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M900/M1800 GSM SYSTEM

BTS

HUAWEI

Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Copyright (C) 2001-2002 by Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


All Rights Reserved
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
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HUAWEI(R), NS(R),

(R)

, C&C08(R), EAST8000(R), HONET(R), ViewPoint(R), INtess(R),

ETS(R), DMC(R), SBS(R), TELLIN(R), InfoLink(R), Netkey(R), Quidway(R), SYNLOCK(R),


M900/M1800TM and RadiumTM are registered trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co.,
Ltd.

Notice
Every effort was made to ensure that the information in this document was complete and
accurate at the time of printing. However, information is subject to change.
II

:
1 ....................................................................................................................5

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5

....................................................................................................................5
........................................................................................6
............................................................................................10
...........................................................................................................11
...............................................................................12

2 ........................................................................................13

2.1 ..................................................................................................................................13
2.2 .........................................................................17
2.2.1 / (TMU).............................................17
2.2.2 (Time distributing unit - TDU) ....................20
2.2.3 (Transceiver unit -TRX) ..................................................22
2.2.4 (TEU)...................................................................27
2.2.5 (Transmission extension power
supply unit - TES) .................................................................................................................29
2.2.6 (Fan monitoring unit - FMU) ................................31
2.3 ..................................................................................................32
2.3.1 ...........................................................................................................................32
2.3.2 ........................................................................34
2.3.3 ............................................................................35
2.3.4 (Power monitoring unit - PMU)......................40
2.4 (CDU) - ...........................................................41
2.4.1 .......................................................................................................................42
2.4.2 ..........................................................................................................................43
2.4.3 (lightning arrester)...........................................................43
2.4.4 (Combiner and Divider Unit - CDU) ............................................44
2.4.5 () ....................................................................................45
2.5 ..............................................................................46
2.5.1 ....................................................................47
2.5.2 ............................................................................................47
2.5.3 .............................................................47
2.5.4 ...........................................................................................................................48
3 ..............................................................49

3.1 ..................................................................................49
3.2 ...................................................................50
3.3 .....................................................53
3.3.1 ..........................................................................54
3.3.2 ...............................................56
3.4 ..............................................................57
3.5 (TECP) ..............................................58
3.6 (RTECP) .........59
3.7 (LMTP) ..........................................61
4 ......................................................................................................63
1

4.1 ................................................................................................................ 63
4.2 A-bis ............................................................................................................... 63
4.2.1 ........................................................................................................ 63
4.2.2 ................................................................................................. 68
4.2.3 ............................................................................................. 69
4.2.4 3 ........................................................................ 70
4.2.5 3 ...................................................... 74
4.3 Um .................................................................................................................. 76
4.3.1 ........................................................................................................ 76
4.3.2 ................................................................................ 77
4.3.3 ................................................................................................. 77
4.3.4 ............................................................................................ 82
4.3.5 3................................................................................................................... 85
5 BTS M900/M1800............................................................................89

5.1 .................................................................................................................. 89
5.1.1 E1 .................................... 89
5.1.2 SDH................................. 91
5.1.3 PON ................................... 92
5.2 ................................................................. 94
5.2.1 ......................................................................... 94
5.2.2 ............................................................................................... 94
5.2.3 ............................................................... 95
5.2.4 ................................................................................................... 95
5.2.5 ........................................................................................... 95
5.2.6 ........................................................................................... 95
5.3 ....................................................................................... 96
5.3.1 .............................................................................. 96
5.3.2 .................................................................. 97
5.4 ................................................................................................ 97
5.4.1 ........................................................................ 97
5.4.2 .......................................................... 98
5.4.3 .................................................................... 99
5.4.4 TRX ....................................................................................... 99
5.5 ......................................................................................... 100
5.5.1 .................................................................... 100
5.5.2 A-bis- ............................................................................ 101
5.5.3 ............................................................................ 102
5.5.4 ................................................................................... 103
5.5.5 ......................................................................................... 104
5.5.6. ................................................................ 104
5.5.7 ................................................................................... 106
5.5.8 BTS ................................................................................................. 107
5.5.9 ....................................................................... 108
5.5.10 .................................................................................................... 108
6 .............................................................................................110

6.1 .......................................................................... 110


6.1.1 .......................................................................................... 110
6.1.2 ........................................................................................................ 110
6.1.3 ....................................................... 110
2

6.1.4 ..............................................................................................................110
6.1.5 ...................................................................................................................111
6.1.6 .............................................................................................................................111
6.2 .........................................................................................111
6.2.1 ..................................................................112
6.2.2 ..........................................114
7 ......................... 118

7.1 ........................................................................118
7.1.1 ..................................................118
7.1.2 ........................................................................118
7.1.3 ..................................................................................119
7.1.4 .........................120
7.1.5 ........................................................................120
7.1.6
...................................................................................................................................121
7.2 ..................................................................................121
7.2.1 ..................................................121
7.2.2 ................................................................................................122
7.2.3 .................................................................................................................122
7.2.4 ...................................................122
7.3 ......................................................................................123
7.3.1 .................................................123
7.3.2 ...................................124
7.4 ............................................................................................................125
7.4.1 BTS ........................................................125
7.4.2 ........................................................................................................126
7.5 - .........................................................................126
7.5.1 - ........................................................................126
7.5.2 ...................126
8 ................................................................127

8.1 ..................................................................................................127
8.1.1 .....................................................127
8.1.4 ..................................................129
8.1.5 ..........................................................129
8.2 .................................................................................129
8.2.1 S2/2/2...............................................................................................129
8.2.2 O3......................................................................................131

1
1.1
(Base transceiver station BTS)
, (BSS).
, BTS GSM, 1-1:
Um interface

Other MSC/VLR

TUP / ISUP

PSTN
ISDN
PSPDN

M900/M1800 BSC

MS

A-interface

M900 BTS

M900/M1800 MSC/VLR
MAP

MAP

X.25/ LAN
M1800 BTS

M900 BTS
M900 BTS

M SC :
H LR :
A U C :
V LR :
V M :
O M C :

HLR/AUC/EIR
OMC

SMC&VM

B SC :
B TS:
M S:
EIR :
SM C :

1-1 BTS GSM

. 1-1, BTS ,

BSC.
BTS (
,
Um), ( BTS
BSC Abis).
BTS ,
1 2,
3 .
, BTS :
5

BSC


1.2
1.2.1
BTS GSM M900/M1800 3
: , (TRX) -
. 1-2.
BTS M900/M1800 /
(Timing / Transmission and Management Unit (TMU) ),
(transceiver unit (TRX)), (combiner and
divider unit (CDU)), (transmission extension unit (TEU)),
(power supply unit (PSU)), (power
monitoring unit (PMU)).
BTS M900/M1800 ,
( , RF-,
),
(carrier), TRX.
, ,
,
.

1-2 BTS

1.2.2
BTS
, 1-3,
, BTS.
BTS :
, Um- (
),
TRX.
:
(radio resource management (RR)),
() Abis- (Abis-interface link
layer protocol (LAPD)), Abis-,
Um- (Um interface link layer protocol
(LAPDm)) ..,
TRX.
:
BTS, ,
, ,
, Abis-,
-,
TMU.
, BTS
BTS.

1-3 BTS

1.2.3
1)
BTS M900/M1800 IEC297
19- :
* * = 1600 * 600 * 450
1424 (U ).
1-4.

1-4 BTS

2)
19- .

.

.
.

.


.
.
8

3)
:
, , .

CDU, SCU, TRX, TMU, PSU, PMU TEU ( ).
TMU TEU (
8).
1-5,
( 3 (2/2/2)).
CDU. , ,
2 1 4 (
) 1 8 .
SCU, 41 .
TRX ,

.
TMU BTS,
.
TEU , BTS
TMU.

BTS BSC , SDH, PON xDSL.
TES TEU.
PSU , PMU
.
TDU ( )
.
.
,

(FMU).
.
:
CDU:
TRX:
PMU:
TMU:
TES:
PSU:
TEU:
TDU:
Switch box:
Fan box:
Air box:




/
TEU




TDU
SWITCH BOX

CDU

CDU

CDU

TX

TX

TX

RX

TX

RX

RX

TX

RX

RX

TX

RX

TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX TRX


FAN BOX

P P

TTTT

S M

MMEE

U U

UUSU

AIR BOX

1-5 ( ) .

1.3
BTS M900/M1800
Huawei .

.
BTS M900/M1800:

10

900M 1800M.
900 1800
- 40.
(E1, SDH, PON, xDSL
. .), ,
.
: , ,
( SDH).
8
E1.
Abis 15:1,
15 TRX ()
E1.
:
: 118TRX; :
1+118+18TRX;

:
1+1+118+18+18TRX. 4
.
(
1187), (
165 ).
, 3
: 220 /-48 /24
.
,
- ,
.
:
, .

