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CAPiTULO

20

1 PEDRO

CONTENlDO
por sue fe~Les tecotrftmacpn
E'I1'$U prirneraoarta,

Pedro~~ribJ;t1

los cpisti._a:nosde Asia Mellor queestan sufricndo TreCotdatoriQs de la ~~licla e~peramt.a de salvaeien que p.Ct

dl'i esre m9_clQlo.s temas ela ve de La carts. li<;to.s:.cristiam.ls sen. perun lade, ":estogidas de DrCJs", Di!}!: lesha eseegidepara q'llC:sean~1,iJ ):i.ueblo, para rep.resentarte y mediarsu pres.enci!Lcornovsaeerdotes" ,(.2.~5:.c}""'1 Co'mo.t!iles, 0). him dee seguir 1.:8. demands eseneial dej.pu:cblo de bi~ ell el Antiguo Tes:ramento a ser "!lantascomo }"O :£DiQs] So;y sartto" H:l.§-16}. e.ncarnando; la '~remla de' vida" (tt.I/(lOtPO q..~Ja.ll'ash;upheI~ una palabra clave deatro de 'Ia .cana; cf1U.5. 18; '2'~L. J: I.. 2~ HI: EI verlx> cognado -aparece en I: I}) apropi~d.a p.l'Ifil los esc ogi a es Sil~ ,embargo; per titre ~a.t;1e"estos ()l'iSli~l11.!:fSSOil lambleD "e'x,trsl'Ijeros en el mundo,' (·l; I). P're-cisamenl<e perque sonescogidos por 0 Ios 'i en.la rnedida en que. ivcn como 't-fl,lcs,sc haeeaaerecderes de IIIsorprl?S!iJ. 4:4) '! la hO$Jilidod (4:4; 1:.6; 3: 13-ln d.¢ Jos no .creyentesenl'r~ Quienei5 ( de a
:!i·US' leetores. pre.sell tal1~'p

seen porIa muerte y resurreecicn de- Cristo y les desafiaa que mantel1ga:n las normas miis elevadas deuna vida saataconro testimollio a sus p:ersj;lguidorcs_ A dLe:'oncia de:'Pablo, quieo ,a,melludo cl¢saitou'a ·s.u.SargurtlentOs tr.;b!cgic.osantes 'ocliplicai'los, Pedro· mezc-la imperativee IndIcadve c~~idesde 01eemieneo de la earta, De 'hecho1 aparte de: laatci6n de grncias de 1·:3-9 'j del :pi!lSaj~ de 2~4- J Oenel. que'.He hapla de Jes.frsCDIIlt"l'pjetira 'iU1g:Utar, todt:ls los panafos de J jPedro cowi tnZ an con un mrullIamlcn'lO ,aI que seva tncorpera,1:1do 111moiag1l1 sabre: la matdur pal!l:l fuo.dam.enrado. Se.d.istil'l:gl1ela· hal:Jilwu iTltroduccionepifito:i2lr (1: 1-2) por el medo eo que Pedro a·ltl~

viven, 'fal sufrimiento DQ. ho de sorpre.flderles, (4: 12). ya .queel pueblode Dlos; que.sigue Il'rjesucrislo, su .salvador 'i pal'adigl11.<l,se ve·IlD.o\;sdo asufrir. pur causade lajusri.eia, yalhaef:ll.' \;-~to, di{r·testi.monio. dela glotia, y1bondud de DlQS (2: 19-25;. J:~> 1-5-16.), En'!:esumidas euentas Pedro llama 0. sus l'e{itoreSll mostcarrpiedad b1Ljo presi6rt" CO!iTlO una forma de glorHi.~aT.. 0 ios y de dar testimonio a 110 mundo, hosti L perc rendlenre de a

nl1estra 'c.Qllducta Tras 'la inrrodnecien de: Ia carta 1: l-2 ,.c:1 cuerpo de '1 Pedro ( 1;3 -$:'1'1 )..consra derros ,seOOilll).~S. m:Brcadas por.el USa p.orl'llrtc· de Pedro .de la expresion "amados" (4yo.-iI'ifI"OL ['lgapeilli] "amados"}c:en 2:'11'1 4J2. l:a prim~-a~e(!cio[l·n :3~2: t:O) se cctibi'l: enIes pri"'l~

