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# SEKOLAH MENENGAH TEKNIK SEPANG, 43800 DENGKIL, SELANGOR FORM 4 MATHEMATICS SCHEME OF WORK 2009 LEARNING AREAS AND

LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. STANDARD FORM 1.1 Understand and use the concept of significant figure;

LEARNING OUTCOME

i. Round off positive numbers to a given number of significant figures when the numbers are: (a) greater than 1; (b) less than 1; ii. Perform operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, involving a few numbers and state the answer in specific significant figures; iii. Solve problems involving significant figures; i. State positive numbers in standard form when the numbers are:

1.2 Understand and use the concept of standard form to solve problems.

## a) greater than or equal to 10; b) less than 1;

ii. Convert numbers in standard form to single numbers; iii. Perform operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, involving any two numbers and state the answers in standard form; iv. Solve problems involving numbers in standard form.

i. Identify quadratic expressions; ii. Form quadratic expressions by multiplying any two linear expressions; iii. Form quadratic expressions based on specific situations;

## i. Factorise quadratic expressions of the form ax 2 + bx + c ,

where b = 0 or c = 0; are perfect squares;

ii. Factorise quadratic expressions of the form px2 q, p and q iii. Factorise quadratic expressions of the form ax 2 + bx + c ,

where a, b and c not equal to zero; iv. Factorise quadratic expressions containing coefficients with common factors; i. Identify quadratic equations with one unknown;

## ii. Write quadratic equations in general form i.e.

ax 2 + bx + c = 0 iii. Form quadratic equations based on specific situations; i. Determine whether a given value is a root of a specific quadratic equation; ii. Determine the solutions for quadratic equations by: a) trial and error method; b) factorisation; iii. Solve problems involving quadratic equations. FIRST MID-TERM BREAK

2.4 Understand and the concept of roots quadratic equations solve problems.

use of to

LEARNING AREAS AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES 3. SET 3.1 Understand the concept of set;

LEARNING OUTCOME

i. Sort given objects into groups; ii. Define sets by: (a) descriptions; (b) using set notation;

## iii. Identify whether a given object is an element of a set & use

iv. v. vi. vii. the symbol or ; Represent sets by using Venn diagrams; List the elements & state the number of elements of a set; Determine whether a set is an empty set; Determine whether two sets are equal;

3.2 Understand and use the concept of subset, universal set and the complement of a set;

## i. Determine whether a given set is a subset of a specific set

ii. iii. iv. v. vi. and use the symbol or ; Represent subset using Venn diagram; List the subsets for a specific set; Illustrate the relationship between set and universal set using Venn diagram; Determine the complement of a given set; Determine the relationship between set, subset, universal set and the complement of a set;

3.3 Perform operations on sets: the intersection of sets; the union of sets.

i. Determine the intersection of: (a) two sets; (b) three sets;
and use the symbol ; ii. Represent the intersection of sets using Venn diagram;

## iii. State the relationship between (a) A B and A ; (b) A B

and B ; iv. Determine the complement of the intersection of sets; v. Solve problems involving the intersection of sets;

vi. Determine the union of: (a )two sets; (b) three sets; and
use the symbol ; vii. Represent the union of sets using Venn diagram;

## viii. State the relationship between (a) A B and A ; (b) A B

ix. x. xi. xii. 4. MATHEMATICAL REASONING 4.1 Understand the concept of statement 4.2 Understand the concept of quantifiers all and some; and B ; Determine the complement of the union of sets; Solve problems involving the union of sets; Determine the outcome of combined operations on sets; Solve problems involving combined operations on sets. TEST 1 i. Determine whether a given sentence is a statement; ii. Determine whether a given statement is true or false; iii. Construct true or false statement using given numbers and mathematical symbols; i. Construct statements using the quantifier:(a) all; (b) some; ii. Determine whether a statement that contains the quantifier all is true or false; iii. Determine whether a statement can be generalized to cover all cases by using the quantifier all; iv. Construct a true statement using the quantifier all or some, given an object and a property. i. Change the truth value of a given statement by placing the word not into the original statement; ii. Identify two statements from a compound statement that contains the word and; iii. Form a compound statement by combining two given statements using the word and; iv. Identify two statement from a compound statement that contains the word or ; v. Form a compound statement by combining two given statements using the word or; vi. Determine the truth value of a compound statement which

4.3 Perform operations involving the words not or no, and and or on statements;

is the combination of two statements with the word and; vii. Determine the truth value of a compound statement which is the combination of two statements with the word or. 4.4 Understand the concept of implication;

## i. Identify the antecedent and consequent of an implication

if p, then q; ii. Write two implications from a compound statement containing if and only if;