1.4
M900/M1800 BTS :
GSM GSM900 GSM1800
LAPDm, PHASE I/PHASE II/II+

, Phase-I/Phase-II
, :
,
.
, ,

-

(timing advance TA)
11



,
CAMEL Phase II/II+

:

/ A5/1, A5/2.
GPRS


,
MS
(
)




,
(cell layering), (concentric
circles) .
,

,
,

, .

BTS
,
, TRX.
,
.
(triplex tower-top)

,
,


GSM05.05

1.5
BTS, ,
900 1800 .
,
12

, Huawei
BTS:
BTS
12 TRX.
BTS
,
,
.
Huawei,
GSM. BTS
BTS.
BTS
,
.
, ,
( ).
BTS
BTS
, , ,
, , ..
,
. :
;
, ;
,
, ;
, , ( ,
, ),
, ..,
.
TRX
BTS .

2
2.1
M900/M1800 GSM, M900/M1800 BTS
GSM .
(MS) Um-, Abis (BSC).
M900/M1800 BTS 2-1:

13

. 2-1 M900/M1800 BTS

M900/M1800 BTS ( ),
- . ,
:
1.

/ (TMU),
(TDU), (TEU),
(TES),
(FMU), (PSU),
(PMU),
(SWITCH BOX), (FAN BOX)
(AIR BOX). :
1) / (TMU)

/ (TMU)
M900/M1800 BTS, .
(BIU),
(MCK),
(OMU), -.
BIU E1 Abis-

/
,

E1, - .
TMU 4 E1. BTS30
2 TMU, 8 E1;
MCK
. BTS30 TMU

14

( MCK)
/ ;
OMU . OMU
BSC .

BTS, , ,
, , ,
, ..;
- (MMI) OMU
RS232 .
BSC BTS (BSC base
station maintenance - BTSM).
, BTS,
, ,
.
BTS,
.
2) (Time distributing unit - TDU)
TDU -
BTS.
.
3) (Transmission extension unit - TEU)
TEU
BTS. BTS
Abis- , SDH, PON
xDSL.
4) (TES)
TES TEU,
TEU TMU.
5) (FMU)
FMU (FAN BOX)
.
6) (PSU)
PSU BTS ,
-
(DC/DC),
BTS 220 48 .
15

7) (PMU)
PMU 24
8 (
),
.
8) (SWITCH BOX)
SWITCH BOX .

, .
9) (AIR BOX)
BTS
.
2.
M900/M1800 BTS .
(
, RF, ),

- TRX. TRX
: (base band signal processing unit
- TBU) (radio frequency signal processing unit - RPU).
1) TBU
TBU Um,
, (interweaving), , GMSK ( ),
, (intermediate frequency sampling),
(self-adaptation balancing),
(branched reception combination), ,
, BTS ,
(,
BTS ).
2) (RPU)
RPU (transmitting
activation and frequency combination unit - TDP), (PAU),
(reception unit RCU). -
, GMSK-, ,
, .
16

3. -
- , (combiner and
divider unit - CDU), (tower amplification unit)
(low consumption transmission cables).
,
.

2.2
2.2.1 / (TMU)
1.
TMU M900/M1800 BTS. - BTS,
Abis- .
:

BTS BSC

,
;
BTS , ;
-
, ,
BTS (base station
maintenance station) BTS (base
station terminal maintenance station) BTS,
, , ,
,
;

BTS ;
,
; ;

TMU.
, TMU
. BTS
( , ),
TMU ( 4
E1). 4 E1 , 2 TMU,
8 1.

17

2.

TMU
BIU
BSC

Abis

BIU

MMI

OMU

DBUS

CBUS

EAC

MCK

TDU

MCK

2-2 TMU

TMU 2-2,
( ):
1) (Base station interface unit - BIU)
BIU NRZ (
) HDB3 ( E1),
HW
. BIU
1 (
),

.
. ,
( E1
BSC), (free oscillating
mode)
. OMU .
BIU 4 E1. BIU
TMU, .
8 E1
. E1 BIU
BSC BTS ,
, , .

18

2) (Operation and maintenance


module OMU)
OMU
TMU. BIU
MCK. , .
BTS
(TRX, CDU, PMU, TES, ..)
. BTS
, ,
.
PC.
Flash- OMU BTS.
, , , ,
. , OMU
(, BSC) .
BTS, BSC
(OML) BTS , OMU.
OMU BTS ,
, .
3) (Main clock module - MCK)
MCK (oven controlled crystal
oscillator - OCXO), 3A,
.
(free oscillating mode)
(software phase lock mode).
SREF, 5x10-8. ,
FCLK,
, 1/8 (the one eighth bit clock) OBCLK,
(the frame Number) FN. ,
MCK
TMU,
BTS, .
,
OMU.
4) (External alarm collection - EAC)
EAC 8
: , ,
, ,
, (/),
(/) .
16 8 .
OMU.

19

3.

Abis-: TMU 4 E1.


TMU 8 E1 BSC
BTS ( BTS
BSS).
DBUS: 32-
() .
TMU TRX
, .
TRX 10,
.
CBUS: ,
TMU
TMU, TMU TRX, CDU, PMU TES,
BTS ( TMU) ,
TMU
(environment alarm boxes). . . 2-1.
: (
FCLK, OBCLK FN,
TRX ,
SREF,
(radio frequency processing unit).
EAC: 24 , 8
8 . 8

, 16 , 8 8

.
- (MMI):

PC,
BTS.

2,

G.703,

E1
.
4.

280233; - +26,
15.
2.2.2 (Time distributing unit - TDU)
1.
TMU, ,
, BTS.
BTS, SREF, OBCLK, FCLK, FN TMU
20

(master cabinet) (major cabinet group).



(
TDU), TRX
TDU
- BTS ,
.
2.
TDU:
1) ,

RS485, TDU ,
(master) TMU (master cabinet)
(slave) ( 2-3). TDU
. ,
TRX . TDU
(matching head).

2-3

2) E1
TMU 4 E1. TMU
8 E1. E1 TMU
21

, TDU
, BTS BSC (BSC dual twisted strands).
3)
9 15 , 8
, 8
, TMU
TDU ( 2.5
).

TDU
PMU .
4)
,
DATA_BUS (DBUS1, DBUS2),
CONTROL_BUS (CBUS1, CBUS2, CBUS3)
(hopping buses) FH_BUS. TDU
,
(common resource backplane) CMB,
TRX (TRX backplane) TRB TDU
() . TDU
.

2.2.3 (Transceiver unit -TRX)


1.
TRX BTS. TMU
,
. Um-
(uplink) TRX
( CDU), ,
, (
BSC). (downlink)
TRX CDU
. TRX TBU RPU.

2.
TRX 2-4.

22

DBUS

FH _BUS

CBUS

TDP
SCP

DSP

PAU

CUI
RCU



TBU

RPU

. 2-4 TRX

1) (Base band signal processing unit - TBU)


TBU (signaling processing unit -SCP),
(digital signal processing unit - DSP),
(carrier unit interface - CUI).
GSM
, TRX
. TRX ,
.
2) (SCP)
SCP BTS,
() LAPDm
(MS), LAPD BSC,
DCL OMU,
. , SCP DSP
TRX.
3) (DSP)
DSP : /,
, (interleaving) (antiinterleaving) / / BSC
(transcoder & rate adaptation unit - TRAU). ,
MS, SCP, SCP
/ . ,

23

( - CUI)
RPU.
4) (CUI)
CUI DSP RPU.
TBU (baseband hopping
TRX),
(
(radio hopping mode),
(non-hopping mode), RPU
TRX). CUI (samples)
RPU, DSP
.
5)
TRX TMU .
, .
(frame clock), OBCLK,
(frame number). TRX
, (/)
,

() TRX.
6) (Radio frequency signal processing unit - RPU)
RPU : RCU, TDP, PAU:
(RCU)
RCU (diversity reception).
,
, (diversity) .
,
, , (
), .
, .

(diversity gain) 3~5,
.
(lower level
frequency conversion circuits).
(frequency mixer),

(intermediate frequency signal) ,

24

, TBU
.
(Transmission activation and frequency
synthesizing unit - TDP)
: (transmission activation),
(frequency synthesizer) (loop
testing).
(Transmission activation)
.
I Q TBU (orthogonal
modulator), , ,
. .
, (power amplifier unit - PAU)
(APC)
. TDP
.
(static power control)

. (dynamic power control)
.
7 ( 0 6),
2, 0
46. 16
( 0 15), 2. ,

,
. ,

, (idle channel)
.
3dB, .

TRX.
,
(upward)
(downward) ,
(sending base oscillator), (receiving base
oscillator)
(loop testing base oscillator).
, (hopping loop
switchover).
(Loop testing)
TRX.
(power amplifier) ,
(receiving frequency band),

25

.
TRX.
7) (Power amplifier unit - PAU)
PAU .
- 46dBm.
:
:
85,

( TBU), .

