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(080109.

65, II ,
2010-2011)
. .
23 2011 .

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2
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6

3
I II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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10

4
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13

5
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16
16

19

7
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22

8
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26

9
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32
32

26

10
.

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36

11
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40
40

13
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49
49

14
() . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52
52

15
() . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

57
57

16
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63
63

17
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66
66

10


1.1 :
1
) = tg 2;
1
) =
;
;
) = 2
2
7 + 12
2
) = arcsin( + 2);
) = log2 ( 1) + 2 .(1)
I . ) .
, , 2 7+12
, . . = 3 = 4 ( 2 7 + 12 = 0).

: (; 3), (3; 4) (4; +).

) 2 , 2 > 0, . . > 2.
= 2 2 = 0, ,
, = 2 . ,
> 2, (2; +).
) = tg , = (2 + 1) 2 ,
. , 2, ,
(2 + 1) 2 , . . 2 = (2 + 1) 2 , = (2 + 1) 4 . ,
= tg 2 , =
(2 + 1) 4 , .
) ,
1 6 2 + 2 6 +1.
) 1 = log2 ( 1)
, 1 > 0, . . (1; +).
2 = 2 (; +).
(1; +). , 1 < < +. J

1.2 :
1
2 1
) =
;
) =
;
+1
2 4

1
;
) = 2 ;
) =
3
8
1.3 :

) = ( 2)( + 3);
) = lg(2 );
(
)
) = arcsin 2 1 ;
) = arccos(3 6);

52 7 + 12
;
2 1
1
) =
;
2

) =

) = lg(2 3).

) = arcsin 4 3.

1.4 :

) = 5 + + 3; ) = 4 + + 2 + 15 ;
1
) = 23 + lg( 1) +
.
3
(1)

, :
1) ;
2) , . .

1.5 , :
) = 3 1;
) = 2 ;
I . ) : = ( +1)/3.
, , = ( + 1)/3.
) = 2 , [0; +].

, = , ,
[0; +) , (; +). , = 2
(; +), ( ).
= 2

= 0, . . [0; +), = + , > 0, ,


,
= + .

6 0,
, = . J

1.6 , :
(
)
(
)
1) = sin(3 1), 6 13 6 6 + 6 + 13 ;

2) = arcsin , 3 6 6 3;
3
1
2
3) = 2 + 4;
4) =
;
5) = 3sin ;
2 3

7) = 5lg
8) = cos2 sin2 .
6) = 2 1 ;
1.7 =
I .
=
,

3
5

= cos ,
=

4
5

1
3 sin 2+4 cos 2 .

32 + 42 = 5:

1
) .
5 5 sin 2 + 45 cos 2
( 3

= sin ( ,

( 3 )2
5

( 4 )2
5

= 1), :

1
1
, =
.
5(cos sin 2 + sin cos 2)
5 sin(2 + )

, sin(2+) (
[1; 1], 5 sin(2+
] [
)
+) [5; 5], , ; 51 15 ; + . J

1.8 :
3
;
1 + 2
1.9 , :
1
1
sin
;
2) () =
;
3) () = + 2 ;
1) () =

+1

1
4) () = ;
5) () = sin2 3 ; 6) 1 () = + 2 .

1) = 5 sin + 2 cos ;

2) = 2 ;

3) =


1.10 :

2) = arcsin 1
+
4 + ;
1) =
2 ;

162
5) = 2 sin ;
4) = 2 ;
: 1) [2; +); 2) [3; 3];
8) [2; (2 + 1)]; 9) [4; 4].

3) [0; 4];

4) [4; 0];

(2 )
4 ;

3) =
6) = 4 .
5) [1; 3];

6) [0; +); 7) (; 4];

1.11 :

(
)

1) = sin( );
2) = cos 2 ;
3) = lg sin ;

2
4) = sin
;
5) = arcsin 1+
;
6) = arccos(2 sin );

2 (4 1) 6
: 1) 4 2 2 6 6 (2 + 1)2 2 ( = 0, 1, 2, . . .); 2) || 6
2

1
1
1
1
|| 6
(4 + 1) ( = 1, 2, . . .); 3) 2+1 < < 2 2+1 < < 2+2 ( = 0, 1, 2, . . .);
2
4) > 0, = ( = 1, 2, . . .).

1.12 , ,
:
1) = + ;
2) = ( 1)3 ;
3) = cos 2;

6) = 1
4) = ln 2;
5) = 2 2 ;
1+ .

: 2) = 3 + 1, = (; +); 3) ;
= (; +); 5) = 2 log2 , = (0; +); 6) = 1
, = 1.
1+

4) = (1/2) ,

1.13 :

2
1) = 2 + ( 2);
2) = lg(1 2 cos );
3) = arccos 1+
2;

4) = arcsin lg 10 ;
: 1) 1 6 6 2, 0 6 6 23 ; 2) 2 + 3 < < 2 + 5
( = 0, 1, 2, . . .), <
3
6 lg 3; 3) < < +, 0 6 6 ; 4) 1 6 6 100, 2 6 6 2 .

1.14 :

1) = 2 + 1;
2) = 4 2 1;
2
5) = + , ( > 0);
4) = 9+1 ;

3) =

1.15 , :

1) () = 3 +3
;
2) () = tg ;
2

3) () =

1.16 , :
1) () = tg ;
2) () = 2 2 ;

3) () =

(4 );

6) = + , ( < 0);

: 1) [1; +); 2) [0; +); 3) [0; 2]; 4) [ 6; +); 5) (; 2 ] [2 ; +); 6) R.

2 .

2 +1 .

1.17 ,
:
1) = 2 3 ;
2) = 3 ;
3) = 2 + 3 + 2;

4) = 3 + 2 + 1;
5) = sin2 ;
6) = 1
;
7) = 21 ;
8) = 4 + 2 5;
: 5, 8 ;

2 7 ;

1, 3, 6 , .

10



2.1 , ,
152 2 1
= 8.
lim
1/3
1/3
2

21
I . 8 () = 151/3
= 1/3,

152 2 1

8 < .
> 0 () > 0 : 0 < < () =
3
1/3

2 21

151/3
8 < :

152 2 1
< |15 + 3 8| = 15| 1/3| < 0 <

1/3

<

3
15

( = 1/3, . . 1/3 = 0,
1/3). , () = /15,

0 <

1
1/3 /15 < < 1/3 + /15,
< () =
=

3
= 1/3

(
) (
)
152 2 1

1
1 1 1

=
,
, +
=
8 < ,
3 15 3
3 3 15
1/3

. . lim1/3

152 21
1/3

= 8. J

2.2 , , () = 52 + 5 = 8.
I . (8) = 325.
() = 8,
> 0 () :

| 8| < () = |52 + 5 325| < .

, > 0 | () 325| < | 8| < ().


|52 + 5 325| < (, < 320):

2
2
|5 320| < 64 < < 64 + 64 < < 64 + .
5
5
5
5
(
)

,
64 /5; 64 + /5 = |52 + 5 325| < .
{
}

, () = min 8 64 /5; 64 + /5 8 = 64 + /5 = 8,
| 8| < () =

(
)

64 /5; 64 + /5 = |52 + 5 325| < ,

. . () = 52 + 5 = 8. J

2.3 , :
32 + 2 8
22 + 11 + 15
= 1.
) lim
= 10.
) lim
2
3
+3
+2
92 + 12 + 3
62 + 5 1
= 1.
) lim
= 6.
) lim
+ 1/2
+ 1/3
1/3
1/2
: ) () = /2.

) () = /3.

) () = /6.

) () = /9.

2.4 , , () .
) () = 42 1,
= 2.
) () = 32 2, = 3.
) () = 2 5, = 1.
) () = 52 7, = 2.
:
) () =
) () = 4 + /5 2.

4 + /4 2.

) () =

2.5 :
2 4
.
) lim 2
1 2
2 4
) lim 2
;
2 2

9 + /3 3.

) () =

1 + 1.

2 4
) lim 2
;
2 2
2 4
) lim 2
.
1 2

I . ) lim1 (2 4) =
= 12 4 = 3 lim1 (2 2) = 2 = 0. ,
:
2 4
lim1 (2 4)
3
3
=
=
= .
2
1 2 2
lim1 ( 2)
2
2
lim

) ( 2 4 2 2 ) = 2,
, 00 ,
. . 2
.
2 4
( 2)( + 2)
+2
lim2 ( + 2)
4
= lim
= lim
=
= .
2
2 2
2 ( 2)( + 1)
2 + 1
lim2 ( + 1)
3
lim

) .
.
2 :
1 4/2
lim (1 4/2 )
2 4
=
lim
=
= 1.
1 1/ 2/2
2 2
lim (1 1/ 2/2 )
lim

2 4
2 2

1
,
()

() =

2 2
.
2 4

2 2
lim1 (2 2)
0
=
=
= 0,
2
2
1
4
lim1 ( 4)
3

lim () = lim

() 1. () = 1/()
2 4
1, . . lim1 22
= . J

2.6 :
2 + 4 5
;
) lim
2
2 1
3 + 32 + 2
) lim
;
2 2 6
: ) 7/3;

) 3;

2 + 4 5
) lim
;
1
2 1
2 + 2
) lim 2
;
1 2 1

) 2/5;

) 1;

2.7 :
7 + 56 + 43
) lim
;
0
7 + 23
4 3 + 2 3 + 2
) lim
;
1
3 2 + 1
: ) 2;

) 17/5;

) 2;

22 11 21
;
7 2 9 + 14
4 2 + 1
) lim 8
;
1 2 + 1
) lim

) 1/3.

2.8 :

, > 0.
) lim

5
32 + 2
.
) lim
0

+ 11 2 1
) lim
.
5
2 25
)
(

4
2
4
2
+ 8 + 3 .
) lim

I . ) 00 .

, :

( )( + )

= lim

= lim ( + ) = lim + = 2 .
lim



) 00

, , . . + 11 + 2 1. = 5

+ 11 2 1
+ 11 4( 1)
3

= 2
=
.
2
25
( 25)( + 11 + 2 1)
( + 5)( + 11 + 2 1)
,

3
3
+ 11 2 1

lim
=
= .
2
5
25
80
lim5 ( + 5)( + 11 + 2 1)

= 16 = 4.

) . = 5 32 + ,

5
32 +
2
1
1
lim
= lim 5
= lim 4
= .(2)
3
2
0
2 32
2 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16

80

(2)

5 32 2. ,
:
1 0 0 0
0 32
2 1 2 4 8 16
0
. . . 5 32 = ( 2)( 4 +2 3 +4 2 +8 +16).

) .
:

4 + 82 + 3 (4 + 2 )
7 + 3/2

4 + 82 + 3 4 + 2 =
=
.
4 + 82 + 3 + 4 + 2
1 + 8/2 + 3/4 + 1 + 1/2

2 + 3/4 =
2
4
8/

lim (7 + 3/2 ) = 7, lim 1 +

lim (1 + 8/ + 3/ ) = 1,
lim 1 + 1/2 = 1, lim ( 4 + 82 + 3 4 + 2 ) = 7/2. J

2.9 :

1 + 2 3
) lim
.
4

+ 13 2 + 1
) lim
.
3
2 9
: ) 4/3.

) 2.

13

.
3
8
2
+

3
6+2
) lim
.
2
3 + 8

) lim

) 1/16.

) 1/144.

2.10 :
2 + 12

) lim
.
3

+ 10 4
.
) lim
3
22 21
: ) 7.

) 1212 .

+ 12 4
) lim
.
2 + 2 8
4

2 +6
) lim
.
2
2 6

) 1317 .

