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Shostakovich
http://www.allclassical.com/cg/acg.dll?p=acg&sql=1:7974~D
Country Russia
Birth Sep 25, 1906 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Death Aug 9, 1975 in Moscow, Russia
Period Modern
Composition All Works (268)
Types Keyboard Music (68)
Orchestral Music (66)
Film Music (35)
Chamber Music (27)
Vocal Music (22)
Symphony (16)
Opera (9)
Choral Music (8)
Concerto (6)
Ballet Music (5)
Band Music (3)
Music Theater (1)

Dmitri Shostakovich was a Russian composer whose symphonies and


quartets, numbering 15 each, are among the greatest of the twentieth-
century music. His style evolved from the brash humor and experi-
mental character of his first period, exemplified by the operas The
Nose and Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk, into both the more introverted
melancholy and nationalistic fervor of his second phase (the Sym-
phonies No. 5 and No. 7, "Leningrad"), and finally into the defiant and
bleak mood of his last period (exemplified by the Symphony No. 14
and Quartet No. 15). Early in his career his music showed the influence
of Prokofiev and Stravinsky, especially in his prodigious and highly
successful First Symphony. He could effectively communicate a mel-
ancholic depth and profound sense of anguish, as one hears in many
of his symphonies, concertos, and quartets. Solomon Volkov, in his
controversial Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich explains
the composer's seeming bombast as deft satire of the pomposity of
the Soviet state, pointing to the "forced rejoicing" of Fifth Symphony's
ending. Typical traits of Shostakovich's style include short reiterated
melodic or rhythmic figures, motifs of one or two pitches or intervals,
and lugubrious and manic string writing.
Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich was born in St. Petersburg, in 1906, and educated at the
Petrograd Conservatory. The acid style of his early Lady Macbeth at Mtsensk irritated Stalin, and
Shostakovich was attacked in the Soviet press. Fearing imprisonment, he withdrew his already
rehearsed Fourth Symphony; his Fifth Symphony (1937) carried the subtitle "A Soviet Artist's
Reply to Just Criticism." It is more ingenious than most critics have fathomed, for it managed to
satisfy both the backward tastes of the party censors and those of more demanding aesthetes in
the West.
The 1941 German invasion of Russia inspired the composer's Seventh Symphony, subtitled
"Leningrad." Impressed by the symphony's epic-heroic character, Toscanini, Koussevitsky, and
Stokowski vied for the Western Hemisphere premiere; the score had to be microfilmed, flown to
Teheran, driven to Cairo, and flown out. The work became an enormous success the world over,
but eventually fell into obscurity. Still, the composer had for a time become a worldwide celebrity,
his picture even appearing on the cover of Time.
Shostakovich ran afoul of the government again in 1948, when an infamous decree was is-
sued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party accusing Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and
other prominent composers of "formalist perversions." For some time he wrote mostly works
glorifying Soviet life or history. Artistic repression diminished in post-Stalinist Russia, but curi-
ously Shostakovich still drew in his modernist horns until the Thirteenth Symphony ("Babi Yar"),
a 1962 work based on poems by Yevgeny Yevtushenko. The work provoked major controversy
because of its first movement's subject: Russian oppression of the Jews.
In 1966 Shostakovich wrote his Second Cello Concerto, a work on an even higher level
than his solid First, but one which has yet to capture as much attention from either artists or the
public. That year, Shostakovich was diagnosed with a serious heart condition. He continued to
compose, his works growing more sparsely scored and darker, the subject of death becoming
prominent. His Fourteenth Symphony (1969), really a collection of songs on texts by Lorca, Apol-
linaire, Küchelbecker, and Rilke, is a death-obsessed work of considerable dissonance and
showing little regard for the Socialist Realism still demanded by the state. Shostakovich died on
9 August 1975. -- All Music Guide

Keyboard
Character/Single-Movement/Miscellaneous
1927 Aphorisms (10), for piano, Op. 13
Work for Keyboard
A Child's Excercise Book (Children's Tetrad), for pi- Collection of Etudes, Studies, or Exercises
1945
ano, Op. 69 for Keyboard
1953 Concertino, for 2 pianos, Op. 94 Music for Two Keyboards
Dances of the Dolls (7), suite for piano (arr. from
1952 Suite/Partita for Keyboard
the ballet suites for orchestra)
1919
Early Piano Pieces (3) Music for Keyboard
-1920
1920 Fantastic Dances (3), for piano, Op. 5 Suite/Partita for Keyboard
1917 Funeral March, for piano (found in 1984) March for Keyboard
1949 -
Piano Duets for Children (3) Music for Four Hands at One Keyboard
54
1935; Polka, version for piano solo or piano duet ar-
Polka for Keyboard
1962 ranged from "The Golden Age"
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 1 in C major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/1
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 2 in A minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/2
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 3 in G major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/3
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 4 in E minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/4
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 5 in D major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/5
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 6 in B minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/6
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 7 in A major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/7
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 8 in F sharp minor,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/8
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 9 in E major, Op. Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/9
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 10 in C sharp minor,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/10
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 11 in B major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/11
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 12 in G sharp minor,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/12
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 13 in F sharp major,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/13
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 14 in E flat minor,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/14
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 15 in D flat major,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/15
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 16 in B flat minor,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/16
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 17 in A flat major,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/17
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 18 in F minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/18
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 19 in E flat major,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/19
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 20 in C minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/20
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 21 in B flat major,
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 Op. 87/21
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 22 in G minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/22
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 23 in F major, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/23
1950 - Prelude & Fugue for piano No. 24 in D minor, Op.
Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51 87/24
1932
Prelude for piano, in A flat major, Op. 34/17 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in A major, Op. 34/7 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in A minor, Op. 34/2 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in B flat major, Op. 34/21 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932
Prelude for piano, in B flat minor, Op. 34/16 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in B minor, Op. 34/6 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in C major, Op. 34/1 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in C minor, Op. 34/20 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932
Prelude for piano, in C sharp minor, Op. 34/10 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in C sharp minor, Op. 34/11 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in D flat major, Op. 34/15 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 Prelude for piano, in D major ("Velocity etude"), Op. Prelude for Keyboard
-1933 34/5
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in D minor, Op. 34/24 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in E flat major, Op. 34/19 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932 Prelude for piano, in E flat minor ("Zoya prelude"),
Prelude for Keyboard
-1933 Op. 34/14
1932
Prelude for piano, in E major, Op. 34/9 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in E minor, Op. 34/4 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in F major, Op. 34/23 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932
Prelude for piano, in F minor, Op. 34/18 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932
Prelude for piano, in F sharp major, Op. 34/13 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 Prelude for piano, in F sharp minor (Allegretto), Op.
Prelude for Keyboard
-1933 34/8
1932
Prelude for piano, in G major, Op. 34/3 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1932 -
Prelude for piano, in G minor (Adagio), Op. 34/22 Prelude for Keyboard
33
1932
Prelude for piano, in G sharp minor, Op. 34/12 Prelude for Keyboard
-1933
1950 -
Preludes & Fugues (24), for piano, Op. 87 Prelude and Fugue for Keyboard
51
1919 - Preludes (5) for piano (from collaborative work of
Prelude for Keyboard
21 24 preludes with Clements & Feldt)
1919 -
Preludes (8), for piano, Op. 2 Prelude for Keyboard
20
1932 -
Preludes (24), for piano, Op. 34 Prelude for Keyboard
33
20th/21st Century Sonata/Sonatina for Key-
1926 Sonata for piano No. 1 (October Symphony), Op. 12
board
20th/21st Century Sonata/Sonatina for Key-
1942 Sonata for piano No. 2 in B Minor, Op. 61
board
1922 Suite, for 2 pianos, in F sharp minor, Op. 6 Music for Two Keyboards
Tarantella, for 2 pianos (arr. from film suite "The
1963 Music for Two Keyboards
Gadfly")
Transcription for piano of the comic waltz from
Transcription for Keyboard
"The Baroness and the Hooligan"
Transcription for piano of the polka from "The
Transcription for Keyboard
Golden Age"
Transcription for piano of the romance from "The
Transcription for Keyboard
Gadfly"

Chamber
Moderato, for cello & piano, Op. 40b (until 1968 con-
1934 Cello with Keyboard
sidered to be part of Sonata Op40)
1931 Movements (2) for string quartet Quartet for Four String Instruments
1924 -
Pieces (2) for double string quartet, Op. 11 Octet for Eight String Instruments
25
1940 Pieces (3) for 1 instrument, Op. 59 (withdrawn?) Chamber Music
Pieces (5) for 2 violins & piano (arr. from theater music by
Chamber Music
Atovmian)
Quintet for Keyboard and Four String
1940 Quintet for piano & strings, in G Minor, Op. 57
Instruments
Requiem for Strings, Op. 144bis (arranged by Rachlevsky Chamber Music for More than Nine
