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2009

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2008 30 2009 .
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, 30 2009 )

- www.imf.org/external/pubs/
ft/ar/2009/eng.
: IMF Publication Services, 700 19th Street,
N.W. Washington, DC 20431. ,
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HPEOOREHHE FROBARLHOFO KPH3HCA
MEXYHAPOHLH
FOOBOH OTHET 29
BARKTHLH OOH
05PAEhhE
hPEKT0PA-PA60PPhTEP
h PE6EATEP h60hhTEbh0F0 60ETA 4
h6bY0 0 EPEA+E 0T+ETA
60ETY YPAPKhX
1 05hh 0530P 7
0t rotpceuuu ua uuaucostx ptu|ax
| rnoantuou peeccuu 9
|o+ava+ae me|j(eeo |asaca 9
|aoamemu va|oa|o+ovavec|o onama|a
e eaeaoea+aa +a |asac 9
onoat |ou|petutn ctpauan 10
/cuneuue ponu V81 11
eova |edam+ux vexa+asvoe 1o+da 11
|aeant+u euo asoeux aavemoe enoant+o
a|o+ovavec|o a a+a+coeo cacmevu 12
Peaeuue rpuoputetutx saqa+ s onactu uaqsopa 13
Voqepuusau 1ouqa 13
1uuauct, oprauusau u roqot+etuoctt 14
2 h3YEhEhhP F05Abh0h 3K0h0YhKE
h hA 4hhAh60bX PbhKAX 15
Ctpaut c passutou a|ouonu|ou 1Z
Ctpaut c opnupykaunc ptu|on 19
Ctpaut c uus|unu qoxoqanu 20
3 066TAh0EhhE F05Abh0h
4hhAh600h 6TA5hbh06Th 21
Vept ro rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca 23
Yenjn+s(ac+ |asac 23
8+ede+ae a+cmjve+moe dn+ eae+a+ sadav,
ojcnoene++ux |asacov 25
0eceve+ae +anava+ j 1o+da docmamov+ux
ecjcoe dn+ eodone+a+ |asacoe 2Z
1a+a+coea+ odde|a 29
/po|u uuaucosoro |pusuca 33
|o+ava+ae oacaedaeeo a aseneve+ae jo|oe
+a jdj(ee 33
Yede+ae +oeoeo |asaca 3Z
eae+ae aoamem+ux sadav +adsoa 3Z
7e|j(a+ aoma o +adsoj 42
4 Y0EPhh3AhP 40hA 45
/rpasneuue 4Z
eova |eom a ae eonoca 4Z
o|nad |00 4Z
aova+ eja o e+jme++evj jaene+as V81 48
|ovamem ead+ux de+mene o eove
jaene+a+ V81 48
8oeneve+ae eada+c|oeo o(ecmea a djeax
e+ea+ax ej 48
oqqep|a ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu 48
/+anas ona 1o+da e cma+ax c +as|ava doxodava 48
|eeo(e+|a a+a+caoea+a+ a jcmovaeocma
doneoeo camja(aa C| 49
n+cmjve+m dn+ odde|a a|o+ovavec|o
onama|a 51
|eecvom onama|a e om+oae+aa Coevecm+ux
|o+cjntmamae+ux caeo| eco+ana V81
a 8ceva+oeo a+|a 52
Ce+sa c o(ecmee++ocmts e cma+ax c +as|ava
doxodava 53
1a+a+coea+ odde|a 53
Passutue roteuuana 54
7ex+avec|a+ ovo(t 54
|odeomoe|a a oeuae+ae |eanaa|a(aa |adoe 59
eova sdema a doxodoe 0
5 4hhAh6b, 0PFAhh3AhP h 00T+ETh06Tb 1
1uuaucoste orepauu u uuaucosa ronutu|a 3
oxodu, cou, eos+aeade+ae
a acedene+ae a+a+coeoeo eve+a 3
|ocove++a+ sadone++ocmt eed V81 4
/dva+acmamae+u sdem a sdem
|aamant+ux acxodoe 4
0(ae |o+conadaoea++ue adva+acmamae+ue
acxodu V81 e ced+ecov+o ece|maee
/dva+acmamae+ue acxodu, omaaevue
a+a+coeux omvemax
|adoea+ onama|a a oea+asa(a+ 8
nmoea co|a(e+a+ amamoe
e 29 a+a+coeov eodj 8
acne++ocmt a cmj|mja |adoe 9
as+ooasae 9
Cmj|mja saaom+o namu j|oeodcmea 9
Vode+asa(a+ |adoeo aomu 9
oqot+etuoctt Z0
0c+oea odomvem+ocma j|oeodcmea 1o+da Z0
a+a+ +vo ce+sa o eoocav
oeccao+ant+o doocoeecm+ocma Z0
0veed+ue euou acon+ament+ux
dae|mooe e 28 eodj Z0
Coqepauue
|esaeacavu omden o(e+|a Z2
Vexa+asvu ajdama V81 Z2
5aa+ea ncon+ament+oeo coeema o eoocav,
|acas(avc+ |o+mon+ a ajdama Z3
Yaene+ae ac|ov Z3
|osav+ocmt Z3
8+ea+ae ce+sa a ce+sa c o(ecmee++ocmts Z3
6TAKh
3.1 Vexauusn a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu V81 24
3.2 6ecrpeeqeututu yposeut |peqututx
osatentcts 1ouqa s 2009 uuaucoson roqy 25
3.3 0cuosute aneneutt peopn uentrotutx
|pequtos V81 2
3.4 |cto+uu|u cpeqcts V81 28
3.5 +to ta|oe ctpaxoste octat|u s V81? 28
3. opqo| rony+euu ctpauanu |pequtos V81 34
3.Z puoputett uaqsopa V81 ua 2008-2011 roqt 38
3.8 8ua+euue ctatuctu|u s ycnosux |pusuca 40
4.1 Vept V81 s otset ua ao|u eu ua rpoqy|tt
rutauu u tornuso 49
4.2 8aqa+a V81 s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu 50
4.3 epeneut. ycreaute raptuepctsa paqu
repcre|tus pocta s Apu|e 52
4.4 epeopueutau texuu+ec|ou ronoau 1ouqa 5
4.5 8ueau oeu|a eutpos A1P|TAK.
uctopu ycrexa 5Z
4. eneste tpactoste ouqt. +to ato ta|oe?
Ka|ost ux enu? 58
5.1 0aa ctpy|typa yrpasneuu 1ouqon Z1
TA5hb
3.1 Vexauusnt |pequtosauu V81 30
3.2 orosopeuuoctu ro ocuosutn nexauusnan,
ytsepqeuute s 2009 uuaucoson roqy 32
3.3 orosopeuuoctu Pl1 u EC1, ytsepqeuute
u ysenu+euute s 2009 uuaucoson roqy 35
4.1 Cyaectsykaue u rnauupyente PTAK 5Z
4.2 porpannt roqrotos|u |aqpos |uctutyta V81,
200Z-2009 uuaucoste roqt 59
5.1 pocpo+euua saqoneuuoctt repeq V81 ctpau,
unekaux osatentctsa, rpocpo+euute
ua aectt neces unu ontae, ro suqan 5
5.2 Ctpy|typutu kqet ro ocuosutn |ateropun
pacxoqos, 2008-2012 uuaucoste roqt 5
5.3 peqycnotpeuute s kqete qonu pacxoqos ro
ocuosutn pesynttatan paott u ux
coctasnkaun, 2008-2012 uuaucoste roqt Z
5.4 0aue |ouconuquposauute aqnuuuctpatusute
pacxoqt V81, 2008-2011 uuaucoste roqt Z
5.5 Aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt, rpeqctasnente
s uuaucostx ot+etax 8
Ph6YhKh
3.1 leroraaeuute ot+ute |pequtt,
2000-2009 uuaucoste roqt 32
3.2 orosopeuuoctu, ytsepqeuute s te+euue
uuaucostx roqos, sa|ou+usauxc
30 arpen, 2000-2009 roqt 33
3.3 leroraaeuute ntrotute |pequtt,
2000-2009 uuaucoste roqt 3
4.1 peqoctasneuue T ro qeraptaneutan u tenan 55
4.2 peqoctasneuue T s 2009 uuaucoson roqy
ro qeraptaneutan u peruouan 5
4.3 Ctpy|typa T. repcouan V81, a|creptt u PTAK 5
h60hhTEbhbE hPEKT0PA
h 3AYE6ThTEh 74
6TAPUhE 60TPYhhKh 7
6XEYA 0PFAhh3Ah0hh0h 6TPYKTYPb Y4 77
6h06Kh 78
4uaucoes roq Y4 npoqonaec c 1 ua no 30 anpen.
Pac+etuou equuueu V81 snetc CP, repec+et uuaucostx qauutx V81
s qonnapt CLA snetc rpunusutentutn u rpusoqutc qn yqoctsa.
la 30 arpen 2009 roqa oneuutu |ypc CP | qonnapy CLA coctasnn
1 qonnap CLA sa 0,Z32 CP, a |ypc qonnapa CLA | CP coctasnn
1 CP = 1,49Z83 qonn. CLA. loqon pauee (30 arpen 2008 roqa) oneuute |ypct
coctasnnu 1 qonn. CLA = 0,1584Z CP u 1 CP = 1,23Z8 qonn. CLA.
pu cctn|e ua cynnt s qonnapax unektc s suqy qonnapt CLA.
Vunnuapq osua+aet ttc+y nunnuouos, tpunnuou osua+aet ttc+y
nunnuapqos, uesua+utentute pacxoqeuu neqy cynnanu coctasnkaux up
u coso|yrutnu senu+uuanu stssaut o|pyrneuuen.
8 uactoaen loqoson ot+ete tepnuu ctpaua ue so scex cny+ax oosua+aet
tepputopuantuoe opasosauue, snkaeec rocyqapctson s cootsetctsuu
c orpeqeneuuen, rpuuttn s neqyuapoquon rpase u rpa|tu|e. 8qect atot
tepnuu ta|e s|nk+aet ue|otopte tepputopuantute opasosauu, |otopte ue
snktc rocyqapctsanu, uo ro |otoptn seqetc otqentua u canoctotentua
roqrotos|a ctatuctu+ec|ux qauutx.
*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
Vup repeusaet cantu cuntutu a|ouonu+ec|uu craq co speneuu
8enu|ou qerpeccuu. Kpusuc, sosuu|auu s oquon us cerneutos ptu|a
unt CLA, tctpo pacrpoctpauunc ua sect nup, oxsatus ctpaut
c passutou a|ouonu|ou, ctpaut c opnupykaunc ptu|on u ctpaut
c uus|unu qoxoqanu.
Ctpaut ctpentc uautu otsetute nept qn rpeoqoneuu |pusuca, u
V81 uaxoqutc ua repeqostx pyeax atux quc|yccuu. Vt roqqep anu
ucrontsosauue ronuoro apceuana nep qeueuo-|pequtuou ronutu|u
s |a+ectse repsou nuuuu saautt. Kpone toro, eae s usape 2008 roqa
nt stctyranu sa rpeqoctasneuue kqetuoro ctunyna s rnoantuon
nacatae. Vt qenanu ato rotony, +to uaau rporuost y|astsanu ua
sepotuoctt uc|nk+utentuo cuntuoro u rpoqonutentuoro cuueuu
crpoca +actuoro ce|topa, |otoptu uesosnouo |onreucuposatt nuat
nepanu qeueuo-|pequtuou ronutu|u. Vt pe|oneuqosanu rpeqocta-
sutt ctunyn, a|susaneututu 2 rpoeutan 88, u ctpaut s ocuosuon
qocturnu atoro ro|asaten. 8 to e spen, nt rpussanu o+uctutt
anauct au|os ot to|cu+utx unu rponenutx a|tusos. laa orpon-
utu ortt yperynuposauu uuaucostx |pusucos csuqetentctsosan
o ton, +to ecnu ue peautt aty saqa+y, uuaucosa cuctena yqet
octasattc sano|uposauuou, u nept ro ctunynuposauuk crpoca ue
qaqyt pesynttata.
3tot |pusuc ta|e ro|asan, +to rnoantua a|ouonu|a uyqaetc
s ae|tusuon nexauusne a|ctpeuuou ronoau, |otoptu nouo
tctpo saqeuctsosatt, u V81 seqet a|tusuyk paoty s atou onactu.
0prauusau ronorna aupo|ony |pyry ctpau yqosnetsoputt csou
rotpeuoctu s uuaucuposauuu u ten cantn yneutautt a|ouonu-
+ec|ue u couantute usqep|u |pusuca. V81K roqqepan rpeqno-
euue ysenu+utt stpoe |peqututu roteuuan V81 qo ec rpeeqeutuoro
yposu Z50 nnpq qonnapos CLA u, |pone toro, yqsoutt ero roteu-
uan qn ntrotuoro |pequtosauu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu. 8 otset
V81 repectpoun csok qetentuoctt s cootsetctsuu c tpeosauunu
speneuu, rpuqasa ocooe sua+euue ru|octu s paote u rpeqotspa-
06pameue
pekopa-pacnopqen
peqceqaen
hcnonuensuoro coeea
onuuu| Ctpocc-Kau,
upe|top-pacropqutent
u peqceqatent
|cronuutentuoro coseta.
loqosou ot+et |cronuutentuoro coseta V81 Cosety
yrpasnkaux 1ouqa snetc oquun us sautx uuctpyneutos
roqot+etuoctu V81. |cronuutentutu coset otse+aet sa seqeuue
qetentuoctu 1ouqa, ou coctout us 24 ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos, uasua+aentx 18 rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu V81,
a Coset yrpasnkaux, s |otopon |aqoe rocyqapctso-+neu
rpeqctasneuo ctapaun qonuoctutn nuon, snetc stcaun
yrpasnkaun oprauon V81. ynu|au loqosoro ot+eta
rpeqctasnet coou opny roqot+etuoctu |cronuutentuoro
coseta Cosety yrpasnkaux 1ouqa.
2009 | 5
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,sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
31 ukn 2009 roqa
/saaentu rocroquu peqceqatentl
|nek +ectt rpeqctasutt Cosety yrpasnkaux loqosou ot+et |cron-
uutentuoro coseta sa uuaucostu roq, sa|ou+usauuc 30 arpen
2009 roqa, s cootsetctsuu c pasqenon Z(a) Ctattu Xll Ctateu corna-
aeuu Veqyuapoquoro 8anktuoro 1ouqa u pasqenon 10 Pernaneuta
V81. Cornacuo pasqeny 20 Pernaneuta, ytsepqeuute |cronuutentutn
coseton aqnuuuctpatusutu kqet u kqet |arutantutx pacxoqos
V81 ua uuaucostu roq, sa|au+usakauuc 30 arpen 2010 roqa,
rpeqctasneut s lnase 5. poaeqaue ayqut uuaucoste ot+ett
sa roq, sa|ou+usauuc 30 arpen 2009 roqa, ro eraptaneuty oaux
c+etos, eraptaneuty CP u c+etan, yrpasnentn V81, snecte
c ot+etanu upnt, rposoqusaeu sueauuu ayqut ro atun c+etan,
rpusoqtc s punoeuuu vl, |otopoe coqeputc s sapuaute uacto-
aero ot+eta ua |onra|t-quc|e, a ta|e ua se-ctpauue WWW.|rl.
org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r. Cornacuo tpeosauun
pasqena 20(c) Pernaneuta 1ouqa, uaqsop sa rpoeccanu sueauero
ayquta u uuaucosou ot+etuoctu ocyaectsnn Konutet ro sueaueny
ayquty, s |otoptu sxoqunu r-u Ctus Auqepcou (rpeqceqatent), r-u Tonac
0'lun u r-u /ntpux lpa.
0YhhhK 6TP066-KAh,
upe|top-pacropqutent u peqceqatent |cronuutentuoro coseta
csuo o nepeqaue 0uea
60ETY YPAPKhX
06m o6iop
'
FAA FAA
06m o6iop
2008-2009 roqax upoea skououka nepeeana nepoq 6ecnpeeqeuuo quaucoeo
ueca6nsuoc, koops conpoeoqanc causu ensu ia uuoro qecne rno6ans-
usu skououuecku cnaqou o6eanou nokaiaene oproen.lu oqua ctpaua ue octanact
ue satpouytou atun a|ouonu+ec|un atopnon. V81 urpan oquy us seqyaux poneu s coqeuctsuu
rocyqapctsan-+neuan s peaeuuu uacyautx saqa+, cssauutx c rpeoqoneuuen |pusuca, u cosqa-
uuu uosou, onee rpo+uou rnoantuou uuaucosou cuctent. n peaeuu atux saqa+ 1ouq co-
cpeqoto+un csou ycunu ua. 1) rpeqoctasneuuu pe|oneuqauu ro a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|e u
csoespeneuuou uuaucosou roqqep|u, otse+akaeu rotpeuoctn rocyqapcts-+neuos, 2) aua-
nuse rpu+uu sosuu|aux rponen c entk y|perneuu uuaucosou cuctent qn saautt ee ot
sosuu|uoseuu uostx |pusucos s yqyaen u 3) coctasneuuu soequuo ctpy|typutx aneneutos uo-
sou neqyuapoquou uuaucosou apxute|typt. 8 to e spen |pusuc royqun 1ouq yc|oputt
ocyaectsneuue ue|otoptx |onroueutos ero rporpannt paott u repepacrpeqenutt pecypct
s cneqykaue onactu. peaeuue rpuoputetutx saqa+ s onactu uaqsopa, peopnuposauue |pe-
qutuou cuctent 1ouqa, roqqep|a ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu, a|tususau qetentuoctu 1ouqa
s onactu passutu roteuuana ctpau, peopna |opropatusuoro yrpasneuu 1ouqa u ysenu+e-
uue oena ero pecypcos. Paota ro noqepuusauu V81, ua+asaac s 2008 uuaucoson roqy
c nep ro pectpy|typusauu 1ouqa, rpoqonanact s 2009 uuaucoson roqy
1
. 8 +ucne qpyrux ua-
rpasneuuu qetentuoctu tnu y|perneuue suytpeuueu roqot+etuoctu u rpospa+uoctu, repe-
ctpou|a |aqposou paott s oprauusauu, oecre+euue coxpauuoctu uuaucos 1ouqa u qpyrue
orepauu, a ta|e repesoq oprauusauu ua onee rpo+uyk uuaucosyk ocuosy.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r/
0T 0TPP6Ehhh hA 4hhAh60bX PbhKAX
K F05Abh0h PEE66hh
Ceneua rnoantuoro |pusuca tnu roceut s roqt stco|ux tenros
a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta u uus|ux rpoeututx ctaso|, |otopte ropoqunu
+pesneputu ortunusn u rpuutue puc|a u rpusenu | con s enon
pqe onacteu. ptuo+uou qucurnuue, uuaucoson perynuposauuu,
na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|e u rnoantuon uaqsope. 8 atot repuoq
rnoantua uuaucosa cuctena ctpenutentuo pocna, cosqasa
uoste uuctpyneutt, |otopte, |a| |asanoct, oecre+usakt onee st-
co|yk rputnt rpu neutaen puc|e. 3tony crococtsosano oaee
rpeqro+teuue oner+euuoro sapuauta perynuposauu, ucxoqusaee
us qoryaeuu, +to qucurnuua uuaucosoro ptu|a rossonut uc|ope-
uutt orponet+usoe roseqeuue, u +to uuaucoste uuuosauu yqyt
crococtsosatt pacrpeqeneuuk puc|a, a ue ero |oueutpauu.
0a atu qoryaeuu o|asanuct oauo+utnu unu ro |pauueu nepe ueoo-
cuosauutnu. 3to rpuseno | uerpuennenony ua|orneuuk sueauux
qucanaucos, sua+utentuo sastaeuutn euan a|tusos s ctpauax
c passutou a|ouonu|ou u ctpauax c opnupykaunc ptu|on, ocoeuuo
ua ptu|ax unt, pes|ony pocty eu ua upeste tosapt u ueunosep-
uony rostaeuuk yposueu nesepuqa u puc|a s ocuosutx uuaucostx
cuctenax, |a| s ouuantuou au|osc|ou cuctene, ta| u sue ee.
ouuaue ekymero kpica
puuuruantuo sauo routt rpu+uut te|yaero uuaucosoro |pusu-
ca, +tot socctauosutt ctauntuoctt u useatt ctont e |pyruoro
|pusuca s yqyaen ryten cosqauu uaqeuou rnoantuou uuaucosou
cuctent. Xot pasop ypo|os |pusuca, sepotuo, yqet rpoqonattc
nuoro net, repsoua+antutu auanus, rposeqeuutu V81, y|astsaet ua
to, +to rnoantua apxute|typa ue oecre+una qoctato+utx rpeqy-
rpeqeuuu ua|auyue |pusuca, ocoeuuo s onactu uaqsopa sa cutya-
ueu s cuctenuo sua+untx ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou, u +to ua
uec|ont|ux yposux tnu qoryaeut rposant perynuposauu.
+pesnepute yposuu nesepuqa u rpuutu puc|a, oycnosneuute
rpoqonutentutn repuoqon uus|ux peantutx rpoeututx ctaso|
u stco|ux tenros pocta,
ueqoctat|u roqxoqos s onactu suytpeuuero u neqyuapoquoro
uuaucosoro perynuposauu,
pasposueuute ctpy|typt perynuposauu,
ueqoctato+uoe pac|pttue uuopnauu o puc|ax,

cnate necta s cuctenax yperynuposauu |pusucos u peaeuu


rponen au|os.
8 enon, opraut uuaucosoro perynuposauu o|asanuct ueroqrotosneu-
utnu | stsneuuk |oueutpauu puc|os u yaeputx ctunynos, stssasaux
yn uuaucostx uuuosauu. lu ptuo+ua qucurnuua, uu perynuposauue
ue cnornu cqepatt uapactasaue s te+euue pqa net puc|u, oycnosneuute
tctptn rpoeccon uuuosauu u sospocaun nesepuqen.
8 onactu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u qupe|tusute opraut ue
y+nu s s qoctato+uou ctereuu uapactakaue na|poa|ouonu+ec|ue
qucanauct, |otopte crococtsosanu ycuneuuk cuctenutx puc|os
s uuaucosou cuctene u ua ptu|ax unt. le tno uanaeuo qeu-
ctseuuoe cotpyquu+ectso s sorpocax ronutu|u ua neqyuapoquon
yposue, +to ycyrynno puc|u, cssauute c uecrocouocttk stsntt
ycunusakauec a|topt yssunoctu u tpaucrpauu+ute cssu. eu-
tpantute au|u yqennu ocuosuoe suunauue uunuu, a ue puc|an,
cssauutn c stco|unu euanu a|tusos u sospocaun nesepuqen.
8 csok o+epeqt, opraut uuaucosoro uaqsopa tnu osao+eut rpo-
nenanu ouuantuoro au|osc|oro ce|topa, a ue puc|anu, ua|arnu-
sakaunuc s teuesou uuaucosou cuctene.
Ka| cneqctsue, s 2009 uuaucoson roqy uuaucostu |pusuc pacrpo-
ctpaunc aupe u tctpee, +en ouqanoct, +to rpuseno | ecrpee-
qeutuony co|paaeuuk nuposoro rpoussoqctsa u toprosnu. ocneqctsu
co|paaeuu |pequta u pes|oro cuueuu eu a|tusos ctpenutentuo
repeqasanuct +epes au|osc|ue cuctent ua sce ce|topt u ctpaut
s rnoantuou a|ouonu|e u ycyrynnuct raqeuuen rotpeutentc|ou
u rpeqrpuuunatentc|ou ysepeuuoctu.
popes uakposkououuecko nonk
e pearpoeau ua kpic
8 te+euue scero 2009 uuaucosoro roqa 1ouq uarpasnn csou pecyp-
ct ua yqosnetsopeuue ueotnoutx rotpeuocteu rocyqapcts-+neuos
s uuaucuposauuu u pe|oneuqaux ro a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|e.
Vuorue ctpaut o|asanuct s tpyqutx uuaucostx unu a|ouonu+ec|ux
ycnosux s pesynttate pes|oro rostaeuu eu ua rpoqosontctsue u
tornuso s 200Z-2008 roqax, |otopoe satpouyno nuorue ctpaut co
cpequunu u uus|unu qoxoqanu s ua+ane uuaucosoro roqa, unu rosq-
uee us-sa yaepa, rpu+uueuuoro pacrpoctpaukaeuc uuaucosou
uectauntuocttk. 8 repuoq, |orqa uuaucostu |pusuc c|asanc ua
peantuou a|ouonu|e (toprosne, oene rpoussoqctsa u sautoctu) u
pacrpoctpauunc so sce yron|u nupa, 1ouq copnynuposan cneqykaue
uacyaute rpuoputett a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u |a| ua uauouantuon,
ta| u ua neqyuapoquon yposux.

'&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009


0sdooene+ae ana+coe a+a+coeoeo ce|moa peautentute
nept ro pe|arutanusauu au|os u o+uct|e ux anaucos |a|
ueoxoqunoe ycnosue qn oecre+euu paott |peqututx ptu|os
u sosouosneuu passutu rnoantuou a|ouonu|u. o|a ato ue yqet
cqenauo, rortt|u socctauosutt yposuu crpoca, c|opee scero, yqyt
ope+eut ua ueyqa+y.
|as+a+ae ea+ocma odde|a de+e+o-|edam+o onama|a
s sasucunoctu ot oeu|u suytpeuuux ycnosuu.
|edocmaene+ae sdem+ux cmavjnoe e enoant+ov vacamae
e 29 a 2 eodax. 1ouq pe|oneuqosan ctpauan, |a| passuttn,
ta| u passusakaunc, onaqakaun cootsetctsykaunu kqet-
utnu sosnouoctnu, ucrontsosatt ux qn ctunynuposauu
crpoca. Kpusuc uarnquo ro|asan sauoctt kqetuoro roteuuana,
rossonkaero rpuuunatt autuu|nu+ec|ue nept uanoroso-kq-
etuou ronutu|u so spen a|ouonu+ec|oro craqa. Ctpaut s ocuos-
uon rpeqoctasnnu ueoxoqunte kqetute ctunynt s 2009 roqy,
u ta|yk roqqep|y ueoxoquno rpoqonatt s 2010 roqy.
3+avament+oe jeenave+ae oa(aant+oeo vedj+aod+oeo
a+a+caoea+a+,s +actuoctu c entk oner+utt ronoeuue ctpau
c opnupykaunc ptu|on u ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu. 8 arpene
2009 roqa nuqept ctpau lpyrrt qsaqatu qorosopunuct ytpoutt
perynputu |peqututu roteuuan V81 qo Z50 nnpq qonn. CLA,
|a| nuuunyn yqsoutt ero ntrotute pecypct qn ctpau c uus|unu
qoxoqanu u ysenu+utt rnoantuyk nu|suquoctt ua 250 nnpq qonn.
CLA sa c+et oaero pacrpeqeneuu Creuantutx rpas saunctsosauu
(CP)
2
. 3tu nept tnu ta|e oqopeut Veqyuapoqutn sanktuo-
uuaucostn |onuteton (V81K), |oucynttatusutn oprauon 1ouqa
ro sorpocan ronutu|u. 3tu osatentctsa crococtsosanu
y|perneuuk ysepeuuoctu, u terept ux ueoxoquno qoronuutt
ucronuutentutnu nepanu ua uauouantuon yposue.

0Y0b K0hKPEThbY 6TPAhAY


8 repste nect 2009 uuaucosoro roqa pes|oe rostaeuue eu ua
rpoqosontctsue u tornuso cosqasano ceptesute rponent qn ue|o-
toptx ctpau c uus|unu u cpequunu qoxoqanu. 8 enx rpeoqoneuu
atux rponen 1ouq ysenu+un oen uuaucuposauu s pan|ax Vexa-
uusna uuaucuposauu ua enu co|paaeuu equoctu u coqeuctsu
a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty (Pl1) qn pqa ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu,
oner+un qoctyr | Vexauusny uuaucuposauu qn rpeoqoneuu
sueauux ao|os (EC1), suec s ue|otopte rporpannt usneueuu, qo-
ryc|akaue qoronuutentute kqetute pacxoqt, u rposen ot|ptttu
cenuuap, rocsaeuutu rocneqctsun rostaeuu eu ua upeste
tosapt qn a|ouonu|u ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u ctpau c opnupy-
kaunc ptu|on. osquee s 2008 roqy |cronuutentutu coset pac-
cnotpen tpaucuauouantute stopu+ute ae|tt u qpyrue
rocneqctsu kqetutx cycuquu, sseqeuutx s cssu c pocton eu
ua upeste tosapt.
o nepe toro |a| uuaucostu |pusuc ctan rpuuunatt nuposte
nacatat, V81 s cepequue roqa ysenu+un ronoat rocyqapctsan-
+neuan, rpeqoctasn un yc|opeuuyk uuaucosyk roqqep|y, s ton
+ucne c ucrontsosauuen csoero nexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucupo-
sauu (cn. sctas|y 3.1). |cronuutentutu coset s te+euue roqa yt-
sepqun ucrontsosauue pecypcos 1ouqa ua cynny 5,8 nnpq CP qn
15 ctpau s pan|ax csoux tpaquuouutx uentrotutx |peqututx ne-
xauusnos u ueqasuo cosqauuou ru|ou |pequtuou nuuuu (lK)
(cn. tanuy 3.2). Coset ta|e rpoqonan ytsepqatt uoste qoro-
sopeuuoctu ro Pl1 u EC1 (cn. tanuy 3.3). o coctouuk ua
30 arpen 2009 roqa roqqep|y ro qorosopeuuoctn 1ouqa s pan|ax
atux nexauusnos rony+unu a|ouonu+ec|ue rporpannt 28 rocyqapcts-
+neuos c oaeu cynnou osatentcts 1,8 nnpq CP, ro cpasueuuk
c 25 rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu u 1,1 nnpq CP ua |oue 2008 uuau-
cosoro roqa.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r''
Y6hEhhE P0h Y4
8 2008 roqy upe|top-pacropqutent rpoqonun ocyaectsneuue |o-
peuutx rpeopasosauuu, rpussauutx c|oppe|tuposatt ctpateru+ec|ue
enu 1ouqa u oecre+utt onee quuanu+uoe pearuposauue 1ouqa ua
rpoucxoqauu |pusuc. Eae oquu saueuauu aar tn cqenau s uo-
pe 2008 roqa u suost s arpene 2009 roqa, |orqa nuqept ctpau lpyrrt
qsaqatu rposenu sctpe+u c entk crococtsosatt pacaupeuuk
a|ouonu+ec|oro cotpyquu+ectsa u oprauusosatt nept ua nuorocto-
pouueu ocuose ro rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca. Cneqyet ocoo otnetutt, +to
lpyrra qsaqatu copnynuposana u osanact rpetsoptt s usut
rpuoputetute nept na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u, |otoptx tpeyet
nuposoe cooaectso. 3tu nept cootsetctsosanu pe|oneuqaun ro
a|ouonu+e c|ou ronutu|e, |otopte roqqepusaet V81. lpyrra qsaq-
atu roq+ep|uyna sauyk pont V81 s pearuposauuu ua |pusuc u
otnetuna, +to V81 u nuoroctopouuue au|u passutu qonut pac-
ronaratt qoctato+utnu pecypcanu, +tot stronutt csou yu|uu
ro rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca.
K napty 2009 roqa |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun pq sautx usne-
ueuuu, |otopte sua+utentuo yny+aakt coqepauue rpuuunaentx
1ouqon nep, rostaakt ux csoespeneuuoctt u ae|tusuoctt u qakt
eny sosnouoctt peautentuo pearuposatt ua uyqt scex rocyqapcts-
+neuos. 8 cssu c atun V81 o|asanc s eutpe quc|yccuu o a|ouo-
nu+ec|ou ronutu|e u rpeoqoneuuu |pusuca. 3to ta|e rpuseno
| rpuutuk peaeuuu o ysenu+euuu pecypcos 1ouqa, +tot oecre+utt
eny cpeqctsa qn o|asauu ueoxoqunou uuaucosou ronoau ctpauan,
ceptesuo roctpaqasaun ot |pusuca.
Peqopua kpequsx uexauiuoe 4ouqa
8 atux ycnosux |cronuutentutu coset rpoqonun paoty ro noqep-
uusauu |peqututx uuctpyneutos 1ouqa, +tot rpusectu ux s onee
ronuoe cootset ctsue c neukaunuc rotpeuoctnu rocyqapcts-
+neuos. 3tu aaru s|nk+anu usneueuu s pe|oneuqaux ro a|ouonu-
+ec|ou ronutu|e, rpeqsnentx ycnosux u rapanetpax uuau cuposauu.
8 napte 2009 roqa Coset ytsepqun sua+utentuyk peopny cuctent
|pequtosauu 1ouqa, |otopa ctana utoron nuoro+ucneuutx ocyqe-
uuu Coseta u ontaou paott, rpoqenauuou repcouanon c ua+ana
2008 roqa, ro auanusy u orpeqeneuuk peopn, |otopte s uauontaeu
ctereuu crococtsosanu t stronueuuk ocuosutx yu|uu 1ouqa.
8 +ucne ytsepqeuutx peopn tnu noqepuusau rpeqsnentx
ycnosuu s rporpannax V81 qn scex saenau|os, sseqeuue uosou
lu|ou |pequtuou nuuuu qn rocyqapcts-+neuos c o+eut rpo+utnu
a|ouonu+ec|unu qetepnuuautanu u oocuosauuou ronutu|ou, rostae-
uue ru|octu tpaquuouuou qorosopeuuoctu ctauq-au u ntrotutx
|peqututx nexauusnos 1ouqa, yqsoeuue ctauqaptutx nunutos qoctyra
| uentrotutn u ntrotutn pecypcan, yrpoaeuue ctpy|typt ctounoctu u
cpo|os roraaeuu |pequtos u otneua ue|otoptx peq|o ucrontsyentx
nexauusnos. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun
repsyk qorosopeuuoctt, ua rpeseutusuou ocuose, s pan|ax uosou lK
1ouqa qn Ve|cu|u (31,5 nnpq CP), a s ua+ane 2010 uuaucosoro
roqa tnu ytsepqeut osatentctsa o rpeqoctasneuuu |pequtos
ontae (13,Z nnpq CP) u Konynuu (Z nnpq CP) ro lK ua rpeseu-
tusuou ocuose.
3tu peopnt rpeqycnatpusakt cosepaeuctsosauue |peqututx
uuctpyneutos, s|nk+a rpeseutusuoe |pequtosauue, u noqepuusauk
cuctent rpeqsnentx ycnosuu, c ten +tot ycnosu ucrontsosauu
pecypcos 1ouqa y+uttsanu qeuctseuuoctt rposoqunou ronutu|u u
coctouue a|ouonu+ec|ux qetepnuuaut rocyqapcts-+neuos. 3to ctu-
nynuposano t opaaeuue rocyqapcts-+neuos | 1ouqy ua pauuen
atare, +to rossonut cuusutt sepotuoctt |pusucos unu yneutautt
utorostu yaep ot |pusucos. 8 co+etauuu c cyaectseuutn ysenu+e-
uuen pecypcos 1ouqa atu peopnt cnyat rpo+uou ocuosou qn e-
neuarpasneuuou paott 1ouqa ro coqeuctsuk rocyqapctsan-+neuan
s peoqoneuuu te|yaero |pusuca, a ta|e yqyaux |pusucos.
Cop ypoa taa|a s Vanasu.
'(sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
paensus es6op 6aioesx napauepoe rno6ansuo
skououuecko quaucoeo cceus
1ouq ta|e sauunanc stcueuuen ucto+uu|os, nacataos u rocneq-
ctsuu |pusuca u y|perneuuen ssaunoqeuctsu c qpyrunu neqyuapoq-
utnu uuaucostnu oprauusaunu, s +actuoctu c Coseton ro
uuaucosou ctauntuoctu (C1C)
3
. 8 ua+ane 2009 roqa |cronuutent-
utu coset V81 ocyqun auanus repstx ypo|os |pusuca, rposeqeuutu
repcouanon ro rpocte V81K. |cronuutentute qupe|topa roq+ep|-
uynu rpeqsaputentutu xapa|tep atoro ocyqeuu, a ta|e ocoyk
osauuoctt 1ouqa, ucxoq us ero nauqata, auanusuposatt rpoucxo-
qauu |pusuc u paotatt s tecuon |outa|te c qpyrunu y+peqeuunu,
|a| uauouantutnu, ta| u neqyuapoqutnu, c entk coqeuctsu
socctauosneuuk rnoantuou uuaucosou ctauntuoctu u tenros
a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta.
8suqy pasnu+u nueuuu o otuocutentuou sua+unoctu stsneuutx
ueqoctat|os (cn. stae) |a| rpu+uuutx a|topos |pusuca, Coset c+en
ueoxoquntn rpuutt |oppe|tusute nept ro aupo|ony pouty u ua
nuorux yposux, +to osua+aet uarpeuuyk rporpanny paott qn
paspaot+u|os ronutu|u u ueoxoqunoctt c|oopquuuposauutx qeuctsuu.
0t+actu ro utoran atoro auanusa V81 orpeqenun +ettpe saueuaue
onactu qn rpeqotspaaeuu |pusucos s yqyaen. cosepaeuctsosa-
uue perynuposauu, uaqsopa, nexauusnos uuaucuposauu u neqy-
uapoquoro cotpyquu+ectsa. V81 qoneu urpatt |nk+este, xot u
pasnu+ute, ponu s atux onactx, u s 2009 uuaucoson roqy ou rpu-
ctyrun | paote c entk peaeuu atux saqa+ unu coqeuctsu ux pe-
aeuuk, s sasucunoctu ot |ou|petuoro cny+a.
Cosepaeuctsosauue uuaucosoro perynuposauu u uaqsopa, rqe
repsoo+epequou saqa+eu snetc pacaupeuue repunetpa perynu-
posauu c oxsaton scex suqos qetentuoctu, cosqakaux puc|u
s nacatae a|ouonu|u u tpaucrpauu+ute puc|u. Xot 1ouq ue ur-

paet seqyaeu ponu s aton sorpoce, ou noet otcneusatt peanu-


sauk cornacosauutx eneu s xoqe rposoqunoro uaqsopa.
leoxoquno pacrpoctpauutt repunetp, unu oxsat, perynuposauu,
ua sce suqt qetentuoctu, rpeqctasnkaue puc| qn suytpeuueu
a|ouonu|u u sueauux ptu|os. Tpeyetc y|perutt ptuo+uyk qucur-
nuuy. 8 uactoaee spen ocyaectsnktc uuuuatust, rpussauute
yneutautt |ounu|tt uutepecos neqy areutctsanu |pequtuoro
peutuura u yny+autt uaqneaayk rposep|y co ctopout uusectopos.
la|oue, eutpantutn au|an cneqyet repecnotpett csou ocuost
qn rpeqoctasneuu cuctenuou nu|suquoctu. Cneqyet ta|e y|pe-
rutt uupactpy|typy ocuosutx uuaucostx ptu|os.
Vexauusnt uuaucuposauu, aqartupykauec | asonkuu rotpe-
uocteu rocyqapcts-+neuos u neukaunc ptu|an. V81 qoneu
rpoqonatt aqartuposatt csok cucteny uuaucuposauu, +tot
oua ontae cootsetctsosana octotentctsan ctpau u rooapna
pauuee opaaeuue ctpau | 1ouqy.
/cosepaeuctsosauutu uaqsop ua qsyctopouueu ocuose, |otoptu
opueutupyetc ua cuctenute puc|u, rpuuunaet so suunauue neqy-
uapoqute stopu+ute ae|tt u uarpasneu ua yny+aeuue uuterpauu
paott s onactx na|poa|ouonu|u u uuaucosoro ce|topa.
/|perneuue neqyuapoquoro cotpyquu+ectsa u uaqsopa ua nuorocto-
pouueu ocuose. n V81 peopna yrpasneuu yqet oquun us
saueuaux |onroueutos rpeopasosauuu, rpussauutx rostcutt sa-
uutepecosauuoctt ctpau c opnupykaunc ptu|on u ctpau c uus|unu
qoxoqanu s paote oprauusauu u crococtsosatt y|perneuuk rnoant-
uoro cotpyquu+ectsa s sorpocax ronutu|u. peqoctasneuue +neuan
V81 sosnouoctu stc|astsatt csoe nueuue ua ronuocttk perpeseu-
tatusuou ocuose y|perut nerutunuoctt 1ouqa u qosepue | ueny, +to
rossonut eny onee ae|tusuo stronutt csou osauuoctu.

kqu s rouc|ax paott ua upe tpyqa s laut+aue, rposuuu sucu, Kutau.


V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r')
PEUEhhE Ph0PhTEThbX 3AA+ 05A6Th hA30PA
laqsop (atun tepnuuon V81 oosua+aet rposoqunte un uankqeuue
sa neqyuapoquou uuaucosou cuctenou u nouutopuur a|ouonu+ec|ou
u uuaucosou ronutu|u rocyqapcts-+neuos) snetc oquou us rep-
soctereuutx cep otsetctseuuoctu 1ouqa. C y+eton oecro|oeuuoc-
tu, stssauuou rnoantutn |pusucon, s 2009 uuaucoson roqy
|cronuutentutu coset a|tususuposan nept ro oecre+euuk aqe|-
satuoctu u ae|tusuoctu uaqsopuou qetentuoctu V81. 8 pan|ax
rposoqunoro 1ouqon oquu pas s tpu roqa auanusa uaqsopa, |otoptu
sasepaunc s o|tpe 2008 roqa, Coset srepste stryctun sasneuue
o rpuoputetax uaqsopa, s |otopon tnu usnoeut +ettpe a|ouonu-
+ec|ux u +ettpe orepauouutx rpuoputeta uaqsopa 1ouqa ua repuoq
qo 2011 roqa s|nk+utentuo. 8 csoen ocyqeuuu ro sasepaeuuu
auanusa ucronuutentute qupe|topa s enon coanuct so nueuuu ot-
uocutentuo +ettpex rpuoputetutx onacteu uaqsopa 1ouqa ua cne-
qykaue uec|ont|o net. oeu|u puc|a, na|pouuaucostx csseu,
nuoroctopouuero roqxoqa u oeuo| sueaueu ctauntuoctu u oneu-
uoro |ypca. 8 rpoqoneuue paott ro peanusauu yctauosneuutx
rpuoputetos Coset rposen cenuuap qn paccnotpeuu rponen uuter-
pauu sorpocos uuaucosoro ce|topa s rporpanny uaqsopa, u 1ouq
rpuctyrun | peanusauu csoux rnauos onee tecuoro ssaunoqeuctsu
c qpyrunu oprauusaunu, s|nk+a cxeny pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu,
ocyaectsnenyk cosnectuo c Coseton ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu.
oc|ont|y rnoantutu |pusuc rpoqenouctpuposan ueoxoqunoctt
ycunutt te|yaue uuuuatust ro rostaeuuk rpospa+uoctu qauutx,
V81 cosqan ney+peqeu+ec|yk rpyrry, crococtsykayk stpaot|e
ua ocuose cotpyquu+ectsa rnoantuou oeu|u rotpeuocteu s a|ouonu-
+ec|ux u uuaucostx qauutx s csete te|yaero |pusuca, u stronuet
yu|uk rpeqceqaten atou rpyrrt. 8 |a+ectse csoero repsoro aara
rpyrra cosqana se-caut 0cuosute rnoantute ro|asatenu, rpeqo-
ctasnkauu qoctyr | qauutn ro uuaucosony ce|topy, ce|topy oprauos
rocyqapctseuuoro yrpasneuu, sueaueny ce|topy u peantuony ce|topy
ctpau lpyrrt qsaqatu. la|oue, s te+euue roqa 1ouq rpoqonan csok
qetentuoctt s onactu uaqsopa ua qsyctopouueu, nuoroctopouueu u
peruouantuou ocuose, s|nk+a nept ro rostaeuuk ae|tusuoctu
rposoquntx 1ouqon |oucynttauu s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv.
Y0EPhh3AhP 40hA
Xot s rporpanne paott s aton roqy, ueconueuuo, rpeonaqanu nept
ro coqeuctsuk rocyqapctsan-+neuan s rpeoqoneuuu rocneqctsuu |pu-
suca u nounusauu ycunuu qn socctauosneuu ctauntuoctu rnoant-
uou uuaucosou cuctent, V81 ue satsan o ueoxoqunoctu rpoqonatt
nept ro noqepuusauu csoeu qetentuoctu, |otopte a|tususuposanuct
s 2008 uuaucoson roqy. Peopna yrpasneuu V81, oqua us ocuosutx
saqa+ s 2008 uuaucoson roqy, rpoqonana sauunatt suquoe necto
s rporpanne paott s 2009 uuaucoson roqy. locyqapctsa-+neut
1ouqa rpuctyrunu | rposeqeuuk peopnt |sot u rpas ronoca, |otopa
tna ytsepqeua Coseton yrpasnkaux s |oue 2008 uuaucosoro
roqa. |cronuutentutu coset copnuposan pao+yk rpyrry, entk |o-
topou snetc uarpasntt u |oopquuuposatt otsetute nept 1ouqa ro
qo|naqy lesasucunoro otqena oeu|u, rocsaeuuony yrpasneuuk
s 1ouqe, u py|osoqctso 1ouqa uasua+uno creuantutu |onutet suqutx
qeteneu qn roqrotos|u pe|oneuqauu otuocutentuo peopnt yrpas-
neuu s 1ouqe. 8 ua+ane arpen 2009 roqa V81K rpussan yc|oputt
rposeqeuue repecnotpa |sot V81 c entk y|perneuu rpas ronoca ctpau
c opnupykaunc ptu|on u passusakauxc ctpau s 1ouqe. epcouan
1ouqa paspaotan |onrne|cutu rnau ro sosne+euuk rpaqauc|oro o-
aectsa u qpyrux sauutepecosauutx ctopou s rpoecc peopn.
8aqa+a onee eneuarpasneuuou paott V81 co ctpauanu c uus|u-
nu qoxoqanu (Cl) u ycuneuu suunauu | atun ctpauan, sectna
a|tyantua s rocnequue roqt, ctana ocoeuuo uactotentuou
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy, s pesynttate cua+ana pes|oro rostaeuu
'*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso s repsou ronosuue 2008 roqa, |o-
topoe rpeqctasnno ocotu puc| qn passusakauxc ctpau, u saten
stopu+utx ae|tos rnoantuou uectauntuoctu ua uuaucostx
ptu|ax, |otopte sosuu|nu s ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou, uo
srocneqctsuu pacrpoctpauunuct ua octantuou nup, s|nk+a ctpaut
c uus|unu qoxoqanu (tpett sonua |pusuca), |orqa ouu eae tont|o
ycrenu orpasuttc ot cuueuu eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso.
8 te+euue roqa Coset rpoauanusuposan paoty 1ouqa s ctpauax
c uus|unu qoxoqanu, copnynuposan sasneuue o enx paott
s ta|ux ctpauax u ocyqun rpeqnaraente peopnt ntrotutx |pequt-
utx uuctpyneutos V81, +tot oecre+utt onee ronuoe cootsetctsue
atux uuctpyneutos neukaunc rotpeuoctn ctpau c uus|unu qo-
xoqanu ro nepe passutu |pusuca.
/e uec|ont|o net seqetc paota c entk rostcutt aqpecuoctt
qetentuoctu V81 s onactu passutu roteuuana roqrotos|u
|aqpos u texuu+ec|ou ronoau, |otopyk ou o|astsaet rocyqapctsan-
+neuan s enx pacaupeuu ux texuu+ec|ux u qpyrux sosnouo-
cteu u oecre+utt uauontayk otqa+y ot uee rpu na|cunantuo
ae|tusuon ucrontsosauuu pecypcos 1ouqa. Coset paccnotpen |a|
rporpanny 1ouqa ro roqrotos|e |aqpos, ta| u ero qetentuoctt ro
o|asauuk texuu+ec|ou ronoau s te+euue roqa. 0u roqqepan qeeu-
tpanusauk roqrotos|u |aqpos sa c+et onee aupo|oro ucrontsosauu
peruouantutx eutpos roqrotos|u |aqpos u texuu+ec|ou ronoau |a|
a|ouonu+ec|u ae|tusutu u ueoxoquntu aar qn rostaeuu
ru|octu u oqopun cyaectseuute peopnt ropq|a rpeqoctasneuu
texuu+ec|ou ronoau, |otopte tnu ua+att s pan|ax paott ro re-
peopueutauu 1ouqa s 2008 uuaucoson roqy. 0u ta|e ytsepqun
uoste rpasuna, ro |otoptn c rocyqapcts-+neuos yqet ssunattc
rnata ro rporpeccusuou a|ane sa ucrontsosauue ycnyr 1ouqa a o-
nactu passutu roteuuana. Kpone toro, 1ouq rpuun uoste nept
ro rpusne+euuk uuaucuposauu s roqqep|y csoeu qetentuoctu
s enx passutu roteuuana u osun o rnauax ot|pttu uostx
peruouantutx eutpos texuu+ec|ou ronoau s Apu|e, eutpantuou
Asuu u eutpantuou Anepu|e.
4hhAh6b, 0PFAhh3AhP h 00T+ETh06Tb
8 pesynttate cyaectseuutx peopn, ua+attx s 2008 uuaucoson
roqy s pan|ax nep ro pectpy|typusauu V81, s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy 1ouq ctan onee |onra|tuou oprauusaueu, opueutuposauuou
ua uoste saqa+u. 8 onactu uuaucuposauu 1ouqa oqopeuue |c-
ronuutentutn coseton uosou noqenu qoxoqa 1ouqa, ytsepqeuuou
Coseton yrpasnkaux s ua+ane uuaucosoro roqa, sanouno ocuosy
qn qusepcuu|auu ucto+uu|os qoxoqa V81, rnasutn opason
ryten pacaupeuu ronuono+uu 1ouqa ro ocyaectsneuuk uusectuuu.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy rpoqonanact ta|e paota ro sueqpeuuk
repecnotpeuuou ocuost qoxoqos u pacxoqos V81, |otopa tna
usneueua s 2008 uuaucoson roqy c entk repesoqa 1ouqa ua onee
rpo+uyk u yctou+usyk uuaucosyk ocuosy. 6ontaa, +en ouqanoct,
a|ouonu cpeqcts, s ocuosuon sa c+et a|topos, cssauutx c repe-
opueutaueu, rposeqeuuou s 2008 uuaucoson roqy, crococtsosana
cyaectseuuo onee uus|ony yposuk pacxoqos s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy ro cpasueuuk c aqnuuuctpatusutn kqeton, u |cronuutentutu
coset cau|uouuposan repeuoc ueuspacxoqosauutx cpeqcts ua
2010 uuaucostu roq.
8 |aqposou paote s 2009 uuaucoson roqy 1ouq ucrtttsan qoron-
uutentute tpyquoctu scneqctsue sospocaeu uarpys|u ua repcouan,
oycnosneuuou rnoantutn |pusucon, oquospeneuuo c co|paaeuuen
ero +ucneuuoctu s pesynttate pectpy|typusauu, ua+atou s 2008 u-
uaucoson roqy. Vopatopuu ua uaen uostx cotpyquu|os, qeuctsosasauu
s ua+ane 2009 uuaucosoro roqa, cneuunc a|tususaueu paott ro
uaopy repcouana so stopou ronosuue uuaucosoro roqa, roc|ont|y
ssuqy ontaero, +en rnauuposanoct, +ucna cotpyquu|os, ysonusaux-
c s rpoecce pectpy|typusauu, s kqete stcsooqunuct cpeqctsa
qn uauna cotpyquu|os ua roctouuou ocuose, qae s rpeqenax uosou,
onee uus|ou, |aqposou +ucneuuoctu. 3to ta|e, ot+actu us-sa rno-
antuoro |pusuca, qano sosnouoctt ouosutt |sanuu|auouuyk
ctpy|typy |aqpos s cootsetctsuu c neukaunuc tpeosauunu
| repcouany 1ouqa. Vept ro uauny ua paoty ta|e crococtsosanu
rostaeuuk |aqposoro pasuoopasu s 1ouqe, |otopoe yny+aunoct
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy, ocoeuuo s onactu cootuoaeuu ronos u
qonu cotpyquu|os us ueqoctato+uo rpeqctasneuutx peruouos. 8 ro-
ctouuon ctpenneuuu roqqepusatt qoctato+uo ru|yk ocuosy qn
rposeqeuu |aqposou ronutu|u c y+eton neukauxc rotpeuocteu
csoeu qetentuoctu, 1ouq rpoqonan ocyaectsntt rpoe|t yrpasne-
uu +enose+ec|un |arutanon, uarpasneuutu ua pauouanusauk
|aqpostx rpoeccos u yrpoaeuue rpasun, u | |ouy uuaucosoro roqa
sueqpun onee cuctenatu+ec|uu roqxoq | yrpasneuuk rpoeccon
cneut py|osoqaero coctasa u passutu nuqepc|ux crocouocteu.
0rupact ua pesynttatt paott, ua+atou s rpeqtqyaue roqt, V81
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy rpoqonan teuqeuuk | ontaeu roqot+et-
uoctu, ot|pttoctu u rpospa+uoctu s paote oprauusauu. o utoran
rposeqeuuoro lesasucuntn otqenon oeu|u (l00) auanusa yrpas-
neuu s 1ouqe, |otoptu stsun ueqoctat|u s atou onactu, |cronuu-
tentutu coset ssen nexauusn roqot+etuoctu py|osoqctsa 1ouqa,
u s uactoaee spen seqetc paota ro orpeqeneuuk |putepues pe-
anusauu, uaqneaaux rpoeqyp u netoqos yss|u oeuo| co ctuny-
nanu. Kouuqeuuantua rop+a nuuu qopocosectuoctu,
ot|ptta s ukue 2008 roqa, qaet cotpyquu|an u qpyrun nuan sos-
nouoctt cooaatt, c y|asauuen unu es y|asauu csoero uneuu,
o sosnoutx uapyaeuux cotpyquu|anu cnyeuou atu|u, ro |otoptn
0tqen atu|u saten rposoqut paccneqosauu. C cornacu Coseta oxsat
rop+eu nuuuu tn sc|ope pacrpoctpaueu (xot u c uutn nexauusnon
paccnotpeuu cooaeuuu) ua upe|topa-pacropquten u ucronuu-
tentutx qupe|topos. lesasucuntu otqen oeu|u rpoqonan stronutt
csou yu|uu ro rposeqeuuk uesasucuntx u oe|tusutx oeuo|
ronutu|u u qetentuoctu V81. 8 te+euue roqa Coseta ocyqan
roqrotosneuuyk l00 oeu|y yrpasneuu V81 u rnau qeuctsuu py|o-
soqctsa 1ouqa ro utoran rposeqeuuou l00 oeu|u ctpy|typutx
rpeqsnentx ycnosuu s porpannax, roqqepusaentx V81. Kpone
toro, s |oue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa l00 stryctun oeu|y y+actu
1ouqa s peaeuuu rponen neqyuapoquou toprosou ronutu|u. 8 pan-
|ax rpoqonakaeuc paott ro cosepaeuctsosauuk oeu|u puc|os u
yrpasneuu puc|anu Coset tn rpouuopnuposau o puc|ax repexoq-
uoro repuoqa, cssauutx c co|paaeuuen |aqpos u pectpy|typusaueu
1ouqa, ou ta|e paccnotpen qo|naq |oucynttatusuoro |onuteta ro
sorpocan yrpasneuu puc|on. la|oue, s qo|naqe 2009 roqa o rpose-
qeuuu ronutu|u 1ouqa s onactu rpospa+uoctu tno otne+euo yny+-
aeuue pqa ro|asateneu uuctutyuouantuou rpospa+uoctu, s|nk+a
qonk rynu|yentx qo|yneutos s pqe |ateropuu.
hiueueu e rno6ansuo skououke
ua quaucoesx psukax
FAA
hiueueu e rno6ansuo skououke
ua quaucoesx psukax
ckope nocne uauana kpynuouacma6uoro quaucoeoro kpica, koops eoiuk ua psukax
cpau c paieo skououko e 2007 roqy, upoea skououka e 2008-2009 roqax norpyinacs
e cauy rny6oky peecc co opo upoeo eous
4
.