(standing wave):
2,5 (
TBU).
3. TRX
TRX :

CBUS: TRX TMU; TMU


TRX.
DBUS: TRX TMU
Abis-.
, SCP
, DSP DBUS.
(Clock bus): TDU
(frame clock), OBCLK
(frame number), ,
TBU.
(Hopping bus):
TRX
TBU (baseband hopping).
(Radio interface): TRX
( ).
TRX (CDU).
: 4
, : ,
SCP, DSP .

4.
TRX +26,
150.

26

2.2.4 (TEU)
1.


GSM .

.
,
E1, SDH
.
.
BTS M900/M1800 .

SDH 155M
PON, xDSL.
, (transmission extension
unit - TEU) ,
.
.
SDH ASU
SDH 155C Huawei, PON - PAT,
Huawei.
2. ASU
1)
ASU ASIC Huawei,


. ,
SDH: STM-1, 8
E1, - ,
, ,

RS232,
Ethernet. ASU E1 .
(, GSM DDN
),
.
SDH, .
GSM ,
64/
E1,
.
2)

27

ASU SDH SDH


STM1. SBS
155/622 Huawei, ,
, 2M, ,
, .
(TM),
/ (ADM) (REG).
, , -.
SBS155/622H SBS155/622B
, , -,

( - ).
3)
ASU :
: 2 ( : SC/PC)
2M: 4~8 (E1/T1)
: 1
Ethernet: 1
RS232 (-): 1
: Ethernet/RS232
3. PAT
1)
PAT :

;
- -
,
, / 1 4 2M,
;
E1,
19.2/,
, ,
;
;
;
E1
2M.
.
2)
PAT
2-5:
28

2-5 PAT

3) :
(Optical processing unit)
- ,
,
(laser switch-off control functions);
(Tributary unit)
/ 1 4- 2M,
, E1,
.
(Order-wire phone unit)
, (off-hook
detection) .
(main control unit)
(logic control unit) .
2.2.5 (Transmission
extension power supply unit - TES)
1.
TES TEU
. TES TEU
+5, -5, .
TES TEU, TES TMU.
TEU TMU.
29

2.
TES :
()
+5 5.
TMU .
;
75/25 .
3.
TES 2-6:
+26

1- +5
2- +5
5

TEU 1
TEU 2
TEU

. TMU
. TEU

2-6 TES


TES ,
DC/DC
.
+24 +5 -5V;
+24
75, .
,
75, 40A, 25.
:
2-6 , TES TEU.
, M900/ M1800 BTS 6 TRX
TEU, 12 TRX 2 TEU.

(communication module)
TES TMU, TES TEU, TMU
TES .

30

TES TMU
RS485. TES TMU CBUS CBUS3
. TES TEU
-, TTL.

TES : ,
TMU , TEU
. TMU
TEU.
TES TMU / .
CBUS -.
4.
280 233,
.
2.2.6 (Fan monitoring unit - FMU)
1.
-
, .

:
, (
, ,
),
(, ), ,
, .
FMU.
FMU
.
FMU .
2.
FMU:
1)
,
.
2)
.

31

(
).
3)
: .
.

. , FMU
PMU 0.
3.
FMU : 24;
;
( 0
).

2.3
2.3.1
BTS M900/M1800
+26 . ,
, (lightning arrestor)
.
, ,

(AC/DC)
(DC/DC). AC/DC
. , PSU
AC/DC DC/DC.
BTS M900/M1800
. ,
,
. , ,

. ,
,
.
TMU ,
,
.

:
220 (220VAC)
32

BTS,
, AC/DC (
) ;
48 (-48VDC)
BTS 48,
DC/DC ( );
+24 (+24VDC)
AC/DC DC/D
.
AC EMI DC EMI,
BTS.
220 48 .
M900/M1800 BTS:
, 220VAC, -48VDC +24V,

. , PSU 26

, .
(
)
. ,
,
.
2-7:
220

48

+24

AC/DC
PMU

AC/DC
(DC/DC)

(DC/DC)

AC/DC
(DC/DC)

AC/DC
(DC/DC)

26

2-7 BTS M900/M1800


33

2.3.2
1. 220 ( AC/DC)
(
) 220

.
. : 220, -48 26.
AC/DC 48 .
AC/DC
( , 6 TRX), 4
AC/DC(26/25A) ( 3:1)
2600. 285233(6U)60.5(12E).
AC/DC 2-8 ( ,
2-7, ):
AC A1441Z

220

PSU

PSU

PSU

PSU

PMU

26

2-8 AC/DC

2. 48 ( DC/DC)
DC/DC 48
220 AC/DC (
). 220 .
(6 TRX) 4 DC/DC (26/25A) (
3:1),
2600. , AC/DC
285 233(6U) 60.5(12E). DC/DC
BTS 2-9:

34

48

PSU

PSU

PSU

PSU

PMU

26


2-9 DC/DC

2.3.3
1.

(AC input anti-lightning power distribution unit) A1441Z.
,
. ,


. ,
.
- 63A, 16A .
3- BTS M900/M1800.
1)
: ,
/ ( ,
).
: AC 150~285/45~65
: 63A
2)
: (3- )
: AC 150~285/45~65
: 16A
3) /
: 1453
35

,
: 1553VAC
: 2853VAC
,
: 2653VAC
4)
: 40kA,
8/20
: 20kA,
8/20.
5) : = 495420225
6) : 24
2. AC/DC
BTS M900/M1800, AC/DC DC/DC
.
AC/DC:
: -5~50 0
: -40~70 0
: 70~106
: 90%
: 150~280VAC/45~65Hz
: 145
5VAC
,
: 1655VAC
: 2905VAC
,
: 2805VAC
: 20.0~29.0

: 26.80.2VDC
: 28.30.2VDC
: 30.50.5

: 25A
: 271A
: 1%
: 0.5%
: 0. 1%

: 2.0
(3.4 ~150 )
50
(0.15~30 )
20
(0~20 ): 200
3.4~150 5
36

150 ~200 3
200 ~500 2
500 ~30 1
: 87%

: 200
25%~50%~25%
50%~75%~59%
: 5%
/ : 5%
: 8s

2-1

~1500 50

30A

10M

~3000 50

30A

10M

~500 50

30A

10M

. :
: 500
: 90%
: 70k ~ 106k

(Mean time between failure - MTBF)


. MTBF 3104
.
,

37

2-2

EN60950
IEC297
IEC417, IEC73
EN55022 B
EN61000-4-2 Level 3
EN61000-4-3 Level 2
EN61000-4-4 Level 2
EN61000-4-8 Level 2
EN61000-4-11
EN61000-3-2 A
EN61000-3-3
IEC60068-2-6
IEC60068-2-27
ETS300019-1-2
ETS300019-1-1
ETS300019 CLASS3.1

3. DC/DC
: -5~50 0
: -40~700
: 70~106
: 90%
: -40~ -60VDC
: -36.51VDC
,
: -38.51VDC
: -611VDC
,
: -601VDC
: 26.8VDC0.2VDC
,
: 30.50.5VDC
: 25A
: 271A
: 1%
: 0.5%
: 0. 1%

2
38

(3,4~30M)
20
100

3.4-150
5
150-200
3
200-500
2
0.5-30M
1
: 86%

: 200
50%~75%~59%
: 5%
: 8s

2-3

500VAC

30A

10M

1000VAC

30A

10M

500VAC

30A

10M

. :
: 500
: 90%
: 70k ~ 106k
,

2-4

EN60950
IEC297
IEC417, IEC73
EN55022 B
EN61000-4-2 Level 3
39

EN61000-4-3 Level 2
EN61000-4-4 Level 2
EN61000-4-8 Level 2
EN61000-4-11
EN61000-3-2 A
EN61000-3-3
IEC60068-2-6
IEC60068-2-27
ETS300019-1-2
ETS300019-1-1
ETS300019 CLASS3.1

(Mean time between failure - MTBF)


. MTBF 3
104.

2.3.4 (Power monitoring unit - PMU)


PMU (common frame) BTS
. DC/DC
AC/DC , AC/DC
. .
AC/DC.
1.
1)

(Equalizing/floating)
.
22
2)
/ AC

AC () (12/10A)
4-
(12/10A), 4 AC/DC
(Fan monitoring status) (12/10A)
/
(-0.3< <0.3)
3)
(A)
40

(A)
(V)
4)
:
( ,

)
ALM: .
5)

TMU.

RS422

(PMU)
2-10.

AC

fan

AC/DC

AC/DC

PMU

AC/DC

FUSE

AC/DC

battery
2-10 PMU

2.4 (CDU) -
- , ,
, , (tower top amplifier),
, 2-11.
.

41

CDU -

TRX

CDU

2-11 CDU -

2.4.1
, , ,
/
. , ,
.
1. (Antenna gain)
.
, ,
,
.
2. (Antenna pattern)
.
, , .
: omni - (360 )
.
120, 90,
65 .
3.
.
.
,
.
( ) .

