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United States Patent 119) iro 4,172,781 Walk et al. (451 Oct. 30, 1979 [54] WASTE WATER PROCESS FOR, Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Frank J. Sroka; Arthur G. TREATMENT OF STRONG WASTES Gikes Wiliam. MeClain [75] Inventors: Joe D. Walk, Homewood, IIL; James [57] ABSTRACT F, Grutsch, Hammond; Russell C, Disclosed is a waste water process for the treatment of Mallatt, Crown Point, both of Ind. strong wastes. Generally the process comprises an acti- ' ' ws ‘ated siudge process forthe purification of waste water U3] signe: Simard 81 Company aan), Sine ding the waste wtf ft sen » zone wherein oxygen is introduced into the waste wa [21] Appl Nos 806,749 ter, and said wastewater is contacted with activated sludge; passing the event from the ist aeration zone [22] Filed: ‘Jun, 15, 1977 to a first clarification zone where the water from the : fit sctation zone ts lrfed to separate suspended [st] tnt. 2 ene 1706, core 5/10 {s] USC. 21077; 20/11, sludge particles from partially decontaminated water; 210/17; 210/18; 210/40; 210/44 eeyeling a portion of the separated sludge from the eafare et 418 210/40 210/44 fet clarification zone to the fist scation zone and passing the partially decontaminated water fom the 210/29, 40,44, 0, ER.T2S, TOW 73.83.78 Re hon gas cond aston snes sading about $0 bout 300 ppm powdered activated carbon to (36) References Cited the parally decontaminated water from the fist clarif amin cation zone, oxygenating the partially decontaminated eae ees water containing carbon in a second aeration zone 20s9.2ss Statan Wierein onygen or sr is introduced into the partially 2,368,055, Walker ... decontaminated water; passing the effluent from the 3,218,253 Clarke .. om second aeration zone to @ second clarification zone sng Ca os Where the water from the second aeration zone is cla 3551203 eee fied to separate suspended siudge and earbon particles SRL paceae from decontaminated water; and recycling a portion of 376300 10/1913 Tipe ees the separated shudge and carbon from the second carf- Stetsos lorisrsSanewich cation zone 10 the second aeration zone and pasting Sanaa “isn Blecharesk : decontaminated water out ofthe second carifation 304518 9/1975 Hotom ne BO/40 gone. Preferably sid first eration sone comprises a Sssneae $976 Knope ea HY eet anes ein ae eee A 00501) | /I9TT SWEEMY nnn 7210/18 erated to introduce oxygen into the waste water in a 53996 10/177 Treme -2osocn 20M $959396 AO/I9TT Tren vom 210/40 fat tage andthe effvent from the fist stage i aerated : om in one or more stages downstream of sid fist stage Primary Examiner—Ciatles N. Hart ‘Assitant Examiaer—Ervest O. Therkora ‘37 Chains, 1 Dreving Figure Oct. 30, 1979 4,172,781 US. Patent oe We oc fe 62 os is Se oe 92 cz le ahaa a “a o 5 a u" ee a 6 O 9 ° & a ! e oa og 9 eos & 2 , oe o 99 2 09 oe oem a | | | ZUVIDESL RATE | ‘AEWONODIS | ewe 4,172,781 1 WASTE WATER PROCESS FOR TREATMENT OF ‘STRONG WASTES BACKGROUND “The tretment of contaminated waste wate fom mu- nicipal or industrial soures involves a sequence of pro- cessing steps for maximizing water purification at min tum costs. Industral effivents, particularly waste Water from oll refineries, include a broad spectrum of Contaminants, and, consequently, such waste water is tstally more difficult to decontaminate than waste water from municipal sewage systems. Four main se- {ential process treatments sre Used to decontaminate Such industrial effluents although similar treatment is fiven municipal effluents, oF combined municipal/n- Gusti! effuents. These are @ primary, intermediate, Secondary, and tertiary treatments. The primary treat. tment cell for removal of gross amounts of ell and frease and solids from the waste water. In the ol indus- fry, ously seperators of American Petroleum Insitute design are employed from removal of re, separable oi land solid. In municipal waste water treatment, gener- ally ile free oil s present but solids removal sti needed, The intermediate treatment is the next process tnd it is designed to adjst water conditions so that the Water entering the secondary treatment zone will not impair the operation of the secondary treatment pro- cemes, In other words, intermediate treatment is de- Signed to optimize water condition so thet the second- ary treatment proces wil operate mont efficiently. The Secondary treatment calls for biologically degrading dissolved orgonics and ammonia in the water. One of the most common biological trestment processes em- ployed isthe activated sludge process discussed below in greater deta. The teary teatrent cals for remov- ing residual biological solids present inthe effluent from the secondary treatment zone and removing contami- nants which contribute to impairing water clarity of