Xot s loqoson ot+ete V81
2008 roqa tnu +et|o ro|asaut puc|u, oycnosneuute pacrpoctpaueuuen uuaucosoro |pusuca,
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy |pusuc pacrpoctpauunc qantae u tctpee, +en ouqanoct, uecnotp
ua rpuuunasauec a|tusute nept ronutu|u s ocuosutx ctpauax. Ctpaut c opnupykaunc
ptu|on u ctpaut c uus|unu qoxoqanu, |otopte pauee tnu otuocutentuo saauaeut ot rocneq-
ctsuu uarpeuuoctu ua uuaucostx ptu|ax ssuqy ux orpauu+euutx uusectuuu s a|tust CLA,
cssauute c urote|ou, terept o|asanuct saxsa+eut ypeu, s to spen |a| neqyuapoqute |pe-
qutute ptu|u, uuaucuposauue toprosnu u nuorue sanktute ptu|u ta|e roqseprnuct cuntuony
qasneuuk.
2009 | 17
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40 . -
'.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
c|ont|ux net ua|orneuu pe|opqutx yposueu qonra uuaucoste op-
rauusauu u qonaauue xosuctsa ua+anu onesueuutu rpoecc
cuueuu qonu saenutx cpeqcts. 3to tno stssauo sce onee aupo-
|un crucauuen ctounoctu au|osc|ux a|tusos ssuqy yxyqaeuu |a-
+ectsa |pequtos, a ta|e ot|ason qonaauux xosucts u ue|otoptx
|opropauu ot rpuuttx pauee nespeneuutx peaeuuu otuocutent-
uo cepeeuuu. la+anc rpoecc qenoutaa nuorux aneneutos te-
uesou au|osc|ou cuctent, |otopte ocuostsanuct ua stco|ux
yposux nesepuqa. 3tot u|n cuueuu qonu saenutx cpeqcts ro-
poqun aupo|o pacrpoctpaueuute u yctou+uste uuaucoste rpone-
nt, oycnosneuute uenarorputuou opatuou csstk c peantuou
a|ouonu|ou. o nepe co|paaeuu oena rpoussoqctsa puc| pocta
+ucna qeontos |opropauu u qonaauux xosucts, s csok o+epeqt,
rpusoqun | ysenu+euuk crpeqos ro |pequtan u cssauutx c |pequta-
nu ytt|os s au|osc|ux anaucax. 8 +etsepton |saptane 2008 roqa
ctpaut c passutou a|ouonu|ou repeunu ecrpeeqeutuoe cuueuue
oena rpoussoqctsa ua Z0 rpoeutos (s roqoson uc+ucneuuu).
8 te+euue roqa tnu rpuutt orepatusute |onrne|cute nept, uo
ouu ue cnornu octauosutt |pytoe raqeuue. 0uuantute opraut ctpau
cneqosanu nuoroctopouueu ctpateruu, s|nk+akaeu qantueuaee
rpeqoctasneuue nu|suquoctu, pacaupeuute rapautuu ro au|osc|un
osatentctsan, snusauu rocyqapctseuutx cpeqcts qn |arutanusa-
uu au|os u rporpannt yperynuposauu uenarorony+utx a|tusos.
8necte c ten, ue|otopte us atux nep, ocoeuuo s otuoaeuuu roqxoqa
| uenarorony+utn a|tusan, tnu ueqoctato+uo rpopaotaut, ro-
c|ont|y rpuuunanuct s crea|e u, |a| cneq ctsue, repsoua+antuo ue
rossonunu s qoctato+uou ctereuu cuusutt ueorpeqeneuuoctt s oeu-
|e uenarorony+utx a|tusos. eutpantute au|u ucrontsosanu
tpaquuouute u uetpaquuouute uuctpyneutt ronutu|u qn oner-
+euu cutyauu ua |pequtuon ptu|e u cuusunu ctas|u uutepseuuu qo
ecrpeeqeutuo uus|ux yposueu, uo, uecnotp ua ato, oaue tenrt
pocta |pequta yranu. Kpyruonacataute rporpannt quc|peuouutx
nep kqetuoro ctunynuposauu tnu rpuutt s lepnauuu, Kutae,
Kopee, Coequueuuon Koponesctse, CLA u Frouuu. 8necte c ten,
rocneqctsu ysenu+euu pacxoqos s ocuosuon c|aytc s |oue
2009 roqa u s 2010 roqy.
8 CLA cantu |pyruonacatautu uuaucostu |pusuc co speneu 8enu-
|ou qerpeccuu ssepr ctpauy s rnyo|yk peeccuk. /c|opunc rpoecc
co|paaeuu |pequta, a eut a|tusos rpoqonanu cuuattc. 8ua+utent-
ua ueorpeqeneuuoctt s a|ouonu|e, cyaectseuuoe cuueuue naroco-
ctouu u yxyqaeuue repcre|tus qoxoqa rpusenu | uetsano uus|un
yposun rotpeutentc|ou ysepeuuoctu u pes|ony rostaeuuk uopnt
cepeeuu. 8suqy craqa rotpeneuu peantutu 88 co|patunc onee
+en ua rpoeutos s +etsepton |saptane 2008 roqa u ua 5,Z rpoeuta
s repson |saptane 2009 roqa, a espaotua qocturna 8,5 rpoeuta.
8 Espore uuaucoste cuctent roqseprnuct sua+utentuo onee cunt-
uony u rpoqonutentuony ao|y, +en ouqanoct, pea|u na|poa|ouo-
nu+ec|ou ronutu|u s ontauuctse cny+aes tna sarosqanou, u yposuu
ysepeuuoctu ctpenutentuo cuuanuct s pesynttate pes|oro co|paaeuu
pacxoqos qonaauux xosucts u upn. |usectuuu s a|tust |onrauuu,
asupykauxc s CLA, rpusenu | ceptesutn rocneqctsun qn au|os-
c|ou cuctent ssuqy tecutx csseu neqy ocuosutnu uuaucostnu
oprauusaunu Esport u stco|oro yposu nesepuqa s uux. 6ontauu ctso
ctpau c passutou a|ouonu|ou repeunu pes|oe co|paaeuue a|ouonu+e-
c|ou a|tusuoctu s 2009 uuaucoson roqy.
0sneuue areutctsa ueqsuunoctu o rpoqae qonos,
|ouuc|osauutx sa ueyrnaty ro urote|e, Ctpayqcypr,
eucuntsauu, CLA.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r'/
8 Asuu uauonee roctpaqanu ctpaut c passutou a|ouonu|ou scneq-
ctsue ux ontaeu +ysctsutentuoctu | cuueuuk sueauero crpoca,
ocoeuuo ua rotpeutentc|ue tosapt. 3|ouonu|a Frouuu s +etsepton
|saptane 2008 roqa co|patunact ua 14 rpoeutos s roqoson uc+ucne-
uuu, roc|ont|y cuntua ueua u otuocutentuo ect|ue |pequtute yc-
nosu ycyryunu rponent s a|croptuon ce|tope. 8necte c ten,
s ue|otoptx +actx peruoua s 2009 roqy ua+anu rposnttc orpauu-
+euute rpusua|u roqena.
pyrue ctpaut c passutou a|ouonu|ou, ta|ue |a| Kauaqa, Asctpanu
u losa 8enauqu, repeusanu uenarorputute usneueuu ycnosuu
toprosnu, rocneqctsu cyaectseuuoro cuueuu narococtouu
s +actuon ce|tope u, s cny+ae Kauaqt, cnaoro crpoca s CLA. 8necte
c ten, rocne uec|ont|ux net rposeqeuu ocnotputentuou uanoroso-
kqetuou ronutu|u u onee |oucepsatusuoro perynuposauu uuau-
costx cucten atu ctpaut pacronaranu ny+aunu sosnouoctnu ro
cpasueuuk c qpyrunu ctpauanu c passutou a|ouonu|ou qn cnr+euu
ae|tos qantueuaero cuueuu crpoca.
6TPAhb 6 40PYhPYKhY6P PbhK0Y
Ctpaut Esport c opnupykaunc ptu|on rouecnu o+eut ontaue
rotepu s pesynttate co|paaeuu nupostx sanostx roto|os |aruta-
na u teuqeuuu erctsa ot puc|a. Vuorue ctpaut peruoua uaxoqu-
nuct s cuntuou sasucunoctu ot rputo|os |arutana au|os 8araqa
qn roqqepauu suytpeuuero yna |pequtosauu. 6au|u unenu
sua+utentute tpaucrpauu+ute ot|pttte rosuuu c au|anu qpyrux
ctpau Esport, u nuorue au|u s esporeuc|ux ctpauax c opnupyk-
aunc ptu|on rpuuaqneanu rponenutn uuoctpauutn uuauco-
stn oprauusaun. Cutyau pes|o yxyqaunact oceutk 2008 roqa,
|orqa rosckqy rostcunuct crpeqt ro rocyqapctseuuony qonry,
a s ctpauax c ru|unu sanktutnu peunanu rpousoano pes|oe cuu-
euue oneuuoro |ypca. Co+etauue cuueuu crpoca ua unropt
s ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou, raqeuu eu ua ueqsuunoctt, or-
pauu+euuoro qoctyra | |pequty u ocnaneuu sankt s ycnosux sua-
+utentutx uecootsetctsuu sankt a|tusos u raccusos s anaucax
rpuseno | sectna ect|ou rocaq|e u qae ronuonacatautn
|pusucan s ue|otoptx ctpauax. 8suqy ctpenutentuoro raqeuu
yposueu a|cropta u oena rpoussoqctsa u yxyqaeuu ro|asateneu
rocyqapctseuutx qoxoqos pq ctpau rony+un roqqep|y ot V81 u
qpyrux neqyuapoqutx uuaucostx oprauusauu qn uuaucupo-
sauu ux rnateuoro anauca.
Ctpaut Coqpyectsa lesasucuntx locyqapcts (Cll) repeunu
uauontaee yxyqaeuue cutyauu s rpoanon roqy. Ctpaut Cll uc-
rttanu tpu cuntutx ao|a. rpe|patunc unu uanuoro yneutaunc
rputo| sueauero uuaucuposauu, yran crpoc ua ptu|ax a|croptuou
rpoqy|uu ctpau Cll u rpousoaen osan eu ua upeste tosapt,
ocoeuuo ua aueprouocutenu. 1uuaucoste cuctent s pqe ctpau Cll
tnu o+eut ot|ptttnu u onee yssuntnu qn sosqeuctsu sueauux
uuaucostx rotpceuuu. 0uqaetc, +to rocne uec|ont|ux net
tctporo pocta oen rpoussoqctsa s 2009 roqy co|patutc onee
+en ua 5 rpoeutos. |unu cuusunact ue ta| cyaectseuuo, |a|
s qpyrux ctpauax c opnupykaunc ptu|on, scneqctsue sosqeuctsu
cuueuu |ypcos sankt ua suytpeuuue eut. ocneqctsu ocnaneuu
sankt nernu tentn peneuen ua ueuuaucoste upnt s ctpauax
Cll, |otopte panu |pequtt s uuoctpauuou sankte, +to rotpeosano
naccostx co|paaeuuu uusectuuu u sautoctu.
Pqt unroptutx astonouneu s ropty, Coequueuuoe Koponesctso.
(&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
atuuc|a Anepu|a roctpaqana ot tou e tpou|u ao|os, +to u ctpa-
ut Cll, uo oaue rocneqctsu tnu neuee tentnu, +en s Espo-
re, roc|ont|y anauct rocyqapctseuuoro u +actuoro ce|topos tnu
otuocutentuo rpo+ut, uuaucoste cuctent tnu neuee roqsepe-
ut puc|an ro osatentctsan repeq au|osc|unu cuctenanu ctpau
c passutou a|ouonu|ou, a pq |pyrutx ctpau unenu sosnouoctt
ucrontsosatt oneuutu |ypc s |a+ectse anoptusatopa. Ten ue neuee,
uuaucostu |pusuc rpusen | pacrpoqae a|tusos ua ouqostx
ptu|ax s |oue 2008 roqa, rostaeuuk ctounoctu uuaucuposauu
u pes|ony ysenu+euuk crpeqos ro |opropatusuony u rocyqapctseu-
uony qonry. oto|u |arutana yneutaunuct, a uauouantute sanktt
s ctpauax c ru|unu sanktutnu peunanu pes|o oeceuunuct. 8a
atun sc|ope rocneqosanu cuueuue tenros pocta |pequta u osan
rpontaneuuoro rpoussoqctsa u a|cropta. Ctpaut eutpantuou
Anepu|u u Kapuc|oro acceuua ta|e rouecnu rotepu s pesynttate
pes|oro co|paaeuu qoxoqos ot typusna u qeueutx repesoqos
s peruou, u pq ctpau eutpantuou Anepu|u u Kapuc|oro acceuua
opatunuct sa roqqep|ou | V81 u qpyrun neqyuapoqutn uuau-
costn oprauusaun.
8ua+utentuoe cuueuue eu ua uett s 2009 uuaucoson roqy
o|asano cyaectseuuoe sosqeuctsue ua a|ouonu|y ctpau 6nuuero
8octo|a u kuou Anepu|u. pyrue ctpaut roctpaqanu ot cuueuu
yposueu a|cropta, typusna, qeueutx repesoqos u rpntx uuoctpau-
utx uusectuuu. la oue yxyqaeuu sueauux ycnosuu u cneut ua-
rpasneuu roto|a |arutana s pqe ctpau yranu eut ua ptu|ax
a|uouepuoro |arutana u ueqsuunoctu. 8 enx ousneuu a|ouo-
nu+ec|ou a|tusuoctu tnu uesaneqnutentuo sseqeut s qeuctsue
rporpannt stco|ux rocyqapctseuutx pacxoqos c ucrontsosauuen
|pyrutx pesepsos, ua|orneuutx sa roqt yna.
6TPAhb 6 hh3KhYh 0X0AYh
Xot uuaucoste cssu neqy ctpauanu c uus|unu qoxoqanu
(ocoeuuo s peruoue Apu|u | kry ot Caxapt) u ctpauanu c passutou
a|ouonu|ou tnu otuocutentuo orpauu+euutnu, uenuorun ctpauan
yqanoct useatt a|ouonu+ec|oro atopna. Crpoc ua a|cropt ocna,
+to ycyrynnoct cuueuuen eu ua ontauuctso tosapos, rpo-
ussoquntx s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu. C oquou ctopout, cuue-
uue nupostx eu ua upeste tosapt ronorno yneutautt uunuk
u o|astsano |onreucupykaee sosqeuctsue ua ycnosu toprosnu.
Xot eut ua a|croptupyente upeste tosapt cuusunuct, oquo-
speneuuo cuusunuct u eut ua unroptupyente upeste tosapt,
ta|ue |a| rpoqosontctsue u tornuso, +to so nuorux cny+ax rpuseno
| rostaeuuk peantutx qoxoqos equeuaux cnoes uaceneuu.
8necte c ten, co|paaeuue qeueutx repesoqos paotuu|os, yecto-
+euue ycnosuu ua rnoantuon ptu|e |pequta u cuueuue rpntx
uuoctpauutx uusectuuu rpusenu | yxyqaeuuk sueauero cantqo ctpau.
0aue kqetute rosuuu s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu ocnanu,
s ocuosuon s pesynttate pes|oro usneueuu cantqo kqeta ue|oto-
ptx ctpau - a|croptepos uetu. 8 qpyrux ctpauax ocnaneuue kq-
etutx rosuuu tno s enon orpasqauo, u ouu rony+unu roqqep|y
qn uuaucuposauu kqeta ro qorosopeuuoctn c V81. upe|tus-
ute opraut rpuunu nept qn roqqepauu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou
ctauntuoctu u coxpaueuu c tpyqon sasoesauutx qoctueuuu s opt-
e c equocttk sa rocnequue roqt. 8necte c ten, roc|ont|y sosno-
uoctu qoctyra | uuaucuposauuk qn ro|pttu sueauero qeuuta
ctanu onee orpauu+euutnu, ctpaut, ucrtttsakaue ect|ue orpa-
uu+euu suytpeuuero u sueauero uuaucuposauu, opaaanuct
| qouopan sa qoronuutentuou roqqep|ou.
occauoeneue rno6ansuo
quaucoeo ca6nsuoc
FAA
)
occauoeneue rno6ansuo quaucoeo ca6nsuoc
+peiesuauo cnsus rno6ansus quaucoes kpic nocaen nepeq 6onsmuceou
rocyqapce-uneuoe 4ouqa ens pq cepseiusx iaqau, a ake coiqan cceuuse pck
qn rno6ansuo skououk. V81 ronuocttk cocpeqoto+un suunauue ua peaeuuu ctpateru-
+ec|ux saqa+, oycnosneuutx |pusucon, s|nk+a coqeuctsue rpasutentctsan ctpau s paspaot|e
sceoennkaeu ocuost a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u s ctpauax, ye oxsa+euutx |pusucon, u cosep-
aeuctsosauue rnauuposauu ua cny+au uerpeqsuqeuutx octotentcts u a|tususauk uaqsopa
s qpyrux yssuntx ctpauax. 8 cotpyquu+ectse c qpyrunu neqyuapoqutnu y+peqeuunu u opra-
uusaunu, yctauasnusakaunu ctauqaptt, 1ouq uesaneqnutentuo orpeqenun saueuaue nept
na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou u uuaucosou ronutu|u, ueoxoqunte qn nuuunusauu a|ouonu+ec|ux
u couantutx usqepe| |pusuca. 8aten ou stctyran sa esotnaratentuoe rpuutue nep, croco-
ctsosan quanory neqy rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu u rpuctyrun | rpuuuruantuo sauou paote
ro auanusy rpu+uu |pusuca u ussne+euuk ypo|os us ero ortta. 1ouq o|astsan rpnyk ronoat ro-
cyqapctsan-+neuan rocpeqctson uuaucuposauu u pe|oneuqauu ro a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|e,
yqen ontae suunauu na|pouuaucostn cssn, puc|an pacrpoctpaueuu |pusuca, cuctenan
saautt uuaucosoro ce|topa u rotosuoctu | |pusucan u ux rpeoqoneuuk. 0u ta|e pe|oneuqosan
ctpauan, unekaun qn atoro sosnouoctu, o|astsatt roqqep|y a|ouonu+ec|ou a|tusuoctu.
8 repsou ronosuue 2008 roqa 1ouq cocpeqoto+un csou ycunu ro rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca ua ton, +tot
rono+t rocyqapctsan-+neuan, ocoeuuo ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu, crpasuttc c rocneqctsunu
ao|os eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso. 8aten eutp suunauu repe|nk+unc ua rnoantutu |pusuc
ua uuaucostx ptu|ax s cssu c ac|anaueu |pusuca s |oue 2008 roqa, u s 2009 uuaucoson roqy,
ssuqy octpott |pusuca, tnu ytsepqeut pe|opqute yposuu |pequtosauu 1ouqa. 8 ue|otoptx cny-
+ax rpuutuk 1ouqon uesaneqnutentutx nep crococtsosano sseqeuue s qeuctsue nexauusna
a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu, rossonkaero |cronuutentuony cosety ytsepqatt rpeqoctasneuue
uuaucosou roqqep|u rocyqapctsan-+neuan s te+euue uec|ont|ux queu rocne roctyrneuu ot uux
rpoctt. 8ospocauu oen |peqututx orepauu oocuosauuo roctasun ua rosect|y qu sorpoc o qo-
ctato+uoctu |peqututx uuctpyneutos 1ouqa. 8o stopou ronosuue uuaucosoro roqa s pan|ax oprauu-
sauu tn rposeqeu taatentutu auanus atux uuctpyneutos, utoron |otoporo ctano rposeqeuue cy-
aectseuuou peopnt cuctent |pequtosauu 1ouqa, c ten +tot rpusectu ee s onee ronuoe
cootsetctsue c te|yaunu rotpeuoctnu rocyqapcts-+neuos. /senu+euue oena |pequtos ta|e
rpusne|no suunauue |a| s 1ouqe, ta| u sa ero rpeqenanu, | sorpocy qoctato+uoctu uuaucostx pe-
cypcos oprauusauu c y+eton sepotuoro yposu rotpeuocteu +neuos 1ouqa. 8 pesynttate tnu ro-
ny+eut oeaauu roqqep|u us pasnu+utx ucto+uu|os ua qsyctopouueu ocuose, a s arpene 2009 roqa
lpyrra qsaqatu rpuuna osatentctso ytpoutt |pequtute pecypct 1ouqa.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r()
lapqy c nepanu ro yqosnetsopeuuk ueotnoutx rotpeuocteu ro-
cyqapcts-+neuos V81 ta|e rpuctyrun | oeu|e rpu+uu |pusuca
u nexauusnos ero pacrpoctpaueuu ro sceny nupy, ussne|a ypo|u,
+tot ue qoryctutt rostopeuu roqouoro |pusuca s yqyaen. Auanus,
rposoqusauuc repcouanon s te+euue roqa, rocnyun ocuosou qn
ocyqeuu Coseton repstx ypo|os |pusuca s espane 2009 roqa.
3to ocyqeuue rossonuno rony+utt rpeqctasneuue o ueqoctat|ax
s onactu ronutu|u u perynuposauu, |otopte tnu s +ucne rpu+uu
|pusuca, u orpeqenutt repsoo+epequte saqa+u u ocuosute onactu
paott qn coqeuctsu rpeqotspaaeuuk |pusucos s yqyaen. o
nepe passutu |pusuca rposoqunc roctouutu nouutopuur usneueuuu
s nuposou a|ouonu|e u oeuusanuct ux rocneqctsu qn rocyqapcts-
+neuos, a repcouan V81 perynpuo uuopnuposan |cronuutentutu
coset o usneueuux s peruouax u otqentutx ctpauax.
8 +ucne nuorux sorpocos, sosuu|aux s cssu c |pusucon, tna pont
uaqsopa 1ouqa, s +actuoctu, sce nu sosnouoe tno cqenauo s pan|ax
uaqsopa qn coqeuctsu rpeqotspaaeuuk |pusuca u |a|ue aaru
nouo rpeqrpuutt, +tot rostcutt ae|tusuoctt paott oprauu-
sauu u rono+t rpeqotspatutt rostopeuue |pusuca. 8asepausauuc
s o|tpe 2008 roqa auanus uaqsopa, |otoptu rposoqutc pas s tpu
roqa, rossonun Cosety stronuutt scectopouukk oeu|y uaqsopa
1ouqa s aton |oute|cte, u ro ero utoran V81 srepste s csoeu uctopuu
rpuun 8asneuue o rpuoputetax s onactu uaqsopa. 8 te+euue roqa
ocooe suunauue yqennoct ta|e netoqan onee cuctenatu+ec|ou
uuterpauu sorpocos uuaucosoro ce|topa s rposoquntu uaqsop
(ocoeuuo s pan|ax |oucynttauu 1ouqa c ero ctpauanu-+neuanu
s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv), s espane 2009 roqa Coset rposen
ueopnantutu cenuuap ro atou tene. 6tnu paspaotaut rnaut
pacrpoctpaueuu rposoquntx 1ouqon eeroquo oeuo| yssunoctu
ua ctpaut c passutou a|ouonu|ou, u auanus rpeqoctasneuu qauutx
1ouqy ctpauanu-+neuanu uarnquo ro|asan sauoctt ronuoro oxsata
u aqe|satuoctu qauutx qn rpeqotspaaeuu |pusucos u rpuutu
otsetutx nep. Cocpeqoto+us suunauue u pecypct ua coqeuctsuu
yperynuposauuk u rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca, 1ouq s to e spen rpoqon-
an csok ocuosuyk paoty s onactu uaqsopa ua qsyctopouueu,
nuoroctopouueu u peruouantuou ocuose.
YEPb 0 PE00EhhK KPh3h6A
Yrny6nmc kpic
8 |oue 200Z roqa V81 otnetun ycunusakauec puc|u qn rnoantuou
a|ouonu+ec|ou u uuaucosou ctauntuoctu
5
. 8 ua+ane 2009 uuau-
cosoro roqa ou rpoqonan yqentt suunauue atun puc|an u ux rocneq-
ctsun, s +actuoctu, uapactakaeu oecro|oeuuoctu otuocutentuo
ctauntuoctu u yctou+usoctu uuaucostx ptu|os so scen nupe u
rocneqctsuu c|a+|a eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso s repsou rono-
suue 2008 roqa qn rocyqapcts-+neuos, ocoeuuo ctpau c uus|unu qo-
xoqanu. Kpone toro, ocyaectsnentu 1ouqon uaqsop ua qsyctopouueu
u nuoroctopouueu ocuose sce onee opueutuposanc ua uuaucoste
puc|u. ocne o|tp 2008 roqa, ssuqy o+eut tctporo yxyqaeuu
rnoantutx uuaucostx u a|ouonu+ec|ux ycnosuu u ua+asaeroc
s cepequue roqa cuueuu pauee rostaasauxc eu ua rpoqosontctsue
u tornuso (s utore | +etseptony |saptany 2008 roqa ouu oryctunuct qo
canoro uus|oro yposu sa rtt net s uonuuantuon stpaeuuu), 1ouq
cocpeqoto+un suunauue ua o|asauuu a|ctpeuuou uuaucosou ronoau
ctpauan, roctpaqasaun ot uuaucosoro |pusuca, ocoeuuo ctpauan
c opnupykaunc ptu|on, u oecre+euuu uanu+u y uero uaqneaaux
uuctpyneutos u qoctato+utx uuaucostx pecypcos qn rpeoqoneuu
atoro |pusuca. Kpone toro, 1ouq a|tusuo sauunanc oeu|ou uaqnea-
aux nep ronutu|u s ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou, uarpunep, uanoro-
so-kqetutx u qeueuo-|peqututx ctunynos (| rocnequun ta|e
otuoctc uetpaquuouute nept) u nep ro osqoposneuuk uuaucoso-
ro ce|topa, rpustsa rpu aton ctpaut useratt rpote|uouusna.
oesmeue eu ua npoqoeonscee onneo
8 otset ua c|a+o| eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso, |otoptu o|asan-
c otuocutentuo uerpoqonutentutn, xot u o+eut qectpy|tusutn,
Coset rposen ueopnantutu puuur s ukue 2008 roqa, ua |otopon
ocyqanuct na|poa|ouonu+ec|ue rocneqctsu rostaeuu eu ua
rpoqosontctsue u tornuso u nept ro ux rpeoqoneuuk

. 3tot c|a+o|
eu unen ocoeuuo tente rocneqctsu qn ctpau-+neuos c uus|unu
qoxoqanu, u 1ouq otpearuposan ua ato ysenu+euuen uuaucosou
ronoau atun ctpauan c entk cnr+euu euostx ao|os. n pqa
ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu tnu ysenu+eut cynnt qorosopeuuocteu
s pan|ax Vexauusna uuaucuposauu V81 ua enu co|paaeuu
equoctu u coqeuctsu a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty, +tot rono+t un
crpasuttc c rostaeuuen eu (cn. oqqep|a ctpau c uus|unu qo-
xoqanu s rnase 4). 1ouq ta|e cnequn sa ycuneuuen puc|os qn ctpau
c opnupykaunc ptu|on, u s ukne 2008 roqa Coset rposen rpeqsa-
putentuoe ocyqeuue na|pouuaucostx u tpaucrpauu+utx puc|os
qn ctpau c opnupykaunc ptu|on. Kpone toro, s ua+ane ukn
2008 roqa tn ta|e rposeqeu ot|ptttu cenuuap, s |otopon rpuunu
y+actue onee 100 rpeqctasuteneu cpeqcts naccosou uuopnauu,
oprauusauu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa u a|aqenu+ec|ux |pyros, uapqy
c stryc|on qo|naqos repcouana, s |otoptx oeuusanuct rocneqctsu
pocta eu ua upeste tosapt qn ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u ctpau
c opnupykaunc ptu|on (cn. sctas|y 3.1 ua se-caute)
Z
. /+actuu|u
(*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
cenuuapa rpuanu | stsoqy, +to xot sosqeuctsue pocta eu ua uett
u rpoqosontctsue oayaaetc ro sceny nupy, ouo uauonee cuntuo
c|astsaetc ua sasucuntx ot unropta equtx ctpauax u ctpauax co
cpequunu qoxoqanu, ctan|usakaunuc c rponenanu rnateuoro
anauca u rostaeuu uunuu, +to ropoqaet octpte rponent
qn nanounyaero uaceneuu atux ctpau.
Kpic ua quaucoesx psukax
pusuas, +to |pusuc rpuuunaet rnoantute nacatat, V81 s cepe-
quue roqa cocpeqoto+un csou ycunu ua auanuse passutu cutyauu
qo uactoaero speneuu u ussne+euuu ypo|os, y|perneuuu ssaunoqeu-
ctsu c Coseton ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu u qantueuaen passutuu
pe|oneuqauu C1C.
K ceutpk 2008 roqa rnoantutu |pusuc sctyrun s uosyk asy, xa-
pa|tepusykaykc tctptn u sua+utentutn ooctpeuuen. C y+eton
atoro V81 orpeqenun saqa+u ronutu|u, s|nk+a ueoxoqunoctt
yqentt ontae suunauu na|pouuaucostn cssn, rposectu pe-
opny csoux |peqututx uuctpyneutos, rpoauanusuposatt pont
1ouqa s uuaucuposauuu rocyqapcts-+neuos u qoctato+uoctt ero
pecypcos u rpeqoctasntt a|ctpeuuoe uuaucuposauue ctpauan,
roctpaqasaun ot |pusuca. 8 o|tpe 2008 roqa upe|top-pacropqu-
tent, otnetus, +to |pusuc pacrpoctpauetc ua ctpaut c opnupyk-
aunc ptu|on, roq+ep|uyn rotosuoctt 1ouqa | tctptn qeuctsun
c ucrontsosauuen ero nexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu
(cn. sctas|y 3.1). 8 |oue 2008 u ua+ane 2009 roqa |cronuutentutu
coset ytsepqun rpoctt cenu ctpau o yc|opeuuou uuaucosou
roqqep|e ro atony nexauusny. 8o stopou ronosuue 2009 uuauco-
soro roqa |pequtosauue V81 qocturno ecrpeeqeututx yposueu
(cn. sctas|y 3.2 u pasqen 1uuaucosa roqqep|a).
la Eeroqutx coseaauux s o|tpe 2008 roqa V81K rpussan V81
sstt ua ce seqyayk pont s ussne+euuu ypo|os us |pusuca u roqro-
tos|e pe|oneuqauu otuocutentuo nep ro socctauosneuuk qosepu.
Kpone toro, ua a|ctpeuuon cannute s uope 2008 roqa nuqept lpyrrt
qsaqatu rorpocunu 1ouq coqeuctsosatt |oopquuauu paott ro
opnuposauuk sosnouou uosou uuaucosou apxute|typt, orupact
ua ypo|u |pusuca. la stopon coseaauuu s arpene 2009 roqa nuqept
lpyrrt qsaqatu roq+ep|uynu ueoxoqunoctt opnuposauu uosou
uuaucosou apxute|typt u osanuct rpeqoctasutt 1ouqy qoronuu-
tentute pecypct qn ronoau ctpauan s rpeoqoneuuu |pusuca.
la coctosaenc s o|tpe 2008 roqa ocyqeuuu s |cronuutentuon
cosete cotpyquu+ectsa V81 c Coseton ro uuaucosou ctauntuo ctu
8

qupe|topa rpusetctsosanu sosnouoctt oeuutt rpuutte V81
nept ro rpeoqoneuuk |pusuca u roq+ep|uynu ueoxoqunoctt rpo-
qonatt tecuoe ssaunoqeuctsue neqy uauouantutnu oprauanu,
oprauusaunu, yctauasnusakaunu ctauqaptt, neqyuapoqutnu
uuaucostnu oprauusaunu u +actutn ce|topon, otnetus |nk+esyk
pont 1ouqa |a| seqyaeu neqyuapoquou oprauusauu s onactu
na|pouuaucosoro auanusa. 0uu roqqepanu ycuneuue opueutauu
uaqsopa 1ouqa u ero paott s onactu uuaucosoro ce|topa ua sa-
qa+u ronutu|u, cssauute c uuaucostn |pusucon, roq+ep|uynu
sospocayk sua+unoctt coqeuctsu rocyqapctsan-+neuan s stsne-
uuu u yctpaueuuu rpoenos s uuaucoson perynuposauuu u uaqsope.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa c yqosnetsopeuuen otnetunu tecuoe
ssa unoqeuctsue c C1C co speneuu ero cosqauu, ouu c+utanu ena-
tentutn y|perntt ato ssaunoqeuctsue u usy+att |ou|petute
cpeqctsa qoctueuu atou enu, s ton +ucne s ton, +to |acaetc
oeuo| uuaucosou ctauntuoctu u sosnouocteu qn cosnectuou
uuopnauouuou paott V81 u C1C.
Vexauusn a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu V81, cosqauutu
s 1995 roqy, rossonet V81 s |opot|ue cpo|u ytsepqatt |pequ-
tt ero rocyqapctsan-+neuan. ocpeqctson atoro a|ctpeuuoro
nexauusna |cronuutentutu coset V81 noet qeuctsosatt
tctpee, +en s pan|ax ot+uou rporpannt |pequtosauu V81.
3|ctpeuute rpoeqypt s pan|ax atoro nexauusna rpeqronara-
etc ucrontsosatt tont|o s peq|ux cny+ax, |otopte rpeqctas-
nkt coou, unu yrpoakt stssatt, |pusuc sueauux c+etos
rocyqapctsa-+neua, tpeykauu uesaneqnutentutx nep co cto-
pout 1ouqa. /cnosu qn rpuneueuu a|ctpeuutx rpoeqyp
s|nk+akt rotosuoctt rocyqapctsa-+neua ueneqneuuo rpuctyrutt
| yc|opeuutn reperosopan c 1ouqon, c repcre|tusou c|opeuae-
ro cornacosauu u peanusauu qoctato+uo qeuctseuutx nep qn
peaeuu cyaectsykaeu rponent.
3tot nexauusn ucrontsosanc tont|o rtt pas qo ua+ana rno-
antuoro |pusuca. s 199Z roqy so spen Asuatc|oro |pusuca qn
1unurruu, Taunauqa, |uqouesuu u Kopeu u s 2001 roqy qn
Typuu. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy, ssuqy suesaruoro u cuntuoro
rnoantuoro craqa, eae cent ctpau (Apneuu, 8eurpu, lpysu,
|cnauqu, atsu, a|uctau u /|pauua) rony+unu ot 1ouqa yc-
|opeuuyk uuaucosyk ronoat ro atony nexauusny.
8 pan|ax nexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu py|osoqctso
V81 yseqonnet Coset o csoen uanepeuuu saqeuctsosatt a|c-
tpeuute rpoeqypt u y|astsaet ocuosauu qn ta|oro peaeuu.
8 nuuunantute cpo|u pacrpoctpauetc |pat|uu ructneuutu
qo|naq c usnoeuuen a|ouonu+ec|ou cutyauu s rocyqapctse-
+neue. ocne qoctueuu cornaaeuu c snactnu o rporpanne
pacrpoctpauetc qo|naq repcouana V81, u Coset paccnatpu-
saet rpocty o rpuutuu rporpannt s te+euue Z2 +acos. Xapa|tep
cotpyquu+ectsa ctpaut-+neua c V81 s rpoanon so nuoron
orpe qenet, uac|ont|o tctpo 1ouq cnoet oeuutt cutyauk
u cornacosatt ueoxoqunte |oppe|tusute nept.
6TAKA 3.1
Yexauiu skcpeuuoro quaucpoeau Y4
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r(+
lapactauue rnoantuoro uuaucosoro |pusuca rpuseno | pe|opquony
yposuk |peqututx osatentcts V81 s 2009 uuaucoson roqy, |orqa
ytsepqeuue ontaoro +ucna |pequtos rposoqunoct s yc|opeuuon
ropq|e rocpeqctson nexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu 1ouqa.
1ouq ytsepqun |pequtt 15 rocyqapctsan-+neuan s pasnepe
5,8 nnpq CP s pan|ax csoux uentrotutx nexauusnos, rpu+en sce
atu qorosopeuuoctu, |pone oquou, tnu ytsepqeut so stopou rono-
suue roqa. Auanoru+utn opason, 1ouq ytsepqun |pequtt unu ysenu-
+euue cyaectsykaux qorosopeuuocteu qn 2 ctpau ua oayk cynny
1,1 nnpq CP ro csoun ntrotutn |peqututn nexauusnan, |otopte
rossonkt ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu rony+att uuaucuposauue ro
cycuqupyenou rpoeutuou ctas|e. Pasnep ytsepqeuutx cynn sa
ta|ou |opot|uu repuoq ue unen rpeeqeuta s uctopuu 1ouqa.
8suqy stco|oro crpoca ua pecypct 1ouqa sosuu|na oecro|oeu-
uoctt otuocutentuo qoctato+uoctu atux pecypcos qn peaeuu
saqa+, cssauutx c |pusucon. 8 pesynttate pq rocyqapcts-
+neuos oeaanu rpeqoctasutt roqqep|y, a s arpene 2009 roqa
lpyrra qsaqatu osanact ytpoutt pecypct 1ouqa qn uentrot-
uoro |pequtosauu u yqsoutt ero roteuuan qn rpeqoctasneuu
ntrotutx |pequtos (cn. 0ecre+euue uanu+u y 1ouqa qocta-
to+utx pecypcos qn rpeoqoneuu |pusucos). 8ospocauu crpoc
ta|e ctrpan csok pont s rposoqunon auanuse uaopa |peqututx
uuctpyneutos 1ouqa, |otoptu rpusen | cyaectseuuony repe-
cnotpy |peqututx nexauusnos 1ouqa s napte 2009 roqa
(cn. 8ueqpeuue uuctpyneutos qn peaeuu saqa+, oycnosneu-
utx |pusucon).
6TAKA 3.2
5ecnpeeqeuus ypoeeus kpequsx o6iaensce 4ouqa e 2009 quaucoeou roqy
8 pan|ax rpoqonakaeroc ssaunoqeuctsu s o|tpe 2008 roqa 1ouq
cosnectuo c C1C stctyrun s ponu croucopa coseaauu ua stco|on
yposue ro sorpocan uuaucostx rotpceuuu u nep ronutu|u (cn. se-
sctas|y 3.2). la coseaauuu tnu paccnotpeut ocuosute saqa+u u puc|u
qn passuttx uuaucostx ptu|os u rpoauanusuposaut sosqeuctsue
ua ctpaut c opnupykaunc ptu|on u ocuosute rytu repeqa+u atoro
sosqeuctsu. 1ouq ta|e cotpyquu+an c C1C s paspaot|e rpoe|ta
pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu. 8 espane 2009 roqa Coset rposen ueop-
nantuoe ocyqeuue rpeqnaraenoro ropq|a peanusauu atoro rpoe|ta
(cn. antueuaue aaru ro peaeuuk rpuoputetutx saqa+ uaqsopa).
ueqpeue ucpyueuoe qn pemeu iaqau,
o6ycnoeneuusx kpicou
0qua us rnasutx eneu qetentuoctu V81 coctout s o|asauuu uuauco-
sou ronoau, rpu uanu+uu qoctato+utx rapautuu, rocyqapctsan-+neuan,
ucrtttsakaun rponent rnateuoro anauca. Kpequtt 1ouqa urpakt
yuu|antuyk pont s yperynuposauuu |pusucos u crococtsykt roqqepa-
uuk rnoantuou uuaucosou ctauntuoctu, cuua puc| toro, +to repe-
usaente +neuanu rponent stntktc s ronuonacatautu |pusuc u
repe|uuytc ua qpyrue ctpaut. 8 cssu c atun rpuuuruantuo sauo,
+tot |pequtute nexauusnt 1ouqa otse+anu te|yaun rotpeuoctn.
la oue yrnyneuu |pusuca |cronuutentutu coset a|tusuo ocyqan
sorpoct noqepuusauu |peqututx uuctpyneutos 1ouqa u ortunantutx
ryteu aqartauu uuctpyneutos 1ouqa | rotpeuoctn ctpau-+neuos
9
.
|toron atux ocyqeuuu ctano ytsepqeuue s napte 2009 roqa pqa
qane|o uqyaux peopn.
Yapoecke peqopus
+tot y|perutt sosnouoctu V81 ro yqosnetsopeuuk rotpeuocteu
+neuos s ycnosux |pusuca u ero roteuuan ro rpeqotspaaeuuk u ypery-
nuposauuk |pusucos, |cronuutentutu coset s napte 2009 roqa ytsepqun
sua+utentute rpeopasosauu cucten uentrotuoro |pequtosauu 1ouqa
10
.
3tu scectopouuue rpeopasosauu tnu utoron nuoro+ucneuutx ocy-
qeuuu ua saceqauux Coseta u ontaou paott, rpoqenauuou repcouanon
sa rpeqtqyaue 18 neces, ro auanusy u orpeqeneuuk peopn, |otopte
onee scero ronornu t 1ouqy yqosnetsoptt te|yaue rotpeuoctu ro-
cyqapcts-+neuos. 8 +ucne ytsepqeuutx peopn tnu noqepuusau
rpeqsnentx ycnosuu V81 qn scex saenau|os, sseqeuue uosou
ru|ou |pequtuou nuuuu, rostaeuue ru|octu tpaquuouuou qorosopeu-
uoctu ctauq-au (C6A) 1ouqa, yqsoeuue ctauqaptutx nunutos qoctyra
| uentrotutn pecypcan, yrpoaeuue ctpy|typt ctounoctu u cpo|os rora-
aeuu |pequtos u otneua ue|otoptx peq|o ucrontsyentx nexauusnos
(cn. sctas|y 3.3). 8 |a+ectse qoronuutentuou nept rposoqunuct auanus
u peopna ntrotutx |peqututx uuctpyneutos qn rocyqapcts-+neuos
c uus|unu qoxoqanu (cn. epeoeu|a uuaucuposauu u yctou+usoctu
qonrosou cutyauu Cl s rnase 4).
0uqaetc, +to atu peopnt rossont rostcutt ae|tusuoctt
uentrotutx |peqututx nexauusnos V81 qn yqosnetsopeuu rotpe-
uocteu rocyqapcts-+neuos s uuaucuposauuu u s to e spen coxpauutt
qoctato+ute nept saautt pecypcos 1ouqa ryten noqepuusauu cuc-
tent rpeqsnentx ycnosuu qn scex qorosopeuuocteu 1ouqa
(s|nk+a ntrotute), rostaeuu nunutos qoctyra | uentrotutn |pequ-
tan u usneueuu yposueu ornatt uentrotutx |pequtos c stco|un
yposuen qoctyra u ua rpeseutusuou ocuose. 6tnu rpoauanusuposaut
sce acre|tt uentrotutx |peqututx uuctpyneutos u ronutu|u V81.
cyaectsykaue nexauusnt C+eta oaux pecypcos (lPA), cuctena
rpeqsnentx ycnosuu, yposuu qoctyra, rpoeutt u copt u cpo|u
roraaeuu. 3tu peopnt rpussaut ycosepaeuctsosatt uuctpyneutt
qn rpeseutusuoro |pequtosauu u oecre+utt y+et xapa|tepuctu|
a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u u qetepnuuaut rocyqapcts-+neuos rpu ucront-
(,sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
Vode+asa(a+ cacmevu ed:+en+evux jcnoea, c ten +tot
ycnosu rpeqoctasneuu cpeqcts ro |pequtan V81 tnu
qoctato+uo eneuarpasneuutnu u s qoctato+uou ctereuu
y+uttsanu pasnu+u s xapa|tepuctu|ax ronutu|u u a|ouonu+ec-
|ux qetepnuuaut ctpau-+neuos. 3to qocturaetc ryten onee
aupo|oro ucrontsosauu yctauosneuutx |sanuu|auouutx
|putepues (rpeqsaputentute rpeqsnente ycnosu) u
rostaeuu ru|octu rapanetpos ot+utx rpeqsnentx
ycnosuu (ua ocuose a|tu+ec|ux pesynttatos). Kpone toro,
terept seqetc nouutopuur ctpy|typutx peopn s |oute|cte
osopos rporpann, a ue c ucrontsosauuen ctpy|typutx |putepues
peanusauu, |otopte onee ue ucrontsyktc uu s |a|ux qoro-
sopeuuoctx 1ouqa, s|nk+a qorosopeuuoctu co ctpauanu
c uus|unu qoxoqanu.
Cosda+ae |a|o |edam+o na+aa qn rpeqoctasneuu asau-
cosoro uuaucuposauu s |pyrutx pasnepax rocyqapctsan-
+neuan c o+eut xopoaunu ocuosutnu a|ouonu+ec|unu ro|asa-
tennu u a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|ou. octyr | lK rpe qoctasnetc
tont|o rocyqapctsan-+neuan, yqosnetsopkaun cneqykaun
ctporun |sanuu|auouutn |putepun.
yctou+usa sueau rosuu,
rpeonaqakaa qon roto|os +actuoro |arutana s c+ete
orepauu c |arutanon,
yctou+ustu qoctyr rocyqapctseuuoro ce|topa ua ptu|u |aru-
tana ua narorpututx ycnosux s te+euue rpoaeqaero
repuoqa,
s cny+ax, |orqa qorosopeuuoctt sarpaausaetc ua rpeseu-
tusuou ocuose, coxpaueuue otuocutentuo narorony+uou
pesepsuou rosuuu, uecnotp ua roteuuantute rponent
rnateuoro anauca, cnyaaue ocuosauuen qn rpeqoctas-
neuu ronoau 1ouqa,
rpo+ute rocyqapctseuute uuauct, s|nk+a yctou+uste
ro|asatenu rocyqapctseuuoro qonra, orpeqeneuute ryten
taatentuoro u cuctenatu+ec|oro auanusa yctou+usoctu
qonrosou cutyauu,
uus|a u ctauntua uunu s ycnosux yctou+ustx ocuos
qeueuo-|pequtuou u |ypcosou ronutu|u,
otcytctsue rponen rnateecrocouoctu au|os, cosqakaux
uerocpeqctseuuyk yrposy cuctenuoro au|osc|oro |pusuca,
qeuctseuutu uaqsop sa uuaucostn ce|topon,
rpospa+uoctt u qoctosepuoctt qauutx.
8suqy rpuneueuu atux ctporux |sanuu|auouutx |putepues
rony+euue cpeqcts ro lK ue yssauo c qoctueuuen cornacosau-
utx co ctpauou eneu ronutu|u. lu|octt, sanoeuua s ctpy|typy
lK, cssaua c ueorpauu+euutn yposuen qoctyra, qnutentutnu
cpo|anu roraaeuu (3-5 net), otcytctsuen orpauu+euuu ua |o-
nu+ectso rpoqneuuu u ee qsouutn uasua+euuen qn oecre+euu
ycnosutx (rpeseutusutx) u a|tu+ec|ux rotpeuocteu s uuau-
cuposauuu rnateuoro anauca
1
.

Coeeae+cmeoea+ae doeoeoe++ocme o |edamax cma+d-


a ocuosuoro |pequtuoro uuctpyneuta 1ouqa qn rpeoqone-
uu |pusucos, oecre+usakaee ru|octt u onee aupo|ue
sosnouoctu qn ero ucrontsosauu ta|e s |a+ectse uuctpyneuta
qn rpeqotspaaeuu |pusucos rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu, ue
cootsetctsy kaunu |putepun lK. 8uqousneueuua cuctena C6A
oecre+ut ontayk ru|octt, rosson ysenu+usatt qoctyr
ua ua+antuon atare c neuee +acttnu osopanu u ro|yr|anu, |orqa
ua ato qaet ocuosauu a|ouonu+ec|a ronutu|a ctpaut u xapa|tep
ctoaux repeq ctpauou rponen rnateuoro anauca.
Yo(e+ae +aoa a+cmjve+moe |edamoea+a+ 1o+da ryten
nu|suqauu ue|otoptx nexauusnos, |otopte ucrontsosanuct
peq|o unu ue ucrontsosanuct uu|orqa. nexauusna |onreucau-
ouuoro uuaucuposauu, nexauusna uuaucuposauu qoronuu-
tentutx pesepsos u nexauusna |pat|ocpo+uou roqqep|u nu|-
suquoctu, roc|ont|y ouu tnu opueutuposaut ua peaeuue
rponen rnateuoro anauca s ys|on orpeqeneuuu.
Ydeoe+ae navamoe qoctyra qo 200 rpoeutos |sott ua roqosou
ocuose u qo 00 rpoeutos |sott uapactakaun utoron. 3tu onee
stco|ue nunutt suyaakt ctpauan ysepeuuoctt s sosnouoctu
rony+euu qoctato+utx pecypcos qn yqosnetsopeuu csoux
rotpeuocteu s uuaucuposauuu. Coxpauetc sosnouoctt
qoctyra csepx atux nunutos, uarpunep, ro lK, unu, rocne rpo-
seqeuu ycuneuuoro |outpon, s pan|ax cuctent uc|nk+utentuoro
qoctyra, |otopa ta|e roqseprnact peopnuposauuk.
/dama(a+ a jo(e+ae cmj|mju samam c stco|un yposuen
qoctyra u |pequtosauuen ua rpeseutusuou ocuose s pan|ax
pasnu+utx nexauusnos. oronuutentute copt ro-rpeueny
qakt 1ouqy sosnouoctt cuuatt |pequtute puc|u, u s repe-
cnotpeuuou a|ane qoronuutentutx copos ta|e ycuneut
euoste ctunynt qn qocpo+uoro roraaeuu. euctsosasaue
pauee rpasunaddddeuu s a|any rnatt sa osatentctso,
|otopte qonut crococtsosatt orpauu+euuk puc|os qn nu|-
suquoctu 1ouqa, cssauutx c |pyruonacatautn rpeseutusutn
|pequtosauuen (peaeuuk atou saqa+u crococtsykt cosqauue
lK u peopnt rpeseutusutx qorosopeuuocteu C6A c stco|un
yposuen qoctyra).