42

4. (Diversity Reception)

:
1)
, .
(slow fading).
2) ,
(selective fading) .
(Rayleigh
distribution) (fast fading).
, ,
.

. , ,

.
- (polarization diversity)
(space diversity).
,
.
.
5.
( )

. (outband noise)
. GSM,

(antenna spacing) 30.
2.4.2
,
(low loss radio frequency cables).
, 7/8 and 5/4.
, ,

2.4.3 (lightning arrester)

.
.

43

,
.
2.4.4 (Combiner and Divider Unit - CDU)
CDU ,
, .
-
(bias-T circuit). BTS30 CDU :
3 (hybrid bridge combiner) (CDU),
(cavity filter combiner - CCDU). CDU
2- 4- ,
8-. CCDU 6 6- ,
12-.
CCDU
. CDU 2-12.

T-

2-12 CDU

CDU :
1) :
(1.5:1 2.5:1) .
2) :
, .
3) :
.

44

4) :
( , 15,
1) , ;

2.4.5 ()
.
. (triplex
filter), . ,
.

(out-band interference),
BTS, (. 2-13).
.
.
.
,
. ,
(bypass),
,
DC. CDU
.
, (-40 oC ~ 60 oC).
, .

BTS

T-

DC

2-13

45

2.5
GSM
, M900/M1800 BTS

.

, , ,
, .
.

TMU.
TMU BSC.

(environment alarm box).

. ,
,
TMU. TMU
BSC.
, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, .

.
:


, ,
,


10 ,
(
)
6 ( 5A/220)
2 - (8- ,
500k)
(
: 300A)
TMU RS485
46

2.5.1
:
:
:

(): ,

: , ,

,
.
2.5.2
10 ,
:
: ,
,

:
:
( )
:
( )
:

:
:




,
.
,
.
2.5.3
BTS M900/M1800
:
1) ().
47

1A/220, .
:
A
;
B
;
C
;
D
;
E
;
F
.
2) - ()
. - 300mA,
. - 1 , - 8
(0~255).
3) ,
300A.

2.5.4
TMU
.
TMU. TMU

.

48

3
3.1
3-1 BTS.
BTS
.

FUCP

BSPP

TRXCP

TECP

LMTP

OMP
FUCP:
TECP:
OMP:
TRXCP:

Frame Unit Controlling Program




Transmission Equipment Controlling Program

Operation and Maintenance Program

Transceiver Controlling Program

RTECP

BSPP:
RTECP:
LMTP:

Baseband Signal Processing Program




Radio Testing Equipment Controlling Program

Local Maintenance Terminal Program

.3-1. BTS

,
:
(1) (OMP):
BTS,
BTS.
BTS.
OMU : ,
, ,
,
.
(2) (FUCP):
.
3 Um A-bis.
, BSC,
A-bis, Um,
3 Um.
(3) (BSPP):

49

, , , ..
Um BTS,
BTS.
(4) (TRXCP):
,

, GSM. ,
, OMP.
(5) (TECP):

BSC BTS, BTS .
BSC
BTS. , ,
OMU.
(6)
(RTECP):

,
,
,
,
. ,
,
OMU.
(7) - (MMI):
BTS, OMU,
OMU.

.

3.2
OMU BTS
, OMC,
- MMI.
BTS OMU,
. OMU
BTS , BTS
. BSC BTS, BSC MMI
, BTS - . 3-2
BTS.

50

DCL

OML

BSC

Abis

B
I
E

MMI

OMU

FPU

TRX

FPU

TRX

FPU

TRX

FPU

TRX

FPU

TRX

FPU

TRX

CDU
CDU
CDU

MCK
DCL

RTE

. 3-2. BTS

. 3-2 BTS. OMU


FPU DCL,
DCL.
OMU, OMU.
, OMU
. OMU, BIE, MCK

, .
,
. MCK
ACK. - BSC
( OMU OML Abis) MMI (
OMU Abis). BSC MMI
OMU.

I/O( RS232)

I/O(Q1 )

I/O (A-bis)
FPU

BIE

FPU

I/O

LAPD HDLC

L3

.3-3. BTS

. 3-3
OMP BTS, :
(1) 3

51

( ),
GSM12.21 TS GSM08.59.
, .
(2) 2
A-bis (LAPD,
GSM08.56)
FPU
(HDLC, LAPD)
(3) - I/O 1
I/O FPU BIE HDLC
I/O BTS
DCL -
.
I/O
RS232 -.
.
: , ,
BSC,
, ,
,
,
BSC.
:
(1) BTS.


.
(2) BTS.
BTS
,
.
(3)
BTS.
,

.
(4) BTS,
. : , , ,
/ .
(5) BTS,
BTS,
, .
BTS , ,
,
. ,
,
52

(mapping relations)
. ,

,
.

3.3

BTS BSC (,
),
. ,

.


. BSC BTS
OSI: ,
3.
BTS :
A-bis Um.
,
,
. - .
.
, Um,

, .
, ,
, ,
.
BTS :
LAPD A-bis, LAPDm Um.
FPU BTS.
BTS. FPU
FPU. 3-4 .

FPU
Mailbox

BIE
OMU

FUC

BPU

CIC
TC
MC
K

. 3-4. FPU

53

BIE
OMU
CIC
MCK
TC
FPU : FUC BPU. 35 FPU.
FPU
L3
LAPDm

LAPD

I/O
BPU

. 3-5. FPU
3.3.1
(FUC) FPU.
:
(1) :
,
GSM 08.58 GSM 04.08;
,
GSM 12.21,
BPU OMU.
(2) :
A-bis (LAPD,
GSM 08.56);
Um (LAPDm,
GSM 04.06)

OMU.
(3) - (I/O):
I/O OMU BIE, HDLC;
I/O BPU, .
3 FUC :
,
2 LAPD.
:
(1) .
BTS MS,
MS NSS.
54

(2) .
,
,

MS.
(3)

, ,
, .
(4) TRX. ,
, ,
BTS .

OMU:
(1)
BTS
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
2 LAPD
-bis.
. 3-6 FUC, 5 : L3,
LAPD, LAPDm, I/O, .

FUC

LAPDm
I/O


(A-bis)

FPU

BIE

OMU

-
(FUC<->
BPU)

LAPD

L3 (RSM/O&M/L2M)

BPU

3-6 FUC

55

3.3.2
BPU - .
/ , ..
Um BTS
BTS.

.
,
,
. ,

,
, .
: / ,
, / , / ..

BPU :
(1) ;
(2) /,
(interleaving/de-interleaving),
;
(3) /
, ;
(4) ;
(5)
, .
(6) LAPDm FUC
(7) L3 FUC
(8) OMI L3 FUC

3-7 BPU.

56


(burst format)


(burst format)

O&M

I/O

BIE

FUC

CIC

3-7 BPU

3.4
CIC TRX.
BTS
:
(1) GSM
(2)

,
;
(3)
, ,
,
(4)
,
,
,
57

OMU
( ).
6 :
, OMI,
, ,

. 3-8
.

OMU

RF

FPU

3-8

3.5
(TECP)
TECP
BSC BTS .
BTS BSC ,
, , , ,
.
.
,
18, BIE ,
.
,
:

58

(1) - OMU,
BSC BTS;
(2)
,
A-bis BS;
(3) .
, TECP
OMU, ,
BIE,

E1,
(/).
, , OMU.
:
OMI,
I/O. 3-9
.


O&M


OMU

BSC

E1

BSC

3-9

3.6

(RTECP)

RTE.

RTECP



BTS:
59

(1) ;
(2)
;
(3) ;
(4) ,
;
(5) RTED
.
OMU FPU, TRX, CDU
RTED.
,
,

OMU
( ).

: ,
. 3-10
.
OMU,
FPU, TRX CDU,
RTED . ,
RTED,
. CDU TRX,
FPU, , , .

.
OMU
RTED

RF

C
D
U

RF

I, Q

I,Q

MOD

I, Q

T
R
X

RF

RTED

F
P
U

RF

RTED
O
M
I

3-10 RTE

60

3.7
(LMTP)

- (MMI) BTS.

,
BTS. MMI
BTS .
, , ,
/, ,
, BTS, .

BTS, .
MMI Microsoft
Windows 95 . ,
OMC BTS,

.
3-11 MMI.

MMI

3-11 MMI

3-11:
(1)

MMI :


OMU


MMI
C++.
61

BTS.

.
3-12 A-bis
BTS GSM.

1+
BTS
1+

1+

1+ 1, , 1
3-12 A-bis BTS

MMI,
- ,
.
(2)
MMI ,

. ,
,
.
,

MMI.
(3)
-
MMI OMU .

62

4
4.1
BTS BSC - Abis- -
GSM 08.5X 12.21. Abis
.
BTS GSM - Um-.
,
, GSM
.

