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Glossary

High School Level

Geometry
Glossary

English / Bengali

Translation of Geometry terms based on


the Coursework for Geometry Grades 9 to
12.
Word-for-word glossaries are used for testing
accommodations for ELL/LEP students

Last Updated: 08/10/09

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234

THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT / THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK / ALBANY, NY 12234
Education - P-16
Office of Elementary, Middle, Secondary, and Continuing Education and Office of Higher Education
Office of Bilingual Education and Foreign Language Studies
http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/biling/

THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK


Regents of the University
MERRYL H. TISCH, Chancellor, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. .......................................................................
MILTON L. COFIELD, Vice Chancellor, B.S., M.B.A., Ph.D. .........................................................
ROBERT M. BENNETT, Chancellor Emeritus, B.A., M.S. ...............................................................
SAUL B. COHEN, B.A., M.A., Ph.D................................................................................................
JAMES C. DAWSON, A.A., B.A., M.S., Ph.D. ................................................................................
ANTHONY S. BOTTAR, B.A., J.D. ...................................................................................................
GERALDINE D. CHAPEY, B.A., M.A., Ed.D. .................................................................................
HARRY PHILLIPS, 3rd, B.A., M.S.F.S. ...........................................................................................
JOSEPH E. BOWMAN, JR., B.A., M.L.S., M.A., M.Ed., Ed.D.........................................................
JAMES R. TALLON, JR., B.A., M.A. ...............................................................................................
ROGER TILLES, B.A., J.D. ................................................................................................................
KAREN BROOKS HOPKINS, B.A., M.F.A........................................................................................
CHARLES R. BENDIT, B.A. .............................................................................................................
BETTY A. ROSA, B.A., M.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed., M.Ed., Ed.D.....................................................
LESTER W. YOUNG, JR., B.S., M.S., Ed. D. .....................................................................................
CHRISTINE D. CEA, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. ..........................................................................................
WADE S. NORWOOD, B.A. .............................................................................................................

New York
Rochester
Tonawanda
New Rochelle
Plattsburgh
Syracuse
Belle Harbor
Hartsdale
Albany
Binghamton
Great Neck
Brooklyn
Manhattan
Bronx
Oakland Gardens
Staten Island
Rochester

Interim President of the University and Commissioner of Education


CAROLE F. HUXLEY

Senior Deputy Commissioner of Education, P16


JOHANNA DUNCAN-POITIER
Associate Commissioner for Curriculum and Instructional Support
JEAN STEVENS
Coordinator, Office of Bilingual Education and Foreign language Studies
PEDRO J. RUIZ
Acknowledgements:
The New York State Education Department Glossaries for English Language Learners were reviewed and
updated during the 2008-2009 school year. We would like to thank in these efforts the New York State
Education Department Language BETACs (Spanish, Asian and Haitian Bilingual Education Technical
Assistance Centers), the NYS Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Instructional Technology; the New York
City Department of Education Office of English Language Learners, and the NYC Department of Education
Translation and Interpretation Unit.
The State Education Department does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran
status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its educational programs,
services and activities. Portions of this publication can be made available in a variety of formats, including brailed, large print or
audio tape, upon request. Inquiries concerning this policy of nondiscrimination should be directed to the Departments Office for
Diversity, Ethics, and Access, Room 530, Education Building, Albany, NY 12234.

