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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRAPRADESH
Name : Smt. Rani Kavati
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Applied Electronics & Instrumentation
Engineering
Institute : S.G.P.R Govt Polytechnic, Kurnool
Semester : V Semester
Subject : Process control
Subject code : AEI-504
Topic : Controller principles
Duration : 50 min
Sub Topic : Electronic controller modes
Teaching Aids : Diagrams and animations.

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Recap

We discussed about implementation of


pneumatic controller modes

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Objectives

On the completion of this topic, you would be able to know

• Implementation of proportional controller modes using op-


amp.

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Two Position Controller using Op-Amp

R2

V1

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Two position controller

• Input signal with ‘ON’ voltage VH

• Input signal with ‘OFF’ voltage VL

• Comparator output Vo switches states, when voltage V1 is


equal to set point value Vsp

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The high (ON) switch voltage is

VH = Vsp

The low (OFF) switch voltage is

VL = Vsp – ( R1/ R2 ) Vo

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Proportional Controller using Op-Amp

Fig.2
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Electronic proportional controller
The output voltage is

Vout = Gp Ve + Vo

Vout = out voltage

Gp = R2 / R1 = gain

Ve = error voltage

Vo = output with zero error

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Derivative controller using Op-Amp

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Resistance ‘R1’ is added for stability of the circuit

G dV
V = D e

dt
out

Vout = output voltage

GD = R2 C = Derivative time in seconds

Ve = error voltage

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Summary

We have discussed about

• Implementation of two positions of controller

• Implementation of P-controller

• Implementation of D-controller

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Quiz

1. The number of OP-Amps needed to implement two position


controller

a) Three
b) Two
c) Four
d) None

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Describe the implement of P-controller

3. Describe the implement of D-controller

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Thank You

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