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NFC Institute of Engineering & Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad

Jaranwala Road, Faisalabad (Post code 38090) Pakistan 041-9220355






EHSAN SHAUKAT
ROLL # 10-EL-38
NFC-IEFR FAISALABAD
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RESEARCH REPORT











ACKNOWLEDGMENT


I have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible
without the kind support and help of many individuals and our kind teacher.
I would like to extend our sincere thanks to all of them.

I am highly grateful to Sir Hassan Naveed for their guidance and constant
supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the
project & also for their support in completing the project.

I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents & teachers for their
kind co-operation and encouragement which helped me in completion of this
project.

I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to my teachers for
giving us such attention and time.

My thanks and appreciations also go to my class fellows in developing the
project and people who have willingly helped me out with their abilities.







CRIME IN PAKISTAN

CONTENTS

SERIAL SUBJECT PAGE
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. RESEARCH DESIGN 3
3. LITERATURE REVIEW 5
4. DATA ANALYSIS 13
5. INTERVIEW ANALYSIS 27
6. CONCLUSION 29


Crime in Pakistan Introduction


Page 1




Crime is defined as An action or an instance of negligence that is injurious to the public
welfare or morals or to the interests of the state and that is legally prohibited. In the
sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or law for which some which some governing
authority or force may ultimately prescribe a punishment. The word crime is derived from the
Latin word Crimen.

Crime is everywhere. Different countries define crime differently in their criminal codes, no
country is without crime.

An increasing number of countries now report statistics concerning traditional crimes
(murder, robbery, rape, theft, burglary, fraud, and assault) to the United Nations surveys.
Crimes rate computed from surveys are universally higher than those of official records.
There are so many kinds or types of crimes such as; Crimes against person or people, Crime
against Property, White Collar Crimes, Victimless Crimes etc.

TYPES OF CRIME
Crime against person

Crime against person / people includes murder, attempt to murder, hurt, rioting, and assault
on public servant, rape or sexual assault, kidnapping or abduction etc.

Crime against property

Crime against property includes highway dacoit, bank dacoit, petrol pump dacoit, other
dacoit, highway robbery, bank robbery, petrol pump robbery, other robbery, burglary, cattle
theft, motor vehicle, other theft etc.

White collar crimes

It is defined as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the
course of his occupation. White collar crime includes bank fraud, black mail, cellular phone
fraud, computer fraud, credit card fraud, insider trading, insurance fraud, theft, and tax
evasion etc.

Victimless crimes

Victimless crimes include drug addiction, prostitute, and suicide etc






INTRODUCTION

Crime in Pakistan Introduction


Page 2


BACKGROUND

We have chosen this topic because of increasing crime rate in Pakistan during the last couple
of years. We have to study the causes and factors behind this critical issue and also give some
suggestions and recommendations to overcome this problem.

Overall crime rate in the country is today higher than what it was two years ago. Official
figures prove that the overall crime rate, both at the Centre and in all the provinces, has
increased despite tall claims made by the present federal or provincial rulers.

Recently, The News ran a story on prices of daily use supplies, which also shows an enormous
increase during the first two years of the present democratic set-up as against the prices in
early 2008. It is also a failure of the political parties and their governments to ameliorate the
worsening conditions of the ordinary citizens, and ensure the safety of their life and property.

Official figures show that the countrywide reported crime during 2006-07 include a total of
20,082 cases of murder, which increased to 24,036 in 2008 and 2009. Rape/Zina cases
registered in 2006-07 were 4,300 as against 5,712 in 2008-09. There were 19,909 kidnapping
cases in 2006-07, but this crime rose to 29,602 in 2008 and 2009. The crime of kidnapping for
ransom, which has become a business owing to governments apathy, also saw a rise from 569
in 2006-07 to 1,058 in 2008-09. Car theft cases have also seen a phenomenal increase from
42,056 in 2006 and 2007 to 61,108 during 2008-09. The incidents of dacoity, robbery,
burglary and other crimes have also increased during the last two years. However, it is
interesting to note that the cases of cattle theft have decreased from 22,421 to 18,100.

