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ZXWR RNC Structure and Principle

ZTE University

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

UTRAN Structure
CN

RNC

RNC

NodeB

NodeB

NodeB

NodeB

UE

External Interfaces of RNC


MGW
Iu-cs

OMC-B

SGSN

RNC

OMC-R

RNC

UE

NodeB

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

Which Funcitonal unit will be comprised in RNC system

Functional Units of RNC


Provide E1 or STM-1 interface
Process control plane signaling and user plane Processinginformation Unit Responsible for general O&M Unit processing and implement O&M control
Peripheral device monitoring unit

Iu CN

Access

Iur RNC

Unit

Switchi ng Unit

Iub

NodeB

provides a large-capacity and non-blocking IP switching unit for system control management, communication between service processing boards and traffic connection among multiple Access units

Enviromnet monitor and alarm

PWRFAN

STM-1

E1

10/100M Ethernet

RS485

O&M unit
ROMB : RNC Operation & Mentanence Board
Responsible for global process handling of RNC. Responsible for O&M proxy of whole RNC. Managing states of each board, collecting information about each board, and maintaining global static data of whole RNC. Running RPU module to process routing protocol.

CLKG : Clock Generator


responsible for the clock supply and external synchronization

SBCX: X86 Single Board Computer


Storing the log and performance data

Access unit
DTB : Digital Trunk Board
DTB is used to provide E1 interface, and it also supports T1 interface by changing configuration. One of the DTB board provides 32*E1.

IMAB : Inverse Multiplex of ATM Board


IMAB supports IMA protocol and circuit switch processing.

SDTB: Sonet Digital Trunk Board


SDTB supports channelized STM-1 interface. One of the SDTB can provide 1*STM-1(63*E1).

Access unit
APBE : ATM Process Board Enhanced
Providing ATM interface of 4STM-1; Supporting 622M switching capacity and completing AAL2 and AAL5 termination of STM-1 physical interface in RNC;

GIPI : GE IP Interface
GIPI provides FE, and GE interfaces and accomplishing IP interface function. 1*GE optical or electrical interface or 4*100M FE electrical interface

Access Unit
EIPI : E1 IP Interface
EIPI provides the IP access based on E1 (working with DTB and SDTB). EIPI do not have the external interfaces itself. One EIPI and two DTB work together, providing at most sityfour E1 interfaces. One EIPI and two SDTB work together, providing one STM-1 interface.

APBI : ATM Process Board With IMA


Supporting at most 64 E1 and 31 IMA groups, working with DTB and SDTB to implement the IMA processing of E1 and CSTM-1 interface Providing four STM-1 external interfaces, supporting the traffic of 622 M, and implementing the AAL2 and AAL5 termination of RNC.

Swtiching unit -- level 1 switching unit

maximum 40G switching capacity responsible for user plane data switching and converging.

GLI : Gigabit Line Interface


Providing 4 GE ports and each GE port works in 1+1 backup mode. GE ports of adjacent GLIs provide GE port backup.

PSN : Packet Switch Network


Bi-directional user data switching capability, 40 Gbps in each direction

Switching unit -- level 2 switching unit

Responsible for control plane signaling switching and converging

UIMC : Universal Interface Module of BCTC


Accomplish internal ethernet switching function in the control subrack.

UIMU : Universal Interface Module of BUSN


Accomplish internal ethernet switching and circuit switching in the resource subrack

GUIM : GE Universal Interface Module


It works with the 1 G resource subrack, implementing the function of RNC level-2 switching subsystem user plane switching.

CHUB : Control HUB


Accomplish the control information converging among subracks.

Processing unit

RCB : RNC Control plane processing Board


IuIubUu interface control plane protocal processing; Radio resource management;

RUB: RNC User plane processing Board


IuIubUu interface user plane data processing;

Peripheral devices monitor unit


PWRD : Power Distributor
Power distribution; Monitoring and controlling the environment temperature and humidity, smog, infrared (alarm for illegal intrusion) and fans.

ALB : Alarm Box


Alarm box will send the different level alarms according to different fault situations of the system in order to be managed and intervened in time by the equipment management personnel.