6TAKA 3.3
0cuoeuse sneueus peqopu uensrousx kpeqoe Y4
1 8 pan|ax otsetutx nep ua rpoqonakaeec yxyqaeuue rnoantutx a|ouo-
nu+ec|ux ycnosuu s |oue o|tp 2008 roqa 1ouq cosqan nexauusn |pat|o-
cpo+uou roqqep|u nu|suquoctu (C1), rpequasua+euutu qn tctporo
rpeqoctasneuu cpeqcts ctpauan, unekaun qoctyr ua ptu|u, |otopte rpo-
soqt o+eut qeuctseuuyk a|ouonu+ec|yk ronutu|y, uo ucrtttsakt speneu-
ute rponent nu|suquoctu ua rnoantutx ptu|ax |arutana. 8necte c ten,
|orqa s napte 2009 roqa 1ouq rpuun qoronuutentute nept ro cosepaeu-
ctsosauuk csoux uuctpyneutos c entk yqosnetsopeuu rotpeuocteu atou
rpyrrt ctpau, |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun lu|yk |pequtuyk nuuuk,
|otopa coqeput sce aneneutt C1 u, |a| cneqctsue, saneuet ero.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r(-
sosauuu pecypcos 1ouqa. 0uu ctast saqa+y ctunynuposatt opaaeuue
rocyqapcts-+neuos | 1ouqy ua pauuen atare, ten cantn cuua sepo-
tuoctt |pusucos unu cnr+a ux |oue+ute rocneqctsu. 8 co+etauuu
c cyaectseuutn ysenu+euuen pecypcos 1ouqa (cn. 0ecre+euue ua-
nu+u y 1ouqa qoctato+utx pecypcos qn rpeoqoneuu |pusucos) atu
peopnt cnyat rpo+uou ocuosou, rossonkaeu 1ouqy rpuuunatt
auepru+ute otsetute nept qn coqeuctsu rocyqapctsan-+neuan
s rpeoqoneuuu |a| te|yaero |pusuca, ta| u yqyaux |pusucos.
8 enon |cronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu, +to oauu uaop nep
rpeqctasnet coou yqosnetsoputentutu |onrponucc, s qonuou nepe
y+uttsakauu pasuoopasute uutepect rocyqapcts-+neuos. +to |acaet-
c lK, |cronuutentute qupe|topa cornacunuct, +to cneqyet rposectu
oeu|y yu|uouuposauu lK +epes qsa roqa unu pautae, ecnu osa-
tentctsa ro lK qocturuyt 100 nnpq CP. |cronuutentute qupe|topa
ta|e roqqepanu rpeqnoeuue o onee perynpuon rpeqoctasneuuu
rpeseutusutx C6A c stco|un yposuen qoctyra u rostaeuuu ru|octu ux
ctpy|typt. 0uu ronaranu, +to peopnt cuctent qoronuutentutx copos
u ouqauuu st|yra oecre+usakt anauc neqy yrpoaeuuen ctpy|typt
ctounoctu u cpo|os roraaeuu |pequtos 1ouqa c oquou ctopout u cuu-
euuen |peqututx puc|os u puc|os nu|suquoctu u ctunynuposauuen
csoespeneuuoro sosspata pecypcos 1ouqa c qpyrou ctopout.
locyqapctsa-+neut 1ouqa tctpo otpearuposanu ua peopny u-
uaucostx nexauusnos. 8 te+euue uec|ont|ux ueqent rocne osne-
uu o rpeopasosauutx nexauusnax s |oue napte 2009 roqa
Ve|cu|a, ontaa u Konynu opatunuct | 1ouqy c rpoctanu
o qorosopeuuoctx ro lK. 8 cepequue arpen 2009 roqa 1ouq ytsep-
qun repsyk qorosopeuuoctt ro lK ua cynny 4Z nnpq qonn. CLA qn
Ve|cu|u canyk |pyruyk qorosopeuuoctt s uctopuu V81. (poctt
ontau u Konynuu o qorosopeuuoctx lK, roctyrusaue +epes
uec|ont|o ueqent rocne rpoctt Ve|cu|u, rpoxoqunu ocyqeuue
ua noneut sasepaeuu uuaucosoro roqa 1ouqa, uo tnu ytsepqe-
ut s ua+ane 2010 uuaucosoro roqa).
06ecneueue uanu y 4ouqa qocaouusx pecypcoe
qn npeoqoneu kpicoe
0quu us rnasutx sorpocos, sosuu|aux s cssu c rnoantutn |pusucon,
cocton s ton, pacronaraet nu V81 qoctato+utnu pecypcanu, +tot
yqosnetsoptt rotpeuoctu csoux rocyqapcts-+neuos s uuaucupo-
sauuu. |cronuutentutu coset ocyqun atot sorpoc s ua+ane 2009 ro-
qa, u srocneqctsuu V81K ua csoux 8eceuuux coseaauux rpuun
peaeuue o cyaectseuuon ysenu+euuu |peqututx pecypcos 1ouqa
(cn. sctas|y 3.4 u se-sctas|y 3.3). Cssauutu c atun sorpoc qocta-
to+uoctu ctpaxostx octat|os 1ouqa tn paccnotpeu |cronuutentutn
coseton s |oue 2008 roqa s |oute|cte rostaeuu yposu |pequtosa-
uu 1ouqa (cn. sctas|y 3.5).
8 ua+ane espan 2009 roqa |cronuutentutu coset rpuctyrun | o-
cyqeuuk sapuautos roronueuu |peqututx pecypcos 1ouqa
11
. |cron-
uutentute qupe|topa roq+ep|uynu, +to 1ouqy cneqyet ttt s ronuou
nepe rotostn urpatt seqyayk pont s rpeqoctasneuuu uuaucuposauu
qn roqqep|u rnateuoro anauca, rpu+en ontauuctso c+utano, +to
ny+ae rpuutt +pesnepute, +en ueqoctato+ute nept qn oecre+euu
ta|ou rotosuoctu, u rpusuano enecoopasutn, ro |pauueu nepe
s |a+ectse speneuuoro aara, ysenu+utt |peqututu roteuuan 1ouqa
ro+tu sqsoe ro cpasueuuk c repuoqon qo |pusuca.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa roqtsepqunu, +to |sott snktc u
qonut octasattc ocuosutn ucto+uu|on uuaucuposauu 1ouqa,
uo cornacunuct, +to qn qoctueuu qorosopeuuoctu o oaen yse-
nu+euuu |sot rotpeyetc spen, roatony ta|oe ysenu+euue ue noet
cnyutt cpeqctson yqosnetsopeuu uuaucostx rotpeuocteu
s nuauauu repuoq. Vuorue us uux, ten ue neuee, stc|asanuct sa
oaee ysenu+euue |sot u rpussanu yc|oputt rpau| ocyqeuuu ro
+ettpuaqatony oaeny repecnotpy |sot. (8 arpene 2009 roqa V81K
cornacunc repeuectu cpo| sasepaeuu repecnotpa ua onee pauukk
qaty, usapt 2011 roqa, rpucoequuusauct | cqenauuony pauee rpu-
stsy nuqepos lpyrrt qsaqatu sasepautt repecnotp | y|asauuony
cpo|y.) |cronuutentute qupe|topa cornacunuct, +to saunctsosauu
1ouqa us ouuantuoro ce|topa snktc uauonee oocuosauutn
netoqon roronueuu pecypcos 1ouqa s |pat|ocpo+uou repcre|tuse,
u rpusuanu sacnyusakaunu qantueuaero paccnotpeuu pasnu+ute
opnt saunctsosauu. qsyctopouuue |pequtute cornaaeuu, pasne-
aeuue uot (onurauu) 1ouqa s ouuantuon ce|tope u ysenu+euue
oena u pacaupeuue oxsata lostx cornaaeuuu o saunax (lC8).
Cannut lpyrrt qsaqatu s ua+ane arpen 2009 roqa roqqepan o+eut
sua+utentuoe ysenu+euue |peqututx pecypcos V81. la aton cannute
lpyrra qsaqatu rpontaneuuo passuttx ctpau u ctpau c opnupykaun-
c ptu|on roqtsepquna eutpantuyk pont V81 s neqyuapoquou uuau-
cosou cuctene u qorosopunact ysenu+utt pecypct, unekauec
s pacropeuuu V81, rocpeqctson ueneqneuuoro rpeqoctasneuu rocy-
qapctsanu-+neuanu uuaucuposauu s pasnepe 250 nnpq qonn. CLA,
|otopoe srocneqctsuu yqet s|nk+euo s pacaupeuute u onee ru|ue lC8
c ysenu+euuen ux ua cynny qo 500 nnpq qonn. CLA. onuno atoro uane-
+euuoro tpex|patuoro ysenu+euu qo|pusucuoro |pequtuoro roteuuana
1ouqa, nuqept lpyrrt 20 qorosopunuct rostcutt yposeut nu|suquoctu
s nuposou a|ouonu|e rocpeqctson oaero pacrpeqeneuu CP ua cynny
250 nnpq qonn. CLA. 8 arpene 2009 roqa V81K roqqepan rpusts nuqe-
pos lpyrrt qsaqatu o ysenu+euuu pecypcos, unekauxc s pacrope-
uuu V81, u oaen pacrpeqeneuuu CP.
nauupyenoe ueneqneuuoe yqsoeuue qo|pusucuoro |pequtuoro roteu-
uana V81 sa c+et uuaucuposauu, rpeqoctasnenoro rocyqapctsanu-
+neuanu ua qsyctopouueu ocuose, tno rpussauo rono+t rpeqotspatutt
yrnyneuue |pusuca u roqqepatt rnoantutu a|ouonu+ec|uu roqen.
0uo s|nk+ano ye rpuutte qsyctopouuue osatentctsa o rpeqoctas-
neuuu pecypcos. 8 espane 2009 roqa Frouu qana cornacue qoronuu-
tentuo rpeqoctasutt V81 100 nnpq qonn. CLA, cantu ontaou sa sce
spen ssuoc oquoro rocyqapctsa-+neua V81 s qoronuutentuoe uuau-
cuposauue, c entk ysenu+euu qoctyrutx qn |pequtosauu pecypcos
1ouqa s repuoq rnoantuoro a|ouonu+ec|oro u uuaucosoro |pusuca
12
.
8 napte 2009 roqa rocyqapctsa-+neut Esporeuc|oro coksa osanuct
rpeqoctasutt qoronuutentuo 100 nnpq qonn. CLA (Z5 nnpq espo).
0uqanoct, +to cpeqctsa, rpeqoctasnente Frouueu u +neuanu Espo-
reuc|oro coksa, uapqy c osatentctsanu ro qoronuutentuony u-
uaucuposauuk, rpuuttnu s repuoq rposeqeuu cannuta lpyrrt
qsaqatu (Kauaqou, lopserueu u Lseuapueu), a ta|e osatentctsa
ro rpeqoctasneuuk cpeqcts us qpyrux ucto+uu|os rossont ysenu+utt
pecypct 1ouqa |a| nuuunyn ua 250 nnpq qonn. CLA, +to cootsetctsy-
et osatentctsy lpyrrt qsaqatu.
0uqanoct, +to qsyctopouuue cornaaeuu srocneqctsuu yqyt s|nk+e-
ut s pacaupeuute u onee ru|ue lC8, |otopte ysenu+atc ua cynny
(.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
V81 roqqepusaet ctpaxoste octat|u s opne. 1) uepacrpeqe-
neuuou rputnu s oaux u creuantutx pesepsax 1ouqa, |otopa
noet ttt tctpo ucrontsosaua qn ro|pttu uuaucostx
ytt|os, s|nk+a ytt|u ro |pequtan unu rotepu qoxoqa, u
2) cpeqcts ua Creuantuon ctpaxoson c+ete (CCC-1), enesoro
octat|a, creuantuo rpequasua+euuoro qn saautt 1ouqa ot
ytt|os, stssauutx ueyrnatou rocyqapctson-+neuon csoux rpo-
cpo+euutx osatentcts ro ocuosuou cynne |pequta.
Ctpaxoste octat|u cnyat ueoxoquntn yepon qn saautt
1ouqa ot ytt|os, oycnosneuutx |a| |peqututn puc|on, ta| u
puc|on qn qoxoqa, a ta|e coctasnkt sautu ucto+uu| qoxoqa.
Ta|un opason, qoctato+utu yposeut ctpaxostx octat|os ueo-
xoqun qn coxpaueuu ctounoctu pesepsutx a|tusos, |otopte
rocyqapctsa-+neut suoct s 1ouq, a ta|e rpuuuruantuo saeu
s cny+ae rpusne+euu 1ouqon cyaectseuutx saunos qn roron-
ueuu csoux pecypcos (ou sa|nk+un ta|ue qorosopeuuoctu, cn. te|ct
rnast).
8 qe|ape 2008 roqa Coset rpoauanusuposan pont ctpaxostx oc-
tat|os V81 u ux qoctato+uoctt. |cronuutentute qupe|topa otne-
tunu, +to ssuqy tctporo ysenu+euu oena |pequtos 1ouqa,
cssauuoro c rnoantutn uuaucostn ao|on, pes|o usneuunoct
cootuoaeuue puc|os ot puc|a qn qoxoqa | |pequtuony puc|y. 0uu
coanuct so nueuuu, +to enesou ro|asatent ctpaxostx octat|os
ro|a yqet octasattc ua yposue 10 nnpq CP, uo pq qupe|topos
otnetunu, +to ero noet rotpeosattc rostcutt, ecnu |pequtosauue
sua+utentuo ysenu+utc u yqet octasattc ua stco|on yposue.
Coset ta|e oqopun paspaot|y onee rpospa+uou u ocuosauuou ua
rpasunax cuctent ua|orneuu pesepsos, roq+ep|uys, +to ssuqy
yuu|antuoro xapa|tepa |peqututx orepauu 1ouqa ueoxoquno yqet
u srpeqt s sua+utentuou nepe ucrontsosatt cye|tusute oeu|u.
6TAKA 3.5
+o akoe cpaxoese ocak e Y4?
6ontaa +actt pecypcos qn |pequtos V81 rpeqoctasnetc ro-
cyqapctsanu-+neuanu, rnasutn opason rocpeqctson perynpuo-
ro nexauusna uuaucuposauu V81 ua ocuose |sot
1
. n |aqoro
rocyqapctsa-+neua V81 yctauasnusaetc |sota, s enon ua ocuo-
se ero otuocutentuoro pasnepa s nuposou a|ouonu|e, |otopa
orpeqenet ero na|cunantutu ssuoc s uuaucoste pecypct V81.
Ctauosct +neuon V81, ctpaua ot+uo strna+usaet o|ono +et-
septu csoeu |sott s suqe pesepsutx a|tusos, to ectt aupo|o
rpuuunaentx uuoctpauutx sankt (ta|ux |a| qonnap CLA, espo,
ueua unu yut ctepnuuros) unu Creuantutx rpas saunctsosauu
2
.
0ctasauec tpu +etseptu strna+usaktc s coctseuuou sankte
ctpaut. Ksott repecnatpusaktc ue pee oquoro pasa s rtt net,
tpuuaqattu repecnotp |sot tn sasepaeu s usape 2008 roqa.
n uuaucuposauu csoux |pequtos V81 noet ucrontsosatt
rony+euute s c+et |sot cpeqctsa s sanktax rocyqapcts-+neuos
c rpo+utn coctouuen rnateuoro anauca u pesepsos. Asyapt
V81 s atux sanktax s coso|yruoctu c ero coctseuutnu asyapanu
CP coctasnkt ero coctseuute ucrontsyente pecypct. pu
ueoxoqunoctu V81 noet roronuutt coctseuute ucrontsyente
pecypct ryten saunctsosauu. o coctouuk ua |oue arpen
2009 roqa pq rocyqapcts-+neuos u oprauusauu rotost rpeqocta-
sutt V81 qoronuutentute |pequtt ua oayk cynny qo 34 nnpq
CP (o|ono 52 nnpq qonn. CLA) s pan|ax ero qsyx roctouuo
qeuctsykaux nuoroctopouuux cornaaeuuu o saunax (lostx corna-
aeuuu o saunax u leuepantutx cornaaeuuu o saunax). 3tu corna-
aeuu tnu rpoqneut s 200Z roqy ua uostu rtunetuuu cpo|,
ua+uuakauuc s 2008 roqy. Kpone toro, s espane 2009 roqa V81
sa|nk+un qsyctopouuee cornaaeuue o saunax c Frouueu, a qpyrue
rocyqapctsa-+neut osanuct | |ouy 2009 roqa roronuutt |pe-
qututu roteuuan V81 rocpeqctson qsyctopouuux cornaaeuuu
o saunax (cn. te|ct rnast).
oqpoute cseqeuu o pasnu+utx acre|tax uuaucosou ctpy|-
typt V81 u perynpuo ouosnena uuopnau o ero uuau-
cosou qetentuoctu rpusoqtc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/l|r.||r.
6TAKA 3.4
hcouuk cpeqce Y4
1 Cn.qoronuutentuyk uuopnauk s ctatte 'w|ere ||e lVF 0e|s l|s Vorey
A Fac| 8|ee| (|cto+uu|u cpeqcts V81 uuopnauouua crpas|a) ua se-
caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/l|rlac.||r.
2 Cn. ocueuue creuantutx rpas saunctsosauu s ctatte '8pec|a| 0raW|rg
R|g||sA Fac| 8|ee| (Creuantute rpasa saunctsosauu uuopnauouua
crpas|a) ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/sdr.||r.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r(/
qo 500 nnpq. qonn. CLA. peqnaraente usneueuu lC8 rpussaut
cqenatt ux sua+utentuo onee qeuctseuutn uuctpyneuton qn ctpaxo-
sauu perynpuoro nexauusna uuaucuposauu 1ouqa sa c+et pacau-
peuu +ucna y+actuu|os (s uactoaee spen 2), ysenu+euu
coso|yruoro oena |peqututx qorosopeuuocteu qo cynnt, |otopa
noet qoctu+t 550 nnpq qonn. CLA (s|nk+a o|ono 50 nnpq qonn. CLA
s cyaectsykaux lC8), u rostaeuu ru|octu lC8. 8rocneqctsuu 1ouq
rpuctyrun | paote c cyaectsykaunu u roteuuantutnu y+actuu|anu,
+tot oecre+utt tctpoe rposeqeuue atux peopn.
6tnu ta|e rpuutt auanoru+ute nept ro ysenu+euuk sqsoe roteuu-
ana 1ouqa qn ntrotuoro |pequtosauu c entk yqosnetsopeuu rotpe-
uocteu s uuaucuposauuu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu. lpyrra qsaqatu
ta|e roqqepana atot aar, u tnu rpuutt nept qn qoctueuu atou
enu (cn. 'oqqep|a ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu s rnase 4).
oqqep|y ta|e rony+uno rpeqnoeuue lpyrrt qsaqatu o sua+u-
tentuon oaen pacrpeqeneuuu CP, |otopoe, xot u ue ysenu+uno
t |peqututu roteuuan 1ouqa, ronorno t rocyqapctsan-+neuan
crpasuttc c |pusucon naroqap roronueuuk ux pesepsos. 8 arpene
2009 roqa ucronuutentute qupe|topa tnu ueouuantuo rpouuop-
nuposaut o rpeqnaraenon pacrpeqeneuuu CP, u s ton e nece
V81K rpeqnoun V81 rpeqctasutt |ou|petuoe rpeqnoeuue, coqep-
aaee oeu|y ocuosauuu qn oaero pacrpeqeneuu u sosnoute
crocot ero rposeqeuu, c ten +tot rpuutt ero saqonro qo Eeroq-
utx coseaauuu 2009 roqa.
4uaucoea noqqepka
Perynpuoe quaucpoeaue
lnoantutu uuaucostu |pusuc u stssauute un rponent rnateuo-
ro anauca qn nuorux rocyqapcts-+neuos rpusenu | pes|ony ysenu+euuk
uuaucuposauu u uuaucostx osatentcts V81 s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy. |uopnau o saqeuctsosauutx |peqututx nexauusnax rpuso-
qutc s tanuax 3.1 u 3.2 u ua puc. 3.1, a rpoecc uuaucuposauu
V81 orucau so sctas|e 3.. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy tno ytsepqe-
uo ecrpeeqeutuoe |onu+ectso qorosopeuuocteu (cn. puc. 3.2) c uc-
rontsosauuen nexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu 1ouqa
(cn. sctas|y 3.1). 6tnu ytsepqeut |pyrute C6A c uc|nk+utentutn
qoctyron s pan|ax sua+utentutx ro oeny rporpann uuaucuposa-
uu ua ocuose |oopquuauu c qpyrunu ucto+uu|anu uuaucuposauu,
s|nk+a Esporeuc|uu coks, 8cenuputu au| u qpyrux qsyctopouuux
|pequtopos. +ettpe us ytsepqeuutx C6A repsoua+antuo unenu
ctatyc rpeseutusutx qorosopeuuocteu c uc|nk+utentutn qoctyron.
0qua qorosopeuuoctt tna ytsepqeua s pan|ax uosou ru|ou |pe-
qutuou nuuuu 1ouqa (cn. '8ueqpeuue uuctpyneutos qn peaeuu
saqa+, oycnosneuutx |pusucon). 0aa cynna sosspata cpeqcts
ua C+et oaux pecypcos coctasuna 1,8 nnpq CP, us |otoptx 85 rpo-
eutos tnu cssaut c osatentctsanu ro C6A. pa|tu|a st|yra
ua ocuose ouqauuu tna otneueua 1 arpen 2009 roqa s pan|ax
rposoqunou 1ouqon peopnt ero uaopa |peqututx uuctpyneutos
(cn. '8ueqpeuue uuctpyneutos qn peaeuu saqa+, oycnosneuutx
|pusucon).
srouoe quaucpoeaue o6nerueue 6peueu qonra
o coctouuk ua 30 arpen 2009 roqa a|ouonu+ec|ue rporpannt
28 rocyqapcts-+neuos rony+anu roqqep|y ro qorosopeuuoctn Pl1
unu ro |onroueuty EC1 c stco|un yposuen qoctyra, oaa cynna
osatentcts ro |otoptn coctasnna 1,8 nnpq CP, a uestpauute
octat|u 0,8 nnpq CP. 0aa cynna ueroraaeuutx ntrotutx |pequtos
5 rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu qoxoqanu ua 30 arpen 2009 roqa
coctasnna 4,1 nnpq CP. |uopnau o uostx qorosopeuuoctx u
ysenu+euuu qoctyra ro nexauusnan ntrotuoro uuaucuposauu
1ouqa rpusoqutc s tanue 3.3 u ua puc. 3.3.
pyrou sauou onacttk qetentuoctu 1ouqa s uactoaee spen s-
netc oner+euue peneuu qonra s pan|ax |uuuatust s otuoaeuuu
equtx ctpau c stco|un yposuen saqoneuuoctu (X|K) u |uuuatust
Pasrpys|a osoaeu s 6ypyuqu.
)&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
TA5hA 3.1
Yexauius kpeqoeau Y4
KPEhThbh YEXAhh3Y
(F0 EEhhP} Eb Y60hP
03TAh0E 06YE6TEhhE
0KY0K h Y0hhT0PhhF
1
0l080PEll0CT| CT3l-6A|
(1952 l0)
Cpequecpo+ua ronoat ctpauan,
ucrtttsakaun tpyquoctu rnateuoro
anauca |pat|ocpo+uoro xapa|tepa.
puutue ronutu|u, oecre+usakaeu
ysepeuuoctt s ton, +to tpyquoctu
rnateuoro anauca rocyqapctsa-+neua
yqyt paspeaeut s te+euue pasynuoro
repuoqa.
Ksaptantute ro|yr|u (a|tu+ec|ue
strnatt), oycnosneuute conkqeuuen
|putepues peanusauu u qpyrux ycnosuu.
l|6KAF KPE|TlAF |l|F (2009 l0) lu|uu uuctpyneut ua ocuose |peqututx
tpauaeu qn yqosnetsopeuu scex uyq
uuaucuposauu rnateuoro anauca,
roteuuantutx unu a|tu+ec|ux
0+eut rpo+ute na|poa|ouonu+ec|ue
qetepnuuautt, ocuosa u pesynttatt
a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u | noneuty
sa|nk+euu qorosopeuuoctu.
/tsepqeuua cynna qoctyra noet
ttt rony+eua asaucon s te+euue scero
repuoqa qorosopeuuoctu rpu ycnosuu
sasepaeuu cpequecpo+uoro osopa
s cny+ae roqu+utx qorosopeuuocteu.
VEXAl|8V PACL|PEll0l0
KPE|T08Al|F V81 (19Z4 l0)
(0l080PEll0CT| 0 PACL|PEll0V
KPE|T08Al||
6onee qonrocpo+ua ronoat
qn roqqep|u ctpy|typutx peopn
rocyqapcts-+neuos s enx rpeoqoneuu
tpyquocteu rnateuoro anauca
qonrocpo+uoro xapa|tepa.
puutue 3-netueu rporpannt,
s|nk+akaeu ctpy|typute
rpeopasosauu, c eeroqutn
roqpoutn rpeqctasneuuen nep
ronutu|u ua rocneqykaue 12 neces.
Ksaptantute unu ronyroqoste ro|yr|u
(a|tu+ec|ue strnatt), oycnosneuute
conkqeuuen |putepues peanusauu u
qpyrux ycnosuu.
6EhAbhbE YEXAhh3Yb
3KCTPEllAF 0V0b onoat s rpeoqoneuuu tpyquocteu
rnateuoro anauca, cssauutx
co cneqykaun.
0tcytctsykt, xot roct|ounu|tua
ronoat noet roqpasqenttc ua qse
unu onee ro|yr|u.
1. la cny+au ctuxuuutx eqctsuu
(192 roq)
ctuxuuute eqctsu, Pasynute ycunu ro rpeoqoneuuk
tpyquocteu rnateuoro anauca.
2. 8 roct|ounu|tutx cutyaux
(1995 roq)
rocneqctsu rpaqauc|ux ecropq|os,
ronutu+ec|ux rotpceuuu unu
neqyuapoquoro soopyeuuoro
|ounu|ta,
/rop ua passutue uuctutyuouantuoro
u aqnuuuctpatusuoro roteuuana,
c ten +tot sanoutt ocuosy
qn qorosopeuuoctu s pan|ax sepxuero
|pequtuoro tpauaa unu Pl1.
VEXAl|8V 1|lAlC|P08Al|F
lA E| C0KPAEl|F 6El0CT|
| C0E|CT8|F 3K0l0V|+ECK0V/
P0CT/ (1999 l0)
6onee qonrocpo+ua ronoat
s rpeoqoneuuu rnyo|o y|opeuusauxc
tpyquocteu rnateuoro anauca
ctpy|typuoro xapa|tepa, uarpasneu
ua qoctueuue yctou+usoro pocta,
crococtsykaero co|paaeuuk
equoctu.
8a|nk+euue 3-netuux qorosopeuuocteu
o Pl1. porpannt, roqqepusaente
pecypcanu s pan|ax Pl1, ocuosaut
ua o|yneute ro ctpateruu co|paaeuu
equoctu, rotosauec ctpauou
rpu y+actuu sauutepecosauutx ctopou
u s|nk+akaue nept na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou
u ctpy|typuou ronutu|u, a ta|e ronutu|u
ro co|paaeuuk equoctu.
onyroqoste (unu, s ue|otoptx cny+ax,
ee|saptantute) strnatt cpeqcts,
oycnosneuute conkqeuuen |putepues
peanusauu u pesynttatanu osopos.
VEXAl|8V 1|lAlC|P08Al|F
F PE00El|F 8lELl|X
L0K08 (200 l0)
Kpat|ocpo+ua ronoat qn
yqosnetsopeuu speneuuou rotpeuoctu
s uuaucuposauuu rnateuoro anauca,
cssauuou c sueauun ao|on.
1. Konroueut c tctptn qoctyron 6tctpa ronoat qn yqosnetsopeuu
a|tu+ec|ou rotpeuoctu
s uuaucuposauuu rnateuoro anauca,
rnasuou rpu+uuou |otopou snetc
sueauuu u suesarutu ao|.
0satentctso rposoqutt uaqneaayk
ronutu|y, s uc|nk+utentutx cny+ax
rpeqsaputentute nept qn rpeoqoneuu
ao|a.
0t+uo equuospeneuuoe
rpeqoctasneuue cpeqcts.
2. Konroueut c stco|un yposuen qoctyra onoat qn rpeoqoneuu sueauux
ao|os rocpeqctson 1-2-netueu
rporpannt s pan|ax sepxuero
|pequtuoro tpauaa.
puutue 1-2 netueu rporpannt,
s|nk+akaeu na|poa|ouonu+ec|yk
ctaunusauk, rossonkayk
rocyqapctsy-+neuy rpeoqonett ao|, u
ctpy|typuyk peopny, |otopa c+utaetc
sauou qn rpeoqoneuu ao|a unu
cnr+euu sosqeuctsu yqyaux ao|os.
onyroqoste strnatt cpeqcts
rpu ycnosuu conkqeuu |putepues
peanusauu u, s ontauuctse cny+aes,
sasepaeuu osopa.
1 8a uc|nk+euuen Pl1, |pequtt V81 s ocuosuon uuaucupyktc sa c+et |arutana, suocunoro ro roqruc|e rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu (atu pecypct noryt speneuuo qoronuttc sa-
unctsosauuen s cny+ae ueoxoqunoctu), |aqou ctpaue uasua+aetc |sota, |otopa rpeqctasnet coou ee uuaucosoe osatentctso. locyqapctso-+neu suocut +actt csoeu |sott
s uuoctpauutx sanktax, rpuennentx qn V81, unu CP (cn. '8pec|a| 0raW|rg R|g||s (80Rs)A Fac| 8|ee|, (Creuantute rpasa saunctsosauu (CP) uuopnauouua crpas-
|a) ua se-caute V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/sdr.||r), a octasaykc +actt s csoeu coctseuuou sankte. Kpequt V81 strna+usaetc unu ucrontsyetc saenau|on,
ro|yrakaun sanktute a|tust y V81 sa csok coctseuuyk sankty(cn. uuopnauk o nexauusne uuaucuposauu V81 s se-sctas|e 3.3). oraaeuue |pequta rpoussoqutc ry-
ten st|yra saenau|on csoeu sanktt y V81 sa uuoctpauuyk sankty. Kpequtt s pan|ax Pl1 uuaucupyktc sa c+et otqentuoro Tpactosoro ouqa Pl1.
2 Cmae|a cooe ro cpeqctsan, strna+usaentn co C+eta oaux pecypcos (C0P), yctauasnusaetc c uaqas|ou | ueqentuou rpoeutuou ctas|e ro a|tusan s CP. Ctas|a copos
rpuneuetc | quesuony octat|y scex ueroraaeuutx |peqututx pecypcos C0P, rpeqoctasneuutx s |aqon uuaucoson |saptane V81. Kpone toro, ro |aqony ucrontsosauuk
pecypcos V81 c C0P, |pone cpeqcts, rony+aentx s pan|ax pesepsutx tpauaeu, ssunaetc equuospeneuutu qoronuutentutu cop s pasnepe 0,5 rpoeuta. K cynne, |otopa noet
ttt rony+eua s te+euue |aqoro (roqosoro) repuoqa s pan|ax qorosopeuuoctu ctauq-au, ru|ou |pequtuou nuuuu (ua rporopuouantuou ocuose s cny+ae -nec+uou lK) unu
qorosopeuuoctu o pacaupeuuon |pequtosauuu, rpuneuetc asaucostu cop sa osatentctso (25 asucutx ryu|tos ro stqeneuutn cynnan s rpeqenax 200 rpoeutos |sott,
30 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan onee 200 u neuee 1000 rpoeutos |sott u 0 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan csepx 1000 rpoeutos |sott), atot cop sosneaaetc ua rporopuo-
uantuou ocuose ro nepe rocneqykaero ucrontsosauu cpeqcts s pan|ax cootsetctsykaeu qorosopeuuoctu.
KPEhThbE TPAhUh h YEXAhh3Y PA6UhPEhh0F0 KPEhT0AhhP Y4
3
YEXAhh3Yb P F06YAP6T-+Eh0 6 hh3KhYh 0X0AYh
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r)'
hYhTb 06TYA
1
650Pb
2
FPA4hK 0FAUEhhP
(F0b} 0+EPEhbE ATEAh
loqosou. 200 |sott, |ynyntusutu.
00 |sott.
Ctas|a copos rnkc qoronuutentutu cop
(200 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan csepx 300 |sott,
300 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan, rpestaakaun 300
|sott s te+euue onee 3 net).
4
3

-5 Ee|saptantuo
8aqauutu nunut otcytctsyet. Ctas|a copos rnkc qoronuutentutu cop
(200 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan csepx 300 |sott,
300 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan, rpestaakaun 300
|sott s te+euue onee 3 net).
4
3

-5 Ee|saptantuo
loqosou. 200 |sott, |ynyntusutu.
00 |sott.
Ctas|a copos rnkc qoronuutentutu cop
(200 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan csepx 300 |sott,
300 asucutx ryu|tos ro cynnan, rpestaakaun 300
|sott s te+euue onee 3 net).
4
4

-10 0quu pas s ronyroque


0t+uo orpauu+eu 25 |sott, xot
s uc|nk+utentutx cny+ax noryt
rpeqoctasnttc onee |pyrute cynnt
qo 50 |sott.
Ctas|a copos, oqua|o ctas|a copos noet
cycuquposattc s pasnepe qo 0,5 rpoeuta s roq,
rpu ycnosuu uanu+u pecypcos.
3

-5 Ee|saptantuo
280 |sott, 3Z0 rpu uc|nk+utentutx
octotentctsax.
0,5 5

-10 0quu pas s ronyroque


0,5 5

-10 0quu pas s ronyroque


o 50 |sott qn |aqoro ao|a.
le onee qsyx ao|os sa 5 net.
150 |sott (sa st+eton nktx
ueroraaeuutx strnat qn rpeoqoneuu
toro e ao|a s pan|ax |onroueuta
c tctptn qoctyron).
Y60hP bKYA (0FAUEhhP}
3 |edam+ue ma+aa otuoctc | pasnepy ro|yr|u (a|tu+ec|oro rpeqoctasneuu cpeqcts) c to+|u speuu qonu |sott cootsetctsykaero rocyqapctsa-+neua s V81, uarpu-
nep, a|tu+ec|ue strnatt s pasnepe qo 25 rpoeutos |sott rocyqapctsa-+neua rpeqctasnkt coou strnatt s pan|ax repsoro |pequtuoro tpauaa, u qn ux rony+euu
tpeyetc, +tot rocyqapctso-+neu rpoqenouctpuposano pasynute ycunu ro rpeoqoneuuk rponen rnateuoro anauca. 8arpoct o strnatax s pasnepe cstae 25 rpoeu-
tos uastsaktc ucrontsosauuen cpeqcts s pan|ax sepxuux |peqututx tpauaeu, ouu rpoussoqtc ro +actn, ro nepe toro |a| saenau| stronuet orpeqeneuute yctauos-
neuute eneste ro|asatenu peanusauu. Ta|ue strnatt, |a| rpasuno, cssaut c qorosopeuuocttk ctauq-au unu qorosopeuuocttk o pacaupeuuon |pequtosauuu. octyr
| pecypcan V81 sa rpeqenanu qorosopeuuoctu rpeqoctasnetc s peq|ux cny+ax, u ouqaetc, +to ata cutyau coxpauutc.
4 losa cuctena qoronuutentutx copos (ro|asaua s tanue) sseqeua s qeuctsue c 1 asrycta 2009 roqa. peqtqyaa cuctena qoronuutentutx copos, |otopa tna sseqe-
ua s uope 2000 roqa, unena cneqykayk a|any. 100 asucutx ryu|tos csepx asosou ctas|u copa ro ueroraaeuuony |pequty, rpestaakaeny 200 rpoeutos |sott,
u 200 asucutx ryu|tos csepx asosou ctas|u copa ro ueroraaeuuony |pequty, rpestaakaeny 300 rpoeutos |sott. locyqapctsa-+neut, unesaue ueroraaeuutu |pequt
ro |peqututn tpauaan unu ro Vexauusny pacaupeuuoro |pequtosauu V81 ua 1 asrycta 2009 roqa unu qeuctsykayk qorosopeuuoctt, ytsepqeuuyk pauee atou qatt,
nornu uspatt uosyk unu ctapyk cucteny qoronuutentutx copos.
|CT0+l|K. 1uuacostu qeraptneut V81.
)(sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
TA5hA 3.2
oroeopeuuoc no ocuoeusu uexauiuau, yeepqeuuse e 2009 quaucoeou roqy (s nnu CP)
F06YAP6T0-+Eh h 0F00PEhh06Th 6TYEhhE 6hY YTEPAEhhAP 6YYYA
h0bE 0F00PEhh06Th
Apneuu
1
28-nec. ctauq-au napta 2009 roqa 38,0
6enapyct 15-nec. ctauq-au 12 usap 2009 roqa 118,1
Kocta-Pu|a 15-nec. ctauq-au 11 arpen 2009 roqa 492,3
Cantsaqop 15-nec. ctauq-au 1 usap 2009 roqa 513,9
lpysu
1
18-nec. ctauq-au 15 ceutp 2008 roqa 4ZZ,1
lsatenana 18-nec. ctauq-au 22 arpen 2009 roqa 30,
8eurpu
1
1Z-nec. ctauq-au uop 2008 roqa 10 53Z,5
|cnauqu
1
24-nec. ctauq-au 19 uop 2008 roqa 1400,0
atsu
1
2Z-nec. ctauq-au 23 qe|ap 2008 roqa 1521,
Ve|cu|a 12-lu|a |pequtua nuuu 1Z arpen 2009 roqa 31 528,0
Vouronu 18-nec. ctauq-au 1 arpen 2009 roqa 153,3
a|uctau
1
23-nec. ctauq-au 24 uop 2008 roqa 518,5
Cepu 15-nec. ctauq-au 1 usap 2009 roqa 350,8
Ceuaentc|ue o-sa 24-nec. ctauq-au 14 uop 2008 roqa 1Z,
/|pauua
1
24-nec. ctauq-au 5 uop 2008 roqa 11 000,0
8CEl0 5 ZZZ,3
1
/tsepqeut s cootsetctsuu c rpoeqypanu Vexauusna a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu.
Ph6Yh0K 3.1
henorameuuse o6suuse kpeqs, 2000-2009 quaucoese roqs (s nnpq CP)
|cto+uu|. 1uuaucostu qeraptaneut V81
)''* )''+ )''' )'', )'') )''- )''. )''0 )''/ )''(
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V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r))
)''* )''+ )''' )'', )'') )''- )''. )''0 )''/ )''(
Ph6Yh0K 3.2
oroeopeuuoc, yeepqeuuse e eueue quaucoesx roqoe, iakouuemxc 30 anpen,
2000-2009 roqs (s nnpq CP)
|cto+uu|. 1uuaucostu qeraptaneut V81.
Ctauq-au E11 lK
ro oner+euuk peneuu saqoneuuoctu ua nuoroctopouueu ocuose
(VP|)
13
. 8 te+euue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa qsa rocyqapctsa-+neua
(Kot-q'|syap u Toro) qocturnu noneutos rpuutu peaeuu ro pacau-
peuuou uuuuatuse X|K, a 6ypyuqu qoctur noneuta sasepaeuu
14
.
o coctouuk ua 30 arpen 2009 roqa 35 ctpau qocturnu noneuta
rpuutu peaeuu s pan|ax atou uuuuatust, us uux 24 qocturnu
noneuta sasepaeuu. Ctpaut, qocturaue noneuta sasepaeuu, ro-
ny+akt rpaso ua oner+euue peneuu qonra s pan|ax VP|. 8 oaeu
cnouoctu, V81 rpuun osatentctsa ua 2,3 nnpq CP u a|tu+ec|u
strnatun 1,8 nnpq CP ro uuuuatuse X|K, a ta|e rpeqoctasun
oner+euue peneuu qonra ro VP| s pasnepe 2,3 nnpq CP.
YP0Kh 4hhAh600F0 KPh3h6A
ouuaue npocmeqmero ieneueue ypokoe ua 6yqymee
8 rnase 1 usnoeut ue|otopte us nuorux stsoqos u ypo|os, ussne-
+euutx s xoqe auanusa, rposoqunoro repcouanon V81 u Coseton,
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy u ocoeuuo so stopou ronosuue roqa. e-
tentuoctt Coseta s o|tpe 2008 roqa u espane 2009 roqa orupanact
ua paoty repcouana, |otoptu rpoauanusuposan cua+ana stopu+ute
ae|tt ao|os eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso, a saten osan ua
rnoantutx uuaucostx ptu|ax.
8 o|tpe 2008 roqa Coset paccnotpen tpaucuauouantute stopu+ute
ae|tt u qpyrue rocneqctsu kqetutx cycuquu, ssoquntx
s cssu c pocton eu ua upeste tosapt, ua cenuuape ro tene
euoste cycuquu ua tornuso u rpoqosontctsue rponent u
sapuautt peopn
15
. |cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu tctptu
poct cycuquu rocne rostaeuu eu ua tornuso u ua rpoqosontctsue,
y|asas, +to euoste cycuquu noryt ropoqatt cyaectseuute tpauc-
uauouantute stopu+ute ae|tt sa c+et sosqeuctsu ua rnoant-
uoe roterneuue, neqyuapoqute eut, |outpaauqy u sarpsueuue
o|pyakaeu cpeqt ua peruouantuon yposue. 0uu ocyqunu sorpoc
o peopne ta|ux cycuquu c entk rostaeuu ae|tusuoctu,
yneutaeuu uc|aakaero sosqeuctsu ua a|ouonu|y u cuueuu
kqetutx usqepe|, uapqy c saautou yssuntx cnoes uaceneuu.
0uu roqqepanu |oueruk ronuoro otpaeuu sospocaux eu ua
pecypct s rotpeutentc|ux euax, +tot rostcutt ae|tusuoctt u
orpauu+utt otpuatentute sueauue ae|tt, xot ucronuutentute
qupe|topa roq+ep|uynu, +to ta|oe otpaeuue qonuo corposoqatt-
c sseqeuuen |onreucupykaux nep qn saautt yssuntx rpyrr,
rpusuas, +to so nuorux ctpauax ta|ue nept corpeut c rpa|tu+ec-
|unu u ronutu+ec|unu tpyquoctnu. 0tnetus, +to nuorue ctpaut c
uus|unu qoxoqanu u ctpaut c opnupykaunc ptu|on ue onaqakt
sosnouoctnu qn opnuposauu aqpecutx cucten couantuou
saautt u, |a| cneqctsue, ucrtttsakt tpyquoctu s copasnepuon ro-
staeuuu rotpeutentc|ux eu, ucronuutentute qupe|topa coanuct
so nueuuu, +to s ta|ux ctpauax, ro nepe cosqauu onee qeuctseuutx
cucten couantuou saautt, noet ttt ueoxoquno roctereuuo
usasnttc ot oaux cycuquu unu uanorostx st+etos, ot |otoptx
s uerporopuouantuou ctereuu sturptsakt qonaauue xosuctsa c
onee stco|un qoxoqon.
8 espane 2009 roqa Coset ocyqun auanus, rposeqeuutu repcouanon
ro rpocte V81K, c usnoeuuen repstx ypo|os |pusuca
1
. |cronuu-
tentute qupe|topa roq+ep|uynu rpeqsaputentutu xapa|tep atoro
ocyqeuu, a ta|e osauuoctt 1ouqa, c y+eton ero nauqata,
auanusuposatt rpoucxoqauu |pusuc u paotatt s tecuon |outa|te
c qpyrunu y+peqeuunu, |a| uauouantutnu, ta| u neqyuapoqutnu,
c entk coqeuctsu socctauosneuuk rnoantuou uuaucosou cta-
untuoctu u tenros a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta.
.'
-'
,'
+'
*'
)'
('
'
)*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
0quou us ocuosutx osauuocteu V81 snetc rpeqoctasneuue
uuaucuposauu rocyqapctsan-+neuan, ucrtttsakaun rponent
rnateuoro anauca, +tot atu ctpaut nornu socctauosutt csou
neqyuapoqute pesepst, ctaunusuposatt csok sankty, rpoqonatt
orna+usatt unropt u suost cosqatt ycnosu qn quuanu+uoro a|o-
uonu+ec|oro pocta uapqy c rpuutuen nep ro yctpaueuuk asostx
rponen
1
. locyqapctso-+neu noet opatuttc | V81 c rpoctou
o uuaucosou ronoau, ecnu ouo ucrtttsaet rotpeuoctt s uuau-
cuposauuu rnateuoro anauca, to ectt uneet qeuut rnateuoro
anauca unu uus|ue yposuu pesepsos. Xot oen uuaucuposauu,
rpeqoctasnenoro V81, sua+utentuo saptupyetc c te+euuen spe-
neuu, u repuoq ountutx roto|os |arutana u uus|ux oeuo| puc|a ua
rpoteuuu ontaeu +actu te|yaero qectunetu rpusen | roraae-
uuk cyaectseuuou +actu |pequtos V81, oen |pequtosauu cuosa
ysenu+unc c |oua 2008 roqa s pesynttate cuueuu qonu saenutx
cpeqcts s rnoantuon nacatae s pesynttate uuaucosoro |pusuca
s ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou.
1uuaucuposauue V81 ot+uo rpeqoctasnetc ro rpocte rocyqapc-
tsa-+neua s pan|ax qorosopeuuoctu, orpeqenkaeu |ou|petute
qeuctsu u nept, |otopte ctpaua osyetc ocyaectsntt qn peae-
uu rponen csoero rnateuoro anauca. ocne ytsepqeuu qoroso-
peuuoctu |cronuutentutn coseton 1ouqa uuaucuposauue ot+uo
rpeqoctasnetc roataruo, ro nepe peanusauu rporpannt.
C roqanu V81 paspaotan entu pq |peqututx uuctpyneutos, unu
nexauusnos uuaucuposauu, |otopte rpussaut y+uttsatt |ou|petute
octotentctsa pasnu+utx rocyqapcts-+neuos. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy
|cronuutentutu coset rposen taatentutu auanus nexauusnos 1ouqa,
+tot yequttc, +to ouu ro-rpeueny yqosnetsopkt uyqan rocyqapcts-
+neuos (|a| roqpouo orucauo s pasqene '8ueqpeuue uu ctpyneutos qn
peaeuu saqa+, oycnosneuutx |pusucon). 8 tanue 3.1 rpusoqtc
cseqeuu o |peqututx nexauusnax, rocpeqctson |otoptx V81 rpeqo-
ctasnet uuaucuposauue csoun rocyqapctsan-+neuan.
o scen nexauusnan V81, |pone |pequtos, rpeqnaraentx ctpauan
c uus|unu qoxoqanu ro ntrotutn ctas|an, ssunaetc ptuo+ua rpo-
eutua ctas|a V81, uastsaena ctas|ou copos, a ro |pequtan
csepx orpeqeneuuoro roporosoro yposu otuocutentuo |sott ssuna-
etc qoronuutentutu cop. Ctpaut c uus|unu qoxoqanu, otse+akaue
yctauosneuutn |putepun, noryt rony+att |pequtt ro ntrotuou
rpoeutuou ctas|e (0,5 rpoeuta) s pan|ax nexauusna uuaucuposa-
uu ua enu co|paaeuu equoctu u coqeuctsu a|ouonu+ec|ony
pocty u nexauusna uuaucuposauu qn rpeoqoneuu sueauux ao|os.
8 ue|otoptx cny+ax V81 ta|e rpeqoctasnet a|ctpeuuyk ronoat
ro ntrotutn rpoeututn ctas|an qn coqeuctsu socctauosneuuk
rocne ctuxuuutx eqctsuu u |ounu|tos.
Cynna, |otopyk ctpaua noet saunctsosatt, ee nunut qoctyra, pas-
nu+aetc s sasucunoctu ot suqa |pequta u stpaaetc senu+uuou,
|patuou |sote ctpaut s V81. 8 uc|nk+utentutx cny+ax qoryc|aetc
rpestaeuue atoro nunuta. (0quu nexauusn, ru|a |pequtua nuuu,
ue uneet sapauee yctauosneuuoro orpauu+euu qoctyra.) 8 pan|ax
peopnt, rposeqeuuou s napte 2009 roqa, cyaectsykaue ctauqap-
tute nunutt qoctyra ro nexauusnan 1ouqa, uuaucupyentn us
cpeqcts lPA, tnu yqsoeut, qo 200 rpoeutos |sott ua roqosou oc-
uose u qo |ynyntusuoro nunuta 00 rpoeutos |sott (cn. pasqen
'Vaptosc|ue peopnt u sctas|y 3.3).
6TAKA 3.
opqok nonyueu cpauau kpeqoe Y4
1 Cn. qoronuutentuyk uuopnauk o |peqututx nexauusnax V81 s uuop-
nauouuou crpas|e ro atou tene ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/|oW|erd.||r, rocnequkk uuopnauk o |peqututx qo-
rosopeuuoctx 1ouqa cn. s ctatte orosopeu uoctu o |pequtax V81 ro
aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/l|r/|ad/ex|arr1.aspx.
Xot unenuct pasnu+ute nueuu o otuocutentuou sua+unoctu pas-
nu+utx rpu+uu |pusuca (coes ptuo+uou qucurnuut, uuaucosoro
perynuposauu, na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u u rnoantuoro uaqsopa),
ucronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu ueoxoquntn rpuutue |oppe|-
tusutx nep ro aupo|ony pouty u ua nuorux yposux, +to tpeyet
uarpeuuou paott qupe|tusutx oprauos u |oopquuauu qeuctsuu.
0uu c+utanu enecoopasutn paccnotpett pq rpuoputetutx uarpas-
neuuu peopn s onactu uuaucosoro perynuposauu u uaqsopa.
pacrpoctpaueuue repunetpa perynuposauu ua onee aupo|uu |pyr
oprauusauu u ptu|os, c onee qeuctseuutn nuoroyu|uouantutn
perynuposauuen u cotpyquu+ectson,
repecnotp cyaectsykaeu cuctent perynuposauu u uuctutyuo-
uantuou rpa|tu|u c entk cuueuu rpou|nu+uoctu,
usneueuue rpa|tu|u yrpasneuu nu|suquocttk u cootsetctsykaeu
ronutu|u perynuposauu, c ten +tot qouttc roqqepauu u-
uaucostnu oprauusaunu onee stco|ux ctpaxostx saracos
nu|suquoctu,

cosepaeuctsosauue rpa|tu|u pac|pttu uuopnauu o cuctenuo


sua+untx uuaucostx oprauusaux u ptu|ax, ucrontsosauue
pac|ptsaenou uuopnauu qn rposeqeuu ae|tusuou oeu|u
uuctutyuouantuoro u cuctenuoro puc|a u y+et atou uuopnauu
s cuctenax pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu u rpu paspaot|e na|porpyqeu-
uantuou ronutu|u,|
cosepaeuctsosauue tpaucrpauu+uoro u nuoroyu|uouantuoro
perynuposauu u cotpyquu+ectsa u coqeuctsue cosqauuk pasutx
ycnosuu ua scex ptu|ax,
y|perneuue uauouantutx cucten oecre+euu nu|suquoctu, a ua
neqyuapoquon yposue - ycuneuue nexauusnos oecre+euu
tpaucrpauu+uou nu|suquoctu.
0tuocutentuo na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u, nuorue ucronuutentute
qupe|topa c+utanu enecoopasutn pacauputt yu|uu qeueuo-
|pequtuou ronutu|u, uerocpeqctseuuo s|nk+us s uux oecre+euue
na|pouuaucosou ctauntuoctu, a ue tont|o ctauntuoctu eu.
8necte c ten, pq qpyrux ucronuutentutx qupe|topos ronaranu, +to

