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by Ed Tittel with James Michael Stewart

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Windows
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ISBN 5-8459-0559-1 (.)
Windows Server 2003 . , , . Windows Server 2003.
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32.973.26-018.2.75

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, , , Wiley
Publishing, Inc.
Copyright 2004 by Dialektika Computer Publishing.
Original English language edition Copyright 2003 by Wiley Publishing, Inc.
All righis reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. This translation published
by arrangement with Wiley Publishing, Inc.
ISBN 5-8459-0559-1 (.)
ISBN 0-7645- -7 (.)

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Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2003

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.
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/ ).
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Reliable Multicast Protocol ( ) , .
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, .
, ; ,
( ). ,
.

56

I.

TCP/IP - Internet
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3.

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).
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, , . Microsoft
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Protocol Netware)
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, .
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, ,

58

I.

. ,
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.
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3.

59

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60

I.

TCP/IP, IPX/SPX (NWLink) ( "" ) , Windows


Server 2003, .
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64

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4. !

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Ethernet , , , (
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/
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68

I.

Ethernet
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, , ,
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4. !

69

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Token Ring
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70

I.

, Token Ring. , .
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.

4. !

71

(" Token Ring. Ethernet " "


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74

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76

I.

.
,
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.

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95

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96

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, .

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6.

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98

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102

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6.

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104

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7.

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110

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7.

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112

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.

7.

113

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. 7.2.

114

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7.

115

"), ThinNet (" ")), -


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116

//.

10Base5,
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7.

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118

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7.

121

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122

II.

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7.

123

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124

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7.

125

, ,
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126

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130

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132

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134

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138

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, .
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DNS (Domain Name Service ) . 14.
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. 16,
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5 (Internet Information Services Internet) .
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156

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googleplex.com. ;
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158

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10. Next.
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( ), .

10. !

159

16. IP-,
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160

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Windows Server 2003 Windows Media Services, -


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Networking () Configure Your Server Wizard ,
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10. /

161

TCP/IP , . DNS (Domain Name System


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Windows Service 2003 Resource Kit.
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welcome to Routing and Remote Access


Routing and Remote Access provide: secure remote access to
private networks.
Use Flouting and remote access to configure trie following:
A secure connection between two private networks.
* Virtual Private Network (VPN) gateway.
* A Dial-up remote accett server,
* Network address translation (NAT).
LAN routing.
A basic firewall.
To add a Routing and Remote Accas* server, on the Acton menu,
click Add Server.
For rruxe information about setting up Routing and Remote Acces*
server, deployment jcenarios, end troubleshooting, see He.lq,

Puc. 10.3. Routing and Remote Access

.
1. Routing and Remote Access
(StartsAdministrative Tools^Routing and Remote Access).
2. Routing and Remote Access .
.

162

III. , !

3. , , Configure and Enable Routing and Remote Access


( ).
-
Routing and Remote Access Server Setup Wizard.
4. Next.
. Common Configurations
( ) .

Remote Access (dial-up or VPN) ( ( VPN).

Network address translation (NAT) ( ).

Virtual private network (VPN) access and NAT ( NAT).


Secure connection between two private networks (
).
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, - . , ,
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.
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.
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, , , .

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163

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Server 2003 ( ) ( ). Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.


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, .
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4. Connect Using a Dial-up Modem ( ), Next.
5. , ISP-,
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6. Next
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Next.
8. ISP,
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164

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Dial-up
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, Disconnect Details (),
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165

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166

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11


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Active Directory Windows Server 2003

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, , ,
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11.

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, - , , . .
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11.

175

. , ,
, Active Directory . , Exchange Server, .
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( Active Directory
-) .
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. , , .
. "
Active Directory" (Active Directory Programmer's Guide) Web- Microsoft
(www.microsoft .com).


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176

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. , Active Directory.
Windows 2000, - . Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 , , ,
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( "")
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Server 2003, Windows 2000
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, - . , .
, Windows 2000,
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. , Windows Server 2003, Windows NT. Windows 2000,
- , .
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Directory Windows Server 2003.


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11.

177

,
. ,
, , . , dummies. com sales . dummies. com
dummies. com.
Windows Server 2003.


Active Directory ,
. .


. TCP/IP , ,
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.
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, .
1

1. Active Directory Site and Services (Start *Administrative


Tools =>Active Directory Site and Services) (1*=>Active
Directory ).
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5. , ,
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.
1. Active Directory Site and Services (StartsAdministrative
Tools^Active Directory Site and Services) (<=> ^Active
Directory ).

178

III. , !

2. Sites.
3. Subnets ()
New Subnet ( ).
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, 200.200.201.0/24
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5. , , New York.
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Help Windows Server 2003.


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11.

179

Windows Server 2003 , . ( ),


, , .
. Windows NT
.


Windows Server 2003
. Active Directory Installation Wizard. Configure Your Server (Start^AII Prog rams-^Administrative Tools^Configure Your Server
. 10) DCPROMO, Run
() . - Active Directory Installation Wizard
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Directory 10.

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mode), , Active Directory! ( 17.)
(share system volume), SYSVOL, . , (File Replication Service). SYSVOL
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%systemroot%\SYSVOL\sysvol\savilltech.com\SCRIPTS. , , ,

( 15 ).

180

HI. , !


Windows Server 2003 : , , .NET
.NET. (mixed-mode domain} BCD Windows NT 4.0 Windows Server 2003.
(native mode)
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2003. .NET (.NET interim mode)
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.NET , ,
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2003 .NET. ,
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(universal group), , , . NetBIOS - , NetBIOS- , .NET.

.
,
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, .

, Windows Server 2003.


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ToolsO Active Directory Domains and Trusts) (^^
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).
Raise Domain Functionality ( ).
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native mode Windows .NET Server mode,
Raise ().
, .
5. .
, 15 .
6. .

11.

181

. , (
Properties).
15-20 , . .

(, ),
,

&
,
Windows Server 2003. Windows NT 4.0 -
. Windows Server 2003 , .


Windows NT 4.0 . , "" , "" ,
"" (. I J .2).



Windows NT 4.0,

Windows 2000

. 11.2. Windows NT4.0


, ,
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000. ,
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000, . , ""

182

III. , !

. , , .
Windows Server 2003
Kerberos. Kerberos Version 5.0
Windows Server 2003, Microsoft. Kerberos ,
. ,
. Kerberos , Kerberos
. Kerberos ,

. Kerberos
Requests for Comments 1510 1964, IETF (Internet Engineering
Task. Force Internet).
Web- www. rfc-editor.org.


Windows Server 2003 "" . ,
legal. savilltech. com "" savilltech.com (
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11.

183

legal.savilltech.com

dev.savillCORP.com


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.) .

184

III. , !

legal.sawlltech.com

dev.savilltech.com

defe nse.legal.sayilltech.com

. 11.4.
,
.
. Microsoft , , .
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,
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11.

185

12

Active Directory,

ou ...
>

>

>

>

Active Directory ,
.
( ) . Active Directory. ,
, , . , ; . , ,
, .
Windows 2003
11.

qouteita
Windows Server 2003,
Active Directory Installation Wizard. ( -
Active Directory Installation Wizard 11.) Windows Server 2003
(PDC) Windows NT
PDC ,
(BDC). Windows 2003 ,
(PDC) (BDC) "-".
DC- Windows NT 4.0 Windows
NT 3.51 (mixed-mode), Windows Server 2003 PDC-
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, . ( " "?) , Windows Server 2003


. ""
Windows NT . , .
(Flexible Single Master Operations
(FSMO));
.
^, ,
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, FS - ,
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, , .
, ,
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, . .
FSMO- NTDSUTL. NTDSUTL Windows Server 2003
Resource Kit.
Active Directory.

S (Schema master). , , Active Directory.


, . , , , Active Directory . , (Schema Administrators Group). ( 11.)
/ (Domain naming master).
, .

. ,
LDAP. ;
(Enterprise Administrators group), , FSMO- () .
/ (Relative RID).
( ,
). RID, 100 RTO. , RTO
,
. , (RID). .

12. Active Directory...

187

PDC-. - PDC Windows NT ,


BDC- Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000 Windows 2003 ( ).
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BDC Windows 2000 Windows 2003 ( )
. PDC- , .
, , - PDC.
. ,
(, ) . "-" . , , , . (
, " ".)

- Windows NT 4.0
Active Directory
, , FSMO- (.. Windows NT), (
PDC),
(Security Account Manager SAM).
(BDC). SAM , PDC-, , .
( , ), ,
-.
,
.
: . "" ,
, -.
"" , . ( , ""
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"" , , Windows NT . , "" ,
"" , "" . -

188

III. , !

"" , . ? ,
.
, Active Directory Windows Server 2003
. Windows Server 2003 ,
, (NTDS.DIT),
- . Windows Server 2003 , Windows 2003, Windows NT 4.0 Active Directory
. , . "" , "" , ""
, .
, , Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003
.
.


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,
.
, Windows Server 2003, , " Windows Server 2003 ,
". , ? , , :
. ( , " ".) , 11, .
Active Directory.
.
Windows NT ( !) .
Windows Server 2003 !
(site) ,
IP-. ,
? ! .
: (infra-site
replication) ( ) (inter-site
replication) ( ).


Active Directory (, ), .
(originating update). , , (

12. Active Directory..,

189

) , . ,
. Active Directory (replicated update), .
( );
, . .
. ,
, .
. .
. ( , Windows NT 4.0), ,
PDC-. Windows 2003
PDC FSMO; PDC FSMO , , .
( ), , , - .


. Windows Server 2003. ,
.
Active Directory Sites and Services MMC (Start^Administrative
toof^Active Directory Sites and Services). ( . Windows 2000
(snap-in). , .)
Inter-Site Transport ( ) IP. (, ),
Properties (). ,
General (), Change Schedule ( ).
(. 12.1), .
. 12.1, 12 5 . , . , 6 7 .
. . ,
, , .

190

III. , !

. 12. i.
, ,
(Global Catalog).

. Windows Server 2003 ,
, .


Windows 2003 ! Windows
NT 4.0, 40000 .
,
.
, Windows 2003 1000000
. Compaq 16000000 ,
. ,
, !
. Windows Server 2003 , , ,
, . ,
{, ), ( ), - .
. , , ,
( ). , ,
, . ( 11.)
, , .

12. Active Directory...

191

(, &
Active
Directory, .
Windows Server 2003 , , ADSI (Active Directory
Scripting Interface Active Directory).


Windows Server 2003, Active
Directory (Microsoft Management Console Microsoft).
Active Directory Users and Computers, . 12.2. ( ),
. User and
Server Manager Windows NT.
<^ File

.'

View

Window

Help

Activ* Direct^ Users ytd Cnrtxjert


23 S*ved

i ":,..""

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Security GiauPj
EecuntjiGiouc-.

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Backup Doaats can tjvenide secjilv its.
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Puc. 12.2. Active Directory Users and Computers


Active Directory Users and Computers,
Starts Administrative tool^Active Directory Users and Computers (=1^Active Directory: ).
( DNS- )
. (
).
(OU), , , . Active Directory .

192

HI. , !

Builtin (). ,
Windows NT 4.0, Administrators and Backup Operations
( ).

Computers (). ,
Server Manager Windows NT. - .

S Domain controllers ( ). , .
/ Users (). . .
, , .
Windows Server 2003 - (context
driven). ,
, , . , "" , , "" .


Windows Server 2003 , , , .
( ),
.
Windows NT .
. Windows Server 2003 .
, . , , , - , , . ,
, , ( , ).
(OU)
. OU
(, ,
, ..). - - OU. , ,
, OU OU. , ?
- : ,
User/Computer ,
- . ,
, .

12. Active Directory...

193

- .
1. Active Directory Users and Computers
Starts Administrative tool=> Active Directory Users and Computers.
2. Active Directory Users and Computers ( Users), , New=>User (^).
(
New Object User), . 12.3.

. 12.3.
- User Creation Wizard

3. , Next ().

.

User must change password at next logon ( ).


User cannot change password ( ).

Password never expires ( ).

Account Is disabled ( ).

4. , Next
.
5. Finish ().
, . , , : " , ?" , . -
Properties
(). Properties (. 12.4).

194

III. , !

Elvis A, Presley Properties


j. ManbejQE 1 OWn, j...Object, j ..Securfe..
Remote contra! j Tiwial$ayice)PiaBej'COMt
.Addiest' j Account \ ;pidte | Telephone! 1

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Puc. /2.4.

-.
Windows Server 2003,
Exchange Server SQL Server ,
.

. Active Directory Users and Computers
, -,
New^User.
( New Object Computer), . 12.5.
,
(User or group).