;teg~o_S\Yie;$p.Qnsabi1'i'd'it6e$, tj,(lC C9nll~'~'ij';$ereJ pJ!lehliD cj:e Ui;ID;S, ¢_drw', i:JtiHm l~ tipJQaJ!cd9J] P ,q~:gJ1ada§ €j'iis-to'lar Cl':$~9i)'p~dj_ esfimillar a sial lect0ti'f~Lr.e...."IJrllilhdO:l.e"S-·;q}'le. con,.Su,_ri');levCJ ':n,q_~!ml'Q-n~p>ih!l-ll ree.ibiqo, Ut!;t espe~3l'J;l"JI :Y1i:~nGCi:a ~qgpry;§" Ilr_sa1va:c-i~g futura: E:!lijga bre\;>e: digre;s i 01L( I d:(h t;QJ",ej,<lPQ:itQI a'¢ctlti1a1 a imp.OJ7tID1ci~ dlf.e~tiit,~salV[i.ti.oQ' m.:tn_tiQ_n~tJdo 'q-uef~e @t;lJ-etb delas p17cd1c:€ioneSi pr'0Teticas 'i que']~s:,propios-;jlhg_cles;arilJei'an,cmtendetla;. L_~ MPQn~a_~!lic;l~:t~s pll;e~I'Q de-'i)iq$":pa~~TlI'~cclt~rq deaterici09~1l. ~:r3~2:~,.d~!1g~ gel , Pemi!l':llanfa a s:a') l¢'ctol't!-$.,:i:lJj1osti;irr "Wfaf-(i)tttla 'de\(j;dll$"l:\flt.i;i~ <II'i;tlti_b':-iid'!:! ~~U' 1!lJ.l:¢,¥,Q :tr~fcil ,mi12fll0' X esfi_itiul_ada J?(-,m~ 'aqtq rOGentSf d_e;&)ios,erl. Ci'rsfo. Aunq de hw ,Si'de 'pr@;Vtsi'a pdT #J~j'@ .. :g 1-a:~_!;)'ngiqg. C.ri%to;,.la, ;ta'lvat::i,6u gue;esperanicstl.l:Q:inie,n"al:gpen d !Qq:tI_I,':;~n cJ:ecrecer 'il,'\:Nl'\'(\'s>ae S.u, :_oi:\nd'llijla: (i:'2)'. BY! hi.¢'0ncl'Lj'~16i:i de 'l...~ta·i$.¢t;:Cii{)f.f( (2:'01.-'1 'ill), P~:titm,Ililillza" l~ .me,tatora ,de Oiisf~ :c(!)m6'~i?J'etlril ~gtil:ar" pani fMor(filra.sIls,~Ieeklres {fiLar eFsu nueva pe'SJ(i9n;~9O;:i!1 pu{!l:ilQ ~te IliQ~~,~c,$.liB~Q!ll,:-a,d~Q'laf:n' ~l~pl:.!~'ls,. sus En aria y,uxfafloSiC'.10ti,q:ueo:upH)ti:i Uts Ijlt;Tal'itils-oe t:'l. (:1 t~ofdatj;j~tQ de')qu~ ::rq~2,IM~ t9r:qS,:SSl[l~1 pueb.~9 -esco,g:ido a~Dios! (f':§~t,O;) ,va.'sffg~icf~j"rimediat.irnent~aJc6mienzo,; 'de UJ, p;r(i):xima !;:t;:e¢iull (:2:: 11=----4~J. ~)','PQr l~:!ldyerten§ia de-que eS\(js ~SOIl·ta·tF!;~'i-e,n· ·le-;'(tra.ni·e~ :r'o;;,y' p.eJiC'J;,if'h10S"-.;.ESla seot-i'on 'es:ra domTtaa'q p-or.la tlehfarttlli dii·;tt,lle Ids· .le.cit9~es:,~~)n~h 'en~,s:er.i'o~ta T€a.~idad($pn- eX1~a!J}er6sy Re[~grir_l'(ni)mostrande ~~ 'isfilo:tfe -md-a,€!i's't-in{6 e Idbl'que. ~}1}:l;te e! lil9'n!'.lQ·'11(;l$'t:~!'~n,qu'~, -~'iv,t;!-n-., per(l atracf:i¥D-J2-: ll-r~:! nil p;~iln-erlyg~ri, ban tie:li'adlrl6med i'llnt& SUo "S-.umiS't(m.:"" la idea,¢ht'Ve :de;.,zn 3--:3: :1...