V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r)+


F06YAP6T0-+Eh ATA 6TYEhhP 6hY YTEPAEhhAP 6YYYA
h0bE 3-EThhE 0F00PEhh06Th PF4
Apneuu
'
1Z uop 2008 roqa 9,2
6ypyuqu Z ukn 2008 roqa 4,2
Pecrynu|a Kouro 8 qe|ap 2008 roqa 8,5
Kot-q'|syap 2Z napta 2009 roqa 3Z4,0
uytu 1Z ceutp 2008 roqa 12,Z
Vanu 28 na 2008 roqa 28,0
lurep 2 uku 2008 roqa 23,0
Cau-Tone u puucuru 2 napta 2009 roqa 2,
Taqu|uctau 21 arpen 2009 roqa Z8,3
8anu 4 uku 2008 roqa 48,9
8cero 31,4
YEh+EhhE 06TYA 0 0F00PEhh06TPY PF4
2
6euuu 1 uku 2008 roqa 9,3
eutpantuoapu|auc|a Pecrynu|a 18 ukn 2008 roqa 8,4
lanu 18 espan 2009 roqa ,2
lpeuaqa Z ukn 2008 roqa 1,5
lsuue 28 ukn 2008 roqa 21,4
lautu 20 uku 2008 roqa 1,4
lautu 11 espan 2009 roqa 24,
Ktprtsc|a Pecrynu|a 21 na 2008 roqa 8,9
Vaqarac|ap 2 ukn 2008 roqa 18,3
Vanasu 14 ukn 2008 roqa 10,4
lu|aparya 10 ceutp 2008 roqa ,5
Cteppa-eoue 22 qe|ap 2008 roqa 10,4
Toro 22 ceutp 2008 roqa 18,4
8cero 10,
|toro Pl1 Z91,9
h0bE 0F00PEhh06Th E64
Ktprtsc|a Pecrynu|a (12 nec.) 10 qe|ap 2008 roqa ,
Vanasu (18 nec.) 3 qe|ap 2008 roqa 52,1
Ceueran (12 nec.) 19 qe|ap 2008 roqa 48,5
8cero 1Z,2
PE06TAEhhE 6PE6T 0 K0Y0hEhTY 5b6TP0F0 06TYA E64
Konopc|ue octposa 15 qe|ap 2008 roqa 2,2
Pecrynu|a Kouro 11 napta 2009 roqa 133,3
3uoru 23 usap 2009 roqa 33,4
8cero 18,9
|toro EC1 33,1
hT0F0 1 128,0
F06YAP6T0-+Eh ATA 6TYEhhP 6hY YTEPAEhhAP 6YYYA
TA5hA 3.3
oroeopeuuoc PF4 E64, yeepqeuuse yeenueuuse e 2009 quaucoeou roqy(s nnu CP)
1 orosopeuuoctt otneueua napta 2009 roqa.
2 8 cny+ae ysenu+euu y|asaua tont|o qoronuutentua cynna.
|cto+uu|. 1uuauostu qeraptneut V81.
),sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
qeueuo-|pequtua ronutu|a - ueqoctato+uo tou|uu uuctpyneut qn
peaeuu rponen, cssauutx c pes|un pocton eu a|tusos u |pequta,
u +to ueqoryctuno reperpyatt oquu uuctpyneut cnua|on ontaun
+ucnon pasnu+utx eneu. |cronuutentute qupe|topa cornacunuct,
+to rpyqeuuantuoe perynuposauue qonuo ttt oquun us rnasutx
cpeqcts yperynuposauu |peqututx ynos, u, s onee aupo|on rnaue,
rpusuanu oocuosauutn rpuneueuue ouuantutnu oprauanu ctpau
onee aupo|oro na|porpyqeuuantuoro roqxoqa u +et|oe orpeqeneuue
oprauusauu, otse+akaux sa roqqepauue na|pouuaucosou ctaunt-
uoctu. 0uu s enon c+utanu, +to uanoroso-kqetua ronutu|a ue
urpana uerocpeqctseuuou ponu s sosuu|uoseuuu |pusuca, ten ue neuee,
nuorue ucronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to so nuorux ctpauax
s roqt yna, rpu stco|ux yposux qoxoqa, kqetutu qeuut ue
tn co|paaeu s qoctato+uou ctereuu, +to orpauu+usaet sosnouoctu
kqeta ro opte c |pusucon. 8 pqe ctpau cuctena uanoroonoe-
uu ctunynuposana rpusne+euue saenutx cpeqcts u uuaucuposauue
sa c+et qonra, rostaa ten cantn yssunoctt +actuoro ce|topa
| ao|an. 6ontauuctso ucronuutentutx qupe|topos c+utanu ueoxo-
quntn suost paccnotpett na|poa|ouonu+ec|ue u ctpy|typute nept
qn yctpaueuu sua+utentutx qucanaucos, yqen ocooe suunauue
stopu+utn ae|tan s uuaucoson u peantuon ce|topax, a ta|e
rpoauanusuposatt roteuuan qn rpuutu rpyqeuuantutx nep ro
cuueuuk cuctenuoro puc|a, cssauuoro c roto|anu |arutana.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to oquu us uauonee ceptesutx
coes s yu|uouuposauuu cyaectsykaeu apxute|typt stpasunc
s ueqoctato+uo +et|ux rpeqyrpeqeuux s repuoq, rpeqaectsosasauu
|pusucy, s ton +ucne co ctopout 1ouqa, a ta|e qpyrux oprauusauu,
ocoeuuo s uaqsope sa cuctenuo sua+untnu ctpauanu c passutou a|o-
uonu|ou. pu aton ouu s enon c+utanu, +to 1ouqy cneqyet onee
ae|tusuo paspaattsatt c|oopquuuposauute nept ro yctpaueuuk
cuctenutx puc|os qn rnoantuou a|ouonu|u, pacrpoctpautt uuop-
nauk o atux nepax u crococtsosatt ux rposeqeuuk s usut. Coot-
setctseuuo, ueoxoquno a|tususuposatt nept ro y|perneuuk uaqsopa,
yqen ocooe suunauue |onrne|cuony oxsaty scex ucto+uu|os cucten-
uoro puc|a (|a| s ctpauax c passutou a|ouonu|ou, ta| u s ctpauax
c opnupykaunc ptu|on) u qantueuaeny auanusy sorpocos, ro |o-
toptn ro|a otcytctsyet qoctato+ua uuopnau. 6ontauuctso ucron-
uutentutx qupe|topos rpusetctsosanu rposoqunyk c Coseton ro
uuaucosou ctauntuoctu paoty ro ocyaectsneuuk cosnectuoro
rpoe|ta paspaot|u cucten pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu, a nuorue ta|e
roq+ep|uynu sauoctt onee eneuarpasneuuou peanusauu porpan-
nt oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to, ssuqy ueoxoqunoctu pac-
rpeqeneuu kqetutx satpat, ue cyaectsyet |a|ux-nuo rpocttx
peaeuuu rponent pasqponeuuoctu ronutu|u u pacrpoctpaueuu
stopu+utx ae|tos neqy oprauanu uuaucosoro perynuposauu,
xot ouu s enon cornacunuct, +to aty rponeny cneqyet peaatt. 0uu
ta|e otnetunu, +to 1ouq ue noet uectu sck ronuoty otsetctseuuo ctu
sa yperynuposauue rponent ueqoctato+uou roqqep|u nu|suquo ctu,
uuaucuposauu u ctpaxostx nexauusnos, c ten +tot rono+t ctpauan
stqepatt rotpceuu ua rnoantutx ptu|ax |arutana. 8necte c ten,
rpuuunaente nept ro yqsoeuuk |pequtuoro roteuuana 1ouqa qon-
ut so nuoron crococtsosatt peaeuuk atou rponent
1Z
.
1ouq roq+ep|uyn ueoxoqunoctt rnoantutx kqetutx ctunynos qn
y|perneuu coso|yruoro crpoca, uo s to e spen rpuctyrun | oeu|e
Ph6Yh0K 3.3
henorameuuse nsrouse kpeqs, 2000-2009 quaucoese roqs (s nnpq CP)
|cto+uu|. 1uuaucostu qeraptaneut V81.
)''0 )''* )''+ )''' )'', )'') )''- )''. )''/ )''(
0ner+euue
peneuu
qonra ro VP|
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0
('
.
-
,
+
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)
(
'
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r)-
puc|os, oycnosneuutx sua+utentutn kqetutn qeuuton so nuo-
rux ctpauax. la rposeqeuuon Coseton s espane 2009 roqa cenuuape
ro sorpocan coctouu rocyqapctseuutx uuaucos
18
ucronuutentute
qupe|topa rpusuanu, +to ue|otoptn cuctenuo sua+untn ctpauan
s csoeu uanoroso-kqetuou ronutu|e ueoxoquno yqet cousneptt
qsa rpotusoronoutx puc|a. c oquou ctopout, sosnouoctt rnyo|ou
u rpoqonutentuou peeccuu, |otopa norna t rotpeosatt stqene-
uu qoronuutentuou rocyqapctseuuou roqqep|u qn uuaucosoro
ce|topa u qoronuutentutx ctunynos qn roqqep|u crpoca, c qpyrou,
sosnouoctt ytpatt qosepu | rnateecrocouoctu kqeta. 0uu
ocoo otnetunu sauoctt paspaot|u u pascueuu +et|ou u yequ-
tentuou ctpateruu qn oecre+euu rnateecrocouoctu kqeta
s cpequecpo+uou repcre|tuse. 3ta ctpateru qonua ocuostsattc ua
+ettpex coctasnkaux. 1) ucrontsosauuu speneuutx unu canoopa-
tuntx nep s ra|etax kqetutx ctunynos, 2) cpequecpo+utx rapanetpax
kqeta, rpeqycnatpusakaux kqetuyk |oppe|tupos|y rocne yny+-
aeuu a|ouonu+ec|ux ycnosuu, 3) ctpy|typutx peopnax, crococtsy-
kaux a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty, 4) tsepqou rpusepeuuoctu orpauu+euuk
pocta kqetutx pacxoqos, cssauuoro co ctapeuuen uaceneuu. 0uu
otnetunu, +to 1ouq yqet rpoqonatt urpatt sauyk pont s nouuto-
puure kqetutx usneueuuu so scex rocyqapctsax-+neuax.
Ynpeqeue uoeoro kpica
o nepe toro |a| |pusuc rpoqonan pacrpoctpauttc, V81 rpunaran
sua+utentute ycunu qn otcneusauu usneueuuu s nuposou a|ouo-
nu|e, oeu|u ux rocneqctsuu qn rocyqapcts-+neuos u paspaot|u
cootsetctsykaux nep. 8 te+euue roqa |cronuutentutu coset pery-
npuo rony+an ot repcouana te|yayk uuopnauk, |a| s opnantuon,
ta| u s ueopnantuon ropq|e, o usneueuux s peruouax u otqentutx
ctpauax, a ta|e s pan|ax rpeseutauu 6knneteu epcre|tus
passutu nuposou a|ouonu|u ua saceqauux Coseta.
0quu us ocoeuuo uacyautx sorpocos, |otopte 1ouq rpuctantuo
otcneusan s te+euue scero 2009 uuaucosoro roqa, |acanc qoron-
uutentuou yrpost, |otopyk rnoantutu uuaucostu |pusuc rpeqctas-
net qn na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou u uuaucosou ctauntuoctu ctpau
c uus|unu qoxoqanu, nuorue us |otoptx ye unekt ceptesute rpo-
nent us-sa stco|ux eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso
19
. 8 ycnosux
rpoqonakaeroc tctporo usneueuu rnoantutx ycnosuu 1ouq
taatentuo cnequn sa snuuuen nuorux ua|naqtsakauxc qpyr ua qpy-
ra ao|os, ro-pasuony sosqeuctsykaux ua ctpaut c uus|unu qoxoqanu
s sasucunoctu ot ucxoqutx ycnosuu, ctpy|typt toprosnu u ux uuau-
costx csseu c sueauun nupon. 8 ukue 2008 roqa tno rposeqeuo
ueouuantuoe saceqauue Coseta ro atou tene, a s ua+ane napta
2009 roqa qo|naq o sosqeuctsuu |pusuca ua equeuaue ctpaut nupa,
ocneqctsu rnoantuoro uuaucosoro |pusuca qn ctpau c uus|unu
qoxoqanu
20
, tn uarpasneu Cosety u rpeqctasneu upe|topon-
pacropqutenen ua neporputuu s |uctutyte 6py|uurca. Ta|e
s napte Coset ocyqun neukauec xapa|tepuctu|u uuaucuposauu
ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u stsoqt qn ronutu|u 1ouqa s onactu
sueauero uuaucuposauu u qonra
21
, u ontauuctso ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos roqqepanu rpeqnoeuu repcouana o repexoqe ot equ-
uou opnt tpeosauuu qn rpeqoctasneuu ntrotutx |pequtos
| repe+uk sapuautos, ny+ae otpaakaeny pasuoopasue ycnosuu
s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu, s +actuoctu s otuoaeuuu yssunoctu
qonrosou cutyauu u roteuuana na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u
u yrpasneuu rocyqapctseuutnu uuaucanu.
8 ua+ane napta 2009 roqa Coset rposen ueopnantutu cenuuap ro eae
oquony sorpocy, |otoptu stqsuuync ua repequuu rnau s cssu c uuau-
costn |pusucon. rpasoste, uuctutyuouantute u uopnatusute ocuost,
|otopte ctpaut noryt cosqasatt qn yperynuposauu cny+aes uernate-
ecrocouoctu au|os, |a| s repuoqt uuaucosou ctauntuoctu, ta| u
so spen cuctenutx |pusucos. 6tno otne+euo, +to s ycnosux ta|ux
|pusucos ata ocuosa qonua rossontt rposoqutt ru|yk ronutu|y,
unekayk ent saaututt rnateuyk cucteny, orpauu+utt cuueuue qo-
sepu s|naq+u|os u |pequtopos u socctauosutt rnateecrocouoctt,
nu|suquoctt u ctauntuoctt au|os. Peaeuu s ta|ou cutyauu ueoxo-
quno rpuuunatt tctpo u uepeq|o rpu otcytctsuu ronuou uuopnauu.
Pemeue npopeusx iaqau uaqiopa
Ctauntuoctt rnoantuou uuaucosou cuctent roqseprnact ceptesutn
ucrttauun s xoqe rpoqonutentuoro u octporo |pusuca 2008-2009 roqos.
Tectt atoro |pusuca, ero ctpenutentuoe ua+ano u roscenectuoe
pacrpoctpaueuue u snuuue stssanu oecro|oeuuoctt otuocutentuo
qeuctseuuoctu uaqsopa 1ouqa. 8 aton |oute|cte s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy Coset a|tususuposan paoty ro nouutopuury u oeu|e qoctato+-
uoctu nep uaqsopa u oecre+euuk ux ae|tusuoctu, rpeqe scero
s cssu c sasepaeuuen rposoqunoro pas s tpu roqa auanusa uaqsopa
u rpuutu repsoro s uctopuu 1ouqa 8asneuu o rpuoputetax s o-
nactu uaqsopa.
0npeqeneue skououueckx onepaouusx
npopeoe uaqiopa 4ouqa
la|auyue Eeroqutx coseaauuu s o|tpe 2008 roqa Coset sasepaun
rposoquntu pas s tpu roqa auanus uaqsopa sa 2008 roq, repstu co
speneuu ytsepqeuu Coseton s ukue 200Z roqa uosoro Peaeuu
o uaqsope ua qsyctopouueu ocuose, u stryctun repsoe s csoeu uctopuu
8asneuue o rpuoputetax s onactu uaqsopa c usnoeuuen +ettpex
a|ouonu+ec|ux rpuoputetos uaqsopa 1ouqa s 2008-2011 roqax,
a ta|e +ettpex orepauouutx rpuoputetos (cn. sctas|y 3.Z)
22
.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu, +to rposeqeuua repeopueuta-
u uaqsopa V81 uarpasuna ero s rpasuntuoe pycno, u s enon co-
rnacunuct c oaun coqepauuen nuorux stsoqos u pe|oneuqauu
rposeqeuuoro auanusa. 6ontauuctso qupe|topos s ocuosuon corna-
cunuct c ten, +to +ettpe onactu oeu|a puc|os, na|pouuaucoste
cssu, nuoroctopouu repcre|tusa u oeu|u sueaueu ctauntuoctu
u oneuuoro |ypca qonut ctatt rpuoputetutnu uarpasneuunu
s uaqsope 1ouqa ua cneqykaue uec|ont|o net.
8 onactu oeu|u puc|os +neut Coseta otnetunu, +to s uaqsope
1ouqa ueqoctato+uo suunauu yqenetc puc|an, u +to oroseaeuue
o ta|ux puc|ax ta|e uuorqa ocyaectsnnoct qosontuo uepeautentuo.
Vuorue ucronuutentute qupe|topa ronaranu, +to uuopnauouuyk
paoty s onactu uaqsopa cneqyet sectu onee cneno, es +pesnepuou
repectpaxos|u s oeu|ax, otqasa cee ot+et, +to ta|ou roqxoq, pa-
syneetc, corpeu c puc|on toro, +to atu oeu|u srocneqctsuu o|a-
ytc uerpasuntutnu. Pq qupe|topos roq+ep|uynu ueoxoqunoctt
onee ot|poseuuou oeu|u 1ouqon puc|os qn rnoantuou uuauco-
sou ctauntuoctu, ucxoqaux ot ctpau c passutou a|ouonu|ou. +to
|acaetc na|pouuaucostx csseu, +neut Coseta otnetunu, +to
sospocaee suunauue 1ouqa | uaqsopy sa uuaucostn ce|topon ua-
+uuaet rpuuocutt pesynttatt, ocoeuuo s stsneuuu yssuntx nect
s uuaucoson ce|tope. 8necte c ten, ouu c+utanu ueoxoquntn
38 | 2009
2008


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3.7
20082011
, .
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r)/
rpoqonatt paoty ro cosepaeuctsosauuk oeuo| otuocutentuou
sepotuoctu u rocneqctsuu ocuosutx puc|os qn uuaucosou cta-
untuoctu u uuterpuposatt auanus uuaucosoro ce|topa c onee
oaun auanuson na|poa|ouonu+ec|ux sorpocos, s ton +ucne ua
tpaucrpauu+uou ocuose. o-rpeueny ontaoe sua+euue uneet ene-
uarpasneuuoe rposeqeuue oeuo| ro porpanne oeu|u uuaucoso-
ro ce|topa (1CA), |otopte cneqyet onee tecuo uuterpuposatt
s roqrotos|y qo|naqos ro Ctatte lv.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to s uaqsope 1ouqa terept
sua+utentuo ontae suunauu yqenetc nuoroctopouueu repcre|tuse,
uo ata paota ucrontsyetc ueqoctato+uo ae|tusuo u ue scerqa
s ronuou nepe cootsetctsyet crpocy. pu rposeqeuuu uaqsopa ueoxo-
quno onee +et|o orpeqentt necto ctpau s rnoantuon |oute|cte,
onee |ou|petuo auanusupy tpaucrpauu+ute a|ouonu+ec|ue cssu,
ueoxoquno ta|e onee ae|tusuo ucrontsosatt ypo|u ortta qpyrux
ctpau s |oucynttaux, rposoquntx s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv.
0tuocutentuo oeuo| sueaueu ctauntuoctu u oneuuoro |ypca,
Coset otnetun, +to paota uaq sorpocanu oneuuoro |ypca sua+u-
tentuo ycununact c noneuta rpuutu Peaeuu o uaqsope 200Z roqa.
8necte c ten, tno otne+euo, +to pacrpoctpaueut c|ertu+ec|ue
nueuu otuocutentuo rocneqosatentuoctu roqxoqa s otuoaeuuu
pasnu+utx ctpau u netoqonoru+ec|ou oocuosauuoctu oeuo| oneu-
uoro |ypca. Kpone toro, ta| uastsaente oraceuu ua|neusauu p-
nt|os rpu peanusauu Peaeuu 200Z roqa, sosnouo, rpusenu
| neutaeu ot|poseuuoctu ue|otoptx oeuo|. leoxoquno yqet
rpuutt qantueuaue nept, +tot oecre+utt ot|poseuuoctt u ue-
rpeqsstoctt oeuo| u ux ronuyk uuterpauk s onee aupo|ue
oeu|u sueaueu ctauntuoctu u oaeu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu-
|u, s|nk+a ctpy|typy nep ronutu|u, u oecre+utt rpospa+uoe usno-
euue auanusa, neaaero s ocuose atou oeu|u.
ansueme mar no pemeu npopeusx iaqau uaqiopa
la ueopnantuon cenuuape |cronuutentuoro coseta s espane 2009 ro-
qa tnu paccnotpeut saueuaue saqa+u ro uuterpauu sorpocos u-
uaucosoro ce|topa s paoty ro uaqsopy. la cenuuape ocyqanuct
ocuosute te|yaue uuuuatust c entk yctpaueuu pasptsa neqy
uaqsopon ua nuoroctopouueu u qsyctopouueu ocuose, yny+aeuu oxsata
u |a+ectsa auanusa uuaucosoro ce|topa rpu rposeqeuuu |oucynttauu
s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv u y|perneuu auanutu+ec|ux ocuos u uu-
ctpyneutos qn usy+euu na|pouuaucostx csseu. 3tu uuuuatust
s|nk+akt onee tecuoe ssaunoqeuctsue c C1C, s +actuoctu, rocpeqctson
rpoe|ta ro paspaot|e cucten pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu, ycuneuue
nectpauosou repcre|tust s |oucynttaux s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu
lv, cosepaeuctsosauue auanusa peruouantutx, tenatu+ec|ux u ptuo+utx
sorpocos. 8 +ucne rpuuttx nep tnu ta|e stqeneuue qoronuutentutx
pecypcos s |nk+estx qeraptaneutax 1ouqa qn rposeqeuu auanusa
na|pouuaucostx csseu u y|perneuue |onreteuuu 1ouqa s sorpocax
uuaucosoro ce|topa ryten rpuena uostx cotpyquu|os, repepacrpeqe-
neuu cyaectsykaux |aqpos u rpoeccuouantuou roqrotos|u. Vuorue
ucronuutentute qupe|topa stpasunu rotosuoctt roqqepatt rpeqnara-
ente noqyntute oeu|u 1CA, u nuorue c+utanu oocuosauutn rpose-
qeuue peruouantutx oeuo| s pan|ax atou rporpannt. 8 2010 uuaucoson
roqy rnauupyetc paccnotpett ua saceqauuu Coseta cosnectuyk 1CA
8cenupuoro au|a u 1ouqa, a ta|e paoty ro opte c otntsauuen
qeuer u rpece+euuk uuaucuposauu teppopusna.
la+uua c 2001 roqa, V81 eeroquo rposoqut auanus a|topos yssu-
noctu c entk roqrotos|u nectpauostx oeuo| |a| asostx a|topos
yssunoctu (cnatx nect a|ouonu+ec|ux qetepnuuaut), ta| u puc|os
|pusuca s nuauaeu repcre|tuse s ctpauax c opnupykaunc
ptu|on. 0eu|u yssunoctu orupaktc ua 1) auanus rnoantutx
a|ouonu+ec|ux ycnosuu u cutyauu ua uuaucostx ptu|ax, 2) nectpa-
uosou auanus ocuosutx ro|asateneu yssunoctu u rapanetpos ronu-
tu|u u 3) auanus sepotuoro sosqeuctsu pasnu+utx suqos sueauux
ao|os. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy, ro rpocte V81K, s rpoe|t ro sts-
neuuk yssunoctu tnu sueceut usneueuu ryten s|nk+euu s uero
ctpau c passutou a|ouonu|ou u uuterpauu c cosnectutn rpoe|ton
V81-C1C ro paspaot|e cucten pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu.
V81 rnauupyet s repsou ronosuue 2010 uuaucosoro roqa so ssauno-
qeuctsuu c C1C ocyaectsutt rpoe|t ro paspaot|e cucten pauuero
rpeqyrpeqeuu c entk stsneuu a|topos na|pouuaucosou yssu-
noctu ua rnoantuon yposue. 3tot rpoe|t yqet yqentt ocooe suunauue
pacrpoctpaueuuk roteuuantutx stopu+utx ae|tos neqy ce|topanu,
ctpauanu u ptu|anu u rpeqnaratt paspaot+u|an ronutu|u sapuautt nep
ro cnr+euuk atux ae|tos. 0uqaetc, +to atot rpoe|t, co+etakauu
aupo|uu quarasou uuctpyneutos u roqxoqos, yqet crococtsosatt
qantueuaeu uuterpauu na|pouuaucosou u peryntusuou repcre|tus
s uaqsope 1ouqa. 8 espane 2009 roqa Coset ocyqun rpeqnaraentu
ropqo| ocyaectsneuu rpoe|ta, a s arpene 2009 roqa ua saceqauuu
V81K tna rposeqeua rpeseutau rpoe|ta s opne unutauouuoro
rporoua. 8 xoqe ocyqeuu ua saceqauuu Coseta ucronuutentute qu-
pe|topa roqqepanu rpoe|t, uo co+nu ueoxoquntn qoronuutentuo
ocyqutt sorpoct o ton, |a|ost yqyt rapanetpt cotpyquu+ectsa c C1C,
|a| u |orqa cneqyet rpusne|att | paote Coset, u s |a|ou ctereuu cneqy-
et pacrpoctpautt uuopnauk o pesynttatax.
epeopeua uaqiopa ia quaucoesu cekopou
8suqy sua+unoctu na|pouuaucostx sorpocos s ycnosux te|yaero
rnoantuoro |pusuca, s te+euue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa rostaeuuoe
suunauue yqennoct (u yqenetc ro ceu qeut) yny+aeuuk uuterpauu
na|pouuaucosoro auanusa s rposoquntu 1ouqon uaqsop sa uuau-
costn ce|topon. Ka| tno otne+euo s rpeqtqyaen roqpasqene,
s espane 2009 roqa Coset rposen ueopnantutu cenuuap ro uuter-
pauu sorpocos uuaucosoro ce|topa s paoty ro uaqsopy, u s 2010 u-
uaucoson roqy rnauupyetc rpoqonatt paoty s pan|ax o+epequoro
osopa cosnectuou porpannt oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa 8cenup-
uoro au|a u V81. Pauee s te|yaen roqy Coset ta|e ocyqun ssau-
noqeuctsue V81 c Coseton ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu s |oute|cte
rpuuunaentx 1ouqon nep ro rpeoqoneuuk uuaucosoro |pusuca
(cn.Kpusuc ua uuaucostx ptu|ax).
8 ycnosux tctpo pactyaeu ponu cysepeuutx ouqos ua|orneuu
oratctsa (C1l6) s neqyuapoquou sanktuou u uuaucosou cuctene
V81 ycunun csok paoty ro aupo|ony |pyry sorpocos, |acakauxc atux
rocyqapctseuutx ouqos, s|nk+a ux sosqeuctsue ua rnoantuyk
uuaucosyk ctauntuoctt u roto|u |arutana. peqctasutenu C1l6
sctpetunuct s 8aauurtoue s arpene-nae 2008 roqa, u ua atou sctpe+e
tna y+peqeua neqyuapoqua pao+a rpyrra, |otopa qonua tna
copnynuposatt uaop rpuuuros qn C1l6, otpaakaux uusectuu-
ouuyk rpa|tu|y u enu atux ouqos
23
. ent pao+eu rpyrrt coctona
s cornacosauuu oaero uaopa qoposontutx rpuuuros qn C1l6 ua
ocuose cyaectsykaeu coso|yruoctu rpuuuros u rpa|tu|u, +tot
40 | 2009
,


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2009 20-,
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(- ),
, , -
20-
-
1
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B 3.8

