Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 30

,

2011

()
,

. 1979

( 1901.).
- ,

.
2005 .
-
(think tank),
.

, ,
,
.

, ,
.

/
Droits exclusivement rservs Ifri Paris, 2011
ISBN: 978-2-86592-961-0

IFRI
27 RUE DE LA PROCESSION
75740 PARIS CEDEX 15 FRANCE
TEL. : 33 (0)1 40 61 60 00
FAX : 33 (0)1 40 61 60 60
E-MAIL : ifri@ifri.org

IFRI-Bruxelles
RUE MARIE-THERESE, 21
1000 BRUXELLES
TEL. : 32(2) 238 51 10
FAX : 32 (2) 238 51 15
E-MAIL : info.eurifri@ifri.org

: www.ifri.org

Russie.Nei.Visions

Russie.Nei.Visions ,
(,
, , , , , ,
, , ). C

policy oriented ,
.

( ).

,
: info.russie.nei@ifri.org


. ,
,

Russie.Nei.Visions, n 62, 2011;

?,

. , ?,
Russie.Nei.Visions, n 61, 2011;
. ,
, Russie.Nei.Visions, n 60, 2011.

1
Ifri

A. /

,
-. 2009
Global Voices Online,
.
,
-
, -
,
.

Freedom House
. 2010

. 2011



.

2
Ifri

A. /

................................................................................ 4
...................................................................................................... 5
........................................................... 7
................................................................ 7
.......................................................................................... 10
.................................................................................................... 11

........................................................ 13
.............................................................................................. 13
........................................................................................... 15
..................................................... 15
.............................................. 17
..................... 18

........................................................... 21
.................................................................... 21
, ? .................................................................... 23
........................... 23
PR- ....... 25
....................... 26

.............................................................................................. 28

3
Ifri

A. /

2000-
,

.
, -
,
.

,
,

.

:
,
, 15 2011.

4
Ifri

A. /

,
,
-1
, ,
.
,

,
2, .


.
:
, ,
.
,
?
-,
?

,
. ,
,


. ,
.
,
, , ,
.
,

-.
1
-
,
, .
2
- , ,
- ,
.

5
Ifri

A. /


, ..

(, ,
,
).
,
3.

. ,

, ,
( , ) .
: ( ,
)
.
.
,

;
. ,

.

: ,
, ,
,
-.

( ,

), ,

.

3
. 2020:
. <Vedomosti>. 4 2011.

6
Ifri

//

A. /


.
. 2011
46
(52,9
)4.

. , ,

.

, ,
, ,
( ),

.




. ,


5,
,
.
2011 , ,
,
6, <Ru_vederko>.
, ,
( 2000-

- , //
. 15 2011.
5
Russia Wildfires 2010. Special Coverage Page // <Global Voices Online>.
6
25 2010 A. , - ,
, .

7
Ifri

A. /


),
,

,
.
,
,
,
.

,

.
2007 , 2010 ,
,
-. <ecmo.ru>
,
.

<rospil.info>, 2010
.

.

Die Welle. ,

,
. <rospil.info>
7
.
,

(.1).
-
.
,
. -
,

. ,

(

,
,
(crowd) .

8
Ifri

A. /


.
. 1. 8 , 2006-2010

: Global Digital Activism Data Set, Meta-Activism.org, <www.metaactivism.org/data-set/>. .


( 1). 2009
, 2010
, 2011 ,
.

,

.
,
.

, . ,
,
,
.
,
(


).
( , )
, , -. ,
9
NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard)
, .
, Global Voices,
,
8

) ,

, ) ,

.
9
. // <Slon.ru>. 9 2010.

. . .

9
Ifri

A. /

,
,
( )10.
Ta 1.
2009
<88003333350.ru> (
2003,

)
<taktaktak.ru> (
)

2010
<dalslovo.ru> (
)
<rospil.info< (

)
<democrator.ru> (

)
<streetjournal.org>
(
)
<lizaalert.org> (

)
<russian-fires.ru>
(
)

-2011
<vzyatochnik.info>
(
)
<roskomvzyatka.ru>
(
)
<gdecasino.org>
(

)
<rynda.org> (

)
<holoda.info> (

)
<rosyama.ru> (

)

: .