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

ZXWR RNC Appearance


Blank panel

Power supply
Cooling fan subrack

Cable tray

CE

19 inch standard rack One rack includes four layer subracks, and one subrack includes seventeen slots
Dust coverage

ZXWR RNC
Dimension:2000600800mm

ZXWR RNC Subrack Structure


Control subrack

Uses BCTC as Backboard ,takes charge of processing RNC control plane (RCB&RSB), and also includes ROMP,CLKG,CHUB. CHUB has the function of Switching data.
Uses BUSN as Backboard,takes charge of processing RNC user plane (RUB) and includes GIPI, APBE. If there are more than two resource subracks, switch subrack is needed to switch data. Uses BPSN as Backboard,takes charge of level 1switch , supplies switch unit for user plane.

Resource subrack

Switch subrack

Interface subrack

Uses BUSN as Backboard ,supplies kinds of interfaces, such as E1,STM-1,channelized STM1,POS and so on.

ZXWR RNC Subrack Control Subrack


1
R C B

2
R C B

3
R C B

4
R C B

5
R C B

6
R C B

7
R C B

8
R C B

9
U I M C

10
U I M C

11
R O M B

12
R O M B

13
C L K G

14
C L K G

15
C H U B

16
C H U B

17

Board function

RCB:RNC control board, process the signal of Iux and Uu. UIMC: Universal Interface Module of Control, realize the Ethernet switch among the subracks. ROMB:RNC Operating & Maintenance Board CLKG: Clock Generator, supply the system clock CHUB: Control HUB, converge the control signal among the resource subracks.

ZXWR RNC Subrack Resource Subrack


1
S B C X

3
A P B E

4
A P B E

5
R U B

6
R U B

7
R U B

8
R U B

9
G U I M

10
G U I M

11
G I P I

12
G I P I

13
R U B

14
R U B

15
R U B

16
R U B

17
G I P I

Board function

RUB:RNC User Board, process the protocol of user plane. GIPI:GE IP Interface ,provide FE, and GE interfaces APBE:ATM process board enhanced version, provide STM-1, STM-4 interface SBCX: O&Munit, storing log, storing performance data GUIM: Universal Interface Module of BUSN, realize the Ethernet switch among the subracks

ZXWR RNC Subrack Switch Subrack


1
G L I

2
G L I

3
G L I

4
G L I

7
P S N

8
P S N

10

11

12

13

14

15
U I M C

16
U I M C

17

Board function

GLI: Gigabit Line Interface, adapt physical layer, process IP packet and manage traffic volume PSN: Packet switch network, manage core switch. UIMC: Universal Interface Module of Control, realize the Ethernet switch among the subracks

ZXWR RNC SubrackInterface Subrack


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A P B E I M A B 8 A P B E 9 G U I M 10 G U I M 11 S D T B 12 S D T B 13 A P B E 14 I M A B A P B E 15 I M A B 16 I M A B 17 E I P I G D S G D S A D S D S I T D I T D P T D T D P B T P B T B B T B T I B I B E B B A D S A D S A P T D P T D P B B T B B T B E B E B E

Board function

APBE : ATM process board enhanced version, provide STM-1, STM-4 interface IMAB: supply the IMA function DTB: realize E1 interface SDTB: realize channelized STM-1 interface GIPI: realize GE interface GUIM: switch data among the boards in the subrack. EIPI:interface board of RNC. It belongs to the access unit, providing the IP access based on E1 (working with DTB and SDTB).

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

Large Capacity2 Racks for 1 Million Subscribers

ZXWR RNC 2 Racks Capacity Subscribers Traffic Vol. BHCA Switch Capacity 1 Million 52,500Erl 7,000k 80Gbps ZXWR RNC rack1 L 1 L 2 L 3 L 4
Resourc e shelf Control shelf

Modularity design, ATM/IP gateway function, transmission and bandwidth convergency. RAU can expand independently to provide access interface, easy for future evolution to IP UTRAN.

