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2-3(2) 2010 .

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Inkscape
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:
http://ualinux.com
:
http://ualinux.com/index.php/forum/

,

:
service@ualinux.com

, ,
, , ,
.
,
,

GNU/Linux, .

, ,
,
,
.
, ,
, ,
, , , , ,
, , ,
, ,
.
, .

:
, 03040, .
/ 56 ()
Email: journal@ualinux.com
: /
:
: 22.07.2010
: * 7000 .

,
ftp, http torrent
.

:



.

.

,
.

.
.

User And LINUX


10.07

............................................................................7
...........................................................................11
6 OpenOffice.org............13
Lazarus 0.9.28...............................................................14
7
..............................................14

Linux.................................15
Twitter Linux...................................17
Google ChromeOS: .......................20

...................................................22
OpenShot Ubuntu..........................................................24
Linux ...................................................25
....................29
20
Linux.....................................31
Linux :
Eeebuntu NBR Edition.................37
Ubuntu...............40
...........................................................................41
Dropbox ......................43
Easy mp3 gain: .................44
Fspot .............................44
GnoMenu: a
GNOME Windows .......................45
HTOP (
Linux)......................................45
Nmap ...................................................46
Pitivi
.............................46
TeamViewer ..............47

.................................48
UNetbootin:
LiveCD USB............................................48
Ailurus Ubuntu Tweak...........49
TrueCrypt !.....................................49
Inkscape..................50
Adobe Photoshop Ubuntu Linux........53
Gedit .............................54
BleachBit: .................................55
Liferea Google Reader..............55
1C: 8
Ubuntu Linux, Wine......................................56
: Internet Explorer Linux.................57
....................................................................58
Neuros LINK
Ubuntu................................................60
Dell Zino HD !..........................................60

User And LINUX


10.07

Myka Ion
Ubuntu..................................61
Linux ...................................61
...............62
......................................................................63
0 A.D. RTS Linux....................65
Smokin' Guns
Quake 3!........................................................65
Warzone 2100.................................................................66
Mount&Blade + Ubuntu 10.04 + Wine 1.1.44..................66
25 3D Linux...........................6774
.............................................................75
15 Ubuntu
Linux................................77
ext3 ext4...................80
Canon LBP810 (LBP1120) Ubuntu 9.10.....................81
BearPaw Ubuntu 10.04................................................81

NTFS Ubuntu 9.10........................................82
Ctrl+Alt+BackSpace Update
Ubuntu 9.10..................................................................82
Grub
Windows..............................................82
VirtualBox ...................83

Gnome.........................................83
GPRS/EDGE/3G
Nokia E71 Bluetooth Linux...................84
Gedit ..........................86
.....................87
DirectX Wine...............................................87
Ubuntu 10.04:
....................88

Ubuntu 10.04.....................................................90
.............................................................................91
Linux ..................................................................93
Google Wave: ...................................94

OpenSource? Google.....................................96
Google ChromeOS: ..............................97
Linux :
...............................................98
Microsoft Windows EULA
End User's Agreement ..................101
Linux :
....................................................102
.............................................105
Linux
................................105




User And LINUX
: journal@ualinux.com


Nokia Intel

KDE
:
:

http://bit.ly/bmDmfQ


() 3 10

Akademy,
KDE.



.

KDE
.

,
.

Nokia, ,
,
Akademy .


Trolltech, Nokia
Qt
Qtopia.

Intel. ,
KDE

MeeGo,
Moblin Maemo
Nokia.

BasysCom, Canonical, Collabora,
Google, Ixonos, OpenSUSE.

FOSS Fest 2010


http://2010.fossfest.com

29 1
RootUA FOSS
News

Fest`

/
FOSS Fest 2010.
"
".
Fest`
,
,
(
, ,
,
...).

Debian
Live-Helper
http://bit.ly/cbfU2u

Debian
LiveHelper WebFrontend:
http://livehelper.debian.net




DebianLive.

(Richard Nelson),
Debian Live.
livehelper CGI.

Kubuntu QT
KDE
http://bit.ly/d9thcA

7 IRC freenode
#kubuntudevel 21:00


, Kubuntu, Qt
KDE.
(
)
:
21:00 Kubuntu Maverick
(Jonathan Riddell)
22:00 Qt Quick
QML (Alan Alpert, Nokia)
23:00
Kubuntu
Ninjas (Rohan Garg)
24:00
Qt? (Johan Thelin
Foundations of Qt
Development)
1:00 (Ralph
Janke (txwikinger))
2:00 ( Kubuntu)

IBM

Mozilla Firefox
http://bit.ly/dyDC8U

(Bob Sutor),
IBM

, , IBM
Firefox

,

. Firefox

,
, IBM
400 ,


Firefox.

Firefox
web

,
IBM


Cloud.
,
cloud
,


.
Mozilla

Firefox

IBM.
IBM

Firefox,


Firefox
IT.
,
2007
Enterprise Working Group
Mozilla.

Firefox
Client Customization Kit
(CCK),
IBM,

Firefox
( ,

,
).

1: 8.2
http://www.linux.ru/node/3589

"1"
25.09.2009 8.2
"1:".
,
Linux
native WEB
!
"1: 8.2"


"1: 8".

User And LINUX


10.07


:


,

,

,


Linux,

,


,

,


,

Oracle Database,

,
,


,

,


,


,

.


"1":
http://bit.ly/bfaZBn

IBM Canonical

Windows 7
http://bit.ly/dlKTxl

IBM Canonical,
Ubuntu,

Client for Smart Work,


Windows 7
.

,


50 ,

User And LINUX


10.07


Microsoft.
Client for Smart Work

, ,
"
".
,

Lotus Symphony,


LotusLive.com .
Client for Smart Work
Ubuntu Linux.


,
IBM Canonical
.
2010
,
, , .
,
,
IBM Canonical,

.

Banshee

Songbird.

Google Go
http://bit.ly/ctoF0Y

Go,

Google,

, Python,
,

, C C++.

2007
(Rob Pike),
(Ken Thompson)
(Robert Griesemer),


. 2008

,
Go ,

Google.
,
Easy Peasy 1.5

http://unfiles.ru/index.php?newsid=3555

(slices)
Jon Ramvi
.
Easy Peasy 1.5, Ubuntubased
Go
,

, Ubuntu Netbook
,
Remix : Easy Peasy
goroutines.
(
,
: enkommafem)
goroutines,
.
.
,
Go
,
Unicode,


Linux
. Hello,
.
World Go
Easy Peasy 1.5:
:

Linux (2.6.30)
package main

import "fmt"

func main() {

fmt.Printf("Hello, World\n")

}

(Google Picasa,

OpenOffice.org 3.1)
: gccgo,
Ubuntu 9.04
GCC,

,
ext4
: 6g 64bit x86
UXA
8g 32bit x86 (


,
Plan 9). GCC

,
3D 3D (,

)
, ,

,
. Go

BSD.
.
http://bit.ly/aD7ZmF

Novell

http://habrahabr.ru/blogs/suse/94382/



Novell
,
: .
,
.
Novell 20
, WSJ (
).
Novell
Elliott Associates $2
,

.
, Novell

,
.
.
Novell
,

. ,
Linux
SUSE Linux. ,

,

, .
, ,
Novell

. ,
,
Elliott Associates.
Novell
.

MPEG-4

Ubuntu

http://retimer.ru/2010/05/mpeg4inubuntu/

Canonical

Linux,

H.264/AVC (
MPEG4) .

800 (
MPEGLA),

Red Hat, Novell.



H.264
web (
firefox
). ,
Mozilla
H.264

Firefox,
Theora (
Vp3).
(Chris Kenyon),


.
2.8, ,

,

http://itc.ua/node/40879
, .
,
GIMP



Photoshop ,
.
,

.
Photoshop CS4,
,
,

(Peter Sikking),


.


.


, GIMP,

GIMP 2.8

Canonical, ,
H.264
,

,

Ubuntu. Canonical
H.264
MPEGLA
OEM
H.264

Ubuntu,
Adobe Flash,
Adobe Acrobat, Fluendo, RealPlayer,
DVD
,

.
,
Ubuntu ,

H.264,

OEM,


.
"Ubuntu Compatible" ,


Ubuntu,
Canonical
.
"Ubuntu Certified"
,

,
Canonical.
,
Ubuntu .
Google
Vp8.

, ,

,
, , ,
,
.



.
,
GIMPshop GIMP


.


,

Adobe.

User And LINUX


10.07


Font Manager
http://unixhome.org.ua/blog/programs/101.html

:
PDF

fontsampler

,

,


, ,



-
OpenOffice.org
http://open.cnews.ru/news/line/index.shtml?2010/05/21/392367

,

OpenOffice.org OpenOffice.org



OpenOffice.org Wiki
OpenOffice.org Wiki
OpenOffice.org
,


OpenOfice.org ,

Ru.OpenOffice.org

,
.
OpenOffice.org


, , , URL
,
,
,
,
.
.

,

: openofiice.org
RU.

10

User And LINUX


10.07

Moblin 2.1


http://bit.ly/anWjkt


Moblin 2.1


. , Moblin


.
.
Moblin 2.1
Linux 2.6.31. Moblin
2.1
Flash Silverlight

.
, Moblin
3G


.

IM,

.

Moblin 2.1
,

. ,

,


.
2.1,
Moblin


,
, ..


,

.

6
OpenOffice.Org

OpenOffice.org (, , OOo)
, Microsoft
Office. , . ,

. 6 . !


(Readability Report) neiln

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/project/ReadabilityReport

OOo Writer,
,
.
,

.
,
OOo
,
.


Writer
(Alternative Find & Replace for
Writer) Tomas Bilek

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/project/AltSearch


" " OOo Writer,
,

. ,


.

"",

" ".

.



.
"" (batches)
.

,
.


.
" "


/ .


(Text Effects) deye

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/project/txe


OOo Writer,
,

.
,
.
,
( ).
,
, (
) , ""
( ),
(remap) .


> >
.


.

TradutorOOoText 1.0.0
by infocla

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/node/3988


,
.

,
.
,
Google.

"
" .

.


1900 .

CompPad muddybeemer

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/project/CompPad

,

, .



Writer.
Mathcad
Mathsoft.


CompPad
,
Calc ( Excel)
"" .

, ,
.
,
, ,
,
.


.

MLA Paper Template


Paul Johnson

http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/
en/project/MLATemplate


MLA ,
,
,
.
,

OpenDocument.

MLA,
,
.

,
,
.
. ,


,
MLA.
User And LINUX
10.07

13

Lazarus 0.9.28

: http://www.whylinux.ru/freepascal.html

Lazarus

FreePascal,

(GTK+, Qt, WinCE, Carbon)
Linux,
BSD, Windows, MacOS.
0.9.28
: GTK2

Linux, LCL

TFrame,


, TMo
nitor class:
,
LCL


1518%, Tree
View

:
TShellTreeView (
()
/),
TShellListView (
/),
TFilterComboBox (

).