OBJECTIVES
Our objective of research is to:
Study the causes and important factors which are causing increased crime rate
in Pakistan.
Summarize some of the articles about the crimes in Pakistan which will be very
helpful for our further research.
Study what people think about government actions and what are their
suggestions to get rid of this issue.
List out the findings from literature review, analysis of data collected from
predesigned questionnaire and interviews form people including victim of
criminal acts.
We also have to give some recommendations that how can we increase
awareness among people and what actions government should take to nip the
evil from the bud.
Crime in Pakistan Research Design


Page 3






Crime in Pakistan is present in various forms. Organized crime includes drug trafficking,
money laundering, forged Indian currency printing, extortion, murder for hire and fraud.
Other criminal operations engage in human trafficking, corruption, black marketeering,
political violence, terrorism, abduction etc.

PURPOSE OF STUDY
Now-a-days, here we see on our news channels or newspapers about the street crimes. The
rate of this curse is increasing day-by-day in our society. People give their mobile phones,
cash or other precious things to the person who just shows them a gun. Petty crime like theft
is common. Some people try to resist against them. Resistance usually results in the death of
the victim. It has certainly generated a general rule in the mind of the average man to hand
over all his possessions when confronted with such a situation. Since a single episode usually
just takes a minute or two, the perpetrators are able to commit several crimes and collect a
handsome bounty.

Many of the cases of snatching of cell phones at gunpoint and theft of other valuables is not
even reported. Lack of trust in the police is the main and perhaps the only reason behind this.
The victims generally believe that it is useless filing a report and informing the police since
the people dont have much confidence in the ability of police force to recover their property.
And even if the proper is recovered, chances of it being returned to the owner are very slim.
Perhaps the only exception are vehicles, these too, whenever recovered are usually stripped
off the expensive parts and then returned.

The purpose of study is that how we overcome or eliminate this evil work from our society.

SAMPLING
Every society member either she is male or female may affect by the street crimes except
those who are not able to go outside. They are who are of small age or older people.

In sampling we considered all the working people, students or all other people who is
working in any profession of life regardless that that our observer is male or female. Normally
people in between the age of 16 to 70 are the victims of the street crimes.

DATA COLLECTION:
We took interviews from the persons of different ages and minds. We prepared a
questionnaire and that was filled by the people of our society and from victims also. We also
made our observation that how people reacts on our interviews or questions.


RESEARCH DESIGN

Crime in Pakistan Research Design


Page 4



LIMITATIONS
As we are students, so we didnt have sufficient amount of money to fulfill this task accurately
and precisely.

Being students, we had to face the time managing problem; we had no sufficient time due to
other subjects and practical work to be done.

This proposal has vast aspect to cover and this need time and time is money for us and we
didnt want to waste it

Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 5




What is the true picture of crime in Pakistan?

Author: Malik Ayub Sumbal, Reporter, Islamabad
Publication date: March 2011
Online available at: http://www.nipsa.in/what-is-the-true-picture-of-crime-in-pakistan/

Summary
In Pakistan, thousands of street crimes or incidents take place on a daily basis. Almost 50
percent of the crimes are never registered by the police authorities. Some of these Crimes
includes, rape, gang rape, robbery, vehicle snatching/theft, kidnapping, murder or attempt to
murder. Several factors are responsible for this disquiet, the most important being that the
police itself discourages proper recording of crime. The police in Pakistan are infamous for
hiding actual numbers of crime; often use the justification of insufficient resources.