:th$ Fcteng * sioup can join * wracwei to a domaa'


UtC! oi'gibup:;

P .ASow pfe-V&xtov 2QQU stomain eortroSer! to ute Ws count

Puc. 12.5. -

12. Active Directory...

195


Active Directory.
,
', Active Directory.
, , ,
. ( ,
.) , Active Directory
. Active Directory,
. .
Windows Server 2003 Search,
Start (StartsSearch) (^). , , . .
For files and Folders ( ).
On the Internet (B Internet).
Find Printers ( ).
For People ().
, , (Start^Search^Find Printers) ( ). : Printers (), Features
() Advanced (). Advanced,
.
Find Now (), .
,
, ,
.

ADSI
Active Directory ( ADSI) (script).
, , Java, Visual Basic, C++.
ADSI , , , .
, ADSI.
.
ADSI Web- www.microsoft.com/windows/,
(, !).
Windows Server 2003 resource Kit.

/35

///. , !

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fiasfteutetiusiMu qua //
" , " Windows Server 2003. - ,
,
. , ,

.., , ,
.

Active Directory
Windows NT, , , (Access Control Lists ACL). ACL
, ,
( ) , , ,
.
Windows Server 2003 ,
ACL- . , ,
"" . ,
, , "
(Personnel Admin) , , ".


Active Directory . , !
( , ) Active Directory Users and Computers?
, , " ", . , . ,
Active Directory Users and Computers (StartsAdministrative tool^Active
Directory Users and Computers), Vie w=> Advanced Features
(^ ).
: LostAndFound System. , . , , Security ().
Active Directory Users and Computers . -
Properties (). Properties
Security, Advanced ().
, (Allow/Deny (/),
, (. 12.6).
...

12. Active Directory,..

197

Ownet
Me Wwmatfen about ipeaal petmuAjm. !*

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Ful Conboi
Special
Change Passw
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moi aboU corftd. -

. 12.6. Advanced Security Settings


,

>

, .
, Active Directory ,
; .
, .


; . (explicit) , (intierited)
" " . .
, . , ,
,
FTP (File Transfer Protocol ) ,
. , Active Directory , , , .
Advanced Features, Active Directory
Users and Computers? , .
Advanced Features View ( -, Properties,
Security, Advanced),
Allow Inheritable permissions from parent to propagate to this object
and all Child Objects (
). , ?

198

III. , !

Allow Inheritable Permissions From Parent To Propagate To


This Object And All Child Objects . , , , ,
. .
, .
(Copy previously
inherited permissions to this object).
(Remove inherited permissions).
() (Cancel (disable) the inheritance).
, . ,
!



Active Directory
! . .
1. (
) Active Directory Users and Computers
Delegate Control ( ).
Delegation of Control Wizard .
2. , Next.
3. , .
Add (),
Active Directory .
( <Ctrl>).
. , , .
4. Next
,
(, ).
5. , Next , ,
.
(. 12.7), .
6. , Finish.

12. Active Directory...

199

Completing the Delegation of


Control Wizard

You chose lo deleuatB contiol at otyee

in the I olio wig ft cave Direct [older

Puc. 12. 7. Delegation of Control Wizard

. , .

Windows NT 4.0
. Windows Server 2003 , , .

, DCPROMO. , , "" Windows NT 4.0 , .



Active Directory,
Starts Administrative Tools^Active Directory Domains and Trusts. Active Directory Domains and
Trusts, Properties. Trusts (), . 12.8.
( ,
Windows NT 4.0.)
, Remove ().

200

///. , !

/*uc. 72.5.

, ?
, " " (
), . ,
.
(
, , Windows NT), . , , .
, , . , ,
, .

12. Active Directory.

201

13


>

Windows 2003

>

>

>

>

, Windows 2003

>

^ Windows 2003

, , . , , , .
, Microsoft
Windows 2003.
.
Microsoft (print
device) (printer), . Microsoft
HP LaserJet 1200
, . Microsoft
, .
Windows 2003, .

ti&tatHtt Windows 2003


,
. Windows Server 2003
.
. ,
, , Internet
.
(print device driver) ( , Microsoft), .
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,
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(
Windows GDI ).

. ,
( ), Microsoft ( ) . , Microsoft, . .
.
Windows 98/SE/ME/NT/2000/XP,
,
. ,
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. ; , , , , , .
,

.
(Print job). , .
GDI
.
( ),
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, .
. , . , ( Internet),
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, ,
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.
.
Windows 2003 Everyone ,
, , .
. , , .
(, ). ,
, . ,
Printers and Faxes . " ".

13.

203

,
( (Administrators), (Print Operators) (Server Operators)), . . Windows 2003
Print Operators, ,
,
Starts Administrative Tools-^Active Directory Users and Computers,
Butltin ().

,
.
,
. . , !

. Hewlett-Packard.
. , , . (
Microsoft), , , , !


,
. ,
, , .
, ,
(. 13.1).
,
, , , , , , , - , .


(logical printer assignment) ,
Windows 2003.
, Windows 2003 ( ,
). Windows 2003

, ,
.

204

///. , !

Windows
Server 2003
2

1
2
3

1
2
3

Windows
Server 2003
3

Windows

2
( )

3
( )

1
( )

. 13,1.

" ". ,
.
(print device pooling),
, .

, .
, ( ,
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Windows 2003 , .
, ,
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, HPLJ1200 ? !
. 2FLWest , HPLJ1200
.
, ,
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(, ). -

13.

205

, , , .
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. ,
,
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, .

/
, ,
, , . ,
, , . , , .

Printer and Faxes


, ,
Printers and Faxes ( ) Control
Panel ( ). (
Start^Printers and Faxes.) ,
. (
- Windows Server 2003.)

206

III. , !

Windows Server 2003, Printers and Faxes Add Printer ( ), ,


(
). , ,
Add Printer ( ). Windows 2003
Printers and Faxes (. 13.2),
f%PtinierearnJ Pants
Hie

Ed -View

Fworite* Tools

! >;s*h

Help

-FeWw

|-i Piinteit and Faxes


HPUsetJeil2005er.esP5 on
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Puc. 13.2. Printers and Faxes, Add Printer


Add Printer
, ,
,
Printers and Faxes.
- , Printers and Faxes.
Properties
() . .
Properties
.



(
). , , .
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
.
S

Windows Server 2003.

v' .
V (. . 13.1).
J .

13.

207


. ; .
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. ,
, . ?
, "" ,
.
Windows Server 2003,
, Windows Server 2003, , - Windows Server 2003 (
) ,
.
(,
LPT1) Printers and Faxes Start^Printers and Faxes. .
1. Add Printer,
. Next

2. Local Printer ( ),
Automatically Detect and Install My Plug and Play Printer ( Plug and Play), Next
New Printer Detection ( )
Plug and Play,
Plug and Play,
, .
3. Use the Following Port (
) , (
LPT1). Next
.
5. Manufacturers () - . Printers () . Next
, ,
.
Have Disk ( )
.
6. Name Your Printer ( ) . . Next.
7. Printer Sharing ( ) , . ,

208

. , !

Do Not Share This Printer ( ).


Next
, ,
, ,
(, 2ndFLWestEnv, ..
),
7. Location and Comments ( )
-
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: 2ndFLWestEnv, , .
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9.
( ), , , . Next.
-
Windows 2003 , Windows
Server 2003. , 6
,
( 9), Windows Server 2003 .
9. 8 ,
, .
.
, Sharing
() Properties (). , " ,
Windows 2003".
10. , .
, Finish ().
Back () Next () .
Windows,
, .
.
,
Windows Server 2003. , ,
, . Be-

13.

209

, ,
. , ,
, ,
, ( )
" ".
.
Windows 2003, .
. .
, .
, Windows
2003 Everyone .
, " " ,
.
Active Directory, .
. ,
, ,
. .


, ,
Windows Server 2003. Windows Server
2003
. Windows Server 2003, ,
.

, ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 . , Windows Server 2003.
, ,
Microsoft. Windows
9, Windows NT/2000 Windows
,
. , .
1-10 " ",
Windows NT/2000 Windows XP Workstation.
Windows 9x, ( 8 9).
.

210

III. , !


, Hewlett-Packard,
, , ,
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1. Printers and Faxes.
Printers and Faxes.
2. Add Printer
, Next.
3. Local and Network Printers ( ) Local Printer Attached to This Computer
( , )
Automatically Detect and Install My Plug and Play Printer,
Next
.
4. Select the Printer Port ( )
Create a New Port ( ). Type of Port ( ) Standard TCP/IP Port
Next
Welcome to the Add Standard TCP/IP Printer Port
Wizard ( TCP/IP ).
5. Next.
Add Port ( ).
6. Add Port IP-
. ,
. Next.

, .
7. Finish.
Windows Server 2003
Active Directory .
Active Directory 11.


, .
, , "" .
,
. , , .

13.

211


.
, .
, ? , Printers and Faxes
! , Add Printer, ,
, LPTI, .
, Properties,
. , .
, .
, Windows Server 2003.
1. ,
"JoePrinter".
, ,
" ".
2. Windows Server 2003.
3. Active Directory Users and Computers (
Active Directory) "JoePrinter*'
(Start ^Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users and Computers
(^^ Directory ).
4. Printers and Faxes Add Printer.
5. , , "
", .
Add Printer (My Computer ( )),
Type the Printer Name or Click Next to Browse for
the Printer ( ""
). , , .

, .

, . ,
,

qoctntftt tc
,
. (
Windows Server 2003 16.)

212

III. , !

, , . , .
1. Printers and Faxes (Start^Printers and Faxes).
2. ,
, Sharing ().
3. Sharing Share This Printer (
)
(, 2ndFLWest).
4. , Active directory,
List in the Directory ( ).
5. , !
, MS DOS,
,
.

nfiumnefiofl

. , . , ,
Windows Server 2003, Printers and Faxes, , .
Windows XP/2000 NT,
Printers and Faxes (Add Printer)
Networked Print Device ( ). ,
- ;
. Browse
, . !
' Windows 9x Windows Server 2003
( ), Printers and Faxes (Add Printer) .
, Windows Server 2003 .

//,
Windows 2003
,
, Windows Server 2003. , . , , -
, . !
, .

13.

273

. (),
. . , Windows Server 2003. , , .

, . , . , , ,
. ,
.
.
, .
. , . , ,
, ,
.
. ,
Printers
and Faxes. ( . 13.3 , .) ,
, .

214

General (). , , , ,
. ( , , , . . .)
, , . , .
. , .

Sharing (). , , .
Windows 2003, .
Windows 2003 ,
.

Ports (). ,
. , - (Media
Access Control );
TCP/IP, , -.

III. , !

Advanced (). . , ,
Security (). , ,
. Security, (
) .
, .
Device Settings ( ).
, ,
.

Pitc. 13.3. Properties


Printers and Faxes

.
, ,
22.
V

HCL- .
, HCL Microsoft (Hardware Compatibility List ).

, , Web- Microsoft, HCL.

73.

215

/ . , .
, . , , .
S . , , HewlettPackard Epson. , . ,
, , -
.
/

. () . , , . , -,
. (, Hewlett-Packard), .
HewlettPackard, , .
, ,
, , Web- Internet.
,
.

. . , - . ,
, ,
.

fiaJotHM
Windows 2003
Windows 2003, Windows XP, . , ,
. Windows 2003 ( ) Printers and Faxes.
. -,
( , ). -,
, Printers and Faxes
Start Control Panel File^Set Up Faxing (^
).
. Printers and Faxes,
.

216

III. , !

Properties ()
, . .
.
.
.
.
,
, ,
(
).
, ,
.
1
, File * Print ( ).
, -, , .
,
(Fax Console), ,
, ,
Outlook. ,
Tools ^Configure Fax from the Fax Console.
.
, . ,

, . , , -
. ,
, Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.

13,

217

14

IP-
$ 1 ...
>

TCP/IP NetBIOS

>

IP-,

>

IP- Internet

>

IP-

>

proxy-

>
>

DHCP

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol


/ Internet) Internet . TCP/IP , : TCP/IP , . , DHCP
(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ), ,
(Domain Name System DNS). TCP/IP, , ,
Windows Server 2003.

,: 7CP/JJ* MetfiJOS
Windows Server 2003 . .
, NET USE,
, ,
.
NET.'

USE

G: ': A VkANWRIGHTjS-\APP'S ' ^'-"^- "^

G APPS
LANWRIGHTS. TCP/IP ,
, LANWRIGHTS ,
IP-, 172.16.1.7.
TCP/IP, IP- . ,
, Windows 2003 "",
TCP/IP Windows Server 2003.