7

:http://lamernotes.blogspot.com/2009/09/7.html

1. top htop


.
, ,

,
PID,
:
ps A | grep i java

top ,

.
,
, ..

:
:
h
7789 ? 00:05:44 java
Z
A
:

kill 9 7789
u


O
,
:
k
man
ps
q .
top () htop.

htop top,

.

2. dstat

top () htop.

14

User And LINUX


10.07

4. du df

,

.

:
du sh ~/Pictures/


:
du ah
df

.
df hT

3. ps

ncdu
(http://dev.yorhel.nl/ncdu),

.
ncurses.
.
vmstat, iostat, netstat, nfsstat
ifstat .
,
:
c
d
m
n

7. ccze

ccze
,
.

5. iptraf

,

,
,
o .

6. lsof (glsof)


,

. ,

,
.
,

,
:

lsof /var/log/messages.log


,
:
lsof i



( , ,
):
lsof +D /media/disk

ncdu.

, ,

:
lsof c <>

lsof

glsof
(http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/glsof),
.

glsof.


Linux

: http://ruslinux.net/lib.php?name=/MyLDP/internet/Three_alternative_Linux_instant_messaging_applications.html
Linux
Pidgin (
Gaim) Kopete,
.
,

.

Gajim Jabber



, Py
GTK GTK+
.

,

.
Gajim
Pidgin,
,
. GoogleTalk
Jabber,

Gajim.

Gmail,
<>
<gmail.com>.

,
Edit > Profile Avatar.


:





.

,
11 .
, Gajim



.
,


.

,

OpenPGP ,

.

Gyach Yahoo!



Yahoo! Messenger Linux.
,

Linux.

,
,
2006 .
,
Gyach Enhanced
, Pidgin,
,
.

.

,

,
Gyach Enhanced
.
User And LINUX
10.07

15



. <>

,
Yahoo!
,
.
<>

Yahoo!,
,
.


,
,
.


,
,
,

.
My Yahoo!
:

,
, RSS
, Yahoo! TV ,
Yahoo!, , ,
.

.
.


,

,
. Gyach
Enhanced

Yahoo! Messenger
(audibles).
,

16

User And LINUX


10.07

.
64 ,
,
.
Gyach
Enhanced, <>


.
,

.

,
,
, .
Gyach
Enhanced ,
.

,
,
. ,
,

,


,
.
<>
,
Flash MP3
,
.

KMess MSN

,
Windows Live
Messenger (
MSN Messenger), ,
KMess,

Qt
KDE.

Gajim, KMess
,


.

,
.
,

,
,

. ,

,
,
, .
KMess
Gajim
,
.

KMess .

Linux
,
Pidgin Kopete ,
,
,
,
.
Gajim, Gyach Enhanced
KMess
.
Linux
,
,
Gabber, Psi, Jabbin Fama
IM ( Jabber),
Mercury Messenger, aMSN emesene
( MSN). ,
AOL
, naim.

Twitter- Linux
: http://ruslinux.net/lib.php?name=/MyLDP/internet/twitter.html

Twitux.


.

,


twitter.com.
,
.
Twitter

Twitter API. ,

Twitter.
,
,


.

Linux Twitter
.
: Linux,
Firefox
AIR.

Linux

Twitux Twitter
Gnome.
Ubuntu 8.04 ,

,
Twitux
.

,

./configure make make
install.
,

Twitux.

gTwitter 1.0 beta.

twitux.
Twitux
,
.

View. Settings

. Twitter
(
Twitter tweet),
,

.
,
.
,
.
gTwitter Twitter,

Mono.
,



.
gTwitter
mono. ,

. Ubuntu


:
aptget install gtwitter
RPM/Yum,
:
yum install gtwitter
gTwitter ,
Twitux. ,

.

.

.
,

TwitterFox Firefox.


.

,
, .
,

.



.

Firefox


Twitter
Firefox.

(https://addons.mozilla.org/ru/firefox).
Firefox.

TwitKit TwitterFox
,
.
TwitKit ,
TwitterFox
"t"
Firefox.

.
, TwitterFox

,
.
TwitKit
,

,

.
TwitterBar ,

Twitter
User And LINUX
10.07

17

Snitter
TwitterAIR.

.
,
, TwitterBar

,

.
TwitterBar
Firefox .

.
,
Twitter.
URL

Currently Browsing:
Twitter.

140
, URL

TinyURL.

AIR

,
,

AIR,

Adobe.
, AIR
,
.
AIR
,
Twitter.

Adobe AIR Application
Installer,
AIR Linux.
twitterAIR
Twitter,
AIR.
,

18

User And LINUX


10.07

.
TweetDeck,

.
.
Snitter. Twit
ter,
,
. ,
,
. ,

AIR
Linux,
AIR,
.

Tweetr.
AIR,
Twitter, AIR,

.

Linux.

,

. ,

.
TweetDeck
,
Twitter.

, ,
.

,
. ,
"",

.
"",

Tweetr 3.4

, Linux
"Linux", ..
TweetDeck
Twitter, ,
.


.
,
,
TweetDeck.

Twhril.
Twitter.

,
.
Twitter, Twhirl
Pownce, Jaiku,
Identi.ca FriendFeed.
Seesmic, Twhirl
.
Twhirl
,
,
,
. ,
.

TweetDeck.

,
Twitter,
.
Posty
TwitterBar,

Twitter. ,

Twitter.
,
TwitterBar. Posty


Twitter, Jaiku, Pownce, Tumblr,
Identi.ca FriendFeed.
,
(
) .
, ,
.

Posty.

Posty ,
,

.
,
AIR Linux,

.
AIR Linux,
,
. ,
AIR

Tweetr),
(
, ),
.
, ,
Tweetr
""
,
?


. Linux

Twitux.

Firefox
, ,
Firefox,

.
AIR
Twhirl.

,

. Tweet
Deck,
Twitter,

.

TwitterBar Posty
. ,
Twit
ter,

. , Posty


.

,
.
,
,
.

Twhirl.
User And LINUX
10.07

19



Chrome OS
.

,

,

.
, ,
,



,
.

, ,


,


,


. ,


,
,
2010 ,

Chrome OS
.
, ,



,
.
,





.

20

User And LINUX


10.07

Google Chrome OS:



: http://www.computerra.ru/terralab/softerra/480519/


32309.211410,
19 .

,
Google
. ,
,


VirtualBox.
,
,

,
Chrome OS

.
,

,
,
. ""

.
,

,
,
Chrome OS.

.


Google
Chrome,
. ,
,
, .

( ,

)
.


(

,
).


""
Windows,

.
(,
, ..)

, "
"
Google Chrome.

, ,
Google Talk, ,
, ,
,
.

,
,
,

.
,
.

,

(
?)
,

.

.
"
"
,
,
. ,
"
",
, .


"Alt+Tab".
Chrome OS .
, ,
(,
, ).
""
.
,
,

,
"".

Google Chrome OS.
,

.
,
, ,
" "

, .

Chrome OS, ,
,
.
,
,
Google.
.
,
,
Packard Bell EasyNote TN65.
User And LINUX
10.07

21



,
, .

,
,
100%,

,
.

,
,
:
?

,
( ,
)
.


,


.

,

.
,

.

,



.

,
,
.
,

,

.


,


.

22

User And LINUX


10.07

: http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2009/11/blogpost_22.html



, ,
,
..,


.
,



(, , ),
.
,

(
,

),

(
),



.



(
,

,
,
,
, ..),


,
.

http://home.finance.ua




,
.

SMS,




.
HomeMoney

http://homemoney.com.ua/



,

.
,


(,
, ).
WAP,

/
.

-
.

http://vkoshelke.ru




,

(,
, ).
,
,
Google Map

,
.


( ,
,
).
,



.
4

www.4konverta.com


,

(www.moneyplan.ru).


,

.


(


)

.

,



,
..



(
, ,
..), ,

,

,
.



,

.

VIP (

,
),
Firefox,
Safari Internet Explorer.

www.drebedengi.ru



,

,
.


,
,
,
.

,
Excel,
SMS

.

www.gdemoidengi.com


,

.
,



,



.

,


.
Google Docs

https://docs.google.com

User And LINUX


10.07

23

Google.

Spreedsheet
.


,
New From template,

: Family Budget Planner,
Personal Monthly Budget, Monthly
Household Budget, Simple Budget
Planner ..


,
..)

.



,

( email,
..).

:


,


.

,


. ,

,
,

.

,
(
,

OpenShot Ubuntu

: http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2010/03/openshotubuntu.html

,
, OpenShot.

. .
,
Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)
OpenShot
.
,
OpenShot ,
1.1.

"
".

.



,

. ,
Ubuntu 10.04
OpenShot
.

24

User And LINUX


10.07

Linux -

: http://internetclub.info/?q=node/11

,
, Windows.
,
Windows .
.
.


,

,


.
,
Windows,

.


,
.

.

IClub

()
Linux/
FreeBSD.
Zencafe

(http://linux.blogs.ie/downloads/)




CCL
http://ccl.sourceforge.net/?page=sshots

http://linux.blogs.ie/2007/08/17/22/

iClub.


, ,

Linux/Win32
PostgreSQL.
CCL Cafe Con Leche

http://ccl.sourceforge.net/?page=sshots

Cyborg

http://cyborg.sourceforge.net/index.html.en


GPL
PERL
Linux/Win32,
Zeiberbude client
.
Zyba cafe
Linux,

PostgreSQL.
OutKafe.
OutKafe
http://outkastsolutions.co.za/outkast/ind
ex.php?option=com_openwiki&id=outkafe

GPL
,

C++

. libccls

, libcclc

.
,
,
SQLite,
GLIB OpenSSL.
Windows Linux.
Dharma Internet Cafe
Management

http://sourceforge.net/projects/dharma
netcafe

, (Linux,
Win32, Mac OsX)
RealBasic.
, ,
,
,
.

User And LINUX


10.07

25

Zencafe.


.


.


Windows GNU/Linux


Linux
.
3050% Windows
WINE
Transgaming Cedega.
CounterStrike, GTA, MU

. Lineage ,
,

Lineage ,


""
.
Linux

(ICQ, Kopete, Gaim)
. ,

,

.
ICQ
UIN,
IM
"
IM AOL, ICQ,
Jabber" ..

.
"
". ,

,

26

User And LINUX


10.07

Ziba Cafe.

WINE
ICQ.
.
Skype,
Windows,

"".
, , ,
Skype,
.


GNU/Linux


Samba,
. 100
,
. ,
,


.
,

unionfs aufs.

.



,
,

.
,
,
ShadowUser
DeepFreeze.


GNU/Linux

.


.
,
.
, WINE


,


.
,
WINE.


.



"" . ,

PXE,
,
.

PXE .
,

OpenGL
(,
, ),

. .
,
.
,
. , HalfLife2

256 .


,


. ,

,
,
.
,

unionfs
chmod.
,


.
KDE,

.

