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SELECTED TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS Bawin Hewitt, Bitor AMBROSE, LAZEROWITZ: Loot: THE Tarony op ors INPERESCE ARTIN: THe Guoou Funcron. Taastatto mY MICHAEL BUTLER DBELLMAN: A Bur tyraoqicrn 70 TietaFescrinNe BELLMAN: —Peatonenon Teonngues my Marans, Paves, CCARDANO: ‘Tite Book on Gases op Cnasce TERDELYE: OrstaTonst Catone aso GevtnatzeD FoNemins FICKEN: | Ta sinrusx Matwoo or Linean Proctasciie NADWIGER, DEDRUNNER, AND KLEE: »Connaroeu Coowerty HEIN sect Toric a cuss TERY oF Fonerons WIRSCHMAN: —teroore Sexes HOCHSTADT: —Srecu.-Fuxcrons op Marnemarica Pusios JANS: Rios avo Homotoo¥ KAZARINOFF: ANAL Inequaumes (WILLIAMSON: Lesrodun ierecrarion Michael Butler The Gamma Function Emil Artin Profestor of Mathematice Hamburg University HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON New York © ygo + San Francisco ‘Toronto + London “Binuheug in de Thai der Gammon.” sppeaed inthe Hamburger Mathnatchs Bosc IL HelyI93, pub by Verlag B.C. Tebocr, Leipig Hol, Rinehart and Winston, ks Libary of Congress Catalog Card Number 642994 mnscomte Printed in the United States of Ania Editor's Preface [A gereason a pated soce the Inte Emit Ari's ite asic om the prea fonction appeupa in the Hanbrer Matenatichr Hahn ‘Sine tht tine it a hen read with jy a fxnaton by many hands ‘of rather and tees Of mate In the United States (and prevumablyeuewhere a wel) ih for may yest Ben hard © dy and {ogre wpis and ere photocopies hve been pase fom hand 0 ban rotcmtr Arte monograph ha given many» sec hi et ok mt peru Aealse—the deeacy of target the pecan oft eu. Ain ad dep fling for thew aspect of aay, ad he ated them with o maer's and is wadergrdne etre nthe cls, for example were led with slegua covsrctions and Cerems which, als, Artin never had tie w put lav pied frm We maybe all the mice get for tht bentley, fd fort apenance in 4 new English dion. Virus changes mae by ‘Ain himself ve ben incorporated inthe preset eon. Io parle tel ero allowing fra 59) (ht eon wa cnet onthe base of "ungestion by Protea Bore Jen, ial, thanks re de tthe trator, Mr Michael Bul, ant he fem of 8. G, Teubner for Enlsh guage hs. ow Herr ‘Seat, Washington ‘ay, i966 Preface hae writen this monograph with the hope of filing in 2 certain gap Ushich hat often been fe to eats the mathemati Ierture, Despite the Imports of the gamma fuecton in many sieret part of matty Cals books often treat this fnctn is very sketchy aed compte fs. fe hat thi monograph wl hep to show that the gunna fnetion fm be tought of atone ofthe lmentary functions, a tal of baie Properis canbe etubisied wing elmestary meh ofthe alkeulo ‘Abforaspreegusiesare concerned, he reader sed oly be well aati with eau ieluding improper ilar. Some ofthe ore important onepts nected willeen Ye toded and deed agai nthe ft caper. ‘Wah this baeground the ade stout hve otc undesaning every thing butte ter arto the nt su capers bch domme ste = fg of Fourier serie. Bat then, hee pats the monograph can be pce over on nit reading witout any aint whatore. The folowing porto he tory il ma be dacued (0) Bateson to comple varies. For those fai wth the teary of ‘comple varables it wills pinot tht forthe ot art the expesons ‘setae ara, and hence they tein thie tly inthe compen ae ‘enue ofthe principle of snl cntnaon, Te oly pus of he theory ‘hat relly eed to be changed re thse dealing th spprxitoos, Tit ‘eral should not be mach of a atc, 12) Holder's theorem shaming tht the gue funton des ot sty any alg diferent! equation (0) Kummer vers abd the integral repesetion of log Fs) (4) The forma forthe legit dra of Ys). Al the essay ‘expesion forth ean eu be worked ou by she en, "ave cose the itp my original defniin of he gemma fenton becuse this approach saves ur the trouble of proving the comegene of Gaus produce Any wer aac eapretonhvg the racer proper: ‘es of he ga fant ould jn el have bee ved The whe teary tl then be dedued ning the cong ol lg serve. Tis ete comes From Bobr aad Moly an. Arms STA gb Maun, Lar & ment dine Repo 2 Contents 4 dior Prfce Pree 1. Fansone 2. Th Euler Integr the Cause Ferma 4. Large Valuer of andthe Muipnina Formals 4 The Conerton with in 5. Applentons to Defaie Tegra 6 Determining by Functional Equations 0" ea » a »