-,,£lfcitU c:f!!'lTtie!'l'ia d'es~e up p.lililto-de iV'~§ta ~ner~l,c0g Ia d,enmnoad'e: g~es~'~lJjetelli:a"todarn:Stfn.i~f6n 'np,!tHihA"r' g :(~,~I ~)j:c.sJl~ii,j:fi":c4Qd9 II ~o!1tiln:uaG~_q)l ?::l_gwllj,Sge $~S ·-~_l)'\!l..t~r_~dtW_~~'\< el',g9bier:n~ C)J~I'a,'W:~ 'dos t05 cr.eYli'ntes)' (2': 1~1-':f'1 Tolhlmos''Cpal'a [!!5s,estlaYQS) (2:].®~25)i y 1tl'$·ttlatimos 0pi;llro )_~_s 'espv*a~)i{3':f--;7t P'OOtQ adapta aHli"ila-fOIDla fiel "c&ai~~ f:lnjilial" neHfttiSta l:~0cir!:tl~ndl;1 if~q$ .lCCt0,fGSt)1)C--$U :(!::~n'\l\ei_'$:_i9:m 'nQ te.$·h~ -et('lI:4jdp qclQ~;,dtgeresque c~rr:esPQ!l';' :de-na esfe miu'tdo. SJh·embafl.go,,'mf¢&oc.bftes,:S0t1 t:fansfofmadbs, P_'Q(- ~1·¢je-mpk}:'de CJ;i's::' .to,:t2.;;2r~jn}:"ntllf el Nryp~0~-it'Q' tales 'd:eb~r~s:OOrtf!~tim9nig:iilll podc/ ¥ '1~bonuM:ae tie
"en ·'cc:mc1u,<;J:Oii','cle' :YS mru:'&aJit,i(l'FtiiiHI. cel'.:tpa d,e:,lase;t;_£,l(mcl._¢e[CIl 'oe: lao sumi_sipQ ~n h,rm!~ 'P-ep_r9Tee~,eI,<A::[l,tq.chJ~ rtW ereyentes '/iU respG:QS<ibilidfrd. (fe, vivlr '.~ ';af.-=. ~lJ,ifdJ1t.:'~'tp cQnlo.sete,y¢D:t¢s, ¢:<;ii!l.Q 't~lljli~¢Q;.~tLJ,aJtr~djdll' ge lw p4S1br~"C'otl' Iq§,q'\1~:09 '·I(1j,s·CfiI (3:;~f:2:~. ',Eli ,ewislid.n ~ti'b!y:adirife d'eJ:'Suffmuei1{ij a.iloI:a:tii'rootam efl"teen 3H3-,17:', P~dro'_s~c~J:l.t~a n'l~ necelij9~aq de,qp_e r~§:erey,ente§ 'r:e.~po~da:l1-a,1aIlQs.ti1_id'aa qt;t~,cs{an e exp¢:rIm~)~JatltiQ COlJ: un t¢stib'l;ilftiQ:nuda'Z 'iI~na ~Qn\l.~ci-a, ~1ta-~ti}':{I.C~m_q'~~li~lc:e en ' I p'edFQ,. esfit.·.d€nlan(ia Clc.,ufia,.·coild~uola ,cwre-tt'ae-sta ·vnlc.i:uada a Otrop:asaje b'dstQlogi@f) fl: 18-=22U_, La-i:!1~Cl;HrC?:la;.¢j.(}1;1 ge·es.tbs ve!,~cuI92 ,§e'c-ue~ti'~'I1~o.n. vehemencia; a.J'g:uno§ c eti\tliit.Q:s (;1;¢,"¢,t,( q-u_erecjrill,cl~¢_iIil;re Ui:j'ui' \!In ..tl~s:c~ns;rj~,· gi!;, Cli~.:t9fj.J Had~~~)~~Q:s'4: 'mAerte, yo .re~ITecGJ6n pam. pr'edicara 1o-s;-mucrlos, 1 tni.entraS ,q L1,€'alfds p'i'etfs'afi,~iJ¢_Pedto de:st;fri~ 'be {liJ',Cr!!itg _R!:e'''1l!1~-a:rHagl'J'W.cdi'9:a1;1d9';eJ'~'l-apgt;ij_o !PQ'F l,1'J.€dJo:dc Nof:,.P, ~j;ruembaT:go.,ila.' '-Wfc [l'Urrtl;1',¥c vRI.v. si::lj~Zt~ [1'hf)~J_1ir en' TO's pdiwr¢$11g1Q-S,~.c hi i'g:1i,§iii. . ~' ~V<irI~~P\7:Si:aTip'i:jrit~ti!)tJ, jje_W~¢,!A, ,Gtu,d~liJ;f-t~t:_'Pjf;~(1i;_fii,~pii'rf'P(jlt:1'., J,li; T!Yfit ;(B~.aQdr'R~pi.~~~