KDE
:
http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/ru/
library/linux_migr/part4.html
http://developer.kde.org/documentation
/tutorials/kiosk/index.html



KDE :
http://extragear.kde.org/apps/kiosktool/


GNU/Linux

,

Cafe Con Leche.

.
,

, :
http://www.dnalounge.com/backstage/s
rc/kiosk/



,
:
http://internetclub.info/?q=node/32




:
Linux Gentoo
Windows XP.
:
,
.
, ,
.


,

"" .
,

.
,
.
.

( )
:
autorun.*
, ,

.

(
, )

Astalavista.
MSSQL
WINE.
,

ICMP
.
:
sudo /usr/local/bin/wine/
home/oper/admin/server/
server.exe

/etc/sudoers:
oper ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:
/usr/local/bin/wine

,
.

OpenOffice.org
.doc .xls,
.
,

,
.
OpenOffice .docx
Word 2007
ODFconverter.

.

Dharmanet Billing Server.


User And LINUX
10.07

27

Kiosk Admin Tool.

.
Samsung,

"Linux".

.


,
Epson Easy Photo Print .
,
CUPS

,

.
.

,
.
www.internetcafe.info

k3b
Nero Burning Rom
.
,

,
k3b.

XSane

,
""
,
.
,
saned

.
,
""

.

28

User And LINUX


10.07


,


. "
" .
.
,



. ,

KDE,
autofs,

.

: KDE
smb://
autofs,

/mnt/auto.
Linux
Gentoo UTF8
.
, ,

,
. ,

UTF8,

autofs.

www.meebo.com
MSN,
Yahoo, Meebo, AIM, Google Talk,
ICQ, Jabber
.
,
Abode
Flash. ,

.

Logitech
Messenger

gspca.


VLC, camserv, motion



.
.

, ,
,

,
,
,
.


: http://itc.ua/node/44626

, ( ..)
. ,
, .
,
, . ,
: , ,
iTunes
Remote Desktop.

LogMeIn Hamachi

: Freeware (
).
: LogMeIn.
:
secure.logmein.com/products/hamachi2
: 3,1 .
:
secure.logmein.com/products/hamachi2/
download.aspx


.

Hamachi



. ,


LogMeIn,

,


, , ,

,
16 .


,

,
256
.
200 $ .
Hamachi
:

IP
.


, Comodo.

,

.



,

.

, Mesh,
,
.

Gateway virtual
networking,


. Huband
spoke

.
,
Hamachi


,
LogMeIn

.
/

.


Hamachi


,


.

,

.
User And LINUX
10.07

29

Remobo

: Freeware.
: AWIT Systems.
: www.remobo.com
: 12,2
:
www.remobo.com/download.php
BitTorrent

.
.

Wippien

: Freeware (open source).


: www.wippien.com
: 1,92 .
:
www.wippien.com/download.php



.
.

NeoRouter

: Freeware.
: NeoRouter.
: www.neorouter.com
: 8,4
:
www.neorouter.com/Downloads.html

(
).

NeoRouter

.

Windows ( Windows
2000) Mac OS X ( Tiger),

30

User And LINUX


10.07

Remobo
,

.
, ,

,


.
Remobo
,
.




,

.
,

BitTorrent,

.

,


.
Remobo


.
Remobo Mac OS X
Linux, 64
Windows.
Comodo EasyVPN



,

Wippien
,

,
pen source

,
.
Wippien Jabber,


JID,

user_name@wippien.com.




,
,
ICQ, MSN, AIM Google Talk.
,
,
Wippien

MiniVPN.


. ,


Wippien,
,
.
MiniVPN,

WippienService,
Wippien

,

Windows.
Wippien
64 Windows,

64
.
Wippien
Linux.

Linux
( 64 ) ,
,
,
tomato, fon
openwrt,
.
NeoRouter
,
.



Network
Explorer.
P2P,

,


NeoRouter
.
portable
,
.

NeoRouter
(HTTP, SOCKS4 SOCKS5)
,


,
.

20
Linux

Window Maker

: http://www.linux16.net/node/490

Window Maker
,
NeXT
OpenStep ,
, "
".
Window Maker ,
. Open Source
, .
,
.

9wm

9wm , 8
1/2 Plan 9,
, X. 9wm
,
.
clicktotype.

awesome

9wm (dhog) 1994 .



,
.

wesome .
2007 dwm.

, , .
"" ,
( ,
, "" ).
. desktop'
. (
XRandR, Xinerama Zaphod). EWMH.
( Composite extension
xcompmgr).
.

awesome.

AfterStep

AfterStep
,
.
FVWM, NeXTSTEP,
.
AfterStep , pager

WinList
, Wharf
.
User And LINUX
10.07

31

Scwm

Scwm, Scheme Constraints Window


Manager
X.

,
GNU Guile,
Cassowary.


.
(Greg Badros)
(Maciej Stachowiak).

Blackbox
Blackbox ,
.
Blackbox .
bbkeys "
". Blackbox ++,
. . (Bradley T. Hughes)
MIT.

Fluxbox

Fluxbox , Blackbox
0.61.1. ,
.

,
. .
Fluxbox : ,
, .

. Fluxbox ,
Blackbox,
.

dwm
Dwm
. wmii,
. dwm ,
, ,
. , .
:
2000 ,

.
, dwm
.

32

User And LINUX


10.07

FVM
F Virtual Window Manager ( F
)
X.
twm, FVWM
UNIX.
:

,
.
EWMH, ICCCM2
GNOME.
,
.

.
.
.

wmii

.
Xinerama
.

.

JWM

JWM, Joe's Window Manager ,


(Joe Wingbermuehle). JWM ,
Xlib.
:
PNG / XPM
Xft
Xinerama
FriBidi
Shape.

Wmii .

, , .

.
wmii ,

10 000 ( ).
dwm, wmii
dmenu
,
.

Openbox

Openbox X Window
System, GNU GPL. Openbox
Blackbox 0.65.0,
, 3.0
Blackbox.
Openbox .
,
. ,
, .

, ,
.
User And LINUX
10.07

33

WindowLab
WindowLab aewm,
.
WindowLab
Amiga,
.

, Amiga,
,
,
,

.
, dot
.

Ratpoison
Ratpoison
X,
(Shawn Betts).

GNU Screen. ,

, .
ratpoison Stumpwm ratpoison
,
Common Lisp.

Sawfish
Sawfish Sawmill
,
web. Sawfish Lisp
, .
,
XMMS.
Sawfish
GNOME, 2.2
Metacity.

IceWM

IceWM ,
(Marko Macek) " " ++.
GNU Lesser General Public License. IceWM
look and feel,
.
IceWM
,
. IceWM
, ,
,
.
GNOME KDE
.

34

User And LINUX


10.07

wm2

Wm2
, (Chris Cannam).
, ,
. wm2

.
(

), ,

, ..

StumpWM
StumpWM POSIX
Unix ,
X. ratpoison. StumpWM

. ,
. ""
, .

Waimea
Waimea X,
Blackbox.
Blackbox, .
Waimea
, Blackbox, pixmap
. ,
X, Xft. Waimea

.

xmonad
xmonad ,
Haskell.
2007 , , dwm, larswm, StumpWM
,
.
xmonad Unix
, Archlinux, Debian, Ubuntu,
Gentoo, FreeBSD, NetBSD OpenBSD.

User And LINUX


10.07

35



MS Visio

: http://zenway.ru/page/dia
: http://xloroff.livejournal.com/14508.html

Linux,
. MS Visio? ,
Dia, Koffice Kivio, OpenOffice.org Draw.
, Umbrello
, .

Dia

Dia

:
,
,
UML, ,
,
, ,
.
,

Dia
,

,
.

, :
,
.
,
/


,



/
,

.



,

: Cisco, Cisco
, Cisco
, ,
,
,

, .

36

User And LINUX


10.07

,
, .
Dia
(

),

XML.
Dia
(DIA)

: EPS, SVG,
DXF, CGM, WMF, JPEG, VDX.

OoDraw


,
,

isco 40 .

,
, ,
..


Visio.

(
Dia),

.
,

, ,
.


,
,

XML
, ,
.
OpenOffice

.

Kivio

KOffice.
,

Dia.

Kivio,
,

. ,
.
,

, .

Kivio ,
:
, ,
, .
,
.
Kivio


,
.
:
OoDraw,
Windows Linux,

. Dia,
,
,
,
. Kivio,
, ,
.

Linux :
Eeebuntu NBR Edition
: http://itc.ua/node/41369


Eeebuntu NBR Edition. ,
.
Acer Aspire One A150
8,9 ,
.



http://eeebuntu.org

Unetbootin.
Diskimage,
,

.

(,
Acer A150
F12).

:
http://bit.ly/cDU2wq.

,
.

, .

Default,
Live.
,
Administration Install.

,

(

,
).
4

.

.
,


.
,


,
, Eeebuntu
.
Windows
,
,

NTFS.

Partition Magic,

Windows XP.
SSD
512 ,

(swap).
Windows,

,
.

20 ,


Eeebuntu Windows XP.

Eeebuntu
,

,
.
,
,
,
Eee PC tray.

,
/ (,

)
.
Go Home,


, Administration .
( ).
Install.
User And LINUX
10.07

37

.
, .

.


.

,
,
Network Manager
. WiFi

Windows XP

. CDMA

,

.

,
Fn+F1

,
.




(
).
:
,
iPod,

Brasero. Banshee
VLC ,

,
.
Full HD
, 720p
.
Brasero
USB
DVD Lite On.


iPod,
FSpot,
OpenOffice.org Draw,

Writer OpenOffice.
,
. Microsoft
.

38

User And LINUX


10.07

Transmission
. ,
uTorrent , , .



GIMP. Openoffice.org
3.0.1 Sun
(
)
/

Microsoft Office (

Excel).




Firefox, aMSN ( MSN

),
BitTorrent
Transmission, gFTP

FTP/SFTP/HTTP/HTTPS
FSP (http://fsp.sourceforge.net/),
/ Thunder
bird, Skype,
Pidgin,
RDP VNC.

.
, ,
.

Pidgin,

,
ICQ, jabber (Google talk), MSN
.

Openoffice.org
, ,

,
.

, , ,
(
), ,

/

,
,

, Conduit


.


.
Bluetooth,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. .


.
/
, ,
,

(,
WiFi), /

Synaptic,
.
,


,
/
.

(
), .
, ,
,
.

(
, , ,
.). ,

(,
CD/DVDROM . .),

Microsoft Windows (
).


Nautilus.
,

Windows Explorer,


. ,
Windows, Nautilus

(
,
).



,
.

(, ),


.

.
/

.

Maximus

,


,
.

,
SMPlayer,
,
,

,
,
.
VLC.



,
,
. ,


(/,
. .)


, . ,

(50
),

.
,
, ,
,

.
.