Every police station is required to record a crime figure every month and it is the
responsibility of the concerned staff of each police station to track the last crime figure and
also assess whether or not prisoner in the station have been charged of any offence. But the
Station House Officers (SHOs), officer in charge or the administrator of a police station, they
are most reluctant to put crimes on record because these ruin their statistics. The ratio of
registered crimes in the rural areas is skewed as compared to the urban areas of the country.
The main reason behind this imbalance is the lack of legal awareness among the people and a
very strong police pressure on them to keep these figures down.

There is a general perception among the people that the police can never provide relief they
deserve from the law and it is generally seen as a waste of effort and money. The iniquitous
police style and brutal methods of investigation also makes people think twice before going to
a police station even if they have been wronged or have suffered at the hands of another. It is
evident that the people of Pakistan are being deprived from their basic right of registering
crimes and getting information and further, they cannot afford to raise their voices against
this injustice and have a negative attitude for fear of reprisal from the police.


Proper recording of crimes is an important, although not the only, measure of policing in a
given area. It helps identify crime trends, determine policing priorities and guide deployment
of resources accordingly. It is critical that the root causes of improper recording be addressed.
Training of police personnel and modernization of police stations equipped with latest
technologies will enable maintaining an electronic record of all crimes and easy access to
relevant documents. There is also a need for mass public awareness about rights vis--vis the
police. Perhaps then, instead of the numbers presented to us, a true picture of crimes in
Pakistan may emerge.






LITERATURE REVIEW

Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 6



Urbanization and Crime: A Case Study of Pakistan

Authors: Hafiz Hanzla Jalil and Muhammad Mazhar Iqbal (Department of Economics,
Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad.
Publication year: 2010
Online available at:

http://www.google.com.pk/search?q=crime+in+pakistan+PDF&hl=en&biw=1024&bih=677&prmd=ivns&
ei=qH1BTu-kLY6srAek7dzQBw&start=30&sa=N

Summary

The first and the main conclusion is that there is positive association of urbanization with
crimes in Pakistan. Urbanization is very important cause of crimes in case of Pakistan, because
include different variables with urbanization but there is no big change occur in value of the
coefficient of urbanization. This analysis shows the very strong positive relation of
urbanization with crimes in Pakistan.

The other outcome is that in Pakistan inflation, unemployment and income inequality also the
main causes of crimes. Education also shows positive relation with crimes. If there is more
high education in Pakistan then this will reduce the crimes also.

The next important outcome is the cause of this relation which is the lack of planning of
urbanization. In Pakistan urbanization causes more crimes. So the reason behind is the
unplanned urbanization in Pakistan. Because of this lack of planning resources become short,
land shortage problem and environmental degradation occur which motivate people towards
crimes.

The policy makers should make some planned districts for adjusting the urbanization into
those districts. These districts should have more chance of employment and more capacity to
absorb the rapid urbanization. After getting good education people dont have suitable job.
Then those persons can adopt illegal ways to earn more money. But the special focus should
be on infrastructure development.

Second important implication is that government should create job opportunities in rural
areas as well. This process will reduce the burden of unemployed persons in urban areas and
finally reduce crimes. Moreover, the policy makers should try to keep inflation within
acceptable limits so that the real income of consumers does not lose its purchasing power.









Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 7



Pakistan: Far-Right Islamist
Militants and Resurgence in
The Illicit Opiates Trade

Author: James Windle
Publication Year: 2009
Online available at:

http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Windle_Pakistan_Militants_and_Opium_Production.pdf

Summary

Islamist militants in FATA and NWFP are a threat to the stability of Afghanistan and Pakistan;
they interrupt the internationally recognized human rights of the peoples of these areas. They
also have the potential to act as a catalyst for revival in illegal opium production in Pakistan,
undoing the work undertaken by the Pakistan and international community since the mid-
1970s.

Conditions in Pakistan are such that past successes in reducing opium production could be
easily lost. Within FATA and NWFP the risk of being involved in the opium trade has
decreased due to political instability, the erosion of already weak criminal justice and
technical institutions, and the redeployment of anti-narcotic resources to counter-militancy
operations. These factors reflect and combine with increased political instability generated by
Islamic militant groups. In short, the current conflict in FATA and NWFP has created a
business environment highly suitable for the illegal narcotics trade.

