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539.2:648.

75
-


. . 1, . . 1, . . 1, . . 1, . . 2, . . 2
1


21, . , . , 61002,
E-mail: kirichenko_mv@mail.ru
2

- ,
40/42, . , . , 61010,

L
(Si-), - . L - Si-. . 4. . 3. .: 16 .
: , Si, , , .

(Si-) 40%
[1,2]. (),
* ( , )
.
Si-
t 250 ,


( , . )

, 25

( 0 )
13 < 14% 200 < * < 275 / 3 .

t = 20020 Si- 320 < * < 375 / 25 0, 11-12 % 4 .
Si- 25
0 : 15 < 17% 450 < * < 530 /
5 . 6,7 ,
*, n,p Ln,p () . -


Si-, , ,
* Si- .

n,p
U , 8,9 , - Si- .

, .
Si-,
.
1. .
n+-p-p+
-10,
(111) (100)
4 2 2.
10

__________
ISSN 1028-821X , 12, 1, 2007, . 255-262

, 2007

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

100 . . 1.

2



N,

1-
1
2-
1
3-
1
4- 1
1-
1
2-1 2
3-1 2
4-2 3
5-2 3

. 1. Si-

1


t,

280
410
375
350
235
215
200
210
190

,
%
13,0
12,6
12,6
12,5
3,5
11,9
11,2
12,0
12,0

1, 2-, 3-

280 t 410


Si-.
(111) 250 t 410 -

HF+HNO3+CH3COOH.
4-

, .
1-5

,
n+-
4 .
, ( , )
(PULNIX America,
Inc., TM-6710, monochrome, progressive
scan, 120 /), . 2.
. 2,
, ,
200-400 .
1 5 , .

Si- 5% 4 .


,
. 1.


, hkl
1-
(111)
2-
(111)
3-
(100)
4-
(100)
1-
(100)
2-1
(100)
3-1
(100)
4-2
(100)
5-2
(100)

,
t,
I0,
, I ,
. .
0,1 1 320 0,14 1,13
0,1 1 319 1,60 1,24
0,1 1 317 0,17 1,15
0,1 2 308 0,11 1,12
0,1 1 266 103 1,70
0,2 2 300 0,14 1,12
0,2 2 280 0,27 1,14
0,3 2 305 0,08 1,11
0,3 2 291 0,06 1,09




-15-15,
I, I0, () ( [3,4]), . 2,
N t - ; -
= 1000.
256

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

,
max.


, :
- n
n+- -
lP1 = 20
1max = 525 ;
- n -,
lP2 = 150
n+- ,
2max = 880 ;
- n -,
lP3 300
n+- ,
3max = 940 .
lP max
[11,12].
UXX (t, max)
20 1. n .
+
n - ,
- tn+ 1,5 ,
U (t),
-, [8,13] :

. 2. 200
20%-

n+- tn+
(t = 0,1 ,
= 1000, = 1 ) 0,96
Nd 5 1020 -3.

2 = 1000 t = 0,2-0,3 tn+ 1,2-1,3 Nd .


+
- 1019 -3,
1 .

+
n -
0,1 , +
2 . - .
n
Si-
[8] 9-8
t
,
,
U (t).
[8] , ,

max,
20 0,1 .

n

exp

qU XX (t )
kT

qU XX (0)
exp
kT

1 exp(

(1)

),

q - ; UXX (0) - t = 0 ( ).
, t = n n = n
:

exp

qU XX ( n )
kT

qU XX (0)
exp
kT

1
(2)

1 / e,

- .
(1) (2) ,
UXX(t) = t
257

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

f U (t )

exp qUXX (t ) /(kT )

1,

. [11,12,15] 500
, 100-150


.

y f U (t ) ,

exp qU XX (0) /(kT )

1 /e .

. 3.