## iii. Construct mathematical statements in the form of

implication: (a) If p, then q; (b) p if and only if q; iv. Determine the converse of a given implication; v. Determine whether the converse of an implication is true or false. 4.5 Understand the concept of argument; i. Identify the premise and conclusion of a given simple argument; ii. Make a conclusion based on two given premises for: (a) Argument Form I; (b) Argument Form II; (c) Argument Form III; iii. Complete an argument given a premise and the conclusion. i. Determine whether a conclusion is made through: (a) reasoning by deduction; (b) reasoning by induction; ii. Make a conclusion for a specific case based on a given general statement, by deduction; iii. Make a generalization based on the pattern of a numerical sequence, by induction; iv. Use deduction and induction in problem solving. i. Determine the vertical and horizontal distances between two given points on a straight line. ii. Determine the ratio of vertical distance to horizontal distance. i. Derive the formula for the gradient of a straight line; ii. Calculate the gradient of a straight line passing through two points; iii. Determine the relationship between the value of the gradient and the: (a) steepness, (b) direction of inclination, of a straight line;

4.6 Understand and use the concept of deduction and induction to solve problems.

5. THE STRAIGHT LINE 5.1 Understand the concept of gradient of a straight line; 4.6 Understand the concept of gradient of a straight line in Cartesian coordinates;

line;

## ii. Derive the formula for the gradient of a straight line in

terms of the x-intercept and the y-intercept;

iii. Perform calculations involving gradient, x-intercept and yintercept; 5.4 Understand and use equation of a straight line;

## i. Draw the graph given an equation of the form y = mx + c ;

ii. Determine whether a given point lies on a specific straight line;

iii. Write the equation of the straight line given the gradient
and y-intercept;

## iv. Determine the gradient and y-intercept of the straight line

which equation is of the form: (a) y = mx + c; (b) ax + by = c;

## v. Find the equation of the straight line which: (a) is parallel to

the y-axis; (b) passes through a given point and has a

## specific gradient; (c) passes through two given points;

vi. Find the point of intersection of two straight lines by: (a)
drawing the two straight lines; (b) solving simultaneous equations.

## 5.5 Understand and use the concept of parallel lines.

i. Verify that two parallel lines have the same gradient and vice versa; ii. Determine from the given equations whether two straight lines are parallel; iii. Find the equation of the straight line which passes through a given point and is parallel to another straight line; iv. Solve problems involving equations of straight lines. MIDYEAR EXAMINATION FIRST TERM BREAK

## 6. STATISTICS III 6.1 Understand the concept of class interval;

i. Complete the class interval for a set of data given one of the class intervals; ii. Determine: (a) the upper limit and lower limit; (b) the upper boundary and lower boundary of a class in a grouped data; iii. Calculate the size of a class interval; iv. Determine the class interval, given a set of data and the number of classes; v. Determine a suitable class interval for a given set of data; vi. construct a frequency table for a given set of data. i. Determine the modal class from the frequency table of grouped data; ii. Calculate the midpoint of a class; iii. Verify the formula for the mean of grouped data; iv. Calculate the mean from the frequency table of grouped data; v. Discuss the effect of the size of class interval on the accuracy of the mean for a specific set of grouped data.. i. Draw a histogram based on the frequency table of a grouped data; ii. Interpret information from a given histogram; iii. Solve problems involving histograms. i. Draw the frequency polygon based on: (a) a histogram; (b) a frequency table; ii. Interpret information from a given frequency polygon; iii. Solve problems involving frequency polygon. i. Construct the cumulative frequency table for(a) ungrouped data; (b) grouped data; ii. Draw the ogive for: (a) ungrouped data; (b) grouped data;

6.2 Understand and use the concept of mode and mean of grouped data;

6.3 Represent and interpret data in histograms with class intervals of the same size to solve problems; 6.4 Represent and interpret data in frequency polygons to solve problems. 6.5 Understand the concept of cumulative frequency

6.6 Understand and use the concept of measures of dispersion to solve problems.

i. Determine the range of a set of data. ii. Determine:the median; (a) the first quartile;(b) the third quartile;(c) the interquartile range; from the ogive. iii. Interpret information from an ogive; iv. Solve problems involving data representations and measures of dispersion. i. Determine whether an outcome is a possible outcome of an experiment; ii. List all the possible outcomes of an experiment: (a) from activities; (b) by reasoning; iii. Determine the sample space of an experiment; iv. Write the sample space by using set notations. i. Identify the elements of a sample space which satisfy given conditions; ii. List all the elements of a sample space which satisfy certain conditions using set notations; iii. Determine whether an event is possible for a sample space. i. Find the ratio of the number of times an event occurs to the number of trials; ii. Find the probability of an event from a big enough number of trials; iii. Calculate the expected number of times an event will occur, given the probability of the event and number of trials; iv. Solve problems involving probability; v. Predict the occurrence of an outcome and make a decision based on known information. TEST 2

## 7.2 Understand the concept of events.

7.3 Understand and use the concept of probability of an event to solve problems.

8. CIRCLES III 8.1 understand and use the concept of tangents to a circle.

i. Identify tangents to a circle; ii. Make inference that the tangent to a circle is a straight line perpendicular to the radius that passes through the contact point; iii. Construct the tangent to a circle passing through a point: (a) on the circumference of the circle; (b) outside the circle; iv. Determine the properties related to two tangents to a circle from a given point outside the circle; v. Solve problems involving tangents to a circle. i. Identify the angle in the alternate segment which is subtended by the chord through the contact point of the tangent; ii. Verify the relationship between the angle formed by the tangent and the chord with the angle in the alternate segment which is subtended by the chord; iii. Perform calculations involving the angle in alternate segment; iv. Solve problems involving tangent to a circle and angle in alternate segment.

