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End of the Cold War

Khrushchev
Greater

freedom of speech Production of consumer goods

Inspired

some East Europeans to move toward independence

Problems With Soviet Economy


Collectivized

farms unproductive
Had to import grain

Could

not match the west in producing goods Little improvement in standard of living Could not keep up in arms race

Problems in Afghanistan
Tried

to modernize nation
Social reforms and land redistributions

American

government smuggles in weaponry years of heavy casualties and high cost

Result

Gorbachev Tries to reform


Signed

arms control treaties with US Soviet troops out of Afghanistan censorship

Pulled

Ended

Tries

to reconstruct the government and the economy

Soviet Empire Crumbles


States

away

start to break

Coup

against Gorbachev failed


Soon resigns

By

1991 all Soviet nations separate After 69 years the Soviet Union is gone

Changes in Eastern Europe

Demand an end to Soviet domination

Dissolve the Warsaw Pact (1991)


Russian troops leave the now independent nations