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1.3.

. -
, ,
. ,
(NTSC, PAL, SECAM).
; , ,
.
.
NTSC ( . National Television Standards Committee )
, . 18 1953
.
NTSC, , NTSC M:
() 60 (59,94005994 );
() 525, 486;
3 579 545,5 .
29,970.
().
NTSC .
ER-Y EB-Y .
,
. ER-Y EB-Y
90. . :

, , . ,
, .
.
.
- 810 .
, - .
, ,
. , .
NTSC ,
ER-Y EB-Y, EI EQ, ER-Y EB-Y
33. (
).

, EI EQ
,
- , . EI
1,3 , EQ 0,6 .
, - 15750 60 , , ,
286- . ,
(4,5 ) (3,58 )
. 15734 ,
59,94 . , , , ,
.
PAL (. Phase-alternating by line ) ,
Telefunken 1967
.
625 25 .

, PAL
(-) .
.
, , , .
: (R), (G) (B).
RGB. -
, R-Y B-Y ( Y
). PAL YUV.
PAL (
AM), 4433618,75 (4,43 ).
180 . PAL
, ( NTSC).
, .
. , -
U V, R-Y B-Y.

, .
, NTSC, PAL
, (-
). , -
. , ,
. ,
, PAL.
,
/ ( 3D)
.
PAL SECAM,
NTSC, YUV .
SCAM SECAM ( . Squentiel couleur avec mmoire, Squentiel couleur mmoire
; [
]) , . ,
.
, SECAM
(-) .
.
625 25 .
, : (R), (G)
(B) . RGB.
, (
, , ),
, . , ,
- , Y
R-Y B-Y. SECAM YDbDr ( YUV).
SECAM (),
, . R-Y B-Y
, . , R-Y,
, ,
, , B-Y.
. , 625 64 .
.
,
, , , ,
. ,
64 ,
. , 1,5 ,
, 64 .
. ,
. ,
.
. (
,

, ). ..
.
. 64
, , .
,
.
, SECAM ,
. , ,
.
.
, YDbDr
SECAM . , SECAM, PAL NTSC,
, ,
.
SECAM
; .

. ,
. ,
, .
.
( . Digital Television, DTV) - ,
.
MPEG.

(ISO International Organization for Standartization),
100 . ,
. , , MPEG
(Motion Picture Expert Group).[5]
, , (ITU
International Communication Union). ,
.
:
DVB .
ATSC .
ISDB .

[5]:
.
.
, .
.
( ).
.
.
,
(, ).
.
- -.
.

, .
, .
.
: 100 %
.
DVB (. Digital Video Broadcasting) DVB
.
.
OSI
: ( ), , ( ,

IPTV). OSI ,
IP, .
DVB MPEG-1, MPEG-2 ITU H.264,
. DVB
, MPEG-2.
ETSI DVB
(bluebooks), DVB, ETSI .
DVB, ETSI : EN , TS
( ), TR , . ,
guidelines (), ,
, .
DVB .
DVB-, , DVB-DATA , .
DVB

DVB-S


(. Satellite services)

,
.


QPSK, 8-PSK,

(16-QAM)

DVB-S2



(. Satellite 2nd
generation)

, DVB-S,

,
.

QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK


32APSK,

DVB-SH

/ ,

.

QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
(
(. Satellite handheld)
).

DVB-C


(. Cable)

,
.

16-QAM, 32-QAM, 64QAM, 128-QAM 256QAM,

DVB-C2



(. Cable 2nd
generation)

QPSK, 16-QAM,64-QAM,
256-QAM, 1024-QAM,
4096-QAM

DVB-T

(. Terrestrial)

,

( ).

16-QAM 64-QAM (
QPSK)
COFDM

DVB-T2



(. Terrestrial 2nd
generation)

, DVB-T,
,
QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM,
DVB-T 256-QAM
. DVB-T.

DVB-H


(. Handheld)

, DVB-T, .


DVB-IPDC -
(. IP Datacast)


DVB-H (
IP).

OFDM