1
.
10

2.11 :

22
) lim
.
6
6

1 3
.
) lim
1 1 5

61

) lim
.
5 3
4
+

3
+82
) lim
.
0
1 + 2 1
: ) 1/4.

) 3.

) 5/3.

.
) lim
3
0
1
+

2 2 + + 1 2
) lim
.
2
0

7 + 2 2 1 + + 2
) lim
.
2
2
2

3
9+++7
) lim
.
8 3 15 + 2 + 1
) 3/4.

) 3.

2.12 :

2
) lim ( 1 2 + 1);

4
2
) lim ( + 2 1 4 22 1);

) lim ( 44 + 132 7 22 );

3
3
3
2
) lim ( + 3 + 4 3 32 + 4).

: ) 0.

) 2.

) 13/4.

) 2.

7/4.

) 1/3.

) 1/12.

10

I II


(
)
1
sin
= 1, lim 1 +
lim
= .

3.1 :
tg sin
.
) lim
0
3

) lim (1 ) tg .
1
2

sin 2
.
0 sin 3
arctg
) lim
.
0

) lim

I ( ) . ) , 00 . ,
lim0 sin = 1.
:
)
(
( )
sin cos1 1
sin 2 sin2 2
tg sin
0
sin (1 cos )
lim
=
= lim
= lim
=
= lim
0
0
0
0
3
0
3
3 cos
cos 2
)
[ (
(
)
)2 ]
(
1
2 sin2 2
sin
1
1
1 sin 2
1
sin

2
= lim
lim
lim
1 = ,
= lim
= 11

0
0
0
0

cos 4

cos
2
2
2
2
4
lim0

sin(/2)
/2

= 1 lim0

sin

= 1.

) :
( )
sin 2
2
0
sin 2
2
=
lim
= lim sin23
= lim
0 sin 3
0
0
3 0
3
3
lim0

sin 2
2

= 1 lim0

sin 3
3

sin 2
2
sin 3
3

2 lim0

3 lim0

sin 2
2
sin 3
3

2
2 1
= ,
3 1
3

= 1.

) ,
. , 1 0.
1 = , = 1 .
, :
( )

(1 )

lim (1 ) tg
= lim tg
= lim tg

= lim ctg
=
1
0
0
0
2
2
2
2
2
(
)

cos
2

2
2
2
2
= lim
= lim
cos
= 11= ,

0 sin
0
sin 2
2

2
lim0

(/2)
sin(/2)

= 1.

) = arctg ,
lim

arctg

cos
lim0 cos
= lim
= lim sin = lim sin =
= 1.
0
0
0

tg
lim0 sin
cos

cos = 0.

10

3.2 :
1 cos 8
.
) lim
0
32

sin 3 sin
.
0
5
sin 7 + sin 3
) lim
0
sin

) lim

) lim ctg 5.
0

: ) 32/3.

) 2/5.

) .

) 1/5.

3.3 :
1 cos 5
) lim
.
0
22
1 cos 4
) lim
.
0
sin
: ) 25/4.

) 2/3.

arctg 2
.
0 tg 3
arcsin 5
) lim 2
.
0
) lim

) 8.

) 5.

3.4 :

2 cos 1
) lim
.
2
/4 1 tg
sin 2 tg 2
) lim
.
0
3
: ) 1/4.

) 1/4.

cos 1
.
0
2

) lim (1 ) tg .
1
2

) lim

) 4.

) 2/.

II , ( ):

lim (1 + ) = ,

(3.1)

1
= ln ,
lim
0

log (1 + )

lim
=
.
0

ln
3.5 :
(
)2+1
1
) lim
.
+ 2

) lim (2 3) 2 .

(3.3)

) lim (1 + sin ) sin .


0

) lim (2 7)[ln(3 + 4) ln 3].

I . ) lim

(3.2)

( 1 )2+1
+2

= (1 ) . :

1
+23
3
=
=1
+2
+2
+2

(
lim

1
+2

1
+2

= , =
)2+1

2, 2 + 1 =

3; , 0. :

= lim (1 3) 3 = lim (1 3) (1 3)3 =


0

1 3 2

= lim (1 3) lim (1 3)3 lim (1 3) 3 1 1 = 6 =


0

11

1
.
6

) lim (1 + sin ) sin = (1 ) =

{ sin = . sin =

sin

0, 0

= lim (1 + )
0

= .

{
}

23 = 1+. 2,
) lim (2 3) 2 = (1 ) = 0. = 4+ ; = 4 + 1 =
2
2
2

= lim (1 + ) +1 = lim (1 + ) lim (1 + ) = 4 .


0

) lim (2 7)[ln(3 + 4) ln 3] = lim

ln 3+4
3
1
27

( )
0
=
=
0

{
=

= 1 + ( 0). =
3+4
3
8
1
3
2 7 = 3 7 = 821
3 ; 27 = 821

= lim

ln(1 + )

lim0

ln(1+

ln(1 + )
8 21
8
lim
= ,
0
0

3
3

= lim

) 1/2 .

)23

) lim
.
+ 1
(
)23
1
) lim
.

) 2 .

) 3 .

) lim (1 + 3)1/ .
0

) lim (cos )1/ .


0

/2

) 3 .

) 1.

1 .

3.8 :
(
)
+3
) lim
.
+ 2

1
1+
) lim ln
.
0
1
: ) 1.

3.7 :
(
)
1
) lim 1 2 .

) lim (sin )tg .


: ) 1.

3
821

4
3 ,

= 1. J

3.6 :
(
)3
+4
) lim
.
+ 8
)4
(
2
.
) lim
1 + 2
: ) 12 .

) 3/2 .

) 1.

) lim (cos )3/ .


0

(
) lim

) 1.

12

sin

) sinsin
.

10

+
.
,

()

+0 ()
4.1

()
=

+.
I .

lim
1
+
= 1,
=
lim
4
+0
+0

() 4 +0.

+
1

lim = lim
= lim
1 + = 1,
+
+
+

()

+. J

4.2 , 0
, , :
) 1 () =
2.
) 2 () = sin 3 .
) 3 () = 3 tg .
) 4 () = cos 1.

2sin 1
) 5 () =
.
) 6 () = 9 + 3.
ln 2
: 1 , 6 0;
2 , 4 , ;
5 .

4.3 , () () 0 :
) () = tg 2, () = arcsin .
) () = 1 cos , () = 32 .
) () = arctg2 3, () = 42 .
) () = sin 3 sin , () = 5.
, 0.
1 . sin
2 . tg
3 . arcsin
4 . arctg
2
5 . 1 cos 2
6 . 1
7 . 1 ln ( > 0, = 1)
8 . ln(1 + )
9 . log (1 + ) ln ( > 0, = 1) 10 . (1 + ) 1 ( > 0).
4.4 :
sin 3
) lim
.
0 tg 5
cos 3 cos
) lim
.

tg2 2

tg sin
.
3
0

(
)ln(3+2)/ ln(2)
2 1
) lim
.
1

) lim

13

I . ) 0 sin 3 3
(sin 3 3) tg 5 5,

3
3
sin 3 sin 3 3
=
= lim
= .
lim

tg 5 5
0 5
0 tg 5
5
) sin 1 cos = 2 sin2

2
,
2

sin
sin (1 cos )
sin (1 cos )
1

lim
=
lim
=
0
lim
1 cos
0
0
0 cos
3 cos
3

2
2

= lim 2 1 = 1 .
0 3
2

)
. . = 0. :

cos 3 cos = ,
= lim cos 3( + ) cos( + ) .
lim
=
2
, 0 0

tg 2
tg2 2( + )
,
cos cos 3
2 sin 2 sin()
2 2
cos 3( + ) cos( + )
= lim
= lim
= lim
= 1.
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
tg 2( + )
tg 2
tg 2
42

lim

) , = 1 ( 0 1) :
(
lim

2 1

)ln(3+2)/ ln(2)

(
= lim
0

2 + 1
+1

)ln(5+2)/ ln(1)

]
ln(5 + 2) 2 + 1
= lim exp
ln
.
0
ln(1 )
+1

, .
[
]
[
]
ln(5 + 2) 2 + 1
ln(5 + 2) 2 + 1
lim exp
ln
= exp lim
ln
.
0
0 ln(1 )
ln(1 )
+1
+1
, :
(
[
]
[
)]

ln(5 + 2) 2 + 1
ln(5 + 2)
ln(5 + 2)
lim
ln
= lim
ln 1 +
= lim
= ln 5.
0
0
0
ln(1 )
+1
ln(1 )
+1
( + 1)
lim1

( 21 )ln(3+2)/ ln(2)

= ln 5 = 15 .

. , , ( ) ( ) , , ,
. .
4.4 ) tg sin 03 , ,
0, . :
ln(1 + + 2 ) + ln(1 + 2 )
ln(1 + + 2 )(1 + 2 )
=
lim
=
2
0
0
2

ln[1 + ( + 2 )] + 2 ,

ln(1 + 2 + 4 )
2 + 4

=
=
lim
= 1.
2
2 = lim
ln[1 + ( + )] +
0
0
2
2
lim

14


, :
+ 2 + 2
22
=
lim
= 2,
0
0 2
2
lim

, , .

4.5 :
ln(1 + sin 2)
) lim
.
0
sin 3
5 1
.
) lim
0 ln(1 + )
1 cos 2
) lim 22
.
0
1
: ) 2/3.

) 2.

32 + 6
) lim
.
0 sin 3
1 cos 2
) lim
.
0 cos 5 cos 3

9+3
) lim
.
0 3 arctg 2

) ln 5.

) 1/4.

) 1.

4.6 :
3 1
.
) lim
1 ln
1 + cos 2
) lim
2 2 .
tg
1/2

2 1 1
.
) lim
2
ln( 1)
: ) 3.

) 25/18.

1 + cos 5
.
sin2 3
sin 3
) lim
.
2 sin 8
1 3
) lim
.
1 sin
) lim

) 1/2.

) 3/8.

) 3/2.

4.7 :
(
)1/2
1 + 3
) lim
.
0 1 + 2
(
)1/ sin3
1 + sin cos 3
) lim
.
0 1 + sin cos 2
2

) lim

) lim (1 + sin2 )1/ ln cos .


0

) 5/2 .

) 1/2 .

4.8 :
(
)tg(/4)
4
) lim
.
2
2
( cos )1/(3)
) lim
.
3 cos 3
) lim (31 2)/(1) .

) 1/5.

) 2 .

(
) lim

sin
sin 1

)1/(1)
.

) lim (2 )tg(/2) .
1

) lim (cos )1/ sin .

) ctg 1 .

)1/ tg3

: ) 2/ .

1 + 2 3
1 + 2 4

) lim (1 ln cos )1/ sin .

) 3/4.

) 3/.

) lim (2 5sin )1/ .


: ) 3/2.

) 1/36.

) tg 3 .

) 2/ .

15

) 3 .

) 1/2 .

10

.
5.1 () .

< 6 0,
,
() = ( 1)2 , 0 < 6 2,

5 ,
2 < < +.
I . () (; 0), (0; 2)
(2; +), . , 1 = 1 2 = 2. 1 = 0 :

lim () = lim 2 = 0,
lim () = lim ( 1)2 = 1, (0) = 2 =0 = 0,
00

00

0+0

0+0

. . () 1 = 0 .
2 = 2 :
lim20 () = lim20 ( 1)2 = 1, lim2+0 () = lim2+0 (5 ) = 3,
(2) = ( 1)2 |=2 = 1,
. . 2 = 2 .
1. J

4
3
2
1
2

. 1. ()

5.2 .

+
4,

<
1,
6 0,

+ 1,
) () = 2 + 2, 1 6 < 1,
) () = ( + 1)2 , 0 < 6 2,

2,
+ 4, > 2.
> 1.