Geometry
English

Bengali

Problem Solving

mgmvmgvavb

AA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY mv`k

AAA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY-KvY mv`k

AAS triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-KvY-ev memgZv

additive property of equality

mgZvi mshvRbkxj cKwZ

algorithm

AvjMwi`g

apply

cqvM Kiv

ASA triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-ev-KvY memgZv

conjecture

Abygvb

constraints

evaevaKZv

construct

wbgvY Kiv

discover

Avwevi

dynamic geometry software

RvwgwZi WvqbvwgK mdUIqvi

explore

Abymvb

generalization

mvaviYxKiY

inductive reasoning

Avivnx hyw

justify

bvhZv cwZcv`b Kiv

parameters

wwZgvc

reason

hyw

truth value

h_vh_ gvb

valid argument

mZ hyw
hywcqvM I cgvY

Reasoning and Proof


AA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY mv`k

AAA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY-KvY mv`k

AAS triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-KvY-ev memgZv

analytical proof

weklYagx cgvY

angle addition postulate

KvY mshvRbi ^ZtwmZv

ASA triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-ev-KvY memgZv

axiom

^Ztwm

biconditional

wkZxq

conclusion

wmv

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

conditional statement

mvc weewZ

conjecture

Abygvb

conjunction

mshvM

contradiction

wem`k

contrapositive of a statement

elgg~jK Dw&

converse of a statement

wecixZ Dw

counterexample

cvv D`vniY

deductive proof

Aeivnx cgvY

deductive reasoning

Aeivnx hyw

definition

msv

disjunction

wewQb

dynamic geometry software

RvwgwZi WvqbvwgK mdUIqvi

equivalence relation

mgZzj m^

Euclidean Parallel Postulate

BDwKWxq mgvivj ^ZtwmZv

explain

evLv Kiv

geometry

RvwgwZ

hypotenuse and leg triangle congruence

wfzRi AwZfzR I fzRi memgZv

hypothesis

AbywgwZ

indirect proof

civ cgvY

inductive reasoning

Avivnx hyw

inverse of a statement

wecZxc weewZ

investigate

Z` Kiv

justify

bvhZv cwZcv`b Kiv

logical equivalent

hwK mgZzj

negation

wbivKiY

paragraph proof

AbyQ`xq cgvY

parallel postulate(s)

mgvivj ^ZtwmZv(mg~n)

proof

cgvY

proof by contradiction

weivwaZvi gvag cgvY

proportional

AvbycvwZK

Pythagorean Theorem

cvB_vMvixq Dccv`

reason

hyw

reflexive property of equality

cwZwew^Z mgZv ag

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

SAS triangle congruence

wfzRi ev-KvY-ev memgZv

SAS Similarity Theorem

ev-KvY-ev mv`ki Dccv`

SSS triangle congruence

wfzRi wev memgZv

substitution property

cwZvcb ag

subtraction property of equality

mgZvi weqvRb ag

symmetric property of equality

mgZvi cwZmg cKwZ

theorem

Dccv`

transformational proof

cwieZbg~jK cgvY

transitive property of equality

mgZvi mwq cKwZ

truth value

h_vh_ gvb

two-column proof

w- cgvY

undefined terms

AwbYxZ ivwkgvjv

union of sets

webvmi mshvM

valid argument

mZ hyw
hvMvhvM

Communication
axiom

^Ztwm

biconditional

wkZxq

compound statement

hwMK weewZ

conclusion

wmv

conditional statement

mvc weewZ

conjecture

Abygvb

conjunction

mshvM

contrapositive of a statement

elgg~jK Dw&

converse of a statement

wecixZ Dw

definition

msv

disjunction

wewQb

explain

evLv Kiv

hypothesis

AbywgwZ

inverse of a statement

wecZxc weewZ

justify

bvhZv cwZcv`b Kiv

negation

wbivKiY

theorem

Dccv`

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

truth value

h_vh_ gvb

undefined terms

AwbYxZ ivwkgvjv
mK

Connections
apply

cqvM

compound locus

wgk mvic_

discover

Avwevi

intersection of sets

cwZQ` webvm

investigate

Abymvb

spatial relationships

cwimiMZ mKmg~n

union of sets

webvmi mshvM
Dcvcb

Representation
analytical geometry

ekwlK RvwgwZ

coordinate geometry

ekwlK RvwgwZ

definition

msv

Euclidean geometry

BDwKWxq RvwgwZ

function

AcK

graphical representation

iwLK Dcvcb

locus of points

we`yi mvic_

logical equivalence

hwK mgZzj

non-Euclidean geometry

A-BDwKWxq RvwgwZ

three dimensional space

wgvwK vb

transformational geometry

cwieZbg~jK RvwgwZ

two dimensional space

wgvwK vb
RvwgwZK mK

Geometric Relationships
AA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY mv`k