NetBIOS
NetBIOS , , , , . . NetBIOS ,
, , .
NetBIOS- . Windows Server
2003 , Windows 2003, . NetBIOS
. ,
, Windows 2003 , .
, ,
,
. , ,
(browser services), . , , . nopt , .
NetBIOS- .
S NetBIOS- 15 . ( , DOS Windows 3.x,
NetBIOS-, 8 .)
/

NetBIOS- :
" ( );
/
\
[
]
:
;
=
+
*
?
<
>

();
( );
( );
( );
();
( );
( );
( );
( "");
("");
( );
( );
( ).

, ,
. (NetBIOS-, $, .)
J . Windows 2003 ,
,
.
^

, , .
,

14. IP-

219

,
. , () (, Sales (), Accounting
() Engineering ()).
NetBIOS-, ? NetBIOS-
, , .
. , :
.
NetBIOS-, My Network Places ( ) Windows
Explorer. NetBIOS-, ,
. 14.1 ( W2kpro-l W2kpro-2).

File

Edit

View

Fnrentec

Too

S: * wits* (H:|
NBSFRE.EN :)
3 * Control Panel
etwoik Placet
E M E rare Nelwolk
vj Miciosoft THminal Setvics*
t% Microsoft Wndows Netwrtk

Wnppro.2
Giaceland

Wneli-5
Web Client Network

Pwc. /4. /. NetBIOS-

TCP/IP
TCP/IP , NetBIOS. - TCP/IP 32- (, 172.16.1.11).
- TCP/IP IP-.
IP- .
- IP-
. Windows Server 2003 (
NetBIOS). Internet- ,
. , , WINS
(Windows Internet Naming Service Internet Windows) DNS (Domain Name
System ), -
(WINS) (DNS).
Web- Internet, , URL (Uniform Resource Locator ), www. lanw.com/, IP- (2 06.224.65.194/),
Web-. , Internet DNS -

220

///, , !

IP- . IP-,
Web- ; , DNS-, IP-, Web- .
IP-, Internet,
, , . VeriSign
(www.verisign.com) , "" Internet . , , - ,
. , , ,
, mcdonalds . com cocacola. com. , - xyzcorp. com, ,
" XY2".
IP- : -.-, .
, ,
. , (top-level domain), (, . (Canada), . de
(Germany)) (.gov (government), . edu (education), . com
(commercial), . org (organization) ..).
: , .-. , , , jello.eng.sun.com,
j e l l o -; eng ( engineering); sun ( Sun Microsystems) ,
(. com) . ,
Internet ( VeriSign , Web- www.norid.no/domenenavnbaser/domreg.htm), , ,
, .
, -, ( ),
(Fully Qualified Domain Name FQDN). FQDN- DNS-, IP-, , Web-
www. lanw.com IP- 206.224.65.194.
, Internet , IP-
. , Internet,
! , , - Internet, .
IP-
.
Internet.
IP- ,
,
( ), , , .

14. /-

221

( ) VeriSign ,
IP-, IP-, .
Internet; . NAT (Network Address Translation )
IP-, -
Internet .
, " : ".
, Web-
VeriSign www.verisign.com. ( , -
FQDN-) ( FQDN-).
, ,
, Internet DNS-.

(/
, IP-, TCP/IP. IP- /
. (host). IP-.
-,
.

-
IP- : -. , . - . -

(network segment)
, (subnet). , .
. , ,
. , -
.
IP- :
:

207/4'6 ; .249;-222 HUV/Vv-7:r

"

\ .,' -,..-'

( - www.microsoft.com.)
IP-
(dotted decimal notation). "" IP- .
IP-
;

iiooiii opiQiaip;;;i.inpor iiom:

2Z2

///. , !

, . , , , .
IP-
, . , ,
, NetBIOS- , , .
IP- 32- 32- , 4,3 . , IP- .
IP-, . Web- IPng Transition, .
IP- "" IP- ,
.
-, .
, ,
Internet, D .
, .
.
.
.
, .
, (. 14.1). .
;
; .
14.1.

1-126.x.y.z

126

16777214

128-191.x.y,z

16384

65534

192-223.x.y.z

2097152

254

-,
0.
10, 110.
, , (. 14.1 14.2).
127 . 14.1, . (loopback addresses) .

14, IP-

223

14.2. IP-

IP-

10.1.1.10

10

1.1.10

172.16.1.10

172.16

1.10

192.168,1.10

192.168.1

10

: IP-
TCP/IP
. . -, ,
. -, , ,
. "" -
IP- IP-
.


h;B TCP/IP
tot . , , , Cisco Systems
:; Bay Networks. , ,
,
^. (, , ). ,
t: Windows 2003 ;; ;.
|= (mu/tf-ftomed computers), " " ,;;
IP-
. (subnet mask) , - IP-
,
. - 255.0.0.0, 255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0 . ,
,
255 . , . 14.3.
14.3.

00000000

: 255.0.0.0
: 255.255.0.0
: 255.255.255.0

: 16777214
: 65534
: 254

10000000

: 255. 128.0,0

224

III. , !

. 14.3

1100QOOO

11100000

11110000

11111000

11111100

11111110

: 255,255.128.0

0:255.255.255.128

: 255.192.0.0

: 4194302

: 255.255,192.0

: 15382

: 255.255.255.192

: 62

: 255.224.0.0

: 2097150

: 255.255.224.0

: 8190

: 255.255.255.224

: 30

: 255.240.0.0

: 1048574

: 255.255.240.0

: 4094

: 255.255.255.240

: 14

; 255.248.0.0

: 524286

: 255.255,248,0

: 2046

: 255.255.255.248

: 6

: 255.252.0.0

: 262142

; 255.255.252.0

: 1022

: 255.255.255.252

; 2

: 255.254.0.0

; 131070

8:255.255.254.0

; 510

: 255.255.255.254

14

30

62

126

IP-,
IP-
. (default
gateway), . ( , , .) ,
.

: IP- Internet
(NAT) Internet IP-. Internet (ISP) . IP- .
ISP IP- . , ISP , IP-, Internet,
NAT.

14. IP-

225

Internet , ,
, IP- ISP. IP- . ISP IP-,
Internet .
, ISP, ,
IP-
. IP-,
Internet. , (end-to-end connection) , -, Internet, ,
. , " : ",
, -, Internet, IP-, .
, ,
- IP Secure (IPSec) (Secure Sockets Layer SSL),
! ,
,
, IP- IP-
.

:
-
-, IP-, RFC 1918 . (RFC (Requests for Comments)
, Internet
(Internet Engineering Task Force IETF), 1969
Internet . , .) ISP , , IP- ( Internet-).
RFC 1918 ( Web- w w w . f a g s . o r g / r f c s /
rfcs!918 .html) - intranet. , . 4.4,
Internet.
, , ,
. ( ,
- Internet.) , , ( , ,
).
14.4. IP- RFC1918

10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255

172.16.0.0-172.31.255.255

1
16

192.168.0.0-192.168.255.255

254

226

///. , !

Internet
.
, IP- NAT , ISP ,
.
, Internet, , ,
(firewall) proxy. proxy- , ,
. , .
, , ,
. Proxy- ,

Internet. Proxy- ( (caching) ).
Internet ;
- . , Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 Web-
TechNet (www.microsoft.com/technet/default.asp), Internet, , .
Great Circle Associates (www. greatcircle .com).
Internet Security and Acceleration Server (ISA) Microsoft (www.microsoft.com
/isaserver).
(VPN) Aventail (www . aventail . com).
Zone- Alarm Zone Lab (www. zonealarm. com).
FIX Firewall Cisco (www. cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/pcat/fw. htm).
WinProxy Ositis Software (www.ositis . com).
WinGatePro Deerfield Communication (www. deer f i e l d , com).
Windows Server 2003
-, Internet Connection Firewall, Advanced
() . ,
, . IFC, , Help-, Support Center Resource Kit Windows Server 2003.

Windows Sewer 2003


"
TCP/IP Windows 2003 . . ,
Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 TechNet.

14. IP-

227

TCP/IP .
IP-.
.
'" ,
.
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties. , .
1. Start=> Control Panel^Network Connections Local Area
Connection ( ^ 1 ^
)
2. Properties ().
Local Area Connection Properties (
).
3. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
4. Properties, Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.
TCP/IP , .
1. Local Area Connection Properties
Install ().
Network Component Type ( ).
2.

Protocol, Add ().


Select Network Protocol ( ).

CeeftWa, yeuwed to astyoor network adrrtnMratoi


for (he appropriate IP settings
20tWi'an.IPad*eE5SJt

PMC. 14.1. Internet Protocol


(TCP/IP) Properties

228

III. , !

3. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) .


4. , -.
5. ( ).
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
.
IP-.
IP DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protoco!
).
IP-,
IP- Windows Server 2003 DHCP.
IP- Internet,
IP- ,
RFC 1918.
( , DHCP). Interact,
IP-, , IP-. IP-

.
, (
, -
). , ,
. , IP-, , ,
, proxy-,
Internet. , IP-, , ,
, proxy- NAT
Internet-.
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
DNS. ...
, . DNS " DNS".
IP-, ,
, . ,
TCP/IP Windows 2003.
,
, , . ,
. Advanced () Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties, Advanced
TCP/IP Settings ( TCP/IP) .
.
/ IP Settings. IP- . , , ( Windows 2003) , ,
.
S DNS. DNS- ,
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)

14. IP-

229

Properties, , . , DNS-, DNS DNS-. DNS


IP- DNS.
DNS , " DNS".
WINS. IP- WINS- (Windows Internet
Name Service Internet Windows). WTNS- NetBIOS- JP-. WINS Windows 2003
. , ( ) NetBIOS TCP/IP.
WTNS- "WINS !".
Options. , ,
TCP/IP.
TCP/IP , ,
,
. TCP, UDP (User
Data Protocol ) . ,
, .
, , .
proxy- ,
, .

/
Microsoft Windows - TCP/IP NetBIOS-
- . NetBIOS- -
Microsoft Windows, NetBIOS-
IP-. Microsoft Windows, , NetBIOS-
IP-. WINS (Windows Internet Name Service
Internet Windows).

WINS
NetBIOS- IP- Windows 2003, Microsoft .
LMHOSTS. LMHOSTS,
, NetBIOS- IP-.
(LM LAN Manager ,
Windows NT.) , .
LMHOSTS . , ,
,
.

230

III. , !

WINS. , . WINS Windows Server 2003 , NetBIOS-


, NetBIOS- IP-.
WINS, .
WINS- . ,
, WINS- , NetBIOS.
WINS- LMHOSTS. , , ,
,
WINS-
. WINS- ,
DHCP, .
WINS- - , ( ).

WINS-
WINS- , IP- . , ,
, NetBIOS-,
WINS- ( WINS
Advanced TCP/IP Settings).

. NetBIOS- , WINS. WINS-.
WINS DNS, . WINS Network
and Dial-up Connections ( ).
, , Resource Kit
Windows 2003.

WINS-
( , , - WINS-)
IP- WINS- .
WINS- ,
IP-. WINS- . IP-, NetBIOS-, WINS- .

NetBIOS TCP/IP
NetBIOS TCP/IP
(Application Programming Interface API), Windows 2003

14. IP-

231

(-) . ,
proxy-, NetBIOS TCP/IP ,

Windows 2003.
, , . WINS NetBIOS
(, NetBIOS
) DHCP-
( DHCP- NetBIOS, ). NetBIOS ,
, Windows 2000/XP/2003,
NetBIOS. ,
NetBIOS - .

Mfitoicu 2NS
-
IP- FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name ). FQDN (, www.microsoft.com). FQDN- IP-
Internet , .
Domain Name Service,
(Domain Naming Service) (Domain Naming
System), DNS.
NetBIOS- IP-, FQDN- IP-
.
HOSTS. HOSTS. HOSTS
, FQDN-
-. HOSTS
.
HOSTS- -, Internet. , HOSTS- , IP-.
HOSTS-,
DNS.
DNS. DNS
, . DNS- , DNS- . DNS-
, , , FQDN- ,
, ,
.

232

///. , !

Internet DNS-. Internet;


. Internet, FQDN- InterNIC ( ISP). IP-
DNS- (, ISP, DNS-).

DNS
, , , DNS-, - , ISP.
, 1000 ,
, DNS- Internet.
Windows 2003 , : Active Directory, DHCP
DNS. DHCP DNS,
. , (, , Configure
Your Server Wizard ).
DNS ( DHCP).

DNS
DNS-, , Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 TechNet. DNS Windows 2000, Windows 2000 DNS-. Windows 2000,
Windows 2003, DNS-
.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ) IP- . , . DHCP


IP-,
Internet
.

DHCP
DHCP ,
Windows Server 2003. , Windows Server 2003
DHCP- IP-
TCP/IP.
DHCP -, . ,
DHCP, , IP- (

14. IP-

233

). ,
. , 87,5 100% . , ,
IP-.
IP- , Windows 2003 ipconfig/renewimn ipconfig/release.
IP ipconf ig. ipconf ig/all [more,
, IP ,
.