+
2,

6
1,
6 0,

,
) () = 2 + 1, 1 < 6 1,
) () = ( 1)2 , 0 < < 2,

+ 3, > 1.
3,
> 2.
16

5.3 () = 81/(3) + 1 1 =
3 2 = 4.
I . 1 = 3 :
lim30 () = lim30 (81/(3) + 1) = 8 + 1 = 1,
lim3+0 () = lim3+0 (81/(3) + 1) = 8 + 1 = ,
. . 1 = 3 () (1 = 3
).
2 = 4 :
lim40 () = lim40 (81/(3) + 1) = 9,
lim4+0 () = lim4+0 (81/(3) + 1) = 9.
, 2 = 4 () . J

5.4 .
) () = 21/(3) + 1; 1 = 3, 2 = 4.
) () = 51/(3) 1; 1 = 3, 2 = 4.
) () = ( + 7)/( 2); 1 = 2, 2 = 3.
) () = ( 5)/( + 3); 1 = 2, 2 = 3.
) () = 41/(3) + 2; 1 = 2, 2 = 3.
5.5 , ,
23
lim
= 2.
3 2
3

I . 2 { 2
3 2 },

23

> 0 () : > () = 3
2 < .
2
,

23

< ,

2
3 2

. . . > 1, 2
3 2 > 0,
. :

23
23 23 + 4
4
4
3 4
2=
= 3
< , 3 2 > , >
+ 2,
3
3
2
2
2

, () ([ ] )

3 4/ + 2, . . () = 3 4/ + 2 .
[
]
, > 3 4/ + 2 . J

17

5.6 , lim = , .
2
4 2
2 2
, = .
) =
, = 2.
) =
3 1
3
2 + 3
3 + 2
3
5 + 2
5
) =
, = .
) =
, = .
2 + 1
2
3 + 1
3
: ) >

3+4
.
9

) >

83
.
2

) >

12
.
4

) >

13
.
9

5.7 :

6 + 5 2310 + 1
lim
.

( + 4 ) 3 3 1

I . 6
+ 5 3210 + 1
2 (+ 4 ) 3 3 1
2 .
2 ,

2 (1/5/6 + 2 5 1 + 1/10
6 + 5 3210 + 1

lim
= lim
=

( + 4 ) 3 3 1
2 (1 + 1/3/4 ) 3 1 1/3

lim (1/5/6 + 2 5 1 + 1/10 )

= 2.
=
lim (1 + 1/3/4 ) 3 1 1/3

lim
1 + 1/10 = 1

lim 3 1 1/3 = 1. J

5.8 :

3
1 22 + 3
32 + 4 48 + 1

.
) lim
) lim
.

3 3 + 3 + 4 5 + 2
( +
) 7 + 2

3
23 + 3 + 5
2 + 3 + 33

) lim
.
)
lim
.

3 3 + 2
4 12 + 2 + 1 2
1
: )

2.

) 0.

) +.

) 3.

5.9 :
)
(
)+1
(
+2
2 + 4
) lim
.
) lim
.
2 + 3
1
( 2
)2
( 2
)2
+1
2 + 3
) lim
.
) lim
.

22 + 1
2
: ) 3 .

) .

) .

5.10
:
(
)
(
)

3
2
3
) lim
( 2) 3 .
) lim 5 .

[
]
5 8 (2 + 5)

) lim
(2 + 1)(2 4) 4 9 . ) lim

: ) .

) 0.

) 3/2.

) 5/2.

18


6.1 :
22 + 5 3
32 2 40
.
) lim
.
) lim 2
3 32 + 10 + 3
4 3 4
22 + 15 8
32 6 45
) lim
.
)
lim
.
8 32 + 25 + 8
5 22 3 35
: ) 22/5.

) 7/8.

) 4/3.

) 17/23.

) 24/17.

2 2 35
) lim
.
5 22 + 11 + 5
22 + 15
) lim 2
.
3 6 27
) 11/12.

6.2 :
3 2 4
3 64
) lim 2
.
) lim 2
.
2 11 + 18
4 7 27 4
2 4
2 + 2 24
.
) lim
.
) lim
2 32 + 10
5 23 + 15 + 18
: ) 10/7.

) 48/29.

) 13/16.

) 9/307.

22 11 6
) lim 2
.
6 3 20 + 12
32 +
) lim 2
.
0 4 5 + 1

) 4/11.

6.3 :
43 2 + 1
52 3 + 1
) lim
.
)
lim
.
23 + 32 + 2
32 + 5
22 + 54
53 72 + 3
.
) lim
.
) lim
2 + 32 + 4
2 + 2 3
: ) 2.

) 5/3.

) 3.

) 0.

) 5.

4 52 35
.
5 + 6 + 8
34 22 7
) lim
.
34 + 3 + 5
) lim

) 1.

6.4 :
34 + 22 8
42 10 + 7
) lim
.
)
lim
.
83 4 + 5

23 3
43 + 52 3
22 + 10 11
) lim
.
) lim
.
34 2 + 5
32 + 10
: ) .

) 0.

) .

) .

) 0.

) 0.

73 2 + 4
.
22 + 5
22 3 + 1
) lim 3
.
+ 22 + 5
) lim

) 0.

6.5 :

2 + 4 2
3
2 + 7 5

) lim
.
) lim
. ) lim
.
0
0
9
3
5 5+
2 + 16 4

2
9+3
4 + 1 3
) lim
.
) lim
.
)
lim
.
4
0
2
2 +
3 8
6 + 1 5
: ) 2.

) 3 5.

) 6/5.

) 5/12.

19

) 1/6.

) 1/18.

6.6 :
(
)
(
)+1
2 1
3 + 4
) lim
.
) lim
.
2 + 4
3 + 5
)2
(
)32
(

3
.
) lim
.
) lim
1
3 + 2
: ) 5/2 .

) 1/2 .

) .

) 2/3 .

) 2 .

)
1 + 2
) lim
.
3 + 2
(
)+1
4 2
) lim
.
1 2
(

) 3/2 .

6.7 :
)
(
)7
(
4 + 3
1 2
.
) lim
.
) lim

3
5+
(
)5
(
)2
1
3+
) lim
) lim
.
2 10
9 4
: ) 0.

) 0.

) 0.

) 0.

) 0.

)3
3 1
) lim
.
2 + 5
(
)3
+5
) lim
.
4 2
(

) .

6.8 :
)1/ tg2
(
1 + 2 3
1/ sin2
.
)
lim
(1

ln
cos
)
. ) lim (cos )1/( sin ) .
) lim
2

0
0
0 1 + 4
(
)1/3
1 + cos 2
2
) lim (1 + sin2 )1/ ln cos . ) lim
. ) lim (2 cos )1/ ln(1+2 ) .
0
0
0
1 + cos
: ) 3/4.

) 5/2 .

) 1/2 .

) 2 .

) 3/2 .

) 1/4 .

6.9 :
)1/(1)
(
( cos )1/(3)
sin
.
) lim
) lim
.
3 cos 3
1 sin 1
(
)1/ ln(3)
4

) lim (3 2)1/ ln(2) .


) lim
.
1
2

: ) ctg 1 .

) tg 3 .

) 1 .

) 2 .

) .

) 1/3 .

6.10 :
7
1 sin
.
) lim
.
) lim
0 sin + sin 7
/2 (/2 )2
1 cos2 2
cos2 cos2 2
) lim
.
) lim
.
0 arcsin
0
2
: ) 7/8.

) 4/ 2 .

) 3.

) 4.

) 3.

20

) lim (tg )1/ cos 2 .


/4
( )1/ ln(4)
3
) lim
.
3

) 5.

cos 5 cos
.
0
42
arcsin 5
) lim 2
.
0
) lim

6.11 , .
sin( 3)
1 cos 8
sin 3
) lim 3
.
) lim
.
)
lim
.
3 27
0
0 ln(1 + 2)
22
tg( + 5)
ln(1 + 5)
5 1
.
) lim 2
.
) lim
.
) lim
5 25
0
0 tg 2
sin 3
: ) 1/27.

) 16.

) 3/2.

) 1/10.

) 5/2.

) 5/3.

6.12 , .

1 3
tg 5
2 5
) lim
.
) lim
.
) lim
.
sin 3
1 sin
1
sin
2 4
3 64
ln(1 + 43
) lim
.
) lim
.
) lim
.
2 sin
4 tg( 4)
0
23
: ) 3/.

) 1/(4).

) 5/3.

) (4 ln 2)/.

6.13 :
(5 )2 + (5 + )2
.
) lim
(5 )2 (5 + )2
(3 )3 (2 )3
.
) lim
(1 )3 (1 + )3
(3 + )2 (2 + )2
) lim
.
(2 + )2 (1 )2
: ) .

) 0.

) 0.

) 48.

) 2.

(4 )3 (2 )3
) lim
.
(1 )2 (2 + )4
(2 )2 (1 + )2
) lim
.
(1 + )2 (2 )2
( + 2)3 ( + 2)2
) lim
.
( 2)3 ( + 2)3

) 1.

) 1/3.

) .

6.14 :

3 + 2 3 1253 +
3 276 + 4

.
) lim
) lim
.

5
( + 4 ) 4 + 2

+ 2

+ 2 2 + 2
5 + 3 + 2

.
) lim
.
) lim

4 4 + 2
4 4 + 1 3 2 1

103 3 + 2
+ 2 3 83 + 3

) lim
.
) lim
.
4

+5+
46 + 3
: ) 0.

) 3.

) 1.

) +.

) 10.

6.15 :
[
]

2
) lim
( 2) 3 .

[
]
2
) lim
3 + 2 .

[
]

2
2
4
) lim
( + 1)( 4) 9 .

[
]

2
) lim
( + 2) 2 + 3 .

: ) .

) 3/2.

) 3/2.

) 2.

) 2.

21

10



. = ()
0 , = () 0 = (0 ), ( )
= () = ( ()) 0 ,
(0 ) = (0 ) (0 ).

(1)

=
.

(2)

. = ()
(0 )
0 ,
= 0;
1
() 0 = (0 ) ,

1 (0 )
1
= (0 ) .
(3)

, . = () = ()
0 =
0)
= 0,
(0 ) = (). , () () 0 (

= () 0 ,
(0 )

(0 )
=
,
(0 )

(0 )
=

(0 )

.
(0 )

(4)

, . = () (, ) = 0, ()

(, ) = 0.
(5)

7.1
=

arccos + 2 log2 + 2 ,

(0; 1).

I . :

= ( 3 arccos ) + 2(log2 ) +

)
=

1
2 ( ) (2 )
+
=
(arccos ) + arccos ( ) + 2
ln 2
4

arccos
2
( 2)
=
+
+
+
.
3
ln 2
3
1 2
3 2

22

7.2 = ln sin 0 = /3.


I . = () = ln sin : = () =
sin = () = ln . () = sin 0 = /3 ,

(/3) = cos(/3) = 1/2.


0 = sin 0 = sin(/3) = 3/2 () = ln
2/
3.

, ( 3/2) =

, (/3) = ( 3/2) (/3) = (2/ 3)(1/2) = 1/ 3. J

7.3

= 1 + 2 ,

R.

I . = 1 + 2 =

= 2

1
= .

=
= 2 =
. J


2
1 + 2

7.4 :
2
) = 2ctg , = , Z;

) = ln cos arctg sh 2, R.

I . ) ,
2
2
= 2ctg ln 2(ctg2 ) = 2ctg ln 2 2 ctg (ctg ) .
,

ctg
, = , Z.
sin2
) :
= 2 ln 2 2ctg

sin arctg sh 2
1
(cos arctg sh 2) =
(arctg sh 2) =
cos arctg sh 2
cos arctg sh 2
1
sh 2
= tg arctg sh 2
(sh 2) =
ch 2 (2) .
2
2
1 + sh 2
1 + sh 2

,
=

2 sh 2 ch 2
= 2 th 2,
1 + sh2 2

7.5

3
= ln
,
1 + cos

R. J

= (2 + 1),

N.