Experience with the Afghan Taliban as well as Colombia, Myanmar and elsewhere suggest that
militant groups have used and facilitated the trade as a means to enhance revenue and rural
support. These past experiences suggest that Islamist militants in the NWFP and FATA regions
of Pakistan will likely seek to renew the illegal opium trade as a revenue-enhancing activity in
the near future, if they have not done so already.

The revenues collected from the facilitation of illegal opium cultivation and production could
increase the conflict. Not only would the various Islamist militants have greater resources
with which to fight the Pakistani forces, they may seek to avoid, or spoil, peace deals which
would remove their involvement in the illegal opium trade.













Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 8



Youth Crime: Causes and Remedies

Author: Muhammad Ali Shuja
(Applied Economics Research Center, University of Karachi)
Publication date: September 2009
Online available at: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17223/

Summary
There is no single factor that can be specified as the main cause of criminal behavior. This can
more accurately be found in the way that multiple risk factors clustered together can interact
in the lives of some children, while important protective factors are absent. Moreover, causes
of crime differ from country to country, in western world; causes are directly related to the
environment of the surroundings. These surroundings can be of school, home, neighborhood
or playground. In contrast, causes of youth crime in Pakistan are significantly different from
that of the western world. Here in Pakistan, the first main cause of youth crime is corruption
in the law enforcing agencies, if corruption is eliminated; the major part of the problem will be
solved.

After identification of the root causes of crime in Pakistan, the remedial measures to control
the criminal activities must revolve around those identified causes. These remedial measures
include mainly the solution to the following problems, Corruption in law enforcing agencies,
lack of authorities given to the agencies, unsolved issues of the agencies (like salary increment
and provision of modern tools), technological backwardness in context of security tools,
poverty and unemployment. Priority wise solution of the problems is the key to success. If the
above mentioned remedial measures are taken into account, significant decrease in crime can
be achieved.












Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 9



Domestic Violence Against
Women and Girls

Author: Radhika Coomaraswamy
Publication date: June 2000
Online available at:

http://www.google.com.pk/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=12&ved=0CCAQFjABOAo&url=http%3A%2F%2Fw
ww.unicef-
irc.org%2Fpublications%2Fpdf%2Fdigest6e.pdf&rct=j&q=crime%20in%20pakistan%20PDF&ei=kH1BTr
u0C8L4rQfh_azPBw&usg=AFQjCNF8tC2J5ac4z1fu_tqVcsOScQNbhQ&cad=rja

Summary

Women and children are often in great danger in the place where they should be safest:
within their families. For many, home is where they face a regime of terror and violence at
the hands of somebody close to them somebody they should be able to trust. Those
victimized suffer physically and psychologically. They are unable to make their own decisions,
voice their own opinions or protect themselves and their children for fear of further
repercussions. Their human rights are denied and their lives are stolen from them by the
ever-present threat of violence. The term domestic includes violence by a close partner and
by other family members, wherever this violence takes place and in whatever form.

In recent years, there has been a greater understanding of the problem of domestic violence,
its causes and consequences, and an international agreement has developed on the need to
deal with the issue. But progress has been slow because attitudes are deep-rooted and, to
some extent, because effective strategies to address domestic violence are still being defined.
As a result, women worldwide continue to suffer, with estimates varying from 20 to 50 per
cent from country to country.

This terrible toll will not be eased until families, governments, institutions and civil society
organizations address the issue directly. Women and children have a right to State protection
even within the confines of the family home. Violence against women is committed when law
enforcement and judicial systems do not recognize domestic violence as a crime.

Domestic violence is a health, legal, economic, educational, and developmental and, above all,
a human rights issue. Much has been done to create awareness and demonstrate that change
is not only necessary, it is also possible. Now that strategies for dealing with it are becoming
clearer, there is no excuse for working.






Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 10



Crime and Safety Report

Author: Anonymous
Publication year: 2011
Online available at: https://www.osac.gov/Pages/ContentReportPDF.aspx?cid=11288

Summary

Pakistan is rated critical for terrorism, high for political violence, and high for crime. Because
of this, the Department of State routinely issues Travel Warning updates and Emergency
Messages for U.S. Citizens of the inherent dangers involved in travel to Pakistan. U.S.
Consulate General Lahores Regional Security Office (RSO) monitors the security environment
and routinely liaises with the Punjab police to maintain the most up to date threat
information.

Crime rates continue to rise, and anti-American protests and demonstrations have tripled
since the beginning of 2011. Crime is pervasive in Lahore and throughout the greater Punjab.
Robberies have increased 16 percent and burglaries 13 percent for 2010, as compared with
2009 statistics. Car and motorcycle thefts are routine, up 33 percent for 2010. Mobile phone
theft has also become a common practice for local thieves. All of these thefts routinely occur,
day and night. Security and checkpoints in and around the military Cantonment areas usually
deter criminal activity.

Dacoity is a term used by police to describe armed gangs who roam the streets looking for
easy targets. In the Punjab police list of criminal statistics, dacoity is listed as its own category
and is up 17 percent in 2010. In January 2011, an U.S. government employee was the target of
an attempted robbery by two armed attackers, or dacoits, who struck in broad daylight. The
two attackers had robbed two other victims of their cell phones and cash prior to their
attempt on the U.S. citizen.

There has been a marked increase in the volume and frequency of terrorist attacks in Punjab
Province, with a sharp rise in sectarian violence and attacks on Pakistani government entities
in 2010. Terrorist groups have focused their efforts on minority religious groups, with attacks
on religious processions and shrines. Outspoken government officials have also been the
target of these terrorist groups, specifically the Punjab Provincial Governor and the Minority
Affairs Minister were both assassinated in early 2011. Terrorists also primarily target
government facilities, with an emphasis on security and law enforcement agencies.







Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 11



Police Organizations in Pakistan

Author: Asad Jamal
Publication year: May 2010
Online available at: http://www.hrcp-web.org/pdf/Police_Organisations_in_Pakistan%5B1%5D.pdf

Summary

Rising crime and militancy across the country has forced the government to pay more
attention to modernizing the police forces and their support infrastructure. It has been
repeatedly pointed out by experts and observers that Pakistans police forces are poorly
managed, ill-equipped, poorly trained, deeply politicized and chronically corrupt. In fact, there
seems to be a growing consensus among government circles and international donors that the
failure to reform and modernize police organizations in Pakistan is one of the primary
explanations for why they are incapable of maintaining law and order or investigating crime.

A Gender Crime Cell has been established in the NPB. The Cell gathers and collates data on
cases of violence against women; monitors selected cases of crime against women referred to
it by the Ministry of Interior or civil society organizations, and assists policy makers in
developing policies on gender-related crime.

In collaboration with other countries, the NPB is arranging training for police officers in the
fields of Anti-Terrorism, Human Rights, and UN Peace Missions. To date, training courses have
been arranged for Pakistani police officers in Turkey, Norway, Italy, and Canada. In view of the
pressing needs of Islamabad Police for security duties it was decided to raise an additional
force of 10,000 men for the Islamabad Constabulary. The project is under preparation.

In July 2003, the Special Investigations Group (SIG) was created in the FIA to identify,
interrogate and arrest the most wanted terrorists, detect terrorist financing, and coordinate
with the provincial governments in investigating major terrorist incidents.
SIG investigators have received training assistance from the U.S. Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI).

The provincial governments, who have primary responsibility in maintaining law and order,
have also undertaken modernization efforts. For instance, since the police in Pakistan are
poorly paid, which is a major reason for rampant corruption and inadequate performance,
some provinces have chosen to increase the Rs.10,000 per month that Constables receive.