DHCP
, , DHCP Windows Server 2003,
.
DHCP IP- ,
,
( , DHCP ). ( DHCP) IP-
.
DHCP IP-
( )
. -
.
IP- ,
( ) Windows 2003//9,
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties, Obtain an IP Address Automatically (
IP- ). DHCP!
, IP-. , IP-.
DHCP ,
. DHCP , TCP/IP . Windows Server 2003
DHCP ,
, .
, , DHCP-, , Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 TechNet, .

234

///. , !

[ TCP/IP, ^,
.
\ I s , 3- . .
}>!=),

v /^ "*. , .,

^,^......~. * _______ _ ,. . ________ ;.,..>,_. ..-!...;

. . . . . .

'

;.;

,.,..,,.

:...,-.,.

tfctH/tattettue
, TCP/IP, . -, , , DNS-,
WINS- DHCP- , , .
, .
Internet, , , , TCP/IP. ,
, . ,
, , .
, Internet.
Windows Server 2003 ,
. ipconfig; .
PING. ,
. PING
, , . PING , ,
, .
TRACERT. ( )
.
, .
ROUTE. .
NETSTAT. TCP/IP.
NSLOOKUP. DNS,
DNS- .
TELNET. , . Telnet , . Windows Server 2003
Telnet.
, ,
Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit TechNet.

14. IP-

235

IV

& &.
, Windows Server 2003 , - "
:
,
. ; : .
, , IV ,
.
{ ),
.
,
NTFS .
,
, ^ , ''-
. IV
.
^ , IV ,
Windows Server 2003 .
, ,
.
: 90
.

. ..'.'-

15


Active Directory
/ , . .
>

>

>

>

>

>

>

/ Windows Server 2003.


*>
,
\J
,
( , ).
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003, . Active Directory Users and Computers.

. ,
,
. , . ,
, ,
(user account object). ', , , , , .
Windows Server 2003,
.
1 S . , .

v' . , . .
S . .
/ . ,
.
S . ,
, , (
),
(Remote Access Service RAS) .
S . , ,
.
, , .
S . Windows Server 2003
, .
Windows Server 2003 , . , (
) Windows Server 2003, ( (interactive
logon)). , , <Ctrl+Alt+DeI>,
. ,
. , .
, .
Windows Server 2003 ( )
. , Administrator (), . , Guest (), . , HelpAssistant () (
5_< >),
. Remote Desktop Help Session Manager ( ) HelpAssistant,
.

, !
Administrator ,
Windows Server 2003-
Windows Server 2003; , Administrator . Administrator
Windows

240

IV.

Server 2003 ( , Administrator ).


, .
Administrator "" .
.
.
( ) ( Rename ()).
Administrator , . , .
.
.
(.. , ) ,
: . ,
, , ,
. ,
, .


Guest ,
Windows Server 2003. . .
Guest .
.
( ).
.
( ).
(..
, ).
Guest .
, , .

tfi&HHMX, ^Active 2)ireeton/


Active Directory ,
, . Windows Server 2003

15. Active Directory

241

Active Directory Users and Computers, . 15.1.


, .
. ,
.

t/ Flit

Action

.View

Window

Help ;

- ! to ' . i > - R ^ rv
Bulm seeouni lor admnoi
Dccount In runnfm AEP.M
-! Conlrdten
2il f DiagnSecuiljjPri(rt(i
' _J >oslAr,df :und
;: -21 System

Designated adnin.ii
ul dorrw cmlrderi

Eu! n accouii for gtisB a


AccounI Idr Piovidrg Rrm
IIS Worker FnuuGinup
( Irternel.
f.ey Oi dilution Cert Sa.

Puc. 15.1. Active Directory Users and Computers


1. Active Directory Users and Computers,
Start^AII Programs1^Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users
and Computers (1^ 1* 1*Active Directory
).
2.
, .
, . Users
() , Administrator
Guest, , Windows Server 2003 , .
(organizational unit) Active
Directory, , , .
. 11.
3. ,
, , Action^New^User (=>
).
(
New^User .) New

242

IV.

Object User ( ), . 15.2,


,
.
4. ,

First name (); Last Name (); Initial ().


, , .

Full name ( ). .
, . .
, .

User logon name ( ). , , .


, , . ( " ?1', .)
User logon name (Pre-Windows 2000) ,
, Windows 2000.
, . , .

. 15.2. New Object User


5. , Next ().
.
6. ,
, .
7. , , .

15. Active Directory

243

User Must Change Password at Next Logon (


). .

User Cannot Change Password ( ). .

Password Never Expires ( ).


, .

Account is Disabled ( ). ,
. , -
, ,
.

8. , Next.
, .
9. , Finish (). , Back (), . ,
.

?
Windows Server 2003 , - :
.
Windows Server 2003 (Security identifierSID). , -
, , , , . ;
.
, '..
, , . : () .
. ;|
100, , !
, jackal, herbie 8675309. ^ ;
- ;
.
Windows Server 2003 - . . , .
, ; , , i
. .
s ( , , , ..).
s ( , ). ,,,
s .

244

IV.

. , . -:
I , .
riV , (, ;
JohnSmith jsmith),
1: ,
(, SmitnAcct SmithsalesS). Active Directory ;
^ , - -:
' .
;
/' , ;
. (, SmfthW98 JS102).
v , , ,
(, Tower12, Planning2 Gonferenees12).
IV , ;
(, Documents, SalesDocs AcctSheet).
i:;'V , , , - ;
(, HPSSales, CURm202 HP4Acct}.

.---..

\ ; , '
I , , , , . -.^

Active Directory Users and Computers. 1
;
.
,
Properties, , General, Address,
Account, Profile .

, , . , ,
Windows Server 2003 ,
.
- , , .

General
,
( , ), , , Web- , General ().
, . Active Directory Users and Computers, (ViewODetail ( ^ )).

Address
Address (), . , .

15. Active Directory

245

Account
Account ( ), , , Windows
2000, , (
Log ) .
, .
| S

. Logon Hours (),


Logon Hours (. 15.3). ( ),
. , .
, , ,
(.. ).
( ) Logon Permitted ( ) Logon Denied (
). ,
;
.
. Account Expires End
Of ( ), , ( ). , ,
.

. 15.3.

246

IV.

Profile
Profile () Properties,
(. 15.4). .
(Profile path). , .
.
( , " ").
(Logon Script).
, . , - , , . Windows
Server 2003 DOS-
NetWare.
(Home directory).
, ,
.

Telephones
Telephones () Properties,
, , , . Comments
(), , .
Galen Teclinom-aqe Properties
*01 -. ] .- OiaHh . ] -: Enviramnenl - j
' PtenSSMenftS"-"; J v:7mhstSeMfeRurae ' j '/COM* :
'jGeneraTJ- Address: [ 'Account: ..]||*?Wslepiiwie! j Qrganaafinn"

Puc. 15.4. Profiles

15. Active Directory

247

Organization
Organization () Properties,
,
. , .

Member Of
Member Of { ) Properties
(. 15.5).
. , Add () . ,
,
.
Galen Tecliimmaqe Properties
:

Remote = - 1 " , "1 Services Rofite


Qenertf j ** Account j Pio4e
Distil "
Invionmotit

-"SeHians

Mefffewaf:

iT*^ to change Prime? gjoLpunfe


you ha Macintosh cbnUffi

Carasi.

APPV

Puc. 15.5,

Dial-in
Dial-in ( ) Properties, .
. (callback)
, , , ,
. . ,
, , . .

248

/V.

&

, .
Active Directory Users and Computers.
(Disabling) ,
, , .
, , ActionODisable
account ( ^ ). - (. " ") Account Is Disabled ( ), , .
(Renaming) . , ActionoRename
( ). . , (SID) .
(Delete) . , ,
1
Action Delete ( ^ ). .
. SID-
.
, , -
, -; ,
, .
, ,
.
, , , ,
.

/ //
,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 .
, . ,
, ,
. 40-90
. Windows Server 2003 Best Practices,
,
.

15. Active Directory

249

.
, .
(Security group). Active Directory.
,
.
(Distribution group).
.
Active Directory.
.
(Global Group). .
Active Directory Users and Computers Windows Server 2003.
Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003,
.
Windows 2000 , .
(Domain Local Group).
. . Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003,
, ,
. Windows 2000
, .
(Universal group).
.
Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003,
,
,
. Windows 2000 , . Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003, , ,
.
.

. ,
. , , .
.

.
.

250

IV.

, . ,
.
, .
.
.
, . ,
: / / .

, ,
.
,
,
(Global Catalog Services). , .
,
,
.
, ! -
.
,
.

, ,
Microsoft , . .
,
,
. , Windows Server
2000 Windows Server 2003.
Windows Server 2003
Active Directory Users and Computers.
Active Directory Users and Computers, .
1. , ,
Action^New^Group ('').
New Object Group ( ).
2. .
, Windows Windows Server 2003, .

15. Active Directory

251

3. New Object Group :


(Local), (Global) (Universal)
.
, .
4. : (Security Group) (Distribution Group).
, ACL-, .

,
.
.
5. .
, ,
. :
General, Members, Member Of Managed By.
S

General (). , ( , , ,
).

S Members (). ,
. .
/

Member Of ( ). .

S Managed By ( ). ,
. , ,
.
: Windows Server
2003 , . Builtin ().
( , , ).
Administrators (Administrator (), Domain Admin ( ), Enterprise Admin ( ).
Guests (Domain Guests ( ), Gusts ()).
Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access ( , Everyone ()).
Users (Domain Users ( ), Authenticated Users ( )).
, , , , , . , 5 (Internet Information Server
Internet), Guest.

(. . 15.6), .
(. " " ), .

252

IV.

eclDiy Users and Comoulan

n$ file

Action View

gD sracslandbcal
Conputei
Domain CeHrolas

Window

Help

! Account Qiwratoii

Security Group .

*j4pDpwt
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Cortiau'alion Operatai
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Adnmdralcifi rwve compMe and urrBdiicLr
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* Group .. Sujpotli % racfcatkn in a dornari


- r. Member admniriei doriam iarvets
Svuity Gr4J ... U at pievenled Iron rukiig sccidsrla.

Pwc. /5.6. Windows Server 2003


Windows Server 2003
, Users.
Cert Publishers ( ).
Debugger Users ( ).
HelpServicesGroup ( ).
V

RAS and IAS Servers ( RAS IAS).


Telnet Clients ( Telnet ).
Domain Admins ( ).

,-

Domain Computers ( ).

-/

Domain Controllers ( ).

Domain Guests ( ).

S Domain Users ( ).
/

Group Policy Creator ( ).

Enterprise Admins ( ).

*/

Schema Admins ( ).

, DnsAdmins, , DNS.
.
Windows Server 2003 , : Everyone (), Network () Interactive (). , . ,
Everyone 20 , .
Everyone . Everyone,

15. Active Directory

253

.
Everyone, Guest
, . (
, " ".)
Network , . ,
Network.
, Interactive, , .
.
, .
,
Everyone , Read ().
, , . , .
Sales () , SalesPrintOnly (
) .
, , , , . , , , .

#
(user profile) , ,
,
. Windows Server 2003 . ,
( ),
.
, .
Start ().
" " "".
, .
Favorites Internet Explorer.
.
.
.
,
HKEY1CURRENTJJSER NTUSER.DAT.
, Registry Tool
Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 REGENTRY .

254

/V.

. (
.) (roaming profile) ,
, ; , ,
, .
.
( ,
,
Mandatory User Profile.) .
, .
1.
User ( ).
2. , ,
Control Panel ( ) System ().
3. User Profiles ( ).
4. , .
5. ( ).
6. , .

, \\domain controller\users\<MMH ^ domain


controller ; users ; .<
> , .
7. ( , ADMINPAK.MSI)
Active Directory Users and Computers ( StartoAH
Programs^ Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users and Computers
^^^ Directory
)).
8. ,
, Properties
().
9. Profile ().
10. Profile Path ( ) User Profile (
) , 6.
11. .
. . , .
, ,
, ( , ), , .
, .
. , .

15. Active Directory

255

(mandatory profile) , .
. , ,
.
, NTUSER.DAT NTUSER.MAN
. , , . , NTUSER.MAN NTUSER.DAT.

(group policies) , . , . Windows NT Server 4.0


System Policy Editor ( ). Windows Server 2003 ( Windows 2000)
, ,
Administrative Templates, Security Settings, and Scripts (, ).
( )
Active Directory Users and Computers .
1. Active Directory Users and Computers .
2.
, , Properties ().
3. Group Policy ( ).
4. ,
Group Policy Object Link ( )
. Group Policy
( ).

