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551.46.077:629.

584

.. , .M.

()
( ).
,
(),
.

()
()
.


,
,



[1].

,


.

[2, 3]

,
()


.

,
.



.
[4] [5].


[5, 6].

-

,
. 1. ()

().

,
.
-,
Le ,

Le << , = 2 ( f )
() ,
,

.
f 4
.

,
,
,

. 2008. 2(6)

43

. 1. . (A1: A1~A1, A2: A2~A2,


A0: A1A2~A1A2), B (B1: B1~B1, B2: B2~B2, B0: B1~B2+B2~B1).
( )


,
(
A1 A2) (A0), ..
,
.

r >> Le,
r
. ,


[6] r > 5Le. (
)
() ( )
.

.
, lA.
, ( ),
Lw 0,9 (
, -

44

,
). ,

.




, ().
,
,
( )
.

(
). lA
[4] lA >> RA,
RA . lA/RA 20.
, -

. 2008. 2(6)

: lA/RA 20 h/lA 5,
h ( ).
, ,
RA = 0,008 (lA 0,16 ) h
0,8 .

. 2
(
).
,
[1, 7].
: 0 (0 .1,

), 1 (1 .
1, ), 2 (2 . 1, )
.
U0
B2'~B1" B1'~B2" U0
= (UB2'~B1" + UB1'~B2")/2.
Us3 = UB2'~B1"
UB1'~B2" [2].


rB ( ).



U1(rB), U2(rB),
U0(rB) ,
0 h.

, , :
0 ( 0)
( /2 +/2)
0 = 0
( . 2 );
h (
);
rB (-

, 0,
1, 2, (X0, Y0), (X1,
Y1), (X2, Y2) (. . 2). Z,

, .
A,
rB.

. 2. () ,
, . A ,
. A0, m l,

) ( ,
. . 2), ( y- )
(
);
1, 2
1 2
;
1,2

;
1,2
;
Id , ;
Ld = Le0 0 (
);
RS A,
R ;

ZS

;
ZR

;
f .



,


. .

(. . 1) (
0, 1
2).

:
r ()
0,5
: r = rB2 + h2
;

: LA = Lw cos,
= arcsin(rB/Lw);
(. . 2):
xi = rB sin( i ), yi = rB cos( i ) ,
1 = 0 ( 1), 2 = 0 +
( 2), i
(02);
, : la = 20RA;

, : NA = LA/la
( );

(. m
=
= xi + mdxi , yim
. 2): xim
= yi + mdyi , m = 0 2NA ( ,
0); i ; xi = xi ( N A + 0,5)dxi ,
yi = yi ( N A + 0,5)dyi -

A0,
dxi = la cos i , dyi = la sin i .

. 2008. 2(6)

45

rij , -

MEi,

Bij = 1 + 2krij + (krij )2

Yij;

1. ( )
le = hmin/10 NEi = LEi/le,
,
: lei = LEi/NEi (L0 = Ld, L1 =
= L2 = Ld/sin, hmin

).
2.

: dxij =
= lei [(0,5( Nei 1) j] , i , j , , z0 j =
+ dxij , yij = dyim
xij = xim
;

h + RS ZS
1,2
,

0,5

zij h + RS 1 (lS + dxij )2 ( LEi )2 ,

lS = 0,5 ( RS2 + Ld2 )0,5 LEi


.
3.


.


, [6]:
Erij = MEi cos ij Bij Dij (2 rij3 ) ,
Eij = MEi sin ij Cij Dij (4 rij3 ) ,
(1)
MEi = IEilei
; rij = ( xij 2 + yij 2 + zij 2 ) ;
sin ij = zij (rij sin ij );
cos ij =
= xij rij ; ij = arctg (zij yij ) ; rij,
ij, ij ,
, ij
MEi rij, ij

0,5

k = ;

Cij = 1 + 2krij + (krij )2 + 2 (krij )3 +


0,5
+ (krij )4 ; Dij = exp krij 2 ;

. ,

()
:
EXij = Erij cos ij + Eij sin ij ,
EYij = ( Erij sin ij

EXij = MEi (2xij2 + yij2 + zij2 ) (4 rij5 ),

(3)

4. ,
, :
Ne 1

E
j =0

Aij

EAij = EXij cos i EY ij sin i .

0,5

46

1. , . -

. 2008. 2(6)

2 0,5

la 2

x dx"/ x2 0,25la2 0,5 .

la 2


( )

()
(x" = la/2, x" =
= la/2), ,
.
2.
,
, .

m ( XA ),
y Am = rB.
x Am = LA + (0,5 m)la,
zAm = (h + RS ZR ) .
,

, , (1) (2):
3
Erim = M Aim cos m Bm Dm (2 rAm
),
3
Eim = M Aim sin m Cm Dm (4 rAm
),

( x 0,25la ) ,

x"


(
m).
,
, ,
I Aim = 2EAim R A

(1), (2)

. , kr<<1,
. (1),
(2)
:

EAim =

Eni = EAim x

(2)

Eij cos ij ) cos ij .

EYij = MEi xij yij (4 rij5 ) .


( ).
() [5]:

Mim = laI Aim ;

rAm = x2Am + y2Am + z2Am

0,5

cos m = x Am rAm ;

m = arctg (zAm y Am ) ;
sin m = zAm (rAm sin m ) .


( )
,
,
2 Na

EXi = EXim ,
m =1
2 Na

EY i = EY im ,
m =1

EXim = Er im cos m + Eim sin m ,


EY im = ( Er im sin m Eim cos m ) cos m

= 19
= 19,3 (. . 3);
2) ,

,
, .. = 19
= 62,5 (. . 4).

,
,


( 30)
. ,


( )
.

EXim = M Aim (2x2Am + y2Am +


5
+ z2Am ) (4 rAm
),

5
EYim = M Aim x Am y Am (4 rAm
)

.

:

U0 = ( EX 0 sin 0 EY 0 cos 0 ) LR 0,
U1 = [ EX1 sin( 0 )
EY 1 cos( 0 )] LR1 ,
U2 = [ EX 2 sin( 0 + )
EY 2 cos( 0 + )] LR 2,

LR0, LR1, LR2 .


(1), (2)
2

(3),
4
(
) .



(
)
:
1) ,

. 3. 0 = 19, = 19,3
( rB = 1 , h = 1,8 , f = 4 , = 4 /, RA = 0,008 )

. 4. 0 = 19, = 62,5
( rB = 1 , h = 1,8 , f = 4 , = 4 /, RA = 0,008 )
. 2008. 2(6)

47




[8].
800 ,
. ,
. -


0,
rB
(
).
4 .
(3)
.
. ,

U1k = U1 U1(h), U2k = U2


U2(h), U1, U2

.
U1(h), U2(h)


. O
(U1k, U2k) 18%. ,
, ,
, ,
10%.

1. .., ..
. 2280268, 20, 2006.
2. .., ..
// . : , 2001. . 4. . 7190.
3. .., .., .., .. . 2174244, 27, 2000.
4. .. . .: , 1984.
5. .., .. . .: , 1985.
6. .., .., .. . : , 1980.
7. .., ..
// . .-. . . :
, 2005. . 4651.
8. .., .. // . 2008. 4. . 3338.
9. Inzartsev A.V., Kukarskikh A.K., Pavin A.M. Using of Electromagnetic Searcher for Inspection of Metallic Cable by Means of
AUV // Proc. of OCEANS08 MTS/IEEE Kobe-Techno-Ocean08 (OTO08), Kobe, Japan, April 811, 2008.

48

. 2008. 2(6)

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