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12, 2010

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,


: , , ,
, ,
Borodych P.Y., Rosoha S.V., Strelec V.M.
Improving the safety of settlements in the post while working at
the DIA at disaster management in Metro
As a result, the analysis of the laws of the rescuers in the SCBA proposed
settlement ratio, which is expedient to use to determine when to work in devices
with compressed air at the disaster management in Metro
Key words: CABA, underground, rescue, post security, the reference pressure, the simplified calculation

355.58
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.., . . , .,


( - . ..)

,
N
: , , , ,

.

,
50

.., .., ..

.
10400 ( () ). , . -
() .
.
[2,3]. , .
. , ,
(. 1). , , .
.
, .
W(x)

W IV + 4 4W =

1
h
h
N

x
+

L
+

L
+
,

D
R
R
2 R 2

(1)

R [], h [], L [],


3 , - 3 , , N , [], E

51

. 12, 2010

[], D = Eh3 12 (1 2 )

[ ] ,

= 4 3 (1 2 )

Rh - 1 .

. 1

W=

x
h
N
h
N

cos x L + L + +
e L + L +
2
2
4 D
R
2

R
R
2

1
h
h
h
N

.
(2)
+ sin x + x + L + L +

2 R 2
R
R
R



.
52

.., .., ..

d 2W
1

h
N
M x = D 2 = 2 e x L + L +
sin x + [ L +
2
2 R 2
dx
R

h
N
1
h
L+
+ cos x .
2
2 R

R
R

(3)

Nx =

N
h ( L x ).
2 R

(4)

M = M x .

(5)

N = Eh

W
+ N x .
R

(6)

x =
max

6M x N x
+
.
h2
h

(7)


Maple.

.

R = 2.3, L = 7 , h = 0.0025, = 9.81 103

, = 76.5 103 3 ,
3

53

. 12, 2010

= 0.3, N = 2.9 10 , E = 2.1 1011 , [ ] = 160.


3

. 2

. 3

. 2 , Wmax = 7 104 x = 0.1825


.

1
M xmax = 117.85 .

(7)
xmax = 114. .. n = [ ] xmax = 1.4 .

. . ,
, . .
54

.., .., ..

1.

2.
3.

0192001. (
19.10.2001 . 552) [ ]. - (
. ).- : http://www.lnu.edu.ua/faculty/bzhd/ZO/DK_019-2001.pdf.
. . / . . .:
, 1966. - 508 .
.. / . .,
. ., . . : , 2001. 239 .

.., .., ..

, N
: , ,
, ,
Valchenko O.I., Mietielov V.O., Chalypa V.M.
Calculation of the strength of cylindrical tank for storage toxic
liquids
The method of calculation the strength of vertical cylindrical tanks under
axisymmetric loading by hydrostatic pressure, its own weight and distributed on
a circle of the upper edge axial force N is offered
Key words: a long cylindrical shell, the hydrostatic pressure, a function of
radial deflection, axial bending stresses, edge effect

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