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r;~n.l!1j'iji1'!i, J9&1:\:). 03'-!9:. mI1tbi\~1'\\'Jobn S, Fehrbcrg.,"'J Peter }:1 R-=-l(C):AncienN' •. y.[ho:!ogy and. tfl.c:lnteF' 2 f

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pon~abllidades 'con t1n~'bl,i~a 1)1otivacion y-a-peJa:a 'los a'emas riiierrrb(os;ae la,iJIDmuniija~r {p, lilts. ·'jiYve:tW~"'),:!t-§1J.jetal1ie J:!;i I1dltl'tlZg_o,.~~! c,~eqm del~,cartl}O:Q"l'e'11~X:~ceuuna ~!;. tml;} exho-:rtttc]'Qtir:a: ~:o-s ~e1;m,r.es a s~t fueJ;t~s an(¢. ts 'pp:p'sie:1P:a ''1,a· cncetne-trda($t-q:<1tfi't:He~ ta111enrecu"DiijS' (5:7L'1 I}. LllQ'?spedid'!t ~~)a <?J;l(Uj_ &,$;,12-1-4). el1ctp:f:la,a 9gs~de lo~"Grunp~€:ro.s;& P-e9tQ~ S;iI~ m (1. V.;l'iJ.'{) (6 S:i ias) q lliett ,l'tabf;i:-a_yu_~doc'e0n.l<lre;~c:oi6n'd.e li't~IG1irt34.'-y'i~'!M~t~t\&~1ffittJ.:Sti11t'e: s.a'I,ud'2l' 4~~,art¢'de "la qu~,e~:tii;en -B':i(oildli,i11" (pr01;)a'~1~tjlente: Faig~iSja,ae,R,om;r)..

.La t,efC~r~Aleooi~ll i'~IL\-j,~,ltfa d}l!9II:'mo~0, un t,m1.tQ,:ihftJPt9,c:on ltq-au)l:illule~11aq_6n, i\b1:fe:a de la resp,i!J.l$ta-i;ililt¢Cta: de,], Q'reyente aotq,;¢1 :au:t'iirriie·f1Jtt:C4': J,9.-1,Q9" 1=11'J,]}~t;i.1(:)~"\l:@'~ l sleulo del piFI'llf9-T.ep:iltr la (itinanda ctii\le d'e Pedr&: Ius cr::ishat1& bail ne 'sLtf-rir "confuTe' me fj l~ vco:lllnt(rc;ld:e,.Di"Q§;;',; han de enc€lq:Ietld!ll'~e,·,a' "su tle;[_CFc,adpr!':F'Y Se'gwr"~'hfl:0iendo el1jieit"~; En 5;tLS; Perna,exhfitta: a lo.s dirig-entes: do ,la;~c,dn)unidatl:es.'a. e:j'e,tcerSlilS ~"