Crime in Pakistan Literature Review


Page 12



Honor related violence against women in Pakistan

Author: Hannah Irfan
Publication date: 2008
Online available at: http://www.pakistansocietyofcriminology.com

Summary

Crimes remained always a major problem for society. Crimes violate scared customs, laws and
values. Crime interrupts the smooth operation of the social and political orders. In Pakistan,
and throughout most of the world, violence is a problem to be addressed through law
enforcement. With varying motives, using the newest weapons, engulfing a wider area, and
claiming more lives, terrorism in Pakistan has attracted considerable local and global
attention.

Some theories explain causal relationships between certain historical, cultural and
sociopolitical characteristics of larger society, and the occurrence of terrorism. Some
international level explanations discuss relations between states and the occurrence of
international terrorism. However, all theories seem to be unanimous on one thing that some
type of conflict is at the base of every terrorist movement. Some theories just define
themselves to explaining what generates this conflict, while others explain how this conflict
may turn into acts of terrorism. Hence, there is a strong need for developing a theory of
terrorism after synthesizing the scattered facts and theories, which could offer explanation of
its causation, the dynamics of its escalation and de-escalation.

Criminology of terrorism is in its infancy. By one-sided self-help, he means the one-sided
handling of grievance with aggression. He takes terrorism as a means of social control because
it defines and responds to deviant behavior. The social control of terrorism is an instance of
the social control of social controljustice in response to something that is itself a form of
justice.

Terrorism is a rare species of social control the conditions of its existence ultimately become
the conditions of its decline. The intermingling of peoples and cultures as the social universe
shrinks right and wrong lose the clarity that comes only with sufficient distances in social
space. Therefore, the conditions of terrorisms existence ultimately become the conditions for
its demise.








Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 13




QUESTION

Have you ever been a victim or witnessed any street crime?

Yes 16 %
No 84 %







INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people (84%) has never been a victim or witnessed any street crime.
Rest of the people (16%) has been a victim or witnessed a street crime in their life.








16%
84%
Yes No
DATA ANALYSIS

Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 14



QUESTION

Poverty has caused the people to commit more crimes?

Agree 91 %
Disagree 9%






INTERPRETATIONS


It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people (91%) agree that poverty is of the main causes of increasing crime
rate in Pakistan.
Rest of the people (9%) doubt that the poverty is of the causes of increasing crime
rate in Pakistan.






91%
9%
Agree Disagree
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 15



QUESTION

Do you think expensive mobile phones have made an attraction for street crimes?

Yes 86 %
No 14 %







INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people (86%) think that the expensive mobile phones have made an
attraction for street crimes.
Rest of the people (14%) doesnt think that expensive mobile phones are an
attraction for street criminals.









86%
14%
Yes No
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 16



QUESTION

Do community conditions enable gangs to take root?

Yes 73 %
No 27 %






INTERPRETATIONS

It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people (73%) think that the community conditions like poor social
institutions, including families, schools, and economic systems enable gangs to take
root in the community.
Rest of the people (27%) doesnt think that the community conditions enable gangs
to take root.







73%
27%
Yes No
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 17



QUESTION

Are law enforcement agencies doing their best to solve crimes?

Yes 32 %
No 68 %






INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people (68%) think that law enforcement agencies arent doing their best
to solve crimes and to overcome the criminal acts in Pakistan.
Rest of the people (32%) think that law enforcement agencies are doing their best
jobs to solve crimes and to nip the evil from the bud.







32%
68%
Yes No
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 18



QUESTION

Does political parties are cause of crime?

Yes 87 %
No 13 %





INTERPRETATIONS

It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people (87%) think that political parties are themselves involved in
criminal acts in Pakistan.
Rest of the people (27%) doesnt think that political parties are the cause of
increasing crime rate in Pakistan.