.
-, -,
YouTube,
11.
, -
12,
10

Asmolov G. Is Russia's Political Black Hole About to Reach Tipping Point? //


<Global Voices Online>. 21 2011.
11
. . -:
// <Afisha.ru>. 1 2011.
12
11 2010 ,
,
,
10 , ,
,
.

10
Ifri

A. /

, ,
,
,
.

13, :
2010-2011 <epic-hero.ru> (
,

, <spasiboeva.ru> (-,

),
. 2011
, <epic-hero.ru>, , PR, <epic-hero.ru>
.
,
,

(
)
,
, ,
.

, ,

,
. ,
-,

14.

.
15
,
,

13

, ,
,
, -.
14
Litvinovich M. Russia: Social Networks and Civic Mobilisation // <Global Voices
Online>. 2 2011.
15
Brafman O., Beckstrom R. The Starfish and the Spider: The Unstoppable Power of
Leaderless Organizations. London. Penguin. 2006.

11
Ifri

A. /


.

() , ,
. ,
( ,
,
) ()
(
starfish-,
),
.
, , ,
( ),

(
, -

).
, ,
(

),
.
(

).

,
,

,
. ,
,
,
(
,
, ).

12
Ifri

A. /


-

. ,
,
.
( )
( ) 16.
,

,
,
17.

. ,
,
, ,

18. ,
,
,
(
).
.

. -

( ) .
,

16

// <Yandex.ru>.
Etling B. et. al. Public Discourse in the Russian Blogosphere: Mapping RuNet
Politics and Mobilization // Research Publication. Harvard University. Berkman Center
for Internet & Society. n 2010-11. 2010.
18
Reshetnyak M. Russia: Bloggers Discuss the Case of a Cop-Killing Gang // <Global
Voices Online>. 16 2011.
17

13
Ifri

A. /

.
, ,

, ,
. ,

,

(),
.
.
,
.
,
, ..
,
-
.
,
.
,
.
, ,
,
(
).

,
-
, ,
(
, ).

,
.
,
, .
,
.
2001 ,
,
.
( 2011 6
- ,
19), ,

19

6 // Levada Centre. 6 2011.

14
Ifri

A. /

, 20

2011 33
-
21.
, ,
.
,

, ,

,
22.

23,
.

-
,

(. 2). 58 %
68 % ,
2011
.

(
,
) ( ,
).
,
( )
,
,

20

- , , ,
-
.
21
// Levada Centre. 6 2011.
22
.
.

.
//
<http://legart.bestpersons.ru/feed/post42374534/>. 29 2011.
23
,

.

15
Ifri

A. /

.
, 2006 . 2011
,
-
24
25.
,
.
. 2. , 2002-2011



: , <Levada Centre>, 2 2011.

, - ( )
.

.
,
2004 (
- 26),
2010 .

. ,

(<vladivostok.livejournal.com>), 3
.

24


,
.
25
Etling B. Do Russian Blogs Represent an Alternative Public Sphere? // <Media
Cloud>. 11 2011.
26
// <www.volgota.com/govor/dictionary>.

16
Ifri

A. /

27.
,
.
,

.



, ,
28.


,
,

.
,
.
2001
, .

2006 . ,

,

. <onego.ru> (
) Lapochka

, .


.
2010

29.
2010 ( ,
-
), .

27

//
<http://ru.vladglobus.wikia.com/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%B1%D0
%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F:AllPages>.
28
, ,
,
.
29
Sidorenko A. Why Did They Kill Yuri Volkov? // <Global Voices Online>. 22
2011.

17
Ifri

A. /


, 10 .

.


<fanat1k.ru>, - -
30. ,
,

.
,

,
.
""
, - 31, ,
, ,

,
.
2008
, 2011

. , ,

.

-

. ,

. , ,
,
,
.
2003 , ,
<dorogi.teron.ru> ( <fix-my-street>),
30

Sidorenko A. Russia: Studying Online Mobilization of the Manezh Riots // <Global


Voices Online>.15 2011.
31
<LiveJournal>.

18
Ifri

A. /

bug-tracker (

)
.
,



<dorogi59.ru>.

2010

<streetjournal.org>

<democrator.ru> -
.
,
( ,
..) 2011

,

,

32.
e-government e-administration,
,
,
.