Nautilus. ,

, .
User And LINUX
10.07

39


Ubuntu
: http://igorka.com.ua/20100512/kakzapisatvideocrabochegostolavubuntu/

1.

gtkrecordMyDesktop.

,
,
100 .

,


.
(http://igorka.com.ua/video
uroki/)

,
.
: gtk
recordMyDesktop
(.
1)

XvidCap Screen Capture (. 2).


,

, (

2.

XvidCap Screen Capture.

40

User And LINUX


10.07

), XvidCap Screen
Capture
(
), gtk
recordMyDesktop.
GUI
.

XvidCap
,
,
. :)

,

gtkrecordMyDesktop,

.

, ,

XvidCap.

?,
,

.
:)
,
Ubuntu.
?




User And LINUX
: journal@ualinux.com

: http://ubuntueasy.com/node/408



,


.

.



.
,
. ,

.


.

,
,
,
,
.
Canonical
Ubuntu One.


Ubuntu Linux,

TomBoy Evolution.
:
Linux (
),
(
).
: (
2 ) (50 ).

Dropbox.
Ubuntu One
Windows, Li
nux Mac OS (
).


.

(
2 ) (50
100 ).

5
.
.
()
),

250 .

5
( 2 ,
).
,
Ubuntu Linux.
1. .

Drop.
2. .

.


( "" ).

.
Ubuntu
Linux 9.10 :
deb
http://linux.dropbox.com/ubu
ntu karmic main
debsrc
http://linux.dropbox.com/ubu
ntu karmic main

:
sudo aptkey adv
keyserver pgp.mit.edu
recvkeys 5044912E

:
sudo aptget update

Dropbox:
sudo aptget install
nautilusdropbox

.
3. .

"" > "" >
"Dropbox".


,

...
4. .
... .
Dropbox,
,

, .
,


.


(
):
..

. ,

,
.
...
,


.


AES256.



.
, ,
.

User And LINUX


10.07

43


easymp3gain-gtk:

http://nixdaily.blogspot.com/2010/05/
easymp3gaingtk.html

Easymp3gaingtk gui

MP3Gain,

,
MP3.

MP3,

. MP3Gain

,
.
?
:

1.


.
2.

,

, .


,
.

,
MP3 Ogg
Vorbis AAC.
MP3Gain:

http://mp3gain.sourceforge.net/

Mp3Gain .

44

User And LINUX


10.07

F-spot

http://unixhome.org.ua/blog/programs/48.html

Fspot
,

Ubuntu.
: GNU GPL.
:
www.fspot.org
: .

Fspot

,

.

,
, Fspot
Mono.

,
Fspot
.

Fspot

Fspot:


.
Fspot

: ,
,
, , ,
..

,

.

.

Fspot
.

5 .


.
Fspot

,
.
Fspot

.

Fspot
,

.
Fspot
Picasa
Web Flickr.

.
Fspot:
Fspot
Mono,

.

Fspot

.
Fspot
Ubuntu,

,
:
# sudo aptget install fspot

FSpot.


GNOME Windows...
http://nnm.ru/blogs/auna/gnomenu/

GNOME
.


.

,

(, ,
),
(
, ,
..).
GNOME
,


.
GnoMenu
Vista/XP/
.
GnoMenu (
)

HTOP

)

,
.
.
GnoMenu + .

( ,
, ).

.
,

Preferences
.
,
,
.

,
.


,

,
.

: http://pingvinus.ru/program/htop
: http://linuxnow.ru/view.php?id=39

Htop
Linux.
htop


.
,

, swap,
.


.
Htop ,

F2.
,
,
.
htop

,
( F5),

( F6).
htop
top
Linux.


htop
top.

htop
,
.



.

:
, ,
uptime (
).


,
,

.
,
.

,
.
,


.

,

,
. ,


,
MEM%.

htop

. ,
,


. F2
:
,
, .. F3
: ,
htop id
htop. F5
. F6

,
. F7
(
root), F8
. F9
kill:
.
User And LINUX
10.07

45

Nmap

: http://snifer.ru/79nmapskanerportov.html

nmap

IP
,

(
).

UNIX,

.

nmap.
Debian
:
# aptget install nmap

:
# nmap 192.168.1.100
ip
. nmap
,
:
# man nmap
.
:

sS: TCP SYN .

sT: TCP
.
sF: TCP FIN .
sX: TCP Xmas .
sN: TCP Null .
sR: TCP RPC .
I: Ident.
sU: UDP.
sP: Ping.
O:
,
.
p []:
,
.
F: nmap'
, ,
(nmap ser
vices).
v:
.
,
.
P0:
,
, ,
,
.
T:
.
n:

DNS.

R: DNS
.
oN [logfile]:
, .
.
oX [logfile]:
XML.
oG [logfile]:
grep
(
).
iL [inputfile]: /IP
.
,

ip'.
S [your_IP]:
IP.
e [devicename]:
.
interactive:
.
f:
SYN, FIN, Xmas Null
scan type'.

. ,


.

Pitivi - ,
: http://armanenshaftlinux.blogspot.com/2010/04/ubuntu1004pitivi.html

PiTiVi
/
GStreamer.
PiTiVi
2004 .


(Edward Hervey)
:
PiTiVi
,


(

).

, , ,

GStreamer.

,
PiTiVi
Python,
. PiTiVi

46

User And LINUX


10.07

PiTiVi
: DVD,
MPEG1/2/3/4, Xvid, Matroska, DivX,
FFV1, FLV, Huff YUV, MJPEG, Snow,
SVCD, VCD, XVCD, FFHuff YUV,
MP3, AMR, OGG, AC3, AAC.
PiTiVi
GStreamer,
.
, " " ,

GStreamer
PiTiVi
.


,
,
,
(

,
).
, slip/slide

,

.
:
.

.
.
.
.

/ .
/ .

.

.

, GStre
amer.

TeamViewer

:
http//igorka.com.ua/20100522/teamviewereshheodinsposobpomochdrugu/


,
,
.
,
Windows


.

.
.
,
5 .

.

TeamViewer.
, , ,

,

.

TeamViewer
TeamViewer
QuickSupport.
TeamViewer
Windows Linux.

TeamViewer

: http://www.teamviewer.com/ru/download/index.asp

QuickSupport
(

, ,
)
(ID )

.

TeamViewer
ID
(
748 145 118) :


(
9513).





.
,
, ,

.


,
,



,

.
. ,
, ,
, ,

.

,
.
,
TeamViewer

.

,
.
User And LINUX
10.07

47

http://zenway.ru/page/sacreencast

Screencast ()
,
.
,
,
,

.


.
,
,

.


,

.
,

,
.
Byzanz (byzanzrecord)

y 10 w 200 h 300 record.gif

GNOME,


GIF .

( ,
):
$ byzanzrecord c record.gif


USB
USB .
( Win
dows Linux).
(
USB).

Linux ,
( ): Ubuntu, Fe
dora, openSUSE, CentOS, Debian, Li
nux Mint, Arch Linux, Mandriva, Slack
ware, FreeDOS, FreeBSD, NetBSD
.

, (
):
Parted Magic
(, ,
/ ).

48

User And LINUX


10.07

$ byzanzrecord c
duration=120 delay=10
record.gif

10
120 .


.
byzanz

:

Byzanz
,
Gnome.
,

.

$ byzanzrecord c d 2 x 10

UNetbootin

LiveCD .
LiveCD Linux ,

, .
BackTrack :

.

USB




10 , x y
, w (
width) h (height),

.
(
)
d (duration)
delay, :

UNetbootin

: http://linuxis.ru/13unetbootin.html

UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer)



Live USB ISO CD/DVD c GNU/Linux / *BSD.
( )

Super Grub Disk



,
GRUB
.
Backtrack
.
Ophcrack
MS Windows.
NTPasswd
MS Windows
.
Gujin ,

.
Smart Boot Manager (SBM)
,
CDROM/Floppy
BIOS (BIOS CD
ROM/Floppy ).
FreeDOS DOS .

.


"frugal
install" CD,
Win32Loader.

UNetbootin

GNU/Linux,
*BSD
,
,

, initrd
( ISO ).
Wubi Win32Loader,

,
UNetbootin


Windows Linux.

Ailurus
Ubuntu Tweak

: http://quizz.bhome.ru/534ailurus/

Ailurus ,

Ubuntu Tweak,

,

ppa.
Ailurus
10.03.2, ,

,
.
, Ailurus
.

Firefox,
ppa

,
.

Nautilus
NScript (NScript
,
, MD5,
diff,
).


Ailurus:
swappiness, ,
(splash
screen),
.
Ailurus

:
Gnome,
Ubuntu 10.4 Lucid Lynx, Mac.

,
,
, ,
.


/etc/apt/sources.list.
Gnome:
AltF2, ,

..


, ,
.

Ailurus.

tasksel
Ailurus


Ailurus .deb .rpm
( Ailurus
Fedora). ppa
Launchpad.
ppa
Ubuntu
,
:
1. :

sudo addaptrepository ppa:ailurus

2. :

sudo aptget update

3. :

sudo aptget install ailurus

:
http://code.google.com/p/ailurus/downloads/list

TrueCrypt
!

: http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/10/truecrypt.html
TrueCrypt (http://www.truecrypt.org/) ,
" ".
TrueCrypt
, ,
, USB .


TrueCrypt
,
.
TrueCrypt
AES, Serpent
Twofish.


,
FAT, Ext2
Ext3.
TrueCrypt
,

,



linux .
:

,


"truecryptX",


. :(

, must have
. :)
User And LINUX
10.07

49


Inkscape

: http://www.linuxgraphics.ru/articles.php?article_id=87

Inkscape ,
( Adobe Illustrator Corel DRAW).
,
.
SVG ( , W3C,
).

,
,
,

.
,

. ,

,
,
,
.
,
,

.

.

, ,

(, ..).

(. 1)
,

.
.

(
> ).

Inkscape 0.47


.
,
,

.


,

Ctrl+Alt.
,

,

.
.
.
,
,
.


.
.


,

:

. 1: .

50

User And LINUX


10.07

.
.


,
, .



.


.
,
,

,
, (
)
(Delete ).
,
,
( Shift). (. 2).
,

,
.



,
.

. 2: .


. 4:
.

. 3: .

,

,
. (. 3).

.

HSL.

,


.
RGB
,
, ,
CMYK
,
,
.
, ,
.

()
. ,
.
,



,
.


>
> ....
(. 4).
,
,


. ,

(Ctrl+G
>
),

. 5:
.



, .

.


.


.
(. 5).


(Ctrl+D
> ),
(



), ,
.

.

,
.

.

,
.
,
,
( >
> ).

. 6: :
.

,

.
,

.

,

,



. (. 6).
, .
,
.


,
. ,
,
, ,

. .
,
,
.

, ,

.
. (. 7).

,
,
.

.
.

,
.
.

,
User And LINUX
10.07

51

. 7:


, ,


.

,
.

. (. 8).
, (
),

, .

,
.
,
.