AAA triangle similarity

wfzRi KvY-KvY-KvY mv`k

AAS triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-KvY-ev memgZv

ASA triangle congruence

wfzRi KvY-ev-KvY memgZv

absolute value

Pig gvb

acute angle

m~~KvY

acute triangle

m~~wKvY

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

adjacent angles

mwbwnZ KvY

algebraic representation

exRMvwYwZK Dcvcb

alternate interior angles

GKvi AtKvY

altitude

DPZv

analytical geometry

ekwlK RvwgwZ

angle

KvY

angle bisector

KvY wLK

angle measure

KvY cwigvc

apothem

cePb

arc

ePvc

arc measure

ePvci gvc

area

AvqZb/dj

axis of symmetry

mwZiLv

base

wfw

betweeness

K`Zvi gaewZZv

bisector

Q`K

center of a circle

ei K`

center of a regular polygon

wbqwgZ efzRi K`

center of gravity

fviK`

central angle

K`xq KvY

central angle of a regular polygon

mylg efzRi K`xq KvY

centroid

AeK`

chord

uRv

circle

circumcenter

cwiK`

circumcircle (about a polygon)

cwie (efzR mwKZ)

circumference

cwiwa

collinear points

GKiLxq we`y

common tangents

mvaviY kK

complementary angles

cwic~iK KvY

concave polygon

AeZj efzR

concentric circles

mgK`xq e

concurrent lines

msMvgx iLv

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

cone

Kvb

congruence

memgZv

conic sections

KvwbK Ask

constant of proportionality

AcwieZbxq AvbycvwZKZv

convex polygon

AeZj efzR

coordinate geometry

ewkwlK RvwgwZ

coplanar

GKZjxq

corresponding angles

Abyic KvY

corresponding parts

cwZlx Ask

corresponding sides

cwZlx ev

crossection

cQ`

cube

wNvZ/Nb

cylinder

wmwjvi

definition

msv

diagonals

KvbvKzwb

diameter

evm

dihedral angle

eveZb KvY

distance

`~iZ

distance between a point and a line

we`y I iLvi ga `~iZ

distance between two parallel lines

`yB mgvivj iLvi ga `~iZ

distance between two points

`yB we`yi ga `~iZ

dodecahedron

v`kfzR

ellipse

Dce

endpoint

klwe`y

equiangular

mgKvYx

equidistant

mg`~i

equilateral triangle

mgev wfzR

equilateral polygon

mgev efzR

Euclidean Geometry

BDwKWxq RvwgwZ

Euclidean Parallel Postulate

BDwKWxq mgvivj ^ZtwmZv

exterior

ewnfvM

exterior angle

ewnKvY

external secant segment

Q`Ki ewnLvsk

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

face of a polyhedron

eZjKi cvk

foot of an altitude

j^ c`

function

AcK

geometric mean

RvwgwZK Mo

geometry

RvwgwZ

golden ratio

myeY AbycvZ

golden rectangle

myeY AvqZ

great circle

enr e

hemisphere

Mvjva

Heron's formula

nibi m~

hexagon

lUKvY

hypotenuse

AwZfzR

icosahedron

weskfzR

incenter of a polygon

efzRi Ae

inclination

wbwZ/AvbwZ

inscribed angle

AKvY

inscribed circle

Ae

intercepted arc

wkZ eP&c

intercepts

kgvv

interior

Afi

intersecting lines

cii Q`Kvix iLv

isosceles trapezoid

mgwev PZzfyR

isosceles triangle

mgwev wfzR

kite

Nywo

lateral area of a prism

wcRgi cvk

lateral edge

cvkwKbviv

lateral face

cvkgyL

lateral surface

cvkc

legs of a right triangle

mgKvYj ev

legs of an isosceles trapezoid

mgwev wfzRi ev

length

`N

line

iLv

line segment

evsk iLv

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

linear pair

iwLK hyMj

locus of points

we`yi wekl mvic_

major arc

AwaPvc

mean proportional

Mo mgvbycvwZK

measure of an angle

KvYi cwigvc

measure of an arc

ePvci cwigvc

median of a trapezoid

Amgivj evwewk PZzfyRi gvwaK

median of a triangle

wfzRi gvwaK

midpoint

gawe`y

midsegment

gaevsk

minor arc