I . , :
1
1
1
= ln ln(1 + cos ) = ln(1 + cos ).
3
3
3 3
,
=

1 1 sin
1 + tg(/2)
1 1 (cos )

= +
=
. J
3 3 1 + cos
3 3 1 + cos
3

23

7.6
1 + 2
=
,
3
7
4
sin

= ,

N.

I . = ln ||.


1
=
=
,



. .

= .
(6)


= ln || = ln(1 + 2 )

4
ln || 7 ln | sin |,
3

2
cos
4
=
7
.

1+
3
sin

6,
)
(
1 + 2
4
cos

2
=

7
. J
3

sin
4 sin7 1 + 2 3

7.7 () , :

1) = 3 + 2.
2) = 1/.
3)

=
.

2
+1
3
4) = 1/(1 + ).
5) = .
6) = 2 .
7) = ln .
8) = sin 2.
9) = ctg + 2.
10) = arcsin .
11) = arccos 3.
12) = 7 arctg( + 1).
7.8 :
5
8
1) = 7 25 + 5 3 + 5 .

6
3) = 5 7 tg + 3 ctg + arctg .
5) = (2 + 2 + 2) .
7) = 2 sin + 2 cos 2 sin .
2 + 1
9) = 2
.
1
ln
11) =
.
1+
arctg
13) =
.

15) = 2 34 .
17) = ln(1 + cos ).

2) = 2 4 cos + 2 sin + log3 .

7
4) = 4 2 arccos + 3 arcsin .
6) = 33 ln 3 .
3 + 2
.
8) =
2 + 3

1+
.
10) =
1
cos
12) =
.
2 3 cos
14) = ln(52 + 25 ).

3
16) = 1 3 .
2
1
18) = tg 2 + tg3 2 + tg5 2.
3
5
24

19)
21)
23)
25)
27)
29)
31)
33)
35)

= ln tg 2.
= log2 ( + 2 5).
= sin 2 .
= arctg .

= 2 ln (1 ln ).

= arctg 92 1.

= 9 2 + 9 arcsin .
3
1

= .
= 2 .

20)
22)
24)
26)
28)
30)
32)
34)
36)

= ln( + 2
+ 4).
= ln( + 3 + 2 + 6 7).
= arccos2 .
= sin .

1 2
.
=
1 + 2

= arctg
.
7 2

= arccos 9 2 .
3

ln
=
.
= (sin )tg .

( 7)
7.9 :
2
1 3
.
2)

=
.
1) =
1 5
(1 2 )(1 + 4 )

arctg
3
4) =
3) = 2 sin ln .
.
arcsin
5) = (sin + cos ).
6) = (arccos + arctg ).

7) = arctg3 (2 1) + arcsin3 .
8) = ln[ln(ln )].

9) = sin 2 + cos 3.
10) = + + .

1 + 2
11) =
.
12) = sin(cos ) + cos(sin ).
1 2
1
2
cos
tg(1/)
sin 2
13) = 2
+
.
14) = ln tg
.

2
2
2(sin2
)

arcsin
1
1
15) =
+ ln 1 2 .
16) = 1 + 2 ln
+ 1+ 2 .

1 2

17) = sh3 4 + ch3 .


18) = tg5 (2 1).
19) = (2 + 1)2 .
1

21) = (
+ 1) sin .

23) = (2 sin + 1)2 .


2
25) = .

20) = (cos ) .

22) = ln2 .
24) = sin .

26) = .

25

10

().


8.1 :
1 + 2
, = 0, = 1.
1) =
1 +2

2) = (1 + ) 2 + 2 3 3 + 3 , = 0.
3) = 2tg(1/) , = 1/.

4) = 3 cos 2 1 sin 2(sin + cos ), = /6.

5) = log1/2 ( 1/2)2 + log2 42 4 + 1, = 0.

6) = ln (ln log ) ln + log + 2, = .


7) = ln(1 + sin2 ) 2 sin arctg sin , = /2.
8) = arcsin(2/(1 + 2 )), = 0, = 2,

4
3
2 +1
9) = ln 4 +2
3
arctg
= 1.
+
2
2 +1
122 ,

5
3
10) = arctg cos ln3 , = 1.
11) = (ch )sh , = 0.

2
12) = ( 1 + 3 )ln , = 1.
13) = ((sin )/) , = /2.

: 1) (0) = 2, (1) = 2. 2) 6 72. 3) 2 ln 2. 4) 2 3. 5) 2/ ln 2. 6) 2/.


7) 0. 8) (0) = 2, (2) = 2/5. 9) (1) = 1, (1) = 1, (0) . 10) 6. 11)
0. 12) 0. 13) 2 ln 2. 14) (/2)/2 (1 + ln(/2)).

8.2 () = 0, :
1) = 3 62 + 9 + 12.
2
+6
2) = 210+25
.
3) =

1
.
1+sin2

4) = ( 1)2 ( 2)3 .
8.3 ,
= + 3 ,

R.

I . ,
1 + 32 , , 3,

1
= =
. J

1 + 32

26

8.4 (), = sh .
I . = sh R. = ch . ,
() =

1
()

1
1
1
=
=
.
2
ch
1 + 2
1 + sh

(), . . , , arsh .
,
1
(arsh ) =
, R. J
1 + 2

8.5 :
1) = cos .
2) = 2 + 3 .
3) = 2 3 cos 2.
4) = 2 ln(1 ).
1
.
5) =
+5
8.6 = () = cos3 , =
sin3 , (0; /2). .
I . () () , = 3 cos2 sin = 0
(0; /2). 4

3 sin2 cos

= =
=

tg ,

3 cos2 sin

(0; /2). J

8.7 = (), :
1) = sin2 , = cos2 , 0 < < /2.
2) = , = 3 , < < +.
3) = cos , = sin , 0 < < .
4) = ch , = sh , < < 0.
5) = 2 + 6 + 5, = (3 54)/, 0 < < +.
6) = ( sin ), = (1 cos ), < < +.
7) = ln sin(/2), = ln sin , 0 < < 4.
8.8 :
1) 2 + 4 = 0.
2)
ln = 0.
ln +

3) cos sin = 0.
4) + 2 = 0.

5) arctg = 0.
6) arctg( + ) = .

1
7) ln + = 0.
8) arctg = ln(2 + 2 ).

2
9) = .
10) + 1 = 0.
8.9 , :
1) = + 22 + 3 , = 2 + 3 3 , 1 < < +.
2) = (3 22 + 3 4) , = (3 22 + 4 4) , 1 < < +.
3) = ctg 2, = (2 cos 2 1)/(2 cos ), 0 < < /2.
27

8.10 = (),
:
1) 5 + 3 + = 0.
2) = sin , || < 1.
3) 2 = 2, > 0.
4) 2 /2 2 /2 = 1, > 0.
5) (2 ) 2 = 3 , < 0.

6) + = 2.
7) 2/3 + 2/3 = 2/3 , > 0.
8) 52 + 9 2 20 + 18 + 9 = 0, <= 1.
8.11 = (), ,
(0 ):
1) 2 + 2 6 + 10 2 = 0, > 5, 0 = 0.
2) 6 + 8 2 12 26 + 11 = 0, < 2, 0 = 11/12.
3) + = , > 0, 0 = 0.
4) + ln = 1, 2 , 0 = 0.

8.12 :

1) = 3 42 + 5 1.
2) = 2 1 2 .
3) = ln( + 1).
4) = sin2 3.

+1
5) =
.
6) = arccos , = 3 .
2 + 3

8.13 : = 2 + 5 + 3.
= 2 = 0.
I . ,
, .
:
= 2 + 5.
= 2,
= 0, :
tg = |=2 = 2 (2) + 5 = 1,
tg = |=0 = 2 0 + 5 = 5.
.
tg = tg( ) =

tg tg
51
2
=
= .
1 + tg tg
1+51
3

, = arctg 23 . J

28

8.14 = 42 6 + 3 , = 2.
I . (0 ; 0 ). , . .

=
= 8 6
= 80 6 = 2(40 3).
=0

=0

= 2,
, . . = 2, 2(40 3) = 2. 0 ,
: 40 3 = 1, 40 = 4, 0 = 1.
, 0 :
0 = 4 12 6 1 + 3 = 1.
, (1; 1). J

8.15 = 2 3 2 = 0?
: tg 1 = 1/13; tg 2 = 1/7.

8.16 : = 2 2 = ?
: 1 = /2; tg 2 = 3/4.

8.17 =

1
= ?

: tg = 3.

8.18
=

1
1 + 2

2.
1
1
= . ,
2
1+2
5
(2; 15 ). , (2; 15 ):
I . 0 = 2 0 =

1
= ( 2).
5

(8.1)

(
)

1
2
4

=
=
=
= .

2
2
2
1+
(1 + ) =2
25
=2
=2
, , , = 25
.
4
8.1 , :
: =
: =

4+13
,
25

125246
,
20

4 + 25 13 = 0,

125 20 246 = 0. J

29

8.19 , =
2.
3

: = 12 16; + 12 = 98.

8.20 =
= 3 ?
2

: 0; 2/3.

8.21 = 2 :
) = 4 5;
) 2 6 + 5 = 0;
) 3 + 1 = 0 45 ?
: 2; 3/2; 1.

8.22 = 2 1 = 1, 2 = 3.
.
?
: 2.

8.23 =
= 21 .
: = 4 4; 2 = 8 + 18.

( 8)
8.24 :
sin2

1) =
, = 0; 1, , , 3.
1 + cos
4 8
( )
3
ln
2) = 2 , (1), (2),
, (2 ).
2

( )
( )
1
1
1
3) = arcsin 2 , (1), , , ().
2
2
3

4) = 2 3 arctg + ln 2 + 3, = 3.
3 ( )
( )


1

5) =
,
,
.
sin 2
2
4

1
6) = 5
sin , = 0.
3
1+

30

8.25 , :

1) 3 3 = 3.
2) arctg = 3.

2 2

4
3
3) + 3 = .
4)
+ 4 = 5.
5) 2 + 2 sin(2 2 ) = 5.

6) 2 + 2 = 2+ .

8.26 .
{
2
= 33+1
2 ,
( 3
)
1)

= sin 3 + .

{
= 2 2 ,
3)
1
=
.
3
2
(1)
{

(
)
= ln + 2 + 1 ,

5)
= 2 + 1.

= 1 2 ,

2)
= tg 1 + .
{
= arcsin(sin ),
4)
= arccos(cos ).
{

= 2 2 ,
6)
= arcsin( 1).

8.27 , :

( 3)2 + 4
( 7)10 3 1
1) =
.
2) =
.
( + 2)7
( + 3)5
( + 1)8 ( 3)2

.
( + 2)5

5
( + 4)3
.
5) =
( 1)2 ( + 3)5

3) =

( + 2)( 7)4

.
3
( 1)4

3
( 1)7
6) =
.
( + 1)5 ( 5)3
4) =

8.28 = 3 + 2 2
0 = 1.
: 5 + 4 = 0; 5 + 6 = 0.

8.29 , ,
= 2 2 + 2 2 = 3.
: 90 90 .

8.30 = ln(2 4 + 4)
0 = 1.
: 2 + 2 = 0; 2 1 = 0.

8.31 = 2
0 = 1.
: + 1 = 0; 1 = 0.

