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WORKSHEET : REDOX REACTIONS

MANGANESE REDOX REACTIONS


PROBLEMS
Mn+2 in acidic medium (H+)
KMnO4

MnO2 in water (H2O)


MnO4-2 in basic medium (OH-)

Ex: MnO2 + H2SO4

...........................

2Mn+4O2-2 + 2H2SO4

2Mn+2SO4+ 1O2 + 2H2O-2

Mn+4 + 2e-

Mn+2

O2-2 4e-

O2o

Ex: MnO2 + O2 + KOH

2
1

............................

2Mn+4O2+ O20 + 4KOH


Mn+4 2eO20 + 4e-

Mn+6

2K2Mn+6O4 + 2H2O
2

1.

FeSO4 + KMnO4 + H2SO4

2.

HCl + KMnO4

3.

KBr + KMnO4 + H2SO4

4.

Na2SO3 + KMnO4 + KOH

5.

K2S + KMnO4 + H2SO4

6.

C6H12O6 + KMnO4 + H2SO4

7.

NaClO3 + MnO2 + NaOH

8.

NaCl + MnO2 + H2SO4

9.

KMnO4 + KNO2 + H2O

10. FeCl2 + KMnO4 + HCl


11. H2O2 + KMnO4 + HNO3
12. MnO2 + KClO3 + KOH

2O-2

13. NaBr + KMnO4 + H2O


14. NaNO2 + KMnO4 + H2SO4

Ex: MnO2 + HCl

..............................

1MnO2 + 4HCl
Mn+4 + 2e2Cl- - 2e-

1MnCl2 + 1Cl2 + 2H2O


Mn+2
Cl2o

Chlorine is less electronegative, so it


will be oxidized rather than oxygen

15. NaNO2 + KMnO4 + KOH


16. NaNO2 + KMnO4 + H2O
17. FeSO4 + KMnO4 +..........
18. As2S3 + KMnO4 + H2O
19. C3H6 + KMnO4 + H2O

MnSO4 +............

WORKSHEET : REDOX REACTIONS


Cr2O3 + 3Cl2 + 10NaOH

2Na2CrO4 + 6NaCl + 5H2O

CHROMIUM REACTIONS
CrO + 2HCl

CrCl2 + H2O

Cr+2 : CrO Cr(OH)2 : basic Cr(OH)2 + 2HCl


CrO + NaOH

Ex: K2CrO4 + Na2SO3 + H2SO4


CrCl2 + 2H2O

2Cr+6 + 6eS+4 2e-

no rxn

Cr2+3
S+6

2K2CrO4 + 3Na2SO3 + 5H2SO4


CrO3 + HCl

Cr+6 : CrO3-H2CrO4-H2Cr2O7: acidic

no
Problems

CrO3 + 2NaOH

Na2CrO4 + H2O

Cr2O3 +6HNO3
Cr2O3 +2NaOH

Cr+6 : Cr2O3-Cr(OH)3: amphoteric

2Cr(NO3)3 + 3H2O
2NaCrO2 + H2O

1.

Cr2 ( SO4)3 + Br2 + NaOH

2.

KI + K2Cr2O7 + H2SO4

3.

SnCl2 + K2Cr2O7 + HCl

4. Cr2O3+ NaOH

In redox reactions;

Cr(OH)3 + 3HCl

CrCl3 + 3H2O

Cr(OH)3 + NaOH

NaCrO2 + 2H2O

5.

Na2Cr2O7 + K2SO3 + H2SO4

6.

H2S + K2Cr2O7 + H2SO4

Cr+3 +H+

Cr2O7-2

7.

Cr2O3 + Br2 + NaOH

Cr+3 + OH-

CrO4-2

8.

CH3OH + K2Cr2O7 + H2SO4

9.

H2O2 + CrCl3 + KOH

Cr+6

Cr+3

Colors of chromium ions: Cr+2 : blue, Cr+3 : violet, CrO4-2 : yellow,


Cr2O7-2
: orange

10. Na2SO3 + Na2Cr2O7 + H2SO4


11. FeSO4 + K2Cr2O7 + H2SO4

Ex: Cr2O3 + Cl2 + NaOH


Cr2+3 6eCl2 + 2e-

2Cr+6
2Cl-

.......................................
1
3

........................................
1
3
Cr2(SO4)3 + 3Na2SO4 + 2K2SO4 + 5H2O

WORKSHEET : REDOX REACTIONS


NITRIC ACID AND NITRATE ION REACTIONS

In redox reactions;
Sn+2

temp

Sn+4
Cu (NO3)2

+2

CuO + NO2 + O2

(Mg, Al, Zn ....)