para ipfoelama:r a GnsrQc0'tn;0iaqp.el qve'll'a, venciilrr a'losperverso--s IJoo<ifes'd'e'-las tin.ie~ ~l!l~iy."~~ pr9:C!<}mad.~ ~J:I"vi'l¥t{!da:'3li~~a in'erpl'cUlc-~QJ_l_e'fl~llj~~icn ell ~l'G'9flt-;;x'ti:),'Q1;I~tl?; ~ue Pe'dt:bfundaroenta s:ullamado Ii hiS' c.tey"el1t¢$ a fj;Q,tl!,i1_¢ll tl1,i,¢do.:;r;ie p(;!l's;egtJ;iaot¢s: ~,u~ (B:: 14'1 en'e,l tecohlai6ri(j ae~~, IticlLiso hi~ ,sere-& espiriruales maJiguos, na~l ,s-Mocon:" g!,!:i'StJ:KIl;fs;PPX t;rl'~$.p, La §1:egJ,lDua Se'C'e,h'j~JllPt;!n"'ig:<!,1 cmncluyc, Q\\IU0tl:() llUJll;A:ql-ic:9W.:<ivn, es:t:iTdde 'Vii~ diS'tilit,i"i"tl-(4,;1:-6) y b 'uM,seri~ deex:tft.lf:f.ta:¢jQ~!.i'$,:gyjjeJa·l¢s:~/'l.ttg_tne:tita'daS' enla cercanJa'(l(Wfitllrl:k:]~'! Jr. .-

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G{frtlQ:lra, p,aesto de ttH.iev.e'este:Jite:vec:Oli!i_P'ebdio'd€h::_G.:ritW1i·d~, I'Q: que'i\):ca_sI\)1l0' L P¢¢lf6: rUC!una ;S_1hJ1ie.jOnde,~u:fiimi'.en'io. Perot.collaT era Ia rt,jtu'mi:leza '6~ada'de cs{C siJ.fif:nj_ieh.~: 'I'J)',? '1\ IjIl!'i.):l.¢ el prQ~~)1111' 'S!,!-pyai}J;": X~~tJI';~;n~~t;I,t.een~da'v¥I'i,si;",,9:!9 .de la GC;lrt~':~e'_4ro",s'e: P mente-de "diver~a$' pruebas'
fmni¢ti.!iO .en;_~I;-~J ,(<VV. Ji4. t1;):p:er~ ~JTlbi6~1:haFI.a, c'out>.-reWnent!:J'