31

10

.
,
9.1 ,
, = 3 72 + 80
5 5,01.
I . = 5, = 0,01.
:
= = (32 14) = (3 52 14 5) 0,01 = 0,05. J

9.2
= 2 + 5 = 1,97.
I . 1,97 , () (),
= 2. :
= = 1,97 2 = 0,03,
() = (2) = 3, () = 2 +5 , () = (2) = 32 .
, () = ( + ) () + (),
(1,97) 3 +

2
(0,03) = 2,98. J
3

9.3 :

2) ( + 2 + .

4) (arccos
(
( ).)
( ))
7
5
6) 5 sh
+ 7 sh
.
35
35
(
)

1 + sin

8) ln
+ 2 arctg sin .
1 sin

1) ( + ln ).

3) (2 3 (3 ln 2)).

5) ln( 1 + 2 sin + 2 sin 1).


(
)

arcsin
1
+ ln
.
7)
1+
1 2

9.4 :
(
)
1
1
ln
1
1)
+ ln
, = 1.
2) arctg
, 1 = , 2 = .

(
)
( 2 )
3
(2 1) 2 + 3
2

3)
,

=
0.
4)

, 1 = 1, 2 = 2.

(5 + 4)2 3 1
: 1) 21 .

2)

22
,
2 +1

0.

3) 891922 .

4) (2 + ln 4), 0.

9.5 , = () :

3
1) =
, ) = 65, ) = 125,1324.
4
2) = , ) = 90, ) = 15,8.
32

3) = sin , ) = 29 , ) = 359 .
4) = tg , = 44 50 .
5) =
arcsin , = 0,51.
= 0,15.
6) = 2
2+ ,
: 1) ) 4,0208, ) 5,00177.
5) 0,512. 6) 0,925.

2) ) 3,083, ) 1,9938.

3) ) 0,485, ) 0,017.

4) 0,9942.


() ():
, , , ,
() = 0 ;
() () ,
;
lim

()
.
()

()
()
= lim
.
()
()
lim

(9.1)

() () , () = () = 0, () = 0,
()
()
.
=
()
()
lim

1
9.6 lim1 23 1
.

I . 9.2,
54
5 1
=
lim
= 1. J
1 23 1
1 62 1
lim

9.7 lim0 arctg


.
3

I .

0
0

arctg
1 1/(1 + 2 )
2
1
=
lim
=
lim
= . J
3
2
2
2
0
0
0 3 (1 + )

3
3
lim

.
9.8 lim+ ln

I .

ln
1/
2
= lim = 0. J
lim = lim
+
+ 1/(2 ) +

33

(9.2)

. ,
sin tg 1 ln(1 + ) sh arctg arcsin ,

(9.3)

= () 0 .
cos
9.9 lim0 sin
.
sin3

I . , sin 0,
sin cos
sin
1
sin cos
cos cos + sin
1
= lim
= . J (9.4)
= lim
= lim
3
3
2
0
0
0

3
3 0
3
sin
lim

9.10 lim+0 ln .
I . 0
,

ln
1/
= lim
= lim () = 0. J
+0 1/
+0 1/2
+0

lim ln = lim

+0

9.11 lim0

( 1
2

)
ctg2 .

I . 00 sin 0,
(
)
1
sin2 2 cos2
(sin + cos )(sin cos )
2
lim

ctg

=
lim
=
lim
=
2
2
0
0
0

2 sin
2 sin2
sin cos
sin + cos
lim
.
= lim
0
0

3

sin
sin cos
sin + cos
1
= lim
+ lim cos = 2, lim
=
lim
3
0
0
0
0

3
( 9), 2/3. J

9.12 :
3 72 + 4 + 2
) lim
.
1
3 5 + 4
7 1
) lim
.
0 tg 3
(
)tg /(2)
) lim 2
.

cos sin
.
3
0

(
)

1
) lim

.
1 1
ln
) lim

) lim (tg )2 .
/2

1 cos 7
.
0 sin 7
ctg(/4)
) lim
.
2
2
(
)
3
) lim sin
.

) lim (2/ + 1) .

) lim

) lim (cos 2)1/ .


0
( )sin
1
) lim
.
0
: ) 7/2.
/4. ) 1. 3.

) 1/3.

) 7/3.

) 1/2.

34

) 2/ .

) 1.

) 2 .

) 7/2.

) 2 .

( 9)
9.13 :

4
2
( + 1)2 .
1) = 2 8 + 5.
2) =

3
3
3) = (1 + ) .
4) = + + .
5) = sin cos .
6) = cos(ln ).

7) = ln tg( + ).
8) = arcsin .
2
9.14 , :
1) () =
( 3)2 ( 2)3 ( 4) = 4,001;
2) () = 7 33 + 2 4 = 1,001;
3) () = ln( 2) = 0,001.
9.15 , = 5 24 + 33 42 + 6 = 1,001.
9.16
:

) 27,0081. ) sin 29 . ) cos 151 . ) arcsin 0,5011.


9.17 :

1) lim
.

sin2 (1/2) tg
.
3) lim
1 + cos 4
/4
sin
.
5) lim
0 sin
+ 2 ln
.
7) lim

(
)
1
1
9) lim

.
1 1
ln
(
)
1
11) lim
ctg2 .
0 2
32 + 4 7
13) lim 2
.
1 2 + 3 5
ln(2 8)
15) lim 2
.
3 2 5 3
ln cos
17) lim
.
0
2

) arctg 1,002.

2 cos
2) lim
.
0 cos 1

4) lim
.
0 ln(1 + )
(1 + )1/
6) lim
.
0

)
(
1
8) lim tg
.
1 sin
/2
ln(2 3)
10) lim 2
.
2 + 3 10
(
)
ctg
1
12) lim

.
0 2

ln cos
14) lim
.
0 ln cos 3
ch 2 1
16) lim
.
0
2
ln(1 + )
18) lim
.
0
tg2

35

10

10

.

10.1 :
5
1
= 3 2 + 6.
3
2
I . : = 2 5+6. : 2 5+6 = 0.
1 = 2 2 = 3 .
, , .
. :
= ( 2)( 3).
1) 1 = 2. , 1 = 2, . .
(2 , 2 + ), , 2 = 3, , > 0 < 2 < 0 > 2. ,
1 = 2 . :

1
5
14

= 23 22 + 6 2 = .
3
2
3
=2
2) 2 = 3. , , 2 = 3,
, < 0 < 3 > 0 > 3. , 2 = 3
. :

1
5
9

= 33 32 + 6 3 = . J
3
2
2
=3

10.2 = 4 22 + 5,
[2; +2].
I . . = 43
4 = 4(2 1). : 4(2 1) = 0, 1 = 0,
2 = 1 3 = 1.
:

= 5,
= 4,
= 13.
=0

=1

=2

, , = 4
, = 13 . J

. ( ). . .

36

:
1. .
2. .
3. , ( , , ). .
4. .

10.3 , , , .
I . .
+ 2 = (),

< < +,

, , , . :
() = 2 + 1,
2 + 1 = 0, = 1/2. () = 2 ,
= 1/2, () = 1/2 . (1/2) = 1/2 + 1/4 =
1/4. , , ,
(, +) . J

10.4 ,
, . .
?
I . , ??.
= . , ,
2 + = . = 2 = ( 2), 0 6 6 /2. (
,
.) :
= 4,

4 = 0,

= ,
4

=2

= .
4
2

= 4 < 0, = /4 .

=
=/4

(
) 2

=
. .
4
2
8

() [0; /2], (0) (/2) ,


. ,

= 2. J

37

10.5 :
1) = 2 6 + 8.
2) = 2 .
3) = 3 12 + 1.
4) =
+ .

3
5) = 2 5 ( 2)2 .
6) = 23 + 32 36.

3
7) = sin + .
8) = 2 2 .
3
: 1) min = (3) = 1. 2) min = (0) = 0; max = (2) = 4/2 . 3) max =
(2) = 17;
4) min = (0) = 2. 5) max = (0)
min = (2) = 15.
= 0; min = (10/7) =
(100/49) 5 16/49. 6) max = (3) = 3 117; min = (2) = 3 44. 7)
. 8) min = (0) = 0.

10.6 [, ].

3
3
2
1) = 1 2, [0, 2].
2) = 2 3 2 , [1, 1].
3) = 2 ( 2)2 , [0, 2].
4) = (3
92 )/4 + 6 9, [0, 4].

3
5) = 42 /(3 + 2 ), [1, 1].
6) = 1 + 2 + 2, [2, 0].
: 1) min = (0) = (2) = 1; max = (1) = 2. 2) min = (1) = 5; max = (0) =
0. 3) min = (0) = (2) = 0; max = (1) = 1. 4) min = (0) = 9; max = (2) = 4. 5)
min = (0) = 0; max = (1) = (1) = 1. 6) min = (2) = (1) = 1; max = (1) = 2.

10.7 , , :
) ; ) .
10.8 2 /2 2 = 1 , (2; 1/2).
10.9 , , (0; 0),
= 3 2 .
10.10 . , ,
. ,
?
10.11 .
?
10.12 .
, 2 ?
10.13 .
, ( ) ?
38

( 10)
10.14 :
1) = 4 82 + 3, [2, 2].
2) = tg , [/4, /4].
3
3) = , [2, 3].
4) = 2 .
10.15 30 14 (2 ) ( ) , (. . 2).
: = 576 3 = 3 .

14

30
. 2.

. 3.

. 4.

10.16 20 ,
(. . 3). ,
?
: , 5 .

10.17 .
, ( )
(. . 4)?
: = =

3
/.

10.18 , , 2, ,
.
: /2.

10.19 12 ,
.
: 6 6.

10.20
2 + + ,
= 2 , 1?
: = 4, = 5.

39

11

10


:
1. .
2. ,
.
3. , .
4. .
5. , .
6. .
7. .
.
, .
,
.

11.1
() =

3
2 3

.
I . .
1.
, , . .

1 = 3, 2 = 3.,
:

(; 3) ( 3; 3) ( 3; +).
2. , :
3
= ,
2 3
3
lim
= ,

2
30 3
lim

3
= ,
2
30 3
3
lim
= +,

2
3+0 3
lim

3
= +,
2
3+0 3
3
lim 2
= +.
+ 3
lim

3. , . . , . :
(
)
3
32 (2 3) 23
4 92
2 (2 9)

() =
=
=
=
;
2 3
(2 3)2
(2 3)2
(2 3)2
[ 4
]
92
6(2 + 9)

() =
=
.
(2 3)2
(2 3)3

40

, 2 (2 9) = 0, 1 = 3, 2 = 3,
3 = 0. :
(3) =

6(3)(9 + 9)
< 0,
(9 3)3

(3) =

6 3(9 + 9)
> 0,
(9 3)3

(0) = 0.

, = 3 , = 3 .
(0) = 0, .
, () < 0 < 0 > 0,
2 > 0, (2 3)2 > 0, (2 9) < 0.
= 0 , .
.

2 (2 9)
() =
> 0,
(2 9)2
|| > 3, . . < < 3, 3 < < +,
(; 3), (3; +).
2 (2 9)
() =
< 0,
(2 3)2

3, . . 3 < < 3,
||
<

(3; 3),
( 3; 3), ( 3, 3). (, = 3, = 3 ,
.)
4. :
33
27
9
=
= ;
93
6
2
27
9
(3)3
= = .
= (3) =
93
6
2

max = (3) =
min

5. . = 0 .
, , ,
6(2 + 9)
> 0 < 0,
(2 3)3
6(2 + 9)
() =
< 0 > 0,
(2 3)3

() =

2 + 9 > 0 (2 3)3 < 0. , (0, 0) .