MY ePvc

n-gon

Gb-msLvwewk efzR

non-collinear

A-GKiLxq

non-coplanar

A-GKZjxq

non-Euclidean geometry

A-BDwKWxq RvwgwZ

obtuse angle

welg KvY

obtuse triangle

welg wfzR

octagon

AfzR

octahedron

AZjK

opposite rays

ei iwk

orthocenter

j^we`+

orthogonal

j^

parabola

Awae

parallel line segments

mgvivj iLvsk

parallel lines

mgvivj iLv

parallelepiped

mgvivjfve bj w`q cevwnZ

parallelogram

mgvwiK

pentagon

cfzR

perimeter

cwimxgv

perpendicular bisector

j^ wLK

perpendicular bisector concurrence

j^ wLKi msMgb

perpendicular lines

j^iLvm~n

perpendicular planes

j^Zj

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

pi

cvB

plane

mgZj

point

we`y

point of concurrency

msMvgx we`y

point of tangency

wkZ we`y

polygon

efzR

polyhedron

eZjK

prism

wcRg

product property of proportions

AbycvZi Ydj ewk

proportional

AvbycvwZK

pyramid

wcivwgW

Pythagorean Theorem

cvB_vMvixq Dccv`

quadrant

cwiwai GK-PZz_vsk

quadratic equation

wNvZ mgxKiY

quadratic formula

wNvZ m~

quadrilateral

PZzvY/PZzfyR

radius

evmva

ratio

AbycvZ

ray

iwk/GKgyyLx AmxgiLv

real numbers

eve msLv

rectangle

AvqZ

rectangular solid

AvqZvKvi Nbe

regular polygon

mylg efzR

remote interior angles

`~ieZx AtKvY

rhombus

welgKvYx mvgwiK /i^m

right angle

mgKvYx

right triangle

mgKvYx wfzR

scalene triangle

welg wfzR

secant

Q`K

segment

evsk/Lvsk/L

segment of a circle

ei Lvsk

semicircle

Aae

set

webvm

T-7686 (Bengali)

Geometry
English

Bengali

similar polygons

m`k efzR

similar triangles

m`k wfzR

simple quadrilateral

mij PZzvY

skew lines

e iLvmg~n

slant height

wZhK DPZv

slope

Xvj

sphere

MvjK

square

eM

supplementary angles

m~iK KvY

surface area

AvqZb

tangent segment

kK Lvsk

tangent to a circle

e kK

tessellation

mvaviY AvKwZ viv Kvb mgZj fivU Kiv hLvb KvbcKvii


Djb ev duvK _vK bv

tetrahedron

PZztZjK

three-dimensional space

wgvwK

topology

fcvKwZK ewkI RvwgwZK cwigvc

transformational geometry

cwieZbKvix RvwgwZ

transversal

f`K

trapezoid

Amgivj evwewk PZzfyR

triangle

wfzR

triangle inequality

Amg wfzR

trigonometry of the right triangle

mgKvYi wKvYwgwZ

two-dimensional space

wgvwK

vector

fi ivwk, hvi GKB mv_ cwigvY I AwfgyLZv iqQ

vertex

kxl

vertical angles

kxlKvY

vertical line

Dj^ iLv

volume

Nbdj/gvU cwigvY

x-axis

G AiLv

x-intercept

G kgvv

y-axis

IqvB AiLv

y-intercept

IqvBkgvv

T-7686 (Bengali)

10

Geometry
English

Bengali
RW AiLv

z-axis

wbgvY

Constructions
angle bisector

KvY wLK

bisector

wLK

center of a regular polygon

mylg efzRi K`xq KvY

center of gravity

fviK`

circumcircle (about a polygon)

cwie (efzR mwKZ)

compass

Kvm

construct

Ab Kiv/wbgvY Kiv

dynamic geometry software

WvqbvwgK wRIgwU mdUIqvi

perpendicular bisector

j^ wLK

perpendicular bisector concurrence

j^ wLKi msMgb

perpendicular lines

mgvivj iLvmg~n

straightedge

mijcv
mvic_

Locus
circle

compound locus

hwMK mvic_

ellipse

Dce

hyperbola

cive

locus of points

we`yi wewk mvic_

parabola

Awae
^xKZ I A^xKZ cgvY

Formal and Informal Proofs


AA triangle similarity

KvY-Kvb wfzR mv`k

AAA triangle similarity

KvY-KvY-KvY wfzR mv`k

AAS triangle congruence

KvY-KvY-ev wfzR memgZv

ASA triangle congruence

KvY-ev-KvY memgZv

angle addition postulate

KvY mshvRbi ^ZtwmZv

axiom

^Ztwm

biconditional

wkZxq

conclusion

wmv

conditional statement

mvc weewZ

T-7686 (Bengali)