1 - : http://financialdatalink.sharepointsite.net/default.aspx.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r*'
crococtsosatt coxpaueuuk csooquoro roto|a tpaucrpauu+utx uuse-
ctuuu u ot|ptttx u ctauntutx uuaucostx cucten. 8 ceutpe
2008 roqa pao+a rpyrra rpeqctasuna V81K pesynttatt atou qetent-
uoctu, uaop us 24 qoposontutx rpuuuros (rpuuurt Cauttro),
rpussauutu oecre+utt ot|pttyk cpeqy qn neqyuapoqutx uusectu-
uu, u |cronuutentutu coset paccnotpen u ocyqun atu rpuuurt ua
csoen saceqauuu s o|tpe 2008 roqa. Kpone toro, s o|tpe 2008 roqa
V81 rpuuunan coseaauue nuuuctpos ctpau, unekaux C1l6, u ctpau
- rony+ateneu uusectuuouutx roto|os C1l6, ua |otopon rpucytctso-
sanu rpeqctasutenu 0prauusauu a|ouonu+ec|oro cotpyquu+ectsa u
passutu (03CP), |otopa paspaotana py|osoqctso qn ctpau - rony-
+ateneu uusectuuu C1l6, u Esporeuc|oro coksa.
8 espane 2009 roqa 1ouq cossan s csoeu ata-|saptupe stopou
Kpyrntu cton yrpasnkaux cysepeuutnu a|tusanu u pesepsanu qn
ocyqeuu sorpocos ronutu|u u orepauouutx sorpocos, ctoaux
repeq yrpasnkaunu pesepsanu u cysepeuutnu a|tusanu s repuoq
uuaucosoro |pusuca (cn. se-sctas|y 3.4)
24
. eneratt stco|oro yposu
us 32 ctpau u rpeqctasutenu neqyuapoqutx oprauusauu ocyqanu
rocneqctsu |pusuca qn qoctato+uoctu pesepsos u yrpasneuu pesep-
sanu, ucrontsosauue sanktutx a|tusos, |otoptnu onaqakt C1l6,
u ux uusectuuouute enu, a ta|e sosnouoe snuuue |pusuca ua
roqxoqt | pacrpeqeneuuk a|tusos.
|oeavva o(e+|a a+a+coeoeo ce|moa
Kpusuc rpusne| sua+utentuoe suunauue | ponu, |otopyk csoespeneu-
ute oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa noryt ctrpatt s rpeqotspaaeuuu
|pusucos. porpanna oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa, sseqeuua
s 1999 roqy, rpeqctasnet coou cosnectuyk uuuuatusy V81 u
8cenupuoro au|a c entk qatt rocyqapctsan-+neuan |onrne|cuyk
oeu|y ux uuaucostx cucten. 1CA ctasut saqa+y rpeqyrpeqatt
ouuantute opraut ctpau o sepotutx yssuntx nectax s ux u-
uaucostx ce|topax, oycnosneuutx suytpeuuunu a|topanu unu
sueauunu rpu+uuanu, u ronoratt un paspaattsatt nept qn cuu-
euu atou yssunoctu. |sneueuu, puc|u u a|topt yssunoctu
s uuaucoson ce|tope auanusupyktc c ucrontsosauuen pasnu+utx
ro|asateneu uuaucosou yctou+usoctu u na|pouuaucostx ctpecc-
tectos. pyrue ctpy|typute ocuost uuaucosou ctauntuoctu ne-
xauusnt oecre+euu cuctenuou nu|suquoctu, uuctutyuouantua u
rpasosa asa yperynuposauu |pusucos u sstc|auu |pequtos u
rpospa+uoctt, roqot+etuoctt u ctpy|typt yrpasneuu ta|e aua-
nusupyktc ro nepe ueoxoqunoctu qn roqrotos|u |onrne|cutx
oeuo| ctauntuoctu u rotpeuocteu passutu. 8 pan|ax atoro rpo-
ecca 1CA qaet oeu|u conkqeuu pasnu+utx rpuuttx s neqy-
uapoquou rpa|tu|e ctauqaptos qn uuaucosoro ce|topa,
paccnatpusaentx s onee aupo|on uuctutyuouantuon u na|porpy-
qeuuantuon |oute|cte.
la arpent 2009 roqa onee 140 ctpau, tpu +etseptu scex rocyqapcts-
+neuos V81, rpuunu unu rpuuunanu y+actue s 1CA. 0|ono qsyx
tpeteu ctpau, sasepausaux atot rpoecc, qanu cornacue ua rynu|a-
uk cssauutx c uun oeuo| ctauntuoctu uuaucosou cuctent ua
se-caute V81. o coctouuk ua |oue arpen 2009 roqa, tno sa-
sepaeuo 48Z ouosneuutx oeuo| 1CA, u 22 ouosneuute oeu|u
rposoqunuct s to spen qoronuutentuo unu tnu sarpoaeut.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy 13 ctpau opatunuct c rpoctou o rposeqe-
uuu oeu|u ro atou rporpanne, u tno sasepaeuo 2 oeuo|. 8 uo-
pe 2008 roqa sce rocyqapctsa-+neut lpyrrt qsaqatu osanuct
rpoutu oeu|y 1CA.
n eneu equuoopasu u ae|tusuoro pacxoqosauu cpeqcts,
a ta|e qn oecre+euu sosnouoctu ontaeu opueutauu ua puc|
rpu rposeqeuuu oeuo|, |cronuutentutu coset s |oue na 2008 ro-
qa rpuun peaeuue uuterpuposatt rporpanny V81 ro oeu|e oaop-
utx uuaucostx eutpos (01) c 1CA ua+uua c 2010 uuaucosoro
roqa
25
. porpanna 01, ua+ata s 2000 roqy, ronorna y|perutt pery-
nuposauue u uaqsop u yny+autt conkqeuue ctauqaptos uaqsopa
s oaoputx kpucqu|ux. 6ontauuctso ucronuutentutx qupe|topos
roqqepanu aty uuterpauk, roq+ep|uys rpu aton, +to oua ue qonua
rpusoqutt | neuee taatentuou oeu|e 01 unu ocnaneuuk suuna-
uu co ctopout 1ouqa | conkqeuuk 01 neqyuapoqutx ctauqaptos.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu oquun us ronoutentutx acre|-
tos uuterpauu to, +to 1CA rossonut oxsatutt onee aupo|uu |pyr
sorpocos ro cpasueuuk c oeu|anu 01, ten cantn y|pern uaqsop
1ouqa sa uuaucostn ce|topon u crococtsy onee qeuctseuuony
uaqsopy sa rnoantuou uuaucosou cuctenou. |cronuutentute qu-
pe|topa cornacunuct, +to roc|ont|y 1CA s to spen nornu rpoxoqutt
tont|o rocyqapctsa-+neut V81, ee oxsat yqet pacaupeu, c s|nk+e-
uuen s rporpanny +ettpex kpucqu|uu, |otopte ue snktc +neua-
nu 1ouqa, uo sxoqt s rporpanny 01.
peqcaeneue pacnpocpaueue qauusx
/rnynkaac uuterpau a|ouonu|u u ptu|os, rpoqenouctpupo-
sauua |pusucon, roq+ep|uyna sua+euue qoctyrutx, cornacosauutx
u a|tyantutx qauutx, |a| suytpuctpauostx, ta| u nectpauostx.
8tco|o|a+ectseuute qauute ta|e unekt saueuaee sua+euue qn
uaqsopa, rposoqunoro 1ouqon, u ua rpoteuuu pqa net rpunaranuct
ycunu ro pacaupeuuk u rostaeuuk |a+ectsa unekauxc qauutx.
8o sctas|e 3.8 ocseaaetc paota, |otopyk rposoqut V81 s |a+ectse
rnast ney+peqeu+ec|ou rpyrrt, copnuposauuou s enx y|perne-
uu rnoantuoro cotpyquu+ectsa s onactu copa u pacrpoctpaueuu
qauutx s otset ua rotpeuoctu, stsneuute |pusucon. 8 2009 u-
uaucoson roqy Coset rpoauanusuposan rporpecc, qocturuyttu rocy-
qapctsanu-+neuanu s atou onactu, otnetus, +to repeq passusakaunuc
ctpauanu, ue unekaunu qoctyra | ptu|y, ro-rpeueny ctot cnoute
saqa+u, u rpussas | ontaeu ot|poseuuoctu s otuoaeuuu aqe|satuoc-
tu qauutx s qo|naqax, coctasnentx s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv
2
.
8 qe|ape 2008 roqa Coset sasepaun ceqtnou osop uuuuatus 1ouqa
s otuoaeuuu ctauqaptos qauutx Creuantuoro ctauqapta pacrpo-
ctpaueuu qauutx (CCP), 0aeu cuctent pacrpoctpaueuu qauutx
(0CP) u 0cuost oeu|u |a+ectsa qauutx (00K), uarpasneuutx
ua rostaeuue |onrne|cuoctu u csoespeneuuoctu ctatuctu+ec|ou uu-
opnauu, qoctyruou ptu|an u oaectseuuoctu
2Z
. |cronuutentute
qupe|topa stpasunu oayk yqosnetsopeuuoctt atou rporpannou u
ronoutentuo oeuunu ycunu snacteu ctpau, uarpasneuute ua coqeu-
ctsue stronueuuk atux uuuuatus. 0uu cornacunuct c pe|oneuqaunu
repcouana V81 o yc|opeuuu paott uaq uuaucostnu ro|asatennu.
6tna stpaeua roqqep|a ycunun ro y|perneuuk acre|tos |a+ectsa
CCP, u ucronuutentute qupe|topa pe|oneuqosanu ctpauan, rpuco-
equuusaunc | atony ctauqapty, rposoqutt repuoqu+ec|ue oeu|u
|a+ectsa qauutx u rynu|osatt ux pesynttatt. 0uu ta|e roqqepanu
uqek repepaot|u 0CP, c ten +tot ycunutt sua+euue pacrpoctpa-
ueuu qauutx u oner+utt repexoq | CCP
28
.
*(sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
8 +ucne nuoro+ucneuutx rponen, stsneuutx rnoantutn |pusucon,
tn ueqoctato| qauutx o uuaucuposauuu toprosnu, |otopte ue rpeq-
ctasnnuct cuctenatu+ec|u uu s oquou us ctpau, +to satpyquno auanus
sosnoutx rocneqctsuu ta|ux sneuuu, |a| onee sua+utentuoe, +en
ouqanoct, co|paaeuue rnoantuou toprosnu, ua+uua c rocnequero
|saptana 2008 roqa. 0t|nu|act ua aty uexsat|y qauutx, V81 s cotpyquu-
+ectse c 6au|osc|ou accouaueu ro uuaucuposauuk u toprosne rposen
ocneqosauue au|os ctpau c passutou a|ouonu|ou, ctpau c opnupyk-
aunc ptu|on u passusakauxc ctpau qn oeu|u ycnosuu uuaucupo-
sauu toprosnu
29
. 8 aton ocneqosauuu ocuosuoe suunauue yqennoct
orocpeqyentn au|anu opnan uuaucuposauu neqyuapoquou top-
rosnu, ta|un |a| a||pequtust u toproste |pequtt. 6tnu rony+eut otsett
ot 40 ctpau. ctpau c passutou a|ouonu|ou u ctpau c opnupykaunc
ptu|on, rpunepuo s oquua|osou rporopuu.
Pesynttatt ocneqosauu s enon roqtsepqunu ueouuantute
sa|nk+euu o ton, +to ctounoctt uuaucuposauu toprosnu pes|o
sospocna, s to spen |a| s pqe cny+aes ero qoctyruoctt cuusunact.
pu aton stcuunoct, +to co|paaeuue uuaucuposauu toprosnu
ot+actu rpousoano s pesynttate raqeuu oenos toprosnu, stssau-
uoro peeccueu, torqa |a| rostaeuue ctounoctu, |a| tno yctauos-
neuo, tno oycnosneuo onee stco|ou sepotuocttk qeonta
s cssu c co|paaeuuen toprosnu. 0cneqosauue ro|asano, +to uuau-
cuposauue toprosnu tno onee qoporoctoaun u uec|ont|o neuee
qoctyrutn s ctpauax c opnupykaunc ptu|on. 6au|u ouqakt, +to
atu teuqeuuu yqyt rpoqonattc s 2009 roqy. 1ouq rpoqonaet
paotatt c qpyrunu oprauusaunu, otcneusa passutue cutyauu.
Tekyma pa6oa no uaqiopy
Paota ro uaqsopy, s|nk+akaa uaqsop sa neqyuapoquou uuaucosou
cuctenou u nouutopuur a|ouonu+ec|ou u uuaucosou ronutu|u rocyqapcts
+neuos, rpeqctasnet coou oquu us ocuosutx suqos qetentuoctu V81
u cssaua c rposeqeuuen nouutopuura a|ouonu|u ua yposue ctpau, peru-
ouos u scero nupa qn orpeqeneuu toro, cootsetctsyet nu rposoquna
a|ouonu+ec|a ronutu|a ue tont|o coctseuutn uutepecan ctpau, uo
u uutepecan neqyuapoquoro cooaectsa. 8 rpoecce uaqsopa V81
stqenet sosnoute puc|u qn ctauntuoctu u pocta u rpeqctasnet
pe|oneuqauu o ueoxoquntx |oppe|tupos|ax ronutu|u, crococtsy
tony, +tot neqyuapoqua sanktuo-uuaucosa cuctena cnyuna
csoeu saueuaeu enu, |otopa sa|nk+aetc s passutuu sanktuo-u-
uaucosoro cotpyquu+ectsa u rostaeuuu uuaucosou ctauntuoctu,
a ta|e coqeuctsuu pacaupeuuk u canaucuposauuony pocty toprosnu,
u ten cantn crococtsosana yctou+usony a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty. V81
stronuet csou nauqat ro uaqsopy ua qsyctopouueu, peruouantuou u
nuoroctopouueu ocuose.
haqiop ua qeycopouue ocuoee
eutpantutn sseuon uaqsopa V81 ua qsyctopouueu ocuose (unu ro
otqentutn ctpauan) snktc |oucynttauu s pan|ax Ctattu lv, rpo-
soqunte, |a| rpasuno, eeroquo c |aqtn rocyqapctson-+neuon 1ouqa
s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv Ctateu cornaaeuu 1ouqa (ero yctasa)
30
.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy tnu sasepaeut |oucynttauu s cootsetctsuu
co Ctatteu lv oaun +ucnon 123 (cn. se-tanuy 3.1).
0ecre+euue ae|tusuoctu rpoecca |oucynttauu qo|asano csoe
|nk+esoe sua+euue, ocoeuuo s ycnosux rnoantuoro |pusuca. 8 ukne
2008 roqa Coset ocyqun rpeqnoeuu repcouana o uoson opnate
qo|naqos repcouana V81 s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv, ctasaue entk
rostcutt csoespeneuuoctt pesynttatos uaqsopa. |cronuutentute qu-
pe|topa rpeqyrpequnu, +to uoste opnatt ue qonut rpusoqutt
| yneutaeuuk oaeu cornacosauuoctu s rpeqctasneuuu ssrnqos repco-
uana unu cuueuuk ux ecrpuctpactuoctu, u +to ouu qonut oecre+usatt
+et|oe u oe|tusuoe rpeqctasneuue ssrnqos snacteu.
8 pan|ax csoeu qetentuoctu ro uaqsopy V81 rpeqoctasnet qupe|-
tusutn oprauan rocyqapcts-+neuos pe|oneuqauu ro uaqneaaeu
ronutu|e u rpa|tu|e s enon pqe onacteu. larpunep, ua coctos-
aenc s ukue 2008 roqa ouuantuon cenuuape Coseta 6kqetute
puc|u. ucto+uu|u, pac|pttue uuopnauu u perynuposauue tn
rpoauanusuposau neqyuapoqutu ortt s onactu kqetutx puc|os
(orpeqenentx |a| ot|noueuu pesynttatos ucronueuu kqeta ot
toro, +to ouqanoct so spen coctasneuu kqeta unu qpyroro
rporuosa) u tnu stpaeut rpeqsaputentute nueuu otuocutentuo
oaux py|osoqaux ronoeuuu qn qupe|tusutx oprauos ro pac|pt-
tuk uuopnauu o kqetutx puc|ax u perynuposauuk atux puc|os,
ocuosauutx ua cyaectsykaeu rpa|tu|e s aupo|on |pyre ctpau
31
.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to uaqneaaa rpa|tu|a ro
oecre+euuk rpospa+uoctu s uanoroso-kqetuou cepe noet o-
ner+utt qoctyr | ptu|y u rpusectu | cuueuuk ctounoctu saunctso-
sauu s qonrocpo+uon rnaue, u +to onee taatentua rposep|a co
ctopout oaectseuuoctu, corposoqakaa yny+aeuue pac|pttu
uuopnauu, noet rono+t rpasutentctsan oecre+utt uaqneaayk
oeu|y u rpusuauue puc|os. 8 to e spen tno otne+euo, +to |onu-
+ectseuua oeu|a puc|os ue scerqa noet ttt rpa|tu+ec|u ocyae-
ctsunou unu enatentuou, s +actuoctu, pac|pttue uuopnauu o
orpeqeneuutx puc|ax noet cosqatt nopantutu puc| unu rospequtt
a|ouonu+ec|un uutepecan rocyqapctsa.
Peaeuue 200Z roqa otuocutentuo uaqsopa sa |ypcosou ronutu|ou
rocyqapcts-+neuos cyaectseuuo saoctpuno uarpasneuuoctt uaqsopa
u auanusa rponen oneuutx |ypcos u s aton otuoaeuuu rpoqonaet
coctasntt ocuosy uaqsopa 1ouqa. 0qua|o s repstu entu roq ero
peanusauu ctano o+esuquo, +to ue|otopte acre|tt py|osoqctsa,
stte|akaue us atoro Peaeuu, ue oner+akt uaqsop, u s atu acre|tt
suoctc cootsetctsykaue rorpas|u.
haqiop ua uuorocopouue ocuoee
V81 roctouuo auanusupyet rnoantute a|ouonu+ec|ue teuqeuuu.
0cuosutnu uuctpyneutanu ero rnoantuoro uaqsopa snktc qsa
usqauu, rynu|yente pas s ronroqa epcre|tust passutu nuposou
a|ouonu|u (PV3) u o|naq ro sorpocan rnoantuou uuaucosou
ctauntuoctu (l1C), uapqy c rponeyto+utnu ouosneuunu
|aqoro us atux usqauuu, stryc|aentnu, ro |pauueu nepe, qsa pasa
sroq. 8 PV3 rpusoqutc roqpoutu auanus coctouu nuposou a|o-
uonu|u u oeuusaktc a|ouonu+ec|ue repcre|tust u rponent, cto-
aue repeq a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|ou, ua rnoantuon u peruouantuon
yposue. 8 aton usqauuu ta|e rposoqutc yrnyneuutu auanus sorpocos,
rpeqctasnkaux ueotnoutu uutepec, ta|ux |a| rpoqonakauuc
rnoantutu a|ouonu+ec|uu |pusuc u peeccu u repcre|tust sosouos-
neuu roqena. 8 l1C rpusoqutc cana rocnequ oeu|a rnoant-
utx uuaucostx ptu|os u repcre|tus u paccnatpusaktc rponent
uuaucuposauu opnupykauxc ptu|os s rnoantuon |oute|cte. Ero
ent coctout s stsneuuu qucanaucos u a|topos yssunoctu, |otopte
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r*)
Cop |a|ao s Kot-q'|syape.
noryt rpeqctasntt puc| qn ctauntuoctu uuaucostx ptu|os. 8or-
poct, oxsattsaente s ooux atux usqauux (stryc|aentx eeroquo
s o|tpe u arpene), rpeqctasneut s rnase 2.
haqiop ua perouansuo ocuoee
laqsop ua peruouantuou ocuose qoronuet uaqsop V81 ua qsyctopouueu
u nuoroctopouueu ocuose u s|nk+aet auanus nep ronutu|u, rposoquntx
s pan|ax peruouantutx qorosopeuuocteu, ta|ux |a| sanktute cokst
s|nk+a souy espo, 8araquoapu|auc|uu a|ouonu+ec|uu u sanktutu
coks (8A38C), eutpantuoapu|auc|oe a|ouonu+ec|oe u sanktuoe co-
oaectso (A38C) u 8octo+uo|apuc|uu sanktutu coks (8K8C). onu-
no |oucynttauu s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv c otqentutnu
rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu, V81 rposoqut ouuantute ocyqeuu
c rpeqctasutennu sanktutx coksos, roc|ont|y rocyqapctsa-+neut ta|ux
coksos repeqanu atun peruouantutn oprauusaun otsetctseuuoctt
s sorpocax, |acakauxc qsyx ocuosutx onacteu uaqsopa 1ouqa qe-
ueuo-|pequtuou u |ypcosou ronutu|u. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy |cron-
uutentutu coset rposen oeu|u oaux nep ronutu|u ctpau, sxoqaux
s 8A38C, a ta|e nep ronutu|u s soue espo. Coset ta|e ocyqun qo|yneut
repcouana V81 o stope |ypcosoro peuna s rocyqapctsax-+neuax Co-
seta ro cotpyquu+ectsy ctpau epcuqc|oro sanusa (CC8)
32
.
3/38C
|cronuutentutu coset sasepaun ocyqeuue oaux nep a|ouonu+ec|ou
ronutu|u rocyqapcts-+neuos 8A38C s |oue na 2008 roqa. |cronuu-
tentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to a|ouonu+ec|ue ro|asatenu s aton
peruoue, uecnotp ua cyaectseuute pasnu+u neqy rocyqapctsanu-
+neuanu, rpoqonanu yny+aattc, uo tenrt pocta ro-rpeueny tnu
sua+utentuo uue yposu, ueoxoqunoro qn cyaectseuuoro co|paae-
uu equoctu, +to tpeyet uostx auepru+utx ycunuu ro rposeqeuuk
peopn, uarpasneuutx ua rostaeuue a|ouonu+ec|ux pesynttatos u
co|paaeuue equoctu. 6tno otne+euo, +to pes|uu rpupoct eu ua
rpoqy|tt rutauu u tornuso s repsou ronosuue 2008 roqa co|paaan
peantute qoxoqt u otpuatentuo c|astsanc ua nanounyaux. |cron-
uutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to |ypcosou peun pau|a K1A
cnyun uutepecan sout 8A38C, uo ontauuctso ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos c+utanu, +to peantuoe rostaeuue |ypca s te+euue pqa
net ocnauno |ou|ypeutocrocouoctt u tno oquou us rpu+uu cnaoro
a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta u uus|ux a|croptutx ro|asateneu.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa pe|oneuqosanu snactn cnequtt sa usne-
ueuunu peantutx sanktutx |ypcos u onee taatentuo |oopquuuposatt
nept uanoroso-kqetuou u qeueuo-|pequtuou ronutu|u qn roqqe-
pauu peuna u|cuposauutx sanktutx |ypcos u cuueuu qasneuu
ua peantutu sanktutu |ypc. Ctpy|typute rpertctsu, s|nk+a rpo-
ent s uupactpy|type, ueqoctato+uo passuttu uuaucostu ce|top,
uenarorputuyk qenosyk cpeqy u ueronuyk peruouantuyk uuterpauk,
rpoqonanu cqepusatt quuanu|y pocta s aton peruoue. |cronuutent-
ute qupe|topa roq+ep|uynu sua+euue yc|opeuu ctpy|typutx peopn
qn yny+aeuu repcre|tus peruouantuoro pocta u oecre+euuu rpo-
rpecca s qoctueuuu eneu passutu qe|napauu ttc+enetu. 0uu
otnetunu, +to rocnequuu auanus s pan|ax peruouantuou porpannt
oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa rossonun yctauosutt, +to au|osc|a
cuctena ctauosunact sce onee yssunou ro otuoaeuuk | na|poa|ouonu+e-
c|un u otpacnestn ao|an, qenouctpuposana cnaoe conkqeuue
rpyqeuuantutx tpeosauuu u xapa|tepusosanact uus|un yposuen
|arutanusauu. 0uu pe|oneuqosanu snactn passusatt peruouantuyk
uuaucosyk uuterpauk, s ton +ucne ryten y|perneuu ocuos yrpas-
neuu peruouantuou nu|suquocttk, u repeqatt +actuony ce|topy rocy-
qapctseuute rpasa coctseuuoctu s |onnep+ec|ux au|ax.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa ta|e rpussanu | yc|opeuuk rporpecca
s onactu peruouantuou uuterpauu, rpusetctsosas peaeuue o cutuu
aptepos qn toprosnu suytpu 8A38C u rpussas snactu | tctpou
peanusauu atou uuuuatust. 0uu stpasunu uaqeqy ua to, +to oauu
sueauuu tapu 8A38C sc|ope yqet pacrpoctpaueu ua sce 3|ouonu+e-
c|oe coqpyectso saraquoapu|auc|ux rocyqapcts (3K08AC). oq-
qepas rporpeccusuyk peruouantuyk a|ouonu+ec|yk uuterpauk,
ucronuutentute qupe|topa snecte c ten c+utanu, +to osneuua
ent cosqauu sanktuoro coksa ua yposue 3K08AC | |ouy 2009 roqa
snetc rpeqespeneuuou, u rpussanu snactu oecre+utt uanu+ue
nuuunantutx ycnosuu qn ycreauoro u narorputuoro sanktuoro
coksa, c ten +tot sanoutt uaqeuyk ocuosy qn oaeu sanktt qo
ee sseqeuu.
**sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
3o+a eeo
la ukntc|on saceqauuu 2008 roqa, |otopoe sasepauno |oucynttauu
o nepax a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u s soue espo s cootsetctsuu co Cta-
tteu lv, |cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to cryct 10 net
c noneuta cosqauu Esporeuc|oro sanktuoro coksa (E8C) ou qenou-
ctpupyet sute ycrexu, u ronoutentuo oeuunu ocuosy na|poa|ouo-
nu+ec|ou ronutu|u E8C, oecre+usakayk suytpeuukk u sueaukk
ctauntuoctt. lankqanoct yny+aeuue a|ouonu+ec|ux qetepnuuaut,
xot rpeqctasnetc, +to qn cosqauu onee a|tusuoro a|ouonu+ec|oro
coksa ueoxoqunt rpoqonakauec ycunu. |cronuutentute qupe|-
topa otnetunu, +to qeueuo-|pequtua ronutu|a qonua ypasuoseau-
satt puc|u aupo|onacatauoro rostaeuu uunuu c repcre|tusanu
roctereuuoro uapactauu qesuunuouutx cun s cssu c saneqneuu-
en a|ouonu+ec|ou a|tusuoctu.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa cornacunuct c ten, +to ocuost ronutu|u
Esporeuc|oro eutpantuoro au|a (E6) sronue rossonnu aqartu-
posattc | cnoutn ycnosun, u +to rnasuou saqa+eu ua rpeqctoauu
repuoq yqet socctauosneuue rnyuut u yropqo+euuoro yu|uouu-
posauu neau|osc|ux ptu|os. 0uu otnetunu, +to rpoqoneuue
paott ro yny+aeuuk qeueuo-|pequtuoro auanusa E6 ronorno t
eae ontae y|perutt ocuosy qeueuo-|pequtuou ronutu|u, u uec|ont-
|o qupe|topos rpeqronounu, +to c te+euuen speneuu ato norno t
rpusectu | equuony rpeqctasneuuk peaeuuu ronutu|u, oequuk-
aeny pesynttatt qeueuo-|pequtuoro u a|ouonu+ec|oro auanusa. 0uu
rpusetctsosanu rpeqrpuutte aaru | y|perneuuk ocuost uuaucosou
ctauntuoctu EC, y+uttsa sua+utentute uuaucoste cssu u rpu-
sepeuuoctt EC saqa+e cosqauu equuoro ptu|a uuaucostx ycnyr.
8 |pat|ocpo+uon rnaue |cronuutentute qupe|topa roq+ep|uynu
ueoxoqunoctt qantueuaero yny+aeuu oneua uuopnaueu neqy
oprauanu uaqsopa u eutpantutnu au|anu, s|nk+a E6. 0uu otne-
tunu, +to ocuosauua ua rpasunax kqetua cuctena, oecre+usa-
ena a|ton o ctauntuoctu u pocte, s enon rostcuna kqetuyk
qucurnuuy u cocnyuna soue espo xopoayk cnyy. 0qua|o tno
otne+euo, +to rpunepuo ronosuua ctpau sout espo ro-rpeueny
ctan|usaetc c roctouutnu rponenanu s stronueuuu cpequecpo+-
utx kqetutx eneu. 6tno stpaeuo nueuue o ton, +to rporpecc
s cuueuuu qeuuta u qonra ce|topa rocyqapctseuuoro yrpasneuu
unen t |nk+esoe sua+euue qn peaeuu atunu ctpauanu kqetutx
rponen, cssauutx co ctapeuuen uaceneuu, |otopte, |a| ouqaet-
c, ua+uyt tctpo uapactatt rocne 2010 roqa. 8 onee aupo|on
rnaue, |cronuutentute qupe|topa otnetunu, +to onee ctporue ua-
uouantute kqetute rpasuna u nexauusnt suytpeuuero yrpasne-
uu nornu t oecre+utt onee rpeqc|asyenyk u ae|tusuyk
uanoroso-kqetuyk ronutu|y s ctpauax c otuocutentuo stco|un
qeuuton u qonron rocyqapctseuuoro ce|topa.
8ansm+u coss CC3
|cronuutentute qupe|topa rposenu rpeqsaputentutu oneu nueuu-
nu otuocutentuo stopa |ypcosoro peuna qn rnauupyenoro cosqa-
uu sanktuoro coksa Coseton ro cotpyquu+ectsy ctpau epcuqc|oro
sanusa (CC8) s 2008 roqy, ocuostsact ua auanuse sepotutx rponen
u anttepuatus, rposeqeuuon repcouanon V81. 0tnetus, +to co spene-
uu rposeqeuu atoro auanusa s rnoantuou a|ouonu|e nuoroe usneuu-
noct ta|, uaronosuuy cuusunuct eut ua uett, y|perunc |ypc
qonnapa CLA u rpousoaen rnoantutu a|ouonu+ec|uu craq, ouu
roq+ep|uynu, +to orpeqeneuue cootsetctsykaero |ypcosoro peuna
yqet sasucett ot a|ouonu+ec|ux teuqeuuu so spen cosqauu sankt-
uoro coksa, u rpu stope ta|oro peuna cneqyet py|osoqctsosattc
repcre|tusutnu coopaeuunu u qonrocpo+utnu ennu.
6tnu rpoauanusuposaut usqep|u u stroqt +ettpex |ypcostx peunos,
ta|ux |a| rpuss|a |ypca | oquou sankte (qonnapy CLA), perynupyentu
rnasakauu |ypc, rpuss|a | |opsuue sankt u rpuss|a | a|croptuou
eue uetu. 0tnetus, +to peun rpuss|u crococtsosan na|poa|ouo-
nu+ec|ou ctauntuoctu s ycnosux sua+utentuou usneu+usoctu eu ua
uett, ucronuutentute qupe|topa y|asanu ua to, +to rpoqoneuue
ucrontsosauu peuna rpuss|u | qonnapy CLA oecre+uno t pq
rpeunyaects, s|nk+a cosqauue qosepu naroqap xopoao routuony
uonuuantuony |opk u onee uus|un tpausa|uouutn usqep|an.
8necte c ten ouu otnetunu, +to s cssu c onee stco|ou uunueu
s ctpauax CC8, cuueuuen |ypca qonnapa CLA otuocutentuo seqyaux
sankt u qecuuxpouusaueu a|ouonu+ec|ux u|nos s co+etauuu co cuu-
euuen rpoeututx ctaso| uutepseuuu s CLA sosuu|nu sorpoct ot-
uocutentuo rpuennenoctu atoro peuna. Perynupyentu rnasakauu
|ypc oecre+un t ontayk uesasucunoctt qeueuo-|pequtuou ronu-
tu|u s rnaue |outpon sa uunueu u coqeuctsu |oppe|tupos|e pe-
antuoro sanktuoro |ypca s otset ua peantute ao|u, u nuorue
ucronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu, +to s onee qonrocpo+uou rep-
cre|tuse sosnoeu onee ru|uu |ypcosou peun, ta| |a| qoronuutent-
ua ru|octt sanktuoro |ypca noet ttt oocuosaua ro nepe toro, |a|
a|ouonu|a ctpau CC8 co speneuen yqet ctauosuttc neuee sasucunou
ot uetu u onee oquopoquou, a ta|e ecnu pacxoqeuue a|ouonu+ec|ux
u|nos ctpau CC8 u CLA yqet rpoqonattc. C qpyrou ctopout, onee
stco|a usneu+usoctt sanktuoro |ypca noet rostcutt usqep|u,
cssauute c neqyuapoqutnu orepaunu, a ta|e rotpeyet cosqauu
rontsykaeroc qosepuen eutpantuoro au|a, pacronarakaero a-
e|tusutnu qeueuo-|peqututnu uuctpyneutanu u rapnouusuposauuou
cuctenou perynuposauu u uaqsopa sa uuaucostnu ptu|anu CC8.
Vuorue qupe|topa cornacunuct c repcouanon s ton, +to qoctu+t sankt-
uoro coksa | 2010 roqy yqet cnouo, u ucronuutentute qupe|topa
pe|oneuqosanu repcouany rpoqonatt roqqepusatt ycunu ctpau
CC8, uarpasneuute ua cosqauue sanktuoro coksa, s ton +ucne ryten
rposeqeuu qantueuaero auanusa repcouanon V81.
epcnekes paie perouansuo skououk
8 enx rposeqeuu onee yrnyneuuoro peruouantuoro auanusa u
s passutue sorpocos, roquttx s epcre|tusax passutu nuposou
a|ouonu|u, qsa pasa s roq rotostc usqauu epcre|tust passutu
peruouantuou a|ouonu|u (PP3), |a| rpasuno, ro rtu ocuosutn
peruouan nupa. 8 uux ocyqaktc a|ouonu+ec|ue teuqeuuu u oc-
uosute sorpoct a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u s ctpauax Asuu u Tuxoo|e-
auc|oro acceuue, Esport, 6nuuero 8octo|a u eutpantuou Asuu,
Apu|u | kry ot Caxapt u 8araquoro ronyaapu. ynu|au PP3
s 2009 rposoqunact s |oopquuauu c aupo|onacatautnu neporpu-
tunu ro cssn c oaectseuuocttk s pqe ctpau |aqoro peruoua,
ta|unu |a| cenuuapt qn qonuoctutx nu oprauos rocyqapctseuuo-
ro yrpasneuu u rpeqctasuteneu a|aqenu+ec|ux |pyros, puuuru qn
cpeqcts naccosou uuopnauu u uutepstk c qonuoctutnu nuanu
V81. pecc-penust, ooaakaue pesynttatt PP3, rynu|osanuct
ua se-caute V81, uapqy c ronutn te|cton canux PP3, a ta|e
sarucnu u se-tpaucnunu rpecc-|ouepeuuu, rposoquntx rpu
orynu|osauuu atux usqauuu
33
.
Voqepuusau
1ouqa
FAA
Yoqepuia 4ouqa
3auo quaucoes kpic yckopn nepeopeupoean pa6oy e o6nac kpeqoeau
paie noeuana, nocouuo npoeoquy Y4. 8 uactoaeu rnase ocyqaktc ycunu,
|otopte rpeqrpuuunanuct 1ouqon s 2009 uuaucoson roqy qn rpoqoneuu ua+atou s 2008 u-
uaucoson roqy paott ro peopnuposauuk yrpasneuu V81, rpeqoctasneuuk roqqep|u s paspa-
ot|e a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u u uuaucosou roqqep|u rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu qoxoqanu,
orpeqeneuuk ryteu oecre+euu aqpecutx u ae|tusutx c to+|u speuu satpat sosnouocteu ro
passutuk roteuuana s rocyqapctsax-+neuax u repesoqy 1ouqa ua uaqeuyk, yctou+usyk uuauco-
syk ocuosy s qonrocpo+uou repcre|tuse. (Kpone toro, s 2009 uuaucoson roqy rpeqrpuuunanuct
ycunu ro noqepuusauu |aqposou cnyt 1ouqa, |otopte ocyqaktc s rnase 5).
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r*-
YPAEhhE
Peopna |sot u rpas ronoca 2008 roqa, ytsepqeuua Coseton yrpas-
nkaux, tna coctasuou +acttk ua+atoro s 200 roqy rpoecca osopa
sorpocos, |acakauxc yrpasneuu 1ouqon, s|nk+a repeanaucuposauue
rpas ronoca rocyqapcts-+neuos s 1ouqe. onuno peopnt |sot u rpas
ronoca, |otopa snetc saueuaeu coctasnkaeu ycunuu ro pe-
opne, paota s onactu peopnt yrpasneuu 1ouqon s 2009 u-
uaucoson roqy rposoqunact ro +ettpen uarpasneuun (unu s|nk+ana
+ettpe aneneuta). 1) neporputu, uarpasneuute ua passutue pe-
synttatos paott lesasucunoro otqena oeu|u u ero qo|naqa o pe-
opne yrpasneuu 1ouqon, |otoptu ocyqanc |cronuutentutn
coseton s nae 2008 roqa, 2) paccnotpeuue rpeqnoeuuu |cronuutent-
uoro coseta ro sorpocan yrpasneuu c saoctpeuuen suunauu ua
paote Pao+eu rpyrrt ro suytpeuueny yrpasneuuk V81, |otopa
paspaotana rnau peanusauu pe|oneuqauu s otset ua stsoqt, co-
qepaauec s qo|naqe l00, 3) ycunu Konuteta suqutx qeteneu ro
peopne yrpasneuu V81, uasua+euuoro upe|topon-pacropqutenen
s ceutpe 2008 roqa qn oeu|u cuctent rpuutu peaeuuu s 1ouqe,
u 4) paota repcouana V81 ro sosne+euuk rpaqauc|oro oaectsa u
qpyrux sueauux y+actuu|os +etsepttu |onroueut ycunuu ro
peopne yrpasneuu.
8 csoeu repsoua+antuou oeu|e qo|naqa l00 Coset u upe|top-
pacropqutent rpusuanu, +to nuorue sorpoct, roqutte s qo|naqe,
tnu cnoutnu u ssaunocssauutnu u rotony rotpeykt a|tusuoro
y+actu u cotpyquu+ectsa scex yposueu oprauusauu, a ta|e scex
rocyqapcts-+neuos. oq+ep|uys, ta|un opason, sua+euue rpoecca
ua ocuose cotpyquu+ectsa, |cronuutentutu coset s o|tpe 2008 ro-
qa roqqepan pe|oneuqauk upe|topa-pacropquten o opnupo-
sauuu cosnectuoro Koopquuauouuoro |onuteta ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos u py|osoqctsa 1ouqa qn nouutopuura u |oopquuauu
+ettpex uarpasneuuu ycunuu ro peopne yrpasneuu.
Peqopua keo npae ronoca
la noneut o|ou+auu uuaucosoro roqa rocyqapctsa-+neut sce eae
uaxoqunuct s rpoecce peanusauu peopnt |sot u rpas ronoca
2008 roqa, |otopa ueoxoquna, +tot ua+att ysenu+euue qonu rono-
cos quuanu+utx ctpau c opnupykaunc ptu|on u pacauputt rpasa
ronoca ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu. Peopna s|nk+aet uuqusuqyantute
ysenu+euu |sot 54 rocyqapcts-+neuos u sueceuue rorpas|u s Ctattu
cornaaeuu, |otopa ysenu+ut stpoe +ucno asostx ronocos u sseqet
s qeuctsue nexauusn, oecre+usakauu coxpaueuue qonu asostx
ronocos s oaen +ucne ronocos. 0ua ta|e rpeqycnatpusaet qoron-
uutentuyk qonuoctt sanectuten ucronuutentuoro qupe|topa qn
ucronuutentutx qupe|topos ot ontaux rpyrr ctpau, c ten +tot
oner+utt ux onee tenyk pao+yk uarpys|y, s cyaectsykaux
octotentctsax atun cnoryt socrontsosattc qsa rpeqctasuten ot
ctpau Apu|u. n toro +tot sasepautt aty peopny, cootsetctsy-
kaue |putepun rocyqapctsa-+neut qonut qatt cornacue ua yse-
nu+euue ux |sot, u rpeqnaraena rorpas|a qonua ttt rpuuta
tpen rttnu rocyqapcts-+neuos, ua qonk |otoptx rpuxoqutc
85 rpoeutos ot oaero +ucna ronocos. o coctouuk ua |oue arpe-
n 2009 roqa, 21 us 54 cootsetctsykaux |putepun rocyqapcts-+neuos
qanu cornacue ua uuqusuqyantuoe rostaeuue ux |sot. Kpone toro,
19 rocyqapcts-+neuos, coctasnkaux 24,1 rpoeuta ot oaero +ucna
ronocos, rpuunu y|asauuyk rorpas|y.
la 8eceuuux coseaauux V81K rpussan | yc|opeuuk rposeqeuu
+ettpuaqatoro oaero repecnotpa |sot, c ten +tot sasepautt ero
| usapk 2011 roqa, rpunepuo ua qsa roqa pautae, +en rnauuposanoct
usua+antuo. peqctoauu oauu repecnotp |sot, |a| ouqaetc,
rpuseqet | ysenu+euuk qoneu |sot quuanu+utx ctpau, s ocoeuuoctu
oayk qonk, rpuxoqaykc ua ctpaut c opnupykaunc ptu|on u
passusakauec ctpaut. Konutet ta|e stpasun roqqep|y qantueuaeu
paott |cronuutentuoro coseta, |otopa qonua ua+attc qo Eeroq-
utx coseaauuu 2009 roqa, uaq aneneutanu uosou opnynt qn pac-
+eta |sot, |otopa noet ttt ycosepaeuctsosaua qo toro, |a| oua
yqet ucrontsosaua s cneqykauu pas. V81K ta|e rpussan snactu
ctpau rpuutt orepatusute nept | ssoqy s qeuctsue cornaaeuu
o peopne |sot u rpas ronoca, qocturuytoro s arpene 2008 roqa.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy qse ctpaut roqanu sasneuu o sctyrneuuu
s +neut V81 Pecrynu|a Kocoso u Tysany. 8 nae 2009 roqa Coset
yrpasnkaux stuec peaeuue o rpuutuu Pecrynu|u Kocoso s +neut
V81, |otopoe sctyruno s cuny 29 uku 2009 roqa. o coctouuk ua
|oue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa, sasneuue Tysany octasanoct ua pac-
cnotpeuuu.
oknaq h00
8 nae 2008 roqa Coset ocyqun qo|naq lesasucunoro otqena oeu|u
/rpasneuue V81. oeu|a
34
. 3tot qo|naq snnc coctasuou +acttk
rpoqonakaeroc rpoecca, uarpasneuuoro ua y|perneuue ocuost
yrpasneuu V81, u asuposanc ua ytsepqeuutx peopnax |sot u
rpas ronoca. 8 uen tnu roctasneut saute sorpoct s uec|ont|ux
|nk+estx onactx. |a| rostcutt +et|octt cootsetctsykaux poneu
pasnu+utx oprauos yrpasneuu V81, |a| oecre+utt ae|tusuoe
y+actue nuuuctpos u |cronuutentuoro coseta s rpoeccax rpuutu
peaeuuu s oprauusauu, u |a| y|perutt ocuosy roqot+etuoctu
py|osoqctsa. Kpone toro, s uen tnu rpeqctasneut |ou|petute
pe|oneuqauu ro rostaeuuk ae|tusuoctu, roqot+etuoctu u perpe-
seutatusuoctu V81. Coset u py|osoqctso 1ouqa rpusetctsosanu
*.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
qo|naq l00 |a| sectna ronesutu s|naq s ux ycunu ro yny+aeuuk
yrpasneuu 1ouqon, otnetus, +to rpeqrpuuttu V81 aar | rposeqeuuk
ta|ou oeu|u roctasun ero s asaurapq nuoroctopouuux oprauusauu,
u stpasunu csok rpusepeuuoctt cosnectuou paote, ocuosauuou ua
atux ocyqeuux, s enx passutu uqeu, aupo|o pasqenentx
rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu.
Pa6oua rpynna no euypeuueuy ynpaeneu Y4
o utoran ocyqeuu, coctosaeroc s nae, Coset copnuposan
Pao+yk rpyrry ro suytpeuueny yrpasneuuk u ropy+un eu, s |a+ectse
repsoro ot|nu|a, stpaotatt neporputu s passutue stsoqos uccne-
qosauu l00. 8 qo|naqe pao+eu rpyrrt, ocyqasaenc Coseton
s |oue ceutp 2008 roqa, tn rpeqnoeu rpoecc u rnau paott
ro stronueuuk pe|oneuqauu l00 es stueceuu rpeqsaputentutx
peaeuuu otuocutentuo rocnequux, u coqepanc pq qoronuutentutx
rocneqykaux pe|oneuqauu
35
. |cronuutentute qupe|topa roqqepa-
nu rpeqctasneuutu rnau paott, roq+ep|uys ueoxoqunoctt ru|oro
roqxoqa | orpeqeneuuk cpo|os ero peanusauu, c ten +tot nouo
tno y+ectt pe|oneuqauu Konuteta suqutx qeteneu ro peopne
yrpasneuu V81. 0uu ta|e roqqepanu cosqauue cosnectuoro Ko-
opquuauouuoro |onuteta py|osoqctsa V81 u |cronuutentuoro Co-
seta qn nouutopuura u |oopquuauu rpoecca peopnuposauu
yrpasneuu 1ouqon ua ocuose cotpyquu+ectsa. oq+ep|uys sua+euue
cornacosauuoctu te|yaux uuuuatus, |cronuutentute qupe|topa
rpusuanu sauoctt tctporo rpoqsueuu srepeq s pacaupeuuu u
yrnyneuuu auanusa, ueoxoqunoro qn seqeuu rpoqy|tusuoro qua-
nora ua nuorux pasnu+utx yposux, u stpasunu uaqeqy ua to, +to
|ou|petute rpeqnoeuu ro peopne yrpasneuu, stpaotauute ro
utoran sceu rposoqunou paott, noryt ttt rony+eut |o speneuu
Eeroqutx coseaauuu 2009 roqa.
Koue equsx qeene o peqopue ynpaeneu Y4
8 ceutpe 2008 roqa upe|top-pacropqutent uasua+un Konutet
suqutx qeteneu ro peopne yrpasneuu V81, sosrnasnentu nu-
uuctpon uuaucos kuou Apu|u Tpesopon Vauyanen, qn oeu|u
aqe|satuoctu cuctent rpuutu peaeuuu s 1ouqe u rpeqctasneuu
pe|oneuqauu o nktx usneueuux, |otopte noryt rossonutt opra-
uusauu onee ae|tusuo stronutt csou rnoantutu nauqat.
o|naq |onuteta, rpeqctasneuutu py|osoqctsy 1ouqa s |oue napta
2009 roqa, coqepan pe|oneuqauu ro aupo|ony uaopy peopn,
uarpasneuutx ua rostaeuue nerutunuoctu u ae|tusuoctu 1ouqa
s paspaot|e c|oopquuuposauutx nep s otset ua oaue rponent,
rostopus s ue|otoptx us atux pe|oneuqauu qo|naq l00
3
. 8 uen
ta|e tn rpeqnoeu pq qoronuutentutx nep, rpussauutx y|perutt
sosnouoctu 1ouqa ro oecre+euuk rnoantuou uuaucosou cta-
untuoctu, atu nept tnu uassaut pasutnu ro sua+unoctu pe|oneu-
qaun ro peopne yrpasneuu. o|naq u coqepaauec s uen
pe|oneuqauu ueouuantuo ocyqanuct Coseton s ua+ane 2010 u-
uaucosoro roqa.
oeneueue rpaqauckoro o6mecea qpyrx euemux rpynn
pu ocyqeuuu rnaua paott, rpeqnoeuuoro pao+eu rpyrrou ro
suytpeuueny yrpasneuuk V81, Coset stqenun rpaqauc|oe oaectso
u qpyrue sueauue ctopout s |a+ectse ocuosutx sauutepecosauutx
nu s rpoecce peopnt yrpasneuu, u ucronuutentute qupe|topa
sctpetunuct c oprauusaunu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa ua ueouu-
antuon cenuuape s ceutpe 2008 roqa, c ten +tot ysuatt ux nueuu
o peopne V81 s ropq|e oaenupostx |oucynttauu. 8tpasus
rpusepeuuoctt 1ouqa rpoeccy |oucynttauu c sueauunu rpyrranu
ro sorpocan peopnt yrpasneuu, upe|top-pacropqutent uassan
atot rpoecc +etsepttn |onroueuton ta|ou peopnt.
|uuuatusa +etsepttu |onroueut ouuantuo tna ua+ata s ar-
pene 2009 roqa c uanepeuuen rpeqoctasutt oprauusaun rpaqauc|oro
oaectsa (0l0), a|aqenu+ec|un |pyran u qpyrun ctopouan nexauusn
qn sueceuu rpeqnoeuuu ro peopne u repeqa+u ux repcouany V81,
rotosaeny qo|yneutt ro peopne yrpasneuu qn rpeqctasneuu
|cronuutentuony cosety. peqronaraetc, +to oua sasepautc sctpe-
+eu 0l0 ro sorpocan yrpasneuu c upe|topon-pacropqutenen V81,
|otopa coctoutc s xoqe Eeroqutx coseaauuu 2009 roqa s Ctanyne.
poecc |oucynttauu |oopquuupyetc Koanuueu ro uostn rpasunan
rnoantutx uuaucos, asupykaeuc s 8aauurtoue, CLA, repeq |o-
topou roctasneua saqa+a rotosutt pasnu+ute atart qo|naqa s pan|ax
uuuuatust +etsepttu |onroueut u sectu uesasucuntu, uutepa|tus-
utu se-caut (WWW.||elour||p|||ar.org), +epes |otoptu 0l0 noryt rpe-
qctasntt natepuant, y+actsosatt s quc|yccux u rpeqctasntt
otstst s pan|ax opatuou cssu.
0EPAKA 6TPAh 6 hh3KhYh 0X0AYh
Paota V81 s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu snetc onacttk, |oto-
pou yqenetc rpuctantuoe suunauue |aqtu roq. 0qua|o s 2009 u-
uaucoson roqy oua rpuopena ocoyk a|tyantuoctt s cssu
c tpyquoctnu, sosuu|aunu s pesynttate pes|oro rostaeuu eu ua
rpoqy|tt rutauu u tornuso so stopou ronosuue 2008 roqa u, rosquee,
stopu+utx ae|tos rnoantuou uectauntuoctu ua uuaucostx
ptu|ax (tpett sonua |pusuca). +to onee sauo, octauos|a s Cl
cyaectseuuo usneuunact co speneuu sseqeuu nexauusna uuaucu-
posauu ua enu co|paaeuu equoctu u coqeuctsu a|ouonu+ec|ony
pocty, rpoecca roqrotos|u o|yneutos ro ctpateruu co|paaeuu
equoctu u pacaupeuutx uuuuatus s otuoaeuuu qonra equtx ctpau
c stco|un yposuen saqoneuuoctu s 1990-e roqt. Ka| cneqctsue,
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy Coset rpuctyrun | osopy xapa|tepa paott
1ouqa s Cl, copnynuposan sasneuue o enx s aton otuoaeuuu
(cn. sctas|y 4.2) u paspaotan peopnt csoux uuctpyneutos ntrot-
uoro |pequtosauu, c ten +tot oecre+utt ux onee +et|oe cootset-
ctsue rotpeuoctn Cl, ocoeuuo s |oute|cte passusakaeroc
rnoantuoro |pusuca.
Auani pon 4ouqa e cpauax c uiku qoxoqau
8 ukne 2008 roqa |cronuutentutu coset rpoauanusuposan pont V81
s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu
3Z
. Coset otnetun, +to paota 1ouqa
s Cl yqet orpeqenttc ero onee aupo|unu ycununu, uarpasneu-
utnu ua repeopueutauk u y|perneuue tecuoro cotpyquu+ectsa c op-
rauusaunu-raptuepanu, coqeuctsue sosne+euuoctu ctpau s paspaot|y
ctpateruu passutu u rpuseqeuue pe|oneuqauu u xapa|tepa y+actu
1ouqa s cootsetctsue co creuu+ec|unu xapa|tepuctu|anu ctpau.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa cornacunuct c ten, +to ocuosutnu neto-
qanu y+actu 1ouqa s atou paote ro-rpeueny yqyt pe|oneuqauu
s onactu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u, ronoat s passutuu roteuu-
ana u ntrotua roqqep|a uuaucuposauu rnateuoro anauca. 0uu
roq+ep|uynu sua+euue ae|tusuoro cotpyquu+ectsa c neqyuapoqutn
cooaectson, s +actuoctu, 8cenuputn au|on, ocoeuuo s oecre+e-
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r*/
uuu ycnosuu qn toro, +tot paota 1ouqa suocuna s|naq s qoctueuue
eneu passutu e|napauu ttc+enetu. 0uu rpusetctsosanu osop
uuctpyneutos 1ouqa, |otoptu s to spen uaxoqunc s ctaquu rnauu-
posauu, stqenus rpeopasosauue nexauusna uuaucuposauu qn
rpeoqoneuu sueauux ao|os (EC1) s |a+ectse ueotnouoro rpuopute-
ta, ent |otoporo cqenatt ero onee ae|tusutn uuctpyneuton
coqeuctsu Cl s rpeoqoneuuu ao|os.
EC1, qoctyr | |otopony rpeqoctasnetc rocyqapctsan-+neuan
1ouqa c uus|unu qoxoqanu qn rpuutu nep s otset ua suesarute
sueauue ao|u, |otopte ueroq|outpontut snactn ctpaut u o|ast-
sakt ueratusuoe sosqeuctsue ua a|ouonu|y, tn srocneqctsuu rpo-
auanusuposau u peopnuposau Coseton s ceutpe 2008 roqa
(cn. sctas|y 4.1). Peopna atoro nexauusna rposoqunact c entk
cqenatt ero onee ronesutn qn rocyqapcts-+neuos c uus|unu qoxo-
qanu naroqap rostaeuuony u yc|opeuuony qoctyry, a ta|e pau-
ouanusuposauutn tpeosauun (uarpunep, tno otneueuo
tpeosauue o roqrotos|e ctpateruu co|paaeuu equoctu, uo rpu aton
coxpaueu yrop ua rocneqctsu ao|a u cootsetctsykaux nep ronutu-
|u qn nanounyaux). onuno atoro, peopnuposauutu nexauusn
noet ucrontsosattc onee ru|o s co+etauuu c qpyrunu nexauus-
nanu u uuctpyneutanu 1ouqa, uarpunep c |uctpyneuton qn roqqep-
|u a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u. Kputepuu qoctyra octaktc es
usneueuuu. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy rocne noquu|auu EC1 tnu
oqopeut tpu uoste qorosopeuuoctu o EC1 oaun pasnepon
1Z,2 nnu CP. 8 pan|ax uosoro |onroueuta atoro nexauusna |on-
roueuta tctporo qoctyra tno ytsepqeuo rpeqoctasneuue eae
tpex |pequtos oauu pasnepon 18,9 nnu CP (cn. qoronuutentute
cseqeuu o qorosopeuuoctx s pan|ax EC1, sa|nk+euutx s 2009 u-
uaucoson roqy, s pasqene 1uuaucosa roqqep|a rnast 3).
0cyqeuue |cronuutentutn coseton paott 1ouqa s ctpauax
c uus|unu qoxoqanu ta|e s|nk+ano paccnotpeuue rpeqnoeuuou
opnynupos|u sasneuu o enx rpuneuutentuo | ponu V81 s atux
ctpauax. Cornacosauutu sapuaut sasneuu o enx (cn. sctas|y 4.2)
tn rpeqctasneu s |a+ectse coctasuou +actu sasneuu upe|topa-
pacropquten o ponu 1ouqa s Cl, orynu|osauuoro s ua+ane o|-
tp 2008 roqa.
epeoeuka quaucpoeau ycoueoc qonroeo
cya 6h
8 pan|ax onee oaero paccnotpeuu |peqututx uuctpyneutos
1ouqa, |otopoe yseu+anoct repecnotpon nexauusnos uuaucuposa-
uu 1ouqa (cn. '8ueqpeuue uuctpyneutos qn peaeuu saqa+, oy-
cnosneuutx |pusucon s rnase 3), |cronuutentutu coset s napte
2009 roqa ocyqun peopnt |peqututx uuctpyneutos 1ouqa s ctpauax
Pes|uu rpupoct eu ua rpoqy|tt rutauu u tornuso s repsou ro-
nosuue 2008 roqa, rpoqonasauuc qo tpettero |saptana s|nk-
+utentuo, stssan ceptesuyk osao+euuoctt otuocutentuo ero
rocneqctsuu qn rocyqapcts-+neuos V81 c uus|unu qoxoqanu,
nuorue us |otoptx tnu ocoeuuo cuntuo satpouytt |pusucon.
oc|ont|y so nuorux us atux ctpau cutyau yxyqaunact, roqsepr-
uys puc|y a|ouonu+ec|ue ycrexu, qocturuytte s rocnequue roqt,
u yrpoa oepuytt scrtt rporpecc s qoctueuuu eneu passutu
e|napauu ttc+enetu, 1ouq orepatusuo rpuctyrun | rouc|y
ryteu o|asauu coqeuctsu rocyqapctsan-+neuan, rttakaunc
crpasuttc c ueratusutnu rocneqctsunu |pusuca.
8 ceutpe 2008 roqa |cronuutentutu coset V81, ctpenct
oe cre+utt onee tctptu qoctyr | a|ctpeuuony uuaucuposa-
uuk ctpauan, ctan|usakaunc c uerpeqsuqeuutnu rotpeuo ctnu
s uuaucuposauuu, ytsepqun rorpas|y | cyaectsykaeny nexa-
uusny uuaucuposauu qn rpeoqoneuu sueauux ao|os, |oto-
pa rpeqy cnatpusana sseqeuue |onroueuta tctporo qoctyra u
|onroueuta stco|oro yposu qoctyra, aqartauk rpeqsnentx
ycnosuu u tpeosauuu | qoctyry u rostaeuuyk ru|octt ucront-
sosauu. ocne peopnuposauu atoro nexauusna rocyqapctsa-
+neut rony+akt qoctyr | cpeqctsan s pasnepe qo 25 rpoeutos
ux |sott s opne rpnou strnatt cpeqcts s pac+ete ua |aqtu
ao|, c |otoptn ouu ctan|usaktc
1
(s cootsetctsuu c |onroueuton
tctporo qoctyra atoro nexauusna), u s pasnepe qo Z5 rpoeutos
ux |sott s pan|ax qorosopeuuoctu (s cootsetctsuu c |onroueuton
stco|oro yposu qoctyra)
2
. 8a +ettpe neca, rpoaeqaue
c noneuta sctyrneuu peopnt nexauusna s cuny, tno ytsep-
qeuo rpeqoctasneuue uuaucosou roqqep|u aectu rocyqap-
ctsan-+neuan, ctan|usakaunc c a|soreuutnu ao|anu, ua
cynny 33,1 nnu CP.
n yqosnetsopeuu rostaeuutx rotpeuocteu equeuaux ro-
cyqapcts-+neuos, |otopte uecnu t|oe pen equoctu eae qo
ua+ana |pusuca, V81 s te+euue rpoaeqaero roqa cyaectseuuo
ysenu+un oen ero ntrotuoro uuaucuposauu ctpauan c uus|u-
nu qoxoqanu, s ton +ucne qn coqeuctsu s aqartauu | pes|ony
pocty eu ua rpoqy|tt rutauu u tornuso. 8 2009 uuaucoson
roqy tno ytsepqeuo 10 uostx qorosopeuuocteu Pl1 oaun
oenon 31,4 nnu CP u tpu uostx qorosopeuuoctu EC1 oaun
oenon 1Z,2 nnu CP. Kpone toro, 1ouq pacaupun qoctyr
s pan|ax cyae ctsykaux qorosopeuuocteu Pl1 c 12 ctpauanu
s oaeu cnouo ctu ua 10, nnu CP. 0auu oen cpeqcts,
stqeneuutx s 2009 uuaucoson roqy ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqa-
nu, satpouyttn |pusucon eu ua rpoqy|tt rutauu u tornuso,
coctasun 1128,0 nnu CP.
6TAKA 4.1
Yeps Y4 e oee ua mok eu ua npoqyks nau onneo
1 octyr s pan|ax |onroueuta tctporo qoctyra ot+uo rpeqoctasnetc ue
onee +en us pac+eta qsyx ao|os sa rtunetuuu repuoq.
2 8 arpene 2009 roqa |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun ysenu+euue nunutos
qoctyra rpuneuutentuo | |onroueutan tctporo qoctyra u stco|oro yposu
qoctyra EC1 qo 50 u 150 rpoeutos, cootsetctseuuo. Kpone toro, tn ysenu-
+eu sqsoe qoctyr s pan|ax qorosopeuuocteu Pl1. oronuutentute cseqe-
uu o ysenu+euuu nunutos qoctyra s pan|ax EC1 u Pl1 rpuseqeut uue
s uactoaeu rnase.
+&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
8 |a+ectse coctasuou +actu sasneuu o paote V81 s ctpauax
c uus|unu qoxoqanu, cqenauuoro s o|tpe 2008 roqa
1
, upe|top-
pacropqutent rpeqctasun sasneuue o enx rpuneuutentuo
| ponu V81 s atux ctpauax. Cornacuo atony sasneuuk, saqa+eu
V81 s Cl snetc o|asauue atun ctpauan coqeuctsu s qoctu-
euuu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou u uuaucosou ctauntuoctu, ueoxo-
quntx qn rostaeuu tenros a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta u co|paaeuu
equoctu.
1ouq rpeqoctasnet Cl, |a| u qpyrun rocyqapctsan-+neuan,
pe|oneuqauu ro sorpocan a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u, aqpecuyk
roqqep|y s passutuu roteuuana u, s cootsetctsykaux cny+ax,
uuaucosyk ronoat. 1ouq cocpeqoto+usaet suunauue ua ero
ocuosutx cepax |onreteuuu, a uneuuo, na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou
ctaunusauu u uanoroso-kqetuou, qeueuo-|pequtuou, uuau-
cosou u |ypcosou ronutu|e, a ta|e asostx uuctutytax u tecuo
cssauutx c uunu nepax ctpy|typuou ronutu|u.
0quospeneuuo c atun, ot|nu|act ua |ou|petute u neukauec
rotpeuoctu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu, 1ouq ucrontsyet uuqusu-
qyantute roqxoqt u uuctpyneutt. Paota 1ouqa roqqepusaet
coctseuute ycunu ctpau ro co|paaeuuk equoctu u passutuk,
u ero ocuosoronarakaa ent sa|nk+aetc s ton, +tot rono+t
ctpauan repeutu s |ateropuk ctpau co cpequunu qoxoqanu. 1ouq
ronoraet rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu qoxoqanu rpuuunatt
nept na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u u ssoqutt uuctutytt qn
oecre+euu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ctauntuoctu u qoctueuu
ctauntuoctu ta|unu rytnu, |otopte crococtsykt yctou+usony
pocty u co|paaeuuk equoctu.
0rupact ua nectpauostu ortt u taatentutu auanus, a ta|e u
rpuuuna so suunauue uepeq|o orpauu+euute sosnouoctu ctpau
ro peanusauu ronutu|u, 1ouq.
(% rpeqctasnet pe|oneuqauu ro sorpocan na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou
ronutu|u u cosqauu uuctutytos, |otopte crococtsykt suyt-
peuueu u sueaueu na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ctauntuoctu, s|nk+a
yctou+usoctt qonrosou cutyauu, coqeuctsyet yctou+usony
a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty ua aupo|ou ocuose, u crococtsyet
yrnyneuuk uuterpauu s neqyuapoquyk toprosyk u uuau-
cosyk cucteny,
)% o|astsaet coqeuctsue s rposeqeuuu taatentuo oocuosauuou
rocneqosatentuoctu peopn s onactu passutu roteuuana
u cosqauu uuctutytos qn pasynuoro na|poa|ouonu+ec|oro
yrpasneuu u oe cre+euu uuaucosou ctauntuoctu, u
*% rpeqoctasnet ntrotuyk uuaucosyk roqqep|y.
oqqep|a, rpeqoctasnena 1ouqon rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu
qoxoqanu, tpeyet roctouuoro ae|tusuoro co t pyquu+ectsa
c neqyuapoqutn cooaectson, s|nk+a ne qyuapoqute op-
rauusauu u qouopos, qn oecre+euu |oopquuauu paott 1ouqa
c neqyuapoqutnu ycununu ro qoctueuuk eneu passutu
e|napauu ttc+enetu.
6TAKA 4.2
3aqaua Y4 e cpauax c uiku qoxoqau
1 onutu te|ct 8asneuu upe|topa-pacropquten V81 o ponu 1ouqa
s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxo qanu ('8|a|erer| by ||e V81 Varag|rg 0|rec|or or
||e Ro|e ol ||e 1ouq |r LoW-lrcore Cour|r|es) uneetc ua se-caute V81
ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/ord/2008/erg/pdl/100208.pdl .
/+actuu|u quc|yccuu ua |ouepeuuu epeneut. ycreaute raptuepc|ue
otuoaeuu qn peaeuu saqa+ a|ouonu+ec|oro pocta s Apu|e,
ap-ac-Canan, Tausauu.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r+'
c uus|unu qoxoqanu
38
. |cronuutentute qupe|topa s enon cornacunuct
c ten, +to 1ouq qoneu aqartuposatt csou uuctpyneutt qn Cl,
c ten +tot saronuutt tpu rpoena, cssauutx c rpeqoctasneuuen
1) |pat|ocpo+uoro uuaucuposauu, 2) rpeseutusuoro uuaucuposauu
u 3) a|ctpeuuoro uuaucuposauu, otnetus rpu aton, +to eutpantua
pont Pl1 |a| uuctpyneuta sosne+euuoctu 1ouqa s paoty c Cl
s cpeque- u qonrocpo+uon rnaue qonua ttt coxpaueua.
epcouan V81 rpeqctasun Cosety uec|ont|o sapuautos repexoqa
| yrpoaeuuony u onee ru|ony uaopy uuctpyneutos, y+uttsakae-
ny pasuoopasute rotpeuoctu ctpau u rostaeuuyk yssunoctt Cl
| usneueuun rnoantutx ycnosuu. 6ontauuctso ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos otqanu rpeqro+teuue sapuauty, s pan|ax |otoporo Pl1
yqet coxpaueu qn yqosnetsopeuu rpoqonutentutx rotpeuocteu
s ctaunusauu u uuaucuposauuu, yqet sseqeu qoronuutentutu
ntrotutu nexauusn |pat|ocpo+uoro uuaucuposauu u oequueut
ntrotute nexauusnt a|ctpeuuou ronoau. |cronuutentute qupe|to-
pa ta|e roqqepanu sosnouoctt onee ru|oro ucrontsosauu
ntrotutx pecypcos.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa rpusuanu, +to roctereuuoe pasntsauue
nunutos qoctyra | Pl1 u uopn s otuoaeuuu 88 u toprosnu noet
satpyquutt crocouoctt 1ouqa o|astsatt ae|tusuoe coqeuctsue
ero rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu qoxoqanu. (8rocneqctsuu, s ar-
pene 2009 roqa, Coset ytsepqun ysenu+euue nunutos qoctyra u uopn
rpuneuutentuo | ntrotutn |peqututn uuctpyneutan, yqsous nunutt
qoctyra s pan|ax Pl1, cn. uue.) 0uu otnetunu, +to rotpeyetc
rpusne+t qoronuutentute pecypct s opne |pequtos u cycuquu
(tena, |otopa rosquee satparusanact unu s arpentc|on 2009 roqa
ocyqeuuu sapuautos uuaucuposauu ntrotuoro |pequtosauu ctpau
c uus|unu qoxoqanu). |cronuutentute qupe|topa ctpenunuct tctpo
repeutu |o stopony atary osopa, u tn cqenau sarpoc ua rposeqeuue
repcouanon qoronuutentuou paott qo rpuutu Coseton peaeuuu
otuocutentuo peopnuposauuou apxute|typt qn nexauusnos Cl.
Coctasuou +acttk ycunuu ro oecre+euuk ycnosuu qn toro, +tot
ronutu|a u uuctpyneutt 1ouqa rpoqonanu cootsetctsosatt rotpe-
uoctn rocyqapcts-+neuos, sunoct ta|e paccnotpeuue Coseton
s napte 2009 roqa ctpy|typt uuaucuposauu Cl u ee rocneqctsuu
qn yctou+usoctu qonrosou cutyauu s Cl
39
. Xot cnounoct nueuue,
+to rpuuurt cyaectsykaeu ronutu|u 1ouqa s otuoaeuuu nunutos
qonra octaktc qeuctsutentutnu, Coset otnetun, +to rpoqonak-
auuc uuaucostu |pusuc, ro sceu sepotuoctu, cyaectseuuo otpa-
sutc ua pasnepe u ctpy|type uuaucostx roto|os s Cl s nuauaen
yqyaen, u ontauuctso qupe|topos ronaranu, +to pasuoopasute
xapa|tepuctu|u Cl u sua+utentute usneueuu s ctpy|type ux u-
uaucuposauu s rocnequue roqt cnyunu ocuosauuen qn repecnot-
pa pqa acre|tos ronutu|u 1ouqa s otuoaeuuu nunutos qonra.
6ontauuctso ucronuutentutx qupe|topos roqqepanu rpeqnoeuu
repcouana V81 o repexoqe ot equuou cuctent tpeosauuu qn rony-
+euu qoctyra | ntrotuony |pequtosauuk | uaopy sapuautos, ny+ae
otpaakaux pasuoopasue cutyauu, s +actuoctu, c to+|u speuu
yssunoctu, cssauuou c qonron, a ta|e na|poa|ouonu+ec|oro roteu-
uana u roteuuana yrpasneuu rocyqapctseuutnu uuaucanu. Cy-
aectsykaa rpa|tu|a noet u s qantueuaen rpuneuttc | ctpauan
c onee uus|un roteuuanon, uo c ucrontsosauuen onee ru|oro
roqxoqa s otuoaeuuu tex ctpau, s |otoptx yssunoctt qonrosou cu-
tyauu uue. puneuutentuo | ctpauan c onee stco|un roteuuanon
noryt paccnatpusattc onee ru|ue sapuautt, xot rpu aton cneqy-
et useratt uuqusuqyantuoro roqxoqa | |aqou |ou|petuou qonrosou
cutyauu, xapa|tepuoro qn cyaectsykaeu ronutu|u. 8 cny+ae onee
passuttx Cl cneqyet paccnotpett sorpoc o otneue tpeosauuu
qn rony+euu qoctyra | ntrotuony |pequtosauuk.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa s enon cornacunuct c ten, +to auanus
yctou+usoctu qonrosou cutyauu oecre+usaet uaqneaayk ocuosy
qn oeu|u a|topos yssunoctu, cssauuou c qonron, u pe|oneuqo-
sanu rpoqonatt paoty uaq auanutu+ec|unu ocuosanu auanusa yc-
tou+usoctu qonrosou cutyauu u netoqonorueu oeu|u roteuuana
yrpasneuu. 6tn cqenau sarpoc ua rposeqeuue repcouanon qoron-
uutentuou paott qn rpopaot|u roqxoqa, ocyqasaeroc ua sa-
ceqauuu, u rpeqctasneuu rpeqnoeuuu o uostx py|osoqaux
ronoeuux ro nunutan qonra.
ocne coctosaeroc s napte ocyqeuu peopn |peqututx uuctpy-
neutos 1ouqa s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu Coset s arpene te|yae-
ro roqa paccnotpen rpeqnoeuue o ysenu+euuu nunutos qoctyra u
cootsetctsykaux uopn u ytsepqun yqsoeuue nunutos qoctyra | |pe-
qutan s pan|ax Pl1 u EC1. Va|cunantute u uc|nk+utentute nu-
nutt qoctyra | Pl1 tnu ysenu+eut co 140 u 185 rpoeutos |sott
qo 280 u 3Z0 rpoeutos |sott, cootsetctseuuo, a nunutt qoctyra
s pan|ax |onroueuta tctporo qoctyra EC1 tnu rostaeut c 25 u
Z5 rpoeutos |sott qo 50 u 150 rpoeutos |sott, cootsetctseuuo.
Coset c+utan, +to ta|oe ysenu+euue yqet cootsetctsosatt rostaeu-
utn yposun qoctyra | pecypcan C0P, oecre+ut 1ouqy ontayk
ru|octt s o|asauuu coqeuctsu ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu u cuusut
puc| toro, +to Cl yqyt rpueratt | uentrotuony uuaucuposauuk,
|otopoe noet ycunutt a|topt yssunoctu qonrosou cutyauu.
8 napte 2009 roqa Coset ocyqun cosnectutu qo|yneut 8cenupuoro
au|a u V81, s |otopon tn rpeqctasneu ot+et o qocturuyton rpo-
rpecce s y|perneuuu roteuuana yrpasneuu rocyqapctseuutn qonron
s passusakauxc ctpauax, s ton +ucne ryten paspaot|u ocuost qn
oeu|u pesynttatos yrpasneuu qonron u ocuost cpequecpo+uou
ctpateruu yrpasneuu qonron. Coset oqopun atu qse uoste ocuost
u pe|oneuqosan rpuneutt ux, c ten +tot rono+t ctpauan c uus|unu
u cpequunu qoxoqanu s peanusauu ae|tusutx netoqos yrpasne-
uu qonron.
hucpyueu qn noqqepk skououuecko nonk
ae s tex cny+ax, |orqa ctpaut c uus|unu qoxoqanu qounuct sua-
+utentuoro rporpecca s oecre+euuu a|ouonu+ec|ou ctauntuoctu u
ye ue uyqaktc s uuaucosou roqqep|e V81, ouu noryt, ten ue
neuee, rpoqonatt opaaattc | V81 sa pe|oneuqaunu, seqeuuen
onee taatentuoro nouutopuura u oqopeuu ux a|ouonu+ec|ou ro-
nutu|u scen ten, +to uastsaetc roqqep|ou s rposeqeuuu ronu-
tu|u u curuantuou yu|ueu. |uctpyneut qn roqqep|u a|ouonu+ec|ou
ronutu|u (C|) V81, sseqeuutu s o|tpe 2005 roqa, rossonet
1ouqy o|astsatt roqqep|y ta|un ctpauan, ronora un paspaattsatt
ae|tusute a|ouonu+ec|ue rporpannt, |otopte, rocne ux oqope-
uu |cronuutentutn coseton V81, roqakt qouopan, nuoroctopouuun
au|an passutu u ptu|an curuan o oqopeuuu 1ouqon ux a|ouonu-
+ec|ou ronutu|u. C| noryt rpeqoctasnttc ro tpeosauuk scen
+(sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
rocyqapctsan-+neuan, yqosnetsopkaun |putepun qn rony+euu
cpeqcts s pan|ax Pl1 u ocyaectsnkaun ctpateruk co|paaeuu
equoctu, u ouqaetc, +to rporpannt s pan|ax C| yqyt yqosnet-
soptt ten e stco|un ctauqaptan, +to u rporpannt s pan|ax qoro-
sopeuuocteu o uuaucuposauuu 1ouqa.
K uactoaeny noneuty |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun C| qn
aectu rocyqapcts-+neuos (Kao-8epqe, Vosanu|a, lurepuu, Ceuera-
na, Tausauuu u /rauqt). |utepec stpasunu ta|e qpyrue rocyqapctsa-
+neut. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy uostx ouuantutx sarpocos ua C|
roqauo ue tno.
epecuop nonk e ouomeu 6oeuecusx koucynsaeusx
cnpaeok nepcouana Y4 ceupuoro 6auka
n toro +tot sorpoc o rpeqoctasneuuu roqqep|u s pan|ax nexauusna
uuaucuposauu ua enu co|paaeuu equoctu u coqeuctsu a|ouonu-
+ec|ony pocty V81 nor ttt roctasneu ua paccnotpeuue, rpasutentctsa,
rpu a|tusuon y+actuu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa u qpyrux raptuepos ro
passutuk, rotost |onrne|cute, otpaakaue uutepect ctpaut qo|yneu-
tt ro ctpateruu co|paaeuu equoctu (PC), |otopte saten paccnatpu-
saktc |cronuutentutnu cosetanu V81 u 8cenupuoro au|a |a| ocuosa
qn rpeqoctasneuu ntrotuoro |pequtosauu u oner+euu peneuu
qonra oeunu oprauusaunu. Ctpaut ta|e qonut coctasntt eeroq-
utu ot+et o rpoqenauuou paote s pan|ax PC, s |a+ectse ycnosu qn
rpoqonakaeroc rony+euu roqqep|u. o rpeqctasneuuu PC u
eeroqutx ot+etos o rpoqenauuou paote repcouan 8cenupuoro au|a
u 1ouqa rotosut Cosnectute |oucynttatusute crpas|u repcouana (CKC),
s |otoptx oeuusaktc cuntute u cnate ctopout ctpateruu co|paaeuu
equoctu cootsetctsykaero rocyqapctsa-+neua, usnoeuuou s PC,
u stqenktc rpuoputetute onactu, s |otoptx ueoxoquno yny+autt
ctpateruk s xoqe ee peanusauu, atu CKC auanusupyktc snecte c PC
unu rponeyto+utnu PC, rpeqctasnentnu ctpauou.
8 cepequue napta 2009 roqa V81, cosnectuo c Tausauueu, opra-
uusosan |ouepeuuk roq uassauuen epeneut. ycreaute
raptuepctsa paqu repcre|tus pocta s Apu|e s ap-ac-Canane
1
.
8 saqa+u |ouepeuuu sxoquno paccnotpeuue |nk+estx sorpocos
a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u c oaeu entk cosqauu uosoro rapt-
uepctsa qn pocta s Apu|e s XXl se|e.
neuapuoe saceqauue |ouepeuuu rocetuno onee 300 y+actuu-
|os. pesuqeut Tausauuu a|au Ku|sete u upe|top-pacropqu-
tent V81 onuuu| Ctpocc-Kau rpousuecnu sctyrutentuoe cnoso,
a c ocuosutnu qo|naqanu stctyrunu tsauu leuepantutu ce|-
petapt 00l Kou Auuau u sanectutent leuepantuoro ce|petap
00l Aaa-Poys Vupuro.
Kouepeuu rpeqoctasuna cosepaeuuo uosyk sosnouoctt qn
y|perneuu otuoaeuuu V81 c rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu s Apu|e,
u y+actuu|u |ouepeuuu rpussanu upe|topa-pacropquten
ttt stpasutenen nueuuu Apu|u ua rpeqctoaeu sctpe+e nuqe-
pos ctpau lpyrrt 20-tu s arpene. Kpone toro, y+actuu|u |oue-
peuuu qocturnu cornaaeuu o aectu ocuosutx aneneutax onee
pacaupeuuoro raptuepctsa neqy Apu|ou u 1ouqon.
ycuneuue uaqsopa V81 sa a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|ou scex ero
rocyqapcts-+neuos s qyxe ecrpuctpactuoctu,
pacaupeuue nexauusnos uuaucuposauu V81 u ux qoctyruoctu
ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu,
|ouconuqau rpoecca oner+euu peneuu qonra ryten
aqartauu ocuost oecre+euu a|ouonu+ec|ou rpuennenoctu
qonra, ucrontsyenou V81, c y+eton uostx rotpeuocteu
s uuaucuposauuu u sosnouocteu Apu|u,

yc|opeuue peopn yrpasneuu V81 qn pacaupeuu rpas ronoca


u rpeqctasutentctsa Apu|u ua scex yposux atou opra-
uusauu,
y|perneuue quanora ro sorpocan a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u neqy
V81 u ero apu|auc|unu rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu, s ton +ucne
rocpeqctson texuu+ec|ou ronoau, c ten +tot ctpaut Apu|u
nornu rontsosattc ortton u suauunu V81 rpu paspaot|e u
rposeqeuuu csoeu a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u.
ycuneuue |atanutu+ec|ou ponu V81 s oecre+euuu na|cunant-
uoro ucrontsosauu rocyqapctseuuoro u +actuoro uuaucuposa-
uu qn yqosnetsopeuu saueuaux rotpeuocteu Apu|u
s uupactpy|type.
upe|top-pacropqutent roq+ep|uyn tsepqoe uanepeuue V81
ysenu+utt uuaucuposauue qn Apu|u u, +to eae onee sauo,
py|osoqutenu ctpau lpyrrt 20-tu srocneqctsuu osanuct o|asatt
V81 coqeuctsue s atux ycunux (cn. pasqen 0ecre+euue uanu-
+u y 1ouqa qoctato+utx pecypcos qn rpeoqoneuu |pusucos
==s rnase 3.). Apu|auc|ue rocyqapctsa-+neut rpusetctsosanu
peaeuue V81 o ot|pttuu qsyx uostx peruouantutx eutpos ro
texuu+ec|ou ronoau s Apu|e (cn. pasqen Texuu+ec|a ronoat),
s qoronueuue | pacaupeuuk tpex cyaectsykaux, +to rossonut
rpeqoctasntt pacaupeuuyk ronoat Apu|e, oquospeneuuo rost-
cus csoespeneuuoctt ta|ou ronoau u sauutepecosauuoctt s ueu.