^ Add (). Group


Policy Object Link.
, , .
Block Policy Inheritance ( ). , .
Delete (). , .
Edit (). .
New (). .
Properties (). Group Policy
Properties. , ,
. , .

256

IV.

Group Policy Options. , .


f

Disabled (). .
No Override (He ). .
. Block Policy Inheritance

No Override.

, Up () Down (),
. . ,
,
, , ,
.
1. Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003 ,
. , , , , .
Windows .
, , .
2. , ,
. ( , ). ,
.
3. , . , ,
.
4. . ,
() ,
, , , , , . .
, . ,
, , , , , , ..
, .

15. Active Directory

257

. (Group Policy Object GPO) . , GPO3, , ,


, , ,
, , . , , , .
: , (GPO2),
, (GPO3),
.
.
1. GPO RUN ()
Start (). ( .)
2. GPO2 ( )
RUN Start. ( .) GPO1
( ) RUN Start.
( .)
3. GPO2
( ) RUN Start.
( .) GPO1 ( ) RUN
Start. ( .)
4. GPO3 ( ) RUN Start. ( .)
GPO2 ( ) RUN Start.
( .) GPO1 ( ) RUN Start.
( .)
: " ?" ,
, .


, , . .
, .

1. Active Directory Users and Computers.


2.
, , Properties.
3. Group Policy.
4. New (), ,
<Enter>.

258

IV.

5. Group Policy Object Link


Edit ().
6. User Configuration=>Administrative Templates^System^Ctrl+Alt+Del Options ( ^ 1 >
Ctrl+AIt+Del), . 15.7.
7. Remove Change Password (
) .
8. Policy Enabled (),
Apply (), .

j Windows Component
i) Stat Menu *nd Taskbsi
CJ DeAtop
ST 2J Compel Pand
--jShaierfFoDs
^: III Kdwort
Si 2j Syswni

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_J PD

. /5.7. Ctrl+Alt+Del,

, .
, . , .
, Group Policy
Edit, , ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 .
, Administrative Templates, . , . ,
: User Configuration Administrative Templates
. Add/Remove
Templates (/ ), .
Add, .

75. Active Directory

259

Computer Configuration -^Windows Settings ^Security Settings (


1^ Windows^riapaMCTpbi ) (. 15.8). ,
, .
,* Group Policy Qlijcni fatter

If DtlaiJt Danain Poicy |bn0sliandii.net] Poky


3 Coroutffl Conf ifluwlion
ij Solmar; Seltngi
i? E| Window! Settings
.telup/ShutdwH
Seemly Setlng.

^ Enloiee pattnofd Htlay


Mannum password tgt
Mirimumpasswurduge
Minimum passwoid length
Patsnort i
Sloie panwocdi utrg levustle <

Ddays
Ochaactas
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Ditabled

Account Lockout Pcfcy

S?-tfl Fto System

g Y ^i"*

"

[fl -3 Soltiwe Restrctioo Poloes


-1 AdmnelislivB emcees
^D Usei CondgujlBn
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S "^ Wndows Settmgi
i>> ^J Admninralfve Templates

Puc. 15.8. ,

, , ( 30 ) ,
.


,
, , (
). Properties Group Policy.
.
, , .
, .
1. Group Policy Properties.
2. Administrative Tools () Local
Security Policy ( ).
1

3. Security Settings ^Local Policies


( ^ ),
Audit Policy ( ).

260

IV.

4. , .
Security Settings ( ).
5. , : .
( , .)
6. , .
, . .
, , Security Log
( ) Event Viewer ( ). Event Viewer Administrative Tools ()
Security Log. , . , , .
:
. ,
. ,
, Not Configured (He ),
, .

#O3H,uicH,tfiH nfto&ieMM

qoctfitfna...

,
, , . , .
,
.
, - . , . . , , ,
.
, .
, .
, .
Windows- Windows NT Workstation, Windows 2000, Windows
XP Professional Windows Server 2003 , ,
, Active Directory, .

15. Active Directory

261

S IP IP-
, , IP-, , , DNS .
S DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol )
IP- ,
, . , , , JPCONFIG/ALL . IP- 169.254.0.1-169.254.254.254 - (Automatic Private Internet Protocol Address
APIPA), , DHCP-
DHCP-.
, , , , , .
.
, (.. , ).
, .
, , ,
. Microsoft (
TechNet). , , ,
. Microsoft - , , ,
.

262

IV.

16


/fiou
>

>

NTFS-

>

FAT FAT32

>

>

>

Windows Server 2003


Windows NT, NTFS (Windows NT File
System). ACL (Access Control List ) ,
, ,
,
, .
Windows 2003 FAT FAT32 (FAT File Allocation Table { )), . FAT FAT32 (file shares) (
, ), . , NTFS
. , , ( ) , ,
,
Windows Server 2003.
12 Active Directory.

$ , ,
,
Windows 2003, . , .


Windows 2003
, , , , . (object) : , , Microsoft (service).

, - , ,
: , , , ,
. , ; ,
.
^ Name (). BOOT.INI.
S (). .
S Contents (). , Windows 2003.
(Windows 2003 ,
.)
S Size (). 1 .

"" , , ..
, , , . , , , .
, -, , ,
, , , . , , . , ,
,
, . , , .
Windows 2003
.
ACL-. ACL- ,
( ), ,
( ). ACL-
(, , ), ( ) .


Windows 2003 , . ,
NTFS Windows
2003 ,
.
FAT ( FAT32 Windows 98)
ACL, FAT FAT32 . , , , FAT FAT32 , NTFS ( : , , , ..), ,

264

IV.

FAT FAT32, , .
ACL , FAT
( ).
, ,
Windows Server 2003 , , ,
. , , FAT
FAT32, , .
Windows Server 2003
, Windows 2003 Server . Windows 2003 , , .

, -
, Windows 2003,
(user right) (object permission). ,
, , ^ .
, ( )
Windows 2003. .
S .
/ , .

, .
S Group Policy ( ).
, Active Directory (Administrative tools), ,
, .
Properties (), Group Policy, Edit ().
Group Policy, Computer Configurations^Windows Settings^
Security Settings1^ Local Policies^XJser Rights assignment ( 1^ Windows1^ ^ ^ ).
Windows 2003 ( ), , (access token). , . , ,
Windows 2003 .
( ) Windows 2003 ,
(permissions') ( Security ()
)). ACL-, , , ,
. ,
. Windows 2003 Security Reference Monitor (SRM) ( ),

16.

265

. SRM- ,
, Windows 2003 ;
.
,
. ,
, , .

& MT2S Windows 2003

NTFS FAT FAT32 (32 , Windows 98). NTFS


, NTFS - . FAT FAT32 NTFS
NTFS- ,
. NTFS , , ,
NTFS.
NTFS .
. NTFS,
. - .
. ,
. Windows 2003 ; ,
, ( ).
. , , ,
, , , , NTFS .
- NTFS,
Windows Explorer My Computer Active
Directory Sites and services. Properties
(), Security ().
Security Permissions ()
(. 16.1). ( )
, Permissions .

NTFS
Permissions -, - - NTFS. , NTFS
. , - , .
(container) , ,
.

266

IV.

wnetsvr (I..| Properties

CREATOR OWNER
Everyone
(3J SYSTEM
liters [GRACE LAND \USHJ]

Puc. 16.1. ,

Windows 2003 , Windows NT,


, Windows 2000. , Windows 2003
No Access ( ). ,
Allow () Deny ().
Deny NTFS Windows 2003
, NO Access Windows NT.
NTFS.
S

Read (). .

Write () ().
.

S Write () (). .
/ List Folder Contents ( ) ( ).
.
/ Read & Execute ( ) ().
.
/

Read & Execute ( ) ().


.

S Modify () ().
,
.
/ Modify () ().
, .

16.

267

S Full Control ( ) (). .


S Full Control ( ) (). .


(Advanced permissions)
, , .
,
Advanced () Permissions NTFS.
Advanced Security Settings ( ) : Permissions, Auditing (), Owner () Effective Permissions ( ). Permissions , Auditing , Owner . Effective Permissions ,

.
Permissions
. .
S Full Control ( ).
S Traverse Folder/Execute File ( / ).
S List Folder/Read Data ( / ).
S Read Attributes ( ).
S Read Extended Attributes ( ).
S Create Files/Write Data ( / ).
S Create Folders/Append Data ( / ).
S Write Attributes ( ).
S Write Extended Attributes ( ).
S Delete ().
S Read Permission ( ).
S Change Permission ( ).
S Take Ownership ( ).
,
, - TechNet Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Microsoft.

/3 & 3-<?4J
FAT FAT32, Windows 2003
NTFS, ,
, FAT FAT32, -

268

IV.

. , Windows Server 2003,


FAT FAT32, . ,

, , ,
, FAT,
, , Windows 9x, Windows Server 2003, FAT,
.
FAT32 Windows 98, FAT, Windows
2003 , , , FAT
, .

NTFS
";|

, , -|1
. , /'!
Deny (),
, , ;]
.Everyone () Authenticated Users { }. -j
18.
Everyone Deny , ^
, , , 3
( ) ||
, - j
.
Full Control ( ) , :; ?
, , . ,
Full Control -.
Windows 2003/XP/2000 Windows NT NTFS,
! , Windows 2003/ 2000 NTFS 5. Windows
NT NTFS 4, Service Pack 4 . Windows NT , NTFS 5.

Tasfieutettusi, co&uecinttote
Windows Server 2003, , , , . ,
Windows Server 2003,
(network share}',
Windows Server 2003, .
Windows 2003,
.
, / (Allow)/(Deny), NTFS.

16.

269

S Read (). ,
.
^ Change (). Read, , , , .
/ Full Control ( ). Change, ,
,
- . . 16.1 .
16.1.

Read

Write

Execute

Delete

Read

Change

Full Control

Change

FAT Windows Server 2003


, ,
!

My Computer Explorer Windows 2003,
Sharing and Security ( ). Properties Sharing (), . 16.2.

;ToexMHifhawRw(*euwthectrten('
while dfbie, cfck Offine Setihgs.

' Sd&SB

HewS&Wu...

Puc. 16.2. Sharing

270

IV.

.
Share This Folder ( ). Share This Folder, .
Share Name ( ).
, . ,
DOS Windows
, .
User Limit ( ). User Limit , . Windows Server 2003
; , , Maximum allowed (
).
Permissions ().
Permissions Sharing.
NTFS.
Offline Settings ( ).
Offline File and
Folders. , ,
.

ftaeftetuettuu
NTFS, , , . NTFS, , NTFS ,
. , ,
, , , .


, - NTFS,
, , , NTFS.
^. ( , 12.) , . (
.) , , ,
, . , . ,
, . , .
1. .
2. .

16.

271

3. .
.
, ( NTFS,
), .

!
,
.
Marketing Dept ( ), Domain Users
( ) Film Critics ().
NTFS Rosebud.doc. ? . 16.2 .
16.2. NTFS

NTFS

BettyB

Marketing Dept

Read

Domain Users

Change

Film Critics

Change

Marketing Dept

Read

Domain Users

Read

Rim Critics

Read

BettyB

Read

Read

NTFS, Read Change Change; ,


Read . Read Change Read. , Read , !
, . . .


, , , . .
Advanced Properties Security,
Effective Permissions. ,
(. 16.3).

qoctHt/.
, Active Directory,

. , 12.

272

IV.

IMvanced Security Setlinqsloi v/nptsvr (:(

D Ful Control
H Traverse Folder / Execute Fie
Ul Folder,'Read Data
Read Attributes
E Head E xlended Attribute:
Credo Flet/WriteDeli
3 CiealeFoldes/AppendData
El Write AHrbutes
D Wcite ExtendedAtlriiutet
ED Delete Sublddeis and Fie:
S Delete
Read PermissiOTis
D Change Petniiiiom
Take Ownership

OK

Puc. 16.3. Effective Permissions


-
24/7! '
- , , . (Delegate Administration
Wizard), Active Directory Users and Computers.
Starto Ad mini strati on Tools ^Active Directory Users and Computers,
, Delegate Control Action ().
Active Directory, , ,
. 11.
-
Active Directory, . , .


,
. , , .
. ( , ,
12.)

16.

273

. ,
/ . ( ),
. (
.)
, (Create Time Inheritance). ,
.
, , .
/ - . , , .
, .

274

IV,

17


& ,..
>

>

>

Windows Server 2003

>

>

>

Backup Operators

, . , .
,
, . .

(backing up) , , . , . , - ,
. , . , ,
, , , ,
?

: , , , .
, , .
, , , . !
, , , ,
, .
, ,
, .

. , , .
, , .
. , , , , . .
,
.
I */ . ( ), ,
100 .
, , . .
.
. , , .
.
, .
. !
. , Internet, , . . .
, .
,
. , , .
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
, .