from String Quartet No. 15 ) String Instruments
1934 Sonata for cello & piano, in D minor, Op. 40 Cello with Keyboard
1975 Sonata for viola & piano, in C major, Op. 147 Viola with Keyboard
1968 Sonata for violin & piano, Op. 134 Violin with Keyboard
1938 String Quartet No 1, in C Major, Op. 49 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1944 String Quartet No 2, in A Major, Op. 68 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1949 String Quartet No 4, in D major, Op. 83 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1952 String Quartet No 5, in B flat major, Op. 92 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1956 String Quartet No 6, in G major, Op. 101 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1960 String Quartet No 7, in F sharp Minor, Op. 108 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1964 String Quartet No 9, in E flat major, Op. 117 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1964 String Quartet No 10, in A flat, Op. 118 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1966 String Quartet No 11, in F Minor, Op. 122 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1968 String Quartet No 12, in D flat major, Op. 133 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1969 -
String Quartet No 13, in B flat Minor, Op. 138 Quartet for Four String Instruments
70
1973 String Quartet No 14, in F sharp major, Op. 142 Quartet for Four String Instruments
1974 String Quartet No 15, in E flat Minor, Op. 144 Quartet for Four String Instruments
String Quartets (15), complete Quartet for Four String Instruments
Trio for Keyboard and Two String In-
1923 Trio for piano & strings No. 1, in C minor, Op. 8
struments
Trio for Keyboard and Two String In-
1944 Trio for piano & strings No. 2, in E Minor, Op. 67
struments
Waltzes (4), for flute (or piccolo), clarinet & piano (arr. Two Woodwinds with Keyboard/Con-
from various pieces by Atovmyan) tinuo

Orchestral
The Adventures of Korzinkina (A Ticket to the Fifth Zone), suite
1940 Suite for Orchestra
from the film score, Op. 59a (assembled by Rozhdestvensky)
1930 The Age of Gold, suite from the ballet, Op. 22a Suite for Orchestra
Ballet Suite No. 1, for orchestra (assembled by Atovmyan) Suite for Orchestra
1949 Ballet Suite No. 2, for orchestra (assembled by Atovmyan) Suite for Orchestra
1952 Ballet Suite No. 3, for orchestra (assembled by Atovmyan) Suite for Orchestra
Ballet Suite No. 4, for orchestra (assembled by Atovmyan) Suite for Orchestra
Belinsky, suite from the film score, Op.85a (assembled by
Suite for Orchestra
Atovmyan)
1933 The Bolt, suite from the ballet, Op. 27a Suite for Orchestra
Chamber Symphony, in A flat major, Op 118a (arranged by Bar-
Chamber Symphony
shai from the String Quartet No. 10 )
Chamber Symphony, in C minor, Op 110a (arranged by Barshai
1960 Chamber Symphony
from the String Quartet No. 8 )
Chamber Symphony, in D major, Op 83a (arranged by Barshai
Chamber Symphony
from the String Quartet No. 4)
Chamber Symphony, in F major, Op 73a (arr by Barshai from
Chamber Symphony
String Quartet No. 3)
1949 Encounter at the Elbe, suite from the film score, Op. 80a Suite for Orchestra
The Fall of Berlin, suite from the film score, Op. 82a (as-
Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)
1954 Festive Overture, for orchestra in A major, Op. 96 20th/21st Century Overture
1955
The First Echelon, suite from the film score, Op. 99a Suite for Orchestra
-1956
Five Days - Five Nights, suite from the film score, Op. 111a (as-
Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1929 The Flea (The Bedbug), incidental music, Op. 19
sic for Orchestra
The Flea (The Bedbug), suite from the incidental music, Op.