6TAKA 4.3
epeueus: ycnemuse napuepcea paq nepcneke poca e Aqpke
1 oronuutentua uuopnau o |ouepeuuu s Tausauuu rpusoqutc s cta-
ttx naptosc|oro 2009 roqa stryc|a 0sopa V81 ro atou tene, unekae-
roc ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/survey/so/|ore.aspx, unu ua
se-caute |ouepeuuu ro aqpecy. WWW.c|arges-c|a||erges.org/.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r+)
8 pan|ax ycunuu ro pauouanusauu netoqos rposeqeuu 1ouqon
u 6au|on osopos ctpauostx ctpateruu co|paaeuu equoctu |cron-
uutentute cosett 8cenupuoro au|a u V81 repecnotpenu cyaect-
sykaue nexauusnt ta|ux osopos, |otopte tnu ua+att s 2005 roqy
c entk saoctputt suunauue ua rostaeuuu ae|tusuoctu ocuosutx
rpoeccos, ucrontsyentx ctpauanu, a ue ua coctasneuuu qo|yneutos.
C ten +tot yctpauutt pq octakauxc rosoqos qn osao+euuoctu,
cssauutx c xapa|tepon rpoecca opatuou cssu u rpeqctasneuunu
o stco|ux satpatax ua opaot|y uuopnauu (|a| qn ctpau-|nueutos,
ta| u qn repcouana 6au|a u 1ouqa), accouupykauxc c cyaectsy-
kaunu netoqanu, Cosett oeux oprauusauu s ua+ane 2009 uuaucosoro
roqa rpuunu peaeuue coxpauutt CKC qn ronutx u rponeyto+utx
PC, uo otneuutt ux rpuneuutentuo | roqostn ot+etan o rpoqenauuou
paote s pan|ax Pl1. CKC qonut rpeqctasnttc Cosety s te+euue
+ettpex neces rocne orynu|osauu cootsetctsykaero PC. Pe|o-
neuqauu otuocutentuo peanusauu ctpateruu co|paaeuu equoctu
s uactoaee spen rpeqoctasnktc rocpeqctson ot+uoro rpoecca
eeroquou opatuou cssu.
6ei c o6meceeuuocs e cpauax c uiku qoxoqau
|cronuutentutu coset u py|osoqctso V81 rpuqakt ontaoe sua+euue
neporputun ro cssn c oaectseuuocttk, s +actuoctu s otuoaeuuu
Cl, u rposoqt entu pq ta|ux neporputuu qn sa|ouoqatentutx
oprauos, oprauusauu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa u aupo|ou oaectseu-
uoctu. lauonee rpune+atentutn us uux s 2009 uuaucoson roqy
tna |ouepeuu, coctosaac s napte 2009 roqa s Tausauuu u
oprauusosauua cosnectuo V81 u Tausauueu (cn. sctas|y 4.3).
4uaucoea noqqepka
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy 1ouq rpeqoctasnn qoronuutentuyk uuau-
cosyk roqqep|y Cl s cssu c rostaeuuen eu ua rpoqy|tt rutauu
u tornuso u pacaupn csou sosnouoctu ru|o pearuposatt ua ta|ue
sueauue ao|u (cn. sctas|y 4.1). 6ontaoe +ucno ctpau c uus|unu qo-
xoqanu socrontsosanuct uuaucuposauuen 1ouqa qn peaeuu
rponen, cssauutx c qasneuuen ua rnateute anauct, |otopoe
ststsanoct, rpeqe scero, rostaeuuen eu ua rpoqy|tt rutauu u
tornuso. Kpone toro, so stopou ronosuue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa cy-
aectseuuo sospoc oen uuaucuposauu, rpeqoctasnenoro 1ouqon
ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu. 8 te+euue atoro roqa qseuaqatt ctpau
rony+unu qoronuutentuyk ronoat s pan|ax cyaectsykaux |peqututx
rporpann, roqqepusaentx pecypcanu nexauusna uuaucuposauu
ua enu co|paaeuu equoctu u coqeuctsu a|ouonu+ec|ony pocty,
s pasnepe 10, nnu CP. 6tno ytsepqeuo qectt uostx qorosopeu-
uocteu Pl1, oecre+usakaux qoctyr | cpeqctsan s pasnepe
31,4 nnu CP. pyrue ctpaut rony+unu uuaucosyk roqqep|y
s ropq|e a|ctpeuuou ronoau 1ouqa ua enu nu|suqauu rocneqctsuu
ctuxuuutx eqctsuu. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy tno ytsepqeuo
rpeqoctasneuue a|ctpeuuou roct|ounu|tuou ronoau (3KA) lsuuee-
6ucay (1,8 nnu CP) u Konopc|un 0ctposan (1,1 nnu CP) u rpeqo-
ctasneuue roqqep|u s pan|ax nexauusna a|ctpeuuou ronoau ua
cny+au ctuxuuutx eqctsuu (3lA) 6enusy (4,Z nnu CP).
Ka| otne+anoct pautae s uactoaeu rnase, s ceutpe 2008 roqa V81
peopnuposan nexauusn uuaucuposauu qn rpeoqoneuu sueauux
ao|os, c ten +tot cqenatt ero onee ronesutn qn ctpau c uus|unu
qoxoqanu naroqap rostaeuuony u onee tctpony qoctyry u pa-
uouanusuposauutn tpeosauun (cn. ta|e sctas|y 4.1). Co spene-
uu rpeopasosauu atoro nexauusna aectt ctpau rony+unu
uuaucuposauue s pan|ax EC1 s oaen pasnepe 33,1 nnu CP.
(Cn. onee roqpouoe ocyqeuue |pequtosauu s pan|ax Pl1,
EC1, 3KA u 3lA s 2009 uuaucoson roqy s rnase 3.)
6okpameue 6equoc o6nerueue 6peueu qonra
V81, uapqy c qpyrunu nuoroctopouuunu oprauusaunu, y+actsyet
s ocyaectsneuuu qsyx creuantutx uuuuatus, uarpasneuutx ua
oner+euue peneuu qonra equeuaux ctpau nupa. |uuuatusa X|K,
ua+ata s 199 roqy V81 u 8cenuputn au|on, rpeqctasnet coou
|onrne|cutu roqxoq | co|paaeuuk qonra equtx ctpau c stco|un
yposuen saqoneuuoctu, ocyaectsnkaux rporpannt ctaunusauu
u peopn, roqqepusaente pecypcanu V81 u 8cenupuoro au|a,
c ten +tot oecre+utt ycnosu qn toro, +tot uu oqua equa
ctpaua ue unena peneuu qonra, c |otoptn oua ue s coctouuu
crpasuttc. n rony+euu ronoau cootsetctsykaue |putepun
ctpaut qonut rpoqenouctpuposatt yctou+uste ro|asatenu rpose-
qeuu peopn u oocuosauuou a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u s cssu
c rporpannanu, roqqepusaentnu pecypcanu V81 u Veqyuapoquou
accouauu passutu (VAP) 8cenupuoro au|a, a ta|e paspaotatt
o|yneutt ro ctpateruu co|paaeuu equoctu ua ocuose rpoecca,
oecre+usakaero aupo|oe y+actue sauutepecosauutx ctopou.
ocne toro |a| ctpaua stronuuna atu |putepuu unu qounact cyae-
ctseuuoro rporpecca s ux stronueuuu, |cronuutentute cosett V81
u VAP rpuuunakt ouuantuoe peaeuue o ton, +to oua yqosnetso-
pet tpeosauun qn oner+euu peneuu saqoneuuoctu, u ne-
qyuapoquoe cooaectso rpuuunaet osatentctso o co|paaeuuu
qonra qo cornacosauuoro ropora yctou+usoctu (ctaqu rpuutu
peaeuu), ctpaua noet uesaneqnutentuo ua+att rony+att spe-
neuuoe oner+euue peneuu ocnyusauu ee qonra c uactyrak-
aunu cpo|anu roraaeuu. 0qua|o qn ronuoro u o|ou+atentuoro
co|paaeuu ocuosuou cynnt qonra, rpeqoctasnenoro s pan|ax
|uuuatust X|K, ctpaua qonua. 1) rpoqenouctpuposatt qant-
ueuaue stco|ue pesynttatt stronueuu rporpann, roqqepusaentx
pecypcanu V81 u VAP, 2) yqosnetsoputentuo rposectu ocuosute
peopnt, cornacosauute ua ctaquu rpuutu peaeuu, u 3) rpuutt
PC u ocyaectsntt ee ro |pauueu nepe s te+euue oquoro roqa.
ocne toro |a| ctpaua stronuut atu |putepuu, oua noet qoctu+t
ctaquu sasepaeuu, u torqa, |a| rpeqronaraetc, |pequtopt
rpeqoctast eu ronuoe oner+euue peneuu qonra, oeaauuoe ua
ctaquu rpuutu peaeuu.
K uactoaeny noneuty ra|ett nep ro co|paaeuuk qonra s pan|ax
|uuuatust X|K tnu ytsepqeut qn 35 ctpau, 29 us |otoptx
uaxoqtc s Apu|e, ouu rpeqycnatpusakt oner+euue peneuu o-
cnyusauu qonra s pasnepe 51 nnpq qonnapos CLA (stpaeuuoro
s +uctou rpuseqeuuou ctounoctu ua |oue 200Z roqa) c te+euuen
speneuu. Eae aectt ctpau roteuuantuo unekt rpaso ua rony+euue
ronoau s pan|ax |uuuatust X|K. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy qse
ctpaut Kot-q'|syap u Toro qocturnu ctaquu rpuutu peaeuu
s pan|ax atou uuuuatust, u oqua ctpaua, 6ypyuqu, qocturna ctaquu
sasepaeuu.
8 enx yc|opeuu qoctueuu eneu passutu e|napauu ttc+enetu
00l |uuuatusa X|K s 2005 roqy tna qoronueua VP|, |otopa
rossonet rony+att 100-rpoeutuoe oner+euue peneuu cootsetctsyk-
+*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
aero |putepun qonra ot tpex nuoroctopouuux oprauusauu V81, VAP
u Apu|auc|oro ouqa passutu ctpauan, sasepaakaun rpoecc
s pan|ax |uuuatust X|K. 8 200Z roqy Veanepu|auc|uu au| passutu
ta|e rpuun peaeuue o rpeqoctasneuuu qoronuutentuoro oner+euu
peneuu qonra rtu ctpauan X|K s 8araquon ronyaapuu.
8ce ctpaut, qocturakaue ctaquu sasepaeuu s pan|ax pacaupeuuou
|uuuatust X|K, u ta|e ctpaut, |otopte unenu qoxoqt ua qyay
uaceneuu uue 380 qonnapos CLA u ueroraaeuutu qonr repeq V81
ro coctouuk ua |oue 2004 roqa, unekt rpaso ua y+actue s VP|.
+tot cootsetctsosatt |putepun qn oner+euu peneuu qonra
s pan|ax atou uuuuatust, ctpaua qonua, |a| rpeqycnotpeuo |cron-
uutentutn coseton, csoespeneuuo stronutt csou osatentctsa
repeq V81 u qenouctpuposatt yqosnetsoputentute pesynttatt
s onactu 1) na|poa|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u, 2) peanusauu ctpateruu
co|paaeuu equoctu u 3) yrpasneuu rocyqapctseuutn qonron.
epsoua+antuo |putepun VP| yqosnetsopna rpyrra us 19 ctpau
(1Z X|K, qocturaux ctaquu sasepaeuu, u qse ctpaut, ue otuocau-
ec | X|K, c qoxoqanu ua qyay uaceneuu uue yctauosneuuoro
roporosoro sua+euu), |otoptn tno rpeqoctasneuo oner+euue
peneuu qonra s usape 200 roqa. Kputepuu VP| tnu stronueut
s oaeu cnouoctu 2 ctpauanu, |otoptn 1ouq rpeqoctasun oner-
+euue peneuu qonra, s ton +ucne, s rocnequee spen, 6ypyuqu
s usape 2009 roqa (cn. se-tanuy 4.3).
8 rnase 3 rpuseqeut qoronuutentute roqpoute cseqeuu o roqqep|e
s pan|ax |uuuatus X|K u VP|, rpeqoctasneuuou 1ouqon rocy-
qapctsan-+neuan s 2009 uuaucoson roqy. 8 qo|yneute ro sorpocan
ronutu|u 2008 roqa rpusoqutc ot+et o coctouuu peanusauu |uu-
uatus X|K u VP
40
.
PA3hThE 0TEhhAA
Passutue roteuuana, s|nk+akaee roqrotos|y |aqpos u texuu+ec|yk
ronoat, snetc oquou us ocuosutx onacteu qetentuoctu 1ouqa.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy rposoqunuct aupo|ue peopnt, uarpasneuute
ua rostaeuue ero ae|tusuoctu u qeuctseuuoctu. 8 atux peopnax
roq+ep|usaetc yny+aeuue rpuoputusauu saqa+ u rostaeuue ae|-
tusuoctu satpat, yny+aeuue oeu|u pesynttatos u onee tecuoe cotpyq-
uu+ectso c qouopanu. 8 pycne atux ycunuu |cronuutentutu coset
ytsepqun uosyk ronutu|y ssunauu rnatt sa ycnyru ro passutuk roteu-
uana u sauyk uuuuatusy ro copy uuaucostx cpeqcts, ata|e rnaut
ro ot|pttuk uostx peruouantutx eutpos ro texuu+ec|ou ronoau.
Texuuecka nouoms
V81 rpeqoctasnet texuu+ec|yk ronoat (T) s ocuosutx cepax ero
|onreteuuu, ta|ux |a| na|poa|ouonu+ec|a ronutu|a, uanorosa
ronutu|a u cop uanorostx qoxoqos, yrpasneuue pacxoqanu, qeueuo-
|pequtua ronutu|a, |ypcosa cuctena, ctauntuoctt uuaucosoro
ce|topa, ocuost sa|ouoqatentctsa u na|poa|ouonu+ec|a u uuau-
cosa ctatuctu|a (puc. 4.1). onuno uerocpeqctseuuou rontst qn
ctpau-rony+ateneu, T crococtsyet oecre+euuk onee uaqeuou
u ctauntuou rnoantuou a|ouonu|u. punepuo 80 rpoeutos T 1ou-
qa uarpasnetc ctpauan c uus|unu u cpequunu qoxoqanu, s +actuoctu,
s Apu|e | kry ot Caxapt u Asuu (puc. 4.2).
8 nae 2008 roqa Coset ocyqun peopnt, uarpasneuute ua rostaeuue
qeuctseuuoctu T V81 u aqartauk rpoecca rpeqoctasneuu 1ouqon
T c y+eton ctpateru+ec|ux uarpasneuuu cpequecpo+uoro kqeta
1ouqa
41
. |cronuutentute qupe|topa c+utanu, +to ocyaectsneuue atux
peopn sua+utentuo rostcuno t ae|tusuoctt T 1ouqa.
|cronuutentute qupe|topa roqqepanu onee uuuuatusutu roqxoq
| nounusauu uostx pecypcos qn T u a|tusuo rpusetctsosanu
opnuposauue enestx tpactostx ouqos T, a ta|e pacaupeuue
rpeqoctasneuu T +epes peruouantute eutpt ro texuu+ec|ou ro-
noau (cn. uue). 8o sctas|e 4.4 ocyqaktc |nk+este aneneutt
uosou ocuost rpeqoctasneuu T.
8 asrycte 2008 roqa ucronuutentute qupe|topa ytsepqunu uosyk ro-
nutu|y s otuoaeuuu ssunauu rnatt sa T u roqrotos|y |aqpos, rpeqo-
ctasnente 1ouqon
42
. /cosepaeuctsosauua ronutu|a rpuneuetc
| texuu+ec|ou ronoau u ycnyran ro rostaeuuk |sanuu|auu qonuo-
ctutx nu, rpeqoctasnentn 1ouqon s ata-|saptupe, rpu+en cynna,
|otopyk rpuqetc rnatutt ctpauan, quepeuupyetc s sasucunoctu
ot qoxoqos ua qyay uaceneuu s |ou|petuou ctpaue
43
. peqronaraetc,
+to rnatua ocuosa T yqet cnyutt euostn nexauusnon, croco-
ctsykaun rpeqoctasneuuk T u ycnyr ro roqrotos|e |aqpos s otset ua
rotpeuoctu rony+ateneu u s cootsetctsuu c ux rpuoputetanu. Pq
ntrot, snecte c quepeuuposauuou a|anou ornatt, oecre+usaet
ycnosu qn toro, +tot ata ronutu|a ue unena uenarorpututx ro-
cneqctsuu qn rpeqoctasneuu T rocyqapctsan-+neuan c uus|unu
qoxoqanu. 8 napte 2009 roqa py|osoqctso 1ouqa, ro |oucynttauu
c |cronuutentutn coseton, rpuuno peaeuue ssectu s qeuctsue ronu-
tu|y ssunauu rnatt sa T c 1 usap 2010 roqa, a ue c 1 na 2009 roqa,
|a| rnauuposanoct usua+antuo. 8sunauue rnatt sa roqrotos|y |aqpos
ua+anoct 1 na 2009 roqa, s cootsetctsuu c rnauon.
1ouq ysenu+usan rpeqoctasneuue T +epes peruouantute eutpt ro
texuu+ec|ou ronoau (PTAK) (puc. 4.3), |otopte, ro oaeny nueuuk,
snktc ycreautnu noqennu qn passutu roteuuana. Cornacuo
sueauun oeu|an u otstsan snacteu ctpau, rpeqoctasnena +epes
PTAK texuu+ec|a ronoat snetc ru|ou, csoespeneuuou, ae|-
tusuou c to+|u speuu satpat u onee tecuo yssauuou c uutepecanu
ctpau (cn. sctas|y 4.5). la cenuuape, coctosaenc s nae 2008 roqa,
ucronuutentute qupe|topa roqtsepqunu roqqep|y sospocaeu ponu
PTAK s rpeqoctasneuuu 1ouqon ycnyr ro passutuk roteuuana
(cn. pasqen oqrotos|a u rostaeuue |sanuu|auu |aqpos).
Ctpenct pacauputt peruouantutu roqxoq, 1ouq s ceutpe 2008 ro-
qa osun o rnauax ro ot|pttuk +ettpex uostx PTAK. epstu us
uux, eutp ro texuu+ec|ou ronoau qn eutpantuou Anepu|u, aua-
nt u onuuu|auc|ou Pecrynu|u (KAPTAK-P), ot|ptnc s ua+ane
2010 uuaucosoro roqa (tanua 4.1). 8 +ucne tpex qpyrux PTAK, |o-
topte rpeqronaraetc ot|pttt, qsa uaxoqtc s kuou u saraquou
+actu Apu|u, snecte c cyaectsykaunu PTAK ouu yqyt oxsattsatt
sck Apu|y | kry ot Caxapt. +etsepttu yqet ocnyusatt ctpaut
eutpantuou Asuu. Cyaectsykaue u uoste PTAK yqyt rpeqoctasntt
ycnyru ro texuu+ec|ou ronoau s oaeu cnouoctu 102 ctpauan, ox-
sattsa onee 80 rpoeutos ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu.
Kpone toro, s ua+ane arpen 2009 roqa 1ouq osun o sseqeuuu uuuu-
atust ro cosqauuk enestx tpactostx ouqos (T1) (cn. sctas|y 4.).
8 ocuose T1 neut uqe o oequueuuu qouopc|ux pecypcos qn
rpeqoctasneuu rocyqapctsan-+neuan ycnyr ro ys|ocreuanusuposau-
utn na|poa|ouonu+ec|un sorpocan s qoronueuue | paote PTAK.
2009 | 55
6
5
4
3
2
1
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0 0


( -):
2007: 8,2
2008: 9,4
2009: 8,6

( -):
2007: 69,6
2008: 69,4
2009: 69,7

4.1
( -)
2007 2008 2009


( -):
2007: 32,2
2008: 35,7
2009: 29,1

( -):
2007: 73,1
2008: 66,2
2009: 65,6

: .
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

+,sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009


8 2009 uuaucoson roqy rposoqunuct aupo|ue peopnt, uarpas-
neuute ua rostaeuue ae|tusuoctu u qeuctseuuoctu T V81,
s cootsetctsuu c peopnanu, ytsepqeuutnu Coseton s xoqe
ocyqeuu s nae 2008 roqa. 3tu peopnt asupyktc ua tpex
ocuosutx |onroueutax.
Ynjvae+ae a+meea(aa 7| c +adsoov a |edam+uva oea-
(a+va. 8 pan|ax uosou ocuost tepputopuantute qeraptaneutt
rpuuunakt ua ce seqyayk pont s orpeqeneuuu ctpateruu T
(Crpas|u ro peruouantutn ctpaterun), |otopte oecre+usakt
enoctuyk cpequecpo+uyk ocuosy T, ny+ae cootsetctsykayk
rotpeuoctn rocyqapcts-+neuos u qoctato+uo ru|yk, +tot
otstsattc ua usneueuue rpuoputetos.
Ynjvae+ae o(e+|a esjntmamoe a oeuae+ae ae|mae+ocma
samam. losa ocuosa rossonet cuctenatu+ec|u otcneusatt
qoctueuue eneu u |oue+utx pesynttatos u usqepe| ro |aqony
rpoe|ty T c ucrontsosauuen ro|asateneu, sapauee orpeqeneu-
utx py|osoqutennu rpoe|tos, +to cosqaet sosnouoctt qn
oeu|u pesynttatusuoctu |aqoro rpoe|ta.

Y|ene+ae am+ec|ax om+oae+a c do+oava. 1ouq ctpenutc


| qantueuaeny y|perneuuk raptuepc|ux otuoaeuuu c qouopanu,
|otopte uey|nouuo pocnu c |oua 1990-x roqos (cn. pucyuo|), ue
tont|o qn yrnyneuu cyaectsykaux raptuepc|ux otuoaeuuu,
uo u qn pacaupeuu qouopc|ou ast sa c+et s|nk+euu s uee
uostx qouopos. larpunep, s usape 2009 roqa tno roqrucauo
raptuepc|oe cornaaeuue o T c Esporeuc|ou |onuccueu (EC).

BCTABKA 4.4
epeopeua exuuecko nouom 4ouqa
peqocaeneue T, quaucpyeuoe ia cue
euemux euypeuux couukoe (s +enose|o-roqax)
8ueauue ucto+uu|u uuaucuposauu
8uytpeuuue ucto+uu|u uuaucuposauu
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro yrpasneuuk texuu+ec|ou ronoatk V81.
1
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0
1
1
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2
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0
0
1
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9
9
9
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0
9
1
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2
0
0
8
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0

1
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Ph6Yh0K 4.2
peqocaeneue T e 2009 quaucoeou roqy
no qenapaueuau perouau
( s +enose|o-roqax)
Apu|a Asu u Tuxuu o|eau Espora 8araquoe ronyaapue
6nuuuu 8octo| u eutpantua Asu Pasnu+ute peruout
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro yrpasneuuk texuu+ec|ou ronoatk V81.
CTA K kP /68
Ph6Yh0K 4.3
6pykypa T: nepcouan Y4,
skcneps PTAK
( s +enose|o-roqax)
PTAK 3|creptt epcouan
1
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2
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0
1
1
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2
0
0
2
1
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2
0
0
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0
4
1
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1
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1
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pune+auue. auute ue s|nk+akt rpoe|tt, uuaucupyente |uctutyton V81 (|lC)
unu porpannou passutu 0prauusauu 0equueuutx lauu (P00l).
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro yrpasneuuk texuu+ec|ou ronoatk V81.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r+-
TA6|A 4.1
6ymeceyme nnaupyeuse PTAK
lA88Al|E ElTPA VECT0lAX0XEl|E l0 C08Al|F
+|C0
06C/X|8AEVbX CTPAl
P0ElT
CTPAl- +El08
C l|8K|V| 0X0AV|
1TAK Cysa, 1uqu 1992 15 13
KAPTAK 6puqtayu, 6apaqoc 2001 20 5
VETAK 6eupyt, usau 2004 10 20
8octo+utu A1P|TAK ap-ac-Canan, Tausauu 2002 Z 100
8araqutu A1P|TAK 6ana|o, Vanu 2003 10 100
eutpantutu A1P|TAK upesunnt, laou 200Z Z 5Z
KAPTAK-P lsatenana-Cutu, lsatenana 2009 Z 0
kutu A1P|TAK 13 38
8araqutu A1P|TAK-2 83
KACTAK Z 43
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro yrpasneuuk texuu+ec|ou ronoatk V81.
o utoran oeu|u eutpantuoro, 8octo+uoro u 8araquoro A1P|TAK,
rposeqeuuou sueaueu oprauusaueu, pesynttatt paott scex tpex
eutpos ro texuu+ec|ou ronoau (A1P|TAK) rony+unu xopoaue
annt (cn. tanuy), uecnotp ua cnoute ycnosu rpeqoctasne-
uu T, cssauute c uus|un uuctutyuouantutn roteuuanon
ocsoeuu ronoau so nuorux +neuax A1P|TAK. 8 xoqe atoro ne-
porputu rpoe|tt ro T oeuusanuct ro a|ane ot 1 (ueyqosnet-
soputentuo) qo 4 (otnu+uo) s rtu yu|uouantutx onactx
(yrpasneuue rocyqapctseuutnu uuaucanu, cop uanorostx qo-
xoqos, qeueuo-|pequtute orepauu, au|osc|uu uaqsop u ctatuc-
tu|a) u s cootsetctsuu c +ettptn rapanetpanu (penesautuoctt,
ae|tusuoctt, qeuctseuuoctt u yctou+usoctt).
8 +ucne qpyrux pesynttatos, rpyrra ro rposeqeuuk oeu|u otne-
tuna, +to A1P|TAK rpeqoctasnkt tctpte u ru|ue ycnyru,
rpu+en sce crocot rpeqoctasneuu T snktc ae|tusut-
nu, stco|oe |a+ectso suauuu s A1P|TAK y|peruno perytauk
V81, T A1P|TAK otse+aet rotpeuoctn ctpau (rpunueua
| ctpauan), u sosne+euuoctt ctpau-rony+ateneu, qouopos u
repcouana V81 s ctpy|typy yrpasneuu A1P|TAK o|asanact
ae|tusuou noqentk, eutpt A1P|TAK roqqepusakt ctpauo-
ste ctpateruu u rporpannt ro co|paaeuuk equoctu, u ro ue|o-
toptn suqan T A1P|TAK yny+aunuct rpospa+uoctt,
roqot+etuoctt u |outpont, +to crococtsyet yneutaeuuk sosno-
uocteu qn |oppyruu.
Pecrouqeutt ocneqosauu ta|e qanu A1P|TAK onee stco|yk
oeu|y, +en qpyrun roctasau|an T, s rnaue tctpott pearupo-
sauu, suauu ctpau, ru|octu, speneuu pea|uu, ae|tusuoctu
c to+|u speuu satpat u ucrontsosauu apu|auc|oro ortta.
6TAKA 4.5
uemu oeuka eupoe A4PhTAK: cop ycnexa
ocouus A4PhTAK 3anaqus A4PhTAK eupansus A4PhTAK
Peneeauuocs 3,3 3,2 3,0
3e|tusuoctt 3,1 2,0 2,Z
eceeuuocs 3,0 2,8 2,9
/ctou+usoctt 2,9 2,Z 2,Z
+.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
n toro +tot ny+ae cnyutt csoun rocyqapctsan-+neuan, oco-
euuo passusakaunc ctpauan, V81 ot|ptsaet pq enestx
tpactostx ouqos qn roqqep|u creuanusuposauuou rnoantuou
T, |otopa s|nk+aet neqyuapoquyk ortunantuyk rpa|tu|y u
oecre+usaet tecuoe ssaunoqeuctsue c peruouantutnu eutpanu
V81, opueutuposauutnu ua rpa|tu+ec|yk paoty.
71 o ote c omvuea+aev de+ee/eceve+as a+a+cao-
ea+a+ meoasva (50/|17} yqet roqqepusatt uuaucu-
posauue T, rpequasua+euuou qn coqeuctsu s paspaot|e
yctou+usoro peuna 60/1T s rocyqapctsax-+neuax.
71 o jaene+as +anoeoeo-sdem+o ceo yqet roq-
qepusatt uuaucuposauue T, rpequasua+euuou qn pacau-
peuu sosnouocteu passusakauxc ctpau rposoqutt ssseaeu-
uyk uanoroso-kqetuyk ronutu|y, yrpasntt rocyqapctseuutnu
pacxoqanu u sectu ux nouutopuur.
71 o +anoeoeo onama|e a adva+acma(aa yqet uuaucu-
posatt T qn o|asauu ctpauan coqeuctsu s cosqauuu uaqe-
utx ocuos uanorosou ronutu|u u taatentuo rpopaotauuoro
uanorosoro sa|ouoqatentctsa u cosqasatt ae|tusute y+pe-
qeuu ro copy qoxoqos qn rposeqeuu atou ronutu|u.
71 o cmameea+v oeceve+a+ jcmovaeo doneoeo camj-
a(aa yqet uuaucuposatt T, rpeqoctasnenyk nuorun pas-
susakaunc ctpauan u ctpauan c opnupykaunc ptu|on u
uarpasneuuyk ua passutue roteuuana auanusa, yrpasneuu
puc|on u paspaot|u ctpateruu s enx oecre+euu a|ouonu-
+ec|ou rpuennenoctu rocyqapctseuuoro qonra.
71 o eoocav a+a+coeo cmaant+ocma rpequasua+eu qn
o|asauu rocyqapctsan-+neuan coqeuctsu, ua ocuose ypo|os
rnoantuoro uuaucosoro |pusuca 2008 roqa, s uaqsope u perynu-

posauuu cuctenutx puc|os ryten paspaot|u nexauusnos ae|-


tusuoro tpaucrpauu+uoro uaqsopa, cosqauu cucten uuaucosou
saautt, yrpasneuu nu|suquocttk so spen |pusuca u paspaot|u
ctpateruu repexoqa | ctauntuou uuaucosou cuctene.
71 o cmamacma|e a+a+coeoeo |asaca yqet roqqepusatt
T ua enu passutu auanutu+ec|oro u ctatuctu+ec|oro roteu-
uana qn nouutopuura a|topos uuaucosou yssunoctu
s ctpauax c opnupykaunc ptu|on.
71 o jaene+as saacava aod+ux ecjcoe yqet cnyutt
qn yqosnetsopeuu rotpeuocteu, xapa|teputx qn orattx
rpupoqutnu pecypcanu ctpau, s onactu na|poa|ouonu+ec|oro
yrpasneuu, uanoroso-kqetuoro peuna u cootsetctsykaux
|outpa|tos, nexauusnos ro oecre+euuk rpospa+uoctu, ctatu-
ctu|u u yrpasneuu a|tusanu u osatentctsanu.
71 dn+ odeomoe|a |adoe e /a|e rpequasua+eu qn rost-
aeuu uast|os rocyqapctseuutx cnyaaux cpequero u stcaero
sseua s onactu na|poa|ouonu+ec|oro yrpasneuu ua ocuose
rpa|tu+ec|ou y+euou rporpannt, co+etakaeu ne|uu c rpa|-
tu+ec|unu sautunu.
771 o 0(e cacmeve acocma+e+a+ da++ux yqet cro-
coctsosatt pacaupeuuk T, rpeqoctasnenou ctpauan ua enu
cosqauu uaqeutx ctatuctu+ec|ux cucten coctasneuu u
pacrpoctpaueuu qauutx, ocuosauutx ua 0CP.
epstu us atux T1, T1 ro 60/1T, ua+an yu|uouuposatt
s nae 2009 roqa, u ouqaetc, +to octantute ouqt ua+uyt pao-
tatt s te+euue cneqykaux uec|ont|ux net. ouopt T1 yqyt
y+actsosatt s atou paote +epes uankqatentute |onutett,
a uesasucunte sueauue oeu|u yqyt oecre+usatt ae|tusuoctt
o|asauu ycnyr u quuanusn.

6TAKA 4.
eneese pacoese qouqs: uo so akoe? Kakoes x en?
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r+/
TABRHUA 4.2
porpauus noqrooek kaqpoe hucya Y4, 2007-2009 quaucoese roqs
1l 200Z 1l 2008 1l 2009
UTA5-KAPThPA Y4
+ucno pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos 8Z Z8 54
Pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx)
3182 2813 19Z4
PEFh0hAbhbE EhTPb 0F0T0Kh KAP0
+ucno pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos 152 1Z2 158
Pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx)
458 5280 4Z3Z
P0+AP 0F0T0KA KAP0 3A PY5EA0Y
+ucno pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos 33 35 42
Pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx)
983 10Z1 1211
h6TAhh0hh0E 05Y+EhhE
+ucno pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos 1 18 1
Pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx)
5Z Z5 5Z0
6EF0
+ucno pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos 288 303 2Z0
Pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx)
940 9838 8491
|cto+uu|. |uctutyt V81.
oqrooeka noesmeue keanqka kaqpoe
oqrotos|a u rostaeuue |sanuu|auu qonuoctutx nu rocyqapcts-
+neuos ueotennena +actt ycunuu V81 ro passutuk roteuua-
na rostaakt ux crocouoctt auanusuposatt a|ouonu+ec|ue
usneueuu u opnynuposatt u rposoqutt ae|tusuyk na|poa|ouo-
nu+ec|yk ronutu|y. Kypct u cenuuapt rpequasua+eut qn repeqa+u
suauuu u ortta repcouana V81 ro aupo|ony |pyry sorpocos, unekaux
saueuaee sua+euue qn ae|tusuoro na|poa|ouonu+ec|oro u
uuaucosoro auanusa u paspaot|u ronutu|u, a ta|e ro onee ys|o-
creu antutn sorpocan, otuocaunc | coctasneuuk na|poa|ouonu-
+ec|ou ctatuctu|u u pasnu+utn uanoroso-kqetutn, qeueuo-|peqututn
u rpasostn rponenan. 8ua+utentua +actt roqrotos|u |aqpos ocy-
aectsnetc s pan|ax rporpannt, oprauusosauuou |uctutyton V81,
|otoptu rposoqut (s cotpyquu+ectse c qpyrunu eraptaneutanu)
u oprauusyet |ypct s ata-|saptupe V81, +epes cett peruouantutx
eutpos ro roqrotos|e |aqpos so scen nupe (s cotpyquu+ectse c pas-
nu+utnu qpyrunu peruouantutnu u uauouantutnu roctasau|anu
ycnyr ro roqrotos|e |aqpos), a ta|e rpu ronoau quctauuouuoro
oy+euu.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy s pan|ax rporpannt |uctutyta tno rpose-
qeuo s oaeu cnouoctu 2Z0 pac+etutx ueqent |ypcos ro roqrotos|e
u rostaeuuk |sanuu|auu |aqpos ua 11 rpoeutos neutae, +en
s 2008 uuaucoson roqy (tanua 4.2). 3tunu ycnyranu socrontsosanuct
ro+tu 4000 y+actuu|os, a oaee pac+etuoe +ucno y+actuu|os oy+euu
(c y+eton rpoqonutentuoctu |ypcos s ueqenx) coctasuno 8500. Co-
|paaeuue oena roqrotos|u |aqpos tno ontaun, +en rpeqycnat-
pusanoct cpequecpo+utn rnauon, ssuqy |pat|ocpo+utx |aqpostx
rponen u ocoeuuo pes|oro co|paaeuu oena roqrotos|u |aqpos
qeraptaneutanu, y+actsykaunu s rpeqoctasneuuu texuu+ec|ou rono-
au V81, +to tno cssauo c rostaeuutn crpocon ua ycnyru atux
qeraptaneutos s qpyrux rpuoputetutx onactx. Ka| rpeqycnatpusa-
noct cpequecpo+utn rnauon roqrotos|u |aqpos |uctutyta, sua+utent-
ua +actt co|paaeuu rpuxoqunact ua ata-|saptupy, xot oen
roqrotos|u |aqpos, rpeqoctasneuutu s qpyrux nectax, s|nk+a peru-
ouantute eutpt ro roqrotos|e |aqpos, ta|e co|patunc.
pu paspaot|e y+eutx rnauos rpuctantuoe suunauue yqenetc
rpuoputetan 1ouqa u neukaunc rotpeuoctn rocyqapcts-+neuos,
s ton +ucne, s rocnequue roqt, na|pouuaucostn cssn. larpunep,
s 2009 uuaucoson roqy tn oprauusosau uostu |ypc ro urote+utn
ptu|an, ce|tkputusauu u ctpy|typuposauuony uuaucuposauuk u
tn paspaotau uostu |ypc ro uuaucan qn na|poa|ouonuctos,
srepste rposeqeuutu s ua+ane 2010 uuaucosoro roqa.
8 nae 2008 roqa |cronuutentute qupe|topa rposenu cenuuap ro
sorpocan roqrotos|u u rostaeuu |sanuu|auu |aqpos |a| coctas-
uou +actu passutu roteuuana, ua |otopon ouu roq+ep|uynu sua+euue
coxpaueuu uarpasneuuoctu rporpannt roqrotos|u |aqpos V81 ua
te onactu, s |otoptx 1ouq uneet cpasuutentuoe rpeunyaectso
44
.
,&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
0uu roqqepanu sospocayk pont peruouantutx eutpos roqrotos|u
|aqpos u PTAK s o|asauuu ycnyr ro roqrotos|e |aqpos V81, c+uta,
+to qeeutpanusau roqrotos|u |aqpos snetc ae|tusuou
c to+|u speuu satpat u oecre+usaet qoronuutentuyk ru|octt rpu
pearuposauuu ua tctpo neukauec rotpeuoctu u sarpoct ua
roqrotos|y |aqpos ua ctpauoson unu peruouantuon yposue.
PE40PYA 5KAETA h 0X00
8 arpene 2008 roqa |cronuutentutu coset qoctur cornaaeuu o uosou
pano+uou cuctene qoxoqos u pacxoqos, |otopa, |a| ouqaetc, rossonut
repesectu uuauct V81 ua onee yctou+usyk ocuosy. 8 +actu pac-
xoqos Coset orpeqenun sosnouoctu qn a|ouonuu cpeqcts s pasne-
pe rpunepuo 100 nnu qonnapos CLA, |otopa qonua ttt qocturuyta
s 2009-2011 uuaucostx roqax sa c+et co|paaeuu |aqpostx u ue-
|aqpostx pacxoqos. 8 +actu qoxoqos Coset ytsepqun nept, |otopte
pacaupt ucto+uu|u qoxoqos 1ouqa.
8 otuoaeuuu peopnt qoxoqos Coset yrpasnkaux 1ouqa ytsepqun
rorpas|y | Ctattn cornaaeuu o pacaupeuuu uusectuuouutx ron-
uono+uu 1ouqa. pyrou |nk+esou aneneut uosou noqenu qoxoqos
1ouqa s|nk+aet cosqauue ouqa, uuaucupyenoro sa c+et rputnu
ot rpoqau sonota. peqnaraena rorpas|a | Ctattn cornaaeuu,
qn toro +tot sctyrutt s cuny, qonua ttt rpuuta |a| nuuunyn
tpen rttnu ot +ucna rocyqapcts-+neuos, ua qonk |otoptx rpuxo-
qutc 85 rpoeutos ot oaero +ucna ronocos.
Peanusau otqentutx aneneutos peopnt pacxoqos s pan|ax qau-
uoro ra|eta rpoqsuraetc s cootsetctsuu c rnauon. 8 +ucne nep,
rpuuttx s 2009 roqy s |oute|cte oaero co|paaeuu atatos 1ouqa,
tnu peopnt u co|paaeuue kqetos oucos ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos u kqeta l00 u ytsepqeuue Coseton yrpasnkaux
co|paaeuu strnat yrpasnkaun s cssu c roceaeuuen saceqauuu
Coseta yrpasnkaux (rorpas|a | Pasqeny 14(a) Pernaneuta).
Peopna kqeta oucos ucronuutentutx qupe|topos (0|) s|nk-
+ana, cpequ rpo+ero, uosyk cucteny coctasneuu kqetos atux
oucos s qeueuou (qonnaposou) opne s pan|ax uosou ocuost
pacxoqos. 8 cssu c paspaattsaentnu rpeqnoeuunu ro accuruo-
sauuk kqetutx pacxoqos ua |onauqupos|u s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy qn otqentutx 0| Konutet ro aqnuuuctpatusutn sorpocan
|cronuutentuoro coseta (KA8) cornacunc paccnotpett rpasuna qn
uosou cuctent coctasneuu kqetos 0| s qeueuou (qonnaposou)
opne, cornacuo rpeqtqyaun pe|oneuqaun Pao+eu rpyrrt ro
pauouanusauu pacxoqos oucos ucronuutentutx qupe|topos. Co-
otsetctseuuo, KA8 paspaotana |onrne|cutu uaop pe|oneuqauu
otuocutentuo uosou ocuost pacxoqos qn 0|, s |otoptx ctasunact
entk rpeqoctasutt ucronuutentutn qupe|topan ueoxoqunyk
ru|octt s yrpasneuuu ux kqetutnu accuruosauunu s rpeqenax
oquoro roqa u ro uec|ont|un roqan, c ten +tot yqosnetsoptt neu-
kauec rotpeuoctu, oecre+usa rpu aton uaqneaayk u +et|yk
roqot+etuoctt s ucrontsosauuu pecypcos 1ouqa u rocyqapcts-+neuos.
|cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun uosyk ocuosy s qe|ape 2008 roqa.
Cneqykauu atar peopnt kqeta 1ouqa yqet rocsaeu, s +act-
uoctu, yny+aeuuk |ant|ynuu satpat ua qoctueuue pesynttatos qn
coqeuctsu onee ctporony yrpasneuuk kqeton u ny+aeny pac-
rpeqeneuuk pecypcos ro rpuoputetutn uarpasneuun.
1uuauct, oprauusau
u roqot+etuoctt
FRABA
4uaucs, oprauia noqoueuocs
4uaucoes roq, iakouuemc 30 anpen 2009 roqa, 6sn roqou eausx peqopu, koopse
npeo6paioean Y4, cqenae ero 6onee skououuuo oprauiae npqae uoey uanpae-
neuuocs ero pa6oe. 8 onactu kqeta, oprauusauu u roqot+etuoctu ycunu s uactoaee spen
uarpasnktc ua sueqpeuue nexauusnos saautt uuaucos 1ouqa u qpyrux orepauu. 8soqtc uo-
ste netoqt, rpussauute rostcutt ae|tusuoctt 1ouqa, u yny+aaetc roqot+etuoctt u rpospa+-
uoctt suytpu 1ouqa.
apannentuo c quuanu+utn u opueutuposauutn ua repcre|tusy |onrne|ton peopn |sot u rpas rono-
ca, ytsepqeuutn s 2008 uuaucoson roqy, Coset yrpasnkaux oqopun rpeqnoeuuyk rorpas|y
| Ctattn cornaaeuu V81, |otopa pacauput uusectuuouute ronuono+u 1ouqa. ocne toro |a|
rpeqnoeuua rorpas|a sctyrut s qeuctsue u |cronuutentutu coset rpunet peaeuue o rposeqeuuu
orpauu+euuou rpoqau sonota, yqet cosqau saueuauu aneneut yctou+usoro uuaucuposauu V81.
8cneq sa cosqauuen cosnectuoro |outpontuoro |onuteta qn |oopquuauu pasnu+utx uarpasneuuu pa-
ott, rposoqunou s passutue stsoqos l00 o suytpeuuen yrpasneuuu s 1ouqe, u Konuteta suqutx
qeteneu qn oeu|u cyaectsykaeu cuctent rpuutu peaeuuu 1ouqa (cn. rnasy 4), s 2009 uuauco-
son roqy rpoqonanuct peopnt, |otopte tnu uarpasneut ua oecre+euue crocouoctu 1ouqa
yqosnetsoptt rotpeuoctu ero rocyqapcts-+neuos, uecnotp ua onee ect|ue kqetute orpauu+e-
uu. K +ucny ta|ux peopn otuocunuct pauouanusau |aqposou ctpy|typt V81 s enx rostaeuu
ru|octu u ae|tusuoctu, a ta|e cosepaeuctsosauue nexauusnos qn yny+aeuu roqot+etuoctu u
yrpasneuu puc|on. 6tnu sseqeut ta|e uoste uuctpyneutt, crococtsykaue noqepuusauu 1ouqa,
c ten +tot oecre+utt ero aqartauk | neukaunc rotpeuoctn rocyqapcts-+neuos.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r,)
4hhAh60bE 0EPAhh h 4hhAh60AP 0hThKA
oxoqs, c6ops, eoiuarpaqeue pacnpeqeneue
quaucoeoro 6peueu
C noneuta ero cosqauu ocuosutn ucto+uu|on uuaucuposauu aq-
nuuuctpatusutx pacxoqos V81 tna |pequtua qetentuoctt.
8 2008 uuaucoson roqy |cronuutentutu coset qoctur cornaaeuu
o sua+utentuou peopne noqenu qoxoqos 1ouqa, |otopa tna yt-
sepqeua Coseton s nae 2008 roqa. 3ta peopna rossonut V81
qusepcuuuposatt ero ucto+uu|u qoxoqos.
K +ucny ocuosutx aneneutos uosou noqenu qoxoqos otuoctc cosqa-
uue ouqa, uuaucupyenoro sa c+et rputnu ot orpauu+euuou rpoqa-
u sonottx asyapos 1ouqa, pacaupeuue uusectuuouutx ronuono+uu
qn rostaeuu rputnu ot uusectuuu u sosouosneuue rpa|tu|u
sosneaeuu satpat 1ouqa, cssauutx c yrpasneuuen Tpactostn
ouqon Pl1-EC1. Pacaupeuue uusectuuouutx ronuono+uu rotpe-
yet sueceuu rorpas|u s Ctattu cornaaeuu 1ouqa, u ta|a rorpas-
|a s uactoaee spen rpeqctasneua rocyqapctsan-+neuan V81 qn
rpuutu, rpoqau sonota nornu t ua+attc rocne rony+euu 1ouqon
ueoxoqunoro oqopeuu co ctopout ero rocyqapcts-+neuos u ytsep-
qeuu |cronuutentutn coseton ta|ux rpoqa. porpanny rpoqau
sonota rpeqronaraetc ocyaectsntt roataruo s te+euue rpoqonu-
tentuoro repuoqa, c ten +tot useatt uapyaeuuu s yu|uouuposauuu
ptu|a sonota u yctauosneuu eu ua uen.
8 cootsetctsuu c noqentk qoxoqos, cyaectsosasaeu c noneuta co-
sqauu 1ouqa, s uactoaee spen ocuosutnu ucto+uu|anu ero qoxo-
qos snktc |pequtute orepauu u uusectuuu. 6asosa ctas|a
copos (rpoeutua ctas|a) ro |pequtan V81 orpeqenetc ua ua+a-
no |aqoro uuaucosoro roqa |a| rpoeutua ctas|a ro asyapan s CP
rnkc uaqas|a, stpaeuua s asucutx ryu|tax
45
. Coset cornacunc
octasutt uaqas|y | ctas|e copos s 2010 uuaucoson roqy es usne-
ueuuu ro cpasueuuk c 2009 uuaucostn roqon, to ectt ua yposue
100 asucutx ryu|tos. 8 pan|ax uosou noqenu qoxoqos ato peaeuue
orpeqennoct rpuuuranu, cornacuo |otoptn uaqas|a qonua
ro|ptsatt rocpequu+ec|ue satpatt 1ouqa u ua|orneuue pesepsos
u s enon cootsetctsosatt ycnosun qonrocpo+uoro ptu|a |arutana.
8 pan|ax atoro roqxoqa oquou us ocuosutx saqa+ snetc roqqepa-
uue ctas|u copos ua ctauntuon u rpeqc|asyenon yposue.
poseqeuua s napte 2009 roqa peopna uuctpyneutos V81 s|nk+a-
na yrpoaeuue ronutu|u 1ouqa s otuoaeuuu copos u cpo|os roraaeuu
(cn. pasqen 8ueqpeuue uuctpyneutos qn peaeuu saqa+, oycnos-
neuutx |pusucon s rnase 3). 8 uosou cuctene copos u cpo|os rora-
aeuu sa ucrontsosauue |pyrutx cynn |pequta (cstae 300 rpoeutos
|sott rocyqapctsa-+neua) ro |peqututn tpauaan
4
u s pan|ax qoroso-
peuuocteu o pacaupeuuon |pequtosauuu ssunaktc qoronuutentute
copt s pasnepe 200 asucutx ryu|tos, ocuosauute ua oene saun-
ctsosauu. V81 ta|e ssunaet qoronuutentute copt, ocuosauute
ua cpo|ax, s pasnepe 100 asucutx ryu|tos sa ucrontsosauue |pyrutx
cynn |pequta (c ten e roporostn sua+euuen, +to u stae), |otopte
octaktc ueroraaeuutnu s te+euue onee 3 neces.
onuno repuoqu+ec|ux copos u qoronuutentutx copos, V81 ssu-
naet ta|e rnaty sa ycnyru, copt sa osatentctso u creuantute
copt. nata sa ycnyru s pasnepe 0,5 rpoeuta ssunaetc ro |aqony
|pequty, rpeqoctasnenony co C+eta oaux pecypcos. 8osneaaentu
|onuccuouutu cop ro qorosopeuuoctn, rpeqycnatpusakaun st-
rnaty cpeqcts c C0P, ta|un |a| qorosopeuuoctu o |pequtax ctauq-au,
a ta|e qorosopeuuoctn o pacaupeuuon |pequtosauuu u ru|ux
|peqututx nuuux, ssunaetc c cynn, |otopte noryt ttt rony+eut
s pan|ax cootsetctsykaeu qorosopeuuoctu s te+euue |aqoro 12-ne-
c+uoro repuoqa. Ctpy|typa copos sa osatentctso, |otopa ta|e
tna repecnotpeua s |a+ectse coctasuou +actu peopnt |peqututx
uuctpyneutos, rpeqycnatpusaet copt s pasnepe 15 asucutx ryu|tos
c rpeqoctasneuutx cynn s pasnepe qo 200 rpoeutos |sott, 30 a-
sucutx ryu|tos c stqeneuutx cynn s quarasoue ot 200 qo 1000 rpo-
eutos |sott, u 0 asucutx ryu|tos c stqeneuutx cynn s pasnepe
cstae 1000 rpoeutos |sott. 3tu copt sosneaaktc rpu ucront-
sosauuu |pequta rporopuouantuo oeny rony+euutx cpeqcts.
Kpone toro, V81 ssunaet creuantute copt ro rpocpo+euutn st-
rnatan ocuosuou cynnt qonra u c rnateeu, |otopte rpocpo+eut ua
neuee +en aectt neces.
8 +actu pacxoqos V81 strna+usaet rpoeutt (sosuarpaqeuue) ro-
cyqapctsan-+neuan ro ux |pequtopc|un rosuun s C0P (uastsaentn
rosuunu ro pesepsuony tpauay). 8 uactoaee spen ctas|a sosua-
rpaqeuu yctauosneua ua yposue rpoeutuou ctas|u ro asyapan
s CP. Ctattu cornaaeuu rpeqycnatpusakt, +to ctas|a sosuarpa-
qeuu ue qonua rpestaatt rpoeutuyk ctas|y ro asyapan s CP u
ue qonua ttt uue 80 rpoeutos ot atou ctas|u.
Ctas|u copos u sosuarpaqeuu |oppe|tupyktc s pan|ax nexauusna
pacrpeqeneuu peneuu, cosqauuoro s cepequue 1980-x roqos, |otoptu
pacrpeqenet ctounoctt rpocpo+euutx uuaucostx osatentcts
pasuonepuo neqy rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu |pequtopanu u qeu-
topanu. otepu qoxoqos s cssu c rpoeututnu copanu, rpocpo+eu-
utnu (ue strna+euutnu) ua aectt neces unu ontae, sosneaaktc
ryten rostaeuu ctas|u copos u cuueuu ctas|u sosuarpaqeuu.
Copauute ta|un opason cynnt sosspaaaktc rocne roraaeuu
rpocpo+euutx copos. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy |oppe|tupos|u aso-
,*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
sou ctas|u copos u ctas|u sosuarpaqeuu c y+eton uestrna+euutx
rpoeututx copos yneutaunuct qo uctopu+ec|u uus|oro yposu
s 1 asucutu ryu|t s +etsepton |saptane, +to tno oycnosneuo
nu|suqaueu rpocpo+euuou saqoneuuoctu uepuu s rpoanon roqy
u rocneqykaun ysenu+euuen rpeqoctasneuuoro u ueroraaeuuoro
|pequta V81 ssuqy rnoantuoro |pusuca, snukaero ua ronoeuue
rocyqapcts-+neuos. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy c|oppe|tuposauute
ctas|u copos u sosuarpaqeuu coctasnnu s cpequen 2,84 rpoeu-
ta u 1,Z4 rpoeuta, cootsetctseuuo.
Vexauusn pacrpeqeneuu peneuu ta|e rpeqycnatpusaet |oppe|tu-
pos|y asostx ctaso| copos u sosuarpaqeuu qn ua|orneuu cpeqcts,
c ten +tot oecre+utt V81 saauty ot puc|a ytt|os, cssauutx
c rpocpo+euuou saqoneuuocttk ro ocuosuou cynne qonra, atu pecyp-
ct xpautc ua Creuantuon ctpaxoson c+ete. 0qua|o c uop 200 roqa
Coset rpuun peaeuue rpuoctauosutt ssuoct s CCC-1, u c tex rop
ssuoct ue rpoussoqunuct. 8 napte 2008 roqa tno rposeqeuo +actu+uoe
pacrpeqeneuue 525 nnu CP c CCC-1 s rontsy rocyqapcts-+neuos,
suocusaux cpeqctsa, c ten +tot oner+utt uuaucuposauue oner+e-
uu peneuu qonra uepuu ua ocuose qsyctopouuux s|naqos.
Coso|yrutu +ucttu qoxoq V81 s 2009 uuaucoson roqy coctasun
154 nnu CP, +to tno cssauo c ysenu+euuen oena |pequtuou
qetentuoctu u stco|unu ro|asatennu ro uusectuun V81, |otoptn
crococtsosano erctso uusectopos s |a+ectso s pesynttate yxyqae-
uu rnoantutx a|ouonu+ec|ux ycnosuu. lopna rputnu sa st+eton
rnateeu ro uusectuun V81 coctasuna ,29 rpoeuta, rpestcus
|outpontutu uuqe|c ro uusectuun cpo|on ot oquoro qo tpex net ua
Z asucutx ryu|tos. 8 enon ua uusectuux ronoutentuo c|asanoct
cuueuue qoxoquoctu ro rocyqapctseuutn onuraun, stssauuoe
rotpceuunu ua uuaucostx ptu|ax, +to rpuseno | ysenu+euuk
ctounoctu |arutana ua onee +en 4 rpoeutos ot oaero uusectu-
uouuoro qoxoqa.
pocpoueuua iaqoneuuocs nepeq Y4
pocpo+euute uuaucoste osatentctsa repeq V81 (s|nk+a
tpactoste ouqt, yrpasnente V81) uec|ont|o yneutaunuct.
c 1341 nnu CP ua |oue arpen 2008 roqa qo 132 nnu CP ua |oue
arpen 2009 roqa (tanua 5.1). la qonk Cyqaua rpuxoqunoct rpu-
nepuo Z5 rpoeutos octakaeuc rpocpo+euuou saqoneuuoctu, a ua
qonk Conanu u 8unase 18 u Z rpoeutos, cootsetctseuuo. la
|oue arpen 2009 roqa sc rpocpo+euua saqoneuuoctt repeq V81
tna xpouu+ec|ou (ueroraaeuuou s te+euue onee +en aectu neces).
oqua tpett coctona us rpocpo+euuou ocuosuou cynnt qonra, a octa-
kauec qse tpetu us rpocpo+euutx copos u rpoeutos. 6onee
+ettpex rttx coctasnna rpocpo+euua saqoneuuoctt ro C0P,
a octantua +actt saqoneuuoctt repeq eraptaneuton CP,
Tpactostn ouqon u Tpacton Pl1-EC1.
8 pan|ax ctpateruu pacaupeuuoro cotpyquu+ectsa V81 s otuoaeuuu
rpocpo+euuou saqoneuuoctu rpuneuktc |oppe|tusute nept qn
yperynuposauu xpouu+ec|ou saqoneuuoctu. la |oue uuaucosoro
roqa Conanu, Cyqau u 8unase, ssuqy ux rpocpo+euuou saqoneuuoctu
repeq V81, sce eae ue unenu rpasa ucrontsosatt pecypct C0P. Kpone
toro, 8unase ro-rpeueny tna uc|nk+eua us cruc|a ctpau, cootset-
ctsykaux |putepun qn ucrontsosauu pecypcos Pl1, u octasanuct
s cune sasneuue o ot|ase ot cotpyquu+ectsa, rpuoctauos|a texuu+ec|ou
ronoau
4Z
, u rpuoctauos|a rpas ronoca u cootsetctsykaux rpas.
Aquucpaeus 6qe 6qe kanansusx pacxoqoe
8 arpene 2009 roqa, s cootsetctsuu c oaunu ro|asatennu +uctoro
oena pecypcos aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta, cornacosauutnu pauee
s |oute|cte cpequecpo+uoro aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta (CC6) ua
2009-2011 roqt, |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun oauu +ucttu oen
aqnuuuctpatusutx pacxoqos s pasnepe 880 nnu qonnapos CLA, a ta|e
nunut ua sanoste aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt s pasnepe 1053 nnu
qonnapos CLA ua 2010 uuaucostu roq u stqeneuue 45 nnu qonnapos
CLA ua |arutantute rpoe|tt, ua+uuakauec s 2010 uuaucoson roqy,
s |a+ectse coctasuou +actu rnaua |arutanosnoeuuu s pasnepe 13Z nnu
qonnapos CLA ua 2010-2012 uuaucoste roqt. Coset rpuun | cseqe-
uuk opueutuposo+utu oauu +ucttu oen kqetutx pacxoqos
s pasnepe 895 nnu qonnapos u 932 nnu qonnapos ua 2011 u 2012 uuau-
coste roqt, cootsetctseuuo, |otopte sxoqt s CC6 1ouqa ua 2010-
2012 uuaucoste roqt. Coset ta|e ytsepqun repeuoc ueucrontsosauutx
pecypcos aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta 2009 uuaucosoro roqa s pasne-
pe qo rpoeutos (52 nnu qonnapos) ua 2010 uuaucostu roq.
CC6 ua 2009-2011 uuaucoste roqt rpusen s qeuctsue qane|o
uqyayk rporpanny peopn, uarpasneuutx ua rpeopasosauue V81,
c ten +tot ou nor qocturatt onee +et|ux pesynttatos ae|tusuo
c to+|u speuu satpat. Cootsetctseuuo, uosoe yctou+usoe coctouue
ctpy|typt 1ouqa opueutuposo+utu kqet ua 2011 uuaucostu
roq rpeqycnatpusano onee a|ouonu+uyk u cospeneuuyk oprauu-
sauk, pacxoqt |otopou tnu repnaueutuo cuueut ua 100 nnu
qonnapos CLA s peantuon stpaeuuu, a +ucno atatutx equuu co-
|paaeuo ua 380 +enose| ro cpasueuuk c rpeqaectsykaun CC6
(pacc+utauuon ua 2008-2010 uuaucoste roqt). 3to neporputue
tno ueotennenou +acttk rnaua ro yctpaueuuk pasptsa neqy
qoxoqanu u pacxoqanu 1ouqa u roqqepauuk yctou+usou kqetuou
ocuost rpu ronoau uosou noqenu qoxoqos V81
48
. o santcny, rpoe|t
qoneu tn uocutt poutantutu xapa|tep, c rposeqeuuen sua+utent-
uou +actu rpeopasosauuu s 2009 uuaucoson roqy u repeopueuta-
ueu rporpannt paott, |otopa rossonna peantuo ysenu+utt
oen pecypcos, uarpasnentx ua rpuoputetute suqt qetentuoctu,
ta|ue |a| nuoroctopouuuu u peruouantutu uaqsop, ryten repepacr-
peqeneuu us qpyrux onacteu paott
49
.
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy orepauu u yrpasneuue kqeton 1ouqa
orpeqennuct qeuctsuen qsyx rpeonaqakaux teuqeuuu. rposeqe-
uuen |pyruoro neporputu ro pectpy|typusauu u repeopueutauu,
ua+atoro s 2008 roqy, u qetentuocttk, cssauuou c rnoantutn
uuaucostn |pusucon.
Co|paaeuue atatos, |otopoe tno uane+euo rposectu s repuoq
c 2009 ro 2011 uuaucostu roq, tno s ocuosuon sasepaeuo s 2009 u-
uaucoson roqy, ta| |a| +ucno cotpyquu|os, roqasaux sasneuu o
yxoqe ro coctseuuony enauuk, o|asanoct ontae uane+euuoro
50
.
oc|ont|y +ucno cotpyquu|os, ro-rpeueny oxsattsaentx aqnuuuc-
tpatusutn kqeton, tno a|tu+ec|u uue uosoro ctpy|typuoro
enesoro ro|asaten s yctou+uson coctouuu, unenuct orpeqeneuute
sosnouoctu qn uauna ua paoty roctouutx cotpyquu|os, c ten
+tot sepuyttc | ctpy|typutn yposun. 3tot uaun ta|e rpeqoctasun
sosnouoctt ouosutt |sanuu|auouuyk ctpy|typy repcouana qn
oecre+euu ontaero cootsetctsu c rpeqctoaeu rporpannou pa-
ott. /sontueuu ro coctseuuony enauuk, a ta|e qpyrue pacxoqt,
cssauute c pectpy|typusaueu oprauusauu, uuaucuposanuct sa
c+et equuospeneuuoro, pacc+utauuoro ua uec|ont|o net accuruosauu
2009 | 65
TA 5.1
, ,
, ( ; 30 2009 )
: .
. .