276

. . , , , - . , , .

. ,
, ,
. . , .

IV.

. . . ,
, .

. ,

, .

, ,
.
, ^

"" ; , . , , 30
. 30- .
, 30- ,
,
. ,
. Norton (www.symantec.com) McAfee
(www.mcafee.com) Windows Server 2003 , .


,
Windows Server 2003.
, Windows Server 2003.
.
.
.
.
.
, ,
(archive bit). , ,
. , Windows 2003,
. . , ,
. , . . , , . "" ,
.

17.

277


(normal backup) , , . . . (
, " ".)


(copy backup) ,
, , .

. (
, " ".)


(daily backup) , , . .
, ,
, .


,
(differential backup) .
,
. ,
. , .
.


(incremental backup) ,
,
. , , . .
,
. , ,
.

,
, . ,
, .

278

IV.

, () (automated tape library ATL).


ATL
, " ".
ATL - , . ATL . /, ,
-.
,
ATL , () .
" " ( ATL-) ,
. , " " .



. .


. - , , .
-,
. ()
. ( , ,
, " Windows Server 2003".)
,
.
, 10- 100- Ethernet. . ,
,
"- " (Storage Area Network SAN).

- Fiber Channel Arbitrated Loop (FC-AL),
100 /. ,
. , .


, (Integrated Device Electronics ) SCSI
(Small Computer Systems Interface ).
, , , -

17.

279

.
SCSI-, Ultra2 Wide SCSI, 80
/. , ,
4 10 / .
15 .
,
, () , , - SCSI-. SCSI-, . , . Windows Server 2003 , !
, (Hewlett Packard DDS 3), 24 . , , .


, , , , , , , .

, ,
, . ,
, ,
. .
(Online). ,
, .
, , .
,
.
(Nearline). ,
. , , . , , , .
(Offline). , .
, ,
. ,
, ,
. .

280

IV.

,
.


,
.
, .
,
.

(backup unit) , , , , , , , , " ".
, , .
.
.
,
"" (jukebox). "" ,
.
, " ", -.
.

(magneto-optical drives), , .
,
, . ,
.
, .
, . .
4 8 , 1/4 1/2 . , , 1/2 1/4 !


(backup media) , ,
CD-WORM {CD-Write-Once-Read-Many - ), - (
-), . , , .
, . ,
.
,
. , ,
.
, . 24 . -

17.

281

- 650
.
, , .
, ,
. ,
; !
, . ,
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Windows Server 2003 , . ,

.
, .
.
, ,
.

N7BACKUP Windows Server 2003


NTBACKUP Windows NT Server , . , : , , , .
^ NTBACKUP Windows Server 2003 , -, ZIP-, JAZ-, =: .
(Removable Storage Manager RSM) Windows 2003. Windows 2003.
,
Windows NT, .
Windows 2003 {Automated System Recovery ASR). ASR , , :
.. ASR - .
' , . ASR
; .
ASR - Windows
:
Server 2003 <F2> ASR,
. , . ( ) , (Backup Wizard). , ,
. , " ".

282

IV,

, , .
, .


,
, , .
. , . , , . , ,
( ).
, .
, . . . . 24 7 ,

.


,
, , . , , FAT (File Allocation Table
) NTFS (New Technology File System
Windows NT). , RAID- (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Devices
), . ,
.
,
. .
,
Compaq Hewlett Packard,
. , .


,
, . , . , ,
. , ( , -

17.

283

).
, .
, . ""
.
Windows Server 2003 ,
. , .
(Support Center) Windows 2003.

Windows 2003
Microsoft NTBACKUP
Windows NT. Windows 2003 .
NTBACKUP Windows Server 2003
, , ;
, . Windows 2000, Windows NT.


Windows Server 2003 NTBACKUP,
: GUI- (Start^AII
Programs^Accessories^System
ToolsoBackup
(^^
' )) (\WINNT\
system3 2 \ntbackup). GUI (. 17.1) .

me to the Bacfcup Umty Advanced Mode

Puc. 17.1. GUI- Windows 2003

284

IV.

,
,
. ,
, NTBACKUP , .
, , . , ( , Windows Server 2003)!
Windows Server 2003, Microsoft (www.microsoft.com/support/), , . (.. Windows Server NTBACKUP).
, , Microsoft.


NTBACKUP :
:
ntbackup backup [systemstate] "@bks file name" .
/J {"job name"} [/P {"pool name"}] E7<3 {"guid name"}]
.C/T {"tape name"}] l/N{"media name"}] E/F { " f i l e name"}]
[/D {"set description"}] [/DS ("server name"}]
".[/IS {"server name"}} [/A] [/V: {yesjno}] E/R:{yes|no}} .
[ 7 L : { f | s j n ) l [/M {backup type}] {/RS:{yes[no}]
'E/HC:{an-jpf.f.H: E / S N A P : { o n j O f f } j ,,:. ;. .

! , . , . , NTBACKUP, Command-line Reference,


ntbackup/?, Run (). , NTBACKUP, , ,
. , noMOiyr
, .

NTBACKUP , , GUI- .
, NTBACKUP, , , . , .
. .
.
. PAGEFILE.SYS .
. , ,
.
. . .

17.

285


NTBACKUP Windows NT , , GUI-. Windows 2000
2003 , GUI- , (
.bks). bks-, .
1. Starts All Programs^Accessories^System Tools^Backup.
.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. , (. 17.2).
5. Job^Save Selection (^ ).
6. .bks-.
7. bks- .
! 2 Backup Utility (Untitledl

S i!J 5? MJI Computer


SI 1* 34Fbppy(A:)

My Documents

Some Ife type: enduded.


Backup ffierta Us rsan>e;

Puc. 17.2. ,
GUI- NTBACKUP,
. 7 "
", GUI-.



, , , - , NTBACKUP

286

IV.

. , , .

1. Start^AII Programs1^ Accessories ^System Tools^Backup.


.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. ( ).

, File () Backup Destination ( ).


Backup Media or File Name ( )
( Browse (), ).

,
Backup Destination.

5. Start Backup ().


, Windows Server 2003. .
1. Start^AII Programs^Accessories^System Tools^Backup.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. Add Job ( ).
- ,
5. , .
, . , (, ), , (Backup Operators),
, .
6. Finish ().
Schedule Job ( ) ,
.

/&& {10
.
. ,
. . , ,
. ,
,
. , ,

17.

287

, .
, , , " ".
, . , .
, , ,
: " '.'"
,
. , .
(\SYSTEM32\CONFIG ), , , , .
.
, . ,
.
, , . ? ,
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, Windows 2003; Windows 2003, .

Cfteqcin&a ftesefttfuftoflattusi
,

Windows 2003 ,
, . , .
,
, Windows Server 2003
.

.

, http/ /search, cnet.com/,
Windows Server 2003Backup. Internet-,
CDW (www . cdw . com/), . Web- CDW Hardware?.
Data Storage , .
: ,
, ,
. - , -
.

288

IV.

, .
Exabyte, www. exabyte. com;

ADIC (Advanced Digital Information Corporation),


www.adic.com/adicHomePage.jsp;

Hewlett-Packard, www.hp. com/country/us/eng/proserv/storage, html.


, .
Veritas, www.veritas .com;
Legato, www. legato.com.
Web- , .
. , .


. ,
, .
I S . , , Windows Server 2003 , , , .
S . ,
- . 30 , .
S . ,
, Novell, Microsoft UNIX, ,
.
^

. . ,
,
. . , (Macintosh, UNIX, Windows 98 OS/2.).

. "" " ",


. , , .

S .
, , .

17.

289

S . , . , , .
. ,

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. , , , , , .

S . , , .
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S

. .

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.
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, ,
. ,
.

fiackufi

Oftemtors

,
Backup Operators ( ).
, Backup Operators Windows NT,
Windows 2003
. , Windows 2003 Active
Directory , Backup Operators
.
Backup Operators .
"" ,
.
Backup Operators
Active Directory ( , ,
), .
1. Starts Administrative Tooled Computer
(1* 1 ^ ).

Management

2. Systems Tools ( )
Local Users and Groups ( ).
3. Groups ().
,
.

290

IV.

4. Backup Operators, Add to Group ( ).


5. Add () , Backup Operators.
6. Add.
7. , ,
Backup Operators Properties.
Backup Operators
Active Directory,
1. Starts Administrative Tool s=> Active Directory Users and
Computers.
2. , .
3. Builtin ().
4. Backup Operators
Properties.
5. Members.
6. , Add.

17.

291

18


8& ...
>

>

Windows Server 2003

>

>

>

Windows 2003

>


. , , . ,
Windows Server 2003.
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294

IV.


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(security policy) .
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295

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Windows Server 2003 .
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( 15.)
: Administrator (),
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- . , , ,
.
,
-

296

IV.

. ,
Web- FTP- (File Transfer Protocol ) . - , - .
.
, .
.


.
, , . . ( , , .) .
Windows
2003. , , , .
,
, Kerberos. , .
1. Starts Administrative Tool s>=> Active Directory Users and
Computers (^^ Active
Directory).
2. .
3. Action^Properties (^ ).
.
4. Group Policy ( ).
5. Default Domain Policy ( ),
Edit ().
Group Policy Object Editor (
).
6. Computer Configuration ( ) Windows Settings ( Windows).
7. Windows Settings Security Settings (
).
8. Security Settings Account Policies (
).
Local Security Settings ( )
(Password Policy), (Account
Lockout Policy) Kerberos (Kerberos Policy).

18.

297


Account Policies ( ), Account Policies^ Password Policy (
). , . 18.1,
.
"" , ,
.
,

.
S Enforce password history ( ).
3. 5 ,
, 5 , , - .
S Maximum password age ( ).
42 . , 30,
45 60 .
S Minimum password age ( ).
0.
. 1, 3 5 .
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0. , .
6 .
',"* Group Policv Object Editor

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.:! * iccounJ Polices

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:
:i" g) Ktjeio> Policy
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298

IV.

Passwords must meet complexity requirements ( ). Disabled (). , , ,


, , - .
,
Windows 2003 Resource Kit Windows Server 2003.
Store password using reversible encryption for all users in the domain (
, ). Disabled (). Shiva (Shiva Password Authentication
Protocol SPAP),
(Point-To-Point Protocol ),
Shiva. ,
SPAP.


(Account Lockout Policy), ( Account
Policies^Account Lockout Policies ( 1^
). ( ) . .
I S Account lockout threshold ( ). . , .
3 5 .
Account lockout duration ( ). Not Defined (He ). . Forever
() ,
30 .

Reset account lockout counter after ( ).


Not Defined (He ). , .
, 15 .

Kerberos
Kerberos, ( Account Policies1* Kerberos Policies
( ^ Kerberos). Kerberos . Kerberos ,
, . , Kerberos . (, ,
).

18.

299

.
S Enforce User Logon Restriction {) Enabled ().
S Maximum lifetime for user ticket renewal () 7 .
S Maximum lifetime for service ticket () 600 .
/ Maximum tolerance for computer clock synchronization 0 5 .
S Maximum lifetime for user ticket () 10 .
Kerberos Windows 2003 ,
Web- Microsoft, Windows 2003 (www.microsoft.com/
net/technical/security.asp), Web- Microsoft,
(www,microsoft .com/security).

-
,
.
S .
S , ,
.
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S , ,
.
S , , , , , , , , , , .
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, -, Go7Ril-la.
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dollars will pay a parking ticket" - 55DwPaPt.
Windows 2003
.

/& Ji/qt/: / ,
Microsoft , "" (patch release). Windows NT
Windows 2000, , , Windows 2003. "", Microsoft, ,
, , "" ,
. "".

300

IV.

Microsoft "" : "


". " " (hotfix) "" .
( service pack} " ",
. . " " Microsoft.
" " ,
, , " "
. .
.
Windows 2003 ""
. , .
, , " "
, . " ".
- "" Windows 2003, , . .
, , .
.
.
, ,
, (Help^About (^ )) "" Windows 2003 ( Windows Explorer
(), Control Panel ( ) My Computer ( )).
Web- Microsoft
" ", . Windows Update (
All Programs Start Tool
Internet Explorer). Web- Windows 2003,
www.Microsoft .Com/WindowsServer2003/.

, ,
.

,
. , Everyone .

Everyone
Everyone ()
. " ", Windows
NT 4.0, - , Windows 2003 Everyone. ,
.
, .

18.

301

, Everyone .
ipynn , , Active Directory Users and Computers. .
Everyone , , , Everyone 15.
Authenticated Users Windows 2003.
, .
, Authenticated Users
Everyone, . Everyone
( ).
Everyone Deny,
.
Everyone , .
Everyone, , . ,
, .


