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Types of Batteries Ambient temperature batteries Primary batteries Secondary batteries High temperature batteries Primary batteries Potassium

Perchlorate Secondary batteries

Zinc Carbon

Lead Acid

Sodium Sulphur

Alkaline

Nickel Cadmium Nickel Metal Hydride Lithium-ion

Hydrogen Bromide

Characteristics / Battery Energy / Weight Energy / Power Power / Weight Charge / Discharge efficiency Self -discharge rate Cycle durability Nominal Cell voltage

Lead Acid 30-40 Wh/kg 60-70 Wh/L 180 W/kg 50%-92%

Nickel Cadmium 40-60 Wh/kg 50-150 Wh/L 150 W/kg 70-90%

Nickel Metal Hydride 30-80 Wh/kg 140-300 Wh/L 250-1000 W/kg 66% 30% / month 500-1000 cycles 1.2 V

Lithium - ion 160 Wh/kg 270 Wh/L 1800 W/kg 99.90% 5%-10% / month 1200 cycles 3.7 V

Lithium ion Polymer 130-200 Wh/kg 300 Wh/L Up to 2800 W/kg 99.80% 10% / month >1000 cycles 3.7 V

3%-20% / 10% / month month 500-800 cycles 2000 cycles 2.105 V 1.2 V