,
.


,
(Ctrl+ >
). (. 9).

. 9:

52

User And LINUX


10.07

. 8: .

,

,
.

( >
> ). (. 10).
.
,

, ,
.

. ,
,

.

(Ctrl+5
>
> ),
(#
> )
, ,

. ,

.

.
.

.
.

.

. (. 11).

:
: 60 (

)
: 2 (
)
: 0 (
)
:
,
,

,

.

. 10: .

,

.


.

:
,

.
, , .

,
CC
Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike
( ,
, ,
).

. 11:

.

. 12:
.

Adobe Photoshop
Ubuntu Linux

http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2010/02/adobephotoshopubuntulinux.html

Photoshop
,
.

Photoshop
Linux.

Ubuntu 9.10
Karmic Koala Photoshop CS4.
Ado
be Photoshop Ubuntu Linux.
,
Wine.
,
Wine,
.

winetricks.
,
winetricks ,


:
wget
http://www.kegel.com/wine/winet
ricks
chmod +x winetricks
./winetricks msxml6 gdiplus
gecko vcrun2005 ie6

,
Photoshop CS4,
.dll .
atmlib.dll
:
http://bit.ly/9V5bz1

zip
atmlib.dll
c:/windows/system32. ,
,
Applications > Wine > Browse
C:\ Drive,
windows > system32
atmlib.dll.
Applications >
Wine > Configure Wine.
Libraries atmlib.dll
Apply.

Photoshop CS4
Ubuntu


Photoshop
Applications >Wine >Programs,
Photoshop CS4.
,
Gimp.

Photoshop CS4
Ubuntu


Photoshop CS4
Wine
:
LANG=C wine Setup.exe
: ,

.
Photoshop
,
Windows.

Wine.

User And LINUX


10.07

53

Gedit

: http://zenway.ru/page/geditforprogramming

Gedit , ,
Gnome.

, Gedit
.
,
, , ,
.

"Gedit
". ,

,
,

.
.
Gnome
Gedit .
,
,
?
,
! "
> "

"

".
, ,
"

".
"" "
".
""

.

.

,
http://bit.ly/adXOyZ.
!
.

~/.gnome2/gedit/plugins/
Gedit (,

) .

54

User And LINUX


10.07

"
"
.

.


.

"
" " "
" ".

"Ctrl+M" "Shift+Ctrl+M".


""
" ".
, ,
gcolor2, ,
,
:
sudo aptitude install gcolor2


, /
Ctrl+F9.


,
. :)


""
" " "
".
.
Split View 2


.
""
"Toggle Split View".
,
.
.
,
.
?
, "View
Other file...".
.

.
...

... ,
. ,
,
...


:



HTML
HTML, XHTML, Latex, XSLT
XUL
.

Auto Tab


,
,
. ,

, ,
, . Python,
, .

BleachBit:



Asus Eee PC 901.
ssd:
4 32 (, ).
,
ssd,

.

( ,
..)
Ubucleaner,
,



.


BleachBit. , .

,
.
:
(, cookies,
,
, ,
)
(
)

RSS
. :
,
.
,
(
),
Google Reader.
:
, ,

,
,
web reader.
,
, .
,

:

,
.

: http://yuriknotes.blogspot.com/2009/06/bleachbit.html


(Adobe Reader,
APT, Bash, Beagle, Chromium,
Epiphany, Firefox, Flash, GIMP,
Google
Earth,
Java,
KDE,
OpenOffice.org, Opera, RealPlayer,
Second Life viewer, Skype, VIM,
XChat .)

.


:
python, pythoncentral (>= 0.6.7),
pythongtk2, pythonglade2.

:
sudo aptget install bleachbit


must have.

Liferea desktop
Google Reader

: http://thebosha.ru/2010/05/01/lifereakakdesktopklientgooglereader/

,

(,
),
Google Reader
Firefox .

Desktop Google Reader
,
Windows MacOS ,
. ,
liferea
!
:
,

New\New Source.
Google
Reader
google ,

gmail.
. :)
Liferea
Google Reader.
google
reader ,
liferea.
,
.
liferea
Google Reader.

:
Google Reader
liferea.
.
,
.
,
. :)
User And LINUX
10.07

55

1C: 8
Ubuntu Linux wine

: http://www.helplinux.ru/1c8linuxwine

,
wine,
WINEPREFIX=$HOME/1Cv8
( , ,
), :
WINEPREFIX=$HOME/1Cv8 wine 1cv8.exe


winetricks.
#
WINEPREFIX,
#
wine
export WINEPREFIX=$HOME/1Cv8

# winetricks
wget http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks

# Internet Explorer
gdiplus winetricks
sh winetricks q ie6 gdiplus
# 1C 8.1
wine setup.exe

1
( 1cv8.sh /usr/local/bin):
#!/bin/sh

export LANG=ru_RU.UTF8 WINEPREFIX=$HOME/1Cv8


wine "$WINEPREFIX/drive_c/Program Files/1cv81/bin/1cv8.exe"

Desktop Gnome
( 1c8.desktop), ,
, 1:
[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Exec=1cv8.sh
Name=1C v8

56

User And LINUX


10.07

1 ,
,
1 ,
, :
sudo mv "$HOME/1Cv8/drive_c/Program
Files/1cv81" /opt
sudo chown R root:root /opt/1cv81
ln s /opt/1cv81
"$HOME/1Cv8/drive_c/Program Files/1cv81"

Internet Explorer
(help).
gdiplus , ..
gdiplus wine .
Ubuntu 8.04 9.04.
wine 1.0.0 1.0.1. 1: 8.1.
(
) , ,
.

:
, .
: winecfg
:
CPU
NX.
: 1C,

,
winecfg.
.
: 1C.
: DNS,
ping _.
, DNS
IP /etc/hosts.

:
Internet Explorer Linux

: http://unixa.ru/web/linuxustanavlivaeminternetexplorer.html

, Internet
Explorer, . ,
, Internet Explorer
, ,
Opera Firefox ( ,
.)

, Internet Explorer wine,


cabextract, wget.
.
Internet Explorer IEs4Linux
:
http://www.tatanka.com.br/

:
tar zxvf ies4linuxlatest.tar.gz
:
./ies4linux
: Internet
Explorer, Adobe Flash Player .

Internet Explorer .
, , IE:
/home/oleg/bin/ie6

, . ,
IE.

:
NANO
Unix Unix ,
curses
GNU GPL.
Pico, e
mail Pine. nano ,

Pico,
, Pine/Pico.


nano

.
nano
. :

# nano /

Nano ,

.
,
/etc/fstab, w,
:

# nano w /etc/fstab


w
.
,
.
.

, Ctrl+O.

" "
"" IE,
"" /home/oleg/bin/ie6
<OK>

, .
!

NANO
Unix
:
http://linuxmir.ru/page/nanokonsolnyjtekstovyjredaktordljaunix

nano Ctrl+X.
, , nano
.
,
N, Y.
.
, Enter.

,
,
Ctrl+C
.
.
,
Ctrl+K ( Ctrl,
K). .
,
, ,
Ctrl+U. .
,

Ctrl+K ,
Ctrl+U.
, .
,

.
, .
Ctrl+6 ( Alt+A).
,

. ,
Ctrl+6.
, Ctrl+K.
Ctrl+U, .
.
:
Ctrl+W ( "WhereIs"),
, ,
Enter.
, Alt+W.
: nano
Ctrl ^,
Ctrl+W ^W
.. Alt M (
Meta), Alt+W MW.
.

nano,
/etc/nanorc.

User And LINUX


10.07

57


Neuros LINK
,

,
Ubuntu Linux. LINK


,
(

).
,



.

Neuros LINK -
Ubuntu!

: http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/11/neuroslinkubuntu.html

: http://www.neurostechnology.com
: 2.8Ghz CPU.
: 1GB DDR SDRAM memory (expandable up to 8GB).
: H.264, MPEG2, MPEG4, .vob, .mp4,
.avi, .asf, .wmv, .mkv, .mp3, .aac, .ac3, Flac, Ogg.
:
HDMI (max resolution 1920x1200, 1080p), DVI, VGA
Highdefinition 6channel Audio output
Optical S/PDIF audio output
Gigabit Ethernet
802.11 g/b WiFi, up to 54Mbps
6 USB 2.0 Highspeed Ports, 1 Firewire
:
Linux Ubuntu 8.10 (intrepid ibex).
Neuros.TV.
MythTV .
Transmission .
Ubuntu
:
: (2.4 GHz).
.
: 300 mm x 90 mm x 326 mm (11.8" x 3.5" x 12.8").
: 27 dB.

Dell Zino HD

:
http://www.linuxcenter.ru/news/2009/11/13/10411/

Dell

Inspiron Zino HD

AMD.
Dell
Ubuntu Linux (
Windows Vista Windows 7),
230 $
1024 $, 2 8
RAM, 160, 250,
320, 500, 750 1 ,
(Radeon ATI HD3200)
(ATI Radeon HD440)
10
.
Inspiron Zino HD
7,8 x 7,8 x 3,4
(198,12 x 198,12 x 86,36 ),
,
,
, ,
,

60

User And LINUX


10.07

HDMI ,
DVD
( ) Bluray.


web
Dell: http://bit.ly/dvdZcR

Myka Ion



:
: x86/x86_64
, 1,6 , Intel Atom
330, 2 , L1 56x2
, L2 512x2 ,
Execute Disable Bit
Intel HyperThreading Technology.
: 4 .
HDD: 160 .
: Ethernet: 1000, WiFi:
802.11n.
: Full HD,
1920 x 1440.
:
USB: 6xUSB 2.0 (two front
facing).
VGA: 1.
DVII: 1.
DMI: 1.
eSATA: 1.
PS/2: 1.
S/PDIFout: 2,
.
: 3 x 3,5 jacks (lineout,
linein, micin).
: 19
, 4,74 .
: 17 x 17 .



Full HD Ubuntu Linux

: http://www.lorng.org/message.php?newsid=5095


,


.

. .
,
,
. ,
2 .
,
Linux.
1000
CECT. , ,
, .
,
,
/,
. :
WiFi,
. : Linux
: 190 .

Linux-
-

: http://linuxsam.org.ua/archives/1357

: GSM 900 / 1800 .



.
: 2008 .
: 105 50,5 16 .
: 100 .
: TFT, 262K
.
: 3 , 240
320 px, PDA. .
: (64
), mp3 ,
3D .
:
:
300 .
: 200.
:
microSD (TransFlash).
TF : 1
TF.

: USB
/ U / Bluetooth (,
).
: Linux.
: SMS,
MMS.
WAP Browser: WAP 2.0, GPRS.
Bluetooth, JAVA.
:
:
3600 mAh.
:
100450 .
:
1 x ,
1 x ,
1 x /
,
1 x ,
1 x 1 TF ,
2 x 3600 mAh.

User And LINUX


10.07

61

: http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2009/11/blogpost.html

Mintpass , .
, Windows XP MacOS X.