1 = 3, 2 = 3, . . ,


. () < 0, < < 3, 0 < < 3,
() > 0 3 < < 0, 3 <
< ,
( )

(; 3), (0; 3) ( )

( 3; 0), ( 3; ). :

()
()

+ +

41

+ +
3

6.
:
{
{
3
3
= 23 ,
= 23 ,
= 0;
= 0;
: = 0, = 0. ,
.
7. .
3
3
=
;
lim
= ;

2
2
30 3
30 3
3
3
lim
=
+;
lim
= +,

2
2
3+0 3
3+0 3

= 3 = 3 .
lim


() =

3
3
=+ 2
,
2
3
3

lim

3
= 0,
3

, = . (3)
(. 5).

11.2 :
2
.
2) = ( 1) .
1) =
2
1

125 3
3) = .
4) =
.

3
2
5) =
.
6) = 2 ( 4)2 .
2
1+
2
ln
7) = 2 .
8) =
.

1
3
9) = 1 ln .
.
10) =
1
( 11) ( ). , , .

(3)

,
()
2
= lim
= 1 = ,
2

3
3
3
lim [ () ] = lim
= lim 2
= 0 = .
2

3
3
lim

42

43
9
2

max

. 5.

= 3

min

9
2

3
3

1
.
11.3 = ln
+ 1
I . = 1 = 1. : (; 1), (1; 1), (1; +).
:

1
1
= 0,
= +,
lim ln
lim ln

1
+1
+ 1

1
1
= , lim ln

lim ln
+ 1 = 0.
+
1
+ 1

+1
=
1

1
+1

)
=

2
2 1

. , 2 1 = 0,
. . 1 = 1 2 = 1, .
, .
< 1 > 0, 1 < < 1 < 0, > 1 > 0, ,
(; 1), (1; 1)
(1; ).

(
)
2
4

=
=
2 1
(2 1)2
= 0. < 0, > 0, > 0 < 0, , = 0 .

1
1
= +,
= ,
lim ln
lim ln
1
1
+ 1
+ 1
= 1, = 1
1 .
= ln +1

1
1
, lim ln

= 0 + ln
+ 1 = 0,

+ 1
= 0 (. . 6).

44

11.4 =

62 3 .

I . .
4
12 32

=
=
3
3 3 (62 3 )2
(6 )2
, 1 = 0, 2 = 6.
, :
4

= ,
lim
0 3 3 (6 )2

lim
= +,
+0 3 3 (6 )2

< 0 < 0, > 0 > 0, ,


= 0, min = 0.
2 = 6. 6 0 ,
6 + 0 , . .
2 = 6, . ,
2 = 6 .
= 4 .
< 4 > 0, > 4
< 0, = 4 , max = 2 3 4.
, (; 0) , (0; 4)
, (4; +) .
.
8
= 4
5
3 (6 ) 3
, = 0 = 6 .
. < 0
< 0 > 0,
= 0 , , (0; 0) ;
, ( ).
< 6 < 0, > 6 > 0, (6; 0)
.
:

3
2
3
6

3 6
= lim
= lim
1 = 1;
= lim

3
= lim [ ] = lim [ 62 3 + ] =

62 3 + 3

lim
= 2.
3 (62 3 )2 3 62 3 + 3

, = +2 = 3 62 3
(. . 7).
45

. 6.

= 6

. 7.

46


.
11.5 :
2 + 1
.
) = ln + 1.
) = 2
2 + 1
11.6 :
4 + 22
) =
.
( 2)2
11.7 :
202
) =
.
( 1)3
11.8 :
( 1)2
) =
.
( + 1)3
11.9 :
3
) =
.
1

) =

ln
.

) = .

) = 2 .

ln
) = .

) =

) = 2 ln .

) = (1 + 2 ) .

) = ln2 .

) = + .

ln2
) =
.

) =

11.10 :
1 + 2
) =
.
1 + ( 2)2

11.11 :
52 + 42 + 77

) = 2
.
) =
.
+ 7 + 14
ln
11.12 :
4
.
) = 3
+2
11.13 :
4
) =
.
( + 1)3

) =
3

.
+1

) = 5+ .

.
2 1

) = 3 .

) = ln( + 1).

) = ( 1)3+1 .

) =
.
3
+1

) =
.
+1

11.14 :
6
1
) = 3 + 3 .

47

11.15 :
(
)4
+1
) =
.
1
11.16 :
5
) = 2
.
( 1)2

.
) =
3
( 2)2

) =
.
16 2

) = ln(1 + 2 ).

) = 2 .

11.17 :
( 1)5
.
) =
( 2)4

) =

2
.
1+

) = 2 .

(3 2)2
.
1

) = 3 .

11.18 :
5 8
) =
.
4

) =

11.19 :
(

.
) = 4
1

) =

11.20 :
( 1)4
.
) =
(2 4)

+1
+2

)2
.

) =

12
4 .

2
) =
.
+2

11.21 :
2 2 + 2
) =
.
) = ln2 .
1
11.22 :
+1
) =
.
) = ln2 .
2
( 1)
11.23 :

) =
.
) = + ln(2 4).
9
11.24 :
4 2 4
) =
.
) = ln(2 + 1).

11.25 :
2
) = 2
.
4 1

) =

1
2 4

) = 2 2 ln .
48

) = .

) = .

) = 2 .

) = ( 1)3+1 .

) =

2 + 1
.

13

10

13.1 ctg2 .
I .

ctg2 =

13.2
I .

sin2 cos2

13.3

1
sin2

)
1 = ctg + .

.
sin2 cos2

cos2 +sin2

sin2 cos2

sin2

cos2

= ctg + tg + .

4
1+2 .

I . 4 ,

4
(4 1) + 1
(2 1)(2 + 1)

=
=
+
=
2
2
2
1+
1+
1+
1 + 2

2
2

+
=
=
+ arctg + .
= ( 1) +
1 + 2
1 + 2
3

13.4

1)

3)

5)

:
)
(
4 33 + 42 + 6 8
1
3
.
2)
.
2 +
3
2

)2
2
sin + cos
cos .
4)
.
2
2
2

3 4 cos2
.
6) ( )3 .
2
cos

3
3
3
: 1) 3 32 2 + 4 + 6 ln + 8 + . 2) 35 2 + 32 2 + . 3) 12 + 12 sin + .
2
cos + . 5) 3 tg 4 sin + . 6) 4 4 2 2 + 32 2 2 3 + .


:
= ( + ).
= 1 ().
= 1 ( + ). = 12 (2 ).
= 21 (2 + ). sin = (cos ). cos = sin .

13.5 (2 + 3)2 .
I . = 21 (2 + 3). :

(2 + 3) =

1 (2 + 3)3
1
(2 + 3) (2 + 3) =
+ = (2 + 3)3 + .
2
2
3
6
21

49

4)

13.6
I .

4) + 4 + . J

+ 4.

+ 4 =

13.7
I .

2 +2

( +

1
4) 2 (

+ 4) =

1
+1
(+4) 2
1
+1
2

+ = 23 ( + 4) 2 + = 23 ( +

2 +2 .
1
(2 +2)
2
2 +2

1
2

(2 +2)
2 +2

= 21 ln(2 + 2) + .

13.8 , :

2 + 3.
1) (3 5)2 .
2)


2 4.
4) /3 .
3)
(

sin + cos
5)
.
6)
.
3
3
2 + 1
3

1
(3 5)3 + . 2) 13 (2 + 3) 2 + .
1)
9
(:
)
3 sin 3 cos 3 + . 6) 12 ln(2 + 1) + .

3) 13 (2 4) 2 + .

4) 3 3 + .

5)


13.9

I . 2 = , 2 = , = 2 .
,

1
1
1 2
2
2

= =
=
= + = + .
J
2
2
2
2

13.10


2.

I . , 2 = . = 2 +2 = 2.
,

2
4
2
4
2 = ( + 2)2 = (2 + 4 ) = 2 + 4 2 =
=2

5
3
5
4
3
2
+ 4 + = ( 2) 2 + ( 2) 2 + .
5
3
5
3

13.11 :

1)
2 3.
2)
.
+4

sin
3)
.
4) sin3 cos .
1 + 6 cos

sin
2 3
5)
.
6)

.
cos2
3

: 1) 31 (3 3) 2 + . 2)
3
sin4
+ . 5) cos1 + . 6) 31 + .
4

2
3

( + 4)3 8 + 4 + .

50

3) 31 1 + 6 cos + .

4)

( 13)
13.12 :

(1 )3

.
1)

)
(
5
4

.
3)
1 + 2
1 2
: 1)
arctg + .

(
2

4
2+1

22
4+1

2)

4)
+ .

2)

)
.

2
.
1 + 2
3) 4 arctg + 5 arccos + .

4)

.
42 1

2 + 6
.
2 + 6 + 14

6)
2 .
1 + 4
4)

: 1) 2 ctg 2 + . 2) 2 arctg 2 + .
ln | sin | + . 6) ln(2 + 6 + 14) + .

13.14 :

1)
.
4 5

sin5
3)
.
cos4

.
5)
1 2

3) 3 arcsin 3 + .

4)

1
4

+ .
ln 21
2+1

5)

.
ln

4)
.
cos

6)
.
(2 2 )3
2)

: 1) 51 ln |45|+. 2) ln(ln )+.

. 5) 1 2 + . 6) 12 22 + .(4)

1+ 3

2) 212 + .

13.13 :

.
1)
2
1 9

3) ctg .

5)
.
sin2 2

(4)

cos .

51

3) 3 cos1 2 cos2 cos +.

(
)
4) ln tg 2 + 4 +

14

10

()

. = 1 (), = 2 () ,

= .
(14.1)
, , , ,
.

14.1

sin .

I . : = , sin = .
14.1 . =
, = . = sin = ( cos ), = cos .
, , , 14.1, ( ,
)

sin =
= ( cos ) ( cos ) = cos + sin + =
= sin
= cos
= sin cos + .

14.2

arcsin .

I . = arcsin , = ,

= arcsin

= 1 2
1

1
= arcsin
= arcsin +
arcsin =

1 2
=

1
1 (1 2 ) 2
2 12
2
+
(1 ) (1 ) = arcsin +
+ = arcsin + 1 2 + .
1
2
2
2

14.3

1)

3)

5)

7)

, :

.
2) ln2 .

arctg .
4) arcsin .

2
sin .
6) 2 ln .

ln
.
8) 2 2 .

: 1) ( 1) + . 2) ln2 2 ln + 2 + . 3) arctg 21 ln(1 + 2 ) + .

3
3
4) arcsin + 1 2 + . 5) 2 cos + 2 sin + 2 cos + . 6) 3 ln 9 + . 7)

2 ln 4 + . 8) 2 2 (2 + 4 + 8) + .

52

. (5)

1
arctg
+ ;
=
2 + 2

1
+ ;
ln
=
2 2
2 +

= arcsin + ;

2 2

= ln + 2 + + ;
2
+

2 + =
2 + + ln + 2 + + ;
2
2

2
2

2 2 =
2 + arcsin + .
2
2

14.4

(14.2)
(14.3)
(14.4)
(14.5)
(14.6)
(14.7)

2 +4+13 .

I . 14.2 , = + 2, = 3,

=
=
=
=
2 + 4 + 13
(2 + 4 + 4) + 9
( + 2)2 + 9
( + 2)2 + 32
(
)

+2
1
1
+2
=3
= arctg
+ . J
( +2 )32
9
3
3
+
1
3

14.5

2 616 .

I . 14.3 , = 3, = 5,

=
2
6 16

( 3)
=
=
=
2
2
( 6 + 9) 9 16
( 3) 25
( 3)2 52

( 3) 5
1
1 8

=
ln
+ =
ln
+ .
2 5 ( 3) + 5
10 + 2

14.6

.
542

I . ,

=
=
=
2
2
5 4
( + 4 + 4 4 5)
( + 2)2 + 9

( + 2)
+2

=
= arcsin
+ . J
3
32 ( + 2)2
(5)

14.6 14.7 , .