4.2 A-bis
4.2.1
A-bis
- (BSC) (BTS) -

GSM. BSC BTS 10 ,
, BS-
( A-bis).
1. A-bis BTS M900/M1800
A-bis M900/M1800
, GSM.
BTS.
A-bis BSS M900/M1800
:
(1) , GSM 02.
(2) BTS.
2. A-bis
(1) A-bis- .
:
-




(2) A-bis- :
3 - 3 A .
2 ( ) LAPD

63

1 ( )
2048/.
(3) A-bis-:
GSM 08.52
Abis-
BSC BTS.
GSM 08.54 (1 ) A-bis.
GSM 08.56 (2 ) A-bis.
GSM 08.58 3.
GSM 12.21
A-bis-.
GSM 08.60
(
).
3. BSC BTS
BSS : BSC BTS. BTS
BSS, BSC
. BTS
,
Um. BSC BSS,
, ,
.
BTS BSC . 4.1-1:

4-1 BTS BSC


BTS

MSC-BSC

BSC- DTX

(Channel
allocation)

(Blocking indication)
(Channel
allocation)

(Blocking indication)

DCH

V
V
V
V

BSC/MSC

V
(Management)
(Execution)
(Channel
allocation)
(Link
supervision)

V
V
V
V

64

DTX

(Channel release)

(Idle
channel
observation)

(Power control determination)

(Scheduling of
message management)

(System information
broadcasting)
MS

(Random
access
detection)

( )
Immediate assign (access grant)

DTX
(DTX
paging management)

DTX (DTX paging
execution)

(Timing advance)


LAPDm

.1


MS BTS (
)
(Uplink
measurement)
MS TRX
(processing of reports from
MS/TRX)
(Traffic
measurement)
(Calculation)
MS

(Signaling to MS at random
access)
MS

() (Signaling to MS at
handover)
MS

(Signaling to MS at call)

.2

V
V

V
(Management)

V
65

(Execution)
(Management)

(Handover
access detection)

V
V

: BTS BSC A-bis, BSC .


BTS BSC.

4.
A-bis- BTS,
. 4.1-1:
TRX;
BSC
;
BSC

BSS
A-bis
TRX

BTS1

BCF
TRX
TRX

A
MSC

BTS2

A-bis
TRX

BSC

BCF

A-bis
TRX
TRX

BTS3

TRX
TRX

4-1 BTS

:
TRX , 8
, TDMA GSM.
BCF ( ) - ,
: BTS,
, ,
.
66

A-bis :
. : 8 , 16 ,
64; .
. : 16 ,
32 , 64, BSC MS, BSC BTS.
TRX BCF TEI (
). BCF TRX TEI,
TEI 3 (. 4.1-2).
RSL. .
, 1 RSL TRX .
OML. .
, 1 OML SITE
BCF.
L2ML. 2.
2, 1 L2ML TRX BCF.
BTS

BSC
RSL SAPI=0
OML SAPI=62
L2ML SAPI=63

TRX

TEI1

BCF
RSL SAPI=0
OML SAPI=62
L2ML SAPI=63

TRX

TEI2

BCF
RSL SAPI=0
OML SAPI=62
L2ML SAPI=63

TEI

TRX

TEI3

BCF
OML SAPI=62
L2ML SAPI=63

BCF

TEI4

BCF

CM:

BTSM: BTS

MM:
RR:
LAPD: D
LAPDm: Dm

BSSAP:
SCCP:
MTP:

4-2 2 A-bis

. 4-3 A-bis.
:
BSC, BTS CM
( ) MM (
67

), DTAP (
c ) A-bis,
DTAP .
RR
BSSAP (
BSS) BSC. BTS RR
.
BTS ( ,
, ,
).
BTSM ( BTS) BSC BTS, BTSM
RR BTS.
2 A-bis- LAPD,
TRX TEI.
LAPD :
RSL,
OML, 2
L2ML.

MS

BTS

BSC

CC
MM

RR

RR
L3
RR
L2
L1

LAPDm

LAPD

.
1

BTSM
LAPD

BTSM
SCCP
LAPD

Um

BSSAP

MTP

A-bis

CM:

BTSM: BTS

MM:
RR:
LAPD: D
LAPDm: Dm

BSSAP:
SCCP:
MTP:

4-3 A-bis-

4.2.2
Abis-
2048/, 32 64/. CCITT G.703.
BSS .
, . BSS - 16,
68

- 64,
. Abis-. BTS M900/M1800
(TRAU), BTS,
. TRAU
BSC MSC.
4.2.3
1.
Abis- LAPD,
3.
(SAP) ,
3. SAP
(SAPI).

3
(DLCI) .

.
3
, .
(PDU)
,
(SDU).
3
.

.
2.
LAPD - 3
D. LAPD :
;
3.
LAPD :
D;
,
D ,
.

.
,
.
,
.
69


.
.

.
-, .
4.2.4 3
3 A-bis-
GSM 08.58. , ,
:
Um MS BSS/NSS;

BSC.
,
.
- ,
.
- ,
BSC BTS, BTS
.
BTS

SAPI =

LAPD
L1

SAPI =

SAPI =
RSL

NM
SAPI =
NML
LAP

L2
SAPI =
L2M

L1
. 4-4 3 Abis-


:
.
;
.
SDCCH TCH;
.
.
TRX. TRX.

70


, .

1.
:
(link establish
indication): BTS BSC,

. BSC
SCCP MSC.
(link establish request):
BSC
.
(link release
indication): BTS BSC
, MS .
(link release request):
BSC
.
3 Um (
) (Transfer procedure of a transparent L3message in acknowledgement mode):
BSC BTS
3 Um .
3 Um (
) (Receive procedure of a transparent L3message in acknowledgement mode):
BTS BSC 3
Um .
3 Um (
) (Transfer procedure of a transparent L3message in unacknowledged mode):
BSC BTS
3 Um .
3 Um (
) (Receive procedure of a transparent L3message in unacknowledged mode):
BTS BSC 3
Um
(link error indication):
BTS BSC
.
2.
:
(channel activating):
BSC BTS
71

MS.
BSC MS
, ,
(Immediate Assign, Assign
Command, Additional Assign, Hand-over Command).
(channel mode modify):
BSC BTS
.
(handover detection):
BTS BSC

, BTS.
(Start encryption):
,
GSM 04.08.
(Measurement
reporting):

.
BTS BSC
.
SACCH (SACCH deactivation):
,
GSM 04.08, BSC

.
(Radio channel release):
BSC BTS
.

(MS power control): BSS
,
.

(Base station transmitting power control):
BSS
TRX.
(Connection failure):
BTS BSC
.
(Physical
environment content request):
BSC
.
.
SACCH (SACCH
information change): BSC

72

BTS ,
SACCH ( ).

3.
:
MS (MS channel request):
, TRX
( ).
(Paging procedure):

.

MSC BSC. BSC

IMSI .
BTS ID
.
(Immediate assignment):
BTS,
BSC
.

(Deletion indication): BTS
BSC , RIL3-RR
(..
AGCH) - AGCH.
CCCH (CCCH load indication):
BTS BSC
AGCH ,
,
.

.
(Broadcast
information change): BSC
BTS
BCCH.
(Short message
cell broadcast): BSC BTS
.
4. TRX
:
SACCH (SACCH
filled information change): BSC
BTS ,
(down-link) SACCH.
73

(Radio resources indication):


BTS BSC
TRX.
(Flow control):

FUC BSC TRX.
CCCH,
ACCH .
(Error reporting):
BTS BSC
,
.
4.2.5 3
1.
(1)
: (site), BTS,
. .4-5
.

BTS0

BTS1

BTS n

TRX_0

TRX1

TRXm

4-5

2)

.
BTS 2.

TEI. TEI
TEI.
3.
2 3
BTS .
3)
74

(a)
:
(Locked) , BSC
, ,

.
(Shutting down)
,
.
(Unlocked) ,

(b)
:
.
.
.
.
(c)
.
:
(In test): ,
.
.
(Failed): ,
, .
.
(Power off): ,
.
.
Off line:
. -

(Dependency):
, .
.
(Degraded): ,
,
, , .
.
(Not Installed): ,

. .

75

2.

.
, BSC BTS,
, , ,
.

2. , ,
.
,
, , ,
. ,

,
3 , 3 .
- (ACK NACK) ,
3 , .
3 10 .
-
, . -

,
. NACK-
.
:
(1) .
(2) A-bis.
(3) .
(4) .
(5) .
(6) .
(7) .
(8) .

4.3 Um
4.3.1
(PLMN)
, ,
.
MS BTS
() .
Um-.
,
,
76

, Um
GSM. ,
GSM,
.
Um- :
;
MS BTS;
;
;
.
4.3.2
Um- (. 4-6).
3 (L3)
(L2)
(L1)

4-6 Um-

1: . ,
.
.
2: , LAPD.
.
3: - L3.
. . L3
: (RR),
(MM), (CM).
4.3.3
1.
1) M900 BTS
(MS BTS): 890 ~ 915M;
(BTS MS): 935 ~ 960M;
:
(MS
BTS): 880 ~ 890M;
(BTS MS): 925 ~ 935M;
: 45M;
: 200;
2) M1800 BTS
(MS
BTS): 1710 ~ 1785M;
(BTS MS): 1805 ~ 1880M;
: 95M;
77

: 200;

2.
. 4-7
(RR),
(L2) L3.