LCD .
.
WinXP, .
,
Linux. , ,
, Linux ,

, .

62

User And LINUX


10.07




User And LINUX
: journal@ualinux.com

0 A.D.
RTS Linux

: http://nixdaily.blogspot.com/2010/04/0adrtslinux.html

2000
,
2003 .

. 10
2009 Wildfire Games
,

GPL,

0 A.D. ( 0
..)
, Wildfire Games.
500 . . 500 . .
:
500
. .1 . .,
1 . .500 . .

Creative
Commons BYSA.

Age
of Empires II: The Age of Kings.



.

Smokin' Guns

Quake3!

: http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/11/smokingunsquake3.html

Smokin' Guns (http://www.smokin


guns.net/)
Western Quake.
Iron
Claw Interactive,
WQ3 2.0 2003
. 2005
Smokin' Guns
2008
. Smoking' Guns

Quake III,
:
Deathmatch, Team Deathmatch, Round
Team Play, Bank Robbery Duel.


19 ,


, . :)
:

.

.

.
:
.

.

.

Windows Linux.

User And LINUX


10.07

65

Warzone 2100:

http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2010/04/warzone2100.html

.

.
Duna.
. Linux
Warzone 2100,
2.3.0.
( 2.2.0)
.
, ,
,
. 26 1999
. ,
.
,
XXI ,
.
,
Commander.

Mount & Blade (


c )

,

TaleWorlds.
Mount & Blade.
.
Paradox
Interactive.

Snowball Interactive 1.

,
,
.
.


.
.
.

Wine.
:
Pentium4 3 . Hyper
threading.
DDR1 2 .
Ubuntu 10.04 i386.
Kernel 2.6.32.
Nvidia 6600GTddr3 128 .
Drivers 190.36.24
Wine 1.1.44
Wine 1.1.44:
dinput.dll.so
:
360
.
.
:

dinput.dll.so :

66

User And LINUX


10.07

.


.
,
.

,
,

.

2.3.0:

.

.

,


.

. ,

.
.
Dragon
.

.
.
DyDo AI
.

Challenges.
.

.
Cheat mode

.
Auto
load folder.

mods/autoload/.
.

Mount&Blade + Ubuntu 10.04


+ Wine 1.1.44

http://armanenshaftlinux.blogspot.com/2010/05/mountubuntu1004wine1144.html

http://bit.ly/a405uE
dinput.dll.so,
"/usr/lib/wine"
M&B
:
export
WINEFORCEMOUSEWARP=yes
wine ./main.exe
360 ,
. ,

.
.
.
NOCD .
1
.

.
.
Snowball Interactive
1 .
main.dll
main.exe
.
> main.exe


keygen'a.
:
http://bit.ly/cJSvx5.
Modules.

:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Softwa
re\Snowball.ru\Mount & Blade.
]
"PatchLevel"=dword:00000000
"ProgramName"="m_and_b.exe"
"ProgramPath"="z:\\media\\Games
\\MountBlade"
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Softwa
re\Snowball.ru\Mount & Blade.
\1.00.000]


.

,
.

:

.


.

.

.
512 .
.
,
. :) .

Loader' Crack
up'.

25 3D Linux

: http://ruslinux.net/lib.php?name=/MyLDP/games/253dgames.html

Armagetron Advanced

Armagetron 3D ,

Tron.
, .

, (
).

.

Battlestar Galactica: Beyond the Red Line


Freespace 2.
Freespace 2.


.




.

Bear McCreary
Richard Gibbs.


.


.


.
,
.


/ multiplayer
,
Deathmatch, Capture the Flag

.

Viper
.


Linux:
:
Linux x86.
CPU: Pentium 1
GHz AMD Athlon 800 MHz.
: 512 MB RAM,
1 GB.
: 64 MB NVIDIA
GeForce 3 ATI Radeon
, Mesa 6
S3TC,

.
:
.
: 750
HDD.

BZFlag

BZFlag
3D ,
.
"Battle Zone capture the Flag".
Irix, Linux, BSD, Windows, Mac OS
X
.
,
.

User And LINUX


10.07

67


Cube 2 "Sauerbraten"

,
, .
.

, .
.

:
/ / .
:
, "coop edit".

Cube

Cube , .
Cube 2,
. , Cube
100 ,
Cube 2,
.
Cube
(.. "" ). ,
,
,
Cube.
,
, ,
.

Paintball

Paintball 2.0 .
.
: ,
, deathmatch.

68

User And LINUX


10.07

FlightGear
FlightGear
.
GNU General Public
License.
FlightGear ,

,
,
, .. .


Frets On Fire

Frets on Fire
,
Assembly Demo Party 2006,
, ,
,

, .
,

. '' (
F1 F5), ''
(Shift Enter). ,
,
''
'' .

.
.

Gillo

3D ,

. ,
,
, ,
.
,
!

Glest

Glest 3D
,
.

:
Tech
Magic
. ,
, Warcraft, ,
, .

User And LINUX


10.07

69


ManiaDrive

ManiaDrive
Trackmania,
Nadeo.

(

),
.
.

Neverball Neverputt

,

. Neverball
,
.
Neverputt

.
Neverball. Neverball
Neverputt 75 62
.
Neverball Neverputt
Linux, Win2K/XP, FreeBSD Mac OS X.

OpenGL
500MHz.

PlaneShift

PlaneShift RPG,
,
. ,
,
.
, , , .
.
, ,

NPC, .
,
,
, .

, .

70

User And LINUX


10.07

Savage 2: A Tortured Soul

Savage 2: A Tortured Soul


,
.
5
32 ,
. ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
?
, (
, ,
,
)
.
?
, , ,
, .

Racer

Racer
,
.

.

(
). ,
.

.
OpenGL.

Scorched 3D

Scorched 3D 100%
,
DOS
Scorched Earth '
'.

.
,

.
,

,
,
.
.
,


. ,
, .
User And LINUX
10.07

71


SpringRTS

,
5000 .
, ,

, ,
.
,
, .
,
, .
,
Total Annihilation,
Spring.
Total
Annihilation, Spring.
,
.
,

.
()
.

The Open Racing Car Simulator

TORCS
, OpenGL.
Linux, FreeBSD, MacOSX Windows.
50 , 20 50
, .
4 .
,
, ..
.

Tremulous

Tremulous FPS (first person


shooter) .
Gloom ( Quake 2) Natural Selection (
HalfLife).
, ,
.
200
, "Player's Choice
Standalone Game of the Year" 2006 Mod DB.

72

User And LINUX


10.07


TrueCombat: Elite

TC:Elite

Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory,
Team Terminator Groove
Six Studios.
.

(
), ,

, (""),


,
PunkBuster.

Urban Terror

Urban Terror
: "
"
( /
/),
(,
).
,
.
Urban Terror Windows, Linux
Macintosh. Urban Terror
4.0, 4.1.

VDrift

VDrift
.
Vamos
General Public License (GPL)
v2 GNU.
Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X Windows.

User And LINUX


10.07

73

Warsow

Warsow
Windows Linux. Qfusion 3D (
GPL Quake 2)
, ..
.
,
Warsow .
:
Windows Linux
3D , Qfusion (
Quake 2 GPL)
,

,
,
cellshading,
,
: Quakeworld, Quake 3 CPMA, Jet Set
Radio, Speedball.

Warzone 2100

Warzone 2100
, Pumpkin Studios
EidosInteractive.
3D RTS,
,
.
,
,
.

Wolfenstein: EnemyTerritory

Wolfenstein: Enemy
Territory
Return to Castle Wolfenstein,
,
,
!
,
. Return to Castle
Wolfenstein ,
.

74

User And LINUX


10.07




User And LINUX
: journal@ualinux.com

15 Ubuntu
Linux
: http://habrahabr.ru/blogs/ubuntu/73055/

(
. .) ,
, , Linux
. Linux
. ,
, Ubuntu Linux.
1.
.


,

.
'tab',

.

,
:
Ctrla
.
Ctrle
.
Alt] x

x.
AltCtrl] x

x.
Ctrlu
.
Ctrlk
.
Ctrlw
.
2.
Ubuntu Linux
.

:

Launchy GnomeDo,

,
.

gconf ( Alt+F2,
gconfeditor
) apps > metacity >
global_keybindings.

Ctrly
.
Ctrll ,

.
Ctrlx ctrlu
. ctrl_.
Altr
.
AltCtrle
.
Ctrlr
.
Altp
.
!!!
.
!abc
,
abc.
!n n
.
^abc^xyz
abc xyz
.

3.
,
.
Ubun
tu,
,

.


,
.

,
System > Preferences >
Startup Applications,


Automatically remember
running applications when logging
out.

4
,
.

run_command_N
,
.
N,
apps > metacity > keybinding_com
mands,
command_N ( N
,
)
, .
,
Firefox, firefox.

,
Ubuntu .
User And LINUX
10.07

77


4.

Ubuntu Linux.

Ubuntu
6 .
,

,

,

.
,

5.

Ubuntu Linux
.


,
APTonCD.
APTonCD CD
DVD ,
,


.

APTonCD
(
). ,
,
,

. CD/DVD
aptget .

78

User And LINUX


10.07

.



Ubuntu

.

Ubuntu
(
/home
).


.

6.
, Microsoft

.

Ubuntu

,
.

,

Microsoft
Arial,
Verdana, Impact .

,
.

7. PPA,
.


Ubuntu
,
.
,

, ,

,
.

,
Personal Package Archives
Launchpad

.
PPA
.
,
deb

(
,
).
,

,
.
Ubuntu
.

8. root.

root
Ubuntu ,


. ,
,

root :
1. sudo passwd root
root.

2. System >
Administration > Login Window,
Security
Enable local
system administrator login

root .
sudo su,

root.


9. Windows.

Counter Strike Ubuntu ( ,


, ) Photoshop? Ubuntu
: http://bit.ly/9g4dUc ( ).

12.
.

,


,
.
Windows Media Center?
,
Ubuntu
.

, PSP
,
Ubuntu.

10. ,
.

Ubuntu Linux

,
Karmic , Lucid
.

.
Ubuntu
,
,

.


.

:
grub
,
.
e
.
,
kernel
e.
profile.
Enter b
.
,

,

.
,

,


.

11. c
Ubuntu.

,
Gnome,
. , KDE 4,
, .
KDE,
sudo aptget install kubuntudesktop
13. Firefox
Windows.

Windows Linux
.
, ,
,
Windows.
,
Firefox
(
,
Firefox): http://bit.ly/dtTC9x (
). , ,
Weave.
User And LINUX
10.07

79


14. Nautilus .

Nautilus
Ubuntu. , ,
.

Nautilus:
http://bit.ly/aSzejT

15. .

, ,
,


?
. ,
,
,

Linux,
.