1.
2 + = 2 + , =
;

2.
2 2 = cos = sin .

53

14.7

2 + 8 + 25.

I . 14.6,



2
2
+ 8 + 25 =
( + 8 + 16) 16 + 25 =
( + 4)2 + 9( + 4) =

+ 4
9

2
2
=
( + 4) + 9 + ln ( + 4) + ( + 4) + 9 + =
2
2

+ 4 2
9

2
=
+ 8 + 25 + + 4 + + 8 + 25 + .
2
2

14.8

2 + 8 + 25.

I . 14.6,


2 + 8 + 25 =
( + 4)2 + 9 =

9
+ 4 2

2
+ 8 + 25 + + 4 + + 8 + 25 + .
=
2
2

14.9

8 + 2 2 .

I . 14.7,



2
2
8 + 2 =
( 2 8) =
(2 2 + 1 1 8) =


1 2
2
=
( 2 + 1) + 9 =
32 ( 1)2 ( 1) =
3 ( 1)2 +
2
1
1
1
32
9
+ =
+ . J
+ arcsin
8 + 2 2 + arcsin
2
3
2
2
3

14.10 :

1)
.
2 + 36

3)
.
42 + 10 24

5)
.
2 1

.
7)
2 6 + 12
3

9)
2 + 4 + 13.

.
32 10

4)
.
42 5 + 2

1
6)
.
2 1

8)
.
2
2
+
3

2

10)
5 + 4 2 .
2)

1
+. 4) 2 arctg 85
10 +.
+
: 1) 16 arctg 6 +. 2) 2130 ln 3
3) 22
ln 23
2+8
3+
10
7
7

215
1
1
2
2 2 + 4+
5 +.

1 ln 1 +
. 5) 15 ln 21
6)
ln
|
1|
ln
+.
7)

2
21+ 5
2 5
21+ 5
3

1
43
+2
9
2
2

. 8) 2 arcsin 5 +. 9) 2 + 4 + 13+ 2 ln + 2 + + 4 + 13+. 10) 2


5 + 4
2
9
2
arcsin 3 + .
2

54

14.11 cos sin2 ..


I . cos = (sin ),

sin3
2
+ .
cos sin = sin2 (sin ) =
3

14.12

sin4 .

I . ,
)2

(
1 cos 2
4
2
2
sin = (sin ) =
=
2

1
1
1
1
1
2
=
(1 + cos 4) =
(1 2 cos 2 + cos 2) =

cos 2(2) +
4
4
4
4
2

1
1
1
1
=

cos 2(2) +
+
cos 4(4) =
4
4
8
84
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
sin 4 + = sin 2 +
sin 4 + . J
= sin 2 + +
4
4
8
32
8
4
32

14.13

3+sin +cos .

I . sin cos .
tg 2 = :

2
sin = 1+

2
2

1
1 + 2
12

= cos = 1+2 =

=
2
2
2
2
1
3 + sin + cos
1+
2( + + 2) 1 + 2
3
+
2

2 + 1+2
1+
= 1+2
(
)

+ 12
+ 12
1

=
=
=
)2 ( 7 )2 = 7 arctg 7 + =
(
2 + + 2
( + 12 )2 + 47
+ 1 +
2

2 tg 2 + 1
2
2 + 1
2

=
arctg
+ =
arctg
+ .
7
7
7
7

14.14 :

1)
sin cos4 .

sin2 5.
3)

cos5
5)
2 .
sin
7)
cos 4 cos 2.

9)
.
5 + 4 cos
5

2)

4)

sin3 cos3 .
sin2 cos2 .

6)

sin sin 3.

8)

sin 3 cos 2.

10)
4

.
7 cos2 + 16 sin2

: 1) cos5 + . 2) cos4 + cos6 + . 3) 2 sin2010 + . 4) 8 sin324 + . 5)


sin3
1
sin1 2 sin
+
+. 6) sin42 sin84 +. 7) 12
sin 6+ 14 sin 2+. 8) cos105 cos2 +.
3
(
)
9) 23 arctg 13 tg 2 + . 10) 41 7 arctg 4tg7 + .

55

( 14)
14.15 .

1)
cos 3.
2)
arccos .

3) (2 2 + 5) .
4)
ln2 .

cos
3 2
.
6)

.
5)
2

sin

7)
.
8)
sin(ln ).

: 1) 31 sin 3 + 19 cos 3 + . 2) arccos 1 2 + . 3) (2 + 5)+ . 4)



2
ln2 2 ln +2+. 5) sin +ln tg 2 +. 6) 21 (2 +1)+. 7) 2 ( 1)+.
8) 2 (sin ln cos ln ) + .

14.16 .

3 7
1)
.
2)
.
2 + 4 + 20
2++1

3 + 3
2
.
4)
.
3)
2 8 + 7
2 + 2 + 2
3 1
8 11

5)
.
6)
.
2 6 + 18
5 + 2 2

2 3
3 1

.
8)
7)
.
2
2
( + 2 + 10)
4 + 2
+ .
: 1) 14 arctg +2
+ . 2) 32 ln |2 + + 1| 173 arctg 2+1
3) 12 ln |2 8 + 7| +
4
3

2
11
ln 7 + . 4) (2)
+ 52 ln |2 + 2 + 2| 9 arctg( 1) + . 5) 3 2 6 + 18 + 5 ln |
6 1
2

1
+.
3+ 2 6 + 18|+. 6) 8 5 + 2 2 3 arcsin 1
7) 24+13
+ 54
arctg +1
+.
+2+10
3
6

2
2
8) 2 ln | + 4 + | 3 4 + + .

14.17 (6) :

1)
cos2 2.

3)
sin2 8 cos2 8.

5)
.
3 + 5 cos

.
7)
8 4 sin + 7 cos

sin4 4.

2)

cos4 sin2 .

4)

.
2
3 sin + 5 cos2

8)
.
cos sin3
6)

16
32

:
1) 2 + sin84 +. 2) 3
sin168 + sin128
+. 3) 8 sin256
+. 4) 16
sin644 + sin482 +.
8

2+tg
tg 5
5) 41 ln 2tg 2 + . 6) 115 arctg 3tg5 + . 7) ln tg 2 3 + . 8) ln | tg | 2 sin1 2 + .
2

(6)

6) 8) tg = , sin =

56


,
1+2

cos =

1
.
1+2

15

10

()

.

()
,
()

(15.1)

() () , () ().
()
() = ( ) . . . ( ) (2 + 1 + 1 )1 . . . (2 + + ) ,
2 + + , 15.1 :
()
1
2
2

=
+
+
+
+ ... +
+ ... +
+ ...+
2

2
()
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2

1 + 1
2 + 2
1
+
+
.
.
.
+
+
+ ...+
+
+
( ) ( )2
( ) 2 + 1 + 1 (2 + 1 + 1 )2
+ 1
2 + 2
+
1 + 1
+ 2 1
+
+
.
.
.
+
. (15.2)
+
.
.
.
+

2
2
2
2
( + 1 + 1 ) 1
+ + ( + + )
( + + )
1 , 2 , . . . , , 1 , . . . , , 1 , . . . , , 1 , 1 , . . . , ,
.

15.1

9 5
.
3 62 + 11 6

I . 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 3,
15.2
3

9 5
9 5

=
=
+
+
.
2
6 + 11 6
( 1)( 2)( 3)
1 2 3

,
3

9 5
( 2)( 3) + ( 1)( 3) + ( 1)( 2)
=
.
2
6 + 11 6
( 1)( 2)( 3)


9 5 = ( 2)( 3) + ( 1)( 3) + ( 1)( 2).

(15.3)

15.3 ,
9 5 = ( + + )2 (5 + 4 + 3) + (6 + 3 + 2).
,
, , (7) :

+ + = 0,
5 + 4 + 3 = 5,

6 + 3 + 2 = 9.
(7)

1 , 15.3 = 1, = 2, = 3. ,
= 1 9 5 = (1)(2), 4 = 2, = 2. = 1, = 3.

57

, : = 2, = 1, = 3. ,
2
1
3
9 5
=
+

3 62 + 11 6
1 2 3

)
(
2
9 5
1
3
=
+

=
3 62 + 11 6
1 2 3

( 1)
( 2)
( 3)

+
3
=2
+
3
=
=2
1
2
3
1
2
3
= 2 ln | 1| + ln | 2| 3 ln | 3| + . J

15.2

3 + 2 + 2
.
(2 1)2

I . . 1 = 1 2 = 1 2 3 = 0,

3 + 2 + 2

1
2
1
2
= +
+
+
+
,
2
2
2
( 1)
1 ( 1)
+ 1 ( + 1)2

3 + 2 + 2 = ( 1)2 ( + 1)2 + 1 ( 1)( + 1)2 +


+ 2 ( + 1)2 + 1 ( + 1)( 1)2 + 2 ( 1)2 ;
3 + 2 + 2 = 4 ( + 1 + 1 ) + 3 (1 + 2 1 + 2 )+
+ 2 (22 2 1 22 1 ) + (2 1 + 2 + 1 ) + .
, :

+ 1
+ 1
= 0,

1 + 22 1 + 22 = 1,

2 1 + 22 1 22 = 1,

1 + 2 + 1 + 2 = 0,

= 2.
, = 2, 1 = 43 , 2 = 1, 1 = 54 , 2 = 12 . , :
3 + 2 + 2
2
3
1
5
1
=

.
(2 1)2
4( 1) ( 1)2 4( + 1) 2( + 1)2
,

3 + 2 + 2
3
( 1)
( 1) 5
( + 1) 1
( + 1)

=
2

=
(2 1)2

4
1
( 1)2
4
+1
2
( + 1)2
3
1
5
1
+3
2
= 2 ln ln |1|
ln |+1|+
+ =
+ln
+. J
4
4
1 4
2( + 1)
2(1 2 )
| 1|3 | + 1|5

58

15.3

1)

3)

5)

7)

2
2 + 2
.
2)
.
3 + 2 2
2 + 3 4

2
.
4)
.
2 (1 + 2 )2
( + 2)2 ( + 1)

2 + 2
42 + 4 11
.
6)
.
4 52 + 4
(2 1)(2 + 3)(3 5)

3 + 1
3 + 42 + 6
.
8)
.
2
2
( + 1) ( + 2)
(1 + 2 )2

3
: 1) ln (1)(+2)
+. 2) ln 5 ( 1)2 ( + 4)8 +. 3) 1 12 1+
2 2 arctg +.

2 (2)
2 (25)3

4
4) ln | + 1| + +2
+ . 5) 13 ln (+1)
+ . 6) 81 ln (21)2+3
+ . 7) 13 ln | + 1|
(1)(+2)2
3
+1

+ 13 ln(2 + 2)

2
3

arctg 2 + .

8) ln || 21 ln(1 + 2 ) +

3+1
2(1+2 )

+ 23 arctg + .


1.
[ (
) 1 (
) 2
(
) ]

+ 2
+
+ 1
,
,...,
,
,
+
+
+

(15.4)

1 , 1 , . . . , , ,
+
= ,
+
1 , 2 , . . . , .
2. , . .

( + ) ,
(15.5)
, , , , ,
:
1) , ;
2) +1
, + = , ;

+1
3) + , + = .

15.4

+9
.