, .
, . (. " "). Security Settings^Local Policies^User Rights Assignments
( 1* "^ ). . , .
1 S Guests Allow Log on Locally ( ). .

! J Everyone Access This Computer from the Network ( ). .


| S Everyone Bypass Traverse Checking
( ). ,
.
if S Backup Operator ( )
Restore Files and Directories ( ). .
FAT
ACL (Access Control List), , ,

302

N.

, . .
, , , Users, Access This
Computer from the Network.

dainattue nftoftex,
Windows 2003 ,
. , ,
. ,
.


Windows 2003 .
,
. , ! AutoShareServer :
- Y_bOCAL_jyiACH 1\ S^S t ^
vyParanieters , 0, , , 1, . , , , Microsoft TechNet.
, , . , .
System Manager. , .
, . - ,
. .

-
.
Windows Server 2003 Administrator,
, . !
. ,
, . ,
.

18,

303

, Guest
IUSR ( H.S), .


<Ctrl+Alt+Del>
, .
. ,
Interactive logon: Do not display last user name policy (He
). Secure Options Group
Policy ( , , . , " "),

-
, Web- Systems Internals
(www. sysinternals . com), NTFS-
- DOS. NTFSDOS ,
Microsoft . ,
, - NTFS. ( ), - .

[
. , , , . Windows 2003 ,
Web- , .
I V Web- Microsoft
(www. microsoft .corn/security/).
S Microsoft
(http : /members . microsoft . com/partner/partnering/programs/
SecuritySolutions/).
S Windows &.Net Magazine (www . winntmag . com).
S Somarsoft (www. somarsoft.com/).
S stake (www.atstake.com/).
S CERT (www. ct . org/).
/ BHS Software (www.bhs.com/).
S Xtras (www.xtras.net/).
S Microsoft TechNet (www. microsoft . com/technet/).

304

IV.

"-", . (, Windows 2000. - Windows 2003. , Windows 2003.)


Microsoft Windows 2000 Security Handbook ( Microsoft
Windows 2000), (Jaff Schmidt), Que.
Configuring Windows 2000 Server Security (
Windows 2000) ( Snygress Media).
Windows Server 2003 Security Little Black Book ( Windows Server 2000), (Edward Austin) { Coriolis
Group).
Maximum Security ( ) ( Sams.net).
Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker ( Internet: ), . (William R. Cheswick)
. (Steven M. Bellovin) ( Addison-Wisley).
Building Internet Firewalls ( Internet), .
(Brent D. Chapment) . (Elithabeth D. Zwicky) (
' Reilly& Associates).
Windows 2000.
.
, 3- .
"* . , 4- .
" .
. 20 .

18.

305

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19

Windows 2003

>

Event Viewer

>

>

System Information Tool

>

Computer Management Windows 2003

>

Performance Monitor

>

Resource Kit

t^- " Windows Server 2003 " ,


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Windows Server 2003 .
4^^
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Resource Kit
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(rent Viewer
Event Viewer ( )
Windows Server 2003. , Event Viewer
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, , .
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Tools^Event Viewer (' 1^ ). Event Viewer, . 19.1.
Event Viewer .
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, , , .
i. , .
.
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, . .

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fj tvunl VieWHi

Rig

Action

Viw

g|] Event Viewer [Local]


* Application
Security

1/8/2002
! /6/2032
1/8/2002
1/8/2002

11:23.00 AW
11-21-51 AM

Browser
Application Popup
11.21 ;51 AM Applcaticn Popup
11.2201 AM avenllog
11.2201AM evenllog
11:2201 AM svenlbg
7:10.55 AM
Mel logon
7:10.55 AM
Netlogon
Nellogor
7.10:53 AM
VS7:AM Application Popup

1/8/2QC2
1/8/2002
1/5002
1/5/2002
1/5/2002
1/5/2002
1/i/2002
1/4/2002
1/4/2002
1/4/2002
1/4/2002
1/4/2GD2
1//2002

11:34:46PM W52Tirre
8.30:53 PM
6 30-53 PM
8 30:5! PM
7 32:11PM
6 02:49 PM
310:51 PM

bledogon
Applcahcti Popup
USER32
Netlogon

Puc. 19.1. Event Viewer


Eveirt PioiiPrtics

acron: dK 07 o Q;-Qij os on-

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(System) Event Viewer . ( )
, ,
. , Event Viewer .

319

V.

Application Log ( ). , . Event Viewer. , , .


Directory Services ( ). ,
.
DNS Server ( DNS). ,
.
File Replication Service ( ). ,
.
Security Log ( ). , ,
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, , .
Event Viewer
.
, , - ,
, , .

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; , Dr. Watson. Dr> Watson I
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pDump" Dr. Watson, . - I
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19. Windows 2003

311

Event Viewer .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, .

- Windows
2003, , , ,
, Microsoft. , , ,
.
.
, , .
. (crash dump)
, , Windows 2003, , . , , , , Windows 2003
.
, .
"" ,
, , , .
.
,
Windows 2003. Windows 2003
(boot partition).
, , .
, ,
. ,
( ). , Task
Manager ( ), Performance ()
, Limit ()
Commit Charge ( ). ,

Task Manager. , ( , 1024).

312

V.

,
Startup and Recovery ( ).
Control Panel^System ( "^),
Advanced (), Settings
() Startup and Recovery. Write Debugging Information
( ) ,
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(%systemroot%\MEMORY.DMP) Dump File ( ).
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* cottons ffe mariuafe, tkK Etfe

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, ,
STOP ( , , ,
) MEMORY.DMP Windows 2003. %systemroot%\ C:\WINDOWS ,
Windows Server 2003 :
.
. -,
, , 200 ,
. (
Internet.) -, ; , , .
70% , (
, WinZip, Web- www. winz ip. com).

19. Windows 2003

313

,
, Windows NT Diagnostics Windows NT 4.0, System Information ( ). Windows 2000
Computer Management ( ),
Windows 2003 System Tools Start (Starts All
Programs^AccessoriesOSystem Tools^System Information ('^^ ^ )).
System Summary ( ), Hardware Resources ( ),
Components (), Software Environment ( ), Applications
() Internet Settings ( Internet), , , .
, ,
.

Ocuactfitca
Windows 2003
Plug and Play Microsoft (Microsoft Management Console MMC) , Windows
NT 4.0 Windows 9:,
Windows 2003. Computer Management ( ), . 19.4,
System Information ( ) Device Manager (
). , Starts Administrative Too Is => Compute r Management (^^ ).

S Computer ManagemenI
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fiction

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!B < Disk drives
&& Shared Folders
5 Display adapter i
! 4j Psrlomr*nceLogsandAlert!>
lii DVD/CD-ROM Omit
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ffl @ Floppy disk conlroller!
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gj-<g AT A/AT API controllers
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gf DiskMenegemeni
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Puc. 19.4. Computer Management

314

V.

Device Manager Windows


9.x ( , Windows NT).
.

, Properties
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/ ,
.
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.
, ,
.

Windows 2003 ( System


Monitor ( )
. , , , ,
.
1
System Monitor (Start ^Administrative Tools ^
System Monitor ( ^ ^ ),
(. 19.5). System Monitor ,
.

. 19.5. Performance Monitor

19. Windows 2003

315

System Monitor , . , , (
), (, ) (, ).
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. , Windows 2003, 16. ,
, , Windows 2003
,
.
.
. - .
. , .
. , .
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, , - ).
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). , Sessions Errored
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Memory\Pages/sec (\/). , .
( 2500 ),
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PhysicaIDisc\Avg.Disc Queue Lenght ( \
). , .
2.0, , ,
, "" . , , .

316

V.

, , , System Monitor . Windows 2003


PhysicalDisc
(LogicalDisc). DISKPERF
. , , diskper f / ? .

[
|, Windows NT 4,0 j
|j; Windows 2000, , no Windows 2003. - !|
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I: .
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L Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000.
jjj'V Windows 2000 Performance Guide ( Windows 2000), -1
(Mark Friedman) ( O'Reilly & Associates).
!::; Windows 2000; Performance Tuning & Optimization {Windows 2000: - j
, ), (Kenton Gardinier} { Osborne/Mcgraw-Hiil).
[;V Windows NT Server 4.0 Secrets ( Windows NT Server 4.0), (Vald Hilley) J
( Wiley Publishing, Inc.).
I'

" *)
I ; , 1|
| Windows 2003,
[ Web- www.amazon.com, Windows
2000 Performance, , 1
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System Monitor .
, . , ,
.
, Counter Logs ( ) Trace
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, Counter Logs Trace Logs , New Log
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View Log Data ( ) .
System Monitor ( , )
. System Monitor

19. Windows 2003

317

. Alerts ()
. Alerts
. Alerts .
/ Event Viewer.
S

S .
S .
Alerts System
Monitor. Alert ,
New Alert Settings ( ).

Windows 2003 Resource


, Windows 2003, ,
Windows 2003. ,
, Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit
, .
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit -
, ,
-, .
-, Internet-
Web- TechNet fwww.microsoft.com/technet/).
Resource Kit .
.
Computer Management Tools ( ). , .
Deployment Tools ( ). Windows Server 2003 ,
, SID (Security
Identifier ) .
Diagnostic Tools ( ).
, .
Network Management Tools ( ).
, , , , .
Registry Tools ( ).
, , ; ,
; .

318

V,

Win32 Debugger Tools ( Win32). , , , Windows 2003.


, RKTOOLS.CHM
- Resource Kit
(\Program Files\Resource Kit).
!

19. Windows 2003

319

20


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(JlycK1^ ^ ). Performance
: System Monitor ( ) Performance Logs and
Alerts ( ).
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Performance Logs and Alerts , . ASCII-; - (GUI), ,
.
,
Counters () Add Counters
( ). Add ()
"" . Add Counters (. 20.1).
, - . ,
, Processor (),
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).
. ,
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, .
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20.

321

Close (). . 20.2 System Monitor , . ( ).


foa Performance
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Favorites

Window

Help

. 20.2. ,
Windows Server 2003, .
.
.
, , ,
. , , , , , , . .
, (File^Save as ( ^ )) , Perfset.msc.
.
, Windows 2003 ,
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, ( ). , ,
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322

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30
, .
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Windows 2003 (,
Serverl, ServerZ, Server3 ..), . ,
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. , ,
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20.

323

,
, .
Active Directory , , ,
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Monitor (NetMon). ,
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol ) ,
.
, .

NetMon
NetMon Windows Server 2003, , . , Windows Server 2003,
, , .. ,
NetMon , .
,
Windows Server 2003, . , NetMon SMS- (Systems Management Server ), .
Network Monitor : (Network Monitor) (Network Monitor driver). , .
Network Monitor .
Microsoft.

324

V.

Windows Server 2003 NetMon .


, Control
Panel. NetMon , .
1. Start^Control Panels Add or Remove
(' ).

Programs

Add or Remove Programs.


2.

Add/Remove Windows Components ( Windows).


Windows Components Wizard.

3. Management and Monitoring Tools ( ) Details ().


4. Management and Monitoring Toots Network Monitor
Tools ( ), .
5. Next ().
6. ,
, :
) - Windows Server 2003 ,
;
) - Windows Server 2003 -.
, NetMon
Administrative Tools (Starts-Administrative Toolso Network Monitor (=> "^Network Monitor)). ,
. 20.3.
Miciosott Netwoik Monitor - (Local Aiea Connection Cdptuie Window (Station Statsll
File Csjmira Tauls Opiiuns Window Help

.Network Mnnllor V5.1339B

Ji'

. 20.3. Network Monitor

20,

325

NetMon . ,
NetBIOS, , -. , .
"" , "
, ". , ,
, , .
, .
Microsoft , NetMon,
StartoHelp and
Support^Administration
and
Scripting
Tools^ Monitoring
and
Status
Tools ^Network Monitor (^
^ "^ ). ,
Microsoft , Best Practices ( ).

tfdnano$tcu 1 /
, , .
, , , .

( )?
( ) . PING ( PING .
14) Active Directory,
.

IP-? IP, Internet, .


Internet, Internet, ,
, IP-.

? . Starts Administrative
Tools^ Services ( ^) , . .

S - Event
Viewer? Event Viewer, , - (Start<=>Administrative Toolso Event Viewer
(=> 1^ )).
S

326

? , - (IRQ) ,
Conflicts/Sharing Manager. (Starts All Programs "^System
TooIs^System Informatiorr^Hardware Resources^Conflict/Sharing (
^ 1^ /). Device Manager,
.

V.

? , Active Directory.
? , ,
.
.
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Active Directory . , .

,
. , , , . , , , , . ( . 4.)
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, .

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S - ?
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. , , . Windows *.ini, , - . , , .
S "" ?
TCP/IP, ""
PING , ""

. ( PING .
14.) "" , , ,
. TechNet (www.microsof t. com/technet/).