,
Ubuntu.
, : http://bit.ly/aQexVa

16. Usplash GRUB.

? .
Usplash Ubuntu ,
.
,
: http://bit.ly/bYLNO0.
Linux,
?
, GIMP .
extundelete

ext3 ext4.
:
http://bit.ly/bK74bQ. ,
:
http://bit.ly/8XgPZz, deb,

,
.
,
.

: http://bit.ly/bHPXEy.
,
, ,
, ,
.
, ,

RECOVERED_FILES,

,


,
.
,
.

80

User And LINUX


10.07


ext3 ext4
: http://unixhome.org.ua/blog/doc/79.html

, ,
:
$ mount o remount,ro /dev/partition

$ umount /dev/partition
,
:
$ dd bs=4M if=/dev/partition of=partition.backup
:
extundelete restorefile /dev/mmcblk0p2
/opt/program/bin/program
, ,
( ,
):
sudo extundelete /dev/sdXY restorefile /
/FILE_NAME
:
sudo extundelete /dev/sdXY restoredirectory
/__/DIRECTORY

, :
sudo extundelete after [] /dev/sdXY restore
directory /__/DIRECTORY
.
date:
~ $ date d March 28 19:34 +%s
1269790440

Canon LBP-810 (LBP-1120)


Ubuntu Karmic 9.10 64-bit
:

:http://forum.ubuntu.ru/index.php?topic=76464.0

http://bit.ly/9sTvWb
http://bit.ly/9PitN6

cndrvcups-common_1.80-1_amd64.deb :

dpkgdeb x cndrvcupscommon_1.801_amd64.deb common


dpkgdeb control cndrvcupscommon_1.801_amd64.deb
DEBIAN/control libcupsys2 libcups2.
DEBIAN common:

mv DEBIAN common/
dpkg b cndrvcupscommon_1.801_amd64.deb
:

sudo dpkg i cndrvcupscapt_1.801_amd64.deb


sudo dpkg i cndrvcupscommon_1.801_amd64.deb
:

sudo
sudo
sudo
sudo

/etc/init.d/cups restart
/usr/sbin/lpadmin p LBP1120 m CNCUPSLBP1120CAPTK.ppd v ccp:/var/ccpd/fifo0 E
/usr/sbin/ccpdadmin p LBP1120 o /dev/usb/lp0
/etc/init.d/ccpd restart

cups (50):

updaterc.d ccpd defaults 60

. .. samba cups, ccpd cups, ccpd


:

/etc/init.d/samba reload

BearPaw + Ubuntu 10.04

: http://armanenshaftlinux.blogspot.com/2010/05/bearpawubuntu1004xsane.html

,
Mustek
BearPaw. ,
, ,

.
,
,

.



,

,
. ,
.

( , , )
:
1.
c:/windows/system32/drivers
A2Nfw.usb
2.
usr/share/sane/gt68xx.
3. ,
xSane.


.
,

.
. :)
,

,

.


.


Ubuntu 10.04

95%,
.
,
.

xSane.

( , 15%
15
).
:
xSane
.
.
,
.
:
.
User And LINUX
10.07

81

NTFS
Ubuntu 9.10

:
http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/11/ntfs
ubuntu910.html

NTFS

,


/etc/fstab.
,
,

ntfsconfig
ntfs3g.
ntfsconfig:
# sudo aptget install ntfs
config

:


NTFS.

,
.

Ctrl+Alt+BackSpace Update Ubuntu 9.10


:
http://leolik.blogspot.com/2009/05/ctrlaltbackspaceupdate904.html#u910

,
, ,
Ubuntu 9.10
, Ctrl+
Alt+BackSpace ,

X'.
,

,
. .
,
Ubuntu 9.10, , ,


'
',
,
,

,
'
'.
,


.
,
.
Ubuntu 9.10:
1. ''>'
'>''>

''
2. ' '
3. '
X
'
'Control+Alt+Backspace'

Grub
Windows

: http://ladyzhin.pifagorland.ru/index.php/ubuntu/34ubuntu/123grub2windows

,
Live CD

. ,
Super Grub Disk

.
CD.



.
Super Grub Disk

Windows,
.

. ,

Super Grub
Disk ,
.
,
CD

82

User And LINUX


10.07

,
,
, Grub
.

.
,
.
,
,
, Ubuntu
:
#sudo grubinstall /dev/sda



startupmanager
#sudo aptget install
startupmanager



memtest86



GRUB


,
GRUB
,
Usplash
,
Splashy
Splash
.
,
.
.
:
http://www.supergrubdisk.org

VirtualBox

: http://igorka.com.ua/20100527/zapuskaemvirtualboxizkomandnojstroki/


Ubuntu 9.10
VirtualBox.
VirtualBox Win
dows XP. Windows XP
, , ,
, :)


Sun VirtualBox.

.

.
.


Windows XP,

.
:)

VirtualBox
VBoxManage.

WindowsXP
:
$ VBoxManage startvm
"WindowsXP"



( , )
Gnome.

Windows XP.

.


:
$ VBoxManage controlvm
"WindowsXP" savestate

c
:
$ VBoxManage controlvm
"WindowsXP" poweroff

,
VBoxManage startvm


(Powered off)
(Saved).

VBoxManage
VirtualBox.


Gnome
: http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2010/03/gnome.html

,
,
. .

Ubuntu (Gnome), ,
(minimize, maximize, close)
, . , ,
, .
,
. , Gnome
, ,
.
, , Emerald,
. emerald
,
Ubuntu (Gnome)
Metacity.
:
1.
.
2. :
gconfeditor
/apps/metacity/general/
"button_layout".
.
4 (
):
(menu).
(minimize).

(maximize).
(close).

"button_layout" :
:


, .

.
,
"button_layout":
menu:minimize,maximize,close
:
close,maximize,minimize:menu
, , ,
, .
,
.
:
gconftool type string set
/apps/metacity/general/button_layout
"menu:minimize,maximize,close"

gconftool type string set


/apps/metacity/general/button_layout
"close,maximize,minimize:menu"
User And LINUX
10.07

83

GPRS/EDGE/3G
Nokia E71
Bluetooth Linux
: http://bit.ly/c569ri




Ubuntu 9.10
bluetooth
.


.

. 1:
Blueman.

. 2: Blueman
Ubuntu.

84

User And LINUX


10.07


( Nokia E71),
Bluetooth (
Prolife
)
,
, Ubuntu 9.10.

blueman.

,
,
.

ppa .

:
ppa:blueman/ppa
(
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/ pgp

). (. 1).
,
,
,
,

.

blueman.

/ .
,
Remove
Add (). (. 2).

:
>
Bluetooth Manager
Bluetooth.
.


.


(

).
, "
" "".


.
Bluetooth
.
Nokia E71
> > Bluetooth
Bluetooth > .
>
. (. 3).
blueman .

. 3: Blueman.

. 4:
Blueman.



(
)

( setup).

(
,
,

12345)
(

)
(DUN
DialUp Networking). (. 4).

. blueman
.

(
Bluetooth E71)

,
.
blueman (
, ).

NetworkManager
.


.

GSM .
.
,
,

.
.

(AP,
Access Point, )

. (. 5).

. . (. 6).
Network Manager

!
.

. 7:
.

. 5: .

. 6:
.

Megafon Moscow,
NetworkManager
( ),

(



,
). (.
7).
User And LINUX
10.07

85


Gedit ,
,
Gnome.

, Gedit
.
,
, , ,
.

"Gedit
". ,

,
,

.
.
Gnome
Gedit .
,
,
?
,

" > "


"
". , ,
"
".
""
" ".
""

.

.

,

http://live.gnome.org/Gedit/Plugins/

!
.
~
/.gnome2/gedit/plugins/,
Gedit (,
)
.
"
"
.

.


.

(http://bit.ly/9pPGJr)
""

86

User And LINUX


10.07

Gedit

: http://armanenshaftlinux.blogspot.com/2010/04/geditforever.html
http://habrahabr.ru/blogs/ubuntu/74355/

" " "


".
"Ctrl+M"
"Shift+Ctrl+M".

""
" ".
, ,
gcolor2, ,
,
:
sudo aptitude install gcolor2

GMate


GNOME , , Ubuntu
gedit.
Windows :),

,
geditplugins.

,
.
GMate
TextMate Mac OS X

, ,
. , GMate
Ruby
,
.
GNOME
Ruby,
:).
(Ubuntu Karmic):
Ubuntu on Rails
PPA :
ppa:ubuntuonrails/ppa

,
, .
geditgmate:
sudo aptget install geditgmate


: Markdown,
HAML, YAML, Groovy, SASS,
Cucumber, Ruby
Django.

(

TextMate).
:
Ruby on Rails, Ruby, jQuery,
ucumber .
, ,
:



.


.


.


.

.

gedit.
Tab

Ctrl+Tab.

gedit.
rails
,
rails
RubyOnRails.


.

. ({["''"]}).



.
Rails
Rails (
)!
gedit

.
Rails
Ctrl+Shift+R rails
.

TODO List Textmate gedit.


(trailing
spaces) .

Enter.

Rails
partial
Rails partial.

Ctrl+Shift+H
.



:
http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/11/rootubuntu910.html
http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/11/ubuntu.html
http://linuxdzen.blogspot.com/2009/10/mac.html

MAC

sudo ifconfig eth0 down


sudo ifconfig eth0 hw ether 02:01:02:03:04:08
sudo ifconfig eth0 up
eth0 .

Ubuntu?
: useradd
useradd

:
sudo useradd _
d
, m ,
:
sudo useradd d /home/_
m /home/_ _
p
,
passwd:
sudo passwd _
: adduser
adduser , ..
:
sudo adduser testuser

root
Ubuntu 9.10?

, :
#sudo passwd root

:
#su

,
!

`testuser' ...
`testuser'
(1001) ...

`testuser' (1001) `testuser' ...

`/home/testuser' ...
`/etc/skel' ...
UNIX:
UNIX:
passwd:
Changing the user information for
testuser
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for
the default
Full Name []: testuser
Room Number []:
Work Phone []:
Home Phone []:
Other []:
? [/]

DirectX Wine
: http://ladyzhin.pifagorland.ru/index.php/ubuntu/34ubuntu/60directxwine

DirectX wine?
.
:
directx, native,
Windows System32
directx, wine .