I . 15.4, +
= + 9 (. . = 1, = 9, = 0,
+
1
1
= 1), 1 = 2 .
+ 9 = 2 ,

+ 9 = 2

+9
1
2
( 9) + 9
2

= = 9 =
2 = 2
= 2
=
2
2

9
9
2 9
= 2

3
+ 9 3

18

+ . J
= 2 + 18
= 2 +
ln
+ = 2 + 9 + 3 ln
2 9
2 3 + 3
+ 9 + 3

59


15.5

2
1

.
2 + (2 )2

I . 15.4,

2
= 3 .
2+
, 2 :

+
+

2 1
,
2+ 1

= 13 .

2 = 3 (2 + ), 2 23 = + 3 , 2 23 = (1 + 3 ),
3 )2
3
3
43
1
, 2 = 2 22
= 1+
= (1+
;
= 22
3,
1+3
1+3
(2)2
166
=

62 (1+3 )32 (223 )

(1+3 )2

122
.
(1+3 )2

,

3

2
3

2+ =
2
1
1 = (1+3 )2

=
(2)2
166

2 + (2 )2
2
12
= (1+3 )2

(1 + 3 )2 (122 )

=
=

166
(1 + 3 )2

(
)2

3
3 3 2+
3

= 2 + =
+ .
=
4
3
8
8
2


1+ 3

.
15.6
3
2
I .

1 1
2
3 (1 + 3 ) 2
15.5, , = 23 , = 13 , = 21 .

1
2 + 1
+1
= 31
= 31 = 1

3
3
, .
+ =
1

(1 + 3 ) = 2 ,

1 2
3 = 2,
3
,

3 = 6.

3 = 2 1,

23

1
3

1
2

(1 + ) =

1
3

1
2

2
3

(1 + ) =

6 = 6

2 = 6

3
+ =
3
1

= 2(1 + 3 ) 2 + .

60

15.7

1)

3)

5)

7)

6
2 1 + 1

.
(2 1)( 3 2 1 1)

.
3
( 1)( + 1)2

.
3 1 + 5

.
4
( 1)3 ( + 2)5

3
+ 2 + 6

4)
.
(1 3 )

6)
2.
3
2 (1 +

8)
.
3
3
2 (1 + 2 )
2)

6 (1 + 2 ) 2 .

4
3

++1
4 1
+ (8) . 3) 12 ln (1)
: 1) 3 ln | 2 1 1| 3 ln 2 1 + . 2)
2 +
+2

2
3
3
1
2+1
+ , = 3 +1 .
+ ,
3 arctg 2+1
4) 32 2 + 6 arctg 6 + . 5) 10
ln (1)
2 ++1 + 5 arctg
1
3
3
( 2 ) 52
( 2 ) 23

3
7) 51 1+
+ 31 1+
+ . 8) 3 arctg 3 + .
= 3 1 + 5 . 6)
3 +1 + .
2
2

ch = sh + ;

sh = ch + ;

= th + ;
2
ch

= ctg + ; .
sh2

(15.6)
(15.7)
(15.8)
(15.9)

ch sh :
1
1
sh 2
ch2 = (ch 2 + 1); sh2 = (ch 2 1); sh ch =
.
2
2
2
sh ch .

15.8

1)

3)

5)

7)

ch2 .
2)
ch3 .

sh3 4 ch 4.
4)
tg2 .

ch4 sh .
6)
sh5 ch .

1 + 2 ch
1 + sh
.
8)
.
2
sh
ch2
3

: 1) 14 sh 2 + 21 + . 2) sh + sh3 + . 3)
6
ch5
+ . 6) sh6 + . 7) chsh+2
+ . 8) shch1
+ .
5

(8)

61

sh4 4
16

+ .

4) th + + .

5)

+2
( 1)3 ( + 2)5 = ( 1)( + 2) 4 1


15.9

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

22 + + 3
.
2)
.
( + 1)2 (2 + 1)
( + 2)(2 + + 1)
3
++1

.
4)
.
3 8
4 1

72 1
+1
.
6)
.
4 + 42 5
(2 + 1)(2 + 9)

3 +

.
8)
.
5 2
( + 1)(2 + 2 + 2)

33 + 2 + 5 + 1
4
.
10)
.
3 +
4 16
2

1
: 1) 2(+1)
+ 14 ln (+1)
+ .
2 +1

3)

1
24

ln (2)
2 +2+4

3
12

+ .
arctg +1
3

2) 3 ln | + 2| 21 ln(2 + + 1) +

1
3

arctg 2+1
+ .
31
1
1
1
3
4) 4 ln |( 1) ( + 1)| 2 arctg + . 5) 2 ln +1 +
2

1
+1
1
1 arctg 2+1 + .
arctg 5 + . 6) 16
ln 2 +9
+ 18 arctg 24
arctg 3 + . 7) 1 + 16 ln (1)
2 ++1 +
3
3
2
4
8) 21 ln |(
+
2
+
2)(
+
1)
|
+
3
arctg(
+
1)
+
.
9)
3
+
ln
||
+
2
arctg

+
.
10)

1
2
+ 2 ln +2 arctg 2 + .
6
5

15.10 :



3
4
1 + 3
1+
.
1)
.
2)
2
2

1 4

3)
.
.
4)
5
1 + 3

3
1+ 4

.
6)
.
5)
3 3 2 2


7)
.
8)
.
4 1 + 2
( 4 + 1)10

9)
.
10)
.
4
1 + 4
3 ( + 1)2
: 1)
4)

1
4

(22 1)

33
1
2

ln 1+ 1

arctg

1+2

1
4

+ .

1+4

4 3 4/3
1+

4 3

14
4

+ .

(
)3/2
2
2) 23 1+
+
.
3)
ln(
1 + 3 1) ln || + .

3
(
)2

3
3
23
3
4
5) 41
+
.
6)
(4

3)
1 + 4 + . 7)

+ .

1
4
8) 2(
4 +1)8 + 9(
4 +1)9 + .

+ .

62

9)

3
+1

||
+ ln (
3 +1)3 + .

10)

1
4

ln

4
1+4 +

4
1+4

16

10

.

.
:

() = () = () (), () = ().
(16.1)

16.1

4
1

2 .

I . 16.1

4
3 4
3
3

= 4 1 = 64 1 = 21. J
2 =
3 1
3
3
3
3
1

16.2

9 ( 2
4

I . 16.1

2
1
+
5
2

2
=
5

+
4

16.3

5
0 + 4.

16.4

9
9

2 2
= + =
5 2 4
2
4

1 2
1
= (9 42 ) + ( 9 4) = 65 + 1 = 14. J
5
5

I . + 4 = .

+
4
=
,
:
0 + 4 = ,
.

= 2 = 2; 5 + 4 = , = 3, = 3.
,

= + 4

3
3
5
2
= 4, = 2

(24 82 ) =
+ 4 =
( 4)2 =
=

=
0,

=
2
2
2
0

= 5, = 3

3
3
3
3
5
8
2
8
506
3
2
4
2
. J
=2
8
= 2 8 = (35 25 ) (33 23 ) = 211 19 =
5 2
3 2 5
3
5
3
15
2
2
0

sin .

I . ,


sin =
( cos ) = ( cos )
( cos ) =
0
0
0
0

= cos + sin = ( cos 0 cos 0) + (sin 0) = . J


0

63

16.5 :
4
1)
(3 + ).
2
/4

.
3)
cos2
0
2

5)
.
2
5 + 4 21
1

7)
.
2
5

22
9)
2 4 2 .

.
1
)
9 (

1
3 +
4)
.

4
0

6)
.
2 + 2 + 4
2
6

8)
.

+
3
1

0
10)
cos .
2)

: 1) 66.
10) 2.

2) 1.

3) 1.

4) 40.

5) 0,2 ln 2.

6) ln 3.

7) arcsin 13 .

8)

20
.
3

9) .


16.6 ,
I .
+
0

= lim
1 + 2 +

+
0

1+2

.
1 + 2

lim

=
1 + 2

lim arctg = lim (arctg arctg 0) = 0 = ,


+
+
2
2
0

16.7
1

.
1 2
1
I . ( 1 = 1, 2 = 1, 1 1 ).

0
1

= lim
+ lim
=
2
2
0
0
1
1
1 2
1
0
1+
0
0
1

= lim arcsin
+ lim arcsin
= lim[ arcsin(1 + )] + lim[arcsin(1 )] =
0
0
0
0
1+
0

= + = . J
2
2

=
1 2

+
1 2

64

16.8 :

1
1
1)
.
2)
sin
.
2
2

1 +
2/

( > , > 0).


3)
cos .
4)

)
0

1
2
2
.
6)
ln .
5)
24

0
2
2
1

7)
.
8)
.

ln

1
0
: 1) .

2) 1.

3) .

4) .

5) 1.

6) .

7) 2.


16.9 .
)
2 (
4

2
22 + 4 .
1)
2)
.

1
1
1
3

.
4)
.
3)
2 + 4 + 5

1
+
ln

0
1
/2
4

5)
cos cos3 .
6)
.
1
+
2
+
1
/2
0
2
3
8)
4 2 .
7)
5 1 + 2 .
0
0 3

9)
.
.
10)
2
3 + 1
1 + 5 + 1
0 2 +
: 1)
10) 15 ln 112.

21
.
4

2)

14
.
3

3) 2.

4) arctg 17 .

5) 43 .

6) 2ln 2.

7)

848
.
105

8) .

9) ln 1+29

16.10 .

3 2
1)
.
2)

.
(ln )3

0

1/
2 + sin

3)
.
4)
.
(ln )2

1
0

5)
.
6)
.
3
(1
+
)

ln

1
0
: 1) 0,5.

2) 0,5.

3) .

4) 1.

65

5) 2.

6) 0,5.

17

10



17.1 , . . .
1) 2 = 9,

= 3. (: 0,5)

2) = 2 + 4,
3) =

= + 4. (: 125/6)

1
2
,

=
. (: /2 1/3)
1 + 2
2

4) 2 = 2 4 . (: 4/3)
{
= (1 cos ),
5)
. (: 32 )
= ( sin )
6) = 32 , = 3 3 .
7) =

/2

(: 72 3/5)

. (: 2)

8) = (1 cos ).

(: 22 /2)

9) 2 + 2 = 4, 2 + 2 = 9, = , = . (: 25/24)
3
17.2 . . .

1)

=
2
1 = 0 2 = 1.

(:

2 + ln(1 +

2))

{
= cos3 ,
2)
= sin3

. (: 6)

3) = (1 cos ). (: 8)

4) = 32 ( 1)3 1 = 1 2 = 9. (: 56/3)

17.3 ,. . .
1) =

2 2
+ , = 1. (: 2)
4
2

2) ,
= 2 , = 2 . (: 3/10)
66

3) { , = ( sin ),
. (: 52 2 )

= (1 cos )
17.4 . . .
1) , =
1 = 1 2 = 9. (: 104/3)

1
2

4 1

2) , = ch
2
1 = 0 2 = . (: 4 (2 2 + 4))

17.5 , :
1) 2 = + 5,
2 = + 4.

: ) 9 2.

2) = cos 2.

) /2.

17.6 :
) = ( 4)2 , = 16 2 .
) = .
: ) 64/3.

) 38 3 3 .

17.7 , :
1) 4 = 8 2 ,

4 = + 6.

: ) 49/24.

) 9/2.

2) = 42 6,

= 2 Ox.

17.8 . . .

1) = 31 (2 1)3 1 = 2 2 = 8. (: 56/3)
2) = 34 , 1 = 2, 2 = 5. (: 5)

3) = ln 1 = 3 2 = 8. (: 1 + 21 ln 32 )
17.9 , = 3, 1 = 0 2 = 2,
. (: 12 10)
17.10 , =

2
2
+
1
4,

= 1.

(: )

17.11 , , = 2 2 = 0.
(: 16/15)

67