1929 Suite for Orchestra
19a
20th/21st Century Orchestral Mu-
1935 Fragments (5), for small orchestra, Op. 42
sic
The Gadfly, suite from the film score, Op. 97a (assembled by
Suite for Orchestra
Atovmyan)
The Golden Hills (The Golden Mountains; Happy Street), suite
1931 Suite for Orchestra
from the film score, Op. 30a
1931 20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
Hamlet, incidental music, Op. 32 (unrelated to film score)
-1932 sic for Orchestra
Hamlet, suite from the film score, Op.116a (assembled by
Suite for Orchestra
Atovmyan)
Hamlet, suite from the incidental music, Op. 32a (unrelated to
1932 Suite for Orchestra
film score)
1933 20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
The Human Comedy, incidental music, Op. 37 (part lost)
-1934 sic for Orchestra
Hypothetically Murdered, incidental music for circus sketch, 20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
Op. 31 (11 of 35 numbers missing) sic for Orchestra
1956 Katerina Izmaylova, suite from the opera, Op. 114a Suite for Orchestra
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1940 King Lear, incidental music, Op. 58a
sic for Orchestra
1945 The Limpid Stream, suite from the ballet, Op. 39a Suite for Orchestra
Maxim, suite (from film scores Opp.45 & 89), Op. 50a (as-
1961 Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)
Michurin (Life in Bloom), suite from the film score, Op. 78a (as-
Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)
Mournful-Triumphal Prelude in Memory of the Heroes of Stalin- 20th/21st Century Occasional Mu-
1967
grad, Op. 130 sic
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1942 Native Country, incidental music to spectacle, Op. 63
sic for Orchestra
Native Leningrad, suite (from incidental music to Native Coun-
1942 Suite for Orchestra
try), Op. 63
New Babylon, suite from the film score, Op. 18a (restored by
Suite for Orchestra
Rozhdestvensky)
1928 The Nose, opera suite, Op. 15a Suite for Orchestra
20th/21st Century Orchestral
1960 Novorossisk Chimes (The Fire of Eternal Glory), for orchestra
Work with Descriptive Title
20th/21st Century Tone
1967 October, symphonic poem, Op. 131
Poem/Symphonic Poem
1932 Overture for the Green Guild, for orchestra 20th/21st Century Overture
Overture on Russian and Khirghiz Folksongs, for orchestra,
1963 20th/21st Century Overture
Op. 115
20th/21st Century Orchestral Mu-
1929 Pieces (2) for E. Dressel's "Kolumbus", for orchestra, Op. 23
sic
1947 - Pieces (3) for Orchestra 20th/21st Century Orchestral Mu-
48 sic
Pirogov, suite from the film score, Op. 76a (assembled by
Suite for Orchestra
Atovmyan)
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1931 Rule, Britannia!, incidental music, Op. 28
sic for Orchestra
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1944 Russian River, incidental music to spectacle, Op. 66
sic for Orchestra
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1936 Salute to Spain, incidental music, Op. 44
sic for Orchestra
1923
Scherzo, for orchestra in E flat major, Op. 7 Scherzo for Orchestra
-1924
1919 Scherzo, for orchestra in F sharp Minor, Op. 1 Scherzo for Orchestra
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1929 The Shot, incidental music, Op. 24
sic for Orchestra
1946 String Quartet No 3, in F Major, Op. 73 Chamber Symphony
1960 String Quartet No. 8 in C minor, Op. 110 Chamber Symphony
1934 Suite for Jazz Orchestra, No. 1 Suite for Orchestra
1938 Suite for Jazz Orchestra, No. 2 Suite for Orchestra
Symphonies (15), complete Orchestral Music
Tahiti Trot, for orchestra (arr. of Youmans "Tea for Two"), Op.
1928 Fox Trot for Orchestra
16
1933 - The Tale of the Priest and His Servant Balda, suite from the an-
Suite for Orchestra
34 imated film score, Op. 36a
1921
Theme & Variations, for orchestra in B flat major, Op. 3 20th/21st Century Variations
-1922
Transcription for orchestra of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's "Ya
Transcription for Orchestra
dolgo zhdal tebya"
Transcription for orchestra of Johann Strauss Jr.'s "Vergnü-
1940 Transcription for Orchestra
gungszug"
Transcription for orchestra of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Es war
Transcription for Orchestra
einmal ein König ... "
The Unforgettable Year 1919, suite from the film score, Op. 89a
Suite for Orchestra
(assembled by Atovmyan)
20th/21st Century Incidental Mu-
1945 Victorious Spring, incidental music, Op. 72
sic for Orchestra
A Year is Like a Lifetime, suite from the film score, Op. 120a
Suite for Orchestra
(assembled by Atovmyan)
The Young Guard, suite from the film score, Op. 75a (as-
Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)
Zoya (Who Is She?), suite from the film score, Op. 64a (as-
Suite for Orchestra
sembled by Atovmyan)

Concerto
1959 Cello Concerto No. 1, in E flat major, Op. 107 Cello Concerto
1966 Cello Concerto No. 2, in G major, Op. 126 Cello Concerto
1933 Piano Concerto No. 1, for piano, trumpet & strings, in C minor, Op. 35 Piano Concerto
1957 Piano Concerto No. 2, in F major, Op. 102 Piano Concerto
1947 - 48 Violin Concerto No. 1, in A minor, Op. 77 (revised as Op. 99) Violin Concerto
1967 Violin Concerto No. 2, in C sharp minor, Op. 129 Violin Concerto