11

Geometry
English

Bengali

conjecture

Abygvb

conjunction

mshvM

contradiction

wem`k

contrapositive of a statement

elgg~jK Dw&

converse of a statement

wecixZ Dw

counterexample

cvv D`vniY

deductive reasoning

Aeivnx hyw

definition

msv

disjunction

wewQb

dynamic geometry software

WvqbvwgK wRIgwU mdUIqvi

equivalence relation

mgZzjZvi mK

Euclidean Parallel Postulate

BDwKWxq mgvivj ^ZtwmZv

hypotenuse and leg triangle congruence

wfzRi AwZfzR I fzRi memgZv

indirect proof

civ cgvY

inductive reasoning

Avivnx hyw

inverse of a statement

weeZ Dw

justify

bvhZv cwZcv`b Kiv

logical equivalent

hwKfve mgZzj

negation

wbivKiY

parallel postulate(s)

mgvivj ^ZtwmZv(mg~n)

postulate

^Ztwm

proof

cgvY

proof by contradiction

wem`kZvi ga w`q cgvY

Pythagorean Theorem

cvB_vMvixq Dccv`

reason

hyw

reflexive property of equality

mgZvi cwZwe^Zvi ag

SAS triangle congruence

ev-KvY-ev wfyRi memgZv

SAS Similarity Theorem

ev-KvY-ev mv`ki Dccv`

SSS triangle congruence

ev-ev-ev wfzRi memgZv

substitution property

cwZvcb ag

subtraction property of equality

mgZvi weqvRb ag

symmetric property of equality

mgZvi cwZmg cKwZ

theorem

Dccv`

transitive property of equality

mgZvi mwq cKwZ

T-7686 (Bengali)

12

Geometry
English

Bengali

transformational proof

cwieZbKvix cgvY

truth value

h_vh_ gvb

two-column proof

w cgvY

undefined terms

AwbYxZ ivwkgvjv

union of sets

webvmi mshvM

valid argument

mZ hyw
cwieZbKvix RvwgwZ

Transformational Geometry
axis of symmetry

mwZiLv

center of a dilation

cmviK`

center of a rotation

N~YbK`

clockwise (orientation)

NwUKveZ (w`KwwZ)

composition

MVb/Dcv`vb

constant of proportionality

AbycvZi wiZv

contraction

msKvPb

counterclockwise (orientation)

evgveZ

dilation

cmvi

direct transformation

cZ icvi

domain

GjvKv/

dynamic geometry software

WvqbvwgK wRIgwU mdUIqvi

fixed point

wi we`y

function

AcK

function notation for transformations

icvii Rb AcvZb wqv

glide reflection

cwZdjb eq Pjv

group

kwY/eM/RvwZ/cigvYymN

half-turn

Aa AvewZZ

identity

Af` memgZv/cwiwPwZ

image

cwZwe^

inverse of a transformation

i~cvii weeZ

isometry

mggvcK

mapping (function)

uRwicb (AcK)

opposite transformation

wecixZ icvi

orientation

w`KwwZ

preimage

cwZQwe-c~e

T-7686 (Bengali)

13

Geometry
English

Bengali

reflection

cwZdjb

rotation

N~Yb

rotational symmetry

N~YvwqZ cwZmvg

symmetry

cwZmvg

tessellation

mvaviY AvKwZ viv Kvb mgZj fivU Kiv hLvb KvbcKvii


Djb ev duvK _vK bv

transformation

icvi/cwieZb

transformational geometry

cwieZbKvix RvwgwZ

translation

icvi
ewkwlK RvwgwZ

Coordinate Geometry
abscissa

fR

analytical geometry

ewkwlK RvwgwZ

analytical proof

ewkwlK cgvY

Cartesian coordinates

KvUmxq mwbek ixwZ/cwZ

Cartesian plane

KvUmxq mgZj

center-radius equation of circle

ei K`-evmva mgxKiY

coordinate

vbv

coordinate geometry

ewkwlK RvwgwZ

coordinate plane

mwbek mgZj

distance between two points

`yB we`yi ga `~iZ

origin

Drcw/g~j

point slope equation of a line

iLvwPi Xvjwe`y mgxKiY

rectangular coordinates

AvqZ mwbek ixwZ

slope - intercept equation of a line

Xvji kgvv mgxKiY

three-dimensional space

wgvwK

two-dimensional space

wgvwK

vector

mw`k ev fi ivwk, hvi GKB mv_ cwigvY I AwfgyLZv iqQ

x-axis

G AiLv

x-intercept

G kgvv

y-axis

IqvB AiLv

y - intercept

IqvB kgvv

z-axis

RW AiLv

T-7686 (Bengali)

14