.

-
(CMS33) ,
. (
)
.
,
,
,
: , ,
, 34.
,
-,

32

Sidorenko A. Russia: Envisioning the Cloud Democracy Utopia // <Global Voices


Online>. 22 2011. : <http://cdem.ru/>.
33
- ,
.

.
34
// <Fontanka.ru>. 25
2010.

19
Ifri

A. /

, ()
, .

, . 2011
<Yandex.money> (
) 214
<rospil.info>.
-
.
, ,

<Putin.Itogi>.
,
,

.

:
, ,
35.

35

<LiveJournal>.

20
Ifri

A. /



( , Freedom House,
),


36.

(
),
, , ,
.

,
,

,
37.
-
,
, ,
,

(
DdoS-38), ,
, .

.

36

Freedom on the Net 2011 // <Freedom House>. 2011. Enemies of the Internet //
<Reporters without Borders>. Ma 2010.
37
. : // .
Russie.Nei.Visions. 59. 2011.
38
DDoS-
.
, ,
.

21
Ifri

A. /

( 2011

).
YouTube
. ,

.

39,
(
), DDoS- (
-),

2011 , -),

.
,
, ,

,
,
.
,
, ,
, , - (
- ),

. ,

.
DDoS-
( 2011 ,
- 2011):
,
. ,

.
,
Google+ Facebook.

39

, : Deibert R.,
Palfrey J., Rohozinski R., Zittrain J. (.). Access Controlled: The Shaping of Power,
Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace. Cambridge. MIT Press. 2010.

22
Ifri

A. /

, ?
40,
.
.
-
:
, PR, .


(,
, , ,
).
,
2010 ,
,
.
2011
( 22 2011 41).
,
,
. ,
( ),
, -,
700 42,
. 2011
,

. ,

(
)
,

( ),
( ).
,
.
,

40

2009-2010,
. 2011
, ,

( 2011 ).
41
: <www.rg.ru/2011/05/11/ohrana-dok.html>.
42
// <Molodaya Gvardya>. 3
2011.

23
Ifri

A. /

,
. ,

XX ,
43.
()
,
,

. ,
,
, <www.police-russia.ru>, ,

44.
,
,
45,
.
<www.police-russia.ru>,
, 2010
YouTube (
).
,
- ,
46.
2011 ,


, ,
.
,
,
47.

<@OMON_Moscow> (

<@Guvd_Minsk>). ,
, ,
.
,
,
43

// <Kremlin.ru>. 5 2010.
Litvinovich M. Russia: Ministry's Online Blunders // <Global Voices Online>.
16 2011.
45
No More Action over Police Blog // <BBC News>. 17 2009.
46
Sidorenko A. The Sad Fate of Russia's YouTube Cops // <Global Voices Online>.
7 2011.
47
, ,
// <Gazeta.ru>. 29 2011.
44

24
Ifri

A. /

.
, .
,

,
.

PR

2009 , ,
<blog_medvedev>,

.
,
.
,
, :
4500 .
400 .
.


. ,
, 2008
150 . ,
,
, .
,
.
2010
-,
48 ( ,
, , )
,
.
,

.
2010
.
, ,
, .
,

48

// <Vedomosti>. 12 2011.

25
Ifri

A. /

.
:
, ?
, , ,
,
,
.


.

<http://zakonoproekt2011.ru/>. ,


.

.
,
.
,
, (
,

49
.
20 000 ,
, , ,
.

.

,
,
.
,
(, , ),
,

.
, -
.


(, ,
)
.
49
1 // <Radio Liberty>.
26 2011.

26
Ifri

A. /


(
)50.


, ,
. ,
, <street-journal.org>.

,
,
.


.

.

.

:
, [, ]
[]51.

50

, , , (
): , , .
51
Sidorenko A. Russia: Online Ecosystem Case Study of Perm Region // <Global
Voices Online>. 4 2011.

27
Ifri

A. /


.
,
2012 .
,
,
,
, -

52.

.

.
,
,
.

.


,
.
,
,
.
,
,
, , ,
,
.

52

Morozov E. The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom. New York. Public
Affairs. 2011.

28
Ifri

Оценить