8.2 Understand and use the properties of angle between tangent and chord to solve problems.

8.3 Understand and use the properties of common tangents to solve problems.

i. Determine the number of common tangents which can be drawn to two circles which: (a) intersect at two points; (b) intersect only at one point; (c) do not intersect; ii. Determine the properties related to the common tangent to two circles which: (a) intersect at two points; (b) intersect only at one point; (c) do not intersect; iii. Solve problems involving common tangents to two circles; iv. Solve problems involving tangents and common tangents. i. Identify the quadrants and angles in the unit circle;

9. TRIGONOMETRY II 9.1 understand and use the concept of the values of sin , cos and tan (0 360) to solve problems.

ii. Determine: (a) the value of y-coordinate; (b) the value of xcoordinate; (c) the ratio of y-coordinate to x-coordinate; of several points on the circumference of the unit circle;

iii. Verify that, for an angle in quadrant I of the unit circle : (a)
sin = y-coordinate ; (b) cos = x-coordinate; (c)

tan =

y coordinate ; x coordinate

iv. Determine the values of (a) sine; (b) cosine; (c) tangent; of an angle in quadrant I of the unit circle; 90 360; vi. Determine whether the values of (a) sine; (b). cosine; (c). tangent, of an angle in a specific quadrant is positive or negative; vii. Determine the values of sine, cosine and tangent for special angles; viii. Determine the values of the angles in quadrant I which correspond to the values of the angles in other quadrants; ix. State the relationships between the values of: (a) sine; (b). cosine; (c) tangent, of angles in quadrant II, III and IV with their respective values of the corresponding angle in quadrant I;

## x. Find the values of sine, cosine and tangent of the angles

between 90 and 360;

xi. Find the angles between 0 and 360, given the values of
sine, cosine or tangent; xii. Solve problems involving sine, cosine and tangent. 9.2 Draw and use the graphs of sine, cosine and tangent.

## i. Draw the graphs of sine, cosine and tangent for angles

between 0 and 360;

ii. Compare the graphs of sine, cosine and tangent for angles
between 0 and 360; iii. Solve problems involving graphs of sine, cosine and tangent. SECOND MID-TERM BREAK 10. ANGLES OF ELEVATION AND DEPRESSION 10.1 Understand and use the concept of angle of elevation and angle of depression to solve i. Identify: (a) the horizontal line; (b) the angle of elevation; (c) the angle of depression, for a particular situation; ii. Represent a particular situation involving: (a) the angle of elevation; (b) the angle of depression, using diagrams; iii. Solve problems involving the angle of elevation and the angle of depression.

problems. 11. LINES AND PLANES IN 3 DIMENSION 9.2 Understand and use the concept of angle between lines and planes to solve problems.

i. Identify planes; ii. Identify horizontal planes, vertical planes and inclined
planes;

planes;

## iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix.

Identify: Lines that lies on a plane; Lines that intersect with a plane; Identify normals to a given plane; Determine the orthogonal projection of a line on a plane; Draw and name the orthogonal projection of a line on a plane;

x. Determine the angle between a line and a plane; xi. Solve problems involving the angle between a line and a
plane. 11.2 Understand and use the concept of angle between two planes to solve problems. i. Identify the line of intersection between two planes; ii. Draw a line on each plane which is perpendicular to the line of intersection of the two planes at a point on the line of intersection; iii. Determine the angle between two planes on a model and a given diagram iv. Solve problems involving lines and planes in 3-dimensional shapes. 38 39 42 43 & 44 45 46 47 52 HARI RAYA AIDILFITRI & EVENT HOLIDAY REVISION (PREPARATION FOR FINAL EXAMINATION) FINAL EXAMINATION DISCUSSION OF FINAL EXAMINATION PAPER & INTODUCTION TO FORM FIVE TOPICS SCHOOL HOLIDAYS

Prepared by

Checked by

Certified by

## Pn. Juriah Binti Ibrahim Head of Mathematics Panel SMTeknik Sepang

Pn. Zainab bt. Mohd Shah Head of Science and Mathematics Department SMTeknik Sepang

Pn. Hajah Siti Fatimah bt. Abd. Manan Senior Assistant of Administration SMTeknik Sepang

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