MPH-

TCH

PH-

4-7

:
:
, ,
.
:
,
.
.
3.
Um FDMA TDMA
. Um (burst),
, 100 . 200K
0,577 (15/26). - ,
(. 4-8), .

3
200

2
1
0

BP

15/26

4-8
78

.
( ) ,
.
, .
TDMA . 4-9.
1 =2048 =2715 648TDMA (3 .28.53.760)
0

TCH
SACCH/T
FACCH

2044

2046

2047

BCCH
CCCH
SDCCH

1 =1326 TDMA (6,12)


1

47

48

24

50

49
25

24

1 =26TDMA (120ms)
0

2045

1 =51TDMA (3060/13)
0

25

49

50

1TDMA=8 TS (120/26=4.61)
0

. 4-9 GSM

TDMA, 8 (TS time slot),


4,615 (120/26 ). 156,25
.
( ,
),
MS. -
(burst mode).
TDMA , : 26 51- .
26- 120, 26 TDMA,
,
.
51- 3060/13 51
TDMA, .
, 51 26=1326
TDMA. 51 26
. 6,12.
, 2048
12533,76, .. 3 28 53 760 .
.
2715648 TDMA, 0
2715647. SCH.
.
79

1.
5 (), Um-:
(NB):
,
RACH. 116 ,
8,25 ( 30,46);
(FB):

.
FB

+ 1625/24
, NB.
(SB):
. SB
,
, ,
(BSIC).
(AB):
. AB
- 68,25 .
(DB):
BTS BTS, .
DB NB, ,
.
2.
, Um:
(1) (TCH)
TCH .
(TCH/F) 22,8/.
TCH :
(TCH/FS)
9,6/ (TCH/F9.6)
8/ (TCH/F4.8)
2.4/ (TCH/F2.4)
(2)
, ,
. 3 :
, .
(BCCH)
,
-
. BCCH 3- :
FCCH: .
;
SCH: .
MS;
80


(CCCH)

. , ,
, ,
. CCCH MS.
:
PCH:
;
RACH:
,

;
AGCH:
,
.
(DCCH)
,
-.
()
-
. :
SDCCH/8: ;
SACCH/C8: ,
SDCCH/4;
SACCH/TF: ,

FACCH/F: ,
() ,
;
SDCCH/C4:
,
BCCH/CCCH;
SACCH/C4: ,
SDCCH/4;
(CBCH)
.

(SMSCB).
3.

,
. :
TCH/F+FACCH/F+SACCH/TF
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/C4
BCCH+CCCH
81

SDCCH/8+SACCH/8+CBCH
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/C4+CBCH
, CCCH=PCH+RACH+AGCH
4.3.4
1.
.
,
3. 3
(SAP). SAP
(SAPI). SAP
(DLCEP). DLCEP

(DLCEPI) 3
(DLCI) 2.

. ,
3, 2.
(DLC Data Link Connection)).
2
.
3
, ,
.
2.
(1)
LAPDm 3
Dm. 3,
, .
LAPDm BCCH, PCH, AGCH DCCH.
LAPDm :
DLC,

(DLCI);
;
3 3;

DLC;
;
;
, RACH
.
82

(2)
,
3:
. Dm .

3
(UI Unnumbered Information).
: UI ,
.
, RACH.

3
(I) . I.

.
,
.
.
DCCH.
(3)
,
:
BCCH: BCCH

MS.
BCCH .
PCH+AGCH: PCH+AGCH

,
.
DCCH: DCCH
,
. 3.
(4)
:
: BTS
MS DISC, UA DM.
:
.
3.
3.
3
.
. 2 3 - DL_XX_XXX,
83

2 - MDL_XX_XXX, 2
- PH_XX_XXX.
(1) , 3

:

3
3;
DLCEP, 3
;
;

.
- DL_UNIT
DATA-REQUEST/INDICATION.

DL_UNIT
DATA_REQUEST
, 3
.
DL_UNIT DATA_INDICATION
.

.
:

3
DLCEP 3


, .
,
, -
,
,


SAPI

,
, :
DL_DATA_REQUEST/INDICATION:
, 3,

DL_ESTABLISH_REQUEST/INDICATION/CONFIRM:

DL_RELEASE_REQUEST_INDICATION_CONFIRM:

84

DL_RANDOM
ACCESS_INDICATION, 2 3
MS.
(2) ,
:

Dm-


,


(3)
:
MDL_ERROR_INDICATION: 2
;
MDL_RELEASE_REQUEST:
2.
4.3.5 3
1.
3 ,
.
,
. , 3 ,
.
3 ,
,
3:
,
( );
,

TSMI
(
);
, ,
( );
;
.
3 3 : (CM),
(MM) (RR)
3 3
, ,
GSM.
.
85

3
(MNS) .
3 , 3
2 , 3
.
3
3.
2. 3
, 3 3 ,
CM :
(CC), (SMS)
(SS). , 3
5 .
:
(RR). ,
.
(MM). ,
. ,

. .
(CC). ,


.
(SS). ,
GSM;
(SMS). ,
GSM .
3
, , ,
.
,
PD TI,
.
MM
CM MM
RR, ,
.
RR PD,
.
RR
2 PD. PD
RR, RR
, MM
RR-SAP. MM

86

RR MM RD
TI, CM.
. 4-10 3.
RR, 3,
2 2 (..
), MM RR-SAP.
MM CM: CC, SS, SMS
MMCC-SAP, MMSS-SAP MMSMS-SAP.
MM
MNCC-SAP, MNSS-SAP MNSMS-SAP.

MNCC-SAP

CC

MNSMS-SAP

SS
MMCCSAP

MMREG -SAP

MNSS-SAP

L3

MM

SMS
MMSS-SAP
MMSMS-SAP
CC

MM

SS

SMS

RR-SAP

..

RR

RR

PD
RR

SAPI 3

SAPI 0
SDCCH

SACCH

RACCH
BCCH

SDCCH
SACCH

AGCH+PCH

FACCH

4-10 Um- 3

1.
, 3 :
,
IMSI.
.
MS, ,
.
, .

87

:
,
(RR) (. 4-11). ,
RRSAP MM,
, ,
.
(MM) (. 4-12). MMCCSAP, MMSS-SAP MMSM-SAP
: ,
.

MS

RR
RR
SAP


RR

4-11 RR

MS
CC

SS

SMS

CC

SS

SMS


MM

4-12 MM

88

5 BTS M900/M1800
5.1
M900/M1800 ,

, : E1, SDH, PON, xDSL
5.1.1 E1
. 5-1, BTS M900/M1800
: , , .
E1.


5-1 E1, M900/M1800 BTS


TMU. BIE 4 E1.
2 TMU,
89

E1 8. ,
7 .
.
(1)
.
BSC E1.
,
,
.
.
, .
(2)
,
, ,
.
BTS .
,

. ,
. ,
, . ,
()
.
,
BSC . ,
5 , ..
5 .
(3)

.
, , ,
, .
.
. ,
,
, , .. 5 .
,
.
.

90

5.1.2 SDH
BTS Huawei ASU.
E1 BSC SDH (
Huawei - SBS155A).
SDH BSC STU.
-,

Huawei
.
ASU

SBS155/622A/B
Huawei STM-1.

.
, ,
. ,
(. 5-2), ..
. ,
, ,
(. 5-3). , ,
(
80), (4 ),
- .
1.

, .
,
.

BTS0
TMU

BSC

E1

E1
ASU

ASU

155A

ASU

E1

TMU

BTS1

E1

TMU
BTS2

5-2 SDH
91

2.

E1
BSC

155A

ASU

ASU
E1

E1

TMU

TMU

BTS0

BTS1

5-3 SDH

5.1.3 PON
PON16 Huawei
: , . PON16
,
.
SP ,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
.
PON16 PON16-C,
BSC, BTS PAT,
ODN.
PON16 - 1:16,
, PON16-C 16
PAT. PON16 - 16 2M. ,
PAT 14 2M .
1.

. 5-4 , .
SP ,
.
SP.

92

.. ( SP),
, .

BTS0
E1
TMU
PAT

E1

BSC

BTS1
E1
TMU
PAT

PON16-C
SP

BTS2
E1
TMU
PAT

. 5-4 PON

2.

. 5-5 ,
.
. ,
SP,
.
PAT

.
,
.
, ,
.
BTS

BS

E1

SP
SP

PO N16-

PAT E 1 T M
BTS
PAT E 1 T M

BTS

PAT E 1 T M

5-5 PON
93

3.

. 5-6 ,

, , .
, ,
,
.


.

