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Diagnostic aids in orthodontics

Orthodontic

study cast Facial and intra-oral photographs Lateral cephalometric radiographs Panoramic radiographs or full mouth periapical radiographs

Orthodontic study cast


They

are accurate plaster reproductions of the teeth and their surrounding soft tissues

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast


Uses

of study models:

1.Assist and record dental anatomy 2. Assist and record intercuspation 3. Assist and record arch form 4. Assist and record the curves of occlusion 5. Calculate total space analysis 6. Measure progress during treatment

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast


Parts

of study cast

Anatomic portion

Artistic portion

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast


Ponts

analysis:

Measurement

of the 4 maxillary incisors automatically establish the width of the arch in the premolar and molar region by using : Calculated premolar value= SI x 100 80 Calculated molar value = SI x 100 64
Measured premolar and molar value is obtained from the distance between distal end of

Orthodontic study cast


Careys

analysis

Is to discover the arch length tooth size discrepancy

Orthodontic study cast

Orthodontic study cast


Bolton
To

Analysis

determine the disproportion between the size of the maxillary and mandibular teeth
Overall ratio= sum of mand12 x 100
sum of max

Overall

Ratio = 91.3%

Anterior ratio= sum of mand6 x


100
sum of max

Orthodontic study cast


mixed

dentiton analysis:

Tanaka and Johnson analysis Moyers mixed dentition analysis

Used to evaluate the amount of space available in the arch for succeeding permanent teeth

Predicted width of canine and premolar By using prediction charts Maxillary= sum of mandibular incisors + 11 2 Mandibular= sum of mandibular

Orthodontic study cast

Unerupted tooth size Erupted tooth on cast X uneurpted

on xray

Erupted on xray

Lateral cephalometric radiographs

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Uses
1. Study

of cephalometric

of crainofacial growth 2. Diagnosis of craniofacial deformity 3. Treatment planing 4. Evaluation of treated case 5. Study of relapse 6. Medico-legal documentation

Lateral cephalometric radiographs

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Nasion (Na)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Sella (S)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Porion (P)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Orbitale (Or)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Anterior Nasal Spine (ANS)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Posteior Nasal Spine (PNS)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Subspinale (A)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Supramental (B)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Gnathion (Gn)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Menton (Me)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Gonion (Go)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Sella nasion plane (SN)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Frankfurt horizontal plane (FH)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Palatal plane (PP)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Mandibular plane (MP)

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


SNA 82O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


SNB 80O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


ANB 2O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Y axis 59O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Mandibular plane angle 32O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs


Inter incisal angle135O

Lateral cephalometric radiographs