(. ) T
242,7 220,5 14,1 8,1 0,0
994,4 914,1 0,0 80,3 0,0
89,2 0,0 0,0 0,0 89,2
1326,4 1134,6 14,1 88,4 89,2
5.2
, 20082012
2008

2008


2010

2011

2012

723 714 697 659 710 731 764


101 94 98 77 89 94 96

161 158 163 150 168 170 174
0 0 0 0 5 0 0


10 0 9 0 7 9 19
994 967 967 885 979 1004 1053
-71 -76 -99 -72 -100 -109 -121

922 891 868 813 880 895 932
723 714 670 633 656 650 652
101 94 94 74 82 83 82

161 158 157 144 156 151 148
0 0 0 0 5 0 0


10 0 8 0 6 8 16
994 967 930 851 906 892 899
-71 -76 -95 -95 -92 -97 -103
a
922 891 835 756 813 796 796
2009
( . )
( . 2008 )
: .
,,sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
s pasnepe 185 nnu qonnapos CLA, ytsepqeuuoro |cronuutentutn
coseton s 2008 uuaucoson roqy, s|nk+a 8 nnu qonnapos qn oucos
ucronuutentutx qupe|topos
51
. pyrunu a|topanu kqetuou a|ouo-
nuu s 2009 uuaucoson roqy tnu co|paaeuue |onauquposo+utx,
ctpoutentutx u rpo+ux aqnuuuctpatusutx pacxoqos, oycnosneuuoe
cosepaeuctsosauuen ronutu|u u netoqos sa|yro| u qpyrunu suqanu
rostaeuu ae|tusuoctu (tanua 5.2). 8 cssu c atun Coset ytsep-
qun repeuoc ueucrontsosauutx pecypcos aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqe-
ta 2009 uuaucosoro roqa s pasnepe qo rpoeutos, unu 52 nnu
qonnapos, ua 2010 uuaucostu roq, |a| otne+anoct stae.
Ka| y|asauo s rnase 3, V81 auepru+uo otossanc ua rnoantutu uuau-
costu |pusuc, usneuus csok rporpanny paott s te+euue roqa, c ten
+tot yqosnetsoputt uoste rotpeuoctu s ycnyrax 1ouqa. 8necte c ten,
roc|ont|y |pusuc paspasunc so spen rposeqeuu 1ouqon neporputu
ro pectpy|typusauu s 2009 uuaucoson roqy, ua repcouan V81
(u, s neutaeu ctereuu, ua qoposontes, |otopte otnounu cpo|u
csoero yxoqa) nerno tenoe pen pao+eu uarpys|u, rposnsaeec
s ocuosuon s suqe ueorna+usaenoro csepxypo+uoro pao+ero speneuu.
la aton oue kqetua ctpateru ua 2010-2012 uuaucoste roqt
sa|nk+aetc s ton, +tot ronuocttk uuaucuposatt nept, rpuuuna-
ente 1ouqon s otset ua |pusuc, oecre+usa rpu aton pauee corna-
cosauute peantute cepeeuu s pasnepe 100 nnu qonnapos CLA.
n toro +tot ocyaectsutt ato, kqetua ctpateru rpeqycnatpu-
saet sua+utentuoe repepacrpeqeneuue pecypcos suytpu qeraptaneu-
tos u neqy uunu, a ta|e ro uuaucostn roqan. ocnequ saqa+a
oner+aetc a|ouonueu aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta s 2009 uuau-
coson roqy c +actu+utn repeuocon ueucrontsosauutx cpeqcts ua
2010 roq. pu aton ouqaetc, +to sua+utentua +actt oaux satpat
ua qoctueuue pesynttatos paott, cssauuou c |pusucon, yqet
oecre+eua sa c+et suytpeuuero repepacrpeqeneuu cpeqcts, a octas-
aac +actt sa c+et speneuutx pecypcos, a uneuuo repeuoca cpeqcts
us kqeta 2009 uuaucosoro roqa u stqeneuu rpunepuo ronosuut
rpeqycnotpeuutx kqeton pesepsos ua uerpeqsuqeuute pacxoqt
s 2010 u 2011 uuaucoson roqy.
pu ta|ux rapanetpax CC6 ua 2010-2012 uuaucoste roqt coctas-
nnc s sectna ueorpeqeneuutx ycnosux. lnoantutu |pusuc qoa-
sun uoste sarpoct ua ctpauoste rporpannt u rposeqeuue
ycuneuuoro uaqsopa, |otopte noryt sospactu, ecnu |pusuc pacauput-
c, yrnyutc unu yqet onee rpoqonutentutn, +en ouqaetc.
Kpone toro, ua 1ouq ta|e noryt ttt sosnoeut qoronuutentute
osauuoctu s pan|ax uosou rnoantuou uuaucosou apxute|typt,
|otopa rosnuet ua rporpanny paott oprauusauu. 3tu qoronuu-
tentute saqa+u sua+utentuo ysenu+at uarpys|y ua unekauuc rep-
couan, |otoptu sauunaetc rponenanu |pusuca. Ten ue neuee
ouqaetc, +to s repuoq c 2010 ro 2012 uuaucostu roq uaqsop u
passutue roteuuana octauytc saueuaunu onactnu paott, uo
ux qonu yqyt neutae, +en rnauuposanoct pautae, ssuqy ysenu+euu
pecypcos, uarpasnentx ua ctpauoste rporpannt u rnoantutu
nouutopuur, s enx yqosnetsopeuu sarpocos, cssauutx c |pusucon
(tanua 5.3). 8 +actuoctu, pecypct, uarpasnente ua rnoantutu
nouutopuur, oecre+at sosnouoctt qn rposeqeuu qoronuutentuou
paott s onactu rnoantuou uuaucosou apxute|typt u peopn
yrpasneuu. 0uqaetc, +to qn seqeuu uaqsopa ua nuoroctopouueu
ocuose ta|e yqet stqeneua ontaa qon pecypcos, c ten +tot
uuaucuposatt paoty s pan|ax cosnectuoro rpoe|ta ro cosqauuk
cuctent pauuero rpeqyrpeqeuu, rposoqunyk 1ouqon u Coseton
ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu, u yny+autt auanus na|pouuaucostx
csseu u ux rocneqctsuu qn cucten uaqsopa u perynuposauu.
6kqet |arutantutx pacxoqos s pasnepe 45 nnu qonnapos CLA,
ytsepqeuutu |cronuutentutn coseton ua 2010 uuaucostu roq,
rpequasua+eu qn uuaucuposauu uusectuuouutx rpoe|tos, roqqep-
usakaux nept 1ouqa s otset ua rnoantutu uuaucostu |pusuc rpu
sua+utentuo yneutausaeuc +ucneuuoctu |aqpos, a ta|e qn rony+e-
uu qusuqeuqos ae|tusuoctu. 8 atou cssu, a ta|e ro cpasueuuk
c rpeqtqyaun tpexnetuun rnauon, rporpanna |arutantutx pacxoqos
ua 2010-2012 uuaucoste roqt rpeqronaraet roataruoe repepacrpe-
qeneuue |arutantutx pecypcos ot |arutantuoro/te|yaero penouta
sqauuu u coopyeuuu | uuopnauouutn texuonorun.
peqycnatpusaena kqetua ctpateru, ocoeuuo ssuqy staeorucauutx
octotentcts, rotpeyet |sanuuuposauuoro yrpasneuu kqeton
u ero csoespeneuuoro ucronueuu. Cootsetctseuuo, rposoqutc paota
ro qantueuaeny y|perneuuk roteuuana rnauuposauu u ucronueuu
kqeta V81, s ton +ucne ryten sseqeuu |ant|ynuu satpat ro suqan
qetentuoctu, s +actuoctu qn coqeuctsu s rpuutuu peaeuuu o pacrpe-
qeneuuu pecypcos u stqeneuuu uus|orpuoputetutx pesynttatos, suqos
qetentuoctu u pao+ux rpoeccos, |otopte noryt ttt pauouanusupo-
saut unu otneueut s cny+ae sosuu|uoseuu qasneuu.
06me kouconqpoeauuse aquucpaeuse pacxoqs
Y4 e cpequecpouuo nepcnekee
lauonee |onrne|cutu ro|asatent aqnuuuctpatusutx pacxoqos V81
oaue |ouconuquposauute aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt orpeqen-
etc ryten arperuposauu pacxoqos s pan|ax +uctoro aqnuuuctpatusuoro
kqeta u pacxoqos, cssauutx c anoptusaueu, crucauuen ua pacxoqt
ctateu |arutantuoro kqeta u pectpy|typusaueu (tanua 5.4). Ka|
ocyqaetc stae, aqnuuuctpatusutu kqet ytsepqaetc |cron-
uutentutn coseton eeroquo, u s 2009 uuaucoson roqy ou yran, +to
tno cneqctsuen neporputu ro co|paaeuuk atatos. 8 yqyaen
aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt yqyt ect|o orpauu+eut qoryaeuuen
o uyneson peantuon pocte. Anoptusau u ua+ucneuu ua |arutan
(crucauute ua pacxoqt ctattu |arutantuoro kqeta) sua+utentuo
neutae u cssaut c rpoantnu u ouqaentnu |arutantutnu rpoe|ta-
nu. Ka| otne+anoct stae, s rporpanne |arutanosnoeuuu sce ontaee
necto yqyt sauunatt uuopnauouute texuonoruu, ueoxoqunte qn
ae|tusuoro seqeuu aqnuuuctpatusutx orepauu, a ta|e yrpasne-
uu oe|tanu. la|oue, s 2008 uuaucoson roqy |cronuutentutu
coset ytsepqun kqet ua pectpy|typusauk s pasnepe qo 185 nnu qon-
napos CLA ua repuoq s uec|ont|o net (2008-2011 uuaucoste roqt)
qn uuaucuposauu satpat, cssauutx c pectpy|typusaueu oprauu-
sauu. o uactoaero speneuu pacxoqt ua pectpy|typusauk s enon
cootsetctsosanu kqetutn qoryaeuun, u ouqaetc, +to y|asauute
accuruosauu yqyt stpaut | 2011 uuaucosony roqy.
Aquucpaeuse pacxoqs, opaaeuse
e quaucoesx oueax
n eneu uuaucosou ot+etuoctu y+et aqnuuuctpatusutx pacxoqos
V81 seqetc s cootsetctsuu c Veqyuapoqutnu ctauqaptanu u-
uaucosou ot+etuoctu (VC10), a ue ua |accosou ocuose y+eta kqet-
utx pacxoqos. VC10 rpeqycnatpusakt, s +actuoctu, y+et ro netoqy
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r,-
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro sorpocan kqeta u rnauuposauu. pune+auue. o|asatenu sa 2008 uuaucostu roq otuoctc | cynnan, s|nk+euutn s kqet.
Pacxoqt ua roqqep|y u yrpasneuue stqenktc ro pesynttatan paott. Cynna ro|asateneu
noet ue cosraqatt c oaun sua+euuen s cssu c o|pyrneuuen.
TA5hA 5.3
peqycuopeuuse e 6qee qon pacxoqoe no ocuoeusu peiynsaau pa6os
x cocaenmu, 2008-2012 quaucoese roqs (s rpoeututx qonx oaux sanostx pacxoqos, uc|nk+a pesepst)
TA5hA 5.4
06me kouconqpoeauuse aquucpaeuse pacxoqs Y4, 2008-2011 quaucoese roqs
(8 nunnuouax qonn. CLA)
4F2008 4F2009 4F2010 4F2011 F4F2012
F05Abhbh Y0hhT0PhhF 17,4 18,0 18,3 18,4 18,5
laqsop sa neqyuapoquou sanktuo-uuaucosou cuctenou 5,2 5,0 5,5 5,5 5,4
laqsop ua nuoroctopouueu ocuose 4,5 5,0 5,Z 5,Z 5,Z
Vectpauosa ctatuctu+ec|a uuopnau u netoqonoruu 3,0 3,5 3,5 3,5 3,
0aue uay+ute uccneqosauu 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,4
0aue neporputu ro cssn c oaectseuuocttk 4,3 4,2 3,2 3,2 3,3
6TPAh00h h PEFh0hAbhbh Y0hhT0PhhF 35,2 3,7 34,4 34,3 34,7
laqsop ua qsyctopouueu ocuose 28,3 28,5 2,3 2,3 2,5
Peruouantutu uaqsop 3,1 3,4 3,9 3,Z 3,8
Ctauqaptt u |oqe|ct u oeu|u uuaucosoro ce|topa 3,8 4,8 4,3 4,3 4,4
6TPAh0bE P0FPAYYb h 4hhAh60AP 0EPAKA 23,2 20,7 23,1 22,9 21,3
0aeqoctyrute nexauusnt 10,0 8,3 11,4 11,3 9,8
Vexauusnt, otuocauec | ctpauan c uus|unu qoxoqanu 13,2 12,3 11,Z 11, 11,4
PA3hThE 0TEhhAA 24,2 24, 24,1 24,5 25,
Texuu+ec|a ronoat 1Z,0 1Z,5 1Z,5 18,2 19,3
oqrotos|a |aqpos sa rpeqenanu 1ouqa Z,2 Z,2 , ,3 ,3
hT0F0, h6KK+AP PE3EPb hA hEPEhEhhbE
PA6X0b
100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0
n+ cae|a.
oqqep|a 31,5 30,2 28,9 29,2 29,4
/rpasneuue 9,2 9,2 9,0 9,2 9,5
5KAET
PE3YbTATb
h60hEhhP 5KAET
PE3YbTATb
h60hEhhP
4F2010
5KAET
4F2011
5KAET
4F2012
5KAET
AYhhh6TPAThhbE PA6X0b 112 1053 921 91 93 948 98
+ucttu aqnuuuctpatusutu kqet 922 891 88 813 880
1
895
1
932
Crucauute ua pacxoqt ctattu |arutantuoro
kqeta
20 1 1Z 1 1Z 11 10
Pacxoqt ua anoptusauk 35 35 3 38 39 42 44
Pacxoqt ua pectpy|typusauk 185 111 u.r. 49 u.r. u.r. u.r.
4F2008 4F2009
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro sorpocan kqeta u rnauuposauu. pune+auue. Cynna ro|asateneu s ctonax noet s to+uoctu ue cosraqatt c oaun sua +euuen
s cssu c o|pyrneuuen. o|asatenu coctasneut ro netoqy ua+ucneuu u ue otpaakt a|tyapute
oeu|u pacxoqos ua reucuouute rocou u sosuarpaqeuu ro o|ou+auuu tpyqosou qetentuoctu
(cn. tanuy 5.5). l.r. osua+aet ue rpuneuuno.
( le s|nk+aet pacxoqt, cssauute c a|tu+ec|unu aqnuuuctpatusutnu accuruosauunu unu
cootsetctsykaunu oeu|anu repeuoca cpeqcts ua yqyaue repuoqt, ytsepqeuutnu pauee.
,.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
ua+u cneuu, a ta|e usnepeuue u anoptusauk satpat ua rocou rep-
couany ua ocuose a|tyaputx oeuo|. Ka| usnoeuo s tanue 5.5, pasuu-
a neqy pesynttaton ucronueuu aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta s 813 nnu
qonnapos CLA u ocuosauutnu ua VC10 aqnuuuctpatusutnu pacxo-
qanu s 532 nnu CP, a|susaneututnu 819 nnu qonnapos CLA, otpaa-
et. 1) +actu+uo |onreucupykaue qpyr qpyra pasnu+u s cpo|ax rpusuauu
u otpaeuu s y+ete |arutantutx pacxoqos u satpat ua reucuouute ro-
cou u sosuarpaqeuu ro o|ou+auuu tpyqosou qetentuoctu, a ta|e
2) satpatt, cssauute c ueneqneuuo crucauutnu ua pacxoqt ctattnu
|arutantuoro kqeta u kqeton ua pectpy|typusauk, yrpasneuue
|otoptnu seqetc otqentuo ot aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta. Pasnu+u
s cpo|ax sosuu|akt us-sa. 1) ueneqneuuoro rpusuauu s kqete ot+u cneuuu
V81 ua reucuouute rocou u sosuarpaqeuu ro o|ou+auuu tpyqosou
qetentuoctu s te+euue uuaucosoro roqa ro cpasueuuk c pacxoqanu,
orpeqenentnu ua ocuose a|tyaputx oeuo| s cootsetctsuu c VC10,
u 2) |arutantute pacxoqt, anoptusupyente (cructsaente) s te+euue
oeuo+uoro cpo|a cnyt ocuosutx ouqos s cootsetctsuu c VC10.
pyrunu cynnanu, s|nk+aentnu s aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt, |otopte
otpaaktc s uuaucostx ot+etax, snktc. 1) |arutantute pacxoqt
te|yaero roqa, s tou nepe, s |otopou ouu ueneqneuuo cructsaktc ua
pacxoqt s cootsetctsuu c VC10, u 2) satpatt ua pectpy|typusauk,
|otopte rpusuaktc ua noneut ux cosepaeuu.
KAP0AP 0hThKA h 0PFAhh3AhP
Kaqposa paota V81 s 2009 uuaucoson roqy rposoqunact s cnoutx
oprauusauouutx ycnosux u s pes|o neukaeuc rnoantuou octa-
uos|e. la+attu s 2008 roqy rpoe|t ro pectpy|typusauu, ecrpeeqeu-
tutu s uctopuu 1ouqa, rpusen | ontaony +ucny ysontueuuu
cotpyquu|os ro coctseuuony enauuk, |otopte urpanu qonuuupykayk
pont s 2009 uuaucoson roqy. Paspasusauuc rpunepuo s cepequue
repuoqa co|paaeuu atatos uuaucostu |pusuc suec ueo uqauuyk
|oppe|tupos|y s ctpateru+ec|yk uarpasneuuoctt |aqpostx rpuoputetos,
u s rocnequeu +actu 2009 uuaucosoro roqa tnu rpeqrpuutt a|tus-
ute ycunu ro uauny cotpyquu|os.
hor cokpameu maoe e 2009 quaucoeou roqy
ent neporputu ro pectpy|typusauu sa|nk+anact s roqqep|e
rpeqrpuuttx V81 peopn, uarpasneuutx ua repeopueutauk ero
qetentuoctu u rostaeuue ae|tusuoctu satpat, u ouo s ocuosuon
orupanoct ua ysontueuu ro coctseuuony enauuk. Xot uane+anoct
co|patutt 380 atatutx qonuocteu, c ten +tot cosqatt sosnouoctt
qn repeopueutauu u peoprauusauu |sanuu|auouuou ctpy|typt
1ouqa, tno rpuuto 490 sasneuuu o yxoqe ro coctseuuony ena-
uuk ua ocuose |aqpostx u kqetutx rapanetpos, paspaotauutx
qn atoro rpoe|ta (cn. se-tanuy 5.1).
poseqeuue neporputu ro pectpy|typusauu ocyaectsnnoct ucxoq
us rpuuuros crpaseqnusoctu (ro otuoaeuuk | ten, |to ro|uqan oprauu-
sauk, a ta|e ro otuoaeuuk | ten, |to octasanc) u rpospa+uoctu. n
oner+euu atoro rpoecca tn aqartuposau pq ronoeuuu |aqposou
ronutu|u, oner+akaux qoposontutu yxoq. ta|, tnu sueceut rorpas-
|u s nau reucuouuoro oecre+euu repcouana qn cosqauu sosnouo ctu
pauuero stxoqa ua reucuk ro qoctueuuu 50 net c co|paaeuuou reucueu,
tno rpeqoctasneuo speneuuoe rpoqneuue cpo|a nequuuc|oro ctpaxo-
sauu qn yxoqaero repcouana, ue cootsetctsykaero |putepun qn
rony+euu reucuouuou nequuuc|ou ctpaxos|u, u o|astsanact ronoat
s tpyqoyctpouctse sa rpeqenanu 1ouqa. enu co|paaeuu atatos tnu
qocturuytt, u V81 stronuun enesou ro|asatent, s ocuosuon useas
rpuuyqutentutx ysontueuuu. +tot qatt spen qn roqseqeuu utoros
uc|onou peoprauusauu |sanuu|auouuou ast 1ouqa u oecre+utt
octakaenyc repcouany sosnouoctt qn repeneaeuu s pan|ax opra-
uusauu, s repsou ronosuue 2008 roqa tn sseqeu nopatopuu ua uaen
uostx cotpyquu|os. |s-sa ua+asaeroc uuaucosoro |pusuca u ontaoro
+ucna ysontueuuu 1ouq, scneq sa co|paaeuuen atatos, cton|uync
c ceptesuou u cnouou saqa+eu uauna uostx cotpyquu|os. ocne repso-
ua+antuoro atara suytpeuueu repequcno|auu pecypcos tnu rpeqrpu-
utt a|tusute ycunu ro uauny sueauux |auquqatos, c ten +tot
tctpo nu|suquposatt |aqpostu qeuut u roqrotosuttc | saronueuuk
qoronuutentutx opasosasauxc sa|aucuu. 8 pesynttate cornacosauutx
ycunuu, |otopte sosrnasnnuct eraptaneuton |aqpos, | |ouy 2009 u-
pune+auue. Cynna ro|asateneu s ctonax noet s to+uoctu ue cosraqatt c oaun sua+euuen s cssu
c o|pyrneuuen. Kousepcuu ocuosaut ua cpequen oneuuon |ypce qonnapa CLA | CP sa 2009 uuaucostu
roq s pasnepe 1,54.
' peqctasnet satpatt, rpusuauute s 2009 uuaucoson roqy. Cornacuo VC10, orpeqeneuute satpatt
ua pectpy|typusauk rpusuasanuct qo a|tu+ec|oro ocyae ctsneuu qeueutx pacxoqos, s uuaucostx ot+etax
sa 2008 uuaucostu roq tn otpaeu peseps s pasnepe 8 nnu CP, +to a|susaneutuo 111 nnu qonn. CLA.
TA5hA 5.5
Aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt, rpeqctasnente s uuaucostx ot+etax
(8 nunnuouax qonn. CLA, ecnu ue y|asauo uuoe)
PE3YbTAT h60hEhhP +h6T0F0 AYhhh6TPAThh0F0 5KAETA 2009 4hhAh600F0 F0A 813
PA3h+hP 6P0KAX
8atpatt ua reucuouute rocou u sosuarpaqeuu ro o|ou+auuu tpyqosou qetentuoctu -98
Karutantute pacxoqt anoptusau pacxoqos te|yaero u rpeqtqyaux net 38
6YYYb, hE KK+AEYbE AYhhh6TPAThhbh 5KAET (5KAET KAhTAbhbX PA6X00 h PA6X00 hA
PE6TPYKTYPh3AhK}
Karutantute pacxoqt te|yaero roqa ctattu, ueneqneuuo cructsaente ua pacxoqt s cootsetctsuu c VC10 1
8atpatt ua pectpy|typusauk 2009 uuaucosoro roqa, VC10
1
49
05hE AYhhh6TPAThhbE PA6X0b, PE6TAEhhbE P0EPEhhbX AYhT0PAYh 4hhAh60bX 0T+ETAX 819
6PA0+hbE 6TATbh
0aue aqnuuuctpatusute pacxoqt, rpeqctasneuute s rposepeuutx ayqutopanu uuaucostx ot+etax (s nunnuouax CP) 532
|cto+uu|. 0tqen ro sorpocan kqeta u rnauuposauu.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r,/
uaucosoro roqa ua paoty tno rpuuto onee 100 a|ouonuctos, u qetent-
uoctt ro uauny rpoqonanact s 2010 uuaucoson roqy. 8seqeua cuctena
c sosnouocttk usneueuu nacataos, u unektc qoctato+ute pesepst
ua cny+au, ecnu |pusuc o|aetc onee satutn, +en ouqaetc.
+cneuuocs cpykypa kaqpoe
epcouan V81 uasua+aetc upe|topon-pacropqutenen u uecet ot-
setctseuuoctt uc|nk+utentuo repeq V81. la 30 arpen 2009 roqa +uc-
neuuoctt rpoeccuouantuoro u yrpasneu+ec|oro repcouana V81
coctasnna 182 +enose|, a +ucneuuoctt cotpyquu|os ua qpyrux yposux
1 +enose|. 0cuosa yrpasneuu |aqpanu s 1ouqe otpaaet ortunantuyk
rpa|tu|y, cootsetctsykayk nuccuu oprauusauu u enu roqqepauu
|a+ectsa u pasuoopasu ee repcouana. 8 Ctattx cornaaeuu y|astsa-
etc, +to rpu uaune cotpyquu|os saueuaee sua+euue qonuo rpuqa-
sattc oecre+euuk stco+auaux ctauqaptos ae|tusuoctu u tex uu+ec|ou
|onreteutuoctu. Kpone toro, sce cotpyquu|u qonut conkqatt stco-
+auaue ctauqaptt atu+ec|oro roseqeuu, cootsetctsykaue ta|un eu-
uoctn, |a| +ectuoctt, ec rpuctpactuoctt u |ouuqeuuantuoctt, |a|
y|asauo s Koqe|ce roseqeuu V81 u ero pasunax u ronoeuux.
Paiuoo6paie
V81 rpunaraet sce ycunu | tony, +tot pasuoopasue repcouana ot-
paano coctas +neuos oprauusauu, a|tusuo ctpenct rpusne|att |au-
quqatos us pasnu+utx ctpau nupa. 8 1ouqe uneetc Coset ro sorpocan
pasuoopasu, crococtsykauu peanusauu ero rporpannt s onactu
oecre+euu pasuoopasu. Veporputu ro uauny uostx cotpyquu|os,
rposoqusauec s 2009 uuaucoson roqy u rpoqonasauec s 2010 u-
uaucoson roqy, qanu ouaqeusakaue pesynttatt s rnaue pasuoopasu
rpuuttx ua paoty a|ouonuctos. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy s onactu
oecre+euu pasuoopasu tn qocturuyt rporpecc, s +actuoctu, s ot-
uoaeuuu reuqepuoro pasuosecu u rpuena ua paoty |auquqatos us
ueqoctato+uo rpeqctasneuutx peruouos, a porpanna roqrotos|u a|o-
uonuctos 1ouqa rpoqonana cnyutt otnu+utn ucto+uu|on qn oec-
re+euu pasuoopasu s oprauusauu. Xot V81 ro-rpeueny
ctpenutc rpusne|att ua paoty na|poa|ouonuctos, s enx qoronueuu
|sanuu|auouuou ctpy|typt tnu uautt ta|e orttute a|ouonuctt
onee aupo|oro rpoun u creuanuctt ro uuaucosony ce|topy.
8 porpanne roqrotos|u a|ouonuctos ro+tu ronosuua rpuuttx ua pa-
oty cotpyquu|os unena ortt paott s uuaucosou cepe, u uec|ont|o
onee ronosuut tnu stryc|uu|anu yuusepcutetos sa rpeqenanu CLA
u rpaqauanu ctpau us ueqoctato+uo rpeqctasneuutx peruouos.
6pykypa iapa6ouo nnas pykoeoqcea
la |oue arpen 2009 roqa us 185 rocyqapcts-+neuos V81 s ctpy|type
repcouana tnu rpeqctasneut 143. Cruco| ctapaux cotpyquu|os V81
u cxena oprauusauouuou ctpy|typt V81 rpuseqeut ua ctp. Z u ZZ
uactoaero 0t+eta, cootsetctseuuo. 8 se-tanuax 5.2-5.5 ro|asaua
ctpy|typa repcouana V81 ro uauouantuoctu, rony u rpoucxoqeuuk
us passusakauxc u rpontaneuuo passuttx ctpau, a ta|e ctpy|typa
sapaotuou rnatt repcouana. o coctouuk ua 1 ukn 2008 roqa
ctpy|typa sapaotuou rnatt py|osoqctsa tna cneqykaeu.
upekmop-pecoopdumens:441 980 qonnapos CLA
52
0epem zevecmumens upekmope-pecoopdumen:
384 330 qonnapos CLA
3evecmumenu upekmope-pecoopdumen:
3 030 qonnapos CLA
0|naq ucronuutentutx qupe|topos coctasnn 230 Z90 qonnapos CLA,
o|naq sanectuteneu ucr. qupe|topa coctasnn 199 50 qon napos CLA.
Yoqepuia kaqpoeo pa6os
/+uttsa to, +to V81 ueoxoquna ru|a cuctena uauna cotpyquu|os,
c ten +tot yqosnetsoptt ero rotpeuoctu s ycnosux neukaeuc
qetentuoctu, saqa+a |aqposou cnyt sa|nk+aetc s rpuneueuuu
ctpateru+ec|oro roqxoqa | paspaot|e u rposeqeuuk nep ronutu|u,
|otopte noryt crococtsosatt paote oprauusauu, u oecre+euuu
rocneqosatentuou ocuost yrpasneuu |sanuu|auouutnu pecypcanu
oprauusauu. onuno rpusne+euu repcouana stcaeu |sanuu|auu,
qn roctouuoro ycrexa oprauusauu ueoxoquno op nuposatt uast-
|u |sanuuuposauuoro u ae|tusuoro py|osoqctsa. 8 atou cssu
1ouq nue | |ouy 2009 uuaucosoro roqa ssen onee cuctenatu+e c|uu
Cosetuu| ro sorpocan |aqposoro pasuoopasu V81 Kequou etna|a
Peuuept opaaaetc | y+actuu|an |ouepeuuu Pasuoopasue u
corpu+actuoctt s ata-|saptupe V81, 8aauurtou, o|pyr Konynu.
-&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
roqxoq | yrpasneuuk rpeenctseuuocttk u passutuk uast|os py|osoqctsa,
+to csuqetentctsosano o tsepqou rpusepeuuoctu oprauusauu rost-
aeuuk ae|tusuoctu yrpasneuu |aqpanu ua scex yposux.
Voqepuusau |aqposou cnyt ta|e tna oquun us ocuosutx ane-
neutos |aqposou ctpateruu V81 s te+euue rpoaeqaero roqa. poe|t
ro yrpasneuuk +enose+ec|un |arutanon, rpequasua+euutu qn pauo-
uanusauu pao+ux rpoeccos, uapan yc|opeuue s ua+ane 2009 u-
uaucosoro roqa. 6tn qocturuyt rporpecc s oecre+euuu cospeneuuou
uupactpy|typt ryten yrpoaeuu |aqpostx rpoeccos u ronutu|u,
a ta|e astonatusauu ocuosutx yu|uu so scen 1ouqe. 8ua+utent-
ua +actt repsoua+antuou paott otuocunact | onactu uauna uostx
cotpyquu|os, uuctpyneutt |otoporo tnu y|perneut c sseqeuuen
uostx astonatusuposauutx rpoeccos s 2009 uuaucoson roqy.
K +ucny ocuosutx rpunepos otuoctc astonatusuposauua cuctena
otcneusauu |auquqatos, rporpanna pe|oneuqauu repcouana u
cuctena aqartauu qn roqqep|u uostx cotpyquu|os. Astonatusau
u pauouanusau |aqposou uupactpy|typt ato roctouutu s|naq
s rostaeuue ae|tusuoctu, u s 2009 uuaucoson roqy ua+anoct
rposeqeuue qoronuutentutx peopn s pqe qpyrux onacteu |aqposou
paott, |otopte rpoqonaktc s 2010 uuaucoson roqy.
00T+ETh06Tb
V81 seqet qetentuoctt s cootsetctsuu c ero ctpy|typou yrpasneuu
(cn. sctas|y 5.1), |otopa yctauasnusaet +et|yk ero+|y roqot+etuoctu
repeq ctpauanu, sxoqaunu s coctas +neuos 1ouqa.
0cuoea noqoueuoc pykoeoqcea 4ouqa
8 2009 uuaucoson roqy Coset ocyqun qo|naq o rposeqeuuou l00
oeu|e yrpasneuu V81 Acre|tt suytpeuuero yrpasneuu V81, s|nk-
+a pont |cronuutentuoro coseta. 6tna copnuposaua pao+a
rpyrra ucronuutentutx qupe|topos qn roqrotos|u rnaua paott, cs-
sauuou c sorpocanu o ton, |a| ny+ae scero oprauusosatt rocneqykaue
neporputu s cssu c pesynttatanu auanusa l00, ux rnau s|nk+an pq
pe|oneuqauu ro y|perneuuk ocuost yrpasneuu V81 (cn. rnasy 4).
8 oeu|e l00 ta|e tn stqeneu ueqoctato| roqot+etuoctu |a| oc-
uosuoe cnaoe sseuo yrpasneuu 1ouqon, unekaee otuoaeuue
| py|osoqctsy. n rpeoqoneuu atoro ueqoctat|a Coset ssen ocuosy
roqot+etuoctu qn py|osoqctsa. 8 atou cssu rposoqutc paota,
s pesynttate |otopou yqyt rpeqctasneut +et|ue rpeqnoeuu o |pu-
tepux peanusauu, rpoeccax, |otopte uaqneut ucrontsosatt,
a ta|e o ton, |a|un opason uaqneut repesoqutt oeu|u s ctunynt.
0uqaetc, +to atu |putepuu yqyt otuocuttc s ocuosuon | rpose-
qeuuk py|osoqctson ot+uou qetentuoctu 1ouqa, a ta|e | |a+ec-
tsy u pesynttatan paott V81. n toro +tot oeu|a py|osoqctsa
tna qeuctseuuou, noet rotpeosattc qeneruposatt ee rposeqeuue
|onutety Coseta, |otoptu coepet nueuu scex ucronuutentutx
qupe|topos u rpouuopnupyet Coset s enon o csoeu oeu|e rocne
ee sasepaeuu. 8osnouo, +to oeu|a qonua yqet uocutt |ouu-
qeuuantutu xapa|tep, c ten +tot ue roqopsatt astoputet upe|-
topa-pacropquten s rnasax scex rocyqapcts-+neuos.
u npuo cei no eonpocau
npoqeccouansuo qo6pocoeecuoc
epcouan V81 qoneu ucronutt csou osauuoctu s cootsetctsuu
c rpasunanu u ronutu|ou 1ouqa, |otopte pernaneutupyktc Koqe|con
roseqeuu repcouana V81, u suocutt s|naq s oecre+euue uaqnea-
aero yrpasneuu 1ouqon u ero perytauu, conkqa asoste ctauqap-
tt +ectuoctu, qopocosectuoctu u uesasucunoctu. 8 ukue 2008 roqa
1ouq yctauosun |ouuqeuuantuyk nuuuk rpnou cssu ro sorpocan
rpoeccuouantuou qopocosectuoctu, roqqepusaenyk uesasucunou
tpetteu ctopouou, qn paccnotpeuu osuueuuu s ueuaqneaaen ro-
seqeuuu repcouana V81, |a| ua auouunuou, ta| u ua nu+uou ocuose, u
|a| us suytpeuuux, ta| u us sueauux ucto+uu|os. 8cenu sorpocanu,
rpeqctasneuutnu +epes aty nuuuk rpnou cssu, sauunaetc 0tqen
ro atu+ec|un sorpocan 1ouqa. n conkqeuu |ouuqeuuantuoctu
ue qenaetc rortto| yctauosutt nu+uoctt tex, |to ucrontsyet ee, ecnu
ouu rpeqro+utakt octasattc ueussectutnu.
ocne ytsepqeuu Coseton rpeqnoeuuu qyaueua |cronuutentuoro
coseta u Konuteta ro atu+ec|un sorpocan, cootsetctseuuo, qeuctsue
nuuuu rpnou cssu pacrpoctpauetc ta|e ua upe|topa-pacrop-
quten V81 u ucronuutentutx qupe|topos, rpu+en otsetctseuuoctt
sa rpuutue nep s cssu c rpeqctasneuuen osuueuuu rpuuunakt ua
ce qyaueu Coseta u Konutet ro atu+ec|un sorpocan, cootsetctseu-
uo, a ue cotpyquu| ro atu+ec|un sorpocan. (8anectutenu upe|topa-
pacropquten snktc +neuanu repcouana V81 u roqraqakt roq
qeuctsue rpoeqyp qn repcouana, ocyqasauxc stae.)
Paccneqosauu scex osuueuuu s ueuaqneaaen roseqeuuu repcoua-
na rposoqtc s cootsetctsuu c 0aun aqnuuuctpatusutn rpu|ason
N 33 u rpoeqyputnu py|osoqaunu ronoeuunu 1ouqa, pernaneu-
tupykaunu rposeqeuue paccneqosauuu s cssu c osuueuunu s ueua-
qneaaen roseqeuuu. o rpuutu nktx qucurnuuaputx nep
s cssu c anoou o ueuaqneaaen roseqeuuu repcouana 1ouq tpey-
et rpeqctasneuu roqtsepqakaux cseqeuuu. oc|ont|y V81 c+utaet,
+to rpeqyrpeqakaue curuant snktc oquun us sautx crocoos
oecre+utt uaqneaaee yrpasneuue, cotpyquu|u u qpyrue nua, rpeq-
ctasnkaue uuopnauk o cny+ax roqospesaenoro ueuaqneaaero
roseqeuu, ronuocttk saauaeut ot nktx opn sosnesqu.
0uepequse es6ops cnonuensusx qpekopoe e 2008 roqy
8 repuoq c 5 ceutp ro 13 o|tp 2008 roqa rposoqunuct o+epeq-
ute stopt ucronuutentutx qupe|topos 2008 roqa s cootsetctsuu
c rpasunanu, usnoeuutnu s Pesonkuu 3-5 Coseta yrpasnkaux.
8 pesynttate 1 uop tn copnuposau |cronuutentutu coset,
coctoauu us 5 uasua+euutx u 19 uspauutx ucronuutentutx qupe|-
topos. Cruco| utueauux +neuos |cronuutentuoro coseta, uapqy c ux
+ucnon ronocos, rpuseqeu s rpunoeuuu lv.
lotosct | rposeqeuuk stopos 2008 roqa, |cronuutentutu coset
suec rorpas|y s rpasuno, otuocaeec | pac+ety |pequtopc|ux rosuuu
rocyqapcts-+neuos 1ouqa qn eneu Ctattu Xll, pasqena 3(c), c ten
+tot oecre+utt onee rpasuntuoe otpaeuue cyaectsykaeu u-
uaucosou ctpy|typt 1ouqa. Ctatt Xll, pasqen 3(c) rossonet |aqony
us qsyx rocyqapcts-+neuos, unesaux cante stco|ue |pequtopc|ue
rosuuu s 1ouqe s te+euue qsyx rpeqaectsykaux net, uasua+att
ucronuutentuoro qupe|topa, ecnu ouu ye ue unekt ua to rpaso, ot-
uocct | +ucny rtu rocyqapcts-+neuos c cantnu ontaunu |sotanu.
oc|ont|y cante |pyrute |pequtopc|ue rosuuu s 1ouqe sa cootset-
ctsykauu repuoq unekt CLA u Frouu u oe atu ctpaut otuoctc
| +ucny rtu rocyqapcts-+neuos c cantnu ontaunu |sotanu, sorpoc
o uasua+euuu ucronuutentutx qupe|topos ua ocuose Ctattu Xll,
pasqena 3(c) s xoqe stopos 2008 ue roquunanc.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r-'
8aceqauue Konuteta ro passutuk so spen Eeroqutx coseaauuu V81
u 8cenupuoro au|a 2008 roqa, 8aauurtou, o|pyr Konynu.
V81 roqot+eteu rpasutentctsan ero rocyqapcts-+neuos. 8epau-
uy oprauusauouuou ctpy|typt V81 coctasnet Coset yrpasnk-
aux, |otoptu s|nk+aet oquoro yrpasnkaero u oquoro
sanectuten ot |aqoro us 185 rocyqapcts-+neuos V81
1
. /rpas-
nkauu uasua+aetc rocyqapctson-+neuon u ot+uo snetc
nuuuctpon uuaucos unu rpeqceqatenen eutpantuoro au|a. 8ce
ronuono+u V81 ssepeut Cosety yrpasnkaux, |otoptu noet
qeneruposatt |cronuutentuony cosety sce ronuono+u, |pone
ue|otoptx, |otopte ou octasnet sa coou. 8aceqauu Coseta
yrpasnkaux ot+uo rpoxoqt pas s roq so spen Eeroqutx
coseaauuu V81 u 8cenupuoro au|a.
Kaqoquesua paota V81 seqetc s ero ata-|saptupe s 8a-
auurtoue, CLA, |cronuutentutn coseton, coctoaun us 24 uc-
ronuutentutx qupe|topos, uasua+aentx unu usupaentx
rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu unu rpyrranu ctpau, u upe|topa-pacro-
pquten, |otoptu uasua+aetc |cronuutentutn coseton u sn-
etc ero rpeqceqatenen. upe|top-pacropqutent ta|e snetc
rnasou repcouana V81. 8aceqauu |cronuutentuoro coseta
ot+uo rpoxoqt uec|ont|o pas s ueqenk.
Cyaectsykt qsa |onuteta yrpasnkaux, |otopte rpeqctasnkt
sce rocyqapctsa-+neut Veqyuapoqutu sanktuo-uuaucostu
|onutet u Konutet ro passutuk. V81K |oucynttatusutu oprau,
|otoptu s uactoaee spen s|nk+aet 24 yrpasnkaux V81 (unu
ux sanectuteneu), rpeqctasnkaux te e ctpaut unu rpyrrt ctpau,
+to u 24 ucronuutentutx qupe|topa. V81K rpeqctasnet pe|o-
neuqauu u ot+uttsaetc repeq Coseton yrpasnkaux ro sorpo-
can, otuocaunc | osauuoctn rocnequero s onactu uaqsopa
sa py|osoqctson 1ouqa u aqartauu neqyuapoquou sanktuo-
uuaucosou cuctent. Ka| rpasuno, ero saceqauu rpoxoqt qsa
pasa s roq so spen 8eceuuux u Eeroqutx coseaauuu.
Konutet ro passutuk (ouuantuo 0equueuutu nuuuctepc|uu
|onutet Cosetos yrpasnkaux 6au|a u 1ouqa ro repeqa+e peant-
utx pecypcos passusakaunc ctpauan) snetc cosnectutn
oprauon 8cenupuoro au|a u V81, s coctas |otoporo sxoqt
24 yrpasnkaux 8cenupuoro au|a unu V81 unu ux sanectutenu.
0u rpeqctasnet Cosetan yrpasnkaux V81 u 8cenupuoro au|a
pe|oneuqauu ro saueuaun sorpocan passutu, a ta|e otuocu-
tentuo uuaucostx pecypcos, ueoxoquntx qn coqeuctsu a|o-
uonu+ec|ony passutuk s passusakauxc ctpauax. Ka| u V81K, ero
saceqauu ta|e ot+uo rpoxoqt qsaqt s roq.
6TAKA 5.1
06ma cpykypa ynpaeneu 4ouqou
1 o coctouuk ua 30 arpen 2009 roqa. o coctouuk ua ukut 2009 roqa V81
uac+uttsan 18 rocyqapcts-+neuos.
-(sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
heiaecus oqen oeuk
lesasucuntu otqen oeu|u tn cosqau s 2001 roqy qn rposeqeuu
uesasucuntx u oe|tusutx oeuo| ronutu|u u qetentuoctu V81
c entk rostaeuu rpospa+uoctu u roqot+etuoctu 1ouqa u y|perneuu
ero tpaquuu ua|orneuu suauuu. 0cuosutn netoqon paott l00
snetc rposeqeuue uesasucunoro auanusa ro sorpocan, otuocaun-
c | nauqaty 1ouqa. cuctenatu+ec|ue oeu|u oaux nep ronutu|u V81,
cpasuutentutu nectpauostu auanus pe|oneuqauu V81 ro a|ouo-
nu+ec|ou ronutu|e, |a| s |oute|cte uaqsopa, ta| u s |oute|cte rporpann,
roqqepusaentx pecypcanu V81, u oeu|u sasepaeuutx ctpauostx
orepauu. 8 pan|ax csoero |pyra seqeuu l00 ronuocttk uesasucun
ot py|osoqctsa 1ouqa u yu|uouupyet ooconeuuo ot |cronuutent-
uoro coseta 1ouqa, |otopony ou rpeqctasnet csou stsoqt.
poseqeuua l00 oeu|a sosne+euuoctu V81 s peaeuue sorpocos
neqyuapoquou toprosou ronutu|u tna sasepaeua s |oue 2009 u-
uaucosoro roqa u tna rpuuta | paccnotpeuuk Coseton s ukue
2009 roqa. 8 qoronueuue | oeu|e l00 yrpasneuu V81
53
, |otopa
ocyqanact Coseton s ua+ane roqa (cn. rnasy 4), s 2009 uuaucoson
roqy Coset ocyqun ta|e rnau py|osoqctsa ro peanusauu pe|oneu-
qauu, coqepasauxc s qo|naqe o oeu|e ctpy|typutx rpeqsn-
entx ycnosuu s rporpannax, roqqepusaentx pecypcanu V81,
|otopa tna rposeqeua l00 s usape 2008 roqa (cn. rnasy 3)
54
.
naut py|osoqctsa ro peanusauu pe|oneuqauu snktc +acttk
ocuost, |otopa tna cosqaua rocne rposeqeuu sueaueu oeu|u
l00 u ctasut entk oecre+utt onee cuctenatu+ec|uu |outpont u
nouutopuur peanusauu pe|oneuqauu l00, oqopeuutx Coseton.
8 usape 2009 roqa Coset ocyqun o|naq o repuoqu+ec|on nouuto-
puure (V) l00 sa qe|apt 2008 roqa o coctouuu stronueuu
rnauos ro peanusauu pe|oneuqauu l00, oqopeuutx Coseton.
V tn sseqeu s 2008 roqy qn oecre+euu onee cuctenatu+ec|ou
peanusauu u nouutopuura pe|oneuqauu l00, rqe tn cqenau oauu
stsoq o ton, +to pe|oneuqauu l00 o|astsakt ontaoe snuuue ua
qetentuoctt 1ouqa. |cronuutentute qupe|topa roqqepanu sa|nk-
+euu qo|naqa u oqopunu pe|oneuqosauute |outpontute ro|asate-
nu peanusauu qn cneqykaero V
55
.
o coctouuk ua |oue 2009 uuaucosoro roqa l00 rotosun qsa qo-
|naqa o oeu|e. 8saunoqeuctsue V81 c ero rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu
u porpanna uay+utx uccneqosauuu V81. 0u ta|e osun o ua+a-
ne rposeqeuu oeu|u ponu 1ouqa s rpeqqsepuu rnoantuoro uuau-
cosoro u a|ouonu+ec|oro |pusuca, s|nk+a sorpoct ae|tusuoctu
uaqsopa, s +actuoctu rpuneuutentuo | ctpauan c passutou a|ouonu|ou,
stsneuu cuctenutx puc|os, s|nk+a rpoe|t ro oeu|e yssunoctu,
nuoroctopouuux |oucynttauu, u otuoaeuu | pe|oneuqaun s onac-
tu orepauu c |arutanon u uuaucosoro ce|topa s ue|otoptx ctpauax
c opnupykaunc ptu|on. ocne toro |a| utueauuu qupe|top l00
Tonac 6epuc osun o uanepeuuu ocsooqutt sauunaenyk qonuoctt
s |oue ukn 2009 roqa, rpeqnoeuue u stop yqyaux ten tno ot-
noeuo qo rpuxoqa uosoro qupe|topa.
oronuutentua uuopnau o qetentuoctu u qo|naqax l00 uaxo-
qutc ua ero se-caute (WWW.|eo-lVF.org).
Yexauius ayqa Y4
Vexauusnt ayquta V81 s|nk+akt sueaukk ayqutopc|yk upny,
roqpasqeneuue suytpeuuero ayquta u uesasucuntu Konutet ro sue-
aueny ayquty (K8A), |otoptu ocyaectsnet uaqsop sa paotou qsyx
rpeqtqyaux ctpy|typ.
8ueau ayqutopc|a upna stupaetc |cronuutentutn coseton ro
|oucynttauu c K8A u uasua+aetc upe|topon-pacropqutenen. 0ua
otse+aet sa rposeqeuue eeroqutx sueauux ayqutopc|ux rposepo| u
rpeqctasneuue sa|nk+euu ro utoran ayquta uuaucostx ot+etos V81,
c+etos, yrpasnentx s cootsetctsuu c pasqenon 2(b) Ctattu v, u naua
reucuouuoro oecre+euu repcouana. 8ueau ayqutopc|a upna
ot+uo uasua+aetc cpo|on ua rtt net. 8 uactoaee spen sueauun
ayqutopon V81 snetc upna 0e|o|||e & Touc|e LLP. 0ua rpeqcta-
suna sa|nk+euue es orosopo| ro utoran ayquta uuaucostx ot+etos
V81 sa uuaucostu roq, sa|ou+usauuc 30 arpen 2009 roqa.
8uytpeuuuu ayqut ocyaectsnetc /rpasneuuen suytpeuueu pesusuu u
uucre|uu (/8P|), |otoptu rposoqut uesasucunte rposep|u ae|tus-
uoctu rpoeccos yrpasneuu puc|on, |outpon u yrpasneuu qetentuocttk
V81. /8P| ta|e stronuet yu|uu ce|petapuata qn Koucynttatus-
uoro |onuteta ro yrpasneuuk puc|on (KK/P). /8P| eeroquo rposoqut
rpunepuo 25 ayqutopc|ux rposepo| u pesusuu, s|nk+a uuaucoste
pesusuu, rposep|u uuopnauouutx texuonoruu u rposep|u orepauou-
utx nexauusnos u ae|tusuoctu. 8 xoqe uuaucostx pesusuu paccnat-
pusaetc aqe|satuoctt nexauusnos |outpon u rpoeqyp oecre+euu
coxpauuoctu uuaucostx a|tusos u c+etos V81 u yrpasneuu unu.
posep|u uuopnauouutx texuonoruu oeuusakt aqe|satuoctt yrpas-
neuu uuopnauouutnu texuonorunu u ae|tusuoctt nep uuop-
nauouuou saautt. posep|u orepauouutx nexauusnos u ae|tusuoctu
oeuusakt cyaectsykaue rpoecct u cssauute c uunu nexauusnt
|outpon, a ta|e ae|tusuoctt u qeuctseuuoctt orepauu u ux coot-
setctsue oaun enn V81. 8 cootsetctsuu c ortunantuou rpa|tu|ou,
/8P| ot+uttsaetc repeq py|osoqctson V81 u K8A, +to oecre+usaet
ero uesasucunoctt. Kpone toro, /8P| eeroquo uuopnupyet |cronuu-
tentutu coset o csoeu rporpanne paott u ocuosutx stsoqax u pe|o-
neuqaux ero rposepo| u pesusuu.
K8A coctout us tpex +neuos, stupaentx |cronuutentutn coseton u
uasua+aentx upe|topon-pacropqutenen. Cornacuo Pernaneuty 1ouqa,
K8A ocyaectsnet oauu |outpont sa eeroqutnu ayqutopc|unu rpo-
sep|anu, |a| onee roqpouo usnoeuo s ero |pyre seqeuu, ytsepqeuuon
|cronuutentutn coseton. +neut |onuteta uasua+aktc ua tpexnetuuu
cpo| ua ocuose potauu u uesasucunt ot 1ouqa. +neut K8A snktc
rpaqauanu pasnu+utx rocyqapcts-+neuos u qonut onaqatt uast|anu
u |sanuu|aueu, ueoxoquntnu qn seqeuu uaqsopa sa eeroqutnu
ayqutopc|unu rposep|anu. Ka| rpasuno, +neut K8A unekt ontaou ortt
paott s neqyuapoqutx yxrantepc|o-ayqutopc|ux upnax, rocyqapc-
tseuuon ce|tope unu a|aqenu+ec|ux y+peqeuux.
K8A stupaet rpeqceqaten us +ucna csoux +neuos, orpeqenet rop-
qo| csoeu paott u uesasucun ot py|osoqctsa V81 s |outpone sa
rposeqeuuen roqosoro ayquta. 8 2009 roqy +neuanu K8A tnu r-u Ctus
Auqepcou, ua+antuu| /rpasneuu oeu|u puc|a u ctpaxosauu Peseps-
uoro au|a losou 8enauquu, r-u Tonac 0'lun, +neu rpasneuu u tsauu
rpeqceqatent upnt Pr|ceWa|er|ouseCoopers Corsu|||rg, u r-u /ntpux
lpa, qupe|top yrpasneuu ayquta, otse+akauu sa eqepantutu qonr
u uuaucosyk ronutu|y 8epxosuoro y+peqeuu ayquta 1eqepatusuou
Pecrynu|u lepnauuu. Ka| rpasuno, K8A rposoqut csou saceqauu
s 8aauurtoue, CLA, tpu pasa s roq. s usape u s ukue rocne sasepaeuu
ayquta u s ukne qn rpeqctasneuu ot+eta |cronuutentuony cosety.
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r-)
epcouan V81 u sueauue ayqutopt |oucynttupyktc c +neuanu K8A
s te+euue roqa. o sasepaeuuu roqosou rposep|u K8A |pat|o uuop-
nupyet |cronuutentutu coset o pesynttatax ayquta u repeqaet, +epes
upe|topa-pacropquten u |cronuutentutu coset, qo|naq sueaueu
ayqutopc|ou upnt ua paccnotpeuue Coseta yrpasnkaux.
5pqur hcnonuensuoro coeea no eonpocau,
kacamuc koupon ayqa
Coset rony+aet repuoqu+ec|ue puuuru ot 1uuaucosoro qerapta-
neuta V81 ro sorpocan, |acakaunc |outpon u ayquta. 8 xoqe
puuura atoro roqa paccnatpusanuct, s +actuoctu, sorpoct suytpeu-
uero |outpon u uuaucosou ot+etuoctu, s|nk+a sasepaeuue qsyx-
netuero rpoe|ta ro pauouanusauu uuaucostx ot+etos V81 u
c+etos, yrpasnentx un s |a+ectse qosepeuuoro nua. Coset ta|e
rony+aet perynpuyk uuopnauk o rporpanne paott u qetent-
uoctu /8P|, s|nk+a ocuosute stsoqt ero ayqutopc|ux rposepo| u
pesusuu, a ta|e o peanusauu ero pe|oneuqauu.
Ynpaeneue pckou
poqonaktc ycunu ro rostaeuuk ae|tusuoctu yrpasneuu
puc|on s V81. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy Coset rony+un uuopnauk
ro sorpocan yrpasneuu puc|on qsaqt. s ukue 2008 roqa KK/P
rpeqctasun Cosety uuopnauk o puc|ax repexoquoro repuoqa,
cssauutx c co|paaeuuen atatos u pectpy|typusaueu 1ouqa, a s nap-
te 2009 roqa Cosety tna rpeqctasneua uuopnau (s|nk+a ronuyk
oeu|y puc|os) s |oute|cte o|naqa ro sorpocan yrpasneuu puc|a-
nu 2009 roqa, s |otopon coqepanuct oeu|u ctpateru+ec|ux puc|os,
puc|os, cssauutx c ocuosuou nuccueu 1ouqa, uuaucostx u orepa-
uouutx puc|os s 2009 uuaucoson roqy. |cronuutentute qupe|topa
s enon cornacunuct c oeu|anu ocuosutx puc|os u nepanu ro ux
cnr+euuk, rpeqctasneuutnu s qo|naqe.
pu paccnotpeuuu atoro qo|naqa ucronuutentute qupe|topa roq+ep|-
uynu sua+euue coxpaueuu qutentuoctu s otuoaeuuu oaero cocto-
uu puc|os qn 1ouqa. Pq qupe|topos rpussanu | rposeqeuuk onee
+acttx puuuros Coseta o neukaeuc cutyauu c to+|u speuu
puc|os s 1ouqe, rpu+en ue|otopte qupe|topa c+utanu enecoopas-
utn cosqatt |onutet Coseta ro atun sorpocan. |cronuutentute
qupe|topa c uutepecon ouqanu utoros osopa netoqos yrpasneuu
puc|anu s 1ouqe, |otopte yqyt rony+eut s 2010 uuaucoson roqy.
6tnu sueceut rpeqnoeuu o sosnouon ucrontsosauuu onee
rpoqsuuyttx netoqu| yrpasneuu puc|anu, s|nk+a onee quuanu+-
uyk oeu|y puc|os, ucrontsosauue ro|asateneu puc|a u stqeneuue
|ou|petutx nep qn yperynuposauu |aqoro |ou|petuoro suqa
puc|a.
poipauuocs
0t|pttoctt u cuoctt otuocutentuo ronutu|u V81 u ero pe|oneuqa-
uu rocyqapctsan-+neuan crococtsyet ny+aeny rouunauuk ponu u
qetentuoctu 1ouqa u rostaaet roqot+etuoctt 1ouqa sa ero pe|o-
neuqauu ro sorpocan a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u. onutu|a 1ouqa
s otuoaeuuu rpospa+uoctu
5
otpaaet ctpenneuue |cronuutentuoro
coseta oecre+utt anauc neqy osauuoctnu 1ouqa ro uaqsopy
sa neqyuapoquou sanktuo-uuaucosou cuctenou u ero pontk |ou-
uqeuuantuoro cosetuu|a rocyqapcts-+neuos. 1ouq perynpuo
rpeqctasnet uuopnauk ro pqy sorpocos. uaqsop sa a|ouonu|ou
rocyqapcts-+neuos, ctpauoste rporpannt, roqqepusaente pecyp-
canu V81, uuaucosa u orepauouua uuopnau, |acakaac
1ouqa, quanor u |oucynttauu c oaectseuuocttk o qetentuoctu
1ouqa u sueau u suytpeuu oeu|a rpa|tu|u 1ouqa.
ocne osopa rpospa+uoctu qetentuoctu V81 2005 roqa |cronuutent-
utu coset ctan eeroquo rony+att ouosneuuyk uuopnauk o coctouuu
peanusauu ronutu|u 1ouqa s otuoaeuuu rpospa+uoctu, atu qo|naqt
ta|e snktc +acttk uuopnauu, ouapoqyenou V81 s pycne ero
ycunuu ro oecre+euuk rpospa+uoctu. o|naq 2009 roqa
5Z
, s |otopon
rpusoqutc ctatuctu|a ro pqy nep, uarpasneuutx ua oecre+euue rpo-
spa+uoctu s V81, srnott qo |oua 2008 roqa, ro|asauo, +to ro|asate-
nu rynu|auu rocyqapcts-+neuos unenu teuqeuuk | rostaeuuk
s 2008 roqy. o|asatent rynu|auu ctpauostx qo|naqos repcouana
s pasnepe 83 rpoeuta cootsetctsosan rpeqtqyaun roqan, a ro pqy
|ateropuu ro|asatenu rynu|auu qo|yneutos sospocnu, s|nk+a sarpo-
ct ua ucrontsosauue pecypcos 1ouqa (9 rpoeutos ro cpasueuuk
c 85 rpoeutanu s 200Z roqy) u uuopnauouute cooaeuu qn oae-
ctseuuoctu ro Ctatte lv (9Zrpoeutos ro cpasueuuk c 93 rpoeutanu).
8 cootsetctsuu c ronutu|ou 1ouqa otuocutentuo qoposontuou, uo
rpeqronaraenou rynu|auu qo|yneutos, |acakauxc rocyqapcts-+neuos
1ouqa, rynu|au tpeyet rpnoro cornacu rocyqapctsa-+neua, uo, |a|
rpasuno, ouqaetc s rpeqenax 30 queu rocne ocyqeuu Coseton.
Coset rnauupyet rposectu osop ronutu|u 1ouqa ro oecre+euuk
rpospa+uoctu s 2010 uuaucoson roqy.
uemue cei cei c o6meceeuuocs
8 csete toro, +to V81 ctan onee rpospa+uou oprauusaueu u ctpe-
nutc | rostaeuuk roqot+etuoctu ue tont|o repeq rpasutentctsanu
ero rocyqapcts-+neuos, uo u repeq aupo|ou oaectseuuocttk, ero
sueauue cssu urpakt onee sauyk pont s atux ycunux. Koutpont
co ctopout cpeqcts naccosou uuopnauu, a|aqenu+ec|ux |pyros u
oprauusauu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa, s +ucne qpyrux sueauux rpyrr,
crococtsyet ero roqot+etuoctu repeq rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu
u aupo|ou oaectseuuocttk sa ty paoty, |otopyk ou rposoqut. 3to
ta|e crococtsyet tony, +tot V81 rpucnyausanc | nueuun
nkqeu, |otoptx satparusaet ero paota.
Py|osoqctso u ctapaue cotpyquu|u V81 eequesuo |outa|tupykt
co cpeqctsanu naccosou uuopnauu. Kpone toro, s ata-|saptupe V81
pas s qse ueqenu rposoqtc puuuru qn rpecct, so spen |otoptx
stctyrakauu otse+aet ua rpnte sorpoct ypuanuctos. Xypuanuctan,
|otopte ue noryt rpucytctsosatt ua puuurax, rpeqnaraetc rpeqctas-
ntt sorpoct +epes puuur-eutp qn CVV s |utepuete.
epcouan V81 ua scex yposux +acto sctpe+aetc c rpeqctasutennu
a|aqenu+ec|ux |pyros qn oneua uqenu u rony+euu uosou uuop-
nauu. V81 ta|e ocyaectsnet a|tusuyk rporpanny ro cssn
c oaectseuuocttk, s |otopou y+actsykt 0l0, u s qe|ape 200Z roqa
tna ot|ptta se-ctpauua V81 u rpaqauc|oe oaectso
58
.
8 ceutpe 2008 roqa ucronuutentute qupe|topa sctpetunuct c op-
rauusaunu rpaqauc|oro oaectsa ua ueouuantuon cenuuape,
qn toro +tot ysuatt ux nueuu o peopne V81 ua ocuose oaenu-
postx |oucynttauu. 0prauusaun rpaqauc|oro oaectsa u qpyrun
sueauun rpyrran rpeqnaraetc rpuuunatt a|tusuoe y+actue s rpo-
qonakauxc ycunux ro peopne yrpasneuu V81 rocpeqctson
uuuuatust +etsepttu |onroueut (cn. pasqen 8osne+euue rpa-
qauc|oro oaectsa u qpyrux sueauux rpyrr s rnase 4).
-*sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
h60hhTEbhbE hPEKT0PA h 3AYE6ThTEh
0 606T0PhhK hA 30 APEP 2009 F0A
'
hA3hA+EhhbE
Ver auqceurep
a+aen em