87%
13%
Yes No
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 19



QUESTION

Do you think youth is coming towards cyber crime?

Yes 76 %
No 24 %






INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people (68%) think that cyber crime is the attraction for the youngsters.
Rest of the people (32%) doesnt think that youth is coming towards cyber crime









76%
24%
Yes No
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 20



QUESTION

Increasing crimes are due to the unemployment?

Agree 88 %
Disagree 12 %






INTERPRETATIONS

It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people (88%) think that unemployment is the main cause of the
increasing crimes in Pakistan.
Rest of the people (12%) doesnt think that increasing crimes in Pakistan are due to
the unemployment.







88%
12%
Agree Disagree
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 21



QUESTION

Which domestic factor most accounts for the lack of security in Pakistan?

Availability of Arms 8 %
Corruption in Justice System 56 %
Drug Dealers 6 %
Illegal immigrants 12 %
Police 15 %
Religious extremism 3 %




INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people think that corruption in justice system is factor for the lack of
security in Pakistan.
After that people think police is not doing their jobs well which results in lack of
security in Pakistan.
Other factors like Availability of Arms, Drug Dealers, Illegal immigrants and Religious
extremism are also there and participating in security problems in Pakistan.
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%
Availability of Arms
Corruption in Justice System
Drug Dealers
Illegal immigrants
Police
Religious extremism
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 22



QUESTION

Which external factor is to be blamed the most for the lack of security in Pakistan?

America 55 %
India 45 %
Iran 0%
Russia 0 %







INTERPRETATIONS

It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people (55%) think America should be blamed the most for the lack of
security in Pakistan
After that people about 45% think India should be blamed the most for the lack of
security in Pakistan



0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
America India Iran Russia
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 23



QUESTION

How important is the crime issue to you: one of the most important, important, not very
important or not important at all?
Most Important 43 %
Important 37 %
Not Very Important 13 %
Not Important 7 %





INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people think that crime issue is the most important issue that
government should tackle first.
After that people think that crime issue is the important issue and should be the
governments first priority.
Rest of the people think that crime issue is the important issue and should be the
governments first priority.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
Most Important
Important
Not Very Important
Not Important
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 24



QUESTION

How much do you trust the Court system in Pakistan?
Complete confidence 8 %
A great deal of confidence 15 %
Some confidence 45 %
Very little confidence 17 %
No confidence at all 15%






INTERPRETATIONS

It is concluded from the above result that:
Most of the people have some confidence in court system of Pakistan.
After that people have little confidence or no confidence at all in court system of
Pakistan.
Rest of the people has complete or a great deal of confidence in court system of
Pakistan.


0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
Complete confidence
A great deal of confidence
Some confidence
Very little confidence
No confidence at all
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 25



QUESTION

Looking at the list below, please choose the one thing you think should be Pakistan's highest
priority, the most important thing it should do. Pakistan should...

Maintain order in the nation 17 %
Give people more say in government decisions 9 %
Fight rising prices 67 %
Protect freedom of speech 7 %




INTERPRETATIONS

It is obvious from the result that:
Most of the people think that Pakistan's highest priority should be fighting against
rising prices.
After that people think that governments first priority should maintain order in the
nation.
Rest of the people think that Pakistan's highest priority should give people more say
in government decisions and protect freedom of speech.

0% 20% 40% 60% 80%
Protect freedom of speech
Fight rising prices
Give people more say in government
decisions
Maintain order in the nation
Crime in Pakistan Data Analysis


Page 26



QUESTION

What steps government should take to fight against the rising crime rate in Pakistan?

Merit system should be introduced.
Police pays should be increase according to their needs.
Government should take necessary steps to create awareness among citizens.