adversely affecting water taste o ode. This is usually @ filtration ofthe water, preferably trough beds of sand, o¢ combinations of sand and coal, followed by treat ment with activated carbon. In some eats air flotation can be vsed as an altemative to filtration. ‘The atvatedsiudge process i conventional waste wate treating process which produces the highest do- gree of biologic! treatment in reasonably ‘compact facilis at the present time. The application of this process tothe treatment of industrial waste water has, however, been slow compared with municipal applica- tions. Industrial applications ofthis process are never- theless increasing rapidly. Currently, the activated shudge process i capable of achieving reduction in the five-day biological oxygen demand (BODs). However, the BODs contaminants present in industrial waste water are relatively small compared with the total oxy= igen demanding contaminants preset in such waste Water as measored by the chemical oxygen demand (COD) test For example, the BODs contaminants pres- ent in the effuent from an scivated sludge process {apically ranges from 10 to 20 pars per milion parts of water. It's not uncommon to sso find present in such effluent 10 1020 times this amount of COD. Theactvated shdge process generally as tw, three or four stages of treatment. In the first stage, contami- nated water is contacted withthe activated sladge. The fudge includes micro-organisms. which feed on the contaminants inthe water and metabolize these contam- 10 “ 4s 6s 2 inant to form cellular structure and intermediate prod- ucts. This decontaminated water flows into a second clarifier stage where suspended sludge particles are separated from the decontaminated water. A portion of the sludge is recycled to the first stage and the remain der is forwarded to the third and fourth stages. This sludge forwarded to the third and fourth stages includes ‘water. In the thitd stage the sludge is thickened to re- move excess water and inthe fourth stage the thickened sludge is permitted to digest, that is, the micro-organ- isms feed upon their own cellular structure and are stabilized. Recently, the importancce of powered activated car- ‘bon in waste water treatment is being realized. How- fever, the use of powdered activated carbon has often been uneconomical because of under utilization of a given amount of carbon. “Many processes have wasted powdered activated carbon along with sludge prematurely. Many industries have extremely sirong wastes having COD in excess of about 1000 mgr. In some industries such as paper or chemicals, COD of about 10,000 mg/1 isnot uncommon. A process for the treatment of such strong wastes must be integrated in that each part ofthe purification process will cooperate in order to achieve ‘maximum purification at low cost. It must also make fall vse of powdered activated carbonn without undue waste It is an object of this invention to provide a waste water process which produces high quality effluent, especially when treating strong wastes. tis an object of this invention to provide a waste water process which makes efficient use of powdered activated carbon. Tt is an object of this invention to provide an inte- arated waste water treatment process which reduces the amount of powdered activated carbon needed thereby making efficient use of said carbon, and pro- duces & high quality effluent SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the treatment of waste wa- ter, especially the treatment of strong wastes having a ‘COD in excess of about 1,000 mg/1. The process is an activated sludge process which makes use of powdered ‘activated carbon, Generally the activated sludge process for the purifi- cation of waste water comprises feeding the waste Water to a first aeration zone wherein oxygen is intro- duced into the waste water, and said waste water is ‘contacted with activated sludge; passing the effluent from the first aeration zone to a fist clarification zone where the water from the first aeration zone is clarified to separate suspended sludge particles from partially decontaminated water; recycling a portion of the sepa- rated sludge from the first clarifiction zone to the first aeration zone and passing the partially decontaminated ‘water from the first clarification zone to a second aera- tion zone; adding about 5 to about 500 ppm powdered. activated carbon to the partially decontaminated water, from the first clarification zone; oxygenating the par- tially decontaminated water containing carbon in a second aeration zone wherein oxygen or air is intro- duced into the partially decontaminated water; passing the effluent from the second aeration zone to a second clarification zone where the water from the second aeration zone is clarified to separate suspended sludge