Iu Throughput
Iub Throughput Max. Node B Max. Cell

6,100 Mbps
6,600 Mbps 1,900 5,700

rack1 L Resource shelf 1 L Control 2 shelf L control shelf 3 L Resource shelf 4 L 1 L 2 L 3 L 4

rack2
Resource shelf

Control shelf

Iub Throughput6.6Gbps No.1 in the Industry

Switch shelf

ZXWR RNC Product Characteristic


ZXWR RNC ZXWR RNC product characteristic

High integration, large capacity, full configuration of one million subscribers needs only two racks. All-IP configuration, various interfaces Support ATM/IP dual protocol stacks, provides ATM UTRAN and IP UTRAN network configuration

ZXWR RNC support IP UTRAN


Reduce the transport resource by ATM-IP gateway function. Easier evolution to all IP UTRAU by the rich interfaces such

as IP over E1, ATM over E1/STM-1, IMA E1/channelized STM-1, POS, FE, GE etc.

ZXWR RNC interface shelf

Same hardware platform with CN


ZXWN CN Board list M P B C U S M L I P N K M B I G C A I V T P W T M S B F C R N E B D B B T F I D T E C C P G H S S L U D N I B T

All RNC boards are same with CN!

ZXWN RNC Board list R O M C U R R L I C G K M B U G B A I R M P M U R B A B B E B D T E C P G C S L H N I U B

ZXWR RNC Rich Interfaces


STM-1POS/ 100E/1000M ETHER (ETHER/SDH/ATM) RNC Access Unit RNC Switch Unit RNC O&M Unit

Iur/Iu/Iub
E1 (LINK)

GIPI UIM

ROMB

Iur/Iu/Iub

DTB CHUB

ICM

Iub

CSTM1/E1 (SDH/LINK)

SDTB GLI IMAB

RNC Processing Unit

RCB

STM1ATM/E1 (SDH/ATM) Iur/Iu/Iub

PSN APBE

RUB

ZXWR RNC has the interface boards such as APBE,GIPI,IMAB,SDTB&DTB etc. ZXWR RNC supplies the rich interface type including E1,IMA E1,STM-1,CSTM-1,POS,FE,GE to realize the IP UTRAUN configuration.

Distributed Module Processing


Distributed Module Processing

CP Processing

Broadband Signaling

UP Processing

UP Processing

GTPU Processing

Interface Processing

IP

IP

IP

Different data is processed by different modules, enhanced hardware compatibility, each module can be upgraded and develop independently. Easy capacity expansion: modules stack.

ZXWR RNC Easy Capacity Expansion

rack1 Resour ce shelf L Control 2 shelf L 1 L 3

rack1 L Resour 1 ce shelf L Control 2 shelf L 3


Control shelf

rack1

rack2

L 4

L Resour 4 ce shelf

Resour L Resour L ce 1 shelf 1 ce shelf L Control L Control 2 shelf 2 shelf L control L 3 shelf 3 Resour L Switch L ce 4 shelf 4 shelf

300 thousands subscribers

650 thousands subscribers

One million subscribers

Excellent RRM
Advantage of RRM
More than 60 related RRM patents Rich experience in CDMA

Advanced power control arithmetic

ZXWR RNCs RRM

Excellent Access control arithmetic

Well handover control

Reasonable overload control

High reliability
Design Reliability
Switch plane adopt doubleplane User Plane adopt resource pool

The key module 1+1 backup, others N+1 backup

MTBF<1h/20

years

Remote online monitor

Real time Alerting Function

Alerting data stored time > 3 month

Easy to O&M
Easy to O&M
Software upgrade online Friendly Machine interface Remote O&M Flexible report form customized On-line board testing

Control shelf Resource shelf

Switch shelf

WAN Remote O&M Center


O&M client O&M client O&M client

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

ZXWR RNC System Structure


DTB SDTB APBE

G U I M

IMAB GIPI

Control Signal Data Signal

Interface Shelf

GLI

RCB CLKG ROMB

U I M C

CHUB

GLI

P S N

UIMC

Main Control Shelf

Switch Shelf

GIPI APBE RUB

G U I M

1) SBCX
Main Resource Shelf

2)

CHUB, ROMB, CLKG only in main control shelf SBCX only in main resource shelf

Control Shelf Configuration Principle


1 R C B 2 R C B 3 R C B 4 R C B 5 R C B 6 R C B 7 R C B 8 R C B 9 U I M C R U I M 2 10 U I M C R U I M 3 11 R O M B R M P B 12 R O M B R M P B 13 C L K G R C K G 1 14 C L K G R C K G 2 15 C H U B R C H B 1 16 C H U B R C H B 2 17

CHUB, ROMB and CLKG each config 1 pair for one RNC office (1+1backup) in the main control shelf. Other control shelves only have UIMC and RCB boards.