fe:fi:ete di(edtah'lente.;a I 's,ttfti.ii1Ten:fo de:@'l:s le:et:QteS, en we's, texJ'QS. Eti,1 :6~ nabIa ,Siil,fpI_e<A_PEeIlGemOs' rnuC'i!,0 mits fie.::',,: ~ 3~ 17:.~ ue'Ill1~:Jlci()na el.su-. ge':a:ql-l¢'i fQ'sq»~ '~Bi~ famful",a los creye-rties (¥. 1.:6.;ot ,tatiibTen','J4+S:y. Po'," t'iltb.n(l,.;~b4a2-1'~"re-tlf.o·callfilij).'eL , ~\.l_IDmicntqque·e~geiirti,erifrm sus.leetores .de "fue'~9 :de;prueba" (v. 12); na.bfa desu partj'olpa<;;i,&:ten 19S 'Su{r.b;tJje,ntQ§ ~e;Cris't~ 'v. U}; Y~4giere que eSI4a ~u;(tieflqo:'P51J' H~y~r. el,rimnbrre ae!'~'ctist'iaiios1'1 (Vv: .r4' y 16J:, 13sf,as a Ios:tQnes ;,parecen: un ~Jar,b'hldic:ati:vpde que: el',~u(iill~-ieQtIilque'estri9a1J-;,e-X:pe~i-i1'te-T<ltand0 estes CI::e~ent.es 00 eraudas-prnebas.ee-. m1.ln~ !!Jj!Ja¥i:!ia Q.~'~~ '-d,iil~t~p_:f~,f,ri:iedl!p~,p(;l,Qi'~~~" etc.)~; sJnq a~:ma. ±9.rm~,~~ lOClI,l8'&@ p:er:g'ecllci'oti.. lSi p:udie:tamu'S;'ideritificat ,nHis eXacfan1'C;nte,est'iiper-s:ee,ui.t)'ofl;, es,'tarf amos e.ft: 1pejQ_F0s'Gondi_oIpm::-s de entender La cam :¥:sifuarla,~n' su .esoenario: 11,ist6Hco. e~'~ei,l'i,fieo;
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SimliciRie \cL G~swoltb'di! A:iibfemeier, p6demG"s,{l;~iIDiier las, P~:~ib.il1daut;fs '.IJttjarr¢'$ten,@p.q.~~entq~ es.enci¥h:s: cUJ1U p~rsecu'ci6n @fiuial'·g¢eraJ, IUI).a'petsecuCi6n bjldililocal. ,(,) nl:$-p:¢.r:se;:®t~ll!i,~qLe~ttwJkt@,-i,La ~f~retl~ci1t'de ~~_Q a YLl,€sfrQs, ;:pe~n~,en-t(}~Q el rnundo" que estan e*p~rltmen'taridl?l'los'ri1j,sll'ibS' su~i}iiiillentos que Su.ltj:eoti)re~, (£:9) It:a 'h~'(;h(rlil\l:~p:wo:h(l~'~~~:i10s'de l,pa'tmdl! se 1I!c1)11SQ :p~@r primerIDoecion. Sin €inoartfP! ,1~s> la tlres' ptibpb'1qle~ p"(jRiQ.i!i.aadl~SJ:I\!'·,tltl p:efse~!4'\?iQnt'g~n~@I:y()~l;*~d ------qajQel maIRfatq c;i,e'Ner:6~en 64-,;&5,':baj,~JD0hlrci5niIJ c.it'9lJ:.--95~yTbaj@ najan{jefi,g7q:lY~haJ1"de s&' re¢ba.zaaas.por'fa,lta ;g:~ W\le.h~ss6ij~ _d~ :qlle-~s~r§~),Ic'i9~ ; ~e ~llbjemn extel1~jaOpl')r rodo.el fin.periO. Mas l3:fm!0tiva,,~ mebff$, 'ip:fcl,ahn¢;Pt~;, p$ la p,6si:~j 11LUiQ'~d~gJ;le .1~Qtort'!~:cj,1< P!;tg.r9-,,_~tgvi e..1,9;; tia:n'l'3'llfi:j:ena6.aa persecuc'iol'l,.q,ue s'tifnenciona ~fiiHa,t:ijrre~imdeliCHr~njic PH'j;ho: ef J!\5Y'eIFy e] :grn~l"d_qbrTwja.IlO',qu:~ HlYP' 11lg<:l;C a'prqxim~~TIente let.! O1auo 1 EO, Plinio fiabfillsid6~.cri~ V:i.a~:0 aBHinU(~uhll d~jas ~t-Qvit;ieias~IDI~P)lI·¢(,"$!·~fl ~ cLqnka~IiP(.,:nt0:de L::l~~Pr.ql.p~rwcolm@r una:'d~sastiBsa s:rfi.ta~r6n aiJrmri,j.st.raflv3" ,,£iriSHen.na;, BlirtlO'~se refiertta',la pet1ie¢"L:ic,t'6n, ,~~ ~0~'~Jl$tiaJilW,~Y'J?i€lf:e911s~i9, ~l'omperadQ'~F~:p€C\9.,a:Ja p~n:ti~ general 'I, ,d:imGtri6:es es-

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