3
n Ln -

-1
-2
3-
4-
1-
2-1
3-1
4-2
5-2

. 3.
UXX(t), = t y = f[U(t)] =
= exp[qUXX(t)/(kT)] - 1 n

Excel 2003.
[7,14] :

Ln

(kT

n n

/ e)1/ 2 ,

n,

525

70
24
24
47
8
42
63
65
74

880 940

70
68
22
21
20
17
38
35
7
6
37
32
52
47
52
45
59
53

Ln,
525 880 940

470 470 463


275 263 251
275 251 231
385 346 332
159 148 137
364 341 317
445 404 385
452 404 376
483 431 408

(3)
n Ln t 1- 2-
,

.


t < 300 .
, 100
,

(J/t)

0,097 /(2 )

t = 410

0,143 /(2 ) t = 280


,
, . , 12,6 13,0%, * 178 268 /.

.
n [14].
2. . . 3
n
-
. Ln , n (3) ,

10 , n = 1200 2/( ) [14].
. 3,
- ( (111), N = 1, t = 0,1 ,
= 1 ) n Ln
t 410
280 , n

258

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



(100) 300 t 400 , ( 3-), (111),
t = 410 ( 2-),
12,6%. , -, ,
-
t 375-410
, .
t > 300 ,

.
. 3, n
( 4-)

t 400 , n 300
. (3) Ln.
Nr
- , [6, 7, 16]
n , p ~N r

2 600 t 800
n 20 120 .
(4)

n t, ,

.
J0 4- 1,4 10-11 /2
1,12. , J 38,8 /2,
12,5%.
J ,
, n. -
+
n - Si-,
, ,
, ,
+
n - . J
,
+
n - -
. t - .
, , 1 2 , . -
+
n -

, , ,
I, , , .
. 3 ,
+
n - (N = 1,
t = 0,1 , = 1 ) (100) t = 235 n
Ln n Ln
, t = 280 . , , J J0, -

(4)

. -, ,

+
+
, n -p - .
. -,
[3,6], +
n -



, . , [6] 1
259

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


R
R [4]
3,5%. n

(100) NaOH , ,
, [6].



, n.
, ,
+
= 1 n -

,
.
. 3,
2 n t = 215
t = 200 .
n t .
,
,
n
.
J J0,
, n
R R
Si- t 250 ,
[4],

t = 200-215 11,2-11,9%.

( N = 2 N = 3)
= 2 , +
n -, n 45-65 ( max 940 525 ) t = 210
53-74 ( max 940 525 )
t = 190 . , +
n - t = 190 n
max = 525 (lP = 20 )

n max = 525
1- t = 280 ,
4- (t = 350 )
n max
( lP = 20
lP 300 ). n, +
n -, J 36-38 /2 J0 :
(0,8-1,0) 10-11 /2.
R R

Si-

t 250 , [4],
t = 190-210
12%. t = 190

* = 374 /, 1,4 *

, .
n (t),

,
: n - t.
. 4,



.

t,
. 4. - ( ) ( )

260

. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

. 4,
t 160 t = 150
n = 120 . ,
,
150 ,
,
t 150
. ,
HF+HNO3+CH3COOH,
Si- , (100) t 40 [11].
. U
,
n , n
t, n(t) n
t , n = 120 t = 150 .
, 100 .
+
n - 1 2
(100) n
Ln

,
, +
n -p
+
- .
n t,

, -

.
J,
- -
, (100) t 150
+
, n -
,
, Si-
.
1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

9.
10.

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

261

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//
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1982. - .151- 189.
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. . . / -
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
16. ., .
// .
/ . . . - .: ,
1982. - .227-293.

INFLUENCE OF CONSTRUCTIONTECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS OF


SILICON SOLAR CELLS ON MINORITY
CHARGE CARRIERS PARAMETERS
IN THEIR BASE CRYSTALS

. . , . . , . . ,
. ., . . , . .
L (Si-),
. L -
Si-.
: , Si,
, , .

M. V. irichenko, R. V. Zaitsev, N. V. Deyneko,


V. R. pach, V. . ntonova, . . Listratenko
The investigated values of lifetime and diffusion length L of minority charge carriers in base crystals of silicon solar cells (Si-SC) according to their various construction-technological solutions are
presented. The optimal construction-technological solution version
for Ukrainian monocrystalline Si-SC was suggested on the basis of
the carried out comparative analysis of received and L values.
Key words: solar cells, Si monocrystals, design, technology, parameters.

28 2006 .

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