Name
ROMB RCB

Full Name
RNC Operating & Maintenance Board RNC Control plane processing Board

Configuration Principle
Each RNC 1 pair Depends on BHCA of the control plane traffic model

Backup Principle
1+1 1+1

CHUB
CLKG UIMC

Control plane HUB


Clock Generator Universal Interface Module of Control plane

Each RNC 1 pair


Each RNC 1 pair Each control shelf 1 pair

1+1
1+1 1+1

Resource Shelf Configuration Principle


1 S B C X R S V B 2 3 A P B E R G I M 1 4 A P B E R G I M 1 5 R U B 6 R U B 7 R U B 8 R U B 9 G U I M R G U M 1 10 G U I M R G U M 2 11 G I P I R M N I C 12 G I P I R M N I C 13 R U B 14 R U B 15 R U B 16 R U B 17 G I P I R G E R

Each RNC office has 2 GIPI (1+1) for OMCB in slot 11/12 of main resource shelf. Each RNC office has only 1 SBCX board in slot 1/2 of main resource shelf.

Name
RUB GIPI

Full Name
RNC User plane processing Board Gigabit IP Interface

Configuration Principle
Depends on user plan traffic model Provides 1 GE or 4 FE interfaces

Backup Principle
N+1 Load sharing or 1+1

APBE
SBCX

ATM Process Board Enhanced


X86 Single Board Computer

Provides 4 ATM STM-1 interfaces


Each RNC 1 pic

Load sharing
no

Interface Shelf Configuration Principle


1
(S) D T B R D T B

2
(S) D T B R D T B

3
I M A B

5
(S) D T B R D T B

6
(S) D T B R D T B

7
I M A B

9
G U I M R G U M 1

10
G U I M R G U M 2

11
(S) D T B R D T B

12
(S) D T B R D T B

13
I M A B

14

15
I M A B

16

17
(S) D T B R D T B

2 GUIM(1+1) for internal switching. Interface boards depend on networking requirements.

Name
DTB SDTB APBE IMAB EIPI

Full Name
Digital Trunk Board Sonet Digital Trunk Board ATM Process Board Enhanced IMA Board E1 IP Interface

Configuration Principle
Provides 32 E1 Provides 1 CSTM-1 Provides 4 ATM STM-1 Processing 64 IMA E1, 1IMAB+2DTB, 1IMAB+1SDTB Processing 64 IPoE1, 1EIPI+2DTB, 1EIPI+1SDTB

Backup Principle
Load sharing Load sharing or 1+1 Load sharing Load sharing Load sharing

Switch Shelf Configuration Principle


1 G L I 2 G L I 3 G L I 4 G L I 5 G L I 6 G L I 7 P S N 8 P S N 9 G L I 10 G L I 11 G L I 12 G L I 13 G L I 14 G L I 15 U I M C R U I M 2 16 U I M C R U I M 3 17

Each GUIM has 2 GE, and each GLI has 4 GE, so 1 GLI can connect two resource shelf or interface shelf. (1acitve GLI 2 active GUIM 1 standby GLI 2 standby GUIM)

Name
PSN GLI UIMC

Full Name
Packet Switching Network

Configuration Principle
1 pair in switch shelf Each pair of GUIM(2 GE) corresponding to 1 GLI (4 GE) 1 pair in switch shelf

Backup Principle
1+1 1+1 1+1

GE Line Interface Universal Interface Module of Control plane

RNC Configuration Parameter


Primary
Total Users Total amount of TRXs Total Node B Traffic load per user Traffic load of VT/user. Average data capacity per user in busy hour. Ratio of DL data vol. Iub transmission type Type of ATM Iub Number of ATM Iub Type of IP Iub Trans. type of Iu / Iur Iub Macro-diversity ratio System congestion ratio Key boards redundancy GPS clock support Language of document Environment monitor Equivalent traffic of data in busy hour Average throughput of each TRX Common channel flow per TRX Average TRX/Node B GPS receiver support Average AAL2 PVC per Node B E1 cable type

Secondary

Optional

Alarming system
SDTB backup

Primary parameter: Parameter that must be provided by customer and filled. Secondary parameter: Necessary for some project and not necessary for others. Optional parameter: Maybe changed according to customers requirement

ZXWR RNC Minimum Configuration

Application Scenario

Telecom exhibition, test project, trial project. Iub support all E1, all FE and hybrid access. No board redundancy. SBCX is configured as log server.