100% DirectX. :)


dll.
, , ,
wine.
, .
wine 0.9.64, 1.1.16 1.1.17.
. ,
wine ,

.
,
winetricks. :
http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks

:
wget http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks
, , .
,
/home.
:
sh winetricks directx9
DirectX9.0c 2008
. , . .
dxdiag.
,
winetricks, :
http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks

User And LINUX


10.07

87

Ubuntu 10.04:

: http://surrenderzenway.blogspot.com/2010/04/ubuntu1004.html
http://linuxsam.blogspot.com/2010/04/ubuntustartubuntu104.html

Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx,


, ,
, ,
, , Cairo dock
menu, , bisigui .
,

"NOSOUND".
, ( ..):
http://bit.ly/djmxJm

Medibuntu

,

Ubuntu start script, Ailurus
Ubuntu Tweak.
Medibuntu ,
,
Ubuntu
,

, .
Medibuntu
Synaptic
Ubuntu,
: GoogleEarth, Adobe Reader,
Win32codecs.
:
sudo wget outputdocument=
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$
(lsb_release cs).list && sudo aptget
quiet update && sudo aptget yes quiet
allowunauthenticated install medibuntu
keyring && sudo aptget quiet update
sudo aptget yes install appinstall
datamedibuntu apporthooksmedibuntu

, mplayer, mencoder,
Adobe Reader, Google Earth :
sudo aptget install libdvdcss2 w32codecs
acroread googleearth mplayer mplayergui
mencoder mplayernogui nonfreecodecs
libavformatextra52 libavformat
unstripped52 libavfilterunstripped0
libavfilterextra0 libavcodecextra52
libavcodecunstripped52 libavdeviceextra
52 libavdeviceunstripped52 libavfilter
extra0

88

User And LINUX


10.07

Ubuntu start script

(Medibuntu,
getdeb,
Dropbox) Ubuntu start script.
Ubuntu start script

.
,

Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx.

: GIMP, Pidgin, WINE,
Chromium , Gnome Do, Guake, VLC Media
Player, MPlayer, SMPlayer, Thunderbird, Dropbox,
.
Ubuntu start script:
Zenity GUI
: Ubuntu
restricted, extras, Medibuntu, Getdeb, Dropbox (
Dropbox)
: GIMP, Pidgin,
WINE, Chromium browser, Gnome Do, Guake, VLC
media player, Mplayer, SMplayer, Thunderbird, Dropbox,
Codecs (multimedia, java, flash),
, DVD support and fonts, Ubuntu Tweak,
Deluge Torrent, CompizConfig Settings Manager,
Development tools (from buildessential to Subversion,
GIT and so on)


:
Google Chrome ( 32 64 ,
Ubuntu),
Pidgin ( ),
Flash Player 64 Adobe,
Skype (32 64bit, Ubuntu).
:

( Ubuntu 9.10)
Update Manager

GDM



(
252MB)
Gnome

,

apt "aptget update"


Google
NTFS

JAVA
Medibuntu
:
Medibuntu ,
, 2
.
(https://launchpad.net/ubuntustart):
sudo aptget install zenity
chmod +x ubuntu10.04script
sudo ./ubuntu10.04script

Linux
Windows,
samba.
sudo aptget install samba

Windows : PlayOnLinux

PlayOnLinux ,

, . :
Ubuntu ( ..): http://bit.ly/av1DvF

, Microsoft
Windows.

GNU/Linux, , ,
. PlayOnLinux
,
.
sudo aptget install playonlinux

Ubuntu
( )

Ailurus Ubuntu .
:
sudo addaptrepository ppa:ailurus
sudo aptget update
sudo aptget install ailurus

Ubuntu Tweak ,
Ubuntu.
,
. Ubuntu
!
Playdeb.
Playdeb
Debian.
:
:
http://bit.ly/cywFWd
:
, , "",
:
deb http://archive.getdeb.net/ubuntu karmicgetdeb games
GPG , :
wget q O
http://archive.getdeb.net/getdebarchive.key
| sudo aptkey add
: "Install this now"
.
BsUbuntu.
:
http://bit.ly/9Bu2M3

Bsubuntu V0.8 Para Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid


,

Ubuntu.

User And LINUX


10.07

89

Ubuntu 10.04
: http://surrenderzenway.blogspot.com/2010/05/ubuntu1004.html



Ubuntu 10.04

.

Ubuntu
10.04
:
,
,

. .
, ,
Ubuntu One Gwiber (

90

User And LINUX


10.07

,
). Ubuntu One
: > >
.
Evolution,
,
. ,

,
. Gwiber
.
Guake Terminal
GNOME.
GUI
bum Boot up
manadger

. ,
. ,
bum Gwiber
,
. :) winbind,
sane
.


.
. , 2010
. ,
,



.
.


. ,
,
,

,
.


Kubuntu.

Linux


OpenOffice.org.

.
,

.

,

ODP,
MS Office PPT
, ,
.

,
.


Writer
.
,
,
OpenOffice.
,

.

CuneIForm YAGF. ,

,
.

.


BBC
National Geographic.

.

.
.
Avidemux.
.
, , ,
,
,
Avidemux
.


.

Dragonplayer
VLC.

.


,
.

,
,
Gimp.
,
ColourPaint. ,
PhotoShop
, Gimp.

. ,
.
.


.
, ,

,
Kubuntu
: ,
,

Windows ,

Krusader,
.

.

, .
,

21 .
User And LINUX
10.07

93

Google Wave:

: http://mydebianblog.blogspot.com/2010/04/googlewave.html

, Twitter
.

. ! Google Wave
,
. ,
, , .




(
: 21
).
, ( )

,

,
,
.

, (Wave) realtime
,
, ,
( ),
. , Google Wave
(brainstorm), ,
.

. 1: Google Wave.

. 2: Google Wave .

94

User And LINUX


10.07


Google Wave?

,
:
http://wave.google.com.
, . ,
Twitter,
, , ,
().

( Skype,
).
, Google Maps


.
, (Wave)
realtime
,
, ,
(
),
. , Google Wave
(brainstorm),
,
.
,

. (. 1).
?
:
(
).
,
() .
( ,
, ).
, , ,
. (. 2).
,
,
. ,



.
:

.
, ,
:
, ,
(, . , 5),
, ,
,
. (. 3).
,
" ":
,
, ,
, .
Google Wave
,
. ,
,
.

, ,
, , .

,
,
. (. 4).
,
offline,
:
Inbox . ,
, ,

.

. 3: Google
.

. 4: Google Wave
.


(Brainstormin Google Wave)


Brainstorm.
Brainstorm,
,

. (. 5).
:
, ,
.
.
. 5: Brainstorm .

(http://habrahabr.ru/blogs/google/60753/),
. ReadWriteWeb: http://bit.ly/cMlYTB.
, Google Wave "
". XMPP "". ,
, .

Google Wave
.
User And LINUX
10.07

95


open-source ? Google.

: http://alecmyshov.blogspot.com/2009/09/opensourcegoogle.html

,

Red
Hat,
. ,
,
Red Hat,
,
,
, Sun,
IBM Google

.
,
,

.


,

,
Web. MySpace
,

Qizmt
(
Windows Server),

MySpace
"People you may know". MySpace,
VentureBeat,
Facebook,
Tornado.


,
,


,

Web .

.


.
,


.
,
,

,
Accenture Kit Plummer.
,
,
,
, ,
,

96

User And LINUX


10.07

Red Hat


.
Linux
11.5 ,
12% Red
Hat ( ,
).
JBoss
Application Server ( 2
)
Red Hat, ,
Red Hat
,
.
, , Sun.
, Java (
6.5 ),
Solaris ( 2
), OpenOffice ( 10
)

.
IBM 12.5
, Eclipse,
Linux (6.3%
), Geronimo,

.
, Google
,
, , software
. ,


Google,
. :
"
14 .
Android 10
, Chrome 2
, GWT 300000
,
,

.
,


".

, Google

("
,
"),
, Google
,
,
open source .


,
250000 ,
40000
,
Summer of Code.
, ,


.
Mozilla Foundation
, Google,
,

:
"
Google
,
,
Linux
".

open source
. Google
open source ,
.

,
.
Sun
open source ,
Oracle
. Oracle, ,
,
,
.

open source ,
,
.
,

,
, Red Hat
, Microsoft , Google Facebook.
,
, Web
, Google, ,

.
, ,

Web ,
,
"
",
Red Hat, MySQL
Pentaho.
,

Alfresco.


Chrome OS
.

Chrome OS:
: http://unfiles.ru/index.php?newsid=4945

: Chrome OS,

,
,
Google. ,

,
,
WiFi
. Chrome OS
,


.
,
Google,

Chrome OS.

10 .


,
Chrome, ,

.

.

,
,


.
.



.
"Intel
x86" "ARM"


, ARM
Chrome OS.

,
,
,


.


, , Chrome
OS , ,
,
Microsoft Office Live.

Chrome OS
:

,
,

.
,

Chrome OS:

,
.



.
Google
Chrome OS
,
. ,
, ,
iPhone
, ,
,
.
Google
,
,
WiFi.
:
,
.

HTML5.


,
Google Gears
, .


: Picasa Flickr
Adobe
Photoshop.
Chrome OS,

, ,
Chrome,


.


OnLive,



,

. ,



.
:
3D

OnLive


.
Android
Chrome OS,

,
.
Chrome
,
Mozilla Firefox.

Chrome
OS
.


. Chrome
HTML5,


,

Adobe Flash Microsoft Silver
light. ,

, ,

, ,
, , . .
User And LINUX
10.07

97

Linux :

: http://www.cnews.ru/reviews/index.shtml?2010/04/13/386504





, Ubuntu,
Fedora/Russian Fedora, ALT
Linux, Mandriva. ,

,

,


,
,


,
,
,
,
.


, , ,

Linux.

,



.


.



,

,

.

98

User And LINUX


10.07

Ubuntu


Ubuntu

Linux .
.
Canonical,

,
, ,
,

.

,
. ,
Ubuntu Debian

,

,


.
,
, Ubuntu
Debian
.
:
.


(
).

Ubuntu
,

.

Ubuntu,
Canonical

,
,
,
.

Kubuntu,
KDE 4,

Ubuntu, Gnome,
Xubuntu (
Xfce),
Lubuntu ( LXDE).
Ubuntu
,

. ,



,
.
,

,
Ubuntu,
. ,
Ubuntu

.
,

mp3, DVD, Flash
. ,

. ,
,
Ubuntu,


. ,
, Mint SuperOS.

Ubuntu
. Canonical
, ,

,
.
,

.



Ubuntu
,
" "
"/".
,
,

" ",
Ubuntu
,
.

. Ubuntu
,

.
Ubuntu

.
,

,

.



. ,
,

,
.
, , ,


, , ,

,
Linux,


. ,



,

.

Fedora/Russian Fedora


.
RedHat

,

,

,
.
,
Open
Source.
, Fedora.
Fedora
,


,


. Fedora
,

.
,

,
. ,

Fedora
,
,

,
. ,

Fedora,
Red Hat
Enterprise Linux,


.
Russian Fedora
,

Fedora
(,

), .
,

Fedora
.

, Fedora

.


,
.


.
Fedora,
, ,

RPM. , ,
,


. ,
Ubuntu,
DEB

.

Fedora
IRC,
.
, ,

/,


,

. , Fedora

.
,
,
Red Hat
Enterprise Linux (RHEL).
User And LINUX
10.07

99

ALT Linux

ALT Linux, ,
Linux
.


(ALT Linux Team)
,


.
ALT Linux
Mandriva (
Mandrake Linux),


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10.07

101

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10.07

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User And LINUX
10.07

105