E1 PON16-C
BSC

SP

SP

PAT E1 TMU
BTS2


PAT

PAT
E1

E1
TMU

TMU

BTS0

BTS1


5-6 PON

5.2
(RF) BTS M900/M1800
GSM05.05, , ,
.
RF:
5.2.1
BTS M900/M1800 -110dBm,
.

.
5.2.2
BTS M900/M1800 18 BTS.
, ,
94

3 ,
.


.
5.2.3
OMC BTS M900/M1800,
.
RF OMC.
RF
RF.
5.2.4
BTS M900/M1800 .
,
, , ,
.
.
.
- 35dBm.

,
.
5.2.5
(hopping)
.
, . BTS M900/M1800
, .
,

BSC. ,
.

. :

, . ,
. ,
(frame hopping), BTS M900/M1800
(TS), .
5.2.6
BTS M900/M1800
, .
12dB, 2dB .
95

BTS.
- 30dBm, 2dB
. BSC BTS
BTS,
BTS. ,
, BSC BTS
.
70dBm ( - 36dBm).

, ,
.

5.3
, ,
Um
TDMA.
,
, TDMA.
, ,
(de-interleaving),
.
5.3.1
:
TCH/EFS:
TCH/FS:
TCH/F9.6: - (9,6/)
TCH/F4.8: - (4,8 /)
TCH/F2.4: - (2,4/)
FCCH:
SCH:
BCCH:
PCH:
RACH:
AGCH:
SDCCH/8:
SACCH/C8: /SDCCH/4
SACCH/F: /-

FACCH/F: /-
SDCCH/C4:

,
BCCH/CCCH
SACCH/C4: /SDCCH/4
CBCH:
SDCCH/8+SACCH/8

96

5.3.2

:
TCH/F+FACCH/F+SACCH/TF
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/C4
BCCH+CCCH
SDCCH/8+SACCH/8+CBCH
FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/C4+CBCH
, CCCH=PCH+RACH+AGCH

5.4
BTS M900/M1800:
MS BSS/NSS Um;
BSC.
BTS M900/M1800 4 :
, ,
TRX.
5.4.1
:
: BTS
MS.
BSC SCCP MSC.
: BSC
-.
: BTS
BSC , MS .
: BSC
.
3 Um (
): BSC BTS
3
Um.
3 Um (
): BSC BTS
3 Um.
3 Um (
): BSC BTS
3
Um.
3 Um (
): BSC BTS
97

3
Um
: BTS
BSC .
5.4.2
:
: BSC
BTS MS.
BSC
MS .
: BSC
BTS .

MS BTS,
, BSC.
:
, GSM 04.08.
:

,
BTS ,
, BSC.
SACCH:

GSM 04.08, BSC SACCH TRX .
: BSC
BTS , .
MS: BSS
MS,
. MS
BSC BTS.
:
BSS TRX.
BSC ,
, BTS.
: BTS
BSC .

: BSC
.
.
SACCH: BSC
BTS
SACCH ( ).

98

5.4.3
:
MS: ,
TRX
( ).
:

.
MSC BSC. BSC

.
BTS ID
.
: BSC
,
BTS.
: BTS
BSC ,
RIL3-RR - AGCH.
CCCH: BTS
BSC AGCH,
, OM.
OM.
:
BSC BTS
BCCH.
:
BSC BTS
.
5.4.4 TRX
:
SACCH:
BSC BTS
SACCH.
: BTS
BSC
TRX.
: RUC BSC
TRX.
CCCH, ACCH .
: BTS
BSC ,
.

99

5.5
BTS M900/M1800 (O&M).
BTS :
,
,
.
BTS , BSC.
BSC,
BTS
BTS, BTS .

, , ,
A-bis- .
, , ,
,
.

,
.
.
5.5.1
1. TMU
( ,
BSC) TMU
, ,
BSC. , BSC
TMU.
, BSC TMU, Flash- TMU.
BSC , TMU
.
2. TMU
( )
TMU. TMU ,
, FLASH-.
, , ,
, TMU, ,
. , BSC
TMU.

,
- , ,
. -
. ,
100

2, 3
.
3.

BSC MMI BTS.
, TMU. TMU
TMU, TBU ( SCP, CHDSP EQDSP),
. BSC MMI ,
. BSC MMI
TMU
BSC MMI
5.5.2 A-bis-
1. A-bis-
A-bis BTS BSC,
( E1
),
.
, A-bis :
1 .
A-bis- BTS
M900/M1800 E1 HW
c 1 2.
A-bis- :
(1) TEI ( OML, RSL)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
2.
E1.
, . E1
A-bis BIE.
1
BIE E1. BSC
BTS, BSC BTS
, , , , ,
.
, , E1, ..
,
BTS, BTS . ,
.

101

:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5.5.3
, , .
,
,
.
.
,
, ,
.
1. BTS

BTS , ,
. :
(1)
(2)
(3) -

.
(4) T200, T200 :
SDCCH
FACCH ()
FACCH ()
SACCH ( TCH, SAPI=0)
SACCH ( SDCCH)
SDCCH (SAPI=3)
SACCH (relevant to TCH, SAPI=3)
(5) (timing advancing)
(6)
(7) CCCH
(8) CCCH
(9) RACH
(10) TACH
(11) BTS
(12) (Ny 1)
(13) BCCH
(14) (BSIC)
(15)

102

2.

,
:
(1) RF
(2) RF
3.

,
, :
(1)

(2)
(MAIO)
(3)
RF
(4)

(5)

(6)

4.

GSM 12.21. ,
.
BTS M900/M1800 :
BTS (site).
1) BTS
BTS:
2)
: ,
(
, DAC).
5.5.4

. ,

.
,
,
.

, .
, .

103

,
:
1) Abis TRX.
2) :




1. , GSM12.21.
(1) ( )
(2) ( )
(3) BTS
5.5.5
.

: BSC, OMU .

, .
BTS : ,
.
BSC, OMU ,
.
.
.
, ,
.
TMU
, . - BSC
MMI ,
OMC.
5.5.6.
, , ,
, ,
, .
.. , ,
,
.
, GSM 12.21,
.
.
104

: BSC MMI,
.
(, ),
, , .
BSC.
, MMI BSC
. , BSC ,
, , ,
MMI; MMI
. MMI
, BSC .
BTS M900/M1800 :
.
1.

, ,
TMU,
BSC MMI
.
:
(1)
E.
(2)

TBU
(3)


.
(4)
,
.
TMU
.
,
, , ,
. TMU BSC
MMI ,
MMI BSC,
.
105

2.
TMU, , , , ,
, ,
. TMU
,
: ,
, , .
BSC MMI,
MMI BSC,
,
.
5.5.7
1.

/. ,
, ,
, .
.
BSC ,
BSC OMU.
BSC
.
2.

. ,
.
3.
-
:
. BSC
TMU .
4. BTS
BTS :
, , , .
.

106

5. RF
, ,
,
,
, .

BCCH. ,
, ,
.
6.
, , ,
,
. OMU
,
, .
7.
.
, , OMU
, , ,
.
8.

,
:
. TMU.
TMU, -
. TMU
BSC .
5.5.8 BTS
1. BTS
BTS ,
,
BTS.
.
2.
, ,
BTS.
107

5.5.9
1.

,
.
, 3 TMU
, (Um-). ,
.
2.

.
, .
. CPU ,
.
.
3.

. ,

,
. TMU , ,
: , ,
.
, , ,
. ,
TMU,
BSC .
5.5.10
1.
,

BSC, .
,
.
2. .
, ,
RF ,
.

108

3. OML
OML
BSC OMU
. BSC
,
.
4.


.
.

109

6
6.1
6.1.1
: - 25C; 80%;
- 40.
( , ) 30
.

6.1-1:
6-1 BTS M900/M1800 .

6
5
4
3
2
1

26.8
26.8
26.8
26.8
26.8
26.8

44.3
37.8
31.2
24.7
17.2
10.7

1187
1013
836
662
461
287

6.1.2
: 1,3x107 , 310-8 (0,03
ppm).
0C 70C
- 510-8.
: 510-7
6.1.3
BTS M900/M1800
.
: -5 +45;
: 15-85%.