Capacity supported by minimum configuration


Typical capacity UserKVoice Traffic/user Erl 40 0.03 Video traffic/user (Erl) 0.003 Data traffic/ user (bps) BHCA/ user

Max Fixed capacity Node B / Cell E1/STM1

30 / 90

30/4

1000

4.68

ZXWR RNC Minimum Configuration


Front Plane Back Plane

Content
External Interfaces of RNC ZXWR RNC Functional Units ZXWR RNC Subracks ZXWR RNC Features ZXWR RNC Configuration ZXWR RNC Cable Connection

Cabinet Power Cable Installation

External Power Cable

External power cable connects the cabinet-top filter with the external DC distribution cabinet.

S.N. 23 24

Connection
Cable - 48 V Power Cable - 48 V Power Cable Qty. End A 2 2 Blue: Filter 48 V input Black: Filter 48 VGND input End A Blue: Local 48 V power distribution box output Black: Local 48 VGND DC power distribution box output

Cabinet Power Cable Installation

Power Cable for Power Distribution Plug-in Box

To facilitate the connection of the power cable and the ground-ing cable, each ZXWR RNC rack is designed to bear one 48 V cable in-lead box on the top of the rack. Users neednt install cable of the power distribution box. Its pre-installed before delivery.

Connection

Cabinet Power Cable Installation

Power Cable for Fan Shelf/Fan Plug-in Box

The power cable of cabinet-top fan shelf conducts 48 V that the busbar outputs to the fan monitoring board.

Cabinet Power Cable Installation

Power Cable for Service Plug-in Box

The service plug-in box leads in -48 V with the 6-core power socket. The cable falls into two parts: External line and internal line. The external line connects from the busbar to the plug-in box filter, while the internal line connects from plug-in box power filter to the backplane.

Cabinet Grounding Cable Installation

Grounding description

Grounding cable includes the grounding copper cable of the shelf, the grounding cable of the cabinet door, and the protection ground tandem cable inside the cabinet.

S.N. Cable 4 Grounding copper cable of the shelf Grounding cable of cabinet door Protection ground tandem cable inside the cabinet

Qty. 4 2 1

End A Plug-in box PE port Cabinet grounding cable port Cabinet-top protection ground

End A Grounding copper busbar Cabinet door Safety ground of the equipment room

Intra-cabinet Line Installation

Application Scenario

The intra-cabinet line falls into the internal cable and internal fiber. Usually, internal lines are ready before delivery.

Cable Classification

Clock Cable Interconnection Cable on Control Plane Interconnection Fiber on User Plane PD485 Cable and Fan Monitoring Cable

Out-of-cabinet Line Installation

Application Scenario Monitoring System Cable Monitoring system cable include: Fan plug-in box monitoring cable, environment monitoring transfer cable, door control monitoring cable, infrared monitoring cable, temperature/humidity monitoring cable, and smoke monitoring cable. Ethernet Cable Ethernet cable implements the external Ethernet connection to Node B operation and maintenance center and ZXWR RNC operation and maintenance center. External Fiber External fiber is used to connect CN and Node B. E1/T1 Cable E1/T1 cable is used to implement the external connection from the ZXWR RNC to the CN.

Inter-cabinet Cable Installation

Application Scenario

Inter-cabinet Cable Inter-cabinet Fiber

Exercise

Please write down the main function units of RNC. and write down the boards of each function units. RNC subrack include ( )( )( ) and ( ). 1 GIPI board can provide ( ) stm-1 interfaces, 1 DTB board provide ( ) E1 interfaces, 1 SDTB board provide ( ) CSTM-1 interface.