aucy|e Koterasa
aova Fvao|a

Knayc . Ltauu
Cmea+ o+ ume+ena+

Anpyas 1auont
5e+ja |naeea++

Ane|cauqp luc
evc 7anom

h35PAhhbE
8unnu Ku|euc
(6entru)
noea++ |ade
(/ecma+)






Are 1. . 6a||ep
(luqepnauqt)
|a |. F|jaa
(Y|aa+a)









Panou lycnau 8aratep
(|crauu)
/nto+co |ea
(Ve|ca|a}





Appuro Caqyu
(|tanu)
Vaa+da |caa
(|e(a+)
Asctpu
6enapyct
6entru
8eurpu
Kasaxctau
k|cenypr
Cnosa|a Pecrynu|a
Cnoseuu
Typu
+eac|a Pecrynu|a
Apneuu
6onrapu
6ocuu u leperosuua
lpysu
|spaunt
Kurp
Va|eqouu, tsaa
krocnasc|a Pecrynu|a
Vonqosa
luqepnauqt
Pyntuu
/|pauua
Xopsatu
+epuoropu
8euecyana, 6onusapc|a
Pecrynu|a
lsatenana
louqypac
|crauu
Kocta-Pu|a
Ve|cu|a
lu|aparya
Cantsaqop
Anauu
lpeu
|tanu
Vantta
optyranu
Cau-Vapuuo
Tunop-eatu
Coequueuuoe Koponesctso
1pauu
lepnauu
Coequueuute Ltatt
Frouu
h35PAhhbE (P00AEhhE}
l3 Xya ku
(Kutau)
3 s++t Cs+
(|ama)
Vau|n Xoprau
(Kauaqa)
Cmaee+ 0Cannaea+
(nna+da+)








eppu 8apquuo
(|uqouesu)
/daa+ ja
(Ca+eaj}









Xu-Cy u
(Kope)
|acmoe n. eee
(/ecmana+}








|euc /no Xeupu|ccou
(Lseu)
Fne 5ee
(|oeeea+}
Asctpanu
8auyaty
Kupuatu
Kope
Vapaannost 0ctposa
Vu|pouesu, 1eqepatusute Ltatt
Vouronu
losa 8enauqu
anay
arya-losa lsuue
Canoa
Ceuaentc|ue 0ctposa
Cononouost 0ctposa
Auturya u 6apyqa
6aranc|ue 0ctposa
6apaqoc
6enus
lpeuaqa
onuuu|a
|pnauqu
Kauaqa
Ceut-8uuceut
u lpeuaquut
Ceut-Kuttc u lesuc
Ceut-kcu
Fnau|a
auu
|cnauqu
atsu
utsa
lopseru
1uunuqu
Lseu
3ctouu
6pyueu-apyccanan
8tetuan
|uqouesu
Kanoqa
aocc|a lapoqua
eno|patu+ec|a Pecrynu|a
Vanausu
Vtuna
leran
Cuuraryp
Taunauq
Toura
1uqu
1unurruut
Kutau

V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r-+
1 +ucno ronocos |aqoro rpeqctasuten rpuseqeuo s rpunoeuuu lv ua se-ctpauue loqosoro ot+eta (WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r),
usneueuu s coctase |cronuutentuoro coseta s 2009 uuaucoson roqy repe+ucneut s rpunoeuuu v ua se-ctpauue loqosoro ot+eta.
6axpeuu
Eruret
|opqauu
|pa|
|eneuc|a Pecrynu|a
Katap
Kyseut
usau
usuuc|a Apac|a anaxupu
Vantqusc|ue 0ctposa
0equueuute Apac|ue 3nupatt
0nau
Cupuuc|a Apac|a Pecrynu|a
h35PAhhbE (P00AEhhE}
A. La|yp Laanau
(Eruret)
Cava 3nt-ja
(aea+}







Aqannax C. Anassas
(Cayqosc|a Apasu)
/xved /nt-|acca
(Cajdoec|a+ /aea+)

Canyant |tan
(Cteppa-eoue)
Voe|emca Vadoo
(ecomo}














Tonac Vosep
(Lseuapu)
|amaa+a 3aden-|joec|a
(|ontaa)



Ane|ceu 8. Vouu Poccuuc|a 1eqepau
(Poccuuc|a 1eqepau)
/+de jaa+
(occac|a+ 1edea(a+)
Cayqosc|a Apasu
Aurona
6otcsaua
6ypyuqu
lanu
8anu
Keuu
ecoto
uepu
Vanasu
Vosanu|
lanuu
lurepu
Csasuneuq
Cyqau
Cteppa-eoue
Tausauu
/rauqa
3putpe
3uoru
kua Apu|a
Asepauqau
Ktprtsc|a Pecrynu|a
ontaa
Cepu
Taqu|uctau
Typ|neuuctau
/se|uctau
Lseuapu
h35PAhhbE (0K0h+AhhE}
Voxannaq aap Voqappaq
(|cnanc|a Pecrynu|a |pau)
Voxavved aa
(Vao||o)



ayny loryaupa 6atucta nn.
(6pasunu)
Vaa+ n+ec /ejdeno
(|onjva+)





Aqapa Kuaop
(|uqu)
|. . . . xaaca+ex
(ua-a+|a)
ano Auqpec epeupa
(Apreutuua)
aead 1oeent
(/pyrsau)

opau 8. Pytaucupe
(Pyauqa)
|occa /ccavadj
(7oeo)
Anup
Arauuctau, |cnanc|a Pecrynu|a
laua
|pau, |cnanc|a Pecrynu|a
Vapo||o
a|uctau
Tyuuc
6pasunu
lautu
lauaua
onuuu|auc|a Pecrynu|a
Konynu
auana
Cypuuan
Tpuuuqaq u Toaro
3|saqop
6aurnaqea
6ytau
|uqu
Lpu au|a
Apreutuua
6onusu
aparsau
epy
/pyrsau
+unu
6euuu
6yp|uua-1aco
laou
lsuue
lsuue-6ucay
uytu
Kao-8epqe
Kanepyu
Konopc|ue 0ctposa
Kouro, eno|patu+ec|a
Pecrynu|a
Kouro, Pecrynu|a
Kot-q'|syap
Vaspu|uu
Vaqarac|ap
Vanu
lurep
Pyauqa
Cau-Tone u puucuru
Ceueran
Toro
eutpantuoapu|auc|a
Pecrynu|a
+aq
3|satopuantua lsuue
-,sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
6TAPUhE 60TPYhhKh
0 606T0PhhK hA 30 APEP 2009 F0A
Xoce 8uutc, coeem+a|
0nuste 6nauaap, a|o+ovavec|a coeem+a|
TEPPhT0PhAbhbE EAPTYEhTb
Autyauett Voucuo Cauex
ae|mo eamave+ma cma+ /a|a
Auyr Cuurx
ae|mo eamave+ma cma+ /saamc|o-maxoo|ea+c|oeo
eeao+a
Vape| 6en|a
ae|mo Eeoec|oeo deamave+ma
Vacyq Axneq
ae|mo eamave+ma cma+ 5na+eeo 8ocmo|a
a e+mant+o /saa
lu|onac 3usaruppe
ae|mo eamave+ma cma+ 3aad+oeo onjaaa+
4YhKh0hAbhbE h 6EhAh3hP0AhhbE EAPTAYEhTb
3uqpk Tsuqu
ae|mo 1a+a+coeoeo deamave+ma
Kapno Kottapennu
ae|mo eamave+ma o sdem+uv eoocav
ecnu . urau
ae|mo n+cmamjma V81
Lou Xeurau
|e+eant+u sac|o+cjntm a dae|mo |adavec|oeo
deamave+ma
Xoce 8uutc
ae|mo eamave+ma de+e+o-|edam+ux cacmev a u+|oe
Pesa Voraqan
ae|mo eamave+ma asaom|a a a+anasa onama|a
0nuste 6nauaap
ae|mo nccnedoeamentc|oeo eamave+ma
Aqentxeuq 6ypru-Lnent
ae|mo Cmamacmavec|oeo deamave+ma
hh40PYAhP h K00PhhAhP
Kaponauu At|uucou
ae|mo eamave+ma e+ea+ax ce+se
A|upa Apuoau
ae|mo eeao+ant+oeo omdene+a+ dn+ cma+
/saamc|o-maxoo|ea+c|oeo eeao+a
Canex V. lcynu
ae|mo Eeoec|ax omdene+a
3nnuott Xappuc
Ce(aant+u edcmaeament, |edcmaeamentcmeo V81
a 0ea+asa(aa 0:eda+e++ux |a(a
60Y0FATEbhbE 6YA5b
Lupnu Curen
ae|mo eamave+ma |adoe
8a|aucu
Ce|emat, Ce|emaaam
1pau| Xapuuaerep
ae|mo eamave+ma mex+avec|oeo oeceve+a+ a o(eeo
ocnjaea+a+
ouatau annep
j|oeodament n+ova(ao++o cnju, eamave+m
mex+avec|oeo oeceve+a+ a o(eeo ocnjaea+a+
0TEb h YPAEhhP
Cuqqxapt Tusapu
ae|mo 0mdena o eoocav sdema a na+aoea+a+
6appu ottep
ae|mo Yaene+a+ e+jme++e eeasaa a a+ce|(a
Antpeq Kannep
ae|mo 0mdena o jaene+as mex+avec|o ovo(ts
Tonac 6epuc
ae|mo 0mdena |esaeacavo o(e+|a
2009 | 77

30 2009


-















2


C




-



,














1 .
2 -.











-



1




-

-
-.sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
FAA 1
1 1uuaucostu roq 1ouqa ua+uuaetc 1 na u sa|au+usaetc 30 arpen.
2 Cn. ocueuue CP s qo|yneute '8pec|a| 0raW|rg R|g||s (80R)
A Fac| 8|ee| (Creuantute rpasa saunctsosauu uuopnauou-
ua crpas|a) ua |utepuet ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/sdr.||r.
3 8toporo arpen 2009 roqa 1opyn ro sorpocan uuaucosou ctaunt-
uoctu (1C1) tn peoprauusosau s onee aupo|uu ro coctasy Coset
ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu. Cn. rpecc-penus 1C1 N 14/2009
'F|rarc|a| 8|ab||||y Forur Re-es|ab||s|ed as ||e F|rarc|a| 8|ab||||y 8oard
(1opyn ro sorpocan uuaucosou ctauntuoctu peoprauusosau s Coset
ro uuaucosou ctauntuoctu) ua se-caute 1C1 WWW.lslorur.org/.
FAA 2
4 lactoaa rnasa roqrotosneua ro natepuanan arpentc|ux stryc|os
epcre|tus passutu nuposou a|ouonu|u u o|naqa ro sorpocan
rnoantuou uuaucosou ctauntuoctu 2009 roqa. oqseqeuue uto-
ros ocyqeuuu ua saceqauux |cronuutentuoro coseta ro stry c|an
epcre|tus passutu nuposou a|ouonu|u u o|naqa ro sorpocan
rnoantuou uuaucosou ctauntuoctu sa o|tpt 2008 roqa u ar-
pent 2009 roqa otpaeuo s qsyx rynu|aux, |otopte unektc ua
se-caute V81 (WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/Weo/2008/02/pdl/arrex.
pdl u WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/Weo/2009/01/pdl/arrex.pdl, cootset-
ctseuuo, roo|tptc|ony u arpentc|ony stryc|an PV3 u WWW.|rl.
org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/glsr/2008/02/pdl/arrex.pdl u WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
pubs/l|/glsr/2009/01/pdl/arrex.pdl, cootsetctseuuo, ro o|tptc|ony u
arpentc|ony stryc|an l1C, unu ro cctn|an ua se-ctpauue loqo-
soro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
FAA 3
5 Cn., uarpunep, rnasy 1, lnoantute repcre|tust u sorpoct ronutu|u,
s o|tptc|on stryc|e qo|naqa epcre|tust passutu nuposou a|ouo-
nu|u 200Z roqa (ua caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/
Weo/200Z/02/) s arpentc|on stryc|e 2008 roqa (ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/pubs/l|/Weo/2008/01/), a ta|e rnasy 1, 0eu|a puc|os qn rnoant-
uou ctauntuoctu, s o|tptc|on stryc|e o|naqa ro sorpocan rno-
antuou uuaucosou ctauntuoctu 200Z roqa (ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/Pubs/FT/0F8R/200Z/02/|rdex.||r) s arpentc|on stryc|e 2008 roqa
(ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/Pubs/FT/0F8R/2008/01/|rdex.||r).
6puuur Coseta orupanc ua paoty, rpoqenauuyk repcouanon
pqa qeraptaneutos 1ouqa. Cn. 'Food ard Fue| Pr|cesRecer|
0eve|oprer|s, Vacroecoror|c lrpac|, ard Po||cy Resporses (eut
ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso rocnequue usneueuu, na|poa|ouonu-
+ec|oe sosqeuctsue u nept ronutu|u), ua caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/03008.pdl, u 'T|e 8a|arce ol
Payrer|s lrpac| ol ||e Food ard Fue| Pr|ce 8|oc|s or LoW-lrcore
Alr|car Cour|r|es. A Cour|ry-by-Cour|ry Assessrer| (8osqeuctsue ao-
|os eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso ua rnateutu anauc ctpau A-
pu|u c uus|unu qoxoqanu. oeu|a ro otqentutn ctpauan), ua ctpauue
WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/03008a.pdl.
7 la se-ctpauue rpusoqtc qoronuutentute sctas|u u tanut, ua-
pqy c rpunoeuunu u qpyrunu natepuananu, otuocaunuc | ot+e-
ty. Aqpec se-ctpauut. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.
||r. +tot ucrontsosatt sosnouoctu uostx texuonoruu u cqenatt ro-
qosou ot+et onee na|ouu+utn u uutepecutn, |cronuutentutu coset
s 200Z roqy rpuun peaeuue pasqenutt ot+et ua qse +actu, re+atutu
ot+et u rpunarakauuc |onra|t-quc|. 8 aton roqy, naroqap qantueu-
aeny texuu+ec|ony rporpeccy, ctpauua roqosoro ot+eta ua se-caute
V81 saneuut |onra|t-quc| s |a+ectse qoronueuu | re+atuony ot+ety.
Vouo ta|e sa|asatt |onra|t-quc|, s|nk+a natepuant, coqepaau-
ec ua se-ctpauue, s 0tqene sueauux csseu V81.
8 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses ||e Furd's Resporse |o ||e 200Z-08
F|rarc|a| Cr|s|s ard Co||abora||or W||| ||e F|rarc|a| 8|ab||||y Forur
(|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun otsetute nept 1ouqa ua u-
uaucostu |pusuc 200Z-2008 roqos u cotpyquu+ectso c 1opynon ro u-
uaucosou ctauntuoctu), Pl| 08/132, ua se-caute V81 WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08132.||r, unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqoso-
ro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
9 Cn. cneqykaue |uopnauouute cooaeuu qn oaectseuuoctu ro
cctn|an ua se-ctpauue roqosoro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/
ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r unu ua se-caute V81 ro y|asauuony aqpecy. 'lVF
Relorrs Exogerous 8|oc|s Fac||||y (V81 rposoqut peopny nexauusna
uuaucuposauu qn rpeoqoneuu sueauux ao|os), Pl| 08/130, WWW.|rl.
org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08130.||r, 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard Rev|eWs ||e
Furd's F|rarc|rg Ro|e (|cronuutentutu coset V81 paccnotpen pont 1ou-
qa s uuaucuposauuu), Pl| 08/131, ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/
sec/pr/2008/pr08131.||r, 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard las Pre||r|rary 0|scuss|ors
or Adequacy ol ard 0p||ors lor 8upp|erer||rg Furd Resources (|cronuu-
tentutu coset V81 rposen rpeqsaputentute ocyqeuu qoctato+uoctu
pecypcos 1ouqa u sosnouocteu qn ux roronueuu), Pl| 09/24, ua ctpa-
uue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0924.||r, 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard
0|scusses Relorrs ol Lerd|rg lrs|rurer|s lor LoW-lrcore Cour|r|es (|cron-
uutentutu coset V81 ocyqun peopnt |peqututx uuctpyneutos qn
ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu), Pl| 09/38, ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0938.||r, 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses C|arg|rg
Pa||errs |r LoW-lrcore Cour|ry F|rarc|rg ard lrp||ca||ors lor Furd Po||c|es
or Ex|erra| F|rarc|rg ard 0eb| (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun ne-
ukauec xapa|tepuctu|u uuaucuposauu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u
stsoqt qn ronutu|u 1ouqa s onactu sueauero uuaucuposauu u qon-
ra), Pl| 09/39, ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0939.
||r, 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard's lr|||a| 0|scuss|or or Rev|eW ol Furd Fac|||||es
Ara|y||ca| 8as|s lor Furd Lerd|rg ard Relorr 0p||ors (peqsaputentuoe o-
cyqeuue |cronuutentutn coseton V81 auanusa nexauusnos 1ouqa
auanutu+ec|a ocuosa |peqututx nexauusnos 1ouqa u sapuautt peopn),
Pl| 09/41 ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0941.||r.
10 Cn. 'lVF 0ver|au|s |orcorcess|ora| Lerd|rg Fac|||||es ard Cord|||ora|||y
(V81 peopnupyet uentrotute |pequtute nexauusnt u rpeqsn-
ente ycnosu), Pl| 09/40, ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0940.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro
ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
11 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard las Pre||r|rary 0|scuss|ors or Adequacy ol
ard 0p||ors lor 8upp|erer||rg Furd Resources (|cronuutentutu coset
V81 rposen rpeqsaputentute ocyqeuu qoctato+uoctu pecypcos
1ouqa u sapuautos ux roronueuu), Pl| 09/24, ua se-caute V81 ro
aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0924.||r unu +epes se-
ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/
|rdex.||r.
12 8 uope 2008 roqa Frouu cooauna, +to rotosa rpeqoctasutt 1ouqy
|pequt ua cynny qo 100 nnpq qonn. CLA s enx rpeoqoneuu rnoant-
uoro |pusuca. /cnosu qsyctopouuero |pequtuoro cornaaeuu neqy
V81 u rpasutentctson Frouuu tnu roqrucaut 13 espan 2009 roqa.
13 Cn. uuopnauk o atux qsyx uuuuatusax s qo|yneutax '0eb| Re||el urder
||e leav||y lrdeb|ed Poor Cour|r|es (llPC) lr|||a||veA Fac| 8|ee| (0ner+e-
uue peneuu qonra s pan|ax |uuuatust s otuoaeuuu equtx ctpau c stco-
|un yposuen saqoneuuoctu (X|K) uuopauouua crpas|a) ua se-cau-
te V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/||pc.||r u 'T|e Vu||||a|era|
0eb| Re||el lr|||a||ve (V0Rl)A Fac| 8|ee| (|uuuatusa ro oner+euuk
peneuu saqoneuuoctu ua nuoroctopouueu ocuose (VP|) uuopna-
uouua crpas|a) ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/rdr|.||r.
14 0cueuue routuu noneuta rpuutu peaeuu u noneuta sasepae-
uu rpu so qtc s pasqene Co|paaeuue equoctu u oner+euue pe-
neuu qonra s rnase 4.
15 Cn. 'T|e Execu||ve 0|rec|ors ol ||e lVF lo|d 8er|rar or Fue| ard Food
Pr|ce 8ubs|d|eslssues ard Relorr 0p||ors (|cronuutentute qupe|-
topa V81 rposenu cenuuap ro tene euoste cycuquu ua tornu-
so u rpoqosontctsue rponent u sapuautt peopn), Pl| 08/135,
ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/
pr08135.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta [WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r|, a ta|e qo|yneut 'Food ard
Fue| Pr|cesRecer| 0eve|oprer|s, Vacroecoror|c lrpac|, ard Po||cy
Resporses (eut ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso rocnequue usneue-
uu, na|poa|ouonu+ec|ue rocneqctsu u nept ronutu|u) ua se-cau-
te V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/03008.pdl, |otoptu Coset
ocyqun s ueopnantuon ropq|e ua saceqauuu s ukue 2008 roqa, u
sapuaut atoro qo|yneuta, ouosneuutu s ceutpe 2008 roqa, ua ctpa-
uue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/091908.pdl.
1 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses 'lr|||a| Lessors ol ||e Cr|s|s (|cron-
uutentutu coset V81 ocyqun qo|naq epste ypo|u |pusuca), Pl|
09/30, ua se-caute V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0930.
||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r, a ta|e oquouneuutu uay+utu qo|naq
repcouana, rocnyusauu ocuosou qn atoro ocyqeuu, ua se-caute
V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2009/02009.pdl.
17 8 to spen rpeqnaranoct yqsoutt |peqututu roteuuan oprauusauu,
Cuoc|u
V81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009r-/
oqua|o rose tno pe|oneuqosauo ysenu+utt atot roteuuan stpoe.
Cn. 0ecre+euue uanu+u y 1ouqa qoctato+utx pecypcos qn rpe-
oqoneuu |pusuca.
18 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard lo|ds 8oard 8er|rar or ||e 8|a|e ol Pub||c
F|rarces. 0u||oo| ard Ved|ur-Terr Po||c|es al|er ||e 2008 Cr|s|s (|cron-
uutentutu coset V81 rposen cenuuap Coseta ro sorpocan coctouu
rocyqapctseuutx uuaucos. repcre|tust u cpequecpo+ute nept roc-
ne |pusuca 2008 roqa), Pl| 09/31, ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.
org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0931.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqoso-
ro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
19 Cn. 'T|e 8a|arce ol Payrer|s lrpac| ol ||e Food ard Fue| Pr|ce 8|oc|s
or LoW-lrcore Alr|car Cour|r|es. A Cour|ry-by-Cour|ry Assessrer|
(8osqeuctsue ao|os eu ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso ua rnateutu
anauc ctpau Apu|u c uus|unu qoxoqanu. 0eu|a ro otqentutn ctpa-
uan), ua se-caute V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/03008a.
pdl, u 'Food ard Fue| Pr|cesRecer| 0eve|oprer|s, Vacroecoror|c
lrpac|, ard Po||cy Resporses (eut ua rpoqosontctsue u tornuso.
rocnequue usneueuu, na|poa|ouonu+ec|oe sosqeuctsue u nept ro-
nutu|u), ua ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/03008.pdl,
a ta|e ouosneuutu stryc| atoro qo|naqa sa ceutpt 2008 roqa ua
ctpauue WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/091908.pdl.
20 Te|ct qo|naqa rpusoqutc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/pubs/l|/boo|s/2009/g|oba|l|r/g|oba|l|r.pdl.
21 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses C|arg|rg Pa||errs |r LoW-lrcore
Cour|ry F|rarc|rg ard lrp||ca||ors lor Furd Po||c|es or Ex|erra| F|rarc|rg
ard 0eb| (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun neukauec xa-
pa|tepuctu|u uuaucuposauu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u stsoqt
qn ronutu|u 1ouqa s onactu sueauero uuaucuposauu u qonra),
Pl| 09/39, ua se-caute V81 WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/
pr0939.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/
ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
22 Cn. uuopnauk o ocyqeuuu ua saceqauuu Coseta rposoqunoro
oquu pas s tpu roqa auanusa uaqsopa s 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard Rev|eWs
||e Furd's 8urve|||arce (|cronuutentutu coset V81 paccnotpen sorpo-
ct uaqsopa 1ouqa), Pl| 08/133, ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.
org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08133.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqo-
soro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r. oronuu-
tentuyk uuopnauk o rpuoputetax uaqsopa V81 cn. s '8urve|||arce
Pr|or|||es lor ||e lr|erra||ora| Vore|ary Furd. 2008-2011 (puoputett uaq-
sopa Veqyuapoquoro 8anktuoro 1ouqa s 2008-2011 roqax), ua se-
caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/pdr/surv/2008/|rdex.||r.
23 Cn. 'lr|erra||ora| wor||rg 0roup ol 8overe|gr wea||| Furds ls
Es|ab||s|ed |o Fac||||a|e wor| or vo|ur|ary Pr|rc|p|es (Cosqaua Veqy-
uapoqua pao+a rpyrra Cysepeuutx ouqos ua|orneuu oratctsa
c entk coqeuctsu paspaot|e rpuuuros ua qoposontuou ocuose),
rpecc-penus 08/9Z ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
rp/sec/pr/2008/pr089Z.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta
WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
24 Cn. 'lVF Corveres 8ecord Arrua| Rourd|ab|e ol 8overe|gr Asse| ard
Reserve Varagers (V81 cossan stopou eeroqutu |pyrntu cton yr-
pasnkaux cysepeuutnu a|tusanu u pesepsanu), rpecc-penus 09/44 ua
se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0944.
||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
25 Cn. 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard lr|egra|es ||e 0lls|ore F|rarc|a| Cer|er
Assessrer| Prograr W||| ||e F8AP (|cronuutentutu coset V81
oequuun porpanny oeu|u oaoputx uuaucostx eutpos
c 1CA), Pl| 08/82, ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/
rp/sec/pr/2008/pr0882.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta
WWW.|rl.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
2 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard Rev|eWs Progress |r Verbers'
Prov|s|or ol 0a|a |o ||e Furd lor 8urve|||arce Purposes (|cronuutent-
utu coset V81 rpoauanusuposan rporpecc s rpeqctasneuuu qauutx
rocyqapctsanu-+neuanu 1ouqy qn eneu uaqsopa, Pl| N 08/0, c |o-
toptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr080.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro
ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r
27 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard Rev|eWs 0a|a 8|ardards lr|||a||ves
(|cronuutentutu coset V81 rposen osop uuuuatus s otuoaeuuu
ctauqaptos qauutx), Pl| N 08/14Z, c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc
ua se-caute V18 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/
pr0814Z.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy.
WWW. VF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r. oronuutentua uu-
opnau o uuuuatusax s otuoaeuuu ctauqaptos qauutx V81 coqep-
utc s qo|yneute 'V81 8|ardards lor 0a|a 0|sser|ra||orA Fac| 8|ee|
(Ctauqaptt pacrpoctpaueuu qauutx ocuosute cseqeuu), unekaenc
ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/da|a.||r.
28 pucoequueuue | CCP u y+actue s 0CP uoct qoposontutu xapa|-
tep. punusutentuo +ettpe rttx ot oaero +ucna rocyqapcts-+ne-
uos V81 nuo rpucoequuunuct | CCP (4 ctpaut ro coctouuk ua
30 arpen 2009 roqa), nuo y+actsykt s 0CP (95 y+actuu|os ro cocto-
uuk ua aty qaty), u co speneuu noneuta sseqeuu 0CP s 199Z roqy
aectt ctpau repeanu ot 0CP | CCP. 8 2009 uuaucoson roqy y+a-
ctuu|anu 0CP ctanu Anup, 6axpeuu, 0equueuute Apac|ue 3nu-
patt u Cau-Vapuuo.
29 oronuutentua uuopnau o aton ocneqosauuu rpusoqutc s cta-
tte Tonaca opcu Cou s uuaucuposauuu toprosnu s naptosc|on
stryc|e 1uuaucos & passutu 2009 roqa, unekaenc ua se-caute
V81 ro aqpecy. |||p.//WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/lardd/2009/03/.
30 Perynpuo (ot+uo pas s roq) a|ouonuctt V81 roceaakt rocyqapctsa-
+neut qn copa uuopnauu u oneua nueuunu c qonuoctutnu
nuanu s rpasutentctse u eutpantuon au|e, ouu +acto sctpe+akt-
c ta|e c qpyrunu sauutepecosauutnu ctopouanu, ta|unu |a| qeryta-
tt rapnaneuta u rpeqctasutenu qenostx |pyros, uuaucosoro ce|to-
pa, rpocoksos u rpaqauc|oro oaectsa, c ten +tot ny+ae oeuutt
nept u uarpasneuuoctt a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u atou ctpaut. o sos-
spaaeuuu s ata-|saptupy rpyrra a|ouonuctos rpeqctasnet qo|naq
|cronuutentuony cosety V81 qn ocyqeuu, u nueuu Coseta sro-
cneqctsuu repeqaktc snactn ctpaut. 6ontauuctso qo|naqos rynu-
|yetc ua se-caute V81.
31 Cn. qo|yneut 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard lo|ds 8oard 8er|rar or F|sca|
R|s|s8ources, 0|sc|osure, ard Varagerer| (|cronuutentutu co-
set V81 rposen cenuuap Coseta ro kqetutn puc|an, ux ucto+uu-
|an, pac|pttuk uuopnauu u perynuposauuk), Pl| N 08/Z3, c |oto-
ptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08Z3.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro
ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
32 Cn. qo|yneutt 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard Corc|udes 2008 0|scuss|ors or
Corror Po||c|es ol wAEVu Cour|r|es (|cronuutentutu coset V81
sasepaun ocyqeuu oaux nep a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u ctpau 8A-
38C 2008 roqa), Pl| N 08/3, 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard Corc|udes 2008
Ar||c|e lv Corsu||a||or or Euro Area Po||c|es ( |cronuutentutu coset
V81 sasepaun ocyqeuu nep a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u s soue espo
s cootsetctsuu co Ctatteu lv), Pl| N 08/98, u 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard
0|scusses Paper or 0CC Vore|ary ur|or. C|o|ce ol Exc|arge Ra|e
Reg|re (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun qo|yneut o sanktuon
cokse ctpau CC8. stop |ypcosoro peuna), Pl| N 08/144. Co sce-
nu atunu qo|yneutanu nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aq-
pecan. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr083.||r, WWW.lVF.
org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr0898.||r u WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/
pr/2008/pr08144.||r, cootsetctseuuo, unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqo-
soro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.
||r. Coset ta|e ocyqun oaue nept a|ouonu+ec|ou ronutu|u ctpau
A38C s asrycte 2008 roqa.
33 C PP3 nouo osua|onuttc +epes se-ctpauuy PP3 ua se-caute
V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/reo/reorep|s.aspx. Vatepu-
ant, otuocauec | stryc|an PP3, orynu|osauutn s 2009 uuau-
coson roqy, ta|e roneaeut ua se-caut V81.
FAA 4
34 C qo|naqon l00 nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.|eo-lVF.org/eva|/corp|e|e/eva|_05212008.||r| unu +epes se-caut
loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/
|rdex.||r. Cn. ta|e rpecc-penus l00, s |otopon tno osneuo o
stryc|e qo|naqa l00 rpustsaet | y|perneuuk yrpasneuu s V81,
pecc-penus l00 N 08/02, unekauuc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.|eo-lVF.org/eva|/corp|e|e/eva|_05212008.||r|.
35 Cn. qo|yneut 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses wor||rg 0roup Repor|
Fo||oW|rg lE0 Eva|ua||or ol Furd Corpora|e 0overrarce (|cronuutent-
utu coset V81 ocyqun qo|naq pao+eu rpyrrt ro utoran oeu|u l00
.&sV81 l0080| 0T+ET 2009
suytpeuuero yrpasneuu 1ouqon), Pl| N 08/134, c |otoptn nouo os-
ua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/
pr/2008/pr08134.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aq-
pecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r. C qo|naqon pa-
o+eu rpyrrt nouo ta|e osua|onuttc +epes se-ctpauuy loqo-
soro ot+eta unu ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pp/
erg/2008/0Z3108.pdl.
3 C qo|naqon |onuteta, ot+uo uastsaentn o|naqon Vauyan, no-
uo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/
ord/2009/govrel/032409.pdl ua se-ctpauue loqosoro ot+eta ro aq-
pecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
37 Cn. qo|yneut 'V81 Execu||ve 8oard Corc|udes 0|scuss|or or ||e Ro|e ol ||e
Furd |r LoW-lrcore Cour|r|es (|cronuutentutu coset V81 sasepaun
ocyqeuue ponu 1ouqa s ctpauax c uus|unu qoxoqanu), Pl| N 08/125,
c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.
org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08125.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqoso-
ro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
38 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses Relorrs ol Lerd|rg
lrs|rurer|s lor LoW-lrcore Cour|r|es (|cronuutentutu coset ocy-
qun peopnt |peqututx uuctpyneutos qn ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqa-
nu), Pl| N 09/38, c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81
ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0938.||r unu +epes
se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/
l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r. 0cyqeuue Coseta tno ocuosauo ua qo|na-
qe repcouana V81 Vexauusnt 1ouqa u ocuosa uuaucuposauu qn
ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu, unekaenc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2009/022509.pdl.
39 8ee 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses C|arg|rg Pa||errs |r LoW-lrcore
Cour|ry F|rarc|rg ard lrp||ca||ors lor Furd Po||c|es or Ex|erra| F|rarc|rg
ard 0eb| (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun neukauuc xapa|-
tep uuaucuposauu ctpau c uus|unu qoxoqanu u rocneqctsu ronutu-
|u 1ouqa qn sueauero uuaucuposauu u qonra), Pl| N 09/39, c |o-
toptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2009/pr0939.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro
ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
40 Cn. qo|yneut 'leav||y lrdeb|ed Poor Cour|r|es (llPC) lr|||a||ve ard
Vu||||a|era| 0eb| Re||el lr|||a||ve (V0Rl)8|a|us ol lrp|erer|a||or (|uuu-
atusa s otuoaeuuu qonra equtx ctpau c stco|un yposuen saqoneuuo-
ctu (X|K) u |uuuatusa ro oner+euuk peneuu saqoneuuoctu ua nuo-
roctopouueu ocuose (VP|). coctouue peanusauu), unekauuc ua
se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pp/|orgres.aspx?|d=42Z8.
41 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses Relorrs |o Er|arce ||e
lrpac| ol Furd Tec|r|ca| Ass|s|arce (|cronuutentutu coset V81 o-
cyqun peopnt, uarpasneuute ua rostaeuue sosqeuctsu texuu+e-
c|ou ronoau 1ouqa), Pl| N 08/58, c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc ua
se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr0858.
||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/
ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
42 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses ||e Po||cy lor Cour|ry
Cor|r|bu||ors lor Capac||y 8u||d|rg (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocy-
qun ronutu|y s otuoaeuuu ssuocos ctpau ua enu passutu roteuua-
na), Pl| N 08/129, c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81
ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08129.||r unu +epes
se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/
l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
43 8suoct ctpau yqyt coctasntt 10 rpoeutos satpat qn ctpau c uus-
|unu qoxoqanu, 30 rpoeutos qn ctpau c qoxoqanu uue cpequux,
50 rpoeutos qn ctpau c doxoqanu stae cpequux u 100 rpoeutos qn
ctpau c stco|unu qoxoqanu. 0t ornatt ocsooqaktc nuorue |ou|-
petute suqt T. 1) oeu|u, rposoqunte s pan|ax porpannt oeu|u
uuaucosoro ce|topa unu o|naqos o conkqeuuu ctauqaptos u |oqe|-
cos (P0CK), 2) T, uuaucupyena qouopanu, 3) T ctpauan, ocyaect-
snkaun rporpannt, 4) neporputu ro T, roqraqakaue roq nuuu-
nantuoe roporosoe sua+euue, 5) peruouantute cenuuapt, rpa|tu+ec|ue
cenuuapt u |ouepeuuu ro T, u ) repe|pectuoe y+actue repcouana
1ouqa s nuccux ro T qpyrux neqyuapoqutx oprauusauu.
44 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 0|rec|ors lo|d 8er|rar or Tra|r|rg as Par| ol
Capac||y 8u||d|rg (|cronuutentute qupe|topa V81 rposenu cenuuap
ro roqrotos|e |aqpos s pan|ax passutu roteuuana), Pl| N 08/, c |o-
toptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/
ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot-
+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08.||r.
FAA 5
45 0cueuue CP u cssauutx c uunu sorpocos rpusoqutc s qo|yneute
Creuantute rpasa saunctsosauu (CP). ocuosute cseqeuu, une-
kaenc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/lac|s/
sdr.||r.
4 Kpequtute tpauau otuoctc | pasnepy ro|yro| (a|tu+ec|u strna-
+euutx cpeqcts), usnepenon rporopuouantuo |sote rocyqapctsa-
+neua s V81, uarpunep, a|tu+ec|ue strnatt cpeqcts s rpeqenax
25 rpoeutos |sott rocyqapctsa-+neua rpeqctasnkt coou cpeqc-
tsa, strna+usaente s pan|ax repsoro |pequtuoro tpauaa, u tpey-
kt, +tot rocyqapctso-+neu qenouctpuposano pasynute ycunu ro
rpeoqoneuuk rponen uuaucuposauu ero rnateuoro anauca. 8a-
rpoct ua a|tu+ec|ue strnatt cpeqcts s pasnepe cstae 25 rpo-
eutos uastsaktc ucrontsosauuen cpeqcts s pan|ax sepxuero |pe-
qutuoro tpauaa, ouu rpoussoqtc ro +actn ro nepe stronueuu
saenau|on orpeqeneuutx yctauosneuutx enestx ro|asateneu pea-
nusauu. Ta|ue strnatt ot+uo cssaut c qorosopeuuoctnu o |pe-
qutax ctauq-au unu o pacaupeuuon |pequtosauuu (a ta|e c uo-
sou ru|ou |pequtuou nuuueu). octyr | pecypcan V81 es sa|nk-
+euu qorosopeuuoctu snetc peq|un cottuen, u ouqaetc, +to
ta|ou ropqo| coxpauutc.
47 8 ua+ane na 2009 roqa |cronuutentutu coset ytsepqun uane+euuyk
otneuy rpuoctauos|u texuu+ec|ou ronoau 8unase.
48 6onee roqpoua uuopnau o uosou noqenu qoxoqos rpuseqeua
s pasqene oxoqt, copt, sosuarpaqeuue u pacrpeqeneuue pene-
uu pauee s uactoaeu rnase.
49 Cn. qo|yneut '8|a|erer| by ||e Varag|rg 0|rec|or or 8|ra|eg|c 0|rec||ors |r
||e Ved|ur-Terr 8udge| (8asneuue upe|topa-pacropquten o ctpa-
teru+ec|ux uarpasneuux cpequecpo+uoro kqeta), unekauuc ua se-
caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2008/041208.pdl.
50 Cn. pasqen |toru co|paaeuu atatos s 2009 uuaucoson roqy uue
s uactoaeu rnase.
51 |cronuutentutu coset ta|e ytsepqun repeqa+y ueucrontsosauutx pecypcos
aqnuuuctpatusuoro kqeta 2008 uuaucosoro roqa s pasnepe 30 nnu qon-
napos CLA s kqet pectpy|typusauu. |cxoq us rocnequux unekauxc
qauutx rporuosupyetc, +to oaue pacxoqt ua pectpy|typusauk octauytc
s rpeqenax ytsepqeuuoro Coseton kqeta pectpy|typusauu.
52 8trna+usaetc qoronuutentua cynna s pasnepe Z9 120 qonnapos
CLA qn ro|pttu rpeqctasutentc|ux pacxoqos.
53 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses wor||rg 0roup Repor|
Fo||oW|rg lE0 Eva|ua||or ol Furd Corpora|e 0overrarce (|cronuu-
tentutu coset V81 ocyqun qo|naq pao+eu rpyrrt s cssu c oeu|ou
l00 suytpeuuero yrpasneuu 1ouqa), Pl| N 08/134, c |otoptn no-
uo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/
rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08134.||r unu +epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta
ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
54 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Execu||ve 8oard 0|scusses lrp|erer|a||or P|ar
Fo||oW|rg lE0 Eva|ua||or ol 8|ruc|ura| Cord|||ora|||y |r lVF-8uppor|ed
Progrars (|cronuutentutu coset V81 ocyqun rnau peanusauu pe-
|oneuqauu s cssu c rposeqeuuou l00 oeu|ou ctpy|typutx rpeq-
snentx ycnosuu s rporpannax, roqqepusaentx pecypcanu V81),
Pl| N 08/52, c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc ua se-caute V81 ro aq-
pecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr0852.||r unu +epes se-
ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/pubs/l|/
ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
55 Cn. qo|yneut 'lVF Corc|udes 0|scuss|or ol ||e Per|od|c Vor||or|rg Repor|
or ||e 8|a|us ol lrp|erer|a||or P|ars |r Resporse |o 8oard-Erdorsed lE0
Recorrerda||ors (V81 sasepaun ocyqeuue o|naqa o repuoqu-
+ec|on nouutopuure, |acakaenc coctouu stronueuu rnauos ro pe-
anusauu pe|oneuqauu l00, oqopeuutx Coseton), Pl| N08/150,
c |otoptn nouo osua|onuttc, uapqy c canun V, ua se-caute
V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/sec/pr/2008/pr08150.||r unu
+epes se-ctpauuy loqosoro ot+eta ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/
pubs/l|/ar/2009/erg/|rdex.||r.
5 Cn. qo|yneut '8e|ec|ed 0ec|s|ors ard 8e|ec|ed 0ocurer|s ol ||e lVF,
T||r||e|| lssue Trarsparercy ard Furd Po||c|es Pub||ca||or Po||c|es
(|spauute peaeuu u uspauute qo|yneutt V81, tpuqatoe usqa-
uue. pospa+uoctt u ronutu|a 1ouqa. ronutu|a s otuoaeuuu rynu|a-
uu), unekauuc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy. WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/
pubs/l|/sd/|rdex.asp?dec|s|or=1354-(05/85).
57 Cn. qo|yneut 'Key Trerds |r lrp|erer|a||or ol ||e Furd's Trarsparercy
Po||cy (0cuosute teuqeuuu s peanusauu ronutu|u ro oecre+euuk
rpospa+uoctu 1ouqa), unekauuc ua se-caute V81 ro aqpecy.
WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/pp/erg/2009/022309.pdl.
58 Cn. |||p.//WWW.lVF.org/ex|erra|/rp/exr/cs/erg/|rdex.||r.


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IMF ANNUAL REPORT 2009 (RUSSIAN)
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
700 19TH STREET, NW
WASHINGTON, DC 20431 USA