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, . [4]
. [5]

21

. 12, 2010

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)

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( [5]. ,
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, . -, 2004
, 8 .
, 1989,
, .
,
900-1000 .
,
.
D ( t )
D ( t )

D ( t ) At , D ( t ) Bt ,

(1)

A = 2 2 ; B = 2 2 .
(1) ,
, .
(1)
t , . 1.
1 , (1)
22

.., ..

, , (.. )
.

t,
90
80
70
60
50

40
30

20
10
0
0

0,02

0,04

0,06

0,08

0,1

. 1
= D ( t ) At D ( t ) : 1 = 10% ; 2

= 20%

, r ( t ) t ,

r ( t ) r =

(2)

, , z0 0 . , (1) (2)
(7) [6] t ,

23

. 12, 2010

E
( x, y , z ) = 3 2
2
az AB

s3

1
1 r2

x v s 2 y v y s 2
x vx s y v y s
x
+

r
2

As
Bs
As
Bs

exp
2

2 (1 r )

z v s 2
z
exp
ds .

2 az s


t = 1 s .

( x, y , z ) =

32

E
1

az AB 1 r 2

2
x v t 2 2 y v t 2 2
x vx t 2 y v y t
y
x

t +
t 2r
t
t

A
B
A
B


exp

2 (1 r 2 )
0

2
z v t2
z

exp
t dt

2 az

2E 1 r 2
( x, y , z ) = 3 2

az A1B1

xt 2 v 2 yt 2 v
y
x
exp

t A1 t B1
0

xt 2 vx yt 2 v y
+ 2r

t B
t
A
1
1

zt 2 v
z
exp

2t az

24

dt ,



(3)

.., ..

A1 = 2 A (1 r 2 ) , B1 = 2 B (1 r 2 ) .

q, /13
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0

0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5

0,4
0,3

0,2

3
0

200

0,1

400

600

0
x,
1000

800

. 2 : 1 (7)
[6]; 2 (4)-(6); 3 ( )

(3) Maple,

2E 1 r 2
( x, y , z ) =
az A1B1

1
X + Y 2rXY + Z
2

1
exp ( XVx + YVy rXVy rYVx + ZVz
2

X 2 + Y 2 2rXY + Z 2 Vx2 + Vy2 2rVxVy + Vz2 ,

(4)

X=

2x
=
A1

x 2

A (1 r 2 )

;Y=

2y
=
B1

y 2

B (1 r 2 )

; Z=

z
;
az

(5)

25

. 12, 2010

Vx =

2v x
=
A1

vx 2

A (1 r

; Vy =

2v y
A1

vy 2

A (1 r

; Vz =

vz
.
az

(6)

(4)-(6), ( x, y, z )
.
. 2 1 , (7)
[6] , (4)-(6), vx = 1 , v y = 0 , vz = 0 ,

2 = 0,3 2 2 , 2 = 0,1 2 2 , az = 0,0162 2 , E = 0,05 .


.

. , ,
.
, .

. (4)-(6)
,
, .

1.
2.

3.

26

. / [ ..,
.., .. .]; . .. .
. : , 2005. 530 .
. + (
3.0): . 27. 5 / [. ].
. : - , 2006. 252 .
.. . / .. , .. // . 2008. 8.
.29-39.
.., ..

4.

5.

6.

.. . / .. , .. , .. //
. 2008. 8. . 39-45.
..
. / .. ,
.. // . 2010.
11. . 39-44.
..
, . /
.. , .. //
. 2010. 10. . 44-51.

.., ..



. , , .
: , ,
Basmanov .Ye., Govalenkov S.S.
The concentration of hazardous chemicals in the air at a continuous activity of the source
A mathematical model for determining the concentration of hazardous
chemicals in the air is continuously acting source of emissions of these substances. The model allows to assess the danger posed by the release of hazardous
chemicals for the personnel of MoES departments, technical staff of enterprises
and households.
Key words: accident, emergency, hazardous chemicals.

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