.
6.1.4
(MTBF)
6-2:

110

6-2 MTBF M900/M1800 BTS

O(1)

37.452

35000

O(2)

33.996

30000

S(2/2/2)

56.560

18000

S(4/4/4)

75.414

15000

S(6/6/6)

97.834

11000

-6

(10 )

MTBF()

6.1.5
BTS M900/M1800:
=1440650500
6.1.6
BTS 120 , 200 .

6.2
BTS M900/M1800 ,
GSM Phase2,
GSM900/M1800:
(1) BTS M900
: 890915M
: 935960M
:
: 880890M
: 925935M
(2) BTS M1800
: 17101785M
: 18051880M
: 200. , ,
(B), (M)
(T) ,
111

. ,
, GSM11.20.
6.2.1
1.
: FCH/FS ;
GSM
5.05 (. 1).
(1) BTS M900
: 110
: 104
TU3, TU50, RA250 HT100.
(2) BTS M1800
: 108
: 104
TU3, TU50, RA250 HT100.
2.
. 6-3
II TCH/FS , :
(1) BTS M900
6-3 II
BTS M900


: 84

-84~40


II

<2%

<10

-4

-40~15

<10

-3

(2) BTS M1800


6-4 II
BTS M1800


: 84

-84~40

-40~23


II

<2%

<10-4

<10-3

112

3. ,


, 101
, .6.2-2.
6-5 M900

600|f-f0|<800

800 |f-f0|<3.0

3.0M|f-f0|

-26

-16

-13

0.1Mf<870M

925Mf<12750M

6-6 M1800

600|f-f0|<800

-35

0.1Mf<1690M

1805Mf<12750M

800|f-

3.0M|f-f0|

f0|<3.0M
-25

-25

f0 , f .
4.
6-7 / (C/I)
II TCH/FS,
, 85.
M900 M1800 .
6-7 C/I II TCH/FS
BTS M900/1800

C/I


II TCH/FS

f = f0

<0.5%

| f f0| = 200

-9

<1%

| f f0| = 400

-41

<10-3

f0 , f .
113

5. (
)
1) M900 BTS
(, 3
) 43, , TCH/FS,
2%.
GSM11.20.
2) M1800 BTS
(, 3
) 49, , TCH/FS,
2%.
GSM11.20.
6.
M900 M1800:
9~1: < -57
1~12.75: < -47
6.2.2
1.
BTS M900 M1800,
- 46;
: 0~2.
2.
(1)
BTS M900/M1800 6-
. : 2 1;
3.
(2)
BTS M900/M1800 15-
. 2 1.5;
3.
3
M900, M1800.
147
:<1,
: <-30c.
114

/
(. 1) . 6-1.

4{
1{
1
6
30

*
10 8 10

542.

t,

()

10 8 10

6-1 /

4.
(1)
6-9
BTS M900.
6-8 BTS M900

(
)
.

.
(c)

100

200

250

400

600

1.2M

1.8M

~1.2M

~1.8M

~6M

0.5

-30

-33

-60

-70

-73

-73

6-10
BTS M1800:
6-9 BTS M1800

100

200

250

400

600~
1.2M

1.2M~
1.8M

1.8M~
6M

6MHz

(c)

0.5

-30

-33

-60

-68

-73

-75

-80

115

(2)
,
BTS M900
6-11.
6-10 ,
, BTS M900

400

600

1.8M

1.8M


(c)

-57

-67

-74

-74

,
BTS M1800
6-12:
6-11 ,
, BTS M1800

400

600

1.8M

1.8M


(c)

-50

-58

-66

-66

5.
(1) BTS M900
,
, 70c (
36), 3 5
890~915M -98.
,
, 70c
935M~960M ( 36),
890M~915M -98.

(2) BTS M1800


,
, 70c ( -36),
3 5 1710-1785
-98.
,
, 1805M ~ 1880M 70c
( -36), 1710M~1785M
-98.

116

6.
, ,
:
(1) BTS M900
9~1;
890M~915M;
1~12.75;

<-36
<-98
<-30

(2) BTS M1800


9~1:
1710M~1785M:
1~12.75:

<-36
<-98
<-30

7.
M900 M1800 BTS
: <0.05*10-6
:
<5 (.)
<20 ()

117

:
, ,
, - ,
.

7.1
7.1.1
, ,
BTS M900/M1800
, .
M900/M1800
, ,
- ,

.

.
.
,
BTS M900/M1800
, , .
, BTS M900/M1800,
, ,
, .

.
,
.
,
,
.
BTS M900/M1800
( )
,
.
7.1.2
(1)
, ,
118

, .

3 .
(2)
,
400/2. , , ,
500A, 450/2.
, 800A , 600/2.
400/2. 1,4. , , - 300/2.
,
, .
.
,
.
.
.
1M.
.
(3)
: 2 , : 1 .
, .
,
.
(4)
, .

. ,
. ,
.
. ( ) ,
.
(5)

.
. ,
, ,
.
7.1.3



119

.
.
.
, ,
(
). , .

.
7.1.4
(1)

BTS . ,
, .
7.2-1 .
7-1 BTS M900/M1800
()

(%)



(
1)



(
2)

15~30

-5 ~45

40~65

15~85

1:
2 0,4
( ,
).
2:
48
15 .
(2)

, .
.
,
.
7.1.5

.
( ),
120

- 6 .
, 7 .
- .

.

.
7.1.6

BTS
, ,
,
.

,
.
, ,
() , .
OMC
.
.

7.2
7.2.1
, ,

. ,
,
.
.
,
.

.
.
,
,
.

, ,
.
,
.
121

,
5. , ,
10 .

.
E1 ,
.
.
7.2.2
.
, , , ,
, .
1 .

. ,
, 952
.
7.2.3
.
.
,
.
,

.
7.2.4

1618 .
.
20 , .. ,
,
. (
) ,
,
,
.
, ..
.
: (
), ,
. ,
122

.
, .
, , ..
. ,

.

.
, .
,
,
20 . 5.

7.3
BTS ,

( ).

.

.
-, ,
( )
, .
-,
. ,
, (
) . , ,
, ,
,
.
, ,

.
7.3.1
,
, .

.
,
.
123

7.3.2
,
,
( ).
(1)
, ,

3-5
. 1000AH
500AH, ,
,

.
,
( )
.
(2) ( )


, .. 2.6524
63.6 - 48 .

85,
- 0,8.


040.


, .


.
6 - 40A,
12 - 80A.

N+1.

.
.
(3)

, ,
. ,
.

(
).

124


.
,
( 10 ). 56,4 ,
.
,
.

(4)

. 1 2
,
. ,
,
,
.
(5)


,
. ,
OMC.

(
) - BTS
.
BTS.

7.4
7.4.1 BTS
(1) :
= 6004501600
: ,
, , CDU. 3
.
(2)
,
,
( - ), ..
9 .
,
:
, , .
,
.
,
125

,
.

.
,
1 . ,
.

.
7.4.2
, PSU, PMU,
TMU, TEU, TES, TRX CDU , ,
.
BTS M900/M1800 .

7.5 -
-
, 70%
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
.
7.5.1 -
- , ,
, , CDU/SCU. CDU
BTS, . 2.
, 6
, 3
( CDU) 2 (
SCU CDU).
120
, .
, -,
.
.
7.5.2
, , ,

.
BTS M900/M1800.
126

8
8.1
.
BTS M900/M1800.
8.1.1
,
.
, BTS. M900/M1800
:
(1) : 1~18TRX
(2) : 1+1~18+18TRX
(3) : 1+1+1~18+18+18 TRX
(4)
.
BTS M900/M1800 - 6 TRX.
, 6 TRX ,
. , ,
(OMU, MCK BIE
), ,
.
,
, .
TMU.
, , ,
,
.
, 1 1~2
, .
18 .
18, ,
. ,
, .
2 TMU.
.
1 2 TMU.

,
.

:
127

(1) 6,
.
(2) 6,
.
18,
,
:
. .
. .

.

.
, .


: 4 PSU, 1 PMU, 2 TMU, 1 TEU 1 TES.
: 4 PSU, 1
PMU, 1 2 TMU, 1 TEU 1 TES.
4 PSU 1 PMU. TEU TES
, BTS M900/M1800.
. 8-1.

P
S
U

P
S
U

P
S
U

P
S
U

P
M
U

T
M
U

T
M
U

T
E
S

T
E
U

. 8-1

TMU
E1, : 1 TMU 4
E1, 2 TMU 8 E1.

6 TRX. TRX
. , (TRX)

. 6,
, . 8-2.
T
R
X

T
R
X

T
R
X

T
R
X

T
R
X

T
R
X

. 8-2

128

8.1.4
BTS M900/M1800 3
(CDU), .. 3 CDU. 1~2 ,
CDU. 3~4, 2 CDU.
5~6 3 CDU,
(. 8-3). SCU,
CDU ( . 8-3
).
C
D
U

C
D
U

C
D
U

. 8-3

8.1.5
1.
BTS
, . 4
, - .
, .
4, .
.
2. RF
,
CDU, CDU TRX. CDU -
. , CDU TRX, ,
.

8.2
S2/2/2 (
, 2 ) O3 (
).
8.2.1 S2/2/2
1. -
(1)
: .
6 ;

129


.
2)
BTS S (2/2/2) M900/M1800.
2.
8-4 .
TD
U

P P

TTT T

S M

M ME E

U U

UUS U

8-4 S2/2/2

:
.

130

8.2.2 O3
1. -
(1)
,
- ,
.
(2)
BTS O(3) M900/M1800.
(3)
. 8-5 .
TD

T TT T

M ME E

U US U

8-5 O3

:
.
131

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