20.

327

' He ? ( "")
,
. . , . , . (,
, !)
? . , , .

.
/

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, , .

J (Remote Access Service RAS).


, RAS-,
.
S DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol -). DHCP-,
, DHCP . ( Starts Administrative ToolsOComputer Management (^ ), Services and
Applications ( )). ,
DHCP, DHCP-, -.

/tadb/fito
, , , . , , , , Token
Ring . ,
. 8- , 32-.

!
Token Ring , , . , U- . , ,
, , U- ,
. ,
. ( (beaconing)
() , - . , .) MAU (Multistation Access Unit ), Token Ring MAU .
MAU , . MAU

328

V.

, MAU . .


, "" , , . , "" , 10- Ethernet,
. , ,
.
. , , , ;
.
, 100- Ethernet.
.
,
, ( ),
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, , .
, , Windows Server 2003 . , , . 100 /,
- 10 /. , , 100 , , 10 /, 100 /. , ,
90 .


Ethernet,
, CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense
Multiple Access with Collision Detection
). , , .
.
. Ethernet
, Token Ring. ,
, .

20.

329


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Windows 2003 . ,
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330

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Active Directory Windows Server 2003. 11 12, Active Directory . ? , () , .


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21. Active Directory

335


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Windows Server 2003 , , ,
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336

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Windows Server 2003 ,
, Active Directory.
, . 17, ,
.
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21. Active Directory

337

VI

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Windows 2003. HCL- , Web-
www. microsoft .com/hcl/.
. HCL-
Internet. HCL-. , - ( startup.exe -).
Check System Compatibility ( ),

342

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Windows Server 2003 , . , -, ,
.
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Windows 2003 ,
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343

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Windows 2003 , , .
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unattend. txt Windows
Server 2003 Resource Kit. Setup Manager,
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Setup Manager, Support\Tools\deploy.cab - Windows Server 2003.)
Setup Manager , Windows 98. ,
,
.
Windows 2003 , - Ghost.
(Ghost Windows NT 4.0,
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Sysprep. , .
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unattend.txt.
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit (
Microsoft Press) - TechNet, , ,
, .
-
, .

, Windows 2003
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344

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Delpart.exe, , DOS
( NTFS-) . Delpartexe Web-. , Delpart.exe.
, HCL- Windows 2003
( HCL- .
" "). , - Microsoft TechNet
, Windows 2003, Web-
news: //msnews. microsoft .com.

(
, Windows 2003 ,
, Windows Server 2003. Windows 2003 , , , - .
,
, !
( ), . ( ,
). (Advanced Options), <F8>,
Enable VGA Mode ( VGA).

VGA-. ( ). , ,
, , .

22. ...

345


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, Windows Server 2003, , , ..

- !
, Windows 2003 :
| : . - ;
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Windows 2003. - '
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Windows 2003.
3. Windows Explorer, , '
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) Advanced Settings ( ).
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s

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NTDETECT.COM

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346

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setup disks for floppy boot install.

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), ,
( ).
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, . ,
.
,
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.

Windows Server 2003 , , , ISDN (Channel Service Unit/Data Service


Unit CSU/DSU) .
( ) Windows 2003
. , , Windows Server 2003 .
, Internet ( Internet).
Windows 2003 ,
, .
, , .
.
/ Internet
, (, ) Windows Server 2003.
. , , Internet ,
.
Windows Server 2003 , ,
Internet-, ,
, Proxy server Microsoft WinProxy Ositis
Software. .

Internet ( ?), /, , TCP/IP .


, Windows 2003 TCP/IP, . . 23.1
"" , IP.
23,1. TCP/IP

ARP

, IP- ARP
(Address Resolution Protocol ).

IP- - (Media Access Control
() )

HOSTNAME

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IPCONFIG

. ,

23. ...

349

. 23.1

NBSTAT

, NetBIOS TCP/IP. ,
, Microsoft

NETSTAT

TCP UDP (User Datagram Protocol ).


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NSLOOKUP

DNS-

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.
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ROUTE

; , ,

TRACERT

-
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol
Internet),

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Windows Server 2003 .


, ,
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.
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.
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20 70 .
.

350

VI.

.
, . .
, , , , ,
( ). ,
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, FireWare (
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ftasqeASufib,

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NetMon), ( , ).
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. Starts Control Panel^Add or Remove Programs ^ Add/
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23. ...

351

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, , Computer
Browser, Services Workstation. , Status
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, , , , , -
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( ), , , .

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352

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353


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354

VI,


Active Directory, 31; 167
, 334
Active Directory Connector, 169
Alerter, 45
API, 51
ASR, 151
ATL, 279
ATM, 73; 125

DC-, 171
BNC-, 116
BSD UNIX, 57

Client for Microsoft Networks, 40


Client for NetWare Networks, 40
Computer Browser, 45
CSMA/CD, 66; 121

DDE, 45
DPS, 29
DHCP, 161
DIP, 142
DMA, 104

i:
Enterprise Servers 2003, 131
EPROM, 123
Ethernet, 67
Eudora, 39
Event Viewer, 45

Fast Ethernet, 121


FAT (File Allocation Table), 263
FDDI, 64; 72
Fibre Channel, 97
Fire Wire, 97
FQDN, 158; 221
FSMO, 171

Gigabit Ethernet, 68; 122


GUID, 175

HCL, 105

IEEE 1394, 97
IFSMGR, 42
IIS, 161
IntelliMirror, 132
IPX/SPX, 44; 50
IP-

, 222
, 223
. , 223
, 223
, 223
IP-, 221
IRQ, 102
ISA, 76
ISDN, 124; 162
ISO, 168
ISP-, 126

LAN Manager, 45

M
MAU, 70
MemBase, 105
Messenger, 45
Microsoft Management Console (MMC), 178
MPR, 41
MSN, 73
My Network Places, 41

N
Navigator, 39
Net Logon, 45
NetBIOS, 44; 219

355

, 219
, 231
NetWare, 39
Network DDE, 45
NFS, 38
NIC, 24

Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, 30; 130


WINS, 230
WMS, 161
WS_FT Pro, 39

xDSL-, 125

OSI, 54

PCMCIA, 94
PDC-, 171
PDLJ, 55
Plug and Play, 45
Proxy-, 227
PVN, 175

R
RIS, 149
RRAS,46;76; 162

SMTP, 76
STP, 110
System Monitor, 45

TCP/IP, 38; 50
Terminal Server, 26
ThickNet, 115; 116
ThinNet, 115

U
UNIX, 38
USN, 173
UTP, 110

, 105

, 296
, 297
. 293
, 277
, 105

VPN, 166

W
Windows Server 2003, 130
Windows Server 2003, Datacenter
Edition, 31; 131
Windows Server 2003, Enterprise
Edition, 31; 130
Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, 30; 130

356

, 312
Windows 2003,
343

() , 279

, 151
, 223
, 150

-, 36
-, 36
, 96
EISA, 96
ISA, 96
MCA, 96
PCI, 96
VLB, 96
:, 36
, 125
, 111
, 173

, 36
, 166

, 110; 111
, i10; 111
, 175
, 240
, 85


, 172; 176
, 301
, 249
, 250
, , 253
, 250
, 252
, 250
, 250
, 250


, 199

, 273
, 157
, 157
, 334
, 335
, 45
, 171; 182; 188
, 200
, 157
, 24

, 44
, 44

. 34; 36
NDIS. 42
, 25


, 171

, 31!
, 311
DNS, 311
, 310; 311
, 311
, 3 i 1

NetBIOS, 170

, 221
, 221
, 112

NetBIOS, 42
NDIS, 42

, 24

RG-58, 5
-, 118
, 114
, 120
UTP,
CAT 1 2, 111
CAT 3,111
CAT 4, 111
CAT 5. 111
CAT 5 (), 112
CAT 6, 112
, 111
, 111
, 125
, 35
, 227
, 27
Microsoft, 40
NetWare, 40
, 24
, 266
, 192
, 193
, 193
, 193
, 193

, 170
, 170
, 68
. 68
, 68
, 174
, 157
, 157

, 312
, 203
, 300

357


, 157; 184
Active Directory, 174
, 204

, 73; 85
, 85
, 85
, 65; 66; 70
, 265
, 75
, 41
, 224

CSMA/CD, 68
, 68
, 36
OSI, 54
, 55
, 55
, 55
, 55
, 54
, 55
, 54
, 70
, 41

, 321
, 74
-, 75

, 273
, 274
, 274
, 26
, 157
, 109
, 175
, 281

, 150
, 136
, 189
, 190
, 45
, 248

358

, 131
, 180
, 125
, 263
-
, 266

, 196
, 193

, 191
,
, 109
, 109
, 26
, 334
, 37
, 203

, 60
(), 35
, 151; 301
Printers and Faxes, 206
, 108
, 93
, 120
(), 74
, 222; 224
, 224

Kerberos, 299
, 295
, 299
, 298

, 256
, , 258
, , 258
, 110
, 173
NT
LM,45
, 41
, 35
. 265

, 102
, 34
, 202
, 203
, 122
, 45

-, 29
, 138
, 29
, 179;
193; 242; 273
, 117
, 110
, 45
, 177

Apple Talk, 59
AppleTalk, 56
DLC, 58
HTTP, 173
Internet, 57
IPX/SPX, 56; 58
LDAP, 168
NetBEUI, 59
NetBIOS, 59
PPP , 166
PPTP, 166
SNA, 60
TCP/IP, 56; 57; 218
TCP/IP, , 228
ISO/OSI, 59
X.500, 168

, 161

, 254
, 255
, 256
, 255
DCPROMO, 178
-, 35
, 104
, 205

, 26; 27; 46
, 26

NTFS, 267
, 268
, 197
, 198
, 271
, 198
, 265
, 29; 34
Microsoft, 42
NetWare, 43
, 180


.NET, 181
, 181
, 275
, 280
, 287
, 278
, 278
, 278
, 278
, 279
, 278
, 280
, 287
, 280
, 279

Web-, 160
-, 160
, 160
, 160
, 160
, 160
, 160

, 40
DEFAULTIPSITELINK, 178
, 55
, 64
Windows Server
2003, 30
Datacenter Edition, 31
Enterprise Edition, 31
Standard Edition, 30
Web Edition, 30
, 36; 46
DNS, 232
WINS, 231

Internet, 76
, 176
, 76
, 203; 204
. 27
, 36
, 24
, 38
, 24
,24
, 24
, 24
, 34
, 222

359

, 24
, 26; 27
, 49
, 222
, 96
, 27
, 28
, 24
-, 50
-, 50
, 62
ARCnet, 64
ATM, 73
CDDI, 73
Ethernet, 67
FDDI, 72
Token Ring, 70
/, 26
, 66
!, 25
, 45
, 93
, 263
DHCP, 161; 233
DNS, 169
RADIUS, 166
, 45
, 45
Internet Windows, 230
, 162

, 46; 162
, 45
DDE, 45
, 46

, 282
Windows, 161
, 149
, 30
, 24
, 34
1/1 /, 125
, 241
Account, 246
Address, 245
Dial-in, 248
General, 245
Member Of, 248
Organization, 248
Profile, 247
Telephones, 247
, 98
, 172

360

, 46
, 125

NETSTAT, 235
NSLOOKUP, 235
PING, 235
ROUTE, 235
TELNET, 236
TRACERT, 235

IEEE 802.12, 121


IEEE 802.3, 121
, 53
, 34
, 36
, 89
, 187
, 196

Plug and Play, 45



, 25
/, 26
, 26

, 189
, 172
, 190
, 173
, 62
, 63
, 65
, 65
, 63
, 115
, 114
, 225; 227
, 140
Windows
Server 2003, 341

, 189
, 181

, 175

, 200
, 168
, 137
, 137

-, 137
, 137
- , 137
, 138
Windows Server 2003
, 149
, 149
, 202
, 202
, 211
, 208
, 210
, , 211
, 212
, 208
, 281
, 281

Computer Management, 314


Delpart.exe, 345
Event Viewer, 309
Network Monitor, 324
NTBACKUP, 284
Syspart, 344
Sysprep, 344
System Monitor, 315; 320
TDR, 332

Administrator, 240
Guest, 241
, 240
, 246
, 240
, 249
, 239
, 249
, 240
, 303
, 240
, 240
, 246
, 240

, 249
Active Directory
, 241
, 239

HOSTS, 232
SCHEMA.INI, 175
, 37

FAT, 263
FAT32, 263
NTFS, 266
FQDN, 158

, 187
, 188
, 187
, 187
-, 222
, 222

, 125
, 124

, 110
, 76
, 225

, 71
PDC-, 188

361

-
,

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