+4

Pb

Pb

temp
Fe+2 , Co+2

Fe+3, Co+3

As+3, Bi+3, Sb+3


Cu+1 , Hg+1

Pb(NO3)2

As+5 , Bi+5 , Sb+5


Cu , Hg+2
+2

C2O4-2

HNO3

NO2 or NO sometimes N2O , N2 , NH3

S-2

So or SO2 or H2SO4

Br-, BrO-, BrO2-, or BrO4-

IO3SO3

I- ,IO-, IO2-, or IO4-

-2

SO4

F2, I2 ,Cl2, Br2


I- + IO3-

Br + BrO3

Ca- Mg- Zn
Fe-Cr-Ni
Pb-Cu-Hg-Ag
1.NO with conc. HNO3 1.no reaction
1.NO2 with conc HNO3
with conc HNO3
2.NO with dil. HNO3

3. NH4+ with very dil


HNO3
Examples :
Mg + HNO3

N2O +..........................

-2

Mg + HNO3
-

NH4NO3 +...................

F , Cl , Br , I

Hg+ HNO3 (conc)


I2 + H2O

Cl- + ClO3-

(Li, K, Ca, Ba)

Cl2+ H2O
Br2+ H2O

Au- Pt- Os

no reaction

Cl- ,ClO-, ClO2- ,or ClO4-

BrO3-

NaNO2+O2

2.N2O with dil. HNO3 2.NO2,NO,N2O if


N2
HNO3 is dil.

NO3-

ClO3-

Ag + NO2 + O2

NaNO3

H2O or O2 + H2O

NO2 -

temp
AgNO3
temp

CO2

H2O2

PbO + NO2 + O2

Zn + H2SO4
Zn + H2SO4
Zn + H2SO4
Cu + H2SO4 (conc)

SO2 +...............
S +...................
H2S +..............

WORKSHEET : REDOX REACTIONS


______________________________________________________ (overall)

Mg+ HNO3 (dil)

N2O +...............

Al + HNO3 (dil)

N2 +.............

Na2SO3 + KMnO4 + HCI


CuS + HNO3

H2SO4 + NO+.........

MnO2 + Br2 + KOH


MnSO4 + KMnO4 + H2O
KMnO4 + H2C2O4 + H2SO4
Cr (OH) 3 + Br2 + KOH
Worksheet: Balancing Redox Reactions (Half-equation method)
The half-equation method separates the oxidation and reduction of a redox reaction in half
reactions. Overall scheme for the half reaction method:
Step 1: Split reaction into half-reactions (reduction and oxidation)
Step 2: Balance the charge or oxidation number with electrons
Step 3: Balance O by adding H2O
Step 4: Balance H by adding H+
Step 5: Multiply by some integer to make electrons (lost) = electrons (gained)
Step 6: Add half equations and cancel substances on both sides
Step 7: (only in basic solution): add OH- and cancel H20
Step 8: Check atom balance and charge balance on both sides of the equation!!!!
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Complete and balance the following redox reactions (skeleton equations) using the halfequation method:
1. Zn(s) + H+(aq) ==> Zn2+ + H2(g) (acidic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)
______________________________________________________ (overall)
2. I-(aq) + NO2-(aq) ==> I2 (s) + NO (g) (acidic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)
______________________________________________________ (overall)
3. MnO4-(aq) + Cl- (aq) ==> Mn2+(aq) + Cl2(g) (acidic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)

Do same reaction in basic solution:


______________________________________________________ (overall)
4. Br2(l) ==> BrO3-(aq) + Br-(aq) (basic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)
______________________________________________________ (overall)
5. CrO4- + S2- ===> Cr3+ + SO42- (acidic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)
______________________________________________________ (overall)
6. H2O2 + NO2- ===> H2O + NO3- (acidic solution)
______________________________________________________ (reduction)
______________________________________________________ (oxidation)
______________________________________________________ (overall)

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