QUESTION

Is government taking serious steps for making the country crime free?
No, the current government is not taking serious steps for controlling this increasing
crime rates in Pakistan.
The reason is that we have not elected the eligible leaders to lead the country and the
nation.
So to expect something good from the government we should first create awareness
among our people to elect the right people.
Crime in Pakistan Interview Analysis


Page 27





PERSONS INTERVIEWED



NAME AGE PROFESSION
Rao Nadeem Anwar 49 Business
Ali Husnain 23 Shop Keeper
Asif Ali 19 Student
Shahzaib Maqsood 28 Shop keeper



QUESTIONS

What are the reasons that rate of Crime is increasing day-by-day?
Is education playing any role in Crimes?
Our Police department taking serious action against crimes?
Is Government of Pakistan taking serious actions?
How should people eliminate this issue?



ANALYSIS

On the basis of interviews people thought that the crime rate is increasing due to un-
employment. it is the major issue of Pakistan. When people struggle very hard for their degree
and they dont get any job and they become upset. They tried to get money by short cuts.
Another reason is poverty. They become thieves and robbers to fulfil their needs.

Our education will play very important role in controlling the crimes. Not only will the
education which we get from schools or colleges but our environment also educate us. It has a
very major affect on our life.

Our police department is not performing as well as we need. They are busy in their own life.
They are busy in giving security to VIP people but not working for ordinary people.



INTERVIEW ANALYSIS

Crime in Pakistan Interview Analysis


Page 28



Our Government is not taking serious action. They are busy in there corruption and making
money. They are taking dictation of America. They only do what the America says.

People should cast their vote for educated and well mannered people. They should fulfil the
needs of poor and needy so that they dont go for criminal activities.


SUGGESTIONS
Judicial system should be accessible for every person in Pakistan.
Sincere and honest should be appointed in law enforcement agencies.
Salary of police officers should be increased according to their needs.
Employment opportunities should be increased for the unemployed persons especially
youngsters to keep them away from crime.
Our foreign policy should be revised.
More industries should be set up to increase job opportunities.


Crime in Pakistan Conclusion


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FINDINGS & CONCLUSION
Crime in Pakistan is present in various forms. Organized crime include drug trafficking,
money laundering, murder and fraud. Other criminal operations engage in human trafficking,
corruption, black marketeering, political violence, terrorism, abduction etc.
The question is that what are the main reasons of crime in Pakistan society and why it is
increasing so rapidly it is because of the rising poverty, unemployment and inequality in
Pakistani society the rising case differences divide the society in to various parts and
according to the status law will be provided this contribute a lot in making people aggressive
and frustrated and later on it become cause of crime in society. Other Major causes are
unemployment and illiteracy rate but there are some other factors too like lawlessness,
fundamentalism, backwardness and double standards prevailing in the society. People around
the world always think of Pakistanis as terrorists- we arent all like that.
No doubt there is a high crime rate however, most Pakistanis in the lesser civilized areas of
Pakistan suffer from extreme depths of poverty, which is somewhat the main reason for high
crime rates. What Pakistani government is doing for the betterment of its nation is the
question in minds of every Pakistani. Pakistani nation is disappointed that the government is
not going to provide safety and security to any one the properties and lives are not protected.
Frustration and aggression among youth is also becoming the cause of crime in Pakistani
society youth could change the future of country but in Pakistan youth are not given any
rights nor there is security of their futures almost every Pakistani is in dept Pakistan is facing
a crucial financial crunch and it will remain the same. There are no jobs and if some so there is
no job safety people are disappointed and due to that they become frustrated conduct crime
like theft, taking bribers and what not. In Pakistani society there is no rule and regulation and
due to lack of judiciary there is no fear of being punished so this also contributes in increase in
crime rate.
RECOMMENDATIONS
These are some of the solutions which should be adopted by the government to reduce the
increasing crime rate and which can contribute in reducing crime rate in Pakistan and will
paved the way for progress and development of the country.
Strong judiciary
Honest officers in law maintaining departments
Increase in salaries of police officers
Provide employment opportunity to youth
Aid should be used in progress of the nation
More and more industries should be set up



CONCLUSION

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