner Site 2-2 Serial Communication 4-2 ACK/NAK 4-3 Baud Rate 4-2 Blocking 4-4 Default Settings 4-5 Handshaking 4-3 Parameters A-5 Parity 4-3 Stop Bits 4-2 Word Length 4-2 XON/XOFF 4-5 Serial Port Configuration 2-17 AUX Port PIN Assignments 2-17

CPU Port PIN Assignments 2-17 Service Log 5-8 Site Requirements 2-2 Software Commands D-7 RSTO D-8 STOR D-8 Specifications A-1 Standard Features 1-2 Stop Bits 4-2 Store Command (STOR) D-8 Support E-7 Scantron Service Group E-8 Technical Support Department E-7 Website/Email E-8 Support Bail 2-10

T
Technical Support Department E-7 Test Mode Menu 4-21 Auto Read 4-21 Double-Sheet Option 4-23 Printer Option 4-22 Timing Lines D-5, D-6 Timing Marks D-5 Top Print Location C-10 Transmit Lamp 3-3 Tray Input Hopper 3-13 Troubleshooting Bar Code Reading Errors E-5 Form Errors E-4 Interpreting Forms E-4 Operating Errors E-6 Printing Errors E-5

Index-7

ScanMark ES 2260 Users Guide

Serial Communication Errors E-2 Turning On 2-12

U
Using Auto Read Function 4-21 Control Panel Keys 4-9 END Key 3-3 Ink-Read-Safe Colors 1-3 Input Hopper Form Guide 2-6 Key 1 3-3 Key 2 3-3 Output Hopper Form Stop 2-9 SEL Key 3-4 Using the Paperweight 3-14 Using the Support Bail 2-10

V
Voltage Operation A-2

W
Website/Email E-8
White Marking Stripe B-4

Word Length 4-2

X
XON/XOFF 4-5

Index-8