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614.

8
.. , . . , . . ., , ,
.. , -. . , , , ,
.. , . .-. , , ,



. ,
,

tr.

.
( 70 [1]) .
, ,
, . ,
.
. , .
, [2-3] , , : ; ;
; ..
[4]
, . ,
,
.
.
, .
[4],


93

. 28, 2010

r = ( pg , V , 2 , ) ,

(1)

: Tpg ; 2 ;

V ; Tpg (max) .
(1) [56]
t r = m0 + m1 x1 + m2 x 2 + m3 x 3 + m4 x 4 + m12 x1 x 2 +
+ m13 x1 x 3 + m14 x1 x 4 + m23 x 2 x 3 + m24 x 2 x 4 +

(2)

+ m34 x 3 x 4 + m123 x1 x 2 x 3 + m124 x1 x 2 x 4 +


+ m134 x1 x 3 x 4 + m234 x 2 x 3 x 4 + m1234 x1 x 2 x 3 x 4 .

: m0 , mi , mi j , mi j c , mi j c s ,
; x i , i = 1,4
, pg , , 2 , V

x1 =

Tpg Tpg ( 0)
Tpg

; x2 =

( 0 )

; x3 =

2 2 ( 0)
2

; x4 =

V V ( 0)
V

, (3)

Tpg ( 0) , ( 0) , 2 (0) , V ( 0) ,
. 1; Tpg , , 2 , V , .
1

Tpg ,

- ,


- x i = 1 x i = 1

x1

1023

250

1273

773

x2

3,5

2,5

x3

40

10

50

30

x4

0,1

0,05

0,15

0,05

xi = 0

Tpg (max)

/3
- V , 3

94

.. , .. , ..

- . 2.
.

x2 x3

x2 x4

x3 x4

x1 x2 x3

x1 x2 x3 x4

x1 x4

-1 -1 -1 -1 1 1,09

-1 -1 -1 -1

-1

-1

-1 -1 0,64

-1

-1 -1 -1

-1 -1

-1

1 -1 5,32

-1 -1

-1

-1 -1 -1

-1 -1

-1 -1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

1 -1 0,80

-1

-1 -1

-1 -1

-1 -1

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1

-1 -1 -1

-1 1 3,4

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1 -1 -1 -1 1,9

-1 -1 -1

-1

-1 -1 -1

10

-1 -1

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1 -1

11

-1

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1

-1

-1 1 5,75

12

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1 -1 -1 3,15

13

-1 -1

-1

-1 -1 -1

-1 -1 1 1,21

14

-1

-1

-1 -1

-1 -1

-1 -1 0,80

15

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1 -1 -1

1 -1 3,95

16

-1 -1 -1 -1

-1

x2 x3 x4

x1 x3

x4

x3

x2

x1

x1 x3 x4

t,
.

x1 x2

x1 x2 x4

2 24

1 2,73
1 0,50

1 -1 1,6
1 0,95

1 2,2

N = 2 m = 16, m = 4.

(4)


1 N
m 0 = t u = 2,25 .
N u =1

(5)

, n- .

95

. 28, 2010

, .
, ,
.. [5],
, n 0 (. 3).
3

tr ,

2,29

tr ,

2,31

2,27 2,19 2,21


10

11

12

2,21 2,26 2,19

2,25

2,18

2,22

2,24

13

14

15

2,21

2,17

2,21

1 n0
t .. = t ..j = 2,227 , n 0 = 15 ,
(6)
n 0 j=1
t .. j (. 3).
[5]
s 2y =

1 15
( t .. j t .. ) 2 = 0,0017 .
.. j=1

(7)

.. = n 0 1 = 14 .

mi =

1 N
x i t u ; i = 1, 4
N u =1 u

1 N
m i j = x i u x ju t u ; i = 1, 3 ; j = i + 1, 4 .
N u =1

96

(8)

(9)

.. , .. , ..

m i jc

1 N
= x i u x ju x cu t u ; i = 1, 3 ; j = i + 1, 4 ; c = j + 1, 4 . (10)
N u =1

m1 = 0,64; m 2 = 1,3; m 3 = 0,404; m 4 = 0,202;


m12 = 0,414; m13 = 0,145 ; m14 = 0,036;
m 23 = 0,283; m 24 = 0,011; m 34 = 0,007;

(11)

m123 = 0,0969; m124 = 0,003; m134 = 0,009;


m 234 = 0,007; m1234 = 0,0204.

.

mi m = t ( 0.05;14) s y = 0,088 ,

(12)

sy

(7);
t(0.05; 14) 5%-

t(0.05; 14)=2.1448.
.1
(11)-(12).

. 1.

,
m14 , m 24 , m 34 , m124 , m134 , m 234 , m1234 . , (2)

97

. 28, 2010

t r = 2,24 0,64 x1 + 1,301 x 2 0,404 x 3 + 0,202 x 4


0,414 x1 x 2 + 0,145 x1 x 3 0,283 x 2 x 3 0,097 x1 x 2 x 3.

(13)

(13) . 2-3 , . 1.

t r , .

t r , .

14

13

14

2
1

13
2

x1
x3

x2
. 2.

(1)
(2): 1 3=1,
4=-1; 2 3=1, 4=1; 3 3=-1, 4=-1; 4
3=-1, 4=1

x4

. 3.


(4)
(3): 1 1=1,
2=-1; 2 1=-1, 2=-1; 3 1=1, 2=1; 4
1=-1, 2=1

. 2 3 , ,

tr.
(13)
.
, , [5], .

F =

98

2
s

s 2..

< F ,

(14)

.. , .. , ..

F [6].
s
2
s
=

1 N
t u t ru
u =1

= 0.0031 ,

(15)

t ru , (13); t u , ; [5]
= N k 1 = 4 .

(16)

(13)
.
, ,
, .
.
,
, . ,
,

tr.

1. .. / .. , .. //
. 2009. 26. . 4961.
2. __ [ ]
// : http://www.jcwiki.ru/ _-_ .
3. .. - / . , 1985. 311 .
4. ..
,

99

. 28, 2010

/ .. , .. , .. //
. 2010. 27. . 8396.
5. .. / .. , .. .: ,
1975, 168 .
6. .. / .. , .. , ..
.: , 1976, 254 .
.. , .. , ..

.
,
. , ,

tr.
. , , , .
Yu.P. Kluchka, V.I Krivtsova, V.G. Borisenko
Time simulation model of heating the container with hydrogen until
itsdestruction.
Based on the theory of experiment planning, the duration model obtained by
heating the container with hydrogen prior to its destruction. Found that variations in
the volume of the container with hydrogen has almost no impact on the destruction of
the cylinder, while the temperature of combustion products and its character changes
make a significant impact on the value of tr.
Keywords: compressed hydrogen cylinder, experiment, factors.

100

.. , .. , ..