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SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTES:


STRUCTURE, PROPERTIES,
AND APPLICATIONS
A. M. TIMONOV

The main properties of solid polymer electrolytes and their current and future applications
in electrochemical systems are explained using
the fluorocarbon solid polymer electrolyte
Nafion as an example.

.., 2000


Nafion,
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www.issep.rssi.ru


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69


.
"Nafion"

[ (CF2CF2)x(CF2CF) ]y
[OCF2CFCF3]m
O(CF2)nSO3 (1/z)Katz+
n

()

N+
R (1/z)Az
x = 513; y = 1000; m = 03; n = 26.
Nafion , ,
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Nafion.

-4.
Nafion
19751976 . 70-
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70

NAFION
Nafion 0,1 1 .
( ), ( 100).

(K = H+ Na+ ). Nafion 900 1200
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Nafion
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Nafion . , ,

10

[CF2]n

[CF2]n

SO
SO3 3 SO3
SO3
SO3

SO
SO3 3 SO3
SO3
SO3
SO3

40

50

. 1. Nafion

, 6 , 8 , 2 0 0 0



( ) D (2/c). Na+ Nafion
1 10 6 2/c,

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[Ru(bipy)3]2+, bipy = 2,2'-.
. , , 10 3 [Ru(bipy)3]2+
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500700 . :
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9001000 /
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Nafion (. 2).


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Nafion

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. 2. Nafion

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71


Cl2

NaOH + H2

2Na+

2Cl

Cl2 + 2e

2H2O + 2e

Cl

2OH + H2

OH

Nal

H2O

. 3.
Nafion

:
Cl2 + 2OH

ClO + Cl +H2O

, -

6ClO + 3H2O

2ClO3 + 4Cl + 6H+ + 1,5O2 + 6e

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Na+, Cl OH;
( 6 /
8095) ;
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Nafion,
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72

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( ) /. : 2H2O + 4e
O2 + 4H+

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O2
H2

H+

H2O

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:
2H+ + 2e
H2
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Ox: Ox + e
Red.

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Ox + A
Red + A+. , : + +
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SO
SO3 3 SO3
SO3
SO3

SO3
SO3

Ox

SO3
A
Red

. 5.

74

+ ,
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( H+ Na+) Nafion
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10111013 2/.
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: A+ +
+ A+. ,
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(H. Dahms) (I. Ruff) 70-
80- .

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Dct ,
:
Dct = D + k2CA /4,
D
, k
, 1 1, , -, .
.
, = 0,1, = 10 7 ,
k = 109 3 1 1 8 10 9 2 1. ,
106 2 1.

, 6 , 8 , 2 0 0 0


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[Ru(bipy)3]2 + Nafion, Dct , 4 1010 2 1, 0,3 1010 2 1 3,7 1010 2 1,

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1. Gray F.M. Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Fundamental and Technological Applications // VCH Publ. Inc. N.Y., 1991. 215 p.
2. Hamann C., Hamnett A., Vielstich Electrochemistry // WileyVCH, Weinheim, N.Y., 1998. 423 p.
3. Hillman A.R. Polymer Modified Electrodes: Preparation andCharacterisation, in: Electrochemical Science and Technology
of Polymers-1 // Elsevier Applied Science, London, N.Y.,
1990, P. 102240.

. .
***
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, . .. , (1995/96,
1997, 1998, 1999 .). ,
. 70 .

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75